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Quran translation in english language translated by pickthall

Chapter 1 (Sura 1)
1In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
2Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds,
3The Beneficent, the Merciful.
4Master of the Day of Judgment,
5Thee (alone) we worship; Thee (alone) we ask for help.
6Show us the straight path,
7The path of those whom Thou hast favoured; Not the (path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray.
Chapter 2 (Sura 2)
1Alif. Lam. Mim.
2This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil).
3Who believe in the Unseen, and establish worship, and spend of that We have bestowed upon them;
4And who believe in that which is revealed unto thee (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before thee, and are certain of the Hereafter.
5These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful.
6As for the Disbelievers, Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for them; they believe not.
7Allah hath sealed their hearing and their hearts, and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be an awful doom.
8And of mankind are some who say: We believe in Allah and the Last Day, when they believe not.
9They think to beguile Allah and those who believe, and they beguile none save themselves; but they perceive not.
10In their hearts is a disease, and Allah increaseth their disease. A painful doom is theirs because they lie.
11And when it is said unto them: Make not mischief in the earth, they say: We are peacemakers only.
12Are not they indeed the mischief-makers? But they perceive not.
13And when it is said unto them: believe as the people believe, they say: shall we believe as the foolish believe? are not they indeed the foolish? But they know not.
14And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe; but when they go apart to their devils they declare: Lo! we are with you; verily we did but mock.
15Allah (Himself) doth mock them, leaving them to wander blindly on in their contumacy.
16These are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, so their commerce doth not prosper, neither are they guided.
17Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness, where they cannot see,
18Deaf, dumb and blind; and they return not.
19Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder and the flash of lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears by reason of the thunder-claps, for fear of death, Allah encompasseth the disbelievers (in His guidance, His omniscience and His omnipotence).
20The lightning almost snatcheth away their sight from them. As often as it flasheth forth for them they walk therein, and when it darkeneth against them they stand still. If Allah willed, He could destroy their hearing and their sight. Lo! Allah is able to do all things.
21O mankind! worship your Lord, Who hath created you and those before you, so that ye may ward off (evil).
22Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and causeth water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know (better).
23And if ye are in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto Our slave (Muhammad), then produce a surah of the like thereof, and call your witness beside Allah if ye are truthful.
24And if ye do it not - and ye can never do it - then guard yourselves against the Fire prepared for disbelievers, whose fuel is of men and stones.
25And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works; that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow; as often as they are regaled with food of the fruit thereof, they say: this is what was given us aforetime; and it is given to them in resemblance. There for them are pure companions; there for ever they abide.
26Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude even of a gnat. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord; but those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby, and He guideth many thereby; and He misleadeth thereby only miscreants;
27Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and sever that which Allah ordered to be joined, and (who) make mischief in the earth: Those are they who are the losers.
28How disbelieve ye in Allah when ye were dead and He gave life to you! Then He will give you death, then life again, and then unto Him ye will return.
29He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is knower of all things.
30And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth, they said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not.
31And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are truthful.
32They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, the Wise.
33He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names, and when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not tell you that I know the secret of the heavens and the earth? And I know that which ye disclose and which ye hide.
34And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever.
35And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrong-doers.
36But Satan caused them to deflect therefrom and expelled them from the (happy) state in which they were; and We said: Fall down, one of you a foe unto the other! There shall be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a time.
37Then Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation), and He relented toward him. Lo! He is the relenting, the Merciful.
38We said: Go down, all of you, from hence; but verily there cometh unto you from Me a guidance; and whoso followeth My guidance, there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
39But they who disbelieve, and deny Our revelations, such are rightful Peoples of the Fire. They will abide therein.
40O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you, and fulfil your (part of the) covenant, I shall fulfil My (part of the) covenant, and fear Me.
41And believe in that which I reveal, confirming that which ye possess already (of the Scripture), and be not first to disbelieve therein, and part not with My revelations for a trifling price, and keep your duty unto Me.
42Confound not truth with falsehood, nor knowingly conceal the truth.
43Establish worship, pay the poor-due, and bow your heads with those who bow (in worship).
44Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye yourselves forget (to practise it)? And ye are readers of the Scripture! Have ye then no sense?
45Seek help in patience and prayer; and truly it is hard save for the humble-minded,
46Who know that they will have to meet their Lord, and that unto Him they are returning.
47O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.
48And guard yourselves against a day when no soul will in aught avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from it, nor will compensation be received from it, nor will they be helped.
49And (remember) when We did deliver you from Pharaoh´s folk, who were afflicting you with dreadful torment, slaying your sons and sparing your women: that was a tremendous trial from your Lord.
50And when We brought you through the sea and rescued you, and drowned the folk of Pharaoh in your sight.
51And when We did appoint for Moses forty nights (of solitude), and then ye chose the calf, when he had gone from you, and were wrong-doers.
52Then, even after that, We pardoned you in order that ye might give thanks.
53And when We gave unto Moses the Scripture and the criterion (of right and wrong), that ye might be led aright.
54And when Moses said unto his people: O my people! Ye have wronged yourselves by your choosing of the calf (for worship) so turn in penitence to your Creator, and kill (the guilty) yourselves. That will be best for you with your Creator and He will relent toward you. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
55And when ye said: O Moses! We will not believe in thee till we see Allah plainly; and even while ye gazed the lightning seized you.
56Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks.
57And We caused the white cloud to overshadow you and sent down on you the manna and the quails, (saying): Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you - they wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves.
58And when We said: Go into this township and eat freely of that which is therein, and enter the gate prostrate, and say: "Repentance." We will forgive you your sins and will increase (reward) for the right-doers.
59But those who did wrong changed the word which had been told them for another saying, and We sent down upon the evil-doers wrath from heaven for their evil-doing.
60And when Moses asked for water for his people, We said: Smite with thy staff the rock. And there gushed out therefrom twelve springs (so that) each tribe knew their drinking-place. Eat and drink of that which Allah hath provided, and do not act corruptly, making mischief in the earth.
61And when ye said: O Moses! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon thy Lord for us that He bring forth for us of that which the earth groweth - of its herbs and its cucumbers and its corn and its lentils and its onions. He said: Would ye exchange that which is higher for that which is lower? Go down to settled country, thus ye shall get that which ye demand. And humiliation and wretchedness were stamped upon them and they were visited with wrath from Allah. That was because they disbelieved in Allah´s revelations and slew the prophets wrongfully. That was for their disobedience and transgression.
62Lo! Those who believe (in that which is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - surely their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
63And (remember, O Children of Israel) when We made a covenant with you and caused the mount to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).
64Then, even after that, ye turned away, and if it had not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy ye had been among the losers.
65And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, how We said unto them: Be ye apes, despised and hated!
66And We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the Allah-fearing.
67And when Moses said unto his people: Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye sacrifice a cow, they said: Dost thou make game of us? He answered: Allah forbid that I should be among the foolish!
68They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith, Verily she is a cow neither with calf nor immature; (she is) between the two conditions; so do that which ye are commanded.
69They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us of what colour she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a yellow cow. Bright is her colour, gladdening beholders.
70They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she is. Lo! cows are much alike to us; and Lo! if Allah wills, we may be led aright.
71(Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a cow unyoked; she plougheth not the soil nor watereth the tilth; whole and without mark. They said: Now thou bringest the truth. So they sacrificed her, though almost they did not.
72And (remember) when ye slew a man and disagreed concerning it and Allah brought forth that which ye were hiding.
73And We said: Smite him with some of it. Thus Allah bringeth the dead to life and showeth you His portents so that ye may understand.
74Then, even after that, your hearts were hardened and became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness. For indeed there are rocks from out which rivers gush, and indeed there are rocks which split asunder so that water floweth from them. And indeed there are rocks which fall down for the fear of Allah. Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
75Have ye any hope that they will be true to you when a party of them used to listen to the word of Allah, then used to change it, after they had understood it, knowingly?
76And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe. But when they go apart one with another they say: Prate ye to them of that which Allah hath disclosed to you that they may contend with you before your Lord concerning it? Have ye then no sense?
77Are they then unaware that Allah knoweth that which they keep hidden and that which they proclaim?
78Among them are unlettered folk who know the Scripture not except from hearsay. They but guess.
79Therefore woe be unto those who write the Scripture with their hands and then say, "This is from Allah," that they may purchase a small gain therewith. Woe unto them for that their hands have written, and woe unto them for that they earn thereby.
80And they say: The Fire (of punishment) will not touch us save for a certain number of days. Say: Have ye received a covenant from Allah - truly Allah will not break His covenant - or tell ye concerning Allah that which ye know not?
81Nay, but whosoever hath done evil and his sin surroundeth him; such are rightful owners of the Fire; they will abide therein.
82And those who believe and do good works: such are rightful owners of the Garden. They will abide therein.
83And (remember) when We made a covenant with the Children of Israel, (saying): Worship none save Allah (only), and be good to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy, and speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and pay the poor-due. Then, after that, ye slid back, save a few of you, being averse.
84And when We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people nor turn (a party of) your people out of your dwellings. Then ye ratified (Our covenant) and ye were witnesses (thereto).
85Yet ye it is who slay each other and drive out a party of your people from their homes, supporting one another against them by sin and transgression? - and if they came to you as captives ye would ransom them, whereas their expulsion was itself unlawful for you - Believe ye in part of the Scripture and disbelieve ye in part thereof? And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom. For Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
86Such are those who buy the life of the world at the price of the Hereafter. Their punishment will not be lightened, neither will they have support.
87And verily We gave unto Moses the Scripture and We caused a train of messengers to follow after him, and We gave unto Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah´s sovereignty), and We supported him with the Holy spirit. Is it ever so, that, when there cometh unto you a messenger (from Allah) with that which ye yourselves desire not, ye grow arrogant, and some ye disbelieve and some ye slay?
88And they say: Our hearts are hardened. Nay, but Allah hath cursed them for their unbelief. Little is that which they believe.
89And when there cometh unto them a scripture from Allah, confirming that in their possession - though before that they were asking for a signal triumph over those who disbelieved - and when there cometh unto them that which they know (to be the truth) they disbelieve therein. The curse of Allah is on disbelievers.
90Evil is that for which they sell their souls: that they should disbelieve in that which Allah hath revealed, grudging that Allah should reveal of His bounty unto whom He will of His slaves. They have incurred anger upon anger. For disbelievers is a shameful doom.
91And when it is said unto them: Believe in that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We believe in that which was revealed unto us. And they disbelieve in that which cometh after it, though it is the truth confirming that which they possess. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Why then slew ye the prophets of Allah aforetime, if ye are (indeed) believers?
92And Moses came unto you with clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty), yet, while he was away, ye chose the calf (for worship) and ye were wrong-doers.
93And when We made with you a covenant and caused the Mount to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast by that which We have given you, and hear (Our Word), they said: We hear and we rebel. And (worship of) the calf was made to sink into their hearts because of their rejection (of the covenant). Say (unto them): Evil is that which your belief enjoineth on you, if ye are believers.
94Say (unto them): If the abode of the Hereafter in the providence of Allah is indeed for you alone and not for others of mankind (as ye pretend), then long for death (for ye must long for death) if ye are truthful.
95But they will never long for it, because of that which their own hands have sent before them. Allah is aware of evil-doers.
96And thou wilt find them greediest of mankind for life and (greedier) than the idolaters. (Each) one of them would like to be allowed to live a thousand years. And to live (a thousand years) would be no means remove him from the doom. Allah is Seer of what they do.
97Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy heart by Allah´s leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, and a guidance and glad tidings to believers;
98Who is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His messengers, and Gabriel and Michael! Then, lo! Allah (Himself) is an enemy to the disbelievers.
99Verily We have revealed unto thee clear tokens, and only miscreants will disbelieve in them.
100Is it ever so that when they make a covenant a party of them set it aside? The truth is, most of them believe not.
101And when there cometh unto them a messenger from Allah, confirming that which they possess, a party of those who have received the Scripture fling the Scripture of Allah behind their backs as if they knew not,
102And follow that which the devils falsely related against the kingdom of Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but the devils disbelieved, teaching mankind magic and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut. Nor did they (the two angels) teach it to anyone till they had said: We are only a temptation, therefore disbelieve not (in the guidance of Allah). And from these two (angles) people learn that by which they cause division between man and wife; but they injure thereby no-one save by Allah´s leave. And they learn that which harmeth them and profiteth them not. And surely they do know that he who trafficketh therein will have no (happy) portion in the Hereafter; and surely evil is the price for which they sell their souls, if they but knew.
103And if they had believed and kept from evil, a recompense from Allah would be better, if they only knew.
104O ye who believe, say not (unto the Prophet): "Listen to us" but say "Look upon us," and be ye listeners. For disbelievers is a painful doom.
105Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture nor the idolaters love that there should be sent down unto you any good thing from your Lord. But Allah chooseth for His mercy whom He will, and Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
106Nothing of our revelation (even a single verse) do we abrogate or cause be forgotten, but we bring (in place) one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is Able to do all things?
107Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth; and ye have not, beside Allah, any guardian or helper?
108Or would ye question your messenger as Moses was questioned aforetime? He who chooseth disbelief instead of faith, verily he hath gone astray from a plain road.
109Many of the people of the Scripture long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive and be indulgent (toward them) until Allah give command. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
110Establish worship, and pay the poor-due; and whatever of good ye send before (you) for your souls, ye will find it with Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do.
111And they say: None entereth paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Bring your proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.
112Nay, but whosoever surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
113And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ.
114And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the sanctuaries of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin. As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear. Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom.
115Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and whithersoever ye turn, there is Allah´s Countenance. Lo! Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
116And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth is His. All are subservient unto Him.
117The Originator of the heavens and the earth! When He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.
118And those who have no knowledge say: Why doth not Allah speak unto us, or some sign come unto us? Even thus, as they now speak, spake those (who were) before them. Their hearts are all alike. We have made clear the revelations for people who are sure.
119Lo! We have sent thee (O Muhammad) with the truth, a bringer of glad tidings and a warner. And thou wilt not be asked about the owners of hell-fire.
120And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor will the Christians, till thou follow their creed. Say: Lo! the guidance of Allah (Himself) is Guidance. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting guardian nor helper.
121Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading, those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers.
122O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.
123And guard (yourselves) against a day when no soul will in aught avail another, nor will compensation be accepted from it, nor will intercession be of use to it; nor will they be helped.
124And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His) commands, and he fulfilled them, He said: Lo! I have appointed thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrong-doers.
125And when We made the House (at Makka) a resort for mankind and sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My house for those who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow down and prostrate themselves (in worship).
126And when Abraham prayed: My Lord! Make this a region of security and bestow upon its people fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day, He answered: As for him who disbelieveth, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the doom of Fire - a hapless journey´s end!
127And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House, (Abraham prayed): Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty). Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower.
128Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful.
129Our Lord! And raise up in their midst a messenger from among them who shall recite unto them Thy revelations, and shall instruct them in the Scripture and in wisdom and shall make them grow. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, Wise.
130And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham save him who befooleth himself? Verily We chose him in the world, and lo! in the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
131When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! he said: I have surrendered to the Lord of the Worlds.
132The same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Jacob, (saying): O my sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you the (true) religion; therefore die not save as men who have surrendered (unto Him).
133Or were ye present when death came to Jacob, when he said unto his sons: What will ye worship after me? They said: We shall worship thy god, the god of thy fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, One Allah, and unto Him we have surrendered.
134Those are a people who have passed away. Theirs is that which they earned, and yours is that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do.
135And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not of the idolaters.
136Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered.
137And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly guided. But if they turn away, then are they in schism, and Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
138(We take our) colour from Allah, and who is better than Allah at colouring. We are His worshippers.
139Say (unto the People of the Scripture): Dispute ye with us concerning Allah when He is our Lord and your Lord? Ours are our works and yours your works. We look to Him alone.
140Or say ye that Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do ye know best, or doth Allah? And who is more unjust than he who hideth a testimony which he hath received from Allah? Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
141Those are a people who have passed away; theirs is that which they earned and yours that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do.
142The foolish of the people will say: What hath turned them from the qiblah which they formerly observed? Say: Unto Allah belong the East and the West. He guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
143Thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may be witnesses against mankind, and that the messenger may be a witness against you. And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the messenger, from him who turneth on his heels. In truth it was a hard (test) save for those whom Allah guided. But it was not Allah´s purpose that your faith should be in vain, for Allah is Full of Pity, Merciful toward mankind.
144We have seen the turning of thy face to heaven (for guidance, O Muhammad). And now verily We shall make thee turn (in prayer) toward a qiblah which is dear to thee. So turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship, and ye (O Muslims), wheresoever ye may be, turn your faces (when ye pray) toward it. Lo! Those who have received the Scripture know that (this revelation) is the Truth from their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what they do.
145And even if thou broughtest unto those who have received the Scripture all kinds of portents, they would not follow thy qiblah, nor canst thou be a follower of their qiblah; nor are some of them followers of the qiblah of others. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then surely wert thou of the evil-doers.
146Those unto whom We gave the Scripture recognise (this revelation) as they recognise their sons. But lo! a party of them knowingly conceal the truth.
147It is the Truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not thou of those who waver.
148And each one hath a goal toward which he turneth; so vie with one another in good works. Wheresoever ye may be, Allah will bring you all together. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
149And whencesoever thou comest forth (for prayer, O Muhammad) turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship. Lo! it is the Truth from thy Lord. Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
150Whencesoever thou comest forth turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship; and wheresoever ye may be (O Muslims) turn your faces toward it (when ye pray) so that men may have no argument against you, save such of them as do injustice - Fear them not, but fear Me! - and so that I may complete My grace upon you, and that ye may be guided.
151Even as We have sent unto you a messenger from among you, who reciteth unto you Our revelations and causeth you to grow, and teacheth you the Scripture and wisdom, and teacheth you that which ye knew not.
152Therefore remember Me, I will remember you. Give thanks to Me, and reject not Me.
153O ye who believe! Seek help in steadfastness and prayer. Lo! Allah is with the steadfast.
154And call not those who are slain in the way of Allah "dead." Nay, they are living, only ye perceive not.
155And surely We shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and crops; but give glad tidings to the steadfast,
156Who say, when a misfortune striketh them: Lo! we are Allah´s and lo! unto Him we are returning.
157Such are they on whom are blessings from their Lord, and mercy. Such are the rightly guided.
158Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the indications of Allah. It is therefore no sin for him who is on pilgrimage to the House (of Allah) or visiteth it, to go around them (as the pagan custom is). And he who doeth good of his own accord, (for him) lo! Allah is Responsive, Aware.
159Lo! Those who hide the proofs and the guidance which We revealed, after We had made it clear to mankind in the Scripture: such are accursed of Allah and accursed of those who have the power to curse.
160Except those who repent and amend and make manifest (the truth). These it is toward whom I relent. I am the Relenting, the Merciful.
161Lo! Those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers; on them is the curse of Allah and of angels and of men combined.
162They ever dwell therein. The doom will not be lightened for them, neither will they be reprieved.
163Your Allah is One Allah; there is no Allah save Him, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
164Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of night and day, and the ships which run upon the sea with that which is of use to men, and the water which Allah sendeth down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and (in) the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds obedient between heaven and earth: are signs (of Allah´s Sovereignty) for people who have sense.
165Yet of mankind are some who take unto themselves (objects of worship which they set as) rivals to Allah, loving them with a love like (that which is the due) of Allah (only) - those who believe are stauncher in their love for Allah - Oh, that those who do evil had but known, (on the day) when they behold the doom, that power belongeth wholly to Allah, and that Allah is severe in punishment!
166(On the day) when those who were followed disown those who followed (them), and they behold the doom, and all their aims collapse with them.
167And those who were but followers will say: If a return were possible for us, we would disown them even as they have disowned us. Thus will Allah show them their own deeds as anguish for them, and they will not emerge from the Fire.
168O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! he is an open enemy for you.
169He enjoineth upon you only the evil and the foul, and that ye should tell concerning Allah that which ye know not.
170And when it is said unto them: Follow that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We follow that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though their fathers were wholly unintelligent and had no guidance?
171The likeness of those who disbelieve (in relation to the messenger) is as the likeness of one who calleth unto that which heareth naught except a shout and cry. Deaf, dumb, blind, therefore they have no sense.
172O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you, and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed) He Whom ye worship.
173He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swineflesh, and that which hath been immolated to (the name of) any other than Allah. But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
174Lo! those who hide aught of the Scripture which Allah hath revealed and purchase a small gain therewith, they eat into their bellies nothing else than fire. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He make them grow. Theirs will be a painful doom.
175Those are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, and torment at the price of pardon. How constant are they in their strife to reach the Fire!
176That is because Allah hath revealed the Scripture with the truth. Lo! those who find (a cause of) disagreement in the Scripture are in open schism.
177It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteous is he who believeth in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Scripture and the prophets; and giveth wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk and to orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free; and observeth proper worship and payeth the poor-due. And those who keep their treaty when they make one, and the patient in tribulation and adversity and time of stress. Such are they who are sincere. Such are the Allah-fearing.
178O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered; the freeman for the freeman, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. And for him who is forgiven somewhat by his (injured) brother, prosecution according to usage and payment unto him in kindness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. He who transgresseth after this will have a painful doom.
179And there is life for you in retaliation, O men of understanding, that ye may ward off (evil).
180It is prescribed for you, when death approacheth one of you, if he leave wealth, that he bequeath unto parents and near relatives in kindness. (This is) a duty for all those who ward off (evil).
181And whoso changeth (the will) after he hath heard it - the sin thereof is only upon those who change it. Lo! Allah is Hearer, Knower.
182But he who feareth from a testator some unjust or sinful clause, and maketh peace between the parties, (it shall be) no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
183O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for those before you, that ye may ward off (evil);
184(Fast) a certain number of days; and (for) him who is sick among you, or on a journey, (the same) number of other days; and for those who can afford it there is a ransom: the feeding of a man in need - but whoso doeth good of his own accord, it is better for him: and that ye fast is better for you if ye did but know -
185The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur´an, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; and (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.
186And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he crieth unto Me. So let them hear My call and let them trust in Me, in order that they may be led aright.
187It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are raiment for them. Allah is Aware that ye were deceiving yourselves in this respect and He hath turned in mercy toward you and relieved you. So hold intercourse with them and seek that which Allah hath ordained for you, and eat and drink until the white thread becometh distinct to you from the black thread of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall and touch them not, but be at your devotions in the mosques. These are the limits imposed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus Allah expoundeth His revelation to mankind that they may ward off (evil).
188And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity, nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.
189They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of new moons, say: They are fixed seasons for mankind and for the pilgrimage. It is not righteousness that ye go to houses by the backs thereof (as do the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous man is he who wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof, and observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.
190Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.
191And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution is worse than slaughter. And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers.
192But if they desist, then lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
193And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrong-doers.
194The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and forbidden things in retaliation. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil).
195Spend your wealth for the cause of Allah, and be not cast by your own hands to ruin; and do good. Lo! Allah loveth the beneficent.
196Perform the pilgrimage and the visit (to Makka) for Allah. And if ye are prevented, then send such gifts as can be obtained with ease, and shave not your heads until the gifts have reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or almsgiving or offering. And if ye are in safety, then whosoever contenteth himself with the visit for the pilgrimage (shall give) such gifts as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find (such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the pilgrimage, and of seven when ye have returned; that is, ten in all. That is for him whoso folk are not present at the Inviolable Place of Worship. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is severe in punishment.
197The pilgrimage is (in) the well-known months, and whoever is minded to perform the pilgrimage therein (let him remember that) there is (to be) no lewdness nor abuse nor angry conversation on the pilgrimage. And whatsoever good ye do Allah knoweth it. So make provision for yourselves (Hereafter); for the best provision is to ward off evil. Therefore keep your duty unto Me, O men of understanding.
198It is no sin for you that ye seek the bounty of your Lord (by trading). But, when ye press on in the multitude from ´Arafat, remember Allah by the sacred monument. Remember Him as He hath guided you, although before ye were of those astray.
199Then hasten onward from the place whence the multitude hasteneth onward, and ask forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
200And when ye have completed your devotions, then remember Allah as ye remember your fathers or with a more lively remembrance. But of mankind is he who saith: "Our Lord! Give unto us in the world," and he hath no portion in the Hereafter.
201And of them (also) is he who saith: "Our Lord! Give unto us in the world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and guard us from the doom of Fire."
202For them there is in store a goodly portion out of that which they have earned. Allah is swift at reckoning.
203Remember Allah through the appointed days. Then whoso hasteneth (his departure) by two days, it is no sin for him, and whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him; that is for him who wardeth off (evil). Be careful of your duty to Allah, and know that unto Him ye will be gathered.
204And of mankind there is he whoso conversation on the life of this world pleaseth thee (Muhammad), and he calleth Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart; yet he is the most rigid of opponents.
205And when he turneth away (from thee) his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle; and Allah loveth not mischief.
206And when it is said unto him: Be careful of thy duty to Allah, pride taketh him to sin. Hell will settle his account, an evil resting-place.
207And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah; and Allah hath compassion on (His) bondmen.
208O ye who believe! Come, all of you, into submission (unto Him); and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! he is an open enemy for you.
209And if ye slide back after the clear proofs have come unto you, then know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
210Wait they for naught else than that Allah should come unto them in the shadows of the clouds with the angels? Then the case would be already judged. All cases go back to Allah (for judgment).
211Ask of the Children of Israel how many a clear revelation We gave them! He who altereth the grace of Allah after it hath come unto him (for him), lo! Allah is severe in punishment.
212Beautified is the life of the world for those who disbelieve; they make a jest of the believers. But those who keep their duty to Allah will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. Allah giveth without stint to whom He will.
213Mankind were one community, and Allah sent (unto them) prophets as bearers of good tidings and as warners, and revealed therewith the Scripture with the truth that it might judge between mankind concerning that wherein they differed. And only those unto whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it, after clear proofs had come unto them, through hatred one of another. And Allah by His Will guided those who believe unto the truth of that concerning which they differed. Allah guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
214Or think ye that ye will enter paradise while yet there hath not come unto you the like of (that which came to) those who passed away before you? Affliction and adversity befell them, they were shaken as with earthquake, till the messenger (of Allah) and those who believed along with him said: When cometh Allah´s help? Now surely Allah´s help is nigh.
215They ask thee, (O Muhammad), what they shall spend. Say: that which ye spend for good (must go) to parents and near kindred and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer. And whatsoever good ye do, lo! Allah is Aware of it.
216Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not.
217They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare in the sacred month. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression), but to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel His people thence, is a greater with Allah; for persecution is worse than killing. And they will not cease from fighting against you till they have made you renegades from your religion, if they can. And whoso becometh a renegade and dieth in his disbelief: such are they whose works have fallen both in the world and the Hereafter. Such are rightful owners of the Fire: they will abide therein.
218Lo! those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution) and strive in the way of Allah, these have hope of Allah´s mercy. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
219They question thee about strong drink and games of chance. Say: In both is great sin, and (some) utility for men; but the sin of them is greater than their usefulness. And they ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is superfluous. Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations, that haply ye may reflect.
220Upon the world and the Hereafter. And they question thee concerning orphans. Say: To improve their lot is best. And if ye mingle your affairs with theirs, then (they are) your brothers. Allah knoweth him who spoileth from him who improveth. Had Allah willed He could have overburdened you. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
221Wed not idolatresses till they believe; for lo! a believing bondwoman is better than an idolatress though she please you; and give not your daughters in marriage to idolaters till they believe, for lo! a believing slave is better than an idolater though he please you. These invite unto the Fire, and Allah inviteth unto the Garden, and unto forgiveness by His grace, and expoundeth His revelations to mankind that haply they may remember.
222They question thee (O Muhammad) concerning menstruation. Say: It is an illness, so let women alone at such times and go not in unto them till they are cleansed. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah hath enjoined upon you. Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth those who have a care for cleanness.
223Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will, and send (good deeds) before you for your souls, and fear Allah, and know that ye will (one day) meet Him. Give glad tidings to believers, (O Muhammad).
224And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
225Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths. But He will take you to task for that which your hearts have garnered. Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
226Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
227And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer, Knower.
228Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
229Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from women aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah. And if ye fear that they may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin for either of them if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah. Transgress them not. For whoso transgresseth Allah´s limits: such are wrong-doers.
230And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. These are the limits of Allah. He manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.
231When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain them in kindness or release them in kindness. Retain them not to their hurt so that ye transgress (the limits). He who doeth that hath wronged his soul. Make not the revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour), but remember Allah´s grace upon you and that which He hath revealed unto you of the Scripture and of wisdom, whereby He doth exhort you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Aware of all things.
232And when ye have divorced women and they reach their term, place not difficulties in the way of their marrying their husbands if it is agreed between them in kindness. This is an admonition for him among you who believeth in Allah and the Last Day. That is more virtuous for you, and cleaner. Allah knoweth; ye know not.
233Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; (that is) for those who wish to complete the suckling. The duty of feeding and clothing nursing mothers in a seemly manner is upon the father of the child. No-one should be charged beyond his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, nor should he to whom the child is born (be made to suffer) because of his child. And on the (father´s) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they desire to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, it is no sin for them; and if ye wish to give your children out to nurse, it is no sin for you, provide that ye pay what is due from you in kindness. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Seer of what ye do.
234Such of you as die and leave behind them wives, they (the wives) shall wait, keeping themselves apart, four months and ten days. And when they reach the term (prescribed for them) then there is no sin for you in aught that they may do with themselves in decency. Allah is informed of what ye do.
235There is no sin for you in that which ye proclaim or hide in your minds concerning your troth with women. Allah knoweth that ye will remember them. But plight not your troth with women except by uttering a recognised form of words. And do not consummate the marriage until (the term) prescribed is run. Know that Allah knoweth what is in your minds, so beware of Him; and know that Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
236It is no sin for you if ye divorce women while yet ye have not touched them, nor appointed unto them a portion. Provide for them, the rich according to his means, and the straitened according to his means, a fair provision. (This is) a bounden duty for those who do good.
237If ye divorce them before ye have touched them and ye have appointed unto them a portion, then (pay the) half of that which ye appointed, unless they (the women) agree to forgo it, or he agreeth to forgo it in whose hand is the marriage tie. To forgo is nearer to piety. And forget not kindness among yourselves. Allah is Seer of what ye do.
238Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer, and stand up with devotion to Allah.
239And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not.
240(In the case of) those of you who are about to die and leave behind them wives, they should bequeath unto their wives a provision for the year without turning them out, but if they go out (of their own accord) there is no sin for you in that which they do of themselves within their rights. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
241For divorced women a provision in kindness: a duty for those who ward off (evil).
242Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His revelations so that ye may understand.
243Bethink thee (O Muhammad) of those of old, who went forth from their habitations in their thousands, fearing death, and Allah said unto them: Die; and then He brought them back to life. Lo! Allah is a Lord of Kindness to mankind, but most of mankind give not thanks.
244Fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearer, Knower.
245Who is it that will lend unto Allah a goodly loan, so that He may give it increase manifold? Allah straiteneth and enlargeth. Unto Him ye will return.
246Bethink thee of the leaders of the Children of Israel after Moses, how they said unto a prophet whom they had: Set up for us a king and we will fight in Allah´s way. He said: Would ye then refrain from fighting if fighting were prescribed for you? They said: Why should we not fight in Allah´s way when we have been driven from our dwellings with our children? Yet, when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned away, all save a few of them. Allah is aware of evil-doers.
247Their Prophet said unto them: Lo! Allah hath raised up Saul to be a king for you. They said: How can he have kingdom over us when we are more deserving of the kingdom than he is, since he hath not been given wealth enough? He said: Lo! Allah hath chosen him above you, and hath increased him abundantly in wisdom and stature. Allah bestoweth His Sovereignty on whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
248And their Prophet said unto them: Lo! the token of his kingdom is that there shall come unto you the ark wherein is peace of reassurance from your Lord, and a remnant of that which the house of Moses and the house of Aaron left behind, the angels bearing it. Lo! herein shall be a token for you if (in truth) ye are believers.
249And when Saul set out with the army, he said: Lo! Allah will try you by (the ordeal of) a river. Whosoever therefore drinketh thereof he is not of me, and whosoever tasteth it not he is of me, save him who taketh (thereof) in the hollow of his hand. But they drank thereof, all save a few of them. And after he had crossed (the river), he and those who believed with him, they said: We have no power this day against Goliath and his hosts. But those who knew that they would meet Allah exclaimed: How many a little company hath overcome a mighty host by Allah´s leave! Allah is with the steadfast.
250And when they went into the field against Goliath and his hosts they said: Our Lord! Bestow on us endurance, make our foothold sure, and give us help against the disbelieving folk.
251So they routed them by Allah´s leave and David slew Goliath; and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of that which He willeth. And if Allah had not repelled some men by others the earth would have been corrupted. But Allah is a Lord of Kindness to (His) creatures.
252These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto thee (Muhammad) with truth, and lo! thou art of the number of (Our) messengers;
253Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spake, while some of them He exalted (above others) in degree; and We gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty) and We supported him with the holy Spirit. And if Allah had so wiled it, those who followed after them would not have fought one with another after the clear proofs had come unto them. But they differed, some of them believing and some disbelieving. And if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with another; but Allah doeth what He will.
254O ye who believe! spend of that wherewith We have provided you ere a day come when there will be no trafficking, nor friendship, nor intercession. The disbelievers, they are the wrong-doers.
255Allah! There is no deity save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.
256There is no compulsion in religion. The right direction is henceforth distinct from error. And he who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm handhold which will never break. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
257Allah is the Protecting Guardian of those who believe. He bringeth them out of darkness into light. As for those who disbelieve, their patrons are false deities. They bring them out of light into darkness. Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein.
258Bethink thee of him who had an argument with Abraham about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom; how, when Abraham said: My Lord is He Who giveth life and causeth death, he answered: I give life and cause death. Abraham said: Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause it to come up from the West. Thus was the disbeliever abashed. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
259Or (bethink thee of) the like of him who, passing by a township which had fallen into utter ruin, exclaimed: How shall Allah give this township life after its death? And Allah made him die a hundred years, then brought him back to life. He said: How long hast thou tarried? (The man) said: I have tarried a day or part of a day. (He) said: Nay, but thou hast tarried for a hundred years. Just look at thy food and drink which have not rotted! Look at thine ass! And, that We may make thee a token unto mankind, look at the bones, how We adjust them and then cover them with flesh! And when (the matter) became clear unto him, he said: I know now that Allah is Able to do all things.
260And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not believe? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask) in order that my heart may be at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and cause them to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill, then call them, they will come to thee in haste, and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
261The likeness of those who spend their wealth in Allah´s way is as the likeness of a grain which groweth seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. Allah giveth increase manifold to whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
262Those who spend their wealth for the cause of Allah and afterward make not reproach and injury to follow that which they have spent; their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them, neither shall they grieve.
263A kind word with forgiveness is better than almsgiving followed by injury. Allah is Absolute, Clement.
264O ye who believe! Render not vain your almsgiving by reproach and injury, like him who spendeth his wealth only to be seen of men and believeth not in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is as the likeness of a rock whereon is dust of earth; a rainstorm smiteth it, leaving it smooth and bare. They have no control of aught of that which they have gained. Allah guideth not the disbelieving folk.
265And the likeness of those who spend their wealth in search of Allah´s pleasure, and for the strengthening of their souls, is as the likeness of a garden on a height. The rainstorm smiteth it and it bringeth forth its fruit twofold. And if the rainstorm smite it not, then the shower. Allah is Seer of what ye do.
266Would any of you like to have a garden of palm-trees and vines, with rivers flowing underneath it, with all kinds of fruit for him therein; and old age hath stricken him and he hath feeble offspring; and a fiery whirlwind striketh it and it is (all) consumed by fire. Thus Allah maketh plain His revelations unto you, in order that ye may give thought.
267O ye who believe! Spend of the good things which ye have earned, and of that which We bring forth from the earth for you, and seek not the bad (with intent) to spend thereof (in charity) when ye would not take it for yourselves save with disdain; and know that Allah is Absolute, Owner of Praise.
268The devil promiseth you destitution and enjoineth on you lewdness. But Allah promiseth you forgiveness from Himself with bounty. Allah is All-Embracing, All-knowing.
269He giveth wisdom unto whom He will, and he unto whom wisdom is given, he truly hath received abundant good. But none remember except men of understanding.
270Whatever alms ye spend or vow ye vow, lo! Allah knoweth it. Wrong-doers have no helpers.
271If ye publish your almsgiving, it is well, but if ye hide it and give it to the poor, it will be better for you, and will atone for some of your ill-deeds. Allah is Informed of what ye do.
272The guiding of them is not thy duty (O Muhammad), but Allah guideth whom He will. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, it is for yourselves, when ye spend not save in search of Allah´s Countenance; and whatsoever good thing ye spend, it will be repaid to you in full, and ye will not be wronged.
273(Alms are) for the poor who are straitened for the cause of Allah, who cannot travel in the land (for trade). The unthinking man accounteth them wealthy because of their restraint. Thou shalt know them by their mark: They do not beg of men with importunity. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, lo! Allah knoweth it.
274Those who spend their wealth by night and day, by stealth and openly, verily their reward is with their Lord, and their shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
275Those who swallow usury cannot rise up save as he ariseth whom the devil hath prostrated by (his) touch. That is because they say: Trade is just like usury; whereas Allah permitteth trading and forbiddeth usury. He unto whom an admonition from his Lord cometh, and (he) refraineth (in obedience thereto), he shall keep (the profits of) that which is past, and his affair (henceforth) is with Allah. As for him who returneth (to usury) - Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein.
276Allah hath blighted usury and made almsgiving fruitful. Allah loveth not the impious and guilty.
277Lo! those who believe and do good works and establish worship and pay the poor-due, their reward is with their Lord and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
278O ye who believe! Observe your duty to Allah, and give up what remaineth (due to you) from usury, if ye are (in truth) believers.
279And if ye do not, then be warned of war (against you) from Allah and His messenger. And if ye repent, then ye have your principal (without interest). Wrong not, and ye shall not be wronged.
280And if the debtor is in straitened circumstances, then (let there be) postponement to (the time of) ease; and that ye remit the debt as almsgiving would be better for you if ye did but know.
281And guard yourselves against a day in which ye will be brought back to Allah. Then every soul will be paid in full that which it hath earned, and they will not be wronged.
282O ye who believe! When ye contract a debt for a fixed term, record it in writing. Let a scribe record it in writing between you in (terms of) equity. No scribe should refuse to write as Allah hath taught him, so let him write, and let him who incurreth the debt dictate, and let him observe his duty to Allah his Lord, and diminish naught thereof. But if he who oweth the debt is of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the guardian of his interests dictate in (terms of) equity. And call to witness, from among your men, two witnesses. And if two men be not (at hand) then a man and two women, of such as ye approve as witnesses, so that if the one erreth (through forgetfulness) the other will remember. And the witnesses must not refuse when they are summoned. Be not averse to writing down (the contract) whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more equitable in the sight of Allah and more sure for testimony, and the best way of avoiding doubt between you; save only in the case when it is actual merchandise which ye transfer among yourselves from hand to hand. In that case it is no sin for you if ye write it not. And have witnesses when ye sell one to another, and let no harm be done to scribe or witness. If ye do (harm to them) lo! it is a sin in you. Observe your duty to Allah. Allah is teaching you. And Allah is knower of all things.
283If ye be on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then a pledge in hand (shall suffice). And if one of you entrusteth to another let him who is trusted deliver up that which is entrusted to him (according to the pact between them) and let him observe his duty to Allah his Lord. Hide not testimony. He who hideth it, verily his heart is sinful. Allah is Aware of what ye do.
284Unto Allah (belongeth) whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; and whether ye make known what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will bring you to account for it. He will forgive whom He will and He will punish whom He will. Allah is Able to do all things.
285The messenger believeth in that which hath been revealed unto him from his Lord and (so do) believers. Each one believeth in Allah and His angels and His scriptures and His messengers - We make no distinction between any of His messengers - and they say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us) Thy forgiveness, our Lord. Unto Thee is the journeying.
286Allah tasketh not a soul beyond its scope. For it (is only) that which it hath earned, and against it (only) that which it hath deserved. Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget, or miss the mark! Our Lord! Lay not on us such a burden as thou didst lay on those before us! Our Lord! Impose not on us that which we have not the strength to bear! Pardon us, absolve us and have mercy on us, Thou, our Protector, and give us victory over the disbelieving folk.
Chapter 3 (Sura 3)
1Alim. Lam. Mim.
2Allah! There is no god save Him, the Alive, the Eternal.
3He hath revealed unto thee (Muhammad) the Scripture with truth, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, even as He revealed the Torah and the Gospel.
4Aforetime, for a guidance to mankind; and hath revealed the Criterion (of right and wrong). Lo! those who disbelieve the revelations of Allah, theirs will be a heavy doom. Allah is Mighty, Able to Requite (the wrong).
5Lo! nothing in the earth or in the heavens is hidden from Allah.
6He it is Who fashioneth you in the wombs as pleaseth Him. There is no Allah save Him, the Almighty, the Wise.
7He it is Who hath revealed unto thee (Muhammad) the Scripture wherein are clear revelations - they are the substance of the Book - and others (which are) allegorical. But those in whose hearts is doubt pursue, forsooth, that which is allegorical seeking (to cause) dissension by seeking to explain it. None knoweth its explanation save Allah. And those who are of sound instruction say: We believe therein; the whole is from our Lord; but only men of understanding really heed.
8Our Lord! Cause not our hearts to stray after Thou hast guided us, and bestow upon us mercy from Thy Presence. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Bestower.
9Our Lord! Lo! it is Thou Who gatherest mankind together to a Day of which there is no doubt. Lo! Allah faileth not to keep the tryst.
10(On that Day) neither the riches nor the progeny of those who disbelieve will aught avail them with Allah. They will be fuel for Fire.
11Like Pharaoh´s folk and those who were before them, they disbelieved Our revelations and so Allah seized them for their sins. And Allah is severe in punishment.
12Say (O Muhammad) unto those who disbelieve: Ye shall be overcome and gathered unto Hell, an evil resting-place.
13There was a token for you in two hosts which met: one army fighting in the way of Allah, and another disbelieving, whom they saw as twice their number, clearly, with their very eyes. Thus Allah strengtheneth with His succour whom He will. Lo! herein verily is a lesson for those who have eyes.
14Beautified for mankind is love of the joys (that come) from women and offspring; and stored-up heaps of gold and silver, and horses branded (with their mark), and cattle and land. That is comfort of the life of the world. Allah! With Him is a more excellent abode.
15Say: Shall I inform you of something better than that? For those who keep from evil, with their Lord, are Gardens underneath which rivers flow wherein they will abide, and pure companions, and contentment from Allah. Allah is Seer of His bondmen,
16Those who say: Our Lord! Lo! we believe. So forgive us our sins and guard us from the punishment of Fire;
17The steadfast, and the truthful, and the obedient, those who spend (and hoard not), those who pray for pardon in the watches of the night.
18Allah (Himself) is Witness that there is no Allah save Him. And the angels and the men of learning (too are witness). Maintaining His creation in justice, there is no Allah save Him the Almighty, the Wise.
19Lo! religion with Allah (is) the Surrender (to His Will and Guidance). Those who (formerly) received the Scripture differed only after knowledge came unto them, through transgression among themselves. Whoso disbelieveth the revelations of Allah (will find that) lo! Allah is swift at reckoning.
20And if they argue with thee, (O Muhammad), say: I have surrendered my purpose to Allah and (so have) those who follow me. And say unto those who have received the Scripture and those who read not: Have ye (too) surrendered? If they surrender, then truly they are rightly guided, and if they turn away, then it is thy duty only to convey the message (unto them). Allah is Seer of (His) bondmen.
21Lo! those who disbelieve the revelations of Allah, and slay the prophets wrongfully, and slay those of mankind who enjoin equity: promise them a painful doom.
22Those are they whose works have failed in the world and the Hereafter; and they have no helpers.
23Hast thou not seen how those who have received a portion of the Scripture invoke the Scripture of Allah (in their disputes) that it may judge between them; then a faction of them turn away, being opposed (to it)?
24That is because they say: The Fire will not touch us save for a certain number of days. That which they used to invent hath deceived them regarding their religion.
25How (will it be with them) when We have brought them all together to a Day of which there is no doubt, when every soul will be paid in full what it hath earned, and they will not be wronged.
26Say: O Allah! Owner of Sovereignty! Thou givest sovereignty unto whom Thou wilt, and Thou withdrawest sovereignty from whom Thou wilt. Thou exaltest whom Thou wilt, and Thou abasest whom Thou wilt. In Thy hand is the good. Lo! Thou art Able to do all things.
27Thou causest the night to pass into the day, and Thou causest the day to pass into the night. And Thou bringest forth the living from the dead, and Thou bringest forth the dead from the living. And Thou givest sustenance to whom Thou choosest, without stint.
28Let not the believers take disbelievers for their friends in preference to believers. Whoso doeth that hath no connection with Allah unless (it be) that ye but guard yourselves against them, taking (as it were) security. Allah biddeth you beware (only) of Himself. Unto Allah is the journeying.
29Say, (O Muhammad): Whether ye hide that which is in your breasts or reveal it, Allah knoweth it. He knoweth that which is in the heavens and that which is in the earth, and Allah is Able to do all things.
30On the Day when every soul will find itself confronted with all that it hath done of good and all that it hath done of evil (every soul) will long that there might be a mighty space of distance between it and that (evil). Allah biddeth you beware of Him. And Allah is Full of Pity for (His) bondmen.
31Say, (O Muhammad, to mankind): If ye love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
32Say: Obey Allah and the messenger. But if they turn away, lo! Allah loveth not the disbelievers (in His guidance).
33Lo! Allah preferred Adam and Noah and the Family of Abraham and the Family of ´Imran above (all His) creatures.
34They were descendants one of another. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
35(Remember) when the wife of ´Imran said: My Lord! I have vowed unto Thee that which is in my belly as a consecrated (offering). Accept it from me. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower!
36And when she was delivered she said: My Lord! Lo! I am delivered of a female - Allah knew best of what she was delivered - the male is not as the female; and lo! I have named her Mary, and lo! I crave Thy protection for her and for her offspring from Satan the outcast.
37And her Lord accepted her with full acceptance and vouchsafed to her a goodly growth; and made Zachariah her guardian. Whenever Zachariah went into the sanctuary where she was, he found that she had food. He said: O Mary! Whence cometh unto thee this (food)? She answered: It is from Allah. Allah giveth without stint to whom He will.
38Then Zachariah prayed unto his Lord and said: My Lord! Bestow upon me of Thy bounty goodly offspring. Lo! Thou art the Hearer of Prayer.
39And the angels called to him as he stood praying in the sanctuary: Allah giveth thee glad tidings of (a son whose name is) John, (who cometh) to confirm a word from Allah lordly, chaste, a prophet of the righteous.
40He said: My Lord! How can I have a son when age hath overtaken me already and my wife is barren? (The angel) answered: So (it will be). Allah doeth what He will.
41He said: My Lord! Appoint a token for me. (The angel) said: The token unto thee (shall be) that thou shalt not speak unto mankind three days except by signs. Remember thy Lord much, and praise (Him) in the early hours of night and morning.
42And when the angels said: O Mary! Lo! Allah hath chosen thee and made thee pure, and hath preferred thee above (all) the women of creation.
43O Mary! Be obedient to thy Lord, prostrate thyself and bow with those who bow (in worship).
44This is of the tidings of things hidden. We reveal it unto thee (Muhammad). Thou wast not present with them when they threw their pens (to know) which of them should be the guardian of Mary, nor wast thou present with them when they quarrelled (thereupon).
45(And remember) when the angels said: O Mary! Lo! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a word from him, whose name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, illustrious in the world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near (unto Allah).
46He will speak unto mankind in his cradle and in his manhood, and he is of the righteous.
47She said: My Lord! How can I have a child when no mortal hath touched me? He said: So (it will be). Allah createth what He will. If He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.
48And He will teach him the Scripture and wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel,
49And will make him a messenger unto the Children of Israel, (saying): Lo! I come unto you with a sign from your Lord. Lo! I fashion for you out of clay the likeness of a bird, and I breathe into it and it is a bird, by Allah´s leave. I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I raise the dead, by Allah´s leave. And I announce unto you what ye eat and what ye store up in your houses. Lo! herein verily is a portent for you, if ye are to be believers.
50And (I come) confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make lawful some of that which was forbidden unto you. I come unto you with a sign from your Lord, so keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
51Lo! Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. That is a straight path.
52But when Jesus became conscious of their disbelief, he cried: Who will be my helpers in the cause of Allah? The disciples said: We will be Allah´s helpers. We believe in Allah, and bear thou witness that we have surrendered (unto Him).
53Our Lord! We believe in that which Thou hast revealed and we follow him whom Thou hast sent. Enrol us among those who witness (to the truth).
54And they (the disbelievers) schemed, and Allah schemed (against them): and Allah is the best of schemers.
55(And remember) when Allah said: O Jesus! Lo! I am gathering thee and causing thee to ascend unto Me, and am cleansing thee of those who disbelieve and am setting those who follow thee above those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then unto Me ye will (all) return, and I shall judge between you as to that wherein ye used to differ.
56As for those who disbelieve I shall chastise them with a heavy chastisement in the world and the Hereafter; and they will have no helpers.
57And as for those who believe and do good works, He will pay them their wages in full. Allah loveth not wrong-doers.
58This (which) We recite unto thee is a revelation and a wise reminder.
59Lo! the likeness of Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said unto him: Be! and he is.
60(This is) the truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not thou of those who waver.
61And whoso disputeth with thee concerning him, after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, say (unto him): Come! We will summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly (to our Lord) and (solemnly) invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie.
62Lo! This verily is the true narrative. There is no Allah save Allah, and lo! Allah, He verily is, is the Mighty, the Wise.
63And if they turn away, then lo! Allah is Aware of (who are) the corrupters.
64Say: O People of the Scripture! Come to an agreement between us and you: that we shall worship none but Allah, and that we shall ascribe no partner unto Him, and that none of us shall take others for lords beside Allah. And if they turn away, then say: Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered (unto Him).
65O People of the Scripture! Why will ye argue about Abraham, when the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed till after him? Have ye then no sense?
66Lo! ye are those who argue about that whereof ye have some knowledge: Why then argue ye concerning that whereof ye have no knowledge? Allah knoweth. Ye know not.
67Abraham was not a Jew, nor yet a Christian; but he was an upright man who had surrendered (to Allah), and he was not of the idolaters.
68Lo! those of mankind who have the best claim to Abraham are those who followed him, and this Prophet and those who believe (with him); and Allah is the Protecting Guardian of the believers.
69A party of the People of the Scripture long to make you go astray; and they make none to go astray except themselves, but they perceive not.
70O People of the Scripture! Why disbelieve ye in the revelations of Allah, when ye (yourselves) bear witness (to their truth)?
71O People of the Scripture! Why confound ye truth with falsehood and knowingly conceal the truth?
72And a party of the People of the Scripture say: Believe in that which hath been revealed unto those who believe at the opening of the day, and disbelieve at the end thereof, in order that they may return;
73And believe not save in one who followeth your religion - Say (O Muhammad): Lo! the guidance is Allah´s Guidance - that anyone is given the like of that which was given unto you or that they may argue with you in the presence of their Lord. Say (O Muhammad): Lo! the bounty is in Allah´s hand. He bestoweth it on whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
74He selecteth for His mercy whom He will. Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
75Among the People of the Scripture there is he who, if thou trust him with a weight of treasure, will return it to thee. And among them there is he who, if thou trust him with a piece of gold, will not return it to thee unless thou keep standing over him. That is because they say: We have no duty to the Gentiles. They speak a lie concerning Allah knowingly.
76Nay, but (the chosen of Allah is) he who fulfilleth his pledge and wardeth off (evil); for lo! Allah loveth those who ward off (evil).
77Lo! those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah´s covenant and their oaths, they have no portion in the Hereafter. Allah will neither speak to them nor look upon them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He make them grow. Theirs will be a painful doom.
78And lo! there is a party of them who distort the Scripture with their tongues, that ye may think that what they say is from the Scripture, when it is not from the Scripture. And they say: It is from Allah, when it is not from Allah; and they speak a lie concerning Allah knowingly.
79It is not (possible) for any human being unto whom Allah had given the Scripture and wisdom and the prophethood that he should afterwards have said unto mankind: Be slaves of me instead of Allah; but (what he said was): Be ye faithful servants of the Lord by virtue of your constant teaching of the Scripture and of your constant study thereof.
80And he commanded you not that ye should take the angels and the prophets for lords. Would he command you to disbelieve after ye had surrendered (to Allah)?
81When Allah made (His) covenant with the prophets, (He said): Behold that which I have given you of the Scripture and knowledge. And afterward there will come unto you a messenger, confirming that which ye possess. Ye shall believe in him and ye shall help him. He said: Do ye agree, and will ye take up My burden (which I lay upon you) in this (matter)? They answered: We agree. He said: Then bear ye witness. I will be a witness with you.
82Then whosoever after this shall turn away: they will be miscreants.
83Seek they other than the religion of Allah, when unto Him submitteth whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and unto Him they will be returned.
84Say (O Muhammad): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and that which was vouchsafed unto Moses and Jesus and the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered.
85And whoso seeketh as religion other than the Surrender (to Allah) it will not be accepted from him, and he will be a loser in the Hereafter.
86How shall Allah guide a people who disbelieved after their belief and (after) they bore witness that the messenger is true and after clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty) had come unto them. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
87As for such, their guerdon is that on them rests the curse of Allah and of angels and of men combined.
88They will abide therein. Their doom will not be lightened, neither will they be reprieved;
89Save those who afterward repent and do right. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
90Lo! those who disbelieve after their (profession of) belief, and afterward grow violent in disbelief: their repentance will not be accepted. And such are those who are astray.
91Lo! those who disbelieve, and die in disbelief, the (whole) earth full of gold would not be accepted from such an one if it were offered as a ransom (for his soul). Theirs will be a painful doom and they will have no helpers.
92Ye will not attain unto piety until ye spend of that which ye love. And whatsoever ye spend, Allah is Aware thereof.
93All food was lawful unto the Children of Israel, save that which Israel forbade himself, (in days) before the Torah was revealed. Say: Produce the Torah and read it (unto us) if ye are truthful.
94And whoever shall invent a falsehood after that concerning Allah, such will be wrong-doers.
95Say: Allah speaketh truth. So follow the religion of Abraham, the upright. He was not of the idolaters.
96Lo! the first Sanctuary appointed for mankind was that at Becca, a blessed place, a guidance to the peoples;
97Wherein are plain memorials (of Allah´s guidance); the place where Abraham stood up to pray; and whosoever entereth it is safe. And pilgrimage to the House is a duty unto Allah for mankind, for him who can find a way thither. As for him who disbelieveth, (let him know that) lo! Allah is Independent of (all) creatures.
98Say: O People of the Scripture! Why disbelieve ye in the revelations of Allah, when Allah (Himself) is Witness of what ye do?
99Say: O People of the Scripture! Why drive ye back believers from the way of Allah, seeking to make it crooked, when ye are witnesses (to Allah´s guidance)? Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
100O ye who believe! If ye obey a party of those who have received the Scripture they will make you disbelievers after your belief.
101How can ye disbelieve, when it is ye unto whom Allah´s revelations are recited, and His messenger is in your midst? He who holdeth fast to Allah, he indeed is guided unto a right path.
102O ye who believe! Observe your duty to Allah with right observance, and die not save as those who have surrendered (unto Him)
103And hold fast, all of you together, to the cable of Allah, and do not separate. And remember Allah´s favour unto you: How ye were enemies and He made friendship between your hearts so that ye became as brothers by His grace; and (how) ye were upon the brink of an abyss of fire, and He did save you from it. Thus Allah maketh clear His revelations unto you, that haply ye may be guided,
104And there may spring from you a nation who invite to goodness, and enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency. Such are they who are successful.
105And be ye not as those who separated and disputed after the clear proofs had come unto them. For such there is an awful doom,
106On the Day when (some) faces will be whitened and (some) faces will be blackened; and as for those whose faces have been blackened, it will be said unto them: Disbelieved ye after your (profession of) belief? Then taste the punishment for that ye disbelieved.
107And as for those whose faces have been whitened, in the mercy of Allah they dwell for ever.
108These are revelations of Allah. We recite them unto thee in truth. Allah willeth no injustice to (His) creatures.
109Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; and unto Allah all things are returned.
110Ye are the best community that hath been raised up for mankind. Ye enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency; and ye believe in Allah. And if the People of the Scripture had believed it had been better for them. Some of them are believers; but most of them are evil-livers.
111They will not harm you save a trifling hurt, and if they fight against you they will turn and flee. And afterward they will not be helped.
112Ignominy shall be their portion wheresoever they are found save (where they grasp) a rope from Allah and a rope from men. They have incurred anger from their Lord, and wretchedness is laid upon them. That is because they used to disbelieve the revelations of Allah, and slew the prophets wrongfully. That is because they were rebellious and used to transgress.
113They are not all alike. Of the People of the Scripture there is a staunch community who recite the revelations of Allah in the night season, falling prostrate (before Him).
114They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency, and vie one with another in good works. These are of the righteous.
115And whatever good they do, they will not be denied the meed thereof. Allah is Aware of those who ward off (evil).
116Lo! the riches and the progeny of those who disbelieve will not avail them aught against Allah; and such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein.
117The likeness of that which they spend in this life of the world is as the likeness of a biting, icy wind which smiteth the harvest of a people who have wronged themselves, and devastateth it. Allah wronged them not, but they do wrong themselves.
118O ye who believe! Take not for intimates others than your own folk, who would spare no pains to ruin you; they love to hamper you. Hatred is revealed by (the utterance of) their mouths, but that which their breasts hide is greater. We have made plain for you the revelations if ye will understand.
119Lo! ye are those who love them though they love you not, and ye believe in all the Scripture. When they fall in with you they say: We believe; but when they go apart they bite their finger-tips at you, for rage. Say: Perish in your rage! Lo! Allah is Aware of what is hidden in (your) breasts.
120If a lucky chance befall you, it is evil unto them, and if disaster strike you they rejoice thereat. But if ye persevere and keep from evil their guile will never harm you. Lo! Allah is Surrounding what they do.
121And when thou settedst forth at daybreak from thy housefolk to assign to the believers their positions for the battle, Allah was Hearer, Knower.
122When two parties of you almost fell away, and Allah was their Protecting Friend. In Allah let believers put their trust.
123Allah had already given you the victory at Badr, when ye were contemptible. So observe your duty to Allah in order that ye may be thankful.
124When thou didst say unto the believers: Is it not sufficient for you that your Lord should support you with three thousand angels sent down (to your help)?
125Nay, but if ye persevere, and keep from evil, and (the enemy) attack you suddenly, your Lord will help you with five thousand angels sweeping on.
126Allah ordained this only as a message of good cheer for you, and that thereby your hearts might be at rest - Victory cometh only from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise -
127That He may cut off a part of those who disbelieve, or overwhelm them so that they retire, frustrated.
128It is no concern at all of thee (Muhammad) whether He relent toward them or punish them; for they are evil-doers.
129Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. He forgiveth whom He will, and punisheth whom He will. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
130O ye who believe! Devour not usury, doubling and quadrupling (the sum lent). Observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.
131And ward off (from yourselves) the Fire prepared for disbelievers.
132And obey Allah and the messenger, that ye may find mercy.
133And vie one with another for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for those who ward off (evil);
134Those who spend (of that which Allah hath given them) in ease and in adversity, those who control their wrath and are forgiving toward mankind; Allah loveth the good;
135And those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins - Who forgiveth sins save Allah only? - and will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did.
136The reward of such will be forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever - a bountiful reward for workers!
137Systems have passed away before you. Do but travel in the land and see the nature of the consequence for those who did deny (the messengers).
138This is a declaration for mankind, a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off (evil)
139Faint not nor grieve, for ye will overcome them if ye are (indeed) believers.
140If ye have received a blow, the (disbelieving) people have received a blow the like thereof. These are (only) the vicissitudes which We cause to follow one another for mankind, to the end that Allah may know those who believe and may choose witnesses from among you; and Allah loveth not wrong-doers.
141And that Allah may prove those who believe, and may blight the disbelievers.
142Or deemed ye that ye would enter paradise while yet Allah knoweth not those of you who really strive, nor knoweth those (of you) who are steadfast?
143And verily ye used to wish for death before ye met it (in the field). Now ye have seen it with your eyes!
144Muhammad is but a messenger, messengers (the like of whom) have passed away before him. Will it be that, when he dieth or is slain, ye will turn back on your heels? He who turneth back on his heels doth no hurt to Allah, and Allah will reward the thankful.
145No soul can ever die except by Allah´s leave and at a term appointed. Whoso desireth the reward of the world, We bestow on him thereof; and whoso desireth the reward of the Hereafter, We bestow on him thereof. We shall reward the thankful.
146And with how many a prophet have there been a number of devoted men who fought (beside him). They quailed not for aught that befell them in the way of Allah, nor did they weaken, nor were they brought low. Allah loveth the steadfast.
147Their cry was only that they said: Our Lord! forgive us for our sins and wasted efforts, make our foothold sure, and give us victory over the disbelieving folk.
148So Allah gave them the reward of the world and the good reward of the Hereafter. Allah loveth those whose deeds are good.
149O ye who believe! if ye obey those who disbelieve, they will make you turn back on your heels, and ye turn back as losers.
150But Allah is your Protector, and He is the Best of Helpers.
151We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve because they ascribe unto Allah partners, for which no warrant hath been revealed. Their habitation is the Fire, and hapless the abode of the wrong-doers.
152Allah verily made good His promise unto you when ye routed them by His leave, until (the moment) when your courage failed you, and ye disagreed about the order and ye disobeyed, after He had shown you that for which ye long. Some of you desired the world, and some of you desired the Hereafter. Therefore He made you flee from them, that He might try you. Yet now He hath forgiven you. Allah is a Lord of Kindness to believers.
153When ye climbed (the hill) and paid no heed to anyone, while the messenger, in your rear, was calling you (to fight). Therefor He rewarded you grief for (his) grief, that (He might teach) you not to sorrow either for that which ye missed or for that which befell you. Allah is Informed of what ye do.
154Then, after grief, He sent down security for you. As slumber did it overcome a party of you, while (the other) party, who were anxious on their own account, thought wrongly of Allah, the thought of ignorance. They said: Have we any part in the cause? Say (O Muhammad): The cause belongeth wholly to Allah. They hide within themselves (a thought) which they reveal not unto thee, saying: Had we had any part in the cause we should not have been slain here. Say: Even though ye had been in your houses, those appointed to be slain would have gone forth to the places where they were to lie. (All this hath been) in order that Allah might try what is in your breasts and prove what is in your hearts. Allah is Aware of what is hidden in the breasts (of men).
155Lo! those of you who turned back on the day when the two hosts met, Satan alone it was who caused them to backslide, because of some of that which they have earned. Now Allah hath forgiven them. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
156O ye who believe! Be not as those who disbelieved and said of their brethren who went abroad in the land or were fighting in the field: If they had been (here) with us they would not have died or been killed: that Allah may make it anguish in their hearts. Allah giveth life and causeth death; and Allah is Seer of what ye do.
157And what though ye be slain in Allah´s way or die therein? Surely pardon from Allah and mercy are better than all that they amass.
158What though ye be slain or die, when unto Allah ye are gathered?
159It was by the mercy of Allah that thou wast lenient with them (O Muhammad), for if thou hadst been stern and fierce of heart they would have dispersed from round about thee. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult with them upon the conduct of affairs. And when thou art resolved, then put thy trust in Allah. Lo! Allah loveth those who put their trust (in Him).
160If Allah is your helper none can overcome you, and if He withdraw His help from you, who is there who can help you after Him? In Allah let believers put their trust.
161It is not for any prophet to embezzle. Whoso embezzleth will bring what he embezzled with him on the Day of Resurrection. Then every soul will be paid in full what it hath earned; and they will not be wronged.
162Is one who followeth the pleasure of Allah as one who hath earned condemnation from Allah, whose habitation is the Fire, a hapless journey´s end?
163There are degrees (of grace and reprobation) with Allah, and Allah is Seer of what they do.
164Allah verily hath shown grace to the believers by sending unto them a messenger of their own who reciteth unto them His revelations, and causeth them to grow, and teacheth them the Scripture and wisdom; although before (he came to them) they were in flagrant error.
165And was it so, when a disaster smote you, though ye had smitten (them with a disaster) twice (as great), that ye said: How is this? Say (unto them, O Muhammad): It is from yourselves. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
166That which befell you, on the day when the two armies met, was by permission of Allah; that He might know the true believers;
167And that He might know the hypocrites, unto whom it was said: Come, fight in the way of Allah, or defend yourselves. They answered: If we knew aught of fighting we would follow you. On that day they were nearer disbelief than faith. They utter with their mouths a thing which is not in their hearts. Allah is Best Aware of what they hide.
168Those who, while they sat at home, said of their brethren (who were fighting for the cause of Allah): If they had been guided by us they would not have been slain. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Then avert death from yourselves if ye are truthful.
169Think not of those, who are slain in the way of Allah, as dead. Nay, they are living. With their Lord they have provision.
170Jubilant (are they) because of that which Allah hath bestowed upon them of His bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not joined them but are left behind: That there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
171They rejoice because of favour from Allah and kindness, and that Allah wasteth not the wage of the believers.
172As for those who heard the call of Allah and His messenger after the harm befell them (in the fight); for such of them as do right and ward off (evil), there is great reward.
173Those unto whom men said: Lo! the people have gathered against you, therefor fear them. (The threat of danger) but increased the faith of them and they cried: Allah is Sufficient for us! Most Excellent is He in Whom we trust!
174So they returned with grace and favour from Allah, and no harm touched them. They followed the good pleasure of Allah, and Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
175It is only the devil who would make (men) fear his partisans. Fear them not; fear Me, if ye are true believers.
176Let not their conduct grieve thee, who run easily to disbelief, for lo! they injure Allah not at all. It is Allah´s Will to assign them no portion in the Hereafter, and theirs will be an awful doom.
177Those who purchase disbelief at the price of faith harm Allah not at all, but theirs will be a painful doom.
178And let not those who disbelieve imagine that the rein We give them bodeth good unto their souls. We only give them rein that they may grow in sinfulness. And theirs will be a shameful doom.
179It is not (the purpose) of Allah to leave you in your present state till He shall separate the wicked from the good. And it is not (the purpose of) Allah to let you know the Unseen. But Allah chooseth of His messengers whom He will, (to receive knowledge thereof). So believe in Allah and His messengers. If ye believe and ward off (evil), yours will be a vast reward.
180And let not those who hoard up that which Allah hath bestowed upon them of His bounty think that it is better for them. Nay, it is worse for them. That which they hoard will be their collar on the Day of Resurrection. Allah´s is the heritage of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is Informed of what ye do.
181Verily Allah heard the saying of those who said, (when asked for contributions to the war): "Allah, forsooth, is poor, and we are rich!" We shall record their saying with their slaying of the prophets wrongfully and We shall say: Taste ye the punishment of burning!
182This is on account of that which your own hands have sent before (you to the judgment). Allah is no oppressor of (His) bondmen.
183(The same are) those who say: Lo! Allah hath charged us that we believe not in any messenger until he bring us an offering which fire (from heaven) shall devour. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Messengers came unto you before me with miracles, and with that (very miracle) which ye describe. Why then did ye slay them? (Answer that) if ye are truthful!
184And if they deny thee, even so did they deny messengers who were before thee, who came with miracles and with the Psalms and with the Scripture giving light.
185Every soul will taste of death. And ye will be paid on the Day of Resurrection only that which ye have fairly earned. Whoso is removed from the Fire and is made to enter paradise, he indeed is triumphant. The life of this world is but comfort of illusion.
186Assuredly ye will be tried in your property and in your persons, and ye will hear much wrong from those who were given the Scripture before you, and from the idolaters. But if ye persevere and ward off (evil), then that is of the steadfast heart of things.
187And (remember) when Allah laid a charge on those who had received the Scripture (He said): Ye are to expound it to mankind and not to hide it. But they flung it behind their backs and bought thereby a little gain. Verily evil is that which they have gained thereby.
188Think not that those who exult in what they have given, and love to be praised for what they have not done - Think not, they are in safety from the doom. A painful doom is theirs.
189Unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. Allah is Able to do all things.
190Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and (in) the difference of night and day are tokens (of His Sovereignty) for men of understanding,
191Such as remember Allah, standing, sitting, and reclining, and consider the creation of the heavens and the earth, (and say): Our Lord! Thou createdst not this in vain. Glory be to Thee! Preserve us from the doom of Fire.
192Our Lord! Whom Thou causest to enter the Fire: him indeed Thou hast confounded. For evil-doers there will be no helpers.
193Our Lord! Lo! we have heard a crier calling unto Faith: "Believe ye in your Lord!" So we believed. Our Lord! Therefor forgive us our sins, and remit from us our evil deeds, and make us die the death of the righteous.
194Our Lord! And give us that which Thou hast promised to us by Thy messengers. Confound us not upon the Day of Resurrection. Lo! Thou breakest not the tryst.
195And their Lord hath heard them (and He saith): Lo! I suffer not the work of any worker, male or female, to be lost. Ye proceed one from another. So those who fled and were driven forth from their homes and suffered damage for My cause, and fought and were slain, verily I shall remit their evil deeds from them and verily I shall bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow - A reward from Allah. And with Allah is the fairest of rewards.
196Let not the vicissitude (of the success) of those who disbelieve, in the land, deceive thee (O Muhammad).
197It is but a brief comfort. And afterward their habitation will be hell, an ill abode.
198But those who keep their duty to their Lord, for them are Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will be safe for ever. A gift of welcome from their Lord. That which Allah hath in store is better for the righteous.
199And lo! of the People of the Scripture there are some who believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto you and that which was revealed unto them, humbling themselves before Allah. They purchase not a trifling gain at the price of the revelations of Allah. Verily their reward is with their Lord. Lo! Allah is swift to take account.
200O ye who believe! Endure, outdo all others in endurance, be ready, and observe your duty to Allah, in order that ye may succeed.
Chapter 4 (Sura 4)
1O mankind! Be careful of your duty to your Lord Who created you from a single soul and from it created its mate and from them twain hath spread abroad a multitude of men and women. Be careful of your duty toward Allah in Whom ye claim (your rights) of one another, and toward the wombs (that bare you). Lo! Allah hath been a watcher over you.
2Give unto orphans their wealth. Exchange not the good for the bad (in your management thereof) nor absorb their wealth into your own wealth. Lo! that would be a great sin.
3And if ye fear that ye will not deal fairly by the orphans, marry of the women, who seem good to you, two or three or four; and if ye fear that ye cannot do justice (to so many) then one (only) or (the captives) that your right hands possess. Thus it is more likely that ye will not do injustice.
4And give unto the women (whom ye marry) free gift of their marriage portions; but if they of their own accord remit unto you a part thereof, then ye are welcome to absorb it (in your wealth).
5Give not unto the foolish (what is in) your (keeping of their) wealth, which Allah hath given you to maintain; but feed and clothe them from it, and speak kindly unto them.
6Prove orphans till they reach the marriageable age; then, if ye find them of sound judgment, deliver over unto them their fortune; and devour it not by squandering and in haste lest they should grow up Whoso (of the guardians) is rich, let him abstain generously (from taking of the property of orphans); and whoso is poor let him take thereof in reason (for his guardianship). And when ye deliver up their fortune unto orphans, have (the transaction) witnessed in their presence. Allah sufficeth as a Reckoner.
7Unto the men (of a family) belongeth a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, and unto the women a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, whether it be little or much - a legal share.
8And when kinsfolk and orphans and the needy are present at the division (of the heritage), bestow on them therefrom and speak kindly unto them.
9And let those fear (in their behaviour toward orphans) who if they left behind them weak offspring would be afraid for them. So let them mind their duty to Allah, and speak justly.
10Lo! Those who devour the wealth of orphans wrongfully, they do but swallow fire into their bellies, and they will be exposed to burning flame.
11Allah chargeth you concerning (the provision for) your children: to the male the equivalent of the portion of two females, and if there be women more than two, then theirs is two-thirds of the inheritance, and if there be one (only) then the half. And to each of his parents a sixth of the inheritance, if he have a son; and if he have no son and his parents are his heirs, then to his mother appertaineth the third; and if he have brethren, then to his mother appertaineth the sixth, after any legacy he may have bequeathed, or debt (hath been paid). Your parents and your children: Ye know not which of them is nearer unto you in usefulness. It is an injunction from Allah. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.
12And unto you belongeth a half of that which your wives leave, if they have no child; but if they have a child then unto you the fourth of that which they leave, after any legacy they may have bequeathed, or debt (they may have contracted, hath been paid). And unto them belongeth the fourth of that which ye leave if ye have no child, but if ye have a child then the eighth of that which ye leave, after any legacy ye may have bequeathed, or debt (ye may have contracted, hath been paid). And if a man or a woman have a distant heir (having left neither parent nor child), and he (or she) have a brother or a sister (only on the mother´s side) then to each of them twain (the brother and the sister) the sixth, and if they be more than two, then they shall be sharers in the third, after any legacy that may have been bequeathed or debt (contracted) not injuring (the heirs by willing away more than a third of the heritage) hath been paid. A commandment from Allah. Allah is Knower, Indulgent.
13These are the limits (imposed by) Allah. Whoso obeyeth Allah and His messenger, He will make him enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where such will dwell for ever. That will be the great success.
14And whoso disobeyeth Allah and His messenger and transgresseth His limits, He will make him enter Fire, where he will dwell for ever; his will be a shameful doom.
15As for those of your women who are guilty of lewdness, call to witness four of you against them. And if they testify (to the truth of the allegation) then confine them to the houses until death take them or (until) Allah appoint for them a way (through new legislation).
16And as for the two of you who are guilty thereof, punish them both. And if they repent and improve, then let them be. Lo! Allah is ever relenting, Merciful.
17Forgiveness is only incumbent on Allah toward those who do evil in ignorance (and) then turn quickly (in repentance) to Allah. These are they toward whom Allah relenteth. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
18The forgiveness is not for those who do ill-deeds until, when death attendeth upon one of them, he saith: Lo! I repent now; nor yet for those who die while they are disbelievers. For such We have prepared a painful doom.
19O ye who believe! It is not lawful for you forcibly to inherit the women (of your deceased kinsmen), nor (that) ye should put constraint upon them that ye may take away a part of that which ye have given them, unless they be guilty of flagrant lewdness. But consort with them in kindness, for if ye hate them it may happen that ye hate a thing wherein Allah hath placed much good.
20And if ye wish to exchange one wife for another and ye have given unto one of them a sum of money (however great), take nothing from it. Would ye take it by the way of calumny and open wrong?
21How can ye take it (back) after one of you hath gone in unto the other, and they have taken a strong pledge from you?
22And marry not those women whom your fathers married, except what hath already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! it was ever lewdness and abomination, and an evil way.
23Forbidden unto you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your father´s sisters, and your mother´s sisters, and your brother´s daughters and your sister´s daughters, and your foster-mothers, and your foster-sisters, and your mothers-in-law, and your step-daughters who are under your protection (born) of your women unto whom ye have gone in - but if ye have not gone in unto them, then it is no sin for you (to marry their daughters) - and the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins. And (it is forbidden unto you) that ye should have two sisters together, except what hath already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
24And all married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom your right hands possess. It is a decree of Allah for you. Lawful unto you are all beyond those mentioned, so that ye seek them with your wealth in honest wedlock, not debauchery. And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto them their portions as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what ye do by mutual agreement after the duty (hath been done). Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
25And whoso is not able to afford to marry free, believing women, let them marry from the believing maids whom your right hands possess. Allah knoweth best (concerning) your faith. Ye (proceed) one from another; so wed them by permission of their folk, and give unto them their portions in kindness, they being honest, not debauched nor of loose conduct. And if when they are honourably married they commit lewdness they shall incur the half of the punishment (prescribed) for free women (in that case). This is for him among you who feareth to commit sin. But to have patience would be better for you. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
26Allah would explain to you and guide you by the examples of those who were before you, and would turn to you in mercy. Allah is Knower, Wise.
27And Allah would turn to you in mercy; but those who follow vain desires would have you go tremendously astray.
28Allah would make the burden light for you, for man was created weak.
29O ye who believe! Squander not your wealth among yourselves in vanity, except it be a trade by mutual consent, and kill not one another. Lo! Allah is ever Merciful unto you.
30Whoso doeth that through aggression and injustice, we shall cast him into Fire, and that is ever easy for Allah.
31If ye avoid the great (things) which ye are forbidden, We will remit from you your evil deeds and make you enter at a noble gate.
32And covet not the thing in which Allah hath made some of you excel others. Unto men a fortune from that which they have earned, and unto women a fortune from that which they have earned. (Envy not one another) but ask Allah of His bounty. Lo! Allah is ever Knower of all things.
33And unto each We have appointed heirs of that which parents and near kindred leave; and as for those with whom your right hands have made a covenant, give them their due. Lo! Allah is ever Witness over all things.
34Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. As for those from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. Lo! Allah is ever High, Exalted, Great.
35And if ye fear a breach between them twain (the man and wife), appoint an arbiter from his folk and an arbiter from her folk. If they desire amendment Allah will make them of one mind. Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Aware.
36And serve Allah. Ascribe no thing as partner unto Him. (Show) kindness unto parents, and unto near kindred, and orphans, and the needy, and unto the neighbour who is of kin (unto you) and the neighbour who is not of kin, and the fellow-traveller and the wayfarer and (the slaves) whom your right hands possess. Lo! Allah loveth not such as are proud and boastful,
37Who hoard their wealth and enjoin avarice on others, and hide that which Allah hath bestowed upon them of His bounty. For disbelievers We prepare a shameful doom;
38And (also) those who spend their wealth in order to be seen of men, and believe not in Allah nor the Last Day. Whoso taketh Satan for a comrade, a bad comrade hath he.
39What have they (to fear) if they believe in Allah and the Last Day and spend (aright) of that which Allah hath bestowed upon them, when Allah is ever Aware of them (and all they do)?
40Lo! Allah wrongeth not even of the weight of an ant; and if there is a good deed, He will double it and will give (the doer) from His presence an immense reward.
41But how (will it be with them) when We bring of every people a witness, and We bring thee (O Muhammad) a witness against these?
42On that day those who disbelieved and disobeyed the messenger will wish that they were level with the ground, and they can hide no fact from Allah.
43O ye who believe! Draw not near unto prayer when ye are drunken, till ye know that which ye utter, nor when ye are polluted, save when journeying upon the road, till ye have bathed. And if ye be ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have touched women, and ye find not water, then go to high clean soil and rub your faces and your hands (therewith). Lo! Allah is Benign, Forgiving.
44Seest thou not those unto whom a portion of the Scripture hath been given, how they purchase error, and seek to make you (Muslims) err from the right way?
45Allah knoweth best (who are) your enemies. Allah is sufficient as a Guardian, and Allah is sufficient as a Supporter.
46Some of those who are Jews change words from their context and say: "We hear and disobey; hear thou as one who heareth not" and "Listen to us!" distorting with their tongues and slandering religion. If they had said: "We hear and we obey: hear thou, and look at us" it had been better for them, and more upright. But Allah hath cursed them for their disbelief, so they believe not, save a few.
47O ye unto whom the Scripture hath been given! Believe in what We have revealed confirming that which ye possess, before We destroy countenances so as to confound them, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers (of old time). The commandment of Allah is always executed.
48Lo! Allah forgiveth not that a partner should be ascribed unto Him. He forgiveth (all) save that to whom He will. Whoso ascribeth partners to Allah, he hath indeed invented a tremendous sin.
49Hast thou not seen those who praise themselves for purity? Nay, Allah purifieth whom He will, and they will not be wronged even the hair upon a date-stone.
50See, how they invent lies about Allah! That of itself is flagrant sin.
51Hast thou not seen those unto whom a portion of the Scripture hath been given, how they believe in idols and false deities, and how they say of those (idolaters) who disbelieve: "These are more rightly guided than those who believe"?
52Those are they whom Allah hath cursed, and he whom Allah hath cursed, thou (O Muhammad) wilt find for him no helper.
53Or have they even a share in the Sovereignty? Then in that case, they would not give mankind even the speck on a date-stone.
54Or are they jealous of mankind because of that which Allah of His bounty hath bestowed upon them? For We bestowed upon the house of Abraham (of old) the Scripture and wisdom, and We bestowed on them a mighty kingdom.
55And of them were (some) who believed therein and of them were (some) who turned away from it. Hell is sufficient for (their) burning.
56Lo! Those who disbelieve Our revelations, We shall expose them to the Fire. As often as their skins are consumed We shall exchange them for fresh skins that they may taste the torment. Lo! Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.
57And as for those who believe and do good works, We shall make them enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow - to dwell therein for ever; there for them are pure companions - and We shall make them enter plenteous shade.
58Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye restore deposits to their owners, and, if ye judge between mankind, that ye judge justly. Lo! comely is this which Allah admonisheth you. Lo! Allah is ever Hearer, Seer.
59O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the messenger and those of you who are in authority; and if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end.
60Hast thou not seen those who pretend that they believe in that which is revealed unto thee and that which was revealed before thee, how they would go for judgment (in their disputes) to false deities when they have been ordered to abjure them? Satan would mislead them far astray.
61And when it is said unto them: Come unto that which Allah hath revealed and unto the messenger, thou seest the hypocrites turn from thee with aversion.
62How would it be if a misfortune smote them because of that which their own hands have sent before (them)? Then would they come unto thee, swearing by Allah that they were seeking naught but harmony and kindness.
63Those are they, the secrets of whose hearts Allah knoweth. So oppose them and admonish them, and address them in plain terms about their souls.
64We sent no messenger save that he should be obeyed by Allah´s leave. And if, when they had wronged themselves, they had but come unto thee and asked forgiveness of Allah, and asked forgiveness of the messenger, they would have found Allah Forgiving, Merciful.
65But nay, by thy Lord, they will not believe (in truth) until they make thee judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of that which thou decidest, and submit with full submission.
66And if We had decreed for them: Lay down your lives or go forth from your dwellings, but few of them would have done it; though if they did what they are exhorted to do it would be better for them, and more strengthening;
67And then We should bestow upon them from Our presence an immense reward,
68And should guide them unto a straight path.
69Whoso obeyeth Allah and the messenger, they are with those unto whom Allah hath shown favour, of the prophets and the saints and the martyrs and the righteous. The best of company are they!
70That is bounty from Allah, and Allah sufficeth as Knower.
71O ye who believe! Take your precautions, then advance the proven ones, or advance all together.
72Lo! among you there is he who loitereth; and if disaster overtook you, he would say: Allah hath been gracious unto me since I was not present with them.
73And if a bounty from Allah befell you, he would surely cry, as if there had been no love between you and him: Oh, would that I had been with them, then should I have achieved a great success!
74Let those fight in the way of Allah who sell the life of this world for the other. Whoso fighteth in the way of Allah, be he slain or be he victorious, on him We shall bestow a vast reward.
75How should ye not fight for the cause of Allah and of the feeble among men and of the women and the children who are crying: Our Lord! Bring us forth from out this town of which the people are oppressors! Oh, give us from thy presence some protecting friend! Oh, give us from Thy presence some defender!
76Those who believe do battle for the cause of Allah; and those who disbelieve do battle for the cause of idols. So fight the minions of the devil. Lo! the devil´s strategy is ever weak.
77Hast thou not seen those unto whom it was said: Withhold your hands, establish worship and pay the poordue, but when fighting was prescribed for them behold! a party of them fear mankind even as their fear of Allah or with greater fear, and say: Our Lord! Why hast Thou ordained fighting for us? If only Thou wouldst give us respite yet a while! Say (unto them, O Muhammad): The comfort of this world is scant; the Hereafter will be better for him who wardeth off (evil); and ye will not be wronged the down upon a date-stone.
78Wheresoever ye may be, death will overtake you, even though ye were in lofty towers. Yet if a happy thing befalleth them they say: This is from Allah; and if an evil thing befalleth them they say: This is of thy doing (O Muhammad). Say (unto them): All is from Allah. What is amiss with these people that they come not nigh to understand a happening?
79Whatever of good befalleth thee (O man) it is from Allah, and whatever of ill befalleth thee it is from thyself. We have sent thee (Muhammad) as a messenger unto mankind and Allah is sufficient as Witness.
80Whoso obeyeth the messenger hath obeyed Allah, and whoso turneth away: We have not sent thee as a warder over them.
81And they say: (It is) obedience; but when they have gone forth from thee a party of them spend the night in planning other than what thou sayest. Allah recordeth what they plan by night. So oppose them and put thy trust in Allah. Allah is sufficient as Trustee.
82Will they not then ponder on the Qur´an? If it had been from other than Allah they would have found therein much incongruity.
83And if any tidings, whether of safety or fear, come unto them, they noise it abroad, whereas if they had referred it to the messenger and to such of them as are in authority, those among them who are able to think out the matter would have known it. If it had not been for the grace of Allah upon you and His mercy ye would have followed Satan, save a few (of you).
84So fight (O Muhammad) in the way of Allah Thou art not taxed (with the responsibility for anyone) except thyself - and urge on the believers. Peradventure Allah will restrain the might of those who disbelieve. Allah is stronger in might and stronger in inflicting punishment.
85Whoso interveneth in a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whoso interveneth in an evil cause will bear the consequence thereof. Allah overseeth all things.
86When ye are greeted with a greeting, greet ye with a better than it or return it. Lo! Allah taketh count of all things.
87Allah! There is no Allah save Him. He gathereth you all unto a Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. Who is more true in statement than Allah?
88What aileth you that ye are become two parties regarding the hypocrites, when Allah cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they earned? Seek ye to guide him whom Allah hath sent astray? He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him thou (O MUhammad) canst not find a road.
89They long that ye should disbelieve even as they disbelieve, that ye may be upon a level (with them). So choose not friends from them till they forsake their homes in the way of Allah; if they turn back (to enmity) then take them and kill them wherever ye find them, and choose no friend nor helper from among them,
90Except those who seek refuge with a people between whom and you there is a covenant, or (those who) come unto you because their hearts forbid them to make war on you or make war on their own folk. Had Allah willed He could have given them power over you so that assuredly they would have fought you. So, if they hold aloof from you and wage not war against you and offer you peace, Allah alloweth you no way against them.
91Ye will find others who desire that they should have security from you, and security from their own folk. So often as they are returned to hostility they are plunged therein. If they keep not aloof from you nor offer you peace nor hold their hands, then take them and kill them wherever ye find them. Against such We have given you clear warrant.
92It is not for a believer to kill a believer unless (it be) by mistake. He who hath killed a believer by mistake must set free a believing slave, and pay the blood-money to the family of the slain, unless they remit it as a charity. If he (the victim) be of a people hostile unto you, and he is a believer, then (the penance is) to set free a believing slave. And if he cometh of a folk between whom and you there is a covenant, then the blood-money must be paid unto his folk and (also) a believing slave must be set free. And whoso hath not the wherewithal must fast two consecutive months. A penance from Allah. Allah is Knower, Wise.
93Whoso slayeth a believer of set purpose, his reward is hell for ever. Allah is wroth against him and He hath cursed him and prepared for him an awful doom.
94O ye who believe! When ye go forth (to fight) in the way of Allah, be careful to discriminate, and say not unto one who offereth you peace: "Thou art not a believer," seeking the chance profits of this life (so that ye may despoil him). With Allah are plenteous spoils. Even thus (as he now is) were ye before; but Allah hath since then been gracious unto you. Therefore take care to discriminate. Allah is ever Informed of what ye do.
95Those of the believers who sit still, other than those who have a (disabling) hurt, are not on an equality with those who strive in the way of Allah with their wealth and lives. Allah hath conferred on those who strive with their wealth and lives a rank above the sedentary. Unto each Allah hath promised good, but He hath bestowed on those who strive a great reward above the sedentary;
96Degrees of rank from Him, and forgiveness and mercy. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
97Lo! as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they wrong themselves, (the angels) will ask: In what were ye engaged? They will say: We were oppressed in the land. (The angels) will say: Was not Allah´s earth spacious that ye could have migrated therein? As for such, their habitation will be hell, an evil journey´s end;
98Except the feeble among men, and the women, and the children, who are unable to devise a plan and are not shown a way.
99As for such, it may be that Allah will pardon them. Allah is ever Clement, Forgiving.
100Whoso migrateth for the cause of Allah will find much refuge and abundance in the earth, and whoso forsaketh his home, a fugitive unto Allah and His messenger, and death overtaketh him, his reward is then incumbent on Allah. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
101And when ye go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your) worship if ye fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. In truth the disbelievers are an open enemy to you.
102And when thou (O Muhammad) art among them and arrangest (their) worship for them, let only a party of them stand with thee (to worship) and let them take their arms. Then when they have performed their prostrations let them fall to the rear and let another party come that hath not worshipped and let them worship with thee, and let them take their precaution and their arms. Those who disbelieve long for you to neglect your arms and your baggage that they may attack you once for all. It is no sin for you to lay aside your arms, if rain impedeth you or ye are sick. But take your precaution. Lo! Allah prepareth for the disbelievers shameful punishment.
103When ye have performed the act of worship, remember Allah, standing, sitting and reclining. And when ye are in safety, observe proper worship. Worship at fixed times hath been enjoined on the believers.
104Relent not in pursuit of the enemy. If ye are suffering, lo! they suffer even as ye suffer and ye hope from Allah that for which they cannot hope. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
105Lo! We reveal unto thee the Scripture with the truth, that thou mayst judge between mankind by that which Allah showeth thee. And be not thou a pleader for the treacherous;
106And seek forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
107And plead not on behalf of (people) who deceive themselves. Lo! Allah loveth not one who is treacherous and sinful.
108They seek to hide from men and seek not to hide from Allah. He is with them when by night they hold discourse displeasing unto Him. Allah ever surroundeth what they do.
109Ho! ye are they who pleaded for them in the life of the world. But who will plead with Allah for them on the Day of Resurrection, or who will then be their defender?
110Yet whoso doeth evil or wrongeth his own soul, then seeketh pardon of Allah, will find Allah Forgiving, Merciful.
111Whoso committeth sin committeth it only against himself. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
112And whoso committeth a delinquency or crime, then throweth (the blame) thereof upon the innocent, hath burdened himself with falsehood and a flagrant crime.
113But for the grace of Allah upon thee (Muhammad), and His mercy, a party of them had resolved to mislead thee, but they will mislead only themselves and they will hurt thee not at all. Allah revealeth unto thee the Scripture and wisdom, and teacheth thee that which thou knewest not. The grace of Allah toward thee hath been infinite.
114There is no good in much of their secret conferences save (in) him who enjoineth almsgiving and kindness and peace-making among the people. Whoso doeth that, seeking the good pleasure of Allah, We shall bestow on him a vast reward.
115And whoso opposeth the messenger after the guidance (of Allah) hath been manifested unto him, and followeth other than the believer´s way, We appoint for him that unto which he himself hath turned, and expose him unto hell - a hapless journey´s end!
116Lo! Allah pardoneth not that partners should be ascribed unto Him. He pardoneth all save that to whom He will. Whoso ascribeth partners unto Allah hath wandered far astray.
117They invoke in His stead only females; they pray to none else than Satan, a rebel
118Whom Allah cursed, and he said: Surely I will take of Thy bondmen an appointed portion,
119And surely I will lead them astray, and surely I will arouse desires in them, and surely I will command them and they will cut the cattle´ ears, and surely I will command them and they will change Allah´s creation. Whoso chooseth Satan for a patron instead of Allah is verily a loser and his loss is manifest.
120He promiseth them and stirreth up desires in them, and Satan promiseth them only to beguile.
121For such, their habitation will be hell, and they will find no refuge therefrom.
122But as for those who believe and do good works We shall bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. It is a promise from Allah in truth; and who can be more truthful than Allah in utterance?
123It will not be in accordance with your desires, nor the desires of the People of the Scripture. He who doeth wrong will have the recompense thereof, and will not find against Allah any protecting friend or helper.
124And whoso doeth good works, whether of male or female, and he (or she) is a believer, such will enter paradise and they will not be wronged the dint in a date-stone.
125Who is better in religion than he who surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good (to men) and followeth the tradition of Abraham, the upright? Allah (Himself) chose Abraham for friend.
126Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Allah ever surroundeth all things.
127They consult thee concerning women. Say: Allah giveth you decree concerning them, and the Scripture which hath been recited unto you (giveth decree), concerning female orphans and those unto whom ye give not that which is ordained for them though ye desire to marry them, and (concerning) the weak among children, and that ye should deal justly with orphans. Whatever good ye do, lo! Allah is ever Aware of it.
128If a woman feareth ill treatment from her husband, or desertion, it is no sin for them twain if they make terms of peace between themselves. Peace is better. But greed hath been made present in the minds (of men). If ye do good and keep from evil, lo! Allah is ever Informed of what ye do.
129Ye will not be able to deal equally between (your) wives, however much ye wish (to do so). But turn not altogether away (from one), leaving her as in suspense. If ye do good and keep from evil, lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
130But if they separate, Allah will compensate each out of His abundance. Allah is ever All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
131Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And We charged those who received the Scripture before you, and (We charge) you, that ye keep your duty toward Allah. And if ye disbelieve, lo! unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and Allah is ever Absolute, Owner of Praise.
132Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And Allah is sufficient as Defender.
133If He will, He can remove you, O people, and produce others (in your stead). Allah is Able to do that.
134Whoso desireth the reward of the world, (let him know that) with Allah is the reward of the world and the Hereafter. Allah is ever Hearer, Seer.
135O ye who believe! Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for Allah, even though it be against yourselves or (your) parents or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a rich man or a poor man, for Allah is nearer unto both (them ye are). So follow not passion lest ye lapse (from truth) and if ye lapse or fall away, then lo! Allah is ever Informed of what ye do.
136O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His messenger and the Scripture which He hath revealed unto His messenger, and the Scripture which He revealed aforetime. Whoso disbelieveth in Allah and His angels and His scriptures and His messengers and the Last Day, he verily hath wandered far astray.
137Lo! those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them unto a way.
138Bear unto the hypocrites the tidings that for them there is a painful doom;
139Those who chose disbelievers for their friends instead of believers! Do they look for power at their hands? Lo! all power appertaineth to Allah.
140He hath already revealed unto you in the Scripture that, when ye hear the revelations of Allah rejected and derided, (ye) sit not with them (who disbelieve and mock) until they engage in some other conversation. Lo! in that case (if ye stayed) ye would be like unto them. Lo! Allah will gather hypocrites and disbelievers, all together, into hell;
141Those who wait upon occasion in regard to you and, if a victory cometh unto you from Allah, say: Are we not with you? and if the disbelievers meet with a success say: Had we not the mastery of you, and did we not protect you from the believers? - Allah will judge between you at the Day of Resurrection, and Allah will not give the disbelievers any way (of success) against the believers.
142Lo! the hypocrites seek to beguile Allah, but it is He Who beguileth them. When they stand up to worship they perform it languidly and to be seen of men, and are mindful of Allah but little;
143Swaying between this (and that), (belonging) neither to these nor to those. He whom Allah causeth to go astray, thou (O Muhammad) wilt not find a way for him:
144O ye who believe! Choose not disbelievers for (your) friends in place of believers. Would ye give Allah a clear warrant against you?
145Lo! the hypocrites (will be) in the lowest deep of the Fire, and thou wilt find no helper for them;
146Save those who repent and amend and hold fast to Allah and make their religion pure for Allah (only). Those are with the believers. And Allah will bestow on the believers an immense reward.
147What concern hath Allah for your punishment if ye are thankful (for His mercies) and believe (in Him)? Allah was ever Responsive, Aware.
148Allah loveth not the utterance of harsh speech save by one who hath been wronged. Allah is ever Hearer, Knower.
149If ye do good openly or keep it secret, or forgive evil, lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Powerful.
150Lo! those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers, and seek to make distinction between Allah and His messengers, and say: We believe in some and disbelieve in others, and seek to choose a way in between;
151Such are disbelievers in truth; and for disbelievers We prepare a shameful doom.
152But those who believe in Allah and His messengers and make no distinction between any of them, unto them Allah will give their wages; and Allah was ever Forgiving, Merciful.
153The people of the Scripture ask of thee that thou shouldst cause an (actual) Book to descend upon them from heaven. They asked a greater thing of Moses aforetime, for they said: Show us Allah plainly. The storm of lightning seized them for their wickedness. Then (even) after that) they chose the calf (for worship) after clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty) had come unto them. And We forgave them that! And We bestowed on Moses evident authority.
154And We caused the Mount to tower above them at (the taking of) their covenant: and We bade them: Enter the gate, prostrate! and We bode them: Transgress not the Sabbath! and We took from them a firm covenant.
155Then because of their breaking of their covenant, and their disbelieving in the revelations of Allah, and their slaying of the prophets wrongfully, and their saying: Our hearts are hardened - Nay, but Allah set a seal upon them for their disbelief, so that they believe not save a few -
156And because of their disbelief and of their speaking against Mary a tremendous calumny;
157And because of their saying: We slew the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, Allah´s messenger - they slew him not nor crucified him, but it appeared so unto them; and lo! those who disagree concerning it are in doubt thereof; they have no knowledge thereof save pursuit of a conjecture; they slew him not for certain.
158But Allah took him up unto Himself. Allah was ever Mighty, Wise.
159There is not one of the People of the Scripture but will believe in him before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them -
160Because of the wrongdoing of the Jews We forbade them good things which were (before) made lawful unto them, and because of their much hindering from Allah´s way,
161And of their taking usury when they were forbidden it, and of their devouring people´s wealth by false pretences, We have prepared for those of them who disbelieve a painful doom.
162But those of them who are firm in knowledge and the believers believe in that which is revealed unto thee, and that which was revealed before thee, especially the diligent in prayer and those who pay the poor-due, the believers in Allah and the Last Day. Upon these We shall bestow immense reward.
163Lo! We inspire thee as We inspired Noah and the prophets after him, as We inspired Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and as We imparted unto David the Psalms;
164And messengers We have mentioned unto thee before and messengers We have not mentioned unto thee; and Allah spake directly unto Moses;
165Messengers of good cheer and of warning, in order that mankind might have no argument against Allah after the messengers. Allah was ever Mighty, Wise.
166But Allah (Himself) testifieth concerning that which He hath revealeth unto thee; in His knowledge hath He revealed it; and the angels also testify. And Allah is sufficient Witness.
167Lo! those who disbelieve and hinder (others) from the way of Allah, they verily have wandered far astray.
168Lo! those who disbelieve and deal in wrong, Allah will never forgive them, neither will He guide them unto a road,
169Except the road of hell, wherein they will abide for ever. And that is ever easy for Allah.
170O mankind! The messenger hath come unto you with the Truth from your Lord. Therefor believe; (it is) better for you. But if ye disbelieve, still, lo! unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
171O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught concerning Allah save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of Allah, and His word which He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers, and say not "Three" - Cease! (it is) better for you! - Allah is only One Allah. Far is it removed from His Transcendent Majesty that He should have a son. His is all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is sufficient as Defender.
172The Messiah will never scorn to be a slave unto Allah, nor will the favoured angels. Whoso scorneth His service and is proud, all such will He assemble unto Him;
173Then, as for those who believed and did good works, unto them will He pay their wages in full, adding unto them of His bounty; and as for those who were scornful and proud, them will He punish with a painful doom. And they will not find for them, against Allah, any protecting friend or helper.
174O mankind! Now hath a proof from your Lord come unto you, and We have sent down unto you a clear light;
175As for those who believe in Allah, and hold fast unto Him, them He will cause to enter into His mercy and grace, and will guide them unto Him by a straight road.
176They ask thee for a pronouncement. Say: Allah hath pronounced for you concerning distant kindred. If a man die childless and he have a sister, hers is half the heritage, and he would have inherited from her had she died childless. And if there be two sisters, then theirs are two-thirds of the heritage, and if they be brethren, men and women, unto the male is the equivalent of the share of two females. Allah expoundeth unto you, so that ye err not. Allah is Knower of all things.
Chapter 5 (Sura 5)
1O ye who believe! Fulfil your indentures. The beast of cattle is made lawful unto you (for food) except that which is announced unto you (herein), game being unlawful when ye are on the pilgrimage. Lo! Allah ordaineth that which pleaseth Him.
2O ye who believe! Profane not Allah´s monuments nor the Sacred Month nor the offerings nor the garlands, nor those repairing to the Sacred House, seeking the grace and pleasure of their Lord. But when ye have left the sacred territory, then go hunting (if ye will). And let not your hatred of a folk who (once) stopped your going to the inviolable place of worship seduce you to transgress; but help ye one another unto righteousness and pious duty. Help not one another unto sin and transgression, but keep your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is severe in punishment.
3Forbidden unto you (for food) are carrion and blood and swineflesh, and that which hath been dedicated unto any other than Allah, and the strangled, and the dead through beating, and the dead through falling from a height, and that which hath been killed by (the goring of) horns, and the devoured of wild beasts, saving that which ye make lawful (by the death-stroke), and that which hath been immolated unto idols. And (forbidden is it) that ye swear by the divining arrows. This is an abomination. This day are those who disbelieve in despair of (ever harming) your religion; so fear them not, fear Me! This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favour unto you, and have chosen for you as religion al-Islam. Whoso is forced by hunger, not by will, to sin: (for him) lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
4They ask thee (O Muhammad) what is made lawful for them. Say: (all) good things are made lawful for you. And those beasts and birds of prey which ye have trained as hounds are trained, ye teach them that which Allah taught you; so eat of that which they catch for you and mention Allah´s name upon it, and observe your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is swift to take account.
5This day are (all) good things made lawful for you. The food of those who have received the Scripture is lawful for you, and your food is lawful for them. And so are the virtuous women of the believers and the virtuous women of those who received the Scripture before you (lawful for you) when ye give them their marriage portions and live with them in honour, not in fornication, nor taking them as secret concubines. Whoso denieth the faith, his work is vain and he will be among the losers in the Hereafter.
6O ye who believe! When ye rise up for prayer, wash you faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and lightly rub your heads and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if ye are unclean, purify yourselves. And if ye are sick or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have had contact with women, and ye find not water, then go to clean, high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. Allah would not place a burden on you, but He would purify you and would perfect His grace upon you, that ye may give thanks.
7Remember Allah´s grace upon you and His covenant by which He bound you when ye said: We hear and we obey; And keep your duty to Allah. Lo! He knoweth what is in the breasts (of men).
8O ye who believe! Be steadfast witnesses for Allah in equity, and let not hatred of any people seduce you that ye deal not justly. Deal justly, that is nearer to your duty. Observe your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is Informed of what ye do.
9Allah hath promised those who believe and do good works: Theirs will be forgiveness and immense reward.
10And they who disbelieve and deny Our revelations, such are rightful owners of hell.
11O ye who believe! Remember Allah´s favour unto you, how a people were minded to stretch out their hands against you but He withheld their hands from you; and keep your duty to Allah. In Allah let believers put their trust.
12Allah made a covenant of old with the Children of Israel and We raised among them twelve chieftains, and Allah said: Lo! I am with you. If ye establish worship and pay the poor-due, and believe in My messengers and support them, and lend unto Allah a kindly loan, surely I shall remit your sins, and surely I shall bring you into Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Whoso among you disbelieveth after this will go astray from a plain road.
13And because of their breaking their covenant, We have cursed them and made hard their hearts. They change words from their context and forget a part of that whereof they were admonished. Thou wilt not cease to discover treachery from all save a few of them. But bear with them and pardon them. Lo! Allah loveth the kindly.
14And with those who say: "Lo! we are Christians," We made a covenant, but they forgot a part of that whereof they were admonished. Therefor We have stirred up enmity and hatred among them till the Day of Resurrection, when Allah will inform them of their handiwork.
15O People of the Scripture! Now hath Our messenger come unto you, expounding unto you much of that which ye used to hide in the Scripture, and forgiving much. now hath come unto you light from Allah and plain Scripture,
16Whereby Allah guideth him who seeketh His good pleasure unto paths of peace. He bringeth them out of darkness unto light by His decree, and guideth them unto a straight path.
17They indeed have disbelieved who say: Lo! Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say: Who then can do aught against Allah, if He had willed to destroy the Messiah son of Mary, and his mother and everyone on earth? Allah´s is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them. He createth what He will. And Allah is Able to do all things.
18The Jews and Christians say: We are sons of Allah and His loved ones. Say: Why then doth He chastise you for your sins? Nay, ye are but mortals of His creating. He forgiveth whom He will, and chastiseth whom He will. Allah´s is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and unto Him is the journeying.
19O People of the Scripture! Now hath Our messenger come unto you to make things plain unto you after an interval (of cessation) of the messengers, lest ye should say: There came not unto us a messenger of cheer nor any warner. Now hath a messenger of cheer and a warner come unto you. Allah is Able to do all things.
20And (remember) when Moses said unto his people: O my people! Remember Allah´s favour unto you, how He placed among you prophets, and He made you kings, and gave you that (which) He gave not to any (other) of (His) creatures.
21O my people! Go into the holy land which Allah hath ordained for you. Turn not in flight, for surely ye turn back as losers:
22They said: O Moses! Lo! a giant people (dwell) therein and lo! we go not in till they go forth from thence. When they go forth from thence, then we will enter (not till then).
23Then out spake two of those who feared (their Lord, men) unto whom Allah had been gracious: Enter in upon them by the gate, for if ye enter by it, lo! ye will be victorious. So put your trust (in Allah) if ye are indeed believers.
24They said: O Moses! We will never enter (the land) while they are in it. So go thou and thy Lord and fight! We will sit here.
25He said: My Lord! I have control of none but myself and my brother, so distinguish between us and the wrong-doing folk.
26(Their Lord) said: For this the land will surely be forbidden them for forty years that they will wander in the earth, bewildered. So grieve not over the wrongdoing folk.
27But recite unto them with truth the tale of the two sons of Adam, how they offered each a sacrifice, and it was accepted from the one of them and it was not accepted from the other. (The one) said: I will surely kill thee. (The other) answered: Allah accepteth only from those who ward off (evil).
28Even if thou stretch out thy hand against me to kill me, I shall not stretch out my hand against thee to kill thee, lo! I fear Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
29Lo! I would rather thou shouldst bear the punishment of the sin against me and thine own sin and become one of the owners of the fire. That is the reward of evil-doers.
30But (the other´s) mind imposed on him the killing of his brother, so he slew him and became one of the losers.
31Then Allah sent a raven scratching up the ground, to show him how to hide his brother´s naked corpse. He said: Woe unto me! Am I not able to be as this raven and so hide my brother´s naked corpse? And he became repentant.
32For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and whoso saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind. Our messengers came unto them of old with clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty), but afterwards lo! many of them became prodigals in the earth.
33The only reward of those who make war upon Allah and His messenger and strive after corruption in the land will be that they will be killed or crucified, or have their hands and feet on alternate sides cut off, or will be expelled out of the land. Such will be their degradation in the world, and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful doom;
34Save those who repent before ye overpower them. For know that Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
35O ye who believe! Be mindful of your duty to Allah, and seek the way of approach unto Him, and strive in His way in order that ye may succeed.
36As for those who disbelieve, lo! if all that is in the earth were theirs, and as much again therewith, to ransom them from the doom on the Day of Resurrection, it would not be accepted from them. Theirs will be a painful doom.
37They will wish to come forth from the Fire, but they will not come forth from it. Theirs will be a lasting doom.
38As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands. It is the reward of their own deeds, an exemplary punishment from Allah. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
39But whoso repenteth after his wrongdoing and amendeth, lo! Allah will relent toward him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
40Knowest thou not that unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth? He punisheth whom He will, and forgiveth whom He will. Allah is Able to do all things.
41O Messenger! Let not them grieve thee who vie one with another in the race to disbelief, of such as say with their mouths: "We believe," but their hearts believe not, and of the Jews: listeners for the sake of falsehood, listeners on behalf of other folk who come not unto thee, changing words from their context and saying: If this be given unto you, receive it, but if this be not given unto you, then beware! He whom Allah doometh unto sin, thou (by thine efforts) wilt avail him naught against Allah. Those are they for whom the Will of Allah is that He cleanse not their hearts. Theirs in the world will be ignominy, and in the Hereafter an awful doom;
42Listeners for the sake of falsehood! Greedy for illicit gain! If then they have recourse unto thee (Muhammad) judge between them or disclaim jurisdiction. If thou disclaimest jurisdiction, then they cannot harm thee at all. But if thou judgest, judge between them with equity. Lo! Allah loveth the equitable.
43How come they unto thee for judgment when they have the Torah, wherein Allah hath delivered judgment (for them)? Yet even after that they turn away. Such (folk) are not believers.
44Lo! We did reveal the Torah, wherein is guidance and a light, by which the prophets who surrendered (unto Allah) judged the Jews, and the rabbis and the priests (judged) by such of Allah´s Scripture as they were bidden to observe, and thereunto were they witnesses. So fear not mankind, but fear Me. And My revelations for a little gain. Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are disbelievers.
45And We prescribed for them therein: The life for the life, and the eye for the eye, and the nose for the nose, and the ear for the ear, and the tooth for the tooth, and for wounds retaliation. But whoso forgoeth it (in the way of charity) it shall be expiation for him. Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are wrong-doers.
46And We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, confirming that which was (revealed) before him in the Torah, and We bestowed on him the Gospel wherein is guidance and a light, confirming that which was (revealed) before it in the Torah - a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off (evil).
47Let the People of the Gospel judge by that which Allah hath revealed therein. Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are evil-livers.
48And unto thee have We revealed the Scripture with the truth, confirming whatever Scripture was before it, and a watcher over it. So judge between them by that which Allah hath revealed, and follow not their desires away from the truth which hath come unto thee. For each We have appointed a divine law and a traced-out way. Had Allah willed He could have made you one community. But that He may try you by that which He hath given you (He hath made you as ye are). So vie one with another in good works. Unto Allah ye will all return, and He will then inform you of that wherein ye differ.
49So judge between them by that which Allah hath revealed, and follow not their desires, but beware of them lest they seduce thee from some part of that which Allah hath revealed unto thee. And if they turn away, then know that Allah´s Will is to smite them for some sin of theirs. Lo! many of mankind are evil-livers.
50Is it a judgment of the time of (pagan) ignorance that they are seeking? Who is better than Allah for judgment to a people who have certainty (in their belief)?
51O ye who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians for friends. They are friends one to another. He among you who taketh them for friends is (one) of them. Lo! Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
52And thou seest those in whose heart is a disease race toward them, saying: We fear lest a change of fortune befall us. And it may happen that Allah will vouchsafe (unto thee) the victory, or a commandment from His presence. Then will they repent them of their secret thoughts.
53Then will the believers say (unto the people of the Scripture): are these they who swore by Allah their most binding oaths that they were surely with you? Their works have failed, and they have become the losers.
54O ye who believe! Whoso of you becometh a renegade from his religion, (know that in his stead) Allah will bring a people whom He loveth and who love Him, humble toward believers, stern toward disbelievers, striving in the way of Allah, and fearing not the blame of any blamer. Such is the grace of Allah which He giveth unto whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
55Your guardian can be only Allah; and His messenger and those who believe, who establish worship and pay the poordue, and bow down (in prayer).
56And whoso taketh Allah and His messenger and those who believe for guardian (will know that), lo! the party of Allah, they are the victorious.
57O Ye who believe! Choose not for guardians such of those who received the Scripture before you, and of the disbelievers, as make a jest and sport of your religion. But keep your duty to Allah if ye are true believers.
58And when ye call to prayer they take it for a jest and sport. That is because they are a folk who understand not.
59Say: O People of the Scripture! Do ye blame us for aught else than that we believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed aforetime, and because most of you are evil-livers?
60Shall I tell thee of a worse (case) than theirs for retribution with Allah? (Worse is the case of him) whom Allah hath cursed, him on whom His wrath hath fallen and of whose sort Allah hath turned some to apes and swine, and who serveth idols. Such are in worse plight and further astray from the plain road.
61When they come unto you (Muslims), they say: We believe; but they came in unbelief and they went out in the same; and Allah knoweth best what they were hiding.
62And thou seest many of them vying one with another in sin and transgression and their devouring of illicit gain. Verily evil is what they do.
63Why do not the rabbis and the priests forbid their evil-speaking and their devouring of illicit gain? Verily evil is their handiwork.
64The Jews say: Allah´s hand is fettered. Their hands are fettered and they are accursed for saying so. Nay, but both His hands are spread out wide in bounty. He bestoweth as He will. That which hath been revealed unto thee from thy Lord is certain to increase the contumacy and disbelief of many of them, and We have cast among them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection. As often as they light a fire for war, Allah extinguisheth it. Their effort is for corruption in the land, and Allah loveth not corrupters.
65If only the People of the Scripture would believe and ward off (evil), surely We should remit their sins from them and surely We should bring them into Gardens of Delight.
66If they had observed the Torah and the Gospel and that which was revealed unto them from their Lord, they would surely have been nourished from above them and from beneath their feet. Among them there are people who are moderate, but many of them are of evil conduct.
67O Messenger! Make known that which hath been revealed unto thee from thy Lord, for if thou do it not, thou wilt not have conveyed His message. Allah will protect thee from mankind. Lo! Allah guideth not the disbelieving folk.
68Say O People of the Scripture! Ye have naught (of guidance) till ye observe the Torah and the Gospel and that which was revealed unto you from your Lord. That which is revealed unto thee (Muhammad) from thy Lord is certain to increase the contumacy and disbelief of many of them. But grieve not for the disbelieving folk.
69Lo! those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Sabaeans, and Christians - Whosoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
70We made a covenant of old with the Children of Israel and We sent unto them messengers. As often as a messenger came unto them with that which their souls desired not (they became rebellious). Some (of them) they denied and some they slew.
71They thought no harm would come of it, so they were wilfully blind and deaf. And afterward Allah turned (in mercy) toward them. Now (even after that) are many of them wilfully blind and deaf. Allah is Seer of what they do.
72They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary. The Messiah (himself) said: O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Lo! whoso ascribeth partners unto Allah, for him Allah hath forbidden paradise. His abode is the Fire. For evil-doers there will be no helpers.
73They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! Allah is the third of three; when there is no Allah save the One Allah. If they desist not from so saying a painful doom will fall on those of them who disbelieve.
74Will they not rather turn unto Allah and seek forgiveness of Him? For Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
75The Messiah, son of Mary, was no other than a messenger, messengers (the like of whom) had passed away before him. And his mother was a saintly woman. And they both used to eat (earthly) food. See how We make the revelations clear for them, and see how they are turned away!
76Say: Serve ye in place of Allah that which possesseth for you neither hurt nor use? Allah it is Who is the Hearer, the Knower.
77Say: O People of the Scripture! Stress not in your religion other than the truth, and follow not the vain desires of folk who erred of old and led many astray, and erred from a plain road.
78Those of the Children of Israel who went astray were cursed by the tongue of David, and of Jesus, son of Mary. That was because they rebelled and used to transgress.
79They restrained not one another from the wickedness they did. Verily evil was that they used to do!
80Thou seest many of them making friends with those who disbelieve. Surely ill for them is that which they themselves send on before them: that Allah will be wroth with them and in the doom they will abide.
81If they believed in Allah and the Prophet and that which is revealed unto him, they would not choose them for their friends. But many of them are of evil conduct.
82Thou wilt find the most vehement of mankind in hostility to those who believe (to be) the Jews and the idolaters. And thou wilt find the nearest of them in affection to those who believe (to be) those who say: Lo! We are Christians. That is because there are among them priests and monks, and because they are not proud.
83When they listen to that which hath been revealed unto the messengers, thou seest their eyes overflow with tears because of their recognition of the Truth. They say: Our Lord, we believe. Inscribe us as among the witnesses.
84How should we not believe in Allah and that which hath come unto us of the Truth. And (how should we not) hope that our Lord will bring us in along with righteous folk?
85Allah hath rewarded them for that their saying - Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. That is the reward of the good.
86But those who disbelieve and deny Our revelations, they are owners of hell-fire.
87O ye who believe! Forbid not the good things which Allah hath made lawful for you, and transgress not, Lo! Allah loveth not transgressors.
88Eat of that which Allah hath bestowed on you as food lawful and good, and keep your duty to Allah in Whom ye are believers.
89Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths, but He will take you to task for the oaths which ye swear in earnest. The expiation thereof is the feeding of ten of the needy with the average of that wherewith ye feed your own folk, or the clothing of them, or the liberation of a slave, and for him who findeth not (the wherewithal to do so) then a three days´ fast. This is the expiation of your oaths when ye have sworn; and keep your oaths. Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His revelations in order that ye may give thanks.
90O ye who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan´s handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed.
91Satan seeketh only to cast among you enmity and hatred by means of strong drink and games of chance, and to turn you from remembrance of Allah and from (His) worship. Will ye then have done?
92Obey Allah and obey the messenger, and beware! But if ye turn away, then know that the duty of Our messenger is only plain conveyance (of the message).
93There shall be no sin (imputed) unto those who believe and do good works for what they may have eaten (in the past). So be mindful of your duty (to Allah), and believe, and do good works; and again: be mindful of your duty, and believe; and once again: be mindful of your duty, and do right. Allah loveth the good.
94O ye who believe! Allah will surely try you somewhat (in the matter) of the game which ye take with your hands and your spears, that Allah may know him who feareth Him in secret. Whoso transgresseth after this, for him there is a painful doom.
95O ye who believe! Kill no wild game while ye are on the pilgrimage. Whoso of you killeth it of set purpose he shall pay its forfeit in the equivalent of that which he hath killed, of domestic animals, the judge to be two men among you known for justice, (the forfeit) to be brought as an offering to the Ka´bah; or, for expiation, he shall feed poor persons, or the equivalent thereof in fasting, that he may taste the evil consequences of his deed. Allah forgiveth whatever (of this kind) may have happened in the past, but whoso relapseth, Allah will take retribution from him. Allah is Mighty, Able to Requite (the wrong).
96To hunt and to eat the fish of the sea is made lawful for you, a provision for you and for seafarers; but to hunt on land is forbidden you so long as ye are on the pilgrimage. Be mindful of your duty to Allah, unto Whom ye will be gathered.
97Allah hath appointed the Ka´bah, the Sacred House, a standard for mankind, and the Sacred Month and the offerings and the garlands. That is so that ye may know that Allah knoweth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and that Allah is Knower of all things.
98Know that Allah is severe in punishment, but that Allah (also) is Forgiving, Merciful.
99The duty of the messenger is only to convey (the message). Allah knoweth what ye proclaim and what ye hide.
100Say: The evil and the good are not alike even though the plenty of the evil attract thee. So be mindful of your duty to Allah, O men of understanding, that ye may succeed.
101O ye who believe! Ask not of things which, if they were made unto you, would trouble you; but if ye ask of them when the Qur´an is being revealed, they will be made known unto you. Allah pardoneth this, for Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
102A folk before you asked (for such disclosures) and then disbelieved therein.
103Allah hath not appointed anything in the nature of a Bahirah or a Sa´ibah or a Wasilah or a Hami, but those who disbelieve invent a lie against Allah. Most of them have no sense.
104And when it is said unto them: Come unto that which Allah hath revealed and unto the messenger, they say: Enough for us is that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though their fathers had no knowledge whatsoever, and no guidance?
105O ye who believe! Ye have charge of your own souls. He who erreth cannot injure you if ye are rightly guided. Unto Allah ye will all return; and then He will inform you of what ye used to do.
106O ye who believe! Let there be witnesses between you when death draweth nigh unto one of you, at the time of bequest - two witnesses, just men from among you, or two others from another tribe, in case ye are campaigning in the land and the calamity of death befall you. Ye shall empanel them both after the prayer, and, if ye doubt, they shall be made to swear by Allah (saying): We will not take a bribe, even though it were (on behalf of) a near kinsman nor will we hide the testimony of Allah, for then indeed we should be of the sinful.
107But then, if it is afterwards ascertained that both of them merit (the suspicion of) sin, let two others take their place of those nearly concerned, and let them swear by Allah, (saying): Verily our testimony is truer than their testimony and we have not transgressed (the bounds of duty), for them indeed we should be of the evil-doers.
108Thus it is more likely that they will bear true witness or fear that after their oaths the oaths (of others) will be taken. So be mindful of your duty (to Allah) and hearken. Allah guideth not the froward folk.
109In the day when Allah gathereth together the messengers, and saith: What was your response (from mankind)? they say: We have no knowledge. Lo! Thou, only Thou art the Knower of Things Hidden,
110When Allah saith: O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My favour unto thee and unto thy mother; how I strengthened thee with the holy Spirit, so that thou spakest unto mankind in the cradle as in maturity; and how I taught thee the Scripture and Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and how thou didst shape of clay as it were the likeness of a bird by My permission, and didst blow upon it and it was a bird by My permission, and thou didst heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission; and how thou didst raise the dead by My permission; and how I restrained the Children of Israel from (harming) thee when thou camest unto them with clear proofs, and those of them who disbelieved exclaimed: This is naught else than mere magic;
111And when I inspired the disciples, (saying): Believe in Me and in My messenger, they said: We believe. Bear witness that we have surrendered (unto Thee) "we are muslims".
112When the disciples said: O Jesus, son of Mary! Is thy Lord able to send down for us a table spread with food from heaven? He said: Observe your duty to Allah, if ye are true believers.
113(They said:) We wish to eat thereof, that we may satisfy our hearts and know that thou hast spoken truth to us, and that thereof we may be witnesses.
114Jesus, son of Mary, said: O Allah, Lord of us! Send down for us a table spread with food from heaven, that it may be a feast for us, for the first of us and for the last of us, and a sign from Thee. Give us sustenance, for Thou art the Best of Sustainers.
115Allah said: Lo! I send it down for you. And whoso disbelieveth of you afterward, him surely will I punish with a punishment wherewith I have not punished any of (My) creatures.
116And when Allah saith: O Jesus, son of Mary! Didst thou say unto mankind: Take me and my mother for two gods beside Allah? he saith: Be glorified! It was not mine to utter that to which I had no right. If I used to say it, then Thou knewest it. Thou knowest what is in my mind, and I know not what is in Thy Mind. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower of Things Hidden?
117I spake unto them only that which Thou commandedst me, (saying): Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. I was a witness of them while I dwelt among them, and when Thou tookest me Thou wast the Watcher over them. Thou art Witness over all things.
118If Thou punish them, lo! they are Thy slaves, and if Thou forgive them (lo! they are Thy slaves). Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, the Wise.
119Allah saith: This is a day in which their truthfulness profiteth the truthful, for theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they are secure for ever, Allah taking pleasure in them and they in Him. That is the great triumph.
120Unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and whatsoever is therein, and He is Able to do all things.
Chapter 6 (Sura 6)
1Praise be to Allah, Who hath created the heavens and the earth, and hath appointed darkness and light. Yet those who disbelieve ascribe rivals unto their Lord.
2He it is Who hath created you from clay, and hath decreed a term for you. A term is fixed with Him. Yet still ye doubt!
3He is Allah in the heavens and in the earth. He knoweth both your secret and your utterance, and He knoweth what ye earn.
4Never came there unto them a revelation of the revelations of Allah but they did turn away from it.
5And they denied the truth when it came unto them. But there will come unto them the tidings of that which they used to deride.
6See they not how many a generation We destroyed before them, whom We had established in the earth more firmly than We have established you, and We shed on them abundant showers from the sky, and made the rivers flow beneath them. Yet we destroyed them for their sins, and created after them another generation.
7Had we sent down unto thee (Muhammad) (actual) writing upon parchment, so that they could feel it with their hands, those who disbelieve would have said: This is naught else than mere magic.
8They say: Why hath not an angel been sent down unto him? If We sent down an angel, then the matter would be judged; no further time would be allowed them (for reflection).
9Had we appointed him (Our messenger) an angel, We assuredly had made him (as) a man (that he might speak to men); and (thus) obscured for them (the truth) they (now) obscure.
10Messengers (of Allah) have been derided before thee, but that whereat they scoffed surrounded such of them as did deride.
11Say (unto the disbelievers): Travel in the land, and see the nature of the consequence for the rejecters!
12Say: Unto whom belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth? Say: Unto Allah. He hath prescribed for Himself mercy, that He may bring you all together to the Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. Those who ruin their souls will not believe.
13Unto Him belongeth whatsoever resteth in the night and the day. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
14Say: Shall I choose for a protecting friend other than Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, Who feedeth and is never fed? Say: I am ordered to be the first to surrender (unto Him). And be not thou (O Muhammad) of the idolaters.
15Say: I fear, if I rebel against my Lord, the retribution of an Awful Day.
16He from whom (such retribution) is averted on that day, (Allah) hath in truth had mercy on him. That will be the signal triumph.
17If Allah touch thee with affliction, there is none that can relieve therefrom save Him, and if He touch thee with good fortune (there is none that can impair it); for He is Able to do all things.
18He is the Omnipotent over His slaves, and He is the Wise, the Knower.
19Say (O Muhammad): What thing is of most weight in testimony? Say: Allah is Witness between me and you. And this Qur´an hath been inspired in me, that I may warn therewith you and whomsoever it may reach. Do ye in sooth bear witness that there are gods beside Allah? Say: I bear no such witness. Say: He is only One Allah. Lo! I am innocent of that which ye associate (with Him).
20Those unto whom We gave the Scripture recognise (this revelation) as they recognise their sons. Those who ruin their own souls will not believe.
21Who doth greater wrong than he who inventeth a lie against Allah or denieth His revelations? Lo! the wrongdoers will not be successful.
22And on the day We gather them together We shall say unto those who ascribed partners (unto Allah): Where are (now) those partners of your make-believe?
23Then will they have no contention save that they will say: By Allah, our Lord, we never were idolaters.
24See how they lie against themselves, and (how) the thing which they devised hath failed them!
25Of them are some who listen unto thee, but We have placed upon their hearts veils, lest they should understand, and in their ears a deafness. If they saw every token they would not believe therein; to the point that, when they come unto thee to argue with thee, the disbelievers say: This is naught else than fables of the men of old.
26And they forbid (men) from it and avoid it, and they ruin none save themselves, though they perceive not.
27If thou couldst see when they are set before the Fire and say: Oh, would that we might return! Then would we not deny the revelations of our Lord but we would be of the believers!
28Nay, but that hath become clear unto them which before they used to hide. And if they were sent back they would return unto that which they are forbidden. Lo! they are liars.
29And they say: There is naught save our life of the world, and we shall not be raised (again).
30If thou couldst see when they are set before their Lord! He will say: Is not this real? They will say: Yea, verily, by our Lord! He will say: Taste now the retribution for that ye used to disbelieve.
31They indeed are losers who deny their meeting with Allah until, when the Hour cometh on them suddenly, they cry: Alas for us, that we neglected it! They bear upon their backs their burdens. Ah, evil is that which they bear!
32Naught is the life of the world save a pastime and a spot. Better far is the abode of the Hereafter for those who keep their duty (to Allah). Have ye then no sense?
33We know well how their talk grieveth thee, though in truth they deny not thee (Muhammad) but evil-doers flout the revelations of Allah.
34Messengers indeed have been denied before thee, and they were patient under the denial and the persecution till Our succour reached them. There is none to alter the decisions of Allah. Already there hath reached thee (somewhat) of the tidings of the messengers (We sent before).
35And if their aversion is grievous unto thee, then, if thou canst, seek a way down into the earth or a ladder unto the sky that thou mayst bring unto them a portent (to convince them all)! - If Allah willed, He could have brought them all together to the guidance - So be not thou among the foolish ones.
36Only those can accept who hear. As for the dead, Allah will raise them up; then unto Him they will be returned.
37They say: Why hath no portent been sent down upon him from his Lord? Say: Lo! Allah is Able to send down a portent. But most of them know not.
38There is not an animal in the earth, nor a flying creature flying on two wings, but they are peoples like unto you. We have neglected nothing in the Book (of Our decrees). Then unto their Lord they will be gathered.
39Those who deny Our revelations are deaf and dumb in darkness. Whom Allah will sendeth astray, and whom He will He placeth on a straight path.
40Say: Can ye see yourselves, if the punishment of Allah come upon you or the Hour come upon you, (calling upon other than Allah)? Do ye then call (for help) to any other than Allah? (Answer that) if ye are truthful.
41Nay, but unto Him ye call, and He removeth that because of which ye call unto Him, if He will, and ye forget whatever partners ye ascribed unto Him.
42We have sent already unto peoples that were before thee, and We visited them with tribulation and adversity, in order that they might grow humble.
43If only, when Our disaster came on them, they had been humble! But their hearts were hardened and the devil made all that they used to do seem fair unto them!
44Then, when they forgot that whereof they had been reminded, We opened unto them the gates of all things till, even as they were rejoicing in that which they were given, We seized them unawares, and lo! they were dumbfounded.
45So of the people who did wrong the last remnant was cut off. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds!
46Say: Have ye imagined, if Allah should take away your hearing and your sight and seal your hearts, Who is the Allah Who could restore it to you save Allah? See how We display the revelations unto them! Yet still they turn away.
47Say: Can ye see yourselves, if the punishment of Allah come upon you unawares or openly? Would any perish save wrongdoing folk?
48We send not the messengers save as bearers of good news and warners. Whoso believeth and doeth right, there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
49But as for those who deny Our revelations, torment will afflict them for that they used to disobey.
50Say (O Muhammad, to the disbelievers): I say not unto you (that) I possess the treasures of Allah, nor that I have knowledge of the Unseen; and I say not unto you: Lo! I am an angel. I follow only that which is inspired in me. Say: Are the blind man and the seer equal? Will ye not then take thought?
51Warn hereby those who fear (because they know) that they will be gathered unto their Lord, for whom there is no protecting ally nor intercessor beside Him, that they may ward off (evil).
52Repel not those who call upon their Lord at morn and evening, seeking His Countenance. Thou art not accountable for them in aught, nor are they accountable for thee in aught, that thou shouldst repel them and be of the wrong-doers.
53And even so do We try some of them by others, that they say: Are these they whom Allah favoureth among us? Is not Allah best Aware of the thanksgivers?
54And when those who believe in Our revelations come unto thee, say: Peace be unto you! Your Lord hath prescribed for Himself mercy, that whoso of you doeth evil through ignorance and repenteth afterward thereof and doeth right, (for him) lo! He is Forgiving, Merciful.
55Thus do We expound the revelations that the way of the unrighteous may be manifest.
56Say: I am forbidden to worship those on whom ye call instead of Allah. Say: I will not follow your desires, for then should I go astray and I should not be of the rightly guided.
57Say: I am (relying) on clear proof from my Lord, while ye deny Him. I have not that for which ye are impatient. The decision is for Allah only. He telleth the truth and He is the Best of Deciders.
58Say: If I had that for which ye are impatient, then would the case (ere this) have been decided between me and you. Allah is Best Aware of the wrong-doers.
59And with Him are the keys of the Invisible. None but He knoweth them. And He knoweth what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falleth but He knoweth it, not a grain amid the darkness of the earth, naught of wet or dry but (it is noted) in a clear record.
60He it is Who gathereth you at night and knoweth that which ye commit by day. Then He raiseth you again to life therein, that the term appointed (for you) may be accomplished. And afterward unto Him is your return. Then He will proclaim unto you what ye used to do.
61He is the Omnipotent over His slaves. He sendeth guardians over you until, when death cometh unto one of you, Our messengers receive him, and they neglect not.
62Then are they restored unto Allah, their Lord, the Just. Surely His is the judgment. And He is the most swift of reckoners.
63Say: Who delivereth you from the darkness of the land and the sea? Ye call upon Him humbly and in secret, (saying): If we are delivered from this (fear) we truly will be of the thankful.
64Say: Allah delivereth you from this and from all affliction. Yet ye attribute partners unto Him.
65Say: He is able to send punishment upon you from above you or from beneath your feet, or to bewilder you with dissension and make you taste the tyranny one of another. See how We display the revelations so that they may understand.
66Thy people (O Muhammad) have denied it, though it is the Truth. Say: I am not put in charge of you.
67For every announcement there is a term, and ye will come to know.
68And when thou seest those who meddle with Our revelations, withdraw from them until they meddle with another topic. And if the devil cause thee to forget, sit not, after the remembrance, with the congregation of wrong-doers.
69Those who ward off (evil) are not accountable for them in aught, but the Reminder (must be given them) that haply they (too) may ward off (evil).
70And forsake those who take their religion for a pastime and a jest, and whom the life of the world beguileth. Remind (mankind) hereby lest a soul be destroyed by what it earneth. It hath beside Allah no protecting ally nor intercessor, and though it offer every compensation it will not be accepted from it. Those are they who perish by their own deserts. For them is drink of boiling water and a painful doom, because they disbelieved.
71Say: Shall we cry, instead of unto Allah, unto that which neither profiteth us nor hurteth us, and shall we turn back after Allah hath guided us, like one bewildered whom the devils have infatuated in the earth, who hath companions who invite him to the guidance (saying): Come unto us? Say: Lo! the guidance of Allah is Guidance, and we are ordered to surrender to the Lord of the Worlds,
72And to establish worship and be dutiful to Him, and He it is unto Whom ye will be gathered.
73He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in truth. In the day when He saith: Be! it is. His Word is the Truth, and His will be the Sovereignty on the day when the trumpet is blown. Knower of the Invisible and the Visible, He is the Wise, the Aware.
74(Remember) when Abraham said unto his father Azar: Takest thou idols for gods? Lo! I see thee and thy folk in error manifest.
75Thus did We show Abraham the kingdom of the heavens and the earth that he might be of those possessing certainty:
76When the night grew dark upon him he beheld a star. He said: This is my Lord. But when it set, he said: I love not things that set.
77And when he saw the moon uprising, he exclaimed: This is my Lord. But when it set, he said: Unless my Lord guide me, I surely shall become one of the folk who are astray.
78And when he saw the sun uprising, he cried: This is my Lord! This is greater! And when it set he exclaimed: O my people! Lo! I am free from all that ye associate (with Him).
79Lo! I have turned my face toward Him Who created the heavens and the earth, as one by nature upright, and I am not of the idolaters.
80His people argued with him. He said: Dispute ye with me concerning Allah when He hath guided me? I fear not at all that which ye set up beside Him unless my Lord willeth aught. My Lord includeth all things in His knowledge. Will ye not then remember?
81How should I fear that which ye set up beside Him, when ye fear not to set up beside Allah that for which He hath revealed unto you no warrant? Which of the two factions hath more right to safety? (Answer me that) if ye have knowledge.
82Those who believe and obscure not their belief by wrongdoing, theirs is safety; and they are rightly guided.
83That is Our argument. We gave it unto Abraham against his folk. We raise unto degrees of wisdom whom We will. Lo! thy Lord is Wise, Aware.
84And We bestowed upon him Isaac and Jacob; each of them We guided; and Noah did We guide aforetime; and of his seed (We guided) David and Solomon and Job and Joseph and Moses and Aaron. Thus do We reward the good.
85And Zachariah and John and Jesus and Elias. Each one (of them) was of the righteous.
86And Ishmael and Elisha and Jonah and Lot. Each one (of them) did We prefer above (Our) creatures,
87With some of their forefathers and their offspring and their brethren; and We chose them and guided them unto a straight path.
88Such is the guidance of Allah wherewith He guideth whom He will of His bondmen. But if they had set up (for worship) aught beside Him, (all) that they did would have been vain.
89Those are they unto whom We gave the Scripture and command and prophethood. But if these disbelieve therein, then indeed We shall entrust it to a people who will not be disbelievers therein.
90Those are they whom Allah guideth, so follow their guidance. Say (O Muhammad, unto mankind): I ask of you no fee for it. Lo! it is naught but a Reminder to (His) creatures.
91And they measure not the power of Allah its true measure when they say: Allah hath naught revealed unto a human being. Say (unto the Jews who speak thus): Who revealed the Book which Moses brought, a light and guidance for mankind, which ye have put on parchments which ye show, but ye hide much (thereof), and (by which) ye were taught that which ye knew not yourselves nor (did) your fathers (know it)? Say: Allah. Then leave them to their play of cavilling.
92And this is a blessed Scripture which We have revealed, confirming that which (was revealed) before it, that thou mayst warn the Mother of Villages and those around her. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe herein, and they are careful of their worship.
93Who is guilty of more wrong than he who forgeth a lie against Allah, or saith: I am inspired, when he is not inspired in aught; and who saith: I will reveal the like of that which Allah hath revealed? If thou couldst see, when the wrong-doers reach the pangs of death and the angels stretch their hands out (saying): Deliver up your souls. This day ye are awarded doom of degradation for that ye spake concerning Allah other than the truth, and used to scorn His portents.
94Now have ye come unto Us solitary as We did create you at the first, and ye have left behind you all that We bestowed upon you, and We behold not with you those your intercessors, of whom ye claimed that they possessed a share in you. Now is the bond between you severed, and that which ye presumed hath failed you.
95Lo! Allah (it is) Who splitteth the grain of corn and the date-stone (for sprouting). He bringeth forth the living from the dead, and is the bringer-forth of the dead from the living. Such is Allah. How then are ye perverted?
96He is the Cleaver of the Daybreak, and He hath appointed the night for stillness, and the sun and the moon for reckoning. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise.
97And He it is Who hath set for you the stars that ye may guide your course by them amid the darkness of the land and the sea. We have detailed Our revelations for a people who have knowledge.
98And He it is Who hath produced you from a single being, and (hath given you) a habitation and a repository. We have detailed Our revelations for a people who have understanding.
99He it is Who sendeth down water from the sky, and therewith We bring forth buds of every kind; We bring forth the green blade from which We bring forth the thick-clustered grain; and from the date-palm, from the pollen thereof, spring pendant bunches; and (We bring forth) gardens of grapes, and the olive and the pomegranate, alike and unlike. Look upon the fruit thereof, when they bear fruit, and upon its ripening. Lo! herein verily are portents for a people who believe.
100Yet they ascribe as partners unto Him the jinn, although He did create them, and impute falsely, without knowledge, sons and daughters unto Him. Glorified be He and High Exalted above (all) that they ascribe (unto Him).
101The Originator of the heavens and the earth! How can He have a child, when there is for Him no consort, when He created all things and is Aware of all things?
102Such is Allah, your Lord. There is no Allah save Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He taketh care of all things.
103Vision comprehendeth Him not, but He comprehendeth (all) vision. He is the Subtile, the Aware.
104Proofs have come unto you from your Lord, so whoso seeth, it is for his own good, and whoso is blind is blind to his own hurt. And I am not a keeper over you.
105Thus do We display Our revelations that they may say (unto thee, Muhammad): "Thou hast studied," and that We may make (it) clear for people who have knowledge.
106Follow that which is inspired in thee from thy Lord; there is no Allah save Him; and turn away from the idolaters.
107Had Allah willed, they had not been idolatrous. We have not set thee as a keeper over them, nor art thou responsible for them.
108Revile not those unto whom they pray beside Allah lest they wrongfully revile Allah through ignorance. Thus unto every nation have We made their deed seem fair. Then unto their Lord is their return, and He will tell them what they used to do.
109And they swear a solemn oath by Allah that if there come unto them a portent they will believe therein. Say; Portents are with Allah and (so is) that which telleth you that if such came unto them they would not believe.
110We confound their hearts and their eyes. As they believed not therein at the first, We let them wander blindly on in their contumacy.
111And though We should send down the angels unto them, and the dead should speak unto them, and We should gather against them all things in array, they would not believe unless Allah so willed. Howbeit, most of them are ignorant.
112Thus have We appointed unto every prophet an adversary - devils of humankind and jinn who inspire in one another plausible discourse through guile. If thy Lord willed, they would not do so; so leave them alone with their devising;
113That the hearts of those who believe not in the Hereafter may incline thereto, and that they may take pleasure therein, and that they may earn what they are earning.
114Shall I seek other than Allah for judge, when He it is Who hath revealed unto you (this) Scripture, fully explained? Those unto whom We gave the Scripture (aforetime) know that it is revealed from thy Lord in truth. So be not thou (O Muhammad) of the waverers.
115Perfected is the Word of thy Lord in truth and justice. There is naught that can change His words. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
116If thou obeyedst most of those on earth they would mislead thee far from Allah´s way. They follow naught but an opinion, and they do but guess.
117Lo! thy Lord, He knoweth best who erreth from His way; and He knoweth best (who are) the rightly guided.
118Eat of that over which the name of Allah hath been mentioned, if ye are believers in His revelations.
119How should ye not eat of that over which the name of Allah hath been mentioned, when He hath explained unto you that which is forbidden unto you unless ye are compelled thereto. But lo! many are led astray by their own lusts through ignorance. Lo! thy Lord, He is Best Aware of the transgressors.
120Forsake the outwardness of sin and the inwardness thereof. Lo! those who garner sin will be awarded that which they have earned.
121And eat not of that whereon Allah´s name hath not been mentioned, for lo! it is abomination. Lo! the devils do inspire their minions to dispute with you. But if ye obey them, ye will be in truth idolaters.
122Is he who was dead and We have raised him unto life, and set for him a light wherein he walketh among men, as him whose similitude is in utter darkness whence he cannot emerge? Thus is their conduct made fairseeming for the disbelievers.
123And thus have We made in every city great ones of its wicked ones, that they should plot therein. They do but plot against themselves, though they perceive not.
124And when a token cometh unto them, they say: We will not believe till we are given that which Allah´s messengers are given. Allah knoweth best with whom to place His message. Humiliation from Allah and heavy punishment will smite the guilty for their scheming.
125And whomsoever it is Allah´s will to guide, He expandeth his bosom unto the Surrender, and whomsoever it is His Will to send astray, He maketh his bosom close and narrow as if he were engaged in sheer ascent. Thus Allah layeth ignominy upon those who believe not.
126This is the path of thy Lord, a straight path. We have detailed Our revelations for a people who take heed.
127For them is the abode of peace with their Lord. He will be their Protecting Friend because of what they used to do.
128In the day when He will gather them together (He will say): O ye assembly of the jinn! Many of humankind did ye seduce. And their adherents among humankind will say: Our Lord! We enjoyed one another, but now we have arrived at the appointed term which Thou appointedst for us. He will say: Fire is your home. Abide therein for ever, save him whom Allah willeth (to deliver). Lo! thy Lord is Wise, Aware.
129Thus We let some of the wrong-doers have power over others because of what they are wont to earn.
130O ye assembly of the jinn and humankind! Came there not unto you messengers of your own who recounted unto you My tokens and warned you of the meeting of this your Day? They will say: We testify against ourselves. And the life of the world beguiled them. And they testify against themselves that they were disbelievers.
131This is because thy Lord destroyeth not the townships arbitrarily while their people are unconscious (of the wrong they do).
132For all there will be ranks from what they did. Thy Lord is not unaware of what they do.
133Thy Lord is the Absolute, the Lord of Mercy. If He will, He can remove you and can cause what He will to follow after you, even as He raised you from the seed of other folk.
134Lo! that which ye are promised will surely come to pass, and ye cannot escape.
135Say (O Muhammad): O my people! Work according to your power. Lo! I too am working. Thus ye will come to know for which of us will be the happy sequel. Lo! the wrong-doers will not be successful.
136They assign unto Allah, of the crops and cattle which He created, a portion, and they say: "This is Allah´s" - in their make-believe - "and this is for (His) partners in regard to us." Thus that which (they assign) unto His partners in them reacheth not Allah and that which (they assign) unto Allah goeth to their (so-called) partners. Evil is their ordinance.
137Thus have their (so-called) partners (of Allah) made the killing of their children to seem fair unto many of the idolaters, that they may ruin them and make their faith obscure for them. Had Allah willed (it otherwise), they had not done so. So leave them alone with their devices.
138And they say: Such cattle and crops are forbidden. No-one is to eat of them save whom we will - in their make-believe - cattle whose backs are forbidden, cattle over which they mention not the name of Allah. (All that is) a lie against Him. He will repay them for that which they invent.
139And they say: That which is in the bellies of such cattle is reserved for our males and is forbidden to our wives; but if it be born dead, then they (all) may be partakers thereof. He will reward them for their attribution (of such ordinances unto Him). Lo, He is Wise, Aware.
140They are losers who besottedly have slain their children without knowledge, and have forbidden that which Allah bestowed upon them, inventing a lie against Allah. They indeed have gone astray and are not guided.
141He it is Who produceth gardens trellised and untrellised, and the date-palm, and crops of divers flavour, and the olive and the pomegranate, like and unlike. Eat ye of the fruit thereof when it fruiteth, and pay the due thereof upon the harvest day, and be not prodigal. Lo! Allah loveth not the prodigals.
142And of the cattle (He produceth) some for burdens, some for food. Eat of that which Allah hath bestowed upon you, and follow not the footsteps of the devil, for lo! he is an open foe to you.
143Eight pairs: Of the sheep twain, and of the goats twain. Say: Hath He forbidden the two males or the two females, or that which the wombs of the two females contain? Expound to me (the case) with knowledge, if ye are truthful.
144And of the camels twain and of the oxen twain. Say: Hath He forbidden the two males or the two females, or that which the wombs of the two females contain; or were ye by to witness when Allah commanded you (all) this? Then who doth greater wrong than he who deviseth a lie concerning Allah, that he may lead mankind astray without knowledge. Lo! Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
145Say: I find not in that which is revealed unto me aught prohibited to an eater that he eat thereof, except it be carrion, or blood poured forth, or swineflesh - for that verily is foul - or the abomination which was immolated to the name of other than Allah. But whoso is compelled (thereto), neither craving nor transgressing, (for him) lo! thy Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
146Unto those who are Jews We forbade every animal with claws. And of the oxen and the sheep forbade We unto them the fat thereof save that upon the backs or the entrails, or that which is mixed with the bone. That we awarded them for their rebellion. And lo! we verily are truthful.
147So if they give the lie to thee (Muhammad), say: Your Lord is a Lord of All-Embracing Mercy, and His wrath will never be withdrawn from guilty folk.
148They who are idolaters will say: Had Allah willed, we had not ascribed (unto Him) partners neither had our fathers, nor had we forbidden aught. Thus did those who were before them give the lie (to Allah´s messengers) till they tasted of the fear of Us. Say: Have ye any knowledge that ye can adduce for Us? Lo! ye follow naught but an opinion, Lo! ye do but guess.
149Say - For Allah´s is the final argument - Had He willed He could indeed have guided all of you.
150Say: Come, bring your witnesses who can bear witness that Allah forbade (all) this. And if they bear witness, do not thou bear witness with them. Follow thou not the whims of those who deny Our revelations, those who believe not in the Hereafter and deem (others) equal with their Lord.
151Say: Come, I will recite unto you that which your Lord hath made a sacred duty for you: That ye ascribe no thing as partner unto Him and that ye do good to parents, and that ye slay not your children because of penury - We provide for you and for them - and that ye draw not nigh to lewd things whether open or concealed. And that ye slay not the life which Allah hath made sacred, save in the course of justice. This He hath command you, in order that ye may discern.
152And approach not the wealth of the orphan save with that which is better, till he reach maturity. Give full measure and full weight, in justice. We task not any soul beyond its scope. And if ye give your word, do justice thereunto, even though it be (against) a kinsman; and fulfil the covenant of Allah. This He commandeth you that haply ye may remember.
153And (He commandeth you, saying): This is My straight path, so follow it. Follow not other ways, lest ye be parted from His way. This hath He ordained for you, that ye may ward off (evil).
154Again, We gave the Scripture unto Moses, complete for him who would do good, an explanation of all things, a guidance and a mercy, that they might believe in the meeting with their Lord.
155And this is a blessed Scripture which We have revealed. So follow it and ward off (evil), that ye may find mercy.
156Lest ye should say: The Scripture was revealed only to two sects before us, and we in sooth were unaware of what they read;
157Or lest ye should say: If the Scripture had been revealed unto us, we surely had been better guided than are they. Now hath there come unto you a clear proof from your Lord, a guidance and mercy; and who doeth greater wrong than he who denieth the revelations of Allah, and turneth away from them? We award unto those who turn away from Our revelations an evil doom because of their aversion.
158Wait they, indeed, for nothing less than that the angels should come unto them, or thy Lord should come, or there should come one of the portents from thy Lord? In the day when one of the portents from thy Lord cometh, its belief availeth naught a soul which theretofore believed not, nor in its belief earned good (by works). Say: Wait ye! Lo! We (too) are waiting.
159Lo! As for those who sunder their religion and become schismatics, no concern at all hast thou with them. Their case will go to Allah, Who then will tell them what they used to do.
160Whoso bringeth a good deed will receive tenfold the like thereof, while whoso bringeth an ill-deed will be awarded but the like thereof; and they will not be wronged.
161Say: Lo! As for me, my Lord hath guided me unto a straight path, a right religion, the community of Abraham, the upright, who was no idolater.
162Say: Lo! my worship and my sacrifice and my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the Worlds.
163He hath no partner. This am I commanded, and I am first of those who surrender (unto Him).
164Say: Shall I seek another than Allah for Lord, when He is Lord of all things? Each soul earneth only on its own account, nor doth any laden bear another´s load. Then unto your Lord is your return and He will tell you that wherein ye differed.
165He it is Who hath placed you as viceroys of the earth and hath exalted some of you in rank above others, that He may try you by (the test of) that which He hath given you. Lo! Thy Lord is swift in prosecution, and Lo! He verily is Forgiving, Merciful.
Chapter 7 (Sura 7)
1Alif. Lam. Mim. Sad.
2(It is) a Scripture that is revealed unto thee (Muhammad) - so let there be no heaviness in thy heart therefrom - that thou mayst warn thereby, and (it is) a Reminder unto believers.
3(Saying): Follow that which is sent down unto you from your Lord, and follow no protecting friends beside Him. Little do ye recollect!
4How many a township have We destroyed! As a raid by night, or while they slept at noon, Our terror came unto them.
5No plea had they, when Our terror came unto them, save that they said: Lo! We were wrong-doers.
6Then verily We shall question those unto whom (Our message) hath been sent, and verily We shall question the messengers.
7Then verily We shall narrate unto them (the event) with knowledge, for We were not absent (when it came to pass).
8The weighing on that day is the true (weighing). As for those whose scale is heavy, they are the successful.
9And as for those whose scale is light: those are they who lose their souls because they used to wrong Our revelations.
10And We have given you (mankind) power in the earth, and appointed for you therein livelihoods. Little give ye thanks!
11And We created you, then fashioned you, then told the angels: Fall ye prostrate before Adam! And they fell prostrate, all save Iblis, who was not of those who make prostration.
12He said: What hindered thee that thou didst not fall prostrate when I bade thee? (Iblis) said: I am better than him. Thou createdst me of fire while him Thou didst create of mud.
13He said: Then go down hence! It is not for thee to show pride here, so go forth! Lo! thou art of those degraded.
14He said: Reprieve me till the day when they are raised (from the dead).
15He said: Lo! thou art of those reprieved.
16He said: Now, because Thou hast sent me astray, verily I shall lurk in ambush for them on Thy Right Path.
17Then I shall come upon them from before them and from behind them and from their right hands and from their left hands, and Thou wilt not find most of them beholden (unto Thee).
18He said: Go forth from hence, degraded, banished. As for such of them as follow thee, surely I will fill hell with all of you.
19And (unto man): O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden and eat from whence ye will, but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrong-doers.
20Then Satan whispered to them that he might manifest unto them that which was hidden from them of their shame, and he said: Your Lord forbade you from this tree only lest ye should become angels or become of the immortals.
21And he swore unto them (saying): Lo! I am a sincere adviser unto you.
22Thus did he lead them on with guile. And when they tasted of the tree their shame was manifest to them and they began to hide (by heaping) on themselves some of the leaves of the Garden. And their Lord called them, (saying): Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you: Lo! Satan is an open enemy to you?
23They said: Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If thou forgive us not and have not mercy on us, surely we are of the lost!
24He said: Go down (from hence), one of you a foe unto the other. There will be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a while.
25He said: There shall ye live, and there shall ye die, and thence shall ye be brought forth.
26O Children of Adam! We have revealed unto you raiment to conceal your shame, and splendid vesture, but the raiment of restraint from evil, that is best. This is of the revelations of Allah, that they may remember.
27O Children of Adam! Let not Satan seduce you as he caused your (first) parents to go forth from the Garden and tore off from them their robe (of innocence) that he might manifest their shame to them. Lo! he seeth you, he and his tribe, from whence ye see him not. Lo! We have made the devils protecting friends for those who believe not.
28And when they do some lewdness they say: We found our fathers doing it and Allah hath enjoined it on us. Say: Allah, verily, enjoineth not lewdness. Tell ye concerning Allah that which ye know not?
29Say: My Lord enjoineth justice. And set your faces upright (toward Him) at every place of worship and call upon Him, making religion pure for Him (only). As He brought you into being, so return ye (unto Him).
30A party hath He led aright, while error hath just hold over (another) party, for lo! they choose the devils for protecting supporters instead of Allah and deem that they are rightly guided.
31O Children of Adam! Look to your adornment at every place of worship, and eat and drink, but be not prodigal. Lo! He loveth not the prodigals.
32Say: Who hath forbidden the adornment of Allah which He hath brought forth for His bondmen, and the good things of His providing? Say: Such, on the Day of Resurrection, will be only for those who believed during the life of the world. Thus do we detail Our revelations for people who have knowledge.
33Say: My Lord forbiddeth only indecencies, such of them as are apparent and such as are within, and sin and wrongful oppression, and that ye associate with Allah that for which no warrant hath been revealed, and that ye tell concerning Allah that which ye know not.
34And every nation hath its term, and when its term cometh, they cannot put it off an hour nor yet advance (it).
35O Children of Adam! When messengers of your own come unto you who narrate unto you My revelations, then whosoever refraineth from evil and amendeth - there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
36But they who deny Our revelations and scorn them - each are rightful owners of the Fire; they will abide therein.
37Who doeth greater wrong than he who inventeth a lie concerning Allah or denieth Our tokens. (For such) their appointed portion of the Book (of destiny) reacheth them till, when Our messengers come to gather them, they say: Where (now) is that to which ye cried beside Allah? They say: They have departed from us. And they testify against themselves that they were disbelievers.
38He saith: Enter into the Fire among nations of the jinn and humankind who passed away before you. Every time a nation entereth, it curseth its sister (nation) till, when they have all been made to follow one another thither, the last of them saith unto the first of them: Our Lord! These led us astray, so give them double torment of the Fire. He saith: For each one there is double (torment), but ye know not.
39And the first of them saith unto the last of them: Ye were no whit better than us, so taste the doom for what ye used to earn.
40Lo! they who deny Our revelations and scorn them, for them the gates of heaven will nor be opened not will they enter the Garden until the camel goeth through the needle´s eye. Thus do We requite the guilty.
41Theirs will be a bed of hell, and over them coverings (of hell). Thus do We requite wrong-doers.
42But (as for) those who believe and do good works - We tax not any soul beyond its scope - Such are rightful owners of the Garden. They abide therein.
43And We remove whatever rancour may be in their hearts. Rivers flow beneath them. And they say: The praise to Allah, Who hath guided us to this. We could not truly have been led aright if Allah had not guided us. Verily the messengers of our Lord did bring the Truth. And it is cried unto them: This is the Garden. Ye inherit it for what ye used to do.
44And the dwellers of the Garden cry unto the dwellers of the Fire: We have found that which our Lord promised us (to be) the Truth. Have ye (too) found that which your Lord promised the Truth? They say: Yea, verily. And a crier in between them crieth: The curse of Allah is on evil-doers,
45Who debar (men) from the path of Allah and would have it crooked, and who are disbelievers in the Last Day.
46Between them is a veil. And on the Heights are men who know them all by their marks. And they call unto the dwellers of the Garden: Peace be unto you! They enter it not although they hope (to enter).
47And when their eyes are turned toward the dwellers of the Fire, they say: Our Lord! Place us not with the wrong-doing folk.
48And the dwellers on the Heights call unto men whom they know by their marks, (saying): What did your multitude and that in which ye took your pride avail you?
49Are these they of whom ye swore that Allah would not show them mercy? (Unto them it hath been said): Enter the Garden. No fear shall come upon you nor is it ye who will grieve.
50And the dwellers of the Fire cry out unto the dwellers of the Garden: Pour on us some water or some wherewith Allah hath provided you. They say: Lo! Allah hath forbidden both to disbelievers (in His guidance),
51Who took their religion for a sport and pastime, and whom the life of the world beguiled. So this day We have forgotten them even as they forgot the meeting of this their Day and as they used to deny Our tokens.
52Verily We have brought them a Scripture which We expounded with knowledge, a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
53Await they aught save the fulfilment thereof? On the day when the fulfilment thereof cometh, those who were before forgetful thereof will say: The messengers of our Lord did bring the Truth! Have we any intercessors, that they may intercede for us? Or can we be returned (to life on earth), that we may act otherwise than we used to act? They have lost their souls, and that which they devised hath failed them.
54Lo! your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days, then mounted He the Throne. He covereth the night with the day, which is in haste to follow it, and hath made the sun and the moon and the stars subservient by His command. His verily is all creation and commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!
55(O mankind!) Call upon your Lord humbly and in secret. Lo! He loveth not aggressors.
56Work not confusion in the earth after the fair ordering (thereof). and call on Him in fear and hope. Lo! the mercy of Allah is nigh unto the good.
57And He it is Who sendeth the winds as tidings heralding His mercy, till, when they bear a cloud heavy (with rain), We lead it to a dead land, and then cause water to descend thereon and thereby bring forth fruits of every kind. Thus bring We forth the dead. Haply ye may remember.
58As for the good land, its vegetation cometh forth by permission of its Lord; while as for that which is bad, only the useless cometh forth (from it). Thus do We recount the tokens for people who give thanks.
59We sent Noah (of old) unto his people, and he said: O my people! Serve Allah. Ye have no other Allah save Him. Lo! I fear for you the retribution of an Awful Day.
60The chieftains of his people said: Lo! we see thee surely in plain error.
61He said: O my people! There is no error in me, but I am a messenger from the Lord of the Worlds.
62I convey unto you the messages of my Lord and give good counsel unto you, and know from Allah that which ye know not.
63Marvel ye that there should come unto you a Reminder from your Lord by means of a man among you, that he may warn you, and that ye may keep from evil, and that haply ye may find mercy.
64But they denied him, so We saved him and those with him in the ship, and We drowned those who denied Our tokens. Lo! they were blind folk.
65And unto (the tribe of) A´ad (We sent) their brother, Hud. He said: O my people! Serve Allah. Ye have no other Allah save Him. Will ye not ward off (evil)?
66The chieftains of his people, who were disbelieving, said: Lo! we surely see thee in foolishness, and lo! we deem thee of the liars.
67He said: O my people! There is no foolishness in me, but I am a messenger from the Lord of the Worlds.
68I convey unto you the messages of my Lord and am for you a true adviser.
69Marvel ye that there should come unto you a Reminder from your Lord by means of a man among you, that he may warn you? Remember how He made you viceroys after Noah´s folk, and gave you growth of stature. Remember (all) the bounties of your Lord, that haply ye may be successful.
70They said: Hast come unto us that we should serve Allah alone, and forsake what our fathers worshipped? Then bring upon us that wherewith thou threatenest us if thou art of the truthful!
71He said: Terror and wrath from your Lord have already fallen on you. Would ye wrangle with me over names which ye have named, ye and your fathers, for which no warrant from Allah hath been revealed? Then await (the consequence), lo! I (also) am of those awaiting (it).
72And We saved him and those with him by a mercy from Us, and We cut the root of those who denied Our revelations and were not believers.
73And to (the tribe of) Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih. He said: O my people! Serve Allah. Ye have no other Allah save Him. A wonder from your Lord hath come unto you. Lo! this is the camel of Allah, a token unto you; so let her feed in Allah´s earth, and touch her not with hurt lest painful torment seize you.
74And remember how He made you viceroys after A´ad and gave you station in the earth. Ye choose castles in the plains and hew the mountains into dwellings. So remember (all) the bounties of Allah and do not evil, making mischief in the earth.
75The chieftains of his people, who were scornful, said unto those whom they despised, unto such of them as believed: Know ye that Salih is one sent from his Lord? They said: Lo! In that wherewith he hath been sent we are believers.
76Those who were scornful said: Lo! in that which ye believe we are disbelievers.
77So they hamstrung the she-camel, and they flouted the commandment of their Lord, and they said: O Salih! Bring upon us that thou threatenest if thou art indeed of those sent (from Allah).
78So the earthquake seized them, and morning found them prostrate in their dwelling-place.
79And (Salih) turned from them and said: O my people! I delivered my Lord´s message unto you and gave you good advice, but ye love not good advisers.
80And Lot! (Remember) when he said unto his folk: Will ye commit abomination such as no creature ever did before you?
81Lo! ye come with lust unto men instead of women. Nay, but ye are wanton folk.
82And the answer of his people was only that they said (one to another): Turn them out of your township. They are folk, forsooth, who keep pure.
83And We rescued him and his household, save his wife, who was of those who stayed behind.
84And We rained a rain upon them. See now the nature of the consequence of evil-doers!
85And unto Midian (We sent) their brother, Shu´eyb. He said: O my people! Serve Allah. Ye have no other Allah save Him. Lo! a clear proof hath come unto you from your Lord; so give full measure and full weight and wrong not mankind in their goods, and work not confusion in the earth after the fair ordering thereof. That will be better for you, if ye are believers.
86Lurk not on every road to threaten (wayfarers), and to turn away from Allah´s path him who believeth in Him, and to seek to make it crooked. And remember, when ye were but few, how He did multiply you. And see the nature of the consequence for the corrupters!
87And if there is a party of you which believeth in that wherewith I have been sent, and there is a party which believeth not, then have patience until Allah judge between us. He is the Best of all who deal in judgment.
88The chieftains of his people, who were scornful, said: Surely we will drive thee out, O Shu´eyb, and those who believe with thee, from our township, unless ye return to our religion. He said: Even though we hate it?
89We should have invented a lie against Allah if we returned to your religion after Allah hath rescued us from it. It is not for us to return to it unless Allah our Lord should (so) will. Our Lord comprehendeth all things in knowledge. In Allah do we put our trust. Our Lord! Decide with truth between us and our folk, for Thou art the best of those who make decision.
90But the chieftains of his people, who were disbelieving, said: If ye follow Shu´eyb, then truly ye shall be the losers.
91So the earthquake seized them and morning found them prostrate in their dwelling-place.
92Those who denied Shu´eyb became as though they had not dwelt there. Those who denied Shu´eyb, they were the losers.
93So he turned from them and said: O my people! I delivered my Lord´s messages unto you and gave you good advice; then how can I sorrow for a people that rejected (truth)?
94And We sent no prophet unto any township but We did afflict its folk with tribulation and adversity that haply they might grow humble.
95Then changed We the evil plight for good till they grew affluent and said: Tribulation and distress did touch our fathers. Then We seized them unawares, when they perceived not.
96And if the people of the townships had believed and kept from evil, surely We should have opened for them blessings from the sky and from the earth. But (unto every messenger) they gave the lie, and so We seized them on account of what they used to earn.
97Are the people of the townships then secure from the coming of Our wrath upon them as a night-raid while they sleep?
98Or are the people of the townships then secure from the coming of Our wrath upon them in the daytime while they play?
99Are they then secure from Allah´s scheme? None deemeth himself secure from Allah´s scheme save folk that perish.
100Is it not an indication to those who inherit the land after its people (who thus reaped the consequence of evil-doing) that, if We will, We can smite them for their sins and print upon their hearts so that they hear not?
101Such were the townships. We relate some tidings of them unto thee (Muhammad). Their messengers verily came unto them with clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty), but they could not believe because they had before denied. Thus doth Allah print upon the hearts of disbelievers (that they hear not).
102We found no (loyalty to any) covenant in most of them. Nay, most of them We found wrong-doers.
103Then, after them, We sent Moses with our tokens unto Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they repelled them. Now, see the nature of the consequence for the corrupters!
104Moses said: O Pharaoh! Lo! I am a messenger from the Lord of the Worlds,
105Approved upon condition that I speak concerning Allah nothing but the truth. I come unto you (lords of Egypt) with a clear proof from your Lord. So let the Children of Israel go with me.
106(Pharaoh) said: If thou comest with a token, then produce it, if thou art of those who speak the truth.
107Then he flung down his staff and lo! it was a serpent manifest;
108And he drew forth his hand (from his bosom), and lo! it was white for the beholders.
109The chiefs of Pharaoh´s people said: Lo! this is some knowing wizard,
110Who would expel you from your land. Now what do ye advise?
111They said (unto Pharaoh): Put him off (a while) - him and his brother - and send into the cities summoners,
112To bring each knowing wizard unto thee.
113And the wizards came to Pharaoh, saying: Surely there will be a reward for us if we are victors.
114He answered: Yes, and surely ye shall be of those brought near (to me).
115They said: O Moses! Either throw (first) or let us be the first throwers?
116He said: Throw! And when they threw they cast a spell upon the people´s eyes, and overawed them, and produced a mighty spell.
117And We inspired Moses (saying): Throw thy staff! And lo! it swallowed up their lying show.
118Thus was the Truth vindicated and that which they were doing was made vain.
119Thus were they there defeated and brought low.
120And the wizards fell down prostrate,
121Crying: We believe in the Lord of the Worlds,
122The Lord of Moses and Aaron.
123Pharaoh said: Ye believe in Him before I give you leave! Lo! this is the plot that ye have plotted in the city that ye may drive its people hence. But ye shall come to know!
124Surely I shall have your hands and feet cut off upon alternate sides. Then I shall crucify you every one.
125They said: Lo! We are about to return unto our Lord!
126Thou takest vengeance on us only forasmuch as we believed the tokens of our Lord when they came unto us. Our Lord! Vouchsafe unto us steadfastness and make us die as men who have surrendered (unto Thee).
127The chiefs of Pharaoh´s people said: (O King), wilt thou suffer Moses and his people to make mischief in the land, and flout thee and thy gods? He said: We will slay their sons and spare their women, for lo! we are in power over them.
128And Moses said unto his people: Seek help in Allah and endure. Lo! the earth is Allah´s. He giveth it for an inheritance to whom He will. And lo! the sequel is for those who keep their duty (unto Him).
129They said: We suffered hurt before thou camest unto us, and since thou hast come unto us. He said: It may be that your Lord is going to destroy your adversary and make you viceroys in the earth, that He may see how ye behave.
130And we straitened Pharaoh´s folk with famine and dearth of fruits, that peradventure they might heed.
131But whenever good befell them, they said: This is ours; and whenever evil smote them they ascribed it to the evil auspices of Moses and those with him. Surely their evil auspice was only with Allah. But most of them knew not.
132And they said: Whatever portent thou bringest wherewith to bewitch us, we shall not put faith in thee.
133So We sent against them the flood and the locusts and the vermin and the frogs and the blood - a succession of clear signs. But they were arrogant and became a guilty folk.
134And when the terror fell on them they cried: O Moses! Pray for us unto thy Lord, because He hath a covenant with thee. If thou removest the terror from us we verily will trust thee and will let the Children of Israel go with thee.
135But when We did remove from them the terror for a term which they must reach, behold! they broke their covenant.
136Therefore We took retribution from them; therefore We drowned them in the sea: because they denied Our revelations and were heedless of them.
137And We caused the folk who were despised to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We had blessed. And the fair word of thy Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel because of their endurance; and We annihilated (all) that Pharaoh and his folk had done and that they had contrived.
138And We brought the Children of Israel across the sea, and they came unto a people who were given up to idols which they had. They said: O Moses! Make for us a god even as they have gods. He said: Lo! ye are a folk who know not.
139Lo! as for these, their way will be destroyed and all that they are doing is in vain.
140He said: Shall I seek for you a god other than Allah when He hath favoured you above (all) creatures?
141And (remember) when We did deliver you from Pharaoh´s folk who were afflicting you with dreadful torment, slaughtering your sons and sparing your women. That was a tremendous trial from your Lord.
142And when We did appoint for Moses thirty nights (of solitude), and added to them ten, and he completed the whole time appointed by his Lord of forty nights; and Moses said unto his brother, Aaron: Take my place among the people. Do right, and follow not the way of mischief-makers.
143And when Moses came to Our appointed tryst and his Lord had spoken unto him, he said: My Lord! Show me (Thy Self), that I may gaze upon Thee. He said: Thou wilt not see Me, but gaze upon the mountain! If it stand still in its place, then thou wilt see Me. And when his Lord revealed (His) glory to the mountain He sent it crashing down. And Moses fell down senseless. And when he woke he said: Glory unto Thee! I turn unto Thee repentant, and I am the first of (true) believers.
144He said: O Moses! I have preferred thee above mankind by My messages and by My speaking (unto thee). So hold that which I have given thee, and be among the thankful.
145And We wrote for him, upon the tablets, the lesson to be drawn from all things and the explanation of all things, then (bade him): Hold it fast; and command thy people (saying): Take the better (course made clear) therein. I shall show thee the abode of evil-livers.
146I shall turn away from My revelations those who magnify themselves wrongfully in the earth, and if they see each token believe it not, and if they see the way of righteousness choose it nor for (their) way, and if they see the way of error choose if for (their) way. That is because they deny Our revelations and are used to disregard them.
147Those who deny Our revelations and the meeting of the Hereafter, their works are fruitless. Are they requited aught save what they used to do?
148And the folk of Moses, after (he left them), chose a calf (for worship), (made) out of their ornaments, of saffron hue, which gave a lowing sound. Saw they not that it spake not unto them nor guided them to any way? They chose it, and became wrong-doers.
149And when they feared the consequences thereof and saw that they had gone astray, they said: Unless our Lord have mercy on us and forgive us, we verily are of the lost.
150And when Moses returned unto his people, angry and grieved, he said: Evil is that (course) which ye took after I had left you. Would ye hasten on the judgment of your Lord? And he cast down the tablets, and he seized his brother by the head, dragging him toward him. He said: Son of my mother! Lo! the folk did judge me weak and almost killed me. Oh, make not mine enemies to triumph over me and place me not among the evil-doers.
151He said: My Lord! Have mercy on me and on my brother; bring us into Thy mercy, Thou the Most Merciful of all who show mercy.
152Lo! Those who chose the calf (for worship), terror from their Lord and humiliation will come upon them in the life of the world. Thus do We requite those who invent a lie.
153But those who do ill-deeds and afterward repent and believe - lo! for them, afterward, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
154Then, when the anger of Moses abated, he took up the tablets, and in their inscription there was guidance and mercy for all those who fear their Lord.
155And Moses chose of his people seventy men for Our appointed tryst and, when the trembling came on them, he said: My Lord! If Thou hadst willed Thou hadst destroyed them long before, and me with them. Wilt thou destroy us for that which the ignorant among us did? It is but Thy trial (of us). Thou sendest whom Thou wilt astray and guidest whom Thou wilt: Thou art our Protecting Friend, therefore forgive us and have mercy on us, Thou, the Best of all who show forgiveness.
156And ordain for us in this world that which is good, and in the Hereafter (that which is good), Lo! We have turned unto Thee. He said: I smite with My punishment whom I will, and My mercy embraceth all things, therefore I shall ordain it for those who ward off (evil) and pay the poor-due, and those who believe Our revelations;
157Those who follow the messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the Torah and the Gospel (which are) with them. He will enjoin on them that which is right and forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all good things and prohibit for them only the foul; and he will relieve them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear. Then those who believe in him, and honour him, and help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him: they are the successful.
158Say (O Muhammad): O mankind! Lo! I am the messenger of Allah to you all - (the messenger of) Him unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. There is no Allah save Him. He quickeneth and He giveth death. So believe in Allah and His messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, who believeth in Allah and in His Words, and follow him that haply ye may be led aright.
159And of Moses´ folk there is a community who lead with truth and establish justice therewith.
160We divided them into twelve tribes, nations; and We inspired Moses, when his people asked him for water, saying: Smite with thy staff the rock! And there gushed forth therefrom twelve springs, so that each tribe knew their drinking-place. And we caused the white cloud to overshadow them and sent down for them the manna and the quails (saying): Eat of the good things wherewith we have provided you. They wronged Us not, but they were wont to wrong themselves.
161And when it was said unto them: Dwell in this township and eat therefrom whence ye will, and say "Repentance," and enter the gate prostrate; We shall forgive you your sins; We shall increase (reward) for the right-doers.
162But those of them who did wrong changed the word which had been told them for another saying, and We sent down upon them wrath from heaven for their wrongdoing.
163Ask them (O Muhammad) of the township that was by the sea, how they did break the Sabbath, how their big fish came unto them visibly upon their Sabbath day and on a day when they did not keep Sabbath came they not unto them. Thus did We try them for that they were evil-livers.
164And when a community among them said: Why preach ye to a folk whom Allah is about to destroy or punish with an awful doom, they said: In order to be free from guilt before your Lord, and that haply they may ward off (evil).
165And when they forgot that whereof they had been reminded, We rescued those who forbade wrong, and visited those who did wrong with dreadful punishment because they were evil-livers.
166So when they took pride in that which they had been forbidden, We said unto them: Be ye apes despised and loathed!
167And (remember) when thy Lord proclaimed that He would raise against them till the Day of Resurrection those who would lay on them a cruel torment. Lo! verily thy Lord is swift in prosecution and lo! verily He is Forgiving, Merciful.
168And We have sundered them in the earth as (separate) nations. Some of them are righteous, and some far from that. And We have tried them with good things and evil things that haply they might return.
169And a generation hath succeeded them who inherited the scriptures. They grasp the goods of this low life (as the price of evil-doing) and say: It will be forgiven us. And if there came to them (again) the offer of the like, they would accept it (and would sin again). Hath not the covenant of the Scripture been taken on their behalf that they should not speak aught concerning Allah save the truth? And they have studied that which is therein. And the abode of the Hereafter is better, for those who ward off (evil). Have ye then no sense?
170And as for those who make (men) keep the Scripture, and establish worship - lo! We squander not the wages of reformers.
171And when We shook the Mount above them as it were a covering, and they supposed that it was going to fall upon them (and We said): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).
172And (remember) when thy Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their reins, their seed, and made them testify of themselves, (saying): Am I not your Lord? They said: Yea, verily. We testify. (That was) lest ye should say at the Day of Resurrection: Lo! of this we were unaware;
173Or lest ye should say: (It is) only (that) our fathers ascribed partners to Allah of old and we were (their) seed after them. Wilt Thou destroy us on account of that which those who follow falsehood did?
174Thus we detail the revelations, that haply they may return.
175Recite unto them the tale of him to whom We gave Our revelations, but he sloughed them off, so Satan overtook him and he became of those who lead astray.
176And had We willed We could have raised him by their means, but he clung to the earth and followed his own lust. Therefor his likeness is as the likeness of a dog: if thou attackest him he panteth with his tongue out, and if thou leavest him he panteth with his tongue out. Such is the likeness of the people who deny Our revelations. Narrate unto them the history (of the men of old), that haply they may take thought.
177Evil as an example are the folk who denied Our revelations, and were wont to wrong themselves.
178He whom Allah leadeth, he indeed is led aright, while he whom Allah sendeth astray - they indeed are losers.
179Already have We urged unto hell many of the jinn and humankind, having hearts wherewith they understand not, and having eyes wherewith they see not, and having ears wherewith they hear not. These are as the cattle - nay, but they are worse! These are the neglectful.
180Allah´s are the fairest names. Invoke Him by them. And leave the company of those who blaspheme His names. They will be requited what they do.
181And of those whom We created there is a nation who guide with the Truth and establish justice therewith.
182And those who deny Our revelations - step by step We lead them on from whence they know not.
183I give them rein (for) lo! My scheme is strong.
184Have they not bethought them (that) there is no madness in their comrade? He is but a plain warner.
185Have they not considered the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and what things Allah hath created, and that it may be that their own term draweth nigh? In what fact after this will they believe?
186Those whom Allah sendeth astray, there is no guide for them. He leaveth them to wander blindly on in their contumacy.
187They ask thee of the (destined) Hour, when will it come to port. Say: Knowledge thereof is with my Lord only. He alone will manifest it at its proper time. It is heavy in the heavens and the earth. It cometh not to you save unawares. They question thee as if thou couldst be well informed thereof. Say: Knowledge thereof is with Allah only, but most of mankind know not.
188Say: For myself I have no power to benefit, nor power to hurt, save that which Allah willeth. Had I knowledge of the Unseen, I should have abundance of wealth, and adversity would not touch me. I am but a warner, and a bearer of good tidings unto folk who believe.
189He it is Who did create you from a single soul, and therefrom did make his mate that he might take rest in her. And when he covered her she bore a light burden, and she passed (unnoticed) with it, but when it became heavy they cried unto Allah, their Lord, saying: If thou givest unto us aright we shall be of the thankful.
190But when He gave unto them aright, they ascribed unto Him partners in respect of that which He had given them. High is He Exalted above all that they associate (with Him).
191Attribute they as partners to Allah those who created naught, but are themselves created,
192And cannot give them help, nor can they help themselves?
193And if ye call them to the Guidance, they follow you not. Whether ye call them or are silent is all one for you.
194Lo! those on whom ye call beside Allah are slaves like unto you. Call on them now, and let them answer you, if ye are truthful!
195Have they feet wherewith they walk, or have they hands wherewith they hold, or have they eyes wherewith they see, or have they ears wherewith they hear? Say: Call upon your (so-called) partners (of Allah), and then contrive against me, spare me not!
196Lo! my Protecting Friend is Allah Who revealeth the Scripture. He befriendeth the righteous.
197They on whom ye call beside Him have no power to help you, nor can they help you, nor can they help themselves.
198And if ye (Muslims) call them to the guidance they hear not; and thou (Muhammad) seest them looking toward thee, but they see not.
199Keep to forgiveness (O Muhammad), and enjoin kindness, and turn away from the ignorant.
200And if a slander from the devil wound thee, then seek refuge in Allah. Lo! He is Hearer, Knower.
201Lo! those who ward off (evil), when a glamour from the devil troubleth them, they do but remember (Allah´s Guidance) and behold them seers!
202Their brethren plunge them further into error and cease not.
203And when thou bringest not a verse for them they say: Why hast thou not chosen it? Say: I follow only that which is inspired in me from my Lord. This (Qur´an) is insight from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy for a people that believe.
204And when the Qur´an is recited, give ear to it and pay heed, that ye may obtain mercy.
205And do thou (O Muhammad) remember thy Lord within thyself humbly and with awe, below thy breath, at morn and evening. And be not thou of the neglectful.
206Lo! those who are with thy Lord are not too proud to do Him service, but they praise Him and prostrate before Him.
Chapter 8 (Sura 8)
1They ask thee (O Muhammad) of the spoils of war. Say: The spoils of war belong to Allah and the messenger, so keep your duty to Allah, and adjust the matter of your difference, and obey Allah and His messenger, if ye are (true) believers.
2They only are the (true) believers whose hearts feel fear when Allah is mentioned, and when His revelations are recited unto them they increase their faith, and who trust in their Lord;
3Who establish worship and spend of that We have bestowed on them.
4Those are they who are in truth believers. For them are grades (of honour) with their Lord, and pardon, and a bountiful provision.
5Even as thy Lord caused thee (Muhammad) to go forth from thy home with the Truth, and lo! a party of the believers were averse (to it).
6Disputing with thee of the Truth after it had been made manifest, as if they were being driven to death visible.
7And when Allah promised you one of the two bands (of the enemy) that it should be yours, and ye longed that other than the armed one might be yours. And Allah willed that He should cause the Truth to triumph by His words, and cut the root of the disbelievers;
8That He might cause the Truth to triumph and bring vanity to naught, however much the guilty might oppose;
9When ye sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): I will help you with a thousand of the angels, rank on rank.
10Allah appointed it only as good tidings, and that your hearts thereby might be at rest. Victory cometh only by the help of Allah. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise.
11When He made the slumber fall upon you as a reassurance from him and sent down water from the sky upon you, that thereby He might purify you, and remove from you the fear of Satan, and make strong your hearts and firm (your) feet thereby.
12When thy Lord inspired the angels, (saying): I am with you. So make those who believe stand firm. I will throw fear into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Then smite the necks and smite of them each finger.
13That is because they opposed Allah and His messenger. Whoso opposeth Allah and His messenger, (for him) lo! Allah is severe in punishment.
14That (is the award), so taste it, and (know) that for disbelievers is the torment of the Fire.
15O ye who believe! When ye meet those who disbelieve in battle, turn not your backs to them.
16Whoso on that day turneth his back to them, unless manoeuvring for battle or intent to join a company, he truly hath incurred wrath from Allah, and his habitation will be hell, a hapless journey´s end.
17Ye (Muslims) slew them not, but Allah slew them. And thou (Muhammad) threwest not when thou didst throw, but Allah threw, that He might test the believers by a fair test from Him. Lo! Allah is Hearer, Knower.
18That (is the case); and (know) that Allah (it is) Who maketh weak the plan of disbelievers.
19(O Qureysh!) If ye sought a judgment, now hath the judgment come unto you. And if ye cease (from persecuting the believers) it will be better for you, but if ye return (to the attack) We also shall return. And your host will avail you naught, however numerous it be, and (know) that Allah is with the believers (in His Guidance).
20O ye who believe! Obey Allah and His messenger, and turn not away from him when ye hear (him speak).
21Be not as those who say, we hear, and they hear not.
22Lo! the worst of beasts in Allah´s sight are the deaf, the dumb, who have no sense.
23Had Allah known of any good in them He would have made them hear, but had He made them hear they would have turned away, averse.
24O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and the messenger when He calleth you to that which quickeneth you, and know that Allah cometh in between the man and his own heart, and that He it is unto Whom ye will be gathered.
25And guard yourselves against a chastisement which cannot fall exclusively on those of you who are wrong-doers, and know that Allah is severe in punishment.
26And remember, when ye were few and reckoned feeble in the land, and were in fear lest men should extirpate you, how He gave you refuge, and strengthened you with His help, and made provision of good things for you, that haply ye might be thankful.
27O ye who believe! Betray not Allah and His messenger, nor knowingly betray your trusts.
28And know that your possessions and your children are a test, and that with Allah is immense reward.
29O ye who believe! If ye keep your duty to Allah, He will give you discrimination (between right and wrong) and will rid you of your evil thoughts and deeds, and will forgive you. Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
30And when those who disbelieve plot against thee (O Muhammad) to wound thee fatally, or to kill thee or to drive thee forth; they plot, but Allah (also) plotteth; and Allah is the best of plotters.
31And when Our revelations are recited unto them they say: We have heard. If we wish we can speak the like of this. Lo! this is naught but fables of the men of old.
32And when they said: O Allah! If this be indeed the truth from Thee, then rain down stones on us or bring on us some painful doom!
33But Allah would not punish them while thou wast with them, nor will He punish them while they seek forgiveness.
34What (plea) have they that Allah should not punish them, when they debar (His servants) from the Inviolable Place of Worship, though they are not its fitting guardians. Its fitting guardians are those only who keep their duty to Allah. But most of them know not.
35And their worship at the (holy) House is naught but whistling and hand-clapping. Therefore (it is said unto them): Taste of the doom because ye disbelieve.
36Lo! those who disbelieve spend their wealth in order that they may debar (men) from the way of Allah. They will spend it, then it will become an anguish for them, then they will be conquered. And those who disbelieve will be gathered unto hell,
37That Allah may separate the wicked from the good, The wicked will He place piece upon piece, and heap them all together, and consign them unto hell. Such verily are the losers.
38Tell those who disbelieve that if they cease (from persecution of believers) that which is past will be forgiven them; but if they return (thereto) then the example of the men of old hath already gone (before them, for a warning).
39And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is all for Allah. But if they cease, then lo! Allah is Seer of what they do.
40And if they turn away, then know that Allah is your Befriender - a Transcendent Patron, a Transcendent Helper!
41And know that whatever ye take as spoils of war, lo! a fifth thereof is for Allah, and for the messenger and for the kinsman (who hath need) and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, if ye believe in Allah and that which We revealed unto Our slave on the Day of Discrimination, the day when the two armies met. And Allah is Able to do all things.
42When ye were on the near bank (of the valley) and they were on the yonder bank, and the caravan was below you (on the coast plain). And had ye trysted to meet one another ye surely would have failed to keep the tryst, but (it happened, as it did, without the forethought of either of you) that Allah might conclude a thing that must be done; that he who perished (on that day) might perish by a clear proof (of His Sovereignty) and he who survived might survive by a clear proof (of His Sovereignty). Lo! Allah in truth is Hearer, Knower.
43When Allah showed them unto thee (O Muhammad) in thy dream as few in number, and if He had shown them to thee as many, ye (Muslims) would have faltered and would have quarrelled over the affair. But Allah saved (you). Lo! He knoweth what is in the breasts (of men).
44And when He made you (Muslims), when ye met (them), see them with your eyes as few, and lessened you in their eyes, (it was) that Allah might conclude a thing that must be done. Unto Allah all things are brought back.
45O ye who believe! When ye meet an army, hold firm and think of Allah much, that ye may be successful.
46And obey Allah and His messenger, and dispute not one with another lest ye falter and your strength depart from you; but be steadfast! Lo! Allah is with the steadfast.
47Be not as those who came forth from their dwellings boastfully and to be seen of men, and debar (men) from the way of Allah, while Allah is surrounding all they do.
48And when Satan made their deeds seem fair to them and said: No-one of mankind can conquer you this day, for I am your protector. But when the armies came in sight of one another, he took flight, saying: Lo! I am guiltless of you. Lo! I see that which ye see not. Lo! I fear Allah. And Allah is severe in punishment.
49When the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease said: Their religion hath deluded these. Whoso putteth his trust in Allah (will find that) lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise.
50If thou couldst see how the angels receive those who disbelieve, smiting faces and their backs and (saying): Taste the punishment of burning!
51This is for that which your own hands have sent before (to the Judgment), and (know) that Allah is not a tyrant to His slaves.
52(Their way is) as the way of Pharaoh´s folk and those before them; they disbelieved the revelations of Allah, and Allah took them in their sins. Lo! Allah is Strong, severe in punishment.
53That is because Allah never changeth the grace He hath bestowed on any people until they first change that which is in their hearts, and (that is) because Allah is Hearer, Knower.
54(Their way is) as the way of Pharaoh´s folk and those before them; they denied the revelations of their Lord, so We destroyed them in their sins. And We drowned the folk of Pharaoh. All were evil-doers.
55Lo! the worst of beasts in Allah´s sight are the ungrateful who will not believe.
56Those of them with whom thou madest a treaty, and then at every opportunity they break their treaty, and they keep not duty (to Allah).
57If thou comest on them in the war, deal with them so as to strike fear in those who are behind them, that haply they may remember.
58And if thou fearest treachery from any folk, then throw back to them (their treaty) fairly. Lo! Allah loveth not the treacherous.
59And let not those who disbelieve suppose that they can outstrip (Allah´s Purpose). Lo! they cannot escape.
60Make ready for them all thou canst of (armed) force and of horses tethered, that thereby ye may dismay the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others beside them whom ye know not. Allah knoweth them. Whatsoever ye spend in the way of Allah it will be repaid to you in full, and ye will not be wronged.
61And if they incline to peace, incline thou also to it, and trust in Allah. Lo! He, even He, is the Hearer, the Knower.
62And if they would deceive thee, then lo! Allah is Sufficient for thee. He it is Who supporteth thee with His help and with the believers,
63And (as for the believers) hath attuned their hearts. If thou hadst spent all that is in the earth thou couldst not have attuned their hearts, but Allah hath attuned them. Lo! He is Mighty, Wise.
64O Prophet! Allah is Sufficient for thee and those who follow thee of the believers.
65O Prophet! Exhort the believers to fight. If there be of you twenty steadfast they shall overcome two hundred, and if there be of you a hundred (steadfast) they shall overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they (the disbelievers) are a folk without intelligence.
66Now hath Allah lightened your burden, for He knoweth that there is weakness in you. So if there be of you a steadfast hundred they shall overcome two hundred, and if there be of you a thousand (steadfast) they shall overcome two thousand by permission of Allah. Allah is with the steadfast.
67It is not for any prophet to have captives until he hath made slaughter in the land. Ye desire the lure of this world and Allah desireth (for you) the Hereafter, and Allah is Mighty, Wise.
68Had it not been for an ordinance of Allah which had gone before, an awful doom had come upon you on account of what ye took.
69Now enjoy what ye have won, as lawful and good, and keep your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
70O Prophet! Say unto those captives who are in your hands: If Allah knoweth any good in your hearts He will give you better than that which hath been taken from you, and will forgive you. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
71And if they would betray thee, they betrayed Allah before, and He gave (thee) power over them. Allah is Knower, Wise.
72Lo! those who believed and left their homes and strove with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah, and those who took them in and helped them: these are protecting friends one of another. And those who believed but did not leave their homes, ye have no duty to protect them till they leave their homes; but if they seek help from you in the matter of religion then it is your duty to help (them) except against a folk between whom and you there is a treaty. Allah is Seer of what ye do.
73And those who disbelieve are protectors one of another - If ye do not so, there will be confusion in the land, and great corruption.
74Those who believed and left their homes and strove for the cause of Allah, and those who took them in and helped them - these are the believers in truth. For them is pardon, and bountiful provision.
75And those who afterwards believed and left their homes and strove along with you, they are of you; and those who are akin are nearer one to another in the ordinance of Allah. Lo! Allah is Knower of all things.
Chapter 9 (Sura 9)
1Freedom from obligation (is proclaimed) from Allah and His messenger toward those of the idolaters with whom ye made a treaty.
2Travel freely in the land four months, and know that ye cannot escape Allah and that Allah will confound the disbelievers (in His Guidance).
3And a proclamation from Allah and His messenger to all men on the day of the Greater Pilgrimage that Allah is free from obligation to the idolaters, and (so is) His messenger. So, if ye repent, it will be better for you; but if ye are averse, then know that ye cannot escape Allah. Give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom to those who disbelieve,
4Excepting those of the idolaters with whom ye (Muslims) have a treaty, and who have since abated nothing of your right nor have supported anyone against you. (As for these), fulfil their treaty to them till their term. Lo! Allah loveth those who keep their duty (unto Him).
5Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
6And if anyone of the idolaters seeketh thy protection (O Muhammad), then protect him so that he may hear the Word of Allah, and afterward convey him to his place of safety. That is because they are a folk who know not.
7How can there be a treaty with Allah and with His messenger for the idolaters save those with whom ye made a treaty at the Inviolable Place of Worship? So long as they are true to you, be true to them. Lo! Allah loveth those who keep their duty.
8How (can there be any treaty for the others) when, if they have the upper hand of you, they regard not pact nor honour in respect of you? They satisfy you with their mouths the while their hearts refuse. And most of them are wrongdoers.
9They have purchased with the revelations of Allah a little gain, so they debar (men) from His way. Lo! evil is that which they are wont to do.
10And they observe toward a believer neither pact nor honour. These are they who are transgressors.
11But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then are they your brethren in religion. We detail Our revelations for a people who have knowledge.
12And if they break their pledges after their treaty (hath been made with you) and assail your religion, then fight the heads of disbelief - Lo! they have no binding oaths - in order that they may desist.
13Will ye not fight a folk who broke their solemn pledges, and purposed to drive out the messenger and did attack you first? What! Fear ye them? Now Allah hath more right that ye should fear Him, if ye are believers
14Fight them! Allah will chastise them at your hands, and He will lay them low and give you victory over them, and He will heal the breasts of folk who are believers.
15And He will remove the anger of their hearts. Allah relenteth toward whom He will. Allah is Knower, Wise.
16Or deemed ye that ye would be left (in peace) when Allah yet knoweth not those of you who strive, choosing for familiar none save Allah and His messenger and the believers? Allah is Informed of what ye do.
17It is not for the idolaters to tend Allah´s sanctuaries, bearing witness against themselves of disbelief. As for such, their works are vain and in the Fire they will abide.
18He only shall tend Allah´s sanctuaries who believeth in Allah and the Last Day and observeth proper worship and payeth the poor-due and feareth none save Allah. For such (only) is it possible that they can be of the rightly guided.
19Count ye the slaking of a pilgrim´s thirst and tendance of the Inviolable Place of Worship as (equal to the worth of) him who believeth in Allah and the Last Day, and striveth in the way of Allah? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
20Those who believe, and have left their homes and striven with their wealth and their lives in Allah´s way are of much greater worth in Allah´s sight. These are they who are triumphant.
21Their Lord giveth them good tidings of mercy from Him, and acceptance, and Gardens where enduring pleasure will be theirs;
22There they will abide for ever. Lo! with Allah there is immense reward.
23O ye who believe! Choose not your fathers nor your brethren for friends if they take pleasure in disbelief rather than faith. Whoso of you taketh them for friends, such are wrong-doers.
24Say: If your fathers, and your sons, and your brethren, and your wives, and your tribe, and the wealth ye have acquired, and merchandise for which ye fear that there will no sale, and dwellings ye desire are dearer to you than Allah and His messenger and striving in His way: then wait till Allah bringeth His command to pass. Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
25Allah hath given you victory on many fields and on the day of Huneyn, when ye exulted in your multitude but it availed you naught, and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you; then ye turned back in flight;
26Then Allah sent His peace of reassurance down upon His messenger and upon the believers, and sent down hosts ye could not see, and punished those who disbelieved. Such is the reward of disbelievers.
27Then afterward Allah will relent toward whom He will; for Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
28O ye who believe! The idolaters only are unclean. So let them not come near the Inviolable Place of Worship after this their year. If ye fear poverty (from the loss of their merchandise) Allah shall preserve you of His bounty if He will. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.
29Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His messenger, and follow not the Religion of Truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low.
30And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah. That is their saying with their mouths. They imitate the saying of those who disbelieved of old. Allah (Himself) fighteth against them. How perverse are they!
31They have taken as lords beside Allah their rabbis and their monks and the Messiah son of Mary, when they were bidden to worship only One Allah. There is no Allah save Him. Be He Glorified from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him)!
32Fain would they put out the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah disdaineth (aught) save that He shall perfect His light, however much the disbelievers are averse.
33He it is Who hath sent His messenger with the guidance and the Religion of Truth, that He may cause it to prevail over all religion, however much the idolaters may be averse.
34O ye who believe! Lo! many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian) monks devour the wealth of mankind wantonly and debar (men) from the way of Allah. They who hoard up gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah, unto them give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom,
35On the day when it will (all) be heated in the fire of hell, and their foreheads and their flanks and their backs will be branded therewith (and it will be said unto them): Here is that which ye hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what ye used to hoard.
36Lo! the number of the months with Allah is twelve months by Allah´s ordinance in the day that He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred: that is the right religion. So wrong not yourselves in them. And wage war on all of the idolaters as they are waging war on all of you. And know that Allah is with those who keep their duty (unto Him).
37Postponement (of a sacred month) is only an excess of disbelief whereby those who disbelieve are misled; they allow it one year and forbid it (another) year, that they may make up the number of the months which Allah hath hallowed, so that they allow that which Allah hath forbidden. The evil of their deeds is made fairseeming unto them. Allah guideth not the disbelieving folk.
38O ye who believe! What aileth you that when it is said unto you: Go forth in the way of Allah, ye are bowed down to the ground with heaviness. Take ye pleasure in the life of the world rather than in the Hereafter? The comfort of the life of the world is but little in the Hereafter.
39If ye go not forth He will afflict you with a painful doom, and will choose instead of you a folk other than you. Ye cannot harm Him at all. Allah is Able to do all things.
40If ye help him not, still Allah helped him when those who disbelieve drove him forth, the second of two; when they two were in the cave, when he said unto his comrade: Grieve not. Lo! Allah is with us. Then Allah caused His peace of reassurance to descend upon him and supported him with hosts ye cannot see, and made the word of those who disbelieved the nethermost, while Allah´s Word it was that became the uppermost. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
41Go forth, light-armed and heavy-armed, and strive with your wealth and your lives in the way of Allah! That is best for you if ye but knew.
42Had it been a near adventure and an easy journey they had followed thee, but the distance seemed too far for them. Yet will they swear by Allah (saying): If we had been able we would surely have set out with you. They destroy their souls, and Allah knoweth that they verily are liars.
43Allah forgive thee (O Muhammad)! Wherefor didst thou grant them leave ere those who told the truth were manifest to thee and thou didst know the liars?
44Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day ask no leave of thee lest they should strive with their wealth and their lives. Allah is Aware of those who keep their duty (unto Him).
45They alone ask leave of thee who believe not in Allah and the Last Day, and whose hearts feel doubt, so in their doubt they waver.
46And if they had wished to go forth they would assuredly have made ready some equipment, but Allah was averse to their being sent forth and held them back and it was said (unto them): Sit ye with the sedentary!
47Had they gone forth among you they had added to you naught save trouble and had hurried to and fro among you, seeking to cause sedition among you; and among you there are some who would have listened to them. Allah is Aware of evil-doers.
48Aforetime they sought to cause sedition and raised difficulties for thee till the Truth came and the decree of Allah was made manifest, though they were loth.
49Of them is he who saith: Grant me leave (to stay at home) and tempt me not. Surely it is into temptation that they (thus) have fallen. Lo! hell verily is all around the disbelievers.
50If good befalleth thee (O Muhammad) it afflicteth them, and if calamity befalleth thee, they say: We took precaution, and they turn away well pleased.
51Say: Naught befalleth us save that which Allah hath decreed for us. He is our Protecting Friend. In Allah let believers put their trust!
52Say: Can ye await for us aught save one of two good things (death or victory in Allah´s way)? while we await for you that Allah will afflict you with a doom from Him or at our hands. Await then! Lo! We are awaiting with you.
53Say: Pay (your contribution), willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you. Lo! ye were ever froward folk.
54And naught preventeth that their contributions should be accepted from them save that they have disbelieved in Allah and in His messenger, and they come not to worship save as idlers, and pay not (their contribution) save reluctantly.
55So let not their riches nor their children please thee (O Muhammad). Allah thereby intendeth but to punish them in the life of the world and that their souls shall pass away while they are disbelievers.
56And they swear by Allah that they are in truth of you, when they are not of you, but they are folk who are afraid.
57Had they but found a refuge, or caverns, or a place to enter, they surely had resorted thither swift as runaways.
58And of them is he who defameth thee in the matter of the alms. If they are given thereof they are content, and if they are not given thereof, behold! they are enraged.
59(How much more seemly) had they been content with that which Allah and His messenger had given them and had said: Allah sufficeth us. Allah will give us of His bounty, and (also) His messenger. Unto Allah we are suppliants.
60The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free the captives and the debtors, and for the cause of Allah, and (for) the wayfarer; a duty imposed by Allah. Allah is Knower, Wise.
61And of them are those who vex the Prophet and say: He is only a hearer. Say: A hearer of good for you, who believeth in Allah and is true to the believers, and a mercy for such of you as believe. Those who vex the messenger of Allah, for them there is a painful doom.
62They swear by Allah to you (Muslims) to please you, but Allah, with His messenger, hath more right that they should please Him if they are believers.
63Know they not that whoso opposeth Allah and His messenger, his verily is fire of hell, to abide therein? That is the extreme abasement.
64The hypocrites fear lest a surah should be revealed concerning them, proclaiming what is in their hearts. Say: Scoff (your fill)! Lo! Allah is disclosing what ye fear.
65And if thou ask them (O Muhammad) they will say: We did but talk and jest. Say: Was it at Allah and His revelations and His messenger that ye did scoff?
66Make no excuse. Ye have disbelieved after your (confession of) belief. If We forgive a party of you, a party of you We shall punish because they have been guilty.
67The hypocrites, both men and women, proceed one from another. They enjoin the wrong, and they forbid the right, and they withhold their hands (from spending for the cause of Allah). They forget Allah, so He hath forgotten them. Lo! the hypocrites, they are the transgressors.
68Allah promiseth the hypocrites, both men and women, and the disbelievers fire of hell for their abode. It will suffice them. Allah curseth them, and theirs is lasting torment.
69Even as those before you who were mightier than you in strength, and more affluent than you in wealth and children. They enjoyed their lot awhile, so ye enjoy your lot awhile even as those before you did enjoy their lot awhile. And ye prate even as they prated. Such are they whose works have perished in the world and the Hereafter. Such are they who are the losers.
70Hath not the fame of those before them reached them - the folk of Noah, A´ad, Thamud, the folk of Abraham, the dwellers of Midian and the disasters (which befell them)? Their messengers (from Allah) came unto them with proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty). So Allah surely wronged them not, but they did wrong themselves.
71And the believers, men and women, are protecting friends one of another; they enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and they establish worship and they pay the poor-due, and they obey Allah and His messenger. As for these, Allah will have mercy on them. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise.
72Allah promiseth to the believers, men and women, Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide - blessed dwellings in Gardens of Eden. And - greater (far)! - acceptance from Allah. That is the supreme triumph.
73O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites! Be harsh with them. Their ultimate abode is hell, a hapless journey´s end.
74They swear by Allah that they said nothing (wrong), yet they did say the word of disbelief, and did disbelieve after their Surrender (to Allah). And they purposed that which they could not attain, and they sought revenge only that Allah by His messenger should enrich them of His bounty. If they repent it will be better for them; and if they turn away, Allah will afflict them with a painful doom in the world and the Hereafter, and they have no protecting friend nor helper in the earth.
75And of them is he who made a covenant with Allah (saying): If He give us of His bounty we will give alms and become of the righteous.
76Yet when He gave them of His bounty, they hoarded it and turned away, averse;
77So He hath made the consequence (to be) hypocrisy in their hearts until the day when they shall meet Him, because they broke their word to Allah that they promised Him, and because they lied.
78Know they not that Allah knoweth both their secret and the thought that they confide, and that Allah is the Knower of Things Hidden?
79Those who point at such of the believers as give the alms willingly and such as can find naught to give but their endeavours, and deride them - Allah (Himself) derideth them. Theirs will be a painful doom.
80Ask forgiveness for them (O Muhammad), or ask not forgiveness for them; though thou ask forgiveness for them seventy times Allah will not forgive them. That is because they disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
81Those who were left behind rejoiced at sitting still behind the messenger of Allah, and were averse to striving with their wealth and their lives in Allah´s way. And they said: Go not forth in the heat! Say: The fire of hell is more intense of heat, if they but understood.
82Then let them laugh a little: they will weep much, as the reward of what they used to earn.
83If Allah bring thee back (from the campaign) unto a party of them and they ask of thee leave to go out (to fight), then say unto them: Ye shall never more go out with me nor fight with me against a foe. Ye were content with sitting still the first time. So sit still, with the useless.
84And never (O Muhammad) pray for one of them who dieth, nor stand by his grave. Lo! they disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and they died while they were evil-doers.
85Let not their wealth nor their children please thee! Allah purposeth only to punish them thereby in the world, and that their souls shall pass away while they are disbelievers.
86And when a surah is revealed (which saith): Believe in Allah and strive along with His messenger, the men of wealth among them still ask leave of thee and say: Suffer us to be with those who sit (at home).
87They are content that they should be with the useless and their hearts are sealed, so that they apprehend not.
88But the messenger and those who believe with him strive with their wealth and their lives. Such are they for whom are the good things. Such are they who are the successful.
89Allah hath made ready for them Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide. That is the supreme triumph.
90And those among the wandering Arabs who had an excuse came in order that permission might be granted them. And those who lied to Allah and His messenger sat at home. A painful doom will fall on those of them who disbelieve.
91Not unto the weak nor unto the sick nor unto those who can find naught to spend is any fault (to be imputed though they stay at home) if they are true to Allah and His messenger. Not unto the good is there any road (of blame). Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
92Nor unto those whom, when they came to thee (asking) that thou shouldst mount them, thou didst tell: I cannot find whereon to mount you. They turned back with eyes flowing with tears, for sorrow that they could not find the means to spend.
93The road (of blame) is only against those who ask for leave of thee (to stay at home) when they are rich. They are content to be with the useless. Allah hath sealed their hearts so that they know not.
94They will make excuse to you (Muslims) when ye return unto them. Say: Make no excuse, for we shall not believe you. Allah hath told us tidings of you. Allah and His messenger will see your conduct, and then ye will be brought back unto Him Who knoweth the Invisible as well as the Visible, and He will tell you what ye used to do.
95They will swear by Allah unto you, when ye return unto them, that ye may let them be. Let them be, for lo! they are unclean, and their abode is hell as the reward for what they used to earn.
96They swear unto you, that ye may accept them. Though ye accept them. Allah verily accepteth not wrongdoing folk.
97The wandering Arabs are more hard in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely to be ignorant of the limits which Allah hath revealed unto His messenger. And Allah is Knower, Wise.
98And of the wandering Arabs there is he who taketh that which he expendeth (for the cause of Allah) as a loss, and awaiteth (evil) turns of fortune for you (that he may be rid of it). The evil turn of fortune will be theirs. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
99And of the wandering Arabs there is he who believeth in Allah and the Last Day, and taketh that which he expendeth and also the prayers of the messenger as acceptable offerings in the sight of Allah. Lo! verily it is an acceptable offering for them. Allah will bring them into His mercy. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
100And the first to lead the way, of the Muhajirin and the Ansar, and those who followed them in goodness - Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him, and He hath made ready for them Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. That is the supreme triumph.
101And among those around you of the wandering Arabs there are hypocrites, and among the townspeople of Al-Madinah (there are some who) persist in hypocrisy whom thou (O Muhammad) knowest not. We, We know them, and We shall chastise them twice; then they will be relegated to a painful doom.
102And (there are) others who have acknowledged their faults. They mixed a righteous action with another that was bad. It may be that Allah will relent toward them. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
103Take alms of their wealth, wherewith thou mayst purify them and mayst make them grow, and pray for them. Lo! thy prayer is an assuagement for them. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
104Know they not that Allah is He Who accepteth repentance from His bondmen and taketh the alms, and that Allah is He Who is the Relenting, the Merciful.
105And say (unto them): Act! Allah will behold your actions, and (so will) His messenger and the believers, and ye will be brought back to the Knower of the Invisible and the Visible, and He will tell you what ye used to do.
106And (there are) others who await Allah´s decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive them. Allah is Knower, Wise.
107And as for those who chose a place of worship out of opposition and disbelief, and in order to cause dissent among the believers, and as an outpost for those who warred against Allah and His messenger aforetime, they will surely swear: We purposed naught save good. Allah beareth witness that they verily are liars.
108Never stand (to pray) there. A place of worship which was found upon duty (to Allah) from the first day is more worthy that thou shouldst stand (to pray) therein, wherein are men who love to purify themselves. Allah loveth the purifiers.
109Is he who founded his building upon duty to Allah and His good pleasure better; or he who founded his building on the brink of a crumbling, overhanging precipice so that it toppled with him into the fire of hell? Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
110The building which they built will never cease to be a misgiving in their hearts unless their hearts be torn to pieces. Allah is Knower, Wise.
111Lo! Allah hath bought from the believers their lives and their wealth because the Garden will be theirs: they shall fight in the way of Allah and shall slay and be slain. It is a promise which is binding on Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Qur´an. Who fulfilleth His covenant better than Allah? Rejoice then in your bargain that ye have made, for that is the supreme triumph.
112(Triumphant) are those who turn repentant (to Allah), those who serve (Him), those who praise (Him), those who fast, those who bow down, those who fall prostrate (in worship), those who enjoin the right and who forbid the wrong and those who keep the limits (ordained) of Allah - And give glad tidings to believers!
113It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of idolaters even though they may be near of kin (to them) after it hath become clear that they are people of hell-fire.
114The prayer of Abraham for the forgiveness of his father was only because of a promise he had promised him, but when it had become clear unto him that he (his father) was an enemy to Allah he (Abraham) disowned him. Lo! Abraham was soft of heart, long-suffering.
115It was never Allah´s (part) that He should send a folk astray after He had guided them until He had made clear unto them what they should avoid. Lo! Allah is Aware of all things.
116Lo! Allah! Unto Him belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He quickeneth and He giveth death. And ye have, instead of Allah, no protecting friend nor helper.
117Allah hath turned in mercy to the Prophet, and to the Muhajirin and the Ansar who followed him in the hour of hardship. After the hearts of a party of them had almost swerved aside, then turned He unto them in mercy. Lo! He is Full of Pity, Merciful for them.
118And to the three also (did He turn in mercy) who were left behind, when the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for them, and their own souls were straitened for them till they bethought them that there is no refuge from Allah save toward Him. Then turned He unto them in mercy that they (too) might turn (repentant unto Him). Lo! Allah! He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
119O ye who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allah, and be with the truthful.
120It is not for the townsfolk of Al-Madinah and for those around them of the wandering Arabs so stay behind the messenger of Allah and prefer their lives to his life. That is because neither thirst nor toil nor hunger afflicteth them in the way of Allah, nor step they any step that angereth the disbelievers, nor gain they from the enemy a gain, but a good deed is recorded for them therefor. Lo! Allah loseth not the wages of the good.
121Nor spend they any spending, small or great, nor do they cross a valley, but it is recorded for them, that Allah may repay them the best of what they used to do.
122And the believers should not all go out to fight. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may gain sound knowledge in religion, and that they may warn their folk when they return to them, so that they may beware.
123O ye who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are near to you, and let them find harshness in you, and know that Allah is with those who keep their duty (unto Him).
124And whenever a surah is revealed there are some of them who say: Which one of you hath thus increased in faith? As for those who believe, it hath increased them in faith and they rejoice (therefor).
125But as for those in whose hearts is disease, it only addeth wickedness to their wickedness, and they die while they are disbelievers.
126See they not that they are tested once or twice in every year? Still they turn not in repentance, neither pay they heed.
127And whenever a surah is revealed, they look one at another (as who should say): Doth anybody see you? Then they turn away. Allah turneth away their hearts because they are a folk who understand not.
128There hath come unto you a messenger, (one) of yourselves, unto whom aught that ye are overburdened is grievous, full of concern for you, for the believers full of pity, merciful.
129Now, if they turn away (O Muhammad) say: Allah sufficeth me. There is no Allah save Him. In Him have I put my trust, and He is Lord of the Tremendous Throne.
Chapter 10 (Sura 10)
1Alif. Lam. Ra. These are verses of the Wise Scripture.
2Is it a wonder for mankind that We have inspired a man among them, saying: Warn mankind and bring unto those who believe the good tidings that they have a sure footing with their Lord? The disbelievers say: Lo! this is a mere wizard.
3Lo! your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days, then He established Himself upon the Throne, directing all things. There is no intercessor (with Him) save after His permission. That is Allah, your Lord, so worship Him. Oh, will ye not remind?
4Unto Him is the return of all of you; it is a promise of Allah in truth. Lo! He produceth creation, then reproduceth it, that He may reward those who believe and do good works with equity; while, as for those who disbelieve, theirs will be a boiling drink and painful doom because they disbelieved.
5He it is Who appointed the sun a splendour and the moon a light, and measured for her stages, that ye might know the number of the years, and the reckoning. Allah created not (all) that save in truth. He detaileth the revelations for people who have knowledge.
6Lo! in the difference of day and night and all that Allah hath created in the heavens and the earth are portents, verily, for folk who ward off (evil).
7Lo! those who expect not the meeting with Us but desire the life of the world and feel secure therein, and those who are neglectful of Our revelations,
8Their home will be the Fire because of what they used to earn.
9Lo! those who believe and do good works, their Lord guideth them by their faith. Rivers will flow beneath them in the Gardens of Delight,
10Their prayer therein will be: Glory be to Thee, O Allah! and their greeting therein will be: Peace. And the conclusion of their prayer will be: Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds!
11If Allah were to hasten on for men the ill (that they have earned) as they would hasten on the good, their respite would already have expired. But We suffer those who look not for the meeting with Us to wander blindly on in their contumacy.
12And if misfortune touch a man he crieth unto Us, (while reclining) on his side, or sitting or standing, but when We have relieved him of the misfortune he goeth his way as though he had not cried unto Us because of a misfortune that afflicted him. Thus is what they do made (seeming) fair unto the prodigal.
13We destroyed the generations before you when they did wrong; and their messengers (from Allah) came unto them with clear proofs (of His Sovereignty) but they would not believe. Thus do We reward the guilty folk.
14Then We appointed you viceroys in the earth after them, that We might see how ye behave.
15And when Our clear revelations are recited unto them, they who look not for the meeting with Us say: Bring a Lecture other than this, or change it. Say (O Muhammad): It is not for me to change it of my accord. I only follow that which is inspired in me. Lo! if I disobey my Lord I fear the retribution of an awful Day.
16Say: If Allah had so willed I should not have recited it to you nor would He have made it known to you. I dwelt among you a whole lifetime before it (came to me). Have ye then no sense?
17Who doeth greater wrong than he who inventeth a lie concerning Allah and denieth His revelations? Lo! the guilty never are successful.
18They worship beside Allah that which neither hurteth them nor profiteth them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allah. Say: Would ye inform Allah of (something) that He knoweth not in the heavens or in the earth? Praised be He and High Exalted above all that ye associate (with Him)!
19Mankind were but one community; then they differed; and had it not been for a word that had already gone forth from thy Lord it had been judged between them in respect of that wherein they differ.
20And they will say: If only a portent were sent down upon him from his Lord! Then say, (O Muhammad): The Unseen belongeth to Allah. So wait! Lo! I am waiting with you.
21And when We cause mankind to taste of mercy after some adversity which had afflicted them, behold! they have some plot against Our revelations. Say: Allah is more swift in plotting. Lo! Our messengers write down that which ye plot.
22He it is Who maketh you to go on the land and the sea till, when ye are in the ships and they sail with them with a fair breeze and they are glad therein, a storm-wind reacheth them and the wave cometh unto them from every side and they deem that they are overwhelmed therein; (then) they cry unto Allah, making their faith pure for Him only: If Thou deliver us from this, we truly will be of the thankful.
23Yet when He hath delivered them, behold! they rebel in the earth wrongfully. O mankind! Your rebellion is only against yourselves. (Ye have) enjoyment of the life of the world; then unto Us is your return and We shall proclaim unto you what ye used to do.
24The similitude of the life of the world is only as water which We send down from the sky, then the earth´s growth of that which men and cattle eat mingleth with it till, when the earth hath taken on her ornaments and is embellished, and her people deem that they are masters of her, Our commandment cometh by night or by day and We make it as reaped corn as if it had not flourished yesterday. Thus do we expound the revelations for people who reflect.
25And Allah summoneth to the abode of peace, and leadeth whom He will to a straight path.
26For those who do good is the best (reward) and more (thereto). Neither dust nor ignominy cometh near their faces. Such are rightful owners of the Garden; they will abide therein.
27And those who earn ill-deeds, (for them) requital of each ill-deed by the like thereof; and ignominy overtaketh them - They have no protector from Allah - as if their faces had been covered with a cloak of darkest night. Such are rightful owners of the Fire; they will abide therein.
28On the day when We gather them all together, then We say unto those who ascribed partners (unto Us): Stand back, ye and your (pretended) partners (of Allah)! And We separate them, the one from the other, and their (pretended) partners say: It was not us ye worshipped.
29Allah sufficeth as a witness between us and you, that we were unaware of your worship.
30There doth every soul experience that which it did aforetime, and they are returned unto Allah, their rightful Lord, and that which they used to invent hath failed them.
31Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Who provideth for you from the sky and the earth, or Who owneth hearing and sight; and Who bringeth forth the living from the dead and bringeth forth the dead from the living; and Who directeth the course? They will say: Allah. Then say: Will ye not then keep your duty (unto Him)?
32Such then is Allah, your rightful Lord. After the Truth what is there saving error? How then are ye turned away!
33Thus is the Word of thy Lord justified concerning those who do wrong: that they believe not.
34Say: Is there of your partners (whom ye ascribe unto Allah) one that produceth Creation and then reproduceth it? Say: Allah produceth Creation, then reproduceth it. How then, are ye misled!
35Say: Is there of your partners (whom ye ascribe unto Allah) one that leadeth to the Truth? Say: Allah leadeth to the Truth. Is He Who leadeth to the Truth more deserving that He should be followed, or he who findeth not the way unless he (himself) be guided. What aileth you? How judge ye?
36Most of them follow not but conjecture. Assuredly conjecture can by no means take the place of truth. Lo! Allah is Aware of what they do.
37And this Qur´an is not such as could ever be invented in despite of Allah; but it is a confirmation of that which was before it and an exposition of that which is decreed for mankind - Therein is no doubt - from the Lord of the Worlds.
38Or say they: He hath invented it? Say: Then bring a surah like unto it, and call (for help) on all ye can besides Allah, if ye are truthful.
39Nay, but they denied that, the knowledge whereof they could not compass, and whereof the interpretation (in events) hath not yet come unto them. Even so did those before them deny. Then see what was the consequence for the wrong-doers!
40And of them is he who believeth therein, and of them is he who believeth not therein, and thy Lord is Best Aware of the corrupters.
41And if they deny thee, say: Unto me my work, and unto you your work. Ye are innocent of what I do, and I am innocent of what ye do.
42And of them are some who listen unto thee. But canst thou make the deaf to hear even though they apprehend not?
43And of them is he who looketh toward thee. But canst thou guide the blind even though they see not?
44Lo! Allah wrongeth not mankind in aught; but mankind wrong themselves.
45And on the day when He shall gather them together, (when it will seem) as though they had tarried but an hour of the day, recognising one another, those will verily have perished who denied the meeting with Allah and were not guided.
46Whether We let thee (O Muhammad) behold something of that which We promise them or (whether We) cause thee to die, still unto Us is their return, and Allah, moreover, is Witness over what they do.
47And for every nation there is a messenger. And when their messenger cometh (on the Day of Judgment) it will be judged between them fairly, and they will not be wronged.
48And they say: When will this promise be fulfilled, if ye are truthful?
49Say: I have no power to hurt or benefit myself, save that which Allah willeth. For every nation there is an appointed time. When their time cometh, then they cannot put it off an hour, nor hasten (it).
50Say: Have ye thought: When His doom cometh unto you as a raid by night, or in the (busy) day; what is there of it that the guilty ones desire to hasten?
51Is it (only) then, when it hath befallen you, that ye will believe? What! (Believe) now, when (until now) ye have been hastening it on (through disbelief)?
52Then will it be said unto those who dealt unjustly Taste the torment of eternity. Are ye requited aught save what ye used to earn?
53And they ask thee to inform them (saying): Is it true? Say: Yea, by my Lord, verily it is true, and ye cannot escape.
54And if each soul that doeth wrong had all that is in the earth it would seek to ransom itself therewith; and they will feel remorse within them, when they see the doom. But it hath been judged between them fairly and they are not wronged.
55Lo! verily all that is in the heavens and the earth is Allah´s. Lo! verily Allah´s promise is true. But most of them know not.
56He quickeneth and giveth death, and unto Him ye will be returned.
57O mankind! There hath come unto you an exhortation from your Lord, a balm for that which is in the breasts, a guidance and a mercy for believers.
58Say: In the bounty of Allah and in His mercy: therein let them rejoice. It is better than what they hoard.
59Say: Have ye considered what provision Allah hath sent down for you, how ye have made of it lawful and unlawful? Hath Allah permitted you, or do ye invent a lie concerning Allah?
60And what think those who invent a lie concerning Allah (will be their plight) upon the Day of Resurrection? Lo! Allah truly is Bountiful toward mankind, but most of them give not thanks.
61And thou (Muhammad) art not occupied with any business and thou recitest not a Lecture from this (Scripture), and ye (mankind) perform no act, but We are Witness of you when ye are engaged therein. And not an atom´s weight in the earth or in the sky escapeth your Lord, nor what is less than that or greater than that, but it is (written) in a clear Book.
62Lo! verily the friends of Allah are (those) on whom fear (cometh) not, nor do they grieve?
63Those who believe and keep their duty (to Allah).
64Theirs are good tidings in the life of the world and in the Hereafter - There is no changing the Words of Allah - that is the Supreme Triumph.
65And let not their speech grieve thee (O Muhammad). Lo! power belongeth wholly to Allah. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
66Lo! is it not unto Allah that belongeth whosoever is in the heavens and whosoever is in the earth? Those who follow aught instead of Allah follow not (His) partners. They follow only a conjecture, and they do but guess.
67He it is Who hath appointed for you the night that ye should rest therein and the day giving sight. Lo! herein verily are portents for a folk that heed.
68They say: Allah hath taken (unto Him) a son - Glorified be He! He hath no needs! His is all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. Ye have no warrant for this. Tell ye concerning Allah that which ye know not?
69Say: Verily those who invent a lie concerning Allah will not succeed.
70This world´s portion (will be theirs), then unto Us is their return. Then We make them taste a dreadful doom because they used to disbelieve.
71Recite unto them the story of Noah, when he told his people: O my people! If my sojourn (here) and my reminding you by Allah´s revelations are an offence unto you, in Allah have I put my trust, so decide upon your course of action you and your partners. Let not your course of action be in doubt for you. Then have at me, give me no respite.
72But if ye are averse I have asked of you no wage. My wage is the concern of Allah only, and I am commanded to be of those who surrender (unto Him).
73But they denied him, so We saved him and those with him in the ship, and made them viceroys (in the earth), while We drowned those who denied Our revelations. See then the nature of the consequence for those who had been warned.
74Then, after him, We sent messengers unto their folk, and they brought them clear proofs. But they were not ready to believe in that which they before denied. Thus print We on the hearts of the transgressors.
75Then, after them, We sent Moses and Aaron unto Pharaoh and his chiefs with Our revelations, but they were arrogant and were a guilty folk.
76And when the Truth from Our presence came unto them, they said: Lo! this is mere magic.
77Moses said: Speak ye (so) of the Truth when it hath come unto you? Is this magic? Now magicians thrive not.
78They said: Hast thou come unto us to pervert us from that (faith) in which we found our fathers, and that you two may own the place of greatness in the land? We will not believe you two.
79And Pharaoh said: Bring every cunning wizard unto me.
80And when the wizards came, Moses said unto them: Cast your cast!
81And when they had cast, Moses said: That which ye have brought is magic. Lo! Allah will make it vain. Lo! Allah upholdeth not the work of mischief-makers.
82And Allah will vindicate the Truth by His words, however much the guilty be averse.
83But none trusted Moses, save some scions of his people, (and they were) in fear of Pharaoh and their chiefs, that he would persecute them. Lo! Pharaoh was verily a tyrant in the land, and lo! he verily was of the wanton.
84And Moses said: O my people! If ye have believed in Allah then put trust in Him, if ye have indeed surrendered (unto Him)!
85They said: In Allah we put trust. Our Lord! Oh, make us not a lure for the wrongdoing folk;
86And, of Thy mercy, save us from the folk that disbelieve.
87And We inspired Moses and his brother, (saying): Appoint houses for your people in Egypt and make your houses oratories, and establish worship. And give good news to the believers.
88And Moses said: Our Lord! Lo! Thou hast given Pharaoh and his chiefs splendour and riches in the life of the world, Our Lord! that they may lead men astray from Thy way. Our Lord! Destroy their riches and harden their hearts so that they believe not till they see the painful doom.
89He said: Your prayer is heard. Do ye twain keep to the straight path, and follow not the road of those who have no knowledge.
90And We brought the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh with his hosts pursued them in rebellion and transgression, till, when the (fate of) drowning overtook him, he exclaimed: I believe that there is no Allah save Him in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of those who surrender (unto Him).
91What! Now! When hitherto thou hast rebelled and been of the wrong-doers?
92But this day We save thee in thy body that thou mayst be a portent for those after thee. Lo! most of mankind are heedless of Our portents.
93And We verily did allot unto the Children of Israel a fixed abode, and did provide them with good things; and they differed not until the knowledge came unto them. Lo! thy Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they used to differ.
94And if thou (Muhammad) art in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto thee, then question those who read the Scripture (that was) before thee. Verily the Truth from thy Lord hath come unto thee. So be not thou of the waverers.
95And be not thou of those who deny the revelations of Allah, for then wert thou of the losers.
96Lo! those for whom the word of thy Lord (concerning sinners) hath effect will not believe,
97Though every token come unto them, till they see the painful doom.
98If only there had been a community (of all those that were destroyed of old) that believed and profited by its belief as did the folk of Jonah! When they believed We drew off from them the torment of disgrace in the life of the world and gave them comfort for a while.
99And if thy Lord willed, all who are in the earth would have believed together. Wouldst thou (Muhammad) compel men until they are believers?
100It is not for any soul to believe save by the permission of Allah. He hath set uncleanness upon those who have no sense.
101Say: Behold what is in the heavens and the earth! But revelations and warnings avail not folk who will not believe.
102What expect they save the like of the days of those who passed away before them? Say: Expect then! I am with you among the expectant.
103Then shall We save Our messengers and the believers, in like manner (as of old). It is incumbent upon Us to save believers.
104Say (O Muhammad): O mankind! If ye are in doubt of my religion, then (know that) I worship not those whom ye worship instead of Allah, but I worship Allah Who causeth you to die, and I have been commanded to be of the believers.
105And, (O Muhammad) set thy purpose resolutely for religion, as a man by nature upright, and be not of those who ascribe partners (to Allah).
106And cry not, beside Allah, unto that which cannot profit thee nor hurt thee, for if thou didst so then wert thou of the wrong-doers.
107If Allah afflicteth thee with some hurt, there is none who can remove it save Him; and if He desireth good for thee, there is none who can repel His bounty. He striketh with it whom He will of his bondmen. He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
108Say: O mankind! Now hath the Truth from your Lord come unto you. So whosoever is guided, is guided only for (the good of) his soul, and whosoever erreth erreth only against it. And I am not a warder over you.
109And (O Muhammad) follow that which is inspired in thee, and forbear until Allah give judgment. And He is the Best of Judges.
Chapter 11 (Sura 11)
1Alif. Lam. Ra. (This is) a Scripture the revelations whereof are perfected and then expounded. (It cometh) from One Wise, Informed,
2(Saying): Serve none but Allah. Lo! I am unto you from Him a warner and a bringer of good tidings.
3And (bidding you): Ask pardon of your Lord and turn to Him repentant. He will cause you to enjoy a fair estate until a time appointed. He giveth His bounty unto every bountiful one. But if ye turn away, lo! (then) I fear for you the retribution of an awful Day.
4Unto Allah is your return, and He is Able to do all things.
5Lo! now they fold up their breasts that they may hide (their thoughts) from Him. At the very moment when they cover themselves with their clothing, Allah knoweth that which they keep hidden and that which they proclaim. Lo! He is Aware of what is in the breasts (of men).
6And there is not a beast in the earth but the sustenance thereof dependeth on Allah. He knoweth its habitation and its repository. All is in a clear Record.
7And He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days - and His Throne was upon the water - that He might try you, which of you is best in conduct. Yet if thou (O Muhammad) sayest: Lo! ye will be raised again after death! those who disbelieve will surely say: This is naught but mere magic.
8And if We delay for them the doom until a reckoned time, they will surely say: What withholdeth it? Verily on the day when it cometh unto them, it cannot be averted from them, and that which they derided will surround them.
9And if we cause man to taste some mercy from Us and afterward withdraw it from him, lo! he is despairing, thankless.
10And if We cause him to taste grace after some misfortune that had befallen him, he saith: The ills have gone from me. Lo! he is exultant, boastful;
11Save those who persevere and do good works. Theirs will be forgiveness and a great reward.
12A likely thing, that thou wouldst forsake aught of that which hath been revealed unto thee, and that thy breast should be straitened for it, because they say: Why hath not a treasure been sent down for him, or an angel come with him? Thou art but a warner, and Allah is in charge of all things.
13Or they say: He hath invented it. Say: Then bring ten surahs, the like thereof, invented, and call on everyone ye can beside Allah, if ye are truthful!
14And if they answer not your prayer, then know that it is revealed only in the knowledge of Allah; and that there is no Allah save Him. Will ye then be (of) those who surrender?
15Whoso desireth the life of the world and its pomp, We shall repay them their deeds herein, and therein they will not be wronged.
16Those are they for whom is naught in the Hereafter save the Fire. (All) that they contrive here is vain and (all) that they are wont to do is fruitless.
17Is he (to be counted equal with them) who relieth on a clear proof from his Lord, and a witness from Him reciteth it, and before it was the Book of Moses, an example and a mercy? Such believe therein, and whoso disbelieveth therein of the clans, the Fire is his appointed place. So be not thou in doubt concerning it. Lo! it is the Truth from thy Lord; but most of mankind believe not.
18Who doeth greater wrong than he who inventeth a lie concerning Allah? Such will be brought before their Lord, and the witnesses will say: These are they who lied concerning their Lord. Now the curse of Allah is upon wrong-doers,
19Who debar (men) from the way of Allah and would have it crooked, and who are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
20Such will not escape in the earth, nor have they any protecting friends beside Allah. For them the torment will be double. They could not bear to hear, and they used not to see.
21Such are they who have lost their souls, and that which they used to invent hath failed them.
22Assuredly in the Hereafter they will be the greatest losers.
23Lo! those who believe and do good works and humble themselves before their Lord: such are rightful owners of the Garden; they will abide therein.
24The similitude of the two parties is as the blind and the deaf and the seer and the hearer. Are they equal in similitude? Will ye not then be admonished?
25And We sent Noah unto his folk (and he said): Lo! I am a plain warner unto you.
26That ye serve none, save Allah. Lo! I fear for you the retribution of a painful Day.
27The chieftains of his folk, who disbelieved, said: We see thee but a mortal like us, and we see not that any follow thee save the most abject among us, without reflection. We behold in you no merit above us - nay, we deem you liars.
28He said: O my people! Bethink you, if I rely on a clear proof from my Lord and there hath come unto me a mercy from His presence, and it hath been made obscure to you, can we compel you to accept it when ye are averse thereto?
29And O my people! I ask of you no wealth therefor. My reward is the concern only of Allah, and I am not going to thrust away those who believe - Lo! they have to meet their Lord! - but I see you a folk that are ignorant.
30And, O my people! who would deliver me from Allah if I thrust them away? Will ye not then reflect?
31I say not unto you: "I have the treasures of Allah" nor "I have knowledge of the Unseen," nor say I: "Lo! I am an angel!" Nor say I unto those whom your eyes scorn that Allah will not give them good - Allah knoweth best what is in their hearts - Lo! then indeed I should be of the wrong-doers.
32They said: O Noah! Thou hast disputed with us and multiplied disputation with us; now bring upon us that wherewith thou threatenest us, if thou art of the truthful.
33He said: Only Allah will bring it upon you if He will, and ye can by no means escape.
34My counsel will not profit you if I were minded to advise you, if Allah´s will is to keep you astray. He is your Lord and unto Him ye will be brought back.
35Or say they (again): He hath invented it? Say: If I have invented it, upon me be my crimes, but I am innocent of (all) that ye commit.
36And it was inspired in Noah, (saying): No-one of thy folk will believe save him who hath believed already. Be not distressed because of what they do.
37Build the ship under Our eyes and by Our inspiration, and speak not unto Me on behalf of those who do wrong. Lo! they will be drowned.
38And he was building the ship, and every time that chieftains of his people passed him, they made mock of him. He said: Though ye make mock of Us, yet We mock at you even as ye mock;
39And ye shall know to whom a punishment that will confound him cometh, and upon whom a lasting doom will fall.
40(Thus it was) till, when Our commandment came to pass and the oven gushed forth water, We said: Load therein two of every kind, a pair (the male and female), and thy household, save him against whom the word hath gone forth already, and those who believe. And but a few were they who believed with him.
41And he said: Embark therein! In the name of Allah be its course and its mooring. Lo! my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
42And it sailed with them amid waves like mountains, and Noah cried unto his son - and he was standing aloof - O my son! Come ride with us, and be not with the disbelievers.
43He said: I shall betake me to some mountain that will save me from the water. (Noah) said: This day there is none that saveth from the commandment of Allah save him on whom He hath had mercy. And the wave came in between them, so he was among the drowned.
44And it was said: O earth! Swallow thy water and, O sky! be cleared of clouds! And the water was made to subside. And the commandment was fulfilled. And it (the ship) came to rest upon (the mount) Al-Judi and it was said: A far removal for wrongdoing folk!
45And Noah cried unto his Lord and said: My Lord! Lo! my son is of my household! Surely Thy promise is the truth and Thou are the Most Just of Judges.
46He said: O Noah! Lo! he is not of thy household; lo! he is of evil conduct, so ask not of Me that whereof thou hast no knowledge. I admonish thee lest thou be among the ignorant.
47He said: My Lord! Lo! in Thee do I seek refuge (from the sin) that I should ask of Thee that whereof I have no knowledge. Unless Thou forgive me and have mercy on me I shall be among the lost.
48It was said (unto him): O Noah! Go thou down (from the mountain) with peace from Us and blessings upon thee and some nations (that will spring) from those with thee. (There will be other) nations unto whom We shall give enjoyment a long while and then a painful doom from Us will overtake them.
49This is of the tidings of the Unseen which We inspire in thee (Muhammad). Thou thyself knewest it not, nor did thy folk (know it) before this. Then have patience. Lo! the sequel is for those who ward off (evil).
50And unto (the tribe of) A´ad (We sent) their brother, Hud. He said: O my people! Serve Allah! Ye have no other Allah save Him. Lo! ye do but invent.
51O my people! I ask of you no reward for it. Lo! my reward is the concern only of Him Who made me. Have ye then no sense?
52And, O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord, then turn unto Him repentant; He will cause the sky to rain abundance on you and will add unto you strength to your strength. Turn not away, guilty!
53They said: O Hud! Thou hast brought us no clear proof and we are not going to forsake our gods on thy (mere) saying, and we are not believers in thee.
54We say naught save that one of our gods hath possessed thee in an evil way. He said: I call Allah to witness, and do ye (too) bear witness, that I am innocent of (all) that ye ascribe as partners (to Allah)
55Beside Him. So (try to) circumvent me, all of you, give me no respite.
56Lo! I have put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Not an animal but He doth grasp it by the forelock! Lo! my Lord is on a straight path.
57And if ye turn away, still I have conveyed unto you that wherewith I was sent unto you, and my Lord will set in place of you a folk other than you. Ye cannot injure Him at all. Lo! my Lord is Guardian over all things.
58And when Our commandment came to pass We saved Hud and those who believed with him by a mercy from Us; We saved them from a harsh doom.
59And such were A´ad. They denied the revelations of their Lord and flouted His messengers and followed the command of every froward potentate.
60And a curse was made to follow them in the world and on the Day of Resurrection. Lo! A´ad disbelieved in their Lord. A far removal for A´ad, the folk of Hud!
61And unto (the tribe of) Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih. He said: O my people! Serve Allah, Ye have no other Allah save Him. He brought you forth from the earth and hath made you husband it. So ask forgiveness of Him and turn unto Him repentant. Lo! my Lord is Nigh, Responsive.
62They said: O Salih! Thou hast been among us hitherto as that wherein our hope was placed. Dost thou ask us not to worship what our fathers worshipped? Lo! we verily are in grave doubt concerning that to which thou callest us.
63He said: O my people! Bethink you: if I am (acting) on clear proof from my Lord and there hath come unto me a mercy from Him, who will save me from Allah if I disobey Him? Ye would add to me naught save perdition.
64O my people! This is the camel of Allah, a token unto you, so suffer her to feed in Allah´s earth, and touch her not with harm lest a near torment seize you.
65But they hamstrung her, and then he said: Enjoy life in your dwelling-place three days! This is a threat that will not be belied.
66So, when Our commandment came to pass, We saved Salih, and those who believed with him, by a mercy from Us, from the ignominy of that day. Lo, thy Lord! He is the Strong, the Mighty.
67And the (awful) Cry overtook those who did wrong, so that morning found them prostrate in their dwellings,
68As though they had not dwelt there. Lo! Thamud disbelieved in their Lord. A far removal for Thamud!
69And Our messengers cam unto Abraham with good news. They said: Peace! He answered: Peace! and delayed not to bring a roasted calf.
70And when he saw their hands reached not to it, he mistrusted them and conceived a fear of them. They said: Fear not! Lo! we are sent unto the folk of Lot.
71And his wife, standing by laughed when We gave her good tidings (of the birth) of Isaac, and, after Isaac, of Jacob.
72She said: Oh woe is me! Shall I bear a child when I am an old woman, and this my husband is an old man? Lo! this is a strange thing!
73They said: Wonderest thou at the commandment of Allah? The mercy of Allah and His blessings be upon you, O people of the house! Lo! He is Owner of Praise, Owner of Glory!
74And when the awe departed from Abraham, and the glad news reached him, he pleaded with Us on behalf of the folk of Lot.
75Lo! Abraham was mild, imploring, penitent.
76(It was said) O Abraham! Forsake this! Lo! thy Lord´s commandment hath gone forth, and lo! there cometh unto them a doom which cannot be repelled.
77And when Our messengers came unto Lot, he was distressed and knew not how to protect them. He said: This is a distressful day.
78And his people came unto him, running towards him - and before then they used to commit abominations - He said: O my people! Here are my daughters! They are purer for you. Beware of Allah, and degrade me not in (the person of) my guests. Is there not among you any upright man?
79They said: Well thou knowest that we have no right to thy daughters, and well thou knowest what we want.
80He said: Would that I had strength to resist you or had some strong support (among you)!
81(The messengers) said: O Lot! Lo! we are messengers of thy Lord; they shall not reach thee. So travel with thy people in a part of the night, and let not one of you turn round - (all) save thy wife. Lo! that which smiteth them will smite her (also). Lo! their tryst is (for) the morning. Is not the morning nigh?
82So when Our commandment came to pass We overthrew (that township) and rained upon it stones of clay, one after another,
83Marked with fire in the providence of thy Lord (for the destruction of the wicked). And they are never far from the wrong-doers.
84And unto Midian (We sent) their brother Shu´eyb. He said: O my people! Serve Allah. Ye have no other Allah save Him! And give not short measure and short weight. Lo! I see you well-to-do, and lo! I fear for you the doom of a besetting Day.
85O my people! Give full measure and full weight in justice, and wrong not people in respect of their goods. And do not evil in the earth, causing corruption.
86That which Allah leaveth with you is better for you if ye are believers; and I am not a keeper over you.
87They said: O Shu´eyb! Doth thy way of prayer command thee that we should forsake that which our fathers (used to) worship, or that we (should leave off) doing what we will with our own property. Lo! thou art the mild, the guide to right behaviour.
88He said: O my people! Bethink you: if I am (acting) on a clear proof from my Lord and He sustaineth me with fair sustenance from Him (how can I concede aught to you)? I desire not to do behind your backs that which I ask you not to do. I desire naught save reform so far as I am able. My welfare is only in Allah. In Him I trust and unto Him I turn (repentant).
89And, O my people! Let not the schism with me cause you to sin so that there befall you that which befell the folk of Noah and the folk of Hud, and the folk of Salih; and the folk of Lot are not far off from you.
90Ask pardon of your Lord and then turn unto Him (repentant). Lo! my Lord is Merciful, Loving.
91They said: O Shu´eyb! We understand not much of that thou tellest, and lo! we do behold thee weak among us. But for thy family, we should have stoned thee, for thou art not strong against us.
92He said: O my people! Is my family more to be honoured by you than Allah? and ye put Him behind you, neglected! Lo! my Lord surroundeth what ye do.
93And, O my people! Act according to your power, lo! I (too) am acting. Ye will soon know on whom there cometh a doom that will abase him, and who it is that lieth. And watch! Lo! I am a watcher with you.
94And when Our commandment came to pass We saved Shu´eyb and those who believed with him by a mercy from Us; and the (Awful) Cry seized those who did injustice, and morning found them prostrate in their dwellings,
95As though they had not dwelt there. A far removal for Midian, even as Thamud had been removed afar!
96And verily We sent Moses with Our revelations and a clear warrant
97Unto Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they did follow the command of Pharaoh, and the command of Pharaoh was no right guide.
98He will go before his people on the Day of Resurrection and will lead them to the Fire for watering-place. Ah, hapless is the watering-place (whither they are) led.
99A curse is made to follow them in the world and on the Day of Resurrection. Hapless is the gift (that will be) given (them).
100That is (something) of the tidings of the townships (which were destroyed of old). We relate it unto thee (Muhammad). Some of them are standing and some (already) reaped.
101We wronged them not, but they did wrong themselves; and their gods on whom they call beside Allah availed them naught when came thy Lord´s command; they added to them naught save ruin.
102Even thus is the grasp of thy Lord when He graspeth the townships while they are doing wrong. Lo! His grasp is painful, very strong.
103Lo! herein verily there is a portent for those who fear the doom of the Hereafter. That is a day unto which mankind will be gathered, and that is a day that will be witnessed.
104And We defer it only to a term already reckoned.
105On the day when it cometh no soul will speak except by His permission; some among them will be wretched, (others) glad.
106As for those who will be wretched (on that day) they will be in the Fire; sighing and wailing will be their portion therein,
107Abiding there so long as the heavens and the earth endure save for that which thy Lord willeth. Lo! thy Lord is Doer of what He will.
108And as for those who will be glad (that day) they will be in the Garden, abiding there so long as the heavens and the earth endure save for that which thy Lord willeth: a gift unfailing.
109So be not thou in doubt concerning that which these (folk) worship. They worship only as their fathers worshipped aforetime. Lo! we shall pay them their whole due unabated.
110And we verily gave unto Moses the Scripture, and there was strife thereupon; and had it not been for a Word that had already gone forth from thy Lord, the case would have been judged between them, and lo! they are in grave doubt concerning it.
111And lo! unto each thy Lord will verily repay his works in full. Lo! He is Informed of what they do.
112So tread thou the straight path as thou art commanded, and those who turn (unto Allah) with thee, and transgress not. Lo! He is Seer of what ye do.
113And incline not toward those who do wrong lest the Fire touch you, and ye have no protecting friends against Allah, and afterward ye would not be helped.
114Establish worship at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Lo! good deeds annul ill-deeds. This is reminder for the mindful.
115And have patience, (O Muhammad), for lo! Allah loseth not the wages of the good.
116If only there had been among the generations before you men possessing a remnant (of good sense) to warn (their people) from corruption in the earth, as did a few of those whom We saved from them! The wrong-doers followed that by which they were made sapless, and were guilty.
117In truth thy Lord destroyed not the townships tyrannously while their folk were doing right.
118And if thy Lord had willed, He verily would have made mankind one nation, yet they cease not differing,
119Save him on whom thy Lord hath mercy; and for that He did create them. And the Word of thy Lord hath been fulfilled: Verily I shall fill hell with the jinn and mankind together.
120And all that We relate unto thee of the story of the messengers is in order that thereby We may make firm thy heart. And herein hath come unto thee the Truth and an exhortation and a reminder for believers.
121And say unto those who believe not: Act according to your power. Lo! We (too) are acting.
122And wait! Lo! We (too) are waiting.
123And Allah´s is the Invisible of the heavens and the earth, and unto Him the whole matter will be returned. So worship Him and put thy trust in Him. Lo! thy Lord is not unaware of what ye (mortals) do.
Chapter 12 (Sura 12)
1Alif. Lam. Ra. These are verse of the Scripture that maketh plain.
2Lo! We have revealed it, a Lecture in Arabic, that ye may understand.
3We narrate unto thee (Muhammad) the best of narratives in that We have inspired in thee this Qur´an, though aforetime thou wast of the heedless.
4When Joseph said unto his father: O my father! Lo! I saw in a dream eleven planets and the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating themselves unto me.
5He said: O my dear son! Tell not thy brethren of thy vision, lest they plot a plot against thee. Lo! Satan is for man an open foe.
6Thus thy Lord will prefer thee and will teach thee the interpretation of events, and will perfect His grace upon thee and upon the family of Jacob as He perfected it upon thy forefathers, Abraham and Isaac. Lo! thy Lord is Knower, Wise.
7Verily in Joseph and his brethren are signs (of Allah´s Sovereignty) for the inquiring.
8When they said: Verily Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than we are, many though we be. Lo! our father is in plain aberration.
9(One said): Kill Joseph or cast him to some (other) land, so that your father´s favour may be all for you, and (that) ye may afterward be righteous folk.
10One among them said: Kill not Joseph but, if ye must be doing, fling him into the depth of the pit; some caravan will find him.
11They said: O our father! Why wilt thou not trust us with Joseph, when lo! we are good friends to him?
12Send him with us to-morrow that he may enjoy himself and play. And lo! we shall take good care of him.
13He said: Lo! in truth it saddens me that ye should take him with you, and I fear less the wolf devour him while ye are heedless of him.
14They said: If the wolf should devour him when we are (so strong) a band, then surely we should have already perished.
15Then, when they led him off, and were of one mind that they should place him in the depth of the pit, We inspired in him: Thou wilt tell them of this deed of theirs when they know (thee) not.
16And they came weeping to their father in the evening.
17Saying: O our father! We went racing one with another, and left Joseph by our things, and the wolf devoured him, and thou believest not our saying even when we speak the truth.
18And they came with false blood on his shirt. He said: Nay, but your minds have beguiled you into something. (My course is) comely patience. And Allah it is Whose help is to be sought in that (predicament) which ye describe.
19And there came a caravan, and they sent their waterdrawer. He let down his pail (into the pit). He said: Good luck! Here is a youth. And they hid him as a treasure, and Allah was Aware of what they did.
20And they sold him for a low price, a number of silver coins; and they attached no value to him.
21And he of Egypt who purchased him said unto his wife: Receive him honourably. Perchance he may prove useful to us or we may adopt him as a son. Thus we established Joseph in the land that We might teach him the interpretation of events. And Allah was predominant in His career, but most of mankind know not.
22And And when he reached his prime We gave him wisdom and knowledge. Thus We reward the good.
23And she, in whose house he was, asked of him an evil act. She bolted the doors and said: Come! He said: I seek refuge in Allah! Lo! he is my lord, who hath treated me honourably. Lo! wrong-doers never prosper.
24She verily desired him, and he would have desired her if it had not been that he saw the argument of his Lord. Thus it was, that We might ward off from him evil and lewdness. Lo! he was of Our chosen slaves.
25And they raced with one another to the door, and she tore his shirt from behind, and they met her lord and master at the door. She said: What shall be his reward, who wisheth evil to thy folk, save prison or a painful doom?
26(Joseph) said: She it was who asked of me an evil act. And a witness of her own folk testified: If his shirt is torn from before, then she speaketh truth and he is of the liars.
27And if his shirt is torn from behind, then she hath lied and he is of the truthful.
28So when he saw his shirt torn from behind, he said: Lo! this is of the guile of you women. Lo! the guile of you is very great.
29O Joseph! Turn away from this, and thou, (O woman), ask forgiveness for thy sin. Lo! thou art of the faulty.
30And women in the city said: The ruler´s wife is asking of her slave-boy an ill-deed. Indeed he has smitten her to the heart with love. We behold her in plain aberration.
31And when she heard of their sly talk, she sent to them and prepared for them a cushioned couch (to lie on at the feast) and gave to every one of them a knife and said (to Joseph): Come out unto them! And when they saw him they exalted him and cut their hands, exclaiming: Allah Blameless! This is no a human being. This is not other than some gracious angel.
32She said: This is he on whose account ye blamed me. I asked of him an evil act, but he proved continent, but if he do not my behest he verily shall be imprisoned, and verily shall be of those brought low.
33He said: O my Lord! Prison is more dear than that unto which they urge me, and if Thou fend not off their wiles from me I shall incline unto them and become of the foolish.
34So his Lord heard his prayer and fended off their wiles from him. Lo! He is Hearer, Knower.
35And it seemed good to them (the men-folk) after they had seen the signs (of his innocence) to imprison him for a time.
36And two young men went to prison with him. One of them said: I dreamed that I was pressing wine. The other said: I dreamed that I was carrying upon my head bread whereof the birds were eating. Announce unto us the interpretation, for we see thee of those good (at interpretation).
37He said: The food which ye are given (daily) shall not come unto you but I shall tell you the interpretation ere it cometh unto you. This is of that which my Lord hath taught me. Lo! I have forsaken the religion of folk who believe not in Allah and are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
38And I have followed the religion of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob. It never was for us to attribute aught as partner to Allah. This is of the bounty of Allah unto us (the seed of Abraham) and unto mankind; but most men give not thanks.
39O my fellow-prisoners! Are divers lords better, or Allah the One, Almighty?
40Those whom ye worship beside Him are but names which ye have named, ye and your fathers. Allah hath revealed no sanction for them. The decision rests with Allah only, Who hath commanded you that ye worship none save Him. This is the right religion, but most men know not.
41O my two fellow-prisoners! As for one of you, he will pour out wine for his lord to drink; and as for the other, he will be crucified so that the birds will eat from his head. Thus is the case judged concerning which ye did inquire.
42And he said unto him of the twain who he knew would be released: Mention me in the presence of thy lord. But Satan caused him to forget to mention it to his lord, so he (Joseph) stayed in prison for some years.
43And the king said: Lo! I saw in a dream seven fat kine which seven lean were eating, and seven green ears of corn and other (seven) dry. O notables! Expound for me my vision, if ye can interpret dreams.
44They answered: Jumbled dreams! And we are not knowing in the interpretation of dreams.
45And he of the two who was released, and (now) at length remembered, said: I am going to announce unto you the interpretation, therefore send me forth.
46(And when he came to Joseph in the prison, he exclaimed): Joseph! O thou truthful one! Expound for us the seven fat kine which seven lean were eating and the seven green ears of corn and other (seven) dry, that I may return unto the people, so that they may know.
47He said: Ye shall sow seven years as usual, but that which ye reap, leave it in the ear, all save a little which ye eat.
48Then after that will come seven hard years which will devour all that ye have prepared for them, save a little of that which ye have stored.
49Then, after that, will come a year when the people will have plenteous crops and when they will press (wine and oil).
50And the king said: Bring him unto me. And when the messenger came unto him, he (Joseph) said: Return unto thy lord and ask him what was the case of the women who cut their hands. Lo! my Lord knoweth their guile.
51He (the king) (then sent for those women and) said: What happened when ye asked an evil act of Joseph? They answered: Allah Blameless! We know no evil of him. Said the wife of the ruler: Now the truth is out. I asked of him an evil act, and he is surely of the truthful.
52(Then Joseph said: I asked for) this, that he (my lord) may know that I betrayed him not in secret, and that surely Allah guideth not the snare of the betrayers.
53I do not exculpate myself. Lo! the (human) soul enjoineth unto evil, save that whereon my Lord hath mercy. Lo! my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
54And the king said: Bring him unto me that I may attach him to my person. And when he had talked with him he said: Lo! thou art to-day in our presence established and trusted.
55He said: Set me over the storehouses of the land. Lo! I am a skilled custodian.
56Thus gave We power to Joseph in the land. He was the owner of it where he pleased. We reach with Our mercy whom We will. We lose not the reward of the good.
57And the reward of the Hereafter is better, for those who believe and ward off (evil).
58And Joseph´s brethren came and presented themselves before him, and he knew them but they knew him not.
59And when he provided them with their provision he said: Bring unto me a brother of yours from your father. See ye not that I fill up the measure and I am the best of hosts?
60And if ye bring him not unto me, then there shall be no measure for you with me, nor shall ye draw near.
61They said: We will try to win him from his father: that we will surely do.
62He said unto his young men: Place their merchandise in their saddlebags, so that they may know it when they go back to their folk, and so will come again.
63So when they went back to their father they said: O our father! The measure is denied us, so send with us our brother that we may obtain the measure, surely we will guard him well.
64He said: Can I entrust him to you save as I entrusted his brother to you aforetime? Allah is better at guarding, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.
65And when they opened their belongings they discovered that their merchandise had been returned to them. They said: O our father! What (more) can we ask? Here is our merchandise returned to us. We shall get provision for our folk and guard our brother, and we shall have the extra measure of a camel (load). This (that we bring now) is a light measure.
66He said: I will not send him with you till ye give me an undertaking in the name of Allah that ye will bring him back to me, unless ye are surrounded. And when they gave him their undertaking he said: Allah is the Warden over what we say.
67And he said: O my sons! Go not in by one gate; go in by different gates. I can naught avail you as against Allah. Lo! the decision rests with Allah only. In Him do I put my trust, and in Him let all the trusting put their trust.
68And when they entered in the manner which their father had enjoined, it would have naught availed them as against Allah; it was but a need of Jacob´s soul which he thus satisfied; and lo! he was a lord of knowledge because We had taught him; but most of mankind know not.
69And when they went in before Joseph, he took his brother unto him, saying: Lo! I, even I, am thy brother, therefore sorrow not for what they did.
70And when he provided them with their provision, he put the drinking-cup in his brother´s saddlebag, and then a crier cried: O camel-riders! Lo! ye are surely thieves!
71They cried, coming toward them: What is it ye have lost?
72They said: We have lost the king´s cup, and he who bringeth it shall have a camel-load, and I (said Joseph) am answerable for it.
73They said: By Allah, well ye know we came not to do evil in the land, and are no thieves.
74They said: And what shall be the penalty for it, if ye prove liars?
75They said: The penalty for it! He in whose bag (the cup) is found, he is the penalty for it. Thus we requite wrong-doers.
76Then he (Joseph) began the search with their bags before his brother´s bag, then he produced it from his brother´s bag. Thus did We contrive for Joseph. He could not have taken his brother according to the king´s law unless Allah willed. We raise by grades (of mercy) whom We will, and over every lord of knowledge there is one more knowing.
77They said: If he stealeth, a brother of his stole before. But Joseph kept it secret in his soul and revealed it not unto them. He said (within himself): Ye are in worse case, and Allah knoweth best (the truth of) that which ye allege.
78They said: O ruler of the land! Lo! he hath a very aged father, so take one of us instead of him. Lo! we behold thee of those who do kindness.
79He said: Allah forbid that we should seize save him with whom we found our property; then truly we should be wrong-doers.
80So, When they despaired of (moving) him, they conferred together apart. The eldest of them said: Know ye not how your father took an undertaking from you in Allah´s name and how ye failed in the case of Joseph aforetime? Therefore I shall not go forth from the land until my father giveth leave or Allah judgeth for me. He is the Best of Judges.
81Return unto your father and say: O our father! Lo! thy son hath stolen. We testify only to that which we know; we are not guardians of the Unseen.
82Ask the township where we were, and the caravan with which we travelled hither. Lo! we speak the truth.
83(And when they came unto their father and had spoken thus to him) he said: Nay, but your minds have beguiled you into something. (My course is) comely patience! It may be that Allah will bring them all unto me. Lo! He, only He, is the Knower, the Wise.
84And he turned away from them and said: Alas, my grief for Joseph! And his eyes were whitened with the sorrow that he was suppressing.
85They said: By Allah, thou wilt never cease remembering Joseph till thy health is ruined or thou art of those who perish!
86He said: I expose my distress and anguish only unto Allah, and I know from Allah that which ye know not.
87Go, O my sons, and ascertain concerning Joseph and his brother, and despair not of the Spirit of Allah. Lo! none despaireth of the Spirit of Allah save disbelieving folk.
88And when they came (again) before him (Joseph) they said: O ruler! Misfortune hath touched us and our folk, and we bring but poor merchandise, so fill for us the measure and be charitable unto us. Lo! Allah will requite the charitable,
89He said: Know ye what ye did unto Joseph and his brother in your ignorance?
90They said: Is it indeed thou who art Joseph? He said: I am Joseph and this is my brother. Allah hath shown us favour. Lo! he who wardeth off (evil) and endureth (findeth favour); for lo! Allah loseth not the wages of the kindly.
91They said: By Allah, verily Allah hath preferred thee above us, and we were indeed sinful.
92He said: Have no fear this day! May Allah forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.
93Go with this shirt of mine and lay it on my father´s face, he will become (again) a seer; and come to me with all your folk.
94When the caravan departed their father had said: Truly I am conscious of the breath of Joseph, though ye call me dotard.
95(Those around him) said: By Allah, lo! thou art in thine old aberration.
96Then, when the bearer of glad tidings came, he laid it on his face and he became a seer once more. He said: Said I not unto you that I know from Allah that which ye know not?
97They said: O our father! Ask forgiveness of our sins for us, for lo! we were sinful.
98He said: I shall ask forgiveness for you of my Lord. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
99And when they came in before Joseph, he took his parents unto him, and said: Come into Egypt safe, if Allah will!
100And he placed his parents on the dais and they fell down before him prostrate, and he said: O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream of old. My Lord hath made it true, and He hath shown me kindness, since He took me out of the prison and hath brought you from the desert after Satan had made strife between me and my brethren. Lo! my Lord is tender unto whom He will. He is the Knower, the Wise.
101O my Lord! Thou hast given me (something) of sovereignty and hast taught me (something) of the interpretation of events - Creator of the heavens and the earth! Thou art my Protecting Guardian in the world and the Hereafter. Make me to die muslim (unto Thee), and join me to the righteous.
102This is of the tidings of the Unseen which We inspire in thee (Muhammad). Thou wast not present with them when they fixed their plan and they were scheming.
103And though thou try much, most men will not believe.
104Thou askest them no fee for it. It is naught else than a reminder unto the peoples.
105How many a portent is there in the heavens and the earth which they pass by with face averted!
106And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners (unto Him).
107Deem they themselves secure from the coming on them of a pall of Allah´s punishment, or the coming of the Hour suddenly while they are unaware?
108Say: This is my Way: I call on Allah with sure knowledge. I and whosoever followeth me - Glory be to Allah! - and I am not of the idolaters.
109We sent not before thee (any messengers) save men whom We inspired from among the folk of the townships - Have they not travelled in the land and seen the nature of the consequence for those who were before them? And verily the abode of the Hereafter, for those who ward off (evil), is best. Have ye then no sense? -
110Till, when the messengers despaired and thought that they were denied, then came unto them Our help, and whom We would was saved. And Our wrath cannot be warded from the guilty.
111In their history verily there is a lesson for men of understanding. It is no invented story but a confirmation of the existing (Scripture) and a detailed explanation of everything, and a guidance and a mercy for folk who believe.
Chapter 13 (Sura 13)
1Alif. Lam. Mim. Ra. These are verses of the Scripture. That which is revealed unto thee from thy Lord is the Truth, but most of mankind believe not.
2Allah it is Who raised up the heavens without visible supports, then mounted the Throne, and compelled the sun and the moon to be of service, each runneth unto an appointed term; He ordereth the course; He detaileth the revelations, that haply ye may be certain of the meeting with your Lord.
3And He it is Who spread out the earth and placed therein firm hills and flowing streams, and of all fruits He placed therein two spouses (male and female). He covereth the night with the day. Lo! herein verily are portents for people who take thought.
4And in the Earth are neighbouring tracts, vineyards and ploughed lands, and date-palms, like and unlike, which are watered with one water. And we have made some of them to excel others in fruit. Lo! herein verily are portents for people who have sense.
5And if thou wonderest, then wondrous is their saying: When we are dust, are we then forsooth (to be raised) in a new creation? Such are they who disbelieve in their Lord; such have carcans on their necks; such are rightful owners of the Fire, they will abide therein.
6And they bid thee hasten on the evil rather than the good, when exemplary punishments have indeed occurred before them. But lo! thy Lord is rich in pardon for mankind despite their wrong, and lo! thy Lord is strong in punishment.
7Those who disbelieve say: If only some portent were sent down upon him from his Lord! Thou art a warner only, and for every folk a guide.
8Allah knoweth that which every female beareth and that which the wombs absorb and that which they grow. And everything with Him is measured.
9He is the Knower of the Invisible and the Visible, the Great, the High Exalted.
10Alike of you is he who hideth the saying and he who noiseth it abroad, he who lurketh in the night and he who goeth freely in the daytime.
11For him are angels ranged before him and behind him, who guard him by Allah´s command. Lo! Allah changeth not the condition of a folk until they (first) change that which is in their hearts; and if Allah willeth misfortune for a folk there is none that can repel it, nor have they a defender beside Him.
12He it is Who showeth you the lightning, a fear and a hope, and raiseth the heavy clouds.
13The thunder hymneth His praise and (so do) the angels for awe of Him. He launcheth the thunderbolts and smiteth with them whom He will while they dispute (in doubt) concerning Allah, and He is mighty in wrath.
14Unto Him is the real prayer. Those unto whom they pray beside Allah respond to them not at all, save as (is the response to) one who stretcheth forth his hands toward water (asking) that it may come unto his mouth, and it will never reach it. The prayer of disbelievers goeth (far) astray.
15And unto Allah falleth prostrate whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening hours.
16Say (O Muhammad): Who is Lord of the heavens and the earth? Say: Allah. Say: Take ye then (others) beside Him for protectors, which, even for themselves, have neither benefit nor hurt? Say: Is the blind man equal to the seer, or is darkness equal to light? Or assign they unto Allah partners who created the like of His creation so that the creation (which they made and His creation) seemed alike to them? Say: Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Almighty.
17He sendeth down water from the sky, so that valleys flow according to their measure, and the flood beareth (on its surface) swelling foam - from that which they smelt in the fire in order to make ornaments and tools riseth a foam like unto it - thus Allah coineth (the similitude of) the true and the false. Then, as for the foam, it passeth away as scum upon the banks, while, as for that which is of use to mankind, it remaineth in the earth. Thus Allah coineth the similitudes.
18For those who answered Allah´s call is bliss; and for those who answered not His call, if they had all that is in the earth, and therewith the like thereof, they would proffer it as ransom. Such will have a woeful reckoning, and their habitation will be hell, a dire abode.
19Is he who knoweth that what is revealed unto thee from thy Lord is the truth like him who is blind? But only men of understanding heed;
20Such as keep the pact of Allah, and break not the covenant;
21Such as unite that which Allah hath commandeth should be joined, and fear their Lord, and dread a woeful reckoning;
22Such as persevere in seeking their Lord´s Countenance and are regular in prayer and spend of that which We bestow upon them secretly and openly, and overcome evil with good. Theirs will be the sequel of the (heavenly) Home,
23Gardens of Eden which they enter, along with all who do right of their fathers and their helpmeets and their seed. The angels enter unto them from every gate,
24(Saying): Peace be unto you because ye persevered. Ah, passing sweet will be the sequel of the (heavenly) Home.
25And those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and sever that which Allah hath commanded should be joined, and make mischief in the earth: theirs is the curse and theirs the ill abode.
26Allah enlargeth livelihood for whom He will, and straiteneth (it for whom He will); and they rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of the world is but brief comfort as compared with the Hereafter.
27Those who disbelieve say: If only a portent were sent down upon him from his Lord! Say: Lo! Allah sendeth whom He will astray, and guideth unto Himself all who turn (unto Him),
28Who have believed and whose hearts have rest in the remembrance of Allah. Verily in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest!
29Those who believe and do right: Joy is for them, and bliss (their) journey´s end.
30Thus We send thee (O Muhammad) unto a nation, before whom other nations have passed away, that thou mayst recite unto them that which We have inspired in thee, while they are disbelievers in the Beneficent. Say: He is my Lord; there is no Allah save Him. In Him do I put my trust and unto Him is my recourse.
31Had it been possible for a Lecture to cause the mountains to move, or the earth to be torn asunder, or the dead to speak, (this Qur´an would have done so). Nay, but Allah´s is the whole command. Do not those who believe know that, had Allah willed, He could have guided all mankind? As for those who disbelieve, disaster ceaseth not to strike them because of what they do, or it dwelleth near their home until the threat of Allah come to pass. Lo! Allah faileth not to keep the tryst.
32And verily messengers (of Allah) were mocked before thee, but long I bore with those who disbelieved. At length I seized them, and how (awful) was My punishment!
33Is He Who is aware of the deserts of every soul (as he who is aware of nothing)? Yet they ascribe unto Allah partners. Say: Name them. Is it that ye would inform Him of something which He knoweth not in the earth? Or is it but a way of speaking? Nay but their contrivance is made seeming fair for those who disbelieve and they are kept from the right road. He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no guide.
34For them is torment in the life of the world, and verily the doom of the Hereafter is more painful, and they have no defender from Allah.
35A similitude of the Garden which is promised unto those who keep their duty (to Allah): Underneath it rivers flow; its food is everlasting, and its shade; this is the reward of those who keep their duty, while the reward of disbelievers is the Fire.
36Those unto whom We gave the Scripture rejoice in that which is revealed unto thee. And of the clans there are who deny some of it. Say: I am commanded only that I serve Allah and ascribe unto Him no partner. Unto Him I cry, and unto Him is my return.
37Thus have We revealed it, a decisive utterance in Arabic; and if thou shouldst follow their desires after that which hath come unto thee of knowledge, then truly wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting friend nor defender.
38And verily We sent messengers (to mankind) before thee, and We appointed for them wives and offspring, and it was not (given) to any messenger that he should bring a portent save by Allah´s leave. For everything there is a time prescribed.
39Allah effaceth what He will, and establisheth (what He will), and with Him is the source of ordinance.
40Whether We let thee see something of that which We have promised them, or make thee die (before its happening), thine is but conveyance (of the message). Ours the reckoning.
41See they not how we aim to the land, reducing it of its outlying parts? (When) Allah doometh there is none that can postpone His doom, and He is swift at reckoning.
42Those who were before them plotted; but all plotting is Allah´s. He knoweth that which each soul earneth. The disbelievers will come to know for whom will be the sequel of the (heavenly) Home.
43They who disbelieve say: Thou art no messenger (of Allah). Say: Allah, and whosoever hath knowledge of the Scripture, is sufficient witness between me and you.
Chapter 14 (Sura 14)
1Alif. Lam. Ra. (This is) a Scripture which We have revealed unto thee (Muhammad) that thereby thou mayst bring forth mankind from darkness unto light, by the permission of their Lord, unto the path of the Mighty, the Owner of Praise,
2Allah, unto Whom belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. and woe unto the disbelievers from an awful doom;
3Those who love the life of the world more than the Hereafter, and debar (men) from the way of Allah and would have it crooked: such are far astray.
4And We never sent a messenger save with the language of his folk, that he might make (the message) clear for them. Then Allah sendeth whom He will astray, and guideth whom He will. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
5We verily sent Moses with Our revelations, saying: Bring thy people forth from darkness unto light. And remind them of the days of Allah. Lo! therein are revelations for each steadfast, thankful (heart).
6And (remind them) how Moses said unto his people: Remember Allah´s favour unto you when He delivered you from Pharaoh´s folk who were afflicting you with dreadful torment, and were slaying your sons and sparing your women; that was a tremendous trial from your Lord.
7And when your Lord proclaimed: If ye give thanks, I will give you more; but if ye are thankless, lo! My punishment is dire.
8And Moses said: Though ye and all who are in the earth prove thankless, lo! Allah verily is Absolute, Owner of Praise.
9Hath not the history of those before you reached you: the folk of Noah, and (the tribes of) A´ad and Thamud, and those after them? None save Allah knoweth them. Their messengers came unto them with clear proofs, but they thrust their hands into their mouths, and said: Lo! we disbelieve in that wherewith ye have been sent, and lo! we are in grave doubt concerning that to which ye call us.
10Their messengers said: Can there be doubt concerning Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth? He calleth you that He may forgive you your sins and reprieve you unto an appointed term. They said: Ye are but mortals like us, who would fain turn us away from what our fathers used to worship. Then bring some clear warrant.
11Their messengers said unto them: We are but mortals like you, but Allah giveth grace unto whom He will of His slaves. It is not ours to bring you a warrant unless by the permission of Allah. In Allah let believers put their trust!
12How should we not put our trust in Allah when He hath shown us our ways? We surely will endure the hurt ye do us. In Allah let the trusting put their trust.
13And those who disbelieved said unto their messengers: Verily we will drive you out from our land, unless ye return to our religion. Then their Lord inspired them, (saying): Verily we shall destroy the wrong-doers,
14And verily We shall make you to dwell in the land after them. This is for him who feareth My Majesty and feareth My threats.
15And they sought help (from their Lord) and every froward potentate was bought to naught;
16Hell is before him, and he is made to drink a festering water,
17Which he sippeth but can hardly swallow, and death cometh unto him from every side while yet he cannot die, and before him is a harsh doom.
18A similitude of those who disbelieve in their Lord: Their works are as ashes which the wind bloweth hard upon a stormy day. They have no control of aught that they have earned. That is the extreme failure.
19Hast thou not seen that Allah hath created the heavens and the earth with truth? If He will, He can remove you and bring (in) some new creation;
20And that is no great matter for Allah.
21They all come forth unto their Lord. Then those who were despised say unto those who were scornful: We were unto you a following, can ye then avert from us aught of Allah´s doom? They say: Had Allah guided us, we should have guided you. Whether we rage or patiently endure is (now) all one for us; we have no place of refuge.
22And Satan saith, when the matter hath been decided: Lo! Allah promised you a promise of truth; and I promised you, then failed you. And I had no power over you save that I called unto you and ye obeyed me. So blame not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can ye help me, Lo! I disbelieved in that which ye before ascribed to me. Lo! for wrong-doers is a painful doom.
23And those who believed and did good works are made to enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein abiding by permission of their Lord, their greeting therein: Peace!
24Seest thou not how Allah coineth a similitude: A goodly saying, as a goodly tree, its root set firm, its branches reaching into heaven,
25Giving its fruit at every season by permission of its Lord? Allah coineth the similitudes for mankind in order that they may reflect.
26And the similitude of a bad saying is as a bad tree, uprooted from upon the earth, possessing no stability.
27Allah confirmeth those who believe by a firm saying in the life of the world and in the Hereafter, and Allah sendeth wrong-doers astray. And Allah doeth what He will.
28Hast thou not seen those who gave the grace of Allah in exchange for thanklessness and led their people down to the Abode of Loss,
29(Even to) hell? They are exposed thereto. A hapless end!
30And they set up rivals to Allah that they may mislead (men) from His way. Say: Enjoy life (while ye may) for lo! your journey´s end will be the Fire.
31Tell My bondmen who believe to establish worship and spend of that which We have given them, secretly and publicly, before a day cometh wherein there will be neither traffick nor befriending.
32Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth, and causeth water to descend from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you, and maketh the ships to be of service unto you, that they may run upon the sea at His command, and hath made of service unto you the rivers;
33And maketh the sun and the moon, constant in their courses, to be of service unto you, and hath made of service unto you the night and the day.
34And He giveth you of all ye ask of Him, and if ye would count the bounty of Allah ye cannot reckon it. Lo! man is verily a wrong-doer, an ingrate.
35And when Abraham said: My Lord! Make safe this territory, and preserve me and my sons from serving idols.
36My Lord! Lo! they have led many of mankind astray. But whoso followeth me, he verily is of me. And whoso disobeyeth me - Still Thou art Forgiving, Merciful.
37Our Lord! Lo! I have settled some of my posterity in an uncultivable valley near unto Thy holy House, our Lord! that they may establish proper worship; so incline some hearts of men that they may yearn toward them, and provide Thou them with fruits in order that they may be thankful.
38Our Lord! Lo! Thou knowest that which we hide and that which we proclaim. Nothing in the earth or in the heaven is hidden from Allah.
39Praise be to Allah Who hath given me, in my old age, Ishmael and Isaac! Lo! my Lord is indeed the Hearer of Prayer.
40My Lord! Make me to establish proper worship, and some of my posterity (also); our Lord! and accept my prayer.
41Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents and believers on the day when the account is cast.
42Deem not that Allah is unaware of what the wicked do. He but giveth them a respite till a day when eyes will stare (in terror),
43As they come hurrying on in fear, their heads upraised, their gaze returning not to them, and their hearts as air.
44And warn mankind of a day when the doom will come upon them, and those who did wrong will say: Our Lord! Reprieve us for a little while. We will obey Thy call and will follow the messengers. (It will be answered): Did ye not swear before that there would be no end for you?
45And (have ye not) dwelt in the dwellings of those who wronged themselves (of old) and (hath it not) become plain to you how We dealt with them and made examples for you?
46Verily they have plotted their plot, and their plot is with Allah, though their plot were one whereby the mountains should be moved.
47So think not that Allah will fail to keep His promise to His messengers. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Able to Requite (the wrong).
48On the day when the earth will be changed to other than the earth, and the heavens (also will be changed) and they will come forth unto Allah, the One, the Almighty,
49Thou wilt see the guilty on that day linked together in chains,
50Their raiment of pitch, and the Fire covering their faces,
51That Allah may repay each soul what it hath earned. Lo! Allah is swift at reckoning.
52This is a clear message for mankind in order that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is only One Allah, and that men of understanding may take heed.
Chapter 15 (Sura 15)
1Alif. Lam. Ra. These are verses of the Scripture and a plain Reading.
2It may be that those who disbelieve wish ardently that they were Muslims.
3Let them eat and enjoy life, and let (false) hope beguile them. They will come to know!
4And We destroyed no township but there was a known decree for it.
5No nation can outstrip its term nor can they lag behind.
6And they say: O thou unto whom the Reminder is revealed, lo! thou art indeed a madman!
7Why bringest thou not angels unto us, if thou art of the truthful?
8We send not down the angels save with the Fact, and in that case (the disbelievers) would not be tolerated.
9Lo! We, even We, reveal the Reminder, and lo! We verily are its Guardian.
10We verily sent (messengers) before thee among the factions of the men of old.
11And never came there unto them a messenger but they did mock him.
12Thus do We make it traverse the hearts of the guilty:
13They believe not therein, though the example of the men of old hath gone before.
14And even if We opened unto them a gate of heaven and they kept mounting through it,
15They would say: Our sight is wrong - nay, but we are folk bewitched.
16And verily in the heaven we have set mansions of the stars, and We have beautified it for beholders.
17And We have guarded it from every outcast devil,
18Save him who stealeth the hearing, and them doth a clear flame pursue.
19And the earth have We spread out, and placed therein firm hills, and caused each seemly thing to grow therein.
20And we have given unto you livelihoods therein, and unto those for whom ye provide not.
21And there is not a thing but with Us are the stores thereof. And we send it not down save in appointed measure.
22And We send the winds fertilising, and cause water to descend from the sky, and give it you to drink. It is not ye who are the holders of the store thereof.
23Lo! and it is We, even We, Who quicken and give death, and We are the Inheritor.
24And verily We know the eager among you and verily We know the laggards.
25Lo! thy Lord will gather them together. Lo! He is Wise, Aware.
26Verily We created man of potter´s clay of black mud altered,
27And the jinn did We create aforetime of essential fire.
28And (remember) when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am creating a mortal out of potter´s clay of black mud altered,
29So, when I have made him and have breathed into him of My Spirit, do ye fall down, prostrating yourselves unto him.
30So the angels fell prostrate, all of them together
31Save Iblis. He refused to be among the prostrate.
32He said: O Iblis! What aileth thee that thou art not among the prostrate?
33He said: I am not one to prostrate myself unto a mortal whom Thou hast created out of potter´s clay of black mud altered!
34He said: Then go thou forth from hence, for lo! thou art outcast.
35And lo! the curse shall be upon thee till the Day of Judgment.
36He said: My Lord! Reprieve me till the day when they are raised.
37He said: Then lo! thou art of those reprieved
38Till the Day of appointed time.
39He said: My Lord! Because Thou hast sent me astray, I verily shall adorn the path of error for them in the earth, and shall mislead them every one,
40Save such of them as are Thy perfectly devoted slaves.
41He said: This is a right course incumbent upon Me:
42Lo! as for My slaves, thou hast no power over any of them save such of the froward as follow thee,
43And lo! for all such, hell will be the promised place.
44It hath seven gates, and each gate hath an appointed portion.
45Lo! those who ward off (evil) are among gardens and watersprings.
46(And it is said unto them): Enter them in peace, secure.
47And We remove whatever rancour may be in their breasts. As brethren, face to face, (they rest) on couches raised.
48Toil cometh not unto them there, nor will they be expelled from thence.
49Announce, (O Muhammad) unto My slaves that verily I am the Forgiving, the Merciful,
50And that My doom is the dolorous doom.
51And tell them of Abraham´s guests,
52(How) when they came in unto him, and said: Peace. He said: Lo! we are afraid of you.
53They said: Be not afraid! Lo! we bring thee good tidings of a boy possessing wisdom.
54He said: Bring ye me good tidings (of a son) when old age hath overtaken me? Of what then can ye bring good tidings?
55They said: We bring thee good tidings in truth. So be not thou of the despairing.
56He said: And who despaireth of the mercy of his Lord save those who are astray?
57He said: And afterward what is your business, O ye messengers (of Allah)?
58They said: We have been sent unto a guilty folk,
59(All) save the family of Lot. Them we shall deliver every one,
60Except his wife, of whom We had decreed that she should be of those who stay behind.
61And when the messengers came unto the family of Lot,
62He said: Lo! ye are folk unknown (to me).
63They said: Nay, but we bring thee that concerning which they keep disputing,
64And bring thee the Truth, and lo! we are truth-tellers.
65So travel with thy household in a portion of the night, and follow thou their backs. Let none of you turn round, but go whither ye are commanded.
66And We made plain the case to him, that the root of them (who did wrong) was to be cut at early morn.
67And the people of the city came, rejoicing at the news (of new arrivals).
68He said: Lo! they are my guests. Affront me not!
69And keep your duty to Allah, and shame me not!
70They said; Have we not forbidden you from (entertaining) anyone?
71He said: Here are my daughters, if ye must be doing (so).
72By thy life (O Muhammad) they moved blindly in the frenzy of approaching death.
73Then the (Awful) Cry overtook them at the sunrise.
74And We utterly confounded them, and We rained upon them stones of heated clay.
75Lo! therein verily are portents for those who read the signs.
76And lo! it is upon a road still uneffaced.
77Lo! therein is indeed a portent for believers.
78And the dwellers in the wood indeed were evil-doers.
79So we took vengeance on them; and lo! they both are on a high-road plain to see.
80And the dwellers in Al-Hijr denied (Our) messengers.
81And we gave them Our revelations, but they were averse to them.
82And they used to hew out dwellings from the hills, (wherein they dwelt) secure.
83But the (Awful) Cry overtook them at the morning hour,
84And that which they were wont to count as gain availed them not.
85We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them save with truth, and lo! the Hour is surely coming. So forgive, (O Muhammad), with a gracious forgiveness.
86Lo! Thy Lord! He is the All-Wise Creator.
87We have given thee seven of the oft-repeated (verses) and the great Qur´an.
88Strain not thine eyes toward that which We cause some wedded pairs among them to enjoin, and be not grieved on their account, and lower thy wing (in tenderness) for the believers.
89And say: Lo! I, even I, am a plain warner,
90Such as We send down for those who make division,
91Those who break the Qur´an into parts.
92Them, by thy Lord, We shall question, every one,
93Of what they used to do.
94So proclaim that which thou art commanded, and withdraw from the idolaters.
95Lo! We defend thee from the scoffers,
96Who set some other god along with Allah. But they will come to know.
97Well know We that thy bosom is oppressed by what they say,
98But hymn the praise of thy Lord, and be of those who make prostration (unto Him).
99And serve thy Lord till the Inevitable cometh unto thee.
Chapter 16 (Sura 16)
1The commandment of Allah will come to pass, so seek not ye to hasten it. Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate (with Him).
2He sendeth down the angels with the Spirit of His command unto whom He will of His bondmen, (saying): Warn mankind that there is no Allah save Me, so keep your duty unto Me.
3He hath created the heavens and the earth with truth. High be He Exalted above all that they associate (with Him).
4He hath created man from a drop of fluid, yet behold! he is an open opponent.
5And the cattle hath He created, whence ye have warm clothing and uses, and whereof ye eat;
6And wherein is beauty for you, when ye bring them home, and when ye take them out to pasture.
7And they bear your loads for you unto a land ye could not reach save with great trouble to yourselves. Lo! your Lord is Full of Pity, Merciful.
8And horses and mules and asses (hath He created) that ye may ride them, and for ornament. And He createth that which ye know not.
9And Allah´s is the direction of the way, and some (roads) go not straight. And had He willed He would have led you all aright.
10He it is Who sendeth down water from the sky, whence ye have drink, and whence are trees on which ye send your beasts to pasture.
11Therewith He causeth crops to grow for you, and the olive and the date-palm and grapes and all kinds of fruit. Lo! herein is indeed a portent for people who reflect.
12And He hath constrained the night and the day and the sun and the moon to be of service unto you, and the stars are made subservient by His command. Lo! herein indeed are portents for people who have sense.
13And whatsoever He hath created for you in the earth of divers hues, lo! therein is indeed a portent for people who take heed.
14And He it is Who hath constrained the sea to be of service that ye eat fresh meat from thence, and bring forth from thence ornaments which ye wear. And thou seest the ships ploughing it that ye (mankind) may seek of His bounty and that haply ye may give thanks.
15And He hath cast into the earth firm hills that it quake not with you, and streams and roads that ye may find a way.
16And landmarks (too), and by the star they find a way.
17Is He then Who createth as him who createth not? Will ye not then remember?
18And if ye would count the favour of Allah ye cannot reckon it. Lo! Allah is indeed Forgiving, Merciful.
19And Allah knoweth that which ye keep hidden and that which ye proclaim.
20Those unto whom they cry beside Allah created naught, but are themselves created.
21(They are) dead, not living. And they know not when they will be raised.
22Your Allah is One Allah. But as for those who believe not in the Hereafter their hearts refuse to know, for they are proud.
23Assuredly Allah knoweth that which they keep hidden and that which they proclaim. Lo! He loveth not the proud.
24And when it is said unto them: What hath your Lord revealed? they say: (Mere) fables of the men of old,
25That they may bear their burdens undiminished on the Day of Resurrection, with somewhat of the burdens of those whom they mislead without knowledge. Ah! evil is that which they bear!
26Those before them plotted, so Allah struck at the foundations of their building, and then the roof fell down upon them from above them, and the doom came on them whence they knew not;
27Then on the Day of Resurrection He will disgrace them and will say: Where are My partners, for whose sake ye opposed (My guidance)? Those who have been given knowledge will say: Disgrace this day and evil are upon the disbelievers,
28Whom the angels cause to die while they are wronging themselves. Then will they make full submission (saying): We used not to do any wrong. Nay! Surely Allah is Knower of what ye used to do.
29So enter the gates of hell, to dwell therein for ever. Woeful indeed will be the lodging of the arrogant.
30And it is said unto those who ward off (evil): What hath your Lord revealed? They say: Good. For those who do good in this world there is a good (reward) and the home of the Hereafter will be better. Pleasant indeed will be the home of those who ward off (evil) -
31Gardens of Eden which they enter, underneath which rivers flow, wherein they have what they will. Thus Allah repayeth those who ward off (evil),
32Those whom the angels cause to die (when they are) good. They say: Peace be unto you! Enter the Garden because of what ye used to do.
33Await they aught say that the angels should come unto them or thy Lord´s command should come to pass? Even so did those before them. Allah wronged them not, but they did wrong themselves,
34So that the evils of what they did smote them, and that which they used to mock surrounded them.
35And the idolaters say: Had Allah willed, we had not worshipped aught beside Him, we and our fathers, nor had we forbidden aught without (command from) Him. Even so did those before them. Are the messengers charged with aught save plain conveyance (of the message)?
36And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger, (proclaiming): Serve Allah and shun false gods. Then some of them (there were) whom Allah guided, and some of them (there were) upon whom error had just hold. Do but travel in the land and see the nature of the consequence for the deniers!
37Even if thou (O Muhammad) desirest their right guidance, still Allah assuredly will not guide him who misleadeth. Such have no helpers.
38And they swear by Allah their most binding oaths (that) Allah will not raise up him who dieth. Nay, but it is a promise (binding) upon Him in truth, but most of mankind know not,
39That He may explain unto them that wherein they differ, and that those who disbelieved may know that they were liars.
40And Our word unto a thing, when We intend it, is only that We say unto it: Be! and it is.
41And those who became fugitives for the cause of Allah after they had been oppressed, We verily shall give them goodly lodging in the world, and surely the reward of the Hereafter is greater, if they but knew;
42Such as are steadfast and put their trust in Allah.
43And We sent not (as Our messengers) before thee other than men whom We inspired - Ask the followers of the Remembrance if ye know not! -
44With clear proofs and writings; and We have revealed unto thee the Remembrance that thou mayst explain to mankind that which hath been revealed for them, and that haply they may reflect.
45Are they who plan ill-deeds then secure that Allah will not cause the earth to swallow them, or that the doom will not come on them whence they know not?
46Or that He will not seize them in their going to and fro so that there be no escape for them?
47Or that He will not seize them with a gradual wasting? Lo! thy Lord is indeed Full of Pity, Merciful.
48Have they not observed all things that Allah hath created, how their shadows incline to the right and to the left, making prostration unto Allah, and they are lowly?
49And unto Allah maketh prostration whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth of living creatures, and the angels (also) and they are not proud.
50They fear their Lord above them, and do what they are bidden.
51Allah hath said: Choose not two gods. There is only One Allah. So of Me, Me only, be in awe.
52Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth, and religion is His for ever. Will ye then fear any other than Allah?
53And whatever of comfort ye enjoy, it is from Allah. Then, when misfortune reacheth you, unto Him ye cry for help.
54And afterward, when He hath rid you of the misfortune, behold! a set of you attribute partners to their Lord,
55So as to deny that which We have given them. Then enjoy life (while ye may), for ye will come to know.
56And they assign a portion of that which We have given them unto what they know not. By Allah! but ye will indeed be asked concerning (all) that ye used to invent.
57And they assign unto Allah daughters - Be He Glorified! - and unto themselves what they desire;
58When if one of them receiveth tidings of the birth of a female, his face remaineth darkened, and he is wroth inwardly.
59He hideth himself from the folk because of the evil of that whereof he hath had tidings, (asking himself): Shall he keep it in contempt, or bury it beneath the dust. Verily evil is their judgment.
60For those who believe not in the Hereafter is an evil similitude, and Allah´s is the Sublime Similitude. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
61If Allah were to take mankind to task for their wrong-doing, he would not leave hereon a living creature, but He reprieveth them to an appointed term, and when their term cometh they cannot put (it) off an hour nor (yet) advance (it).
62And they assign unto Allah that which they (themselves) dislike, and their tongues expound the lie that the better portion will be theirs. Assuredly theirs will be the Fire, and they will be abandoned.
63By Allah, We verily sent messengers unto the nations before thee, but the devil made their deeds fairseeming unto them. So he is their patron this day, and theirs will be a painful doom.
64And We have revealed the Scripture unto thee only that thou mayst explain unto them that wherein they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
65Allah sendeth down water from the sky and therewith reviveth the earth after her death. Lo! herein is indeed a portent for a folk who hear.
66And lo! in the cattle there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of that which is in their bellies, from betwixt the refuse and the blood, pure milk palatable to the drinkers.
67And of the fruits of the date-palm, and grapes, whence ye derive strong drink and (also) good nourishment. Lo! therein is indeed a portent for people who have sense.
68And thy Lord inspired the bee, saying: Choose thou habitations in the hills and in the trees and in that which they thatch;
69Then eat of all fruits, and follow the ways of thy Lord, made smooth (for thee). There cometh forth from their bellies a drink divers of hues, wherein is healing for mankind. Lo! herein is indeed a portent for people who reflect.
70And Allah createth you, then causeth you to die, and among you is he who is brought back to the most abject stage of life, so that he knoweth nothing after (having had) knowledge. Lo! Allah is Knower, Powerful.
71And Allah hath favoured some of you above others in provision. Now those who are more favoured will by no means hand over their provision to those (slaves) whom their right hands possess, so that they may be equal with them in respect thereof. Is it then the grace of Allah that they deny?
72And Allah hath given you wives of your own kind, and hath given you, from your wives, sons and grandsons, and hath made provision of good things for you. Is it then in vanity that they believe and in the grace of Allah that they disbelieve?
73And they worship beside Allah that which owneth no provision whatsoever for them from the heavens or the earth, nor have they (whom they worship) any power.
74So coin not similitudes for Allah. Lo! Allah knoweth; ye know not.
75Allah coineth a similitude: (on the one hand) a (mere) chattel slave, who hath control of nothing, and (on the other hand) one on whom we have bestowed a fair provision from Us, and he spendeth thereof secretly and openly. Are they equal? Praise be to Allah! But most of them know not.
76And Allah coineth a similitude: Two men, one of them dumb, having control of nothing, and he is a burden on his owner; whithersoever he directeth him to go, he bringeth no good. Is he equal with one who enjoineth justice and followeth a straight path (of conduct)?
77And unto Allah belongeth the Unseen of the heavens and the earth, and the matter of the Hour (of Doom) is but as a twinkling of the eye, or it is nearer still. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
78And Allah brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers knowing nothing, and gave you hearing and sight and hearts that haply ye might give thanks.
79Have they not seen the birds obedient in mid-air? None holdeth them save Allah. Lo! herein, verily, are portents for a people who believe.
80And Allah hath given you in your houses an abode, and hath given you (also), of the hides of cattle, houses which ye find light (to carry) on the day of migration and on the day of pitching camp; and of their wool and their fur and their hair, caparison and comfort for a while.
81And Allah hath given you, of that which He hath created, shelter from the sun; and hath given you places of refuge in the mountains, and hath given you coats to ward off the heat from you, and coats (of armour) to save you from your own foolhardiness. Thus doth He perfect His favour unto you, in order that ye may surrender (unto Him).
82Then, if they turn away, thy duty (O Muhammad) is but plain conveyance (of the message).
83They know the favour of Allah and then deny it. Most of them are ingrates.
84And (bethink you of) the day when we raise up of every nation a witness, then there is no leave for disbelievers, nor are they allowed to make amends.
85And when those who did wrong behold the doom, it will not be made light for them, nor will they be reprieved.
86And when those who ascribed partners to Allah behold those partners of theirs, they will say: Our Lord! these are our partners unto whom we used to cry instead of Thee. But they will fling to them the saying: Lo! ye verily are liars!
87And they proffer unto Allah submission on that day, and all that they used to invent hath failed them.
88For those who disbelieve and debar (men) from the way of Allah, We add doom to doom because they wrought corruption,
89And (bethink you of) the day when We raise in every nation a witness against them of their own folk, and We bring thee (Muhammad) as a witness against these. And We reveal the Scripture unto thee as an exposition of all things, and a guidance and a mercy and good tidings for those who have surrendered (to Allah).
90Lo! Allah enjoineth justice and kindness, and giving to kinsfolk, and forbiddeth lewdness and abomination and wickedness. He exhorteth you in order that ye may take heed.
91Fulfil the covenant of Allah when ye have covenanted, and break not your oaths after the asseveration of them, and after ye have made Allah surety over you. Lo! Allah knoweth what ye do.
92And be not like unto her who unravelleth the thread, after she hath made it strong, to thin filaments, making your oaths a deceit between you because of a nation being more numerous than (another) nation. Allah only trieth you thereby, and He verily will explain to you on the Day of Resurrection that wherein ye differed.
93Had Allah willed He could have made you (all) one nation, but He sendeth whom He will astray and guideth whom He will, and ye will indeed be asked of what ye used to do.
94Make not your oaths a deceit between you, lest a foot should slip after being firmly planted and ye should taste evil forasmuch as ye debarred (men) from the way of Allah, and yours should be an awful doom.
95And purchase not a small gain at the price of Allah´s covenant. Lo! that which Allah hath is better for you, if ye did but know.
96That which ye have wasteth away, and that which Allah hath remaineth. And verily We shall pay those who are steadfast a recompense in proportion to the best of what they used to do.
97Whosoever doeth right, whether male or female, and is a believer, him verily we shall quicken with good life, and We shall pay them a recompense in proportion to the best of what they used to do.
98And when thou recitest the Qur´an, seek refuge in Allah from Satan the outcast.
99Lo! he hath no power over those who believe and put trust in their Lord.
100His power is only over those who make a friend of him, and those who ascribe partners unto Him (Allah).
101And when We put a revelation in place of (another) revelation, - and Allah knoweth best what He revealeth - they say: Lo! thou art but inventing. Most of them know not.
102Say: The holy Spirit hath delivered it from thy Lord with truth, that it may confirm (the faith of) those who believe, and as guidance and good tidings for those who have surrendered (to Allah).
103And We know well that they say: Only a man teacheth him. The speech of him at whom they falsely hint is outlandish, and this is clear Arabic speech.
104Lo! those who disbelieve the revelations of Allah, Allah guideth them not and theirs will be a painful doom.
105Only they invent falsehood who believe not Allah´s revelations, and (only) they are the liars.
106Whoso disbelieveth in Allah after his belief - save him who is forced thereto and whose heart is still content with the Faith - but whoso findeth ease in disbelief: On them is wrath from Allah. Theirs will be an awful doom.
107That is because they have chosen the life of the world rather than the Hereafter, and because Allah guideth not the disbelieving folk.
108Such are they whose hearts and ears and eyes Allah hath sealed. And such are the heedless.
109Assuredly in the Hereafter they are the losers.
110Then lo! thy Lord - for those who became fugitives after they had been persecuted, and then fought and were steadfast - lo! thy Lord afterward is (for them) indeed Forgiving, Merciful.
111On the Day when every soul will come pleading for itself, and every soul will be repaid what it did, and they will not be wronged.
112Allah coineth a similitude: a township that dwelt secure and well content, its provision coming to it in abundance from every side, but it disbelieved in Allah´s favours, so Allah made it experience the garb of dearth and fear because of what they used to do.
113And verily there had come unto them a messenger from among them, but they had denied him, and so the torment seized them while they were wrong-doers.
114So eat of the lawful and good food which Allah hath provided for you, and thank the bounty of your Lord if it is Him ye serve.
115He hath forbidden for you only carrion and blood and swineflesh and that which hath been immolated in the name of any other than Allah; but he who is driven thereto, neither craving nor transgressing, lo! then Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
116And speak not, concerning that which your own tongues qualify (as clean or unclean), the falsehood: "This is lawful, and this is forbidden," so that ye invent a lie against Allah. Lo! those who invent a lie against Allah will not succeed.
117A brief enjoyment (will be theirs); and theirs a painful doom.
118And unto those who are Jews We have forbidden that which We have already related unto thee. And We wronged them not, but they were wont to wrong themselves.
119Then lo! thy Lord - for those who do evil in ignorance and afterward repent and amend - lo! (for them) thy Lord is afterward indeed Forgiving, Merciful.
120Lo! Abraham was a nation obedient to Allah, by nature upright, and he was not of the idolaters;
121Thankful for His bounties; He chose him and He guided him unto a straight path.
122And We gave him good in the world, and in the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
123And afterward We inspired thee (Muhammad, saying): Follow the religion of Abraham, as one by nature upright. He was not of the idolaters.
124The Sabbath was appointed only for those who differed concerning it, and lo! thy Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they used to differ.
125Call unto the way of thy Lord with wisdom and fair exhortation, and reason with them in the better way. Lo! thy Lord is Best Aware of him who strayeth from His way, and He is Best Aware of those who go aright.
126If ye punish, then punish with the like of that wherewith ye were afflicted. But if ye endure patiently, verily it is better for the patient.
127Endure thou patiently (O Muhammad). Thine endurance is only by (the help of) Allah. Grieve not for them, and be not in distress because of that which they devise.
128Lo! Allah is with those who keep their duty unto Him and those who are doers of good.
Chapter 17 (Sura 17)
1Glorified be He Who carried His servant by night from the Inviolable Place of Worship to the Far distant place of worship the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, that We might show him of Our tokens! Lo! He, only He, is the Hearer, the Seer.
2We gave unto Moses the Scripture, and We appointed it a guidance for the children of Israel, saying: Choose no guardian beside Me.
3(They were) the seed of those whom We carried (in the ship) along with Noah. Lo! he was a grateful slave.
4And We decreed for the Children of Israel in the Scripture: Ye verily will work corruption in the earth twice, and ye will become great tyrants.
5So when the time for the first of the two came, We roused against you slaves of Ours of great might who ravaged (your) country, and it was a threat performed.
6Then we gave you once again your turn against them, and We aided you with wealth and children and made you more in soldiery.
7(Saying): If ye do good, ye do good for your own souls, and if ye do evil, it is for them (in like manner). So, when the time for the second (of the judgments) came (We roused against you others of Our slaves) to ravage you, and to enter the Temple even as they entered it the first time, and to lay waste all that they conquered with an utter wasting.
8It may be that your Lord will have mercy on you, but if ye repeat (the crime) We shall repeat (the punishment), and We have appointed hell a dungeon for the disbelievers.
9Lo! this Qur´an guideth unto that which is straightest, and giveth tidings unto the believers who do good works that theirs will be a great reward.
10And that those who believe not in the Hereafter, for them We have prepared a painful doom.
11Man prayeth for evil as he prayeth for good; for man was ever hasty.
12And We appoint the night and the day two portents. Then We make dark the portent of the night, and We make the portent of the day sight-giving, that ye may seek bounty from your Lord, and that ye may know the computation of the years, and the reckoning; and everything have We expounded with a clear expounding.
13And every man´s augury have We fastened to his own neck, and We shall bring forth for him on the Day of Resurrection a book which he will find wide open.
14(And it will be said unto him): Read thy Book. Thy soul sufficeth as reckoner against thee this day.
15Whosoever goeth right, it is only for (the good of) his own soul that he goeth right, and whosoever erreth, erreth only to its hurt. No laden soul can bear another´s load, We never punish until we have sent a messenger.
16And when We would destroy a township We send commandment to its folk who live at ease, and afterward they commit abomination therein, and so the Word (of doom) hath effect for it, and we annihilate it with complete annihilation.
17How many generations have We destroyed since Noah! And Allah sufficeth as Knower and Beholder of the sins of His slaves.
18Whoso desireth that (life) which hasteneth away, We hasten for him therein what We will for whom We please. And afterward We have appointed for him hell; he will endure the heat thereof, condemned, rejected.
19And whoso desireth the Hereafter and striveth for it with the effort necessary, being a believer; for such, their effort findeth favour (with their Lord).
20Each do We supply, both these and those, from the bounty of thy Lord. And the bounty of thy Lord can never be walled up.
21See how We prefer one of them above another, and verily the Hereafter will be greater in degrees and greater in preferment.
22Set not up with Allah any other god (O man) lest thou sit down reproved, forsaken.
23Thy Lord hath decreed, that ye worship none save Him, and (that ye show) kindness to parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age with thee, say not "Fie" unto them nor repulse them, but speak unto them a gracious word.
24And lower unto them the wing of submission through mercy, and say: My Lord! Have mercy on them both as they did care for me when I was little.
25Your Lord is Best Aware of what is in your minds. If ye are righteous, then lo! He was ever Forgiving unto those who turn (unto Him).
26Give the kinsman his due, and the needy, and the wayfarer, and squander not (thy wealth) in wantonness.
27Lo! the squanderers were ever brothers of the devils, and the devil was ever an ingrate to his Lord.
28But if thou turn away from them, seeking mercy from thy Lord, for which thou hopest, then speak unto them a reasonable word.
29And let not thy hand be chained to thy neck nor open it with a complete opening, lest thou sit down rebuked, denuded.
30Lo! thy Lord enlargeth the provision for whom He will, and straiteneth (it for whom He will). Lo, He was ever Knower, Seer of His slaves.
31Slay not your children, fearing a fall to poverty, We shall provide for them and for you. Lo! the slaying of them is great sin.
32And come not near unto adultery. Lo! it is an abomination and an evil way.
33And slay not the life which Allah hath forbidden save with right. Whoso is slain wrongfully, We have given power unto his heir, but let him not commit excess in slaying. Lo! he will be helped.
34Come not near the wealth of the orphan save with that which is better till he come to strength; and keep the covenant. Lo! of the covenant it will be asked.
35Fill the measure when ye measure, and weigh with a right balance; that is meet, and better in the end.
36(O man), follow not that whereof thou hast no knowledge. Lo! the hearing and the sight and the heart - of each of these it will be asked.
37And walk not in the earth exultant. Lo! thou canst not rend the earth, nor canst thou stretch to the height of the hills.
38The evil of all that is hateful in the sight of thy Lord.
39This is (part) of that wisdom wherewith thy Lord hath inspired thee (O Muhammad). And set not up with Allah any other god, lest thou be cast into hell, reproved, abandoned.
40Hath your Lord then distinguished you (O men of Makka) by giving you sons, and hath chosen for Himself females from among the angels? Lo! verily ye speak an awful word!
41We verily have displayed (Our warnings) in this Qur´an that they may take heed, but it increaseth them in naught save aversion.
42Say (O Muhammad, to the disbelievers): If there were other gods along with Him, as they say, then had they sought a way against the Lord of the Throne.
43Glorified is He, and High Exalted above what they say!
44The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein praise Him, and there is not a thing but hymneth His praise; but ye understand not their praise. Lo! He is ever Clement, Forgiving.
45And when thou recitest the Qur´an we place between thee and those who believe not in the Hereafter a hidden barrier;
46And We place upon their hearts veils lest they should understand it, and in their ears a deafness; and when thou makest mention of thy Lord alone in the Qur´an, they turn their backs in aversion.
47We are Best Aware of what they wish to hear when they give ear to thee and when they take secret counsel, when the evil-doers say: Ye follow but a man bewitched.
48See what similitudes they coin for thee, and thus are all astray, and cannot find a road!
49And they say: When we are bones and fragments, shall we forsooth, be raised up as a new creation?
50Say: Be ye stones or iron
51Or some created thing that is yet greater in your thoughts! Then they will say: Who shall bring us back (to life). Say: He Who created you at the first. Then will they shake their heads at thee, and say: When will it be? Say: It will perhaps be soon;
52A day when He will call you and ye will answer with His praise, and ye will think that ye have tarried but a little while.
53Tell My bondmen to speak that which is kindlier. Lo! the devil soweth discord among them. Lo! the devil is for man an open foe.
54Your Lord is Best Aware of you. If He will, He will have mercy on you, or if He will, He will punish you. We have not sent thee (O Muhammad) as a warden over them.
55And thy Lord is Best Aware of all who are in the heavens and the earth. And we preferred some of the prophets above others, and unto David We gave the Psalms.
56Say: Cry unto those (saints and angels) whom ye assume (to be gods) beside Him, yet they have no power to rid you of misfortune nor to change.
57Those unto whom they cry seek the way of approach to their Lord, which of them shall be the nearest; they hope for His mercy and they fear His doom. Lo! the doom of thy Lord is to be shunned.
58There is not a township but We shall destroy it ere the Day of Resurrection, or punish it with dire punishment. That is set forth in the Book (of Our decrees).
59Naught hindereth Us from sending portents save that the folk of old denied them. And We gave Thamud the she-camel - a clear portent save to warn.
60And (it was a warning) when we told thee: Lo! thy Lord encompasseth mankind, and We appointed the sight which We showed thee as an ordeal for mankind, and (likewise) the Accursed Tree in the Qur´an. We warn them, but it increaseth them in naught save gross impiety.
61And when We said unto the angels: Fall down prostrate before Adam and they fell prostrate all save Iblis, he said: Shall I fall prostrate before that which Thou hast created of clay?
62He said: Seest Thou this (creature) whom Thou hast honoured above me, if Thou give me grace until the Day of Resurrection I verily will seize his seed, save but a few.
63He said: Go, and whosoever of them followeth thee - lo! hell will be your payment, ample payment.
64And excite any of them whom thou canst with thy voice, and urge thy horse and foot against them, and be a partner in their wealth and children, and promise them. Satan promiseth them only to deceive.
65Lo! My (faithful) bondmen - over them thou hast no power, and thy Lord sufficeth as (their) guardian.
66(O mankind), your Lord is He Who driveth for you the ship upon the sea that ye may seek of His bounty. Lo! He was ever Merciful toward you.
67And when harm toucheth you upon the sea, all unto whom ye cry (for succour) fail save Him (alone), but when He bringeth you safe to land, ye turn away, for man was ever thankless.
68Feel ye then secure that He will not cause a slope of the land to engulf you, or send a sand-storm upon you, and then ye will find that ye have no protector?
69Or feel ye secure that He will not return you to that (plight) a second time, and send against you a hurricane of wind and drown you for your thanklessness, and then ye will not find therein that ye have any avenger against Us?
70Verily we have honoured the Children of Adam. We carry them on the land and the sea, and have made provision of good things for them, and have preferred them above many of those whom We created with a marked preferment.
71On the day when We shall summon all men with their record, whoso is given his book in his right hand - such will read their book and they will not be wronged a shred.
72Whoso is blind here will be blind in the Hereafter, and yet further from the road.
73And they indeed strove hard to beguile thee (Muhammad) away from that wherewith We have inspired thee, that thou shouldst invent other than it against Us; and then would they have accepted thee as a friend.
74And if We had not made thee wholly firm thou mightest almost have inclined unto them a little.
75Then had we made thee taste a double (punishment) of living and a double (punishment) of dying, then hadst thou found no helper against Us.
76And they indeed wished to scare thee from the land that they might drive thee forth from thence, and then they would have stayed (there) but a little after thee.
77(Such was Our) method in the case of those whom We sent before thee (to mankind), and thou wilt not find for Our method aught of power to change.
78Establish worship at the going down of the sun until the dark of night, and (the recital of) the Qur´an at dawn. Lo! (the recital of) the Qur´an at dawn is ever witnessed.
79And some part of the night awake for it, a largess for thee. It may be that thy Lord will raise thee to a praised estate.
80And say: My Lord! Cause me to come in with a firm incoming and to go out with a firm outgoing. And give me from Thy presence a sustaining Power.
81And say: Truth hath come and falsehood hath vanished away. Lo! falsehood is ever bound to vanish.
82And We reveal of the Qur´an that which is a healing and a mercy for believers though it increase the evil-doers in naught save ruin.
83And when We make life pleasant unto man, he turneth away and is averse; and when ill toucheth him he is in despair.
84Say: Each one doth according to his rule of conduct, and thy Lord is Best Aware of him whose way is right.
85They are asking thee concerning the Spirit. Say: The Spirit is by command of my Lord, and of knowledge ye have been vouchsafed but little.
86And if We willed We could withdraw that which We have revealed unto thee, then wouldst thou find no guardian for thee against Us in respect thereof.
87(It is naught) save mercy from thy Lord. Lo! His kindness unto thee was ever great.
88Say: Verily, though mankind and the jinn should assemble to produce the like of this Qur´an, they could not produce the like thereof though they were helpers one of another.
89And verily We have displayed for mankind in this Qur´an all kind of similitudes, but most of mankind refuse aught save disbelief.
90And they say: We will not put faith in thee till thou cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us;
91Or thou have a garden of date-palms and grapes, and cause rivers to gush forth therein abundantly;
92Or thou cause the heaven to fall upon us piecemeal, as thou hast pretended, or bring Allah and the angels as a warrant;
93Or thou have a house of gold; or thou ascend up into heaven, and even then we will put no faith in thine ascension till thou bring down for us a book that we can read. Say (O Muhammad): My Lord be Glorified! Am I aught save a mortal messenger?
94And naught prevented mankind from believing when the guidance came unto them save that they said: Hath Allah sent a mortal as (His) messenger?
95Say: If there were in the earth angels walking secure, We had sent down for them from heaven an angel as messenger.
96Say: Allah sufficeth for a witness between me and you. Lo! He is Knower, Seer of His slaves.
97And he whom Allah guideth, he is led aright; while, as for him whom He sendeth astray, for them thou wilt find no protecting friends beside Him, and We shall assemble them on the Day of Resurrection on their faces, blind, dumb and deaf; their habitation will be hell; whenever it abateth, We increase the flame for them.
98That is their reward because they disbelieved Our revelations and said: When we are bones and fragments shall we, forsooth, be raised up as a new creation?
99Have they not seen that Allah Who created the heavens and the earth is Able to create the like of them, and hath appointed for them an end whereof there is no doubt? But the wrong-doers refuse aught save disbelief.
100Say (unto them): If ye possessed the treasures of the mercy of my Lord, ye would surely hold them back for fear of spending, for man was ever grudging.
101And verily We gave unto Moses nine tokens, clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty). Do but ask the Children of Israel how he came unto them, then Pharaoh said unto him: Lo! I deem thee one bewitched, O Moses.
102He said: In truth thou knowest that none sent down these (portents) save the Lord of the heavens and the earth as proofs, and lo! (for my part) I deem thee lost, O Pharaoh.
103And he wished to scare them from the land, but We drowned him and those with him, all together.
104And We said unto the Children of Israel after him: Dwell in the land; but when the promise of the Hereafter cometh to pass We shall bring you as a crowd gathered out of various nations.
105With truth have We sent it down, and with truth hath it descended. And We have sent thee as naught else save a bearer of good tidings and a warner.
106And (it is) a Qur´an that We have divided, that thou mayst recite it unto mankind at intervals, and We have revealed it by (successive) revelation.
107Say: Believe therein or believe not, lo! those who were given knowledge before it, when it is read unto them, fall down prostrate on their faces, adoring,
108Saying: Glory to our Lord! Verily the promise of our Lord must be fulfilled.
109They fall down on their faces, weeping, and it increaseth humility in them.
110Say (unto mankind): Cry unto Allah, or cry unto the Beneficent, unto whichsoever ye cry (it is the same). His are the most beautiful names. And thou (Muhammad), be not loud-voiced in thy worship nor yet silent therein, but follow a way between.
111And say: Praise be to Allah, Who hath not taken unto Himself a son, and Who hath no partner in the Sovereignty, nor hath He any protecting friend through dependence. And magnify Him with all magnificence.
Chapter 18 (Sura 18)
1Praise be to Allah Who hath revealed the Scripture unto His slave, and hath not placed therein any crookedness,
2(But hath made it) straight, to give warning of stern punishment from Him, and to bring unto the believers who do good works the news that theirs will be a fair reward,
3Wherein they will abide for ever;
4And to warn those who say: Allah hath chosen a son,
5(A thing) whereof they have no knowledge, nor (had) their fathers, Dreadful is the word that cometh out of their mouths. They speak naught but a lie.
6Yet it may be, if they believe not in this statement, that thou (Muhammad) wilt torment thy soul with grief over their footsteps.
7Lo! We have placed all that is on the earth as an ornament thereof that We may try them: which of them is best in conduct.
8And lo! We shall make all that is thereon a barren mound.
9Or deemest thou that the People of the Cave and the Inscription are a wonder among Our portents?
10When the young men fled for refuge to the Cave and said: Our Lord! Give us mercy from Thy presence, and shape for us right conduct in our plight.
11Then We sealed up their hearing in the Cave for a number of years.
12And afterward We raised them up that We might know which of the two parties would best calculate the time that they had tarried.
13We narrate unto thee their story with truth. Lo! they were young men who believed in their Lord, and We increased them in guidance.
14And We made firm their hearts when they stood forth and said: Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. We cry unto no Allah beside Him, for then should we utter an enormity.
15These, our people, have chosen (other) gods beside Him though they bring no clear warrant (vouchsafed) to them. And who doth greater wrong than he who inventeth a lie concerning Allah?
16And when ye withdraw from them and that which they worship except Allah, then seek refuge in the Cave; your Lord will spread for you of His mercy and will prepare for you a pillow in your plight.
17And thou mightest have seen the sun when it rose move away from their cave to the right, and when it set go past them on the left, and they were in the cleft thereof. That was (one) of the portents of Allah. He whom Allah guideth, he indeed is led aright, and he whom He sendeth astray, for him thou wilt not find a guiding friend.
18And thou wouldst have deemed them waking though they were asleep, and We caused them to turn over to the right and the left, and their dog stretching out his paws on the threshold. If thou hadst observed them closely thou hadst assuredly turned away from them in flight, and hadst been filled with awe of them.
19And in like manner We awakened them that they might question one another. A speaker from among them said: How long have ye tarried? They said: We have tarried a day or some part of a day, (Others) said: Your Lord best knoweth what ye have tarried. Now send one of you with this your silver coin unto the city, and let him see what food is purest there and bring you a supply thereof. Let him be courteous and let no man know of you.
20For they, if they should come to know of you, will stone you or turn you back to their religion; then ye will never prosper.
21And in like manner We disclosed them (to the people of the city) that they might know that the promise of Allah is true, and that, as for the Hour, there is no doubt concerning it. When (the people of the city) disputed of their case among themselves, they said: Build over them a building; their Lord knoweth best concerning them. Those who won their point said: We verily shall build a place of worship over them.
22(Some) will say: They were three, their dog the fourth, and (some) say: Five, their dog the sixth, guessing at random; and (some) say: Seven, and their dog the eighth. Say (O Muhammad): My Lord is Best Aware of their number. None knoweth them save a few. So contend not concerning them except with an outward contending, and ask not any of them to pronounce concerning them.
23And say not of anything: Lo! I shall do that tomorrow,
24Except if Allah will. And remember thy Lord when thou forgettest, and say: It may be that my Lord guideth me unto a nearer way of truth than this.
25And (it is said) they tarried in their Cave three hundred years and add nine.
26Say: Allah is Best Aware how long they tarried. His is the Invisible of the heavens and the earth. How clear of sight is He and keen of hearing! They have no protecting friend beside Him, and He maketh none to share in His government.
27And recite that which hath been revealed unto thee of the Scripture of thy Lord. There is none who can change His words, and thou wilt find no refuge beside Him.
28Restrain thyself along with those who cry unto their Lord at morn and evening, seeking His Countenance; and let not thine eyes overlook them, desiring the pomp of the life of the world; and obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance, who followeth his own lust and whose case hath been abandoned.
29Say: (It is) the truth from the Lord of you (all). Then whosoever will, let him believe, and whosoever will, let him disbelieve. Lo! We have prepared for disbelievers Fire. Its tent encloseth them. If they ask for showers, they will be showered with water like to molten lead which burneth the faces. Calamitous the drink and ill the resting-place!
30Lo! as for those who believe and do good works - Lo! We suffer not the reward of one whose work is goodly to be lost.
31As for such, theirs will be Gardens of Eden, wherein rivers flow beneath them; therein they will be given armlets of gold and will wear green robes of finest silk and gold embroidery, reclining upon throne therein. Blest the reward, and fair the resting-place!
32Coin for them a similitude: Two men, unto one of whom We had assigned two gardens of grapes, and We had surrounded both with date-palms and had put between them tillage.
33Each of the gardens gave its fruit and withheld naught thereof. And We caused a river to gush forth therein.
34And he had fruit. And he said unto his comrade, when he spake with him: I am more than thee in wealth, and stronger in respect of men.
35And he went into his garden, while he (thus) wronged himself. He said: I think not that all this will ever perish.
36I think not that the Hour will ever come, and if indeed I am brought back unto my Lord I surely shall find better than this as a resort.
37His comrade, when he (thus) spake with him, exclaimed: Disbelievest thou in Him Who created thee of dust, then of a drop (of seed), and then fashioned thee a man?
38But He is Allah, my Lord, and I ascribe unto my Lord no partner.
39If only, when thou enteredst thy garden, thou hadst said: That which Allah willeth (will come to pass)! There is no strength save in Allah! Though thou seest me as less than thee in wealth and children,
40Yet it may be that my Lord will give me better than thy garden, and will send on it a bolt from heaven, and some morning it will be a smooth hillside,
41Or some morning the water thereof will be lost in the earth so that thou canst not make search for it.
42And his fruit was beset (with destruction). Then began he to wring his hands for all that he had spent upon it, when (now) it was all ruined on its trellises, and to say: Would that I had ascribed no partner to my Lord!
43And he had no troop of men to help him as against Allah, nor could he save himself.
44In this case is protection only from Allah, the True, He is Best for reward, and best for consequence.
45And coin for them the similitude of the life of the world as water which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingleth with it and then becometh dry twigs that the winds scatter. Allah is able to do all things.
46Wealth and children are an ornament of the life of the world. But the good deeds which endure are better in thy Lord´s sight for reward, and better in respect of hope.
47And (bethink you of) the Day when we remove the hills and ye see the earth emerging, and We gather them together so as to leave not one of them behind.
48And they are set before thy Lord in ranks (and it is said unto them): Now verily have ye come unto Us as We created you at the first. But ye thought that We had set no tryst for you.
49And the Book is placed, and thou seest the guilty fearful of that which is therein, and they say: What kind of a Book is this that leaveth not a small thing nor a great thing but hath counted it! And they find all that they did confronting them, and thy Lord wrongeth no-one.
50And (remember) when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, and they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He was of the jinn, so he rebelled against his Lord´s command. Will ye choose him and his seed for your protecting friends instead of Me, when they are an enemy unto you? Calamitous is the exchange for evil-doers.
51I made them not to witness the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor their own creation; nor choose I misleaders for (My) helpers.
52And (be mindful of) the Day when He will say: Call those partners of Mine whom ye pretended. Then they will cry unto them, but they will not hear their prayer, and We shall set a gulf of doom between them.
53And the guilty behold the Fire and know that they are about to fall therein, and they find no way of escape thence.
54And verily We have displayed for mankind in this Qur´an all manner of similitudes, but man is more than anything contentious.
55And naught hindereth mankind from believing when the guidance cometh unto them, and from asking forgiveness of their Lord unless (it be that they wish) that the judgment of the men of old should come upon them or (that) they should be confronted with the Doom.
56We send not the messengers save as bearers of good news and warners. Those who disbelieve contend with falsehood in order to refute the Truth thereby. And they take Our revelations and that wherewith they are threatened as a jest.
57And who doth greater wrong than he who hath been reminded of the revelations of his Lord, yet turneth away from them and forgetteth what his hands send forward (to the Judgment)? Lo! on their hearts We have placed coverings so that they understand not, and in their ears a deafness. And though thou call them to the guidance, in that case they can never be led aright.
58Thy Lord is the Forgiver, Full of Mercy. If He took them to task (now) for what they earn, He would hasten on the doom for them; but theirs is an appointed term from which they will find no escape.
59And (all) those townships! We destroyed them when they did wrong, and We appointed a fixed time for their destruction.
60And when Moses said unto his servant: I will not give up until I reach the point where the two rivers meet, though I march on for ages.
61And when they reached the point where the two met, they forgot their fish, and it took its way into the waters, being free.
62And when they had gone further, he said unto his servant: Bring us our breakfast. Verily we have found fatigue in this our journey.
63He said: Didst thou see, when we took refuge on the rock, and I forgot the fish - and none but Satan caused me to forget to mention it - it took its way into the waters by a marvel.
64He said: This is that which we have been seeking. So they retraced their steps again.
65Then found they one of Our slaves, unto whom We had given mercy from Us, and had taught him knowledge from Our presence.
66Moses said unto him: May I follow thee, to the end that thou mayst teach me right conduct of that which thou hast been taught?
67He said: Lo! thou canst not bear with me.
68How canst thou bear with that whereof thou canst not compass any knowledge?
69He said: Allah willing, thou shalt find me patient and I shall not in aught gainsay thee.
70He said: Well, if thou go with me, ask me not concerning aught till I myself make mention of it unto thee.
71So they twain set out till, when they were in the ship, he made a hole therein. (Moses) said: Hast thou made a hole therein to drown the folk thereof? Thou verily hast done a dreadful thing.
72He said: Did I not tell thee that thou couldst not bear with me?
73(Moses) said: Be not wroth with me that I forgot, and be not hard upon me for my fault.
74So they twain journeyed on till, when they met a lad, he slew him. (Moses) said: What! Hast thou slain an innocent soul who hath slain no man? Verily thou hast done a horrid thing.
75He said: Did I not tell thee that thou couldst not bear with me?
76(Moses) said: If I ask thee after this concerning aught, keep not company with me. Thou hast received an excuse from me.
77So they twain journeyed on till, when they came unto the folk of a certain township, they asked its folk for food, but they refused to make them guests. And they found therein a wall upon the point of falling into ruin, and he repaired it. (Moses) said: If thou hadst wished, thou couldst have taken payment for it.
78He said: This is the parting between thee and me! I will announce unto thee the interpretation of that thou couldst not bear with patience.
79As for the ship, it belonged to poor people working on the river, and I wished to mar it, for there was a king behind them who is taking every ship by force.
80And as for the lad, his parents were believers and we feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief.
81And we intended that their Lord should change him for them for one better in purity and nearer to mercy.
82And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the city, and there was beneath it a treasure belonging to them, and their father had been righteous, and thy Lord intended that they should come to their full strength and should bring forth their treasure as a mercy from their Lord; and I did it not upon my own command. Such is the interpretation of that wherewith thou couldst not bear.
83They will ask thee of Dhu´l-Qarneyn. Say: I shall recite unto you a remembrance of him.
84Lo! We made him strong in the land and gave him unto every thing a road.
85And he followed a road
86Till, when he reached the setting-place of the sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring, and found a people thereabout. We said: O Dhu´l-Qarneyn! Either punish or show them kindness.
87He said: As for him who doeth wrong, we shall punish him, and then he will be brought back unto his Lord, Who will punish him with awful punishment!
88But as for him who believeth and doeth right, good will be his reward, and We shall speak unto him a mild command.
89Then he followed a road
90Till, when he reached the rising-place of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had appointed no shelter therefrom.
91So (it was). And We knew all concerning him.
92Then he followed a road
93Till, when he came between the two mountains, he found upon their hither side a folk that scarce could understand a saying.
94They said: O Dhu´l-Qarneyn! Lo! Gog and Magog are spoiling the land. So may we pay thee tribute on condition that thou set a barrier between us and them?
95He said: That wherein my Lord hath established me is better (than your tribute). Do but help me with strength (of men), I will set between you and them a bank.
96Give me pieces of iron - till, when he had levelled up (the gap) between the cliffs, he said: Blow! - till, when he had made it a fire, he said: Bring me molten copper to pour thereon.
97And (Gog and Magog) were not able to surmount, nor could they pierce (it).
98He said: This is a mercy from my Lord; but when the promise of my Lord cometh to pass, He will lay it low, for the promise of my Lord is true.
99And on that day we shall let some of them surge against others, and the Trumpet will be blown. Then We shall gather them together in one gathering.
100On that day we shall present hell to the disbelievers, plain to view,
101Those whose eyes were hoodwinked from My reminder, and who could not bear to hear.
102Do the disbelievers reckon that they can choose My bondmen as protecting friends beside Me? Lo! We have prepared hell as a welcome for the disbelievers.
103Say: Shall We inform you who will be the greatest losers by their works?
104Those whose effort goeth astray in the life of the world, and yet they reckon that they do good work.
105Those are they who disbelieve in the revelations of their Lord and in the meeting with Him. Therefor their works are vain, and on the Day of Resurrection We assign no weight to them.
106That is their reward: hell, because they disbelieved, and made a jest of Our revelations and Our messengers.
107Lo! those who believe and do good works, theirs are the Gardens of Paradise for welcome,
108Wherein they will abide, with no desire to be removed from thence.
109Say: Though the sea became ink for the Words of my Lord, verily the sea would be used up before the words of my Lord were exhausted, even though We brought the like thereof to help.
110Say: I am only a mortal like you. My Lord inspireth in me that your Allah is only One Allah. And whoever hopeth for the meeting with his Lord, let him do righteous work, and make none sharer of the worship due unto his Lord.
Chapter 19 (Sura 19)
1Kaf. Ha. Ya. A´in. Sad.
2A mention of the mercy of thy Lord unto His servant Zachariah.
3When he cried unto his Lord a cry in secret,
4Saying: My Lord! Lo! the bones of me wax feeble and my head is shining with grey hair, and I have never been unblest in prayer to Thee, my Lord.
5Lo! I fear my kinsfolk after me, since my wife is barren. Oh, give me from Thy presence a successor
6Who shall inherit of me and inherit (also) of the house of Jacob. And make him, my Lord, acceptable (unto Thee).
7(It was said unto him): O Zachariah! Lo! We bring thee tidings of a son whose name is John; we have given the same name to none before (him).
8He said: My Lord! How can I have a son when my wife is barren and I have reached infirm old age?
9He said: So (it will be). Thy Lord saith: It is easy for Me, even as I created thee before, when thou wast naught.
10He said: My Lord! Appoint for me some token. He said: Thy token is that thou, with no bodily defect, shalt not speak unto mankind three nights.
11Then he came forth unto his people from the sanctuary, and signified to them: Glorify your Lord at break of day and fall of night.
12(And it was said unto his son): O John! Hold fast the Scripture. And we gave him wisdom when a child,
13And compassion from Our presence, and purity; and he was devout,
14And dutiful toward his parents. And he was not arrogant, rebellious.
15Peace on him the day he was born, and the day he dieth and the day he shall be raised alive!
16And make mention of Mary in the Scripture, when she had withdrawn from her people to a chamber looking East,
17And had chosen seclusion from them. Then We sent unto her Our Spirit and it assumed for her the likeness of a perfect man.
18She said: Lo! I seek refuge in the Beneficent One from thee, if thou art Allah-fearing.
19He said: I am only a messenger of thy Lord, that I may bestow on thee a faultless son.
20She said: How can I have a son when no mortal hath touched me, neither have I been unchaste?
21He said: So (it will be). Thy Lord saith: It is easy for Me. And (it will be) that We may make of him a revelation for mankind and a mercy from Us, and it is a thing ordained.
22And she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place.
23And the pangs of childbirth drove her unto the trunk of the palm-tree. She said: Oh, would that I had died ere this and had become a thing of naught, forgotten!
24Then (one) cried unto her from below her, saying: Grieve not! Thy Lord hath placed a rivulet beneath thee,
25And shake the trunk of the palm-tree toward thee, thou wilt cause ripe dates to fall upon thee.
26So eat and drink and be consoled. And if thou meetest any mortal, say: Lo! I have vowed a fast unto the Beneficent, and may not speak this day to any mortal.
27Then she brought him to her own folk, carrying him. They said: O Mary! Thou hast come with an amazing thing.
28O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a wicked man nor was thy mother a harlot.
29Then she pointed to him. They said: How can we talk to one who is in the cradle, a young boy?
30He spake: Lo! I am the slave of Allah. He hath given me the Scripture and hath appointed me a Prophet,
31And hath made me blessed wheresoever I may be, and hath enjoined upon me prayer and almsgiving so long as I remain alive,
32And (hath made me) dutiful toward her who bore me, and hath not made me arrogant, unblest.
33Peace on me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!
34Such was Jesus, son of Mary: (this is) a statement of the truth concerning which they doubt.
35It befitteth not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should take unto Himself a son. Glory be to Him! When He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.
36And lo! Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So serve Him. That is the right path.
37The sects among them differ: but woe unto the disbelievers from the meeting of an awful Day.
38See and hear them on the Day they come unto Us! yet the evil-doers are to-day in error manifest.
39And warn them of the Day of anguish when the case hath been decided. Now they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not.
40Lo! We, only We, inherit the earth and all who are thereon, and unto Us they are returned.
41And make mention (O Muhammad) in the Scripture of Abraham. Lo! he was a saint, a prophet.
42When he said unto his father: O my father! Why worshippest thou that which heareth not nor seeth, nor can in aught avail thee?
43O my father! Lo! there hath come unto me of knowledge that which came not unto thee. So follow me, and I will lead thee on a right path.
44O my father! Serve not the devil. Lo! the devil is a rebel unto the Beneficent.
45O my father! Lo! I fear lest a punishment from the Beneficent overtake thee so that thou become a comrade of the devil.
46He said: Rejectest thou my gods, O Abraham? If thou cease not, I shall surely stone thee. Depart from me a long while!
47He said: Peace be unto thee! I shall ask forgiveness of my Lord for thee. Lo! He was ever gracious unto me.
48I shall withdraw from you and that unto which ye pray beside Allah, and I shall pray unto my Lord. It may be that, in prayer unto my Lord, I shall not be unblest.
49So, when he had withdrawn from them and that which they were worshipping beside Allah, We gave him Isaac and Jacob. Each of them We made a prophet.
50And we gave them of Our mercy, and assigned to them a high and true renown.
51And make mention in the Scripture of Moses. Lo! he was chosen, and he was a messenger (of Allah), a prophet.
52We called him from the right slope of the Mount, and brought him nigh in communion.
53And We bestowed upon him of Our mercy his brother Aaron, a prophet (likewise).
54And make mention in the Scripture of Ishmael. Lo! he was a keeper of his promise, and he was a messenger (of Allah), a prophet.
55He enjoined upon his people worship and almsgiving, and was acceptable in the sight of his Lord.
56And make mention in the Scripture of Idris. Lo! he was a saint, a prophet;
57And We raised him to high station.
58These are they unto whom Allah showed favour from among the prophets, of the seed of Adam and of those whom We carried (in the ship) with Noah, and of the seed of Abraham and Israel, and from among those whom We guided and chose. When the revelations of the Beneficent were recited unto them, they fell down, adoring and weeping.
59Now there hath succeeded them a later generation whom have ruined worship and have followed lusts. But they will meet deception.
60Save him who shall repent and believe and do right. Such will enter the Garden, and they will not be wronged in aught -
61Gardens of Eden, which the Beneficent hath promised to His slaves in the unseen. Lo! His promise is ever sure of fulfilment -
62They hear therein no idle talk, but only Peace; and therein they have food for morn and evening.
63Such is the Garden which We cause the devout among Our bondmen to inherit.
64We (angels) come not down save by commandment of thy Lord. Unto Him belongeth all that is before us and all that is behind us and all that is between those two, and thy Lord was never forgetful -
65Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them! Therefor, worship thou Him and be thou steadfast in His service. Knowest thou one that can be named along with Him?
66And man saith: When I am dead, shall I forsooth be brought forth alive?
67Doth not man remember that We created him before, when he was naught?
68And, by thy Lord, verily We shall assemble them and the devils, then We shall bring them, crouching, around hell.
69Then We shall pluck out from every sect whichever of them was most stubborn in rebellion to the Beneficent.
70And surely We are Best Aware of those most worthy to be burned therein.
71There is not one of you but shall approach it. That is a fixed ordinance of thy Lord.
72Then We shall rescue those who kept from evil, and leave the evil-doers crouching there.
73And when Our clear revelations are recited unto them, those who disbelieve say unto those who believe: Which of the two parties (yours or ours) is better in position, and more imposing as an army?
74How many a generation have We destroyed before them, who were more imposing in respect of gear and outward seeming!
75Say: As for him who is in error, the Beneficent will verily prolong his span of life until, when they behold that which they were promised, whether it be punishment (in the world), or the Hour (of doom), they will know who is worse in position and who is weaker as an army.
76Allah increaseth in right guidance those who walk aright, and the good deeds which endure are better in thy Lord´s sight for reward, and better for resort.
77Hast thou seen him who disbelieveth in Our revelations and saith: Assuredly I shall be given wealth and children?
78Hath he perused the Unseen, or hath he made a pact with the Beneficent?
79Nay, but We shall record that which he saith and prolong for him a span of torment.
80And We shall inherit from him that whereof he spake, and he will come unto Us, alone (without his wealth and children).
81And they have chosen (other) gods beside Allah that they may be a power for them.
82Nay, but they will deny their worship of them, and become opponents unto them.
83Seest thou not that We have set the devils on the disbelievers to confound them with confusion?
84So make no haste against them (O Muhammad). We do but number unto them a sum (of days).
85On the day when We shall gather the righteous unto the Beneficent, a goodly company.
86And drive the guilty unto hell, a weary herd,
87They will have no power of intercession, save him who hath made a covenant with his Lord.
88And they say: The Beneficent hath taken unto Himself a son.
89Assuredly ye utter a disastrous thing
90Whereby almost the heavens are torn, and the earth is split asunder and the mountains fall in ruins,
91That ye ascribe unto the Beneficent a son,
92When it is not meet for (the Majesty of) the Beneficent that He should choose a son.
93There is none in the heavens and the earth but cometh unto the Beneficent as a slave.
94Verily He knoweth them and numbereth them with (right) numbering.
95And each one of them will come unto Him on the Day of Resurrection, alone.
96Lo! those who believe and do good works, the Beneficent will appoint for them love.
97And We make (this Scripture) easy in thy tongue, (O Muhammad) only that thou mayst bear good tidings therewith unto those who ward off (evil), and warn therewith the froward folk.
98And how many a generation before them have We destroyed! Canst thou (Muhammad) see a single man of them, or hear from them the slightest sound?
Chapter 20 (Sura 20)
1Ta. Ha.
2We have not revealed unto thee (Muhammad) this Qur´an that thou shouldst be distressed,
3But as a reminder unto him who feareth,
4A revelation from Him Who created the earth and the high heavens,
5The Beneficent One, Who is established on the Throne.
6Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and whatsoever is between them, and whatsoever is beneath the sod.
7And if thou speakest aloud, then lo! He knoweth the secret (thought) and (that which is yet) more hidden.
8Allah! There is no Allah save Him. His are the most beautiful names.
9Hath there come unto thee the story of Moses?
10When he saw a fire and said unto his folk: Lo! Wait! I see a fire afar off. Peradventure I may bring you a brand therefrom or may find guidance at the fire.
11And when he reached it, he was called by name: O Moses!
12Lo! I, even I, am thy Lord, So take off thy shoes, for lo! thou art in the holy valley of Tuwa.
13And I have chosen thee, so hearken unto that which is inspired.
14Lo! I, even I, am Allah, There is no Allah save Me. So serve Me and establish worship for My remembrance.
15Lo! the Hour is surely coming. But I will to keep it hidden, that every soul may be rewarded for that which it striveth (to achieve).
16Therefor, let not him turn thee aside from (the thought of) it who believeth not therein but followeth his own desire, lest thou perish.
17And what is that in thy right hand, O Moses?
18He said: This is my staff whereon I lean, and wherewith I bear down branches for my sheep, and wherein I find other uses.
19He said: Cast it down, O Moses!
20So he cast it down, and lo! it was a serpent, gliding.
21He said: Grasp it and fear not. We shall return it to its former state.
22And thrust thy hand within thine armpit, it will come forth white without hurt. (That will be) another token.
23That We may show thee (some) of Our greater portents,
24Go thou unto Pharaoh! Lo! he hath transgressed (the bounds).
25(Moses) said: My Lord! relieve my mind
26And ease my task for me;
27And loose a knot from my tongue,
28That they may understand my saying.
29Appoint for me a henchman from my folk,
30Aaron, my brother.
31Confirm my strength with him
32And let him share my task,
33That we may glorify Thee much
34And much remember Thee.
35Lo! Thou art ever Seeing us.
36He said: Thou art granted thy request, O Moses.
37And indeed, another time, already We have shown thee favour,
38When we inspired in thy mother that which is inspired,
39Saying: Throw him into the ark, and throw it into the river, then the river shall throw it on to the bank, and there an enemy to Me and an enemy to him shall take him. And I endued thee with love from Me that thou mightest be trained according to My will,
40When thy sister went and said: Shall I show you one who will nurse him? and we restored thee to thy mother that her eyes might be refreshed and might not sorrow. And thou didst kill a man and We delivered thee from great distress, and tried thee with a heavy trial. And thou didst tarry years among the folk of Midian. Then camest thou (hither) by (My) providence, O Moses,
41And I have attached thee to Myself.
42Go, thou and thy brother, with My tokens, and be not faint in remembrance of Me.
43Go, both of you, unto Pharaoh. Lo! he hath transgressed (the bounds).
44And speak unto him a gentle word, that peradventure he may heed or fear.
45They said: Our Lord! Lo! we fear that he may be beforehand with us or that he may play the tyrant.
46He said: Fear not. Lo! I am with you twain, Hearing and Seeing.
47So go ye unto him and say: Lo! we are two messengers of thy Lord. So let the children of Israel go with us, and torment them not. We bring thee a token from thy Lord. And peace will be for him who followeth right guidance.
48Lo! it hath been revealed unto us that the doom will be for him who denieth and turneth away.
49(Pharaoh) said: Who then is the Lord of you twain, O Moses?
50He said: Our Lord is He Who gave unto everything its nature, then guided it aright.
51He said: What then is the state of the generations of old?
52He said: The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a Record. My Lord neither erreth nor forgetteth,
53Who hath appointed the earth as a bed and hath threaded roads for you therein and hath sent down water from the sky and thereby We have brought forth divers kinds of vegetation,
54(Saying): Eat ye and feed your cattle. Lo! herein verily are portents for men of thought.
55Thereof We created you, and thereunto We return you, and thence We bring you forth a second time.
56And We verily did show him all Our tokens, but he denied them and refused.
57He said: Hast come to drive us out from our land by thy magic, O Moses?
58But we surely can produce for thee magic the like thereof; so appoint a tryst between us and you, which neither we nor thou shall fail to keep, at a place convenient (to us both).
59(Moses) said: Your tryst shall be the day of the feast, and let the people assemble when the sun hath risen high.
60Then Pharaoh went and gathered his strength, then came (to the appointed tryst).
61Moses said unto them: Woe unto you! Invent not a lie against Allah, lest He extirpate you by some punishment. He who lieth faileth miserably.
62Then they debated one with another what they must do, and they kept their counsel secret.
63They said: Lo! these are two wizards who would drive you out from your country by their magic, and destroy your best traditions;
64So arrange your plan, and come in battle line. Whoso is uppermost this day will be indeed successful.
65They said: O Moses! Either throw first, or let us be the first to throw?
66He said: Nay, do ye throw! Then lo! their cords and their staves, by their magic, appeared to him as though they ran.
67And Moses conceived a fear in his mind.
68We said: Fear not! Lo! thou art the higher.
69Throw that which is in thy right hand! It will eat up that which they have made. Lo! that which they have made is but a wizard´s artifice, and a wizard shall not be successful to whatever point (of skill) he may attain.
70Then the wizards were (all) flung down prostrate, crying: We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses.
71(Pharaoh) said: Ye put faith in him before I give you leave. Lo! he is your chief who taught you magic. Now surely I shall cut off your hands and your feet alternately, and I shall crucify you on the trunks of palm trees, and ye shall know for certain which of us hath sterner and more lasting punishment.
72They said: We choose thee not above the clear proofs that have come unto us, and above Him Who created us. So decree what thou wilt decree. Thou wilt end for us only this life of the world.
73Lo! we believe in our Lord, that He may forgive us our sins and the magic unto which thou didst force us. Allah is better and more lasting.
74Lo! whoso cometh guilty unto his Lord, verily for him is hell. There he will neither die nor live.
75But whoso cometh unto Him a believer, having done good works, for such are the high stations;
76Gardens of Eden underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. That is the reward of him who groweth.
77And verily We inspired Moses, saying: Take away My slaves by night and strike for them a dry path in the sea, fearing not to be overtaken, neither being afraid (of the sea).
78Then Pharaoh followed them with his hosts and there covered them that which did cover them of the sea.
79And Pharaoh led his folk astray, he did not guide them.
80O Children of Israel! We delivered you from your enemy, and we made a covenant with you on the holy mountain´s side, and sent down on you the manna and the quails,
81(Saying): Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you, and transgress not in respect thereof lest My wrath come upon you: and he on whom My wrath cometh, he is lost indeed.
82And lo! verily I am Forgiving toward him who repenteth and believeth and doeth good, and afterward walketh aright.
83And (it was said): What hath made thee hasten from thy folk, O Moses?
84He said: They are close upon my track. I hastened unto Thee, my Lord, that Thou mightest be well pleased.
85He said: Lo! We have tried thy folk in thine absence, and As-Samiri hath misled them.
86Then Moses went back unto his folk, angry and sad. He said: O my people! Hath not your Lord promised you a fair promise? Did the time appointed then appear too long for you, or did ye wish that wrath from your Lord should come upon you, that ye broke tryst with me?
87They said: We broke not tryst with thee of our own will, but we were laden with burdens of ornaments of the folk, then cast them (in the fire), for thus As-Samiri proposed.
88Then he produced for them a calf, of saffron hue, which gave forth a lowing sound. And they cried: This is your god and the god of Moses, but he hath forgotten.
89See they not, then, that it returneth no saying unto them and possesseth for them neither hurt nor use?
90And Aaron indeed had told them beforehand: O my people! Ye are but being seduced therewith, for lo! your Lord is the Beneficent, so follow me and obey my order.
91They said: We shall by no means cease to be its votaries till Moses return unto us.
92He (Moses) said: O Aaron! What held thee back when thou didst see them gone astray,
93That thou followedst me not? Hast thou then disobeyed my order?
94He said: O son of my mother! Clutch not my beard nor my head! I feared lest thou shouldst say: Thou hast caused division among the Children of Israel, and hast not waited for my word.
95(Moses) said: And what hast thou to say, O Samiri?
96He said: I perceived what they perceive not, so I seized a handful from the footsteps of the messenger, and then threw it in. Thus my soul commended to me.
97(Moses) said: Then go! and lo! in this life it is for thee to say: Touch me not! and lo! there is for thee a tryst thou canst not break. Now look upon thy god of which thou hast remained a votary. Verily we will burn it and will scatter its dust over the sea.
98Your Allah is only Allah, than Whom there is no other Allah. He embraceth all things in His knowledge.
99Thus relate We unto thee (Muhammad) some tidings of that which happened of old, and We have given thee from Our presence a reminder.
100Whoso turneth away from it, he verily will bear a burden on the Day of Resurrection,
101Abiding under it - an evil burden for them on the Day of Resurrection,
102The day when the Trumpet is blown. On that day we assemble the guilty white-eyed (with terror),
103Murmuring among themselves: Ye have tarried but ten (days).
104We are Best Aware of what they utter when their best in conduct say: Ye have tarried but a day.
105They will ask thee of the mountains (on that day). Say: My Lord will break them into scattered dust.
106And leave it as an empty plain,
107Wherein thou seest neither curve nor ruggedness.
108On that day they follow the summoner who deceiveth not, and voices are hushed for the Beneficent, and thou hearest but a faint murmur.
109On that day no intercession availeth save (that of) him unto whom the Beneficent hath given leave and whose word He accepteth.
110He knoweth (all) that is before them and (all) that is behind them, while they cannot compass it in knowledge.
111And faces humble themselves before the Living, the Eternal. And he who beareth (a burden of) wrongdoing is indeed a failure (on that day).
112And he who hath done some good works, being a believer, he feareth not injustice nor begrudging (of his wage).
113Thus we have revealed it as a Lecture in Arabic, and have displayed therein certain threats, that peradventure they may keep from evil or that it may cause them to take heed.
114Then exalted be Allah, the True King! And hasten not (O Muhammad) with the Qur´an ere its revelation hath been perfected unto thee, and say: My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.
115And verily We made a covenant of old with Adam, but he forgot, and We found no constancy in him.
116And when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, they fell prostrate (all) save Iblis; he refused.
117Therefor we said: O Adam! This is an enemy unto thee and unto thy wife, so let him not drive you both out of the Garden so that thou come to toil.
118It is (vouchsafed) unto thee that thou hungerest not therein nor art naked,
119And that thou thirstest not therein nor art exposed to the sun´s heat.
120But the devil whispered to him, saying: O Adam! Shall I show thee the tree of immortality and power that wasteth not away?
121Then they twain ate thereof, so that their shame became apparent unto them, and they began to hide by heaping on themselves some of the leaves of the Garden. And Adam disobeyed his Lord, so went astray.
122Then his Lord chose him, and relented toward him, and guided him.
123He said: Go down hence, both of you, one of you a foe unto the other. But when there come unto you from Me a guidance, then whoso followeth My guidance, he will not go astray nor come to grief.
124But he who turneth away from remembrance of Me, his will be a narrow life, and I shall bring him blind to the assembly on the Day of Resurrection.
125He will say: My Lord! Wherefor hast Thou gathered me (hither) blind, when I was wont to see?
126He will say: So (it must be). Our revelations came unto thee but thou didst forget them. In like manner thou art forgotten this Day.
127Thus do We reward him who is prodigal and believeth not the revelations of his Lord; and verily the doom of the Hereafter will be sterner and more lasting.
128Is it not a guidance for them (to know) how many a generation We destroyed before them, amid whose dwellings they walk? Lo! therein verily are signs for men of thought.
129And but for a decree that had already gone forth from thy Lord, and a term already fixed, the judgment would have been inevitable (in this world).
130Therefor (O Muhammad), bear with what they say, and celebrate the praise of thy Lord ere the rising of the sun and ere the going down thereof. And glorify Him some hours of the night and at the two ends of the day, that thou mayst find acceptance.
131And strain not thine eyes toward that which We cause some wedded pairs among them to enjoy, the flower of the life of the world, that We may try them thereby. The provision of thy Lord is better and more lasting.
132And enjoin upon thy people worship, and be constant therein. We ask not of thee a provision: We provided for thee. And the sequel is for righteousness.
133And they say: If only he would bring us a miracle from his Lord! Hath there not come unto them the proof of what is in the former scriptures?
134And if we had destroyed them with some punishment before it, they would assuredly have said: Our Lord! If only Thou hadst sent unto us a messenger, so that we might have followed Thy revelations before we were (thus) humbled and disgraced!
135Say: Each is awaiting; so await ye! Ye will come to know who are the owners of the path of equity, and who is right.
Chapter 21 (Sura 21)
1Their reckoning draweth nigh for mankind, while they turn away in heedlessness.
2Never cometh there unto them a new reminder from their Lord but they listen to it while they play,
3With hearts preoccupied. And they confer in secret. The wrong-doers say: Is this other than a mortal like you? Will ye then succumb to magic when ye see (it)?
4He saith: My Lord knoweth what is spoken in the heaven and the earth. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
5Nay, say they, (these are but) muddled dreams; nay, he hath but invented it; nay, he is but a poet. Let him bring us a portent even as those of old (who were Allah´s messengers) were sent (with portents).
6Not a township believed of those which We destroyed before them (though We sent them portents): would they then believe?
7And We sent not (as Our messengers) before thee other than men, whom We inspired. Ask the followers of the Reminder if ye know not?
8We gave them not bodies that would not eat food, nor were they immortals.
9Then we fulfilled the promise unto them. So we delivered them and whom We would, and We destroyed the prodigals.
10Now We have revealed unto you a Scripture wherein is your Reminder. Have ye then no sense?
11How many a community that dealt unjustly have We shattered, and raised up after them another folk!
12And, when they felt Our might, behold them fleeing from it!
13(But it was said unto them): Flee not, but return to that (existence) which emasculated you and to your dwellings, that ye may be questioned.
14They cried: Alas for us! we were wrong-doers.
15And this their crying ceased not till We made them as reaped corn, extinct.
16We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them in play.
17If We had wished to find a pastime, We could have found it in Our presence - if We ever did.
18Nay, but We hurl the true against the false, and it doth break its head and lo! it vanisheth. And yours will be woe for that which ye ascribe (unto Him).
19Unto Him belongeth whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those who dwell in His presence are not too proud to worship Him, nor do they weary;
20They glorify (Him) night and day; they flag not.
21Or have they chosen gods from the earth who raise the dead?
22If there were therein gods beside Allah, then verily both (the heavens and the earth) had been disordered. Glorified be Allah, the Lord of the Throne, from all that they ascribe (unto Him).
23He will not be questioned as to that which He doeth, but they will be questioned.
24Or have they chosen other gods beside Him? say: Bring your proof (of their godhead). This is the Reminder of those with me and those before me, but most of them know not the Truth and so they are averse.
25And We sent no messenger before thee but We inspired him, (saying): There is no Allah save Me (Allah), so worship Me.
26And they say: The Beneficent hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He Glorified! Nay, but (those whom they call sons) are honoured slaves;
27They speak not until He hath spoken, and they act by His command.
28He knoweth what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him whom He accepteth, and they quake for awe of Him.
29And one of them who should say: Lo! I am a god beside Him, that one We should repay with hell. Thus We Repay wrong-doers.
30Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them, and we made every living thing of water? Will they not then believe?
31And We have placed in the earth firm hills lest it quake with them, and We have placed therein ravines as roads that haply they may find their way.
32And we have made the sky a roof withheld (from them). Yet they turn away from its portents.
33And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit.
34We appointed immortality for no mortal before thee. What! if thou diest, can they be immortal!
35Every soul must taste of death, and We try you with evil and with good, for ordeal. And unto Us ye will be returned.
36And when those who disbelieve behold thee, they but choose thee out for mockery, (saying): Is this he who maketh mention of your gods? And they would deny all mention of the Beneficent.
37Man is made of haste. I shall show you My portents, but ask Me not to hasten.
38And they say: When will this promise (be fulfilled), if ye are truthful?
39If those who disbelieved but knew the time when they will not be able to drive off the fire from their faces and from their backs, and they will not be helped!
40Nay, but it will come upon them unawares so that it will stupefy them, and they will be unable to repel it, neither will they be reprieved.
41Messengers before thee, indeed, were mocked, but that whereat they mocked surrounded those who scoffed at them.
42Say: Who guardeth you in the night or in the day from the Beneficent? Nay, but they turn away from mention of their Lord!
43Or have they gods who can shield them from Us? They cannot help themselves nor can they be defended from Us.
44Nay, but We gave these and their fathers ease until life grew long for them. See they not how we aim to the land, reducing it of its outlying parts? Can they then be the victors?
45Say (O Muhammad, unto mankind): I warn you only by the Inspiration. But the deaf hear not the call when they are warned.
46And if a breath of thy Lord´s punishment were to touch them, they assuredly would say: Alas for us! Lo! we were wrong-doers.
47And We set a just balance for the Day of Resurrection so that no soul is wronged in aught. Though it be of the weight of a grain of mustard seed, We bring it. And We suffice for reckoners.
48And We verily gave Moses and Aaron the Criterion (of right and wrong) and a light and a Reminder for those who keep from evil,
49Those who fear their Lord in secret and who dread the Hour (of doom).
50This is a blessed Reminder that we have revealed: Will ye then reject it?
51And We verily gave Abraham of old his proper course, and We were Aware of him,
52When he said unto his father and his folk: What are these images unto which ye pay devotion?
53They said: We found our fathers worshippers of them.
54He said: Verily ye and your fathers were in plain error.
55They said: Bringest thou unto us the truth, or art thou some jester?
56He said: Nay, but your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, Who created them; and I am of those who testify unto that.
57And, by Allah, I shall circumvent your idols after ye have gone away and turned your backs.
58Then he reduced them to fragments, all save the chief of them, that haply they might have recourse to it.
59They said: Who hath done this to our gods? Surely it must be some evil-doer.
60They said: We heard a youth make mention of them, who is called Abraham.
61They said: Then bring him (hither) before the people´s eyes that they may testify.
62They said: Is it thou who hast done this to our gods, O Abraham?
63He said: But this, their chief hath done it. So question them, if they can speak.
64Then gathered they apart and said: Lo! ye yourselves are the wrong-doers.
65And they were utterly confounded, and they said: Well thou knowest that these speak not.
66He said: Worship ye then instead of Allah that which cannot profit you at all, nor harm you?
67Fie on you and all that ye worship instead of Allah! Have ye then no sense?
68They cried: Burn him and stand by your gods, if ye will be doing.
69We said: O fire, be coolness and peace for Abraham,
70And they wished to set a snare for him, but We made them the greater losers.
71And We rescued him and Lot (and brought them) to the land which We have blessed for (all) peoples.
72And We bestowed upon him Isaac, and Jacob as a grandson. Each of them We made righteous.
73And We made them chiefs who guide by Our command, and We inspired in them the doing of good deeds and the right establishment of worship and the giving of alms, and they were worshippers of Us (alone).
74And unto Lot we gave judgment and knowledge, and We delivered him from the community that did abominations. Lo! they were folk of evil, lewd.
75And We brought him in unto Our mercy. Lo! he was of the righteous.
76And Noah, when he cried of old, We heard his prayer and saved him and his household from the great affliction.
77And delivered him from the people who denied Our revelations. Lo! they were folk of evil, therefor did We drown them all.
78And David and Solomon, when they gave judgment concerning the field, when people´s sheep had strayed and browsed therein by night; and We were witnesses to their judgment.
79And We made Solomon to understand (the case); and unto each of them We gave judgment and knowledge. And we subdued the hills and the birds to hymn (His) praise along with David. We were the doers (thereof).
80And We taught him the art of making garments (of mail) to protect you in your daring. Are ye then thankful?
81And unto Solomon (We subdued) the wind in its raging. It set by his command toward the land which We had blessed. And of everything We are Aware.
82And of the evil ones (subdued We unto him) some who dived (for pearls) for him and did other work, and We were warders unto them.
83And Job, when he cried unto his Lord, (saying): Lo! adversity afflicteth me, and Thou art Most Merciful of all who show mercy.
84Then We heard his prayer and removed that adversity from which he suffered, and We gave him his household (that he had lost) and the like thereof along with them, a mercy from Our store, and a remembrance for the worshippers;
85And (mention) Ishmael, and Idris, and Dhu´l-Kifl. All were of the steadfast.
86And We brought them in unto Our mercy. Lo! they are among the righteous.
87And (mention) Dhu´n-Nun, when he went off in anger and deemed that We had no power over him, but he cried out in the darkness, saying: There is no Allah save Thee. Be Thou Glorified! Lo! I have been a wrong-doer.
88Then we heard his prayer and saved him from the anguish. Thus we save believers.
89And Zachariah, when he cried unto his Lord: My Lord! Leave me not childless, though Thou art the Best of inheritors.
90Then We heard his prayer, and bestowed upon him John, and adjusted his wife (to bear a child) for him. Lo! they used to vie one with the other in good deeds, and they cried unto Us in longing and in fear, and were submissive unto Us.
91And she who was chaste, therefor We breathed into her (something) of Our Spirit and made her and her son a token for (all) peoples.
92Lo! this, your religion, is one religion, and I am your Lord, so worship Me.
93And they have broken their religion (into fragments) among them, (yet) all are returning unto Us.
94Then whoso doeth some good works and is a believer, there will be no rejection of his effort. Lo! We record (it) for him.
95And there is a ban upon any community which We have destroyed: that they shall not return.
96Until, when Gog and Magog are let loose, and they hasten out of every mound,
97And the True Promise draweth nigh; then behold them, staring wide (in terror), the eyes of those who disbelieve! (They say): Alas for us! We (lived) in forgetfulness of this. Ah, but we were wrong-doers!
98Lo! ye (idolaters) and that which ye worship beside Allah are fuel of hell. Thereunto ye will come.
99If these had been gods they would not have come thither, but all will abide therein.
100Therein wailing is their portion, and therein they hear not.
101Lo! those unto whom kindness hath gone forth before from Us, they will be far removed from thence.
102They will not hear the slightest sound thereof, while they abide in that which their souls desire.
103The Supreme Horror will not grieve them, and the angels will welcome them, (saying): This is your Day which ye were promised;
104The Day when We shall roll up the heavens as a recorder rolleth up a written scroll. As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise (binding) upon Us. Lo! We are to perform it.
105And verily we have written in the Scripture, after the Reminder: My righteous slaves will inherit the earth:
106Lo! there is a plain statement for folk who are devout.
107We sent thee not save as a mercy for the peoples.
108Say: It is only inspired in me that your Allah is One Allah. Will ye then surrender (unto Him)?
109But if they are averse, then say: I have warned you all alike, although I know not whether nigh or far is that which ye are promised.
110Lo! He knoweth that which is said openly, and that which ye conceal.
111And I know not but that this may be a trial for you, and enjoyment for a while.
112He saith: My Lord! Judge Thou with truth. Our Lord is the Beneficent, Whose help is to be implored against that which ye ascribe (unto Him).
Chapter 22 (Sura 22)
1O mankind! Fear your Lord. Lo! the earthquake of the Hour (of Doom) is a tremendous thing.
2On the day when ye behold it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling and every pregnant one will be delivered of her burden, and thou (Muhammad) wilt see mankind as drunken, yet they will not be drunken, but the Doom of Allah will be strong (upon them).
3Among mankind is he who disputeth concerning Allah without knowledge, and followeth each froward devil;
4For him it is decreed that whoso taketh him for friend, he verily will mislead him and will guide him to the punishment of the Flame.
5O mankind! if ye are in doubt concerning the Resurrection, then lo! We have created you from dust, then from a drop of seed, then from a clot, then from a little lump of flesh shapely and shapeless, that We may make (it) clear for you. And We cause what We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed time, and afterward We bring you forth as infants, then (give you growth) that ye attain your full strength. And among you there is he who dieth (young), and among you there is he who is brought back to the most abject time of life, so that, after knowledge, he knoweth naught. And thou (Muhammad) seest the earth barren, but when We send down water thereon, it doth thrill and swell and put forth every lovely kind (of growth).
6That is because Allah, He is the Truth and because He quickeneth the dead, and because He is Able to do all things;
7And because the Hour will come, there is no doubt thereof; and because Allah will raise those who are in the graves.
8And among mankind is he who disputeth concerning Allah without knowledge or guidance or a scripture giving light,
9Turning away in pride to beguile (men) from the way of Allah. For him in this world is ignominy, and on the Day of Resurrection We make him taste the doom of burning.
10(And unto him it will be said): This is for that which thy two hands have sent before, and because Allah is no oppressor of His slaves.
11And among mankind is he who worshippeth Allah upon a narrow marge so that if good befalleth him he is content therewith, but if a trial befalleth him, he falleth away utterly. He loseth both the world and the Hereafter. That is the sheer loss.
12He calleth, beside Allah, unto that which hurteth him not nor benefiteth him. That is the far error.
13He calleth unto him whose harm is nearer than his benefit; verily an evil patron and verily an evil friend!
14Lo! Allah causeth those who believe and do good works to enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Lo! Allah doth what He intendeth.
15Whoso is wont to think (through envy) that Allah will not give him (Muhammad) victory in the world and the Hereafter (and is enraged at the thought of his victory), let him stretch a rope up to the roof (of his dwelling), and let him hang himself. Then let him see whether his strategy dispelleth that whereat he rageth!.
16Thus We reveal it as plain revelations, and verily Allah guideth whom He will.
17Lo! those who believe (this revelation), and those who are Jews, and the Sabaeans and the Christians and the Magians and the idolaters - Lo! Allah will decide between them on the Day of Resurrection. Lo! Allah is Witness over all things.
18Hast thou not seen that unto Allah payeth adoration whosoever is in the heavens and whosoever is in the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the hills, and the trees, and the beasts, and many of mankind, while there are many unto whom the doom is justly due. He whom Allah scorneth, there is none to give him honour. Lo! Allah doeth what He will.
19These twain (the believers and the disbelievers) are two opponents who contend concerning their Lord. But as for those who disbelieve, garments of fire will be cut out for them; boiling fluid will be poured down on their heads,
20Whereby that which is in their bellies, and their skins too, will be melted;
21And for them are hooked rods of iron.
22Whenever, in their anguish, they would go forth from thence they are driven back therein and (it is said unto them): Taste the doom of burning.
23Lo! Allah will cause those who believe and do good works to enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will be allowed armlets of gold, and pearls, and their raiment therein will be silk.
24They are guided unto gentle speech; they are guided unto the path of the Glorious One.
25Lo! those who disbelieve and bar (men) from the way of Allah and from the Inviolable Place of Worship, which We have appointed for mankind together, the dweller therein and the nomad: whosoever seeketh wrongful partiality therein, him We shall cause to taste a painful doom.
26And (remember) when We prepared for Abraham the place of the (holy) House, saying: Ascribe thou no thing as partner unto Me, and purify My House for those who make the round (thereof) and those who stand and those who bow and make prostration.
27And proclaim unto mankind the pilgrimage. They will come unto thee on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every deep ravine,
28That they may witness things that are of benefit to them, and mention the name of Allah on appointed days over the beast of cattle that He hath bestowed upon them. Then eat thereof and feed therewith the poor unfortunate.
29Then let them make an end of their unkemptness and pay their vows and go around the ancient House.
30That (is the command). And whoso magnifieth the sacred things of Allah, it will be well for him in the sight of his Lord. The cattle are lawful unto you save that which hath been told you. So shun the filth of idols, and shun lying speech,
31Turning unto Allah (only), not ascribing partners unto Him; for whoso ascribeth partners unto Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky and the birds had snatched him or the wind had blown him to a far-off place.
32That (is the command). And whoso magnifieth the offerings consecrated to Allah, it surely is from devotion of the hearts,
33Therein are benefits for you for an appointed term; and afterward they are brought for sacrifice unto the ancient House.
34And for every nation have We appointed a ritual, that they may mention the name of Allah over the beast of cattle that He hath given them for food; and your god is One God, therefor surrender unto Him. And give good tidings (O Muhammad) to the humble,
35Whose hearts fear when Allah is mentioned, and the patient of whatever may befall them, and those who establish worship and who spend of that We have bestowed on them.
36And the camels! We have appointed them among the ceremonies of Allah. Therein ye have much good. So mention the name of Allah over them when they are drawn up in lines. Then when their flanks fall (dead), eat thereof and feed the beggar and the suppliant. Thus have We made them subject unto you, that haply ye may give thanks.
37Their flesh and their food reach not Allah, but the devotion from you reacheth Him. Thus have We made them subject unto you that ye may magnify Allah that He hath guided you. And give good tidings (O Muhammad) to the good.
38Lo! Allah defendeth those who are true. Lo! Allah loveth not each treacherous ingrate.
39Sanction is given unto those who fight because they have been wronged; and Allah is indeed Able to give them victory;
40Those who have been driven from their homes unjustly only because they said: Our Lord is Allah - For had it not been for Allah´s repelling some men by means of others, cloisters and churches and oratories and mosques, wherein the name of Allah is oft mentioned, would assuredly have been pulled down. Verily Allah helpeth one who helpeth Him. Lo! Allah is Strong, Almighty -
41Those who, if We give them power in the land, establish worship and pay the poor-due and enjoin kindness and forbid iniquity. And Allah´s is the sequel of events.
42If they deny thee (Muhammad), even so the folk of Noah, and (the tribes of) A´ad and Thamud, before thee, denied (Our messengers);
43And the folk of Abraham and the folk of Lot;
44(And) the dwellers in Midian. And Moses was denied; but I indulged the disbelievers a long while, then I seized them, and how (terrible) was My abhorrence!
45How many a township have We destroyed while it was sinful, so that it lieth (to this day) in ruins, and (how many) a deserted well and lofty tower!
46Have they not travelled in the land, and have they hearts wherewith to feel and ears wherewith to hear? For indeed it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts, which are within the bosoms, that grow blind.
47And they will bid thee hasten on the Doom, and Allah faileth not His promise, but lo! a Day with Allah is as a thousand years of what ye reckon.
48And how many a township did I suffer long though it was sinful! Then I grasped it. Unto Me is the return.
49Say: O mankind! I am only a plain warner unto you.
50Those who believe and do good works, for them is pardon and a rich provision;
51While those who strive to thwart Our revelations, such are rightful owners of the Fire.
52Never sent We a messenger or a prophet before thee but when He recited (the message) Satan proposed (opposition) in respect of that which he recited thereof. But Allah abolisheth that which Satan proposeth. Then Allah establisheth His revelations. Allah is Knower, Wise;
53That He may make that which the devil proposeth a temptation for those in whose hearts is a disease, and those whose hearts are hardened - Lo! the evil-doers are in open schism -
54And that those who have been given knowledge may know that it is the truth from thy Lord, so that they may believe therein and their hearts may submit humbly unto Him. Lo! Allah verily is guiding those who believe unto a right path.
55And those who disbelieve will not cease to be in doubt thereof until the Hour come upon them unawares, or there come unto them the doom of a disastrous day.
56The Sovereignty on that day will be Allah´s, He will judge between them. Then those who believed and did good works will be in Gardens of Delight,
57While those who disbelieved and denied Our revelations, for them will be a shameful doom.
58Those who fled their homes for the cause of Allah and then were slain or died, Allah verily will provide for them a good provision. Lo! Allah, He verily is Best of all who make provision.
59Assuredly He will cause them to enter by an entry that they will love. Lo! Allah verily is Knower, Indulgent.
60That (is so). And whoso hath retaliated with the like of that which he was made to suffer and then hath (again) been wronged, Allah will succour him. Lo! Allah verily is Mild, Forgiving.
61That is because Allah maketh the night to pass into the day and maketh the day to pass into the night, and because Allah is Hearer, Seer.
62That is because Allah, He is the True, and that whereon they call instead of Him, it is the false, and because Allah, He is the High, the Great.
63Seest thou not how Allah sendeth down water from the sky and then the earth becometh green upon the morrow? Lo! Allah is Subtile, Aware.
64Unto Him belongeth all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. Lo! Allah, He verily is the Absolute, the Owner of Praise.
65Hast thou not seen how Allah hath made all that is in the earth subservient unto you? And the ship runneth upon the sea by His command, and He holdeth back the heaven from falling on the earth unless by His leave. Lo! Allah is, for mankind, Full of Pity, Merciful.
66And He it is Who gave you life, then He will cause you to die, and then will give you life (again). Lo! man is verily an ingrate.
67Unto each nation have We given sacred rites which they are to perform; so let them not dispute with thee of the matter, but summon thou unto thy Lord. Lo! thou indeed followest right guidance.
68And if they wrangle with thee, say: Allah is Best Aware of what ye do.
69Allah will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein ye used to differ.
70Hast thou not known that Allah knoweth all that is in the heaven and the earth? Lo! it is in a record. Lo! that is easy for Allah.
71And they worship instead of Allah that for which He hath sent down no warrant, and that whereof they have no knowledge. For evil-doers there is no helper.
72And when Our revelations are recited unto them, thou knowest the denial in the faces of those who disbelieve; they all but attack those who recite Our revelations unto them. Say: Shall I proclaim unto you worse than that? The Fire! Allah hath promised it for those who disbelieve. A hapless journey´s end!
73O mankind! A similitude is coined, so pay ye heed to it: Lo! those on whom ye call beside Allah will never create a fly though they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly took something from them, they could not rescue it from it. So weak are (both) the seeker and the sought!
74They measure not Allah His rightful measure. Lo! Allah is Strong, Almighty.
75Allah chooseth from the angels messengers, and (also) from mankind. Lo! Allah is Hearer, Seer.
76He knoweth all that is before them and all that is behind them, and unto Allah all things are returned. $$A
77O ye who believe! Bow down and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord, and do good, that haply ye may prosper.
78And strive for Allah with the endeavour which is His right. He hath chosen you and hath not laid upon you in religion any hardship; the faith of your father Abraham (is yours). He hath named you Muslims of old time and in this (Scripture), that the messenger may be a witness against you, and that ye may be witnesses against mankind. So establish worship, pay the poor-due, and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protecting friend. A blessed Patron and a blessed Helper!
Chapter 23 (Sura 23)
1Successful indeed are the believers
2Who are humble in their prayers,
3And who shun vain conversation,
4And who are payers of the poor-due;
5And who guard their modesty -
6Save from their wives or the (slaves) that their right hands possess, for then they are not blameworthy,
7But whoso craveth beyond that, such are transgressors -
8And who are shepherds of their pledge and their covenant,
9And who pay heed to their prayers.
10These are the heirs
11Who will inherit paradise. There they will abide.
12Verily We created man from a product of wet earth;
13Then placed him as a drop (of seed) in a safe lodging;
14Then fashioned We the drop a clot, then fashioned We the clot a little lump, then fashioned We the little lump bones, then clothed the bones with flesh, and then produced it as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators!
15Then lo! after that ye surely die.
16Then lo! on the Day of Resurrection ye are raised (again).
17And We have created above you seven paths, and We are never unmindful of creation.
18And we send down from the sky water in measure, and We give it lodging in the earth, and lo! We are Able to withdraw it.
19Then We produce for you therewith gardens of date-palms and grapes, wherein is much fruit for you and whereof ye eat;
20And a tree that springeth forth from Mount Sinai that groweth oil and relish for the eaters.
21And lo! in the cattle there is verily a lesson for you. We give you to drink of that which is in their bellies, and many uses have ye in them, and of them do ye eat;
22And on them and on the ship ye are carried.
23And We verily sent Noah unto his folk, and he said: O my people! Serve Allah. Ye have no other Allah save Him. Will ye not ward off (evil)?
24But the chieftains of his folk, who disbelieved, said: This is only a mortal like you who would make himself superior to you. Had Allah willed, He surely could have sent down angels. We heard not of this in the case of our fathers of old.
25He is only a man in whom is a madness, so watch him for a while.
26He said: My Lord! Help me because they deny me.
27Then We inspired in him, saying: Make the ship under Our eyes and Our inspiration. Then, when Our command cometh and the oven gusheth water, introduce therein of every (kind) two spouses, and thy household save him thereof against whom the Word hath already gone forth. And plead not with Me on behalf of those who have done wrong. Lo! they will be drowned.
28And when thou art on board the ship, thou and whoso is with thee, then say: Praise be to Allah Who hath saved us from the wrongdoing folk!
29And say: My Lord! Cause me to land at a blessed landing-place, for Thou art Best of all who bring to land.
30Lo! herein verily are portents, for lo! We are ever putting (mankind) to the test.
31Then, after them, We brought forth another generation;
32And we sent among them a messenger of their own, saying: Serve Allah, Ye have no other Allah save Him. Will ye not ward off (evil)?
33And the chieftains of his folk, who disbelieved and denied the meeting of the Hereafter, and whom We had made soft in the life of the world, said: This is only a mortal like you, who eateth of that whereof ye eat and drinketh of that ye drink.
34If ye were to obey a mortal like yourselves, then, lo! ye surely would be losers.
35Doth he promise you that you, when ye are dead and have become dust and bones, will (again) be brought forth?
36Begone, begone, with that which ye are promised!
37There is naught but our life of the world; we die and we live, and we shall not be raised (again).
38He is only a man who hath invented a lie about Allah. We are not going to put faith in him.
39He said: My Lord! Help me because they deny me.
40He said: In a little while they surely will become repentant.
41So the (Awful) Cry overtook them rightfully, and We made them like as wreckage (that a torrent hurleth). A far removal for wrongdoing folk!
42Then after them We brought forth other generations.
43No nation can outstrip its term, nor yet postpone it.
44Then We sent our messengers one after another. Whenever its messenger came unto a nation they denied him; so We caused them to follow one another (to disaster) and We made them bywords. A far removal for folk who believe not!
45Then We sent Moses and his brother Aaron with Our tokens and a clear warrant
46Unto Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they scorned (them) and they were despotic folk.
47And they said: Shall we put faith in two mortals like ourselves, and whose folk are servile unto us?
48So they denied them, and became of those who were destroyed.
49And We verily gave Moses the Scripture, that haply they might go aright.
50And We made the son of Mary and his mother a portent, and We gave them refuge on a height, a place of flocks and watersprings.
51O ye messengers! Eat of the good things, and do right. Lo! I am Aware of what ye do.
52And lo! this your religion is one religion and I am your Lord, so keep your duty unto Me.
53But they (mankind) have broken their religion among them into sects, each group rejoicing in its tenets.
54So leave them in their error till a time.
55Think they that in the wealth and sons wherewith We provide them
56We hasten unto them with good things? Nay, but they perceive not.
57Lo! those who go in awe for fear of their Lord.
58And those who believe in the revelations of their Lord,
59And those who ascribe not partners unto their Lord,
60And those who give that which they give with hearts afraid because they are about to return unto their Lord,
61These race for the good things, and they shall win them in the race.
62And we task not any soul beyond its scope, and with Us is a Record which speaketh the truth, and they will not be wronged.
63Nay, but their hearts are in ignorance of this (Qur´an), and they have other works, besides, which they are doing;
64Till when We grasp their luxurious ones with the punishment, behold! they supplicate.
65Supplicate not this day! Assuredly ye will not be helped by Us.
66My revelations were recited unto you, but ye used to turn back on your heels,
67In scorn thereof. Nightly did ye rave together.
68Have they not pondered the Word, or hath that come unto them which came not unto their fathers of old?
69Or know they not their messenger, and so reject him?
70Or say they: There is a madness in him? Nay, but he bringeth them the Truth; and most of them are haters of the Truth.
71And if the Truth had followed their desires, verily the heavens and the earth and whosoever is therein had been corrupted. Nay, We have brought them their Reminder, but from their Reminder they now turn away.
72Or dost thou ask of them (O Muhammad) any tribute? But the bounty of thy Lord is better, for He is Best of all who make provision.
73And lo! thou summonest them indeed unto a straight path.
74And lo! those who believe not in the Hereafter are indeed astray from the path.
75Though We had mercy on them and relieved them of the harm afflicting them, they still would wander blindly on in their contumacy.
76Already have We grasped them with punishment, but they humble not themselves unto their Lord, nor do they pray,
77Until, when We open for them the gate of extreme punishment, behold! they are aghast thereat.
78He it is Who hath created for you ears and eyes and hearts. Small thanks give ye!
79And He it is Who hath sown you broadcast in the earth, and unto Him ye will be gathered.
80And He it is Who giveth life and causeth death, and His is the difference of night and day. Have ye then no sense?
81Nay, but they say the like of that which said the men of old;
82They say: When we are dead and have become (mere) dust and bones, shall we then, forsooth, be raised again?
83We were already promised this, we and our forefathers. Lo! this is naught but fables of the men of old.
84Say: Unto Whom (belongeth) the earth and whosoever is therein, if ye have knowledge?
85They will say: Unto Allah. Say: Will ye not then remember?
86Say: Who is Lord of the seven heavens, and Lord of the Tremendous Throne?
87They will say: Unto Allah (all that belongeth). Say: Will ye not then keep duty (unto Him)?
88Say: In Whose hand is the dominion over all things and He protecteth, while against Him there is no protection, if ye have knowledge?
89They will say: Unto Allah (all that belongeth). Say: How then are ye bewitched?
90Nay, but We have brought them the Truth, and lo! they are liars.
91Allah hath not chosen any son, nor is there any god along with Him; else would each god have assuredly championed that which he created, and some of them would assuredly have overcome others. Glorified be Allah above all that they allege.
92Knower of the Invisible and the Visible! and Exalted be He over all that they ascribe as partners (unto Him)!
93Say: My Lord! If Thou shouldst show me that which they are promised.
94My Lord! then set me not among the wrongdoing folk.
95And verily We are Able to show thee that which We have promised them.
96Repel evil with that which is better. We are Best Aware of that which they allege.
97And say: My Lord! I seek refuge in Thee from suggestions of the evil ones,
98And I seek refuge in Thee, my Lord, lest they be present with me,
99Until, when death cometh unto one of them, he saith: My Lord! Send me back,
100That I may do right in that which I have left behind! But nay! It is but a word that he speaketh; and behind them is a barrier until the day when they are raised.
101And when the trumpet is blown there will be no kinship among them that day, nor will they ask of one another.
102Then those whose scales are heavy, they are the successful.
103And those whose scales are light are those who lose their souls, in hell abiding.
104The fire burneth their faces, and they are glum therein.
105(It will be said): Were not My revelations recited unto you, and then ye used to deny them?
106They will say: Our Lord! Our evil fortune conquered us, and we were erring folk.
107Our Lord! Oh, bring us forth from hence! If we return (to evil) then indeed we shall be wrong-doers.
108He saith: Begone therein, and speak not unto Me.
109Lo! there was a party of My slaves who said: Our Lord! We believe, therefor forgive us and have mercy on us for Thou art Best of all who show mercy;
110But ye chose them for a laughing-stock until they caused you to forget remembrance of Me, while ye laughed at them.
111Lo! I have rewarded them this day forasmuch as they were steadfast in that they, even they, are the triumphant.
112He will say: How long tarried ye in the earth, counting by years?
113They will say: We tarried by a day or part of a day. Ask of those who keep count!
114He will say: Ye tarried but a little if ye only knew.
115Deemed ye then that We had created you for naught, and that ye would not be returned unto Us?
116Now Allah be Exalted, the True King! There is no Allah save Him, the Lord of the Throne of Grace.
117He who crieth unto any other god along with Allah hath no proof thereof. His reckoning is only with his Lord. Lo! disbelievers will not be successful.
118And (O Muhammad) say: My Lord! Forgive and have mercy, for Thou art Best of all who show mercy.
Chapter 24 (Sura 24)
1(Here is) a surah which We have revealed and enjoined, and wherein We have revealed plain tokens, that haply ye may take heed.
2The adulterer and the adulteress, scourge ye each one of them (with) a hundred stripes. And let not pity for the twain withhold you from obedience to Allah, if ye believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of believers witness their punishment.
3The adulterer shall not marry save an adulteress or an idolatress, and the adulteress none shall marry save an adulterer or an idolater. All that is forbidden unto believers.
4And those who accuse honourable women but bring not four witnesses, scourge them (with) eighty stripes and never (afterward) accept their testimony - They indeed are evil-doers -
5Save those who afterward repent and make amends. (For such) lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
6As for those who accuse their wives but have no witnesses except themselves; let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies, (swearing) by Allah that he is of those who speak the truth;
7And yet a fifth, invoking the curse of Allah on him if he is of those who lie.
8And it shall avert the punishment from her if she bear witness before Allah four times that the thing he saith is indeed false,
9And a fifth (time) that the wrath of Allah be upon her if he speaketh truth.
10And had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy unto you, and that Allah is Clement, Wise, (ye had been undone).
11Lo! they who spread the slander are a gang among you. Deem it not a bad thing for you; nay, it is good for you. Unto every man of them (will be paid) that which he hath earned of the sin; and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be an awful doom.
12Why did not the believers, men and women, when ye heard it, think good of their own own folk, and say: It is a manifest untruth?
13Why did they not produce four witnesses? Since they produce not witnesses, they verily are liars in the sight of Allah.
14Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy unto you in the world and the Hereafter an awful doom had overtaken you for that whereof ye murmured.
15When ye welcomed it with your tongues, and uttered with your mouths that whereof ye had no knowledge, ye counted it a trifle. In the sight of Allah it is very great.
16Wherefor, when ye heard it, said ye not: It is not for us to speak of this. Glory be to Thee (O Allah)! This is awful calumny.
17Allah admonisheth you that ye repeat not the like thereof ever, if ye are (in truth) believers.
18And He expoundeth unto you the revelations. Allah is Knower, Wise.
19Lo! those who love that slander should be spread concerning those who believe, theirs will be a painful punishment in the world and the Hereafter. Allah knoweth. Ye know not.
20Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy unto you, and that Allah is Clement, Merciful, (ye had been undone).
21O ye who believe! Follow not the footsteps of the devil. Unto whomsoever followeth the footsteps of the devil, lo! he commandeth filthiness and wrong. Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy unto you, not one of you would ever have grown pure. But Allah causeth whom He will to grow. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.
22And let not those who possess dignity and ease among you swear not to give to the near of kin and to the needy, and to fugitives for the cause of Allah. Let them forgive and show indulgence. Yearn ye not that Allah may forgive you? Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
23Lo! as for those who traduce virtuous, believing women (who are) careless, cursed are they in the world and the Hereafter. Theirs will be an awful doom
24On the day when their tongues and their hands and their feet testify against them as to what they used to do,
25On that day Allah will pay them their just due, and they will know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth.
26Vile women are for vile men, and vile men for vile women. Good women are for good men, and good men for good women; such are innocent of that which people say: For them is pardon and a bountiful provision.
27O ye who believe! Enter not houses other than your own without first announcing your presence and invoking peace upon the folk thereof. That is better for you, that ye may be heedful.
28And if ye find no-one therein, still enter not until permission hath been given. And if it be said unto you: Go away again, then go away, for it is purer for you. Allah knoweth what ye do.
29(It is) no sin for you to enter uninhabited houses wherein is comfort for you. Allah knoweth what ye proclaim and what ye hide.
30Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and be modest. That is purer for them. Lo! Allah is aware of what they do.
31And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to reveal their adornment save to their own husbands or fathers or husbands´ fathers, or their sons or their husbands´ sons, or their brothers or their brothers´ sons or sisters´ sons, or their women, or their slaves, or male attendants who lack vigour, or children who know naught of women´s nakedness. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And turn unto Allah together, O believers, in order that ye may succeed.
32And marry such of you as are solitary and the pious of your slaves and maid-servants. If they be poor, Allah will enrich them of His bounty. Allah is of ample means, Aware.
33And let those who cannot find a match keep chaste till Allah give them independence by His grace. And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), write it for them if ye are aware of aught of good in them, and bestow upon them of the wealth of Allah which He hath bestowed upon you. Force not your slave-girls to whoredom that ye may seek enjoyment of the life of the world, if they would preserve their chastity. And if one force them, then (unto them), after their compulsion, lo! Allah will be Forgiving, Merciful.
34And verily We have sent down for you revelations that make plain, and the example of those who passed away before you. An admonition unto those who ward off (evil).
35Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp. The lamp is in a glass. The glass is as it were a shining star. (This lamp is) kindled from a blessed tree, an olive neither of the East nor of the West, whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself) though no fire touched it. Light upon light. Allah guideth unto His light whom He will. And Allah speaketh to mankind in allegories, for Allah is Knower of all things.
36(This lamp is found) in houses which Allah hath allowed to be exalted and that His name shall be remembered therein. Therein do offer praise to Him at morn and evening.
37Men whom neither merchandise nor sale beguileth from remembrance of Allah and constancy in prayer and paying to the poor their due; who fear a day when hearts and eyeballs will be overturned;
38That Allah may reward them with the best of what they did, and increase reward for them of His bounty. Allah giveth blessings without stint to whom He will.
39As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are as a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one supposeth it to be water till he cometh unto it and findeth it naught, and findeth, in the place thereof, Allah Who payeth him his due; and Allah is swift at reckoning.
40Or as darkness on a vast, abysmal sea. There covereth him a wave, above which is a wave, above which is a cloud. Layer upon layer of darkness. When he holdeth out his hand he scarce can see it. And he for whom Allah hath not appointed light, for him there is no light.
41Hast thou not seen that Allah, He it is Whom all who are in the heavens and the earth praise, and the birds in their flight? Of each He knoweth verily the worship and the praise; and Allah is Aware of what they do.
42And unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and unto Allah is the journeying.
43Hast thou not seen how Allah wafteth the clouds, then gathereth them, then maketh them layers, and thou seest the rain come forth from between them; He sendeth down from the heaven mountains wherein is hail, and smiteth therewith whom He will, and averteth it from whom He will. The flashing of His lightning all but snatcheth away the sight.
44Allah causeth the revolution of the day and the night. Lo! herein is indeed a lesson for those who see.
45Allah hath created every animal of water. Of them is (a kind) that goeth upon its belly and (a kind) that goeth upon two legs and (a kind) that goeth upon four. Allah createth what He will. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
46Verily We have sent down revelations and explained them. Allah guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
47And they say: We believe in Allah and the messenger, and we obey; then after that a faction of them turn away. Such are not believers.
48And when they appeal unto Allah and His messenger to judge between them, lo! a faction of them are averse;
49But if right had been with them they would have come unto him willingly.
50Is there in their hearts a disease, or have they doubts, or fear they lest Allah and His messenger should wrong them in judgment? Nay, but such are evil-doers.
51The saying of (all true) believers when they appeal unto Allah and His messenger to judge between them is only that they say: We hear and we obey. And such are the successful.
52He who obeyeth Allah and His messenger, and feareth Allah, and keepeth duty (unto Him): such indeed are the victorious.
53They swear by Allah solemnly that, if thou order them, they will go forth. Say: Swear not; known obedience (is better). Lo! Allah is Informed of what ye do.
54Say: Obey Allah and obey the messenger. But if ye turn away, then (it is) for him (to do) only that wherewith he hath been charged, and for you (to do) only that wherewith ye have been charged. If ye obey him, ye will go aright. But the messenger hath no other charge than to convey (the message) plainly.
55Allah hath promised such of you as believe and do good work that He will surely make them to succeed (the present rulers) in the earth even as He caused those who were before them to succeed (others); and that He will surely establish for them their religion which He hath approved for them, and will give them in exchange safety after their fear. They serve Me. They ascribe no thing as partner unto Me. Those who disbelieve henceforth, they are the miscreants.
56Establish worship and pay the poor-due and obey the messenger, that haply ye may find mercy.
57Think not that the disbelievers can escape in the land. Fire will be their home - a hapless journey´s end!
58O ye who believe! Let your slaves, and those of you who have not come to puberty, ask leave of you at three times (before they come into your presence): Before the prayer of dawn, and when ye lay aside your raiment for the heat of noon, and after the prayer of night. Three times of privacy for you. It is no sin for them or for you at other times, when some of you go round attendant upon others (if they come into your presence without leave). Thus Allah maketh clear the revelations for you. Allah is Knower, Wise.
59And when the children among you come to puberty then let them ask leave even as those before them used to ask it. Thus Allah maketh clear His revelations for you. Allah is Knower, Wise.
60As for women past child-bearing, who have no hope of marriage, it is no sin for them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show adornment. But to refrain is better for them. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
61No blame is there upon the blind nor any blame upon the lame nor any blame upon the sick nor on yourselves if ye eat from your houses, or the houses of your fathers, or the houses of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or the houses of your fathers´ brothers, or the houses of your fathers´ sisters, or the houses of your mothers´ brothers, or the houses of your mothers´ sisters, or (from that) whereof ye hold the keys, or (from the house) of a friend. No sin shall it be for you whether ye eat together or apart. But when ye enter houses, salute one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and sweet. Thus Allah maketh clear His revelations for you, that haply ye may understand.
62They only are the true believers who believe in Allah and His messenger and, when they are with him on some common errand, go not away until they have asked leave of him. Lo! those who ask leave of thee, those are they who believe in Allah and His messenger. So, if they ask thy leave for some affair of theirs, give leave to whom thou wilt of them, and ask for them forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
63Make not the calling of the messenger among you as your calling one of another. Allah knoweth those of you who steal away, hiding themselves. And let those who conspire to evade orders beware lest grief or painful punishment befall them.
64Lo! verily unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. He knoweth your condition. And (He knoweth) the Day when they are returned unto Him so that He may inform them of what they did. Allah is Knower of all things.
Chapter 25 (Sura 25)
1Blessed is He Who hath revealed unto His slave the Criterion (of right and wrong), that he may be a warner to the peoples.
2He unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, He hath chosen no son nor hath He any partner in the Sovereignty. He hath created everything and hath meted out for it a measure.
3Yet they choose beside Him other gods who create naught but are themselves created, and possess not hurt nor profit for themselves, and possess not death nor life, nor power to raise the dead.
4Those who disbelieve say: This is naught but a lie that he hath invented, and other folk have helped him with it, so that they have produced a slander and a lie.
5And they say: Fables of the men of old which he hath had written down so that they are dictated to him morn and evening.
6Say (unto them, O Muhammad): He who knoweth the secret of the heavens and the earth hath revealed it. Lo! He ever is Forgiving, Merciful.
7And they say: What aileth this messenger (of Allah) that he eateth food and walketh in the markets? Why is not an angel sent down unto him, to be a warner with him.
8Or (why is not) treasure thrown down unto him, or why hath he not a paradise from whence to eat? And the evil-doers say: Ye are but following a man bewitched.
9See how they coin similitudes for thee, so that they are all astray and cannot find a road!
10Blessed is He Who, if He will, will assign thee better than (all) that - Gardens underneath which rivers flow - and will assign thee mansions.
11Nay, but they deny (the coming of) the Hour, and for those who deny (the coming of) the Hour We have prepared a flame.
12When it seeth them from afar, they hear the crackling and the roar thereof.
13And when they are flung into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they pray for destruction there.
14Pray not that day for one destruction, but pray for many destructions!
15Say: Is that (doom) better or the Garden of Immortality which is promised unto those who ward off (evil)? It will be their reward and journey´s end.
16Therein abiding, they have all that they desire. It is for thy Lord a promise that must be fulfilled.
17And on the day when He will assemble them and that which they worship instead of Allah and will say: Was it ye who misled these my slaves or did they (themselves) wander from the way?
18They will say: Be Thou Glorified! it was not for us to choose any protecting friends beside thee; but Thou didst give them and their fathers ease till they forgot the warning and became lost folk.
19Thus they will give you the lie regarding what ye say, then ye can neither avert (the doom) nor obtain help. And whoso among you doeth wrong, We shall make him taste great torment.
20We never sent before thee any messengers but lo! they verily ate food and walked in the markets. And We have appointed some of you a test for others: Will ye be steadfast? And thy Lord is ever Seer.
21And those who look not for a meeting with Us say: Why are angels not sent down unto us and (Why) do we not see our Lord! Assuredly they think too highly of themselves and are scornful with great pride.
22On the day when they behold the angels, on that day there will be no good tidings for the guilty; and they will cry: A forbidding ban!
23And We shall turn unto the work they did and make it scattered motes.
24Those who have earned the Garden on that day will be better in their home and happier in their place of noonday rest;
25A day when the heaven with the clouds will be rent asunder and the angels will be sent down, a grand descent.
26The Sovereignty on that day will be the True (Sovereignty) belonging to the Beneficent One, and it will be a hard day for disbelievers.
27On the day when the wrong-doer gnaweth his hands, he will say: Ah, would that I had chosen a way together with the messenger (of Allah)!
28Alas for me! Ah, would that I had never taken such an one for friend!
29He verily led me astray from the Reminder after it had reached me. Satan was ever man´s deserter in the hour of need.
30And the messenger saith: O my Lord! Lo! mine own folk make this Qur´an of no account.
31Even so have We appointed unto every prophet an opponent from among the guilty; but Allah sufficeth for a Guide and Helper.
32And those who disbelieve say: Why is the Qur´an not revealed unto him all at once? (It is revealed) thus that We may strengthen thy heart therewith; and We have arranged it in right order.
33And they bring thee no similitude but We bring thee the Truth (as against it), and better (than their similitude) as argument.
34Those who will be gathered on their faces unto hell: such are worse in plight and further from the right road.
35We verily gave Moses the Scripture and placed with him his brother Aaron as henchman.
36Then We said: Go together unto the folk who have denied Our revelations. Then We destroyed them, a complete destruction.
37And Noah´s folk, when they denied the messengers, We drowned them and made of them a portent for mankind. We have prepared a painful doom for evil-doers.
38And (the tribes of) A´ad and Thamud, and the dwellers in Ar-Rass, and many generations in between.
39Each (of them) We warned by examples, and each (of them) We brought to utter ruin.
40And indeed they have passed by the township whereon was rained the fatal rain. Can it be that they have not seen it? Nay, but they hope for no resurrection.
41And when they see thee (O Muhammad) they treat thee only as a jest (saying): Is this he whom Allah sendeth as a messenger?
42He would have led us far away from our gods if we had not been staunch to them. They will know, when they behold the doom, who is more astray as to the road.
43Hast thou seen him who chooseth for his god his own lust? Wouldst thou then be guardian over him?
44Or deemest thou that most of them hear or understand? They are but as the cattle - nay, but they are farther astray?
45Hast thou not seen how thy Lord hath spread the shade - And if He willed He could have made it still - then We have made the sun its pilot;
46Then We withdraw it unto Us, a gradual withdrawal?
47And He it is Who maketh night a covering for you, and sleep repose, and maketh day a resurrection.
48And He it is Who sendeth the winds, glad tidings heralding His mercy, and We send down purifying water from the sky,
49That We may give life thereby to a dead land, and We give many beasts and men that We have created to drink thereof.
50And verily We have repeated it among them that they may remember, but most of mankind begrudge aught save ingratitude.
51If We willed, We could raise up a warner in every village.
52So obey not the disbelievers, but strive against them herewith with a great endeavour.
53And He it is Who hath given independence to the two seas (though they meet); one palatable, sweet, and the other saltish, bitter; and hath set a bar and a forbidding ban between them.
54And He it is Who hath created man from water, and hath appointed for him kindred by blood and kindred by marriage; for thy Lord is ever Powerful.
55Yet they worship instead of Allah that which can neither benefit them nor hurt them. The disbeliever was ever a partisan against his Lord.
56And We have sent thee (O Muhammad) only as a bearer of good tidings and a warner.
57Say: I ask of you no reward for this, save that whoso will may choose a way unto his Lord.
58And trust thou in the Living One Who dieth not, and hymn His praise. He sufficeth as the Knower of His bondmen´s sins,
59Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six Days, then He mounted the Throne. The Beneficent! Ask anyone informed concerning Him!
60And when it is said unto them: Prostrate to the Beneficent! they say: And what is the Beneficent? Are we to prostrate to whatever thou (Muhammad) biddest us? And it increaseth aversion in them.
61Blessed be He Who hath placed in the heaven mansions of the stars, and hath placed therein a great lamp and a moon giving light!
62And He it is Who hath appointed night and day in succession, for him who desireth to remember, or desireth thankfulness.
63The (faithful) slaves of the Beneficent are they who walk upon the earth modestly, and when the foolish ones address them answer: Peace;
64And who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing,
65And who say: Our Lord! Avert from us the doom of hell; lo! the doom thereof is anguish;
66Lo! it is wretched as abode and station;
67And those who, when they spend, are neither prodigal nor grudging; and there is ever a firm station between the two;
68And those who cry not unto any other god along with Allah, nor take the life which Allah hath forbidden save in (course of) justice, nor commit adultery - and whoso doeth this shall pay the penalty;
69The doom will be doubled for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein disdained for ever;
70Save him who repenteth and believeth and doth righteous work; as for such, Allah will change their evil deeds to good deeds. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
71And whosoever repenteth and doeth good, he verily repenteth toward Allah with true repentance -
72And those who will not witness vanity, but when they pass near senseless play, pass by with dignity.
73And those who, when they are reminded of the revelations of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind thereat.
74And who say: Our Lord! Vouchsafe us comfort of our wives and of our offspring, and make us patterns for (all) those who ward off (evil).
75They will be awarded the high place forasmuch as they were steadfast, and they will meet therein with welcome and the ward of peace,
76Abiding there for ever. Happy is it as abode and station!
77Say (O Muhammad, unto the disbelievers): My Lord would not concern Himself with you but for your prayer. But now ye have denied (the Truth), therefor there will be judgment.
Chapter 26 (Sura 26)
1Ta. Sin. Mim.
2These are revelations of the Scripture that maketh plain.
3It may be that thou tormentest thyself (O Muhammad) because they believe not.
4If We will, We can send down on them from the sky a portent so that their necks would remain bowed before it.
5Never cometh there unto them a fresh reminder from the Beneficent One, but they turn away from it.
6Now they have denied (the Truth); but there will come unto them tidings of that whereat they used to scoff.
7Have they not seen the earth, how much of every fruitful kind We make to grow therein?
8Lo! herein is indeed a portent; yet most of them are not believers.
9And lo! thy Lord! He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
10And when thy Lord called Moses, saying: Go unto the wrongdoing folk,
11The folk of Pharaoh. Will they not ward off (evil)?
12He said: My Lord! Lo! I fear that they will deny me,
13And I shall be embarrassed, and my tongue will not speak plainly, therefor send for Aaron (to help me).
14And they have a crime against me, so I fear that they will kill me.
15He said: Nay, verily. So go ye twain with Our tokens. Lo! We shall be with you, Hearing.
16And come together unto Pharaoh and say: Lo! we bear a message of the Lord of the Worlds,
17(Saying): Let the Children of Israel go with us.
18(Pharaoh) said (unto Moses): Did we not rear thee among us as a child? And thou didst dwell many years of thy life among us,
19And thou didst that thy deed which thou didst, and thou wast one of the ingrates.
20He said: I did it then, when I was of those who are astray.
21Then I fled from you when I feared you, and my Lord vouchsafed me a command and appointed me (of the number) of those sent (by Him).
22And this is the past favour wherewith thou reproachest me: that thou hast enslaved the Children of Israel.
23Pharaoh said: And what is the Lord of the Worlds?
24(Moses) said: Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if ye had but sure belief.
25(Pharaoh) said unto those around him: Hear ye not?
26He said: Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers.
27(Pharaoh) said: Lo! your messenger who hath been sent unto you is indeed a madman!
28He said: Lord of the East and the West and all that is between them, if ye did but understand.
29(Pharaoh) said: If thou choosest a god other than me, I assuredly shall place thee among the prisoners.
30He said: Even though I show thee something plain?
31(Pharaoh) said: Produce it then, if thou art of the truthful!
32Then he flung down his staff and it became a serpent manifest,
33And he drew forth his hand and lo! it was white to the beholders.
34(Pharaoh) said unto the chiefs about him: Lo! this is verily a knowing wizard,
35Who would drive you out of your land by his magic. Now what counsel ye?
36They said: Put him off, (him) and his brother, and send into the cities summoners
37Who shall bring unto thee every knowing wizard.
38So the wizards were gathered together at a set time on a day appointed.
39And it was said unto the people: Are ye (also) gathering?
40(They said): Aye, so that we may follow the wizards if they are the winners.
41And when the wizards came they said unto Pharaoh: Will there surely be a reward for us if we are the winners?
42He said: Aye, and ye will then surely be of those brought near (to me).
43Moses said unto them: Throw what ye are going to throw!
44Then they threw down their cords and their staves and said: By Pharaoh´s might, lo! we verily are the winners.
45Then Moses threw his staff and lo! it swallowed that which they did falsely show.
46And the wizards were flung prostrate,
47Crying: We believe in the Lord of the Worlds,
48The Lord of Moses and Aaron.
49(Pharaoh) said: Ye put your faith in him before I give you leave. Lo! he doubtless is your chief who taught you magic! But verily ye shall come to know. Verily I will cut off your hands and your feet alternately, and verily I will crucify you every one.
50They said: It is no hurt, for lo! unto our Lord we shall return.
51Lo! we ardently hope that our Lord will forgive us our sins because we are the first of the believers.
52And We inspired Moses, saying: Take away My slaves by night, for ye will be pursued.
53Then Pharaoh sent into the cities summoners,
54(Who said): Lo! these indeed are but a little troop,
55And lo! they are offenders against us.
56And lo! we are a ready host.
57Thus did We take them away from gardens and watersprings,
58And treasures and a fair estate.
59Thus (were those things taken from them) and We caused the Children of Israel to inherit them.
60And they overtook them at sunrise.
61And when the two hosts saw each other, those with Moses said: Lo! we are indeed caught.
62He said: Nay, verily! for lo! my Lord is with me. He will guide me.
63Then We inspired Moses, saying: Smite the sea with thy staff. And it parted, and each part was as a mountain vast.
64Then brought We near the others to that place.
65And We saved Moses and those with him, every one;
66And We drowned the others.
67Lo! herein is indeed a portent, yet most of them are not believers.
68And lo, thy Lord! He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
69Recite unto them the story of Abraham:
70When he said unto his father and his folk: What worship ye?
71They said: We worship idols, and are ever devoted unto them.
72He said: Do they hear you when ye cry?
73Or do they benefit or harm you?
74They said: Nay, but we found our fathers acting on this wise.
75He said: See now that which ye worship,
76Ye and your forefathers!
77Lo! they are (all) an enemy unto me, save the Lord of the Worlds,
78Who created me, and He doth guide me,
79And Who feedeth me and watereth me.
80And when I sicken, then He healeth me,
81And Who causeth me to die, then giveth me life (again),
82And Who, I ardently hope, will forgive me my sin on the Day of Judgment.
83My Lord! Vouchsafe me wisdom and unite me to the righteous.
84And give unto me a good report in later generations.
85And place me among the inheritors of the Garden of Delight,
86And forgive my father. Lo! he is of those who err.
87And abase me not on the day when they are raised,
88The day when wealth and sons avail not (any man)
89Save him who bringeth unto Allah a whole heart.
90And the Garden will be brought nigh for those who ward off (evil).
91And hell will appear plainly to the erring.
92And it will be said unto them: Where is (all) that ye used to worship
93Instead of Allah? Can they help you or help themselves?
94Then will they be hurled therein, they and the seducers
95And the hosts of Iblis, together.
96And they will say, when they are quarrelling therein:
97By Allah, of a truth we were in error manifest
98When we made you equal with the Lord of the Worlds.
99It was but the guilty who misled us.
100Now we have no intercessors
101Nor any loving friend.
102Oh, that we had another turn (on earth), that we might be of the believers!
103Lo! herein is indeed a portent, yet most of them are not believers!
104And lo, thy Lord! He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
105Noah´s folk denied the messengers (of Allah),
106When their brother Noah said unto them: Will ye not ward off (evil)?
107Lo! I am a faithful messenger unto you,
108So keep your duty to Allah, and obey me.
109And I ask of you no wage therefor; my wage is the concern only of the Lord of the Worlds.
110So keep your duty to Allah, and obey me.
111They said: Shall we put faith in thee, when the lowest (of the people) follow thee?
112He said: And what knowledge have I of what they may have been doing (in the past)?
113Lo! their reckoning is my Lord´s concern, if ye but knew;
114And I am not (here) to repulse believers.
115I am only a plain warner.
116They said: If thou cease not, O Noah, thou wilt surely be among those stoned (to death).
117He said: My Lord! Lo! my own folk deny me.
118Therefor judge Thou between us, a (conclusive) judgment, and save me and those believers who are with me.
119And We saved him and those with him in the laden ship.
120Then afterward We drowned the others.
121Lo! herein is indeed a portent, yet most of them are not believers.
122And lo, thy Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
123(The tribe of) A´ad denied the messengers (of Allah).
124When their brother Hud said unto them: Will ye not ward off (evil)?
125Lo! I am a faithful messenger unto you,
126So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
127And I ask of you no wage therefor; my wage is the concern only of the Lord of the Worlds.
128Build ye on every high place a monument for vain delight?
129And seek ye out strongholds, that haply ye may last for ever?
130And if ye seize by force, seize ye as tyrants?
131Rather keep your duty to Allah, and obey me.
132Keep your duty toward Him Who hath aided you with (the good things) that ye know,
133Hath aided you with cattle and sons.
134And gardens and watersprings.
135Lo! I fear for you the retribution of an awful day.
136They said: It is all one to us whether thou preachest or art not of those who preach;
137This is but a fable of the men of old,
138And we shall not be doomed.
139And they denied him; therefor We destroyed them. Lo! herein is indeed a portent, yet most of them are not believers.
140And lo! thy Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
141(The tribe of) Thamud denied the messengers (of Allah)
142When their brother Salih said unto them: Will ye not ward off (evil)?
143Lo! I am a faithful messenger unto you,
144So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
145And I ask of you no wage therefor; my wage is the concern only of the Lord of the Worlds.
146Will ye be left secure in that which is here before us,
147In gardens and watersprings.
148And tilled fields and heavy-sheathed palm-trees,
149Though ye hew out dwellings in the mountain, being skilful?
150Therefor keep your duty to Allah and obey me,
151And obey not the command of the prodigal,
152Who spread corruption in the earth, and reform not.
153They said: Thou art but one of the bewitched;
154Thou art but a mortal like us. So bring some token if thou art of the truthful.
155He said: (Behold) this she-camel. She hath the right to drink (at the well), and ye have the right to drink, (each) on an appointed day.
156And touch her not with ill lest there come on you the retribution of an awful day.
157But they hamstrung her, and then were penitent.
158So the retribution came on them. Lo! herein is indeed a portent, yet most of them are not believers.
159And lo! thy Lord! He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
160The folk of Lot denied the messengers (of Allah),
161When their brother Lot said unto them: Will ye not ward off (evil)?
162Lo! I am a faithful messenger unto you,
163So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
164And I ask of you no wage therefor; my wage is the concern only of the Lord of the Worlds.
165What! Of all creatures do ye come unto the males,
166And leave the wives your Lord created for you? Nay, but ye are froward folk.
167They said: If thou cease not, O Lot, thou wilt soon be of the outcast.
168He said: I am in truth of those who hate your conduct.
169My Lord! Save me and my household from what they do.
170So We saved him and his household, every one,
171Save an old woman among those who stayed behind.
172Then afterward We destroyed the others.
173And We rained on them a rain. And dreadful is the rain of those who have been warned.
174Lo! herein is indeed a portent, yet most of them are not believers.
175And lo! thy Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
176The dwellers in the wood (of Midian) denied the messengers (of Allah),
177When Shu´eyb said unto them: Will ye not ward off (evil)?
178Lo! I am a faithful messenger unto you,
179So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
180And I ask of you no wage for it; my wage is the concern only of the Lord of the Worlds.
181Give full measure, and be not of those who give less (than the due).
182And weigh with the true balance.
183Wrong not mankind in their goods, and do not evil, making mischief, in the earth.
184And keep your duty unto Him Who created you and the generations of the men of old.
185They said: Thou art but one of the bewitched;
186Thou art but a mortal like us, and lo! we deem thee of the liars.
187Then make fragments of the heaven fall upon us, if thou art of the truthful.
188He said: My Lord is Best Aware of what ye do.
189But they denied him, so there came on them the retribution of the day of gloom. Lo! it was the retribution of an awful day.
190Lo! herein is indeed a portent; yet most of them are not believers.
191And lo! thy Lord! He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
192And lo! it is a revelation of the Lord of the Worlds,
193Which the True Spirit hath brought down
194Upon thy heart, that thou mayst be (one) of the warners,
195In plain Arabic speech.
196And lo! it is in the Scriptures of the men of old.
197Is it not a token for them that the doctors of the Children of Israel know it?
198And if We had revealed it unto one of any other nation than the Arabs,
199And he had read it unto them, they would not have believed in it.
200Thus do We make it traverse the hearts of the guilty.
201They will not believe in it till they behold the painful doom,
202So that it will come upon them suddenly, when they perceive not.
203Then they will say: Are we to be reprieved?
204Would they (now) hasten on Our doom?
205Hast thou then seen, if We content them for (long) years,
206And then cometh that which they were promised,
207(How) that wherewith they were contented naught availeth them?
208And We destroyed no township but it had its warners
209For reminder, for We never were oppressors.
210The devils did not bring it down.
211It is not meet for them, nor is it in their power,
212Lo! verily they are banished from the hearing.
213Therefor invoke not with Allah another god, lest thou be one of the doomed.
214And warn thy tribe of near kindred,
215And lower thy wing (in kindness) unto those believers who follow thee.
216And if they (thy kinsfolk) disobey thee, say: Lo! I am innocent of what they do.
217And put thy trust in the Mighty, the Merciful.
218Who seeth thee when thou standest up (to pray)
219And (seeth) thine abasement among those who fall prostrate (in worship).
220Lo! He, only He, is the Hearer, the Knower.
221Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend?
222They descend on every sinful, false one.
223They listen eagerly, but most of them are liars.
224As for poets, the erring follow them.
225Hast thou not seen how they stray in every valley,
226And how they say that which they do not?
227Save those who believe and do good works, and remember Allah much, and vindicate themselves after they have been wronged. Those who do wrong will come to know by what a (great) reverse they will be overturned!
Chapter 27 (Sura 27)
1Ta. Sin. These are revelations of the Qur´an and a Scripture that maketh plain;
2A guidance and good tidings for believers
3Who establish worship and pay the poor-due and are sure of the Hereafter.
4Lo! as for those who believe not in the Hereafter, We have made their works fairseeming unto them so that they are all astray.
5Those are they for whom is the worst of punishment, and in the Hereafter they will be the greatest losers.
6Lo! as for thee (Muhammad), thou verily receivest the Qur´an from the presence of One Wise, Aware.
7(Remember) when Moses said unto his household: Lo! I spy afar off a fire; I will bring you tidings thence, or bring to you a borrowed flame that ye may warm yourselves.
8But when he reached it, he was called, saying: Blessed is Whosoever is in the fire and Whosoever is round about it! And Glorified be Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!
9O Moses! Lo! it is I, Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.
10And throw down thy staff! But when he saw it writhing as it were a demon, he turned to flee headlong; (but it was said unto him): O Moses! Fear not! the emissaries fear not in My presence,
11Save him who hath done wrong and afterward hath changed evil for good. And lo! I am Forgiving, Merciful.
12And put thy hand into the bosom of thy robe, it will come forth white but unhurt. (This will be one) among nine tokens unto Pharaoh and his people Lo! they were ever evil-living folk.
13But when Our tokens came unto them, plain to see, they said: This is mere magic,
14And they denied them, though their souls acknowledged them, for spite and arrogance. Then see the nature of the consequence for the wrong-doers!
15And We verily gave knowledge unto David and Solomon, and they said: Praise be to Allah, Who hath preferred us above many of His believing slaves!
16And Solomon was David´s heir. And he said: O mankind! Lo! we have been taught the language of birds, and have been given (abundance) of all things. This surely is evident favour.
17And there were gathered together unto Solomon his armies of the jinn and humankind, and of the birds, and they were set in battle order;
18Till, when they reached the Valley of the Ants, an ant exclaimed: O ants! Enter your dwellings lest Solomon and his armies crush you, unperceiving.
19And (Solomon) smiled, laughing at her speech, and said: My Lord, arouse me to be thankful for Thy favour wherewith Thou hast favoured me and my parents, and to do good that shall be pleasing unto Thee, and include me in (the number of) Thy righteous slaves.
20And he sought among the birds and said: How is it that I see not the hoopoe, or is he among the absent?
21I verily will punish him with hard punishment or I verily will slay him, or he verily shall bring me a plain excuse.
22But he was not long in coming, and he said: I have found out (a thing) that thou apprehendest not, and I come unto thee from Sheba with sure tidings.
23Lo! I found a woman ruling over them, and she hath been given (abundance) of all things, and hers is a mighty throne.
24I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allah; and Satan maketh their works fairseeming unto them, and debarreth them from the way (of Truth), so that they go not aright;
25So that they worship not Allah, Who bringeth forth the hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knoweth what ye hide and what ye proclaim,
26Allah; there is no Allah save Him, the Lord of the Tremendous Throne.
27(Solomon) said: We shall see whether thou speakest truth or whether thou art of the liars.
28Go with this my letter and throw it down unto them; then turn away and see what (answer) they return,
29(The Queen of Sheba) said (when she received the letter): O chieftains! Lo! there hath been thrown unto me a noble letter.
30Lo! it is from Solomon, and lo! it is: In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful;
31Exalt not yourselves against me, but come unto me as those who surrender.
32She said: O chieftains! Pronounce for me in my case. I decide no case till ye are present with me.
33They said: We are lords of might and lords of great prowess, but it is for thee to command; so consider what thou wilt command.
34She said: Lo! kings, when they enter a township, ruin it and make the honour of its people shame. Thus will they do.
35But lo! I am going to send a present unto them, and to see with what (answer) the messengers return.
36So when (the envoy) came unto Solomon, (the King) said: What! Would ye help me with wealth? But that which Allah hath given me is better than that which He hath given you. Nay it is ye (and not I) who exult in your gift.
37Return unto them. We verily shall come unto them with hosts that they cannot resist, and we shall drive them out from thence with shame, and they will be abased.
38He said: O chiefs! Which of you will bring me her throne before they come unto me, surrendering?
39A stalwart of the jinn said: I will bring it thee before thou canst rise from thy place. Lo! I verily am strong and trusty for such work.
40One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: I will bring it thee before thy gaze returneth unto thee. And when he saw it set in his presence, (Solomon) said: This is of the bounty of my Lord, that He may try me whether I give thanks or am ungrateful. Whosoever giveth thanks he only giveth thanks for (the good of) his own soul; and whosoever is ungrateful (is ungrateful only to his own soul´s hurt). For lo! my Lord is Absolute in independence, Bountiful.
41He said: Disguise her throne for her that we may see whether she will go aright or be of those not rightly guided.
42So, when she came, it was said (unto her): Is thy throne like this? She said: (It is) as though it were the very one. And (Solomon said): We were given the knowledge before her and we had surrendered (to Allah).
43And (all) that she was wont to worship instead of Allah hindered her, for she came of disbelieving folk.
44It was said unto her: Enter the hall. And when she saw it she deemed it a pool and bared her legs. (Solomon) said: Lo! it is a hall, made smooth, of glass. She said: My Lord! Lo! I have wronged myself, and I surrender with Solomon unto Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
45And We verily sent unto Thamud their brother Salih, saying: Worship Allah. And lo! they (then became two parties quarrelling.
46He said: O my people! Why will ye hasten on the evil rather than the good? Why will ye not ask pardon of Allah, that ye may receive mercy.
47They said: We augur evil of thee and those with thee. He said: Your evil augury is with Allah. Nay, but ye are folk that are being tested.
48And there were in the city nine persons who made mischief in the land and reformed not.
49They said: Swear one to another by Allah that we verily will attack him and his household by night, and afterward we will surely say unto his friend: We witnessed not the destruction of his household. And lo! we are truthtellers.
50So they plotted a plot: and We plotted a plot, while they perceived not.
51Then see the nature of the consequence of their plotting, for lo! We destroyed them and their people, every one.
52See, yonder are their dwellings empty and in ruins because they did wrong. Lo! herein is indeed a portent for a people who have knowledge.
53And we saved those who believed and used to ward off (evil).
54And Lot! when he said unto his folk: Will ye commit abomination knowingly?
55Must ye needs lust after men instead of women? Nay, but ye are folk who act senselessly.
56But the answer of his folk was naught save that they said: Expel the household of Lot from your township, for they (forsooth) are folk who would keep clean!
57Then We saved him and his household save his wife; We destined her to be of those who stayed behind.
58And We rained a rain upon them. Dreadful is the rain of those who have been warned.
59Say (O Muhammad): Praise be to Allah, and peace be on His slaves whom He hath chosen! Is Allah best, or (all) that ye ascribe as partners (unto Him)?
60Is not He (best) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sendeth down for you water from the sky wherewith We cause to spring forth joyous orchards, whose trees it never hath been yours to cause to grow. Is there any Allah beside Allah? Nay, but they are folk who ascribe equals (unto Him)!
61Is not He (best) Who made the earth a fixed abode, and placed rivers in the folds thereof, and placed firm hills therein, and hath set a barrier between the two seas? Is there any Allah beside Allah? Nay, but most of them know not!
62Is not He (best) Who answereth the wronged one when he crieth unto Him and removeth the evil, and hath made you viceroys of the earth? Is there any Allah beside Allah? Little do they reflect!
63Is not He (best) Who guideth you in the darkness of the land and the sea, He Who sendeth the winds as heralds of His mercy? Is there any Allah beside Allah? High Exalted be Allah from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him)!
64Is not He (best) Who produceth creation, then reproduceth it, and Who provideth for you from the heaven and the earth? Is there any Allah beside Allah? Say: Bring your proof, if ye are truthful!
65Say (O Muhammad): None in the heavens and the earth knoweth the Unseen save Allah; and they know not when they will be raised (again).
66Nay, but doth their knowledge reach to the Hereafter? Nay, for they are in doubt concerning it. Nay, for they cannot see it.
67Yet those who disbelieve say: When we have become dust like our fathers, shall we verily be brought forth (again)?
68We were promised this, forsooth, we and our fathers. (All) this is naught but fables of the men of old.
69Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Travel in the land and see the nature of the sequel for the guilty!
70And grieve thou not for them, nor be in distress because of what they plot (against thee).
71And they say: When (will) this promise (be fulfilled), if ye are truthful?
72Say: It may be that a part of that which ye would hasten on is close behind you.
73Lo! thy Lord is full of bounty for mankind, but most of them do not give thanks.
74Lo! thy Lord knoweth surely all that their bosoms hide, and all that they proclaim.
75And there is nothing hidden in the heaven or the earth but it is in a clear Record.
76Lo! this Qur´an narrateth unto the Children of Israel most of that concerning which they differ.
77And lo! it is a guidance and a mercy for believers.
78Lo! thy Lord will judge between them of His wisdom, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
79Therefor (O Muhammad) put thy trust in Allah, for thou (standest) on the plain Truth.
80Lo! thou canst not make the dead to hear, nor canst thou make the deaf to hear the call when they have turned to flee;
81Nor canst thou lead the blind out of their error. Thou canst make none to hear, save those who believe Our revelations and who have surrendered.
82And when the word is fulfilled concerning them, We shall bring forth a beast of the earth to speak unto them because mankind had not faith in Our revelations.
83And (remind them of) the Day when We shall gather out of every nation a host of those who denied Our revelations, and they will be set in array;
84Till, when they come (before their Lord), He will say: Did ye deny My revelations when ye could not compass them in knowledge, or what was it that ye did?
85And the Word will be fulfilled concerning them because they have done wrong, and they will not speak.
86Have they not seen how We have appointed the night that they may rest therein, and the day sight-giving? Lo! therein verily are portents for a people who believe.
87And (remind them of) the Day when the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and the earth will start in fear, save him whom Allah willeth. And all come unto Him, humbled.
88And thou seest the hills thou deemest solid flying with the flight of clouds: the doing of Allah Who perfecteth all things. Lo! He is Informed of what ye do.
89Whoso bringeth a good deed will have better than its worth; and such are safe from fear that Day.
90And whoso bringeth an ill-deed, such will be flung down on their faces in the Fire. Are ye rewarded aught save what ye did?
91(Say): I (Muhammad) am commanded only to serve the Lord of this land which He hath hallowed, and unto Whom all things belong. And I am commanded to be of those who surrender (unto Him),
92And to recite the Qur´an. And whoso goeth right, goeth right only for (the good of) his own soul; and as for him who goeth astray - (Unto him) say: Lo! I am only a warner.
93And say: Praise be to Allah Who will show you His portents so that ye shall know them. And thy Lord is not unaware of what ye (mortals) do.
Chapter 28 (Sura 28)
1Ta. Sin. Mim.
2These are revelations of the Scripture that maketh plain.
3We narrate unto thee (somewhat) of the story of Moses and Pharaoh with truth, for folk who believe.
4Lo! Pharaoh exalted himself in the earth and made its people castes. A tribe among them he oppressed, killing their sons and sparing their women. Lo! he was of those who work corruption.
5And We desired to show favour unto those who were oppressed in the earth, and to make them examples and to make them the inheritors,
6And to establish them in the earth, and to show Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts that which they feared from them.
7And We inspired the mother of Moses, saying: Suckle him and, when thou fearest for him, then cast him into the river and fear not nor grieve. Lo! We shall bring him back unto thee and shall make him (one) of Our messengers.
8And the family of Pharaoh took him up, that he might become for them an enemy and a sorrow, Lo! Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts were ever sinning.
9And the wife of Pharaoh said: (He will be) a consolation for me and for thee. Kill him not. Peradventure he may be of use to us, or we may choose him for a son. And they perceived not.
10And the heart of the mother of Moses became void, and she would have betrayed him if We had not fortified her heart, that she might be of the believers.
11And she said unto his sister: Trace him. So she observed him from afar, and they perceived not.
12And We had before forbidden foster-mothers for him, so she said: Shall I show you a household who will rear him for you and take care of him?
13So We restored him to his mother that she might be comforted and not grieve, and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true. But most of them know not.
14And when he reached his full strength and was ripe, We gave him wisdom and knowledge. Thus do We reward the good.
15And he entered the city at a time of carelessness of its folk, and he found therein two men fighting, one of his own caste, and the other of his enemies; and he who was of his caste asked him for help against him who was of his enemies. So Moses struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: This is of the devil´s doing. Lo! he is an enemy, a mere misleader.
16He said: My Lord! Lo! I have wronged my soul, so forgive me. Then He forgave him. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
17He said: My Lord! Forasmuch as Thou hast favoured me, I will nevermore be a supporter of the guilty.
18And morning found him in the city, fearing, vigilant, when behold! he who had appealed to him the day before cried out to him for help. Moses said unto him: Lo! thou art indeed a mere hothead.
19And when he would have fallen upon the man who was an enemy unto them both, he said: O Moses! Wouldst thou kill me as thou didst kill a person yesterday. Thou wouldst be nothing but a tyrant in the land, thou wouldst not be of the reformers.
20And a man came from the uttermost part of the city, running. He said: O Moses! Lo! the chiefs take counsel against thee to slay thee; therefor escape. Lo! I am of those who give thee good advice.
21So he escaped from thence, fearing, vigilant. He said: My Lord! Deliver me from the wrongdoing folk.
22And when he turned his face toward Midian, he said: Peradventure my Lord will guide me in the right road.
23And when he came unto the water of Midian he found there a whole tribe of men, watering. And he found apart from them two women keeping back (their flocks). He said: What aileth you? The two said: We cannot give (our flocks) to drink till the shepherds return from the water; and our father is a very old man.
24So he watered (their flock) for them. Then he turned aside into the shade, and said: My Lord! I am needy of whatever good Thou sendest down for me.
25Then there came unto him one of the two women, walking shyly. She said: Lo! my father biddeth thee, that he may reward thee with a payment for that thou didst water (the flock) for us. Then, when he came unto him and told him the (whole) story, he said: Fear not! Thou hast escaped from the wrongdoing folk.
26One of the two women said: O my father! Hire him! For the best (man) that thou canst hire in the strong, the trustworthy.
27He said: Lo! I fain would marry thee to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that thou hirest thyself to me for (the term of) eight pilgrimages. Then if thou completest ten it will be of thine own accord, for I would not make it hard for thee. Allah willing, thou wilt find me of the righteous.
28He said: That (is settled) between thee and me. Whichever of the two terms I fulfil, there will be no injustice to me, and Allah is Surety over what we say.
29Then, when Moses had fulfilled the term, and was travelling with his housefolk, he saw in the distance a fire and said unto his housefolk: Bide ye (here). Lo! I see in the distance a fire; peradventure I shall bring you tidings thence, or a brand from the fire that ye may warm yourselves.
30And when he reached it, he was called from the right side of the valley in the blessed field, from the tree: O Moses! Lo! I, even I, am Allah, the Lord of the Worlds;
31Throw down thy staff. And when he saw it writhing as it had been a demon, he turned to flee headlong, (and it was said unto him): O Moses! Draw nigh and fear not. Lo! thou art of those who are secure.
32Thrust thy hand into the bosom of thy robe it will come forth white without hurt. And guard thy heart from fear. Then these shall be two proofs from your Lord unto Pharaoh and his chiefs. Lo! they are evil-living folk.
33He said: My Lord! Lo! I killed a man among them and I fear that they will kill me.
34My brother Aaron is more eloquent than me in speech. Therefor send him with me as a helper to confirm me. Lo! I fear that they will give the lie to me.
35He said: We will strengthen thine arm with thy brother, and We will give unto you both power so that they cannot reach you for Our portents. Ye twain, and those who follow you, will be the winners.
36But when Moses came unto them with Our clear tokens, they said: This is naught but invented magic. We never heard of this among our fathers of old.
37And Moses said: My Lord is Best Aware of him who bringeth guidance from His presence, and whose will be the sequel of the Home (of bliss). Lo! wrong-doers will not be successful.
38And Pharaoh said: O chiefs! I know not that ye have a god other than me, so kindle for me (a fire), O Haman, to bake the mud; and set up for me a lofty tower in order that I may survey the god of Moses; and lo! I deem him of the liars.
39And he and his hosts were haughty in the land without right, and deemed that they would never be brought back to Us.
40Therefor We seized him and his hosts, and abandoned them unto the sea. Behold the nature of the consequence for evil-doers!
41And We made them patterns that invite unto the Fire, and on the Day of Resurrection they will not be helped.
42And We made a curse to follow them in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be among the hateful.
43And We verily gave the Scripture unto Moses after We had destroyed the generations of old: clear testimonies for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy, that haply they might reflect.
44And thou (Muhammad) wast not on the western side (of the Mount) when We expounded unto Moses the commandment, and thou wast not among those present;
45But We brought forth generations, and their lives dragged on for them. And thou wast not a dweller in Midian, reciting unto them Our revelations, but We kept sending (messengers to men).
46And thou was not beside the Mount when We did call; but (the knowledge of it is) a mercy from thy Lord that thou mayst warn a folk unto whom no warner came before thee, that haply they may give heed.
47Otherwise, if disaster should afflict them because of that which their own hands have sent before (them), they might say: Our Lord! Why sentest Thou no messenger unto us, that we might have followed Thy revelations and been of the believers?
48But when there came unto them the Truth from Our presence, they said: Why is he not given the like of what was given unto Moses? Did they not disbelieve in that which was given unto Moses of old? They say: Two magics that support each other; and they say: Lo! in both we are disbelievers.
49Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Then bring a scripture from the presence of Allah that giveth clearer guidance than these two (that) I may follow it, if ye are truthful.
50And if they answer thee not, then know that what they follow is their lusts. And who goeth farther astray than he who followeth his lust without guidance from Allah. Lo! Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
51And now verily We have caused the Word to reach them, that haply they may give heed.
52Those unto whom We gave the Scripture before it, they believe in it,
53And when it is recited unto them, they say: We believe in it. Lo! it is the Truth from our Lord. Lo! even before it we were of those who surrender (unto Him).
54These will be given their reward twice over, because they are steadfast and repel evil with good, and spend of that wherewith We have provided them,
55And when they hear vanity they withdraw from it and say: Unto us our works and unto you your works. Peace be unto you! We desire not the ignorant.
56Lo! thou (O Muhammad) guidest not whom thou lovest, but Allah guideth whom He will. And He is Best Aware of those who walk aright.
57And they say: If we were to follow the Guidance with thee we should be torn out of our land. Have We not established for them a sure sanctuary, whereunto the produce of all things is brought (in trade), a provision from Our presence? But most of them know not.
58And how many a community have We destroyed that was thankless for its means of livelihood! And yonder are their dwellings, which have not been inhabited after them save a little. And We, even We, were the inheritors.
59And never did thy Lord destroy the townships, till He had raised up in their mother(-town) a messenger reciting unto them Our revelations. And never did We destroy the townships unless the folk thereof were evil-doers.
60And whatsoever ye have been given is a comfort of the life of the world and an ornament thereof; and that which Allah hath is better and more lasting. Have ye then no sense?
61Is he whom We have promised a fair promise which he will find (true) like him whom We suffer to enjoy awhile the comfort of the life of the world, then on the Day of Resurrection he will be of those arraigned?
62On the day when He will call unto them and say: Where are My partners whom ye imagined?
63Those concerning whom the Word will have come true will say: Our Lord! These are they whom we led astray. We led them astray even as we ourselves were astray. We declare our innocence before Thee: us they never worshipped.
64And it will be said: Cry unto your (so-called) partners (of Allah). And they will cry unto them, and they will give no answer unto them, and they will see the Doom. Ah, if they had but been guided!
65And on the Day when He will call unto them and say: What answer gave ye to the messengers?
66On that day (all) tidings will be dimmed for them, nor will they ask one of another,
67But as for him who shall repent and believe and do right, he haply may be one of the successful.
68Thy Lord bringeth to pass what He willeth and chooseth. They have never any choice. Glorified be Allah and Exalted above all that they associate (with Him)!
69And thy Lord knoweth what their breasts conceal, and what they publish.
70And He is Allah; there is no Allah save Him. His is all praise in the former and the latter (state), and His is the command, and unto Him ye will be brought back.
71Say: Have ye thought, if Allah made night everlasting for you till the Day of Resurrection, who is a god beside Allah who could bring you light? Will ye not then hear?
72Say: Have ye thought, if Allah made day everlasting for you till the Day of Resurrection, who is a god beside Allah who could bring you night wherein ye rest? Will ye not then see?
73Of His mercy hath He appointed for you night and day, that therein ye may rest, and that ye may seek His bounty, and that haply ye may be thankful.
74And on the Day when He shall call unto them and say: Where are My partners whom ye pretended?
75And We shall take out from every nation a witness and We shall say: Bring your proof. Then they will know that Allah hath the Truth, and all that they invented will have failed them.
76Now Korah was of Moses´ folk, but he oppressed them; and We gave him so much treasure that the stores thereof would verily have been a burden for a troop of mighty men. When his own folk said unto him: Exult not; lo! Allah loveth not the exultant;
77But seek the abode of the Hereafter in that which Allah hath given thee and neglect not thy portion of the world, and be thou kind even as Allah hath been kind to thee, and seek not corruption in the earth; lo! Allah loveth not corrupters,
78He said: I have been given it only on account of knowledge I possess. Knew he not that Allah had destroyed already of the generations before him men who were mightier than him in strength and greater in respect of following? The guilty are not questioned of their sins.
79Then went he forth before his people in his pomp. Those who were desirous of the life of the world said: Ah, would that we had the like of what hath been given unto Korah! Lo! he is lord of rare good fortune.
80But those who had been given knowledge said: Woe unto you! The reward of Allah for him who believeth and doeth right is better, and only the steadfast will obtain it.
81So We caused the earth to swallow him and his dwelling-place. Then he had no host to help him against Allah, nor was he of those who can save themselves.
82And morning found those who had coveted his place but yesterday crying: Ah, welladay! Allah enlargeth the provision for whom He will of His slaves and straiteneth it (for whom He will). If Allah had not been gracious unto us He would have caused it to swallow us (also). Ah, welladay! the disbelievers never prosper.
83As for that Abode of the Hereafter We assign it unto those who seek not oppression in the earth, nor yet corruption. The sequel is for those who ward off (evil).
84Whoso bringeth a good deed, he will have better than the same; while as for him who bringeth an ill-deed, those who do ill-deeds will be requited only what they did.
85Lo! He Who hath given thee the Qur´an for a law will surely bring thee home again. Say: My Lord is Best Aware of him who bringeth guidance and him who is in error manifest.
86Thou hadst no hope that the Scripture would be inspired in thee; but it is a mercy from thy Lord, so never be a helper to the disbelievers.
87And let them not divert thee from the revelations of Allah after they have been sent down unto thee; but call (mankind) unto thy Lord, and be not of those who ascribe partners (unto Him).
88And cry not unto any other god along with Allah. There is no Allah save Him. Everything will perish save His countenance. His is the command, and unto Him ye will be brought back.
Chapter 29 (Sura 29)
1Alif. Lam. Mim.
2Do men imagine that they will be left (at ease) because they say, We believe, and will not be tested with affliction?
3Lo! We tested those who were before you. Thus Allah knoweth those who are sincere, and knoweth those who feign.
4Or do those who do ill-deeds imagine that they can outstrip Us? Evil (for them) is that which they decide.
5Whoso looketh forward to the meeting with Allah (let him know that) Allah´s reckoning is surely nigh, and He is the Hearer, the Knower.
6And whosoever striveth, striveth only for himself, for lo! Allah is altogether Independent of (His) creatures.
7And as for those who believe and do good works, We shall remit from them their evil deeds and shall repay them the best that they did.
8We have enjoined on man kindness to parents; but if they strive to make thee join with Me that of which thou hast no knowledge, then obey them not. Unto Me is your return and I shall tell you what ye used to do.
9And as for those who believe and do good works, We verily shall make them enter in among the righteous.
10Of mankind is he who saith: We believe in Allah, but, if he be made to suffer for the sake of Allah, he mistaketh the persecution of mankind for Allah´s punishment; and then, if victory cometh from thy Lord, will say: Lo! we were with you (all the while). Is not Allah Best Aware of what is in the bosoms of (His) creatures?
11Verily Allah knoweth those who believe, and verily He knoweth the hypocrites.
12Those who disbelieve say unto those who believe: Follow our way (of religion) and we verily will bear your sins (for you). They cannot bear aught of their sins. Lo! they verily are liars.
13But they verily will bear their own loads and other loads beside their own, and they verily will be questioned on the Day of Resurrection concerning that which they invented.
14And verily we sent Noah (as Our messenger) unto his folk, and he continued with them for a thousand years save fifty years; and the flood engulfed them, for they were wrong-doers.
15And We rescued him and those with him in the ship, and made of it a portent for the peoples.
16And Abraham! (Remember) when he said unto his folk: Serve Allah, and keep your duty unto Him; that is better for you if ye did but know.
17Ye serve instead of Allah only idols, and ye only invent a lie. Lo! those whom ye serve instead of Allah own no provision for you. So seek your provision from Allah, and serve Him, and give thanks unto Him, (for) unto Him ye will be brought back.
18But if ye deny, then nations have denied before you. The messenger is only to convey (the message) plainly.
19See they not how Allah produceth creation, then reproduceth it? Lo! for Allah that is easy.
20Say (O Muhammad): Travel in the land and see how He originated creation, then Allah bringeth forth the later growth. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
21He punisheth whom He will and showeth mercy unto whom He will, and unto Him ye will be turned.
22Ye cannot escape (from Him) in the earth or in the sky, and beside Allah there is for you no friend or helper.
23Those who disbelieve in the revelations of Allah and in (their) Meeting with Him, such have no hope of My mercy. For such there is a painful doom.
24But the answer of his folk was only that they said: "Kill him" or "Burn him." Then Allah saved him from the Fire. Lo! herein verily are portents for folk who believe.
25He said: Ye have chosen only idols instead of Allah. The love between you is only in the life of the world. Then on the Day of Resurrection ye will deny each other and curse each other, and your abode will be the Fire, and ye will have no helpers.
26And Lot believed him, and said: Lo! I am a fugitive unto my Lord. Lo! He, only He, is the Mighty, the Wise.
27And We bestowed on him Isaac and Jacob, and We established the prophethood and the Scripture among his seed, and We gave him his reward in the world, and lo! in the Hereafter he verily is among the righteous.
28And Lot! (Remember) when he said unto his folk: Lo! ye commit lewdness such as no creature did before you.
29For come ye not in unto males, and cut ye not the road (for travellers), and commit ye not abomination in your meetings? But the answer of his folk was only that they said: Bring Allah´s doom upon us if thou art a truthteller!
30He said: My Lord! Give me victory over folk who work corruption.
31And when Our messengers brought Abraham the good news, they said: Lo! we are about to destroy the people of that township, for its people are wrong-doers.
32He said: Lo! Lot is there. They said: We are best aware of who is there. We are to deliver him and his household, all save his wife, who is of those who stay behind.
33And when Our messengers came unto Lot, he was troubled upon their account, for he could not protect them; but they said: Fear not, nor grieve! Lo! we are to deliver thee and thy household, (all) save thy wife, who is of those who stay behind.
34Lo! We are about to bring down upon the folk of this township a fury from the sky because they are evil-livers.
35And verily of that We have left a clear sign for people who have sense.
36And unto Midian We sent Shu´eyb, their brother. He said: O my people! Serve Allah, and look forward to the Last Day, and do not evil, making mischief, in the earth.
37But they denied him, and the dreadful earthquake took them, and morning found them prostrate in their dwelling place.
38And (the tribes of) A´ad and Thamud! (Their fate) is manifest unto you from their (ruined and deserted) dwellings. Satan made their deeds seem fair unto them and so debarred them from the Way, though they were keen observers.
39And Korah, Pharaoh and Haman! Moses came unto them with clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty), but they were boastful in the land. And they were not winners (in the race).
40So We took each one in his sin; of them was he on whom We sent a hurricane, and of them was he who was overtaken by the (Awful) Cry, and of them was he whom We caused the earth to swallow, and of them was he whom We drowned. It was not for Allah to wrong them, but they wronged themselves.
41The likeness of those who choose other patrons than Allah is as the likeness of the spider when she taketh unto herself a house, and lo! the frailest of all houses is the spider´s house, if they but knew.
42Lo! Allah knoweth what thing they invoke instead of Him. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
43As for these similitudes, We coin them for mankind, but none will grasp their meaning save the wise.
44Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth. Lo! therein is indeed a portent for believers.
45Recite that which hath been inspired in thee of the Scripture, and establish worship. Lo! worship preserveth from lewdness and iniquity, but verily remembrance of Allah is more important. And Allah knoweth what ye do.
46And argue not with the People of the Scripture unless it be in (a way) that is better, save with such of them as do wrong; and say: We believe in that which hath been revealed unto us and revealed unto you; our Allah and your Allah is One, and unto Him we surrender.
47In like manner We have revealed unto thee the Scripture, and those unto whom We gave the Scripture aforetime will believe therein; and of these (also) there are some who believe therein. And none deny Our revelations save the disbelievers.
48And thou (O Muhammad) wast not a reader of any scripture before it, nor didst thou write it with thy right hand, for then might those have doubted, who follow falsehood.
49But it is clear revelations in the hearts of those who have been given knowledge, and none deny Our revelations save wrong-doers.
50And they say: Why are not portents sent down upon him from his Lord? Say: Portents are with Allah only, and I am but a plain warner.
51Is it not enough for them that We have sent down unto thee the Scripture which is read unto them? Lo! herein verily is mercy, and a reminder for folk who believe.
52Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Allah sufficeth for witness between me and you. He knoweth whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those who believe in vanity and disbelieve in Allah, they it is who are the losers.
53They bid thee hasten on the doom (of Allah). And if a term had not been appointed, the doom would assuredly have come unto them (ere now). And verily it will come upon them suddenly when they perceive not.
54They bid thee hasten on the doom, when lo! hell verily will encompass the disbelievers
55On the day when the doom will overwhelm them from above them and from underneath their feet, and He will say: Taste what ye used to do!
56O my bondmen who believe! Lo! My earth is spacious. Therefor serve Me only.
57Every soul will taste of death. Then unto Us ye will be returned.
58Those who believe and do good works, them verily We shall house in lofty dwellings of the Garden underneath which rivers flow. There they will dwell secure. How sweet the guerdon of the toilers,
59Who persevere, and put their trust in their Lord!
60And how many an animal there is that beareth not its own provision! Allah provideth for it and for you. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
61And if thou wert to ask them: Who created the heavens and the earth, and constrained the sun and the moon (to their appointed work)? they would say: Allah. How then are they turned away?
62Allah maketh the provision wide for whom He will of His bondmen, and straiteneth it for whom (He will). Lo! Allah is Aware of all things.
63And if thou wert to ask them: Who causeth water to come down from the sky, and therewith reviveth the earth after its death? they verily would say: Allah. Say: Praise be to Allah! But most of them have no sense.
64This life of the world is but a pastime and a game. Lo! the home of the Hereafter - that is Life, if they but knew.
65And when they mount upon the ships they pray to Allah, making their faith pure for Him only, but when He bringeth them safe to land, behold! they ascribe partners (unto Him),
66That they may disbelieve in that which We have given them, and that they may take their ease. But they will come to know.
67Have they not seen that We have appointed a sanctuary immune (from violence), while mankind are ravaged all around them? Do they then believe in falsehood and disbelieve in the bounty of Allah?
68Who doeth greater wrong than he who inventeth a lie concerning Allah, or denieth the truth when it cometh unto him? Is not there a home in hell for disbelievers?
69As for those who strive in Us, We surely guide them to Our paths, and lo! Allah is with the good.
Chapter 30 (Sura 30)
1Alif. Lam. Mim.
2The Romans have been defeated
3In the nearer land, and they, after their defeat will be victorious
4Within ten years - Allah´s is the command in the former case and in the latter - and in that day believers will rejoice
5In Allah´s help to victory. He helpeth to victory whom He will. He is the Mighty, the Merciful.
6It is a promise of Allah. Allah faileth not His promise, but most of mankind know not.
7They know only some appearance of the life of the world, and are heedless of the Hereafter.
8Have they not pondered upon themselves? Allah created not the heavens and the earth, and that which is between them, save with truth and for a destined end. But truly many of mankind are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord.
9Have they not travelled in the land and seen the nature of the consequence for those who were before them? They were stronger than these in power, and they dug the earth and built upon it more than these have built. Messengers of their own came unto them with clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty). Surely Allah wronged them not, but they did wrong themselves.
10Then evil was the consequence to those who dealt in evil, because they denied the revelations of Allah and made a mock of them.
11Allah produceth creation, then He reproduceth it, then unto Him ye will be returned.
12And in the day when the Hour riseth the unrighteous will despair.
13There will be none to intercede for them of those whom they made equal with Allah. And they will reject their partners (whom they ascribed unto Him).
14In the day when the Hour cometh, in that day they will be sundered.
15As for those who believed and did good works, they will be made happy in a Garden.
16But as for those who disbelieved and denied Our revelations, and denied the meeting of the Hereafter, such will be brought to doom.
17So glory be to Allah when ye enter the night and when ye enter the morning -
18Unto Him be praise in the heavens and the earth! - and at the sun´s decline and in the noonday.
19He bringeth forth the living from the dead, and He bringeth forth the dead from the living, and He reviveth the earth after her death. And even so will ye be brought forth.
20And of His signs is this: He created you of dust, and behold you human beings, ranging widely!
21And of His signs is this: He created for you helpmeets from yourselves that ye might find rest in them, and He ordained between you love and mercy. Lo! herein indeed are portents for folk who reflect.
22And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colours. Lo! herein indeed are portents for men of knowledge.
23And of His signs is your slumber by night and by day, and your seeking of His bounty. Lo! herein indeed are portents for folk who heed.
24And of His signs is this: He showeth you the lightning for a fear and for a hope, and sendeth down water from the sky, and thereby quickeneth the earth after her death. Lo! herein indeed are portents for folk who understand.
25And of His signs is this: The heavens and the earth stand fast by His command, and afterward, when He calleth you, lo! from the earth ye will emerge.
26Unto Him belongeth whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. All are obedient unto Him.
27He it is Who produceth creation, then reproduceth it, and it is easier for Him. His is the Sublime Similitude in the heavens and the earth. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
28He coineth for you a similitude of yourselves. Have ye, from among those whom your right hands possess, partners in the wealth We have bestowed upon you, equal with you in respect thereof, so that ye fear them as ye fear each other (that ye ascribe unto Us partners out of that which We created)? Thus We display the revelations for people who have sense.
29Nay, but those who do wrong follow their own lusts without knowledge. Who is able to guide him whom Allah hath sent astray? For such there are no helpers.
30So set thy purpose (O Muhammad) for religion as a man by nature upright - the nature (framed) of Allah, in which He hath created man. There is no altering (the laws of) Allah´s creation. That is the right religion, but most men know not -
31Turning unto Him (only); and be careful of your duty unto Him and establish worship, and be not of those who ascribe partners (unto Him);
32Of those who split up their religion and became schismatics, each sect exulting in its tenets.
33And when harm toucheth men they cry unto their Lord, turning to Him in repentance; then, when they have tasted of His mercy, behold! some of them attribute partners to their Lord
34So as to disbelieve in that which We have given them. (Unto such it is said): Enjoy yourselves awhile, but ye will come to know.
35Or have We revealed unto them any warrant which speaketh of that which they associate with Him?
36And when We cause mankind to taste of mercy they rejoice therein; but if an evil thing befall them as the consequence of their own deeds, lo! they are in despair!
37See they not that Allah enlargeth the provision for whom He will, and straiteneth (it for whom He will). Lo! herein indeed are portents for folk who believe.
38So give to the kinsman his due, and to the needy, and to the wayfarer. That is best for those who seek Allah´s Countenance. And such are they who are successful.
39That which ye give in usury in order that it may increase on (other) people´s property hath no increase with Allah; but that which ye give in charity, seeking Allah´s Countenance, hath increase manifold.
40Allah is He Who created you and then sustained you, then causeth you to die, then giveth life to you again. Is there any of your (so-called) partners (of Allah) that doeth aught of that? Praised and Exalted be He above what they associate (with Him)!
41Corruption doth appear on land and sea because of (the evil) which men´s hands have done, that He may make them taste a part of that which they have done, in order that they may return.
42Say (O Muhammad, to the disbelievers): Travel in the land, and see the nature of the consequence for those who were before you! Most of them were idolaters.
43So set thy purpose resolutely for the right religion, before the inevitable day cometh from Allah. On that day mankind will be sundered-
44Whoso disbelieveth must (then) bear the consequences of his disbelief, while those who do right make provision for themselves -
45That He may reward out of His bounty those who believe and do good works. Lo! He loveth not the disbelievers (in His guidance).
46And of His signs is this: He sendeth herald winds to make you taste His mercy, and that the ships may sail at His command, and that ye may seek his favour, and that haply ye may be thankful.
47Verily We sent before thee (Muhammad) messengers to their own folk. Then we took vengeance upon those who were guilty (in regard to them). To help believers is ever incumbent upon Us.
48Allah is He Who sendeth the winds so that they raise clouds, and spreadeth them along the sky as pleaseth Him, and causeth them to break and thou seest the rain downpouring from within them. And when He maketh it to fall on whom He will of His bondmen, lo! they rejoice;
49Though before that, even before it was sent down upon them, they were in despair.
50Look, therefore, at the prints of Allah´s mercy (in creation): how He quickeneth the earth after her death. Lo! He verily is the Quickener of the Dead, and He is Able to do all things.
51And if We sent a wind and they beheld it yellow, they verily would still continue in their disbelief.
52For verily thou (Muhammad) canst not make the dead to hear, nor canst thou make the deaf to hear the call when they have turned to flee.
53Nor canst thou guide the blind out of their error. Thou canst make none to hear save those who believe in Our revelations so that they surrender (unto Him).
54Allah is He Who shaped you out of weakness, then appointed after weakness strength, then, after strength, appointed weakness and grey hair. He createth what He will. He is the Knower, the Mighty.
55And on the day when the Hour riseth the guilty will vow that they did tarry but an hour - thus were they ever deceived.
56But those to whom knowledge and faith are given will say: The truth is, ye have tarried, by Allah´s decree, until the Day of Resurrection. This is the Day of Resurrection, but ye used not to know.
57In that day their excuses will not profit those who did injustice, nor will they be allowed to make amends.
58Verily We have coined for mankind in this Qur´an all kinds of similitudes; and indeed if thou camest unto them with a miracle, those who disbelieve would verily exclaim: Ye are but tricksters!
59Thus doth Allah seal the hearts of those who know not.
60So have patience (O Muhammad)! Allah´s promise is the very truth, and let not those who have no certainty make thee impatient.
Chapter 31 (Sura 31)
1Alif. Lam. Mim.
2These are revelations of the wise Scripture,
3A guidance and a mercy for the good,
4Those who establish worship and pay the poor-due and have sure faith in the Hereafter.
5Such have guidance from their Lord. Such are the successful.
6And of mankind is he who payeth for mere pastime of discourse, that he may mislead from Allah´s way without knowledge, and maketh it the butt of mockery. For such there is a shameful doom.
7And when Our revelations are recited unto him he turneth away in pride as if he heard them not, as if there were a deafness in his ears. So give him tidings of a painful doom.
8Lo! those who believe and do good works, for them are the gardens of delight,
9Wherein they will abide. It is a promise of Allah in truth. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
10He hath created the heavens without supports that ye can see, and hath cast into the earth firm hills, so that it quake not with you; and He hath dispersed therein all kinds of beasts. And We send down water from the sky and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to grow therein.
11This is the Creation of Allah. Now show me that which those (ye worship) beside Him have created. Nay, but the wrong-doers are in error manifest!
12And verily We gave Luqman wisdom, saying: Give thanks unto Allah; and whosoever giveth thanks, he giveth thanks for (the good of) his soul. And whosoever refuseth - Lo! Allah is Absolute, Owner of Praise.
13And (remember) when Luqman said unto his son, when he was exhorting him: O my dear son! Ascribe no partners unto Allah. Lo! to ascribe partners (unto Him) is a tremendous wrong -
14And We have enjoined upon man concerning his partners - His mother beareth him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years - Give thanks unto Me and unto thy parents. Unto Me is the journeying.
15But if they strive with thee to make thee ascribe unto Me as partner that of which thou hast no knowledge, then obey them not. Consort with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who repenteth unto Me. Then unto Me will be your return, and I shall tell you what ye used to do -
16O my dear son! Lo! though it be but the weight of a grain of mustard-seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens, or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Lo! Allah is Subtile, Aware.
17O my dear son! Establish worship and enjoin kindness and forbid iniquity, and persevere whatever may befall thee. Lo! that is of the steadfast heart of things.
18Turn not thy cheek in scorn toward folk, nor walk with pertness in the land. Lo! Allah loveth not each braggart boaster.
19Be modest in thy bearing and subdue thy voice. Lo! the harshest of all voices is the voice of the ass.
20See ye not how Allah hath made serviceable unto you whatsoever is in the skies and whatsoever is in the earth and hath loaded you with His favours both without and within? Yet of mankind is he who disputeth concerning Allah, without knowledge or guidance or a scripture giving light.
21And if it be said unto them: Follow that which Allah hath revealed, they say: Nay, but we follow that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though the devil were inviting them unto the doom of flame?
22Whosoever surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, he verily hath grasped the firm hand-hold. Unto Allah belongeth the sequel of all things.
23And whosoever disbelieveth, let not his disbelief afflict thee (O Muhammad). Unto Us is their return, and We shall tell them what they did. Lo! Allah is Aware of what is in the breasts (of men).
24We give them comfort for a little, and then We drive them to a heavy doom.
25If thou shouldst ask them: Who created the heavens and the earth? they would answer: Allah. Say: Praise be to Allah! But most of them know not.
26Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. Lo! Allah, He is the Absolute, the Owner of Praise.
27And if all the trees in the earth were pens, and the sea, with seven more seas to help it, (were ink), the words of Allah could not be exhausted. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise.
28Your creation and your raising (from the dead) are only as (the creation and the raising of) a single soul. Lo! Allah is Hearer, Knower.
29Hast thou not seen how Allah causeth the night to pass into the day and causeth the day to pass into the night, and hath subdued the sun and the moon (to do their work), each running unto an appointed term; and that Allah is Informed of what ye do?
30That (is so) because Allah, He is the True, and that which they invoke beside Him is the False, and because Allah, He is the Sublime, the Great.
31Hast thou not seen how the ships glide on the sea by Allah´s grace, that He may show you of His wonders? Lo! therein indeed are portents for every steadfast, grateful (heart).
32And if a wave enshroudeth them like awnings, they cry unto Allah, making their faith pure for Him only. But when He bringeth them safe to land, some of them compromise. None denieth Our signs save every traitor ingrate.
33O mankind! Keep your duty to your Lord and fear a Day when the parent will not be able to avail the child in aught, nor the child to avail the parent. Lo! Allah´s promise is the very truth. Let not the life of the world beguile you, nor let the deceiver beguile you, in regard to Allah.
34Lo! Allah! With Him is knowledge of the Hour. He sendeth down the rain, and knoweth that which is in the wombs. No soul knoweth what it will earn to-morrow, and no soul knoweth in what land it will die. Lo! Allah is Knower, Aware.
Chapter 32 (Sura 32)
1Alif. Lam. Mim
2The revelation of the Scripture whereof there is no doubt is from the Lord of the Worlds.
3Or say they: He hath invented it? Nay, but it is the Truth from thy Lord, that thou mayst warn a folk to whom no warner came before thee, that haply they may walk aright.
4Allah it is Who created the heavens and the earth, and that which is between them, in six Days. Then He mounted the Throne. Ye have not, beside Him, a protecting friend or mediator. Will ye not then remember?
5He directeth the ordinance from the heaven unto the earth; then it ascendeth unto Him in a Day, whereof the measure is a thousand years of that ye reckon.
6Such is the Knower of the Invisible and the Visible, the Mighty, the Merciful,
7Who made all things good which He created, and He began the creation of man from clay;
8Then He made his seed from a draught of despised fluid;
9Then He fashioned him and breathed into him of His Spirit; and appointed for you hearing and sight and hearts. Small thanks give ye!
10And they say: When we are lost in the earth, how can we then be re-created? Nay but they are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord.
11Say: The angel of death, who hath charge concerning you, will gather you, and afterward unto your Lord ye will be returned.
12Couldst thou but see when the guilty hang their heads before their Lord, (and say): Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back; we will do right, now we are sure.
13And if We had so willed, We could have given every soul its guidance, but the word from Me concerning evildoers took effect: that I will fill hell with the jinn and mankind together.
14So taste (the evil of your deeds). Forasmuch as ye forgot the meeting of this your day, lo! We forget you. Taste the doom of immortality because of what ye used to do.
15Only those believe in Our revelations who, when they are reminded of them, fall down prostrate and hymn the praise of their Lord, and they are not scornful,
16Who forsake their beds to cry unto their Lord in fear and hope, and spend of that We have bestowed on them.
17No soul knoweth what is kept hid for them of joy, as a reward for what they used to do.
18Is he who is a believer like unto him who is an evil-liver? They are not alike.
19But as for those who believe and do good works, for them are the Gardens of Retreat - a welcome (in reward) for what they used to do.
20And as for those who do evil, their retreat is the Fire. Whenever they desire to issue forth from thence, they are brought back thither. Unto them it is said: Taste the torment of the Fire which ye used to deny.
21And verily We make them taste the lower punishment before the greater, that haply they may return.
22And who doth greater wrong than he who is reminded of the revelations of his Lord, then turneth from them. Lo! We shall requite the guilty.
23We verily gave Moses the Scripture; so be not ye in doubt of his receiving it; and We appointed it a guidance for the Children of Israel.
24And when they became steadfast and believed firmly in Our revelations, We appointed from among them leaders who guided by Our command.
25Lo! thy Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they used to differ.
26Is it not a guidance for them (to observe) how many generations We destroyed before them, amid whose dwelling places they do walk? Lo! therein verily are portents! Will they not then heed?
27Have they not seen how We lead the water to the barren land and therewith bring forth crops whereof their cattle eat, and they themselves? Will they not then see?
28And they say: When cometh this victory (of yours) if ye are truthful?
29Say (unto them): On the day of the victory the faith of those who disbelieve (and who then will believe) will not avail them, neither will they be reprieved.
30So withdraw from them (O Muhammad), and await (the event). Lo! they (also) are awaiting (it).
Chapter 33 (Sura 33)
1O Prophet! Keep thy duty to Allah and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.
2And follow that which is inspired in thee from thy Lord. Lo! Allah is Aware of what ye do.
3And put thy trust in Allah, for Allah is sufficient as Trustee.
4Allah hath not assigned unto any man two hearts within his body, nor hath He made your wives whom ye declare (to be your mothers) your mothers, nor hath He made those whom ye claim (to be your sons) your sons. This is but a saying of your mouths. But Allah saith the truth and He showeth the way.
5Proclaim their real parentage. That will be more equitable in the sight of Allah. And if ye know not their fathers, then (they are) your brethren in the faith, and your clients. And there is no sin for you in the mistakes that ye make unintentionally, but what your hearts purpose (that will be a sin for you). Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
6The Prophet is closer to the believers than their selves, and his wives are (as) their mothers. And the owners of kinship are closer one to another in the ordinance of Allah than (other) believers and the fugitives (who fled from Mecca), except that ye should do kindness to your friends. This is written in the Book (of nature).
7And when We exacted a covenant from the prophets, and from thee (O Muhammad) and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus son of Mary. We took from them a solemn covenant;
8That He may ask the loyal of their loyalty. And He hath prepared a painful doom for the unfaithful.
9O ye who believe! Remember Allah´s favour unto you when there came against you hosts, and We sent against them a great wind and hosts ye could not see. And Allah is ever Seer of what ye do.
10When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when eyes grew wild and hearts reached to the throats, and ye were imagining vain thoughts concerning Allah.
11There were the believers sorely tried, and shaken with a mighty shock.
12And when the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, were saying: Allah and His messenger promised us naught but delusion.
13And when a party of them said: O folk of Yathrib! There is no stand (possible) for you, therefor turn back. And certain of them (even) sought permission of the Prophet, saying: Our homes lie open (to the enemy). And they lay not open. They but wished to flee.
14If the enemy had entered from all sides and they had been exhorted to treachery, they would have committed it, and would have hesitated thereupon but little.
15And verily they had already sworn unto Allah that they would not turn their backs (to the foe). An oath to Allah must be answered for.
16Say: Flight will not avail you if ye flee from death or killing, and then ye dwell in comfort but a little while.
17Say: Who is he who can preserve you from Allah if He intendeth harm for you, or intendeth mercy for you. They will not find that they have any friend or helper other than Allah.
18Allah already knoweth those of you who hinder, and those who say unto their brethren: "Come ye hither unto us!" and they come not to the stress of battle save a little,
19Being sparing of their help to you (believers). But when the fear cometh, then thou (Muhammad) seest them regarding thee with rolling eyes like one who fainteth unto death. Then, when the fear departeth, they scald you with sharp tongues in their greed for wealth (from the spoil). Such have not believed. Therefor Allah maketh their deeds fruitless. And that is easy for Allah.
20They hold that the clans have not retired (for good); and if the clans should advance (again), they would fain be in the desert with the wandering Arabs, asking for the news of you; and if they were among you, they would not give battle, save a little.
21Verily in the messenger of Allah ye have a good example for him who looketh unto Allah and the Last Day, and remembereth Allah much.
22And when the true believers saw the clans, they said: This is that which Allah and His messenger promised us. Allah and His messenger are true. It did but confirm them in their faith and resignation.
23Of the believers are men who are true to that which they covenanted with Allah. Some of them have paid their vow by death (in battle), and some of them still are waiting; and they have not altered in the least;
24That Allah may reward the true men for their truth, and punish the hypocrites if He will, or relent toward them (if He will). Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
25And Allah repulsed the disbelievers in their wrath; they gained no good. Allah averted their attack from the believers. Allah is ever Strong, Mighty.
26And He brought those of the People of the Scripture who supported them down from their strongholds, and cast panic into their hearts. Some ye slew, and ye made captive some.
27And He caused you to inherit their land and their houses and their wealth, and land ye have not trodden. Allah is ever Able to do all things.
28O Prophet! Say unto thy wives: If ye desire the world´s life and its adornment, come! I will content you and will release you with a fair release.
29But if ye desire Allah and His messenger and the abode of the Hereafter, then lo! Allah hath prepared for the good among you an immense reward.
30O ye wives of the Prophet! Whosoever of you committeth manifest lewdness, the punishment for her will be doubled, and that is easy for Allah.
31And whosoever of you is submissive unto Allah and His messenger and doeth right, We shall give her her reward twice over, and We have prepared for her a rich provision.
32O ye wives of the Prophet! Ye are not like any other women. If ye keep your duty (to Allah), then be not soft of speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease aspire (to you), but utter customary speech.
33And stay in your houses. Bedizen not yourselves with the bedizenment of the Time of Ignorance. Be regular in prayer, and pay the poor-due, and obey Allah and His messenger. Allah´s wish is but to remove uncleanness far from you, O Folk of the Household, and cleanse you with a thorough cleansing.
34And bear in mind that which is recited in your houses of the revelations of Allah and wisdom. Lo! Allah is Subtile, Aware.
35Lo! men who surrender unto Allah, and women who surrender, and men who believe and women who believe, and men who obey and women who obey, and men who speak the truth and women who speak the truth, and men who persevere (in righteousness) and women who persevere, and men who are humble and women who are humble, and men who give alms and women who give alms, and men who fast and women who fast, and men who guard their modesty and women who guard (their modesty), and men who remember Allah much and women who remember - Allah hath prepared for them forgiveness and a vast reward.
36And it becometh not a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His messenger have decided an affair (for them), that they should (after that) claim any say in their affair; and whoso is rebellious to Allah and His messenger, he verily goeth astray in error manifest.
37And when thou saidst unto him on whom Allah hath conferred favour and thou hast conferred favour: Keep thy wife to thyself, and fear Allah. And thou didst hide in thy mind that which Allah was to bring to light, and thou didst fear mankind whereas Allah hath a better right that thou shouldst fear Him. So when Zeyd had performed that necessary formality (of divorce) from her, We gave her unto thee in marriage, so that (henceforth) there may be no sin for believers in respect of wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have performed the necessary formality (of release) from them. The commandment of Allah must be fulfilled.
38There is no reproach for the Prophet in that which Allah maketh his due. That was Allah´s way with those who passed away of old - and the commandment of Allah is certain destiny -
39Who delivered the messages of Allah and feared Him, and feared none save Allah. Allah keepeth good account.
40Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah is ever Aware of all things.
41O ye who believe! Remember Allah with much remembrance.
42And glorify Him early and late.
43He it is Who blesseth you, and His angels (bless you), that He may bring you forth from darkness unto light; and He is ever Merciful to the believers.
44Their salutation on the day when they shall meet Him will be: Peace. And He hath prepared for them a goodly recompense.
45O Prophet! Lo! We have sent thee as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner.
46And as a summoner unto Allah by His permission, and as a lamp that giveth light.
47And announce unto the believers the good tidings that they will have great bounty from Allah.
48And incline not to the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Disregard their noxious talk, and put thy trust in Allah. Allah is sufficient as Trustee.
49O ye who believe! If ye wed believing women and divorce them before ye have touched them, then there is no period that ye should reckon. But content them and release them handsomely.
50O Prophet! Lo! We have made lawful unto thee thy wives unto whom thou hast paid their dowries, and those whom thy right hand possesseth of those whom Allah hath given thee as spoils of war, and the daughters of thine uncle on the father´s side and the daughters of thine aunts on the father´s side, and the daughters of thine uncle on the mother´s side and the daughters of thine aunts on the mother´s side who emigrated with thee, and a believing woman if she give herself unto the Prophet and the Prophet desire to ask her in marriage - a privilege for thee only, not for the (rest of) believers - We are Aware of that which We enjoined upon them concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess - that thou mayst be free from blame, for Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
51Thou canst defer whom thou wilt of them and receive unto thee whom thou wilt, and whomsoever thou desirest of those whom thou hast set aside (temporarily), it is no sin for thee (to receive her again); that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieve, and may all be pleased with what thou givest them. Allah knoweth what is in your hearts (O men), and Allah is ever Forgiving, Clement.
52It is not allowed thee to take (other) women henceforth, nor that thou shouldst change them for other wives even though their beauty pleased thee, save those whom thy right hand possesseth. And Allah is ever Watcher over all things.
53O Ye who believe! Enter not the dwellings of the Prophet for a meal without waiting for the proper time, unless permission be granted you. But if ye are invited, enter, and, when your meal is ended, then disperse. Linger not for conversation. Lo! that would cause annoyance to the Prophet, and he would be shy of (asking) you (to go); but Allah is not shy of the truth. And when ye ask of them (the wives of the Prophet) anything, ask it of them from behind a curtain. That is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And it is not for you to cause annoyance to the messenger of Allah, nor that ye should ever marry his wives after him. Lo! that in Allah´s sight would be an enormity.
54Whether ye divulge a thing or keep it hidden, lo! Allah is ever Knower of all things.
55It is no sin for them (thy wives) to converse freely) with their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their brothers´ sons, or the sons of their sisters or of their own women, or their slaves. O women! Keep your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is ever Witness over all things.
56Lo! Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O ye who believe! Ask blessings on him and salute him with a worthy salutation.
57Lo! those who malign Allah and His messenger, Allah hath cursed them in the world and the Hereafter, and hath prepared for them the doom of the disdained.
58And those who malign believing men and believing women undeservedly, they bear the guilt of slander and manifest sin.
59O Prophet! Tell thy wives and thy daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks close round them (when they go abroad). That will be better, so that they may be recognised and not annoyed. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
60If the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, and the alarmists in the city do not cease, We verily shall urge thee on against them, then they will be your neighbours in it but a little while.
61Accursed, they will be seized wherever found and slain with a (fierce) slaughter.
62That was the way of Allah in the case of those who passed away of old; thou wilt not find for the way of Allah aught of power to change.
63Men ask thee of the Hour. Say: The knowledge of it is with Allah only. What can convey (the knowledge) unto thee? It may be that the Hour is nigh.
64Lo! Allah hath cursed the disbelievers, and hath prepared for them a flaming fire,
65Wherein they will abide for ever. They will find (then) no protecting friend nor helper.
66On the day when their faces are turned over in the Fire, they say: Oh, would that we had obeyed Allah and had obeyed His messenger!
67And they say: Our Lord! Lo! we obeyed our princes and great men, and they misled us from the Way.
68Our Lord! Oh, give them double torment and curse them with a mighty curse.
69O ye who believe! Be not as those who slandered Moses, but Allah proved his innocence of that which they alleged, and he was well esteemed in Allah´s sight.
70O ye who believe! Guard your duty to Allah, and speak words straight to the point;
71He will adjust your works for you and will forgive you your sins. Whosoever obeyeth Allah and His messenger, he verily hath gained a signal victory.
72Lo! We offered the trust unto the heavens and the earth and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man assumed it. Lo! he hath proved a tyrant and a fool.
73So Allah punisheth hypocritical men and hypocritical women, and idolatrous men and idolatrous women. But Allah pardoneth believing men and believing women, and Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
Chapter 34 (Sura 34)
1Praise be to Allah, unto Whom belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. His is the praise in the Hereafter, and He is the Wise, the Aware.
2He knoweth that which goeth into the earth and that which cometh forth from it, and that descendeth from the heaven and that which ascendeth into it. He is the Merciful, the Forgiving.
3Those who disbelieve say: The Hour will never come unto us. Say: Nay, by my Lord, but it is coming unto you surely. (He is) the Knower of the Unseen. Not an atom´s weight, or less than that or greater, escapeth Him in the heavens or in the earth, but it is in a clear Record,
4That He may reward those who believe and do good works. For them is pardon and a rich provision.
5But those who strive against Our revelations, challenging (Us), theirs will be a painful doom of wrath.
6Those who have been given knowledge see that what is revealed unto thee from thy Lord is the truth and leadeth unto the path of the Mighty, the Owner of Praise.
7Those who disbelieve say: Shall we show you a man who will tell you (that) when ye have become dispersed in dust with most complete dispersal still, even then, ye will be created anew?
8Hath he invented a lie concerning Allah, or is there in him a madness? Nay, but those who disbelieve in the Hereafter are in torment and far error.
9Have they not observed what is before them and what is behind them of the sky and the earth? If We will, We can make the earth swallow them, or cause obliteration from the sky to fall on them. Lo! herein surely is a portent for every slave who turneth (to Allah) repentant.
10And assuredly We gave David grace from Us, (saying): O ye hills and birds, echo his psalms of praise! And We made the iron supple unto him,
11Saying: Make thou long coats of mail and measure the links (thereof). And do ye right. Lo! I am Seer of what ye do.
12And unto Solomon (We gave) the wind, whereof the morning course was a month´s journey and the evening course a month´s journey, and We caused the fount of copper to gush forth for him, and (We gave him) certain of the jinn who worked before him by permission of his Lord. And such of them as deviated from Our command, them We caused to taste the punishment of flaming Fire.
13They made for him what he willed: synagogues and statues, basins like wells and boilers built into the ground. Give thanks, O House of David! Few of My bondmen are thankful.
14And when We decreed death for him, nothing showed his death to them save a creeping creature of the earth which gnawed away his staff. And when he fell the jinn saw clearly how, if they had known the Unseen, they would not have continued in despised toil.
15There was indeed a sign for Sheba in their dwelling-place: Two gardens on the right hand and the left (as who should say): Eat of the provision of your Lord and render thanks to Him. A fair land and an indulgent Lord!
16But they were froward, so We sent on them the flood of ´Iram, and in exchange for their two gardens gave them two gardens bearing bitter fruit, the tamarisk and here and there a lote-tree.
17This We awarded them because of their ingratitude. Punish We ever any save the ingrates?
18And We set, between them and the towns which We had blessed, towns easy to be seen, and We made the stage between them easy, (saying): Travel in them safely both by night and day.
19But they said: Our Lord! Make the stage between our journeys longer. And they wronged themselves, therefore We made them bywords (in the land) and scattered them abroad, a total scattering. Lo! herein verily are portents for each steadfast, grateful (heart).
20And Satan indeed found his calculation true concerning them, for they follow him, all save a group of true believers.
21And he had no warrant whatsoever against them, save that We would know him who believeth in the Hereafter from him who is in doubt thereof; and thy Lord (O Muhammad) taketh note of all things.
22Say (O Muhammad): Call upon those whom ye set up beside Allah! They possess not an atom´s weight either in the heavens or in the earth, nor have they any share in either, nor hath He an auxiliary among them.
23No intercession availeth with Him save for him whom He permitteth. Yet, when fear is banished from their hearts, they say: What was it that your Lord said? They say: The Truth. And He is the Sublime, the Great.
24Say: Who giveth you provision from the sky and the earth? Say: Allah, Lo! we or you assuredly are rightly guided or in error manifest.
25Say: Ye will not be asked of what we committed, nor shall we be asked of what ye do.
26Say: Our Lord will bring us all together, then He will judge between us with truth. He is the All-knowing Judge.
27Say: Show me those whom ye have joined unto Him as partners. Nay (ye dare not)! For He is Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.
28And We have not sent thee (O Muhammad) save as a bringer of good tidings and a warner unto all mankind; but most of mankind know not.
29And they say: When is this promise (to be fulfilled) if ye are truthful?
30Say (O Muhammad): Yours is the promise of a Day which ye cannot postpone nor hasten by an hour.
31And those who disbelieve say: We believe not in this Qur´an nor in that which was before it; but oh, if thou couldst see, when the wrong-doers are brought up before their Lord, how they cast the blame one to another; how those who were despised (in the earth) say unto those who were proud: But for you, we should have been believers.
32Those who were proud say unto those who were despised: Did we drive you away from the guidance after it had come unto you? Nay, but ye were guilty.
33Those who were despised say unto those who were proud: Nay but (it was your) scheming night and day, when ye commanded us to disbelieve in Allah and set up rivals unto Him. And they are filled with remorse when they behold the doom; and We place carcans on the necks of those who disbelieved. Are they requited aught save what they used to do?
34And We sent not unto any township a warner, but its pampered ones declared: Lo! we are disbelievers in that wherewith ye have been sent.
35And they say: We are more (than you) in wealth and children. We are not the punished!
36Say (O Muhammad): Lo! my Lord enlargeth the provision for whom He will and narroweth it (for whom He will). But most of mankind know not.
37And it is not your wealth nor your children that will bring you near unto Us, but he who believeth and doeth good (he draweth near). As for such, theirs will be twofold reward for what they did and they will dwell secure in lofty halls.
38And as for those who strive against Our revelations, challenging, they will be brought to the doom.
39Say: Lo! my Lord enlargeth the provision for whom He will of His bondmen, and narroweth (it) for him. And whatsoever ye spend (for good) He replaceth it. And He is the Best of Providers.
40And on the day when He will gather them all together, He will say unto the angels: Did these worship you?
41They will say: Be Thou Glorified. Thou (alone) art our Guardian, not them! Nay, but they worshipped the jinn; most of them were believers in them.
42That day ye will possess no use nor hurt one for another. And We shall say unto those who did wrong: Taste the doom of the Fire which ye used to deny.
43And if Our revelations are recited unto them in plain terms, they say: This is naught else than a man who would turn you away from what your fathers used to worship; and they say: This is naught else than an invented lie. Those who disbelieve say of the truth when it reacheth them: This is naught else than mere magic.
44And We have given them no scriptures which they study, nor sent We unto them, before thee, any warner.
45Those before them denied, and these have not attained a tithe of that which We bestowed on them (of old); yet they denied My messengers. How intense then was My abhorrence (of them)!
46Say (unto them, O Muhammad): I exhort you unto one thing only: that ye awake, for Allah´s sake, by twos and singly, and then reflect: There is no madness in your comrade. He is naught else than a warner unto you in face of a terrific doom.
47Say: Whatever reward I might have asked of you is yours. My reward is the affair of Allah only. He is Witness over all things.
48Say: Lo! my Lord hurleth the truth. (He is) the Knower of Things Hidden.
49Say: The Truth hath come, and falsehood showeth not its face and will not return.
50Say: If I err, I err only to my own loss, and if I am rightly guided it is because of that which my Lord hath revealed unto me. Lo! He is Hearer, Nigh.
51Couldst thou but see when they are terrified with no escape, and are seized from near at hand,
52And say: We (now) believe therein. But how can they reach (faith) from afar off,
53When they disbelieved in it of yore. They aim at the unseen from afar off.
54And a gulf is set between them and that which they desire, as was done for people of their kind of old. Lo! they were in hopeless doubt.
Chapter 35 (Sura 35)
1Praise be to Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, Who appointeth the angels messengers having wings two, three and four. He multiplieth in creation what He will. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
2That which Allah openeth unto mankind of mercy none can withhold it; and that which He withholdeth none can release thereafter. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
3O mankind! Remember Allah´s grace toward you! Is there any creator other than Allah who provideth for you from the sky and the earth? There is no Allah save Him. Whither then are ye turned?
4And if they deny thee, (O Muhammad), messengers (of Allah) were denied before thee. Unto Allah all things are brought back.
5O mankind! Lo! the promise of Allah is true. So let not the life of the world beguile you, and let not the (avowed) beguiler beguile you with regard to Allah.
6Lo! the devil is an enemy for you, so treat him as an enemy. He only summoneth his faction to be owners of the flaming Fire.
7Those who disbelieve, theirs will be an awful doom; and those who believe and do good works, theirs will be forgiveness and a great reward.
8Is he, the evil of whose deeds is made fairseeming unto him so that he deemeth it good, (other than Satan´s dupe)? Allah verily sendeth whom He will astray, and guideth whom He will; so let not thy soul expire in sighings for them. Lo! Allah is Aware of what they do!
9And Allah it is Who sendeth the winds and they raise a cloud; then We lead it unto a dead land and revive therewith the earth after its death. Such is the Resurrection.
10Whoso desireth power (should know that) all power belongeth to Allah. Unto Him good words ascend, and the pious deed doth He exalt; but those who plot iniquities, theirs will be an awful doom; and the plotting of such (folk) will come to naught.
11Allah created you from dust, then from a little fluid, then He made you pairs (the male and female). No female beareth or bringeth forth save with His knowledge. And no-one groweth old who groweth old, nor is aught lessened of his life, but it is recorded in a Book, Lo! that is easy for Allah.
12And the two seas are not alike: this, fresh, sweet, good to drink, this (other) bitter, salt. And from them both ye eat fresh meat and derive the ornament that ye wear. And thou seest the ship cleaving them with its prow that ye may seek of His bounty, and that haply ye may give thanks.
13He maketh the night to pass into the day and He maketh the day to pass into the night. He hath subdued the sun and moon to service. Each runneth unto an appointed term. Such is Allah, your Lord; His is the Sovereignty; and those unto whom ye pray instead of Him own not so much as the white spot on a date-stone.
14If ye pray unto them they hear not your prayer, and if they heard they could not grant it you. On the Day of Resurrection they will disown association with you. None can inform you like Him Who is Aware.
15O mankind! Ye are the poor in your relation to Allah. And Allah! He is the Absolute, the Owner of Praise.
16If He will, He can be rid of you and bring (instead of you) some new creation.
17That is not a hard thing for Allah.
18And no burdened soul can bear another´s burden, and if one heavy laden crieth for (help with) his load, naught of it will be lifted even though he (unto whom he crieth) be of kin. Thou warnest only those who fear their Lord in secret, and have established worship. He who groweth (in goodness), groweth only for himself, (he cannot by his merit redeem others). Unto Allah is the journeying.
19The blind man is not equal with the seer;
20Nor is darkness (tantamount to) light;
21Nor is the shadow equal with the sun´s full heat;
22Nor are the living equal with the dead. Lo! Allah maketh whom He will to hear. Thou canst not reach those who are in the graves.
23Thou art but a warner.
24Lo! We have sent thee with the Truth, a bearer of glad tidings and a warner; and there is not a nation but a warner hath passed among them.
25And if they deny thee, those before them also denied. Their messengers came unto them with clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty), and with the Psalms and the Scripture giving light.
26Then seized I those who disbelieved, and how intense was My abhorrence!
27Hast thou not seen that Allah causeth water to fall from the sky, and We produce therewith fruit of divers hues; and among the hills are streaks white and red, of divers hues, and (others) raven-black;
28And of men and beasts and cattle, in like manner, divers hues? The erudite among His bondmen fear Allah alone. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Forgiving.
29Lo! those who read the Scripture of Allah, and establish worship, and spend of that which We have bestowed on them secretly and openly, they look forward to imperishable gain,
30That He will pay them their wages and increase them of His grace. Lo! He is Forgiving, Responsive.
31As for that which We inspire in thee of the Scripture, it is the Truth confirming that which was (revealed) before it. Lo! Allah is indeed Observer, Seer of His slaves.
32Then We gave the Scripture as inheritance unto those whom We elected of Our bondmen. But of them are some who wrong themselves and of them are some who are lukewarm, and of them are some who outstrip (others) through good deeds, by Allah´s leave. That is the great favour!
33Gardens of Eden! They enter them wearing armlets of gold and pearl and their raiment therein is silk.
34And they say: Praise be to Allah Who hath put grief away from us. Lo! Our Lord is Forgiving, Bountiful,
35Who, of His grace, hath installed us in the mansion of eternity, where toil toucheth us not nor can weariness affect us.
36But as for those who disbelieve, for them is fire of hell; it taketh not complete effect upon them so that they can die, nor is its torment lightened for them. Thus We punish every ingrate.
37And they cry for help there, (saying): Our Lord! Release us; we will do right, not (the wrong) that we used to do. Did not We grant you a life long enough for him who reflected to reflect therein? And the warner came unto you. Now taste (the flavour of your deeds), for evil-doers have no helper.
38Lo! Allah is the Knower of the Unseen of the heavens and the earth. Lo! He is Aware of the secret of (men´s) breasts.
39He it is Who hath made you regents in the earth; so he who disbelieveth, his disbelief be on his own head. Their disbelief increaseth for the disbelievers, in their Lord´s sight, naught save abhorrence. Their disbelief increaseth for the disbelievers naught save loss.
40Say: Have ye seen your partner-gods to whom ye pray beside Allah? Show me what they created of the earth! Or have they any portion in the heavens? Or have We given them a scripture so they act on clear proof therefrom? Nay, the evil-doers promise one another only to deceive.
41Lo! Allah graspeth the heavens and the earth that they deviate not, and if they were to deviate there is not one that could grasp them after Him. Lo! He is ever Clement, Forgiving.
42And they swore by Allah, their most binding oath, that if a warner came unto them they would be more tractable than any of the nations; yet, when a warner came unto them it aroused in them naught save repugnance,
43(Shown in their) behaving arrogantly in the land and plotting evil; and the evil plot encloseth but the men who make it. Then, can they expect aught save the treatment of the folk of old? Thou wilt not find for Allah´s way of treatment any substitute, nor wilt thou find for Allah´s way of treatment aught of power to change.
44Have they not travelled in the land and seen the nature of the consequence for those who were before them, and they were mightier than these in power? Allah is not such that aught in the heavens or in the earth escapeth Him. Lo! He is the Wise, the Mighty.
45If Allah took mankind to task by that which they deserve, He would not leave a living creature on the surface of the earth; but He reprieveth them unto an appointed term, and when their term cometh - then verily (they will know that) Allah is ever Seer of His slaves.
Chapter 36 (Sura 36)
1Ya Sin.
2By the wise Qur´an,
3Lo! thou art of those sent
4On a straight path,
5A revelation of the Mighty, the Merciful,
6That thou mayst warn a folk whose fathers were not warned, so they are heedless.
7Already hath the judgment, (for their infidelity) proved true of most of them, for they believe not.
8Lo! We have put on their necks carcans reaching unto the chins, so that they are made stiff-necked.
9And We have set a bar before them and a bar behind them, and (thus) have covered them so that they see not.
10Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not, it is alike for them, for they believe not.
11Thou warnest only him who followeth the Reminder and feareth the Beneficent in secret. To him bear tidings of forgiveness and a rich reward.
12Lo! We it is Who bring the dead to life. We record that which they send before (them, and their footprints. And all things We have kept in a clear Register.
13Coin for them a similitude: The people of the city when those sent (from Allah) came unto them;
14When We sent unto them twain, and they denied them both, so We reinforced them with a third, and they said: Lo! we have been sent unto you.
15They said: Ye are but mortals like unto us. The Beneficent hath naught revealed. Ye do but lie!
16They answered: Our Lord knoweth that we are indeed sent unto you,
17And our duty is but plain conveyance (of the message).
18(The people of the city) said: We augur ill of you. If ye desist not, we shall surely stone you, and grievous torture will befall you at our hands.
19They said: Your evil augury be with you! Is it because ye are reminded (of the truth)? Nay, but ye are froward folk!
20And there came from the uttermost part of the city a man running. He cried: O my people! Follow those who have been sent!
21Follow those who ask of you no fee, and who are rightly guided.
22For what cause should I not serve Him Who hath created me, and unto Whom ye will be brought back?
23Shall I take (other) gods in place of Him when, if the Beneficent should wish me any harm, their intercession will avail me naught, nor can they save?
24Then truly I should be in error manifest.
25Lo! I have believed in your Lord, so hear me!
26It was said (unto him): Enter paradise. He said: Would that my people knew
27With what (munificence) my Lord hath pardoned me and made me of the honoured ones!
28We sent not down against his people after him a host from heaven, nor do We ever send.
29It was but one Shout, and lo! they were extinct.
30Ah, the anguish for the bondmen! Never came there unto them a messenger but they did mock him!
31Have they not seen how many generations We destroyed before them, which indeed returned not unto them;
32But all, without exception, will be brought before Us.
33A token unto them is the dead earth. We revive it, and We bring forth from it grain so that they eat thereof;
34And We have placed therein gardens of the date-palm and grapes, and We have caused springs of water to gush forth therein,
35That they may eat of the fruit thereof, and their hands made it not. Will they not, then, give thanks?
36Glory be to Him Who created all the sexual pairs, of that which the earth groweth, and of themselves, and of that which they know not!
37A token unto them is night. We strip it of the day, and lo! they are in darkness.
38And the sun runneth on unto a resting-place for him. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise.
39And for the moon We have appointed mansions till she return like an old shrivelled palm-leaf.
40It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float each in an orbit.
41And a token unto them is that We bear their offspring in the laden ship,
42And have created for them of the like thereof whereon they ride.
43And if We will, We drown them, and there is no help for them, neither can they be saved;
44Unless by mercy from Us and as comfort for a while.
45When it is said unto them: Beware of that which is before you and that which is behind you, that haply ye may find mercy (they are heedless).
46Never came a token of the tokens of their Lord to them, but they did turn away from it!
47And when it is said unto them: Spend of that wherewith Allah hath provided you, those who disbelieve say unto those who believe: Shall we feed those whom Allah, if He willed, would feed? Ye are in naught else than error manifest.
48And they say: When will this promise be fulfilled, if ye are truthful?
49They await but one Shout, which will surprise them while they are disputing.
50Then they cannot make bequest, nor can they return to their own folk.
51And the trumpet is blown and lo! from the graves they hie unto their Lord,
52Crying: Woe upon us! Who hath raised us from our place of sleep? This is that which the Beneficent did promise, and the messengers spoke truth.
53It is but one Shout, and behold them brought together before Us!
54This day no soul is wronged in aught; nor are ye requited aught save what ye used to do.
55Lo! those who merit paradise this day are happily employed,
56They and their wives, in pleasant shade, on thrones reclining;
57Theirs the fruit (of their good deeds) and theirs (all) that they ask;
58The word from a Merciful Lord (for them) is: Peace!
59But avaunt ye, O ye guilty, this day!
60Did I not charge you, O ye sons of Adam, that ye worship not the devil - Lo! he is your open foe! -
61But that ye worship Me? That was the right path.
62Yet he hath led astray of you a great multitude. Had ye then no sense?
63This is hell which ye were promised (if ye followed him).
64Burn therein this day for that ye disbelieved.
65This day We seal up their mouths, and their hands speak out to Us and their feet bear witness as to what they used to earn.
66And had We willed, We verily could have quenched their eyesight so that they should struggle for the way. Then how could they have seen?
67And had We willed, We verily could have fixed them in their place, making them powerless to go forward or turn back.
68He whom we bring unto old age, We reverse him in creation (making him go back to weakness after strength). Have ye then no sense?
69And We have not taught him (Muhammad) poetry, nor is it meet for him. This is naught else than a Reminder and a Lecture making plain,
70To warn whosoever liveth, and that the word may be fulfilled against the disbelievers.
71Have they not seen how We have created for them of Our handiwork the cattle, so that they are their owners,
72And have subdued them unto them, so that some of them they have for riding, some for food?
73Benefits and (divers) drinks have they from them. Will they not then give thanks?
74And they have taken (other) gods beside Allah, in order that they may be helped.
75It is not in their power to help them; but they (the worshippers) are unto them a host in arms.
76So let not their speech grieve thee (O Muhammad). Lo! We know what they conceal and what proclaim.
77Hath not man seen that We have created him from a drop of seed? Yet lo! he is an open opponent.
78And he hath coined for Us a similitude, and hath forgotten the fact of his creation, saying: Who will revive these bones when they have rotted away?
79Say: He will revive them Who produced them at the first, for He is Knower of every creation,
80Who hath appointed for you fire from the green tree, and behold! ye kindle from it.
81Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth Able to create the like of them? Aye, that He is! for He is the All-Wise Creator,
82But His command, when He intendeth a thing, is only that He saith unto it: Be! and it is.
83Therefor Glory be to Him in Whose hand is the dominion over all things! Unto Him ye will be brought back.
Chapter 37 (Sura 37)
1By those who set the ranks in battle order
2And those who drive away (the wicked) with reproof
3And those who read (the Word) for a reminder,
4Lo! thy Lord is surely One;
5Lord of the heavens and of the earth and all that is between them, and Lord of the sun´s risings.
6Lo! We have adorned the lowest heaven with an ornament, the planets;
7With security from every froward devil.
8They cannot listen to the Highest Chiefs for they are pelted from every side,
9Outcast, and theirs is a perpetual torment;
10Save him who snatcheth a fragment, and there pursueth him a piercing flame.
11Then ask them (O Muhammad): Are they stronger as a creation, or those (others) whom we have created? Lo! We created them of plastic clay.
12Nay, but thou dost marvel when they mock
13And heed not when they are reminded,
14And seek to scoff when they behold a portent.
15And they say: Lo! this is mere magic;
16When we are dead and have become dust and bones, shall we then, forsooth, be raised (again)?
17And our forefathers?
18Say (O Muhammad): Ye, in truth; and ye will be brought low.
19There is but one Shout, and lo! they behold,
20And say: Ah, woe for us! This is the Day of Judgment.
21This is the Day of Separation, which ye used to deny.
22(And it is said unto the angels): Assemble those who did wrong, together with their wives and what they used to worship
23Instead of Allah, and lead them to the path to hell;
24And stop them, for they must be questioned.
25What aileth you that ye help not one another?
26Nay, but this day they make full submission.
27And some of them draw near unto others, mutually questioning.
28They say: Lo! ye used to come unto us, imposing, (swearing that ye spoke the truth).
29They answer: Nay, but ye (yourselves) were not believers.
30We had no power over you, but ye were wayward folk.
31Now the Word of our Lord hath been fulfilled concerning us. Lo! we are about to taste (the doom).
32Thus we misled you. Lo! we were (ourselves) astray.
33Then lo! this day they (both) are sharers in the doom.
34Lo! thus deal We with the guilty.
35For when it was said unto them, There is no Allah save Allah, they were scornful
36And said: Shall we forsake our gods for a mad poet?
37Nay, but he brought the Truth, and he confirmed those sent (before him).
38Lo! (now) verily ye taste the painful doom -
39Ye are requited naught save what ye did -
40Save single-minded slaves of Allah;
41For them there is a known provision,
42Fruits. And they will be honoured
43In the Gardens of delight,
44On couches facing one another;
45A cup from a gushing spring is brought round for them,
46White, delicious to the drinkers,
47Wherein there is no headache nor are they made mad thereby.
48And with them are those of modest gaze, with lovely eyes,
49(Pure) as they were hidden eggs (of the ostrich).
50And some of them draw near unto others, mutually questioning.
51A speaker of them saith: Lo! I had a comrade
52Who used to say: Art thou in truth of those who put faith (in his words)?
53Can we, when we are dead and have become mere dust and bones - can we (then) verily be brought to book?
54He saith: Will ye look?
55Then looketh he and seeth him in the depth of hell.
56He saith: By Allah, thou verily didst all but cause my ruin,
57And had it not been for the favour of my Lord, I too had been of those haled forth (to doom).
58Are we then not to die
59Saving our former death, and are we not to be punished?
60Lo! this is the supreme triumph.
61For the like of this, then, let the workers work.
62Is this better as a welcome, or the tree of Zaqqum?
63Lo! We have appointed it a torment for wrong-doers.
64Lo! it is a tree that springeth in the heart of hell.
65Its crop is as it were the heads of devils
66And lo! they verily must eat thereof, and fill (their) bellies therewith.
67And afterward, lo! thereupon they have a drink of boiling water
68And afterward, lo! their return is surely unto hell.
69They indeed found their fathers astray,
70But they make haste (to follow) in their footsteps.
71And verily most of the men of old went astray before them,
72And verily We sent among them warners.
73Then see the nature of the consequence for those warned,
74Save single-minded slaves of Allah.
75And Noah verily prayed unto Us, and gracious was the Hearer of his prayer
76And We saved him and his household from the great distress,
77And made his seed the survivors,
78And left for him among the later folk (the salutation):
79Peace be unto Noah among the peoples!
80Lo! thus do We reward the good.
81Lo! he is one of Our believing slaves.
82Then We did drown the others.
83And lo! of his persuasion verily was Abraham
84When he came unto his Lord with a whole heart;
85When he said unto his father and his folk: What is it that ye worship?
86Is it a falsehood - gods beside Allah - that ye desire?
87What then is your opinion of the Lord of the Worlds?
88And he glanced a glance at the stars
89Then said: Lo! I feel sick!
90And they turned their backs and went away from him.
91Then turned he to their gods and said: Will ye not eat?
92What aileth you that ye speak not?
93Then he attacked them, striking with his right hand.
94And (his people) came toward him, hastening.
95He said: Worship ye that which ye yourselves do carve
96When Allah hath created you and what ye make?
97They said: Build for him a building and fling him in the red-hotfire.
98And they designed a snare for him, but We made them the undermost.
99And he said: Lo! I am going unto my Lord Who will guide me.
100My Lord! Vouchsafe me of the righteous.
101So We gave him tidings of a gentle son.
102And when (his son) was old enough to walk with him, (Abraham) said: O my dear son, I have seen in a dream that I must sacrifice thee. So look, what thinkest thou? He said: O my father! Do that which thou art commanded. Allah willing, thou shalt find me of the steadfast.
103Then, when they had both surrendered (to Allah), and he had flung him down upon his face,
104We called unto him: O Abraham!
105Thou hast already fulfilled the vision. Lo! thus do We reward the good.
106Lo! that verily was a clear test.
107Then We ransomed him with a tremendous victim.
108And We left for him among the later folk (the salutation):
109Peace be unto Abraham!
110Thus do We reward the good.
111Lo! he is one of Our believing slaves.
112And we gave him tidings of the birth of Isaac, a prophet of the righteous.
113And We blessed him and Isaac. And of their seed are some who do good, and some who plainly wrong themselves.
114And We verily gave grace unto Moses and Aaron,
115And saved them and their people from the great distress,
116And helped them so that they became the victors.
117And We gave them the clear Scripture
118And showed them the right path.
119And We left for them among the later folk (the salutation):
120Peace be unto Moses and Aaron!
121Lo! thus do We reward the good.
122Lo! they are two of Our believing slaves.
123And lo! Elias was of those sent (to warn),
124When he said unto his folk: Will ye not ward off (evil)?
125Will ye cry unto Baal and forsake the Best of creators,
126Allah, your Lord and Lord of your forefathers?
127But they denied him, so they surely will be haled forth (to the doom)
128Save single-minded slaves of Allah.
129And we left for him among the later folk (the salutation):
130Peace be unto Elias!
131Lo! thus do We reward the good.
132Lo! he is one of our believing slaves.
133And lo! Lot verily was of those sent (to warn).
134When We saved him and his household, every one,
135Save an old woman among those who stayed behind;
136Then We destroyed the others.
137And lo! ye verily pass by (the ruin of) them in the morning
138And at night-time; have ye then no sense?
139And lo! Jonah verily was of those sent (to warn)
140When he fled unto the laden ship,
141And then drew lots and was of those rejected;
142And the fish swallowed him while he was blameworthy;
143And had he not been one of those who glorify (Allah)
144He would have tarried in its belly till the day when they are raised;
145Then We cast him on a desert shore while he was sick;
146And We caused a tree of gourd to grow above him;
147And We sent him to a hundred thousand (folk) or more
148And they believed, therefor We gave them comfort for a while.
149Now ask them (O Muhammad): Hath thy Lord daughters whereas they have sons?
150Or created We the angels females while they were present?
151Lo! it is of their falsehood that they say:
152Allah hath begotten. Allah! verily they tell a lie.
153(And again of their falsehood): He hath preferred daughters to sons.
154What aileth you? How judge ye?
155Will ye not then reflect?
156Or have ye a clear warrant?
157Then produce your writ, if ye are truthful.
158And they imagine kinship between him and the jinn, whereas the jinn know well that they will be brought before (Him).
159Glorified be Allah from that which they attribute (unto Him),
160Save single-minded slaves of Allah.
161Lo! verily, ye and that which ye worship,
162Ye cannot excite (anyone) against Him.
163Save him who is to burn in hell.
164There is not one of us but hath his known position.
165Lo! we, even we are they who set the ranks,
166Lo! we, even we are they who hymn His praise
167And indeed they used to say:
168If we had but a reminder from the men of old
169We would be single-minded slaves of Allah.
170Yet (now that it is come) they disbelieve therein; but they will come to know.
171And verily Our word went forth of old unto Our bondmen sent (to warn)
172That they verily would be helped,
173And that Our host, they verily would be the victors.
174So withdraw from them (O Muhammad) awhile,
175And watch, for they will (soon) see.
176Would they hasten on Our doom?
177But when it cometh home to them, then it will be a hapless morn for those who have been warned.
178Withdraw from them awhile
179And watch, for they will (soon) see.
180Glorified be thy Lord, the Lord of Majesty, from that which they attribute (unto Him)
181And peace be unto those sent (to warn).
182And praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds!
Chapter 38 (Sura 38)
1Sad. By the renowned Qur´an,
2Nay, but those who disbelieve are in false pride and schism.
3How many a generation We destroyed before them, and they cried out when it was no longer the time for escape!
4And they marvel that a warner from among themselves hath come unto them, and the disbelievers say: This is a wizard, a charlatan.
5Maketh he the gods One Allah? Lo! that is an astounding thing.
6The chiefs among them go about, exhorting: Go and be staunch to your gods! Lo! this is a thing designed.
7We have not heard of this in later religion. This is naught but an invention.
8Hath the reminder been unto him (alone) among us? Nay, but they are in doubt concerning My reminder; nay but they have not yet tasted My doom.
9Or are theirs the treasures of the mercy of thy Lord, the Mighty, the Bestower?
10Or is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them theirs? Then let them ascend by ropes!
11A defeated host are (all) the factions that are there.
12The folk of Noah before them denied (their messenger) and (so did the tribe of) A´ad, and Pharaoh firmly planted,
13And (the tribe of) Thamud, and the folk of Lot, and the dwellers in the wood: these were the factions.
14Not one of them but did deny the messengers, therefor My doom was justified,
15These wait for but one Shout, there will be no second thereto.
16They say: Our Lord! Hasten on for us our fate before the Day of Reckoning.
17Bear with what they say, and remember Our bondman David, lord of might, Lo! he was ever turning in repentance (toward Allah).
18Lo! We subdued the hills to hymn the praises (of their Lord) with him at nightfall and sunrise,
19And the birds assembled; all were turning unto Him.
20We made his kingdom strong and gave him wisdom and decisive speech.
21And hath the story of the litigants come unto thee? How they climbed the wall into the royal chamber;
22How they burst in upon David, and he was afraid of them. They said: Be not afraid! (We are) two litigants, one of whom hath wronged the other, therefor judge aright between us; be not unjust; and show us the fair way.
23Lo! this my brother hath ninety and nine ewes while I had one ewe; and he said: Entrust it to me, and he conquered me in speech.
24(David) said: He hath wronged thee in demanding thine ewe in addition to his ewes, and lo! many partners oppress one another, save such as believe and do good works, and they are few. And David guessed that We had tried him, and he sought forgiveness of his Lord, and he bowed himself and fell down prostrate and repented.
25So We forgave him that; and lo! he had access to Our presence and a happy journey´s end.
26(And it was said unto him): O David! Lo! We have set thee as a viceroy in the earth; therefor judge aright between mankind, and follow not desire that it beguile thee from the way of Allah. Lo! those who wander from the way of Allah have an awful doom, forasmuch as they forgot the Day of Reckoning.
27And We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them in vain. That is the opinion of those who disbelieve. And woe unto those who disbelieve, from the Fire!
28Shall We treat those who believe and do good works as those who spread corruption in the earth; or shall We treat the pious as the wicked?
29(This is) a Scripture that We have revealed unto thee, full of blessing, that they may ponder its revelations, and that men of understanding may reflect.
30And We bestowed on David, Solomon. How excellent a slave! Lo! he was ever turning in repentance (toward Allah).
31When there were shown to him at eventide lightfooted coursers
32And he said: Lo! I have preferred the good things (of the world) to the remembrance of my Lord; till they were taken out of sight behind the curtain.
33(Then he said): Bring them back to me, and fell to slashing (with his sword their) legs and necks.
34And verily We tried Solomon, and set upon his throne a (mere) body. Then did he repent.
35He said: My Lord! Forgive me and bestow on me sovereignty such as shall not belong to any after me. Lo! Thou art the Bestower.
36So We made the wind subservient unto him, setting fair by his command whithersoever he intended.
37And the unruly, every builder and diver (made We subservient),
38And others linked together in chains,
39(Saying): This is Our gift, so bestow thou, or withhold, without reckoning.
40And lo! he hath favour with Us, and a happy journey´s end.
41And make mention (O Muhammad) of Our bondman Job, when he cried unto his Lord (saying): Lo! the devil doth afflict me with distress and torment.
42(And it was said unto him): Strike the ground with thy foot. This (spring) is a cool bath and a refreshing drink.
43And We bestowed on him (again) his household and therewith the like thereof, a mercy from Us, and a memorial for men of understanding.
44And (it was said unto him): Take in thine hand a branch and smite therewith, and break not thine oath. Lo! We found him steadfast, how excellent a slave! Lo! he was ever turning in repentance (to his Lord).
45And make mention of Our bondmen, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, men of parts and vision.
46Lo! We purified them with a pure thought, remembrance of the Home (of the Hereafter).
47Lo! in Our sight they are verily of the elect, the excellent.
48And make mention of Ishmael and Elisha and Dhu´l-Kifl. All are of the chosen.
49This is a reminder. And lo! for those who ward off (evil) is a happy journey´s end,
50Gardens of Eden, whereof the gates are opened for them,
51Wherein, reclining, they call for plenteous fruit and cool drink (that is) therein.
52And with them are those of modest gaze, companions.
53This it is that ye are promised for the Day of Reckoning.
54Lo! this in truth is Our provision, which will never waste away.
55This (is for the righteous). And lo! for the transgressors there with be an evil journey´s end,
56Hell, where they will burn, an evil resting-place.
57Here is a boiling and an ice-cold draught, so let them taste it,
58And other (torment) of the kind in pairs (the two extremes)!
59Here is an army rushing blindly with you. (Those who are already in the Fire say): No word of welcome for them. Lo! they will roast at the Fire.
60They say: Nay, but you (misleaders), for you there is no word of welcome. Ye prepared this for us (by your misleading). Now hapless is the plight.
61They say: Our Lord! Whoever did prepare this for us, oh, give him double portion of the Fire!
62And they say: What aileth us that we behold not men whom we were wont to count among the wicked?
63Did we take them (wrongly) for a laughing-stock, or have our eyes missed them?
64Lo! that is very truth: the wrangling of the dwellers in the Fire.
65Say (unto them, O Muhammad): I am only a warner, and there is no Allah save Allah, the One, the Absolute,
66Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, the Mighty, the Pardoning.
67Say: It is tremendous tidings
68Whence ye turn away!
69I had no knowledge of the Highest Chiefs when they disputed;
70It is revealed unto me only that I may be a plain warner.
71When thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to create a mortal out of mire,
72And when I have fashioned him and breathed into him of My Spirit, then fall down before him prostrate,
73The angels fell down prostrate, every one,
74Saving Iblis; he was scornful and became one of the disbelievers.
75He said: O Iblis! What hindereth thee from falling prostrate before that which I have created with both My hands? Art thou too proud or art thou of the high exalted?
76He said: I am better than him. Thou createdst me of fire, whilst him Thou didst create of clay.
77He said: Go forth from hence, for lo! thou art outcast,
78And lo! My curse is on thee till the Day of Judgment.
79He said: My Lord! Reprieve me till the day when they are raised.
80He said: Lo! thou art of those reprieved
81Until the day of the time appointed.
82He said: Then, by Thy might, I surely will beguile them every one,
83Save Thy single-minded slaves among them.
84He said: The Truth is, and the Truth I speak,
85That I shall fill hell with thee and with such of them as follow thee, together.
86Say (O Muhammad, unto mankind): I ask of you no fee for this, and I am no simulating.
87Lo! it is naught else than a reminder for all peoples
88And ye will come in time to know the truth thereof.
Chapter 39 (Sura 39)
1The revelation of the Scripture is from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.
2Lo! We have revealed the Scripture unto thee (Muhammad) with truth; so worship Allah, making religion pure for Him (only).
3Surely pure religion is for Allah only. And those who choose protecting friends beside Him (say): We worship them only that they may bring us near unto Allah. Lo! Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Lo! Allah guideth not him who is a liar, an ingrate.
4If Allah had willed to choose a son, He could have chosen what He would of that which He hath created. Be He Glorified! He is Allah, the One, the Absolute.
5He hath created the heavens and the earth with truth. He maketh night to succeed day, and He maketh day to succeed night, and He constraineth the sun and the moon to give service, each running on for an appointed term. Is not He the Mighty, the Forgiver?
6He created you from one being, then from that (being) He made its mate; and He hath provided for you of cattle eight kinds. He created you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation, in a threefold gloom. Such is Allah, your Lord. His is the Sovereignty. There is no Allah save Him. How then are ye turned away?
7If ye are thankless, yet Allah is Independent of you, though He is not pleased with thanklessness for His bondmen; and if ye are thankful He is pleased therewith for you. No laden soul will bear another´s load. Then unto your Lord is your return; and He will tell you what ye used to do. Lo! He knoweth what is in the breasts (of men).
8And when some hurt toucheth man, he crieth unto his Lord, turning unto Him (repentant). Then, when He granteth him a boon from Him he forgetteth that for which he cried unto Him before, and setteth up rivals to Allah that he may beguile (men) from his way. Say (O Muhammad, unto such an one): Take pleasure in thy disbelief a while. Lo! thou art of the owners of the Fire.
9Is he who payeth adoration in the watches of the night, prostrate and standing, bewaring of the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord, (to be accounted equal with a disbeliever)? Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Are those who know equal with those who know not? But only men of understanding will pay heed.
10Say: O My bondmen who believe! Observe your duty to your Lord. For those who do good in this world there is good, and Allah´s earth is spacious. Verily the steadfast will be paid their wages without stint.
11Say (O Muhammad): Lo! I am commanded to worship Allah, making religion pure for Him (only).
12And I am commanded to be the first of those who are muslims (surrender unto Him).
13Say: Lo! if I should disobey my Lord, I fear the doom of a tremendous Day.
14Say: Allah I worship, making my religion pure for Him (only).
15Then worship what ye will beside Him. Say: The losers will be those who lose themselves and their housefolk on the Day of Resurrection. Ah, that will be the manifest loss!
16They have an awning of fire above them and beneath them a dais (of fire). With this doth Allah appal His bondmen. O My bondmen, therefor fear Me!
17And those who put away false gods lest they should worship them and turn to Allah in repentance, for them there are glad tidings. Therefor give good tidings (O Muhammad) to My bondmen
18Who hear advice and follow the best thereof. Such are those whom Allah guideth, and such are men of understanding.
19Is he on whom the word of doom is fulfilled (to be helped), and canst thou (O Muhammad) rescue him who is in the Fire?
20But those who keep their duty to their Lord, for them are lofty halls with lofty halls above them, built (for them), beneath which rivers flow. (It is) a promise of Allah. Allah faileth not His promise.
21Hast thou not seen how Allah hath sent down water from the sky and hath caused it to penetrate the earth as watersprings, and afterward thereby produceth crops of divers hues; and afterward they wither and thou seest them turn yellow; then He maketh them chaff. Lo! herein verily is a reminder for men of understanding.
22Is he whose bosom Allah hath expanded for Al-Islam, so that he followeth a light from his Lord, (as he who disbelieveth)? Then woe unto those whose hearts are hardened against remembrance of Allah. Such are in plain error.
23Allah hath (now) revealed the fairest of statements, a Scripture consistent, (wherein promises of reward are) paired (with threats of punishment), whereat doth creep the flesh of those who fear their Lord, so that their flesh and their hearts soften to Allah´s reminder. Such is Allah´s guidance, wherewith He guideth whom He will. And him whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no guide.
24Is he then, who will strike his face against the awful doom upon the Day of Resurrection (as he who doeth right)? And it will be said unto the wrong-doers: Taste what ye used to earn.
25Those before them denied, and so the doom came on them whence they knew not.
26Thus Allah made them taste humiliation in the life of the world, and verily the doom of the Hereafter will be greater if they did but know.
27And verily We have coined for mankind in this Qur´an all kinds of similitudes, that haply they may reflect;
28A Lecture in Arabic, containing no crookedness, that haply they may ward off (evil).
29Allah coineth a similitude: A man in relation to whom are several part-owners, quarrelling, and a man belonging wholly to one man. Are the two equal in similitude? Praise be to Allah! But most of them know not.
30Lo! thou wilt die, and lo! they will die;
31Then lo! on the Day of Resurrection, before your Lord ye will dispute.
32And who doth greater wrong than he who telleth a lie against Allah, and denieth the truth when it reacheth him? Will not the home of disbelievers be in hell?
33And whoso bringeth the truth and believeth therein - Such are the dutiful.
34They shall have what they will of their Lord´s bounty. That is the reward of the good:
35That Allah will remit from them the worst of what they did, and will pay them for reward the best they used to do.
36Will not Allah defend His slave? Yet they would frighten thee with those beside Him. He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no guide.
37And he whom Allah guideth, for him there can be no misleader. Is not Allah Mighty, Able to Requite (the wrong)?
38And verily, if thou shouldst ask them: Who created the heavens and the earth? they will say: Allah. Say: Bethink you then of those ye worship beside Allah, if Allah willed some hurt for me, could they remove from me His hurt; or if He willed some mercy for me, could they restrain His mercy? Say: Allah is my all. In Him do (all) the trusting put their trust.
39Say: O my people! Act in your manner. Lo! I (too) am acting. Thus ye will come to know
40Who it is unto whom cometh a doom that will abase him, and on whom there falleth everlasting doom.
41Lo! We have revealed unto thee (Muhammad) the Scripture for mankind with truth. Then whosoever goeth right it is for his soul, and whosoever strayeth, strayeth only to its hurt. And thou art not a warder over them.
42Allah receiveth (men´s) souls at the time of their death, and that (soul) which dieth not (yet) in its sleep. He keepeth that (soul) for which He hath ordained death and dismisseth the rest till an appointed term. Lo! herein verily are portents for people who take thought.
43Or choose they intercessors other than Allah? Say: What! Even though they have power over nothing and have no intelligence?
44Say: Unto Allah belongeth all intercession. His is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. And afterward unto Him ye will be brought back.
45And when Allah alone is mentioned, the hearts of those who believe not in the Hereafter are repelled, and when those (whom they worship) beside Him are mentioned, behold! they are glad.
46Say: O Allah! Creator of the heavens and the earth! Knower of the Invisible and the Visible! Thou wilt judge between Thy slaves concerning that wherein they used to differ.
47And though those who do wrong possess all that is in the earth, and therewith as much again, they verily will seek to ransom themselves therewith on the Day of Resurrection from the awful doom; and there will appear unto them, from their Lord, that wherewith they never reckoned.
48And the evils that they earned will appear unto them, and that whereat they used to scoff will surround them.
49Now when hurt toucheth a man he crieth unto Us, and afterward when We have granted him a boon from Us, he saith: Only by force of knowledge I obtained it. Nay, but it is a test. But most of them know not.
50Those before them said it, yet (all) that they had earned availed them not;
51But the evils that they earned smote them; and such of these as do wrong, the evils that they earn will smite them; they cannot escape.
52Know they not that Allah enlargeth providence for whom He will, and straiteneth it (for whom He will). Lo! herein verily are portents for people who believe.
53Say: O My slaves who have been prodigal to their own hurt! Despair not of the mercy of Allah, Who forgiveth all sins. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
54Turn unto your Lord repentant, and surrender unto Him, before there come unto you the doom, when ye cannot be helped.
55And follow the better (guidance) of that which is revealed unto you from your Lord, before the doom cometh on you suddenly when ye know not,
56Lest any soul should say: Alas, my grief that I was unmindful of Allah, and I was indeed among the scoffers!
57Or should say: If Allah had but guided me I should have been among the dutiful!
58Or should say, when it seeth the doom: Oh, that I had but a second chance that I might be among the righteous!
59(But now the answer will be): Nay, for My revelations came unto thee, but thou didst deny them and wast scornful and wast among the disbelievers.
60And on the Day of Resurrection thou (Muhammad) seest those who lied concerning Allah with their faces blackened. Is not the home of the scorners in hell?
61And Allah delivereth those who ward off (evil) because of their deserts. Evil toucheth them not, nor do they grieve.
62Allah is Creator of all things, and He is Guardian over all things.
63His are the keys of the heavens and the earth, and they who disbelieve the revelations of Allah - such are they who are the losers.
64Say (O Muhammad, to the disbelievers): Do ye bid me serve other than Allah? O ye fools!
65And verily it hath been revealed unto thee as unto those before thee (saying): If thou ascribe a partner to Allah thy work will fail and thou indeed wilt be among the losers.
66Nay, but Allah must thou serve, and be among the thankful!
67And they esteem not Allah as He hath the right to be esteemed, when the whole earth is His handful on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens are rolled in His right hand. Glorified is He and High Exalted from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him).
68And the trumpet is blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are in the earth swoon away, save him whom Allah willeth. Then it is blown a second time, and behold them standing waiting!
69And the earth shineth with the light of her Lord, and the Book is set up, and the prophets and the witnesses are brought, and it is judged between them with truth, and they are not wronged.
70And each soul is paid in full for what it did. And He is Best Aware of what they do.
71And those who disbelieve are driven unto hell in troops till, when they reach it and the gates thereof are opened, and the warders thereof say unto them: Came there not unto you messengers of your own, reciting unto you the revelations of your Lord and warning you of the meeting of this your Day? they say: Yea, verily. But the word of doom of disbelievers is fulfilled.
72It is said (unto them): Enter ye the gates of hell to dwell therein. Thus hapless is the journey´s end of the scorners.
73And those who keep their duty to their Lord are driven unto the Garden in troops till, when they reach it, and the gates thereof are opened, and the warders thereof say unto them: Peace be unto you! Ye are good, so enter ye (the Garden of delight), to dwell therein;
74They say: Praise be to Allah, Who hath fulfilled His promise unto us and hath made us inherit the land, sojourning in the Garden where we will! So bounteous is the wage of workers.
75And thou (O Muhammad) seest the angels thronging round the Throne, hymning the praises of their Lord. And they are judged aright. And it is said: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!
Chapter 40 (Sura 40)
1Ha. Mim.
2The revelation of the Scripture is from Allah, the Mighty, the Knower,
3The Forgiver of sin, the Accepter of repentance, the Stern in punishment, the Bountiful. There is no Allah save Him. Unto Him is the journeying.
4None argue concerning the revelations of Allah save those who disbelieve, so let not their turn of fortune in the land deceive thee (O Muhammad).
5The folk of Noah and the factions after them denied (their messengers) before these, and every nation purposed to seize their messenger and argued falsely, (thinking) thereby to refute the Truth. Then I seized them, and how (awful) was My punishment.
6Thus was the word of thy Lord concerning those who disbelieve fulfilled: That they are owners of the Fire.
7Those who bear the Throne, and all who are round about it, hymn the praises of their Lord and believe in Him and ask forgiveness for those who believe (saying): Our Lord! Thou comprehendest all things in mercy and knowledge, therefor forgive those who repent and follow Thy way. Ward off from them the punishment of hell.
8Our Lord! And make them enter the Gardens of Eden which thou hast promised them, with such of their fathers and their wives and their descendants as do right. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, the Wise.
9And ward off from them ill-deeds; and he from whom Thou wardest off ill-deeds that day, him verily hast Thou taken into mercy. That is the supreme triumph.
10Lo! (on that day) those who disbelieve are informed by proclamation: Verily Allah´s abhorrence is more terrible than your abhorrence one of another, when ye were called unto the faith but did refuse.
11They say: Our Lord! Twice hast Thou made us die, and twice hast Thou made us live. Now we confess our sins. Is there any way to go out?
12(It is said unto them): This is (your plight) because, when Allah only was invoked, ye disbelieved, but when some partner was ascribed to Him ye were believing. But the command belongeth only to Allah, the Sublime, the Majestic.
13He it is Who showeth you His portents, and sendeth down for you provision from the sky. None payeth heed save him who turneth (unto Him) repentant.
14Therefor (O believers) pray unto Allah, making religion pure for Him (only), however much the disbelievers be averse -
15The Exalter of Ranks, the Lord of the Throne. He causeth the Spirit of His command upon whom He will of His slaves, that He may warn of the Day of Meeting,
16The day when they come forth, nothing of them being hidden from Allah. Whose is the Sovereignty this day? It is Allah´s, the One, the Almighty.
17This day is each soul requited that which it hath earned; no wrong (is done) this day. Lo! Allah is swift at reckoning.
18Warn them (O Muhammad) of the Day of the approaching (doom), when the hearts will be choking the throats, (when) there will be no friend for the wrong-doers, nor any intercessor who will be heard.
19He knoweth the traitor of the eyes, and that which the bosoms hide.
20Allah judgeth with truth, while those to whom they cry instead of Him judge not at all. Lo! Allah, He is the Hearer, the Seer.
21Have they not travelled in the land to see the nature of the consequence for those who disbelieved before them? They were mightier than these in power and (in the) traces (which they left behind them) in the earth. Yet Allah seized them for their sins, and they had no protector from Allah.
22That was because their messengers kept bringing them clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty) but they disbelieved; so Allah seized them. Lo! He is Strong, severe in punishment.
23And verily We sent Moses with Our revelations and a clear warrant
24Unto Pharaoh and Haman and Korah, but they said: A lying sorcerer!
25And when he brought them the Truth from Our presence, they said: Slay the sons of those who believe with him, and spare their women. But the plot of disbelievers is in naught but error.
26And Pharaoh said: Suffer me to kill Moses, and let him cry unto his Lord. Lo! I fear that he will alter your religion or that he will cause confusion in the land.
27Moses said: Lo! I seek refuge in my Lord and your Lord from every scorner who believeth not in a Day of Reckoning.
28And a believing man of Pharaoh´s family, who hid his faith, said: Would ye kill a man because he saith: My Lord is Allah, and hath brought you clear proofs from your Lord? If he is lying, then his lie is upon him; and if he is truthful, then some of that wherewith he threateneth you will strike you. Lo! Allah guideth not one who is a prodigal, a liar.
29O my people! Yours is the kingdom to-day, ye being uppermost in the land. But who would save us from the wrath of Allah should it reach us? Pharaoh said: I do but show you what I think, and I do but guide you to wise policy.
30And he who believed said: O my people! Lo! I fear for you a fate like that of the factions (of old);
31A plight like that of Noah´s folk, and A´ad and Thamud, and those after them, and Allah willeth no injustice for (His) slaves.
32And, O my people! Lo! I fear for you a Day of Summoning,
33A day when ye will turn to flee, having no preserver from Allah: and he whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no guide.
34And verily Joseph brought you of old clear proofs, yet ye ceased not to be in doubt concerning what he brought you till, when he died, ye said: Allah will not send any messenger after him. Thus Allah deceiveth him who is a prodigal, a doubter.
35Those who wrangle concerning the revelations of Allah without any warrant that hath come unto them, it is greatly hateful in the sight of Allah and in the sight of those who believe. Thus doth Allah print on every arrogant, disdainful heart.
36And Pharaoh said: O Haman! Build for me a tower that haply I may reach the roads,
37The roads of the heavens, and may look upon the god of Moses, though verily I think him a liar. Thus was the evil that he did made fairseeming unto Pharaoh, and he was debarred from the (right) way. The plot of Pharaoh ended but in ruin.
38And he who believed said: O my people! Follow me. I will show you the way of right conduct.
39O my people! Lo! this life of the world is but a passing comfort, and lo! the Hereafter, that is the enduring home.
40Whoso doeth an ill-deed, he will be repaid the like thereof, while whoso doeth right, whether male or female, and is a believer, (all) such will enter the Garden, where they will be nourished without stint.
41And, O my people! What aileth me that I call you unto deliverance when ye call me unto the Fire?
42Ye call me to disbelieve in Allah and ascribe unto Him as partners that whereof I have no knowledge, while I call you unto the Mighty, the Forgiver.
43Assuredly that whereunto ye call me hath no claim in the world or in the Hereafter, and our return will be unto Allah, and the prodigals will be owners of the Fire.
44And ye will remember what I say unto you. I confide my cause unto Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of (His) slaves.
45So Allah warded off from him the evils which they plotted, while a dreadful doom encompassed Pharaoh´s folk,
46The Fire; they are exposed to it morning and evening; and on the day when the Hour upriseth (it is said): Cause Pharaoh´s folk to enter the most awful doom.
47And when they wrangle in the Fire, the weak say unto those who were proud: Lo! we were a following unto you; will ye therefor rid us of a portion of the Fire?
48Those who were proud say: Lo! we are all (together) herein. Lo! Allah hath judged between (His) slaves.
49And those in the Fire say unto the guards of hell: Entreat your Lord that He relieve us of a day of the torment.
50They say: Came not your messengers unto you with clear proofs? They say: Yea, verily. They say: Then do ye pray, although the prayer of disbelievers is in vain.
51Lo! We verily do help Our messengers, and those who believe, in the life of the world and on the day when the witnesses arise,
52The day when their excuse availeth not the evil-doers, and theirs is the curse, and theirs the ill abode.
53And We verily gave Moses the guidance, and We caused the Children of Israel to inherit the Scripture,
54A guide and a reminder for men of understanding.
55Then have patience (O Muhammad). Lo! the promise of Allah is true. And ask forgiveness of thy sin, and hymn the praise of thy Lord at fall of night and in the early hours.
56Lo! those who wrangle concerning the revelations of Allah without a warrant having come unto them, there is naught else in their breasts save pride which they will never attain. So take thou refuge in Allah. Lo! He, only He, is the Hearer, the Seer.
57Assuredly the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of mankind; but most of mankind know not.
58And the blind man and the seer are not equal, neither are those who believe and do good works (equal with) the evil-doer. Little do ye reflect!
59Lo! the Hour is surely coming, there is no doubt thereof; yet most of mankind believe not.
60And your Lord hath said: Pray unto Me and I will hear your prayer. Lo! those who scorn My service, they will enter hell, disgraced.
61Allah it is Who hath appointed for you night that ye may rest therein, and day for seeing. Lo! Allah is a Lord of bounty for mankind, yet most of mankind give not thanks.
62Such is Allah, your Lord, the Creator of all things, There is no Allah save Him. How then are ye perverted?
63Thus are they perverted who deny the revelations of Allah.
64Allah it is Who appointed for you the earth for a dwelling-place and the sky for a canopy, and fashioned you and perfected your shapes, and hath provided you with good things. Such is Allah, your Lord. Then blessed be Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!
65He is the Living One. There is no Allah save Him. So pray unto Him, making religion pure for Him (only). Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!
66Say (O Muhammad): I am forbidden to worship those unto whom ye cry beside Allah since there have come unto me clear proofs from my Lord, and I am commanded to surrender to the Lord of the Worlds.
67He it is Who created you from dust, then from a drop (of seed) then from a clot, then bringeth you forth as a child, then (ordaineth) that ye attain full strength and afterward that ye become old men - though some among you die before - and that ye reach an appointed term, that haply ye may understand.
68He it is Who quickeneth and giveth death. When He ordaineth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.
69Hast thou not seen those who wrangle concerning the revelations of Allah, how they are turned away? -
70Those who deny the Scripture and that wherewith We send Our messengers. But they will come to know,
71When carcans are about their necks and chains. They are dragged
72Through boiling waters; then they are thrust into the Fire.
73Then it is said unto them: Where are (all) that ye used to make partners (in the Sovereignty)
74Beside Allah? They say: They have failed us; but we used not to pray to anything before. Thus doth Allah send astray the disbelievers (in His guidance).
75(And it is said unto them): This is because ye exulted in the earth without right, and because ye were petulant.
76Enter ye the gates of hell, to dwell therein. Evil is the habitation of the scornful.
77Then have patience (O Muhammad). Lo! the promise of Allah is true. And whether we let thee see a part of that which We promise them, or (whether) We cause thee to die, still unto Us they will be brought back.
78Verily We sent messengers before thee, among them those of whom We have told thee, and some of whom We have not told thee; and it was not given to any messenger that he should bring a portent save by Allah´s leave, but when Allah´s commandment cometh (the cause) is judged aright, and the followers of vanity will then be lost.
79Allah it is Who hath appointed for you cattle, that ye may ride on some of them, and eat of some -
80(Many) benefits ye have from them - and that ye may satisfy by their means a need that is in your breasts, and may be borne upon them as upon the ship.
81And He showeth you His tokens. Which, then, of the tokens of Allah do ye deny?
82Have they not travelled in the land to see the nature of the consequence for those before them? They were more numerous than these, and mightier in power and (in the) traces (which they left behind them) in the earth. But all that they used to earn availed them not.
83And when their messengers brought them clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty) they exulted in the knowledge they (themselves) possessed. And that which they were wont to mock befell them.
84Then, when they saw Our doom, they said: We believe in Allah only and reject (all) that we used to associate (with Him).
85But their faith could not avail them when they saw Our doom. This is Allah´s law which hath ever taken course for His bondmen. And then the disbelievers will be ruined.
Chapter 41 (Sura 41)
1Ha. Mim.
2A revelation from the Beneficent, the Merciful,
3A Scripture whereof the verses are expounded, a Lecture in Arabic for people who have knowledge,
4Good tidings and a warning. But most of them turn away so that they hear not.
5And they say: Our hearts are protected from that unto which thou (O Muhammad) callest us, and in our ears there is a deafness, and between us and thee there is a veil. Act, then. Lo! we also shall be acting.
6Say (unto them O Muhammad): I am only a mortal like you. It is inspired in me that your Allah is One Allah, therefor take the straight path unto Him and seek forgiveness of Him. And woe unto the idolaters,
7Who give not the poor-due, and who are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
8Lo! as for those who believe and do good works, for them is a reward enduring.
9Say (O Muhammad, unto the idolaters): Disbelieve ye verily in Him Who created the earth in two Days, and ascribe ye unto Him rivals? He (and none else) is the Lord of the Worlds.
10He placed therein firm hills rising above it, and blessed it and measured therein its sustenance in four Days, alike for (all) who ask;
11Then turned He to the heaven when it was smoke, and said unto it and unto the earth: Come both of you, willingly or loth. They said: We come, obedient.
12Then He ordained them seven heavens in two Days and inspired in each heaven its mandate; and We decked the nether heaven with lamps, and rendered it inviolable. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Knower.
13But if they turn away, then say: I warn you of a thunderbolt like the thunderbolt (which fell of old upon the tribes) of A´ad and Thamud;
14When their messengers came unto them from before them and behind them, saying: Worship none but Allah! they said: If our Lord had willed, He surely would have sent down angels (unto us), so lo! we are disbelievers in that wherewith ye have been sent.
15As for A´ad, they were arrogant in the land without right, and they said: Who is mightier than us in power? Could they not see that Allah Who created them, He was mightier than them in power? And they denied Our revelations.
16Therefor We let loose on them a raging wind in evil days, that We might make them taste the torment of disgrace in the life of the world. And verily the doom of the Hereafter will be more shameful, and they will not be helped.
17And as for Thamud, We gave them guidance, but they preferred blindness to the guidance, so the bolt of the doom of humiliation overtook them because of what they used to earn.
18And We delivered those who believed and used to keep their duty to Allah.
19And (make mention of) the day when the enemies of Allah are gathered unto the Fire, they are driven on
20Till, when they reach it, their ears and their eyes and their skins testify against them as to what they used to do.
21And they say unto their skins: Why testify ye against us? They say: Allah hath given us speech Who giveth speech to all things, and Who created you at the first, and unto Whom ye are returned.
22Ye did not hide yourselves lest your ears and your eyes and your skins should testify against you, but ye deemed that Allah knew not much of what ye did.
23That, your thought which ye did think about your Lord, hath ruined you; and ye find yourselves (this day) among the lost.
24And though they are resigned, yet the Fire is still their home; and if they ask for favour, yet they are not of those unto whom favour can be shown.
25And We assigned them comrades (in the world), who made their present and their past fairseeming unto them. And the Word concerning nations of the jinn and humankind who passed away before them hath effect for them. Lo! they were ever losers.
26Those who disbelieve say: Heed not this Qur´an, and drown the hearing of it; haply ye may conquer.
27But verily We shall cause those who disbelieve to taste an awful doom, and verily We shall requite them the worst of what they used to do.
28That is the reward of Allah´s enemies: the Fire. Therein is their immortal home, payment forasmuch as they denied Our revelations.
29And those who disbelieve will say: Our Lord! Show us those who beguiled us of the jinn and humankind. We will place them underneath our feet that they may be among the nethermost.
30Lo! those who say: Our Lord is Allah, and afterward are upright, the angels descend upon them, saying: Fear not nor grieve, but hear good tidings of the paradise which ye are promised.
31We are your protecting friends in the life of the world and in the Hereafter. There ye will have (all) that your souls desire, and there ye will have (all) for which ye pray.
32A gift of welcome from One Forgiving, Merciful.
33And who is better in speech than him who prayeth unto his Lord and doeth right, and saith: Lo! I am of those who are muslims (surrender unto Him).
34The good deed and the evil deed are not alike. Repel the evil deed with one which is better, then lo! he, between whom and thee there was enmity (will become) as though he was a bosom friend.
35But none is granted it save those who are steadfast, and none is granted it save the owner of great happiness.
36And if a whisper from the devil reach thee (O Muhammad) then seek refuge in Allah. Lo! He is the Hearer, the Knower.
37And of His portents are the night and the day and the sun and the moon. Do not prostrate to the sun or the moon; but prostrate to Allah Who created them, if it is in truth Him Whom ye worship.
38But if they are too proud - still those who are with thy Lord glorify Him night and day, and tire not.
39And of His portents (is this): that thou seest the earth lowly, but when We send down water thereon it thrilleth and groweth. Lo! He Who quickeneth it is verily the Quickener of the Dead. Lo! He is Able to do all things.
40Lo! those who distort Our revelations are not hid from Us. Is he who is hurled into the Fire better, or he who cometh secure on the Day of Resurrection? Do what ye will. Lo! He is Seer of what ye do.
41Lo! those who disbelieve in the Reminder when it cometh unto them (are guilty), for lo! it is an unassailable Scripture.
42Falsehood cannot come at it from before it or from behind it. (It is) a revelation from the Wise, the Owner of Praise.
43Naught is said unto thee (Muhammad) save what was said unto the messengers before thee. Lo! thy Lord is owner of forgiveness, and owner (also) of dire punishment.
44And if We had appointed it a Lecture in a foreign tongue they would assuredly have said: If only its verses were expounded (so that we might understand)? What! A foreign tongue and an Arab? - Say unto them (O Muhammad): For those who believe it is a guidance and a healing; and as for those who disbelieve, there is a deafness in their ears, and it is blindness for them. Such are called to from afar.
45And We verily gave Moses the Scripture, but there hath been dispute concerning it; and but for a Word that had already gone forth from thy Lord, it would ere now have been judged between them; but lo! they are in hopeless doubt concerning it.
46Whoso doeth right it is for his soul, and whoso doeth wrong it is against it. And thy Lord is not at all a tyrant to His slaves.
47Unto Him is referred (all) knowledge of the Hour. And no fruits burst forth from their sheaths, and no female carrieth or bringeth forth but with His knowledge. And on the day when He calleth unto them: Where are now My partners? they will say: We confess unto Thee, not one of us is a witness (for them).
48And those to whom they used to cry of old have failed them, and they perceive they have no place of refuge.
49Man tireth not of praying for good, and if ill toucheth him, then he is disheartened, desperate.
50And verily, if We cause him to taste mercy after some hurt that hath touched him, he will say: This is my own; and I deem not that the Hour will ever rise, and if I am brought back to my Lord, I surely shall be better off with Him - But We verily shall tell those who disbelieve (all) that they did, and We verily shall make them taste hard punishment.
51When We show favour unto man, he withdraweth and turneth aside, but when ill toucheth him then he aboundeth in prayer.
52Bethink you: If it is from Allah and ye reject it - Who is further astray than one who is at open feud (with Allah)?
53We shall show them Our portents on the horizons and within themselves until it will be manifest unto them that it is the Truth. Doth not thy Lord suffice, since He is Witness over all things?
54How! Are they still in doubt about the meeting with their Lord? Lo! Is not He surrounding all things?
Chapter 42 (Sura 42)
1Ha. Mim.
2A´in. Sin. Qaf.
3Thus Allah the Mighty, the Knower inspireth thee (Muhammad) as (He inspired) those before thee.
4Unto Him belongeth all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.
5Almost might the heavens above be rent asunder while the angels hymn the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on the earth. Lo! Allah, He is the Forgiver, the Merciful.
6And as for those who choose protecting friends beside Him, Allah is Warden over them, and thou art in no wise a guardian over them.
7And thus We have inspired in thee a Lecture in Arabic, that thou mayst warn the mother-town and those around it, and mayst warn of a day of assembling whereof there is no doubt. A host will be in the Garden, and a host of them in the Flame.
8Had Allah willed, He could have made them one community, but Allah bringeth whom He will into His mercy. And the wrong-doers have no friend nor helper.
9Or have they chosen protecting friends besides Him? But Allah, He (alone) is the Protecting Friend. He quickeneth the dead, and He is Able to do all things.
10And in whatsoever ye differ, the verdict therein belongeth to Allah. Such is my Lord, in Whom I put my trust, and unto Whom I turn.
11The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He hath made for you pairs of yourselves, and of the cattle also pairs, whereby He multiplieth you. Naught is as His likeness; and He is the Hearer, the Seer.
12His are the keys of the heavens and the earth. He enlargeth providence for whom He will and straiteneth (it for whom He will). Lo! He is Knower of all things.
13He hath ordained for you that religion which He commended unto Noah, and that which We inspire in thee (Muhammad), and that which We commended unto Abraham and Moses and Jesus, saying: Establish the religion, and be not divided therein. Dreadful for the idolaters is that unto which thou callest them. Allah chooseth for Himself whom He will, and guideth unto Himself him who turneth (toward Him).
14And they were not divided until after the knowledge came unto them, through rivalry among themselves; and had it not been for a Word that had already gone forth from thy Lord for an appointed term, it surely had been judged between them. And those who were made to inherit the Scripture after them are verily in hopeless doubt concerning it.
15Unto this, then, summon (O Muhammad). And be thou upright as thou art commanded, and follow not their lusts, but say: I believe in whatever scripture Allah hath sent down, and I am commanded to be just among you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. Unto us our works and unto you your works; no argument between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and unto Him is the journeying.
16And those who argue concerning Allah after He hath been acknowledged, their argument hath no weight with their Lord, and wrath is upon them and theirs will be an awful doom.
17Allah it is Who hath revealed the Scripture with truth, and the Balance. How canst thou know? It may be that the Hour is nigh.
18Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it, while those who believe are fearful of it and know that it is the Truth. Are not they who dispute, in doubt concerning the Hour, far astray?
19Allah is gracious unto His slaves. He provideth for whom He will. And He is the Strong, the Mighty.
20Whoso desireth the harvest of the Hereafter, We give him increase in its harvest. And whoso desireth the harvest of the world, We give him thereof, and he hath no portion in the Hereafter.
21Or have they partners (of Allah) who have made lawful for them in religion that which Allah allowed not? And but for a decisive word (gone forth already), it would have been judged between them. Lo! for wrong-doers is a painful doom.
22Thou seest the wrong-doers fearful of that which they have earned, and it will surely befall them, while those who believe and do good works (will be) in flowering meadows of the Gardens, having what they wish from their Lord. This is the great preferment.
23This it is which Allah announceth unto His bondmen who believe and do good works. Say (O Muhammad, unto mankind): I ask of you no fee therefor, save lovingkindness among kinsfolk. And whoso scoreth a good deed We add unto its good for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Responsive.
24Or say they: He hath invented a lie concerning Allah? If Allah willed, He could have sealed thy heart (against them). And Allah will wipe out the lie and will vindicate the truth by His words. Lo! He is Aware of what is hidden in the breasts (of men).
25And He it is Who accepteth repentance from His bondmen, and pardoneth the evil deeds, and knoweth what ye do,
26And accepteth those who do good works, and giveth increase unto them of His bounty. And as for disbelievers, theirs will be an awful doom.
27And if Allah were to enlarge the provision for His slaves they would surely rebel in the earth, but He sendeth down by measure as He willeth. Lo! He is Informed, a Seer of His bondmen.
28And He it is Who sendeth down the saving rain after they have despaired, and spreadeth out His mercy. He is the Protecting Friend, the Praiseworthy.
29And of His portents is the creation of the heaven and the earth, and of whatever beasts He hath dispersed therein. And He is Able to gather them when He will.
30Whatever of misfortune striketh you, it is what your right hands have earned. And He forgiveth much.
31Ye cannot escape in the earth, for beside Allah ye have no protecting friend nor any helper.
32And of His portents are the ships, like banners on the sea;
33If He will He calmeth the wind so that they keep still upon its surface - Lo! herein verily are signs for every steadfast grateful (heart). -
34Or He causeth them to perish on account of that which they have earned - And He forgiveth much -
35And that those who argue concerning Our revelations may know they have no refuge.
36Now whatever ye have been given is but a passing comfort for the life of the world, and that which Allah hath is better and more lasting for those who believe and put their trust in their Lord,
37And those who shun the worst of sins and indecencies and, when they are wroth, forgive,
38And those who answer the call of their Lord and establish worship, and whose affairs are a matter of counsel, and who spend of what We have bestowed on them,
39And those who, when great wrong is done to them, defend themselves,
40The guerdon of an ill-deed is an ill the like thereof. But whosoever pardoneth and amendeth, his wage is the affair of Allah. Lo! He loveth not wrong-doers.
41And whoso defendeth himself after he hath suffered wrong - for such, there is no way (of blame) against them.
42The way (of blame) is only against those who oppress mankind, and wrongfully rebel in the earth. For such there is a painful doom.
43And verily whoso is patient and forgiveth - lo! that, verily, is (of) the steadfast heart of things.
44He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no protecting friend after Him. And thou (Muhammad) wilt see the evil-doers when they see the doom, (how) they say: Is there any way of return?
45And thou wilt see them exposed to (the Fire), made humble by disgrace, and looking with veiled eyes. And those who believe will say: Lo! the (eternal) losers are they who lose themselves and their housefolk on the Day of Resurrection. Lo! are not the wrong-doers in perpetual torment?
46And they will have no protecting friends to help them instead of Allah. He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no road.
47Answer the call of your Lord before there cometh unto you from Allah a Day which there is no averting. Ye have no refuge on that Day, nor have a ye any (power of) refusal.
48But if they are averse, We have not sent thee as a warder over them. Thine is only to convey (the message). And lo! when We cause man to taste of mercy from Us he exulteth therefor. And if some evil striketh them because of that which their own hands have sent before, then lo! man is an ingrate.
49Unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He createth what He will. He bestoweth female (offspring) upon whom He will, and bestoweth male (offspring) upon whom He will;
50Or He mingleth them, males and females, and He maketh barren whom He will. Lo! He is Knower, Powerful.
51And it was not (vouchsafed) to any mortal that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by revelation or from behind a veil, or (that) He sendeth a messenger to reveal what He will by His leave. Lo! He is Exalted, Wise.
52And thus have We inspired in thee (Muhammad) a Spirit of Our command. Thou knewest not what the Scripture was, nor what the Faith. But We have made it a light whereby We guide whom We will of Our bondmen. And lo! thou verily dost guide unto a right path,
53The path of Allah, unto Whom belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Do not all things reach Allah at last?
Chapter 43 (Sura 43)
1Ha. Mim.
2By the Scripture which maketh plain,
3Lo! We have appointed it a Lecture, in Arabic that haply ye may understand.
4And Lo! in the Source of Decrees, which We possess, it is indeed sublime, decisive.
5Shall We utterly ignore you because ye are a wanton folk?
6How many a prophet did We send among the men of old!
7And never came there unto them a prophet but they used to mock him.
8Then We destroyed men mightier than these in prowess; and the example of the men of old hath gone (before them).
9And if thou (Muhammad) ask them: Who created the heavens and the earth, they will surely answer: The Mighty, the Knower created them;
10Who made the earth a resting-place for you, and placed roads for you therein, that haply ye may find your way;
11And Who sendeth down water from the sky in (due) measure, and We revive a dead land therewith. Even so will ye be brought forth;
12He Who created all the pairs, and appointed for you ships and cattle whereupon ye ride.
13That ye may mount upon their backs, and may remember your Lord´s favour when ye mount thereon, and may say: Glorified be He Who hath subdued these unto us, and we were not capable (of subduing them);
14And lo! unto our Lord we surely are returning.
15And they allot to Him a portion of His bondmen! Lo! man is verily a mere ingrate.
16Or chooseth He daughters of all that He hath created, and honoureth He you with sons?
17And if one of them hath tidings of that which he likeneth to the Beneficent One, his countenance becometh black and he is full of inward rage.
18(Liken they then to Allah) that which is bred up in outward show, and in dispute cannot make itself plain?
19And they make the angels, who are the slaves of the Beneficent, females. Did they witness their creation? Their testimony will be recorded and they will be questioned.
20And they say: If the Beneficent One had (so) willed, we should not have worshipped them. They have no knowledge whatsoever of that. They do but guess.
21Or have We given them any scripture before (this Qur´an) so that they are holding fast thereto?
22Nay, for they say only: Lo! we found our fathers following a religion, and we are guided by their footprints.
23And even so We sent not a warner before thee (Muhammad) into any township but its luxurious ones said: Lo! we found our fathers following a religion, and we are following their footprints.
24(And the warner) said: What! Even though I bring you better guidance than that ye found your fathers following? They answered: Lo! in what ye bring we are disbelievers.
25So We requited them. Then see the nature of the consequence for the rejecters!
26And when Abraham said unto his father and his folk: Lo! I am innocent of what ye worship
27Save Him Who did create me, for He will surely guide me.
28And he made it a word enduring among his seed, that haply they might return.
29Nay, but I let these and their fathers enjoy life (only) till there should come unto them the Truth and a messenger making plain.
30And now that the Truth hath come unto them they say: This is mere magic, and lo! we are disbelievers therein.
31And they say: If only this Qur´an had been revealed to some great man of the two towns?
32Is it they who apportion thy Lord´s mercy? We have apportioned among them their livelihood in the life of the world, and raised some of them above others in rank that some of them may take labour from others; and the mercy of thy Lord is better than (the wealth) that they amass.
33And were it not that mankind would have become one community, We might well have appointed, for those who disbelieve in the Beneficent, roofs of silver for their houses and stairs (of silver) whereby to mount,
34And for their houses doors (of silver) and couches of silver whereon to recline,
35And ornaments of gold. Yet all that would have been but a provision of the life of the world. And the Hereafter with your Lord would have been for those who keep from evil.
36And he whose sight is dim to the remembrance of the Beneficent, We assign unto him a devil who becometh his comrade;
37And lo! they surely turn them from the way of Allah, and yet they deem that they are rightly guided;
38Till, when he cometh unto Us, he saith (unto his comrade): Ah, would that between me and thee there were the distance of the two horizons - an evil comrade!
39And it profiteth you not this day, because ye did wrong, that ye will be sharers in the doom.
40Canst thou (Muhammad) make the deaf to hear, or canst thou guide the blind or him who is in error manifest?
41And if We take thee away, We surely shall take vengeance on them,
42Or (if) We show thee that wherewith We threaten them; for lo! We have complete command of them.
43So hold thou fast to that which is inspired in thee. Lo! thou art on a right path.
44And lo! it is in truth a Reminder for thee and for thy folk; and ye will be questioned.
45And ask those of Our messengers whom We sent before thee: Did We ever appoint gods to be worshipped beside the Beneficent?
46And verily We sent Moses with Our revelations unto Pharaoh and his chiefs, and he said: I am a messenger of the Lord of the Worlds.
47But when he brought them Our tokens, behold! they laughed at them.
48And every token that We showed them was greater than its sister (token), and We grasped them with the torment, that haply they might turn again.
49And they said: O wizard! Entreat thy Lord for us by the pact that He hath made with thee. Lo! we verily will walk aright.
50But when We eased them of the torment, behold! they broke their word.
51And Pharaoh caused a proclamation to be made among his people saying: O my people! Is not mine the sovereignty of Egypt and these rivers flowing under me? Can ye not then discern?
52I am surely better than this fellow, who is despicable and can hardly make (his meaning) plain!
53Why, then, have armlets of gold not been set upon him, or angels sent along with him?
54Thus he persuaded his people to make light (of Moses), and they obeyed him. Lo! they were a wanton folk.
55So, when they angered Us, We punished them and drowned them every one.
56And We made them a thing past, and an example for those after (them).
57And when the son of Mary is quoted as an example, behold! the folk laugh out,
58And say: Are our gods better, or is he? They raise not the objection save for argument. Nay! but they are a contentious folk.
59He is nothing but a slave on whom We bestowed favour, and We made him a pattern for the Children of Israel.
60And had We willed We could have set among you angels to be viceroys in the earth.
61And lo! verily there is knowledge of the Hour. So doubt ye not concerning it, but follow Me. This is the right path.
62And let not Satan turn you aside. Lo! he is an open enemy for you.
63When Jesus came with clear proofs (of Allah´s Sovereignty), he said: I have come unto you with wisdom, and to make plain some of that concerning which ye differ. So keep your duty to Allah, and obey me.
64Lo! Allah, He is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him. This is a right path.
65But the factions among them differed. Then woe unto those who do wrong from the doom of a painful day.
66Await they aught save the Hour, that it shall come upon them suddenly, when they know not?
67Friends on that day will be foes one to another, save those who kept their duty (to Allah).
68O My slaves! For you there is no fear this day, nor is it ye who grieve;
69(Ye) who believed Our revelations and were self-surrendered,
70Enter the Garden, ye and your wives, to be made glad.
71Therein are brought round for them trays of gold and goblets, and therein is all that souls desire and eyes find sweet. And ye are immortal therein.
72This is the Garden which ye are made to inherit because of what ye used to do.
73Therein for you is fruit in plenty whence to eat.
74Lo! the guilty are immortal in hell´s torment.
75It is not relaxed for them, and they despair therein.
76We wronged them not, but they it was who did the wrong.
77And they cry: O master! Let thy Lord make an end of us. He saith: Lo! here ye must remain.
78We verily brought the Truth unto you, but ye were, most of you, averse to the Truth.
79Or do they determine any thing (against the Prophet)? Lo! We (also) are determining.
80Or deem they that We cannot hear their secret thoughts and private confidences? Nay, but Our envoys, present with them, do record.
81Say (O Muhammad): If the Beneficent One hath a son, then, I shall be first among the worshippers. (But there is no son).
82Glorified be the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of the Throne, from that which they ascribe (unto Him)!
83So let them flounder (in their talk) and play until they meet the Day which they are promised.
84And He it is Who in the heaven is Allah, and in the earth Allah. He is the Wise, the Knower.
85And blessed be He unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and with Whom is knowledge of the Hour, and unto Whom ye will be returned.
86And those unto whom they cry instead of Him possess no power of intercession, saving him who beareth witness unto the Truth knowingly.
87And if thou ask them who created them, they will surely say: Allah. How then are they turned away?
88And he saith: O my Lord! Lo! these are a folk who believe not.
89Then bear with them (O Muhammad) and say: Peace. But they will come to know.
Chapter 44 (Sura 44)
1Ha. Mim.
2By the Scripture that maketh plain
3Lo! We revealed it on a blessed night - Lo! We are ever warning -
4Whereon every wise command is made clear
5As a command from Our presence - Lo! We are ever sending -
6A mercy from thy Lord. Lo! He, even He is the Hearer, the Knower,
7Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if ye would be sure.
8There is no Allah save Him. He quickeneth and giveth death; your Lord and Lord of your forefathers.
9Nay, but they play in doubt.
10But watch thou (O Muhammad) for the day when the sky will produce visible smoke
11That will envelop the people. This will be a painful torment.
12(Then they will say): Our Lord relieve us of the torment. Lo! we are believers.
13How can there be remembrance for them, when a messenger making plain (the Truth) had already come unto them,
14And they had turned away from him and said: One taught (by others), a madman?
15Lo! We withdraw the torment a little. Lo! ye return (to disbelief).
16On the day when We shall seize them with the greater seizure, (then) in truth We shall punish.
17And verily We tried before them Pharaoh´s folk, when there came unto them a noble messenger,
18Saying: Give up to me the slaves of Allah. Lo! I am a faithful messenger unto you.
19And saying: Be not proud against Allah. Lo! I bring you a clear warrant.
20And lo! I have sought refuge in my Lord and your Lord lest ye stone me to death.
21And if ye put no faith in me, then let me go.
22And he cried unto his Lord, (saying): These are guilty folk.
23Then (his Lord commanded): Take away My slaves by night. Lo! ye will be followed,
24And leave the sea behind at rest, for lo! they are a drowned host.
25How many were the gardens and the watersprings that they left behind,