Quran translation in english language translated by maulana mohammad ali

Chapter 1 (Sura 1)
1In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
2Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds,
3The Beneficent, the Merciful,
4Master of the day of Requital.
5Thee do we serve and Thee do we beseech for help.
6Guide us on the right path,
7The path of those upon whom Thou has bestowed favours, Not those upon whom wrath is brought down, nor those who go astray.
Chapter 2 (Sura 2)
1I, Allah, am the best Knower.
2This Book, there is no doubt in it, is a guide to those who keep their duty,
3Who believe in the Unseen and keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them,
4And who believe in that which has been revealed to thee and that which was revealed before thee, and of the Hereafter they are sure.
5These are on a right course from their Lord and these it is that are successful.
6Those who disbelieve -- it being alike to them whether thou warn them or warn them not -- they will not believe.
7Allah has sealed their hearts and their hearing; and there is a covering on their eyes, and for them is a grievous chastisement.
8And there are some people who say: We believe in Allah and the Last Day; and they are not believers.
9They seek to deceive Allah and those who believe and they deceive only themselves and they perceive not.
10In their hearts is a disease, so Allah increased their disease, and for them is a painful chastisement because they lie.
11And when it is said to them, Make not mischief in the land, they say: We are but peacemakers.
12Now surely they are the mischief-makers, but they perceive not.
13And when it is said to them, Believe as the people believe, they say: Shall we believe as the fools believe? Now surely they are the fools, but they know not.
14And when they meet those who believe, they say, We believe; and when they are alone with their devils, they say: Surely we are with you, we were only mocking.
15Allah will pay them back their mockery, and He leaves them alone in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on.
16These are they who buy error for guidance, so their bargain brings no gain, nor are they guided.
17Their parable is as the parable of one who kindles a fire, but when it illumines all around him, Allah takes away their light, and leaves them in darkness -- they cannot see.
18Deaf, dumb, (and) blind, so they return not:
19Or like abundant rain from the cloud in which is darkness, and thunder and lightning; they put their fingers into their ears because of the thunder-peal, for fear of death. And Allah encompasses the disbelievers.
20The lightening almost takes away their sight. Whenever it shines on them they walk in it, and when it becomes dark to them they stand still. And if Allah has pleased, He would have taken away their hearing and their sight. Surely Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
21O men, serve your Lord Who created you and those before you, so that you may guard against evil,
22Who made the earth a resting-place for you and the heaven a structure, and sends down rain from the clouds then brings forth with it fruits for your sustenance; so do not set up rivals to Allah while you know.
23And if you are in doubt as to that which We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a chapter like it and call on your helpers besides Allah if you are truthful.
24But if you do (it) not -- and you can never do (it) -- then be on your guard against the fire whose fuel is men and stones; it is prepared for the disbelievers.
25And give good news to those who believe and do good deeds, that for them are Gardens in which rivers flow. Whenever they are given a portion of the fruit thereof, they will say: This is what was given to us before; and they are given the like of it. And for them therein are pure companions and therein they will abide.
26Surely Allah disdains not to set forth any parable -- a gnat or anything above that. Then as for those who believe, they know that it is the truth from their Lord; and as for those who disbelieve, they say: What is it that Allah means by this parable? Many he leaves in error by it and many He leads aright by it. And He leaves in error by it only the transgressors,
27Who break the covenant of Allah after its confirmation and cut asunder what Allah has ordered to be joined, and make mischief in the land. These it is that are the losers.
28How can you deny Allah and you were without life and He gave you life? Again, He will cause you to die and again bring you to life, then you shall be brought back to Him.
29He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. And He directed Himself to the heaven, so He made them complete seven heavens; and He is Knower of all things.
30And when they Lord said to the angels, I am going to place a ruler in the earth, they said: Wilt Thou place in it such as make mischief in it and shed blood? And we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness. He said: Surely I know what you know not.
31And He taught Adam all the names, then presented them to the angels; He said: Tell Me the names of those if you are right.
32They said: Glory be to Thee! We have no knowledge but that which Thou has taught us. Surely Thou art the Knowing, the Wise.
33He said: O Adam, inform them of their names. So when he informed them of their names, He said: Did I not say to you that I know what is unseen in the heavens and the earth? And I know what you manifest and what you hide.
34And when We said to the angels, Be submissive to Adam, they submitted, but Iblis (did not). He refused and was proud, and he was one of the disbelievers.
35And We said: O Adam, dwell thou and thy wife in the garden, and eat from it a plenteous (food) wherever you wish, and approach not this tree, lest you be of the unjust.
36But the Devil made them slip from it, and caused them to depart from the state in which they were. And We said: Go forth, some of you are the enemies of others and there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time.
37Then Adam received (revealed) words from his Lord, and He turned to him (mercifully). Surely He is Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
38We said: Go forth from this state all. Surely there will come to you a guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, no fear shall come upon them, nor shall they grieve.
39And (as to) those who disbelieve in and reject Our messages, they are the companions of the Fire; in it they will abide.
40O Children of Israel, call to mind My favour which I bestowed on you and be faithful to (your) covenant with Me, I shall fulfil (My) covenant with you; and Me, Me alone, should you fear.
41And believe in that which I have revealed, verifying that which is with you, and be not the first to deny it; neither take a mean price for My messages; and keep your duty to Me, Me alone.
42And mix not up truth with falsehood, nor hide the truth while you know.
43And keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and bow down with those who bow down.
44Do you enjoin men to be good and neglect your own souls while you read the Book? Have you then no sense?
45And seek assistance through patience and prayer, and this is hard except for the humble ones,
46Who know that they will meet their Lord and that to Him they will return.
47O Children of Israel, call to mind My favour which I bestowed on you and that I made you excel the nations.
48And guard yourselves against a day when no soul will avail another in the least, neither will intercession be accepted on its behalf, nor will compensation be taken from it, nor will they be helped.
49And when We delivered you from Pharaoh´s people, who subjected you to severe torment, killing your sons and sparing your women, and in this there was a great trial from your Lord.
50And when We parted the sea for you, so We saved you and drowned the people of Pharaoh while you saw.
51And when We appointed a time of forty nights with Moses, then you took the calf (for a god) after him, and you were unjust.
52Then We pardoned you after that so that you might give thanks.
53And when We gave Moses the Book and the Discrimination that you might walk aright.
54And when Moses said to his people: O my people, you have surely wronged yourselves by taking the calf (for a god), so turn to your Creator (penitently), and kill your passions. That is best for you with your Creator. So He turned to you (mercifully). Surely He is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
55And when you said: O Moses, we will not believe in thee till we see Allah manifestly, so the punishment overtook you while you looked on.
56Then We raised you up after your stupor that you might give thanks.
57And We made the clouds to give shade over you and We sent to you manna and quails. Eat of the good things that We have given you. And they did not do Us any harm, but they wronged their own souls.
58And when We said: Enter this city, then eat from it a plenteous (food) whence you wish, and enter the gate submissively, and make petition for forgiveness. We will forgive you your wrongs and increase the reward of those who do good (to others).
59But those who were unjust changed the word which had been spoken to them, for another saying, so We sent upon the wrongdoers a pestilence from heaven, because they transgressed.
60And when Moses prayed for water for his people, We said: March on to the rock with they staff. So there flowed from it twelve springs. Each tribe knew their drinking-place. Eat and drink of the provisions of Allah, and act not corruptly, making mischief in the land.
61And when you said: O Moses, we cannot endure one food, so pray they Lord on our behalf to bring forth for us out of what the earth grows, of its herbs and its cucumbers and its garlic and its lentils and its onions. He said: Would you exchange that which is better for that which is worse? Enter a city, so you will have what you ask for. And abasement and humiliation were stamped upon them, and they incurred Allah´s wrath. That was so believe they disbelieved in the messages of Allah and would kill the prophets unjustly. That was so because they disobeyed and exceeded the limits.
62Surely those who believe, and those who are Jews, and the Christians, and the Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good, they have their reward with their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.
63And when We made a covenant with you and raised the mountain above you: Hold fast that which We have given you, and bear in mind what is in it, so that you guard against evil.
64Then after that you turned back; and had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy on you, you had certainly been among the losers.
65And indeed you know those among you who violated the Sabbath, so We said to them: Be (as) apes, despised and hated.
66So We made them an example to those who witnessed it and those who came after it and an admonition to those who guard against evil.
67And when Moses said to his people: Surely Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow. They said: Dost thou ridicule us? He said: I seek refuge with Allah from being one of the ignorant.
68They said: Call on thy Lord for our sake to make it plain to us what she is. (Moses) said: He says, Surely she is a cow neither advanced in age nor too young, of middle age between these (two); so do what you are commanded.
69They said: Call on thy Lord for our sake to make it clear to us what her colour is. (Moses) said: He says, She is a yellow cow; her colour is intensely yellow delighting the beholders.
70They said: Call on thy Lord for our sake to make it clear to us what she is, for surely to us the cows are all alike, and if Allah please we shall surely be guided aright.
71(Moses) said: He says: She is a cow not made submissive to plough the land, nor does she water the tilth, sound, without a blemish in her. They said: Now thou has brought the truth. So they slaughtered her, though they had not the mind to do (it).
72And when you (almost) killed a man, then you disagreed about it. And Allah was to bring forth that which you were going to hide.
73So We said: Smite him with it partially. Thus Allah brings the dead to life, and He shows you His signs that you may understand.
74Then your hearts hardened after that, so that they were like rocks, rather worse in hardness. And surely there are some rocks from which streams burst forth; and there are some of them which split asunder so water flows from them; and there are some of them which fall down for the fear of Allah. And Allah is not heedless of what you do.
75Do you then hope that they would believe in you, and a party from among them indeed used to hear the word of Allah, then altered it after they had understood it, and they know (this).
76And when they meet those who believe they say, We believe, and when they- are apart one with another they say: Do you talk to them of what Allah has disclosed to you that they may contend with you by this before your Lord? Do you not understand?
77Do they not know that Allah knows what they keep secret and what they make known?
78And some of them are illiterate; they know not the Book but only (from) hearsay, and they do but conjecture.
79Woe! then to those who write the Book with their hands then say, This is from Allah; so that they may take for it a small price. So woe! to them for what their hands write and woe! to them for what they earn.
80And they say: Fire will not touch us but for a few days. Say: Have you received a promise from Allah? Then Allah will not fail to perform ffis promise. Or do you speak against Allah what you know not?
81Yea, whoever earns evil and his sins beset him on every side, those are the companions of the Fire; therein they abide.
82And those who believe and do good deeds, these are the owners of the Garden; therein they abide.
83And when We made a covenant with the Children of Israel. You shall serve none but Allah. And do good to (your) parents, and to the near of kin and to orphans and the needy, and speak good (words) to (all) men, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate. Then you turned back except a few of you, and you are averse.
84And when We made a covenant with you: You shall not shed your blood, nor turn your people out of your cities; then you promised and you bear witness.
85Yet you it is who would slay your people and turn a party from among you out of their homes, backing each other up against them unlawfully and exceeding the limits. And if they should come to you as captives you would ransom them, whereas their turning out itself was unlawful for you. Do you then believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve in the other? What then is the reward of such among you as do this but disgrace in the life of this world, and on the day of Resurrection they shall be sent back to the most grievous chastisement. And Allah is not heedless of what you do.
86These are they who buy the life of this world for the Hereafter, so their chastisement shall not be lightened, nor shall they be helped.
87And We indeed gave Moses the Book and We sent messengers after him one after another; and We gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear arguments and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit. Is it then that whenever there came to you a messenger with what your souls desired not, you were arrogant? And some of you gave the lie to and others you would slay.
88And when they say: Our hearts are repositories. Nay, Allah has cursed them on account of their unbelief, so little it is that they believe.
89And when there came to them a Book from Allah verifying that which they have, and aforetime they used to pray for victory against those who disbelieved -- but when there came to them that which they recognized, they disbelieved in it; so Allah´s curse is on the disbelievers.
90Evil is that for which they sell their souls -- that they should deny that which Allah has revealed, out of envy that Allah should send down of His grace on whomsoever of His servants He pleases; so they incur wrath upon wrath. And there is an abasing chastisement for the disbelievers.
91And when it is said to them, Believe in that which Allah has revealed, they say: We believe in that which was revealed to us. And they deny what is besides that, while it is the Truth verifying that which they have. Say: Why then did you kill Allah´s prophets before (this) if you were believers?
92And Moses indeed came to you with clear arguments, then you took the calf (for a god) in his absence and you were wrongdoers.
93And when We made a covenant with you and raised the mountain above you: Take hold of that which We have given you with firmness and obey. They said: We hear and disobey. And they were made to imbibe (the love of) the calf into their hearts on account of their disbelief. Say: Evil is that which your faith bids you if you are believers.
94Say: If the abode of the Hereafter with Allah is specially for you to the exclusion of the people, then invoke death if you are truthful.
95And they will never invoke it on account of what their hands have sent on before, and Allah knows the wrongdoers.
96And thou wilt certainly find them the greediest of men for life, (greedier) even than those who set up gods (with God). One of them loves to be granted a life of a thousand years, and his being granted a long life will in no way remove him further off from the chastisement. And Allah is Seer of what they do.
97Say: Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel -- for surely he revealed it to thy heart by Allah´s command, verifying that which is before it and a guidance and glad tidings for the believers.
98Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His messengers and Gabriel and Michael, then surely Allah is an enemy to disbelievers.
99And we indeed have revealed to thee clear messages, and none disbelieve in them except the transgressors.
100Is it that whenever they make a covenant, a party of them cast it aside? Nay, most of them have no faith.
101And when there came to them a messenger from Allah verifying that which they have, party of those who were given the Book threw the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they knew nothing.
102And they follow what the devils fabricated against the kingdom of Solomon. And Solomon disbelieved not, but the devils disbelieved, teaching men enchantment. And it was not revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut. Nor did they teach (it to) anyone, so that they should have said, We are only a trial, so disbelieve not. But they learn from these two (sources) that by which they make a distinction between a man and his wife. And they cannot hurt with it anyone except with Allah´s permission. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And certainly they know that he who buys it has no share of good in the Hereafter. And surely evil is the price for which they have sold their souls, did they but know!
103And if they had believed and kept their duty, reward from Allah would certainly have been better; did they but know!
1040 you who believe, say not Raina and say Unzur-na, and listen. And for the disbelievers there is a painful chastisement.
105Neither those who disbelieve from among the people of the Book, nor the polytheists, like that any good should be sent down to you from your Lord. And Allah chooses whom He pleases for His Mercy; and Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.
106Whatever message We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring one better than it or one like it. Knowest thou not that Allah is Possessor of power over all things?
107Knowest thou not that Allah´s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and that besides Allah you have not any friend or helper?
108Rather you wish to put questions to your Messenger, as Moses was questioned before. And whoever adopts disbelief instead of faith he indeed has lost the right direction of the way.
109Many of the people of the Book wish that they could turn you back into disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from themselves, after truth has become manifest to them. But pardon and forgive, till Allah bring about His command. Surely Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
110And keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate. And whatever good you send before for yourselves, you will find it with Allah. Surely Allah is Seer of what you do.
111And they say: None shall enter the Garden except he who is a Jew, or the Christians. These are their vain desires. Say: Bring your proof if you are truthful.
112Nay, whoever submits himself entirely to Allah and he is the doer of good (to others), he has his reward from his Lord, and there is no fear for such nor shall they grieve.
113And the Jews say, The Christians follow nothing (good), and the Christians say, The Jews following nothing (good), while they recite the (same) Book. Even thus say those who have no knowledge, like what they say. So Allah will judge between them on the day of Resurrection in that wherein they differ.
114And who is more unjust than he who prevents (men) from the mosques of Allah, from His name being remembered therein, and strives to ruin them? (As for) these, it was not proper for them to enter them except in fear. For them is disgrace in this world, and theirs is a grievous chastisement in the Hereafter.
115And Allah´s is the East and the West, so whither you turn thither is Allah´s purpose. Surely Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
116And they say: Allah has taken to Himself a son -- glory be to Him! Rather, whatever is in the heavens and the earth is His. All are obedient to Him.
117Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth! And when He decrees an affair, He says to it only, Be, and it is.
118And those who have no knowledge say: Why does not Allah speak to us or a sign come to us? Even thus said those before them, the like of what they say. Their hearts are all alike. Indeed We have made the messages clear for a people who are sure.
119Surely We have sent thee with the Truth as a bearer of good news and as a warner, and thou wilt not be called upon to answer for the companions of the flaming Fire.
120And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor the Christians, unless thou follow their religion. Say: Surely Allah´s guidance, that is the (perfect) guidance. And if thou follow their desires after the knowledge that has come to thee thou shalt have from Allah no friend, nor helper.
121Those to whom We have given the Book follow it as it ought to be followed. These believe in it. And whoever disbelieves in it, these it is that are the losers.
122O Children of Israel, call to mind My favour which I bestowed on you and that I made you excel the nations.
123And be on your guard against a day when no soul will avail another in the least, neither will any compensation be accepted from it, nor will intercession profit it, nor will they be helped.
124And when his Lord tried Abraham with certain commands he fulfilled them. He said: Surely I will make thee a leader of men. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring? My covenant does not include the wrongdoers, said He.
125And when We made The House a resort for men and a (place of) security. And: Take ye the place of Abraham for a place of prayer. And We enjoined Abraham and Ishmael, saying: Purify My House for those who visit (it) and those who abide (in it) for devotion and those who bow down (and) those who prostrate themselves.
126And when Abraham said: My Lord, make this a secure town and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day. He said: And whoever disbelieves, I shall grant him enjoyment for a short while, then I shall drive him to the chastisement of the Fire. And it is an evil destination.
127And when Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundations of the House: Our Lord, accept from us; surely Thou art the Hearing, the Knowing.
128Our Lord, and make us both submissive to Thee, and show us our ways of devotion and turn to us (mercifully); surely Thou art the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
129Our Lord, and raise up in them a Messenger from among them who shall recite to them Thy messages and teach them the Book and the Wisdom, and purify them. Surely Thou art the Might, the Wise.
130And who forsakes the religion of Abraham but he who makes a fool of himself. And certainly We made him pure in this world and in the Hereafter he is surely among the righteous.
131When his Lord said to him, Submit, he said: I submit myself to the Lord of the worlds.
132And the same did Abraham enjoin on his sons, and (so did) Jacob: O my sons, surely Allah has chosen for you (this) religion, so die not unless you are submitting ones.
133Or were you witnesses when death visited Jacob, when he said to his sons: What will you serve after me? They said: We shall serve thy God and the God of thy fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, one God only, and to Him do we submit.
134Those are a people that have passed away; for them is what they earned and for you what you earn; and you will not be asked of what they did.
135And they say: Be Jews or Christians, you will be on the right course. Say: Nay, (we follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright one, and he was not one of the polytheists.
136Say: We believe in Allah and (in) that which has been revealed to us, and (in) that which was revealed to Abraham, and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and (in) that which was given to Moses and Jesus, and (in) that which was given to the prophets from their Lord, we do not make any distinction between any of them and to Him do we submit.
137So if they believe as you believe, they are indeed on the right course; and if they turn back, then they are only in opposition. But Allah will suffice thee against them; and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
138(We take) Allah´s colour, and who is better than Allah at colouring, and we are His worshippers.
139Say: Do you dispute with us about Allah, and He is our Lord and your Lord, and for us are our deeds and for you your deeds; and we are sincere to Him?
140Or do you say that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do you know better or Allah? And who is more unjust than he who conceals a testimony that he has from Allah? And Allah is not heedless of what you do.
141Those are a people that have passed away; and for them is what they earned and for you what you earn; and you will not be asked of what they did.
142The fools among the people will say: "What has turned them from their qiblah which they had?" Say: The East and the West belong only to Allah; He guides whom He pleases to the right path.
143And thus We have made you an exalted nation that you may be the bearers of witness to the people and (that) the Messenger may be a bearer of witness to you. And We did not make that which thou wouldst have to be the qiblah but that We might distinguish him who follows the Messenger from him who turns back upon his heels. And it was indeed a hard test except for those whom Allah has guided. Nor was Allah going to make your faith to be fruitless. Surely Allah is Compassionate, Merciful, to the people.
144Indeed We see the turning of thy face to heaven, so We shall surely make thee master of the qiblah which thou likest; turn then thy face towards the Sacred Mosque. And wherever you are turn your faces towards it. And those who have been given the Book certainly know that it is the truth from their Lord. And Allah is not heedless of what they do.
145And even if thou shouldst bring to those who have been given the Book every sign they would not follow thy qiblah, nor canst thou be a follower of their qiblah, neither are they the followers of each other´s qiblah. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge that has come to thee, then thou wouldst indeed be of the wrongdoers.
146Those whom We have given the Book recognize him as they recognize their sons. And a party of them surely conceal the truth while they know.
147The truth is from thy Lord, so be thou not of the doubters.
148And every one has a goal to which he turns (himself), so vie with one another in good works. Wherever you are, Allah will bring you all together. Surely Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
149And from whatsoever place thou comest forth, turn thy face towards the Sacred Mosque. And surely it is the truth from thy Lord. And Allah is not heedless of what you do.
150And from whatsoever place thou comest forth turn thy face towards the Sacred Mosque. And wherever you are turn your faces towards it, so that people may have no plea against you except such of them as are unjust -- so fear them not and fear Me -- and that I may complete My favour to you and that you may go aright.
151Even as We have sent among you a Messenger from among you, who recites to you our messages and purifies you and teaches you the Book and the Wisdom and teaches you that which you did not know.
152Therefore glorify Me, I will make you eminent, and give thanks to Me and be not ungrateful to me.
153O you who believe, seek assistance through patience and prayer; surely Allah is with the patient.
154And speak not of those who are slain in Allah´s way as dead. Nay, (they are) alive, but you perceive not.
155And We shall certainly try you with something of fear and hunger and loss of property and lives and fruits. And give good news to the patient,
156Who, when a misfortune befalls them say: "Surely we are Allah´s and to Him we shall return."
157Those are they on whom are blessings and mercy from their Lord; and those are the followers of the right course.
158The Safa and the Marwah are truly among the signs of Allah; so whoever makes a pilgrimage to the House or pays a visit (to it), there is no blame on him if he goes round them. And whoever does good spontaneously -- surely Allah is Bountiful in rewarding, Knowing.
159Those who conceal the clear proofs and the guidance that We revealed after We have made it clear in the Book for men, these it is whom Allah curses, and those who curse, curse them (too),
160Except those who repent and amend and make manifest (the truth), these it is to whom I turn (mercifully); and I am the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
161Those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, these it is on whom is the curse of Allah and the angels and men, of all (of them):
162Abiding therein; their chastisement shall not be lightened nor shall they be given respite.
163And your God is one God; there is no God but He! He is the Beneficent, the Merciful.
164In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, and the ships that run in the sea with that which profits men, and the water that Allah sends down from the sky, then gives life therewith to the earth after its death and spreads in it all (kinds of) animals, and the changing of the winds and the clouds made subservient between heaven and earth, there are surely signs for a people who understand.
165Yet there are some men who take for themselves objects of worship besides Allah, whom they love as they should love Allah. And those who believe are stronger in (their) love for Allah. And O that the wrongdoers had seen, when they see the chastisement, that power is wholly Allah´s, and that Allah is severe in chastising!
166When those who were followed renounce those who followed (them), and they see the chastisement and their ties are cut asunder.
167And those who followed will say: If we could but return, we would renounce them as they have renounced us. Thus will Allah show them their deeds to be intense regret to them, and they will not escape from the Fire.
168O men, eat the lawful and good things from that is in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Surely he is an open enemy to you.
169He enjoins on you only evil and indecency, and that you speak against Allah what you know not.
170And when it is said to them, "Follow what Allah has revealed," they say: "Nay, we follow that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though their fathers had no sense at all, nor did they follow the right way."
171And the parable of those who disbelieve is as the parable of one who calls out to that which hears no more than a call and a cry. Deaf, dumb, blind, so they have no sense.
172O you who believe, eat of the good things that We have provided you with, and give thanks to Allah if He it is Whom you serve.
173He has forbidden you only what dies of itself, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that over which any other (name) than (that of) Allah has been invoked. Then whoever is driven by necessity, not desiring, nor exceeding the limit, no sin is upon him. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
174Those who conceal aught of the Book that Allah has revealed and take for it a small price, they eat nothing but fire into their bellies, and Allah will not speak to them on the day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them; and for them is a painful chastisement.
175Those are they who buy error for guidance and chastisement for forgiveness; how bold they are to challenge the Fire!
176That is because Allah has revealed the Book with truth. And surely those who disagree about the Book go far in opposition.
177It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East and the West, but righteous is the one who believes in Allah, and the Last Day, and the angels and the Book and the prophets, and gives away wealth out of love for Him to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask and to set slaves free and keeps up prayer and pays the poor-rate; and the performers of their promise when they make a promise, and the patient in distress and affliction and in the time of conflict. These are they who are truthful; and these are they who keep their duty.
178O you who believe, retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the slain: the free for the free, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if remission is made to one by his (aggrieved) brother, prosecution (for blood-wit) should be according to usage, and payment to him in a good manner. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. Whoever exceeds the limit after this, will have a painful chastisement.
179And there is life for you in retaliation, O men of understanding, that you may guard yourselves.
180It is prescribed for you, when death approaches one of you, if he leaves behind wealth for parents and near relatives, to make a bequest in a kindly manner; it is incumbent upon the dutiful.
181Then whoever changes it after he has heard it, the sin of it is only upon those who change it. Surely Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
182But if one fears a wrong or a sinful course on the part of the testator, and effects an agreement between the parties, there is no blame on him. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
183O you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may guard against evil.
184For a certain number of days. But whoever among you is sick or on a journey, (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days. And those who find it extremely hard may effect redemption by feeding a poor man. So whoever does good spontaneously, it is better for him; and that you fast is better for you if you know.
185The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur´an was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the Criterion. So whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or on a journey, (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days. Allah desires ease for you, and He desires not hardship for you, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for having guided you and that you may give thanks.
186And when My servants ask thee concerning Me, surely I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calls on Me, so they should hear My call and believe in Me that they may walk in the right way.
187It is made lawful for you to go in to your wives on the night of the fast. They are an apparel for you and you are an apparel for them. Allah knows that you acted unjustly to yourselves, so He turned to you in mercy and removed (the burden) from you. So now be in contact with them and seek what Allah has ordained for you, and eat and drink until the whiteness of the day becomes distinct from the blackness of the night at dawn, then complete the fast till nightfall, and touch them not while you keep to the mosques. These are the limits of Allah, so go not near them. Thus does Allah make clear His messages for men that they may keep their duty.
188And swallow not up your property among yourselves by false means, nor seek to gain access thereby to the judges, so that you may swallow up a part of the property of men wrongfully while you know.
189They ask thee of the new moons. Say: They are times appointed for men, and (for) the pilgrimage. And it is not righteousness that you enter the houses by their backs, but he is righteous who keeps his duty. And go into the houses by their doors; and keep your duty to Allah, that you may be successful.
190And fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you but be not aggressive. Surely Allah loves not the aggressors.
191And kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out of where they drove you out, and persecution is worse than slaughter. And fight not with them at the Sacred Mosque until they fight with you in it; so if they fight you (in it), slay them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers.
192But if they desist, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
193And fight them until there is no persecution, and religion is only for Allah. But if they desist, then there should be no hostility except against the oppressors.
194The sacred month for the sacred month, and retaliation (is allowed) in sacred things. Whoever then acts aggressively against you, inflict injury on him according to the injury he has inflicted on you and keep your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who keep their duty.
195And spend in the way of Allah and cast not yourselves to perdition with your own hands and do good (to others). Surely Allah loves the doers of good.
196And accomplish the pilgrimage and the visit for Allah. But if you are prevented, (send) whatever offering is easy to obtain; and shave not your heads until the offering reaches its destination. Then whoever among you is sick or has an ailment of the head, he (may effect) a compensation by fasting or alms or sacrificing. And when you are secure, whoever profits by combining the visit with the pilgrimage (should take) whatever offering is easy to obtain. But he who cannot find (an offering) should fast for three days during the pilgrimage and for seven days when you return. These are ten (days) complete. This is for him whose family is not present in the Sacred Mosque. And keep your duty to Allah and know that Allah is severe in requiting (evil).
197The months of the pilgrimage are well known; so whoever determines to perform pilgrimage therein there shall be no immodest speech, nor abusing, nor altercation in the pilgrimage. And whatever good you do, Allah knows it. And make provision for yourselves, the best provision being to keep one´s duty. And keep your duty to me, O men of understanding.
198It is no sin for you that you seek the bounty of your Lord. So when you press on from ´Arafat, remember Allah near the Holy Monument, and remember Him as He has guided you, though before that you were certainly of the erring ones.
199Then hasten on from where the people hasten on, and ask the forgiveness of Allah. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
200And when you have performed your devotions, laud Allah as you lauded your fathers, rather a more hearty lauding. But there are some people who say, Our Lord, give us in the world. And for such there is no portion in the Hereafter.
201And there are some among them who say: Our Lord, grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and save us from he chastisement of the Fire.
202For those there is a portion on account of what they have earned. And Allah is Swift in reckoning.
203And remember Allah during the appointed days. Then whoever hastens off in two days, it is no sin for him; and whoever stays behind, it is no sin for him, for one who keeps his duty. And keep your duty to Allah, and know that you will be gathered together to Him.
204And of men is he whose speech about the life of this world pleases thee, and he calls Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart, yet he is the most violent of adversaries.
205And when he holds authority, he makes effort in the land to cause mischief in it and destroy tilth and offspring; and Allah loves not mischief.
206And when it is said to Him, Be careful of thy duty to Allah, pride carries him off to sin -- so hell is sufficient for him. And certainly evil is the resting-place.
207And of men is he who sells himself to seek the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is Compassionate to the servants.
208O you who believe, enter into complete peace and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Surely he is your open enemy.
209But if you slip after clear arguments have come to you, then know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
210They wait for naught but that Allah should come to them in the shadows of the clouds with angels, and the matter has (already) been decided. And to Allah are (all) matters returned.
211Ask of the Children of Israel how many a clear sign We gave them! And whoever changes the favour of Allah after it has come to him, then surely Allah is Severe in requiting (evil).
212The life of this world is made to seem fair to those who disbelieve, and they mock those who believe. And those who keep their duty will be above them on the day of Resurrection. And Allah gives to whom He pleases without measure.
213Mankind is a single nation. So Allah raised prophets as bearers of good news and as warners, and He revealed with them the Book with truth, that it might judge between people concerning that in which they differed. And none but the very people who were given it differed about it after clear arguments had come to them, envying one another. So Allah has guided by His will those who believe to the truth about which they differed. And Allah guides whom He pleases to the right path.
214Or do you think that you will enter the Garden, while there has not yet befallen you the like of what befell those who have passed before you. Distress and affliction befell them and they were shaken violently, so that the Messenger and those who believed with him said: When will the help of Allah come? Now surely the help of Allah is nigh!
215They ask thee as to what they should spend. Say: Whatever wealth you spend, it is for the parents and the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer. And whatever good you do, Allah surely is Knower of it.
216Fighting is enjoined on you, though it is disliked by you; and it may be that you dislike a thing while it is good for you, and it may be that you love a thing while it is evil for you; and Allah knows while you know not.
217They ask thee about fighting in the sacred month. Say: fighting it is a grave (offence). And hindering (men) from Allah´s way and denying Him and the Sacred Mosque and turning its people out of it, are still graver with Allah; and persecution is graver with Allah; and persecution is graver than slaughter. And they will not cease fighting you until they turn you back from your religion, if they can. And whoever of you turns back from his religion, then he dies while an unbeliever -- these it is whose works go for nothing in this world and the Hereafter. And they are the companions of the Fire: therein they will abide.
218Those who believed and those who fled (their homes) and strove hard in Allah´s way -- these surely hope for the mercy of Allah. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
219They ask thee about intoxicants and games of chance. Say: In both of them is a great sin and (some) advantage for men, and their sin is greater than their advantage. And they ask thee as to what they should spend. Say: What you can spare. Thus does Allah make clear to you the messages that you may ponder,
220On this world and the hereafter. And they ask thee concerning the orphans. Say: To set right their (affairs) is good; and if you mix with them, they are your brethren. And Allah knows him who makes mischief from him who sets right. And if Allah pleased, He would have made matters difficult for you. Surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
221And marry not the idolatresses until they believe; and certainly a believing maid is better than an idolatress even though she please you. Nor give (believing women) in marriage to idolaters until they believe, and certainly a believing slave is better than an idolater, even though he please you. These invite to the Fire and Allah invited to the Garden and to forgiveness by His will and He makes clear His messages to men that they may be mindful.
222And they ask thee about menstruation. Say: It is harmful; so keep aloof from women during menstrual discharge and go not near them until they are clean. But when they have cleansed themselves, go in to them as Allah has commanded you. Surely Allah loves those who turn much (to Him), and He loves those who purify themselves.
223Your wives are a tilth for you, so go in to your tilth when you like, and send (good) beforehand for yourselves. And keep your duty to Allah, and know that you will meet Him. And give good news to the believers.
224And make not Allah by your oaths a hindrance to your doing good and keeping your duty and making peace between men. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
225Allah will not call you to account for what is vain in your oaths, but He will call you to account for what your hearts have earned. And Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.
226Those who swear that they will not go in to their wives should wait four months; then if they go back, Allah is surely Forgiving, Merciful.
227And if they resolve on a divorce, Allah is surely Hearing, Knowing.
228And the divorced women should keep themselves in waiting for three courses. And it is not lawful for them to conceal that which Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have a better right to take them back in the meanwhile if they wish for reconciliation. And women have rights similar to those against them in a just manner, and men are a degree above them. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.
229Divorce may be (pronounced) twice; then keep (them) in good fellowship to let (them) go with kindness. And it is not lawful for you to take any part of what you have given them, unless both fear that they cannot keep within the limits of Allah. Then if you fear that they cannot keep within the limits of Allah, there is not blame on them for what she gives up to become free thereby. These are the limits of Allah, so exceed them not; and whoever exceeds the limits of Allah, these are the wrongdoers.
230So if he divorces her (the third time), she shall not be lawful to him afterwards until she marries another husband. If he divorces her, there is not blame on them both if they return to each other (by marriage), if they think that they can keep within the limits of Allah. And these are the limits of Allah which He makes clear for a people who know.
231And when you divorce women and they reach their prescribed time, then retain them in kindness or set them free with kindness and retain them not for injury so that you exceed the limits. And whoever does this, he indeed wrongs his own soul. And take not Allah´s messages for a mockery, and remember Allah´s favour to you, and that which He has revealed to you of the Book and the Wisdom, admonishing you thereby. And keep your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is the Knower of all things.
232And when you divorce women and they end their term, prevent them not from marrying their husbands if they agree among themselves in a lawful manner. With this is admonished he among you who believes in Allah and the Last Day. This is more profitable for you and purer. And Allah knows while you know not.
233And mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years, for him who desires to complete the time of suckling. And their maintenance and their clothing must be borne by the father according to usage. No soul shall be burdened beyond its capacity. Neither shall a mother be made to suffer harm on account of her child, nor a father on account of his child; and a similar duty (devolves) on the (father´s) heir. But if both desire weaning by mutual consent and counsel, there is not blame on them. And if you wish to engage a wetnurse for your children, there is no blame on you so long as you pay what you promised according to usage. And keep your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Seer of what you do.
234And (as for) those of you who die and leave wives behind, such women should keep themselves in waiting for four months and ten days; when they reach their term, there is no blame on you for what they do for themselves in a lawful manner. And Allah is Aware of what you do.
235And there is no blame on you respecting that which you speak indirectly in the asking of (such) women in marriage or keep (the proposal) concealed within your minds. Allah knows that you will have them in your minds, but given them not a promise in secret unless you speak in a lawful manner. And confirm not the marriage tie until the prescribed period reaches its end. And know that Allah knows what is in your minds, so beware of Him; and know that Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.
236There is no blame on you if you divorce women while yet you have not touched them, nor appointed for them a portion. And provide for them, the wealthy according to his means and the strained according to his means, a provision according to usage. (This is) a duty on the doers of good.
237And if you divorce them before you have touched them and you have appointed for them a portion, (pay) half of what you have appointed unless they forgo or he forgoes in whose hand is the marriage tie. And it is nearer to dutifulness that you forgo. Nor neglect the giving of free gifts between you. Surely Allah is Seer of what you do.
238Guard the prayers and the most excellent prayer, and stand up truly obedient to Allah.
239But if you are in danger (say your prayers) on foot or on horseback. And when you are secure, remember Allah as He has taught you what you knew not.
240And those of you who die and leave wives behind, should make a bequest in favour of their wives of maintenance for a year without turning (them) out. Then if they themselves go away, there is no blame on you for what they do of lawful deeds concerning themselves. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.
241And for the divorced women, provision (must be made) in kindness. This is incumbent on those who have regard for duty.
242Allah thus makes clear to you His messages that you may understand.
243Hast thou not considered those who went forth from their homes, and they were thousands, for fear of death. Then Allah said to them, Die. Then He gave them life. Surely Allah is Gracious to people, but most people are not grateful.
244And fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
245Who is it that will offer to Allah a goodly gift, so He multiplies it to him manifold? And Allah receives and amplifies, and to Him you shall be returned.
246Hast thou not thought of the leaders of the Children of Israel after Moses? When they said to a prophet of theirs: Raise up for us a king, that we may fight in the way of Allah. He said: May it not be that you will not fight if fighting is ordained for you? They said: And what reason have we that we should not fight in Allah´s way and we have indeed been deprived of our homes and our children? But when fighting was ordained for them, they turned back, except a few of them. And Allah is Knower of the wrongdoers.
247And their prophet said to them: Surely Allah has raised Saul to be a king over you. They said: How can he have kingdom over us while we have a greater right to kingdom than he, and he has not been granted abundance of wealth? He said: Surely Allah has chosen him above you, and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and physique. And Allah grants His kingdom to whom He please. And Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
248And their prophet said to them: Surely the sign of his kingdom is that there shall come to you the heart in which there is tranquillity from your Lord and the best of what the followers of Moses and the followers of Aaron have left, the angels bearing it. Surely there is a sign in this for you if you are believers.
249So when Saul set out with the forces, he said: surely Allah will try you with a river. Whoever drinks from it, he is not of me, and whoever tastes it not, he is surely of me, except he who takes a handful with his hand. But they drank of it save a few of them. So when he had crossed it, he and those who believed with him, they said: We have to-day no power against Goliath and his forces. Those who were sure that they would meet their Lord said: How often has a small party vanquished a numerous host by Allah´s permission! And Allah is with the steadfast.
250And when they went out against Goliath and his forces, they said: Our Lord, pour out patience on us and make our steps firm and help us against the disbelieving people.
251So they put them to flight by Allah´s permission. And David slew Goliath, and Allah gave him kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of what He pleased. And were it not for Allah´s repelling some men by others, the earth would certainly be in a state of disorder: but Allah is Full of grace to the worlds.
252These are the messages of Allah -- We recite them to thee with truth; and surely thou art of the messengers.
253We have made some of these messengers to excel others. Among them are they to whom Allah spoke, and some of them He exalted by (many) degrees of rank. And we gave clear arguments to Jesus son of Mary, and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit. And if Allah had pleased, those after them would not have fought one with another after clear arguments had come to them, but they disagreed; so some of them believed and some of them denied. And if Allah had pleased they would not have fought one with another, but Allah does what He intends.
254O you who believe, spend out of what We have given you before the day comes in which there is no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession. And the disbelievers -- they are the wrongdoers.
255Allah -- there is no god but He, the Ever-living, the Self-subsisting by Whom all subsist. Slumber overtakes Him not, nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them. And they encompass nothing of His knowledge except what He pleases. His knowledge extends over the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of them both tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Great.
256There is no compulsion in religion -- the right way is indeed clearly distinct from error. So whoever disbelieves in the devil and believes in Allah, he indeed lays hold on the firmest handle which shall never break. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
257Allah is the Friend of those who believe -- He brings them out of darkness into light. And those who disbelieve, their friends are the devils who take them out of light into darkness. They are the companions of the Fire; therein they abide.
258Hast thou not thought of him who disputed with Abraham about his Lord, because Allah had given him kingdom? When Abraham said, My Lord is He who gives life and causes to die, he said: I give life and cause death. Abraham said: Surely Allah causes the sun to rise from the East, so do thou make it rise from the West. Thus he who disbelieved was confounded. And Allah guides not the unjust people.
259Or like him who passed by a town, and it had fallen in upon its roofs. He said: When will Allah give it life after its death? So Allah caused him to die for a hundred years, then raised him. He said: How long hast thou tarried? He said: I have tarried a day, or part of a day. He said: Nay, thou has tarried a hundred years; but look at thy food and drink -- years have not passed over it! And look at thy ass! And that We may make thee a sign to men. And look at the bones, how We set them together then clothe them with flesh. So when it became clear to him, he said: I know that Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
260And when Abraham said, My Lord, show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not believe? He said: Yes, but that my heart may be at ease. He said: Then take four birds, then tame them to incline to thee, then place on every mountain a part of them, then class them, they will come to thee flying; and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
261The parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is as the parable of a grain growing seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies (further) for whom He pleases. And Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
262Those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah, then follow not up what they have spent with reproach or injury, their reward is with their Lord, and they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve.
263A kind word with forgiveness is better than charity followed by injury. And Allah is Self-sufficient, Forbearing.
264O you who believe, make not your charity worthless by reproach and injury, like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men and believes not in Allah and the Last Day. So His parable is as the parable of a smooth rock with earth upon it, then heavy rain falls upon it, so it leaves it bare! They are not able to gain anything of that which they earn. And Allah guides not the disbelieving people.
265And the parable of those who spend their wealth to seek Allah´s pleasure and for the strengthening of their souls is as the parable of a garden on elevated ground, upon which heavy rain falls, so it brings forth its fruit twofold; but if heavy rain falls not on it, light rain (suffices). And Allah is Seer of what you do.
266Does one of you like to have a garden of palms and vines with streams flowing in it -- he has therein all kinds of fruits -- and old age has overtaken him and he has weak offspring; when (lo!) a whirlwind with fire in it smites it so it becomes blasted. Thus Allah makes the messages clear to you that you may reflect.
267O you who believe, spend of the good things that you earn and of that which We bring forth for you out of the earth, and aim not at the bad to spend thereof, while you would not take it yourselves unless you connive at it. And know that Allah is Self-sufficient, Praiseworthy.
268The devil threatens you with poverty and enjoins you to be niggardly, and Allah promises you forgiveness from Himself and abundance. And Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing:
269He grants wisdom to whom he pleases. And whoever is granted wisdom, he indeed is given a great good. And none mind but men of understanding.
270And whatever alms you give or (whatever) vow you vow, Allah surely knows it. And the wrongdoers shall have no helpers.
271If you manifest charity, how excellent it is! And if you hide it and give it to the poor, it is good for you. And it will do away with some of your evil deeds; and Allah is Aware of what you do.
272Their guidance is not thy duty, but Allah guides whom He pleases. And whatever good thing you spend, it is to your good. And you spend not but to seek Allah´s pleasure. And whatever good thing you spend, it will be paid back to you in full, and you will not be wronged.
273(Charity) is for the poor who are confined in the way of Allah, they cannot go about in the land; the ignorant man thinks them to be rich on account of (their) abstaining (from begging). Thou canst recognize them by their maker -- they beg not of men importunately. And whatever good thing you spend, surely Allah is Knower of it.
274Those who spend their wealth by night and day, privately and publicly, their reward is with their Lord; and they have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
275Those who swallow usury cannot arise except as he arises whom the devil prostrates by (his) touch. That is because they say, Trading is only like usuary. And Allah has allowed trading and forbidden usury. To whomsoever then the admonition has come from his Lord, and he desists, he shall have what has already passed. And his affair is in the hands of Allah. And whoever returns (to it) -- these are the companions of the Fire: therein they will abide.
276Allah will blot out usury, and He causes charity to prosper. And Allah loves not any ungrateful sinner.
277Those who believe and do good deeds and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate -- their reward is with their Lord; and they have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
278O you who believe, keep your duty to Allah and relinquish what remains (due) from usury, if you are believers.
279But if you do (it) not, then be apprised of war from Allah and His Messenger; and if you repent, then you shall have your capital. Wrong not, and you shall not be wronged.
280And if (the debtor) is in straitness, let there be postponement till (he is in) ease. And that you remit (it) as alms is better for you, if you only knew.
281And guard yourselves against a day in which you will be returned to Allah. Then every soul will be paid in full what it has earned, and they will not be wronged.
282O you who believe, when you contract a debt for a fixed time, write it down. And let a scribe write it down between you with fairness; nor should the scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so let him write. And let him who owes the debt dictate, and he should observe his duty to Allah, his Lord, and not diminish any thing from it. But if he who owes the debt is unsound in understanding or weak, or (if) he is not able to dictate himself, let his guardian dictate with fairness. And call to witness from among your men two witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women from among those whom you choose to be witnesses, so that if one of the two errs, the one may remind the other. And the witnesses must not refuse when they are summoned. And be not averse to writing it whether it is small or large along with the time of its falling due. This is more equitable in the sight of Allah and makes testimony surer and the best way to keep away from doubts. But when it is ready merchandise which you give and take among yourselves from hand to hand, there is no blame on you in not writing it down. And have witnesses when you sell one to another. And let no harm be done to the scribe or to the witnesses. And if you do (it), then surely it is a transgression on your part. And keep your duty to Allah. And Allah teaches you. And Allah is Knower of all things.
283And if you are on a journey and you cannot find a scribe, a security may be taken into possession. But if one of you trusts another, then he who is trusted should deliver his trust, and let him keep his duty to Allah, his Lord. And conceal not testimony. And whoever conceals it, his heart is surely sinful. And Allah is Knower of what you do.
284To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And whether you manifest what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will call you to account according to it. So he forgives whom He pleases and chastises whom He pleases. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
285The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. They all believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His messengers. We make no difference between any of His messengers. And they say: We hear and obey; our Lord, Thy forgiveness (do we crave), and to Thee is the eventual course.
286Allah imposes not on any soul a duty beyond its scope. For it is that which it earns (of good) and against it that which it works (of evil). Our Lord, punish us not if we forget or make a mistake. Our Lord, do not lay on us a burden as Thou didst lay on those before us. Our Lord, impose not on us (afflictions) which we have not the strength to bear. And pardon us! And grant us protection! And have mercy on us! Thou art our Patron, so grant us victory over the disbelieving people.
Chapter 3 (Sura 3)
1I, Allah, am the best Knower,
2Allah, (there is) no god but He, the Ever-living, the Self-subsisting, by Whom all subsist.
3He has revealed to thee the Book with truth, verifying that which is before it, and He revealed the Torah and the Gospel
4aforetime, a guidance for the people, and He sent the Discrimination. Those who disbelieve in the messages of Allah -- for them is a severe chastisement. And Allah is Mighty, the Lord of retribution.
5Surely nothing in the earth or in the heaven is hidden from Allah.
6He it is Who shapes you in the wombs as He pleases. There is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise.
7He it is Who has revealed the Book to thee; some of its verses are decisive -- they are the basis of the Book -- and others are allegorical. Then those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part of it which is allegorical, seeking to mislead, and seeking to give it (their own) interpretation. And none knows its interpretation save Allah, and those firmly rooted in knowledge. They say: We believe in it, it is all from our Lord. And none mind except men of understanding.
8Our Lord, make not our hearts to deviate after Thou has guided us and grant us mercy from Thee; surely Thou art the most liberal Giver.
9Our Lord, surely Thou art the Gatherer of men on a day about which there is no doubt. Surely Allah will not fail in (His) promise.
10Those who disbelieve, neither their wealth nor their children will avail them aught against Allah. And they will be fuel for fire --
11As was the case of the people of Pharoah, and those before them! They rejected Our messages, so Allah destroyed them on account of their sins. And Allah is Severe in requiting (evil).
12And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was a disease began to say: Allah and His Messenger did not promise us (victory) but only to deceive.
13Say to those who disbelieve: You shall be vanquished, and driven together to hell; and evil is the resting-place.
14Indeed there was a sign for you in the two hosts (which) met together in encounter -- one party fighting in the way of Allah and the other disbelieving, whom they saw twice as many as themselves with the sight of the eye. And Allah strengthens with His aid whom He pleases. There is a lesson in this for those who have eyes.
15Fair-seeming to men is made the love of desires, of women and sons and hoarded treasures of gold and silver and well-bred horses and cattle and tilth. This is the provision of the life of this world. And Allah -- with Him is the good goal (of life).
16Say: Shall I tell you of what is better than these? For those who guard against evil are Gardens with their Lord, in which rivers flow, to abide in them, and pure companions and Allah’s goodly pleasure. And Allah is Seer of the servants.
17Those who say: Our Lord, we believe, so forgive our sins and save us from the chastisement of the fire.
18The patient and the truthful, and the obedient, and those who spend and those who ask Divine protection in the morning times.
19Allah bears witness that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels and those possessed of knowledge, maintaining justice. There is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise.
20Surely the (true) religion with Allah is Islam. And those who were given the Book differed only after knowledge had come to them, out of envy among themselves. And whoever disbelieves in the messages of Allah -- Allah indeed is Quick at reckoning.
21But if they dispute with thee say: I submit myself entirely to Allah and (so does) he who follows me. And say to those who have been given the Book and the Unlearned (people): Do you submit yourselves? If they submit, then indeed they following the right way; and if they turn back, thy duty is only to deliver the message. And Allah is Seer of the servants.
22Those who disbelieve in the messages of Allah and would slay the prophets unjustly and slay those among men who enjoin justice, announce to them a painful chastisement.
23Those are they whose works will be of no avail in this world and the Hereafter, and they will have no helpers.
24Hast thou not seen those who are given a portion of the Book? They are invited to the Book of Allah that it may decide between them, then a party of them turn back and they withdraw.
25This is because they say: The Fire shall not touch us but for a few days; and that which they forge deceives them regarding their religion.
26Then how will it be when We gather them together on a day about which there is no doubt. And every soul shall be fully paid what it has earned, and they shall not be wronged?
27Say: O Allah, Owner of the Kingdom, Thou givest the kingdom to whom Thou pleasest, and takest away the kingdom from whom Thou pleasest, and Thou exaltest whom Thou pleasest and abasest whom Thou pleasest. In Thine hand is the good. Surely, Thou are Possessor of power over all things.
28Thou makest the night to pass into the day and Thou makest the day to pass into the night; and Thou bringest forth the living from the dead and Thou bringest forth the dead from the living; and Thou givest sustenance to whom Thou pleasest without measure.
29Let not the believers take the disbelievers for friends rather than believers. And whoever does this has no connection with Allah -- except that you guard yourselves against them, guarding carefully. And Allah cautions you against His retribution. And to Allah is the eventual coming.
30Say: Whether you hide what is in your hearts or manifest it, Allah knows it. And He knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
31On the day when every soul will find present that which it has done of good; and that which it has done of evil -- it will wish that between it and that (evil) there were a long distance. And Allah cautions you against His retribution. And Allah is Compassionate to the servants.
32Say: If you love Allah, follow me: Allah will love you, and grant you protection from your sins. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
33Say: Obey Allah and the Messenger; but if they turn back, Allah surely loves not the disbelievers.
34Truly Allah chose Adam and Noah and the descendants of Abraham and the descendants of Amran above the nations,
35Offspring, one of the other. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
36When a woman of Amran said: My Lord, I vow to Thee what is in my womb, to be devoted (to Thy service), so accept (it) from me; surely Thou, only Thou, art the Hearing, the Knowing.
37So when she brought it forth, she said: My Lord, I have brought it forth a female -- and Allah knew best what she brought forth -- and the male is not like the female, and I have named it Mary, and I commend her and her offspring into Thy protection from the accursed devil.
38So her Lord accepted her with a goodly acceptance and made her grow up a goodly growing, and gave her into the charge of Zacharias. Whenever Zacharias entered the sanctuary to (see) her, he found food with her. He said: O Mary, whence comes this to thee? She said: It is from Allah. Surely Allah gives to whom He pleases without measure.
39There did Zacharias pray to his Lord. He said: My Lord, grant me from Thee goodly offspring; surely Thou art the Hearer of prayer.
40So the angels called to him as he stood praying in the sanctuary: Allah gives thee the good news of John, verifying a word from Allah, and honourable and chaste and a prophet from among the good ones.
41He said: My Lord, how can I have a son when old age has already come upon me, and my wife is barren? He said: Even thus does Allah do what He pleases.
42He said: My Lord, appoint a sign for me. Said He: Thy sign is that thou speak not to men for three days except by signs. And remember thy Lord much and glorify (Him) in the evenings and early morning.
43And when the angels said: O Mary, surely Allah has chosen thee and purified thee and chosen thee above the women of the world.
44O Mary, be obedient to thy Lord and humble thyself and bow down with those who bow.
45This is of the tidings of things unseen which We reveal to thee. And thou wast not with them when they cast their pens (to decide) which of them should have Mary in his charge, and thou wast not with them when they contended one with another.
46When the angels said: O Mary, surely Allah gives thee good news with a word from Him (of one) whose name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, worthy of regard in this world and the Hereafter, and of those who are drawn nigh (to Allah),
47And he will speak to the people when in the cradle and when of old age, and (he will be) one of the good ones.
48She said: My Lord, how can I have a son and man has not yet touched me? He said: Even so; Allah creates what He pleases. When he decrees a matter, He only says to it, Be, and it is.
49And He will teach him the Book and the Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel:
50And (make him) a messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I determine for you out of dust the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird with Allah’s permission, and I heal the blind and the leprous, and bring the dead to life with Allah’s permission; and I inform you of what you should eat and what you should store in your houses. Surely there is a sign in this for you, if you are believers.
51And (I am) a verifier of that which is before me of the Torah, and I allow you part of that which was forbidden to you; and I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
52Surely Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so serve Him. This is the right path.
53But when Jesus perceived disbelief on their part, he said: Who will be my helpers in Allah’s way? The disciples said: We are Allah’s helpers: we believe in Allah, and bear thou witness that we are submitting ones.
54Our Lord, we believe in that which Thou has revealed and we follow the messenger, so write us down with those who bear witness.
55And (the Jews) planned and Allah (also) planned. And Allah is the best of planners.
56When Allah said: O Jesus, I will cause thee to die and exalt thee in My presence and clear thee of those who disbelieve and make those who follow thee above those who disbelieve to the day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, so I shall decide between you concerning that wherein you differ.
57Then as to those who disbelieve, I shall chastise them with severe chastisement in this world and the Hereafter, and they will have no helpers.
58And as to those who believe and do good deeds, He will pay them fully their rewards. And Allah loves not the unjust.
59This We recite to thee of the messages and the Reminder full of wisdom.
60The likeness of Jesus with Allah is truly as the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then said to him, Be, and he was.
61(This is) the truth from thy Lord, so be not of the disputers.
62Whoever then disputes with thee in this matter after the knowledge that has come to thee, say: Come! Let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our people and your people, then let us be earnest in prayer, and invoke the curse of Allah on the liars.
63Surely this is the true account, and there is no god but Allah. And Allah! He surely is the Mighty, the Wise.
64But if they turn away, then surely Allah knows the mischief-makers.
65Say: O People of the Book, come to an equitable word between us and you, that we shall serve none but Allah and that we shall not associate aught with Him, and that some of us shall not take others for lords besides Allah. But if they turn away, then say: Bear witness, we are Muslims.
66O People of the Book, why do you dispute about Abraham, when the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed till after him? Do you not understand?
67Behold! You are they who disputed about that of which you had knowledge; why then do you dispute about that of which you have no knowledge? And Allah knows while you know not.
68Abraham was not a Jew nor a Christian, but he was (an) upright (man), a Muslim; and he was not one of the polytheists.
69The nearest of people to Abraham are surely those who follow him and their Prophet and those who believe. And Allah is the Friend of the believers.
70A party of the People of the Book desire that they should lead you astray; and they lead not astray but themselves, and they perceive not.
71O People of the Book, why do you disbelieve in the messages of Allah while you witness (their truth)?
72O People of the Book, why do you confound the truth with falsehood, and hide the truth while you know?
73And a party of the People of the Book say: Avow belief in that which has been revealed to those who believe, in the first part of the day, and disbelieve in the latter part of it, perhaps they may turn back.
74And believe not but in him who follows your religion. Say: True guidance -- Allah’s guidance -- is that one may be given the like of what you were given; or they would prevail on you in argument before your Lord. Say: Grace is surely in Allah’s hand. He gives it to whom He pleases. And Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
75He specially chooses for His mercy whom He pleases. And Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.
76And among the People of the Book there is he who, if thou entrust him with a heap of wealth, would pay it back to thee; and among them is he who, if thou entrust him with a dinar would not pay it back to thee, unless thou kept on demanding it. This is because they say there is not blame on us in the matter of the unlearned people and they forge a lie against Allah while they know.
77Yea, whoever fulfils his promise and keeps his duty -- then Allah surely loves the dutiful.
78Those who take a small price for the covenant of Allah and their own oaths -- they have no portion in the Hereafter, and Allah will not speak to them, nor will He look upon them on the day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them, and for them is a painful chastisement.
79And there is certainly a party of them who lie about the Book that you may consider it to be (a part) of the Book while it is not (a part) of the Book; and they say, It is from Allah, while it is not from Allah; and they forge a lie against Allah whilst they know.
80It is not meet for a mortal that Allah should give him the Book and the judgement and the prophethood, then he should say to men: Be my servants besides Allah’s; but (he would say): Be worshippers of the Lord because you teach the Book and because you study (it);
81Nor would he enjoin you to take the angels and the prophets for lords. Would he enjoy you to disbelieve after you submit?
82And when Allah made a covenant through the prophets: Certainly what I have given you of Book and Wisdom -- then a Messenger comes to you verifying that which is with you, you shall believe in him, and you shall aid him. He said: Do you affirm and accept My compact in this (matter)? They said: We do affirm. He said: Then bear witness, and I (too) am of the bearers of witness with you.
83Whoever then turns back after this, these are the transgressors.
84Seek they then other than Allah’s religion? And to Him submits whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and to Him they will be returned.
85Say: We believe in Allah and that which is revealed to us, and that which was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord; we make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we submit.
86And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he will be one of the losers.
87How shall Allah guide a people who disbelieved after their believing, and (after) they had borne witness that the Messenger was true, and clear arguments had come to them? And Allah guides not the unjust people.
88As for these, their reward is that on them is the curse of Allah and the angels and of men, all together --
89Abiding therein. Their chastisement shall not be lightened, nor shall they be respited --
90Except those who repent after that and amend, for surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
91Those who disbelieve after their believing, then increase in disbelief, their repentance is not accepted, and these are they that go astray.
92Those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, the earth full of gold will not be accepted from one of them, though he should offer it as ransom. These it is for whom is a painful chastisement, and they shall have no helpers.
93You cannot attain to righteousness unless you spend out of what you love. And what you spend, Allah surely knows it.
94All food was lawful to the Children of Israel, before the Torah was revealed, except that which Israel forbade himself. Say: Bring the Torah and read it, if you are truthful.
95So whoever forgoes a lie against Allah after this, these are the wrongdoers.
96Say: Allah speaks the truth; so follow the religion of Abraham, the upright one. And he was not one of the polytheists.
97Certainly the first house appointed for men is the one at Bakkah, blessed and a guidance for the nations.
98In it are clear signs: (It is) the Place of Abraham; and whoever enters it is safe; and pilgrimage to the House is a duty which men own to Allah -- whoever can find a way to it. And whoever disbelieves, surely Allah is above need of the worlds.
99Say: O People of the Book, why do you disbelieve in the messages of Allah? And Allah is a witness of what you do.
100Say: O People of the Book, why do you hinder those who believe from the way of Allah, seeking (to make) it crooked, while you are witnesses? And Allah is not heedless of what you do.
101O you who believe, if you obey a party from among those who have been given the book, they will turn you back as disbelievers after your believe.
102And how can you disbelieve while to you are recited the messages of Allah, and among you is his Messenger? And whoever holds fast to Allah, he indeed is guided to a right path.
103O you who believe, keep your duty to Allah, as it ought to be kept, and die not unless you are Muslims.
104And hold fast by the covenant of Allah all together and be not disunited. And remember Allah’s favour to you when you were enemies, then He united your hearts so by His favour you became brethren. And you were on the brink of a pit of fire, then He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes clear to you His messages that you may be guided.
105And from among you there should be a party who invite to good and enjoin the right and forbid the wrong. And these are they who are successful.
106And be not like those who became divided and disagreed after clear arguments had come to them. And for them is a grievous chastisement.
107On the day when (some) faces turn white and (some) faces turn black. Then as to those whose faces are black: Did you disbelieve after your belief? So taste the chastisement because you disbelieved.
108And as to those whose faces are white, they shall be in Allah’s mercy. Therein they shall abide.
109These are the messages of Allah which We recite to thee with truth. And Allah desires no injustice to (His) creatures.
110And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And to Allah are all affairs returned.
111You are the best nation raised up for men: you enjoin good and forbid evil and you believe in Allah. And if the People of the Book had believed, it would have been better for them. Some of them are believers but most of them are transgressors.
112They will not harm you save a slight hurt. And if they fight you, they will turn (their) backs to you. Then they will not be helped.
113Abasement will be their lot wherever they are found, except under a covenant with Allah and a covenant with men, and they shall incur the wrath of Allah, and humiliation will be made to cling to them. This is because they disbelieved in the messages of Allah and killed the prophets unjustly. This is because they disobeyed and exceeded the limits.
114They are not all alike. Of the People of the Book there is an upright party who recite Allah’s messages in the night-time and they adore (Him).
115They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and they enjoin good and forbid evil and vie one with another in good deeds. And those are among the righteous.
116And whatever good they do, they will not be denied it. And Allah knows those who keep their duty.
117Those who disbelieve, neither their wealth nor their children will avail them aught against Allah. And these are the companions of the Fire; therein they abide.
118The likeness of that which they spend in the life of this world is as the likeness of wind in which is intense cold; it smites the harvest of a people who are unjust to themselves and destroys it. And Allah wronged them not but they wronged themselves.
119O you who believe, take not for intimate friends others than your own people: they spare no pains to cause you loss. They love that which distresses you. Vehement hatred has already appeared from out of their mouths, and that which their hearts conceal is greater still. Indeed We have made the messages clear to you, if you understand.
120Lo! you are they who will love them while they love you not, and you believe in the Book, (in) the whole of it. And when they meet you they say, We believe, and when they are alone, they bite (their) finger tips in rage against you. Say: Die in your rage. Surely Allah is Knower of what is in the hearts.
121If good befalls you, it grieves them, and if an evil afflicts you, they rejoice at it. And if you are patient and keep your duty, their struggle will not injure you in any way. Surely Allah encompasses what they do.
122And when thou didst go forth early in the morning from thy family, to assign to the believers their positions for the battle. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
123When two parties from among you thought of showing cowardice, and Allah was the Guardian of them both. And in Allah should the believers trust.
124And Allah certainly helped you at Badr when you were weak. So keep your duty to Allah that you may give thanks.
125When thou didst say to the believers: Does it not suffice you that your Lord should help you with three thousand angels sent down?
126Yea, if you are steadfast and keep your duty, and they come upon you in a headlong manner, your Lord will assist you with five thousand of havoc-making angels.
127And Allah made it only as good news for you, and that your hearts might be at ease thereby. And help comes only from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise,
128That He may cut off a part of those who disbelieve or abase them so that they should return in failure.
129Thou has no concern in the matter whether He turns to them (mercifully) or chastises them; surely they are wrongdoers.
130And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. He forgives whom He pleases and chastises whom He pleases. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
131O you who believe, devour not usury, doubling and redoubling, and keep your duty to Allah, that you may be successful.
132And guard yourselves against the fire which has been prepared for the disbelievers.
133And obey Allah and the Messenger, that you may be shown mercy.
134And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a Garden, as wide as the heavens and the earth; it is prepared for those who keep their duty:
135Those who spend in ease as well as in adversity and those who restrain (their) anger and pardon men. And Allah loves the doers of good (to others).
136And those who, when they commit an indecency or wrong their souls, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins. And who forgives sins but Allah? And they persist not knowingly in what they do.
137Their reward is protection from their Lord, and Gardens wherein flow rivers, to abide in them. And excellent is the reward of the workers!
138Indeed there have been examples before you; so travel in the earth and see what was the end of the deniers.
139This is a clear statement for men, and a guidance and an admonition to those who would keep their duty.
140And be not weak-hearted, nor grieve, and you will have the upper hand if you are believers.
141If a wound has afflicted you, a wound like it has also afflicted the (disbelieving) people. And We bring these days to men by turns, that Allah may know those who believe and take witnesses from among you. And Allah loves not the wrongdoers,
142And that He may purge those who believe and deprive the disbelievers of blessings.
143Do you think that you will enter the Garden while Allah has not yet known those from among you who strive hard (nor) known the steadfast?
144And certainly you desired death before you met it. So indeed you have seen it now while you look (at it).
145And Muhammad is but a messenger -- messengers have already passed away before him. If then he dies or is killed, will you turn back upon your heels? And he who turns back upon his heels will do no harm at all to Allah. And Allah will reward the grateful.
146And no soul can die but with Allah’s permission -- the term is fixed. And whoever desires the reward of this world, We give him of it, and whoever desires the reward of the Hereafter, We give him of it. And We shall reward the grateful.
147And how many a prophet has fought, with whom were many worshippers of the Lord. So they did not lose heart on account of that which befell them in Allah’s way, nor did they weaken, nor did they abase themselves. And Allah loves the steadfast.
148And their cry was only that they said: Our Lord, grant us protection from our sins and our extravagance in our affair, and make firm our feet and grant us victory over the disbelieving people.
149So Allah gave them the reward of the world and a good reward of the Hereafter. And Allah loves the doers of good (to others).
150O you who believe, if you obey those who disbelieve, they will make you turn back upon your heels, so you will turn back losers.
151Nay, Allah is your Patron, and He is the Best of the helpers.
152We will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve because they set up with Allah that for which He has sent down no authority, and their abode is the Fire. And evil is the abode of the wrongdoers.
153And Allah certainly made good His promise to you when you slew them by His permission, until you became weak-hearted and disputed about the affair and disobeyed after He had shown you that which you loved. Of you were some who desired this world, and of you were some who desired the Hereafter. Then He turned you away from them that He might try you; and He has indeed pardoned you. And Allah is Gracious to the believers.
154When you went away far, and paid no heed to anyone, and the Messenger was calling you in your rear. So He gave you (another) grief for (your) first grief that you might not grieve at what escaped you, nor (at) what befell you. And Allah is Aware of what you do.
155Then after grief He sent down security on you, slumber overcoming a party of you, while (there was) another party whom their own souls had rendered anxious -- they entertained about Allah thoughts of ignorance quite unjustly. They said: Have we any hand in the affair? Say: The affair is wholly (in the hands) of Allah. They hide within their souls that which they would not reveal to thee. They say: Had we any hand in the affair, we would not have been slain here. Say: Had you remained in your houses, those for whom slaughter was ordained would have gone forth to the places where they would be slain. And (this happened) that Allah might test what was in your breasts and that He might purge what was in your hearts. And Allah is Knower of what is in the breasts.
156Those of you who turned back on the day when the two armies met, only the devil sought to cause them to make a slip on account of some deeds they had done, and certainly Allah has pardoned them. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.
157O you who believe, be not like those who disbelieve and say of their brethren when they travel in the earth or engage in fighting: Had they been with us, they would not have died, or been slain; that Allah may make it to be a regret in their hearts. And Allah gives life and causes death. And Allah is Seer of what you do.
158And if you are slain in Allah’s way or you die, surely Allah’s protection and (His) mercy are better than what they amass.
159And if you die or you are slain, to Allah you are gathered.
160Thus it is by Allah’s mercy that thou art gentle to them. And hadst thou been rough, hard-hearted, they would certainly have dispersed from around thee. So pardon them and ask protection for them, and consult them in (important) matters. But when thou hast determined, put thy trust in Allah. Surely Allah loves those who trust (in Him).
161If Allah helps you, there is none that can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there that can help you after Him? And in Allah should the believers put their trust.
162And it is not for a prophet to act dishonestly. And whoever acts dishonestly will bring his dishonesty on the day of Resurrection. Then shall every soul be paid back fully what it has earned, and they will not be wronged.
163Is then he who follows the pleasure of Allah like him who incurs Allah’s displeasure, and his abode is hell? And it is an evil destination.
164There are grades with Allah. And Allah is Seer of what they do.
165Certainly Allah conferred a favour on the believers when He raised among them a Messenger from among themselves, reciting to them His messages and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the Wisdom, although before that they were surely in manifest error.
166What! When a misfortune befell you, and you had inflicted twice as much, you say: Whence is this? Say: It is from yourselves. Surely Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
167And that which befell you on the day when the two armies met was by Allah’s permission, that He might know the believers,
168And that He might know the hypocrites. And it was said to them: Come, fight in Allah’s way, or defend yourselves. They said: If we knew fighting, we would have followed you. They were on that day nearer to disbelief than to belief; they say with their mouths what is not in their hearts. And Allah best knows what they conceal.
169Those who said of their brethren whilst they (themselves) held back: Had they obeyed us, they would not have been killed. Say: Avert death from yourselves, if you are truthful.
170And think not of those who are killed in Allah’s way as dead. Nay, they are alive being provided sustenance from their Lord,
171Rejoicing in what Allah has given them out of His grace, and they rejoice for the sake of those who (being left) behind them, have not yet joined them, that they have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
172They rejoice for Allah’s favour and (His) grace, and that Allah wastes not the reward of the believers.
173Those who responded to the call of Allah and the Messenger after the misfortune had befallen them -- for such among them who do good and keep their duty is a great reward.
174Those to whom men said: Surely people have gathered against you, so fear them; but this increased their faith, and they said: Allah is sufficient for us and He is an excellent Guardian.
175So they returned with favour from Allah and (His) grace; no evil touched them, and they followed the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.
176It is the devil who only frightens his friends but fear them not, and fear Me, if you are believers.
177And let not those grieve thee who run into disbelief precipitately; surely they can do no harm to Allah. Allah intends not to assign them any portion in the Hereafter; and for them is a grievous chastisement.
178Those who buy disbelief at the price of faith can do no harm to Allah, and for them is a painful chastisement.
179And let not those who disbelieve think that our granting them respite is good for themselves. We grant them respite only that they may add to their sins; and for them is an humiliating chastisement.
180Allah will not leave the believers in the condition in which you are until he separates the evil from the good. Nor is Allah going to make you acquainted with the unseen, but Allah chooses of His Messengers whom he pleases. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. And if you believe and keep your duty, you will have a great reward.
181And let not those who are niggardly in spending that which Allah has granted them out of His grace, think that it is good for them. Nay, it is evil for them. They shall have a collar of their niggardliness on their necks on the Resurrection day. And Allah’s is the heritage of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Aware of what you do.
182Allah has certainly heard the saying of those who said: Allah is poor and we are rich. We shall record what they say, and their killing the prophets unjustly, and We shall say: Taste the chastisement of burning.
183This is for that which your own hands have sent before, and because Allah is not in the least unjust to the servants.
184Those who say: Allah has enjoined us that we should not believe in any messenger until he brings us an offering which is consumed by the fire. Say: Indeed there came to you messengers before me with clear arguments and with that which you demand. Why then did you try to kill them, if you are truthful?
185But if they reject thee, so indeed were rejected before thee messengers who came with clear arguments and scriptures and the illuminating Book.
186Every soul will taste of death. And you will be paid your reward fully only on the Resurrection day. Then whoever is removed far from the Fire and is made to enter the Garden, he indeed attains the object. And the life of this world is nothing but a provision of vanities.
187You will certainly be tried in your property and your persons. And you will certainly hear from those who have been given the Book before you and from the idolaters much abuse. And if you are patient and keep your duty, surely this is an affair of great resolution.
188And when Allah took a covenant from those who were given the Book: You shall explain it to men and shall not hide it. But they cast it behind their backs and took a small price for it. So evil is that which they buy.
189Think not that those who exult in what they have done, and love to be praised for what they have not done -- think not them to be safe from the chastisement; and for them is a painful chastisement.
190And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
191In the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day, there are surely signs for men of understanding.
192Those who remember Allah standing and sitting and (lying) on their sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth: Our Lord, Thou has not created this in Vain! Glory be to Thee! Save us from the chastisement of the Fire.
193Our Lord, whomsoever Thou makest enter the Fire, him Thou indeed bringest to disgrace. And there will be no helpers for the wrongdoers.
194Our Lord, surely we have heard a Crier calling to the faith, saying: Believe in your Lord. So we do believe. Our Lord, grant us protection from our sins and remove our evils and make us die with the righteous.
195Our Lord, grant us what Thou hast promised us by Thy messengers and disgrace us not on the day of Resurrection. Surely Thou never failest in (Thy) promise!
196So their Lord accepted their prayer, (saying): I will not suffer the work of any worker among you to be lost whether male or female, the one of you being the other. So those who fled and were driven forth from their homes and persecuted in My way and who fought and were slain, I shall truly remove their evil and make them enter Gardens wherein flow rivers -- a reward from Allah. And with Allah is the best reward.
197Let not control in the land of those who disbelieve, deceive thee.
198A brief enjoyment! Then their abode is hell. And evil is the resting-place.
199But those who keep their duty to their Lord, for them are Gardens wherein flow rivers, to abide therein; and entertainment from their Lord. And that which Allah has in store for the righteous is best.
200And of the People of the Book there are those who believe in Allah and (in) that which as been revealed to you and (in) that which has been revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allah -- they take not a small price for the messages of Allah. These it is that have their reward with their Lord. Surely Allah is Swift to take account!
Chapter 4 (Sura 4)
1O you who believe, be steadfast and try to excel in steadfastness and guard (the frontiers). And keep your duty to Allah that you may be successful.
2O people, keep your duty to your Lord, Who created you from a single being and created its mate of the same (kind), and spread from these two many men and women. And keep your duty to Allah, by Whom you demand one of another (your rights), and (to) the ties of relationship. Surely Allah is ever a Watcher over you.
3And give to the orphans their property, and substitute not worthless (things) for (their) good (ones), and devour not their property (adding) to your own property. This is surely a great sin.
4And if you fear that you cannot do justice to orphans, marry such women as seem good to you, two, or three, or four; but if you fear that you will not do justice, then (marry) only one or that which your right hands possess. This is more proper that you may not do injustice.
5And give women their dowries as a free gift. But if they of themselves be pleased to give you a portion thereof, consume it with enjoyment and pleasure.
6And make not over your property, which Allah has made a (means of) support for you, to the weak of understanding, and maintain them out of it, and clothe them and give them a good education.
7And test the orphans until they reach the age of marriage. Then if you find in them maturity of intellect, make over to them their property, and consume it not extravagantly and hastily against their growing up. And whoever is rich, let him abstain, and whoever is poor let him consume reasonably. And when you make over to them their property, call witnesses in their presence. And Allah is enough as a Reckoner.
8For men is a share of what the parents and the near relatives leave, and for women a share of what the parents and the near relatives leave whether it be little or much -- an appointed share.
9And when relatives and the orphans and the needy are present at the division, give them out of it and speak to them kind words.
10And let those fear who, should they leave behind them weakly off-spring, would fear on their account; so let them observe their duty to Allah and let them speak right words.
11Those who swallow the property of the orphans unjustly, they swallow only fire into their bellies. And they will burn in blazing fire.
12Allah enjoins you concerning your children: for the male is the equal of the portion of two females; but if there be more than two females, two-thirds of what the deceased leaves is theirs; and if there be one, for her is the half. And as for his parents, for each of them is the sixth of what he leaves, if he has a child; but if he has no child and (only) his two parents inherit him, for his mother is the third; but if he has brothers, for his mother is the sixth, after (payment of) a bequest he may have bequeathed or a debt. Your parents and your children, you know not which of them is the nearer of you in benefit. This is an ordinance from Allah. Allah is surely ever Knowing, Wise.
13And yours is half of what your wives leave if they have no child; but if they have a child, your share is a fourth of what they leave after (payment of) any bequest they may have bequeathed or a debt; and theirs is the fourth of what you leave if you have no child, but if you have a child, their share is the eighth of what you leave after (payment of) a bequest you may have bequeathed or a debt. And if a man or a woman, having no children leaves property to be inherited and he (or she) has a brother or a sister, then for each of them is the sixth; but if they are more than that they shall be sharers in the third after (payment of) a bequest that may have been bequeathed or a debt not injuring (others). This is an ordinance from Allah: and Allah is Knowing, Forbearing.
14These are Allah’s limits. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, He will admit him to Gardens wherein flow rivers, to abide in them. And this is the great achievement.
15And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and goes beyond His limits, He will make him enter fire to abide in it, and for him is an abasing chastisement.
16And as for those of your women who are guilty of an indecency, call to witness against them four (witnesses) from among you; so if they bear witness, confine them to the houses until death takes them away or Allah opens a way for them.
17And as for the two of you who are guilty of it, give them both a slight punishment; then if they repent and amend, turn aside from them. Surely Allah is ever Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
18Repentance with Allah is only for those who do evil in ignorance, then turn (to Allah) soon, so these it is to whom Allah turns (mercifully). And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
19And repentance is not for those who go on doing evil deeds, until when death comes to one of them he says: Now I repent; nor (for) those who die while they are disbelievers. For such We have prepared a painful chastisement.
20O you who believe, it is not lawful for you to take women as heritage against (their) will. Nor should you straiten them by taking part of what you have given them, unless they are guilty of manifest indecency. And treat them kindly. Then if you hate them, it may be that you dislike a thing while Allah has placed abundant good in it.
21And if you wish to have (one) wife in the place of another and you have given one of them a heap of gold, take nothing from it. Would you take it by slandering (her) and (doing her) manifest wrong?
22And how can you take it when one of you has already gone in to the other and they have taken from you a strong covenant?
23And marry not women whom your fathers married, except what has already passed. This surely is indecent and hateful; and it is an evil way.
24Forbidden to you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your paternal aunts, and your maternal aunts, and brother’s daughters and sister’s daughters, and your mothers that have suckled you, and your foster-sisters, and mothers of your wives, and your stepdaughters who are in your guardianship (born) of your wives to whom you have gone in -- but if you have not gone in to them, there is no blame on you -- and the wives of your sons who are of your own loins; and that you should have two sisters together, except what has already passed. Surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
25And all married women except those whom your right hands possess (are forbidden); (this is) Allah’s ordinance to you. And lawful for you are (all women) besides those, provided that you seek (them) with your property, taking (them) in marriage, not committing fornication. Then as to those whom you profit by (by marrying), give them their dowries as appointed. And there is no blame on you about what you mutually agree after what is appointed (of dowry). Surely Allah is every Knowing, Wise.
26And whoever among you cannot afford to marry free believing women, (let him marry) such of your believing maidens as your right hands possess. And Allah knows best your faith -- you are (sprung) the one from the other. So marry them with the permission of their masters, and give them their dowries justly, they being caste, not fornicating, nor receiving paramours; then if they are guilty of adultery when they are taken in marriage, they shall suffer half the punishment for free married women. This is for him among you who fears falling into evil. And that you abstain is better for you. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
27Allah desires to explain to you, and to guide you into the ways of those before you, and to turn to you (mercifully). And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
28And Allah desires to turn to you (mercifully). And those who follow (their) lusts desire that you should deviate (with) a great deviation.
29Allah desires to make light your burdens, and man is created weak.
30O you who believe, devour not your property among yourselves by illegal methods except that it be trading by your mutual consent. And kill not your people. Surely Allah is ever Merciful to you.
31And whoso does this aggressively and unjustly, We shall soon cast him into fire. And this is ever easy for Allah.
32If you shun the great things which you are forbidden, We shall do away with your evil (inclinations) and cause you to enter an honourable place of entering.
33And covet not that by which Allah has made some of you excel others. For men is the benefit of what they earn. And for women is the benefit of what they earn. And ask Allah of His grace. Surely Allah is ever Knower of all things.
34And to every one We have appointed heirs of that which parents and near relatives leaves. And as to those with whom your right hands have ratified agreements, give them their due. Surely Allah is ever Witness over all things.
35Men are the maintainers of women, with what Allah has made some of them to excel others and with what they spend out of their wealth. So the good women are obedient, guarding the unseen as Allah has guarded. And (as to) those on whose part you fear desertion, admonish them, and leave them alone in the beds and chastise them. So if they obey you, seek not a way against them. Surely Allah is ever Exalted, Great.
36And if you fear a breach between the two, appoint an arbiter from his people and an arbiter from her people. If they both desire agreement, Allah will effect harmony between them. Surely Allah is ever Knowing, Aware.
37And serve Allah, and associate naught with Him, and be good to the parents and to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the neighbour of (your) kin and the alien neighbour, and the companion in the journey and the wayfarer and those whom your right hands possess. Surely Allah loves not such as are proud, boastful,
38Who are niggardly and bid people to be niggardly and hide that which Allah has given them out of his grace. And We have prepared for the disbelievers an abasing chastisement --
39And those who spend their wealth to be seen of men and believe not in Allah nor in the Last Day. And as for him whose companion is the devil, an evil companion is he!
40And what (harm) would it do them if they believe in Allah and the Last Day and spend of that which Allah has given them? And Allah is ever Knower of them.
41Surely Allah wrongs not the weight of an atom; and if it is a good deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.
42But how will it be when We bring from every people a witness and bring thee as a witness against these?
43On that day will those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger desire that the earth were levelled with them. And they can hide no fact from Allah.
44O you who believe, go not near prayer when you are intoxicated till you know what you say, nor after sexual intercourse -- except that you are merely passing by -- until you have bathed. And if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth, then wipe your faces and your hands. Surely Allah is ever Pardoning, Forgiving.
45Seest thou not those to whom a portion of the Book was given? They buy error and desire to make you err from the (right) way.
46And Allah best knows your enemies. And Allah is sufficient as a Friend and Allah is sufficient as a Helper.
47Some of those who are Jews alter words from their places and say, We have heard and we disobey; and (say), Hear without being made to hear, and (say), Raina, distorting with their tongues and slandering religion. And if they had said, We hear and we obey, and hearken, and unzurna, it would have been better for them and more upright; but Allah has cursed them on account of their disbelief, so they believe not but a little.
48O you who have been given the Book, believe in what we have revealed, verifying that which you have, before We destroy the leaders and turn them on their backs, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers. And the command of Allah is ever executed.
49Surely Allah forgives not that a partner should be set up with Him, and forgives all besides that to whom He pleases. And whoever sets up a partner with Allah, he devises indeed a great sin.
50Hast thou not seen those who attribute purity to themselves? Nay, Allah purifies whom He pleases, and they will not be wronged a whit.
51See how they forge lies against Allah! And sufficient is this as a manifest sin.
52Hast thou not seen those to whom a portion of the Book was given? They believe in sorcery and diviners and say of those who disbelieve: These are better guided in the path than those who believe.
53Those are they whom Allah has cursed. And whomever Allah curses, thou wilt not find a helper for him.
54Or have they a share in the kingdom? But then they would not give to people even the speck on a date-stone.
55Or do they envy the people for that which Allah has given them of His grace? But indeed We have given to Abraham’s children the Book and the Wisdom, and We have given them a grand kingdom.
56So of them is he who believes in him, and of them is he who turns away from him. And Hell is sufficient to burn.
57Those who disbelieve in Our Messages, we shall make them enter Fire. As often as their skins are burned, We shall change them for other skins, that they may taste the chastisement. Surely Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.
58And those who believe and do good deeds, We shall make them enter Gardens wherein flow rivers, to abide in them for ever. For them therein are pure companions and We shall make them enter a pleasant shade.
59Surely Allah commands you to make over trusts to those worthy of them, and that when you judge between people, you judge with justice. Surely Allah admonishes you with what is excellent. Surely Ally is ever Hearing, Seeing.
60O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel about any thing, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. This is best and more suitable to (achieve) the end.
61Hast thou not seen those who assert that they believe in that which has been revealed to thee and that which was revealed before thee? They desire to seek the judgment of the devil, though they have been commanded to deny him. And the devil desires to lead them far astray.
62And when it is said to them, Come to that which Allah has revealed and to the Messenger, thou seest the hypocrites turning away from thee with aversion.
63But how is it that when a misfortune befalls them on account of that which their hands have sent before, they come to thee swearing by Allah: We desired naught but good and concord?
64These are they, the secrets of whose hearts Allah knows; so turn aside from them and admonish them and speak to them effective words concerning themselves.
65And We sent no messenger but that he should be obeyed by Allah’s command. And had they, when they wronged themselves, come to thee and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger had (also) asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Oft-returning (to mercy), Merciful.
66But no, by thy Lord! They believe not until they make thee a judge of what is in dispute between them, then find not any straitness in their hearts as to that which thou decidest and submit with full submission.
67And if We had enjoined them, Lay down your lives or go forth from your homes, they would not have done it except a few of them. And if they had done what they are exhorted to do, it would certainly have been better for them and more strengthening:
68And then We would certainly have given them from Ourselves a great reward,
69And We would certainly have guided them in the right path.
70And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, they are with those upon whom Allah has bestowed favours from among the prophets and the truthful and the faithful and the righteous, and a goodly company are they!
71Such is the grace from Allah and Allah is sufficient as Knower.
72O you who believe, take your precautions, then go forth in detachments or go forth in a body.
73And among you is he would hang back. Then if a misfortune befalls you he says: Allah indeed bestowed a favour on me as I was not present with them.
74And if bounty from Allah comes to you, he would cry, as if there were no friendship between you and him: Would that I had been with them, then I should have achieved a mighty success!
75So let those fight in the way of Allah who sell this world’s life for the Hereafter. And whoever fights in the way of Allah, be he slain or be he victorious, We shall grant him mighty reward.
76And what reason have you not to fight in the way of Allah, and of the weak among the men and the women and the children, who say: Our Lord, take us out of this town, whose people are oppressors, and grant us from Thee a friend, and grant us from Thee a helper!
77Those who believe fight in the way of Allah, and those who disbelieve, fight in the way of the devil. So fight against the friends of the devil; surely the struggle of the devil is ever weak.
78Has thou not seen those to whom it was said: Withhold your hands, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate. But when fighting is prescribed for them, lo! a party of them fear men as they ought to fear Allah, or with a greater fear, and say: Our Lord, why has Thou ordained fighting for us? Wouldst Thou not grant us respite to a near term? Say: The enjoyment of this world is short, and the Hereafter is better for him who keeps his duty. And you shall not be wronged a whit.
79Wherever you are, death will overtake you, though you are in towers, raised high. And if good befalls them, they say: This is from Allah; and if a misfortune befalls them, they say: This is from thee. Say: All is from Allah. But what is the matter with these people that they make no effort to understand anything?
80Whatever good befalls thee (O man), it is from Allah, and whatever misfortune befalls thee, it is from thyself. And We have sent thee (O Prophet) to mankind as a Messenger. And Allah is sufficient as a witness.
81Whoever obeys the Messenger, he indeed obeys Allah. And whoever turns away, We have not sent thee as a keeper over them.
82And they say: Obedience. But when they go out from thy presence, a party of them plan by night doing otherwise than what thou sayest. And Allah writes down what they plan by night, so turn aside from them and trust in Allah. And Allah is sufficient as having charge of affairs.
83Will they not then meditate on the Qur’an? And if it were from any other than Allah, they would have found in it many a discrepancy.
84But if any news of security or fear comes to them, they spread it abroad. And if they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority among them, those of them who can search out knowledge of it would have known it. And were it not for the grace of Allah upon you and His mercy, you would certainly have followed the devil save a few.
85Fight then in Allah’s way -- thou art not responsible except for thyself; and urge on the believers. It may be that Allah will restrain the fighting of those who disbelieve. And Allah is stronger in prowess and stronger to give exemplary punishment.
86Whoever intercedes in a good cause has a share of it, and whoever intercedes in an evil cause has a portion of it. And Allah is ever Keeper over all things.
87And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet with one better than it, or return it. Surely Allah ever takes account of all things.
88Allah, there is no god but He -- He will certainly gather you together on the Resurrection day, there is no doubt in it. And who is more true in word than Allah?
89Why should you, then, be two parties in relation to the hypocrites while Allah has made them return (to disbelief) for what they have earned? Do you desire to guide him whom Allah leaves in error? And whomsoever Allah leaves in error thou canst not find a way for him.
90They long that you should disbelieve as they have disbelieved so that you might be on the same level; so take not from among them friends until they flee (their homes) in Allah’s way. Then if they turn back (to hostility), seize them and kill them wherever you find them, and take no friend nor helper from among them,
91Except those who join a people between whom and you there is an alliance, or who come to you, their hearts shrinking from fighting you or fighting their own people. And if Allah had pleased, He would have given them power over you, so that they would have fought you. So if they withdraw from you and fight you not and offer you peace, then Allah allows you no way against them.
92You will find others who desire to be secure from you and secure from their own people. Whenever they are made to return to hostility, they are plunged into it. So if they withdraw not from you, nor offer you peace and restrain their hands, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them. And against these We have given you a clear authority.
93And a believer would not kill a believer except by mistake. And he who kills a believer by mistake should free a believing slave, and blood-money should be paid to his people unless they remit it as alms. But if he be from a tribe hostile to you and he is a believer, the freeing of a believing slave (suffices). And if he be from a tribe between whom and you there is a covenant, the blood-money should be paid to his people along with the freeing of a believing slave; but he who has not the means should fast for two months successively: a penance from Allah. And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
94And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his punishment is hell, abiding therein; and Allah is wroth with him and He has cursed him and prepared for him a grievous chastisement.
95O you who believe, when you go forth (to fight) in Allah’s way, make investigation, and say not to any one who offers you salutation, Thou art not a believer, seeking the good of this world’s life. But with Allah there are abundant gains. You too were such before, then Allah conferred a benefit on you; so make investigation. Surely Allah is ever Aware of what you do.
96The holders back from among the believers not disabled by injury, and those who strive hard in Allah’s way with their property and their persons, are not equal. Allah has made the strivers with their property and their persons to excel the holders-back a (high) degree. And to each Allah has promised good. And Allah has granted to the strivers above the holders-back a mighty reward --
97(High) degrees from Him and protection and mercy. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
98(As for) those whom the angels cause to die while they are unjust to themselves, (the angels) will say: What were you doing? They will say: We were weak in the earth. (They will) say: Was not Allah’s earth spacious, so that you could have migrated therein? So these it is whose refuge is hell -- and it is an evil resort.
99Except the weak from among the men and the women and the children who have not the means, nor can they find a way (to escape);
100So these, it may be that Allah will pardon them. And Allah is ever Pardoning, Forgiving.
101And whoever flees in Allah’s way, he will find in the earth many a place of escape and abundant resources. And whoever goes forth from his home fleeing to Allah and His Messenger, then death overtakes him, his reward is indeed with Allah. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
102And when you journey in the earth, there is no blame on you if you shorten the prayer, if you fear that those who disbelieve will give you trouble. Surely the disbelievers are an open enemy to you.
103And when thou art among them and leadest the prayer for them, let a party of them stand up with thee, and let them take their arms. Then when they have performed their prostration, let them go to your rear, and let another party who have not prayed come forward and pray with thee, and let them take their precautions and their arms. Those who disbelieve long that you may neglect your arms and your baggage, that they may attack you with a sudden united attack. And there is no blame on you, if you are inconvenienced on account of rain or if you are sick, to put away your arms; and take your precautions. Surely Allah has prepared abasing chastisement for the disbelievers.
104So when you have finished the prayer remember Allah standing and sitting and reclining. But when you are secure, from danger, keep up (regular) prayer. Prayer indeed has been enjoined on the believers at fixed times.
105And be not weak-hearted in pursuit of the enemy. If you suffer they (too) suffer as you suffer, and you hope from Allah what they hope not. And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
106Surely We have revealed the Book to thee with truth that thou mayest judge between people by means of what Allah has taught thee. And be not one pleading the cause of the dishonest,
107And ask the forgiveness of Allah. Surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
108And contend not on behalf of those who act unfaithfully to their souls. Surely Allah loves not him who is treacherous, sinful:
109They seek to hide from men and they cannot hide from Allah, and He is with them when they counsel by night matters which please Him not. And Allah ever encompasses what they do.
110Behold! You are they who may contend on their behalf in this world’s life, but who will contend with Allah on their behalf on the Resurrection day, or who will have charge of their affairs?
111And whoever does evil or wrongs his soul, then asks forgiveness of Allah, will find Allah Forgiving, Merciful.
112And whoever commits a sin, commits it only against himself. And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
113And whoever commits a fault or a sin, then accuses of it one innocent, he indeed takes upon himself the burden of a calumny and a manifest sin.
114And were it not for Allah’s grace upon thee and His mercy, a party of them had certainly designed to ruin thee. And they ruin only themselves, and they cannot harm thee in any way. And Allah has revealed to thee the Book and the Wisdom, and taught thee what thou knewest not, and Allah’s grace on thee is very great.
115There is no good in most of their secret counsels except (in) him who enjoins charity or goodness or reconciliation between people. And whoever does this, seeking Allah’s pleasure, We shall give him a mighty reward.
116And whoever acts hostilely to the Messenger after guidance has become manifest to him and follows others than the way of the believers, We turn him to that to which he (himself) turns and make him enter hell; and it is an evil resort.
117Surely Allah forgives not setting up partners with Him, and He forgives all besides this to whom He pleases. And whoever sets up a partner with Allah, he indeed goes far astray.
118Besides Him they call on nothing but female divinities and they call on nothing but a rebellious devil,
119Whom Allah has cursed. And he said: Certainly I will take of Thy servants an appointed portion;
120And certainly I will lead them astray and excite in them vain desires and bid them so that they will slit the ears of the cattle, and bid them so that they will alter Allah’s creation. And whoever takes the devil for a friend, forsaking Allah, he indeed suffers a manifest loss.
121He promises them and excites vain desires in them. And the devil promises them only to deceive.
122These -- their refuge is hell, and they will find no way of escape from it.
123And those who believe and do good, We shall make them enter Gardens in which rivers flow, to abide therein for ever. It is Allah’s promise in truth. And who is more truthful in word than Allah?
124It will not be in accordance with your vain desires nor the vain desires of the People of the Book. Whoever does evil, will be requited for it and will not find for himself besides Allah a friend or a helper.
125And whoever does good deeds, whether male or female, and he (or she) is a believer -- these will enter the Garden, and they will not be dealt with a whit unjustly.
126And who is better in religion than he who submits himself entirely to Allah while doing good (to others) and follows the faith of Abraham, the upright one? And Allah took Abraham for a friend.
127And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And Allah ever encompasses all things.
128And they ask thee a decision about women. Say: Allah makes known to you His decision concerning widowed women, whom you give not what is appointed for them, while you are not inclined to marry them, nor to the weak among children, and that you should deal justly with orphans. And whatever good you do, Allah is surely ever Knower of it.
129And if a woman fears ill-usage from her husband or desertion no blame is on them if they effect a reconciliation between them. And reconciliation is better. And avarice is met with in (men’s) minds. And if you do good (to others) and keep your duty, surely Allah is ever aware of what you do.
130And you cannot do justice between wives, even though you wish (it), but be not disinclined (from one) with total disinclination, so that you leave her in suspense. And if you are reconciled and keep your duty, surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
131And if they separate, Allah will render them both free from want out of his ampleness. And Allah is ever Ample-giving, Wise.
132And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And certainly We enjoined those who were given the Book before you and (We enjoin) you too to keep your duty to Allah. And if you disbelieve, surely to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And Allah is ever Self-sufficient, Praiseworthy.
133And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And Allah suffices as having charge of affairs.
134If He please, He will take you away, O people, and bring others. And Allah is ever Powerful to do that.
135Whoever desires the reward of this world -- then with Allah is the reward of this world and the Hereafter. And Allah is ever Hearing, Seeing.
136O you who believe, be maintainers of justice, bearers of witness for Allah, even though it be against your own selves or (your) parents or near relatives -- whether he be rich or poor, Allah has a better right over them both. So follow not (your) low desires, lest you deviate. And if you distort or turn away from (truth), surely Allah is ever Aware of what you do.
137O you who believe, believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Book which He has revealed to his Messenger and the Book which He revealed before. And whoever disbelieves in Allah and His angels and His Books and His messengers and the Last Day, he indeed strays far away.
138Those who believe then disbelieve, again believe and again disbelieve, then increase in disbelief, Allah will never forgive them nor guide them in the (right) way.
139Give news to the hypocrites that for them is a painful chastisement --
140Those who take disbelievers for friends rather than believers. Do they seek for might from them? Might surely belongs wholly to Allah.
141And indeed He has revealed to you in the Book that when you hear Allah’s messages disbelieved in and mocked at, sit not with them until they enter into some other discourse, for then indeed you would be like them. Surely Allah will gather together the hypocrites and the disbelievers all in hell --
142Those who wait (for misfortunes) for you. Then if you have a victory from Allah they say: Were we not with you? And if there is a chance for the disbelievers, they say: Did we not prevail over you and defend you from the believers? So Allah will judge between you on the day of Resurrection. And Allah will by no means give the disbelievers a way against the believers.
143The hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, and He will requite their deceit to them. And when they stand up for prayer, they stand up sluggishly -- they do it only to be seen of men and remember Allah but little,
144Wavering between that (and this) -- (belonging) neither to these nor to those. And whomsoever Allah leaves in error, thou wilt not find a way for him.
145O you who believe, take not the disbelievers for friends rather than the believers. Do you desire to give Allah a manifest proof against yourselves?
146The hypocrites are surely in the lowest depths of the Fire, and thou wilt find no helper for them,
147Save those who repent and amend hold fast to Allah and are sincere in their obedience to Allah -- these are with the believers. And Allah will soon grant the believers a mighty reward.
148Why should Allah chastise you if you are grateful and believe? And Allah is ever Multiplier of rewards, Knowing.
149Allah loves not the public utterance of hurtful speech, except by one who has been wronged. And Allah is ever Hearing, Knowing.
150If you do good openly or keep it secret or pardon an evil, Allah surely is ever Pardoning, powerful.
151Those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers and desire to make a distinction between Allah and his messengers and say: We believe in some and disbelieve in others; and desire to take a course in between --
152These are truly disbelievers; and We have prepared for the disbelievers an abasing chastisement.
153And those who believe in Allah and His messengers and make no distinction between any of them, to them He will grant their rewards. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
154The People of the Book ask thee to bring down to them a Book from heaven; indeed they demanded of Moses a greater thing than that, for they said: Show us Allah manifestly. So destructive punishment overtook them on account of their wrongdoing. Then they took the calf (for a god), after clear signs had come to them, but We pardoned this. And We gave Moses clear authority.
155And We raised the mountain above them at their covenant. And We said to them: Enter the door making obeisance. And We said to them: Violate not the Sabbath; and We took from them a firm covenant.
156Then for their breaking their covenant and their disbelief in the messages of Allah and their killing the prophets wrongfully and their saying, Our hearts are covered; nay, Allah has sealed them owing to their disbelief, so they believe not but a little:
157And for their disbelief and for their uttering against Mary a grievous calumny:
158And for their saying: We have killed the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, the messenger of Allah, and they killed him not, nor did they cause his death on the cross, but he was made to appear to them as such. And certainly those who differ therein are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge about it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him not for certain:
159Nay, Allah exalted him in His presence. And Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.
160And there is none of the People of the Book but will believe in this before his death; and on the day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them.
161So for the iniquity of the Jews, We forbade them the good things which had been made lawful for them, and for their hindering many (people) from Allah’s way.
162And for their taking usury -- though indeed they were forbidden it -- and their devouring the property of people falsely. And We have prepared for the disbelievers from among them a painful chastisement.
163But the firm in knowledge among them and the believers believe in that which has been revealed to thee and that which was revealed before thee, and those who keep up prayer and give the poor-rate and the believers in Allah and the Last Day -- these it is to whom We shall give a mighty reward.
164Surely We have revealed to thee as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him, and We revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and We gave to David a scripture.
165And (We sent) messengers We have mentioned to thee before and messengers We have not mentioned to thee. And to Moses Allah addressed His word speaking (to him) --
166Messengers, bearers of good news and warners, so that the people may have no plea against Allah after the (coming of) messengers. And Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.
167But Allah bears witness by that which He has revealed to thee that He has revealed it with his knowledge, and the angels (also) bear witness. And Allah is sufficient as a witness.
168Those who disbelieve and hinder (others) from Allah’s way, they indeed have erred, going far astray.
169Those who disbelieve and act unjustly, Allah will never forgive them, nor guide them to a path,
170Except the path of hell, to abide in it for a long time. And that is easy to Allah.
171O mankind, the Messenger has indeed come to you with truth from your Lord, so believe, it is better for you. And if you disbelieve, then surely to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
172O People of the Book, exceed not the limits in your religion or speak anything about Allah, but the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, is only a messenger of Allah and His word which He communicated to Mary and a mercy from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And say not, Three. Desist, it is better for you. Allah is only one God. Far be it from His glory to have a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And sufficient is Allah as having charge of affairs.
173The Messiah disdains not to be a servant of Allah, nor do the angels who are near to Him. And whoever disdains His service and is proud, he will gather them all together to Himself.
174Then as for those who believe and do good, He will pay them fully their rewards and give them more out of His grace. And as for those who disdain and are proud, He will chastise them with a painful chastisement, and they will find for themselves besides Allah no friend nor helper.
175O people, manifest proof has indeed come to you from your Lord and We have sent down to you a clear light.
176Then as for those who believe in Allah and hold fast by Him, He will admit them to His mercy and grace, and guide them to Himself on a right path.
Chapter 5 (Sura 5)
1They ask thee for a decision. Say: Allah gives you a decision concerning the person who has neither parents nor children. If a man dies (and) he has no son and he has a sister, hers is half of what he leaves, and he shall be her heir if she has no son. But if there be two (sisters), they shall have two-thirds of what he leaves. And if there are brethren, men and women, then for the male is the like of the portion of two females. Allah makes clear to you, lest you err. And Allah is Knower of all things.
2O you who believe, fulfil the obligations. The cattle quadrupeds are allowed to you except that which is recited to you, not violating the prohibition against game when you are on the pilgrimage. Surely Allah orders what He pleases.
3O you who believe, violate not the signs of Allah, nor the Sacred Month, nor the offerings, nor the victims with garlands, nor those repairing to the Sacred House seeking the grace and pleasure of their Lord. And when you are free from pilgrimage obligations, then hunt. And let not hatred of a people -- because they hindered you from the Sacred Mosque -- incite you to transgress. And help one another in righteousness and piety, and help not one another in sin and aggression, and keep your duty to Allah. Surely Allah is severe in requiting (evil).
4Forbidden to you is that which dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that on which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked, and the strangled (animal), and that beaten to death, and that killed by a fall, and that killed by goring with the horn, and that which wild beasts have eaten -- except what you slaughter; and that which is sacrificed on stones set up (for idols), and that you seek to divide by arrows; that is a transgression. This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favour to you and chosen for you Islam as a religion. But whoever is compelled by hunger, not including wilfully to sin, then surely Allah is Forgiving, merciful.
5They ask thee as to what is allowed them. Say: The good things are allowed to you, and what you have taught the beasts and birds of prey, training them to hunt -- you teach them of what Allah has taught you; so eat of that which they catch for you and mention the name of Allah over it; and keep your duty to Allah. Surely Allah is Swift in reckoning.
6This day (all) good things are made lawful for you. And the food of those who have been given the Book is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. And so are the chaste from among the believing women and the chaste from among those who have been given the Book before you, when you give them their dowries, taking (them) in marriage, not fornicating nor taking them for paramours in secret. And whoever denies faith, his work indeed is vain; and in the Hereafter he is of the losers.
7O you who believe, when you rise up for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if you are under an obligation, then wash (yourselves). And if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you comes from the privy, or you have had contact with women and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith. Allah desires not to place a burden on you but He wishes to purify you, and that He may complete His favour on you, so that you may give thanks.
8And remember Allah’s favour on you and His covenant with which He bound you when you said: We have heard and we obey. And keep your duty to Allah. Surely Allah knows what is in the breasts.
9O you who believe, be upright for Allah, bearers of witness with justice; and let not hatred of a people incite you not to act equitably. Be just; that is nearer to observance of duty. And keep your duty to Allah. Surely Allah is Aware of what you do.
10Allah has promised to those who believe and do good deeds: For them is forgiveness and a mighty reward.
11And those who disbelieve and reject Our messages, such are the companions of the flaming fire.
12O you who believe, remember Allah’s favour on you when a people had determined to stretch out their hands against you, but He withheld their hands from you; and keep your duty to Allah. And on Allah let the believers rely.
13And certainly Allah made a covenant with the Children of Israel, and We raised up among them twelve chieftains. And Allah said: Surely I am with you. If you keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and believe in My messengers and assist them and offer to Allah a goodly gift, I will certainly cover your evil deeds, and cause you to enter Gardens wherein rivers flow. But whoever among you disbelieves after that, he indeed strays from the right way.
14But on account of their breaking their covenant We cursed them and hardened their hearts. They alter the words from their places and neglect a portion of that whereof they were reminded. And thou wilt always discover treachery in them excepting a few of them -- so pardon them and forgive. Surely Allah loves those who do good (to others).
15And with those who say, We are Christians, We made a covenant, but they neglected a portion of that whereof they were reminded so We stirred up enmity and hatred among them to the day of Resurrection. And Allah will soon inform them of what they did.
16O People of the Book, indeed Our Messenger has come to you, making clear to you much of that which you concealed of the Book and passing over much. Indeed, there has come to you from Allah, a Light and a clear Book,
17Whereby Allah guides such as follow His pleasure into the ways of peace, and brings them out of darkness into light by His will, and guides them to the right path.
18They indeed disbelieve who say: Surely, Allah -- He is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say: Who then could control anything as against Allah when He wished to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, and his mother and all those on the earth? And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them. He creates what He pleases. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
19And the Jews and the Christians say: We are the sons of Allah and His beloved ones. Say: Why does He then chastise you for your sins? Nay, you are mortals from among those whom He has created. He forgives whom He pleases and chastises whom He pleases. And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, and to Him is the eventual coming.
20O People of the Book, indeed Our Messenger has come to you explaining to you after a cessation of the messengers, lest you say: There came not to us a bearer of good news nor a warner. So indeed a bearer of good news and a warner has come to you. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
21And when Moses said to his people: O my people, remember the favour of Allah to you when he raised prophets among you and made you kings and gave you what he gave not to any other of the nations.
22O my people, enter the Holy Land which Allah has ordained for you and turn not your backs, for then you will turn back losers.
23They said: O Moses, therein are a powerful people, and we shall not enter it until they go out from it; if they go out from it, then surely we will enter.
24Two men of those who feared, on whom Allah had bestowed a favour, said: Enter upon them by the gate, for when you enter it you will surely be victorious; and put your trust in Allah, if you are believers.
25They said: O Moses, we will never enter it so long as they are in it; go therefore thou and thy Lord and fight; surely here we sit.
26He said: My Lord, I have control of none but my own self and my brother; so distinguish between us and the transgressing people.
27He said: It will surely be forbidden to them for forty years -- they will wander about in the land. So grieve not for the transgressing people.
28And relate to them with truth the story of the two sons of Adam, when they offered an offering, but it was accepted from one of them and was not accepted from the other. He said: I will certainly kill thee. (The other) said: Allah accepts only from the dutiful.
29If thou stretch out thy hand against me to kill me I shall not stretch out my hand against thee to kill thee. Surely I fear Allah, the Lord of the worlds:
30I would rather that thou shouldst bear the sin against me and thine own sin, thus thou wouldst be of the companions of the Fire; and that is the recompense of the unjust.
31At length his mind made it easy for him to kill his brother, so he killed him; so he became one of the losers.
32Then Allah sent a crow scratching the ground to show him how to cover the dead body of his brother. He said: Woe is me! Am I not able to be as this crow and cover the dead body of my brother? So he became of those who regret.
33For this reason We prescribed for the Children of Israel that whoever kills a person, unless it be for manslaughter or for mischief in the land, it is as though he had killed all men. And whoever saves a life, it is as though he had saved the lives of all men. And certainly Our messengers came to them with clear arguments, but even after that many of them commit excesses in the land.
34The only punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive to make mischief in the land is that they should be murdered, or crucified, or their hands and their feet should be cut off on opposite sides, or they should be imprisoned. This shall be a disgrace for them in this world, and in the Hereafter they shall have a grievous chastisement,
35Except those who repent before you overpower them; so know that Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
36O you who believe, keep your duty to Allah, and seek means of nearness to Him, and strive hard in His way that you may be successful.
37Those who disbelieve, even if they had all that is in the earth, and the like of it with it, to ransom themselves therewith from the chastisement of the day of Resurrection, it would not be accepted from them; and theirs is a painful chastisement.
38They would desire to come forth from the Fire, and they will not come forth from it, and theirs is a lasting chastisement.
39And (as for) the man and the woman addicted to theft, cut off their hands as a punishment for what they have earned, an exemplary punishment from Allah. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.
40But whoever repents after his wrongdoing and reforms, Allah will turn to him (mercifully). Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
41Knowest thou not that Allah is He to Whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth? He chastises whom He pleases, and forgives whom He pleases. And Allah is Possessor over power over all things.
42O Messenger, let not those grieve thee who hasten to disbelief, from among those who say with their mouths, We believe, and their hearts believe not, and from among those who are Jews -- they are listeners for the sake of a lie, listeners for another people who have not come to thee. They alter the words after they are put in their (proper) places, saying: If you are given this, take it, and if you are not given this, be cautious. And he for whom Allah intends temptation, thou controllest naught for him against Allah. Those are they whose hearts Allah intends not to purify. For them is disgrace in this world, and for them a grievous chastisement in the Hereafter.
43Listeners for the sake of a lie, devourers of forbidden things, so if they come to thee, judge between them or turn away from them. And if thou turn away from them, they cannot harm thee at all. And if thou judge, judge between them with equity. Surely Allah loves the equitable.
44And how do they make thee a judge and they have the Torah wherein is Allah’s judgment? Yet they turn away after that! And these are not believers.
45Surely We revealed the Torah, having guidance and light. By it did the prophets who submitted themselves (to Allah) judge for the Jews, and the rabbis and the doctors of law, because they were required to guard the Book of Allah, and they were witnesses thereof. So fear not the people and fear Me, and take not a small price for My messages. And whoever judges not by what Allah has revealed, those are the disbelievers.
46And We prescribed to them in it that life is for life, and eye for eye, and nose for nose, and ear for ear, and tooth for tooth, and for wounds retaliation. But whoso forgoes it, it shall be an expiation for him. And whoever judges not by what Allah has revealed, those are the wrongdoers.
47And We sent after them in their footsteps Jesus, son of Mary, verifying that which was before him of the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light, and verifying that which was before it of the Torah, and a guidance and an admonition for the dutiful.
48And let the People of the Gospel judge by that which Allah has revealed in it. And whoever judges not by what Allah has revealed, those are the transgressors.
49And We have revealed to thee the Book with the truth, verifying that which is before it of the Book and a guardian over it, so judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their low desires (turning away) from the truth that has come to thee. For every one of you We appointed a law and a way. And if Allah had pleased He would have made you a single people, but that He might try you in what He gave you. So vie one with another in virtuous deeds. To Allah you will all return, so He will inform you of that wherein you differed;
50And that thou shouldst judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their low desires, and be cautious of them lest they seduce thee from part of what Allah has revealed to thee. Then if they turn away, know that Allah desires to affect them for some of their sins. And surely many of the people are transgressors.
51Is it then the judgment of ignorance that they desire? And who is better than Allah to judge for a people who are sure?
52O you who believe, take not the Jews and the Christians for friends. They are friends of each other. And whoever amongst you takes them for friends he is indeed one of them. Surely Allah guides not the unjust people.
53But thou seest those in whose hearts is a disease, hastening towards them, saying: We fear lest a calamity should befall us. Maybe Allah will bring the victory or a commandment from Himself, so they will regret what they hid in their souls.
54And those who believe will say: Are these they who swore by Allah with their most forcible oaths that they were surely with you? Their deeds will bear no fruit, so they will be losers.
55O you who believe, should any one of you turn back from his religion, then Allah will bring a people, whom He loves and who love Him, humble towards believers, mighty against the disbelievers, striving hard in Allah’s way and not fearing the censure of any censurer. This is Allah’s grace -- He gives it to whom He pleases. And Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
56Only Allah is your Friend and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and they bow down.
57And whoever takes Allah and His Messenger and those who believe for friend -- surely the party of Allah, they shall triumph.
58O you who believe, take not for friends those who take your religion as a mockery and a sport, from among those who were given the Book before you and the disbelievers; and keep your duty to Allah if you are believers.
59And when you call to prayer they take it as a mockery and a sport. That is because they are a people who understand not.
60Say: O People of the Book, do you find fault with us for aught except that we believe in Allah and in that which has been revealed to us and that which was revealed before, while most of you are transgressors?
61Say: Shall I inform you of those worse than this in retribution from Allah? They are those whom Allah has cursed and upon whom He brought His wrath and of whom He made apes and swine, and who serve the devil. These are in a worse plight and further astray fromt he straight path.
62And when they come to you, they say, We believe, and surely they come in unbelief and they go forth in it. And Allah knows best what they conceal.
63And thou seest many of them vying one with another in sin and transgression, and their devouring illegal gain. Certainly evil is that which they do.
64Why do not the rabbis and the doctors of law prohibit them from their sinful utterances and their devouring unlawful gain? Certainly evil are the works they do.
65And the Jews say: The hand of Allah is tied up. Their own hands are shackled and they are cursed for what they say. Nay, both his hands are spread out. He disburses as He pleases. And that which has been revealed to thee from thy Lord will certainly make many of them increase in inordinacy and disbelief. And We have cast among them enmity and hatred till the day of Resurrection. Whenever they kindle fire for war Allah puts it out, and they strive to make mischief in the land. And Allah loves not the mischief-makers.
66And if the People of the Book had believed and kept their duty We would certainly have removed from them their evils, and made them enter gardens of bliss.
67And if they had observed the Torah and the Gospel and that which is revealed to them from their Lord, they would certainly have eaten from above them and from beneath their feet. There is a party of them keeping to the moderate course; and most of them -- evil is that which they do.
68O Messenger, deliver that which has been revealed to thee from thy Lord; and if thou do (it) not, thou hast not delivered His message. And Allah will protect thee from men. Surely Allah guides not the disbelieving people.
69Say: O People of the Book, you follow no good till you observe the Torah and the Gospel and that which is revealed to you from your Lord. And surely that which has been revealed to thee from thy Lord will make many of them increase in inordinacy and disbelief: so grieve not for the disbelieving people.
70Surely those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabeans and the Christians -- whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good -- they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve.
71Certainly We made a covenant with the Children of Israel and We sent to them messengers. Whenever a messenger came to them with that which their souls desired not, some (of them) they called liars and some they (even) sought to kill.
72And they thought that there would be no affliction, so they became blind and deaf; then Allah turned to them mercifully but many of them (again) became blind and deaf. And Allah is Seer of what they do.
73Certainly they disbelieve who say: Allah, He is the Messiah, son of Mary. And the Messiah said: O Children of Israel, serve Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Surely whoever associates (others) within Allah, Allah has forbidden to him the Garden and his abode is the Fire. And for the wrongdoers there will be no helpers.
74Certainly they disbelieve who say: Allah is the third of the three. And there is no God but One God. And if they desist not from what they say a painful chastisement will surely befall such of them as disbelieve.
75Will they not then turn to Allah and ask His forgiveness? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
76The Messiah, son of Mary, was only a messenger; messengers before him had indeed passed away. And his mother was a truthful woman. They both used to eat food. See how We make the messages clear to them! then behold, how they are turned away!
77Say: Do you serve besides Allah that which controls for you neither harm nor good? And Allah -- He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
78Say: O People of the Book, exaggerate not in the matter of your religion unjustly, and follow not the low desires of people who went astray before and led many astray, and went astray from the right path.
79Those who disbelieved from among the Children of Israel were cursed by the tongue of David and Jesus, son of Mary. This was because they disobeyed and exceeded the limits.
80They forbade not one another the hateful things they did. Evil indeed was what they did.
81Thou seest many of them befriending those who disbelieve. Certainly evil is that which their souls send before for them, so that Allah is displeased with them and in chastisement will they abide.
82And if they believed in Allah and the Prophet and that which is revealed to him, they would not take them for friends, but most of them are transgressors.
83Thou wilt certainly find the most violent of people in enmity against the believers to be the Jews and the idolaters; and thou wilt find the nearest in friendship to the believers to be those who say, We are Christians. That is because there are priests and monks among them and because they are not proud.
84And when they hear that which has been revealed to the Messenger thou seest their eyes overflow with tears because of the truth they recognize. They say: Our Lord, We believe, so write us down with the witnesses.
85And what (reason) have We that We should not believe in Allah and in the Truth that has come to us, while We earnestly desire that our Lord should cause us to enter with the righteous people?
86So Allah rewarded them for what they said with Gardens wherein rivers flow to abide in them. And that is the reward of the doers of good.
87And those who disbelieve and reject Our messages, such are the companions of the flaming fire.
88O you who believe, forbid not the good things which Allah has made lawful for you and exceed not the limits. Surely Allah loves not those who exceed the limits.
89And eat of the lawful and good (things) that Allah has given you, and keep your duty to Allah, in Whom you believe.
90Allah will not call you to account for that which is vain in your oaths, but He will call you to account for the making of deliberate oaths; so its expiation is the feeding of ten poor men with the average (food) you feed your families with, or their clothing, or the freeing of a neck. But whoso finds not (means) should fast for three days. This is the expiation of your oaths when you swear. And keep your oaths. Thus does Allah make clear to you his messages that you may give thanks.
91O you who believe, intoxicants and games of chance and (sacrificing to) stones set up and (dividing by) arrows are only an uncleanness, the devil’s work; so shun it that you may succeed.
92The devil desires only to create enmity and hatred among you by means of intoxicants and games of chance, and to keep you back from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. Will you then keep back?
93And obey Allah and obey the Messenger and be cautious. But if you turn back then know that the duty of Our Messenger is only a clear deliverance of the message.
94On those who believe and do good there is no blame for what they eat, when they keep their duty and believe and do good deeds, then keep their duty and believe, then keep their duty and do good (to others). And Allah loves the doers of good.
95O you who believe, Allah will certainly try you in respect of some game which your hands and your lances can reach, that Allah may know who fears Him in secret. Whoever exceeds the limit after this, for him is a painful chastisement.
96O you who believe, kill not game while you are on pilgrimage. And whoever among you kills it intentionally, the compensation thereof is the like of what he killed, from the cattle, as two just persons among you judge, as an offering to be brought to the Ka’bah, or the expiation thereof is the feeding of the poor or equivalent of it in fasting, that he may taste the unwholesome result of his deed. Allah pardons what happened in the past. And whoever returns (to it), Allah will punish him. And Allah is Mighty, Lord of Retribution.
97Lawful to you is the game of the sea and its food, a provision for you and for the travellers, and the game of the land is forbidden to you so long as you are on pilgrimage, and keep your duty to Allah, to Whom you shall be gathered.
98Allah has made the Ka’bah, the Sacred House, a means of support for the people, and the sacred month and the offerings and the victims with garlands. That is that you may know that Allah knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and that Allah is Knower of all things.
99Know that Allah is severe in requiting (evil) and that Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
100The duty of the Messenger is only to deliver (the message). And Allah knows what you do openly and what you hide.
101Say: The bad and the good are not equal, though the abundance of the bad may please thee. So keep your duty to Allah, O men of understanding, that you may succeed.
102O you who believe, as not about things which if made known to you would give you trouble; and if you ask about them when the Qur’an is being revealed, they will be made known to you. Allah pardons this; and Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.
103A people before you indeed asked such questions, then became disbelievers therein.
104Allah has not ordained a bahirah or a sa’ibah or a wasilah or a hami, but those who disbelieve fabricate a lie against Allah. And most of them understand not.
105And when it is said to them, Come to that which Allah has revealed and to the Messenger, they say: Sufficient for us is that wherein We found our fathers. What! even though their fathers knew nothing and had no guidance!
106O you who believe, take care of your souls -- he who errs cannot harm you when you are on the right way. To Allah you will all return, so He will inform you of what you did.
107O you who believe, call to witness between you, when death draws nigh to one of you, at the time of making the will, two just persons from among you, or two others from among others than you, if you are travelling in the land and the calamity of death befalls you. You should detain them after the prayer. Then if you doubt (them), they shall both swear by Allah (saying): We will not take for it a price, though there be a relative nor will We hide the testimony of Allah, for then certainly We shall be sinners.
108If it be discovered that they are guilty of a sin, two others shall stand up in their place from among those against whom the first two have been guilty of a sin; so they shall swear by Allah: Certainly our testimony is truer than the testimony of those two, and We have not exceeded the limit, for then surely We should be unjust.
109Thus it is more probable that they will give true testimony or fear that other oaths will be taken after their oaths. And keep your duty to Allah and hearken. And Allah guides not the transgressing people.
110On the day when Allah will gather together the messengers and say: What was the response you received? They will say: We have no knowledge. Surely Thou art the great Knower of the unseen.
111When Allah will say: O Jesus, son of Mary, remember My favour to thee and to thy mother, when I strengthened thee with the Holy Spirit; thou spokest to people in the cradle and in old age, and when I taught thee the Book and the Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel, and when thou didst determine out of clay a thing like the form of a bird by My permission, then thou didst breathe into it and it became a bird by My permission; and thou didst heal the blind and the leprous by My permission; and when thou didst raise the dead by My permission; and when I withheld the Children of Israel from thee when thou camest to them with clear arguments -- but those of them who disbelieved said: This is nothing but clear enchantment.
112And when I revealed to the disciples, saying, Believe in Me and My messenger, they said: We believe and bear witness that We submit.
113When the disciples said: O Jesus, son of Mary, is thy Lord able to send down food to us from heaven? He said: Keep your duty to Allah if you are believers.
114They said: We desire to eat of it, and that our hearts should be at rest, and that We may know that thou has indeed spoken truth to us, and that We may be witnesses thereof.
115Jesus, son of Mary, said: O Allah, our Lord, send down to us food from heaven which should be to us an ever-recurring happiness to the first of us and the last of us, and a sign from Thee, and give us sustenance and Thou art the Best of the sustainers.
116Allah said: Surely I will send it down to you, but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you, I will chastise him with a chastisement with which I will not chastise any one among the nations.
117And when Allah will say: O Jesus, son of Mary, didst thou say to men, Take me and my mother for two gods besides Allah? He will say: Glory be to Thee! it was not for me to say what I had no right to (say). If I had said it, Thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my mind, and I know not what is in Thy mind. Surely Thou art the great Knower of the unseen.
118I said to them naught save as Thou didst command me: Serve Allah, my Lord and your Lord; and I was a witness of them so long as I was among them, but when Thou didst cause me to die Thou wast the Watcher over them. And Thou art Witness of all things.
119If Thou chastise them, surely they are Thy servants; and if Thou protect them, surely Thou art the Mighty, the Wise.
120Allah will say: This is a day when their truth will profit the truthful ones. For them are Gardens wherein flow rivers abiding therein for ever. Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Allah. That is the mighty achievement.
Chapter 6 (Sura 6)
1Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatever is in them; and He is Possessor of power over all things.
2Praise be to Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and made darkness and light. Yet those who disbelieve set up equals to their Lord.
3He it is Who created you from clay, then He decreed a term. And there is a term named with Him; still you doubt.
4And He is Allah in the heavens and in the earth. He knows your secret (thoughts) and your open (words), and He knows what you earn.
5And there comes not to them any message of the messages of their Lord but they turn away from it.
6So they rejected the truth when it came to them, but soon will come to them the news of that which they mocked.
7See they not how many a generation We destroyed before them, whom We had established in the earth as We have not established you, and We sent the clouds pouring abundant rain on them, and We made the rivers flow beneath them? Then We destroyed them for their sins, and raised up after them another generation.
8And if We had sent down to thee a writing on paper, then they had touched it with their hands, those who disbelieve would have said: This is nothing but clear enchantment.
9And they say: Why has not an angel been sent down to him? And if We send down an angel, the matter would be decided and then they would not be respited.
10And if We had made him an angel, We would certainly have made him a man, and (thus) made confused to them what they confuse.
11And certainly messengers before thee were derided but that which they derided encompassed those of them who scoffed.
12Say: Travel in the land, then see what was the end of the rejectors.
13Say: To whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth? Say: To Allah. He has ordained mercy on Himself. He will certainly gather you on the Resurrection day -- there is no doubt about it. Those who have lost their souls will not believe.
14And to Him belongs whatever dwells in the night and the day. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
15Say: Shall I take for a friend other than Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, and He feeds and is not fed? Say: I am commanded to be the first of those who submit. And be thou not of the polytheists.
16Say: Surely I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the chastisement of a grievous day.
17He from whom it is averted on that day, Allah indeed has had mercy on him. And this is a manifest achievement.
18And if Allah touch thee with affliction, there is none to remove it but He. And if He touch thee with good, He is Possessor of power over all things.
19And He is the Supreme, above His servants. And He is the Wise, the Aware.
20Say: What thing is the weightiest in testimony? Say: Allah is witness between you and me. And this Qur’an has been revealed to me that with it I may warn you and whomsoever it reaches. Do you really bear witness that there are other gods with Allah? Say: I bear not witness. Say: He is only One God, and surely I am innocent that which you set up (with Him).
21Those whom We have given the Book recognize him as they recognize their sons. Those who have lost their souls -- they will not believe.
22And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah or gives the lie to His messages? Surely the wrongdoers will not be successful.
23And on the day We gather them all together, then We shall say to those who set up gods (with Allah); Where are your associate-gods whom you asserted?
24Then their excuse would be nothing but that they would say: By Allah, our Lord! we were not polytheists.
25See how they lie against their own souls, and that which they forged shall fail them!
26And of them is he who hearkens to thee and We have cast veils over their hearts so that they understand it not and a deafness into their ears. And (even) if they see every sign they will not believe in it. So much so that when they come to thee they only dispute with thee -- those who disbelieve say: This is naught but stories of the ancients.
27And they forbid (others) from it, and they keep away from it; and they ruin none but their own souls while they perceive not.
28And if thou couldst see when they are made to stand before the Fire, and say: Would that we were sent back! We would not reject the messages of our Lord but would be of the believers.
29Nay, that which they concealed before will become manifest to them. And if they were sent back, they would certainly go back to that which they are forbidden, and surely they are liars.
30And they say: There is nothing but our life of this world and we shall not be raised again.
31And if thou couldst see when they are made to stand before their Lord! He will say: Is not this the truth? They will say: Yea, by our Lord! He will say: Taste then the chastisement because you disbelieved.
32They are losers indeed who reject the meeting with Allah, until when the hour comes upon them suddenly, they will say: O our grief for our neglecting it! And they bear their burdens on their backs. Now surely evil is that which they bear!
33And this world’s life is naught but a play and an idle sport. And certainly the abode of the Hereafter is better for those who keep their duty. Do you not then understand?
34We know indeed that what they say grieves thee, for surely they give not thee the lie, but the wrongdoers give the lie to Allah’s messages.
35And messengers indeed were rejected before thee, but they were patient when rejected and persecuted, until Our help came to them. And there is none to change the words of Allah. And there has already come to thee some information about the messengers.
36And if their turning away is hard on thee, then, if thou canst, seek an opening into the earth or a ladder to heaven, to bring them a sign! And if Allah pleased, He would certainly have gathered them all to guidance, so be not of the ignorant.
37Only those accept who listen. And as for the dead, Allah will raise them, then to Him they will be returned.
38And they say: Why has not a sign been sent down to him from his Lord? Say: Surely Allah is Able to send down a sign, but most of them know not.
39And there is no animal in the earth, nor a bird that flies on its two wings, but (they are) communities like yourselves. We have not neglected anything in the Book. Then to their Lord will they be gathered.
40And those who reject Our messages are deaf and dumb, in darkness. Whom Allah pleases He leaves in error. And whom He pleases He places on the right way.
41Say: See, if the chastisement of Allah overtake you or the hour come upon you, will you call on others than Allah, if you are truthful?
42Nay, Him you call upon, so He removes that for which you pray, if He pleases, and you forget what you set up (with Him).
43And indeed We sent (messengers) to nations before thee then We seized them with distress and affliction that they might humble themselves.
44Yet why did they not, when Our punishment came to them, humble themselves? But their hearts hardened and the devil made all that they did seem fair to them.
45Then, when they neglected that with which they had been admonished, We opened for them the gates of all things. Until, when they rejoiced in that which they were given, We seized them suddenly; then lo! they were in utter despair.
46So the roots of the people who did wrong were cut off. And praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
47Say: Have you considered that if Allah should take away your hearing and your sight and seal your hearts, who is the god besides Allah that can bring it to you? See how We repeat the messages yet they turn away!
48Say: See, if the chastisement of Allah should overtake you suddenly or openly, will any be destroyed but the wrongdoing people?
49And We send not messengers but as bearers of good news and warners; then whoever believes and acts aright, they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
50And as for those who reject Our messages, chastisement will afflict them because they transgressed.
51Say: I say not to you, I have with me the treasures of Allah, nor do I know the unseen, nor do I say to you that I am an angel; I follow only that which is revealed to me. Say: Are the blind and the seeing alike? Do you not then reflect?
52And warn with it those who fear that they will be gathered to their Lord -- there is no protector for them, nor any intercessor besides Him -- so that they may keep their duty.
53And drive not away those who call upon their Lord, morning and evening, desiring only His pleasure. Neither art thou accountable for them in aught, nor are they accountable for thee in aught, that thou shouldst drive them away and thus be of the wrongdoers.
54And thus do We try some of them by others so that they say: Are these they upon whom Allah has conferred benefit from among us? Does not Allah best know the grateful?
55And when those who believe in Our messages come to thee, say: Peace be to you, your Lord has ordained mercy on Himself, (so) that if any one of you does evil in ignorance, then turns after that and acts aright, then He is Forgiving, Merciful.
56And thus do We make distinct the messages and so that the way of the guilty may become clear.
57Say: I am forbidden to serve those whom you call upon besides Allah. Say: I follow not your low desires, for then indeed I should go astray and should not be of the guided ones.
58Say: Surely I have manifest proof from my Lord and you call it a lie. I have not with me that which you would hasten. The judgment is only Allah’s. He relates the truth and He is the Best of deciders.
59Say: If that which you would hasten were with me, the matter would have certainly been decided between you and me. And Allah best knows the wrongdoers.
60And with Him are the treasures of the unseen -- none knows them but He. And He knows what is in the land and the sea. And there falls not a leaf but He knows it, nor is there a grain in the darkness of the earth, nor anything green or dry, but (it is all) in a clear book.
61And He it is Who takes your souls at night, and He knows what you earn by day, then He raises you up therein that an appointed term may be fulfilled. Then to Him is your return, then He will inform you of what you did.
62And He is the Supreme above His servants, and He sends keepers over you; until when death comes to one of you, Our messengers cause him to die, and they are not remiss.
63Then are they sent back to Allah, their Master, the True one. Now surely His is the judgment and He is Swiftest in taking account.
64Say: Who is it that delivers you from the calamities of the land and the sea? (when) you call upon Him, in humility and in secret: If He deliver us from this, we will certainly be of the grateful ones.
65Say: Allah delivers you from this and from every distress, yet you set up others (with Him).
66Say: He has the power to send on you a chastisement from above you or from beneath your feet, or to throw you into confusion, (making you) of different parties, and make some of you taste the violence of others. See how We repeat the messages that they may understand!
67And thy people call it a lie and it is the truth. Say: I am not put in charge of you.
68For every prophecy is a term, and you will soon come to know (it).
69And when thou seest those who talk nonsense about Our messages, withdraw from them until they enter into some other discourse. And if the devil cause thee to forget, then sit not after recollection with the unjust people.
70And those who keep their duty are not accountable for them in aught but (theirs) is only to remind; haply they may guard against evil.
71And leave those who take their religion for a play and an idle sport, and whom this world’s life has deceived, and remind (men) hereby lest a soul be destroyed for what it has earned. It has besides Allah no friend nor intercessor, and though it offer every compensation, it will not be accepted from it. Those are they who are destroyed for what they earn. For them is a drink of boiling water and a painful chastisement, because they disbelieved.
72Say: Shall we call, besides Allah, on that which profits us not nor harms us, and shall we be turned back on our heels after Allah has guided us? Like one whom the devils cause to follow his low desires, in bewilderment in the earth, -- he has companions who call him to the right way (saying), Come to us. Say: Surely the guidance of Allah, that is the (true) guidance. And we are commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds:
73And that you should keep up prayer and keep your duty to Him. And He it is to Whom you shall be gathered.
74And He it is Who created the heavens and the earth with truth. And when He says, Be, it is. His word is the truth and His is the kingdom on the day when the trumpet is blown. The Knower of the unseen and the seen; and He is the Wise, the Aware.
75And when Abraham said to his sire, Azar: Takest thou idols for gods? Surely I see thee and thy people in manifest error.
76And thus did We show Abraham the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and that he might be of those having certainty.
77So when the night overshadowed him, he saw a star. He said: Is this my Lord? So when it set, he said: I love not the setting ones.
78Then when he saw the moon rising, he said: Is this my Lord? So when it set, he said: If my Lord had not guided me, I should certainly be of the erring people.
79Then when he saw the sun rising, he said: Is this my Lord? Is this the greatest? So when it set, he said: O my people, I am clear of what you set up (with Allah).
80Surely I have turned myself, being upright, wholly to Him Who originated the heavens and the earth, and I am not of the polytheists.
81And his people disputed with him. He said: Do you dispute with me respecting Allah and He has guided me indeed? And I fear not in any way those that you set up with Him, unless my Lord please. My Lord comprehends all things in His knowledge. Will you not then mind?
82And how should I fear what you have set up (with Him), while you fear not to set up with Allah that for which He has sent down to you no authority. Which then of the two parties is surer of security, if you know?
83Those who believe and mix not up their faith with iniquity -- for them is security and they go aright.
84And this was Our argument which We gave to Abraham against his people. We exalt in degrees whom We please. Surely they Lord is Wise, Knowing.
85And We gave him Isaac and Jacob. Each did We guide; and Noah did We guide before, and of his descendants, David and Solomon and Job and Joseph and Moses and Aaron. And thus do We reward those who do good (to others):
86And Zacharias and John and Jesus and Elias; each one (of them) was of the righteous,
87And Ishmael and Elisha and Jonah and Lot; and each one (of them) We made to excel the people;
88And some of their fathers and their descendants and their brethren. And We chose them and guided them to the right way.
89This is Allah’s guidance wherewith He guides whom He pleases of His servants. And if they had associated others (with Him), all that they did would have been vain.
90These are they to whom We gave the Book and authority and prophecy. Therefore if these disbelieve in it, We have indeed entrusted it to a people who are not disbelievers in it.
91These are they whom Allah guided, so follow their guidance. Say: I ask you not for any reward for it. It is naught but a Reminder for the nations.
92And they honour not Allah with the honour due to Him, when they say: Allah has not revealed anything to a mortal. Say: Who revealed the Book which Moses brought, a light and a guidance to men -- you make it into (scattered) papers, which you show and you conceal much? And you are taught that which neither you nor your fathers new. Say: Allah. Then leave them sporting in their idle talk.
93And this is a Blessed Book We have revealed, verifying that which is before it, and that thou mayest warn the mother of the towns and those around her. And those who believe in the Hereafter believe in it, and they keep a watch over their prayers.
94And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah, or says, Revelation has been granted to me; while nothing has been revealed to him; and he who says: I can reveal the like of that which Allah has revealed? And if thou couldst see when the wrongdoers are in the agonies of death and the angels stretch forth their hands (saying): Yield up your souls. This day you are awarded a chastisement of disgrace because you spoke against Allah other than truth, and (because) you scored His messages.
95And certainly you have come to Us one by one as We created you at first, and you have left behind your backs what We gave you. And We see not with you your intercessors about whom you asserted that they were (Allah’s) associates in respect to you. Certainly the ties between you are now cut off and that which you asserted has failed you.
96Surely Allah causes the grain and the date-stone to germinate. He brings for the living from the dead and He is the bringer forth of the dead from the living. That is Allah. How are you then turned away!
97He is the Cleaver of the daybreak; and He has made the night for rest, and the sun and the moon for reckoning. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Knowing.
98And He it is Who has made the stars for you that you might follow the right way thereby in the darkness of the land and the sea. Indeed We have made plain the signs for a people who know.
99And He it is Who has brought you into being from a single soul, then there is (for you) a resting-place and a repository. Indeed We have made plain the signs for a people who understand.
100And He it is Who sends down water from the clouds, then We bring forth with it buds of all (plants), then We bring forth from it green (foliage), from which We produce clustered grain; and of the date-palm, of the sheaths of it, come forth clusters (of dates) within reach; and gardens of grapes and the olive and the pomegranate, alike and unlike. Look at the fruit of it when it bears fruit and the ripening of it. Surely there are signs in this for a people who believe!
101And they regarded the jinn to be partners with Allah, and He created them, and they falsely attributed to Him sons and daughters without knowledge. Glory be to Him, and highly exaulted is He above what they ascribe (to Him)!
102Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth! How could He have a son when He has not consort? And He created everything and He is the Knower of all things.
103That is Allah, your Lord. There is no god but He; the Creator of all things; therefore serve Him, and He has charge of all things.
104Vision comprehends Him not, and He comprehends (all) vision; and He is the Subtile, the Aware.
105Clear proofs have indeed come to you from your Lord; so whoever sees, it is for his own good; and whoever is blind, it is to his own harm. And I am not a keeper over you.
106And thus do We repeat the messages and that they may say, Thou hast studied; and that We may make it clear to a people who know.
107Follow that which is revealed to thee from thy Lord -- there is no god but He; and turn away from he polytheists.
108And if Allah had pleased, they would not have set up others (with Him). And We have not appointed thee a keeper over them, and thou art not placed in charge of them.
109And abuse not those whom they call upon besides Allah, lest, exceeding the limits, they abuse Allah through ignorance. Thus to every people have We made their deeds fair-seeming; then to their Lord is their return so He will inform them of what they did.
110And they swear their strongest oaths by Allah that if a sign come to them they would certainly believe in it. Say: Signs are with Allah. And what should make you know that when they come they believe not?
111And we turn their hearts and their sights, even as they did not believe in it the first time; and We leave them in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on.
112And even if We send down to them the angels and the dead speak to them and We bring together all things before them, they would not believe unless Allah please, but most of them are ignorant.
113And thus did We make for every prophet an enemy, the devils from among men and jinn, some of them inspiring others with gilded speech to deceive (them). And if thy Lord pleased, they would not do it, so leave them alone with what they forge --
114And that the hearts of those who believe not in the Hereafter may include thereto, and that they may be pleased with it, and that they may earn what they are earning.
115Shall I then seek a judge other than Allah, when He it is Who has sent down to you the Book fully explained. And those whom We have given the Book know that it is revealed by thy Lord with truth, so be not thou of the disputers.
116And the word of thy Lord has been accomplished truly and justly. There is none who can change His words; and He is the Hearer, the Knower.
117And if thou obey most of those in the earth, they will lead thee astray from Allah’s way. They follow naught but conjecture, and they only lie.
118Surely thy Lord -- He knows best who goes astray from His way, and He knows best the guided ones.
119Eat, then, of that on which Allah’s name has been mentioned, if you are believers in His messages.
120And what reason have you that you should not eat of that on which Allah’s name is mentioned, when He has already made plain to you what He has forbidden to you -- excepting that which you are compelled to. And surely many lead (people) astray by their low desires through ignorance. Surely thy Lord -- He best knows the transgressors.
121And avoid open sins and secret ones. Surely they who earn sin will be rewarded for what they have earned.
122And eat not of that on which Allah’s name has not been mentioned, and that is surely a transgression. And certainly the devils inspire their friends to contend with you; and if you obey them, you will surely be polytheists.
123Is he who was dead, then We raised him to life and made for him a light by which he walks among the people, like him whose likeness is that of one in darkness whence he cannot come forth? Thus their doings are made fair-seeming to the disbelievers.
124And thus have We made in every town the leaders of its guilty ones, that they may make plans therein. And they plan not but against themselves, and they perceive not.
125And when a message comes to them they say: We will not believe till we are given the like of that which Allah’s messengers are given. Allah best knows where to place His message. Humiliation from Allah and severe chastisement will surely befall the guilty for their planning.
126So whomsoever Allah intends to guide, He expands his breast for Islam, and whomsoever He intends to leave in error, he makes his breast strait (and) narrow as though he were ascending upwards. Thus does Allah lay uncleanness on those who believe not.
127And this is the path of thy Lord, (a) straight (path). Indeed We have made the messages clear for a people who mind.
128Theirs is the abode of peace with their Lord, and He is their Friend because of what they do.
129And on the day when He will gather them all together: O assembly of jinn, you took away a great part of men. And their friends from among men will say: Our Lord, some of us profited by others and we have reached our appointed term which Thou didst appoint for us. He will say: The Fire is your abode -- you shall abide therein, except as Allah please. Surely thy Lord is Wise, Knowing.
130And thus do We make some of the iniquitous to befriend others on account of what they earn.
131O community of jinn and men, did there not come to you messengers from among you, relating to you My messages and warning you of the meeting of this day of yours? They will say: We bear witness against ourselves. And this world’s life deceived them, and they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers.
132This is because thy Lord would not destroy towns unjustly while their people are negligent.
133And for all are degrees according to their doings. And thy Lord is not heedless of what they do.
134And thy Lord is the Self-sufficient One, the Lord of mercy. If He please, He may remove you, and make whom He pleases successors after you, even as He raised you up from the seed of other people.
135Surely that which you are promised will come to pass, and you cannot escape (it).
136Say: O my people, act according to your ability, I too am acting; so you will soon come to know for whom is the (good) end of the abode. Surely the wrongdoers will not succeed.
137And they set apart a portion for Allah out of what He has created of tilth and cattle, and say: This is for Allah -- so they assert -- and this for our associate-gods. Then that which is for their associate-gods reaches not Allah, and that which is for Allah reaches their associate-gods. Evil is what they judge.
138And thus their associate-gods have made fair-seeming to many polytheists the killing of the children, that they may cause them to perish and obscure for them their religion. And if Allah had pleased, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with that which they forge.
139And they say: Such and such cattle and crops are prohibited -- none shall eat them except such as we please -- so they assert -- and cattle whose backs are forbidden, and cattle on which they would not mention Allah’s name -- forging a lie against Him. He will requite them for what they forge.
140And they say: That which is in the wombs of such and such cattle is reserved for our males, and forbidden to our wives, and if it be stillborn, they are partners in it. He will reward them for their (false) attribution. Surely He is Wise, Knowing.
141They are losers indeed who kill their children foolishly without knowledge, and forbid that which Allah has provided for them, forging a lie against Allah. They indeed go astray, and are not guided.
142And He it is Who produces gardens, trellised and untrellised, and palms and seed-produce of which the fruits are of various sorts, and olives and pomegranates, like and unlike. Eat of its fruit when it bears fruit, and pay the due of it on the day of its reaping, and be not prodigal. Surely He loves not the prodigals;
143And of the cattle (He has created) some for burden and some for slaughter. Eat of that which Allah has given you and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Surely he is your open enemy --
144Eight in pairs -- of the sheep two and of the goats two. Say: Has He forbidden the two males or the two females or that which the wombs of the two females contain? Inform me with knowledge, if you are truthful;
145And of the camels two and of the cows two. Say: Has He forbidden the two males or the two females or that which the wombs of the two females contain? Or were you witnesses when Allah enjoined you this? Who is then more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah to lead men astray without knowledge? Surely Allah guides not the iniquitous people.
146Say, I find not in that which is revealed to me aught forbidden for an eater to eat thereof, except that it be what dies of itself, or blood poured forth, or flesh of swine -- for that surely is unclean -- or what is a transgression, other than (the name of) Allah having been invoked on it. But whoever is driven to necessity, not desiring nor exceeding the limit, then surely thy Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
147And to those who are Jews We forbade every animal having claws and of oxen and sheep We forbade them the fat thereof, except such as was on their backs or the entrails or what was mixed with bones. This was a punishment We gave them on account of their rebellion, and We are surely truthful.
148But if they give thee the lie, then say: Your Lord is the Lord of all-encompassing mercy; and His punishment cannot be averted from the guilty people.
149Those who are polytheists say: If Allah pleased we would not have set up (aught with Him) nor our fathers, nor would have made anything unlawful. Thus did those before them reject (the truth) until they tasted Our punishment. Say: Have you any knowledge so you would bring it forth to us? You only follow a conjecture and you only tell lies.
150Say: Then Allah’s is the conclusive argument; so if He had pleased, He would have guided you all.
151Say: Bring your witnesses who bear witness that Allah forbade this. If they bear witness, then do not thou bear witness with them. And follow not the low desires of those who reject Our messages and those who believe not in the Hereafter, and they make (others) equal with their Lord.
152Say: Come! I will recite what your Lord has forbidden to you: Associate naught with Him and do good to parents and slay not your children for (fear of ) poverty -- We will provide for you and for them -- and draw not nigh to indecencies, open or secret, and kill not the soul which Allah has made sacred except in the course of justice. This He enjoins upon you that you may understand.
153And approach not the property of the orphan except in the best manner, until he attains his maturity. And give full measure and weight with equity -- We impose not on any soul a duty except to the extent of its ability. And when you speak, be just, though it be (against) a relative. And fulfil Allah’s covenant. This He enjoins on you that you may be mindful;
154And (know) that this is My path, the right one, so follow it, and follow not (other) ways, for they will lead you away from His way. This He enjoins on you that you may keep your duty.
155Again, We gave the Book to Moses to complete (Our blessings) on him who would do good, and making plain all things and a guidance and a mercy, so that they might believe in the meeting with their Lord.
156And this is a Book We have revealed, full of blessings; so follow it and keep your duty that mercy may be shown to you,
157Lest you should say that the Book was revealed only to two parties before us and we were truly unaware of what they read,
158Or, lest you should say: If the Book had been revealed to us, we would have been better guided than they. So indeed there has come to you clear proof from your Lord, and guidance and mercy. Who is then more unjust than he who rejects Allah’s messages and turns away from them? We reward those who turn away from Our messages with an evil chastisement because they turned away.
159They wait not aught but that the angels should come to them, or that thy Lord should come, or that some of the signs of thy Lord should come. On the day when some of the signs of thy Lord come, its faith will not profit a soul which believed not before, nor earned good through its faith. Say: Wait; we too are waiting.
160As for those who split up their religion and became sects, thou hast no concern with them. Their affair is only with Allah, then He will inform them of what they did.
161Whoever brings a good deed will have tenfold like it, and whoever brings an evil deed, will be recompensed only with the like of it, and they shall not be wronged.
162Say: As for me, my Lord has guided me to the right path -- a right religion, the faith of Abraham, the upright one, and he was not of the polytheists.
163Say: My prayer and my sacrifice and my life and my death are surely for Allah, the Lord of the worlds --
164No associate has He. And this am I commanded, and I am the first of those who submit.
165Say: Shall I seek a Lord other than Allah, while He is the Lord of all things? And no soul earns (evil) but against itself. Nor does a bearer of burden bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, so He will inform you of that in which you differed.
Chapter 7 (Sura 7)
1And He it is Who has made you successors in the land and exalted some of you in rank above others, that He may try you by what He has given you. Surely thy Lord is Quick in requiting (evil), and He is surely the Forgiving, the Merciful.
2I, Allah, am the best Knower, the Truthful.
3A Book revealed to thee -- so let there be no straitness in thy breast concerning it -- that thou mayest warn thereby, and a Reminder to the believers.
4Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord and follow not besides Him any guardians; little do you mind!
5And how many a town have We destroyed! So Our punishment came to it by night or while they slept at midday.
6Yet their cry, when Our punishment came to them, was nothing but that they said: Surely we were wrongdoers.
7Then certainly We shall question those to whom messengers were sent, and We shall question the messengers,
8Then surely We shall relate to them with knowledge, and We are never absent.
9And the judging on that day will be just; so as for those whose good deeds are heavy, they are the successful.
10And as for those whose good deeds are light, those are they who ruined their souls because they disbelieved in Our messages.
11And certainly We established you in the earth and made therein means of livelihood for you; little it is that you give thanks!
12And We indeed created you, then We fashioned you, then We said to the angels: Make submission to Adam. So they submitted, except Iblis; he was not of those who submitted.
13He said: What hindered thee that thou didst not submit when I commanded thee? He said: I am better than he; thou hast created me of fire while him Thou didst create of dust.
14He said: Then get forth from this (state), for it is not for thee to behave proudly therein. Go forth, therefore, surely thou art of the abject ones.
15He said: Respite me till the day when they are raised.
16He said: Thou art surely of the respited ones.
17He said: As Thou hast adjudged me to be erring, I will certainly lie in wait for them in Thy straight path,
18Then I shall certainly come upon them from before them and from behind them, and from their right and from their left; and Thou wilt not find most of them thankful.
19He said: Get out of it, despised, driven away. Whoever of them will follow thee, I will certainly fill hell with you all.
20And (We said): O Adam, dwell thou and thy wife in the garden, so eat from whence you desire, but go not near this tree, lest you become of the unjust.
21But the devil made an evil suggestion to them that he might make manifest to them that which had been hidden from them of their shame, and he said: Your Lord has forbidden you this tree, lest you become angels or become of the immortals.
22And he swore to them both: Surely I am a sincere adviser to you --
23Thus he caused them to fall by deceit. So when they had tasted of the tree, their shame became manifest to them, and they both began to cover themselves with the leaves of the garden. And their Lord called to them: Did I not forbid you that tree, and say to you that the devil is surely your open enemy?
24They said: Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves; and if Thou forgive us not, and have (not) mercy on us, we shall certainly be of the losers.
25He said: Go forth -- some of you, the enemies of others. And there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time.
26He said: Therein shall you live, and therein shall you die, and there-from shall you be raised.
27O children of Adam, We have indeed sent down to you clothing to cover your shame, and (clothing) for beauty; and clothing that guards against evil -- that is the best. This is of the messages of Allah that they may be mindful.
28O children of Adam, let not the devil seduce you, as he expelled your parents from the garden, pulling off from their clothing that he might show them their shame. He surely sees you, he as well as his host, from whence you see them not. Surely We have made the devils to be the friends of those who believe not.
29And when they commit an indecency they say: We found our fathers doing this, and Allah has enjoined it on us. Say: Surely Allah enjoins not indecency. Do you say of Allah what you know not?
30Say: My Lord enjoins justice. And set upright your faces at every time of prayer and call on Him, being sincere to Him in obedience. As He brought you into being, so shall you return.
31A party has He guided, and another party -- perdition is justly their due. Surely they took the devils for friends instead of Allah, and they think that they are rightly guided.
32O children of Adam, attend to your adornment at every time of prayer, and eat and drink and be not prodigal; surely He loves not the prodigals.
33Say: Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah, which He has brought forth for His servants, and the good provisions? Say: These are for the believers in the life of this world, purely (theirs) on the Resurrection day. Thus do We make the messages clear for a people who know.
34Say: My Lord forbids only indecencies, such of them as are apparent and such as are concealed, and sin and unjust rebellion, and that you associate with Allah that for which he has sent down no authority, and that you say of Allah what you know not.
35And every nation has a term; so when its term comes, they cannot remain behind the least while, nor can they precede (it).
36O children of Adam, if messengers come to you from among you relating to you My messages, then whosoever guards against evil and acts aright -- they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
37And those who reject Our messages and turn away from them haughtily -- these are the companions of the Fire; they shall abide in it.
38Who is then more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah or rejects His messages? These -- their portion of the Book shall reach them; until when Our messengers come to them causing them to die, they say: Where is that which you used to call upon besides Allah? They would say: They are gone away from us. And they shall bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers.
39He will say: Enter into the Fire among the nations that have passed away before you from among the jinn and men. Every time a nation enters it curses its sister; until when they all follow one another into it, the last of them will say with regard to the first of them: Our Lord, these led us astray, so give them a double chastisement of the Fire. He will say: Each one has double but you know not.
40And the first of them will say to the last of them: You have no preference over us, so taste the chastisement for what you earned.
41Those who react Our messages and turn away from them haughtily, the doors of heaven will not be opened for them, nor will they enter the Garden until the camel pass through the eye of the needle. And thus do We reward the guilty.
42They shall have a bed of hell and over them coverings (of it). And thus do We requite the wrongdoers.
43And as for those who believe and do good -- We impose not on any soul a duty beyond its scope -- they are the owners of the Garden; therein they abide.
44And We shall remove whatever of ill-feeling is in their hearts -- rivers flow beneath them. And they say: All praise is due to Allah, Who guided us to this! And we would not have found the way if Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord brought the truth. And it will be cried out to them: This is the Garden which you are made to inherit for what you did.
45And the owners of the Garden call out to the companions of the Fire: We have found that which our Lord promised us to be true; have you, too, found that which your Lord promised to be true? They will say: Yes. Then a crier will cry out among them: The curse of Allah is on the wrongdoers.
46Who hinder (men) from Allah’s way and seek to make it crooked, and they are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
47And between them is a veil. And on the Elevated Places are men who know all by their marks. And they call out to the owners of the Garden: Peace be to you! They have not yet entered it, though they hope.
48And when their eyes are turned towards the companions of the Fire, they say: Our Lord, place us not with the unjust people.
49And the owners of the Elevated Places call out to men whom they recognize by their marks, saying: Of no avail were to you your amassings and your arrogance.
50Are these they about whom you swore that Allah would not bestow mercy on them? Enter the Garden; you have no fear, nor shall you grieve.
51And the companions on the Fire call out to the owners of the Garden: Pour on us some water or some of that which Allah has provided for you. They say: surely Allah has forbidden them both to the disbelievers,
52Who take their religion for an idle sport and a play, and this world’s life deceives them. So this day We shall forsake them, as they neglected the meetings of this day of theirs, and as they denied Our messages.
53And certainly We have brought them a Book which We make clear with knowledge, a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
54Do they wait for aught but its final sequel? On the day when its final sequel comes, those who neglected it before will say: Indeed the messengers of our Lord brought the truth. Are there any intercessors on our behalf so that they should intercede for us? Or could we be sent back so that we should do (deeds) other than those which we did? Indeed they have lost their souls, and that which they forged has failed them.
55Surely your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods, and He is established on the Throne of Power. He makes the night cover the day, which it pursues incessantly. And (He created) the sun and the moon and the stars, made subservient by His command. Surely His is the creation and the command. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the worlds!
56Call on your Lord humbly and in secret. Surely He loves not the transgressors.
57And make not mischief in the earth after its reformation, and call on Him, fearing and hoping. Surely the mercy of Allah is nigh to the doers of good.
58And He it is Who sends for the winds bearing good news before His mercy; till, when they bear a laden cloud, We drive it to a dead land, then We send down water on it, then bring forth thereby fruits of all kinds. Thus do We bring forth the dead that you may be mindful.
59And the good land -- its vegetation comes forth (abundantly) by the permission of its Lord. And that which is inferior -- (its herbage) comes forth but scantily. Thus do We repeat the messages for a people who give thanks.
60Certainly We sent Noah to his people, so he said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no god other than Him. Indeed I fear for you the chastisement of a grievous day.
61The chiefs of his people said: Surely we see thee in clear error.
62He said: O my people, there is no error in me, but I am a messenger from the Lord of the worlds.
63I deliver to you the messages of my Lord, and I offer you good advice, and I know from Allah what you know not.
64Do you wonder that a reminder has come to your from your Lord through a man from among you, that he may warn you and that you may guard against evil, and that mercy may be shown to you?
65But they called him a liar, so We delivered him and those with him in the ark, and We drowned those who rejected Our messages. Surely they were a blind people!
66And to ‘Ad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no god other than Him. Will you not then guard against evil?
67The chiefs of those who disbelieved from among his people said: Certainly we see thee in folly, and we certainly think thee to be of the liars.
68He said: O my people, there is no folly in me, but I am a messenger of the Lord of the worlds.
69I deliver to you the messages of my Lord and I am a faithful adviser.
70Do you wonder that a reminder has come to you from your Lord through a man from among you that he may warn you? And remember when He made you successors after Noah’s people and increased you in excellence of make. So remember the bounties of Allah, that you may be successful.
71They said: Hast thou come to us that we may serve Allah alone and give up that which our fathers used to serve? Then bring to us what thou threatenest us with, if thou are of the truthful.
72He said: Indeed uncleanness and wrath from your Lord have lighted upon you. Do you dispute with me about names which you and your fathers have named? Allah has not sent any authority for them. Wait, then; I too with you am of those who wait.
73So We delivered him and those with him by mercy from Us, and We cut off the roots of those who rejected Our messages and were not believers.
74And to Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no god other than Him. Clear proof has indeed come to you from your Lord. This is Allah’s she-camel -- a sign for you -- so leave her alone to pasture in Allah’s earth, and do her no harm, lest painful chastisement overtake you.
75And remember when He made you successors after ‘Ad and settled you in the land -- you make mansions on its plains and hew out houses in the mountains. So remember Allah’s bounties and act not corruptly in the land, making mischief.
76The arrogant chiefs of his people said to those who were weak, to those who believed from among them: Do you know that Salih is one sent by his Lord? They said: Surely we are believers in that wherewith he has been sent.
77Those who were haughty said: Surely we are disbelievers in that which you believe.
78Then they hamstrung the she-camel and revolted against their Lord’s commandment, and said: O Salih, bring us that with which thou threatenest us, if thou art of the messengers.
79So the earthquake seized them, and they were motionless bodies in their abodes.
80So he turned away from them and said: O my people, I delivered to you the message of my Lord and gave you good advice, but you love not good advisers.
81And (We sent) Lot, when he said to his people: Do you commit an abomination which no one in the world did before you?
82Surely you come to males with lust instead of females. Nay, you are a people exceeding bounds.
83And the answer of his people was no other than that they said: Turn them out of your town; surely they are a people who aspire to purity!
84So We delivered him and his followers, except his wife -- she was of those who remained behind.
85And We rained upon them a rain. See, then, what was the end of the guilty!
86And to Midian (We sent) their brother Shuaib. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no god other than Him. Clear proof indeed has come to you from your Lord, so give full measure and weight and diminish not to men their things and make not mischief in the land after its reform. This is better for you, if you are believers.
87And lie not in wait on every road, threatening and turning away from Allah’s way him who believes in Him and seeking to make it crooked. And remember when you were few, then He multiplied you, and see what was the end of the mischief-makers!
88And if there is a party of you who believe in that wherewith I am sent and another party who believe not, then wait patiently till Allah judges between us; and He is the Best of Judges.
89The arrogant chiefs of his people said: We will certainly turn thee out, O Shuaib and those who believe with thee from our town, or you shall come back to our religion. He said: Even though we dislike (it)?
90Indeed we should have forged a lie against Allah, if we go back to your religion after Allah has delivered us from it. And it is not for us to go back to it, unless Allah our Lord please. Our Lord comprehends all things in His knowledge. In Allah do we trust. Our Lord, decide between us and our people with truth, and Thou art the Best of Deciders.
91And the chiefs of his people, who disbelieved, said: If you follow Shuaib, you are surely losers.
92So the earthquake overtook them, and they were motionless bodies in their abode --
93Those who called Shuaib a liar were as though they had never dwelt therein -- those who called Shuaib a liar, they were the losers.
94So he turned away from them and said: O my people, indeed I delivered to you the messages of my Lord and I gave you good advice; how, then, should I be sorry for a disbelieving people?
95And We did not send a prophet to a town but We seized its people with distress and affliction that they might humble themselves.
96Then We changed the evil for the good, till they became affluent and said: Distress and happiness did indeed touch our fathers. So We took them by surprise while they perceived not.
97And if the people of the towns had believed and kept their duty, We would certainly have opened for them blessings from he heavens and the earth. But they rejected, so We seized them for what they earned.
98Are the people of the towns, then, secure from Our punishment coming to them by night while they sleep?
99Or, are the people of the towns secure from Our punishment coming to them in the morning while they play?
100Are they secure from Allah’s plan? But none feels secure from Allah’s plan except the people who perish.
101Is it not clear to those who inherit the earth after its (former) residents that, if We please, We would afflict them for their sins, and seal their hearts so they would not hear?
102Such were the towns some of whose news We have related to thee. And certainly their messengers came to them with clear arguments, but they would not believe what they had rejected before. Thus does Allah seal the hearts of the disbelievers.
103And We found not in most of them (faithfulness to) covenant; and We found most of them to be transgressors.
104Then, after them, We sent Moses with Our messages to Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they disbelieved them. See, then, what was the end of the mischief-makers!
105And Moses said: O Pharaoh, surely I am a messenger from the Lord of the worlds,
106Worthy of not saying anything about Allah except the truth. I have come to you indeed with clear proof from your Lord, so let the Children of Israel go with me.
107He said: If thou hast come with a sign, produce it, if thou are truthful.
108So he threw his rod, then lo! it was a serpent manifest,
109And he drew forth his hand, and lo! it was white to the beholders.
110The chiefs of Pharaoh’s people said: Surely this is a skilful enchanter!
111He intends to turn you out of your land. What do you advise?
112They said: Put him off and his brother, and send summoners into the cities,
113To bring to thee every skilful enchanter.
114And the enchanters came to Pharaoh, saying: We must surely have a reward if we prevail.
115He said: Yes, and you shall certainly be of those who are near (to me).
116They said: O Moses, wilt thou cast, or shall we (be the first to) cast?
117He said: Cast. So when they cast, they deceived the people’s eyes and overawed them, and they produced a mighty enchantment.
118And We revealed to Moses: Cast thy rod. Then lo! it swallowed up their lies.
119So the truth was established, and that which they did became null.
120There they were vanquished, and they went back abased.
121And the enchanters fell down prostrate --
122They said: We believe in the Lord of the worlds,
123The Lord of Moses and Aaron.
124Pharaoh said: You believe in Him before I give you permission! Surely this is a plot which you have plotted in the city, to turn out of it its people, but you shall know!
125I shall certainly cut off your hands and your feet on opposites sides, then I shall crucify you all together!
126They said: surely to our Lord do we turn.
127And thou takest revenge on us only because we believed in the messages of our Lord when they came to us. Our Lord, pour out on us patience and cause us to die in submission (to Thee)!
128And the chiefs of Pharaoh’s people said: Wilt thou leave Moses and his people to make mischief in the land and forsake thee and thy gods? He said: We will slay their sons and spare their women, and surely we are dominant over them.
129Moses said to his people: Ask help from Allah and be patient. Surely the land is Allah’s -- He gives it for an inheritance to such of His servants as He pleases. And the end is for those who keep their duty.
130They said: We were persecuted before thou camest to us and since thou hast come to us. He said: It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you rulers in the land, then He will see how you act.
131And certainly We overtook Pharaoh’s people with droughts and diminution of fruits that they might be mindful.
132But when good befell them they said: This is due to us. And when evil afflicted them, they attributed it to the ill-luck of Moses and those with him. Surely their evil fortune is only from Allah, but most of them know not.
133And they said: Whatever sign thou mayest bring to us to charm us therewith -- we shall not believe in thee.
134So We sent upon them widespread death, and the locusts and the lice and the frogs and the blood -- clear signs. But they behaved haughtily and they were a guilty people.
135And when the plague fell upon them, they said: O Moses, pray for us to thy Lord as He has made promise with thee. If thou remove the plague from us, we will certainly believe in thee and will let the Children of Israel go with thee.
136But when We removed the plague from them till a term which they should attain, lo! they broke (their promise).
137So We exacted retribution from them and drowned them in the sea, because they rejected Our signs and were heedless of them.
138And We made the people who were deemed weak to inherit the eastern lands and the western ones which We had blessed. And the good word of thy Lord was fulfilled in the Children of Israel -- because of their patience. And We destroyed what Pharaoh and his people had wrought and what they had built.
139And We took the Children of Israel across the sea. Then they came to a people who were devoted to their idols. They said: O Moses, make for us a god as they have gods. He said: Surely you are an ignorant people!
140(As to) these, that wherein they are engaged shall be destroyed and that which they do is vain.
141He said: Shall I seek for you a god other than Allah, while He has made you excel (all) created things?
142And when We delivered you from Pharaoh’s people, who subjected you to severe torment, killing your sons and sparing your women. And therein was a great trial from your Lord.
143And We appointed for Moses thirty nights, and completed them with ten, so the appointed time of his Lord was complete forty nights. And Moses said to his brother Aaron: Take my place among my people, and act well and follow not the way of the mischief-makers.
144And when Moses came at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said: My Lord, show me (Thyself) so that I may look at Thee. He said: Thou canst not see Me; but look at the mountain; if it remains firm in its place, then wilt thou see Me. So when his Lord manifested His glory to the mountain, He made it crumble and Moses fell down in a swoon. Then when he recovered, he said: Glory be to Thee! I turn to Thee, and I am the first of the believers.
145He said: O Moses, surely I have chosen thee above the people by My messages and My words. So take hold of what I give thee and be of the grateful.
146And We ordained for him in the tablets admonition of every kind and clear explanation of all things. So take hold of them with firmness and enjoin thy people to take hold of what is best thereof. I shall show you the abode of the transgressors.
147I shall turn away from My messages those who are unjustly proud in the earth. And if they see every sign, they will not believe in it; and if they see the way of rectitude, they take it not for a way; and if they see the way of error, they take it for a way. This is because they reject Our messages and are heedless of them.
148And those who reject Our messages and the meeting of the Hereafter -- their deeds are fruitless. Can they be rewarded except for what they do?
149And Moses’ people made of their ornaments a calf after him -- a (lifeless) body, having a lowing sound. Could they not see that it spoke not to them, nor guided them in the way? They took it (for worship) and they were unjust.
150And when they repented and saw that they had gone astray, they said: If our Lord have not mercy on us and forgive us, we shall certainly be of the losers.
151And when Moses returned to his people, wrathful, grieved, he said: Evil is that which you have done after me! Did you hasten on the judgment of your Lord? And he threw down the tablets and seized his brother by the head, dragging him towards him. He said: Son of my mother, the people reckoned me weak an had well-nigh slain me. So make not the enemies to rejoice over me and count me not among the unjust people.
152He said: My Lord, forgive me and my brother, and admit us to Thy mercy, and Thou art the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.
153Those who took the calf (for a god) -- wrath from their Lord, and disgrace in this world’s life, will surely overtake them. And thus do We recompense those who invent lies.
154And those who do evil deeds, then repent after that and believe -- thy Lord after that is surely Forgiving, Merciful.
155And when Moses’ anger calmed down, he took up the tablets; and in the writing thereof was guidance and mercy for those who fear their Lord.
156And Moses chose of his people seventy men for Our appointment. So when the earthquake overtook them, he said: My Lord, if Thou hadst pleased, Thou hadst destroyed them before and myself (too). Wilt Thou destroy us for that which the foolish among us have done? It is naught but Thy trial. Thou causest to perish thereby whom Thou pleasest and guidest whom Thou pleasest. Thou art our Protector, so forgive us and have mercy on us, and Thou art the Best of those who forgive.
157And ordain for us good in this world’s life and in the Hereafter for surely we turn to Thee. He said: I afflict with My chastisement whom I please, and My mercy encompasses all things. So I ordain it for those who keep their duty and pay the poor-rate, and those who believe in Our messages --
158Those who follow the Messenger-Prophet, the Ummi, whom they find mentioned in the Torah and the Gospel. He enjoins them good and forbids them evil, and makes lawful to them the good things and prohibits for them impure things and removes from them their burden and the shackles which were on them. So those who believe in him and honour him and help him, and follow the light which has been sent down with him -- these are the successful.
159Say: O mankind, surely I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, of Him, Whose is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. There is no god but He; He gives life and causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Ummi Prophet who believes in Allah and His words, and follow him so that you may be guided aright.
160And of Moses’ people is a party who guide with truth, and therewith they do justice.
161And We divided them into twelve tribes, as nations. And We revealed to Moses when his people asked him for water: Strike the rock with thy staff; so out flowed from it twelve springs. Each tribe knew its drinking-place. And We made the clouds to give shade over them and We sent to them manna and quails. Eat of the good things We have given you. And they did not do Us any harm, but they wronged themselves.
162And when it was said to them: Dwell in this town and eat from it whence you wish, and make petition for forgiveness, and enter the gate submissively, We shall forgive you your wrongs. We shall give more to the doers of good.
163But those who were unjust among them changed it for a word other than that which they were told, so We sent upon them a pestilence from heaven for their wrongdoing.
164And ask them about the town which stood by the sea. When they violated the Sabbath, when their fish came to them on their Sabbath day on the surface, and when it was not their Sabbath they came not to them. Thus did We try them because they transgressed.
165And when a party of them said: Why preach you to a people whom Allah would destroy or whom He would chastise with a severe chastisement? They said: To be free from blame before your Lord, and that haply they may guard against evil.
166So when they neglected that whereof they had been reminded, We delivered those who forbade evil and We overtook those who were iniquitous with an evil chastisement because they transgressed.
167So when they revoltingly persisted in that which they had been forbidden, We said to them: Be (as) apes, despised and hated.
168And when thy Lord declared that He would send against them to the day of Resurrection those who would subject them to severe torment. Surely thy Lord is Quick in requiting; and surely He is Forgiving, Merciful.
169And We divided them in the earth into parties -- some of them are righteous and some of them are otherwise. And We tried them with blessings and misfortunes that they might turn.
170Then after them came an evil posterity who inherited the Book, taking the trail goods of this low life and saying: It will be forgiven us. And if the like good came to them, they would take it (too). Was not a promise taken from them in the Book that they would not speak anything about Allah but the truth? And they study what is in it. And the abode of the Hereafter is better for those who keep their duty. Do you not then understand?
171And as for those who hold fast by the Book and keep up prayer -- surely We waste not the reward of the reformers.
172And when We shook the mountain over them as if it were a covering, and they thought that it was going to fall down upon them: Hold on firmly that which We have given you, and be mindful of that which is in it, so that you may guard against evil.
173And when thy Lord brought forth from the children of Adam, from their loins, their descendants, and made them bear witness about themselves: Am I not your Lord? They said: Yes; we bear witness. Lest you should say on the day of Resurrection: We were unaware of this,
174Or (lest) you should say: Only our fathers ascribed partners (to Allah) before (us), and we were (their) descendants after them. Wilt Thou destroy us for what liars did?
175And thus do We make the messages clear, and that haply they may return.
176And recite to them the news of him to whom We give Our messages, but he withdraws himself from them, so the devil follows him up, and he is of those who perish.
177And if We had pleased, We would have exalted him thereby; but he clings to the earth and follows his low desire. His parable is as the parable of the dog -- if thou drive him away, he lolls out his tongue, and if thou leave him alone, he lolls out his tongue. Such is the parable of the people who reject Our messages. So relate the narrative that they may reflect.
178Evil is the likeness of the people who reject Our messages and wrong their own souls.
179He whom Allah guides is on the right way; and he whom He leaves in error -- they are the losers.
180And certainly We have created for hell many of the jinn and the men -- they have hearts wherewith they understand not, and they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not. They are as cattle; nay, they are more astray. These are heedless ones.
181And Allah’s are the best names, so call on Him thereby and leave alone those who violate the sanctity of His names. They will be recompensed for what they do.
182And of those whom We have created is a community who guide with the truth and therewith do justice.
183And those who reject Our messages -- We lead them (to destruction) step by step from whence they know not.
184And I grant them respite. Surely My scheme is effective.
185Do they not reflect (that) there is no madness in their companion? He is only a plain warner.
186Do they not consider the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what things Allah has created, and that it may be that their doom has drawn nigh? In what announcement after this will they then believe.
187Whomsoever Allah leaves in error, there is no guide for him. And He leaves them alone in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on.
188They ask thee about the Hour, when will it come to pass? Say: The knowledge thereof is with my Lord only. None but He will manifest it at its time. It is momentous in the heavens and the earth. It will not come to you but of a sudden. They ask thee as if thou wert solicitous about it. Say: Its knowledge is with Allah only, but most people know not.
189Say: I control not benefit or harm for myself except as Allah please. And had I known the unseen, I should have much of good, and no evil would touch me. I am but a warner and the giver of good news to a people who believe.
190He it is Who created you from a single soul, and of the same did He make his mate, that he might find comfort in her. So when he covers her she bears a light burden, then moves about with it. Then when it grows heavy, they both call upon Allah, their Lord: If Thou givest us a good one, we shall certainly be of the grateful.
191But when He gives them a good one, they set up with Him associates in that which He has given them. High is Allah above what they associate (with Him).
192Do they associate (with Him) that which has created naught, while they are themselves created?
193And they cannot give them help, nor can they help themselves.
194And if you invite them to guidance, they will not follow you. It is the same to you whether you invite them or you are silent.
195Those whom you call on besides Allah are slaves like yourselves; so call on them, then let them answer you, if you are truthful.
196Have they feet with which they walk, or have they hands with which they hold, or have they eyes with which they see, or have they ears with which they hear? Say: Call upon your associate-gods then plot against me and give me no respite.
197Surely my Friend is Allah, Who revealed the Book, and He befriends the righteous.
198And those whom you call upon besides Him are not able to help you, nor can they help themselves.
199And if you invite them to guidance, they hear not; and thou seest them looking towards thee, yet they see not.
200Take to forgiveness and enjoin good and turn away from the ignorant.
201And if a false imputation from the devil afflict thee, seek refuge in Allah. Surely He is Hearing, Knowing.
202Those who guard against evil, when a visitation from the devil afflicts them, they become mindful, then lo! they see.
203And their brethren increase them in error, then they cease not.
204And when thou bringest them not a sign, they say: Why dost thou not demand it? Say: I follow only that which is revealed to me from my Lord. These are clear proofs from your Lord and a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
205And when the Qur’an is recited, listen to it and remain silent, that mercy may be shown to you.
206And remember thy Lord within thyself humbly and fearing, and in a voice not loud, in the morning and the evening, and be not of the heedless.
Chapter 8 (Sura 8)
1Surely those who are with thy Lord are not too proud to serve Him, and they glorify Him and prostrate themselves before Him.
2They ask thee about voluntary gifts. Say: Voluntary gifts are for Allah and the Messenger. So keep your duty to Allah and set aright your differences, and obey Allah and His Messenger, if you are believers.
3They only are believers whose hearts are full of fear when Allah is mentioned, and when his messages are recited to them they increase them in faith, and in their Lord do they trust,
4Those who keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them.
5These are the believers in truth. For them are with their Lord exalted grades and protection and an honourable sustenance.
6Even as thy Lord caused thee to go forth from thy house with truth, though a party of the believers were surely averse,
7Disputing with thee about the truth after it had become clear -- as if they were being driven to death while they saw (it).
8And when Allah promised you one of the two parties that it should be yours, and you loved that the one not armed should be yours, and Allah desired to establish the Truth by His words, and to cut off the root of the disbelievers --
9That He might cause the Truth to triumph and bring the falsehood to naught, though the guilty disliked.
10When you sought the aid of your Lord, so He answered you: I will assist you with a thousand of the angels following one another.
11And Allah gave it only as good news, and that your hearts might be at ease thereby. And victory is only from Allah; surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
12When He made slumber fall on you as a security from Him, and sent down upon you water from the clouds that He might thereby purify you, and take away from you the uncleanness of the devil, and that He might fortify your hearts and make firm (your) feet thereby.
13When thy Lord revealed to the angels: I am with you, so make firm those who believe. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. So smite above the necks and smite every finger-tip of them.
14This is because they opposed Allah and His Messenger. And whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger -- then surely Allah is Severe in requiting.
15This -- taste it, and (know) that for the disbelievers is the chastisement of the Fire.
16O you who believe, when you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, turn not your backs to them.
17And whoso turns his back to them on that day -- unless manoeuvring for battle turning to join a company -- he, indeed, incurs Allah’s wrath and his refuge is hell. And an evil destination it is.
18So you slew them not but Allah slew them, and thou smotest not when thou didst smite (the enemy), but Allah smote (him), and that He might confer upon the believers a benefit from Himself. Surely Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
19This -- and (know) that Allah will weaken the struggle of the disbelievers.
20If you sought a judgment, the judgment has indeed come to you; and if you desist, it is better for you. And if you return (to fight), We (too) shall return and your forces will avail you nothing, though they may be many; and (know) that Allah is with the believers.
21O you who believe, obey Allah and His Messenger and turn not away from Him while you hear.
22And be not like those who say, We hear; and they hear not.
23Surely the vilest of beasts, in Allah’s sight, are the deaf, the dumb, who understand not.
24And if Allah had known any good in them, He would have made them hear. And if He makes them hear, they would turn away while they are averse.
25O you who believe, respond to Allah and His Messenger, when he calls you to that which gives you life. And know that Allah comes in between a man and his heart, and that to Him you will be gathered.
26And guard yourselves against an affliction which may not smite those of you exclusively who are unjust; and know that Allah is Severe in requiting.
27And remember when you were few, deemed weak in the land, fearing lest people should carry you off by force, He sheltered you and strengthened you with his help, and gave you of the good things that you might give thanks.
28O you who believe, be not unfaithful to Allah and the Messenger, nor be unfaithful to your trusts, while you know.
29And know that your wealth and your children are a temptation, and Allah is He with Whom there is a mighty reward.
30O you who believe, if you keep your duty to Allah, He will grant you a distinction and do away with your evils and protect you. And Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.
31And when those who disbelieved devised plans against thee that they might confine thee or slay thee or drive thee away -- and they devised plans and Allah, too, had arranged a plan; and Allah is the best of planners.
32And when our messages are recited to them, they say: We have heard. If we wished, we could say the like of it; this is nothing but the stories of the ancients.
33And when they said: O Allah, if this is indeed the truth from Thee, then rain down on us stones from heaven or inflict on us a painful chastisement.
34And Allah would not chastise them while thou wast among them; nor would Allah chastise them while they seek forgiveness.
35And what excuse have they that Allah should not chastise them while they hinder (men) from the Sacred Mosque and they are not its (true) guardians? Its guardians are only those who keep their duty, but most of them know not.
36And their prayer at the House is nothing but whistling and clapping of hands. Taste, then, the chastisement, because you disbelieved.
37Surely those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (people) from the way of Allah. So they will go on spending it, then it will be to them a regret, then they will be overcome. And those who disbelieve will be gathered together to hell,
38That Allah may separate the wicked from the good, and put the wicked one upon another, then heap them together, then cast them into hell. These indeed are the losers.
39Say to those who disbelieve, if they desist, that which is past will be forgiven them; and if they return, then the example of those of old has already gone.
40And fight with them until there is no more persecution, and all religions are for Allah. But if they desist, then surely Allah is Seer of what they do.
41And if they turn back, then know that Allah is your Patron. Most excellent the Patron and most excellent the Helper!
42And know that whatever you acquire in war, a fifth of it is for Allah and for the Messenger and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, if you believe in Allah and in that which We revealed to Our servant, on the day of Discrimination, the day on which the two parties met. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
43When you were on the nearer side (of the valley) and they were on the farther side, while the caravan was in a lower place than you. And if you had tried to make a mutual appointment, you would certainly have broken away from the appointment, but -- in order that Allah might bring about a matter which had to be done; that he who perished by clear argument might perish, and he who lived by clear argument might live. And surely Allah is Hearing, Knowing:
44When Allah showed them to thee in thy dream as few -- and if He had shown them to thee as many, you would certainly have become weak-hearted and you would have disputed about the matter, but Allah saved (you). Surely He is Knower of what is in the breasts.
45And when He showed them to you, when you met, as few in your eyes, and He made you to appear few in their eyes, in order that Allah might bring about a matter which had to be done. And to Allah are all affairs returned.
46O you who believe, when you meet an army, be firm, and remember Allah much, that you may be successful.
47And obey Allah and His Messenger and dispute not one with another, lest you get weak-hearted and your power depart; and be steadfast. Surely Allah is with the steadfast.
48And be not like those who came forth from their homes exultingly and to be seen of men, and they hinder (people) from he way of Allah. And Allah encompasses what they do.
49And when the devil made their works fair-seeming to them, and said: None among men can overcome you this day, and I am your protector. But when the two armies came in sight of one another, he turned upon his heels, and said: Surely I am clear of you, I see what you see not; surely I fear Allah. And Allah is Severe in requiting.
50And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease said: Their religion has deluded them. And whoever trusts in Allah, then surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
51And if thou couldst see when the angels cause to die those who disbelieve, smiting their faces and their backs, and (saying): Taste the punishment of burning.
52This is for that which your own hands have sent on before, and because Allah is not in the least unjust to the servants --
53In the manner of the people of Pharaoh and those before them, they disbelieved in Allah’s messages, so Allah punished them for their sins. Surely Allah is Strong, Severe in requiting.
54This is because Allah never changes a favour which He has conferred upon a people until they change their own condition -- and because Allah is Hearing, Knowing --
55In the manner of the people of Pharaoh, and those before them. They rejected the messages of their Lord, so We destroyed them for their sins. And We drowned Pharaoh’s people and they were all wrongdoers.
56Surely the vilest of beasts in Allah’s sight are those who disbelieve, then they would not believe.
57Those with whom thou makest an agreement, then they break their agreement every time, and they keep not their duty.
58So if thou overtake them in war, scatter by them those who are behind them, that they may be mindful.
59And if thou fear treachery on the part of a people, throw back to them (their treaty) on terms of equality. Surely Allah loves not the treacherous.
60And let not those who disbelieve think that they can outstrip (Us). Surely they cannot escape.
61And make ready for them whatever force you can and horses tied at the frontier, to frighten thereby the enemy of Allah and your enemy and others besides them, whom you know not -- Allah knows them. And whatever you spend in Allah’s way, it will be paid back to you fully and you will not be wronged.
62And if they incline to peace, include thou also to it, and trust in Allah. Surely he is the Hearer, the Knower.
63And if they intend to deceive thee, then surely Allah is sufficient for thee. He it is Who strengthened thee with His help and with the believers,
64And He has united their hearts. If thou hadst spent all that is in the earth, thou couldst not have united their hearts, but Allah united them. Surely he is Mighty, Wise.
65O Prophet, Allah is sufficient for thee and those who follow thee of the believers.
66O Prophet, urge the believers to fight. If there be of you twenty steadfast, they shall overcome two hundred; and if there be of you a hundred, they shall overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they are a people who do not understand.
67Now Allah has lightened your burden and He knows that there is weakness in you. So if there be of you a hundred steadfast, they shall overcome two hundred; and if there be of you a thousand, they shall overcome two thousand by Allah’s permission. And Allah is with the steadfast.
68It is not fit for a prophet to take captives unless he has fought and triumphed in the land. You desire the frail goods of this world, while Allah desires (for you) the Hereafter. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.
69Were it not for an ordinance from Allah that had gone before, surely there would have befallen you a great chastisement for what you were going to do.
70Eat then of the lawful and good (things) which you have acquired in war, and keep your duty to Allah. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
71O Prophet, say to those of the captives who are in your hands: If Allah knows anything good in your hearts, He will give you better than that which has been taken from you, and will forgive you. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
72And if they intend to be treacherous to thee, so indeed they have been treacherous to Allah before, but He gave (you) mastery over them. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
73Surely those who believed and fled (their homes) and struggled hard in Allah’s way with their wealth and their lives, and those who gave shelter and helped -- these are friends one of another. And those who believed and did not flee, you are not responsible for their protection until they flee. And if they seek help from you in the matter of religion, it is your duty to help (them) except against a people between whom and you there is a treaty. And Allah is Seer of what you do.
74And those who disbelieve are friends one of another. If you do it not, there will be persecution in the land and great mischief.
75And those who believed and fled and struggled hard in Allah’s way, and those who gave shelter and helped -- these are the believers truly. For them is forgiveness and an honourable provision.
Chapter 9 (Sura 9)
1And those who believed afterwards and fled and struggled hard along with you, they are of you. And the relatives are nearer one to another in ordinance of Allah. Surely Allah is Knower of all things
2A declaration of immunity from Allah and His Messenger to those of the Idolaters with whom you made an agreement.
3So go about in the land for four months and know that you cannot escape Allah and that Allah will disgrace the disbelievers.
4And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allah is free from liability to the idolaters, and so is His Messenger. So if you repent, it will be better for you; and if you turn away, then know that you will not escape Allah. And announce painful chastisement to those who disbelieve --
5Except those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement, then they have not failed you in anything and have not backed up any one against you; so fulfil their agreement to the end of their term. Surely Allah loves those who keep their duty.
6So when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters, wherever you find them, and take them captive and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush. But if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, leave their way free. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
7And if anyone of the idolaters seek thy protection, protect him till he hears the word of Allah, then convey him to his place of safety. This is because they are a people who know not.
8How can there be an agreement for the idolaters with Allah and with his Messenger, except those with whom you made an agreement at the Sacred Mosque? So as long as they are true to you, be true to them. Surely Allah loves those who keep their duty.
9How (can it be)? And if they prevail against you, they respect neither ties of relationship nor covenant in your case. They would please you with their mouths while their hearts refuse; and most of them are transgressors.
10They have taken a small price for the messages of Allah, so they hinder (men) from His way. Surely evil is that which they do.
11They respect neither ties of relationship nor covenant, in the case of a believer. And these are they who go beyond the limits.
12But if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, they are your brethren in faith. And We make the messages clear for a people who know.
13And if they break their oaths after their agreement and revile your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief -- surely their oaths are nothing -- so that they may desist.
14Will you not fight a people who broke their oaths and aimed at the expulsion of the Messenger, and they attacked you first? Do you fear them? But Allah has more right than you should fear Him, if you are believers.
15Fight them; Allah will chastise them at your hands and bring them to disgrace, and assist you against them and relieve the hearts of a believing people,
16And remove the rage of their hearts. And Allah turns (mercifully) to whom He pleases. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
17Do you think that you would be left alone while Allah has not yet known those of you who struggle hard and take not anyone as an intimate friend besides Allah and His Messenger and the believers? And Allah is Aware of what you do.
18The idolaters have no right to maintain the mosques of Allah, while bearing witness to disbelief against themselves. These it is whose works are vain; and in the Fire will they abide.
19Only he can maintain the mosques of Allah who believes in Allah and the Last Day, and keeps up prayer and pays the poor-rate and fears none but Allah. So these it is who may be of the guided ones.
20Do you hold the giving of drink to the pilgrims and the maintenance of the Sacred Mosque equal to (the service of) one who believes in Allah and the Last Day and strives hard in Allah’s way? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. And Allah guides not the iniquitous people.
21Those who believed and fled (their homes), and strove hard in Allah’s way with their wealth and their lives, are much higher in rank with Allah. And it is these that shall triumph.
22Their Lord gives them good news of mercy and pleasure, from Himself, and Gardens wherein lasting blessings will be theirs,
23Abiding therein for ever. Surely Allah has a mighty reward with Him.
24O you who believe, take not your fathers and your brothers for friends if they love disbelief above faith. And whoever of you takes them for friends, such are the wrongdoers.
25Say: If your fathers and your sons and your brethren and your wives and your kinsfolk and the wealth you have acquired, and trade whose dullness you fear, and dwellings you love, are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His way, then wait till Allah brings His command to pass. And Allah guides not the transgressing people.
26Certainly Allah helped you in many battlefields, and on the day of Hunain, when your great numbers made you proud, but they availed you nothing, and the earth with all its spaciousness was straitened for you, then you turned back retreating.
27Then Allah sent down His calm upon His Messenger and upon the believers, and sent hosts which you saw not, and chastised those who disbelieved. And such is the reward of the disbelievers.
28Then will Allah after this turn mercifully to whom He pleases. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
29O you who believe, the idolaters are surely unclean, so they shall not approach the Sacred Mosque after this year of theirs. And if you fear poverty, then Allah will enrich you out of His grace, if He please. Surely Allah is Knowing, Wise.
30Fight those who believe not in Allah, nor in the Last Day, nor forbid that which Allah and His Messenger have forbidden, nor follow the Religion of Truth, out of those who have been given the Book, until they pay the tax in acknowledgment of superiority and they are in a state of subjection.
31And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah; and the Christians say: The messiah is the son of Allah. These are the words of their mouths. They imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before. Allah’s curse be on them! How they are turned away!
32They take their doctors of law and their monks for Lords besides Allah, and (also) the Messiah, son of Mary. And they were enjoined that they should serve one God only -- there is no god but He. Be He glorified from what they set up (with Him)!
33They desire to put out the light of Allah with their mouths, and Allah will allow nothing save the perfection of His light, though the disbelievers are averse.
34He it is Who sent His Messenger with guidance and the Religion of Truth, that He may cause it to prevail over all religions, though the polytheists are averse.
35O you who believe, surely many of the doctors of law and the monks eat away the property of men falsely, and hinder (them) from Allah’s way. And those who hoard up gold an silver and spend it not in Allah’s way -- announce to them a painful chastisement,
36On the day when it will be heated in the Fire of hell, then their foreheads and their sides and their backs will be branded with it: This is what you hoarded up for yourselves, so taste what you used to hoard.
37Surely the number of months with Allah is twelve months by Allah’s ordinance, since the day when He created the heavens and the earth -- of these four are sacred. That is the right religion; so wrong not yourselves therein. And fight the polytheists all together as they fight you all together. And know that Allah is with those who keep their duty.
38Postponing (of the sacred month) is only an addition in disbelief, whereby those who disbelieve are led astray. They allow it one year and forbid it (another) year, that they may agree in the number (of months) which Allah has made sacred, and thus make lawful what Allah has forbidden. The evil of their doings is made fair-seeming to them. And Allah guides not the disbelieving people.
39O you who believe, what (excuse) have you that when it is said to you, Go forth in Allah’s way, you should incline heavily to earth? Are you contented with this world’s life instead of the Hereafter? The provision of this world’s life is but little as compared with the Hereafter.
40If you go not forth, He will chastise you with a painful chastisement, and bring in your place a people other than you, and you can do Him no harm. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
41If you help him not, Allah certainly helped him when those who disbelieved expelled him -- he being the second of the two when they were both in the cave, when he said to his companion: Grieve not, surely Allah is with us. So Allah sent down His tranquillity on him and strengthened him with hosts which you saw not, and made lowest the word of those who disbelieved. And the word of Allah, that is the uppermost. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.
42Go forth, light and heavy, and strive hard in Allah’s way with your wealth and your lives. This is better for you, if you know.
43Had it been a near gain and a short journey, they would certainly have followed thee, but the hard journey was too long for them. And they will swear by Allah: If we had been able, we would have gone forth with you. They cause their own souls to perish; and Allah knows that they are liars.
44Allah pardon thee! Why didst thou permit them until those who spoke the truth had become manifest to thee and thou hadst known the liars?
45Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day ask not leave of thee (to stay away) from striving hard with their wealth and their persons. And Allah is Knower of those who keep their duty.
46They alone ask leave of thee who believe not in Allah and the Last Day, and their hearts are in doubt, so in their doubt they waver.
47And if they had intended to go forth, they would certainly have provided equipment for it; but Allah did not like their going forth. So He withheld them, and it was said: Hold back with those who hold back.
48Had they gone forth with you, they would have added to you naught but trouble, and would have hurried to and fro among you seeking (to sow) dissension among you. And among you there are those who would listen to them. And Allah well knows the wrongdoers.
49Certainly they sought (to sow) dissension before, and they devised plots against thee till the Truth came, and Allah’s command prevailed, though they did not like (it).
50And among them is he who says: Excuse me and try me not. Surely into trial have they already fallen, and truly hell encompasses the disbelievers.
51If good befalls thee, it grieves them; and if hardship afflicts thee, they say: Indeed we had taken care of our affair before. And they turn away rejoicing.
52Say: Nothing will afflict us save that which Allah has ordained for us. He is our Patron; and on Allah let the believers rely.
53Say: Do you await for us but one of two most excellent things? And we await for you that Allah will afflict you with chastisement from Himself or by our hands. So wait; we too are waiting with you.
54Say: spend willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you. Surely you are a transgressing people.
55And nothing hinders their contributions being accepted from them, except that they disbelieve in Allah and in His Messenger and they come not to prayer except as lazy people, and they spend not but while they are reluctant.
56Let not then their wealth nor their children excite thine admiration. Allah only wishes to chastise them therewith in this world’s life and (that) their souls may depart while they are disbelievers.
57And they swear by Allah that they are truly of you. And they are not of you, but they are a people who are afraid.
58If they could find a refuge or caves or a place to enter, they would certainly have turned thereto, running away in all haste.
59And of them are those who blame thee in the matter of the alms. So if they are given thereof, they are pleased, and if they are not given thereof, lo! they are enraged.
60And if they were content with that which Allah and His Messenger gave them, and had said: Allah is sufficient for us; Allah will soon give us (more) out of His grace and His Messenger too: surely to Allah we make petition.
61(Zakat) charity is only for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer it, and those whose hearts are made to incline (to truth), and (to free) the captives, and those in debt, and in the way of Allah and for the wayfarer -- an ordinance from Allah. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
62And of them are those who molest the Prophet and say, He is (all) ear. Say: A hearer of good for you -- he believes the faithful, and is a mercy for those of you who believe. And those who molest the Messenger of Allah, for them is a painful chastisement.
63They swear by Allah to you to please you; and Allah -- as well as His Messenger -- has a greater right that they should please Him, if they are believers.
64Know they not that whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger, for him is the Fire of hell to abide in it? That is the grievous abasement.
65The hypocrites fear lest a chapter should be sent down concerning them, telling them plainly of what is in their hearts. Say: Go on mocking, surely Allah will bring to light what you fear.
66And if thou ask them, they would certainly say: We were only talking idly and sporting. Say: Was it Allah and His messages and His Messenger that you mocked?
67Make no excuse, you disbelieved after your believing. If We pardon party of you, We shall chastise a party, because they are guilty.
68The hypocrites, men and women, are all alike. They enjoin evil and forbid good and withhold their hands. They have forsaken Allah, so He has forsaken them. Surely the hypocrites are the transgressors.
69Allah promises the hypocrites, men and women, and the disbelievers the Fire of hell to abide therein. It is enough for them. And Allah curses them, and for them is a lasting chastisement.
70Like those before you -- they were stronger than you in power and had more wealth and children. So they enjoyed their portion; thus have you enjoyed your portion as those before you enjoyed their portion, and you indulge in idle talk as they did. These are they whose works are null in this world and the Hereafter, and these are they who are the losers.
71Has not the story reached them of those before them -- of the people of Noah and ‘Ad and Thamud, and the people of Abraham and the dwellers of Midian and the overthrown cities? Their messengers came to them with clear arguments. So Allah wronged them not but they wronged themselves.
72And the believers, men and women, are friends one of another. They enjoin good and forbid evil and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and obey Allah and His Messenger. As for these, Allah will have mercy on them. Surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
73Allah has promised to the believers, men and women, Gardens, wherein flow rivers, to abide therein, and goodly dwellings in Gardens of perpetual abode. And greatest of all is Allah’s goodly pleasure. That is the grand achievement.
74O Prophet, strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites and be firm against them. And their abode is hell, and evil is the destination.
75They swear by Allah that they said nothing. And certainly they did speak the word of disbelief, and disbelieved after their Islam, and they purposed that which they could not attain. And they sought revenge only because Allah -- as well as His Messenger -- had enriched them out of His grace. So if they repent, it will be good for them; and if they turn away, Allah will chastise them with a painful chastisement in this world and the Hereafter; and they shall have in the earth neither a friend nor a helper.
76And of them are those who made a covenant with Allah: If He give us out of His grace, we will certainly give alms and be of the righteous.
77But when He gave them out of His grace, they became niggardly of it and they turned away and they are averse.
78So He requited them with hypocrisy in their hearts till the day when they meet Him, because they broke their promise with Allah and because they lied.
79Know they not that Allah knows their hidden thoughts and their secret counsels, and that Allah is the great Knower of the unseen things?
80Those who taunt the free givers of alms among the believers as well as those who cannot find anything (to give) but with their hard labour -- they scoff at them. Allah will pay them back their mockery; and for them is a painful chastisement.
81Ask forgiveness for them or ask not forgiveness for them. Even if thou ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will not forgive them. This is because they disbelieve in Allah and His Messenger. And Allah guides not the transgressing people.
82Those who were left behind were glad on account of their sitting behind Allah’s Messenger, and they were averse to striving in Allah’s way with their property and their persons, and said: Go not forth in the heat. Say: The Fire of hell is fiercer in heat. If only they could understand!
83Then let them laugh a little and weep much -- a recompense for what they earned.
84So if Allah bring thee back to a party of them, then they ask thy permission to go forth, say: Never shall you go forth with me and never shall you fight an enemy with me. You chose to sit (at home) the first time; so sit (now) with those who remain behind.
85And never offer prayer for any one of them who dies, nor stand by his grave. Surely they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and they died in transgression
86And let not their wealth and their children excite thy admiration. Allah only intends to chastise them thereby in this world, and (that) their souls may depart while they are disbelievers.
87And when a chapter is revealed, saying, Believe in Allah and strive hard along with his Messenger, the wealthy among them ask permission of thee and say: Leave us (behind), that we may be with those who sit (at home).
88They prefer to be with those who remain behind, and their hearts are sealed so they understand not.
89But the Messenger and those who believe with him strive hard with their property and their persons. And these it is for whom are the good things and these it is who are successful.
90Allah has prepared for them Gardens wherein flow rivers, to abide therein. That is the great achievement.
91And the defaulters from among the dwellers of the desert came that permission might be given to them, and they sat (at home) who lied to Allah and His Messenger. A painful chastisement will afflict those of them who disbelieve.
92No blame lies on the weak, nor on the sick, nor on those who can find nothing to spend if they are sincere to Allah and His Messenger. There is no way (to blame) against the doers of good. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful --
93Nor on those to whom, when they came to thee that thou shouldst mount them, thou didst say: I cannot find that on which to mount you. They went back while their eyes overflowed with tears of grief that they could not find aught to spend.
94The way (to blame) is only against those who ask permission of thee, though they are rich. They have chosen to be with those who remained behind; and Allah has sealed their hearts, so they know not.
95They will make excuses to you when you return to them. Say: Make no excuse, we shall not believe you; Allah has informed us of matters relating to you. And Allah and His Messenger will now see your actions, then you will be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, then He will inform you of what you did.
96They will swear by Allah to you, when you return to them, so that you may leave them alone. So leave them alone. Surely they are unclean and their refuge is hell -- a recompense for what they earned.
97They will swear to you that you may be pleased with them. But if you are pleased with them, yet surely Allah is not pleased with the transgressing people.
98The dwellers of the desert are hardest in disbelief and hypocrisy, and most disposed not to know the limits of what Allah has revealed to His Messenger. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
99And of the dwellers of the desert are those who take what they spend to be a fine, and they wait for an evil turn of fortune for you. On them is the evil turn. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
100And of the desert Arabs are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and consider what they spend and the prayers of the Messenger, as bringing them nearer to Allah. Surely they bring them nearer (to Allah); Allah will bring them into His mercy. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
101And the foremost, the first of the Emigrants and the Helpers, and those who followed them in goodness -- Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them Gardens wherein flow rivers, abiding therein for ever. That is the mighty achievement.
102And of those around you of the desert Arabs, there are hypocrites; and of the people of Madinah (also) -- they persist in hypocrisy. Thou knowest them not; We know them. We will chastise them twice, then they will be turned back to a grievous chastisement.
103And others have acknowledged their faults -- they mixed a good deed with another that was evil. It may be that Allah will turn to them (mercifully). Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
104Take alms out of their property -- thou wouldst cleanse them and purify them thereby -- and pray for them. Surely thy prayer is a relief to them. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
105Know they not that Allah is He Who accepts repentance from His servants and takes the alms, and that Allah -- He is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful?
106And say, Work; so Allah will see you work and (so will) His Messenger and the believers. And you will be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, then He will inform you of what you did.
107And others are made to await Allah’s command, whether He chastise them or turn to them (mercifully). And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
108And those who built a mosque to cause harm (to Islam) and (to help) disbelief, and to cause disunion among the believers, and a refuge for him who made war against Allah and His Messenger before. And they will certainly swear: We desired naught but good. And Allah bears witness that they are certainly liars.
109Never stand in it. Certainly a Mosque founded on observance of duty from the first day is more deserving that thou shouldst stand in it. In it are men who love to purify themselves. And Allah loves those who purify themselves.
110Is he, then, who lays his foundation on duty to Allah and (His) good pleasure better, or he who lays his foundation on the edge of a cracking hollowed bank, so it broke down with him into the Fire of hell? And Allah guides not the unjust people.
111The building which they have built will ever continue to be a source of disquiet in their hearts, unless their hearts be torn to pieces. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
112Surely Allah has bought from the believers their persons and their property -- theirs (in return) is the Garden. They fight in Allah’s way, so they slay and are slain. It is a promise which is binding on Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Qur’an. And who is more faithful to his promise than Allah? Rejoice therefore in your bargain which you have made. And that is the mighty achievement.
113They who turn (to Allah), who serve (Him), who praise (Him), who fast, who bow down, who prostrate themselves, who enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and who keep the limits of Allah -- and give good news to the believers.
114It is not for the Prophet and those who believe to ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even though they should be near relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of the flaming fire.
115And Abraham’s asking forgiveness for his sire was only owing to a promise which he had made to him; but when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Surely Abraham was tender-hearted, forbearing.
116And it is not (attributable to) Allah that He should lead a people astray after He has guided them, so far so that He makes clear to them what they should guard against. Surely Allah is Knower of all things.
117Surely Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He gives life and causes death. And besides Allah you have no friend nor helper.
118Certainly Allah has turned in mercy to the Prophet and the Emigrants and the Helpers who followed him in the hour of hardship, after the hearts of a part of them were about to deviate; then He turned to them in mercy. Surely to them He is Compassionate, Merciful;
119And (He turned in mercy) to the three who were left behind; until the earth, vast as it is, became strait to them and their souls were also straitened to them; and they knew that there was no refuge from Allah but in Him. Then He turned to them in mercy that they might turn (to Him). Surely Allah -- He is the Oft-returning to mercy, the Merciful.
120O you who believe, keep your duty to Allah and be with the truthful.
121It was not proper for the people of Madinah and those round about them of the desert Arabs to remain behind the Messenger of Allah, nor to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because there afflicts them neither thirst nor fatigue nor hunger in Allah’s way, nor tread they a path which enrages the disbelievers, nor cause they any harm to an enemy, but a good work is written down for them on account of it. Surely Allah wastes not the reward of the doers of good.
122Nor spend they any thing, small or great, nor do they traverse a valley but it is written down for them, that Allah may reward them for the best of what they did.
123And the believers should not go forth all together. Why, then, does not a company from every party from among them go forth that they may apply themselves to obtain understanding in religion, and that they may warn their people, when they come back to them, that they may be cautious?
124O you who believe, fight those of the disbelievers who are near to you and let them find firmness in you. And know that Allah is with those who keep their duty.
125And whenever a chapter is revealed, there are some of them who say: Which of you has it strengthened in faith? So as for those who believe, it strengthens them in faith and they rejoice.
126And as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it adds uncleanness to their uncleanness, and they die while they are disbelievers.
127See they not that they are tried once or twice in every year, yet they repent not, nor do they mind.
128And whenever a chapter is revealed, they look one at another: Does any one see you? Then they turn away. Allah has turned away their hearts because they are a people who understand not.
129Certainly a Messenger has come to you from among yourselves; grievous to him is your falling into distress, most solicitous for you, to the believers (he is) compassionate, merciful.
Chapter 10 (Sura 10)
1But if they turn away, say: Allah is sufficient for me -- there is no god but He. On Him do I rely, and He is the Lord of the mighty Throne.
2I, Allah, am the Seer. These are the verses of the Book, full of wisdom.
3Is it a wonder to the people what We have revealed to a man from among themselves: Warn the people and give good news to those who believe that for them is advancement in excellence with their Lord? The disbelievers say: This is surely a manifest enchanter.
4Surely your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods, and He is established on the Throne of Power regulating the Affair. There is no intercessor except after His permission. This is Allah, your Lord, therefore serve Him. Will you not mind?
5To Him is your return, of all (of you). It is the promise of Allah (made) in truth. Surely He produces the first creation, then He reproduces it, that He may reward with equity those who believe and do good. And as for those who disbelieve, for them is a drink of hot water and a painful chastisement because they disbelieved.
6He it is Who made the sun a shining brightness, and the moon a light, and ordained for it stages that you might know the computation of years and the reckoning. Allah created not this but with truth. He makes the signs manifest for a people who know.
7Surely in the variation of the night and the day, and that which Allah has created in the heavens and the earth, there are signs for a people who keep their duty.
8Those who expect not the meeting with us, and are pleased with this world’s life and are satisfied with it, and those who are heedless of Our communications --
9These, their abode is the Fire because of what they earned.
10Those who believe and do good, their Lord guides them by their faith; rivers will flow beneath them in Gardens of bliss.
11Their cry therein will be, Glory to Thee, O Allah! and their greeting, Peace! And the last of their cry will be: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!
12And if Allah were to hasten for men the (consequences of) evil, as they would hasten on the good, their doom would certainly have been decreed for them. But We leave those alone, who have no hope of meeting with Us, in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on.
13And when affliction touches a man, he calls on Us, whether lying on his side or sitting or standing; but, when We remove his affliction from him, he passes on as though he had never called on Us on account of an affliction that touched him. Thus is what they do, made fair-seeming to the extravagant.
14And certainly We destroyed generations before you when they did wrong, and their messengers came to them with clear arguments, yet they would not believe. Thus do We recompense the guilty people.
15Then We made you rulers in the land after them, so that We might see how you act.
16And when Our clear messages are recited to them, those who have no hope of meeting with Us say: Bring a Qur’an other than this or change it. Say: It is not for me to change it of my accord. I follow naught but what is revealed to me. Indeed I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the chastisement of a grievous day.
17Say: If Allah had desired, I would not have recited it to you, nor would He have made it known to you. I have lived among you a lifetime before it. Do you not then understand?
18Who is then more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah or gives the lie to His messages? Surely the guilty never succeed.
19And they serve besides Allah that which can neither harm them nor profit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allah. Say: Would you inform Allah of what He knows not in the heavens and the earth? Glory be to Him, and supremely exalted is He above what they set up (with Him)!
20And (all) people are but a single nation, then they disagree. And had not a word already gone forth from thy Lord, the matter would have certainly been decided between them in respect of that wherein they disagree.
21And they say: Why is not a sign sent to him from his Lord? Say: The unseen is only for Allah, so wait; surely I too with you am of those who wait.
22And when We make people taste of mercy after an affliction touches, lo! they devise plans against Our messages. Say: Allah is quicker to plan. Surely Our messengers write down what you plan.
23He it is Who makes you travel by land and sea; until, when you are in the ships, and they sail on with them in a pleasant breeze, and they rejoice at it, a violent wind overtakes them and the billows surge in on them from all sides, and they deem that they are encompassed about. Then they pray to Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience: If Thou deliver us from this, we will certainly be of the grateful ones.
24But when He delivers them, lo! they are unjustly rebellious in the earth. O men, your rebellion is against yourselves -- a provision (only) of this world’s life. Then to Us is your return, so We shall inform you of what you did.
25The likeness of this world’s life is only as water which We send down from the clouds, then the herbage of the earth, of which men and cattle eat, grows luxuriantly thereby; until when the earth puts on its golden raiment and it becomes adorned, and its people think that they are masters of it, Our command comes to it, by night or by day, so We render it as reaped seed-produce, as though it had not flourished yesterday. Thus do We make clear the messages for a people who reflect.
26And Allah invites to the abode of peace, and guides whom He pleases to the right path.
27For those who do good is good (reward) and more (than this). Neither blackness nor ignominy will cover their faces. These are the owners of the Garden; therein they will abide.
28And those who earn evil, the punishment of an evil is the like thereof, and abasement will cover them -- they will have none to protect them from Allah -- as if their faces had been covered with slices of the dense darkness of night. These are the companions of the Fire; therein they will abide.
29And on the day when We gather them all together, then We shall say to those who associated others (with Allah): Keep where you are, you and your associate-gods. Then We shall separate them one from another, and their associates will say: It was not us that you served.
30So Allah suffices as a witness between us and you that we were quite unaware of your serving (us).
31There will every soul become acquainted with what it sent before, and they will be brought back to Allah, their true Patron, and that which they devised will escape from them.
32Say: Who gives you sustenance from the heaven and the earth, or who controls the hearing and the sight, and who brings forth the living from the dead, and brings for the dead from the living? And who regulates the affair? They will say: Allah. Say then: Will you not then guard against evil?
33Such then is Allah, your true Lord. And what is there after the truth but error? How then are you turned away!
34Thus does the word of thy Lord prove true against those who transgress that they believe not.
35Say: Is there anyone among your associate-gods who produces the first creation, then reproduces it? Say: Allah produces the first creation, then He reproduces it. How are you then turned away!
36Say: Is there any of your associate-gods who guides to the Truth? Say: Allah guides to the Truth. Is He then Who guides to the Truth more worthy to be followed, or he who finds not the way unless he is guided? What is matter with you? How do you judge?
37And most of them follow naught but conjecture. Surely conjecture will not avail aught against the Truth. Truly Allah is Knower of what they do.
38And this Qur’an is not such as could be forged by those besides Allah, but it is a verification of that which is before it and a clear explanation of the Book, there is no doubt in it, from the Lord of the worlds.
39Or say they: He has forged it? Say: Then bring a chapter like it, and invite whom you can besides Allah, if you are truthful.
40Nay, they reject that, whose knowledge they cannot compass and whose final sequel has not yet come to them. Even thus did those before them reject; then see what was the end of the wrongdoers.
41And of them is he who believes in it, and of them is he who believes not in it. And thy Lord best knows the mischief-makers.
42And if they reject thee, say: My work is for me and your work for you. You are clear of what I do and I am clear of what you do.
43And of them are some who listen to thee. But canst thou make the deaf to hear, though they will not understand?
44And of them are some who look at thee. But canst thou show the way to the blind, though they will not see?
45Surely Allah wrongs not men in aught, but men wrong themselves.
46And on the day when He will gather them, as though they had not stayed but an hour of the day, they will recognize one another. They perish indeed who reject the meeting with Allah, and they follow not the right way.
47And if We show thee something of that which We promise them, or cause thee to die, yet to Us is their return, and Allah is Witness to what they do.
48And for every nation there is a messenger. So when their messenger comes, the matter is decided between them with justice, and they are not wronged.
49And they say: When will this promise be fulfilled, if you are truthful?
50Say: I control not for myself any harm, or any benefit, except what Allah pleases. Every nation has a term. When their term comes, they cannot put it off an hour, nor can they bring it before (its time).
51Say: Do you see if His chastisement overtakes you by night or by day? What then is there of it that the guilty would hasten?
52And when it comes to pass, will you believe in it? What! now! and you hastened it on.
53Then will it be said to those who were unjust: Taste abiding chastisement; you are not requited except for what you earned.
54And they ask thee: Is that true? Say: Aye, by my Lord! it is surely the Truth, and you will not escape.
55And if every soul that has done injustice had all that is in the earth, it would offer it for ransom. And they will manifest regret when they see the chastisement. And it will be decided between them with justice, and they will not be wronged.
56Now surely whatever is in the heavens and the earth is Allah’s. Now surely Allah’s promise is true, but most of them know not.
57He gives life and causes death, and to Him you will be returned.
58O men, there has come to you indeed an admonition from your Lord and a healing for what is in the breasts; and a guidance and a mercy for the believers.
59Say: In the grace of Allah and in His mercy, in that they should rejoice. It is better than that which they hoard.
60Say: See you what Allah has sent down for you of sustenance, then you make (a part) of it unlawful and (a part) lawful. Say: Has Allah commanded you or do you forge a lie against Allah?
61And what think those who forge lies against Allah of the day of Resurrection? Surely Allah is Bountiful to men, but most of them give not thanks.
62And thou art not (engaged) in any affair and thou recitest not concerning it any portion of the Qur’an, and you do no work, but We are Witness of you when you are engaged therein. And not the weight of an atom in the earth or in the heaven is hidden from thy Lord, nor anything less than that nor greater, but it is (all) in a clear book.
63Now surely the friends of Allah, they have no fear nor do they grieve --
64Those who believe and keep their duty.
65For them is good news in this world’s life and in the Hereafter. There is no changing the words of Allah. That is the mighty achievement.
66And let not their speech grieve thee. Surely might belongs wholly to Allah. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
67Now, surely, whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is Allahs. And what do follow those who call on associates besides Allah? They follow naught but conjecture, and they only lie.
68He it is Who made for you the night that you might rest therein and the day giving light. Surely in this are signs for a people who hear.
69They say: Allah has taken a son (to Himself). Glory be to Him! He is the Self-sufficient. His is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. You have no authority for this. Say you against Allah what you know not?
70Say: Those who forge a lie against Allah will not succeed.
71A little enjoyment in this world, then to Us is their return, then We shall make them taste severe chastisement because they disbelieved.
72And recite to them the story of Noah, when he said to his people: O my people, if my staying (here) and my reminding (you) by the messages of Allah is hard on you, on Allah do I rely; so decide upon your course of action and (gather) your associates. Then let not your course of action be dubious to you, so have it executed against me and give me no respite.
73But if you turn back, I ask for no reward from you. My reward is only with Allah, and I am commanded to be of those who submit.
74But they rejected him, so We delivered him and those with him in the ark, and We made them rulers and drowned those who rejected Our messages. See, then, what was the end of those who were warned.
75Then, after him We sent messengers to their people. They came to them with clear arguments, but they would not believe what they had rejected before. Thus do We seal the hearts of those who exceed the limits.
76Then after them We sent Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh and his chiefs with Our signs, but they were arrogant, and they were a guilty people.
77So when the truth came to them from Us, they said: This is surely clear enchantment!
78Moses said: Say you (this) of the truth when it has come to you? Is it enchantment? And the enchanters never succeed.
79They said: Hast thou come to us to turn us away from that which we found our fathers following, and (that) greatness in the land may be for you two? And we are not going to believe in you.
80And Pharaoh said: Bring to me every skilful enchanter.
81So when the enchanters came. Moses said to them: Cast what you are going to cast.
82So when they had cast down, Moses said: What you have brought is deception. Surely Allah will make it naught. Surely Allah allows not the work of mischief-makers to thrive.
83And Allah will establish the truth by his words, though the guilty be averse.
84But, on account of the fear of Pharaoh and their chiefs persecuting them, none believed in Moses except a few of his people. And Pharaoh was truly high-handed in the land; and surely he was extravagant.
85And Moses said: O my people, if you believe in Allah, then rely on Him if you submit (to Him).
86They said: On Allah we rely; our Lord, make us not a trial for the unjust people.
87And deliver us by Thy mercy from the disbelieving people.
88And We revealed to Moses and His brother: Take for your people houses to abide in Egypt and make your houses places of worship and keep up prayer. And give good news to the believers.
89And Moses said: Our Lord, surely Thou has given Pharaoh and his chiefs finery and riches in this worlds’ life, our Lord, that they may lead (people) astray from Thy way. Our Lord, destroy their riches and harden their hearts, so that they believe not till they see the painful chastisement.
90He said: Your prayer is accepted; so continue in the right way and follow not the path of those who know not.
91And We brought the Children of Israel across the sea. Then Pharaoh and his hosts followed them for oppression and tyranny, till, when drowning overtook him, he said: I believe that there is no god but He in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of those who submit.
92What! Now! And indeed before (this) thou didst disobey and thou wast of the mischief-makers!
93But this day We shall save thee in thy body that thou mayest be a sign to those after thee. And surely most of the people are heedless of Our signs.
94And certainly We lodged the Children of Israel in a goodly abode and provided them with good things. Then they differed not till the knowledge came to them. Surely thy Lord will judge between them on the day of Resurrection concerning that in which they differed.
95But if thou art in doubt as to that which We have revealed to thee, ask those who read the Book before thee. Certainly the Truth has come to thee from thy Lord, so be not thou of the doubters.
96And be not of those who reject the messages of Allah, (for) then thou wilt be of the losers.
97Surely those against whom the word of thy Lord has proved true will not believe,
98Though every sign should come to them, till they see the painful chastisement.
99And why was there not a town which believed, so that their belief should have profited them, but the people of Jonah? When they believed, We removed from them the chastisement of disgrace in this world’s life, and We gave them provision for a while.
100And if thy Lord had pleased, all those who are in the earth would have believed, all of them. Wilt thou then force men till they are believers?
101And it is not for any soul to believe except by Allah’s permission. And he casts uncleanness on those who will not understand.
102Say: Behold what is in the heavens and the earth! And signs and warners avail not a people who believe not.
103What do they wait for then, but the like of the days of those who passed away before them? Say: Wait then: I, too, am with you of those who wait.
104Then We deliver Our messengers and those who believe -- even so (now); it is binding on Us to deliver the believers.
105Say: O people, if you are in doubt as to my religion, (know that) I serve not those whom you serve besides Allah, but I serve Allah, Who causes you to die; and I am commanded to be of the believers,
106And that thou set thy purpose towards the Religion uprightly; and be not of the polytheists.
107And call not besides Allah on that which can neither benefit thee nor harm thee; for if thou dost, thou shalt then be of the unjust.
108And if Allah afflicts thee with harm, there is none to remove it but He; and if He intends good to thee, there is none to repel His grace. He brings it to whom He pleases of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
109Say: O people, the Truth has indeed come to you from your Lord; so whoever goes aright, goes aright only for the good of his own soul; and whoever errs, errs only against it. And I am not a custodian over you.
Chapter 11 (Sura 11)
1And follow what is revealed to thee and be patient till Allah give judgment, and He is the Best of the judges.
2I, Allah, am the Seer. A Book, whose verses are characterized by wisdom, then they are made plain, from One Wise, Aware:
3That you should serve none but Allah. Surely I am to you from Him a warner and a giver of good news.
4And ask forgiveness of your Lord, then turn to Him. He will provide you with a goodly provision to an appointed term, and will bestow His grace on every one endowed with grace. And if you turn away, I fear for you the chastisement of a great day.
5To Allah is your return, and He is Possessor of power over all things.
6Now surely they cover up their breasts to conceal (their enmity) from Him. Now surely, when they put their garments as a covering, He knows what they hide and what they make public. Surely He is Knower of what is in the breasts.
7And there is no animal in the earth but on Allah is the sustenance of it, and He knows its resting-place and its depository. All is in a clear record.
8And He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods; and His Throne of Power is ever on water that He might manifest (the good qualities in) you whoever of you is best in deeds. And if thou sayest, You shall surely be raised up after death, those who disbelieve say: This is nothing but clear deceit.
9And if We delay for them the chastisement for a stated period, they will certainly say: What prevents it? Now surely on the day when it will come to them, it will not be averted from them, and that which they scoffed at will beset them.
10And if We make man taste mercy from Us, then withdraw it from him, he is surely despairing, ungrateful.
11And if We make him taste a favor after distress has afflicted him, he says: The evils are gone away from me. Certainly he is exultant, boastful,
12Except those who are patient and do good. For them is forgiveness and a great reward.
13Then, may it be that thou wilt give up part of what is revealed to thee and thy breast will be straitened by it, because they say: Why has not a treasure been sent down for him or an angel come with him? Thou art only a Wagner. And Allah is in charge of all things.
14Or, say they: He has forged it. Say: Then bring ten forged chapters like it, and call upon whom you can besides Allah, if you are truthful.
15But if they answer you not, then know that it is revealed by Allah’s knowledge, and that there is no God but He. Will you then submit?
16Whoever desires this world’s life and its finery -- We repay them their deeds therein, and they are not made to suffer loss in it.
17These are they for whom there is nothing but Fire in the Hereafter. And what they work therein is fruitless and their deeds are vain.
18Is he then (like these) who has with him clear proof from his Lord, and a witness from Him recites it, and before it (is) the Book of Moses, a guide and a mercy? These believe in it. And whoever of the parties disbelieves in it, the Fire is his promised place. So be not in doubt about it. Surely it is the truth from thy Lord, but most men believe not.
19And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah? These will be brought before their Lord, and the witnesses will say: These are they who lied against their Lord. Now surely the curse of Allah is on the wrongdoers,
20Who hinder (men) from the path of Allah and desire to make it crooked. And they are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
21These will not escape in the earth, nor have they guardians besides Allah. The chastisement will be doubled for them. They could not bear to hear, and they did not see.
22These are they who have lost their souls, and that which they forged is gone from them.
23Truly in the Hereafter they are the greatest losers.
24Surely those who believe and do good and humble themselves before their Lord, these are the owners of the Garden; therein they will abide.
25The likeness of the two parties is as the blind and the deaf, and the seer and the hearer. Are they equal in condition? Will you not then mind?
26And certainly We sent Noah to his people: Surely I am a plain Wagner to you,
27To serve none but Allah. Verily I fear for you the chastisement of a painful day.
28But the chiefs of his people who disbelieved said: We see thee not but a mortal like us, and we see not that any follow thee but those who are the meanest of us at first thought. Nor do we see in you any superiority over us; nay, we deem you liars.
29He said: O my people, see you if I have with me clear proof from my Lord, and He has granted me mercy from Himself and it has been made obscure to you. Can we compel you to (accept) it while you are averse to it?
30And, O my people, I ask you not for wealth (in return) for it. My reward is only with Allah, and I am not going to drive away those who believe. Surely they will meet their Lord, but I see you a people who are ignorant.
31And, O my people, who will help me against Allah, if I drive them away? Will you not then mind?
32And I say not to you that I have the treasures of Allah; and I know not the unseen; nor do I say that I am an angel. Nor do I say about those whom your eyes scorn that Allah will not grant them (any) good -- Allah knows best what is in their souls -- for then indeed I should be of the wrongdoers.
33They say: O Noah, indeed thou hast disputed with us and prolonged dispute with us, so bring upon us that which thou threatenest us with, if thou are truthful.
34He said: Only Allah will bring it on you, if He please, and you will not escape:
35And my advice will not profit you, if I intend to give you good advice, if Allah intends to destroy you. He is your Lord; and to Him you will be brought back.
36Or say they: He has forged it? Say: If I have forged it, on me is my guilt; and I am free of that of which you are guilty.
37And it was revealed to Noah: None of thy people will believe except those who have already believed, so grieve not at what they do:
38And make the ark under Our eyes and Our revelation, and speak not to Me on behalf of those who are unjust. Surely they will be drowned.
39And he began to make the ark. And whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they laughed at him. He said: If you laugh at us, surely we, too, laugh at you as you laugh (at us).
40So you shall know who it is on whom will come a chastisement which will disgrace him, and on whom a lasting chastisement will fall.
41At length when Our command came and water gushed forth from the valley, We said: Carry in it two of all things, a pair, and thine own family -- except those against whom the word has already gone forth -- and those who believe. And there believed not with him but a few.
42And he said: Embark in it, in the name of Allah be its sailing and its anchoring. Surely my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
43And it moved on with them amid waves like mountains. And Noah called out to his son, and he was aloof: O my son, embark with us and be not with the disbelievers.
44He said: I will betake myself for refuge to a mountain that will save me from the water. He said: There is none safe to-day from Allah’s command, but he on whom He has mercy. And a wave intervened between them, so he was among the drowned.
45And it was said: O earth, swallow thy water, and O cloud, clear away. And the water was made to abate, and the affair was decided, and it rested on the Judi, and it was said: Away with the iniquitous people!
46And Noah cried to his Lord and said: My Lord, surely my son is of my family, and thy promise is true, and Thou art the Justest of the judges.
47He said: O Noah, he is not of thy family; he is (an embodiment of) unrighteous conduct. So ask not of Me that of which thou has no knowledge. I admonish thee lest thou be of the ignorant.
48He said: My Lord, I seek refuge in Thee from asking of Thee that of which I have no knowledge. And unless Thou forgive me and have mercy on me, I shall be of the losers.
49It was said: O Noah, descend with people from Us and blessings on thee and on nations (springing) from those with thee. And there are nations whom We afford provisions, then a painful punishment from Us afflicts them.
50These are the announcements relating to the unseen which We reveal to thee; thou didst not know them -- (neither) thou nor thy people -- before this. So be patient. Surely, the (good) end is for the dutiful.
51And to ‘Ad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no god save Him. You are only fabricators.
52O my people, I ask of you no reward for it. My regard is only with Him Who created me. Do you not then understand?
53And, O my people, ask forgiveness of your Lord, then turn to Him, He will send on you clouds pouring down abundance of rain and add strength to your strength, and turn not back, guilty.
54They said: O Hud, thou has brought us no clear argument, and we are not going to desert our gods for thy word, and we are not believers in thee.
55We say naught but that some of our gods have smitten thee with evil. He said: Surely I call Allah to witness, and do you, too, bear witness that I am innocent of what you associate (with Allah)
56Besides Him. So scheme against me all together, then give me no respite.
57Surely I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord. There is no living creature but He grasps it by its forelock. Surely my Lord is on the right path.
58But if you turn away, then indeed I have delivered to you that with which I am sent to you. And my Lord will bring another people in your place, and you cannot do Him any harm. Surely my Lord is the Preserver of all things.
59And when Our commandment came to pass, We delivered Hud and those who believed with him with mercy from Us; and We delivered them from a hard chastisement.
60And such were ‘Ad. They denied the messages of their Lord, and disobeyed His messengers and followed the bidding of every insolent opposer (of truth).
61And they were overtaken by a curse in this world and on the day of Resurrection. Now surely ‘Ad disbelieved in their Lord. Now surely, away with ‘Ad, the people of Hud!
62And to Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no god other than Him. He brought you forth from the earth and made you dwell in it, so ask forgiveness of Him, then turn to Him. Surely my Lord is Nigh, Answering.
63They said: O Salih, thou wast among us a centre of (our) hopes before this. Dost thou forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? And surely we are in grave doubt about that to which thou callest us.
64He said: O my people, see you if I have clear proof from my Lord and He has granted me mercy from Himself -- who will then help me against Allah, if I disobey Him? So you would add to me naught but perdition.
65And, O my people, this is Allah’s she-camel, a sign for you, so leave her to pasture on Allah’s earth and touch her not with evil, lest a near chastisement overtake you.
66But they hamstrung her, so he said: Enjoy yourselves in your houses for three days. That is a promise not to be belied.
67So when Our commandment came to pass, We saved Salih and those who believed with him by mercy from Us from the disgrace of that day. Surely thy Lord -- He is the Strong, the Mighty.
68And the cry overtook those who did wrong, so they were motionless bodies in their abodes,
69As though they had never dwelt therein. Now surely Thamud disbelieved in their Lord. So away with Thamud!
70And certainly Our messengers came to Abraham with good news. They said: Peace! Peace! said he. And he made no delay in bringing a roasted calf.
71But when he saw that their hands reached not to it, he mistrusted them and conceived fear of them. They said: Fear not; we have been sent to Lot’s people.
72And his wife was standing (by), so she wondered. Then We gave her the good news of Isaac, and beyond Isaac, of Jacob.
73She said: O wonder! Shall I bear a son when I am an extremely old woman, and this my husband an extremely old man? This is a wonderful thing indeed!
74They said: Wonderest thou at Allah’s commandment? The mercy of Allah and His blessings on you, O people of the house! Surely He is Praised, Glorious.
75So when fear departed from Abraham and good news came to him, he began to plead with Us for Lot’s people.
76Surely Abraham was forbearing, tender-hearted, oft-returning (to Allah).
77O Abraham, cease from this. Surely the decree of thy Lord has gone forth and there must come to them a chastisement that cannot be averted.
78And when our messengers came to Lot, he was grieved for them, and he was unable to protect them, and said: This is a distressful day!
79And his people came to him, (as if) driven on towards him, and they were used to the doing of evil deeds before. He said: O my people, these are my daughters -- they are purer for you; so guard against (the punishment of) Allah and disgrace me not about my guests. Is there not among you any right-minded man?
80They said: Certainly thou knowest that we have no claim on thy daughters, and thou knowest what we desire.
81He said: Would that I had the power to repel you! -- rather I shall have recourse to a strong support.
82They said: O Lot, we are the messengers of thy Lord. They shall not reach thee. So travel with thy people for a part of the night -- and let none of you turn back -- except thy wife. Surely whatsoever befalls them shall befall her. Surely their appointed time is the morning. Is not the morning nigh?
83So when Our decree came to pass, We turned them upside down, and rained on them stones, as decreed, one after another,
84Marked (for punishment) with thy Lord. And it is not far off from the wrongdoers.
85And to Midian (We sent) their brother Shu’aib. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no other god save Him. And give not short measure and weight. I see you in prosperity, and I fear for you the chastisement of an all-encompassing day:
86And, O my people, give full measure and weight justly, and defraud not men of their things, and act not corruptly in the land, making mischief:
87What remains with Allah is better for you, if you are believers. And I am not a keeper over you.
88They said: O Shu’aib, does thy prayer enjoin thee that we should forsake what our fathers worshipped or that we should not do what we please with regard to our property? Forsooth thou art the forbearing, the right-directing one!
89He said: O my people, see you if I have a clear proof from my Lord and He has given me a goodly sustenance from Himself. And I desire not to act in opposition to you, in that which I forbid you. I desire nothing but reform, so far as I am able. And with none but Allah is the direction of my affair to a right issue. In Him I trust and to Him I turn.
90And, O my people, let not opposition to me make you guilty so that there may befall you the like of that which befell the people of Noah, or the people of Hud, or the people of Salih. Nor are the people of Lot far off from you.
91And ask forgiveness of your Lord, then turn to Him. Surely my Lord is Merciful, Loving-kind.
92They said: O Shu’aib, we understand not much of what thou sayest and surely we see thee to be weak among us. And were it not for thy family, we would surely stone thee, and thou art not mighty against us.
93He said: O my people, is my family more esteemed by you than Allah? And you neglect Him as a thing cast behind your backs! Surely my Lord encompasses what you do.
94And, O my people, act according to your ability, I too am acting. You will come to know soon who it is on whom will light the punishment that will disgrace him, and who it is that is a liar. And watch, surely I too am watching with you.
95And when Our decree came to pass, We delivered Shu’aib and those who believed with him by mercy from Us. And the cry overtook those who were iniquitous, so they were motionless bodies in their abodes,
96As though they had never dwelt in them. So away with Midian, just as Thamud perished!
97And certainly We sent Moses with Our signs and a clear authority,
98To Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they followed the bidding of Pharaoh; and Pharaoh’s bidding was not right-directing.
99He will leave his people on the day of Resurrection, and bring them down to the Fire. And evil the place to which they are brought!
100And they are overtaken by a curse in this (world), and on the day of Resurrection. Evil the gift which shall be given!
101This is an account of the towns which we relate to thee. Of them are some that stand and (others) mown down.
102And We wronged them not but they wronged themselves. And their gods whom they called upon besides Allah availed them naught when the decree of thy Lord came to pass. And they added to them naught but ruin.
103And such is the punishment of thy Lord, when He punishes the towns while they are iniquitous. Surely His punishment is painful, severe.
104Surely there is a sign in this for him who fears the chastisement of the Hereafter. That is a day on which people will be gathered together, and that is a day to be witnessed.
105And We delay it not but for an appointed term.
106On the day when it comes, no soul will speak except by His permission; so (some) of them will be unhappy and (others) happy.
107Then as for those who are unhappy, they will be in the Fire; for them therein will be sighing and groaning --
108Abiding therein so long as the heavens and the earth endure, except as thy Lord please. Surely thy Lord is Doer of what He intends.
109And as for those who are made happy, they will be in the Garden abiding therein so long as the heavens and the earth endure, except as thy Lord please -- a gift never to be cut off.
110So be not thou in doubt as to that which these worship. They worship only as their fathers worshipped before. And surely We shall pay them in full their due undiminished.
111And We certainly gave the Book to Moses, but differences arose therein. And had not a word gone forth from thy Lord, the matter would have been decided between them. And they are surely in a disquieting doubt about it.
112And thy Lord will surely pay back to all their deeds in full. He indeed is Aware of what they do.
113Continue then in the right way as thou art commanded, as also (should) those who turn (to Allah) with thee. And be not inordinate, (O men). Surely He is Seer of what you do.
114And incline not to those who do wrong, lest the fire touch you; and you have no protectors besides Allah, then you would not be helped.
115And keep up prayer at the two ends of the day and in the first hours of the night. Surely good deeds take away evil deeds. This is a reminder for the mindful.
116And be patient, for surely Allah wastes not the reward of the doers of good.
117Why were there not then among the generations before you those possessing understanding, forbidding mischief in the earth, except a few among them whom We delivered? And the unjust pursued the enjoyment of plenty, and they were guilty.
118And thy Lord would not destroy the towns unjustly, while their people acted well.
119And if thy Lord had pleased, He would have made people a single nation. And they cease not to differ,
120Except those on whom thy Lord has mercy; and for this did He create them. And the word of thy Lord is fulfilled: I shall fill hell with jinn and men, all together.
121And all We relate to thee of the account of the messengers is to strengthen thy heart therewith. And in this has come to thee the truth and an admonition and a reminder for the believers.
122And say to those who believe not: Act according to your power, surely we too are acting;
123And wait, surely we are waiting (also).
Chapter 12 (Sura 12)
1And Allah’s is the unseen in the heavens and the earth, and to Him the whole affair will be returned. So serve Him and put thy trust in Him. And thy Lord is not heedless of what you do.
2I, Allah, am the Seer. These are the verses of the Book that makes manifest.
3Surely We have revealed it -- an Arabic Qur’an -- that you may understand.
4We narrate to thee the best of narratives, in that We have revealed to thee this Qur’an, though before this thou wast of those unaware.
5When Joseph said to his father: O my father, I saw eleven stars and the sun and the moon -- I saw them making obeisance to me.
6He said: O my son, relate not thy dream to thy brethren, lest they devise a plan against thee. The devil indeed is an open enemy to man.
7And thus will thy Lord choose thee and teach thee the interpretation of saying, and make His favour complete to thee and to the Children of Jacob, as He made it complete before to thy fathers, Abraham and Isaac. Surely thy Lord is Knowing, Wise.
8Verily in Joseph and his brethren there are signs for the inquirers.
9When they said: Certainly Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than we, though we are a (strong) company. Surely our father is in manifest error --
10Slay Joseph or banish him to some (other) land, so that your father’s regard may be exclusively for you, and after that you may be a righteous people.
11A speaker among them said: Slay not Joseph, but, if you are going to do anything, cast him down to the bottom of the well. Some of the travellers may pick him up.
12They said: O our father, why dost thou not trust us with Joseph, and surely we are his sincere well-wishers?
13Send him with us to-morrow that he may enjoy himself and play, and we shall surely guard him well.
14He said: Indeed it grieves me that you should take him away and I fear lest the wolf devour him, while you are heedless of him.
15They said: If the wolf should devour him, while we are a (strong) company, we should then certainly be losers.
16So when they took him away and agreed to put him down at the bottom of the pit, We revealed to him: Thou wilt certainly inform them of this affair of theirs while they perceive not.
17And they came to the father at nightfall, weeping.
18They said: O our father, we went off racing one with another and left Joseph by our goods, so the wolf devoured him. And thou wilt not believe us, though we are truthful.
19And they came with false blood on his shirt. He said: Nay, your souls have made a matter light for you. So patience is goodly. And Allah is He Whose help is sought against what you describe.
20And there came travellers, and they sent their water-drawer and he let down his bucket. He said: O good news! This is a youth. And they concealed him as an article of merchandise, and Allah was Cognizant of what they did.
21And they sold him for a small price, a few pieces of silver, and they showed no desire for him.
22And the Egyptian who bought him said to his wife: Make his stay honourable. Maybe he will be useful to us, or we may adopt him as a son. And thus We established Joseph in the land, and that We might teach him the interpretation of saying. And Allah has full control over His affair, but most people know not.
23And when he attained his maturity, we gave him wisdom and knowledge. And thus do We reward the doers of good.
24And she in whose house he was, sought to seduce him, and made fast the doors and said: Come. He said: Allah forbid! Surely my Lord made good my abode. The wrongdoers never prosper.
25And certainly she desired him, and he would have desired her, were it not he had seen the manifest evidence of his Lord. Thus (it was) that We might turn away from him evil and indecency. Surely he was one of Our chosen servants.
26And they raced with one another to the door, and she rent his shirt from behind, and they met her husband at the door. She said: What is the punishment for one who intends evil to thy wife, except imprisonment or a painful chastisement?
27He said: She sought to seduce me. And a witness of her own family bore witness: If his shirt is rent in front, she speaks the truth and he is of the liars.
28And if his shirt is rent behind, she tells a lie and he is of the truthful.
29So when he saw his shirt rent behind, he said: Surely it is a device of you women. Your device is indeed great!
30O Joseph, turn aside from this. And (O my wife), ask forgiveness for thy sin. Surely thou are one of the sinful.
31And the women in the city said: The chief’s wife seeks to seduce her slave. He has indeed affected her deeply with (his) love. Truly we see her in manifest error.
32So when she heard of their device, she sent for them and prepared for them a repast, and gave each of them a knife, and said (to Joseph): Come out to them. So when they saw him, they deemed him great, and cut their hands (in amazement), and said: Holy Allah! This is not a mortal! This is but a noble angel.
33She said: This is he about whom you blamed me. And certainly I sought to seduce him, but he was firm in continence. And if he do not what I bid him, he shall certainly be imprisoned, and he shall certainly be of the abject.
34He said: My Lord, the prison is dearer to me than that to which they invite me. And if Thou turn not away their device from me, I shall yearn towards them and be of the ignorant.
35So his Lord accepted his prayer and turned away their device from him. Surely He is the Hearer, the Knower.
36Then it occurred to them after they had seen the signs that they should imprison him till a time.
37And two youths entered the prison with him. One of them said: I saw myself pressing wine. And the other said: I saw myself carrying bread on my head, of which birds were eating. Inform us of its interpretation; surely we see thee to be of the doers of good.
38He said: The food with which you are fed shall not come to you, but I shall inform you of its interpretation before it comes to you. This is of what my Lord has taught me. Surely I have forsaken the religion of a people who believe not in Allah, and are deniers of the Hereafter.
39And I follow the religion of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob. It beseems us not to associate aught with Allah. This is by Allah’s grace upon us and on mankind, but most people give not thanks.
40O my two fellow-prisoners, are sundry lords better or Allah the One, the Supreme?
41You serve not besides Him but names which you have named, you and your fathers -- Allah has sent down no authority for them. Judgment is only Allah’s. He has commanded that you serve none but Him. This is the right religion, but most people know not.
42O my two fellow-prisoners, as for one of you, he will serve wine for his lord to drink; and as for the other, he will be crucified, so that the birds will eat from his head. The matter is decreed concerning which you inquired.
43And he said to him whom he knew would be delivered of the two: Remember me with thy lord. But the devil caused him to forget mentioning (it) to his lord, so he remained in the prison a few years.
44And the King said: I have seen seven fat kine which seven lean ones devoured; and seven green ears and (seven) others dry. O chiefs, explain to me my dream, if you can interpret the dream.
45They said: Confused dreams and we know not the interpretation of dreams.
46And of the two, he who had found deliverance and remembered after a long time said: I will inform you of its interpretation, so send me.
47Joseph, O truthful one, explain to us seven fat kine which seven lean ones devoured, and seven green ears and (seven) others dry, that I may go back to the people so that they may know.
48He said: You shall sow for seven years as usual, then that which you reap, leave it in its ear, except a little which you eat.
49Then after that will come seven years of hardship, which will eat away all you have beforehand stored for them, except a little which you have preserved.
50Then after that will come a year in which people will have rain in which they will press (grapes).
51And the king said: Bring him to me. So when the messenger came to him, he said: Go back to thy lord and ask him, what is the case of the women who cut their hands. Surely my Lord knows their device.
52(The king) said: What was your affair when you sought to seduce Joseph? They said: Holy Allah! We knew of no evil on his part. The chief’s wife said: Now has the truth become manifest. I sought to seduce him and he is surely of the truthful.
53This is that he might know that I have not been unfaithful to him in secret, and that Allah guides not the device of the unfaithful.
54And I call not myself sinless; surely (man’s) self is wont to command evil, except those on whom my Lord has mercy. Surely my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
55And the king said: Bring him to me, I will choose him for myself. So when he talked with him, he said: Surely thou art in our presence to-day dignified, trusted.
56He said: Place me (in authority) over the treasures of the land; surely I am a good keeper, knowing well.
57And thus did We give to Joseph power in the land -- he had mastery in it wherever he liked. We bestow Our mercy on whom We please, and We waste not the reward of the doers of good.
58And certainly the reward of the Hereafter is better for those who believe and guard against evil.
59And Joseph’s brethren came and went in to him, and he knew them, while they recognized him not.
60And when he furnished them with their provision, he said: Bring to me a brother of yours from your father. See you not that I give full measure and that I am the best of hosts?
61But if you bring him not to me, you shall have no measure (of corn) from me, nor shall you come near me.
62They said: We shall strive to make his father yield about him, and we are sure to do (it).
63And he said to his servants: Put their money into their bags that they may recognize it when they go back to their family, so that they may come back.
64So when they returned to their father, they said: O our father, the measure is withheld from us, so send with us our brother that we may get the measure, and we will surely guard him.
65He said: Can I trust you with him, except as I trusted you with his brother before. So Allah is the best Keeper, and He is the most Merciful of those who show mercy.
66And when they opened their goods, they found their money returned to them. They said: O our father, what (more) can we desire? This is our property returned to us, and we shall bring corn for our family and guard our brother, and have in addition the measure of a camel-load. This is an easy measure.
67He said: I will be no means send him with you, until you give me a firm covenant in Allah’s name that you will bring him back to me, unless you are completely surrounded. And when they gave him their covenant, he said: Allah is Guardian over what we say.
68And he said: O my sons, enter not by one gate but enter by different gates. And I can avail you naught against Allah. Judgment is only Allah’s. On Him I rely, and on Him let the reliant rely.
69And when they entered as their father had bidden them, it availed them naught against Allah, but (it was only) a desire in the soul of Jacob, which he satisfied. And surely he was possessed of knowledge, because we had given him knowledge, but most people know not.
70And when they went in to Joseph, he lodged his brother with himself, saying: I am thy brother, so grieve not at what they do.
71Then when he furnished them with their provision, (some one) placed the drinking-cup in his brother’s bag. Then a crier cried out: O caravan, you are surely thieves!
72They said, while they turned towards them: What is it that you miss?
73They said: We miss the king’s drinking-cup, and he who brings it shall have a camel-load, and I m responsible for it.
74They said: By Allah! You know for certain that we have not come to make mischief in the land, and we are not thieves.
75They said: But what is the penalty for this, if you are liars?
76They said: The penalty for this -- the person in whose bag it is found, he himself is the penalty for it. Thus do we punish the wrongdoers.
77So he began with their sacks before the sack of his brother, then he brought it out from his brother’s sack. Thus did We plan for the sake of Joseph. He could not take his brother under the king’s law, unless Allah pleased. We raise in degree whom We please. And above every one possessed of knowledge is the All-Knowing One.
78They said: If he steal, a brother of his did indeed steal before. But Joseph kept it secret in his soul, and disclosed it not to them. He said: You are in an evil condition, and Allah knows best what you state.
79They said: O chief, he has a father, a very old man, so take one of us in his place. Surely we see thee to be of the doers of good.
80He said: Allah forbid that we should seize other than him with whom we found our property, for then surely we should be unjust!
81So when they despaired of him, they conferred together privately. The eldest of them said: Know you not that your father took from you a covenant in Allah’s name, and how you fell short of your duty about Joseph before? So I shall not leave this land, until my father permits me or Allah decides for me; and He is the Best of the judges.
82Go back to your father and say: O our father, thy son committed theft. And we bear witness only what we know, and we could not keep watch over the unseen.
83And ask the town where we were, and the caravan with which we proceeded. And surely we are truthful.
84He said: Nay, your souls have contrived an affair for you, so patience is good. Maybe Allah will bring them together to me. Surely He is the Knowing, the Wise.
85And he turned away from them, and said: O my sorrow for Joseph! And his eyes were filled (with tears) on account of the grief, then he repressed (grief).
86They said: By Allah! Thou wilt not cease remembering Joseph till thou art prey to disease or thou art of those who perish.
87He said: I complain of my grief and sorrow only to Allah, and I know from Allah what you know not.
88O my sons, go and inquire about Joseph and his brother, and despair not of Allah’s mercy. Surely none despairs of Allah’s mercy except the disbelieving people.
89So when they came to him, they said: O chief, distress has afflicted us and our family, and we have brought scanty money, so give us full measure and be charitable to us. Surely Allah rewards the charitable.
90He said: Do you know how you treated Joseph and his brother, when you were ignorant?
91They said: Art thou indeed Joseph? He said: I am Joseph and this is my brother; Allah has indeed been gracious to us. Surely he who keeps his duty and is patient -- Allah never wastes the reward of the doers of good.
92They said: By Allah! Allah has indeed chosen thee over us, and we were certainly sinners.
93He said: No reproof be against you this day. Allah may forgive you, and He is the most Merciful of those who show mercy.
94Take this my shirt and cast it before my father’s face -- he will come to know. And come to me with all your family
95And when the caravan left (Egypt), their father said: Surely I scent (the power of) Joseph, if you call me not a dotard.
96They said: By Allah! thou art surely in thy old error.
97Then when the bearer of good news came, he cast it before his face so he became certain. He said: Did I not say to you that I know from Allah what you know not?
98They said: O our father, ask forgiveness of our sins for us, surely we are sinners.
99He said: I shall ask forgiveness for you of my Lord. Surely He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
100Then when they went in to Joseph, he lodged his parents with himself and said: Enter Egypt in safety, if Allah please.
101And he raised his parents on the throne, and they fell prostrate for his sake. And he said: O my father, this is the significance of my vision of old -- my Lord has made it true. And He was indeed kind to me, when He brought me forth from the prison, and brought you from the desert after the devil had sown dissensions between me and my brethren. Surely my Lord is Benignant to whom He pleases. Truly He is the Knowing, the Wise.
102My Lord, Thou has given me of the kingdom and taught me of the interpretation of sayings. Originator of the heavens and the earth, Thou art my Friend in this world and the Hereafter. Make me die in submission and join me with the righteous.
103This is of the announcements relating to the unseen (which) We reveal to thee, and thou wast not with them when they resolved upon their affair, and they were devising plans.
104And most men believe not, though thou desirest it eagerly.
105And how many a sign in the heavens and the earth do they pass by! yet they turn away from it.
106And thou askest them no reward for it. It is nothing but a reminder for all mankind.
107And most of them believe not in Allah without associating others (with Him).
108Do they then feel secure from the coming to them of an all-encompassing chastisement from Allah or from the coming to them of the hour suddenly, while they perceive not?
109Say: This is my way: I call to Allah, with certain knowledge -- I and those who follow me. And glory be to Allah! and I am not of the polytheists.
110And We sent not before thee any but men, from the people of the towns, to whom We sent revelation. Have they not then travelled in the land and seen what was the end of those before them? And certainly the abode of the Hereafter is best for those who keep their duty. Do you not then understand?
111Until, when the messengers despaired and (the people) thought that they were told a lie, Our help came to them, and whom We pleased was delivered. And Our punishment is not averted from the guilty people.
Chapter 13 (Sura 13)
1In their histories there is certainly a lesson for men of understanding. It is not a narrative which could be forged, but a verification of what is before it, and a distinct explanation of all things, and a guide and a mercy to a people who believe.
2I, Allah, am the Best Knower, the Seer. These are verses of the Book. And that which is revealed to thee from thy Lord is the Truth, but most people believe not.
3Allah is He who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see, and He is established on the Throne of Power, and He made the sun and the moon subservient (to you). Each one runs to an appointed term. He regulates the affair, making clear the messages that you may be certain of the meeting with your Lord.
4And He it is who spread the earth, and made in it firm mountains and rivers. And of all fruits He has made in it pairs, two (of every kind). He makes the night cover the day. Surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.
5And in the earth are tracts side by side, and gardens of vines, and corn, and palm-trees growing from one root and distinct roots -- they are watered with one water; and We make some of them to excel others in fruit. Surely there are signs in this for a people who understand.
6And if thou wonderest, then wondrous is their saying: When we are dust, shall we then be raised in a new creation? These are they who disbelieve in their Lord, and these have chains on their necks, and they are the companions of the Fire; in it they will abide.
7And they ask thee to hasten on the evil before the good and indeed there have been exemplary punishments before them. And surely thy Lord is full of forgiveness for mankind notwithstanding their iniquity. And surely thy Lord is Severe in requiting.
8And those who disbelieve say: Why has not a sign been sent down to him from his Lord? Thou art only a Wagner and for every people a guide.
9Allah knows what every female bears, and that of which the wombs fall short of completion and that which they grow. And everything with Him has a measure.
10The Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Great, the Most High.
11Alike (to Him) among you is he who conceals (the) word and he who speaks openly, and he who hides himself by night and (who) goes forth by day.
12For him are (angels) guarding the consequences (of his deeds), before him and behind him, who guard him by Allah’s command. Surely Allah changes not the condition of a people, until they change their own condition. And when Allah intends evil to a people, there is no averting it, and besides Him they have no protector.
13He it is Who shows you the lightning causing fear and hope and (Who) brings up the heavy cloud.
14And the thunder celebrates His praise, and the angels too for awe of Him. And He sends the thunderbolts and smites with them whom He pleases, yet they dispute concerning Allah, and He is Mighty in prowess.
15To Him is due the true prayer. And those to whom they pray besides Him give them no answer, but (they are) like one who stretches forth his two hands towards water that I may reach his mouth, but it will not reach it. And the prayer of the disbelievers is only wasted.
16And whoever is in the heavens and the earth makes obeisance to Allah only, willingly and unwillingly, and their shadows, too, at morn and eve.
17Say: Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth? Say: Allah. Say: Do you then take besides Him guardians who control no benefit or harm even for themselves? Say: Are the blind and the seeing alike? Or, are darkness and light equal? Or, have they set up with Allah associates who have created creation like His, so that what is created became confused to them? Say: Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Supreme.
18He sends down water from the clouds, then watercourses flow according to their measure, and the torrent bears along the swelling foam. And from that which they melt in the fire for the sake of making ornaments or apparatus arises a scum like it. Thus does Allah compare truth and falsehood. Then as for the scum, it passes away as a worthless thing; and as for that which does good to men, it tarries in the earth. Thus does Allah set forth parables.
19For those who respond to their Lord is good. And as for those who respond not to Him, even if they had all that is in the earth and the like thereof with it, they would certainly offer it for a ransom. As for those, theirs is an evil reckoning and their abode is hell; and evil is the resting-place.
20Is he who knows that what is revealed to thee from thy Lord is the truth like him who is blind? Only men of understanding mind --
21Those who fulfil the pact of Allah, and break not the covenant,
22And those who join that which Allah has bidden to be joined and have awe of their Lord, and fear the evil reckoning.
23And those who are steadfast seeking the pleasure of their Lord, and keep up prayer and spend of that which We have given them, secretly and openly, and repel evil with good; for such is the (happy) issue of the abode --
24Garden of perpetuity, which they will enter along with those who do good from among their fathers and their spouses and their offspring; and the angels will enter in upon them from every gate.
25Peace be to you, because you were constant -- how excellent is then the final Abode!
26And those who break the covenant of Allah after its confirmation, and cut asunder that which Allah has ordered to be joined, and make mischief in the land, for them is the curse, and theirs is the evil end of the Abode.
27Allah amplifies and straitens provision for whom He pleases. And they rejoice in this world’s life. And this world’s life, compared with the Hereafter, is only a temporary enjoyment.
28And those who disbelieve say: Why is not a sign sent down to him by his Lord? Say: Allah leaves in error whom He pleases, and guides to Himself those who turn (to Him --
29Those who believe and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah. Now surely in Allah’s remembrance do hearts find rest.
30Those who believe and do good, a good final state is theirs and a goodly return.
31Thus We have sent thee among a nation before which other nations have passed away, that thou mightest recite to them what We have revealed to thee, and (still) they deny the Beneficent. Say: He is my Lord, there is no god but He; in Him do I trust and to Him is my return.
32And if there could be a Qur’an with which the mountains were made to pass away, or the earth were cloven asunder, or the dead were made to speak -- nay, the commandment is wholly Allah’s. Do not those who believe know that, if Allah please, He would certainly guide all the people? And as for those who disbelieve, disaster will not cease to afflict them because of what they do, or it will alight close by their abodes, until the promise of Allah come to pass. Surely Allah will not fail in (His) promise.
33And messengers before thee were certainly mocked, but I have respite to those who disbelieved, then I seized them. How (awful) was then My requital!
34Is, then, He Who watches every soul as to what it earns --? And yet they ascribe partners to Allah! Say: Name them. Would you inform Him of that which He knows not in the earth, or of an outward saying? Rather, their plan is made fair-seeming to those who disbelieve, and they are kept back from the path. And whom Allah leaves in error, he has no guide.
35For them is chastisement in this world’s life, and the chastisement of the Hereafter is certainly more grievous. And they have no protector against Allah.
36A parable of the Garden which is promised to those who keep their duty: Therein flow rivers. Its fruits are perpetual and its plenty. Such is the end for those who keep their duty; and the end of the disbelievers is the Fire.
37And those to whom We have given the Book rejoice in that which has been revealed to thee, and of the confederates are some who deny a part of it. Say: I am commanded only to serve Allah and not associate anything with Him. To Him do I invite (you), and to Him is my return.
38And thus have We revealed it, a true judgment, in Arabic. And if thou follow their low desires after that which has come to thee of knowledge, thou wouldst have against Allah no guardian nor protector.
39And certainly We sent messengers before thee and appointed for them wives and children. And it is not in (the power of) messenger to bring a sign except by Allah’s permission. For every term there is an appointment.
40Allah effaces what He pleases and establishes (what He pleases), and with Him is the basis of the Book.
41Whether We let thee see part of that which We promise them, or cause thee to die, thine is but the delivery of the message, and Ours to call (them) to account.
42See they not that We are visiting the land, curtailing it of its sides? And Allah pronounces a doom -- there is no repeller of His decree. And He is Swift in calling to account.
43And those before them planned indeed, but all planning is Allah’s. He knows what every soul earns. And the disbelievers will come to know for whom is the (good) end of the Abode.
Chapter 14 (Sura 14)
1And those who disbelieve say: Thou art not a messenger. Say: Allah is sufficient for a witness between me and you and whoever has knowledge of the Book.
2I, Allah, am the Seer. A book which We have revealed to thee that thou mayest bring forth men, by their Lord’s permission, from darkness into light, to the way of the Mighty, the Praised One,
3Of Allah, Whose is whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And woe to the disbelievers for the severe chastisement!
4Those who love this world’s life more than the Hereafter, and turn away from Allah’s path, and would have it crooked. Those are far astray.
5And We sent no messenger but with the language of his people, so that he might explain to them clearly. Then Allah leaves in error whom He pleases and He guides whom He pleases. And He is the Mighty, the Wise.
6And certainly We sent Moses with Our messages, saying: Bring forth thy people from darkness into light and remind them of the days of Allah. In this are surely signs for every steadfast, grateful one.
7And when Moses said to his people: Call to mind Allah’s favour to you, when He delivered you from Pharaoh’s people, who subjected you to severe torment, and slew your sons and spared your women. And therein was a great trial from your Lord.
8And when your Lord made it known: If you are grateful, I will give you more, and if you are ungrateful, My chastisement is truly severe.
9And Moses said: If you are ungrateful, you and all those on earth, then Allah is surely Self-sufficient, Praised.
10Has not the account reached you of those before you, of the people of Noah and ‘Ad and Thamud -- and those after them? None knows them but Allah. Their messengers came to them with clear arguments, but they thrust their hands into their mouths and said: We deny that with which you are sent, and surely we are in serious doubt as to that to which you invite us.
11Their messengers said: Is there doubt about Allah, the Maker of the heavens and the earth? He invites you to forgive you your faults and to respite you till an appointed term. They said: You are nothing but mortals like us; you wish to turn us away from that which our fathers used to worship; so bring us clear authority.
12Their messengers said to them: We are nothing but mortals like yourselves, but Allah bestows (His) favours on whom He pleases of His servants. And it is not for us to bring you an authority, except by Allah’s permission. And on Allah let the believers rely.
13And why should we not rely on Allah? and He has indeed guided us in our ways. And we would certainly bear with patience your persecution of us. And on Allah should the reliant rely.
14And those who disbelieved said to their messengers: We will certainly drive you out of our land, unless you come back into our religion. So their Lord revealed to them: We shall certainly destroy the wrongdoers,
15And We shall certainly settle you in the land after them. This is for him who fears standing in My presence and fears My threat.
16And they sought judgment, and every insolent opposer was disappointed:
17Hell is before him and he is given to drink of boiling water;
18He drinks it little by little and is not able to swallow it; and death comes to him from every quarter, yet he dies not. And before him is vehement chastisement.
19The parable of those who disbelieve in their Lord: Their works are as ashes on which the wind blows hard on a stormy day. They have no power over aught they have earned. That is straying far away.
20Seest thou not that Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth? If He please, He will take you away and bring a new creation,
21And that is not difficult for Allah.
22And they will all come forth to Allah, then the weak will say to those who were proud: We were your followers can you then avert from us aught of the chastisement of Allah? They will say: If Allah had guided us, we would have guided you. It is the same to us whether we cry or bear patiently; there is no escape for us.
23And the devil will say, when the matter is decided: Surely Allah promised you a promise of truth, and I promised you, then failed you. And I had no authority over you, except that I called you and you obeyed me; so blame me not but blame yourselves. I cannot come to your help, nor can you come to my help. I deny your associating me with Allah before. Surely for the unjust is a painful chastisement.
24And those who believe and do good are made to enter Gardens, wherein flow rivers, abiding therein by their Lord’s permission. Their greeting therein is, Peace!
25Seest thou not how Allah sets forth a parable of a good word as a good tree, whose root is firm and whose branches are high,
26Yielding its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord? And Allah sets forth parables for men that they may be mindful.
27And the parable of an evil word is as an evil tree pulled up from the earth’s surface; it has no stability.
28Allah confirms those who believe with the sure word in this world’s life and in the Hereafter; and Allah leaves the wrongdoers in error; and Allah does what He pleases.
29Seest thou not those who change Allah’s favour for disbelief and make their people to alight in the abode of perdition --
30Hell. They will burn in it. And an evil place it is to settle in!
31And they set up equals with Allah to lead astray from His path. Say: Enjoy yourselves, for surely your return is to the Fire.
32Tell My servants who believe to keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them, secretly and openly, before the coming of the day in which there is not bartering, nor befriending.
33Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and sent down water from the clouds, then brought forth with it fruits as a sustenance for you, and He has made the ships subservient to you to run their course in the sea by His command, and He has made the rivers subservient to you.
34And He has made subservient to you the sun and the moon, pursuing their courses; and He has made subservient to you the night and the day.
35And He gives you of all you ask of Him. And if you count Allah’s favours, you will not be able to number them. Surely man is very unjust, very ungrateful.
36And when Abraham said: My Lord, make this city secure, and save me and my sons from worshipping idols.
37My Lord, surely they have led many men astray. So whoever follows me, he is surely of me; and whoever disobeys me, Thou surely art Forgiving, Merciful.
38Our Lord, I have settled a part of my offspring in a valley unproductive of fruit near Thy Sacred House, our Lord, that they may keep up prayer; so make the hearts of some people yearn towards them, and provide them with fruits; haply they may be grateful.
39Our Lord, surely Thou knowest what we hide and what we proclaim. And nothing is hidden from Allah, either in the earth, or in the heaven.
40Praise be to Allah, Who has given me, in old age, Ishmael and Isaac! Surely my Lord is the Hearer of prayer.
41My Lord, make me keep up prayer and from my offspring (too), our Lord, and accept my prayer.
42Our Lord, grant me protection and my parents and the believers on the day when the reckoning comes to pass.
43And think not Allah to be heedless of what the unjust do. He only respites them to a day when the eyes will stare (in terror),
44Hastening forward, their heads upraised, their gaze not returning to them, and their hearts vacant.
45And warn people of a day when the chastisement will come to them, then the wrongdoers will say: Our Lord, respite us to a near term, we will respond to Thy call and follow the messengers. Did you not swear before that there will be no passing away for you?
46And you dwell in the abodes of those who wronged themselves, and it is clear to you how We dealt with them and We made (them) examples for you.
47And they had indeed planned their plan, and their plan is with Allah, though their plan is such that the mountains should be moved thereby.
48So think not that Allah will fail in His promise to His messengers. Surely Allah is Mighty, the Lord of retribution.
49On the day when the earth will be changed into a different earth, and the heavens (as well), and they will come forth to Allah, the One, the Supreme.
50And thou wilt see the guilty on that day linked together in chains --
51Their shirts made of pitch, and fire covering their faces,
52That Allah may repay each soul what it has earned. Surely Allah is Swift in reckoning.
Chapter 15 (Sura 15)
1This is a message for the people and that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is One God, and that men of understanding may mind.
2I, Allah, am the Seer. These are the verses of the Book and (of) a Qur’an that makes manifest.
3Often will those who disbelieve wish that they were Muslims.
4Leave them to eat and enjoy themselves, and let (false) hope beguile them, for they will soon know.
5And never did We destroy a town but it had a decree made known.
6No people can hasten on their doom, nor can they postpone (it).
7And they say: O thou to whom the Reminder is revealed, thou art indeed mad.
8Why bringest thou not the angels to us, if thou art of the truthful?
9We send not angels but with truth, and then they would not be respited.
10Surely We have revealed the Reminder, and surely We are its Guardian.
11And certainly We sent (messengers) before thee among the sects of yore.
12And there never came a messenger to them but they mocked him.
13Thus do We make it enter the hearts of the guilty --
14They believe not in it; and the example of the ancients has gone before.
15And even if We open to them a gate of heaven, and they keep on ascending into it,
16They would say: Only our eyes have been covered over, rather we are an enchanted people.
17And certainly We have made strongholds in the heaven, and We have made it fair-seeming to the beholders,
18And We guard it against every accursed devil,
19But he who steals a hearing; so there follows him a visible flame.
20And the earth -- We have spread it out and made in it firm mountains and caused to grow in it of every suitable thing.
21And We have made in it means of subsistence for you and for him for whom you provide not.
22And there is not a thing but with Us are the treasures of it, and We send it not down but in a known measure.
23And We send the winds fertilizing, then send down water from the clouds, so We give it to you to drink; not is it you who store it up.
24And surely it is We, Who give life and cause death, and We are the Inheritors.
25And certainly We know those among you who go forward and We certainly know those who lag behind.
26And surely thy Lord will gather them together. He indeed is Wise, Knowing.
27And surely We created man of sounding clay, of black mud fashioned into shape.
28And the jinn, We created before of intensely hot fire.
29And when thy Lord said to the angels: I am going to create a mortal of sounding clay, of black mud fashioned into shape.
30So when I have made him complete and breathed into him of My spirit, fall down making obeisance to him.
31So the angels made obeisance, all of them together --
32But Iblis (did it not). He refused to be with those who made obeisance.
33He said: O Iblis, what is the reason that thou art not with those who make obeisance?
34He said: I am not going to make obeisance to a mortal, whom Thou has created of sounding clay, of black mud fashioned into shape.
35He said: Then go forth, for surely thou art driven away,
36And surely on thee is a curse till the day of Judgment.
37He said: My Lord, respite me till the time when they are raised.
38He said: Surely thou art of the respited one,
39Till the period of the time made known.
40He said: My Lord, as Thou has judged me erring, I shall certainly make (evil) fair-seeming to them on earth, and I shall cause them all to deviate,
41Except Thy servants from among them, the purified ones.
42He said: This is a right way with Me.
43As regards My servants, thou has no authority over them except such of the deviators as follow thee.
44And surely hell is the promised place for them all --
45It has seven gates. For each gate is an appointed portion of them.
46Surely those who keep their duty are in Gardens and fountains.
47Enter them in peace, secure.
48And We shall root out whatever of rancour is in their breasts -- as brethren, on raised couches, face to face.
49Toil afflicts them not therein, nor will they be ejected therefrom.
50Inform My servants that I am the Forgiving, the Merciful,
51And that My chastisement -- that is the painful chastisement.
52And inform them of the guests of Abraham.
53When they entered upon him, they said, Please! He said: We are afraid of you.
54They said: Be not afraid, we give thee good news of a boy, possessing knowledge.
55He said: Do you give me good news when old age has come upon me? Of what then do you give me good news?
56They said: We give thee good news with truth, so be not thou of the despairing ones.
57He said: And who despairs of the mercy of his Lord but the erring ones?
58He said: What is your business, then, O messengers?
59They said: We have been sent to a guilty people,
60Except Lot’s followers. We shall deliver them all,
61Except his wife: We ordained that she shall surely be of those who remain behind.
62So when the messengers came to Lot’s followers,
63He said: Surely you are an unknown people.
64They said: Nay, we have come to thee with that about which they disputed.
65And we have come to thee with the truth, and we are surely truthful.
66So travel with thy followers for a part of the night and thyself follow their rear; and let not any one of you turn round, and go whither you are commanded.
67And We made known to him this decree, that the roots of these should be cut off in the morning.
68And the people of the town came rejoicing.
69He said: These are my guests, so disgrace me not,
70And keep your duty to Allah and shame me not.
71They said: Did we not forbid thee from (entertaining) people?
72He said: These are my daughters, if you will do (aught).
73By thy life! they blindly wandered on in their frenzy.
74So the cry overtook them at sunrise;
75Thus We turned it upside down and rained upon them hard stones.
76Surely in this are signs for those who take a lesson.
77And it is on a road that still abides.
78Verily therein is a sign for the believers.
79And the dwellers of the thicket were indeed iniquitous:
80So We inflicted retribution on them. And they are both on an open high road.
81And the dwellers of the Rock indeed rejected the messengers;
82And We gave them Our messages, but they turned away from them:
83And they hewed houses in the mountains, in security.
84So the cry overtook them in the morning;
85And what they earned availed them not.
86And We created not the heavens and the earth and what is between them but with truth. And the Hour is surely coming, so turn away with kindly forgiveness.
87Surely thy Lord -- He is the Creator, the Knower.
88And certainly We have given thee seven oft-repeated (verses) and the grand Qur’an.
89Strain not thine eyes at what We have given certain classes of them to enjoy, and grieve not for them, and make thyself gentle to the believers.
90And say: I am indeed the plain Wagner.
91Like as We sent down on them who took oaths,
92Those who divided the Qur’an into parts.
93So, by thy Lord! We shall question them all.
94As to what they did.
95Therefore declare openly what thou art commanded, and turn away from he polytheists.
96Surely We are sufficient for thee against the scoffers --
97Those who set up another god with Allah; so they will come to know.
98And We know indeed that thy breast straitens at what they say;
99So celebrate the praise of thy Lord, and be of those who make obeisance.
Chapter 16 (Sura 16)
1And serve thy Lord, until there comes to thee that which is certain.
2Allah’s commandment will come to pass, so seek not to hasten it. Glory be to Him, and highly exalted be He above what they associate (with Him)!
3He sends down angels with revelation by His command on whom He pleases of His servants saying: Give the warning that there is no God but Me, so keep your duty to Me.
4He created the heavens and the earth with truth. Highly exalted be He above what they associate (with Him)!
5He created man from a small life-germ, and lo! he is an open contender.
6And the cattle, He has created them for you. You have in them warm clothing and (other) advantages, and of them you eat.
7And therein is beauty for you, when you drive them back (home) and when you send them out (to pasture).
8And they carry your heavy loads to regions which you could not reach but with distress to yourselves. Surely your Lord is Compassionate, Merciful.
9And (He made) horses and mules and asses that you might ride upon them and as an ornament. And He creates what you know not.
10And upon Allah it rests to show the right way, and there are some deviating (ways). And if He pleases, He would guide you all aright.
11He it is who sends down water from the clouds for you; it gives drink, and by it (grow) the trees on which you feed.
12He causes to grow for you thereby herbage, and the olives, and the date-palms, and the grapes, and all the fruits. Surely there is a sign in this for a people who reflect.
13And He has made subservient for you the night and the day and the sun and the moon. And the stars are made subservient by His command. Surely there are signs in this for a people who understand.
14And what He has created for you in the earth is of varied hues. Surely there is a sign in this for a people who are mindful.
15And He it is Who has made the sea subservient that you may eat fresh flesh from it and bring forth from it ornaments which you wear. And thou seest the ships cleaving through it, so that you seek of His bounty and that you may give thanks.
16And He has cast firm mountains in the earth lest it quake with you, and rivers and roads that you may go aright,
17And landmarks. And by the stars they find the right way.
18Is He then Who creates like him who creates not? Do you not then mind?
19And if you would count Allah’s favours, you would not be able to number them. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
20And Allah knows what you conceal and what you do openly.
21And those whom they call on besides Allah created naught, while they are themselves created.
22Dead (are they), not living. And they know not when they will be raised.
23Your God is one God: so those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts refuse to know and they are proud.
24Undoubtedly Allah knows what they hide and what they manifest. Surely He loves not the proud.
25And when it is said to them, What is it that your Lord has revealed? they say, Stories of the ancients!
26That they may bear their burdens in full on the day of Resurrection, and also of the burdens of those whom they lead astray without knowledge. Ah! evil is what they bear.
27Those before them plotted, so Allah demolished their building from the foundations, so the roof fell down on them from above them, and the chastisement came to them from whence they perceived not.
28Then on the Resurrection day he will bring them to disgrace and say: Where are My partners, for whose sake you became hostile? Those who are given the knowledge will say: Surely disgrace this day and evil are upon the disbelievers,
29Whom the angels cause to die, while they are unjust to themselves. Then would they offer submission: We did not do any evil. Nay! Surely Allah knows what you did.
30So enter the gates of hell, to abide therein. Evil indeed is the dwelling-place of the proud.
31And it is said to those who guard against evil: What has your Lord revealed? They say, Good. For those who do good in this world is good. And certainly the abode of the Hereafter is better. And excellent indeed is the abode of those who keep their duty --
32Gardens of perpetuity which they enter, wherein flow rivers: they have therein what they please. Thus does Allah reward those who keep their duty,
33Whom the angels cause to die in purity, saying: Peace be to you! enter the Garden for what you did.
34Await they aught but that the angels should come to them or that thy Lord’s command should come to pass. Thus did those before them. And Allah wronged them not, but they wronged themselves.
35So the evil of what they did afflicted them, and that which they mocked encompassed them.
36And the idolaters say: Had Allah pleased, we had not served aught but Him, (neither) we nor our fathers, nor had we prohibited aught without (order from) Him. Thus did those before them. But have the messengers any duty except a plain delivery (of the message)?
37And certainly We raised in every nation a messenger, saying: Serve Allah and shun the devil. Then of them was he whom Allah guided, and of them was he whose remaining in error was justly due. So travel in the land, then see what was the end of the rejectors.
38If thou desirest their guidance, yet Allah will not guide him who leads astray, or have they any helpers.
39And they swear by Allah their most energetic oaths: Allah will not raise up him who dies. Yea! it is a promise binding on Him, quite true, but most people know not:
40So that He might make manifest to them that about which they differ, and that those who disbelieve might know that they were liars.
41Our word for a thing, when We intend it, is only that We say to it, Be; and it is.
42And those who flee for Allah’s sake after they are oppressed, We shall certainly give them a good abode in the world; and the reward of the Hereafter is much greater. Did they but know!
43Those who are steadfast and on their Lord they rely.
44And We sent not before thee any but men to whom We sent revelation -- so ask the followers of the Reminder if you know not --
45With clear arguments and Scriptures. And We have revealed to thee the Reminder that thou mayest make clear to men that which has been revealed to them, and that haply they may reflect.
46Are they, then, who plan evil (plans), secure that Allah will not abase them in the earth, or that chastisement will not overtake them from whence they perceive not?
47Or that He will not seize them in their going to and fro, then they will not be able to escape?
48Or that He will not seize them with a gradual diminution? Your Lord is surely Compassionate, Merciful.
49See they not everything that Allah has created? Its (very) shadows return from right and left, making obeisance to Allah, while they are in utter abasement.
50And to Allah makes obeisance every living creature that is in the heavens and that is in the earth, and the angels (too) and they are not proud.
51They fear their Lord above them and do what they are commanded.
52And Allah has said: Take not two gods. He is only one God: So Me alone should you fear.
53And whatever is in the heavens and the earth is His, and to Him is obedience due always. Will you then fear other than Allah?
54And whatever good you have, it is from Allah; then, when evil afflicts you, to Him do you cry for aid.
55Then when He removes the evil from you, lo! some of you associate others with their Lord,
56So as to deny what We have given them. Then enjoy yourselves, for soon will you know.
57And they set apart for what they know not, a portion of what we have given them. By Allah! you shall certainly be questioned about that which you forged.
58And they ascribe daughters to Allah. Glory be to Him! And for themselves is what they desire!
59And when the birth of a daughter is announced to one of them, his face becomes black and he is full of wrath.
60He hides himself from the people because of the evil of what is announced to him. Shall he keep it with disgrace or bury it (alive) in the dust. Now surely evil is what they judge!
61For those who believe not in the Hereafter are evil attributes and Allah’s are the sublime attributes. And He is the Mighty, the Wise.
62And if Allah were to destroy men for their iniquity, He would not leave therein a single creature, but He respites them till an appointed time. So when their doom comes, they are not able to delay (it) an hour, nor can they advance (it).
63And they ascribe to Allah what they (themselves) hate, and their tongues related the lie that for them is good. Assuredly for them is the Fire, and they will be (therein) abandoned.
64By Allah! We certainly sent (messengers) to nations before thee, but the devil made their deeds fair-seeming to them. So he is their patron to-day, and for them is a painful chastisement.
65And We have not revealed to thee the Book except that thou mayest make clear to them that wherein they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
66And Allah sends down water from above, and therewith gives life to the earth after its death. Surely there is a sign in this for a people who listen.
67And surely there is a lesson for you in the cattle: We give you to drink of what is in their bellies -- from betwixt the faeces and the blood -- pure milk, agreeable to the drinkers.
68And of the fruits of the palms and the grapes, you obtain from them intoxicants and goodly provision. There is surely a sign in this for a people who ponder.
69And thy Lord revealed to the bee: Make hives in the mountains and in the trees and in what they build,
70Then eat of all the fruits and walk in the ways of thy Lord submissively. There comes forth from their bellies a beverage of many hues, in which there is healing for men. Therein is surely a sign for a people who reflect.
71And Allah creates you, then He causes you to die; and of you is he who is brought back to the worst part of life, so that he knows nothing after having knowledge. Surely Allah is Knowing, Powerful.
72And Allah has made some of you excel others in the means of subsistence; so those who are made to excel give not away their sustenance to those whom their right hands possess, so that they may be equal therein. Will they then deny the favor of Allah?
73And Allah has made wives for you from among yourselves, and has given you sons and daughters from your wives, and has provided you with good things. Will they then believe in falsehood and deny the favor of Allah?
74And they serve besides Allah that which controls for them no sustenance at all from the heavens and the earth; nor have they any power.
75So coin not similitudes for Allah. Surely Allah knows and you know not.
76Allah sets forth a parable: There is a slave, the property of another, controlling naught, and there is one to whom we have granted from ourselves goodly provisions, so he spends from it secretly and openly. Are the two alike? Praise be to Allah! Nay, most of them know not.
77And Allah sets forth a parable of two men: One of them dumb, controlling naught, and he is a burden to his master; wherever he sends him, he brings no good. Is he equal with him who enjoins justice, and he is on the right path?
78And Allah’s is the unseen of the heavens and the earth. And the matter of the Hour is but as a twinkling of the eye or it is nigher still. Surely Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
79And Allah brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers -- you knew nothing -- and He gave you hearing and sight and hearts that you might give thanks.
80See they not the birds, constrained in the middle of the sky? None witholds them but Allah. Surely in this are signs for a people who believe.
81And Allah has given you an abode in your houses, and He has given you houses of the skins of cattle, which you find light to carry on the day of your march and on the day of your halting, and of their wool and their fur and their hair, household stuff and a provision for a time.
82And Allah has made for you, of what He has created, shelters, and He has given you in the mountains, places of retreat, and He has given you garments to save you from the heat, and coats of mail to save you in your fighting. Thus does He complete His favor to you that you may submit.
83Then if they turn away, thy duty is only clear deliverance (of the message).
84They recognize the favor of Allah, yet they deny it, and most of them are ungrateful.
85And on the day when We raise up a witness out of every nation, then permission (to offer excuse) will not be given to the disbelievers, nor will they be allowed to make amends.
86And when the wrongdoers see the chastisement, it will not be lightened for them, nor will they be respited.
87And when those who ascribed partners (to Allah) see their associate-gods, they will say: Our Lord, these are our associate-gods on whom we called besides Thee. But they will throw back at them the word: Surely you are liars.
88And they will tender submission to Allah on that day, and what they used to forge will fail them.
89Those who disbelieve and hinder (men) from Allah’s way, We will add chastisement to their chastisement because they made mischief.
90And on the day when We raise up in every people a witness against them from among themselves, and bring thee as a witness against these. And We have revealed the Book to thee explaining all things, and a guidance and mercy and good news for those who submit.
91Surely Allah enjoins justice and the doing of good (to others) and the giving to the kindred, and He forbids indecency and evil and rebellion. He admonishes you that you may be mindful.
92And fulfill the covenant of Allah, when you have made a covenant, and break not the oaths after making them fast, and you have indeed made Allah your surety. Surely Allah knows what you do.
93And be not like her who unravels her yarn, disintegrating it into pieces, after she has spun it strongly. You make your oaths to be means of deceit between you because (one) nation is more numerous than (another) nation. Allah only tries you by this. And He will certainly make clear to you on the day of Resurrection that wherein you differed.
94And if Allah please, He would make you a single nation, but He leaves in error whom He pleases and guides whom He pleases. And certainly you will be questioned as to what you did.
95And make not your oaths a means of deceit between you, lest a foot should slip after its stability, and you should taste evil because you hinder (men) from Allah’s way and grievous chastisement be your (lot).
96And take not a small price for Allah’s covenant. Surely what is with Allah is better for you, did you but know!
97What is with you passes away and what is with Allah is enduring. And We shall certainly give to those who are patient their reward for the best of what they did.
98Whoever does good, whether male or female, and is a believer, We shall certainly make him live a good life, and We shall certainly give them their reward for the best of what they did.
99So when thou recitest the Qur’an seek refuge in Allah from the accursed devil.
100Surely he has no authority over those who believe and rely on their Lord.
101His authority is only over those who befriend him and those who associate others with Him.
102And when We change a message for a message -- and Allah knows best what He reveals -- they say: Thou art only a forger. Nay, most of them know not.
103Say: The Holy Spirit has revealed it from thy Lord with truth, that it may establish those who believe, and as a guidance and good news for those who submit.
104And indeed We know that they say: Only a mortal teaches him. The tongue of him whom they hint at is foreign, and this is clear Arabic language.
105Those who believe not in Allah’s messages, Allah guides them not, and for them is a painful chastisement.
106Only they forge lies who believe not in Allah’s messages, and they are the liars.
107Whoso disbelieves in Allah after his belief -- not he who is compelled while his heart is content with faith, but he who opens (his) breast for disbelief -- on them is the wrath of Allah, and for them is a grievous chastisement.
108That is because they love this world’s life more than the Hereafter, and because Allah guides not the disbelieve people.
109These are they whose hearts and ears and eyes Allah has sealed and these are the heedless ones.
110No doubt that in the Hereafter they are the losers.
111Then surely thy Lord, to those who flee after they are persecuted, then struggle hard and are patient, surely thy Lord after that is Protecting, Merciful.
112On the day when every soul will come pleading for itself, and every soul will be paid in full what it has done, and they will not be dealt with unjustly.
113And Allah sets forth a parable: A town safe and secure, to which its means of subsistence came in abundance from every quarter; but it disbelieved in Allah’s favours, so Allah made it taste a pall of hunger and fear because of what they wrought.
114And certainly there came to them a Messenger from among them, but they rejected him, so the chastisement overtook them, while they were wrongdoers.
115So eat of what Allah has given you, lawful and good (things), and give thanks for Allah’s favor, if He it is you serve.
116He has forbidden you only what dies of itself and blood and the flesh of swine and that over which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked; but whoever is driven to (it), not desiring nor exceeding the limit, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
117And utter not, for what your tongues describe, the lie: This is lawful and this unlawful; so that you forge a lie against Allah. Surely those who forge a lie against Allah will not prosper.
118A little enjoyment -- and for them is a painful chastisement.
119And to those who are Jews We prohibited what We have related to thee already, and We did them no wrong, but they wronged themselves.
120And surely thy Lord, for those who do evil in ignorance, then turn after that and make amends, surely thy Lord after that is Forgiving, Merciful.
121Surely Abraham was a model (of virtue), obedient to Allah, upright, and he was not of the polytheists.
122Grateful for His favours. He chose him and guided him on the right path.
123And We gave him good in this world; and in the Hereafter he is surely among the righteous.
124Then We revealed to thee: Follow the faith of Abraham, the upright one; and he was not of the polytheists.
125The Sabbath was ordained only against those who differed about it. And surely thy Lord will judge between them on the day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differed.
126Call to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and goodly exhortation, and argue with them in the best manner. Surely thy Lord knows best him who strays from His path, and He knows best those who go aright.
127And if you take your turn, then punish with the like of that with which you were afflicted. But if you show patience, it is certainly best for the patient.
128And be patient and thy patience is not but by (the help of) Allah, and grieve not for them, nor be in distress for what they plan.
Chapter 17 (Sura 17)
1Surely Allah is with those who keep their duty and those who do good (to others).
2Glory to Him Who carried His servant by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Remote Mosque, whose precincts We blessed, that We might show him of Our signs! Surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
3And We gave Moses the Book and made it a guidance to the Children of Israel (saying): Take no guardian beside Me --
4The offspring of those whom We bore with Noah. Surely he was a grateful servant.
5And We made known to the Children of Israel in the Book: Certainly you will make mischief in the land twice, and behave insolently with mighty arrogance.
6So when of the two, the first warning came to pass, We raised against you Our servants, of mighty prowess, so they made havoc in (your) houses. And it was an accomplished threat.
7Then We gave you back the turn against them, and aided you with wealth and children and made you a numerous band.
8If you do good, you do good for your own souls. And if you do evil, it is for them. So when the second warning came, (We raised another people) that they might bring you to grief and that they might enter the Mosque as they entered it the first time, and that they might destroy, whatever they conquered, with utter destruction.
9It may be that your Lord will have mercy on you. And if you return (to mischief), We will return (to punishment). And We have made hell a prison for the disbelievers.
10Surely this Qur’an guides to that which is most upright, and gives good news to the believers who do good that theirs is a great reward,
11And that those who believe not in the Hereafter, We have prepared for them a painful chastisement.
12And man prays for evil as he ought to pray for good; and man is ever hasty.
13And We made the night and the day two signs, then We have made the sign of the night to pass away and We have made the sign of the day manifest, so that you may seek grace from your Lord, and that you may know the numbering of years and the reckoning. And We have explained everything with distinctness.
14And We have made every man’s actions to cling to his neck, and We shall bring forth to him on the day of Resurrection a book which he will find wide open.
15Read thy book. Thine own soul is sufficient as a reckoner against thee this day.
16Whoever goes aright, for his own soul does he go aright; and whoever goes astray, to its detriment only does he go astray. And no bearer of a burden can bear the burden of another. Nor do We chastise until We raise a messenger.
17And when We wish to destroy a town, We send commandments to its people who lead easy lives, but they transgress therein; thus the word proves true against it, so We destroy it with utter destruction.
18And how many generations did We destroy after Noah! And thy Lord suffices as being Aware and Seer of his servants’ sins.
19Whoso desires this transitory life, We hasten to him therein what We please for whomsoever We desire, then We assign to him the hell; he will enter it despised, driven away.
20And whoso desires the Hereafter and strives for it as he ought to strive and he is a believer -- those are they whose striving is amply rewarded.
21And do We aid -- these as well as those -- out of the bounty of thy Lord, and the bounty of thy Lord is not limited.
22See how We have made some of them to excel others. And certainly the Hereafter is greater in degrees and greater in excellence.
23Associate not any other god with Allah, lest thou sit down despised, forsaken.
24And thy Lord has decreed that you serve none but Him, and do good to parents. If either or both of them reach old age with thee, say not "Fie" to them, nor chide them, and speak to them a generous word.
25And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy, and say: My Lord, have mercy on them, as they brought me up (when I was) little.
26Your Lord knows best what is in your minds. If you are righteous, He is surely Forgiving to those who turn (to Him).
27And give to the near of kin his due and (to) the needy and the wayfarer, and squander not wastefully.
28Surely the squanderers are the devil’s brethren. And the devil is ever ungrateful to his Lord.
29And if thou turn away from them to seek mercy from thy Lord, which thou hopest for, speak to them a gentle word.
30And make not thy hand to be shackled to thy neck, nor stretch it forth to the utmost (limit) of its stretching forth, lest thou sit down blamed, stripped off.
31Surely thy Lord makes plentiful the means of subsistence for whom He pleases, and He straitens. Surely He is ever Aware, Seer, of His servants.
32And kill not your children for fear of poverty -- We provide for them and for you. Surely the killing of them is a great wrong.
33And go not nigh to fornication: surely it is an obscenity. And evil is the way.
34And kill not the soul which Allah has forbidden except for a just cause. And whoever is slain unjustly, We have indeed given to his heir authority -- but let him not exceed the limit in slaying. Surely he will be helped.
35And draw not nigh to the orphan’s property, except in a goodly way, till he attains his maturity. And fulfil the promise; surely, the promise will be enquired into.
36And give full measure when you measure out, and weigh with a true balance. This is fair and better in the end.
37And follow not that of which thou has no knowledge. Surely the hearing and the sight and the heart, of all of these it will be asked.
38And go not about in the land exultingly, for thou canst not rend the earth, nor reach the mountains in height.
39And this, the evil thereof, is hateful in the sight of thy Lord.
40This is of the wisdom which thy Lord has revealed to thee. And associate not any other god with Allah lest thou be thrown into hell, blamed, cast away.
41Has then your Lord preferred to give you sons, and (for Himself) taken daughters from among the angels? Surely you utter a grievous saying.
42And certainly We have repeated (warnings) in this Qur’an that they may be mindful. And it adds not save to their aversion.
43Say: If there were with Him gods, as they say, then certainly they would have been able to seek a way to the Lord of the Throne.
44Glory to Him! and He is highly exalted above what they say!
45The seven heavens and the earth and those in them declare His glory. And there is not a single thing but glorifies Him with his praise, but you do not understand their glorification. Surely He is Forbearing, Forgiving.
46And when thou recitest the Qur’an, We place between thee and those who believe not in the Hereafter a hidden barrier;
47And We put coverings on their hearts and a deafness in their ears lest they understand it; and when thou makest mention of thy Lord alone in the Qur’an, they turn their backs in aversion.
48We know best what they listen to when they listen to thee, and when they take counsel secretly, when the wrongdoers say: You follow only a man deprived of reason.
49See, what they liken thee to! So they have gone astray, and cannot find the way.
50And they say: When we are bones and decayed particles, shall we then be raised up as a new creation?
51Say: Be stones or iron,
52Or some other creature of those which are too hard (to receive life) in your minds! But they will say: Who will return us? Say: He Who created you at first. Still they will shake their heads at thee and say: When will it be? Say: Maybe it has drawn nigh.
53On the day when he will call you forth, then will you obey Him, giving Him praise, and you will think that you tarried but a little (while).
54And say to My servants that they speak what is best. Surely the devil sows dissensions among them. The devil is surely an open enemy to man.
55Your Lord knows you best. He will have mercy on you, if He please, or He will chastise you, if He please. And we have not sent thee as being in charge of them.
56And thy Lord best knows those who are in the heavens and the earth. And certainly We made some of the prophets to excel others, and to David We gave the Zabur.
57Say: Call on those whom you assert besides Him; they have no power to remove distress from you nor to change.
58Those whom they call upon, themselves seek the means of access to their Lord -- whoever of them is nearest -- and they hope for His mercy and fear His chastisement. Surely the chastisement of thy Lord is a thing to be cautious of.
59And there is not a town but We will destroy it before the day of Resurrection or chastise it with a severe chastisement. That is written in the Book.
60And nothing hindered Us from sending signs, but the ancients rejected them. And We gave to Thamud the she-camel, a manifest sign, but they did her wrong, and We send not signs but to warn.
61And when We said to thee: Surely thy Lord encompasses men. And We made not the vision which We showed thee but a trial for men, as also the tree cursed in the Qur’an. And We warn them, but it only adds to their great inordinacy.
62And when We said to the angels: Be submissive to Adam; they submitted, except Iblis. He said: Shall I submit to him whom Thou hast created of dust?
63He said: Seest Thou? This is he whom Thou hast honoured above me! If Thou respite me to the day of Resurrection, I will certainly cause his progeny to perish except a few.
64He said: Be gone! whoever of them follows thee surely hell is your recompense, a full recompense.
65And incite whom thou canst of them with thy voice, and collect against them thy horse and thy foot, and share with them in wealth and children, and promise them. And the devil promises them only to deceive.
66My servants -- thou has surely no authority over them. And thy Lord suffices as having charge of affairs.
67Your Lord is He who speeds the ships for you in the sea that you may seek of His grace. Surely He is ever Merciful to you.
68And when distress afflicts you in the sea, away go those whom you call on except He; but when He brings you safe to the land, you turn away. And man is ever ungrateful.
69Do you then feel secure that He will not bring you low on a tract of land, or send on you a violent wind? Then you will not find a protector for yourselves;
70Or, do you feel secure that He will not take you back into it another time, then send on you a fierce gale and thus overwhelm you for your ungratefulness? Then you will not find any aider against Us in the matter.
71And surely We have honoured the children of Adam, and We carry them in the land and the sea, and We provide them with good things, and We have made them to excel highly most of those whom We have created.
72On the day when We shall call every people with their leader: then whoever is given his book in his right hand, these will read their book; and they will not be dealt with a whit unjustly.
73And whoever is blind in this (world) he will be blind in the Hereafter, and further away from the path.
74And surely they had purposed to turn thee away from that which We have revealed to thee, that thou shouldst forge against Us other than that, and then they would have taken thee for a friend.
75And if We had not made thee firm, thou mightest have indeed included to them a little;
76Then We would have made thee taste a double (punishment) in life and a double (punishment) after death, and then thou wouldst not have found any helper against Us.
77And surely they purposed to unsettle thee from the land that they might expel thee from it, and then they will not tarry after thee but a little.
78(This is Our) way with Our messengers whom We sent before thee, and thou wilt not find a change in Our course.
79Keep up prayer from the declining of the sun till the darkness of the night, and the recital of the Qur’an at dawn. Surely the recital of the Qur’an at dawn is witnessed.
80And during a part of the night, keep awake by it, beyond what is incumbent on thee; maybe thy Lord will raise thee to a position of great glory.
81And say: My Lord, make me enter a truthful entering, and make me go forth a truthful going forth, and grant me from Thy presence an authority to help (me).
82And say: The truth has come and falsehood vanished. Surely falsehood is ever bound to vanish.
83And We reveal of the Qur’an that which is a healing and a mercy to the believers, and it adds only to the perdition of the wrongdoers.
84And when We bestow favours on man, he turns away and behaves proudly; and when evil afflicts him, he is in despair.
85Say: Everyone acts according to his manner. But your Lord best knows who is best guided on the path.
86And they ask thee about the revelation. Say: The revelation is by the commandment of my Lord, and of knowledge you are given but a little.
87And if We please, We could certainly take away that which We have revealed to thee, then thou wouldst find none to please (thy cause) against Us --
88But it is a mercy from thy Lord. Surely His bounty to thee is abundant.
89Say: If men and jinn should combine together to bring the like of this Qur’an, they could not bring the like of it, though some of them were aiders of others.
90And certainly We have made clear for men in this Qur’an every kind of description, but most men consent to naught save denying.
91And they say: We will be no means believe in thee, till thou cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us,
92Or thou have a garden of palms and grapes in the midst of which thou cause rivers to flow forth abundantly,
93Or thou cause the heaven to come down upon us in pieces, and thou thinkest, or bring Allah and the angels face to face (with us),
94Or thou have a house of gold, or thou ascend into heaven. And we will not believe in thy ascending till thou bring down to us a book we can read. Say: Glory to my Lord! am I aught but a mortal messenger?
95And nothing prevents people from believing, when the guidance comes to them, except that they say: Has Allah raised up a mortal to be a messenger?
96Say: Had there been in the earth angels walking about secure, We would have sent down to them from the heaven an angel as messenger.
97Say: Allah suffices for a witness between me and you. Surely he is ever Aware of His servants, Seeing.
98And he whom Allah guides, he is on the right way; and he whom He leaves in error for them thou wilt find no guardians besides Him. And We shall gather them together on the day of Resurrection on their faces, blind and dumb and deaf. Their abode is hell. Whenever it abates, We make them burn the more.
99This is their retribution because they disbelieve in Our messages and say: When we are bones and decayed particles, shall we then be raised up into a new creation?
100See they not that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, is able to create the like of them? And He has appointed for them a term, whereof there is no doubt. But the wrongdoers consent to naught but denying.
101Say: If you control the treasures of the mercy of my Lord, then you would withold (them) for fear of spending. And man is ever niggardly.
102And certainly We gave Moses nine clear signs; so ask the Children of Israel. When he came to them, Pharaoh said to him: Surely I deem thee, O Moses, to be one bewitched.
103He said: Truly thou knowest that none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth has sent these as clear proofs; and surely I believe thee, O Pharaoh, to be lost.
104So he desired to scare them from the land, but We drowned him and those with him, all together;
105And We said to the Children of Israel after him: Abide in the land. But when the latter promise came, We brought you all rolled up.
106And with truth have We revealed it, and with truth did it come. And We have not sent thee but as a giver of good news and as a Wagner.
107And it is a Qur’an We have made distinct, so that thou mayest read it to the people by slow degrees, and We have revealed it in portions.
108Say: Believe in it or believe not. Surely those who are given the knowledge before it, fall down prostrate on their faces, when it is recited to them,
109And say: Glory to our Lord! Surely the promise of our Lord was to be fulfilled.
110And they fall down on their faces, weeping, and it adds to their humility.
111Say: Call on Allah or call on the Beneficent. By whatever (name) you call on Him, He has the best names. And utter not thy prayer loudly nor be silent in it, and seek a way between these.
Chapter 18 (Sura 18)
1And say: Praise be to Allah! Who has not taken to Himself a son and Who has not partner in the kingdom, and Who has not a helper because of weakness; and proclaim His greatness, magnifying (Him).
2Praise be to Allah! Who revealed the Book to His servant, and allowed not therein any crookedness,
3Rightly directing, to give warning of severe punishment from Him and to give good news to the believers who do good that theirs is a goodly reward,
4Staying in it for ever;
5And to warn those who say: Allah has taken to Himself a son.
6They have no knowledge of it, nor had their fathers. Grievous is the word that comes out of their mouths. They speak nothing but a lie.
7Then maybe thou wilt kill thyself with grief, sorrowing after them, if they believe not in this announcement.
8Surely We have made whatever is on the earth an embellishment for it, so that We may try which of them is best in works.
9And We shall surely make what is on it dust, without herbage.
10Or, thinkest thou that the companions of the Cave and the Inscription were of Our wonderful signs?
11When the youths sought refuge in the Cave, they said: Our Lord, grant us mercy from Thyself, and provide for us a right course in our affair.
12So We prevented them from hearing in the Cave for a number of years,
13Then We raised them up that We might know which of the two parties was best able to calculate the time for which they remained.
14We relate to thee their story with truth. Surely they were youths who believed in their Lord and We increased them in guidance.
15And We strengthened their hearts when they stood up and said: Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth; we call upon no god beside Him, for then indeed we should utter an enormity.
16These our people have taken gods beside Him. Why do they not bring clear authority for them? Who is then more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah?
17And when you withdraw from them and what they worship save Allah, take refuge in the Cave; your Lord will spread forth for you of His mercy, and provide for you a profitable course in your affair.
18And thou mightest see the sun, when it rose, decline from their Cave to the right, and when it set leave them behind on the left, while they were in a wide space thereof. This is the signs of Allah. He whom Allah guides, he is on the right way; and whom He leaves in error, thou wilt not find for him a friend to guide aright.
19And thou mightest think them awake while they were asleep, and We turned them about to the right and to the left, with their dog outstretching its paws at the entrance. If thou didst look at them, thou wouldst turn back from them in flight, and thou wouldst be filled with awe because of them.
20And thus did We rouse them that they might question each other. A speaker from among them said: How long have you tarried? They said: We have tarried for a day or a part of a day. (Others) said: Your Lord knows best how long you have tarried. Now send one of you with this silver (coin) of yours to the city, then let him see what food is purest, and bring you provision from it, and let him behave with gentleness, and not make your case known to anyone.
21For if they prevail against you, they would stone you to death or force you back to their religion, and then you would never succeed.
22And thus did We make (men) to get knowledge of them, that they might know that Allah’s promise is true and that the Hour -- there is no doubt about it. When they disputed among themselves about their affair and said: Erect an edifice over them. Their Lord knows best about them. Those who prevailed in their affair said: We shall certainly build a place of worship over them.
23(Some) say: (They were) three, the fourth of them their dog; and (others) say: Five, the sixth of them their dog, making conjectures about the unseen. And (others) say: Seven, and the eighth of them their dog. Say: My Lord best knows their number -- none knows them but a few. So contend not in their matter but with an outward contention, and question not any of them concerning them.
24And say not of anything: I will do that to-morrow,
25Unless Allah please. And remember thy Lord when thou forgettest and say: Maybe my Lord will guide me to a nearer course to the right than this.
26And they remained in their cave three hundred years, and they add nine.
27Say: Allah knows best how long they remained. His is the unseen of the heavens and the earth. How clear His sight and His hearing! There is no guardian for them beside Him, and He associates none in His judgment.
28And recite that which has been revealed to thee of the Book of thy Lord. There is none who can alter His words. And thou wilt find no refuge beside Him.
29And keep thyself with those who call on their Lord morning and evening desiring His goodwill, and let not thine eyes pass from them, desiring the beauties of this world’s life. And follow not him whose heart We have made unmindful of Our remembrance, and he follows his low desires and his case exceeds due bounds.
30And say: The Truth is from your Lord; so let him who please believe, and let him who please disbelieve. Surely We have prepared for the iniquitous a Fire, and enclosure of which will encompass them. And if they cry for water, they are given water like molten brass, scalding their faces. Evil the drink! And ill the resting-place!
31As for those who believe and do good, We waste not the reward of him who does a good work.
32These it is for whom are Gardens of perpetuity wherein flow rivers; they are adorned therein with bracelets of gold, and they wear green robes of fine silk and thick brocade, reclining therein on raised couches. Excellent the recompense! And goodly the resting-place!
33And set forth to them the parable of two men -- for one of them We made two gardens of grape-vines, and We surrounded them with date-palms, and between them We made corn-fields.
34Both these gardens yielded their fruits, and failed not in aught thereof, and We caused a river to gush forth in their midst,
35And he had fruit. So he said to his companion, while he argued with him: I have greater wealth than thou, and am mightier in followers.
36And he went into his garden, while he was unjust to himself. He said: I think not that this will ever perish,
37And I think not the Hour will come; and even if I am returned to my Lord, I will certainly find a returning-place better than this.
38His companion said to him, while arguing with him: Disbelievest thou in Him Who created thee of dust, then of a small life-germ, then he made thee a perfect man?
39But as for me, He, Allah, is my Lord, and I associate none with my Lord.
40And wherefore didst thou not say, when thou enteredst thy garden: It is as Allah has pleased -- there is no power save in Allah? If thou consider me as less than thee in wealth and children --
41Then maybe my Lord will give me better than thy garden, and will send on (thine) a reckoning from heaven so that it is dust without plant:
42Or its water will sink down into the ground, so that thou art unable to find it.
43And his fruit was destroyed; so he began to wring his hands for what he had spent on it, while it lay waste, its roofs fallen down, and he said: Ah me! would that I had ascribed no partners to my Lord!
44And he had no host to help him against Allah, nor could he defend himself.
45Thus protection is only Allah’s, the true One. He is Best to reward and Best in requiting.
46And set forth to them the parable of the life of this world as water which We send down from the cloud, so the herbage of the earth becomes luxuriant thereby, then it becomes dry, broken into pieces which the winds scatter. And Allah is the Holder of power over all things.
47Wealth and children are an adornment of the life of this world; but the ever-abiding, the good works, are better with thy Lord in reward and better in hope.
48And the day when We cause the mountains to pass away, and thou seest the earth a levelled plain and We gather them together and leave none of them behind.
49And they are brought before thy Lord in ranks. Now certainly you have come to Us as We created you at first. Nay, you thought that We had not made an appointment for you.
50And the book is placed, and thou seest the guilty fearing for what is in it, and they say: O woe to us! what a book is this! It leaves out neither a small thing nor a great one, but numbers them (all), and they find what they did confronting them. And thy Lord wrongs not any one.
51And when We said to the angels: Make submission to Adam, they submitted except Iblis. He was of the jinn, so he transgressed the commandment of his Lord. Will you then take him and his offspring for friends rather than Me, and they are your enemies? Evil is the exchange for the unjust.
52I made them not to witness the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor their own creation. Nor could I take those who mislead for aiders.
53And one day He will say: Call on those whom you considered to be My partners. So they will call on them, but they will not answer them, and We shall cause a separation between them.
54And the guilty will see the Fire, and know that they are about to fall into it, and they will find no escape from it.
55And certainly We have made distinct in this Qur’an for mankind every kind of description; and man is in most things contentious.
56And nothing prevents men from believing when the guidance comes to them, and from asking forgiveness of their Lord, but that (they wait) for the way of the ancients to overtake them, or that the chastisement should confront them.
57And We send not messengers but as givers of good news and warning, and those who disbelieve contend with falsehood to weaken thereby the Truth, and they take My messages and the warning for a mockery.
58And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of the messages of his Lord, then he turns away from them and forgets what his hands have sent before? Surely We have placed veils over their hearts, lest they understand it, and a deafness in their ears. And if thou call them to the guidance, they will even then never follow the right course.
59And thy Lord is Forgiving, Full of Mercy. Were He to punish them what they earn, He would certainly hasten the chastisement for them. But for them there is an appointed time from which they will find no refuge.
60And these towns -- We destroyed them when they did wrong. And We have appointed a time for their destruction.
61And when Moses said to his servant: I will not cease until I reach the junction of the two rivers, otherwise I will go on for years.
62So when they reached the junction of the two (rivers), they forgot their fish, and it took its way into the river, being free.
63But when they had gone further, he said to his servant: Bring to us our morning meal, certainly we have found fatigue in this our journey.
64He said: Sawest thou when we took refuge on the rock, I forgot the fish, and none but the devil made me forget to speak of it, and it took its way into the river; what a wonder!
65He said: This is what we sought for. So they returned retracing their footsteps.
66Then they found one of Our servants whom We had granted mercy from Us and whom We had taught knowledge from Ourselves.
67Moses said to him: May I follow thee that thou mayest teach me of the good thou hast been taught?
68He said: Thou canst not have patience with me.
69And how canst thou have patience in that whereof thou hast not a comprehensive knowledge?
70He said: If Allah please, thou wilt find me patient, nor shall I disobey thee in aught.
71He said: If thou wouldst follow me, question me not about aught until I myself speak to thee about it.
72So they set out until, when they embarked in a boat, he made a hole in it. (Moses) said: Hast thou made a hole in it to drown its occupants? Thou has surely done a grievous thing.
73He said: Did I not say that thou couldst not have patience with me?
74He said: Blame me not for what I forgot, and be not hard upon me for what I did.
75So they went on, until, when they met a boy, he slew him. (Moses) said: Hast thou slain an innocent person, not guilty of slaying another? Thou hast indeed done a horrible thing.
76He said: Did I not say to thee that thou couldst not have patience with me?
77He said: If I ask thee about anything after this, keep not company with me. Thou wilt then indeed have found an excuse in my case.
78So they went on, until, when they came to the people of a town, they asked its people for food, but they refused to entertain them as guests. Then they found in it a wall which was on the point of falling, so he put it into a right state, (Moses) said: If thou hadst wished, thou couldst have taken a recompense for it.
79He said: This is the parting between me and thee. Now I will inform thee of the significance of that with which thou couldst not have patience.
80As for the boat, it belonged to poor people working on the river, and I intended to damage it, for there was behind them a king who seized every boat by force.
81And as for the boy, his parents were believers and We feared lest he should involve them in wrongdoing and disbelief.
82So We intended that their Lord might give them in his place one better in purity and nearer to mercy.
83And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the city, and there was beneath it a treasure belonging to them, and their father had been a righteous man. So thy Lord intended that they should attain their maturity and take out their treasure -- a mercy from thy Lord -- and I did not do it of my own accord. This is the significance of that with which thou couldst not have patience.
84And they ask thee about Dhu-l-qarnain. Say: I will recite to you an account of him.
85Truly We established him in the land and granted him means of access to everything;
86So he followed a course.
87Until, when he reached the setting-place of the sun, he found it going down into a black sea, and found by it a people. We said: O Dhu-l-qarnain, either punish them or do them a benefit.
88He said: As for him who is unjust, we shall chastise him, then he will be returned to his Lord, and He will chastise him with an exemplary chastisement.
89And as for him who believes and does good, for him is a good reward, and We shall speak to him an easy word of Our command.
90Then he followed a course.
91Until, when he reached the (land of) the rising sun, he found it rising on a people to whom We had given no shelter from it --
92So it was. And We had full knowledge of what he had.
93Then he followed a course.
94Until, when he reached (a place) between the two mountains, he found on that side of them a people who could hardly understand a world.
95They said: O Dhu-l-qarnain, Gog and Magog do mischief in the land. May we then pay thee tribute on condition that thou raise a barrier between us and them?
96He said: That wherein my Lord has established me is better, so if only you help me with strength (of men), I will make a fortified barrier between you and them:
97Bring me blocks of iron. At length, when he had filled up the space between the two mountain sides, he said, Blow. Till, when he had made it (a) fire, he said: Bring me molten brass to pour over it.
98So they were not able to scale it, nor could they make a hole in it.
99He said: This is a mercy from my Lord, but when the promise of my Lord comes to pass He will crumble it, and the promise of my Lord is ever true.
100And on that day We shall let some of them surge against others and the trumpet will be blown, then We shall gather them all together,
101And We shall bring forth hell, exposed to view, on that day before the disbelievers,
102Whose eyes were under a cover from My Reminder, and they could not bear to hear.
103Do those who disbelieve think that they can take My servants to be friends besides Me? Surely We have prepared hell as an entertainment for the disbelievers.
104Say: Shall We inform you who are the greatest losers in respect of deeds?
105Those whose effort goes astray in this world’s life, and they think that they are making good manufactures.
106Those are they who disbelieve in the messages of their Lord and meeting with Him, so their works are vain. Nor shall We set up a balance for them on the day of Resurrection.
107That is their reward -- hell, because they disbelieved and held My messages and My messengers in mockery.
108As for those who believe and do good deeds, for them are Gardens of Paradise, an entertainment,
109To abide therein; they will not desire removal therefrom.
110Say: If the sea were ink for the words of my Lord, the sea would surely be exhausted before the words of my Lord were exhausted, though We brought the like of it to add (thereto).
Chapter 19 (Sura 19)
1Say: I am only a mortal like you -- it is revealed to me that God is one God. So whoever hopes to meet his Lord, he should do good deeds, and join no one in the service of his Lord.
2Sufficient, Guide, Blessed, Knowing, Truthful God.
3A mention of the mercy of thy Lord to His servant Zacharias --
4When he called upon his Lord, crying in secret.
5He said: My Lord, my bones are weakened, and my head flares with hoariness, and I have never been unsuccessful in my prayer to Thee, my Lord.
6And I fear my kinsfolk after me, and my wife is barren, so grant me from Thyself an heir
7Who should inherit me and inherit of the Children of Jacob, and make him, my Lord, acceptable (to Thee).
8O Zacharias, We give thee good news of a boy, whose name is John: We have not made before anyone his equal.
9He said: My Lord, how shall I have a son, and my wife is barren, and I have reached extreme old age?
10He said: So (it will be). Thy Lord says: It is easy for Me, and indeed I created thee before, when thou wast nothing.
11He said: My Lord, give me a sign. He said: Thy sign is that thou speak not to people three nights, being in sound health.
12So he went forth to his people from the sanctuary and proclaimed to them: Glorify (Allah) morning and evening.
13O John, take hold of the Book with strength. And We granted him wisdom when a child,
14And kind-heartedness from Us and purity. And he was dutiful,
15And kindly to his parents, and he was not insolent, disobedient.
16And peace on him the day he was born and the day he died, and the day he is raised to life!
17And mention Mary in the Book. When she drew aside from her family to an eastern place;
18So she screened herself from them. Then We sent to her Our spirit and it appeared to her as a well-made man.
19She said: I flee for refuge from thee to the Beneficent, if thou art one guarding against evil.
20He said: I am only bearer of a message of thy Lord: That I will give thee a pure boy.
21She said: How can I have a son and no mortal has yet touched me, nor have I been unchaste?
22He said: So (it will be). Thy Lord says: It is easy to Me; and that We may make him a sign to men and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter decreed.
23Then she conceived him; and withdrew with him to a remote place.
24And the throes of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm-tree. She said: Oh, would that I had died before this, and had been a thing quite forgotten!
25So a voice came to her from beneath her: Grieve not, surely thy Lord has provided a stream beneath three.
26And shake towards thee the trunk of the palm-tree, it will drop on thee fresh ripe dates.
27So eat and drink and cool the eye. Then if thou seest any mortal, say: Surely I have vowed a fast to the Beneficent, so I will not speak to any man to-day.
28Then she came to her people with him, carrying him. They said: O Mary, thou has indeed brought a strange thing!
29O sister of Aaron, thy father was not a wicked man, nor was thy mother an unchaste woman!
30But she pointed to him. They said: How should we speak to one who is a child in the cradle?
31He said: I am indeed a servant of Allah. He has given me the Book and made me a prophet:
32And He has made me blessed wherever I may be, and He has enjoined on me prayer and poor-rate so long as I live:
33And to be kind to my mother; and He has not made me insolent, unblessed.
34And peace on me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I am raised to life.
35Such is Jesus son of Mary -- a statement of truth about which they dispute.
36It beseems not Allah that He should take to Himself a son. Glory be to Him! when he decrees a matter He only says to it, Be, and it is.
37And surely Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so serve Him. This is the right path.
38But parties from among them differed; so woe to those who disbelieve, because of their presence on a grievous day!
39How clearly will they hear and see on the day when they come to Us; but the wrongdoers are to-day in manifest error.
40And warn them of the day of Regret, when the matter is decided. And they are (now) in negligence and they believe not.
41Surely We inherit the earth and those thereon, and to Us they are returned.
42And mention Abraham in the Book. Surely he was a truthful man, a prophet.
43When he said to his sire: O my sire, why worshippest thou that which hears not, or sees, or can it avail thee aught?
44O my sire, to me indeed has come the knowledge which has not come to thee; so follow me, I will guide thee on a right path.
45O my sire, serve not the devil. Surely the devil is disobedient to the Beneficent.
46O my sire, surely I fear lest a punishment from the Beneficent should afflict thee, so that thou become a friend of the devil.
47He said: Dislikest thou my gods, O Abraham? If thou desist not, I will certainly drive thee away. And leave me for a time.
48He said: Peace be to thee! I shall pray my Lord to forgive thee. Surely He is ever Kind to me.
49And I withdraw from you and that which you call on beside Allah, and I call upon my Lord. Maybe I shall not remain unblessed in calling upon my Lord.
50So, when he withdrew from them and that which they worshipped besides Allah, We gave him Isaac and Jacob. And each (of them) We made a prophet.
51And We gave them of Our mercy, and We granted them a truthful mention of eminence.
52And mention Moses in the Book. Surely he was one purified, and was a messenger, a prophet.
53And We called to him from the blessed side of the mountain, and We made him draw nigh in communion.
54And We gave him out of Our mercy his brother Aaron, a prophet.
55And mention Ishmael in the Book. Surely he was truthful in promise, and he was a messenger, a prophet.
56And he enjoined on his people prayer and almsgiving, and was one in whom his Lord was well pleased.
57And mention Idris in the Book. Surely he was a truthful man, a prophet,
58And We raised him to an elevated state.
59These are they on whom Allah bestowed favours, from among the prophets, of the seed of Adam, and of those whom We carried with Noah, and of the seed of Abraham and Israel, and of those whom We guided and chose. When the messages of the Beneficent were recited to them, they fell down in submission, weeping.
60But there came after them an evil generation, who wasted prayers and followed lusts, so they will meet perdition,
61Except those who repent and believe and do good -- such will enter the Garden, and they will not be wronged in aught:
62Gardens of perpetuity which the Beneficent has promised to His servants in the Unseen. Surely His promise ever comes to pass.
63They will hear therein no vain discourse, but only, Peace! And they have their sustenance therein, morning and evening.
64This is the Garden which We cause those of Our servants to inherit who keep their duty.
65And we descend not but by the command of thy Lord. To Him belongs what is before us and what is behind us and what is between these, and thy Lord is never forgetful.
66Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, so serve Him and be patient in His service. Knowest thou any one equal to Him?
67And says man: When I am dead, shall I truly be brought forth alive?
68Does not man remember that We created him before, when he was nothing?
69So by thy Lord! We shall certainly gather them together and the devils, then shall We bring them around hell on their knees.
70Then We shall draw forth from every sect those most rebellious against the Beneficent.
71Again, We certainly know best those who deserve most to be burned therein.
72And there is not one of you but shall come to it. This is an unavoidable decree of thy Lord.
73And We shall deliver those who guard against evil, and leave the wrongdoers therein on their knees.
74And when our clear messages are recited to them, those who disbelieve say to those who believe: Which of the two parties is better in position and better in assembly?
75And how many a generation have We destroyed before them, who had better possessions and appearance!
76Say: As for him who is in error, the Beneficent will prolong his length of days; until they see what they were threatened with, either the punishment or the Hour. Then they will know who is worse in position and weaker in forces.
77And Allah increases in guidance those who go aright. And deeds that endure, the good deeds, are, with thy Lord, better in recompense and yield better return.
78Hast thou seen him who disbelieves in Our messages and says: I shall certainly be given wealth and children?
79Has he gained knowledge of the unseen, or made a covenant with the Beneficent?
80By no means! We write down what he says, and We shall lengthen to him the length of the chastisement,
81And We shall inherit from him what he says, and he will come to Us alone.
82And they have taken gods besides Allah, that they should be to them a source of strength --
83By no means! They will soon deny their worshipping them, and be their adversaries.
84Seest thou not that We send the devils against the disbelievers, inciting them incitingly?
85So make no haste against them. We only number out to them a number (of days).
86The day when We gather the dutiful to the Beneficent to receive honours,
87And drive the guilty to hell, as thirsty beasts.
88They have no power of intercession, save him who has made a covenant with the Beneficent.
89And they say: The Beneficent has taken to Himself a son.
90Certainly you make an abominable assertion!
91The heavens may almost be rent thereat, and the earth cleave asunder, and the mountains fall down in pieces,
92That they ascribe a son to the Beneficent!
93And it is not worthy of the Beneficent that he should take to Himself a son.
94There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes to the Beneficent as a servant.
95Certainly He comprehends them, as has numbered them all.
96And every one of them will come to Him on the day of Resurrection, alone.
97Those who believe and do good deeds, for them the Beneficent will surely bring about love.
98So We have made it easy in thy tongue only that thou shouldst give good news thereby to those who guard against evil, and shouldst warn thereby a contentious people.
Chapter 20 (Sura 20)
1And how many a generation before them have We destroyed! Canst thou see any one of them or hear a sound of them?
2O man,
3We have not revealed the Qur’an to thee that thou mayest be unsuccessful;
4But it is a reminder to him who fears:
5A revelation from Him Who created the earth and the high heavens.
6The Beneficent is established on the Throne of Power.
7To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth and whatever is between them and whatever is beneath the soil.
8And if thou utter the saying aloud, surely He knows the secret, and what is yet more hidden.
9Allah -- there is no God but He. His are the most beautiful names.
10And has the story of Moses come to thee?
11When he saw a fire, he said to his people: Stay, I see a fire; haply I may bring to you therefrom a live coal or find guidance at the fire.
12So when he came to it, a voice came: O Moses,
13Surely I am thy Lord, so take off thy shoes; surely thou art in the sacred valley Tuwa.
14And I have chosen thee so listen to what is revealed:
15Surely I am Allah, there is no God but I, so serve Me, and keep up prayer for My remembrance,
16Surely the Hour is coming -- I am about to make it manifest -- so that every soul may be rewarded as it strives.
17So let not him, who believes not in it and follows his low desire, turn thee away from it, lest thou perish.
18And what is this in thy right hand, O Moses?
19He said: This is my staff -- I lean on it, and beat the leaves with it for my sheep, and I have other uses for it.
20He said: Cast it down, O Moses.
21So he cast it down, and lo! it was a serpent, gliding.
22He said: Seize it and fear not. We shall return it to its former state.
23And press thy hand to thy side, it will come out white without evil -- another sign:
24That We may show thee of Our greater signs.
25Go to Pharaoh, surely he has exceeded the limits.
26He said: My Lord, expand my breast for me:
27And ease my affair for me:
28And loose the knot from my tongue,
29(That) they may understand my word.
30And give to me an aider from my family:
31Aaron, my brother;
32Add to my strength by him,
33And make him share my task --
34So that we may glorify Thee much,
35And much remember Thee.
36Surely, Thou art ever Seeing us.
37He said: Thou art indeed granted thy petition, O Moses.
38And indeed We bestowed on thee a favor at another time,
39When We revealed to thy mother that which was revealed:
40Put him into a chest, then cast it into the river, the river will cast it upon the shore -- there an enemy to Me and an enemy to him shall take him up. And I shed on thee love from Me; and that thou mayest be brought up before My eyes.
41When thy sister went and said: Shall I direct you to one who will take charge of him? So We brought thee back to thy mother that her eye might be cooled and she should not grieve. And thou didst kill a man, then We delivered thee from grief, and tried thee with (many) trials. Then thou didst stay for years among the people of Midian. Then thou camest hither as ordained, O Moses.
42And I have chosen thee for Myself.
43Go thou and thy brother with My messages and be not remiss in remembering Me.
44Go both of you to Pharaoh, surely he is inordinate;
45Then speak to him a gentle word, haply he may mind or fear.
46They said: Our Lord, we fear lest he hasten to do evil to us or be inordinate.
47He said: Fear not, surely I am with you -- I do hear and see.
48So go you to him and say: Surely we are two messengers of thy Lord; so send forth the Children of Israel with us; and torment them not. Indeed we have brought to thee a message from thy Lord, and peace to him who follows the guidance.
49It has indeed been revealed to us that punishment will overtake him who rejects and turns away.
50(Pharaoh) said: Who is your Lord, O Moses?
51He said: Our Lord is He Who gives to everything its creation, then guides (it).
52He said: What then is the state of the former generations?
53He said: The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a book; my Lord neither errs nor forgets --
54Who made the earth for you an expanse and made for you therein paths and sent down water from the clouds. Then thereby We bring forth pairs of various herbs.
55Eat and pasture your cattle. Surely there are signs in this for men of understanding.
56From it We created you, and into it We shall return you, and from it raise you a second time.
57And truly We showed him all Our signs but he rejected and refused.
58Said he: Hast thou come to us to turn us out of our land by thy enchantment, O Moses?
59We too can bring to thee enchantment like it, so make an appointment between us and thee, which we break not, (neither) we nor thou, (in) a central place.
60(Moses) said: Your appointment is the day of the Festival, and let the people be gathered in the early forenoon.
61So Pharaoh went back and settled his plan, then came.
62Moses said to them: Woe to you! Forge not a lie against Allah, lest He destroy you by punishment, and he fails indeed who forges (a lie).
63So they disputed one with another about their affair and kept the discourse secret.
64They said: These are surely two enchanters who would drive you out from your land by their enchantment, and destroy your excellent institutions.
65So settle your plan, then come in ranks, and he will succeed indeed this day who is uppermost.
66They said: O Moses, wilt thou cast, or shall we be the first to cast down?
67He said: Nay! Cast you down. Then lo! their cords and their rods -- it appeared to him by their enchantment as if they ran.
68So Moses conceived fear in his mind.
69We said: Fear not, surely thou are the uppermost.
70And cast down what is in thy right hand -- it will eat up what they have wrought. What they have wrought is only the trick of an enchanter, and the enchanter succeeds not wheresoever he comes from.
71So the enchanters fell down prostrate, saying: We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses.
72(Pharaoh) said: You believe in him before I give you leave! Surely he is your chief who taught you enchantment. So I shall cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides and I shall crucify you on the trunks of palm-trees, and you shall certainly know which of us can give the severer and the more abiding chastisement.
73They said: We cannot prefer thee to what has come to us of clear arguments and to Him Who made us, so decide as thou wilt decide. Thou canst only decide about this world’s life.
74Surely we believe in our Lord that He may forgive us our faults and the magic to which thou didst compel us. And Allah is Best and ever Abiding.
75Whoso comes guilty to his Lord, for him is surely hell. He will neither die therein, nor live.
76And whoso comes to Him a believer, having done good deeds, for them are high ranks --
77Gardens of perpetuity, wherein flow rivers, to abide therein. And such is the reward of him who purifies himself.
78And certainly We revealed to Moses: Travel by night with My servants, then strike for them a dry path in the sea, not fearing to be overtaken, nor being afraid.
79So Pharaoh followed them with his armies, then there covered them of the sea that which covered them.
80And Pharaoh led his people astray and he guided not aright.
81O Children of Israel, We truly delivered you from your enemy, and made a covenant with you on the blessed side of the mountain, and sent to you the manna and the quails.
82Eat of the good things We have provided for you, and be not inordinate in respect thereof, lest My wrath come upon you; and he on whom My wrath comes, he perishes indeed.
83And surely I am Forgiving toward him who repents and believes and does good, then walks aright.
84And what made thee hasten from thy people, O Moses?
85He said: They are here on my track, and I hasten on to Thee, my Lord, that Thou mightest be pleased.
86He said: Surely We have tried thy people in thy absence, and the Samiri has led them astray.
87So Moses returned to his people angry, sorrowing. He said: O my people, did not your Lord promise you a goodly promise? Did the promised time, then seem long to you, or did you wish that displeasure from your Lord should come upon you, so that you broke (your) promise to me?
88They said: We broke not the promise to thee of our own accord, but we were made to bear the burdens of the ornaments of the people, then we cast them away, and thus did the Samiri suggest.
89Then he brought forth for them a calf, a body, which had a hollow sound, so they said: This is your god and the god of Moses; but he forgot.
90Could they not see that it returned no reply to them, nor controlled any harm or benefit for them?
91And Aaron indeed had said to them before: O my people, you are only tried by it, and surely your Lord is the Beneficent God, so follow me and obey my order.
92They said: We shall not cease to keep it its worship until Moses returns to us.
93(Moses) said: O Aaron, what prevented thee, when thou sawest them going astray,
94That thou didst not follow me? Hast thou, then, disobeyed my order?
95He said: O son of my mother, seize me not by my beard, nor by my head. Surely I was afraid lest thou shouldst say: Thou hast caused division among the Children of Israel and not waited for my word.
96(Moses) said: What was thy object, O Samiri?
97He said: I perceived what they perceived not, so I took a handful from the footprints of the messenger then I cast it away. Thus did my soul embellish (it) to me.
98He said: Begone then! It is for thee in this life to say, Touch (me) not. And for thee is a promise which shall not fail. And look at thy god to whose worship thou hast kept. We will certainly burn it, then we will scatter it in the sea.
99Your Lord is only Allah, there is no God but He. He comprehends all things in (His) knowledge.
100Thus relate We to thee of the news of what has gone before. And indeed We have given thee a Reminder from Ourselves.
101Whoever turns away from it, he will surely bear a burden on the day of Resurrection,
102Abiding therein. And evil will be their burden on the day of Resurrection --
103The day when the trumpet is blown; and We shall gather the guilty, blue-eyed, on that day,
104Consulting together secretly: You tarried but ten (days).
105We know best what they say when the fairest of them in course would say: You tarried but a day.
106And they ask thee about the mountains. Say: My Lord will scatter them, as scattered dust,
107Then leave it a plain, smooth, level,
108Wherein thou seest no crookedness nor unevenness.
109On that day they will follow the Inviter, in whom is no crookedness; and the voices are low before the Beneficent God, so that thou hearest naught but a soft sound.
110On that day no intercession avails except of him whom the Beneficent allows, and whose word He is pleased with.
111He knows what is before them and what is behind them, while they cannot comprehend it in knowledge.
112And faces shall be humbled before the Living, the Self-subsistent. And he who bears iniquity is indeed undone.
113And whoever does good works and he is a believer, he has no fear of injustice, nor of the withholding of his due.
114And thus have We sent it down an Arabic Qur’an, and have distinctly set forth therein of threats that they may guard against evil, or that it may be a reminder for them.
115Supremely exalted then is Allah, the King, the Truth. And make not haste with the Qur’an before its revelation is made complete to thee, and say: My Lord, increase me in knowledge.
116And certainly We gave a commandment to Adam before, but he forgot; and We found in him no resolve (to disobey).
117And when We said to the angels: Be submissive to Adam, they submitted except Iblis; he refused.
118We said: O Adam, this is an enemy to thee and to thy wife; so let him not drive you both out of the garden so that thou art unhappy.
119Surely it is granted to thee therein that thou art not hungry, nor naked,
120And that thou are not thirst therein, nor exposed to the sun’s heat.
121But the devil made an evil suggestion to him; he said: O Adam, shall I lead thee to the tree of immortality and a kingdom which decays not?
122So they both ate of it, then their evil inclinations became manifest to them, and they began to cover themselves with the leaves of the garden. And Adam disobeyed his Lord, and was disappointed.
123Then his Lord chose him, so He turned to him and guided (him).
124He said: Go forth here from both -- all (of you) -- one of you (is) enemy to another. So there will surely come to you guidance from Me; then whoever follows My guidance, he will not go astray nor be unhappy.
125And whoever turns away from My Reminder, for him is surely a straitened life, and We shall raise him up blind on the day of Resurrection.
126He will say: My Lord, why hast Thou raised me up blind, while I used to see?
127He will say: Thus did Our messages come to thee, but thou didst neglect them. And thus art thou forsaken this day.
128And thus do We recompense him who is extravagant and believes not in the messages of his Lord. And certainly the chastisement of the Hereafter is severer and more lasting.
129Does it not manifest to them how many of the generations, in whose dwellings they go about, We destroyed before them? Surely there are signs in this for men of understanding.
130And had not a word gone forth from thy Lord, and a term been fixed, it would surely have overtaken them.
131So bear patiently what they say, and celebrate the praise of thy Lord before the rising of the sun and before its setting, and glorify (Him) during the hours of the night and parts of the day, that thou mayest be well pleased.
132And strain not thine eyes toward that with which We have provided different classes of them, (of) the splendour of this world’s life, that We may thereby try them. And the sustenance of thy Lord is better and more abiding.
133And enjoin prayer on thy people, and steadily adhere to it. We ask not of thee a sustenance. We provide for thee. And the (good) end is for guarding against evil.
134And they say: Why does he not bring us a sign from his Lord? Has not there come to them a clear evidence of what is in the previous Books?
135And if We had destroyed them with chastisement before it, they would have said: Our Lord, why didst Thou not send to us a messenger, so that we might have followed Thy messages before we met disgrace and shame?
Chapter 21 (Sura 21)
1Say: Every one (of us) is waiting, so wait. Soon you will come to know who is the following of the even path and who goes aright.
2Their reckoning draw nigh to men, and they turn away in heedlessness.
3There comes not to them a new Reminder from their Lord but they hear it while they sport,
4Their hearts trifling. And they -- the wrongdoers -- counsel in secret: He is nothing but a mortal like yourselves; will you then yield to enchantment while you see?
5He said: My Lord knows (every) utterance in the heaven and the earth, and He is the Hearer, the Knower.
6Nay, say they: Medleys of dreams! nay, he has forged it! nay, he is a poet! so let him bring to us a sign such as the former (prophets) were sent (with).
7Not a town believed before them which We destroyed: will they then believe?
8And We sent not before thee any but men to whom We sent revelation; so ask the followers of the Reminder if you know not.
9Nor did We give them bodies not eating food, nor did they abide.
10Then We made Our promise good to them; so We delivered them and whom We pleased, and We destroyed the extravagant.
11Certainly We have revealed to you a Book which will give you eminence. Do you not then understand?
12And how many a town which was iniquitous did We demolish, and We raised up after it another people!
13So when they felt Our might, lo! they began to flee from it.
14Flee not and return to the easy lives which you led, and to your dwellings, that you may be questioned.
15They said: O woe to us! Surely we were unjust.
16And this cry of theirs ceased not till We made them cut off, extinct.
17And We created not the heaven and the earth and what is between them for sport.
18Had We wished to take a pastime, We would have taken it from before Ourselves; by no means would We do (so).
19Nay, We hurl the Truth against falsehood, so it knocks out its brains, and lo! it vanishes. And woe to you for what you describe!
20And to Him belongs whoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those who are with Him are not too proud to serve Him, nor are they weary.
21They glorify (Him) night and day: they flag not.
22Or have they taken gods from the earth who give life?
23If there were in them gods besides Allah, they would both have been in disorder. So glory be to Allah, the Lord of the Throne, being above what they describe!
24He cannot be questioned as to what He does, and they will be questioned.
25Or, have they taken gods besides Him? Say: Bring your proof. This is the reminder of those with me and the reminder of those before me. Nay, most of them know not the Truth, so they turn away.
26And We sent no messenger before thee but We revealed to him that there is no God but Me, so serve Me.
27And they say: The Beneficent has taken to Himself a son. Glory be to Him! Nay, they are honoured servants --
28They speak not before He speaks, and according to his command they act.
29He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they intercede not except for him whom He approves, and for fear of Him they tremble.
30And whoever of them should say, I am a god besides Him, such a one We recompense with hell. Thus We reward the unjust.
31Do not those who disbelieve see that the heavens and the earth were closed up, so We rent them. And We made from water everything living. Will they not then believe?
32And We made firm mountains in the earth lest it be convulsed with them, and We made in it wide ways that they might follow a right direction.
33And We have made the heaven a guarded canopy; yet they turn away from its signs.
34And He it is Who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon. All float in orbits.
35And We granted abiding for ever to no mortal before thee. If thou diest, will they abide?
36Every soul must taste of death. And We test you by evil and good by way of trial. And to Us you are returned.
37And when those who disbelieve see thee, they treat thee not but with mockery: Is this he who speaks of your gods? And they deny when the Beneficent God is mentioned.
38Man is created of haste. Soon will I show you My signs, so ask Me not to hasten them.
39And they say: When will this threat come to pass, if you are truthful?
40If those who disbelieve but knew the time when they will not be able to ward off the fire from their faces, nor from their backs, and they will not be helped!
41Nay, it will come to them all of a sudden and confound them, so they will not have the power to avert it, nor will they be respited.
42And messengers before thee were indeed mocked, so there befell those of them who scoffed, that whereat they scoffed.
43Say: Who guards you by night and by day from the Beneficent? Nay, they turn away at the mention of their Lord.
44Or, have they gods who can defend them against Us? They cannot help themselves, nor can they be defended from Us.
45Nay, We gave provision to these and their fathers, until life was prolonged to them. See they not then that We are visiting the land, curtailing it of its sides? Can they then prevail?
46Say: I warn you only by revelation; and the deaf hear not the call when they are warned.
47And if a blast of the chastisement of thy Lord were to touch them, they would say: O woe to us! Surely we were unjust.
48And We will set up a just balance on the day of Resurrection, so that no soul will be wronged in the least. And if there be the weight of a grain of mustard see, We will bring it. And sufficient are We to take account.
49And certainly We gave Moses and Aaron the criterion and a light and a reminder for those who keep from evil,
50Who fear their Lord in secret and they are fearful of the Hour.
51And this is a blessed Reminder, which We have revealed. Will you then deny it?
52And certainly We gave Abraham his rectitude before, and We knew him well.
53When he said to his sire and his people: What are these images to whose worship you cleave?
54They said: We found our fathers worshipping them.
55He said: Certainly you have been, you and your fathers, in manifest error.
56They said: Hast thou brought us the truth, or art thou of the jesters?
57He said: Nay, your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, Who created them; and I am of those who bear witness to this.
58And, by Allah! I will certainly plan against your idols after you go away, turning your backs.
59So he broke them into pieces, except the chief of them, that haply they might return to it.
60They said: Who has done this to our gods? Surely he is one of the unjust.
61They said: We heard a youth, who is called Abraham, speak of them.
62They said: Then bring him before the people’s eyes, perhaps they may bear witness.
63They said: Hast thou done this to our gods, O Abraham?
64He said: Surely (someone) has done it. The chief of them is this; so ask them, if they can speak.
65Then they turned to themselves and said: Surely you yourselves are wrongdoers;
66Then they were made to hang down their heads: Thou knowest indeed that they speak not.
67He said: Serve you then besides Allah what does you no good, nor harms you?
68Fie on you and on what you serve besides Allah! Have you no sense?
69They said: Burn him, and help your gods, if you are going to do (anything).
70We said: O fire, be coolness and peace for Abraham:
71And they intended a plan against him, but We made them the greater losers.
72And We delivered him and Lot (directing them) to the land which We had blessed for the nations.
73And We gave them Isaac; and Jacob, a son’s son. And We made (them) all good.
74And We made them leaders who guided (people) by Our command, and We revealed to them the doing of good and the keeping up of prayer and the giving of alms, and Us (alone) they served;
75And to Lot We gave wisdom and knowledge, and We delivered him from the town which wrought abomination. Surely they were an evil people, transgressors;
76And We admitted him to Our mercy; surely he was of the righteous.
77And Noah, when he cried aforetime, so We answered him, and delivered him and his people from the great calamity.
78And We helped him against the people who rejected Our messages. Surely they were an evil people, so We drowned them all.
79And David and Solomon, when they gave judgment concerning the field, when the people’s sheep strayed therein by night, and We were bearers of witness to their judgment.
80So We made Solomon to understand it. And to each (of them) We gave wisdom and knowledge. And We made the mountains, declaring (Our) glory, and the birds, subservient to David. And We were the Doers.
81And We taught him the making of coats of mail for you, to protect you in your wars; will you then be grateful?
82And to Solomon (We subdued) the wind blowing violent, pursuing its course by His command to the land which We had blessed, and We are ever Knower of all things.
83And of the devils there were those who dived for him and did other work besides that; and We kept guard over them:
84And Job, when he cried to his Lord; Distress has afflicted me! and Thou art the most Merciful of those who show mercy.
85So We responded to him and removed the distress he had, and We gave him his people and the like of them with them: a mercy from Us and a reminder to the worshippers.
86And Ishmael and Idris and Dhu-l-Kifl; all were of the patient ones;
87And We admitted them to Our mercy; surely they were of the good ones.
88And Dhu-l-Nun, when he went away in wrath, and he thought that We would not straiten him, so he called out among afflictions: There is no God but Thou, glory be to Thee! Surely I am of the sufferers of loss.
89So We responded to him and delivered him from grief. And thus do We deliver the believers.
90And Zacharias, when he cried to his Lord: My Lord leave me not alone! and Thou art the Best of inheritors.
91So We responded to him and gave him John and made his wife fit for him. Surely they used to vie, one with another, in good deeds and called upon Us, hoping and fearing; and they were humble before Us.
92And she who guarded her chastity, so We breathed into her of Our inspiration, and made her and her son a sign for the nations.
93Surely this your community is a single community, and I am your Lord, so serve Me.
94And they cut off their affair among them: To Us will all return.
95So whoever does good deeds and is a believer, there is no rejection of his effort, and We surely write (it) down for him.
96And it is forbidden to a town which We destroy: they shall not return.
97Even when Gog and Magog are let loose and they sally forth from every elevated place.
98And the True Promise draws nigh, then lo! the eyes of those who disbelieve will be fixedly open: O woe to us! Surely we were heedless of this; nay, we were unjust.
99Surely you and what you worship besides Allah are fuel of hell; to it you will come.
100Had these been gods, they would not have come to it. And all will abide therein.
101For them therein is groaning and therein they hear not.
102Those for whom the good has already gone forth from Us, they will be kept far off from it --
103They will not hear the faintest sound of it and they will abide in that which their souls desire.
104The great Terror will not grieve them, and the angels will meet them: This is your day which you were promised.
105The day when We roll up heaven like the rolling up of the scroll of writings. As We began the first creation, We shall reproduce it. A promise (binding) on Us. We shall bring it about.
106And certainly We wrote in the Book after the reminder that My righteous servants will inherit the land.
107Surely in this is a message for a people who serve (us).
108And We have not sent thee but as a mercy to the nations.
109Say: It is only revealed to me that your God is one God: will you then submit?
110But if they turn back, say: I have warned you in fairness, and I know not whether that which you are promised is near or far.
111Surely He knows what is spoken openly and He knows what you hide.
112And I know not if this may be a trial for you and a provision till a time.
Chapter 22 (Sura 22)
1He said: My Lord, judge Thou with truth. And Our Lord is the Beneficent, Whose help is sought against what you ascribe (to Him).
2O people, keep your duty to your Lord; surely the shock of the Hour is a grievous thing.
3The day you see it, every woman giving suck will forget her suckling and every pregnant one will lay down her burden, and thou wilt see men as drunken, yet they will not be drunken, but the chastisement of Allah will be severe.
4And among men is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge, and follows every rebellious devil --
5For him it is written that whoever takes him for a friend, he will lead him astray and conduct him to the chastisement of the burning Fire.
6O people, if you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then surely We created you from dust, then from a small life-germ, then from a clot, then from a lump of flesh, complete in make and incomplete, that We may make clear to you. And We cause what We please to remain in the wombs till an appointed time, then We bring you forth as babies, then that you may attain your maturity. And of you is he who is caused to die, and of you is he who is brought back to the worst part of life, so that after knowledge he knows nothing. And thou seest the earth barren, but when We send down thereon water, it stirs and swells and brings forth a beautiful (growth) of every kind.
7That is because Allah, He is the Truth, and He gives life to the dead, and He is Possessor of power over all things,
8And the Hour is coming, there is no doubt about it; and Allah will raise up those who are in the graves.
9And among men is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge, and without guidance, and without an illuminating Book.
10Turning away haughtily to lead men astray from the way of Allah. For him is disgrace in this world, and on the day of Resurrection We shall make him taste the punishment of burning.
11This is for that which thy two hands have sent before, and Allah is not in the least unjust to the servants.
12And among men is he who serves Allah, (standing) on the verge, so that if good befalls him he is satisfied therewith, but if a trial afflicts him he turns back headlong. He loses this world and the Hereafter. That is a manifest loss.
13He calls besides Allah on that which harms him not, nor benefits him; that is straying far.
14He calls on him whose harm is nearer than his benefit. Certainly an evil guardian and an evil associate!
15Surely Allah causes those who believe and do good deeds to enter Gardens wherein flow rivers. Allah indeed does what He pleases.
16Whoever thinks that Allah will not assist him in this life and the Hereafter, let him raise (himself) by some means to the heaven, then let him cut (it) off, then let him see if his plan will take away that at which he is enraged.
17And thus have We revealed it, clear arguments, and Allah guides whom He will.
18Those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabeans and the Christians and the Magians and the polytheists -- surely Allah will decide between them on the day of Resurrection. Surely Allah is Witness over all things.
19Seest thou not that to Allah makes submission whoever is in the heavens and whoever is in the earth, and the sun and the moon and the starts, and the mountains and the trees, and the animals and many of the people? And many there are to whom chastisement is due. And he whom Allah abases, none can give him honour. Surely Allah does what He pleases.
20These are two adversaries who dispute about their Lord. So those who disbelieve, for them are cut out garments of fire. Boiling water will be poured over their heads.
21With it will be melted what is in their bellies and (their) skins as well.
22And for them are whips of iron.
23Whenever they desire to go forth from it, from grief, they are turned back into it, and (it is said): Taste the chastisement of burning.
24Surely Allah will make those who believe and do good deeds enter Gardens wherein flow rivers -- they are adorned therein with bracelets of gold and (with) pearls. And their garments therein are of silk.
25And they are guided to pure words, and they are guided to the path of the Praised One.
26Those who disbelieve and hinder (men) from Allah’s way and from the Sacred Mosque, which We have made equally for all men, (for) the dweller therein and the visitor. And whoever inclines therein to wrong, unjustly, We shall make him taste of painful chastisement.
27And when We pointed to Abraham the place of the House, saying: Associate naught with me, and purify My House for those who make circuits and stand to pray and bow and prostrate themselves.
28And proclaim to men the Pilgrimage: they will come to thee on foot and on every lean camel, coming every remote path:
29That they may witness benefits (provided) for them, and mention the name of Allah on appointed days over what He has given them of the cattle quadrupeds; then eat of them and feed the distressed one, the needy.
30Then let them accomplish their needful acts of cleansing, and let them fulfil their vows and go round the Ancient House.
31That (shall be so). And whoever respects the sacred ordinances of Allah, it is good for him with his Lord. And the cattle are made lawful for you, except that which is recited to you, so shun the filth of the idols and shun false words,
32Being unright for Allah, not associated aught with Him. And whoever associates (aught) with Allah, it is as if he had fallen from on high, then the birds had snatched him away, or the wind had carried him off to a distant place.
33That (shall be so). And whoever respects the ordinances of Allah, this is surely from the piety of hearts.
34Therein are benefits for you for a term appointed, then their place of sacrifice is the Ancient House.
35And for every nation We appointed acts of devotion that they might mention the name of Allah on what He has given them of the cattle quadrupeds. So your God is One God, therefore to Him should you submit. And give good news to the humble,
36Whose hearts tremble when Allah is mentioned, and who are patient in their afflictions, and who keep up prayer, and spend of what We have given them.
37And the camels, We have made them of the signs appointed by Allah for you -- for you therein is much good. So mention the name of Allah on them standing in a row. Then when they fall down on their sides, eat of them and feed the contented one and the beggar. Thus have We made them subservient to you that you may be grateful.
38Not their flesh, nor their blood, reaches Allah, but to Him is acceptable observance of duty on your part. Thus has He made them subservient to you, that you may magnify Allah for guiding you aright. And give good news to those who do good (to others).
39Surely Allah defends those who believe. Surely Allah loves not anyone who is unfaithful, ungrateful.
40Permission (to fight) is given to those on whom war is made, because they are oppressed. And surely Allah is Able to assist them --
41Those who are driven from their homes without a just cause except that they say: Our Lord is Allah. And if Allah did not repel some people by others, cloisters, and churches, and synagogues, and mosques in which Allah’s name is much remembered, would have been pulled down. And surely Allah will help him who helps Him. Surely Allah is Strong, Mighty.
42Those who, if We establish them in the land, will keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and enjoin good and forbid evil. And Allah’s is the end of affairs.
43And if they reject thee, already before them did the people of Noah and ‘Ad and Thamud reject (prophets),
44And the people of Abraham and the people of Lot,
45And the dwellers of Midian. And Moses (too) was rejected. But I gave respite to the disbelievers, then I seized them; so how (severe) was My disapproval!
46How many a town We destroyed while it was iniquitous, so it is fallen down upon its roofs; and (how many) a deserted well and palace raised high!
47Have they not travelled in the land so that they should have hearts with which to understand, or ears with which to hear? For surely it is not the eyes that are blind, but blind are the hearts which are in the breasts.
48And they ask thee to hasten on the chastisement, and Allah by no means fails in His promise. And surely a day with thy Lord is as a thousand years of what you reckon.
49And how many a town to which I gave respite while it was unjust, then I seized it! And to Me is the return.
50Say: O people, I am only a plain warner to you.
51So those who believe and do good, for them is forgiveness and an honourable sustenance.
52And those who strive to oppose Our messages, they are the inmates of the flaming Fire.
53And We never sent a messenger or a prophet before thee but when he desired, the devil made a suggestion respecting his desire; but Allah annuls that which the devil casts, then does Allah establish His messages. And Allah is Knowing, Wise --
54That He may make what the devil casts a trial for those in whose hearts is a disease and the hard-hearted. And surely the wrongdoers are in severe opposition,
55And that those who have been given knowledge may know that it is the Truth from thy Lord, so they should believe in it that their hearts may be lowly before Him. And surely Allah is the Guide of those who believe, into a right path.
56And those who disbelieve will not cease to be in doubt concerning it, until the Hour overtakes them suddenly, or there comes to them the chastisement of a destructive day.
57The kingdom on that day is Allah’s. He will judge between them. So those who believe and do good will be in Gardens of bliss.
58And those who disbelieve and reject Our messages, for them is an abasing chastisement.
59And those who flee in Allah’s way and are then slain or die, Allah will certainly grant them a goodly sustenance. And surely Allah is the Best of providers.
60He will certainly cause them to enter a place which they are pleased with. And surely Allah is Knowing, Forbearing.
61That (is so). And whoever retaliates with the like of that with which he is afflicted and he is oppressed, Allah will certainly help him. Surely Allah is Pardoning, Forgiving.
62That is because Allah causes the night to enter into the day and causes the day to enter into the night, and because Allah is Hearing, Seeing.
63That is because Allah is the Truth, and that which they call upon besides Him -- that is the falsehood, and because Allah -- He is the High, the Great.
64Seest thou not that Allah sends down water from the cloud, then the earth becomes green? Surely Allah is Knower of subtilties, Aware.
65To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And surely Allah -- He is the self-sufficient, the Praised.
66Seest thou not that Allah has made subservient to you all that is in the earth, and the ships gliding in the sea by His command? And He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth except with His permission. Surely Allah is Compassionate, Merciful to men.
67And He it is Who brings you to life, then He causes you to die, then He brings you to life. Surely man is ungrateful.
68To every nation We appointed acts of devotion, which they observe, so let them not dispute with thee in the matter, and call to thy Lord. Surely thou art on a right guidance.
69And if they contend with thee, say: Allah best knows what you do.
70Allah will judge between you on the day of Resurrection respecting that in which you differ.
71Knowest thou not that Allah knows what is in the heaven and the earth? Surely this is in a book. That is surely easy to Allah.
72And they serve besides Allah that for which He has not sent any authority, and of which they have no knowledge. And for the unjust there is no helper.
73And when Our clear messages are recited to them, thou wilt notice a denial on the faces of those who disbelieve -- they almost attack those who recite to them Our messages. Say: Shall I inform you of what is worse than this? The Fire. Allah has promised it to those who disbelieve. And evil is the resort.
74O people, a parable is set forth, so listen to it. Surely those whom you call upon besides Allah cannot create a fly, though they should all gather for it. And if the fly carry off aught from them, they cannot take it back from it. Weak are (both) the invoker and the invoked.
75They estimate not Allah with His due estimation. Surely Allah is Strong, Mighty.
76Allah chooses messengers from angels and for men. Surely Allah is Hearing, Seeing.
77He knows what is before them and what is behind them. And to Allah are all affairs returned.
78O you who believe, bow down and prostrate yourselves and serve your Lord, and do good that you may succeed.
Chapter 23 (Sura 23)
1And strive hard for Allah with due striving. He has chosen you and has not laid upon you any hardship in religion -- the faith of your father Abraham. He named you Muslims before and in this, that the Messenger may be a bearer of witness to you, and you may be bearers of witness to the people; so keep up your prayer and pay the poor-rate and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protector; excellent the Protector and excellent the Helper!
2Successful indeed are the believers,
3Who are humble in their prayers,
4And who shun what is vain,
5And who act for the sake of purity,
6And who restrain their sexual passions --
7Except in the presence of their mates or those whom their right hands possess, for such surely are not blameable,
8But whoever seeks to go beyond that, such are transgressors --
9And those who are keepers of their trusts and their covenant,
10And those who keep a guard on their prayers.
11These are the heirs,
12Who inherit Paradise. Therein they will abide.
13And certainly We create man of an extract of clay,
14Then We make him a small life-germ in a firm resting-place,
15Then We make the life-germ a clot, then We make the clot a lump of flesh, then We make (in) the lump of flesh bones, then We clothe the bones with flesh, then We cause it to grow into another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators!
16Then after that you certainly die.
17Then on the day of Resurrection you will surely be raised up.
18And indeed We have made above you seven ways -- and never are We heedless of creation.
19And We send down water from the cloud according to a measure, then We cause it to settle in the earth, and We are indeed able to carry it away.
20Then We cause to grow thereby gardens of palm-trees and grapes for you. You have therein many fruits and of them you eat;
21And a tree that grows out of Mount Sinai, which produces oil and relish for the eaters.
22And surely there is a lesson for you in the cattle. We make you to drink of what is in their bellies, and you have in them many advantages and of them you eat,
23And on them and on the ships you are borne.
24And certainly We sent Noah to his people, so he said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no God other than Him. Will you not guard against evil?
25But the chiefs of those who disbelieved from among his people said: He is nothing but a mortal like yourselves, who desires to have superiority over you. And if Allah had pleased, He could have sent down angels. We have not heard of this among our fathers of yore.
26He is only a madman, so bear with him for a time.
27He said: My Lord, help me against their calling me a liar.
28So We revealed to him: Make the ark under Our eyes and according to Our revelation; then when our command comes, and water gushes forth from the valley, take into it of every kind a pair, two, and thy people, except those among them again whom the word has gone forth, and speak not to Me in respect of those who are unjust; surely they will be drowned.
29Then when thou art firmly seated, thou and those with thee, in the ark, say: Praise be to Allah, Who delivered us from the unjust people!
30And say: My Lord, cause me to land a blessed landing and Thou art the Best of those who bring to land.
31Surely there are signs in this, and surely We are ever trying (men).
32Then We raised after them another generation.
33So We sent among them a messenger from among them, saying: Serve Allah -- you have no God other than Him. Will you not guard against evil?
34And the chiefs of His people who disbelieved and called the meeting of the Hereafter a lie, and whom We had given plenty to enjoy in this world’s life, said: This is only a mortal like you, eating of that whereof you eat and drinking of what you drink.
35And if you obey a mortal like yourselves, then surely you are losers.
36Does he promise you that, when you are dead and become dust and bones, you will then be brought forth?
37Far, very far, is that which you are promised:
38There is naught but our life in this world: we die and we live and we shall not be raised again:
39He is naught but a man who has forged a lie against Allah, and we are not going to believe in him.
40He said: My Lord, help me against their calling me a liar.
41He said: In a little while they will certainly be repenting.
42So the punishment overtook them in justice, and We made them as rubbish; so away with the unjust people!
43Then We raised after them other generations.
44No people can hasten on their doom, nor can they postpone (it).
45Then We sent Our messengers one after another. Whenever its messenger came to a people, they called him a liar, so We made them follow one another and We made them stories. So away with a people who believe not!
46Then We sent Moses and his brother Aaron with Our messages and a clear authority
47To Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they behaved haughtily and they were an insolent people.
48So they said: Shall We believe in two mortals like ourselves while their people serve us?
49So they rejected them and became of those who were destroyed.
50And certainly We gave Moses the Book that they might go aright.
51And We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign, and We gave them refuge on a lofty ground having meadows and springs.
52O ye messengers, eat of the good things and do good. Surely I am Knower of what you do.
53And surely this your community is one community, and I am your Lord, so keep your duty to Me.
54But they became divided into sects, each party rejoicing in that which was with them.
55So leave them in their ignorance till a time.
56Think they that by the wealth and children wherewith We aid them,
57We are hastening to them of good things? Nay, they perceive not.
58Surely they who live in awe for fear of their Lord,
59And those who believe in the messages of their Lord,
60And those who associate naught with their Lord,
61And those who give what they give while their hearts are full of fear that to their Lord thy must return --
62These hasten to good things and they are foremost in attaining them.
63And We lay not on any soul a burden except to the extent of its ability, and with Us is a book which speaks the truth, and they are not wronged.
64Nay, their hearts are in ignorance about it, and they have besides this other deeds which they do.
65Until, when We seize those who lead easy lives among them with chastisement, lo! they cry for succour.
66Cry not for succour this day. Surely you will not be helped by Us.
67My messages were indeed recited to you, but you used to turn back on your heels
68Haughtily, passing nights in talking nonsense about it.
69Do they not then ponder the Word? Or has there come to them that which did not come to their fathers of old?
70Or do they not recognize their Messenger, that they deny him?
71Or say they: There is madness in him? Nay, he has brought them the Truth, and most of them hate the Truth.
72And if the Truth follow their desires, the heavens and the earth and all those who are therein would perish. Nay, We have brought them their reminder, but they turn away from their reminder.
73Or dost thou ask them a recompense? But the recompense of thy Lord is best, and He is the Best of providers.
74And surely thou callest them to a right way.
75And surely those who believe not in the Hereafter are deviating from the way.
76And if We show mercy to them and remove the distress they have, they would persist in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on.
77And already We seized them with chastisement, but they were not submissive to their Lord, nor did they humble themselves.
78Until, when We open for them a door of severe chastisement, lo! they are in despair at it.
79And He it is Who made for you the ears and the eyes and the hearts. Little it is that you give thanks!
80And He it is Who multiplied you in the earth, and to Him you will be gathered.
81And He it is Who gives life and causes death, and His is the alternation of the night and the day. Do you not then understand?
82Nay, they say the like of what the ancients said.
83They say: When we die and become dust and bones, shall we then be raised up?
84We are indeed promised this, and (so were) our fathers before. This is naught but stories of those of old!
85Say: Whose is the earth, and whoever is therein, if you know?
86They will say: Allah’s. Say: Will you not then mind?
87Say: Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the mighty Throne of power?
88They will say: (This is) Allah’s. Say: Will you not then guard against evil?
89Say: Who is it in Whose hand is the kingdom of all things and He protects, and none is protected against Him, if you know?
90They will say: (This is) Allah’s. Say: Whence are you then deceived?
91Nay, We have brought them the Truth and surely they are liars.
92Allah has not taken to Himself a son, nor is there with Him any (other) god -- in that case would each god have taken away what he created, and some of them would have overpowered others. Glory be to Allah above they describe --
93The Knower of the unseen and the seen; so may He be exalted above what they associated (with Him)!
94Say: My Lord, if Thou show me that which they are promised --
95My Lord, then place me not with the unjust people.
96And surely We are well Able to show thee what We promise them.
97Repel evil with that which is best. We know best what they describe.
98And say: My Lord, I seek refuge in Thee from the evil suggestions of the devils,
99And I seek refuge in Thee, my Lord, lest they come to me.
100Until when death overtakes one of them, he says: My Lord, send me back,
101That I may do good in that which I have left. By no means! It is but a word that he speaks. And before them is a barrier, until the day they are raised.
102So when the trumpet is blown, there will be no ties of relationship among them that day, nor will they ask of one another.
103Then those whose good deeds are heavy, those are the successful.
104And those whose good deeds are light, those are they who have lost their souls, abiding in hell.
105The Fire will scorch their faces, and they therein will be in severe affliction.
106Were not My messages recited to you, but you used to reject them?
107They will say: Our Lord, our adversity overcame us, and we were an erring people.
108Our Lord, take us out of it; then if we return (to evil), we shall be unjust.
109He will say: Begone therein, and speak not to Me.
110Surely there was a party of My servants who said: Our Lord, we believe, so forgive us and have mercy on us, and Thou are the Best of those who show mercy.
111But you ridiculed them, until they made you forget remembrance of Me, and you used to laugh at them.
112Surely I have rewarded them this day because they were patient, that they are the achievers.
113He will say: How many years did you tarry in the earth?
114They will say: We tarried a day or part of a day, but ask those who keep account.
115He will say: You tarried but a little -- if you only knew!
116Do you then think that We have created you in vain, and that you will not be returned to us?
117So exalted be Allah, the True King! No God is there but He, the Lord of the Throne of Grace.
118And whoever invokes, besides Allah, another god -- he has no proof of this -- his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely the disbelievers will not be successful.
Chapter 24 (Sura 24)
1And say: My Lord, forgive and have mercy, and Thou art the Best of those who show mercy.
2(This is) a chapter which We have revealed and made obligatory and wherein We have revealed clear messages that you may be mindful.
3The adulteress and the adulterer, flog each of them (with) a hundred stripes, and let not pity for them detain you from obedience to Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day, and let a party of believers witness their chastisement.
4The adulterer cannot have sexual relations with any but an adulteress or an idolatress, and the adulteress, none can have sexual relations with her but an adulterer or an idolater; and it is forbidden to believers.
5And those who accuse free women and bring not four witnesses, flog them (with) eighty stripes and never accept their evidence, and these are the transgressors --
6Except those who afterwards repent and act aright; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
7And those who accuse their wives and have now witnesses except themselves, let one of them testify four times, bearing Allah to witness, that he is of those who speak the truth.
8And the fifth (time) that the curse of Allah be on him, if he is of those who lie.
9And it shall avert the chastisement from her, if she testify four times, bearing Allah to witness, that he is of those who lie.
10And the fifth (time) that the wrath of Allah to be on her, if he is of those who speak the truth.
11And were it not for Allah’s grace upon you and His mercy -- and that Allah is Oft-returning (to mercy) Wise!
12Surely they who concocted the lie are a party from among you. Deem it not an evil to you. Nay, it is good for you. For every man of them is what he has earned of sin; and as for him among them who took upon himself the main part thereof, he shall have a grievous punishment.
13Why did not the believing men and the believing women, when you heard it, think well of their own people, and say: This is an evident falsehood?
14Why did they not bring four witnesses of it? So, as they have not brought witnesses, they are liars in the sight of Allah.
15And were it not for Allah’s grace upon you and His mercy in this world and the Hereafter, a grievous chastisement would certainly have touched you on account of the talk you indulged in.
16When you received it on your tongues and spoke with your mouths that of which you had no knowledge, and you deemed it a trifle, while with Allah it was serious.
17And why did you not, when you heard it, say: It beseems us not to talk of it. Glory be to Thee! This is a great calumny.
18Allah admonishes you that you return not to the like of it ever again, if you are believers.
19And Allah makes clear to you the messages; and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
20Those who love that scandal should circulate respecting those who believe, for them is a grievous chastisement in this world and the Hereafter. And Allah knows, while you know not.
21And were it not for Allah’s grace on you and His mercy -- and that Allah is Compassionate, Merciful.
22O you who believe, follow not the footsteps of the devil. And whoever follows the footsteps of the devil, surely he commands indecency and evil. And were it not for Allah’s grace on you and His mercy, not one of you would ever have been purse, but Allah purifies whom He pleases. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
23And let not possessors of grace and abundance among you swear against giving to the near of kin and the poor and those who have fled in Allah’s way; and pardon and overlook. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
24Surely those who accuse chaste believing women, unaware (of the evil), are cursed in this world and the Hereafter, and for them is a grievous chastisement,
25On the day when their tongues and their hands and their feet bear witness against them as to what they did,
26On that day Allah will pay back to them in full their just reward, and they will know that Allah, He is the Evident Truth.
27Unclean things are for unclean ones and unclean ones are for unclean things, and good things are for good ones and good ones are for good things; these are free from what they say. For them is forgiveness and an honourable sustenance.
28O you who believe, enter not houses other than your own houses, until you have asked permission and saluted their inmates. This is better for you that you may be mindful.
29But if you find no one therein, enter them not, until permission is given to you; and if it is said to you, Go back, then go back; this is purer for you. And Allah is Knower of what you do.
30It is no sin for you to enter uninhabited houses wherein you have your necessaries. And Allah knows what you do openly and what you hide.
31Say to the believing men that they lower their gaze and restrain their sexual passions. That is purer for them. Surely Allah is Aware of what they do.
32And say to the believing women that they lower their gaze and restrain their sexual passions and do not display their adornment except what appears thereof. And let them wear their head-coverings over their bosoms. And they should not display their adornment except to their husbands or their fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or their sons, or the sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or those whom their right hands possess, or guileless male servants, or the children who know not women’s nakedness. And let them not strike their feet so that the adornment that they hide may be known. And turn to Allah all, O believers, so that you may be successful.
33And marry those among you who are single, and those who are fit among your males slaves and your female slaves. If they are needy, Allah will make them free from want out of His grace. And Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
34And let those who cannot find a match keep chaste, until Allah makes them free from want out of His grace. And those of your slaves who ask for a writing (of freedom), give them the writing, if you know any good in them, and give them of the wealth of Allah which He has given you. And compel not your slave-girls to prostitution when they desire to keep chaste, in order to seek the frail goods of this world’s life. And whoever compels them, then surely after their compulsion Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
35And certainly We have sent to you clear messages and a description of those who passed away before you, and an admonition to those who guard against evil.
36Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. A likeness of His light is as a pillar on which is a lamp -- the lamp is in a glass, the glass is as it were a brightly shining star -- lit from a blessed olive-tree, neither eastern nor western, the oil whereof gives light, though fire touch it not -- light upon light. Allah hides to His light whom He pleases. And Allah sets forth parables for men, and Allah is Knower of all things --
37(It is) in houses which Allah has permitted to be exalted and His name to be remembered therein. Therein do glorify Him, in the mornings and the evenings,
38Men whom neither merchandise nor selling diverts from the remembrance of Allah and the keeping up of prayer and the paying of the poor-rate -- they fear a day in which the hearts and the eyes will turn about,
39That Allah may give them the best reward for what they did, and give them more out of His grace. And Allah provides without measure for whom He pleases.
40And those who disbelieve, their deeds are as a mirage in a desert, which the thirsty man deems to be water, until, when he comes to it, he finds it naught, and he finds Allah with him, so He pays him his due. And Allah is Swift at reckoning --
41Or like darkness in the deep sea -- there covers him a wave, above which is a wave, above which is a cloud -- (Layers) darkness one above another -- when he holds out his hand, he is almost unable to see it. And to whom Allah gives not light, he has no light.
42Seest thou not that Allah is He, Whom do glorify all those who are in the heavens and the earth, and the birds with wings outspread? Each one knows its prayer and its glorification. And Allah is Knower of what they do.
43And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the eventual coming.
44Seest thou not that Allah drives along the clouds, then gathers them together, then piles them up, so that thou seest the rain coming forth from their midst? And He sends down from the heaven (clouds like) mountains, wherein is hail, afflicting therewith whom He pleases and turning it away from whom He pleases. The flash of His lightning almost takes away the sight.
45Allah causes the night and the day to succeed one another. Surely there is a lesson in this for those who have sight.
46And Allah has created every animal of water. So of them is tat which crawls upon its belly, and of them is that which walks upon two feet, and of them is that which walks upon four. Allah creates what He pleases. Surely Allah is Possessor power over all things.
47We have indeed revealed clear messages. And Allah guides whom He pleases to the right way.
48And they say: We believe in Allah and in the Messenger and we obey; then a party of them turn away after this, and they are not believers.
49And when they are invited to Allah and His Messenger that he may judge between them, lo! a party of them turn aside.
50And if the right is on their side, they hasten to him in submission.
51Is there in their hearts a disease, or are they in doubt, or fear they that Allah and His Messenger will deal with them unjustly? Nay! they themselves are the wrongdoers.
52The response of the believers, when they are invited to Allah and His Messenger that he may judge between them, is only that they say: We hear and we obey. And these it is that are successful.
53And he who obeys Allah and His Messenger, and fears Allah and keeps duty to Him, these it is that are the achievers.
54And they swear by Allah with their strongest oaths that, if thou command them, they would certainly go forth. Say: Swear not; reasonable obedience (is desired). Surely Allah is Aware of what you do.
55Say: Obey Allah and obey the Messenger. But if you turn away, he is responsible for the duty imposed on him, and you are responsible for the duty imposed on you. And if you obey him, you go aright. And the Messenger’s duty is only to deliver (the message) plainly.
56Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good that He will surely make them rulers in the earth as He made those before them rulers, and that He will surely establish for them their religion, which He has chosen for them, and that He will surely give them security in exchange after their fear. They will serve Me, not associated aught with Me. And whoever is ungrateful after this, they are the transgressors.
57And keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey the Messenger, so that mercy may be shown to you.
58Think not that those who disbelieve will weaken (the Truth) in the earth; and their abode is the Fire. And it is indeed an evil resort!
59O you who believe, let those whom your right hands possess and those of you who have not attained to puberty ask permission of you three times: Before the morning prayer, and when you putt off your clothes for the heat of noon, and after the prayer of night. These are three times of privacy for you; besides these it is no sin for you nor for them -- some of you go round about (waiting) upon others. Thus does Allah make clear to you the messages. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
60And when the children among you attain to puberty, let them seek permission as those before them sought permission. Thus does Allah make clear to you His messages. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
61And (as for) women past child-bearing, who hope not for marriage, it is no sin for them if they put off the clothes without displaying their adornment. And if they are modest, it is better for them. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
62There is no blame on the blind man, nor any blame on the lame, nor blame on the sick, nor on yourselves that you eat in your own houses, or your fathers’ houses, or your mothers’ houses, or your brothers’ houses, or your sisters’ houses, or your paternal uncles’ houses, or your paternal aunts’ houses, or your maternal uncles’ houses, or your maternal aunts’ houses, or (houses) whereof you possess the keys, or your friends’ (houses). It is no sin in you that you eat together or separately. So when you enter houses, greet your people with a salutation from Allah, blessed (and) goodly. Thus does Allah make clear to you the messages that you may understand.
63Only those are believers who believe in Allah and his Messenger, and when they are with him on a momentous affair, they go not away until they have asked leave of him. Surely they who ask leave of thee, are they who believe in Allah and His Messenger; so when they ask leave of thee for some affair of theirs, give leave to whom thou wilt of them, and ask forgiveness for them from Allah. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
64Make not the calling among you of the Messenger as your calling one of another. Allah indeed knows those who steal away from among you, concealing themselves. So let those who go against his order beware, lest a trial afflict them or there befall them a painful chastisement.
Chapter 25 (Sura 25)
1now surely Allah’s is whatever is in the heavens and the earth. He knows indeed your condition. And on the day when they are returned to Him, He will inform them of what they did. And Allah is Knower of all things.
2Blessed is He Who sent down the Discrimination upon His servant that he might be a warner to the nations --
3He, Whose is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and Who did not take to Himself a son, and Who has no associate in the kingdom, and Who created everything, then ordained for it a measure.
4And they take besides Him gods who create naught, while they are themselves created, and they control for themselves no harm nor profit, and they control not death, nor life, nor raising to life.
5And those who disbelieve say: This is nothing but a lie, which he has forged, and other people have helped him at it. So indeed they have brought an iniquity and a falsehood.
6And they say: Stories of the ancients, which he has got written, so they are read out to him morning and evening!
7Say: He has revealed it, Who knows the secret of the heavens and the earth. Surely He is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
8And they say: What a Messenger is this? He eats food and goes about in the markets. Why has not an angel been sent down to him to be a warner with him?
9Or a treasure given to him, or a garden from which to eat? And the evildoers say: You follow but a man bewitched!
10See what parables they set forth for thee -- they have gone astray, so they cannot find a way.
11Blessed is He Who if He please, will give thee what is better than this: Gardens wherein flow rivers. And He will give thee palaces.
12But they deny the Hour, and We have prepared a burning Fire for him who denies the Hour.
13When it sees them from a far-off place, they will hear its raging and roaring.
14And when they are cast into a narrow place thereof in chains, they will there pray for destruction.
15Pray not this day for destruction once but pray for destruction again and again.
16Say: Is this better or the Garden Perpetuity, which the dutiful are promised? That is a reward and a resort for them.
17For them therein is what they desire, to abide. It is a promise to be prayed for from thy Lord.
18And on the day when He will gather them, and that which they serve besides Allah, He will say: Was it you who led astray these My servants, or did they themselves stray from the path?
19They will say: Glory be to Thee! it was not beseeming for us that we should take for protectors others besides Thee, but Thou didst make them and their fathers to enjoy until they forgot the Reminder, and they became a lost people.
20So they will give you the lie in what you say, then you can neither ward off (evil), nor (obtain) help. And whoever among you does wrong, We shall make him taste a great chastisement.
21And We did not send before thee any messengers but they surely ate food and went about in the markets. And We make some of you a trial for others. Will you bear patiently? And thy Lord is ever Seeing.
22And those who look not for meeting with Us, say: Why have not angels been sent down to us, or (why) do we not see our Lord? Indeed they are too proud of themselves and revolt in great revolt.
23On the day when they will see the angels, there will be no good news for the guilty, and they will say: Let there be a strong barrier!
24And We shall turn to the work they have done, so We shall render it as scattered motes.
25The owners of the Garden will on that day be in a better abiding-place and a fairer resting-place.
26And on the day when the heaven burst asunder with clouds, and the angels are sent down, as they are sent.
27The kingdom on that day rightly belongs to the Beneficent, and it will be a hard day for the disbelievers.
28And on the day when the wrongdoer will bite his hands, saying: Would that I had taken a way with the Messenger!
29O woe is me! would that I had not taken such a one for a friend!
30Certainly he led me astray from the Reminder after it had come to me. And the devil ever deserts man.
31And the Messenger will say: My Lord, surely my people treat this Qur’an as a forsaken thing.
32And thus have We made for every prophet an enemy from among the guilty, and sufficient is thy Lord as a Guide and a Helper.
33And those who disbelieve say: Why has not the Qur’an been revealed to him all at once? Thus, that We may strengthen thy heart thereby and We have arranged it well in arranging.
34And they cannot bring thee a question, but We have brought thee the truth and the best explanation.
35Those who will be gathered to hell on their faces -- they are in an evil plight and straying farther away from the path.
36And certainly We gave Moses the Book and We appointed with him his brother Aaron, an aider.
37Then We said: Go you both to the people who reject Our messages. So We destroyed them with utter destruction.
38And the people of Noah, when they rejected the messengers, We drowned them, and made them a sign for men. And We have prepared a painful chastisement for the wrongdoers --
39And ‘Ad and Thamud and the dwellers of Rass and many generations in between.
40And to each We gave examples and each did We destroy with utter destruction.
41And indeed they pass by the town wherein was rained an evil rain. Do they not see it? Nay, they hope not to be raised again.
42And when they see thee, they take thee for naught but a jest: Is this he whom Allah has raised to be a messenger?
43He had well-nigh led us astray from our gods had we not adhered to them patiently! And they will know, when they see the chastisement, who is more astray from the path.
44Hast thou seen him who takes his low desires for his god? Wilt thou be a guardian over him?
45Or thinkest thou that most of them hear or understand? They are but as the cattle; nay, they are farther astray from the path.
46Seest thou not how thy Lord extends the shade? And if He pleased, He would have made it stationary. Then We have made the sun an indication of it,
47Then We take it to Ourselves, taking little by little.
48And He it is Who made the night a covering for you, and sleep a rest, and He made the day to rise up again.
49And He it is Who sends the winds as good news before His mercy; and We send down pure water from the clouds,
50That We may give life thereby to a dead land, and give it for drink to cattle and many people that We have created.
51And certainly We repeat this to them that they may be mindful, but most men consent to naught but denying.
52And if We pleased, We could raise a warner in every town.
53So obey not the disbelievers, and strive against them a mighty striving with it.
54And He it is Who has made the two seas to flow freely, the one sweet, very sweet, and the other saltish, bitter. And between the two He has made a barrier and inviolable obstruction.
55And He it is Who has created man from water, then He has made for him blood-relationship and marriage-relationship. And thy Lord is ever Powerful.
56And they serve besides Allah that which can neither profit them, nor harm them. And the disbeliever is ever an aider against his Lord.
57And We have not sent thee but as a giver of good news and as a warner.
58Say: I ask of you naught in return for it except that he who will may take a way to his Lord.
59And rely on the Ever-Living Who dies not, and celebrate His praise. And sufficient is He as being Aware of His servants’ sins,
60Who created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six periods, and He is established on the Throne of Power, the Beneficent. So ask respecting Him one aware.
61And when it is said to them: Make obeisance to the Beneficent, they say: And what is the Beneficent? Shall we make obeisance to what thou biddest us? And it adds to their aversion.
62Blessed is He Who made the stars in the heavens and made therein a sun and a moon giving light!
63And He it is, Who made the night and the day to follow each other, for him who desires to be mindful or desires to be thankful.
64And the servants of the Beneficent are they who walk on the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, they say, Peace!
65And they who pass the night prostrating themselves before their Lord and standing.
66And they who say: Our Lord, avert from us the chastisement of hell; surely the chastisement thereof is a lasting evil:
67It is surely an evil abode and resting-place!
68And they who, when they spend are neither extravagant nor parsimonious, and the just mean is ever between these.
69And they who call not upon another god with Allah and slay not the soul which Allah has forbidden, except in the cause of justice, not commit fornication; and he who does this shall meet a requital of sin --
70The chastisement will be doubled to him On the day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein in abasement --
71Except him who repents and believes and does good deeds; for such Allah changes their evil deeds to good ones. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
72And whoever repents and does good, he surely turns to Allah a (goodly) turning.
73And they who witness no falsehood, and when they pass by what is vain, they pass by nobly.
74And they who, when reminded of the messages of their Lord, fall not down thereat deaf and blind.
75And they who say, Our Lord, grant us in our wives and our offspring the joy of our eyes, and make us leaders for those who guard against evil.
76These are rewarded with high places because they are patient, and are met therein with greetings and salutation,
77Abiding therein. Goodly the abode and the resting-place!
Chapter 26 (Sura 26)
1Say: My Lord would not care for you, were it not for your prayer. Now indeed you have rejected, so the punishment will come.
2Benignant, Hearing, Knowing God.
3These are the verses of the Book that makes manifest.
4Perhaps thou wilt kill thyself with grief because they believe not.
5If We please, We could send down on them a sign from heaven, so that their necks would bend before it.
6And there comes not to them a new Reminder from the Beneficent but they turn away from it.
7They indeed reject, so the news will soon come to them of that at which they mock.
8See they not the earth, how many of every noble kind We cause to grow in it?
9Surely in this is a sign; yet most of them believe not.
10And surely thy Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.
11And when thy Lord called Moses, saying: Go to the iniquitous people --
12The people of Pharaoh. Will they not guard against evil?
13He said: My Lord, I fear that they will reject me.
14And my breast straitens, and my tongue is not eloquent, so send for Aaron (too).
15And they have a crime against me, so I fear that they will kill me.
16He said: By no means; so go you both with Our signs; surely We are with you, Hearing.
17Then come to Pharaoh, and say: We are bearers of a message of the Lord of the worlds:
18Send with us the Children of Israel.
19(Pharaoh) said: Did we not bring thee up as a child among us, and thou didst tarry (many) years of thy life among us?
20And thou didst (that) deed of thine which thou didst and thou art of the ungrateful ones.
21He said: I did it then when I was of those who err.
22So I fled from you when I feared you, then my Lord granted me judgment and made me of the messengers.
23And is it a favour of which thou remindest me that thou hast enslaved the Children of Israel?
24Pharaoh said: And what is the Lord of the worlds?
25He said: The Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, if you would be sure.
26(Pharaoh) said to those around him: Do you not hear?
27He said: Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers of old.
28(Pharaoh) said: Surely your messenger, who is sent to you, is mad.
29He said: The Lord of the East and the West and what is between them, if you have any sense.
30(Pharaoh) said: If thou takest a god besides me, I will certainly put thee is prison.
31He said: Even if I show thee something plain?
32(Pharaoh) said: Show it, then, if thou art of the truthful.
33So he cast down his rod, and lo! it was an obvious serpent;
34And he drew forth his hand, and lo! it appeared white to the beholders.
35(Pharaoh) said to the chiefs around him: Surely this is a skilful enchanter,
36Who desires to turn you out of your land with his enchantment. What is it then that you counsel?
37They said: Give him and his brother respite and send heralds into the cities
38That they bring to thee every skilful enchanter.
39So the enchanters were gathered together for the appointment of a well-known day,
40And it was said to the people: Will you gather together?
41Haply may we follow the enchanters, if they are the vanquishers.
42So when the enchanters came, they said to Pharaoh: Will there be a reward for us, if we are the vanquishers?
43He said: Yes, and surely you will then be of those who are nearest (to me).
44Moses said to them: Cast what you are going to cast.
45So they cast down their cords and their rods and said: By Pharaoh’s power we shall most surely be victorious.
46Then Moses cast down his rod, and lo! it swallowed up their fabrication.
47And the enchanters were thrown down prostrate --
48They said: We believe in the Lord of the worlds,
49The Lord of Moses and Aaron.
50(Pharaoh) said: You believe in him before I give you leave; surely he is the chief of you who taught you enchantment, so you shall know. Certainly I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposites sides, and I will crucify you all.
51They said: No harm; surely to our Lord we return.
52We hope that our Lord will forgive us our wrongs because we are the first of the believers.
53Sarwar We hope that our Lord will forgive us for our sins; we were not believers at first."
54And We revealed to Moses, saying: Travel by night with My servants -- you will be pursued.
55And Pharaoh sent heralds into the cities (proclaiming):
56These are indeed a small band,
57And they have surely enraged us:
58And we are truly a vigilant multitude.
59So We turned them out of gardens and springs,
60And treasures and goodly dwellings --
61Even so. And We gave them as a heritage to the Children of Israel.
62Then they pursued them at sunrise.
63So when the two hosts saw each other, the companions of Moses cried out: Surely we are overtaken.
64He said: By no means; surely my Lord is with me -- He will guide me.
65Then We revealed to Moses: March on to the sea with thy staff. So it parted, and each party was like a huge mound.
66And there We brought near the others.
67And We saved Moses and those with him, all.
68Then We drowned the others.
69Surely there is a sign in this; yet most of them believe not.
70And surely thy Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.
71And recite to them the story of Abraham.
72When he said to his sire and his people: What do you worship?
73They said: We worship idols, so we shall remain devoted to them.
74He said: Do they hear you when you call (on them),
75Or do they benefit or harm you?
76They said: Nay, we found our fathers doing so.
77He said: Do you then see what you worship --
78You and your ancient sires?
79Surely they are an enemy to me, but not (so) the Lord of the worlds,
80Who created me, then He shows me the way,
81And Who gives me to eat and to drink,
82And when I am sick, He heals me,
83And Who will cause me to die, then give me life,
84And Who, I hope, will forgive me my mistakes on the day of Judgment.
85My Lord, grant me wisdom, and join me with the righteous,
86And ordain for me a goodly mention in later generations,
87And make me of the heirs of the Garden of bliss,
88And forgive my sire, surely he is of the erring ones,
89And disgrace me not on the day when they are raised --
90The day when wealth will not avail, nor sons,
91Save him who comes to Allah with a sound heart.
92And the Garden is brought near for the dutiful,
93And hell is made manifest to the deviators,
94And it is said to them: Where are those that you worshipped
95Besides Allah? Can they help you or help themselves?
96So they are hurled into it, they and the deviators,
97And the hosts of the devil, all.
98They will say, while they quarrel therein:
99By Allah! We were certainly in manifest error,
100When we made you equal with the Lord of the worlds.
101And none but the guilty led us astray.
102So we have no intercessors,
103Nor a true friend.
104Now, if we could but once return, we would be believers.
105Surely there is a sign in this; yet most of them believe not.
106And surely thy Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.
107The people of Noah rejected the messengers.
108When their brother Noah said to them: Will you not guard against evil?
109Surely I am a faithful messenger to you:
110So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
111And I ask of you no reward for it: my reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.
112So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
113They said: Shall we believe in thee and the meanest follow thee?
114He said: And what knowledge have I of what they did?
115Their reckoning is only with my Lord, if you but perceive.
116And I am not going to drive away the believers;
117I am only a plain warner.
118They said: If thou desist not, O Noah, thou wilt certainly be stoned to death.
119He said: My Lord, my people give me the lie.
120So judge Thou between me and them openly, and deliver me and the believers who are with me.
121So We delivered him and those with him in the laden ark.
122Then We drowned the rest afterwards.
123Surely there is sign in this, yet most of them believe not.
124And surely thy Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.
125‘Ad gave the lie to the messengers.
126When their brother Hud said to them: Will you not guard against evil?
127Surely I am a faithful messenger to you:
128So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
129And I ask of you no reward for it; surely my reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.
130Do you build on every height a monument? You (only) sport.
131And you make fortresses that you may abide.
132And when you seize, you seize as tyrants.
133So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
134And keep your duty to Him Who aids you with that which you know --
135He aids you with cattle and children
136And gardens and fountains.
137Surely I fear for you the chastisement of a grievous day.
138They said: It is the same to us whether thou admonish, or art not one of the admonishers:
139This is naught but a fabrication of the ancients:
140And we will not be chastised.
141So they rejected him, then We destroyed them. Surely there is a sign in this; yet most of them believe not.
142And surely thy Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.
143Thamud gave the lie to the messengers.
144When their brother Salih said to them: Will you not guard against evil?
145Surely I am a faithful messenger to you:
146So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
147And I ask of you no reward for it; my reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.
148Will you be left secure in what is here,
149In gardens and fountains,
150And corn-fields and palm-trees having fine flower-spikes?
151And you hew houses out of the mountains exultingly.
152So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
153And obey not the bidding of the extravagant,
154Who make mischief in the land and act not aright.
155They said: Thou art only a deluded person.
156Thou art naught but a mortal like ourselves -- so bring a sign if thou art truthful.
157He said: This is a she-camel; she has her portion of water, and you have your portion of water at an appointed time.
158And touch her not with evil, lest the chastisement of a grievous day overtake you.
159But the hamstrung her, then regretted,
160So the chastisement overtook them. Surely there is a sign in this; yet most of them believe not.
161And surely thy Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.
162The people of Lot gave the lie to the messengers.
163When their brother Lot said to them: Will you not guard against evil?
164Surely I am a faithful messenger to you:
165So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
166And I ask of you no reward for it; my reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.
167Do you come to the males from among the creatures,
168And leave your wives whom your Lord has created for you? Nay, you are a people exceeding limits.
169They said: If thou desist not, O Lot, thou wilt surely be banished.
170He said: Surely I abhor what you do.
171My Lord, deliver me and my followers from what they do.
172So We delivered him and his followers all,
173Except an old woman, among those who remained behind.
174Then We destroyed the others.
175And We rained on them a rain, and evil was the rain on those warned.
176Surely there is a sign in this; yet most of them believe not.
177And surely thy Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.
178The dwellers of the thicket gave the lie to the messengers.
179When Shu’aib said to them: Will you not guard against evil?
180Surely I am a faithful messenger to you;
181So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
182And I ask of you no reward for it; my reward only with the Lord of the worlds.
183Give full measure and be not of those who diminish.
184And weigh with a true balance.
185And wrong not men of their dues, and act not corruptly in the earth, making mischief.
186And keep your duty to Him Who created you and the former generation.
187They said: Thou art only a deluded person,
188And thou art naught but a mortal like ourselves, and we deem thee to be a liar.
189So cause a portion of the heaven to fall on us, if thou art truthful.
190He said: My Lord knows best what you do.
191But they rejected him, so the chastisement of the day of Covering overtook them. Surely it was the chastisement of a grievous day!
192Surely there is a sign in this; yet most of them believe not.
193And surely thy Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.
194And surely this is a revelation from the Lord of the worlds.
195The faithful Spirit has brought it
196On thy heart that thou mayest be a warner,
197In plain Arabic language.
198And surely the same is in the Scriptures of the ancients.
199Is it not a sign to them that the learned men of the Children of Israel know it?
200And if We have revealed it to any of the foreigners,
201And he had read it to them, they would not have believed in it.
202Thus do We cause it to enter into the hearts of the guilty.
203They will not believe in it till they see the painful chastisement:
204So it will come to them suddenly, while they perceive not;
205Then they will say: Shall we be respited?
206Do they still seek to hasten on Our chastisement?
207Seest thou, if We let them enjoy themselves for years,
208Then that which they are promised comes to them --
209That which they were made to enjoy will not avail them?
210And We destroyed no town but it had (its) warners --
211To remind. And We are never unjust.
212And the devils have not brought it.
213And it behoves them not, nor have they the power to do (it).
214Surely they are far removed from hearing it.
215So call not upon another god with Allah, lest thou be of those who are chastised.
216And warn thy nearest relations,
217And lower thy wing to the believers who follow thee.
218But if they disobey thee, say: I am clear of what you do.
219And rely on the Mighty, the Merciful,
220Who sees thee when thou standest up,
221And thy movements among those who prostrate themselves.
222Surely He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
223Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend?
224They descend upon every lying, sinful one --
225They give ear, and most of them are liars.
226And the poets -- the deviators follow them.
227Seest thou not that they wander in every valley,
Chapter 27 (Sura 27)
1And that they say that which they do not?
2Except those who believe and do good and remember Allah much, and defend themselves after they are oppressed. And they who do wrong, will know to what final place of turning they will turn back.
3Benignant, Hearing God! These are the verses of the Qur’an and the Book that makes manifest:
4A guidance and good news for the believers,
5Who keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and they are sure of the Hereafter.
6Those who believe not in the Hereafter, We make their deeds fair-seeming to them, but they blindly wander on.
7These are they for whom is an evil chastisement, and in the Hereafter they are the greatest losers.
8And thou art surely made to receive the Qur’an from the Wise, the Knowing.
9When Moses said to his family: Surely I see a fire; I will bring you news thence, or bring you therefrom a burning brand, so that you may warm yourselves.
10So when he came to it, a voice issued, saying: Blessed is he who is in search of fire and those around it. And glory be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!
11O Moses, surely I am Allah, the Mighty, the Wise:
12And cast down thy rod. So when he saw it in motion as if it were a serpent, he turned back retreating and did not return. O Moses, fear not. Surely the messengers fear not in My presence --
13Nor he who does wrong, then does good instead after evil; surely I am Forgiving, Merciful,
14And put thy hand into thy bosom, it will come forth white without evil, among nine signs to Pharaoh and his people. Surely they are a transgressing people.
15So when our clear signs came to them, they said: This is clear enchantment.
16And they denied them unjustly and proudly, while their souls were convinced of them. See then, what was the end of the mischief-makers!
17And certainly We gave knowledge to David and Solomon. And they said: Praise be to Allah, Who has made us excel many of His believing servants!
18And Solomon was David’s heir, and he said: O men, we have been taught the speech of birds, and we have been granted of all things. Surely this is manifest grace.
19And his hosts of the jinn and the men and the birds were gathered to Solomon, and they were formed into groups.
20Until when they came to the valley of the Naml, a Namlite said: O Naml, enter your houses, (lest) Solomon and his hosts crush you, while they know not.
21So he smiled, wondering at her word, and said: My Lord, grant me that I may be grateful for Thy favour which Thou hast bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do good such as Thou art pleased with, and admit me, by Thy mercy, among Thy righteous servants.
22And he reviewed the birds, then said: How is it I see not Hudhud, or is it that he is one of the absentees?
23I will certainly punish him with a severe punishment, or kill him, or he shall bring me a clear excuse.
24And he tarried not long, then said: I have compassed that which thou has not compassed and I have come to thee from Saba’ with sure information --
25I found a woman ruling over them, and she has been given of everything and she has a mighty throne.
26I found her and her people adoring the sun instead of Allah, and the devil has made their deeds fair-seeming to them and turned them from the way, so they go not aright --
27So that they worship not Allah, Who brings forth what is hidden in the heavens and the earth and knows what you hide and what you proclaim.
28Allah, there is no God but He, the Lord of the mighty Throne.
29He said: We shall see whether thou speakest the truth or whether thou art a liar.
30Take this my letter and hand it over to them, then turn from them and see what (answer) they return.
31She said: O chiefs, an honourable letter has been delivered to me.
32It is from Solomon, and it is in the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful:
33Proclaiming, Exalt not yourselves against me and come to me in submission.
34She said: O chiefs, advise me respecting my affair; I never decide an affair until you are in my presence.
35They said: We are possessors of strength and possessors of mighty prowess. And the command is thine, so consider what thou wilt command.
36She said: Surely the kings, when they enter a town, ruin it and make the noblest of its people to be low; and thus they do.
37And surely I am going to send them a present, and to see what (answer) the messengers bring back.
38So when (the envoy) came to Solomon, he said: Will you help me with wealth? But what Allah has given me is better than that which He has given you. Nay, you are exultant because of your present.
39Go back to them, so we shall certainly come to them with hosts which they have no power to oppose, and we shall certainly expel them therefrom in disgrace, while they are abased.
40He said: O chiefs, which of you can bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?
41One audacious among the jinn said: I will bring it to thee before thou rise up from thy place; and surely I am strong, trusty for it.
42One having knowledge of the Book said: I will bring it to thee in the twinkling of an eye. Then when he saw it settled beside him, he said: This is of the grace of my Lord, that He may try me whether I am grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful, he is grateful only for his own soul, and whoever is ungrateful, then surely my Lord is Self-sufficient, Bountiful.
43He said: Alter her throne for her; we may see whether she follows the right way or is of those who go not aright.
44So when she came, it was said: Was thy throne like this? She said: It is as it were the same; and we were given the knowledge before about it, and we submitted.
45And that which she worshipped besides Allah prevented her; for she was of a disbelieving people.
46It was said to her: Enter the palace. But when she saw it she deemed it to be a great expanse of water, and prepared herself to meet the difficulty. He said: Surely it is a palace made smooth with glass. She said: My Lord, surely I have wronged myself, and I submit with Solomon to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
47And certainly We sent to Thamud their brother Salih saying: Serve Allah. Then lo! they became two parties, contending.
48He said: O my people, who do you hasten on the evil before the good? Why do you not ask forgiveness of Allah so that you may have mercy?
49They said: We augur evil of thee and those with thee. He said: Your evil augury is with Allah; nay, you are a people who are tried.
50And there were in the city nine persons who made mischief in the land and did not act aright.
51They said: Swear one to another by Allah that we shall attack him and his family by night, then we shall say to his heir: We witnessed not the destruction of his family, and we are surely truthful.
52And they planned a plan, and We planned a plan, while they perceived not.
53See, then, what was the end of their plan, that We destroyed them and their people, all (of them).
54So those are their houses fallen own because they were iniquitous. Surely there is a sign in this for a people who know.
55And We delivered those who believed and kept their duty.
56And Lot, when he said to his people: Do you commit foul deeds, while you see?
57Will you come to men lustfully rather than women? Nay, you are a people who act ignorantly.
58But the answer of his people was naught except that they said: Drive out Lot’s followers from your town; surely they are a people who would keep pure!
59But We delivered him and his followers except his wife; We ordained her to be of those who remained behind.
60And We rained on them a rain; so evil was the rain on those who had been warned.
61Say: Praise be to Allah and peace on His servants whom He has chosen! Is Allah better or what they associate (with Him)?
62Or, Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down for you water from the cloud? Then We cause to grow thereby beautiful gardens -- it is not possible for you to make the trees thereof to grow. Is there a god with Allah? Nay, they are a people who deviate!
63Or, Who made the earth a resting-place, and made in it rivers, and raised on it mountains, and placed between the two seas a barrier? Is there a god with Allah? Nay, most of them know not!
64Or, Who answers the distressed one when he calls upon Him and removes the evil, and will make you successors in the earth? Is there a god with Allah? Little is it that you mind!
65Or, Who guides you in the darkness of the land and the sea, and Who sends the winds as good news before His mercy? Is there a god with Allah? Exalted by Allah above what they associate (with Him)!
66Or, Who originates the creation, then reproduces it, and Who gives you sustenance from the heaven and the earth? Is there a god with Allah? Say: Bring your proof, if you are truthful.
67Say: No one in the heavens and the earth knows the unseen but Allah; and they know not when they will be raised.
68Nay, their knowledge reaches not the Hereafter. Nay, they are in doubt about it. Nay, they are blind to it.
69And those who disbelieve say: When we have become dust and our fathers (too), shall we indeed be brought forth?
70We have certainly been promised this -- we and our fathers before; these are naught but stories of the ancients!
71Say: Travel in the earth, then see what was the end of the guilty!
72And grieve not for them, nor be distressed because of what they plan.
73And they say: When will this promise come to pass, if you are truthful?
74Say: Maybe somewhat of that which you seek to hasten has drawn nigh to you.
75And surely thy Lord is full of grace to men, but most of them do not give thanks.
76And surely thy Lord knows what their breasts conceal and what they manifest.
77And there is nothing concealed in the heaven and the earth but it is in a clear book.
78Surely this Qur’an declares to the Children of Israel most of that wherein they differ.
79And surely it is a guidance and a mercy for the believers.
80Truly thy Lord will judge between them by His judgment, and He is the Mighty, the Knowing.
81So rely on Allah. Surely thou art on the plain truth.
82Certainly thou canst not make the dead to hear the call, nor canst thou make the deaf to hear, when they go back retreating.
83Nor canst thou lead the blind out of their error. Thou canst make none to hear except those who believe in Our messages, so they submit.
84And when the word comes to pass against them, We shall bring forth for them a creature from the earth that will speak to them, because people did not believe in Our messages.
85And the day when We gather from every nation a party from among those who rejected Our messages, then they will be formed into groups.
86Until, when they come, He will say: Did you reject My messages, while you did not comprehend them in knowledge? Or what was it that you did?
87And the word will come to pass against them because they were unjust, so they will not speak.
88See they not that We have made the night that they may rest therein, and the day to give light? Surely there are signs in this for a people who believe.
89And the day when the trumpet is blown, then those in the heavens and those in the earth will be struck with terror, except such as Allah please. And all shall come to Him abased.
90And thou seest the mountains -- thou thinkest them firmly fixed -- passing away as the passing away of the cloud: the handiwork of Allah, Who has made everything thoroughly. Surely He is Aware of what you do.
91Whoever brings good, he will have better than it; and they will be secure from terror that day.
92And whoever brings evil, these will be thrown down on their faces into the Fire. Are you rewarded aught except for what you did?
93I am commanded only to serve the Lord of this city, Who has made it sacred, and His are all things, and I am commanded to be of those who submit,
Chapter 28 (Sura 28)
1And to recite the Qur’an. So whoever goes aright, he goes aright for his own soul, and whoever goes astray -- say: I am only one of the warners.
2And say: Praise be to Allah! He will show you His signs so that you shall recognize them. And thy Lord is not heedless of what you do.
3Benignant, Hearing, Knowing God!
4These are the verses of the Book that makes manifest.
5We recite to thee the story of Moses and Pharaoh with truth, for a people who believe.
6Surely Pharaoh exalted himself in the land and made its people into parties, weakening one party from among them; he slaughtered their sons and let their women live. Surely he was one of the mischief-makers.
7And We desire to bestow a favour upon those who were deemed weak in the land, and to make them the leaders, and to make them the heirs,
8And to grant them power in the land, and to make Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts see from them what they feared.
9And We revealed to Moses’ mother, saying: Give him suck; then when thou fearest for him, cast him into the river and fear not, nor grieve; surely We shall bring him back to thee and make him one the messengers.
10So Pharaoh’s people took him up that he might be en enemy and a grief for them. Surely Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts were wrongdoers.
11And Pharaoh’s wife said: A refreshment of the eye to me and to thee -- slay him not; maybe he will be useful to us, or we may take him for a son. And they perceived not.
12And the heart of Moses’ mother was free (from anxiety). She would almost have disclosed it, had We not strengthened her heart, so that she might be of the believers.
13And she said to his sister: Follow him up. So she watched him from a distance, while they perceived not.
14And We did not allow him to suck before, so she said: Shall I point out to you the people of a house who will bring him up for you, and they will wish him well?
15So We gave him back to his mother that her eye might be refreshed, and that she might not grieve, and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true. But most of them know not.
16And when he attained his maturity and became full-grown, We granted him wisdom and knowledge. And thus do We reward those who do good (to others).
17And he went into the city at a time of carelessness on the part of its people, so he found therein two men fighting -- one being of his party and the other of his foes; and he who was of his party cried out to him for help against him who was of his enemies, so Moses struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: This is on account of the devil’s doing; surely he is an enemy, openly leading astray.
18He said: My Lord, surely I have done harm to myself, so do Thou protect me; so He protected him. Surely He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
19He said: My Lord, because Thou has bestowed a favour on me, I shall never be a backer of the guilty.
20And he was in the city, fearing, awaiting, when lo, he who had asked his assistance the day before was crying out to him for help. Moses said to him: Thou art surely one erring manifestly.
21So when he desired to seize him who was an enemy to them both, he said: O Moses, dost thou intend to kill me as thou didst kill a person yesterday? Thou only desirest to be a tyrant in the land, and thou desirest not to be of those who act aright.
22And a man came running from the remotest part of the city. He said: O Moses, the chiefs are consulting together to slay thee, so depart (at once); surely I am of those who wish thee well.
23So he went forth therefrom, fearing, awaiting. He said: My Lord, deliver me from the iniquitous people.
24And when he turned his face towards Midian, he said: Maybe my Lord will guide me in the right path.
25And when he came to the water of Midian, he found there a group of men watering, and he found besides them two women keeping back (their flocks). He said: What is the matter with you? They said: We cannot water until the shepherds take away (their sheep) from the water; and our father is a very old man.
26So he watered (their sheep) for them, then went back to the shade, and said: My Lord, I stand in need of whatever good Thou mayest send to me.
27Then one of the two women came to him walking bashfully. She said: My father invites thee that he may reward thee for having watered for us. So when he came to him and related to him the story, he said: Fear not, thou art secure from the iniquitous people.
28One of them said: O my father, employ him; surely the best of those that thou canst employ is the strong, the faithful one.
29He said: I desire to marry one of these two daughters of mine to thee on condition that thou serve me for eight years; but, if thou complete ten, it will be of thy own free will, and I wish not to be hard on thee. If Allah please, thou wilt find me one of the righteous.
30He said: That is (agreed) between me and thee; whichever of the two terms I fulfil, there will be no injustice to me; and Allah is surety over what we say.
31Then when Moses had completed the term, and was travelling with his family, he perceived a fire on the side of the mountain. He said to his family: Wait, I see a fire; maybe I will bring to you from it some news or a brand of fire, so that you may warm yourselves.
32And when he came to it, he was called from the right side of the valley in the blessed spot of the bush: O Moses, surely I am Allah, the Lord of the worlds:
33And cast down thy rod. So when he saw it in motion as if it were a serpent, he turned away retreating, and looked not back. O Moses, come forward and fear not; surely thou art of the those who are secure.
34Insert thy hand into thy bosom, it will come forth white without evil, and remain calm in fear. These two are two arguments from thy Lord to Pharaoh and his chiefs. Surely they are a transgressing people.
35He said: My Lord, I killed one of them, so I fear lest they slay me.
36And my brother, Aaron, he is more eloquent in speech than I, so send him with me as a helper to confirm me. Surely I fear that they would reject me.
37He said: We will strengthen thine arm with thy brother, and We will give you both an authority, so that they shall not reach you. With Our signs, you two and those who follow you, will triumph.
38So when Moses came to them with Our clear signs, they said: This is nothing but forged enchantment, and we never heard of it among our fathers of old!
39And Moses said: My Lord knows best who comes with guidance from Him, and whose shall be the good end of the abode. Surely the wrongdoers will not be successful.
40And Pharaoh said: O chiefs, I know no god for you besides myself; so kindle a fire for me, O Haman, on (bricks of) clay, then prepare for me a lofty building, so that I may obtain knowledge of Moses’ God, and surely I think him a liar.
41And he was unjustly proud in the land, he and his hosts, and they deemed that they would not be brought back to Us.
42So We caught hold of him and his hosts, then We cast them into the sea, and see what was the end of the iniquitous.
43And we made them leaders who call to the Fire, and on the day of Resurrection they will not be helped.
44And We made a curse to follow them in this world, and on the day of Resurrection they will be hideous.
45And certainly We gave Moses the Book after We had destroyed the former generations -- clear arguments for men and a guidance and a mercy, that they may be mindful.
46And thou wast not on the western side when We revealed to Moses the commandment, nor wast thou among those present;
47But We raised up generations, then life became prolonged to them. And thou was not dwelling among the people of Midian, reciting to them Our messages, but We are the Sender (of messengers).
48And thou wast not at the side of the mountain when We called, but a mercy from thy Lord that thou mayest warn a people to whom no warner came before thee, that they may be mindful.
49And lest, if a disaster should befall them for what their hands have sent before, they should say: Our Lord, why didst Thou not send to us a messenger so that we might have followed Thy messages and been of the believers?
50But (now) when the Truth has come to them from Us, they say: Why is he not given the like of what was given to Moses? Did they not disbelieve in that which was given to Moses before? They say: Two enchantments backing up each other! And they say: Surely we are disbelievers in both.
51Say: Then bring some (other) Book from Allah which is a better guide than these two, I will follow it -- if you are truthful.
52But if they answer thee not, know that they only follow their low desires. And who is more erring than he who follows his low desires without any guidance from Allah? Surely Allah guides not the iniquitous people.
53And certainly We have made the Word to have many connections for their sake, so that they may be mindful.
54Those to whom We gave the Book before it, they are believers in it.
55And when it is recited to them they say: We believe in it; surely it is the Truth from our Lord; we were indeed before this submitting ones.
56These will be granted their reward twice because they are steadfast, and they repel evil with good and spend out of what We have given them.
57And when they hear idle talk, they turn aside from it and say: For us are our deeds and for you your deeds. Peace be to you! We desire not the ignorant.
58Surely thou canst not guide whom thou lovest, but Allah guides whom He pleases; and He knows best those who walk aright.
59And they say: If we follow the guidance with thee, we should be carried off from our country. Have We not settled them in a safe, sacred territory to which fruits of every kind are drawn? A sustenance from Us -- but most of them know not.
60And how many a town have We destroyed which exulted in its means of subsistence! So those are their abodes: they have not been dwelt in after them except a little. And We are ever the inheritors.
61And thy Lord never destroyed the towns, until He has raised in their metropolis a messenger, reciting to them Our messages, and We never destroyed the towns except when their people were iniquitous.
62And whatever things you have been given are only a provision of this world’s life and its adornment, and whatever is with Allah is better and more lasting. Do you not then understand?
63Is he to whom We have promised a goodly promise, which he will meet with, like him whom We have provided with the provisions of this world’s life, then on the day of Resurrection he will be of those brought up (for punishment)?
64And the day when He will call them and say: Where are those whom you deemed to be My associates?
65Those against whom the word has proved true will say: Our Lord, these are they whom we caused to deviate -- we caused them to deviate as we ourselves deviated. We declare our innocence before Thee. Us they never worshipped.
66And it will be said: Call your associate-gods. So they will call upon them, but they will not answer them, and they will see the chastisement. Would that they had followed the right way!
67And the day He will call them, then say: What was the answer you gave to the messengers?
68On that day excuses will become obscure to them, so they will not ask each other.
69But as to him who repents and believes and does good, maybe he will be among the successful.
70And thy Lord creates and chooses whom He pleases. To choose is not theirs. Glory be to Allah and exalted be He above what they associate (with Him)!
71And thy Lord knows what their breasts conceal and what they proclaim.
72And He is Allah, there is no god but He! His is the praise in this (life) and the Hereafter; and His is the judgment, and to Him you will be brought back.
73Say: Do you see if Allah were to make the night to continue incessantly on you till the day of Resurrection, who is the god besides Allah who could bring you light? Will you not then hear?
74Say: Do you see if Allah were to make the day to continue incessantly on you till the day of Resurrection, who is the god besides Allah that could bring you the night in which you take rest? Do you not then see?
75And out of His mercy He has made for you the night and the day, that you may rest therein, and that you may seek of His grace, and that you may give thanks.
76And the day when He will call them and say: Where are My associates whom you pretended?
77And We shall draw forth from among every nation a witness and say: Bring your proof. Then shall they know that the Truth is Allah’s and that which they forged will fail them.
78Korah was surely of the people of Moses, but he oppressed them, and We gave him treasures, so much so that his hoards of wealth would weight down a body of strong men. When his people said to him: Exult not; surely Allah loves not the exultant.
79And seek the abode of the Hereafter by means of what Allah has given thee, and neglect not thy portion of the world, and do good (to others) as Allah has done good to thee, and seek not to make mischief in the land. Surely Allah loves not the mischief-makers.
80He said: I have been given this only on account of the knowledge I have. Did he not know that Allah had destroyed him generations who were mightier in strength than he and greater in assemblage? And the guilty are not questioned about their sins.
81So he went forth to his people in his finery. Those who desired this world’s life said: O would that we had the like of what Korah is given! Surely he is possessed of mighty good fortune!
82But those who were given the knowledge said: Woe to you! Allah’s reward is better for him who believes and does good, and none is made to receive this except the patient.
83So We made the earth to swallow him up and his abode. He had no host to help him against Allah, nor was he of those who can defend themselves.
84And those who had yearned for his place the day before began to say: Ah! (know) that Allah amplifies and straitens the means of subsistence for whom He pleases of His servants; had not Allah been gracious to us, He would have abased us. Ah! (know) that the ungrateful are never successful.
85That abode of the Hereafter, We assign it to those who have no desire to exalt themselves in the earth nor to make mischief. And the good end is for those who keep their duty.
86Whoever brings good, he will have better than it; and whoever brings evil, those who do evil will be requited only for what they did.
87He who has made the Qur’an binding on thee will surely bring thee back to the Place of Return. Say: My Lord knows best him who has brought the guidance and him who is in manifest error.
88And thou didst not expect that the Book would be inspired to thee, but it is a mercy from thy Lord, so be not a backer up of the disbelievers.
Chapter 29 (Sura 29)
1And let them not turn thee aside from the messages of Allah after they have been revealed to thee, and call (men) to thy Lord and be not of the polytheists.
2And call not with Allah any other god. There is no God but He. Everything will perish but He. His is the judgment, and to Him you will be brought back.
3I, Allah, am the best Knower.
4Do men think that they will be left alone on saying, We believe, and will not be tried?
5And indeed We tried those before them, so Allah will certainly know those who are true and He will know the liars.
6Or do they who work evil think that they will escape Us? Evil is it that they judge!
7Whoever hopes to meet with Allah, the term of Allah is then surely coming. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
8And whoever strives hard, strives for himself. Surely Allah is Self-sufficient, above (need of) (His) creatures.
9And those who believe and do good, We shall certainly do away with their afflictions and reward them for the best of what they did.
10And We have enjoined on man goodness to his parents. But if they contend with thee to associate (others) with Me, of which thou has no knowledge, obey them not. To Me is your return, so I will inform you of what you did.
11And those who believe and do good, We shall surely make them enter among the righteous.
12And among men is he who says: We believe in Allah; but when he is persecuted for the sake of Allah, he thinks the persecution of men to be as the chastisement of Allah. And if there comes help from thy Lord, they will say: Surely we were with you. Is not Allah the Best Knower of what is in the hearts of mankind?
13And certainly Allah will know those who believe, and He will know the hypocrites.
14And those who disbelieve say to those who believe: Follow our path and we will bear your wrongs. And they can never bear aught of their wrongs. Surely they are liars.
15And they will certainly bear their own burdens, and other burdens besides their own burdens; and they will certainly be questioned on the day of Resurrection as to what they forged.
16And We indeed sent Noah to his people, so he remained among them a thousand years save fifty years. And the deluge overtook them, and they were wrongdoers.
17So We delivered him and the inmates of the ark, and made it a sign to the nations.
18And (We sent) Abraham, when he said to his people: Serve Allah and keep your duty to Him. That is better for you, if you did but know.
19You only worship idols besides Allah and you invent a lie. Surely they whom you serve besides Allah control no sustenance for you; so seek sustenance from Allah and serve Him and be grateful to Him. To Him you will be brought back.
20And if you reject, nations before you indeed reject (the Truth). And the duty of the Messenger is only to deliver (the message) plainly.
21See they not how Allah originates the creation, the reproduces it? Surely that is easy to Allah.
22Say: Travel in the earth then see how He makes the first creation, then Allah creates the latter creation. Surely Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
23He chastises whom He pleases and has mercy on whom He pleases, and to Him you will be turned back.
24And you cannot escape in the earth nor in the heaven, and you have no protector or helper besides Allah.
25And those who disbelieve in the messages of Allah and the meeting with Him, they despair of My mercy and for them is a painful chastisement.
26So naught was the answer of his people except that they say: Slay him or burn him! But Allah delivered him from the fire. Surely therein are signs for a people who believe.
27And he said: you have only taken idols besides Allah by way of friendship between you in this world’s life, then on the day of Resurrection some of you will deny others, and some of you will curse others; and your abode is the Fire, and you will have no helpers.
28So Lot believed in him. And he said: I am fleeing to my Lord. Surely He is the Mighty, the Wise.
29And We granted him Isaac and Jacob, and ordained prophethood and the Book among his seed. And We gave him his reward in this world, and in the Hereafter he will surely be among the righteous.
30And (We sent) Lot when he said to his people: Surely you are guilty of an abomination which none of the nations has done before you.
31Do you come to males and commit robbery on the highway, and commit evil deeds in your assemblies? But the answer of his people was only that they said: Bring on us Allah’s chastisement, if thou art truthful.
32He said: My Lord, help me against the mischievous people.
33And when Our messengers came to Abraham with good news, they said: We are going to destroy the people of this town, for its people are iniquitous.
34He said: Surely in it is Lot. They said: We know well who is in it; we shall certainly deliver him and his followers, except his wife; she is of those who remain behind.
35And when our messengers came to Lot, he was grieved on account of them, and he lacked strength to protect them. And they said: Fear not, nor grieve; surely we will deliver thee and thy followers, except thy wife -- she is of those who remain behind.
36Surely We are going to bring down upon the people of this town a punishment from heaven, because they transgressed.
37And certainly We have left a clear sign of it for a people who understand.
38And to Midian (We sent) their brother Shu’aib, so he said: O my people, serve Allah and fear the Latter day, and act not corruptly, making mischief, in the land.
39But they rejected him, so a severe earthquake overtook them and they lay prostrate in their abodes.
40And ‘Ad and Thamud! And some of their dwellings are indeed apparent to you. And the devil made their deeds fairseeming to them, so he kept them back from the path, and they could see clearly.
41And Korah and Pharaoh and Haman! And certainly Moses came to them with clear arguments, but they behaved haughtily in the land; and they could not outstrip (us).
42So each one We punished for his sin. Of them was he on whom We sent a violent storm, and of them was he whom the rumbling overtook, and of them was he whom We caused the earth to swallow, and of them was he whom We drowned. And it was not Allah, Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves.
43The parable of those who take guardians besides Allah is as the parable of the spider that makes for itself a house; and surely the frailest of the houses is the spider’s house -- if they but knew!
44Surely Allah knows whatever they call upon besides Him. And He is the Mighty, the Wise.
45And these parables, We set them forth for men, and none understand them but the learned.
46Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth. Surely there is a sign in this for the believers.
47Recite that which has been revealed to thee of the Book and keep up prayer. Surely prayer keeps (one) away from indecency and evil; and certainly the remembrance of Allah is the greatest (force). And Allah knows what you do.
48And argue not with the People of the Book except by what is best, save such of them as act unjustly. But say: We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our God and your God is One, and to Him we submit.
49And thus have We revealed the Book to thee. So those whom We have given the Book believe in it, and of these there are those who believe in it; and none deny Our messages except the disbelievers.
50And thou didst not recite before it any book, nor didst thou transcribe one with thy right hand, for then could the liars have doubted.
51Nay, it is clear messages in the hearts of those who are granted knowledge. And none deny Our messages except the iniquitous.
52And they say: Why are not signs sent down upon him from his Lord? Say: Signs are with Allah only, and I am only a plain warner.
53Is it not enough for them that We have revealed to thee the Book which is recited to them? Surely there is mercy in this and a reminder for a people who believe.
54Say: Allah is sufficient as a witness between me and you -- He knows what is in the heavens and the earth. And those who believe in falsehood and disbelieve in Allah, these it is that are the losers.
55And they ask thee to hasten on the chastisement. And had not a term been appointed, the chastisement would certainly have come to them. And certainly it will come to them all of a sudden, while they perceive not.
56They ask thee to hasten on the chastisement, and surely hell encompasses the disbelievers --
57The day when the chastisement will cover them for above them, and from beneath their feet! And he will say: Taste what you did.
58O My servants who believe, surely My earth is vast, so serve Me only.
59Every soul must taste of death; then to Us you will be returned.
60And those who believe and do good, We shall certainly give them an abode in high places in the Garden wherein flow rivers, abiding therein. Excellent the reward of the workers.
61Who are patient, and on their Lord they rely!
62And how many a living creature carries not its sustenance! Allah sustains it and yourselves. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
63And if thou ask them, Who created the heavens and the earth and made the sun and the moon subservient? they would say, Allah. Whence are they then turned away?
64Allah makes abundant the means of subsistence for whom He pleases of His servants, or straitens (them) for him. Surely Allah is Knower of all things.
65And if thou ask them, Who is it that sends down water from the clouds, then gives life to the earth with it after its death? they will say, Allah. Say: Praise be to all! Nay most of them understand not.
66And the life of this world is but a sport and a play. And the home of the Hereafter, that surely is the Life, did they but know!
67So when they ride in the ships, they call upon Allah, being sincerely obedient to Him; but when He brings them safe to the land, lo! they associate others (with Him),
68That they may be ungrateful for what We have given them, and that they may enjoy. But they shall soon know.
69See they not that We have made a sacred territory secure, while men are carried off by force from around them? Will they still believe in the falsehood and disbelieve in the favour of Allah?
Chapter 30 (Sura 30)
1And who is more iniquitous than one who forges a lie against Allah, or gives the lie to the Truth, when it has come to him? Is there not an abode in hell for the disbelievers?
2And those who strive hard for Us, We shall certainly guide them in Our ways. And Allah is surely with the doers of good.
3I, Allah, am the Best Knower.
4The Romans are vanquished
5In a near land, and they, after their defeat, will gain victory
6Within nine years. Allah’s is the command before an after. And on that day the believers will rejoice
7In Allah’s help. He helps whom He pleases, and He is the Mighty, the Merciful --
8(It is) Allah’s promise! Allah will not fail in His promise, but most people know not.
9They know the outward of this world’s life, but of the Hereafter they are heedless.
10Do they not reflect within themselves? Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and what is between them but with truth, and (for) an appointed term. And surely most of the people are deniers of the meeting with their Lord.
11Have they not travelled in the earth and seen what was the end of those before them? They were stronger than these in prowess, and dug up the earth, and built on it more than these have built. And their messengers came to them with clear arguments. So it was not Allah, Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves.
12Then evil was the end of those who did evil, because they rejected the messages of Allah and mocked at them.
13Allah originates the creation, then reproduces it, then to Him you will be returned.
14And the day when the Hour comes, the guilty will despair.
15And they will have no intercessors from among their associate-gods, and they will deny their associate-gods.
16And the day when the Hour comes, that day they will be separated one from the other.
17Then as to those who believed and did good, they will be made happy in a garden.
18And as for those who disbelieved and rejected Our messages and the meeting of the Hereafter, they will be brought to chastisement.
19So glory be to Allah when you enter the evening and when you enter the morning.
20And to Him be praise in the heavens and the earth, and in the afternoon, and when the sun declines.
21He brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the dead from the living, and gives life to the earth after its death. And thus will you be brought forth.
22And of His signs is this, that He created you from dust, then lo! you are mortals (who) scatter.
23And of His signs is this, that He created mates for you from yourselves that you might find quiet of mind in them, and He put between you love and compassion. Surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.
24And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your tongues and colours. Surely there are signs in this for the learned.
25And of His signs is your sleep by night and by day and your seeking of His bounty. Surely there are signs in this for a people who would hear.
26And of His signs is this, that He shows you the lightning for fear and for hope, and sends down water from the cloud, then gives life therewith to the earth after its death. Surely there are signs in this for a people who understand.
27And of His signs is this, that the heaven and the earth subsist by His command. Then when He calls you -- from the earth -- lo! you come forth.
28And His is whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. All are obedient to Him.
29And He it is, Who originates the creation, then reproduces it, and it is very easy to Him. And His is the most exalted state in the heavens and the earth; and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
30He sets forth to you a parable related to yourselves. Have you among those whom your right hands possess partners in that which We have provided you with, so that with respect to it you are alike -- you fear them as you fear each other? Thus do We make the messages clear for a people who understand.
31Nay, those who are unjust follow their low desires without any knowledge; so who can guide him whom Allah leaves in error? And they shall have no helpers.
32So set thy face for religion, being upright, the nature made by Allah in which He has created men. There is no altering Allah’s creation. That is the right religion -- but most people know not --
33Turning to Him; and keep your duty to Him, and keep up prayer and be not of the polytheists,
34Of those who split up their religion and become parties; every sect rejoicing in that which is with it.
35And when harm afflicts men, they call upon their Lord, turning to Him, then when He makes them taste of mercy from Him, lo! some of them begin to associate (others) with their Lord,
36So as to be ungrateful for that which We have given them. So enjoy yourselves a while -- you will soon come to know.
37Or, have We sent to them an authority so that it speaks of that which they associate with Him?
38And when We make people taste of mercy they rejoice in it, and if an evil befall them for what their hands have already wrought, lo! they despair.
39See they not that Allah enlarges provision and straitens (it) for whom He pleases? Certainly there are signs in this for a people who believe.
40So give to the near of kin his due, and to the needy and the wayfarer. This is best for those who desire Allah’s pleasure, and these it is who are successful.
41And whatever you lay out at usury, so that it may increase in the property of men, it increases not with Allah; and whatever you give in charity, desiring Allah’s pleasure -- these will get manifold.
42Allah is He who created you, then He sustains you, then He causes you to die, then brings you to life. Is there any of your associate-gods who does aught of it? Glory be to Him, and exalted be He above what they associate (with Him)!
43Corruption has appeared in the land and the sea on account of that which men’s hands have wrought, that He may make them taste a part of that which they have done, so that they may return.
44Say: Travel in the land, then see what was the end of those before! Most of them were polytheists.
45Then set thyself, being upright, to the right religion before there come from Allah the day which cannot be averted: on that day they will be separated.
46Whoever disbelieves will be responsible for his disbelief; and whoever does good such prepare (good) for their own souls,
47That He may reward out of His grace those who believe and do good. Surely He loves not the disbelievers.
48And of His signs is this, that He sends forth the winds bearing good news, and that He may make you taste of His mercy, and that the ships may glide by His command, and that you may seek His grace, and that you may be grateful.
49And certainly We sent before thee messengers to their people, so they came to them with clear arguments, then We punished those who were guilty. And to help believers is ever incumbent on Us.
50Allah is He Who sends forth the winds, so they raise a cloud, then He spreads it forth in the sky as He pleases, and He breaks it, so that you see the rain coming forth from inside it; then when He causes it to fall upon whom He pleases of His servants, lo! they rejoice --
51Though they were before this, before it was sent down upon them, in sure despair.
52Look then at the signs of Allah’s mercy, how He gives life to the earth after its death. Surely He is the Quickener of the dead; and He is Possessor of power over all things.
53And if We send a wind and they see it yellow, they would after that certainly continue to disbelieve.
54So surely thou canst not make the dead to hear, nor canst thou make the deaf to hear the call, when they turn back retreating.
55Nor canst thou guide the blind out of their error. Thou canst make none to hear but those who believe in Our messages, so they submit.
56Allah is He Who created you from a state of weakness, then He gave strength after weakness, then ordained weakness and hoary hair after strength. He creates what He pleases, and He is the Knowing, the Powerful.
57And the day when the Hour comes, the guilty will swear: They did not tarry but an hour. Thus are they ever turned away.
58And those who are given knowledge and faith will say: Certainly you tarried according to the ordinance of Allah till the day of Resurrection -- so this is the day of Resurrection -- but you did not know.
59So that day their excuse will not profit those who were unjust, nor will they be granted goodwill.
60And certainly We have set forth for men in this Qur’an every kind of parable. And if thou bring them a sign, those who disbelieve would certainly say: You re naught but deceivers.
Chapter 31 (Sura 31)
1Thus does Allah seal the hearts of those who know not.
2So be patient; surely the promise of Allah is true; and let not those disquiet thee who have no certainty.
3I, Allah, am the Best Knower.
4These are verses of the Book of Wisdom --
5A guidance and a mercy for the doers of good,
6Who keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and who are certain of the Hereafter.
7These are on a guidance from their Lord, and these are they who are successful.
8And of men is he who takes instead frivolous discourse to lead astray from Allah’s path without knowledge, and to make it a mockery. For such is an abasing chastisement.
9And when Our messages are recited to him, he turns back proudly, as if he had not heard them, as if there were deafness in his ears; so announce to him a painful chastisement.
10Those who believe and do good, for them are Gardens of bliss,
11To abide therein. A promise of Allah in truth! And He is the Mighty, the Wise.
12He created the heavens without pillars that you see, and cast mountains on the earth lest it should be convulsed with you, and He spread on it animals of every kind. And We send down water from the clouds, there cause to grow therein of every nobel kind.
13This is Allah’s creation; now show Me that which those besides Him have created. Nay, the unjust are in manifest error.
14And certainly We gave Luqman wisdom, saying: Give thanks to Allah. And whoever is thankful, is thankful for his own soul; and whoever denies, then surely Allah is Self-Sufficient, Praised.
15And when Luqman said to his son, while he admonished him: O my son, ascribe no partner to Allah. Surely ascribing partners (to Him) is a grievous iniquity.
16And We have enjoined on man concerning his parents -- his mother bears him with faintings upon faintings and his weaning takes two years -- saying: Give thanks to Me and to thy parents. To Me is the eventual coming.
17And if they strive with thee to make thee associate with Me that of which thou has no knowledge, obey them not, and keep kindly company with them in this world, and follow the way of him who turns to Me; then to Me is your return, then I shall inform you of what you did.
18O my son, even if it be the weight of a grain of mustard-seed, even though it be in a rock, or in the heaven or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Surely Allah is Knower of subtilities, Aware.
19O my son, keep up prayer and enjoin good and forbid evil, and bear patiently that which befalls thee. Surely this is an affair of great resolution.
20And turn not thy face away from people in contempt, nor go about in the land exultingly. Surely Allah loves not any self-conceited boaster.
21And pursue the right curse in thy going about and lower thy voice. Surely the most hateful of voices is braying of asses.
22See you not that Allah has made subservient to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and granted to you His favours complete outwardly and inwardly? And among men is he who disputes concerning Allah without knowledge or guidance or a Book giving light.
23And when it is said to them, Follow that which Allah has revealed, they say: Nay, we follow that wherein we found our fathers. What! Though the devil calls them to the chastisement of the burning Fire!
24And whoever submits himself to Allah and does good (to others), he indeed takes hold of the firmest handle. And Allah’s is the end of affairs.
25And whoever disbelieves, let not his disbelief grieve thee. To Us is their return, then We shall inform them of what they did. Surely Allah is Knower of what is in the breasts.
26We give them to enjoy a little, then We shall drive them to a severe chastisement.
27And if thou ask them who created the heavens and the earth? they will say: Allah. Say: Praise be to Allah! Nay, most of them know not.
28To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. Surely Allah is the Self-Sufficient, the Praised.
29And if all the trees in the earth were pens, and the sea with seven more seas added to it (were ink), the worlds of Allah would not be exhausted. Surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
30Your creation or your raising is only like a single soul. Surely Allah is Hearing, Seeing.
31Seest thou not that Allah makes the night to enter into the day, and He makes the day to enter into the night, and He has made the sun and the moon subservient (to you) -- each pursues its course till an appointed time -- and that Allah is Aware of what you do?
32This is because Allah is the Truth, and that which they call upon besides Him is falsehood, and that Allah is the High, the Great.
33Seest thou not that the ships glide on the sea by Allah’s grace, that He may show you of His signs? Surely there are signs in this for every patient, endurer, grateful one.
34And when a wave like awnings covers them, they call upon Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience. But when He brings them safe to land, some of them follow the middle course. And none denies Our signs but every perfidious, ungrateful one.
Chapter 32 (Sura 32)
1O people, keep your duty to your Lord and dread the day when no father can avail his son in aught, nor the child will avail this father. Surely the promise of Allah is true, so let not this world’s life deceive you, nor let the arch-deceiver deceive you about Allah.
2Surely Allah is He with Whom is the knowledge of the Hour, and He sends down the rain, and He knows what is in the wombs. And no one knows what he will earn on the morrow. And no one knows in what land he will die. Surely Allah is Knowing, Aware.
3I, Allah, am the Best Knower.
4The revelation of the Book, there is no doubt in it, is from the Lord of the worlds.
5Or do they say: He has forged it? Nay it is the Truth from thy Lord that thou mayest warn a people to whom no warner has come before thee that they may walk aright.
6Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six periods, and He is established on the Throne of Power. You have not besides Him a guardian or an intercessor. Will you not then mind?
7He orders the Affair from the heaven to the earth; then it will ascend to Him in a day the measure of which is a thousand years as you count.
8Such is the Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Mighty, the Merciful,
9Who made beautiful everything that He created, and He began the creation of man from dust.
10Then He made his progeny of an extract, of worthless water.
11Then He made him complete and breathed into him of His spirit, and gave you ears and eyes and hearts; little it is that you give thanks!
12And they say: When we are lost in the earth, shall we then be in a new creation? Nay, they are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord.
13Say: The angel of death, who is given charge of you, will cause you to die, then to your Lord you will be returned.
14And couldst thou but see when the guilty hang their heads before their Lord: Our Lord, we have seen and heard; so send us back, we will do good; we are (now) certain.
15And if We have pleased, We could have given every soul its guidance, but the word from Me was just; I will certainly fill hell with the jinn and men together.
16So taste, because you forgot the meeting of this Day of yours; surely We forsake you; and taste the abiding chastisement for what you did.
17Only they believe in Our messages who, when they are reminded of them, fall down prostrate and celebrate the praise of their Lord, and they are not proud.
18They forsake (their) beds, calling upon their Lord in fear and in hope, and spend out of what We have given them.
19So no soul knows what refreshment of the eyes is hidden for them: a reward for what they did.
20Is he then, who is a believer, like him who is a transgressor? They are not equal.
21As for those who believe and do good deeds, for them are Gardens, a refuge -- an entertainment for what they did.
22And as for those who transgress, their refuge is the Fire. Whenever they desire to go forth from it, they are brought back into it, and it is said to them: Taste the chastisement of the Fire, which you called a lie.
23And certainly We will make them taste the nearer punishment before the greater chastisement, that haply they may turn.
24And who is more iniquitous than he who is reminded of the messages of his Lord, then he turns away from them? Surely We exact retribution from the guilty.
25And We indeed gave Moses the Book -- so doubt not the meeting with Him -- and We made it a guide for the Children of Israel.
26And We made from among them leaders to guide by Our command when they were patient. And they were certain of Our messages.
27Surely thy Lord will judge between them on the day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differed.
28Is it not clear to them, how many of the generations, in whose abodes they go about, We destroyed before them? Surely there are signs in this. Will they not then hear?
29See they not that We drive the water to a land having no herbage, then We bring forth thereby seed-produce, of which their cattle and they themselves eat. Will they not then see?
30And they say: When will this victory come, if you are truthful?
Chapter 33 (Sura 33)
1Say: On the day of victory the faith of those who (now) disbelieve will not profit them, nor will they be respited.
2So turn away from them and wait, surely they too are waiting.
3O Prophet, keep thy duty to Allah and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Surely Allah is ever Knowing, Wise;
4And trust in Allah. And Allah is enough as having charge (of affairs).
5Allah has not made for any man two hearts within him; nor has He made your wives whom you desert by Zihar, your mothers, nor has He made those whom you assert (to be your sons) your sons. These are the words of your mouths. And Allah speaks the truth and He shows the way.
6Call them by (the names of) their fathers; this is more equitable with Allah; but if you know not their fathers, then they are your brethren in faith and your friends. And there is no blame on you in that wherein you make a mistake, but (you are answerable for) that which your hearts purpose. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
7The Prophet is closer to the faithful than their own selves, and his wives are (as) their mothers. And the possessors of relationship are closer one to another in the ordinance of Allah than (other) believers, and those who fled (their homes), except that you do some good to your friends. This is written in the Book.
8And when We took a covenant from the prophets and from thee, and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, son of Mary, and We took from them a solemn covenant,
9That He may question the truthful of their truth, and He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful chastisement.
10O you who believe, call to mind the favour of Allah to you when there came against you hosts, so We sent against them a strong wind and hosts that you saw not. And Allah is ever Seer of what you do.
11When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes turned dull and the hearts rose up to the throats, and you began to think diverse thoughts about Allah.
12There were the believers tried and they were shaken with a severe shaking.
13And when a party of them said: O people of Yathrib, you cannot make a stand, so go back. And a party of them asked permission of the Prophet, saying, Our houses are exposed. And they were not exposed. They only desired to run away.
14And if an entry were made upon them from the outlying parts of it, then they were asked to wage war (against the Muslims), they would certainly have done it, and they would not have stayed in it but a little while.
15And they had indeed made a covenant with Allah before, (that) they would not turn (their) backs. And a covenant with Allah must be answered for.
16Say: Flight will not profit you, if you flee from death or slaughter, and then you will not be allowed to enjoy yourselves but a little.
17Say: Who is it that can protect you from Allah, if He intends harm for you or He intends to show you mercy? And they will not find for themselves a guardian or a helper besides Allah.
18Allah indeed knows those among you who hinder others and those who say to their brethren, Come to us. And they come not to the fight but a little,
19Being niggardly with respect to you. But when fear comes, thou wilt see them looking to thee, their eyes rolling like one swooning because of death. But when fear is gone they smite you with sharp tongues, being covetous of wealth. These have not believed, so Allah makes their deeds naught. And that is easy for Allah.
20They think the allies are not gone, and if the allies should come (again), they would fain be in the deserts with the desert Arabs, asking for news about you. And if they were among you, they would not fight save a little.
21Certainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent exemplar for him who hopes in Allah and the Latter day, and remembers Allah much.
22And follow that which is revealed to thee from thy Lord. Surely Allah is ever Aware of what you do;
23And when the believers saw the allies, they said: This is what Allah and His Messenger promised us, and Allah and His Messenger spoke the truth. And it only added to their faith and submission.
24Of the believers are men who are true to the covenant they made with Allah; so of them is he who has accomplished his vow, and of them is he who yet waits, and they have not changed in the least --
25That Allah may reward the truthful for their truth, and chastise the hypocrites, if He pleases, or turn to them (mercifully). Surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
26And Allah turned back the disbelievers in their rage -- they gained no advantage. And Allah sufficed the believers in fighting. And Allah is ever Strong, Mighty.
27And He drove down those of the People of the Book who backed them from their fortresses and He cast awe into their hears; some you killed and you took captive some.
28And He made you heirs to their land and their dwellings and their property, and (to) a land which you have not yet trodden. And Allah is ever Possessor of power over all things.
29O Prophet, say to thy wives: If you desire this world’s life and its adornment, come, I will give you a provision and allow you to depart a goodly departing.
30And if you desire Allah and His Messenger and the abode of the Hereafter, then surely Allah has prepared for the doers of good among you a mighty reward.
31O wives of the Prophet, whoever of you is guilty of manifestly improper conduct, the chastisement will be doubled for her. And this is easy for Allah.
32And whoever of you is obedient to Allah and His Messenger and does good, We shall give her a double reward, and We have prepared for her an honourable sustenance.
33O wives of the Prophet, you are not like any other women. If you would keep your duty, be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease yearn; and speak a word of goodness.
34And stay in your houses and display not your beauty like the displaying of the ignorance of yore; and keep up prayer, and pay the poor-rate, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah only desires to take away uncleanness from you, O people of the household, and to purify you a (thorough) purifying.
35And remember that which is recited in your houses of the messages of Allah and the Wisdom. Surely Allah is ever Knower of subtilties, Aware.
36Surely the men who submit and the women who submit, and the believing men and the believing women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women, and the humble men and the humble women, and the charitable men and the charitable women, and the fasting men and the fasting women, and the men who guard their chastity and the women who guard, and the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember -- Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a mighty reward.
37And it behoves not a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided an affair, to exercise a choice in their matter. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he surely strays off to manifest error.
38And when thou saidst to him to whom Allah had shown favour and to whom thou hadst shown a favour: Keep thy wife to thyself and keep thy duty to Allah; and thou concealedst in thy heart what Allah would bring to light, and thou fearedst men, and Allah has a greater right that thou shouldst fear Him. So when Zaid dissolved her marriage-tie, We gave her to thee as a wife, so that there should be no difficulty for the believers about the wives of their adopted sons, when they have dissolved their marriage-tie. And Allah’s command is ever performed.
39There is no harm for the Prophet in that which Allah has ordained for him. Such has been the way of Allah with those who have gone before. And the command of Allah is a decree that is made absolute --
40Those who deliver the messages of Allah and fear Him, and fear none but Allah. And Allah is Sufficient to take account.
41Muhammad is not the father of any of you men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the prophets. And Allah is ever Knower of all things.
42O you who believe, remember Allah with much remembrance,
43And glorify Him morning and evening.
44He it is Who sends blessings on you, and (so do) His angels, that He may bring you forth out of darkness into light. And He is ever Merciful to the believers.
45Their salutation on the day they meet Him will be, Peace! and He has prepared for them an honourable reward.
46O Prophet, surely We have sent thee as a witness, and a bearer of good news and a warner,
47And as an inviter to Allah by His permission, and as a light-giving sun.
48And give the believers the good news that they will have great grace from Allah.
49And obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and disregard their annoying talk, and rely on Allah. And Allah is enough as having charge (of affairs).
50O you who believe, when you marry believing women, then divorce them before you touch them, you have in their case no term which you should reckon. But make provision for them and set them free in a goodly manner.
51O Prophet, We have made lawful to thee thy wives whom thou hast given their dowries, and those whom thy right hand possesses, out of those whom Allah has given thee as prisoners of war, and the daughters of thy paternal uncle and the daughters of thy paternal aunts, and the daughters of thy maternal uncle and the daughters of thy maternal aunts who fled with thee; and a believing woman, if she gives herself to the Prophet, if the Prophet desires to marry her. (It is) especially for thee, not for the believers -- We know what We have ordained for them concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess in order that no blame may attach to thee. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
52Thou mayest put off whom thou pleasest of them, and take to thee whom thou pleasest. And whom thou desirest of those whom thou hadst separated provisionally, no blame attaches to thee. This is most proper so that their eyes may be cool and they may not grieve, and that they should be pleased, all of them, with what thou givest them. And Allah knows what is in your hearts. And Allah is ever Knowing, Forbearing.
53It is not allowed to thee to take wives after this, nor to change them for other wives, though their beauty be pleasing to thee, except those whom thy right hand possesses. And Allah is ever Watchful over all things.
54O you who believe, enter not the houses of the Prophet unless permission is given to you for a meal, not waiting for its cooking being finished -- but when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken food, disperse -- not seeking to listen to talk. Surely this gives the Prophet trouble, but he forbears from you, and Allah forbears not from the truth. And when you ask of them any goods, ask of them from behind a curtain. This is purer for your hearts and their hearts. And it behoves you not to give trouble to the Messenger of Allah, nor to marry his wives after him ever. Surely this is grievous in the sight of Allah.
55If you do a thing openly or do it in secret, then surely Allah is ever Knower of all things.
56There is no blame on them in respect of their fathers, nor their sons, nor their brothers, nor their brothers’ sons, nor their sisters’ sons, nor their own women, nor of what their right hands possess -- and (ye women) keep your duty to Allah. Surely Allah is ever Witness over all things.
57Surely Allah and His angels bless the Prophet. O you who believe, call for blessings on him and salute him with a (becoming) salutation.
58Surely those who annoy Allah and His Messenger, Allah has cursed them in this world and the Hereafter, and He has prepared for them an abasing chastisement.
59And those who annoy believing men and believing women undeservedly, they bear the guilt of slander and manifest sin.
60O Prophet, tell thy wives and thy daughters and the women of believers to let down upon them their over-garments. This is more proper, so that they may be known, and not be given trouble. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
61If the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease and the agitators in Madinah desist not, We shall certainly urge thee on against them, then they shall not be thy neighbours in it but for a little while --
62Accursed, wherever they are found they will be seized and slain.
63That was the way of Allah concerning those who have gone before; and thou wilt find no change in the way of Allah.
64Men ask thee about the Hour. Say: The Knowledge of it is only with Allah. And what will make thee comprehend that the Hour may be nigh?
65Surely Allah has cursed the disbelievers and prepared for them a burning Fire,
66To abide therein for a long time; they will find no protector nor helper.
67On the day when their leaders are turned back into the Fire, they say: O would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger!
68And they say: Our Lord, we only obeyed our leaders and our great men, so they led us astray from the path.
69Our Lord, give them a double chastisement and curse them with a great curse.
70O you who believe, be not like those who maligned Moses, but Allah cleared him what they said. And he was worthy of regard with Allah.
71O you who believe, keep your duty to Allah and speak straight worlds:
72He will put your deeds into a right state for you, and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, he indeed achieves a mighty success.
73Surely We offered the trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they refused to be unfaithful to it and feared from it, and man has turned unfaithful to it. Surely he is ever unjust, ignorant --
Chapter 34 (Sura 34)
1That Allah may chastise the hypocritical men and the hypocritical women and the polytheistic men and the polytheistic women, and Allah will turn (mercifully) to the believing men and the believing women. And Allah is every Forgiving, Merciful.
2Praise be to Allah! Whose is whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and to Him be praise in the Hereafter! And He is the wise, the Aware.
3He knows that which goes down into the earth and that which comes out of it, and that which comes down from heaven and that which goes up to it. And He is the Merciful, the Forgiving.
4And those who disbelieve say: The Hour will never come to us. Say: Yea, by my Lord, the Knower of the unseen! it will certainly come to you. Not an atom’s weight escapes Him in the heavens or in the earth, nor is there less than that nor greater, but (all) is in a clear book,
5That He may reward those who believe and do good. For them is forgiveness and an honourable sustenance.
6And those who strive hard in opposing Our Messages, for them is a painful chastisement of an evil kind.
7And those who have been given knowledge see that what is revealed to thee from thy Lord, is the Truth, and it guides into the path of the Mighty, the Praised.
8And those who disbelieve say: Shall we show to you a man who informs you that, when you are scattered the utmost scattering, you will then be in a new creation?
9Has he forged a lie against Allah or is there madness in him? Nay, those who believe not in the Hereafter are in torment and in far error.
10See they not what is before them and what is behind them of the heaven and the earth? If We please, We can make them low in the land or bring down upon them a portion of heaven. Surely there is a sign in this for every servant turning (to Allah).
11And certainly We gave David abundance from Us: O mountains, repeat praises with him, and the birds, and We made the iron pliant to him,
12Saying: Make ample (coats of mail), and assign a time to the making of coats of mail and do ye good. Surely I am Seer of what you do.
13And (We made) the wind (subservient) to Solomon; it made a month’s journey in the morning and a month’s journey in the evening; and We made a fountain of molten brass to flow for him. And of the jinn there were those who worked before him by the command of his Lord. And whoever turned aside from Our command from among them, We made him taste of the chastisement of burning.
14They made for him what he pleased, of synagogues and images, and bowls (large) as watering-troughs and fixed cooking-pots. Give thanks, O people of David! And very few of My servants are grateful.
15But when We decreed death for him, naught showed them his death but a creature of the earth that are away his staff. So when it fell down, the jinn saw clearly that, if they had known the unseen, they would not have tarried in humiliating torment.
16Certainly there was a sign for Saba’ in their abode -- two gardens on the right and the left. East of the sustenance of your Lord and give thanks to Him. A good land and a Forgiving Lord!
17But they turned aside, so We sent upon them a violent torrent, and in place of their two gardens We gave them two gardens yielding bitter fruit and (growing) tamarisk and a few lote-trees.
18With this We requited them because they were ungrateful; and We punish none but the ingrate.
19And We made between them and the towns which We had blessed, (other) towns easy to be seen, and We apportioned the journey therein: Travel through them nights and days, secure.
20But they said: Our Lord, make longer stages between our journeys. And they wronged themselves; so We made them stories and scattered them a total scattering. Surely there are signs in this for every patient, grateful one.
21And the devil indeed found true his conjecture concerning them, so they follow him, except a party of the believers.
22And he has no authority over them, but that We may know him who believes in the Hereafter from him who is in doubt concerning it. And thy Lord is the Preserver of all things.
23Say: Call upon those whom you assert besides Allah; they control not the weight of an atom in the heavens or in the earth, nor have they any partnership in either, nor has He a helper among them.
24And intercession avails naught with Him, save of him whom He permits. Until when fear is removed from their hearts, they say: What is it that your Lord said? They say: The Truth. And He is the Most High, the Great.
25Say: Who gives you sustenance from the heavens and the earth? Say: Allah. And surely we or you are on a right way or in manifest error.
26Say: You will not be asked of what we are guilty, nor shall we be asked of what you do.
27Say: Our Lord will gather us together, then He will judge between us with truth. And He is the Best Judge, the Knower.
28Say: Show me those whom you join with Him as associates. By no means (can you)! Nay, He is Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.
29And We have not sent thee but as a bearer of good news and as a warner to all mankind, but most men know not.
30And they say: When will this promise be (fulfilled), if you are truthful?
31Say: You have the appointment of a day which you cannot postpone by an hour, nor hasten on.
32And those who disbelieve say: We believe not in this Qur’an, nor in that which is before it. And if thou couldst see when the wrongdoers are made to stand before their Lord, throwing back the blame one to another! Those who were reckoned weak say to those who were proud: Had it not been for you, we would have been believers.
33Those who were proud say to those who were deemed weak: Did we turn you away from the guidance after it had come to you? Nay, you (yourselves) were guilty.
34And those who were deemed weak say to those who were proud: Nay, (it was your) planning by night and day when you told us to disbelieve in Allah and to set up likes with Him. And they will manifest regret when they see the chastisement. And We put shackles on the necks of those who disbelieve. They will not be requited but for what they did.
35And We never sent a warner to a town but those who led easy lives in it said: We are disbelievers in that with which you are sent.
36And they say: We have more wealth and children, and we cannot be punished.
37Say: Surely my Lord amplifies and straitens provision for whom He pleases, but most men know not.
38And it is not your wealth, nor your children, that bring you near to Us in rank; but whoever believes and does good, for such is a double reward for what they do, and they are secure in the highest places.
39And those who strive in opposing Our messages, they will be brought to the chastisement.
40Say: Surely my Lord amplifies provision for whom He pleases of His servants and straitens (it) for him. And whatsoever you spend, He increases it in reward, and He is the Best of Providers.
41And on the day when He will gather them all together, then will he say to the angels: Did these worship you?
42They will say: Glory be to Thee! Thou art our Protecting Friend, not they; nay, they worshipped the jinn; most of them were believers in them.
43So on that day you will not control profit nor harm for one another. And We will say to those who were iniquitous: Taste the chastisement of the Fire, which you called a lie.
44And when Our clear messages are recited to them, they say: This is naught but a man who desires to turn you away from that which your fathers worshipped. And they say: This is naught but a forged lie! And those who disbelieve say of the Truth when it comes to them: This is only clear enchantment!
45And We have not given them any Books which they read, nor did We send to them before thee a warner.
46And those before them rejected (the truth), and these have not yet attained a tenth of that which We gave them, but they gave the lie to My messengers. How (terrible) was then My disapproval!
47Say: I exhort you only to one thing, that you rise up for Allah’s sake by twos and singly, then ponder! There is no madness in your companion. He is only a warner to you before a severe chastisement.
48Say: Whatever reward I ask of you, that is only for yourselves. My reward is only with Allah, and He is a Witness over all things.
49Say: Surely my Lord casts the Truth, the great Knower of the unseen.
50Say: The Truth has come, and falsehood neither originates, nor reproduces.
51Say: If I err, I err only to my own loss; and if I go aright, it is because of what my Lord reveals to me. Surely He is Hearing, Nigh.
52And couldst thou see when they become terrified, but (then) there will be no escape and they will be seized from a near place;
53And they will say: We believe in it. And how can they attain (to faith) from a distant place.
54And they indeed disbelieved in it before, and they utter conjectures with regard to the unseen from a distant place.
Chapter 35 (Sura 35)
1And a barrier is placed between them and that which they desire, as was done with their partisans before. Surely they are in a disquieting doubt.
2Praise be to Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Maker of the angels, messengers flying on wings, two, and three, and four. He increase in creation what He pleases. Surely Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
3Whatever Allah grants to men of (His) mercy, there is none to withhold it, and what He withholds, none can grant thereafter. And He is the Mighty, the Wise.
4O Men, call to mind the favour of Allah to you. Is there any Creator besides Allah who provides for you from the heaven and the earth? There is no God but He. How are you then turned away?
5And if they reject thee -- truly messengers before thee were rejected. And to Allah are all affairs returned.
6O men, surely the promise of Allah is true, so let not the life of this world deceive you. And let not the arch-deceiver deceive you about Allah.
7Surely the devil is your enemy, so take him for an enemy. He only invites his party to be companions of the burning Fire.
8Those who disbelieve, for them is a severe chastisement. And those who believe and do good, for them is forgiveness and a great reward.
9Is he whose evil deed is made fair-seeming to him so that he considers it good? -- Now surely Allah leaves in error whom He pleases and guides aright whom He pleases, so let not thy soul waste away in grief for them. Surely Allah is Knower of what they do.
10And Allah is He Who sends the winds, so they raise a cloud, then We drive it on to a dead land, and therewith give life to the earth after its death. Even so is the quickening.
11Whoever desires might, then to Allah belongs the might wholly. To Him do ascend the goodly words, and the goodly deed -- He exalts it. And those who plan evil -- for them is a severe chastisement. And their plan will perish.
12And Allah created you from dust, then from the life-germ, then He made you pairs. And no females bears, nor brings forth, except with His knowledge. And no one living long is granted a long life, nor is aught diminished of one’s life, but it is all in a book. Surely this is easy to Allah.
13And the two seas are not alike: the one sweet, very sweet, pleasant to drink; and the other salt, bitter. Yet from both you eat fresh flesh and bring forth ornaments which you wear. And thou seest the ships cleave through it, that you may seek of His bounty and that you may give thanks.
14He causes the night to enter in upon the day, and causes the day to enter in upon the night, and He has made subservient the sun and the moon, each one moves to an appointed time. This is Allah, your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those whom you call upon besides Him own not a straw.
15If you call on them, they hear not your call; and if they heard, they could not answer you. And on the day of Resurrection they will deny your associating them (with Allah). And none can inform thee like the All-Aware one.
16O men, it is you that have need of Allah, and Allah is the Self-Sufficient, the Praised One.
17If He please, He will remove you and bring a new creation.
18And this is not hard to Allah.
19And no burdened soul can bear another’s burden. And if one weighed down by a burden calls another to carry his load, naught of it will be carried, even though he be near of kin. Thou warnest only those who fear their Lord in secret and keep up prayer. And whoever purifies himself, purifies himself only for his own good. And to Allah is the eventual coming.
20And the blind and the seeing are not alike,
21Nor the darkness and the light,
22Nor the shade and the heat.
23Neither are the living and the dead alike. Surely Allah makes whom He pleases hear, and thou canst not make those hear who are in the graves.
24Thou art naught but a warner.
25Surely We have sent thee with the Truth as a bearer of good news and a warner. And there is not a people but a warner has gone among them.
26And if they reject thee, those before them also rejected -- their messengers came to them with clear arguments, and with scriptures, and with the illuminating Book.
27Then I seized those who disbelieved, so how (terrible) was My disapproval!
28Seest thou not that Allah sends down water from the clouds, then We bring forth therewith fruits of various hues? And in the mountains are streaks, white and red, of various hues and (others) intensely black.
29And of men and beasts and cattle there are various colours likewise. Those of his servants only who are possessed of knowledge fear Allah. Surely Allah is Mighty, Forgiving.
30Surely those who recite the Book of Allah and keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them, secretly and openly, hope for a gain which perishes not --
31That He may pay them back fully their rewards and give them more out of His grace. Surely He is Forgiving, Multiplier of reward.
32And that which We have revealed to thee of the Book, that is the truth, verifying that which is before it. Surely Allah is Aware, Seer of His servants.
33Then We have given the Book as inheritance to those whom We have chosen from among Our servants: so of them is he who wrongs himself, and of them is he who takes a middle course, and of them is he who is foremost in deeds of goodness by Allah’s permission. That is the great grace.
34Gardens of perpetuity, which they enter -- they are made to wear therein bracelets of gold and pearls, and their dress therein is silk.
35And they say: Praise be to Allah, Who has removed grief from us! Surely our Lord is Forgiving, Multiplier of reward,
36Who out of His grace has made us alight in a house abiding for ever; therein toil touches us not nor does fatigue afflict us therein.
37And those who disbelieve, for them is Fire of hell; it is not finished with them so that they should die, nor is chastisement thereof lightened to them. Thus We deal retribution on every ungrateful one.
38And therein they cry for succour: Our Lord, take us out! we will do good deeds other than those which we used to do! Did We not give you a life long enough, for him to be mindful who would mind? And there came to you the warner. So taste; because for the iniquitous there is no helper.
39Surely Allah is the Knower of the unseen in the heavens and the earth. Surely He is Knower of what is in the hearts.
40He it is Who made you successors in the earth. So whoever disbelieves, his disbelief is against himself. And their disbelief increases the disbelievers with their Lord in naught but hatred; and their disbelief increases the disbelievers in naught but loss.
41Say: Have you seen your associates which you call upon besides Allah? Show me what they have created of the earth! Or have they any share in the heavens? Or, have We given them a Book so that they follow a clear argument thereof? Nay, the wrongdoers hold out promises one to another only to deceive.
42Surely Allah upholds the heavens and the earth lest they come to naught. And if they come to naught, none can uphold them after Him. Surely He is ever Forbearing, Forgiving.
43And they swore by Allah, their strongest oaths, that, if a warner came to them, they would be better guided than any of the nations. But when a warner came to them, it increased them in naught but aversion,
44Behaving proudly in the land and planning evil. And the evil plan besets none save the authors of it. So they wait for naught but the way of the ancients. But thou wilt find no alteration in the course of Allah; and thou wilt find no change in the course of Allah.
45Have they not travelled in the land and seen what was the end of those before them -- and they were stronger than those in power? And Allah is not such that anything in the heavens or the earth can escape Him. Surely He is ever Knowing, Powerful.
Chapter 36 (Sura 36)
1And were Allah to punish men for what they earn, he would not leave on the back of it any creature, but He respites them till an appointed term; so when their doom comes, then surely Allah is ever Seer of His servants.
2O man,
3By the Qur’an, full of wisdom!
4Surely thou art one of the messengers,
5On a right way.
6A revelation of the Mighty,
7That thou mayest warn a people whose fathers were not warned, so they are heedless.
8The word has indeed proved true of most of them, so they believe not.
9Surely We have placed on their necks chains reaching up to the chins, so they have their heads raised aloft.
10And We have set a barrier before them and a barrier behind them, thus We have covered them, so that they see not.
11And it is alike to them whether thou warn them or warn them not -- they believe not.
12Thou canst warn him only who follows the Reminder and fears the Beneficent in secret; so give him good news of forgiveness and a generous reward.
13Surely We give life to the dead, and We write down that which they send before and their footprints, and We record everything in a clear writing.
14And set out to them a parable of the people of the town, when apostles came to it.
15When We sent to them two, they rejected them both; then We strengthened (them) with a third, so they said: Surely we are sent to you.
16They said: You are only mortals like ourselves, nor has the Beneficent revealed anything -- you only lie.
17They said: Our Lord knows that we are surely sent to you.
18And our duty is only a clear deliverance (of the message).
19They said: Surely we augur evil from you. If you desist not, we will surely stone you, and a painful chastisement from us will certainly afflict you.
20They said: Your evil fortune is with you. What! If you are reminded! Nay, you are an extravagant people.
21And from the remote part of the city there came a man running. He said: O my people, follow the apostles.
22Follow him who asks of you no reward, and they are on the right course.
23And what reason have I that I should not serve Him Who created me and to Whom you will be brought back.
24Shall I take besides Him gods whose intercession, if the Beneficent should desire to afflict me with harm, will avail me naught, nor can they deliver me?
25Then I shall surely be in clear error.
26Surely I believe in your Lord, so hear me.
27It was said: Enter the Garden. He said: Would that my people knew,
28How my Lord has forgiven me and made me of the honoured ones!
29And We sent not down upon his people after him any host from heaven, nor do We ever send.
30It was naught but a single cry, and lo! they were still.
31Alas for the servants! Never does a messenger come to them but they mock him.
32See they not how many generations We destroyed before them, that they return not to them?
33And all -- surely all -- will be brought before Us.
34And a sign to them is the dead earth: We give life to it and bring forth from it grain so they eat of it.
35And We make therein gardens of date-palms and grapes and We make springs to flow forth therein,
36That they may eat of the fruit thereof, and their hands made it not. Will they not then give thanks?
37Glory be to Him Who created pairs of all things, of what the earth grows, and of their kind and of what they know not!
38And a sign to them is the night: We draw forth from it the day, then lo! they are in darkness;
39And the sun moves on to its destination. That is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knower.
40And the moon, We have ordained for it stages till it becomes again as an old dry palm-branch.
41Neither is it for the sun to overtake the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day. And all float on in an orbit.
42And a sign to them is that We bear their offspring in the laden ship.
43And We have created for them the like thereof, whereon they ride.
44And if We please, We may drown them, then there is no succour for them, nor can they be rescued --
45But by mercy from Us and for enjoyment till a time.
46And when it is said to them: Guard against that which is before you and that which is behind you, that mercy may be shown to you.
47And there comes to them no message of the messages of their Lord but they turn away from it.
48And when it is said to them: Spend out of that which Allah has given you, those who disbelieve say to those who believe: Shall we feed him whom, if Allah please, He could feed? You are in naught but clear error.
49And they say: When will this promise come to pass, if you are truthful?
50They await but a single cry, which will overtake them while they contend.
51So they will not be able to make a bequest, nor will they return to their families.
52And the trumpet is blown, when lo! from their graves they will hasten on to their Lord.
53They will say: O woe to us! Who has raised us up from our sleeping-place? This is what the Beneficent promised and the messengers told the truth.
54It is but a single cry, when lo! they are all brought before Us.
55So this day no soul is wronged in aught; and you are not rewarded aught but for what you did.
56Surely the owners of the Garden are on that day in a happy occupation.
57They and their wives are in shades, reclining on raised couches.
58They have fruits therein, and they have whatever they desire.
59Peace! A word from a Merciful Lord.
60And withdraw to-day, O guilty ones!
61Did I not charge you, O children of Adam, that you serve not the devil? Surely he is your open enemy.
62And that you serve Me. This is the right way.
63And certainly he led astray numerous people from among you. Could you not then understand?
64This is the hell which you were promised.
65Enter it this day because you disbelieved.
66That day We shall seal their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will bear witness as to what they earned.
67And if We pleased, We would put out their eyes, then they would strive to get first to the way, but how should they see?
68And if We pleased, We would transform them in their place, then they would not be able to go on, or turn back.
69And whomsoever We cause to live long, We reduce to an object state in creation. Do they not understand?
70And We have not taught him poetry, nor is it meet for him. This is naught but a Reminder and a plain Qur’an,
71To warn him who would have life, and (that) the word may prove true against the disbelievers.
72See they not that We have created cattle for them, out of what Our hands have wrought, so they are their masters?
73And We have subjected them to them, so some of them they ride, and some they eat.
74And therein they have advantages and drinks. Will they not then give thanks?
75And they take gods besides Allah and they may be helped.
76They are not able to help them, and they are a host brought up before them.
77So let not their speech grieve thee. Surely We know what they do in secret and what they do openly.
78Does not man see that We have created him from the small life-germ? Then lo! he is an open disputant.
79And he strikes out a likeness for Us and forgets his own creation. Says he: Who will give life to bones, when they are rotten?
80Say: He will give life to them, Who brought them into existence at first, and He is Knower of all creation,
81Who produced fire for you out of the green tree, so that with it you kindle.
82Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth able to create the like of them? Yea! And He is the Creator (of all), the Knower.
83His command, when He intends anything, is only to say to it, Be, and it is.
Chapter 37 (Sura 37)
1So glory be to Him in Whose hand is the kingdom of all things! and to Him you will be returned.
2By those ranging in ranks,
3And those who restrain holding in restraint,
4And those who recite the Reminder,
5Surely your God is One.
6The Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, and the Lord of the eastern lands.
7Surely We have adorned the lower heaven with an adornment, the stars,
8And (there is) a safeguard against every rebellious devil.
9They cannot listen to the exalted assembly and they are reproached from every side,
10Driven off; and for them is a perpetual chastisement,
11Except him who snatches away but once, then there follows him a brightly shining flame.
12So ask them whether they are stronger in creation or those (others) whom We have created. Surely We created them of firm clay.
13Nay, thou wonderest, while they mock,
14And when they are reminded, they mind not,
15And when they see a sign, they seek to scoff,
16And say: This is nothing but clear enchantment.
17When we are dead and have become dust and bones, shall we then be raised,
18Or our fathers of yore?
19Say: Yea, and you will be humiliated.
20So it will be but one cry, when lo! they will see.
21And they will say: O woe to us! This is the day of Requital.
22This is the day of Judgment, which you called a lie.
23Gather together those who did wrong and their associates, and what they worshipped
24Besides Allah, then lead them to the way to hell.
25And stop them, for they shall be questioned:
26What is the matter with you that you help not one another?
27Nay, on that day they will be submissive.
28And some of them will turn to others mutually questioning --
29Saying: Surely you used to come to us from the right side.
30They will say: Nay, you (yourselves) were not believers.
31And we had no authority over you, but you were an inordinate people.
32So the word of our Lord has proved true against us: we shall surely taste.
33We led you astray, for we ourselves were erring.
34So, that day they will be sharers in the chastisement.
35Thus do We deal with the guilty.
36They indeed were arrogant, when it was said to them: There is no god but Allah;
37And said: Shall we give up our gods for a mad poet?
38Nay, he has brought the Truth and verifies the messengers.
39Surely you will taste the painful chastisement.
40And you are requited naught but for what you did --
41Save the servants of Allah, the purified ones.
42For them is a known sustenance:
43Fruits. And they are honoured,
44In Gardens of delight,
45On thrones, facing each other.
46A bowl of running water will be made to go round them,
47White, delicious to those who drink.
48It deprives not of reason, nor are they exhausted therewith.
49And with them are those modest in gaze, having beautiful eyes,
50As if they were eggs, carefully protected.
51Then some of them will turn to others, questioning mutually.
52A speaker of them will say: Surely I had a comrade,
53Who said: Art thou indeed of those who accept?
54When we are dead and have become dust and bones, shall we then be requited?
55He will say: Will you look?
56Then he looked down and saw him in the midst of hell.
57He will say: By Allah! thou hadst almost caused me to perish;
58And had it not been for favour of my Lord, I should have been among those brought up.
59Are we not to die,
60Except our previous death? And are we not to be chastised?
61Surely this is the mighty achievement.
62For the like of this, then, let the workers work.
63Is this the better entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum?
64Surely We have made it a trial for the wrongdoers.
65It is a tree that grows in the bottom of hell --
66Then truly they will eat of it and fill (their) bellies with it.
67Then surely they shall have after it a drink of boiling water.
68Then their return is surely to the flaming Fire.
69They indeed found their fathers astray,
70So in their footsteps they are hastening on.
71And most of the ancients surely went astray before them,
72And indeed We sent among them warners.
73Then see what was the end of those warned --
74Except the servants of Allah, the purified ones.
75And Noah certainly called upon Us, and excellent Answerer of prayers are We!
76Its produce is as it were the heads of serpents.
77And We delivered him and his people from the great distress;
78And made his offspring the survivors,
79And left for him (praise) among the later generations,
80Peace be to Noah among the nations!
81Thus indeed do We reward the doers of good.
82Surely he was of Our believing servants.
83Then We drowned the others.
84And surely of his party was Abraham.
85When he came to his Lord with a secure heart.
86When he said to his sire and his people: What is it that you worship?
87A lie -- gods besides Allah do you desire?
88What is then your idea about the Lord of the worlds?
89Then he glanced a glance at the stars,
90And said: Surely I am sick (of your deities).
91So they turned their backs on him, going away.
92Then he turned to their gods and said: Do you not eat?
93What is the matter with you that you speak not?
94So he turned upon them, smiting with the right hand.
95Then they came to him, hastening.
96He said: Do you worship that which you hew out?
97And Allah has created you and what you make.
98They said: Build for him a building, then cast him into the flaming fire.
99And they designed a plan against him, but We brought them low.
100And he said: Surely I flee to my Lord -- He will guide me.
101My Lord, grant me a doer of good deeds.
102So We gave him the good news of a forbearing son.
103But when he became of (age to) work with him, he said: O my son, I have seen in a dream that I should sacrifice thee: so consider what thou seest. He said: O my father, do as thou art commanded; if Allah please, thou wilt find me patient.
104So when they both submitted and he had thrown him down upon his forehead,
105And We called out to him saying, O Abraham,
106Thou has indeed fulfilled the vision. Thus do We reward the doers of good.
107Surely this is a manifest trial.
108And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice.
109And We granted him among the later generations (the salutation),
110Peace to be Abraham!
111Thus do We reward the doers of good.
112Surely he was one of Our believing servants.
113And We gave him the good news of Isaac, a prophet, a righteous one.
114And We blessed him and Isaac. And of their offspring some are doers of good, but some are clearly unjust to themselves.
115And certainly We conferred a favour on Moses and Aaron.
116And We delivered them, and their people from the mighty distress.
117And We helped them, so they were the vanquishers.
118And We gave them both the clear Book.
119And We guided them on the right way.
120And We granted them among the later generations (the salutation),
121Peace be to Moses and Aaron!
122Thus do We reward the doers of good.
123Surely they were both of Our believing servants.
124And Elias was surely of those sent.
125When he said to his people: Will you not guard against evil?
126Do you call upon Ba’l and forsake the Best of the creators,
127Allah, your Lord and the Lord of your fathers of yore?
128But they rejected him, so they shall be brought up,
129But not the servants of Allah, the purified ones.
130And We granted him among the later generations (the salutation),
131Peace be to Elias!
132Even thus We reward the doers of good.
133Surely he was one of Our believing servants.
134And Lot was surely of those sent.
135When We delivered him and his people, all --
136Except an old woman among those who remained behind.
137Then We destroyed the others.
138And surely you pass by them in the morning,
139And at night. Do you not then understand?
140And Jonah was surely of those sent.
141When he fled to the laden ship,
142So he shared with others but was of those cast away.
143So the fish took him into its mouth while he was blamable.
144But had he not been of those who glorify (Us),
145He would have tarried in its belly till the day when they are raised.
146Then We cast him on the naked shore, while he was sick.
147And We caused a gourd to grow up for him.
148And We sent him to a hundred thousand or more.
149And they believed, so We gave them provision till a time.
150Now ask them whether thy Lord has daughters and they have sons?
151Or did We create the angels females, while they witnessed?
152Now surely it is of their own lie that they say:
153Allah has begotten. And truly they are liars.
154Has He preferred daughters to sons?
155What is the matter with you? How you judge!
156Will you not then mind?
157Or have you a clear authority?
158Then bring your Book, if you are truthful.
159And they assert a relationship between Him and the jinn. And certainly the jinn know that they will be brought up (for judgment) --
160Glory be to Allah from what they describe! --
161But not so the servants of Allah, the purified ones.
162So surely you and that which you serve,
163Not against Him can you cause (any) to fall into trial,
164Save him who will burn in the flaming Fire.
165And there is none of us but has an assigned place,
166And we truly glorify (Him).
167And surely they used to say:
168Had we a reminder from those of yore,
169We would have been sincere servants of Allah.
170But (now) they disbelieve in it, so they will come to know.
171And certainly Our word has already gone forth to Our servants, to those sent,
172That they, surely they, will be helped,
173And Our hosts, surely they, will be triumphant.
174So turn away from them till a time,
175And watch them, they too will see.
176Would they hasten on Our chastisement?
177So when it descends in their court, evil will be the morning of the warned ones.
178And turn away from them till a time,
179And watch, for they too will see.
180Glory be to thy Lord, the Lord of Might, above what they describe!
181And peace be to those sent!
182And praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!
Chapter 38 (Sura 38)
1And verily we are ranged in ranks,
2Truthful God! By the Qur’an, possessing eminence!
3Nay, those who disbelieve are in self-exaltation and opposition.
4How many a generation We destroyed before them, then they cried when there was no longer time for escape!
5And they wonder that a warner from among themselves has come to them, and the disbelievers say: This is an enchanter, a liar.
6Makes he the gods a single God? Surely this is a strange thing.
7And the chiefs among them say: Go and steadily adhere to your gods: surely this is a thing intended.
8We never heard of this in the former faith: this is nothing but a forgery.
9Has the Reminder been revealed to him from among us? Nay, they are in doubt as to My Reminder. Nay, they have not yet tasted My chastisement.
10Or, have they the treasures of the mercy of thy Lord, the Mighty, the Great Giver?
11Or is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them theirs? Then let them rise higher in means.
12What an army of the allies is here put to flight!
13The people of Noah, and ‘Ad, and Pharaoh, the lord of hosts, rejected (prophets) before them,
14And Thamud and the people of Lot and the dwellers of the thicket. These were the parties (opposing Truth).
15Not one of them but rejected the messengers, so just was My retribution.
16And these wait but for one cry, wherein there is no delay.
17And they say: Our Lord, hasten on for us our portion before the day of Reckoning.
18Bear patiently what they say, and remember Our servant David, the possessor power. He ever turned (to Allah).
19Truly We made the mountains subject to him, glorifying (Allah) at nightfall and sunrise,
20And the birds gathered together. All were obedient to him.
21And We strengthened his kingdom and We gave him wisdom and a clear judgment.
22And has the story of the adversaries come to thee? When they made an entry into the private chamber by climbing the wall --
23When they came upon David so he was afraid of them. They said: Fear not; two litigants, of whom one has wronged the other, so decide between us with justice, and act not unjustly, and guide us to the right way.
24This is my brother. He has ninety-nine ewes and I have a single ewe. Then he said, Make it over to me, and he has prevailed against me in dispute.
25He said: Surely he has wronged thee in demanding thy ewe (to add) to his own ewes. And surely many partners wrong one another save those who believe and do good, and very few are they! And David knew that We had tried him, so he asked his Lord for protection, and he fell down bowing and turned (to God).
26So We gave him this protection, and he had a nearness to Us and an excellent resort.
27O David, surely We have made thee a ruler in the land; so judge between men justly and follow not desire, lest it lead thee astray from the path of Allah. Those who go astray from the path of Allah, for them is surely a severe chastisement because they forgot the day of Reckoning.
28And We created not the heaven and the earth and what is between them in vain. That is the opinion of those who disbelieve. So woe to those who disbelieve on account of the Fire!
29Shall We treat those who believe and do good like the mischief-makers in the earth? Or shall We make the dutiful like the wicked?
30(This is) a Book that We have revealed to thee abounding in good, that they may ponder over its verses, and that the men of understanding may mind.
31And We gave to David Solomon. Most excellent the servant! Surely he ever turned (to Allah).
32When well-bred, swift (horses) were brought to him at evening --
33So he said, I love the good things on account of the remembrance of my Lord -- until they were hidden behind the veil.
34(He said): Bring them back to me. So he began to stroke (their) legs and necks.
35And certainly we tried Solomon, and We put on his throne a (mere) body, so he turned (to Allah).
36He said: My Lord, forgive me and grant me a kingdom which is not fit for any one after me; surely Thou art the Great Giver.
37So We made the wind subservient to him; it made his command to run gently wherever he desired,
38And the devils, every builder and diver,
39And others fettered in chains.
40This is Our free gift, so give freely or withhold, without reckoning.
41And surely he had a nearness to Us and an excellent resort.
42And remember Our servant Job. When he cried to his Lord: The devil has afflicted me with toil and torment.
43Urge with thy foot; here is a cool washing-place and a drink.
44And We gave him his people and the like of them with them, a mercy from Us, and a reminder for men of understanding.
45And take in thy hand few worldly goods and earn goodness therewith and incline not to falsehood. Surely We found him patient; most excellent the servant! Surely he (ever) turned (to Us).
46And remember Our servants Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, men of power and insight.
47We indeed purified them by a pure quality, the keeping in mind of the (final) abode.
48And surely they were with Us, of the elect, the best.
49And remember Ishmael and Elisha and Dhu-l-Kifl; and they were all of the best.
50This is a reminder and surely there is an excellent resort for the dutiful:
51Gardens of perpetuity -- the doors are opened for them.
52Reclining therein, calling therein for many fruits and drink.
53And with them are those modest in gaze, equals in age.
54This is what you are promised for the day of Reckoning.
55Surely this is Our sustenance; it will never come to an end --
56This (is for the good)! And surely there is an evil resort for the inordinate --
57Hell. They will enter it. So evil is the resting-place.
58This -- so let them taste it, boiling and intensely cold (drink),
59And other similar (punishment), of various sorts.
60This is an army rushing headlong with you -- no welcome for them! Surely they will burn in fire.
61They say: Nay! you -- no welcome to you! You prepared it for us, so evil is the resting-place.
62They say: Our Lord, whoever prepared it for us, give him more, a double, punishment in the Fire.
63And they say: What is the matter with us? -- we see not men whom we used to count among the vicious.
64Did we (only) take them in scorn, or do our eyes miss them?
65That surely is the truth -- the contending one with another of the inmates of the Fire.
66Say: I am only a warner; and there is no God but Allah, the One, the Subduer (of all) --
67The Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, the Mighty, the Forgiving.
68Say: It is a message of importance,
69From which you turn away.
70I have no knowledge of the exalted chiefs when they contend.
71Only this is revealed to me that I am a plain warner.
72When thy Lord said to the angels: Surely I am going to create a mortal from dust.
73So when I have made him complete and breathed into him of My spirit, fall down submitting to him.
74And the angels submitted, all of them,
75But not Iblis. He was proud and he was one of the disbelievers.
76He said: O Iblis, what prevented thee from submitting to him whom I created with both My hands? Art thou proud or art thou of the exalted ones?
77He said: I am better than he; Thou hast created me of fire, and him Thou didst create of dust.
78He said: Go forth from hence! surely thou art driven away:
79And surely My curse is on thee to the day of Judgment.
80He said: My Lord, respite me to the day that they are raised.
81He said: Surely thou art of the respited ones.
82Till the day of the time made known.
83He said: Then by Thy Might! I will surely lead them all astray,
84Except Thy servants from among them, the purified ones.
85He said: The Truth is, and the truth I speak --
86That I shall fill hell with thee and with all those among them who follow thee.
87Say: I ask you no reward for it; nor am I of the impostors.
88It is naught but a Reminder to the nations.
Chapter 39 (Sura 39)
1And certainly you will come to know about it after a time.
2The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.
3Surely We have revealed to thee the Book with truth, so serve Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience.
4Now surely sincere obedience is due to Allah (alone). And those who choose protectors besides Him (say): We serve them only that they may bring us nearer to Allah. Surely Allah will judge between them in that in which they differ. Surely Allah guides not him who is a liar, ungrateful.
5If Allah desired to take a son to Himself, He could have chosen those He pleased out of those whom He has created -- Glory be to Him! He is Allah, the One, the Subduer (of all).
6He has created the heavens and the earth with truth; He makes the night cover the day and makes the day overtake the night, and He has made the sun and the moon subservient; each one moves on to an assigned term. Now surely He is the Mighty, the Forgiver.
7He created you from a single being, then made its mates of the same (kind). And He sent down for you eight of the cattle in pairs. He creates you in the wombs of your mothers -- creation after creation -- in triple darkness. That is Allah, your Lord; His is the kingdom. There is no God but He. How are you then turned away?
8If you are ungrateful, then surely Allah is above need of you. And He likes not ungratefulness in His servants. And if you are grateful, He likes it for you. And no bearer of a burden will bear another’s burden. Then to your Lord is your return, then will He inform you of what you did. Surely He is Knower of what is in the breasts.
9And when distress afflicts a man he calls upon his Lord, turning to Him; then when He grants him a favour from Him, he forgets that for which he called upon Him before, and sets up rivals to Allah that he may cause (men) to stray from His path. Say: Enjoy thine ungratefulness for a little, surely thou art of the companions of the Fire.
10Is he who is obedient during hours of the night, prostrating himself and standing, taking care of the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord --? Say: Are those who know and those who know not alike? Only men of understanding mind.
11Say: O My servants who believe; keep your duty to your Lord. For those who do good in this world is good, and Allah’s earth is spacious. Truly the steadfast will be paid their reward without measure.
12Say: I am commanded to serve Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience,
13And I am commanded to be the first of those who submit.
14Say: I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the chastisement of a grievous day.
15Say: Allah I serve, being sincere to Him in my obedience.
16Serve then what you will beside Him. Say: The losers surely are those who lose themselves and their people on the day of Resurrection. Now surely that is the manifest loss!
17They shall have coverings of fire above them and coverings beneath them. With that Allah makes His servants to fear; so keep your duty to Me, O My servants.
18And those who eschew the worship of the idols and turn to Allah, for them is good news. So give good news to My servants,
19Who listen to the Word, then follow the best of it. Such are they whom Allah has guided, and such are the men of understanding.
20He against whom the sentence of chastisement is due -- canst thou save him who is in the Fire?
21But those who keep their duty to their Lord, for them are high places, above them higher places, built (for them), wherein rivers flow. (It is) the promise of Allah. Allah fails not in (His) promise.
22Seest thou not that Allah sends down water from the clouds, then makes it go down into the earth in springs, then brings forth therewith herbage of various hues; then it withers so that thou seest it turn yellow, then He makes it chaff? Surely there is a reminder in this for men of understanding.
23Is he whose breast Allah has opened to Islam so that he follows a light from his Lord --? So woe to those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance of Allah! Such are in clear error.
24Allah has revealed the best announcement, a Book consistent, repeating (its injunctions), whereat do shudder the skins of those who fear their Lord, then their skins and their hearts soften to Allah’s remembrance. This is Allah’s guidance -- He guides with it whom He pleases. And he whom Allah leaves in error, there is no guide for him.
25Is then he who has to guard himself with his own person against the evil chastisement on the Resurrection day --? And it will be said to the iniquitous: Taste what you earned.
26Those before them denied, so the chastisement came to them from whence they perceived not.
27So Allah made them taste disgrace in this worlds’ life, and certainly the chastisement of the Hereafter is greater. Did they but know!
28And certainly We have set forth for men in this Qur’an similitudes of every sort that they may mind.
29An Arabic Qur’an without any crookedness, that they may guard against evil.
30Allah sets forth a parable: A man belonging to partners differing with one another, and a man (devoted) wholly to one man. Are the two alike in condition? Praise be to Allah! Nay, most of them know not.
31Surely thou wilt die and they (too) will die;
32Then surely on the day of Resurrection you will contend one with another before your Lord.
33Who is then more unjust than he who utters a lie against Allah and denies the truth, when it comes to him? Is there not in hell an abode for the disbelievers?
34And he who brings the truth and accepts the truth -- such are the dutiful.
35They shall have with their Lord what they please. Such is the reward of the doers of good --
36That Allah may ward off from them the worst of what they did, and give them their reward for the best of what they did.
37Is not Allah sufficient for His servant? And they seek to frighten thee with those besides Him. And whomsoever Allah leaves in error, there is no guide for him.
38And whom Allah guides, there is none that can lead him astray. Is not Allah Mighty, the Lord of retribution?
39And if thou ask them, Who created the heavens and the earth? They will say: Allah. Say: See you then that those you call upon besides Allah, would they, if Allah desire to afflict me with harm, remove His harm? Or if He desire to show me mercy, could they withhold His mercy? Say: Allah is sufficient for me. On Him do the reliant rely.
40Say: O my people, work in your place. Surely I am a worker, so you will come to know,
41Who it is to whom there comes a chastisement abasing him, and on whom falls a lasting chastisement.
42Surely We have revealed to thee the Book with truth for (the good of) men. So whoever follows the right way, it is for his own soul, and whoever errs, he errs only to its detriment. And thou art not a custodian over them.
43Allah takes (men’s) souls at the time of their death, and those that die not, during their sleep. Then He withholds those on whom He has passed the decree of death and sends the others back till an appointed term. Surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.
44Or, take they intercessors besides Allah? Say: What! Even though they control naught, nor do they understand.
45say: Allah’s is the intercession altogether. His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. Then to Him you will be returned.
46And when Allah alone is mentioned, the hearts of those who believe not in the Hereafter shrink, and when those besides Him are mentioned, lo! they are joyful.
47Say: O Allah, Originator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the unseen and the seen, Thou judgest between Thy servants as to that wherein they differ.
48And had those who do wrong all that is in the earth and the like of it with it, they would certainly offer it as ransom from the evil of the chastisement on the day of Resurrection. And what they never thought of shall become plain to them from Allah.
49And the evil of what they wrought will become plain to them, and that which they mocked at will beset them.
50So when harm afflicts a man he calls upon Us; then, when We give him a boon from Us, he says: I have been given it only by means of knowledge. Nay, it is a trial, but most of them know not.
51Those before them did say it indeed, but what they earned availed them not.
52So there befell them the evil which they had earned. And those who are unjust from among these, there shall befall them the evil which they earn, and they shall not escape.
53Know they not that Allah gives ample subsistence to whom He pleases, and He straitens; surely there are signs in this for a people who believe.
54Say: O My servants who have been prodigal regarding their souls, despair not of the mercy of Allah; surely Allah forgives sins altogether. He is indeed the Forgiving, the Merciful.
55And turn to your Lord and submit to Him before chastisement comes to you, then you will not be helped.
56And follow the best that has been revealed to you from your Lord before chastisement comes to you all of a sudden, while you perceive not --
57Lest a soul should say: O woe is me, that I fell short of my duty to Allah! and surely I was of those who laughed to scorn;
58Or it should say: Had Allah guided me, I should have been dutiful;
59Or it should say, when it sees the chastisement: Had I another chance I should be a doer of good.
60Aye! My communications came to thee, but thou didst reject them, and wast proud and wast of the disbelievers.
61And on the day of Resurrection thou wilt see those who lied against Allah, their faces will be blackened. Is there not in hell an abode for the proud?
62And Allah delivers those who keep their duty with their achievement -- evil touches them not, nor do they grieve.
63Allah is the Creator of all things and He has charge over everything.
64His are the treasures of the heavens and the earth. And those who disbelieve in the messages of Allah, such are the losers.
65Say: Do you bid me serve others than Allah, O ye ignorant ones?
66And certainly, it has been revealed to thee and to those before thee: If thou associate (with Allah), thy work would certainly come to naught and thou wouldst be a loser.
67Nay, but serve Allah alone and be of the thankful.
68And they honour not Allah with the honour due to Him; and the whole earth will be in His grip on the day of Resurrection and the heavens rolled up in His right hand. Glory be to Him! and highly exalted is He above what they associate (with Him).
69And the trumpet is blown, so all those in the heavens and all those in the earth will swoon, except such as Allah please. Then it will be blown again, when lo! they stand up, awaiting.
70And the earth beams with the light of its Lord, and the Book is laid down, and the prophets and the witnesses are brought up, and judgment is given between them with justice, and they are not wronged.
71And every soul is paid back fully for what it did, and He knows best what they do.
72And those who disbelieve are driven to hell in companies; until, when they come to it, its doors are opened, and the keepers of it say to them: Did not there come to you messengers from among you reciting to you the messages of your Lord and warning you of the meeting of this day of yours? They say: Yea. But the word of punishment proved true against the disbelievers.
73It is said: Enter the gates of hell to abide therein; so evil is the abode of the proud.
74And those who keep their duty to their Lord are conveyed to the Garden in companies until when they come to it, and its doors are opened and the keepers of it say to them: Peace be to you! you led pure lives; so enter it to abide.
75And they say: Praise be to Allah! Who has made good to us His promise, and He has made us inherit the land; we abide in the Garden where we please. So goodly is the reward of the workers.
Chapter 40 (Sura 40)
1And thou seest the angels going round about the Throne of Power, glorifying their Lord with praise. And they are judged with justice, and it is said: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!
2Beneficent God!
3The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Mighty, the Knowing,
4Forgiver of sin and Acceptor of repentance, Severe to punish, Lord of bounty. There is no God but He; to Him is the eventual coming.
5None dispute concerning the messages of Allah but those who disbelieve, so let not their control in the land deceive thee.
6Before them the people of Noah and the parties after them rejected (prophets), and every nation purposed against its messenger to destroy him, and disputed by means of falsehood to render null thereby the truth, so I seized them; how (terrible) was then My retribution!
7And thus did the word of thy Lord prove true against those who disbelieve that they are the companions of the Fire.
8Those who bear the Throne of Power and those around it celebrate the praise of their Lord and believe in Him and ask protection for those who believe: Our Lord, Thou embracest all things in mercy and knowledge, so protect those who turn (to Thee) and follow Thy way, and save them from the chastisement of hell.
9Our Lord, make them enter the Gardens of perpetuity, which Thou hast promised them and such of their fathers and their wives and their offspring as are good. Surely Thou art the Mighty, the Wise:
10And guard them from evil, and whom Thou guardest from evil this day, Thou hast indeed mercy on him. And that is the mighty achievement.
11Those who disbelieve are told: Certainly Allah’s hatred (of you), when you were called upon to the faith and you rejected, was much greater than your hatred (now) of yourselves.
12They say: Our Lord, twice has Thou made us die, and twice has Thou given us life; so we confess our sins. Is there then a way of escape?
13That is because when Allah alone was called upon, you disbelieved, and when associates were given to Him, you believed. So judgment belongs to Allah, the High, the Great.
14He it is Who shows you His signs and sends down for you sustenance from heaven, and none minds but he who turns (to Him).
15So call upon Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience, though the disbelievers are averse --
16Exalter of degrees, Lord of the Throne of Power, He makes the spirit to light by His command upon whom He pleases of His servants, that he may warn (men) of the day of Meeting --
17The day when they come forth. Nothing concerning them remains hidden from Allah. To whom belongs the kingdom this day? To Allah, the One, the Subduer (of all).
18This day every soul is rewarded what it has earned. No injustice this day! Surely Allah is Swift in Reckoning.
19And warn them of the day that draws near, when hearts, grieving inwardly, rise up to the throats. The iniquitous will have no friend, nor any intercessor who should be obeyed.
20He knows the dishonesty of eyes and that which the breasts conceal.
21And Allah judges with truth. And those whom they call upon besides Him judge naught! Surely Allah is the Hearing, the Seeing.
22Have they not travelled in the land and seen what was the end of those who were before them? Mightier than these were they in strength and in fortifications in the land, but Allah destroyed them for their sins. And they had none to protect them from Allah.
23That was because there came to them their messengers with clear arguments, but they disbelieved, so Allah destroyed them. Surely He is Strong, Severe in Retribution.
24And certainly We sent Moses with Our messages and clear authority,
25To Pharaoh and Haman and Korah, but they said: A lying enchanter!
26So when he brought to them the Truth from Us, they said: Slay the sons of those who believe with him and keep their women alive. And the plot of the disbelievers is bound to fail.
27And Pharaoh said: Leave me to slay Moses and let him call upon his Lord. Surely I fear that he will change your religion or that he will make mischief to appear in the land.
28And Moses said: Truly I see refuge in my Lord and your Lord from every proud one who believes not in the day of Reckoning.
29And a believing man of Pharaoh’s people, who hid his faith, said: Will you slay a man because he says, My Lord is Allah, and indeed he has brought you clear arguments from your Lord? And if he be a liar, on him will be his lie, and if he be truthful, there will befall you some of that which he threatens you with. Surely Allah guides not one who is a prodigal, a liar.
30O my people, yours is the kingdom this day, being masters in the land, but who will help us against the punishment of Allah, if it comes to us? Pharaoh said: I only show you that which I see and I guide you only to the right way.
31And he who believed said: O my people, surely I fear for you the like of what befell the parties,
32The like of what befell the people of Noah and ‘Ad and Thamud and those after them. And Allah wishes no injustice for (His) servants.
33And, O my people, I fear for you the day of Calling out --
34The day on which you will turn back retreating, having none to save you from Allah; and whomsoever Allah leaves in error there is no guide for him.
35And Joseph indeed came to you before with clear arguments, but you ever remained in doubt as to what he brought you; until, when he died, you said: Allah will never raise a messenger after him. Thus does Allah leave him in error who is a prodigal, a doubter --
36Those who dispute concerning the messages of Allah without any authority that has come to them. Greatly hated is it by Allah and by those who believe. Thus does Allah seal every heart, of a proud, haughty one.
37And Pharaoh said: O Haman, build for me a tower that I may attain the means of access --
38The means of access to the heavens, then reach the God of Moses, and I surely think him to be a liar. And thus the evil of his deed was made fair-seeming to Pharaoh, and he was turned aside from the way. And the plot of Pharaoh ended in naught but ruin.
39And he who believed said: O my people, follow me I will guide you to the right way.
40O my people, this life of the world is but a (passing) enjoyment, and Hereafter, that is the abode to settle.
41Whoever does evil, he is requited only with the like of it; and whoever does good, whether male or female, and he is a believer, these shall enter the Garden, to be given therein sustenance without measure.
42And, O my people, how is it that I call you to salvation and you call me to the Fire?
43You call me to disbelieve in Allah and to associate with Him that of which I have no knowledge, and I call you to the Mighty, the Forgiving.
44Without doubt that which you call me to has no title to be called to in this world, or in the hereafter, and our return is to Allah, and the prodigals are companions of the Fire.
45So you will remember what I say to you, and I entrust my affair to Allah. Surely Allah is Seer of the servants.
46So Allah protected him from the evil that they planned; and evil chastisement overtook Pharaoh’s people --
47The Fire. They are brought before it (every) morning and evening, and on the day when the Hour comes to pass: Make Pharaoh’s people enter the severest chastisement.
48And when they contend one with another in the Fire, the weak saying to those who were proud: Surely we were your followers; will you then avert from us a portion of the Fire?
49Those who were proud say: Now we are all in it: Allah has indeed judged between the servants.
50And those in the Fire will say to the guards of hell: Pray to your Lord to lighten our chastisement for a day.
51They will say: Did not your messengers come to you with clear arguments? They will say: Yea. They will say: Then pray. And the prayer of the disbelievers goes astray.
52We certainly help Our messengers, and those who believe, in this world’s life and on the day when the witnesses arise --
53The day on which their excuse will not benefit the unjust, and for them is a curse and for them is the evil abode.
54And We indeed gave Moses the guidance, and We made the Children of Israel inherit the Book --
55A guidance and a reminder for men of understanding.
56So be patient; surely the promise of Allah is true; and ask protection for thy sin and celebrate the praise of thy Lord in the evening and the morning.
57Those who dispute about the messages of Allah without any authority having come to them, there is naught in their breasts but (a desire) to become great, which they will never attain. So seek refuge in Allah. Surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
58Assuredly the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of men; but most people know not.
59And the blind and the seeing are not alike, nor those who believe and do good and the evildoers. Little do you mind!
60The Hour is surely coming -- there is no doubt therein -- but most people believe not.
61And your Lord says: Pray to Me, I will answer you. Those who disdain My service will surely enter hell, abased.
62Allah is He Who made for you the night for resting in and the day for seeing. Surely Allah is Full of Grace to men, but most men give not thanks.
63That is Allah, your Lord, the Creator of all things. There is no God but He. Whence are you then turned away?
64Thus are turned away those who deny the messages of Allah.
65Allah is He Who made the earth a resting-place for you and the heaven a structure, and He formed you, then made goodly your forms, and He provided you with goodly things. That is Allah, your Lord -- so blessed is Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
66He is the Living, there is no God but He; so call on Him, being sincere to Him in obedience. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!
67Say: I am forbidden to serve those whom you call upon besides Allah, when clear arguments have come to me from my Lord; and I am commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.
68He it is Who created you from dust, then from a small life-germ, then from a clot, then He brings you forth as a child, then that you may attain your maturity, then that you may be old; and of you are some who die before and that you may reach an appointed term, and that you may understand.
69He it is Who gives life and causes death, so when He decrees an affair, He only says to it, Be, and it is.
70Seest thou not those who dispute concerning the messages of Allah? How are they turned away? --
71Those who reject the Book and that which We have sent Our messengers. But they shall soon know.
72When the fetters are on their necks and the chains. They are dragged.
73Into hot water; then in the Fire they are burned.
74Then it is said to them: Where is that which you used to set up
75Besides Allah? They will say: They have failed us; nay, we used not to call upon anything before. Thus does Allah confound the disbelievers.
76That is because you exulted in the land unjustly and because you behaved insolently.
77Enter the gates of hell to abide therein; so evil is the abode of the proud.
78Therefore be patient, surely the promise of Allah is true. But whether We make thee see part of what We threaten them with, or cause thee to die, to Us shall they be returned.
79And certainly We sent messengers before thee -- of them are those We have mentioned to thee and of them are those We have not mentioned to thee. Nor was it possible for a messenger to bring a sign except with Allah’s permission; so when Allah’s command comes, judgment is given with truth, and those who treat (it) as a lie are lost.
80Allah is He Who made the cattle for you that you may ride on some of them, and some of them you eat.
81And there are advantages in them for you, and that you may attain through them a need which is in your breasts, and on them and on ships you are borne.
82And He shows you His signs; which then of Allah’s signs will you deny?
83Do they not travel in the land and see what was the end of those before them? They were more numerous than these and greater in strength and in fortifications in the land, but what they earned availed them not.
84Then when their messengers came to them with clear arguments, they exulted in what they had with them of knowledge and that at which they used to mock befell them.
85So when they saw Our punishment, they said: We believe in Allah alone, and we deny what we used to associate with Him.
Chapter 41 (Sura 41)
1But their faith could not profit them when they saw Our punishment. Such is Allah’s law, which ever takes its course in the matter of His servants; and there the disbelievers are lost.
2Beneficent God!
3A revelation from the Beneficent, the Merciful.
4A Book of which the verses are made plain, an Arabic Qur’an for a people who know --
5Good news and a warning. But most of them turn away, so they hear not.
6And they say: Our hearts are under coverings from that to which thou callest us, and there is a deafness in our ears, and there is a veil between us and thee, so act, we too are acting.
7Say: I am only a mortal like you. It is revealed to me that your God is one God, so keep in the straight path to Him, and ask His protection. And woe to the polytheists!
8Who give not the poor-rate, and who are disbelievers in the hereafter.
9Those who believe and do good, for them is surely a reward never to be cut off.
10Say: Do you indeed disbelieve in Him Who created the earth in two days, and do you set up equals with Him? That is the Lord of the worlds.
11And He made in it mountains above its surface, and He blessed therein and ordained therein its foods, in four days; alike for (all) seekers.
12Then He directed Himself to the heaven and it was a vapour, so He said to it and to the earth: Come both, willingly or unwillingly. They both said: We come willingly.
13So He ordained them seven heavens in two days, and revealed in every heaven its affair. And We adorned the lower heaven with lights, and (made it) to guard. That is the decree of the Mighty, the Knowing.
14But if they turn away, then say: I warn you of a scourge like the scourge of ‘Ad and Thamud.
15When messengers came to them from before them and behind them, saying, Serve nothing but Allah, they said: If our Lord had pleased, He would have sent down angels. So we are disbelievers in that with which you are sent.
16Then as to ‘Ad, they were unjustly proud in the land, and said: Who is mightier than we in power? See they not that Allah Who created them is mightier than they in power? And they denied Our messages.
17So We sent on them a curious wind in unlucky days that We might make them taste the chastisement of abasement in this world’s life. And the chastisement of the Hereafter is truly more abasing, and they will not be helped.
18And as for Thamud, We showed them the right way, but they preferred blindness to guidance, so the scourge of an abasing chastisement overtook them for what they had earned.
19And We delivered those who believed and kept their duty.
20And the day when the enemies of Allah are gathered to the Fire, they will be formed into groups.
21Until, when they come to it, their ears and their eyes and their skins will bear witness against them as to what they did.
22And they will say to their skins: Why bear ye witness against us? They will say: Allah Who makes everything speak has made us speak, and He created you at first, and to Him you are returned.
23And you did not cover yourselves lest your ears and your eyes and your skins should bear witness against you, but you thought that Allah knew not much of what you did.
24And that, your (evil) thought which you entertained about your Lord, ruined you, so have you become of the lost ones?
25Then if they are patient, the Fire is their abode. And if they ask for goodwill, they are not of those who are granted goodwill.
26And We have appointed for them comrades, so they make fair-seeming to them what is before them and what is behind them, and the word proved true against them among the nations of jinn and men that have passed away before them: they are surely losers.
27And those who disbelieve say: Listen not to this Qur’an but make noise therein, perhaps you may overcome.
28So We shall certainly make those who disbelieve taste a severe chastisement, and We shall certainly requite them for the worst of what they did.
29That is the reward of Allah’s enemies -- the Fire. For them therein is the home to abide. A requital for their denying Our messages.
30And those who disbelieve will say: Our Lord, show us those who led us astray from among the jinn and the men that we may trample them under our feet, so that they may be of the lowest.
31Those who say, Our Lord is Allah, then continue in the right way, the angels descend upon them, saying: Fear not, nor be grieved, and receive good news of the Garden which you were promised.
32We are your friends in this world’s life and in the Hereafter, and you have therein what your souls desire and you have therein what you ask for.
33A welcome gift from the Forgiving, the Merciful.
34And who is better in speech than one who calls to Allah and does good, and says: I am surely of those who submit?
35And not alike are the good and the evil. Repel (evil) with what is best, when lo! he between whom and thee is enmity would be as if he were a warm friend.
36And none is granted it but those who are patient, and none is granted it but the owner of a mighty good fortune.
37And if a false imputation from the devil afflict thee, seek refuge in Allah. Surely He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
38And of His signs are the night and the day and the sun and the moon. Adore not the sun nor the moon, but adore Allah Who created them if He it is that you serve.
39But if they are proud, yet those with thy Lord glorify Him night and day, and they tire not.
40And of His signs is this, that thou seest the earth still, but when We send down water thereon, it stirs and swells. He Who gives it life is surely the Giver of life to the dead. Surely He is Possessor of Power over all things.
41Those who distort Our messages are not hidden from Us. Is he then who is cast into the Fire better or he who comes safe on the day of Resurrection? Do what you like, surely He is Seer of what you do.
42Those who disbelieve in the Reminder when it comes to them, and surely it is an Invincible Book:
43Falsehood cannot come at it from before or behind it: a revelation from the Wise, the Praised One.
44Naught is said to thee but what was said to messengers before thee. Surely thy Lord is the Lord of Forgiveness and the Lord of painful Retribution.
45And if We had made it a Qur’an in a foreign tongue, they would have said: Why have not its messages been made clear? What! a foreign (tongue) and an Arab! Say: It is to those who believe a guidance and a healing, and those who believe not, there is a deafness in their ears and it is obscure to them. These are called to from a place afar.
46And indeed We gave Moses the Book, but differences arose therein. And had not a word already gone forth from thy Lord, judgment would have been given between them. And surely they are in a disquieting doubt about it.
47Whoever does good, it is for his own soul; and whoever does evil, it is against it. And thy Lord is not in the least unjust to the servants.
48To Him is referred the knowledge of the Hour. And no fruit comes forth from its coverings, nor does a female bear or bring forth but with His knowledge. And on the day when He calls out to them: Where are My associates? they will say: We declare to Thee, not one of us can bear witness.
49And those whom they called upon before will fail them, and they will know that they cannot escape.
50Man tires not of praying for good, but, if evil touch him, he is despairing, hopeless.
51And if We make him taste mercy from Us after distress has touched him, he says: This is due to me, and I think not that the Hour will come to pass; and if I am sent back to my Lord, I shall have sure good with Him. So We shall certainly inform those who disbelieve of what they do, and We shall make them taste of hard chastisement.
52And when We show favour to man, he turns away and withdraws himself; but when evil touches him, he is full of lengthy supplications.
53Say: See you, if it is from Allah, then you disbelieve in it, who is in greater error than he who is in opposition far away?
54We will soon show them Our signs in farthest regions and among their own people, until it is quite clear to them that it is the Truth. Is it not enough that thy Lord is a Witness over all things?
Chapter 42 (Sura 42)
1Now surely they are in doubt as to the meeting with their Lord. Lo! He surely encompasses all things.
2Beneficent God!
3Knowing, Hearing, Powerful God!
4Thus does Allah, the Mighty, the Wise, reveal to thee, and (He revealed) to those before thee.
5To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and He is the High, the Great.
6The heavens may almost be rent asunder above them, while the angels celebrate the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on earth. Now surely Allah is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
7And those who take protectors besides Him -- Allah watches over them; and thou hast not charge over them.
8And thus have We revealed to thee an Arabic Qur’an, that thou mayest warn the mother-town and those around it, and give warning of the day of Gathering, wherein is no doubt a party will be in the Garden and (another) party in the burning Fire.
9And if Allah had pleased, He would surely have made them a single nation, but He admits whom He pleases to His mercy. And the wrongdoers have no protector nor helper.
10Or have they taken protectors besides Him? But Allah is the Protector, and He gives life to the dead, and He is Possessor of power over all things.
11And in whatever you differ, the judgment thereof is with Allah. That is Allah, my Lord; on Him I rely, and to Him I turn.
12The Originator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you pairs from among yourselves, and pairs of the cattle, too, multiplying you thereby. Nothing is like Him; and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
13His are the treasures of the heavens and the earth -- He amplifies and straitens subsistence for whom He pleases. Surely He is Knower of all things.
14He has made plain to you the religion which He enjoined upon Noah and We have revealed to thee, and which We enjoined on Abraham and Moses and Jesus -- to establish religion and not to be divided therein. Hard for the polytheists is that to which thou callest them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He pleases, and guides to Himself him who turns (to Him).
15And they were not divided until after knowledge had come to them, out of envy among themselves. And had not a word gone forth from thy Lord for an appointed term, the matter would surely have been judged between them. And those who were made to inherit the Book after them are surely in disquieting doubt about it.
16To this then go on inviting, and be steadfast as thou art commanded, and follow not their low desires, and say: I believe in what Allah has revealed of the Book, and I am commanded to do justice between you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us are our deeds; and for you your deeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allah will gather us together, and to Him is the eventual coming.
17And those who dispute about Allah after obedience has been rendered to Him, their plea is null with their Lord, and upon them is wrath, and for them is severe chastisement.
18Allah is He Who revealed the Book with truth, and the Balance; and what will make thee know that perhaps the Hour is nigh.
19Those who believe not in it would hasten it on, and those who believe are in fear from it, and they know that it is the Truth. Now surely those who dispute concerning the Hour are far astray.
20Allah is Benignant to His servants; He gives sustenance to whom He pleases; and He is the Strong, the Mighty.
21Whoso desires the tilth of the Hereafter, We give him increase in his tilth; and whoso desires the tilth of this world, We give him thereof; and he has no portion in the Hereafter.
22Or have they associates who have prescribed for them any religion that Allah does not sanction? And were it not for the word of judgment, it would have been decided between them. And surely for the wrongdoers is a painful chastisement.
23Thou seest the unjust fearing on account of what they have earned, and it must befall them. And those who believe and do good are in the meadows of the Gardens -- they have what they please with their Lord. That is the great grace.
24This it is of which Allah gives the goods news to His servants, who believe and do good. Say: I ask of you naught in return for it but love for relatives. And whoever earns good, We give him more of good therein. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Grateful.
25Or say they: He has forged a lie against Allah? So, if Allah please, He would seal thy heart (against them). And Allah blots out the falsehood and confirms the Truth with His words. Surely He is Knower of what is in the breasts.
26And He it is Who accepts repentance from his servants and pardons evil deeds, and He knows what you do;
27And He answers those who believe and do good deeds, and gives them more out of His grace. And for the disbelievers is a severe chastisement.
28And if Allah were to amplify the provision for His servants, they would rebel in the earth; but He sends (it) down by measure, as He pleases. Surely He is Aware, Seer of His servants.
29And He it is Who sends down the rain after they have despaired, and He unfolds His mercy. And He is the Friend, the Praised One.
30And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and what He has spread forth in both of them of living beings. And He is all-powerful to gather them together, when He will.
31And whatever misfortune befalls you, it is on account of what your hands have wrought and He pardons much.
32And you cannot escape in the earth, and besides Allah you have no protector nor helper.
33And of His signs are the ships, like mountains on the sea.
34If He will, He stills the wind so that they lie motionless on its back. Surely there are signs in this for every patient, grateful one,
35Or He causes them to perish for what they have earned, and He pardons much;
36And (that) those who dispute about Our messages may know. There is no refuge for them.
37So whatever you are given is but a provision of this world’s life, and that which Allah has is better and more lasting for those who believe and rely on their Lord;
38And those who shun the great sins and indecencies, and whenever they are angry they forgive;
39And those who respond to their Lord and keep up prayer, and whose affairs are (decided) by counsel among themselves, and who spend out of what We have given them;
40And those who, when great wrong afflicts them, defend themselves.
41And the recompense of evil is punishment like it; but whoever forgives and amends, his reward is with Allah. Surely He loves not the wrongdoers.
42And whoever defends himself after his being oppressed, these it is against whom there is no way (of blame).
43The way (of blame) is only against those who oppress men and revolt in the earth unjustly. For such there is a painful chastisement.
44And whoever is patient and forgives -- that surely is an affair of great resolution.
45And he whom Allah leaves in error has no friend after Him. And thou wilt see the iniquitous, when they see the chastisement, saying: Is there any way of return?
46And thou wilt see them brought before it, humbling themselves because of abasement, looking with a faint glance. And those who believe will say: Surely the losers are they who lose themselves and their followers on the Resurrection day. Now surely the iniquitous are in lasting chastisement.
47And they will have no friends to help them besides Allah. And he whom Allah leaves in error cannot find a way.
48Hearken to your Lord before there comes from Allah the day which there is no averting. You will have no refuge on that day, nor will it be yours to make a denial.
49But if they turn away, We have not sent thee as a watcher over them. Thy duty is only to deliver (the message). And surely when We make man taste mercy from Us, he rejoices thereat; and if an evil afflicts them on account of what their hands have sent before, then surely man is ungrateful.
50Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He pleases. He grants females to whom He pleases and grants males to whom He pleases,
51Or He grants them both males and females, and He makes whom He pleases, barren. Surely He is Knower, Powerful.
52And it is not vouchsafed to a mortal that Allah should speak to him, except by revelation or from behind a veil, or by sending a messenger and revealing by His permission what He pleases. Surely He is High, Wise.
53And thus did We reveal to thee an inspired Book by our command. Thou knewest not what the Book was, nor (what) Faith (was), but We made it a light, guiding thereby whom We please of Our servants. And surely thou guidest to the right path --
Chapter 43 (Sura 43)
1The path of Allah, to Whom belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Now surely to Allah do all affairs eventually come.
2Beneficent God!
3By the Book that makes manifest!
4Surely We have made it an Arabic Qur’an that you may understand.
5And it is in the Original of the Book with Us, truly elevated, full of wisdom.
6Shall We then turn away the Reminder from you altogether because you are a prodigal people?
7And how many a prophet did We send among the ancients!
8And no prophet came to them but they mocked him.
9Then We destroyed those stronger than these in prowess, and the example of the ancients has gone before.
10And if thou ask them, Who created the heavens and the earth? they would say: The Mighty, the Knowing One, has created them,
11Who made the earth a resting-place for you, and made in it ways for you that you might go aright.
12And Who sends down water from the cloud according to a measure, then We raise to life thereby a dead land; even so will you be brought forth.
13And Who created pairs of all things, and made for you ships and cattle on which you ride,
14That you may sit firm on their backs, then remember the favour of your Lord, when you are firmly seated thereon, and say: Glory be to Him Who made this subservient to us and we were not able to do it,
15And surely to our Lord we must return.
16And they assign to Him a part of His servants. Man, to be sure, is clearly ungrateful.
17Or has He taken daughters to Himself of what He creates and chosen you to have sons?
18And when one of them is given news of that of which he sets up a likeness for the Beneficent his face becomes black and he is full of rage.
19Is one decked with ornaments and unable to make plain speech in disputes (a partner with God)?
20And they make the angels who are the servants of the Beneficent, females. Did they witness their creation? Their evidence will be recorded and they will be questioned.
21And they say: If the Beneficent had pleased, we should not have worshipped them. They have no knowledge of this; they only lie.
22Or have We given them a Book before it so that they hold fast to it?
23Nay, they say: We found our fathers on a course, and surely we are guided by their footprints.
24And thus, We sent not before thee a warner in a town, but its wealthy ones said: Surely we found our fathers following a religion, and we follow their footsteps.
25(The warner) said: And even if I bring to you a better guide than that which you found your fathers following? They said: We surely disbelieve in that with which you are sent.
26So We exacted retribution from them, then see what was the end of the rejectors!
27And when Abraham said to his sire and his people: I am clear of what you worship,
28Save Him Who created me, for surely He will guide me.
29And he made it a word to continue in his posterity that they might return.
30Nay! I let these and their fathers enjoy till there came to them the Truth and a Messenger making manifest.
31And when the Truth came to them they said: This is enchantment, and surely we are disbelievers in it.
32And they say: Why was not this Qur’an revealed to a man of importance in the two towns?
33Do they apportion the mercy of thy Lord? We portion out among them their livelihood in the life of this world and We exalt some of them above others in rank, that some of them may take others in service. And the mercy of thy Lord is better than that which they amass.
34And were it not that all people would become one (disbelieving) community, We would provide for those who disbelieve in the Beneficent, roofs of silver for their houses and stairs (of silver) by which they ascend,
35And (of silver) the doors of their houses and the couches on which they recline.
36And of gold. And all this is naught but a provision of this world’s life; and the Hereafter is with thy Lord only for the dutiful.
37And whoever turns himself away from the remembrance of the Beneficent, We appoint for him a devil, so he is his associate.
38And surely they hinder them from the (right) path, and they think that they are guided aright.
39Until when he comes to Us, he says: O would that between me and thee there were the distance of the East and the West! so evil is the associate!
40And as you did wrong, it will profit you naught this day that you are sharers in the chastisement.
41Canst thou then make the deaf to hear or guide the blind and him who is in clear error?
42So if We take thee away, still We shall exact retribution from them,
43Or We shall sow thee that which We promise them -- surely We are Possessors of power over them.
44So hold fast to that which has been revealed to thee; surely thou art on the right path.
45And surely it is a reminder for thee and thy people, and you will be questioned.
46And ask those of Our messengers whom We sent before thee: Did We ever appoint gods to be worshipped besides the Beneficent?
47And truly We sent Moses with our messages to Pharaoh and his chiefs, so he said: I am the messenger of the Lord of the worlds.
48But when he brought them Our signs, lo! they laughed at them.
49And We showed them not a sign but it was greater than its fellow, and We seized them with chastisement that they might turn.
50And they said: O enchanter, call on thy Lord for us, as He has made the covenant with thee; we shall surely follow guidance.
51But when We removed from them the chastisement, lo! they broke the pledge.
52And Pharaoh proclaimed amongst his people, saying: O my people, is not the kingdom of Egypt mine and these rivers flowing beneath me? Do you not see?
53Rather I am better than this (fellow) who is contemptible, and can hardly express himself clearly.
54Why, then, have bracelets of gold not been bestowed on him, or angels come along with him in procession?
55So he incited his people to levity and they obeyed him. Surely they were a transgressing people.
56Then when they displeased Us, We exacted retribution from them, so We drowned them all together.
57And We made them a thing past and an example for later generations.
58And when the son of Mary is mentioned as an example, lo! thy people raise a clamour thereat.
59And they say: Are our gods better, or is he? They set it forth to thee only by way of disputation. Nay, they are a contentious people.
60He was naught but a servant on whom We bestowed favour and We made him an example for the Children of Israel.
61And if We pleased, We could make among you angels to be (Our) vicegerents in the land.
62And this (revelation) is surely knowledge of the Hour, so have no doubt about it and follow me. This is the right path.
63And let not the devil hinder you; surely he is your open enemy.
64And when Jesus came with clear arguments, he said: I have come to you indeed with wisdom, and to make clear to you some of that about which you differ. So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
65Surely Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so serve Him. This is the right path.
66But parties among them differed, so woe to those who did wrong for the chastisement of a painful day!
67Wait they for aught but the Hour, that it should come on them all of a sudden, while they perceive not?
68Friends on that day will be foes one to another, except those who keep their duty.
69O My servants, there is no fear for you this day, nor will you grieve --
70Those who believed in Our messages and submitted (to Us),
71Enter the Garden, you and your wives, being made happy.
72Sent round to them are golden bowls and drinking-cups, and therein is that which (their) souls yearn for and the eyes delight in, and therein you will abide.
73And this is the Garden, which you are made to inherit on account of what you did.
74For you therein is abundant fruit to eat thereof.
75Surely the guilty will abide in the chastisement of hell.
76It is not abated for them and they will therein despair.
77And We wronged them not but they were themselves the wrongdoers.
78And they cry: O Malik, let thy Lord make an end of us. He will say: You shall stay (here).
79Certainly We bring the Truth to you, but most of you are averse to the Truth.
80Or have they settled an affair? But it is We Who settle (affairs).
81Or do they think that We near not their secrets and their private counsels? Aye, and Our messengers with them write down.
82Say: The Beneficent has no son; so I am the foremost of those who serve (God).
83Glory to the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of the Throne of Power, from what they describe!
84So let them talk and sport until they meet their day which they are promised.
85And He it is Who is God in the heavens and God in the earth. And He is the Wise, the Knowing.
86And blessed is He Whose is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and all between them; and with Him is the knowledge of the Hour, and to Him you will be returned.
87And those whom they call upon besides Him control not intercession, but he who bears witness to the Truth and they know (him).
88And if thou wert to ask them who created them, they would say: Allah. How are they then turned back?
89And his cry -- O my Lord, these are a people who believe not!
Chapter 44 (Sura 44)
1So turn away from them and say, Peace! They will soon come to know.
2Beneficent God!
3By the Book that makes it manifest!
4We revealed it on a blessed night -- truly We are ever warning.
5Therein is made clear every affair full of wisdom --
6A command from Us -- truly We are ever sending messengers --
7A mercy from thy Lord -- truly He is the Hearing, the Knowing,
8The Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, if you would be sure.
9There is no God but He; He gives life and causes death -- your Lord and the Lord of your fathers of yore.
10Nay, in doubt they sport.
11So wait for the day when the heaven brings a clear drought,
12Enveloping men. This is a painful chastisement.
13Our Lord, remove from us the chastisement -- surely we are believers.
14When will they be reminded? And a Messenger has indeed come, making clear;
15Yet they turned away from him and said: One taught (by others); a madman!
16We shall remove the chastisement a little, (but) you will surely return (to evil).
17On the day when We seize (them) with the most violent seizing; surely We shall exact retribution.
18And certainly We tried before them Pharaoh’s people and a nobel messenger came to them,
19Saying: Deliver to me the servants of Allah. Surely I am a faithful messenger to you.
20And exalt not yourselves against Allah. Surely I bring to you a clear authority.
21And I take refuge with my Lord and your Lord, lest you stone me to death.
22And if you believe not in me, leave me alone.
23Then he called upon his Lord: These are a guilty people.
24So go forth with My servants by night; surely you will be pursued,
25And leave the sea behind calm. Surely they are a host to be drowned.
26How many the gardens and springs they left behind!
27And cornfields and noble places!
28And goodly things wherein they rejoiced!
29Thus (it was). And We made other people inherit them.
30So the heaven and the earth wept not for them, nor were they respited.
31And We indeed delivered the Children of Israel from the abasing chastisement,
32From Pharaoh. Surely he was haughty, prodigal.
33And certainly We chose them above the nations, having knowledge.
34And We gave them signs wherein was clear blessing.
35These do indeed say:
36There is naught but our first death and we shall not be raised again.
37So bring our fathers (back), of you are truthful.
38Are they better or the people of Tubba’, and those before them? We destroyed them, for surely they were guilty.
39And We did not create the heavens and the earth and that which is between them in sport.
40We created them but with truth, but most of them know not.
41Surely the day of Decision is the term for them all,
42The day when friend will avail friend in naught, nor will they be helped-
43Save those on whom Allah has mercy. Surely He is the Mighty, the Merciful.
44Surely the tree of Zaqqum
45Is the food of the sinful,
46Like molten brass; it seethes in (their) bellies
47Like boiling water.
48Seize him, then drag him into the midst of hell;
49Then pour on his head of the torment of boiling water --
50Taste -- thou art forsooth the mighty, the honourable!
51Surely this is what you doubted.
52Those who keep their duty are indeed in a secure place --
53In gardens and springs,
54Wearing fine and thick silk, facing one another --
55Thus (shall it be). And We shall join them to pure, beautiful ones.
56They call therein for every fruit in security --
57They taste not therein death, except the first death; and He will save them from the chastisement of hell --
58A grace from thy Lord. This is the great achievement.
59So We have made it easy in thy tongue that they may mind.
Chapter 45 (Sura 45)
1Wait then; surely they (too) are waiting.
2Beneficent God!
3The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.
4Surely in the heavens and the earth are signs for believers.
5And in your creation and in the animals He spreads abroad are signs for a people who are sure;
6And (in) the variation of the night and the day and (in) the sustenance which Allah sends down from the heaven, then gives life thereby to the earth after its death and (in) the changing of the winds, are signs for a people who understand.
7These are the messages of Allah, which We recite to thee with truth. In what announcement will they then believe after Allah and His signs?
8Woe to every sinful liar!
9Who hears the messages of Allah recited to him then persists in haughtiness, as though he had not heard them. So announce to him a painful chastisement.
10And when he comes to know of any of Our messages, he takes them for a jest. For such is an abasing chastisement.
11In front of them is hell, and that which they have earned will avail them naught, nor those whom they take for protectors besides Allah, and for them is a grievous chastisement.
12This is guidance; and those who disbelieve in the messages of their Lord, for them is a painful chastisement of an evil (kind).
13Allah is He Who made subservient to you the sea that the ships may glide therein by His command, and that you may seek of His grace, and that you may give thanks.
14And He has made subservient to you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, all, from Himself. Surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.
15Tell those who believe to forgive those who fear not the days of Allah that He may reward a people for what they earn.
16Whoever does good it is for himself, and whoever does evil, it is against himself; then to your Lord you will be brought back.
17And certainly We gave the Children of Israel the Book and judgment and prophethood and provided them with good things, and made them excel the nations.
18And we gave them clear arguments in the Affair. So they differed not until after knowledge had come to them, out of envy among themselves. Surely thy Lord will judge between them on the day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differed.
19Then We made thee follow a course in the Affair, so follow it, and follow not the low desires of those who know not.
20Surely they can avail thee naught against Allah. And surely the wrongdoers are friends of each other, and Allah is the Friend of the dutiful.
21These are clear proofs for men, and a guidance and a mercy for a people who are sure.
22Or do those who do evil deeds think that We shall make them as those who believe and do good -- their life and their death being equal? Evil is what they judge!
23And Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth, and that every soul may be rewarded for what it has earned, and they will not be wronged.
24Seest thou him who takes his desire for his god, and Allah leaves him in error knowingly, and seals his hearing and his heart and puts a covering on his sight? Who can then guide him after Allah? Will you not mind?
25And they say: There is naught but our life of the world; we die and we live and nothing destroys us but time, and they have no knowledge of that; they only conjecture.
26And when our clear messages are recited to them, their only argument is that they say: Bring (back) our fathers, if you are truthful.
27Say: Allah gives you life, then makes you die, then will He gather you to the day of Resurrection, wherein is no doubt, but most people know not
28And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And on the day when the Hour comes to pass, on that day will the followers of falsehood perish.
29And thou wilt see every nation kneeling down. Every nation will be called to its record. This day you are requited for what you did.
30This is Our record that speaks against you with truth. Surely We wrote what you did.
31Then as to those who believed and did good, their Lord will admit them to His mercy. That is the manifest achievement.
32And as to those who disbelieved -- were not My messages recited to you? But you were proud and you were a guilty people.
33And when it was said, Surely the promise of Allah is true and the hour -- there is no doubt about it, you said: We know not what the Hour is. We think (it) only a conjecture and we are not at all sure.
34And the evil of what they did will become manifest to them, and that at which they mocked will encompass them.
35And it will be said: This day We forsake you as you neglected the meeting of this day of yours, and your abode is the Fire, and you have no helpers.
36That is because you made the messages of Allah a jest and the life of this world deceived you. So on that day they shall not be taken out of it, nor shall they be granted goodwill.
37So praise be to Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the earth, the Lord of the worlds!
Chapter 46 (Sura 46)
1And to Him belongs greatness in the heavens and the earth; and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
2Beneficent God!
3The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.
4We created not the heavens and the earth and all between them save with truth and for an appointed term. And those who disbelieve turn away from that whereof they are warned.
5Say: Have you considered that which you invoke besides Allah? Show me what they have created of the earth, or have they a share in the heavens? Bring me a Book before this or any relics of knowledge, if you are truthful.
6And who is in greater error than he who invokes besides Allah such as answer him not till the day of Resurrection, and they are heedless of their call?
7And when men are gathered together, they will be their enemies, and will deny their worshipping (them).
8And when Our clear messages are recited to them, those who disbelieve say of the Truth when it comes to them: This is clear enchantment.
9Nay, they say: He has forged it. Say: If I have forged it, you control naught for me from Allah. He knows best what you utter concerning it. He is enough as a witness between me and you. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
10Say: I am not the first of the messengers, and I know not what will be done with me or with you. I follow naught but that which is revealed to me, and I am but a plain warner.
11Say: See you if it is from Allah, and you disbelieve in it, and a witness from among the Children of Israel has borne witness of one like him, so he believed, while you are big with pride. Surely Allah guides not the iniquitous ones.
12And those who disbelieve say of those who believe: If it had been a good, they would not have attained it before us. And as they are not guided thereby, they say: It is an old lie.
13And before it was the Book of Moses, a guide and a mercy. And this is a Book verifying (it) in the Arabic language, that it may warn those who do wrong, and as good news for the doers of good.
14Surely those who say, Our Lord is Allah, then continue on the right way, on them is no fear, nor shall they grieve.
15These are the owners of the Garden, abiding therein -- a reward for what they did.
16And We have enjoined on man the doing of good to his parents. His mother bears him with trouble and she brings him forth in pain. And the bearing of him and the weaning of him is thirty months. Till, when he attains his maturity and reaches forty years, he says: My Lord, grant me that I may give thanks for Thy favour, which Thou has bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do good which pleases Thee; and be good to me in respect of my offspring. Truly I turn to Thee, and truly I am of those who submit.
17These are they from whom We accept the best of what they do and pass by their evil deeds -- among the owners of the Garden. A promise of truth, which they were promised.
18And he who says to his parents: Fie on you! Do you threaten me that I shall be brought forth, when generations have passed away before me? And they both call for Allah’s aid: Woe to thee! Believe; surely the promise of Allah is true. But he says: This is nothing but stories of the ancients.
19These are they against whom the word proves true, among nations of the jinn and the men that have passed away before them. Surely they are losers.
20And for all are degrees according to what they do, and that He may pay them for their deeds and they will not be wronged.
21And on the day when those who disbelieve are brought before the Fire: You did away with your good things in your life of the world and you enjoyed them; so this day you are rewarded with the chastisement of abasement because you were unjustly proud in the land and because you transgressed.
22And mention the brother of ‘Ad; when he warned his people in the sandy plains -- and warners indeed came before him and after him -- saying: Serve none but Allah. Surely I fear for you the chastisement of a grievous day.
23They said: Hast thou come to us to turn us away from our gods? Then bring us that with which thou threatenest us, if thou art truthful.
24He said: The knowledge is only with Allah, and I deliver to you that wherewith I am sent, but I see you are an ignorant people.
25So when they saw it -- a cloud advancing towards their valleys, they said: This is a cloud bringing us rain. Nay, it is that which you sought to hasten, a wind wherein is painful chastisement.
26Destroying every thing by the command of its Lord. So at dawn naught could be seen except their dwellings. Thus do We reward the guilty people.
27And certainly We had given them power in matters in which We have not empowered you, and We had given them ears and eyes and hearts, but neither their ears, nor their eyes, nor their hears availed them aught, since they denied the messages of Allah, and that which they mocked at encompassed them.
28And certainly We destroyed the towns round about you, and We repeat the messages that they may turn.
29Then why did those whom they took for gods besides Allah to draw (them) nigh (to Him) not help them? Nay, they failed them. And this was their lie and what they forged.
30And when We turned towards thee a party of the jinn, who listened to the Qur’an; so when they were in its presence, they said: Be silent. Then when it was finished, they turned back to their people warning (them).
31They said: O our people, we have heard a Book revealed after Moses, verifying that which is before it, guiding to the truth and to a right path.
32O our people, accept the Inviter to Allah and believe in Him. He will forgive you some of your sins and protect you from a painful chastisement
33And whoever accepts not the Inviter to Allah, he cannot escape in the earth, nor has he protectors besides Him. These are in manifest error.
34See they not that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth and was not tired by their creation, is able to give life to the dead? Aye, He is surely Possessor of power over all things.
35And on the day when those who disbelieve are brought before the Fire: Is it not true? They will say: Yea, by our Lord! He will say: Then taste the chastisement, because you disbelieved.
Chapter 47 (Sura 47)
1So have patience, as men of resolution, the messengers, had patience, and seek not to hasten on for them (their doom). On the day when they see that which they are promised, (it will be) as if they had not tarried save an hour of the day. (Thine is) to deliver. Shall then any be destroyed save the transgressing people?
2Those who disbelieve and turn (men) from Allah’s way, He will destroy their works.
3And those who believe and do good, and believe in that which has been revealed to Muhammad -- and it is the Truth from their Lord -- He will remove their evil from them and improve their condition.
4That is because those who disbelieve follow falsehood, and those who believe follow the Truth from their Lord. Thus does Allah set forth their descriptions for men.
5So when you meet in battle those who disbelieve, smite the necks; then, when you have overcome them, make (them) prisoners, and afterwards (set them free) as a favour or for ransom till the war lay down its burdens. That (shall be so). And if Allah please, He would certainly exact retribution from them, but that He may try some of you by means of others. And those who are slain in the way of Allah, He will never allow their deeds to perish.
6He will guide them and improve their condition.
7And make them enter the Garden, which He has made known to them.
8O you who believe, if you help Allah, He will help you and make firm your feet.
9And those who disbelieve, for them is destruction, and He will destroy their works.
10That is because they hate that which Allah reveals, so He has rendered their deeds fruitless.
11Have they not travelled in the land and seen what was the end of those before them? Allah destroyed them. And for the disbelievers is the like thereof.
12That is because Allah is the patron of those who believe, and because the disbelievers have no patron.
13Surely Allah will make those who believe and do good enter Gardens wherein flow rivers. And those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as the cattle eat, and the Fire is their abode.
14And how many a town, more powerful than thy town which has driven thee out -- We destroyed them, so there was no helper for t