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Quran translation in english language translated by hamid s. aziz

Chapter 1 (Sura 1)
1All Praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds,
2The Beneficent, the Merciful,
3The Ruler of the Day of Judgment!
4Thee alone we serve and Thee alone we ask for aid
5Guide us in the Straight Path,
6The path of those whom Thou hast favoured;
7Not of those who earn Thy wrath; nor of those who go astray.
Chapter 2 (Sura 2)
1ALIF LAM MIM.
2This is the Book! There is no doubt therein; a guide to the pious,
3Who believe in the unseen, and are steadfast in worship, and spend of what We have given them;
4Who believe in what is revealed to you (Muhammad), and what was revealed before you, and are sure of the Hereafter.
5These are guided by their Lord, and these are the successful.
6Verily, those who disbelieve, it is the same to them if you warn them or if you warn them not, they will not believe.
7Allah has set a seal upon their heart and on their hearing; and on their eyes is dimness, and for them is grievous woe.
8And there are those among men who say, "We believe in Allah and in the last day;" but they do not believe.
9They would deceive Allah and those who do believe; but they deceive only themselves and they do not perceive.
10In their heart is a sickness, and Allah has made them still more sick, and for them is grievous woe because they lied.
11And when it is said to them, "Do not evil in the earth," they say, "We do only what is right"
12Are not they the evildoers? And yet they do not perceive!
13And when it is said to them, "Believe as other men believe," they say, "Shall we believe as fools believe?" Are not they themselves the fools? And yet they do not know.
14And when they meet those who believe, they say, "We do believe;" but when they go aside with their devils, they say, "We are with you; we were but mocking!"
15Allah shall mock at them and let them go on in their rebellion, blindly wandering on.
16Those who buy error for guidance, their traffic profits not, and they are not guided.
17Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindles a fire; and when it lights up all around, Allah goes off with their light, and leaves them in darkness that they cannot see.
18Deaf, dumb, blind, and they shall not return!
19Or like a storm-cloud from the sky, wherein is darkness and thunder and lightning; they put their fingers in their ears at the thunder-clap, for fear of death, for Allah encompasses the disbelievers.
20The lightning well-nigh snatches off their sight, whenever it shines for them they walk therein; but when it is dark for them they halt; and if Allah willed He would go off with their hearing and their sight; verily, Allah is mighty over all.
21O you folk! Serve (adore) your Lord (Guardian) who created you and those before you; per chance (or possibly) you may fear evil (learn righteousness)!
22Who made the earth for you a bed and the heaven a canopy; and sent down from heaven water, and brought forth therewith fruits for your sustenance; so make no peers (rivals) for Allah, when you know better!
23 And if you are in doubt of what we have revealed unto Our servant, then bring a chapter like it, and call your witnesses other than Allah if you tell truth.
24But if you do it not - and you surely cannot - then fear the Fire whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for disbelievers.
25But bear the glad tidings to those who believe and work righteousness, that for them are Gardens beneath which rivers flow; whenever they are provided with fruit there from they say, "This is what we were provided with before," and they shall be provided with their similitude; and there are pure companions for them therein, and they shall dwell therein for ever.
26Behold! Allah does not disdain to set forth a similitude even of a gnat, or anything lower or higher; and as for those who believe, they know that it is truth from the Lord; but as for those who disbelieve, they say, "What is it that Allah means by this as a parable? He leads astray many and He guides many;"- but He leads astray only the evildoers;
27Those who break Allah´s covenant after the fixing thereof, and cut asunder what Allah has ordered to be joined, and do evil in the earth, these it is who are losers.
28How can you disbelieve in Allah, when you were dead and He made you alive, and then He will cause you to die, and then make you alive again, and then to Him will you return?
29It is He who created for you all that is in the earth, and He designed the heavens also and fashioned (ordered) them as seven heavens; and He knows all things.
30And when your Lord said unto the angels, "I am about to place a Vicegerent (Agent, Successor, Inheritor) in the earth," they said, "Will you place therein one who will do evil therein and shed blood? While we celebrate Thy praise and glorify Thee." Said (the Lord), "I know what you know not."
31And He taught Adam the Names (qualities), all of them; then He propounded them to the angels and said, "Declare to Me the names of these, if you are truthful."
32They said, "Glory be to Thee! No knowledge is ours but what Thou Thyself have taught us, verily, you are the Knower, the Wise."
33Said the Lord, "O Adam declare to them the Names;" and when he had declared to them the Names, He said, "Did I not say to you, I know the secrets of the heavens and of the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you conceal?"
34And when we said to the angels, "Bow down before Adam," they bowed before him save only Iblis, who refused and was too proud and became one of the disbelievers.
35And we said, "O Adam dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise, and eat there from amply as you wish; but do not draw near this tree or you will be of the transgressors.
36But Satan made them backslide there from and drove them out from what they were in, and We said, "Go down, one of you the enemy of the other, and in the earth there is an abode and a provision for a time."
37And Adam obtained certain words (revelations) from his Lord, and He relented towards him, for He is the Relenting, the Compassionate.
38We said, "Go down there from altogether and per chance (or possibly) there may come from Me a Guidance, and whoever follows My Guidance, no fear is theirs, nor shall they grieve.
39But those who disbelieve, and call Our signs lies, they are the fellows of the Fire, they shall dwell therein for ever."
40O you children of Israel! Remember My favours which I have favoured you with; fulfil My Covenant and I will fulfil your covenant; therefore, fear Me.
41Believe in what I have revealed, verifying what you have got, and be not the first to disbelieve in it, and do not barter My signs for a little price, and keep your duty to Me.
42Cloak not truth with vanity and falsehood, nor knowingly hide the truth.
43Be steadfast in worship, give alms, and bow down with those who bow.
44Will you order men to piety and forget it yourselves? You read the Book, do you not then understand?
45Seek aid with patience and prayer, though it is a hard thing save for the humble,
46Who know that they will meet their Lord, and that to Him they are returning.
47O you children of Israel! Remember My favours which I have favoured you with, and that I have preferred you above all others in the world.
48Fear the day wherein no soul shall pay any recompense for another soul, nor shall intercession be accepted for it, nor shall compensation be taken from it, nor shall they be helped.
49When We saved you from Pharaoh´s people who sought to wreak evil and woe on you, slaughtering your sons and letting your women live; in that was a great trial for you from your Lord.
50When We divided for you the sea and saved you and drowned Pharaoh´s people while you looked on.
51When We treated with Moses forty nights, then you chose the calf after he had gone and you did wrong.
52Yet then We forgave you after that; perhaps you may be grateful.
53And remember when We gave Moses the Scriptures and the Criterion; you had a chance to be guided.
54And remember when Moses said to his people, "O my people! You have wronged yourselves in taking this calf; repent unto your Creator and kill the guilty yourselves; that will be better for you in your Creator´s eyes; and He relented towards you, for He is the Oft Relenting, the Merciful.
55And remember when you said to Moses, "O Moses! We will not believe in you until we see Allah manifestly," and the thunderbolt caught you while you yet looked on.
56Then We raised you up after your death; perhaps you may be grateful.
57And We overshadowed you with the cloud, and sent down the manna and the quails; "Eat of the good things we have given you." They did not wrong Us, but it was themselves they were wronging.
58And when We said, "Enter this city and eat there from as plentifully as you wish; and enter the gate worshipping and say "hittatun" (repentance and surrender to Allah). So will We pardon you your sins and give increase unto those who do right."
59But those who did wrong changed it for another word than that which was said to them: and We sent down upon those who did wrong, wrath from heaven for that they had so sinned.
60When Moses, too, asked drink for his people and We said, "Strike with your staff the rock," and from it burst forth twelve springs; each tribe among them knew his drinking place. "Eat and drink of what Allah has provided, and transgress not on the earth as evildoers."
61And when they said: "Moses, we cannot always bear one kind of food; pray then to your Lord to bring forth for us of what the earth grows, its green herbs, its cucumbers, its garlic, its lentils, and its onions." Said He, "Do you ask what is meaner instead of what is better? Go down to Egypt (or any town), - there is what you ask." Then were they smitten with abasement and poverty, and met with wrath from Allah. That was because they had disbelieved in Allah´s signs and killed the prophets undeservedly; that was because they were rebellious and had transgressed.
62Verily, whether it be of those who believe, or those who are Jews or Christians or Sabaeans, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and acts aright, they have their reward with their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.
63And when We took a covenant with you and held the mountain over you; (saying) "Accept what We have brought you with strong will, and bear in mind what is therein, per chance (or possibly) you yet may fear."
64Then even after that did you turn aside, and were it not for Allah´s grace towards you and His mercy, you would have been of those who lose.
65You know also of those among you who transgressed upon the Sabbath, and how We said to them, “Be you (as) apes, despised and spurned."
66Thus We made them an example unto those who stood before them, and those who should come after them, and a warning unto those who fear Allah.
67And remember when Moses said to his people, "Allah bids you slaughter a heifer." they said, "Are you making a jest of us?" Said he, "I seek refuge with Allah from being one of the unwise."
68They said, "Then pray to your Lord for us to show us what she is to be." He answered, "He said it is a cow, not old, nor young, of middle age between the two; so do as you are bid."
69They said, "Pray now to your Lord to show us what her colour is to be." He answered, "He said it is a fawn-coloured heifer, intensely fawn, her colour delighting those who look upon her."
70Again they said, "Pray to your Lord to show us what she is to be; for cows appear the same to us; then we, if Allah will, shall be guided."
71He answered, "He said, it is a heifer, not broken in to plough the earth or irrigate the tilth, a sound one with no blemish on her." They said, "Now have you brought the truth." And they slaughtered her, though they came near leaving it undone (without goodwill).
72Remember when you slew a soul and disputed thereupon, and Allah brought forth that which you had hidden,
73Then We said, "Strike him with part of her (the heifer)." Thus Allah brings the dead to life and shows you His signs, that per chance (or possibly) you may understand.
74Yet were your heart hardened even after that, till they were as rocks or harder still, for verily, there are some rocks from which streams burst forth, and others burst asunder and water issues out, and others there are that sink down for fear of Allah; but Allah is never careless of what you do.
75Do you hope that they should believe you when already a sect of them have heard the word of Allah and then perverted it knowingly after they had understood it?
76Behold, when they meet men of faith they say, "We believe," but when they meet in private they say, "Will you talk to them of what Allah has opened up (revealed) to you, that they may argue with you upon it before your Lord? Do you not therefore understand?"
77Do they not then know that Allah knows what they conceal and what they make known abroad?
78And some of them there are, illiterate folk, that know not the Book, but their own fancies, conjectures and idle tales.
79But woe to those who write out the Book with their own hands and say "This is from Allah"; to buy therewith a little price! And woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for what they gain!
80And then they say, "Hell fire shall not touch us save for a few number of days." Say, "Have you taken a covenant with Allah?" but Allah breaks not His covenant. Or do you say of Allah that which you do not know?
81Nay, whoever gains an evil gain, and is encompassed by his sins, those are the fellows of the Fire, and they shall dwell therein for ever.
82But such as act aright, those are the fellows of Paradise, and they shall dwell therein for ever.
83And remember when We took from the children of Israel a covenant, saying, "Serve you none but Allah, and to your two parents show kindness, and to your kindred and the orphans and the needy, and speak to men kindly, and be steadfast in prayer, and give alms;" and then you turned back, save a few of you, and you backslide (even now).
84And remember when We took a covenant from you, "shed not your kinsman´s blood, nor turn your kinsmen out of their homes:" then did you confirm it and were witnesses thereto.
85Yet you were those who slay your kinsmen and turn a party out of their homes, and back each other up against them with sin and enmity. But if they come to you as captives you ransom them! - and yet it is as unlawful for you to turn them out. Do you then believe in part of the Book and reject the rest? But the reward of such among you as do that shall be naught else but disgrace in this worldly life, and on the day of Judgment shall they be driven to the most grievous torment, for Allah is not unmindful of what you do.
86Those who have bought this worldly life with the price of the Hereafter, the torment shall not be lightened from them nor shall they be helped.
87We gave Moses the Book and We followed him up with other apostles, and We gave Jesus the son of Mary manifest signs and aided him with the Holy Spirit. Do you then, every time an apostle comes to you with what your souls love not, scorn him with pride, and charge some with lying and slay others?
88They say, "Our heart are wrappings (preserving Allah´s truth)" nay, Allah has cursed them in their unbelief, and few it is who do believe (or little it is they believe).
89And when a Book came down from Allah confirming what they had with them, though they had before prayed for victory over the faithless, yet when that came to them, which they recognised, then they refused to believe it. Allah´s curse is on the faithless.
90For a miserable price have they sold their souls, in not believing what Allah has revealed, grudging because Allah sends down of His grace on whomsoever of His servants He will; and they have brought on themselves wrath after wrath and for the disbelievers is there shameful woe.
91And when they are told to believe in what Allah has revealed, they say, "We believe in what has been revealed to us only;" but they disbelieve in all beside, although it is the truth confirming what they have. Say, "Why did you kill Allah´s prophets in past times if you were true believers?"
92Moses came to you with manifest signs, then you took up with the calf when he had gone and did wrong.
93And remember when We took a covenant with you and raised the mountain (Sinai) over you, "Take what We have given you with resolution and hear (the Law);" they said, "We hear but disobey;" and they were made to drink (the sin of) the calf down into their heart for their faithlessness. Say, "A vile thing is it which your faith bids you do, if you have any faith."
94Say, "If the abode with Allah is your s alone and not for mankind, then seek you for death if you are sincere."
95But they will never long for it because of what their hands have sent on before them; but Allah is well acquainted with the wrong doers.
96Why, you will find them the greediest of men for life; even more than the idolaters; each one would fain live for a thousand years,- but he will not be reprieved from punishment by being allowed to live that long, for Allah sees what they do.
97Say, "Who is an enemy to Gabriel? For he has revealed to your heart, with Allah´s permission, confirmation of what had been before, and a guidance and glad tidings to believers.
98Who is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His apostles and Gabriel and Michael? - Verily, Allah is an enemy to the unbelievers.
99We have sent down to you conspicuous signs, and none will disbelieve therein except the perverse.
100Or every time they make a covenant, will a part of them repudiate it? Nay, most of them are faithless.
101And when there comes to them an apostle confirming what they have, a party of those who have received the Book repudiate Allah´s book, casting it behind their backs as though they did not know.
102And they follow that which the devils recited against Solomon´s kingdom;- it was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils who disbelieved, teaching men sorcery, and what has been revealed to the two angels, Harut and Marut, at Babylon, yet neither taught any one until they said, "We are but a temptation, so do not blaspheme." Men learn from them only that by which they may part man and wife; but they can harm no one therewith, unless with the permission of Allah, and they learn what hurts them, not what profits them. And they knew that those who indulge in magic would have no share in the bliss of the Hereafter. Vile is the price of that for which they sell their souls, if they but knew.
103If they had kept their faith and protected themselves from evil, far better had been the reward from their Lord, if they but knew.
104O you men of faith! Say not "rahina" (a word having ambiguous meanings, including "attend to us") but say "unthurna" (an unambiguous word having the same meaning), but words of respect and hearken; for to disbelievers shall be grievous woe.
105They who disbelieve, whether of those who have the Book or of the idolaters, would fain that no good were sent down to you from your Lord; but Allah especially favours with His mercy whom He will, for Allah is Lord of abounding Grace.
106Whatever verse We may annul or cause you to forget, We will bring a better one than it, or one like it; do you not know that Allah has power over all?
107Do you not know that Allah´s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth? Nor have you besides Allah a patron or a helper.
108Do you wish to question your Messenger, as Moses was questioned in the past? But whoever takes disbelief in exchange for faith has erred from the Level Way (sawaa = even, smooth, symmetrical, proportionate, righteous, balanced, appropriate, relevant).
109Many of those who have the Book would fain turn you back into infidelity after you have once believed, through selfish envy, after the truth has been made manifest to them; but pardon and shun them till Allah accomplishes His purpose; verily, Allah is mighty over all.
110Be you steadfast in prayer, and regular in charity; and whatsoever good you send before you for your own souls, you shall find it with Allah, for Allah sees all you do.
111They say, "None shall enter Paradise save such as be Jews or Christians;" that is their vain desire. Say thou, "Bring your proofs, if you are speaking truth."
112Nay, whoever surrenders his face (his countenance, nature, honour, glory, cause, will, his whole self) to Allah, and does good, he shall have his reward from his Lord, and no fear shall be on them, and they shall not grieve.
113The Jews say, "The Christians base themselves on naught;" and the Christians say, "The Jews base themselves on naught"; and yet both read the (same) Book. They say the same things as those people say who know not; but Allah shall judge between them on the Day of Judgment concerning that whereon they dispute.
114But who is more unjust than he who forbids that His name should not be mentioned in the places for the worship of Allah, and who strives to ruin them? It is not fitting for such to enter into them except in fear. For them is disgrace in this world, and in the world to come, mighty woe.
115To Allah belongs the East and the West, and wherever you turn there is Allah´s face (presence); for verily, Allah is All-pervading and All-Knowing.
116They say, "Allah takes unto Himself a son." All Glory is to Him! Nay, His is whatever is in the heavens and the earth, and all things worship (obey, glorify, praise) Him.
117The Originator of the heavens and the earth, when He decrees a matter He does but say unto it, "BE," and it is.
118And those without knowledge say, "Why does not Allah speak to us?" or "Why does no sign come to us?". So spoke those before them in words of similar meaning. Their hearts are all alike. We have made manifest the signs unto a people that are sure.
119Verily, We have sent you with the truth, a bearer of good tidings and of warning, and you shall not be questioned as to the fellows of hell.
120The Jews will not be satisfied with you, nor yet the Christians, until you follow their creed. Say, "Allah´s guidance is the (sufficient, correct or only) guidance;" and if you were to follow their lusts (desires, prejudices, fantasies, superstitions) after the knowledge that has come to you, you have not then from Allah a patron or a help.
121They to whom We have brought the Book and who read it as it should be studied, they are the ones that believe therein; and whoever rejects faith therein, it is they who are the losers.
122O children of Israel! Remember My favours which I bestowed on you, and that I have preferred you over the (other people of the) worlds.
123And fear the day when no soul shall pay a recompense for another soul, nor shall an equivalent be received there from, nor any intercession avail; and they shall not be helped.
124And remember when his Lord tried Abraham with words, and he fulfiled them, He said, "Verily, I will set you as an Imam (high priest, leader, model, example, guide) for the nations." Said he, "And of my seed also?" Allah said, "My covenant touches not the evildoers."
125And when We made the House (Kaaba) a place of assembly unto men, and a sanctuary, and (said to them) "take the station of Abraham for a place of prayer"; and covenanted with Abraham and Ishmael, saying, "Do you two cleanse my house for those who make the circuit, for those who pay devotions there, for those who bow down, and for those too who adore."
126When Abraham said, "Lord, make this a City of Peace, and provide the dwellers there with fruits, such as believe in Allah and the Last Day!" (Allah) said, "And he who reject the faith, I will give him but little to enjoy, then will soon drive him to the torment of the fire, an evil destination will it be."
127And when Abraham raised up the foundations of the House with Ishmael, (with this prayer) "Lord! Receive it from us, verily, you are All-Hearing and All-Knowing.
128Lord! Make us Muslims (submissive) unto Thee, and of our seed also a nation of Muslims (resigned), bowing to Thy will, and show us our rites, and turn towards us, verily, Thou art the Oft-Relenting, the Most Merciful.
129"Our Lord! Send them an apostle of their own, to read to them Thy signs and teach them the Scripture and Wisdom, and to purify them; verily, you are the Mighty and the Wise."
130Who is averse from the religion of Abraham save one who is foolish of soul? For We have chosen him in this world, and in the Hereafter he is surely in the ranks of the righteous.
131Behold! His Lord said to him, "Surrender" he said, "I have surrendered unto the Lord of the worlds."
132And Abraham instructed his sons therein, and so did Jacob (saying), "O my sons! Verily, Allah has chosen for you the (true) religion, do not therefore die save as those who have surrendered (as Muslims).
133Were you then witnesses when Jacob was facing death, when he said to his sons, "What will you serve when I am gone?" They said, "We will serve your God, the God of your fathers Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, one God; and unto Him have we surrendered."
134That is a nation that has passed away, theirs is what they gained; and your s shall be what you have gained; you shall not be questioned as to that which they have done.
135They say, "Become you Jews or Christians then shall you be guided by Abraham." Say, "Not so! But we follow the religion of Abraham, the upright; he was not of the idolaters."
136Say you "We believe in Allah, and what has been revealed to us, and what has been revealed to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Tribes, and what was brought to Moses and Jesus, and what was brought unto the Prophets from their Lord; we make no distinction between any one of them, and unto Him have we surrendered."
137If they believe in that in which you believe, then are on the right path; but if they turn back, then are they only in a schism, and Allah will suffice you against them, for He both Hearer and Knower.
138(We take our) dye of Allah (Our Religion is the Baptism of Allah)! And who is better than Allah at dyeing? And we are worshippers of Him.
139Say, "Do you dispute with us concerning Allah, and He is our Lord and your Lord? You have your works and we have ours, and unto Him alone are we sincerely loyal."
140Do you say that Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say, "Do you know better than Allah? Ah! Who is more unjust than one who conceals a testimony that he has from Allah? But Allah is not unmindful of what you do.
141That was a nation that has passed away. Theirs is what they earned, and your s shall be what you have earned; you shall not be questioned as to that which they have done.
142The fools among men will say, "What has turned them from their Qiblah (direction, focus, goal), to which they were used?" Say, "Allah´s is the East and the West, He guides whom He will unto the Straight Way."
143Thus have We made you a middle (or justly balanced) nation, to be witnesses against men, and that the Apostle may be a witness against you. We have not appointed the Qiblah (direction, focus, goal) which you were used to, save that We might know (test) who follows the Apostle from him who turns upon his heels, although it is a great thing save for those whom Allah does guide. But Allah will not waste your faith, for verily, Allah is to all people full of Kindness, Most Merciful.
144We see you often turn your face towards the heavens, but We will surely turn you to a Qiblah you shall like. Turn then your face towards the Sacred Mosque (Kaaba in Mecca); wherever you are, turn your faces towards it; for verily, the People of the Book (Jews and Christians) know well that it is the truth from their Lord; - Allah is not unmindful of that which you do.
145And even if you should bring to the People of the Book every sign, they would not follow your Qiblah (direction, focus, goal); and you are not to follow their Qiblah; nor do some of them follow the Qiblah of the others: and if you follow their lusts (vain desires, prejudices, fantasies) after the knowledge that has come to you, then are you of the wrongdoers.
146Those whom We have given the Book know this as they know their own sons, although a sect of them does surely hide the truth which they themselves know.
147The truth (is) from your Lord; be not, therefore, one of those who doubt.
148Every sect has a huwa (goal) to which Allah turns him; but do you strive onwards together to do good works; wherever you are Allah will bring you all together; verily, Allah has power over all things.
149From wherever you come forth, there turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque, for it is surely truth from your Lord; Allah is not unmindful about what you do.
150And from wherever you come forth, there turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque, and wherever you are, turn your faces towards it, that men may have no argument against you, save only those of them who are bent on wickedness; and fear them not, but fear Me; and I will fulfil My favours to you, perchance you may be guided yet.
151Thus (similarly) have We sent amongst you an apostle from yourselves, to recite to you Our signs, to purify you and teach you the Book and wisdom, and to teach you what you did not know;
152Remember Me, then, and I will remember you; thank Me, and do not disbelieve (or reject faith).
153O you who do believe! Seek aid from sabr (patience, perseverance, self-restraint and constancy) and from prayer, verily, Allah is with the patient.
154And say not of those who are slain in Allah´s Way (the Way of striving, sacrifice and restraint) (that they are) dead. Nay, they are living; but you do not perceive it.
155We will try you with something of fear, and hunger and loss of wealth, and lives and fruits (of toil); but give good tidings to those who patiently persevere
156Who, when there falls on them a calamity say, "Verily, we are Allah´s and, verily, to Him is our return."
157These are they on whom are blessings from their Lord and Mercy, and they it is who receive Guidance.
158Verily, Zafa and Merwah (mountains near the Kaaba) are of the beacons (symbols) of Allah, and he who makes the pilgrimage unto the House, or visits it at other times, it is no crime for him to compass them both about; and he who obeys his own Impulse to Good - Allah is Responsive, Aware.
159Verily, those who hide what We have revealed of manifest Signs and of Guidance after We have manifested it to men in the Book, them Allah shall curse, and those entitled to curse shall curse them too.
160Save those who turn (repent) and make amends and openly declare the truth; these will I turn to again, for I am Oft-Relenting, Most Merciful.
161Verily, those who disbelieve (or reject faith) and die while still in disbelief, on them is the curse of Allah, and of the angels, and of all mankind;
162They will dwell therein (in the curse) for ever; the torment shall not be lightened for them, nor shall they have any respite.
163Your God is one God; there is no God but He, the Compassionate, the Merciful
164Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and in the ship that sail the seas with that which profits mankind, and in the rain which Allah sends down from heaven and quickens therewith the earth after its death, and spreads abroad therein all kinds of animals, and in the shifting of the winds, and in the clouds that are pressed into service betwixt heaven and earth, are signs for people who can understand.
165Yet are there some amongst mankind who take to themselves (for worship) peers other than Allah; they love them as they should love Allah. But those who have faith are overflowing with love for Allah. O that those who are unjust could only see, they would see the Penalty (or Consequence) that all power belongs to Allah, and He will strongly enforce the Penalty,
166When those who are Followed clear themselves of those who Follow them, they would see the Penalty, and the cords between them would be cut asunder.
167And those who Follow would say, "Had we but another turn, then would we clear ourselves of them as they have cleared themselves of us." So will Allah show them the fruits of their deeds; for them are regrets, and they shall have no way out of the Fire.
168O you folk! Eat of what is in the earth, things lawful and things good, and follow not the footsteps of Satan, verily, to you he is an open foe.
169He does but bid you what is evil and shameful, and that you should speak against Allah what you do not know.
170When it is said to them, "Follow what Allah has revealed," they say, "Nay, we will follow the way of our fathers." What! Even though their fathers had no sense (or wisdom) at all or guidance?
171The likeness of those who disbelieve (or reject faith) is as the likeness of him who shouts like a goat-herd, to that which hears him not, save only a call and a cry; deaf, dumb, and blind they are devoid of understanding.
172O you who do believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you, and give thanks unto Allah if it be Him you serve.
173He has only forbidden for you what is dead, and blood, and flesh of swine, and whatsoever has been consecrated to other than Allah; but he who is forced by necessity, neither revolting nor transgressing, it is no sin for him; for verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving and Most Merciful.
174Verily, those who hide what Allah has revealed of the Book, and sell it for a miserable profit, they swallow nothing save fire; and Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them, but for them is grievous woe.
175They are those who sell guidance for error, and pardon for torment, how bold are they of the fire!
176That (is), because Allah has revealed the Book with truth, but verily those who seek causes of dispute in the Book are in a schism far (from the goal).
177Righteousness is not that you turn your faces towards the East or the West, but it is righteousness to believe in Allah, and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers, and to spend of your wealth for love of Him, for your kindred, and orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer, for those who ask, and to ransom those in captivity; and to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the covenant (contracts) which you have made; and to be firm in patience in times of pain (poverty and deprivation), and adversity, and in periods of panic (or violence); these are the people who are true, and these are those who are Allah-fearing.
178O you who believe! Retaliation (or the Law of Equivalence) is prescribed for you. In cases of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, the female for the female; yet he who is pardoned at all by the brother of the slain, then grant any reasonable demand and compensate him with kindness. That is a concession and a mercy from your Lord; and he who transgresses after that for him is grievous woe.
179In retaliation (or the law of Equivalence) there is life for you, O you possessors of understanding! That you may ward of evil.
180It is prescribed for you that when any of you is facing death, if he leaves any goods, that he makes reasonable bequests to his parents, and to his kinsmen. It is a duty upon all those that are God-fearing.
181But he who alters it after that he has heard it, the sin thereof is only upon those who alter it; verily, Allah is Hearer and Knower.
182And he who fears from the testator a wrong intention, or a crime, and does make peace between the parties, it is no sin to him; verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving and Merciful.
183O you who believe! There is prescribed for you the fast as it was prescribed for those before you; per chance (or possibly) you may learn self-restraint.
184(Fasting) A certain number of days, but he amongst you who is ill or on a journey, then (let him fast) another number of days. And those who can do it with hardship may redeem it by feeding a poor man; but he who gives more of his own will, it is better for him; but if you fast it is better for you, if you did but know.
185The month of Ramadan, wherein was revealed the Quran as a Guidance to mankind, and as manifest Sign, and as a Discrimination. So he amongst you who is at his home during this month then let him fast through it; but he who is sick or on a journey, then another number of days; - Allah desires for you what is easy (or reasonable), and desires not for you what is difficult, that you may complete the prescribed period, and say, "Great is Allah," (or glorify Him) for that He has guided you; per chance (or possibly) you may give thanks.
186When My servants ask you concerning Me, then, verily, I am near; I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when ever he calls to Me. So let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and let them believe in Me; per chance (or possibly) they may be directed aright.
187Lawful for you on the night of the fast is association with your wives; they are a garment unto you, and you a garment unto them. Allah knows that you did defraud yourselves, wherefore He has turned towards you and forgiven you; so now go in unto them and crave what Allah has prescribed (or ordained) for you, and eat and drink until a white thread can be distinguished by you from a black one at the dawn. Then fulfil the fast until the night, and go not in unto them while you are at your devotions in the mosques. These are the bounds that Allah has set, so draw not near thereto. Thus does Allah make manifest His signs to men, that per chance (or possibly) they may learn restraint.
188Devour not your wealth among yourselves vainly, nor present it to the judges that you may devour a part of the wealth of other men sinfully and knowingly.
189They will ask you about the New Moon; say, "They are indications of time for men and for the pilgrimage." And it is not righteousness that you should enter into your houses from behind them (in superstition), but righteous is he who fears (Allah); so enter into your houses by the proper doors and fear Allah that per chance (or possibly) you may prosper.
190Fight in the Cause of Allah with those who fight you, but transgress not the limits (or begin not hostilities); verily, Allah loves not those who transgress (or the aggressors).
191Kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out from whence they drive you out; for persecution (oppression or sedition) is worse than slaughter; but fight them not by the Sacred Mosque unless they fight you there; If they fight you then kill them, for such is the recompense of those that are faithless.
192But if they desist, then, verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
193But fight them until there be no more oppression (persecution or sedition) and that the Din (religion, faith, justice, the attitude and way of life) may be Allah´s; but, if they desist, then let there be no hostility save against the unjust oppressors.
194The sacred month for the sacred month; for all sacred things demand retaliation (the Law of Equivalence); and whoever transgresses against you, transgress against him likewise as he transgressed against you; but fear Allah, and know that Allah is with those who practice restraint.
195Expend in alms in the cause of Allah and be not cast by your own hands into perdition; but do good, for Allah loves those who do good.
196And fulfil the pilgrimage and the visitation to Allah; but if you be prevented (or besieged), then what is easiest for you by way of gift. But shave not your heads until your gift shall reach its destination; and he amongst you who is sick or has a hurt upon his head, then the redemption is by fasting or by alms or by an offering. But when you are safe again, then let him who would enjoy the visitation until the pilgrimage what is easiest (what he can afford) as a gift. And he who cannot afford it, then let him fast three days on the pilgrimage and seven when you return; these make ten days complete. That is, for him whose family are not present in the Sacred Mosque; and fear Allah and know that Allah is strict in punishment.
197The pilgrimage is (in) well-known months: whoever then makes it incumbent on himself (let him have neither) commerce with women, nor fornication, nor a quarrel on the pilgrimage; and whatsoever of good you do, Allah knows it; then provide yourself for your journey; but the best provision is piety. Fear you Me you who possess understanding.
198It is no crime to you that you seek the bounty of your Lord; but when you pour forth from Arafat, remember Allah by the Sacred Monument. Remember Him how He guided you, although you were, before this, surely of those who are in error.
199Then quickly pass you forth from whence it is usual for multitudes to pour forth and ask pardon of Allah; verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
200And when you have performed your rites, remember Allah as you remember your fathers, or with a keener memory still. There is among men such as says, "Our Lord! Give us in this world;" but then they have no portion in the Hereafter.
201And some there be who say, "Our Lord! Give us in this world good and good in the Hereafter; and defend us from the torment of the fire!"
202These have their portion from what they have earned; for Allah is swift at reckoning.
203Remember Allah through the appointed days; but whoever hastens off in two days, it is no sin to him, and he who lingers on it is no sin to him, for him who fears. So fear you Allah and know that unto Him shall you be gathered.
204There is among men a type whose speech about the life of this world pleases you, and he calls on Allah to witness what is in his heart; yet is he most fierce in opposition unto you.
205And when he turns away, he strives upon the earth to do evil therein, and to destroy the tilth and the stock; verily, Allah loves not evil doing.
206And when it is said to him, "Fear Allah," then pride leads him to sin; but hell is enough for him! Surely an evil bed is that.
207And there is among men a type who sells his soul, craving, those things that are pleasing unto Allah, and Allah is kind unto His servants.
208O you who believe! Come, one and all (or wholeheartedly), into surrender (Islam), and follow not the footsteps of Satan; verily, to you he is an open enemy.
209And if you slip after the manifest signs have come to you, then know that Allah is the Mighty, the Wise.
210Do they expect that Allah should come unto them in the shadow of a cloud with angels? (Would this settle the question? Or is this the excuse?) But then their case would have been judged already. Unto Allah do all cases return.
211Ask the children of Israel how many a manifest sign We gave to them; and whoever alters Allah´s favours after that they have come to him, then Allah is strict at following up.
212Beautiful is the life of this world to those who disbelieve; they jest at those who do believe. But those who keep their duty shall be above them on the Day of Resurrection. Allah gives provision unto whom He will without measure.
213Mankind were one nation once, and Allah sent them prophets with good tidings and with warnings, and sent down with them the Book in truth, to judge between men in that wherein they disagreed; but only those unto whom the scripture was given disagreed therein after manifest signs had come to them, through selfishness and stubborn pride (or hatred) amongst themselves; and Allah guided by His Will the believers to the truth concerning that wherein they disagreed, for Allah guides whom He will unto the straight path.
214Did you count on entering Paradise, while there had nothing come to you like that which came to those who passed away before you; they encountered affliction and adversity, and they were made to quake, until the Messenger and those who believed with him said, "When (comes) Allah´s help? Surely, Allah´s help is nigh?"
215They will ask you what they are to expend in alms: say, "Whatsoever good you expend it should be for parents and kinsmen, and the orphan and the poor, and the son of the road (wayfarers); and whatsoever good you do, verily, of it Allah is Aware."
216Prescribed for you is Warfare, though it is hateful to you. But it is possible that you hate a thing while it is good for you, and it is possible that you love a thing while it is bad for you; Allah knows, and ye, you do not!
217They will ask you about warfare in the Sacred Month. Say, "Fighting therein is a great sin; but turning people away from Allah´s way, and disbelief in Him and in the Sacred Mosque, and to expel His people out there from, is a greater sin in the sight of Allah; and persecution is a greater sin than slaughter." They will not cease from fighting you until they turn you from your religion if they can; but whoever of you is turned from his religion and dies while still a disbeliever; these are those whose works are vain in this life and the Hereafter; they are the Fellows of the Fire, and they shall dwell therein.
218Verily, those who believe, and those who flee, and those who fight (strive and struggle) in Allah´s way; these may hope for Allah´s mercy, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
219They will ask you about wine and el maisar (getting something too easily, i.e. gambling, usury etc.), say, "In them both is great sin and some profit to men; but the sin of both is greater than the profit of the same." They will ask you what they shall expend in alms: Say: "The surplus (what is beyond need)." Thus does Allah manifest to you His signs; per chance (or possibly) you may reflect
220Upon this life and the Hereafter! They will ask you about orphans: say, "It is best to do what improves their lot." But if you mingle their affairs with your s - they are your brethren, and Allah knows him who means mischief from him who means well; and if Allah wills He could surely put you into trouble. Verily, Allah is Mighty, Wise.
221Wed not with idolatrous women until they believe, for surely a believing handmaid is better than an idolatrous woman, even though she please you. And wed not (your girls) to idolatrous men until they believe, for a believing slave is better than an idolater, even though he please you. These invite you to the fire, but Allah invites you to paradise and to pardon by His Grace, and makes clear His signs to mankind; per chance (or possibly) they may remember.
222They will ask you about menstruation: say, "It is a hurt and a pollution." So keep apart from women at such times, and go not near them till they are cleansed; but when they have purified themselves you may come in to them as Allah has ordered you. Verily, Allah loves those who turn to Him, and those who keep themselves clean.
223Your women are your tilth (to cultivate), so come into your tillage how you choose; but do a previous good act for yourselves, and fear Allah, and know that you are going to meet Him; and give good tidings unto those who do believe.
224Make not Allah an excuse in your oaths against doing good and observing your duty to Him, and make peace amongst men, for Allah is both Hearer and Knower.
225He will not call you to account for the unintentional word in your oaths, but He will call you to account for the intentions of your heart; but Allah is Forgiving and Clement.
226Those who take an oath of abstention from their wives, they must wait four months; but if they break their vow Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
227And if they intend to divorce them, verily, remember Allah is Hearer and Knower.
228Divorced women must wait, apart, for three courses; and it is not lawful to them that they hide what Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and in the Last Day. Their husbands will do better to take them back in that (case) if they wish for reconciliation; for, the same right is due to them as from them in kindness; but men have a degree of advantage (in strength, position, wealth etc.) over them. Allah is Mighty and Wise.
229Divorce is permissible only twice (after an intermediate reconciliation); then keep them in honour, or let them go with kindness. It is not lawful for you to take from them anything of what you have given them, unless both fear that they cannot keep within Allah´s bounds. So if you fear that you cannot keep within Allah´s bounds there is no crime in you both if she ransoms herself. These are Allah´s bounds. Do not transgress them; and whoever transgresses Allah´s bounds, they it is who are unjust.
230But if he divorce her (a third time) she shall not be lawful to him after that, until she marry another husband; but, if he divorce her too, it is no crime in them both to come together again, if they think that they can keep within Allah´s bounds. These are Allah´s bounds which He explains to a people who have knowledge.
231When you divorce women, and they have reached the prescribed time, then keep them in kindness (or equity), or release them in kindness (or equity). but do not keep them by force to transgress; for whoever does that, he is unjust to his own soul: and do not make the revelations of Allah into a jest; but remember Allah´s favours to you, and what He has sent down to you in the Book and Wisdom, to admonish you thereby; and observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Aware of all things.
232When you divorce women, and they have reached their prescribed term, do not put difficulties in their marrying their husbands, if it is agreed between them in kindness (or equity). This instruction is for all amongst you who believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is more pure for you and cleaner. But Allah knows, and you know not.
233Mothers shall suckle their children two whole years for those who wish to complete the time of suckling; the duty for feeding and clothing nursing mothers in adequate manner is upon the father of the child; but no soul shall be obliged beyond its capacity. A mother shall not be made to suffer because of her child; nor should he to whom the child is born (the father). And the same (is incumbent) on the heir (of the father). But if both parties wish to wean, by mutual consent and counsel, then it is no crime in them. And if you wish to provide a wet-nurse for your children, it is no crime in you provided you pay what you have promised her, in reason. Fear Allah, and know that Allah is Seer of what you do.
234Those of you who die and leave wives behind, let these wait by themselves for four months and ten days; and when they have reached their prescribed time, there is no crime in them for what they do with themselves in reason; for Allah is well informed of what you do.
235Nor is there any crime in you if you make them an offer of marriage, or that you keep it secret in your minds. Allah knows that you will remember them; but do not make a secret contract with them except in honourable terms (or use a recognised form of words and procedures); and resolve not on the marriage tie until the prescribed times are fulfiled. Know that Allah is Forgiving and Clement.
236It is no crime in you if you divorce your women ere you have yet touched them, or settled for them a settlement. But provide fair maintenance for them; the wealthy according to his power, and the straitened according to his power - a duty this upon the virtuous.
237And if you divorce them before you have touched them, but have already settled for them a settlement; then pay half of what you have settled, unless they (the women) agree to remit it, or he in whose hand is the marriage tie (the husband) remits it (his half, and therefore, pays the whole); and that you should remit it is nearer to righteousness; and forget not liberality between you. Verily, Allah is Seer of what you do.
238Observe prayers, especially the middle (afternoon) prayer, and stand you before Allah with full attention and devotion.
239And if you stand in danger, then pray afoot or on horseback; but when you are in safety remember Allah, how He taught you what yet you knew not.
240Those of you who die and leave wives, should bequeath to their wives maintenance for a year, without expulsion (from their home); but if they go out of their accord, there is no crime in you for what they do of their own rights. Allah is Mighty and Wise.
241And divorced women should have a maintenance in reason, - a duty this on those that fear.
242Thus does Allah explain to you His revelations so that you may understand.
243Do you not look at those who left their homes by thousands, for fear of death; and Allah said to them "Die," and then He quickened them again? Verily Allah is Lord of Grace to men, but most men give no thanks.
244Fight then in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is both Hearer and Knower.
245Who is there that will lend to Allah a goodly loan? He will increase it many times; Allah closes His hand and holds it out (i.e. He gives want or plenty), and unto Him shall you return.
246Do you not look at the chiefs of the children of Israel after Moses´ time, when they said to a prophet of theirs (Samuel), "Raise up for us a king, and we will fight in Allah´s way?" He said, "Will you perhaps, if it be prescribed for you to fight, refuse to fight?" They said, "Why should we not fight in Allah´s way, now that we are dispossessed of our homes and children?" But when it was prescribed for them to fight they turned back, save a few of them. Allah is Aware of evildoers.
247Then their prophet said to them, "Verily, Allah has raised up for you Talut (Saul) as a king;" they said, How can the kingdom be his over us; we have more right to the kingdom than he, for he has not an amplitude of wealth?" He said, "Verily, Allah has chosen him over you, and has provided him with an abundance of knowledge and stature. Allah gives the kingdom unto whom He will; Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing."
248Then said to them their prophet, "The sign of his kingdom is that there shall come to you the Ark with the shechina (peace, security and reassurance) in it from your Lord, and the relics of what the family of Moses and the family of Aaron left; the angels shall bear it." In that is surely a sign to you if you have faith.
249And when Saul set out with his army, he said, "Behold, Allah will try you with a river, and he who drinks there from, he is not of mine; but whoever tastes it not, he is of mine, save he who sips it with his hand." But they drank from it save a few of them, and when he crossed the river, he and those who believed with him, they said, "We have no power this day against Goliath and his army," But those who thought that they would meet their Lord said, "How many times has a small division of men vanquished a numerous one, by Allah´s permission. For Allah is with the steadfast."
250And when they went out against a Goliath and his forces, they prayed saying, "Lord, pour out on us endurance, make firm our steps, and help us against the faithless!"
251And they routed them by the permission of Allah, and David slew Goliath; and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of what He willed. And were it not that Allah repelled some men by means of others the earth would become corrupted; but Allah is Lord of Bounty over all the worlds.
252These are the signs of Allah, which We recite unto you in truth, for, verily, you are of those who are sent (Our Messengers).
253Of these Messengers, We preferred some above others. Of them are some to whom Allah spoke; and We have exalted some of them by degrees; and We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, manifest signs, and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit. And, if Allah had willed, those who came after them would not have fought one another, after the clear proof had come to them. But they disagreed, some believing and others disbelieving. And, if Allah had willed, they would not have fought one another; but Allah does what He will.
254O you who believe! Expend in alms of what We have bestowed upon you, before the day comes in which is no barter, and no friendship, and no intercession. The faithless, they are the miscreants.
255Allah, there is no God but He, the Living, the Eternal. Slumber takes Him not, nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Who is it that intercedes with Him save by His permission? He knows what is before them and what behind them, and they comprehend nothing of His Knowledge but of what He pleases. His throne extends over the heavens and the earth, and it tires Him not to preserve them both, for He is Sublime, the Grand.
256There is no compulsion in religion; the right way is henceforth distinct from the wrong. And whoever rejects Taghut (false deities) and believes in Allah, he has grasped a firm handle which will not break; but Allah is both Hearer and Knower.
257Allah is the patron of those who believe, He brings them forth from darkness into light. But those who disbelieve, their patrons are false deities; these bring them forth from light to darkness. Such are fellows of the Fire, they will dwell therein.
258Have you not seen him who disputed with Abraham about his Lord, that Allah had given him the kingdom? When Abraham said, "My Lord is He who gives life and death," he said, "I give life and death." Abraham said, "But verily, Allah brings the sun from the east, do you then bring it from the west?" Thus was the disbeliever abashed. Allah does not guide unjust folk.
259Or the like of him who passed by a town, when it was desolate and in ruins, and said, "How will Allah revive this after its death?" And Allah made him die for a hundred years, and then He raised him, and said, "How long have you tarried?" Said he, "I have tarried a day, or some part of a day." He said, "Nay, you have tarried a hundred years; look at your food and drink, they have rotted, and look at your ass; for We will make you a sign to men. And look at the bones how We scatter them and then clothe them with flesh." And when it was made manifest to him, he said, "I know now that Allah is Able to do all things."
260And when Abraham said, "Lord, show me how you will revive the dead," He said, "What, do you not yet believe?" Said he, "Yea, but that my heart may be quieted." He said, "Then take four birds, and take them close to yourself (tame them or make them love you); then put some of them on every hill; then call them, and they will come to you in haste; and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise."
261The likeness of those who expend their wealth in Allah´s way is as the likeness of a grain that grows to seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains, for Allah will give many fold unto whom He pleases; for Allah is All-Embracing and All-Knowing.
262Those who expend their wealth in Allah´s way, then do not follow it up by taunting and by annoyance, these have their reward with their Lord, and no fear is on them, neither shall they grieve.
263Kind speech and pardon are better than almsgiving followed by injury. Allah is Absolute and Clement.
264O you who believe! Make not your almsgiving vain by reproach (or reminders of your generosity) and injury, like him who expends what he has for the sake of appearances before men, and believes not in Allah and the Last Day; for his likeness is as the likeness of a flint with soil upon it, and a heavy shower falls on it and leaves it bare rock; they can do naught with what they earn, for Allah guides not the misbelieving folk.
265But the likeness of those who expend their wealth craving the goodwill of Allah, and to strengthen their souls, are as the likeness of a fertile garden on a hill. A heavy shower falls on it, and it brings forth its yield twofold; and if no heavy shower falls on it, the dew does; Allah is Seer of all you do.
266Would one of you like to have a garden of date-palms and vines, with rivers flowing beneath it, in which is every fruit; and when old age comes to him and he has weak children, that it should be stricken by a storm wind with fire therein, and burnt up? Thus does Allah manifest to you His signs, per chance (or possibly) you will reflect.
267O you who believe! Spend of the good things that you have earned, and of what We have brought forth for you out of the earth, and do not take the vile (or worst) thereof to spend in alms, that you would not take for yourselves save with closed eyes (or disdain); but know that Allah is Absolute, the Praise-worthy.
268The devil promises you destitution and bids you sin, but Allah promises you pardon from Him and grace, for Allah is both All-Embracing and All-Knowing.
269He brings wisdom unto whom He will, and he who is brought wisdom is brought much good; but none will remember save those endowed with understanding.
270Whatever alms you expend, or vow you swear, Allah knows it; but the unjust have no helpers.
271If you display your almsgiving, then it is well ; but if you hide it and bring it to the poor, then is it better for you, and will atone for you some of your evil deeds; for Allah is Informed of what you do.
272It is not your duty (O Muhammad) to guide them; but Allah guides whom He will; and whatever good you expend it is for yourselves when you spend not save for Allah´s sake. And what you spend of good, it shall be repaid you in full, and you shall not be wronged,
273(Alms are for) the poor who are straitened in Allah´s way, and cannot travel about in the earth. The ignorant think them to be rich because of their modesty; you will know them by their mark, they do not beg from men with importunity; but what you spend of good Allah knows.
274Those who expend their wealth by night and day, secretly and openly, they shall have their reward with their Lord. No fear shall come on them, nor shall they grieve.
275Those who devour usury shall not rise again, save as he rises whom Satan hath paralyzed with a touch; and that is because they say "trade is only like usury," but Allah has made selling (or trade) lawful and usury unlawful; and he to whom the admonition from his Lord has come, if he desists, he can keep his past gains: his matter is in Allah´s hands. But whoever returns (to usury) these are the Fellows of the Fire, and they shall dwell therein.
276Allah has cursed usury, but made charity fruitful, for Allah loves not the ungrateful and faithless.
277Verily, those who believe, and act righteously, and are steadfast in prayer, and pay the poor due, their reward is with their Lord; there shall no fear come on them, nor shall they grieve.
278O you who believe! Observe your duty to Allah, and remit the balance of usury, if you be, in truth, believers;
279And if you will not do it, then hearken to the proclamation of war from Allah and His Apostle; but if you repent, your capital is your s. Wrong not, and you shall not be wronged.
280And if a debtor be in difficulties, then wait for easier circumstances; but to remit the debt as alms is better for you, if you did but know.
281Guard yourselves against the day when you shall return to Allah; then shall each soul be paid what it has earned, and they shall not be wronged.
282O you who believe! If you contract a debt for a stated time, then write it down, and let a scribe faithfully record it in writing between you in equity; nor let a scribe refuse to write as Allah taught him, but let him write, and let him who owes dictate; but let him fear Allah his Lord, and diminish nothing there from; but if he who owes be of low understanding, or weak, or cannot dictate himself, then let the guardian of his interests (or agent) dictate faithfully in justice. And call two witnesses out from amongst their men; or if two men not be at hand, then a man and two women, from those whom he approves as witnesses, so that if one of the two should err, the second of the two may remind the other. And let not the witnesses refuse when they are summoned; and let them not tire of writing it, be it small or great, with the terms of payment. That is more just in the sight of Allah, and more upright for testimony, and brings you nearer to avoiding doubt. Unless, indeed, it be actual merchandise (or ready-money) which you transfer between you hand to hand. In that case it is no sin against you that you do not write it down; but bring witnesses to what you sell one to another, and let not either scribe or witness come to harm; for if you do, it will be an abomination in you. Observe your duty to Allah, for Allah is teaching you, and Allah is Knower of all things.
283But if you are upon a journey, and you cannot find a scribe, then let a pledge be taken. But if one of you trust another, then let him who is trusted surrender his trust, and let him fear Allah his Lord, and conceal not testimony, for he who conceals it, verily, sinful is his heart: Allah is Aware of what you do.
284Allah´s is what is in heaven and in the earth, and if you show what is in your souls, or hide it, Allah will call you to account; and He forgives whom He will, and punishes whom He will, for Allah is Able to do all things.
285The Messenger believes in what is sent down to him from his Lord, and so do the believers. Each believes in Allah, and His angels, and His Scriptures, and His Messengers, - We make no distinction between any of His Messengers - and they say, "We hear and we obey, Thy pardon, O Lord! For to Unto Thee is our journeying."
286Allah will not require of the soul beyond its capacity. It shall have what it has earned, and it shall owe what it deserves. "Our Lord, condemn us not, if we forget or miss the mark; Our Lord, load us not with a burden as Thou hast loaded those before us. Our Lord, impose not on us what we have not strength to bear, but forgive us, absolve us, and have mercy on us. Thou art our Sovereign, then give us victory against the faithless!"
Chapter 3 (Sura 3)
1ALIF LAM MIM.
2Allah, there is no God but He, the Living, the Self-Subsisting, Eternal.
3It is He who has sent down to you the Scripture with truth, confirming what was revealed before it, and has revealed the Torah and the Gospel before this for the guidance of mankind, and has revealed the Discrimination (Criterion).
4Verily, those who disbelieve in the signs of Allah, for them is a severe penalty, for Allah is Mighty and Avenging.
5Verily, from Allah, there is nothing hidden in the earth, nor in heaven;
6He it is who fashions you in the womb as He pleases. There is no God but He, the Mighty, the Wise.
7He it is who has revealed to you the Book, in which there are some verses that are Basic (decisive, or of established meaning) they are the mother (foundation) of the Book; and others are allegorical. But as for those in whose heart is perversity, they follow what is allegorical seeking discord, craving for (their own) interpretation of it; but none know the interpretation of it except Allah. And those who are well grounded in knowledge say, "We believe in it; it is all from our Lord"; but none will grasp the message save those who possess understanding. (Or: but none know the interpretation of it except Allah and those who are well grounded in knowledge. Say: "We believe in it, it is all from our Lord, but none will grasp the message save those who possess understanding.)
8 3:8 "O Lord! Pervert not our heart after Thou hast guided us, and grant us mercy from Thee, for Thou, only Thou art the Bestower (the Giver of Bounties).
9O Lord! It is Thou Who gathers together mankind unto the Day wherein is no doubt. Verily, Allah will not depart from His promise."
10Verily, their wealth shall not help the faithless, nor their children, against Allah at all; they will be fuel for the fire.
11As was the case with Pharaoh´s people and their predecessors: they said Our signs were lies, and Allah seized them for their sins, for Allah is severe in punishment.
12Say to those who disbelieve, "Soon you shall be overcome and driven together to Hell, an evil bed will it be.
13"You already have had a sign in the two parties who met (at the battle of Badr); one party fighting in the way of Allah, the other disbelieving; these saw, with their very eyes, twice the number as themselves. Thus Allah strengthens with His help those whom He pleases." Verily, in that is a lesson for those who have perception.
14Beautiful unto men is the life of lust for women, and children, and heaps of hoarded gold and silver, and of horses well bred, and cattle, and well tilled land; these are the comforts for the life of this world; but Allah, with Him is the more excellent resort.
15Say, "But shall we tell you of a better thing than this?" For the righteous are Gardens with their Lord, beneath which rivers flow; they shall dwell therein for ever, and pure companions and grace from Allah; for all His servants are in Allah´s sight.
16Those who say, "Lord, we do, indeed, believe. Forgive you our sins and keep us from the torment of the fire,"
17Those who show patient, firmness and self-control, the truthful in word and deed, the devout in worship, and those who spend, and pray for forgiveness at dawn.
18Allah, Himself, bears witness that there is no God but He, and so do the angels, and those possessed of knowledge, maintaining His creation in justice. There is no God but He, the Mighty, the Wise.
19Verily, (the true) religion in Allah´s sight is The Surrender (to His will, i.e. Islam), and those to whom the Book was given formerly disagreed not until after knowledge came to them, through mutual envy. But whoever disbelieves in Allah´s revelations, (find that) truly Allah is quick at reckoning.
20And if they dispute with you, then say, "I have surrendered my whole self unto Allah, and so have those who follows me." And say to those who have been given the Book, and unto the unlearned (or unread or Gentiles), "Have ye, too, surrendered" and if they surrender, then are they truly guided. But if they turn their backs, then your duty is only to convey the message unto them. Allah is Seer of His servants.
21Verily, those who disbelieve in Allah´s revelations, and kill the prophets wrongfully, and kill those from among mankind who bid what is just, promise them a grievous woe!
22These are they whose works are void in this world and the Hereafter, and they have no helpers.
23Did you not see those who have been given a portion of the Book? They called on the Book of Allah to decide disputes between them; and then a sect of them turned their backs and opposes it;
24That is because they say, "The fire shall not touch us save for a certain number of days." But that which they had invented in their religion deceived them.
25How will it be when we have gathered them together on a Day whereof there is no doubt, when each soul shall be paid what it has earned in full, and they shall not be wronged?
26Say, "O Allah, Lord of the Kingdom! Thou givestst the kingdom (or power and authority) to whomsoever Thou pleases, and withdraws the kingdom (or power and authority) from whomsoever Thou pleases; Thou honours whom Thou pleases, and abases whom Thou pleases; in Thy hand is good. Verily, Thou art mighty over all things.
27Thou dost turn night to day, and do turn day to night, and do bring forth the living from the dead, and Thou brings forth the dead from the living. Thou dost give sustenance for whom Thou chooses without stint."
28Let not those who believe take disbelievers for their friends rather than believers. He who does this has no part with Allah at all, unless, indeed, you guard yourselves against them. But Allah bids you beware of only Himself, for unto Allah is your journeying.
29Say, "If you hide that which is in your breasts, or if you show it, Allah knows it: He knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, for Allah is Able to do all things."
30On the day when every soul shall find itself presented with what it has done of good and what it has done of evil, then it will long that there were between itself and that evil a wide distance. Allah bids you beware of Himself, but Allah is gentle with His servants.
31Say, "If you love Allah then follow me, and Allah will love you and forgive you your sins, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful."
32Say, "Obey Allah and the Messenger"; but if they turn away Allah loves not disbelievers."
33Verily, Allah has preferred Adam, and Noah, and Abraham´s family, and Imran´s family above all people,
34Offsprings one of the other. Allah Hears and Knows all things.
35When Imran´s wife said, "Lord! I have vowed to dedicate unto Thee what is within my womb. Accept it then from me. Verily, you are Hearer and Knower."
36And when she brought it forth she said, "Verily, I have brought forth a female" - Allah knew best what she brought forth; and a male is not like a female - "I have called her Mary, and I seek a refuge in Thee for her and for her seed from Satan the outcast."
37And her Lord accepted fully, and gave her a goodly growth, and assigned her to Zachariah´s care. Whenever Zachariah entered her chamber he found beside her a provision, and he said, "O Mary, whence comes this to you?" She answered, "It is from Allah, for Allah provides without stint for whom He pleases."
38Therefore prayed Zachariah to his Lord, and said, "Lord, grant me from Thee good seed. Verily, Thou hears prayer."
39And an angel called out to him as he was standing praying in the chamber (and said) "Allah gives you the glad tidings of John, to confirm the Word from Allah, a noble and a chaste one, and a prophet of the righteous."
40He said, "My Lord, how can there be to me a boy when old age has reached me, and my wife is barren?" The angel answered, "Thus Allah does what He pleases."
41He said, "My Lord, make for me a sign." The angel said, "The sign unto you is that you shall not speak to men for three days, save by gesture; but remember your Lord much, and celebrate His praises in the evening and the morning."
42And when the angels said, "O Mary! Verily, Allah has chosen you, and has purified you, and has chosen you above the women of the world.
43O Mary! Be obedient unto your Lord, and adore and bow down with those who bow.” This is (one) of the declarations of the unseen world which we reveal to you (Muhammad), though you were not by them when they threw their lots as to which of them should take care of Mary, nor were you by them when they did dispute.
44When the angel said, "O Mary! Verily, Allah gives you the glad tidings of a Word from Him; his name shall be the Messiah Jesus, the son of Mary, honoured in this world and the Hereafter and of those whose place is nigh to Allah.
45And he shall speak to people in his cradle and in his manhood, and shall be among the righteous."
46She said, "Lord! How can I have a son, when man has not yet touched me?" He said, "Thus Allah creates what He pleases. When He decrees a matter He only says: BE! And it is;
47And He will teach him the Scripture and wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel,
48And he shall be a Messenger to the people of Israel (saying), "Verily, I have come to you, with a sign from Allah, namely, that I will create for you out of clay a form of a bird, and I will blow thereon and it shall become a bird by Allah´s permission; and I will heal those blind from birth, and lepers; and I will raise the dead to life by Allah´s permission; and I will tell you what you eat and what you store up in your houses. Verily, in these are signs for you if you have faith.
49And I come confirming what was before you of the Torah, and to make lawful for you some of that which was forbidden unto you. I come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear Allah and follow me,
50Allah is my Lord, and your Lord, so worship Him: - this is the straight path."
51And when Jesus perceived their unbelief, He said, "Who will be my helpers in the cause of Allah?" The disciples said, "We will be Allah´s helpers. We believe in Allah, so bear you witness that we have surrendered (unto Him).
52Lord, we believe in what Thou hast revealed, and we follow him whom Thou hast sent, so write us down with those who bear witness."
53But they (the Jews or unbelievers) schemed, and Allah schemed, for Allah is the best of schemers!
54Behold! Allah said, "O Jesus! I will take you and raise you up to Myself, and will cleanse you (of the falsehoods) of those who disbelieve, and will set those who follow you above the faithless until the Day of Resurrection. Then unto Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that wherein you used to disagree.
55And as for those who disbelieve, I will punish them with grievous punishment in this world and the next, and they shall have none to help them."
56But as for those who believe and do good works, He will pay them their wages in full, for Allah loves not the wrongdoers (or unjust).
57This which We recite unto you is of the Signs (revelations) and of the Wise Reminder (the Message of Wisdom, the Quran).
58Verily the likeness of Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him from earth, then He said to him: BE! And he was;
59This is the truth from your Lord, so be you not of those who are in doubt.
60And whoever disputes with you after what has come to you of knowledge, say, "Come, let us call our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves: then we will earnestly pray and invoke Allah´s curse on those who lie."
61Verily, those are the true stories, and there is no God but Allah, and, verily, Allah He is the Mighty, the Wise;
62But if they turn away, Allah is Aware of the evildoers (corrupters, mischief-makers).
63Say, "O you people of the Book, come to an agreement between us and you, that we will not serve other than Allah, nor associate aught with him, nor take others for Lords rather than Allah." But if they turn away then say, "Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered."
64O people of the Book, why do you dispute about Abraham, when the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed until after him? What! Do you not understand?
65Here you are, disputing about what you have some knowledge of; why then do you dispute about what you have no knowledge? Allah knows and you know not.
66Abraham was not a Jew, nor yet a Christian, but he was a "Hanif" (an upright man) who had surrendered, and not of the idolaters.
67Verily, the people who have most claim to (or are nearest of kin to) Abraham are those who follow him, and this prophet, and those who believe: - Allah is the patron of the believers.
68A sect of the people of the Book long to lead you astray, but they only lead themselves astray, and they perceive not.
69O people of the Book! Why disbelieve you the revelations of Allah, when you yourselves witness them?
70O people of the Book! Why do you clothe the truth with falsehood and knowingly hide the truth?
71A sect of the people of the Book say, "Believe in what was revealed to those who believed at the first appearance of the day, and disbelieve it at the end thereof" - that (others) may perchance go back (from their faith).
72"Do not believe save one who follows your religion." Say (unto them), "Verily, the (true) guidance is the guidance of Allah (alone), that any one should be given like what you are given." Or would they dispute with you before your Lord. Say, "The Bounty is in the hand of Allah, He gives it to whom he pleases, for Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
73He especially selects for His mercy whom he pleases, for Allah is Lord of Unbounded Grace.
74And among the people of the Book, there are some who, if you entrust them with a hoard of gold, will readily return it to you; and others among them, if you entrust them with a single coin, will not return it unless you keep standing over them. That is because they say, "We owe no duty to the Gentiles;" but they tell a lie against Allah, knowingly.
75Nay, whoever fulfils his covenant and acts righteously, - verily, Allah loves those who act righteously.
76Verily, those who sell Allah´s covenant and their oaths for a small price, these have no portion in the Hereafter. Allah will not speak to them, and will not look upon them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He make them grow (spiritually); but theirs is grievous woe.
77And, verily, amongst them is a sect who twist the Scriptures with their tongues, that you may suppose it to be from the Book, but it is not from the Book. They say, "It is from Allah," but it is not from Allah, and they tell a lie against Allah knowingly.
78It is not possible for a man to whom Allah has given the Scripture and the Wisdom and the Prophethood, that then he should say to men, "Be you servants of mine rather than of Allah;" but (what he said was) "Be you rather faithful servants of the Lord in teaching the Scripture of what you learn.”
79He does not command you to take the angels and the prophets for your Lords; would He bid you faithlessness after you have surrendered?
80When Allah made the covenant with the prophets, (He said) "Behold, what I have given you of the Book and Wisdom. Then shall come to you a Messenger confirming that which you possess. You shall believe in him and help him." And He said, "Are you resolved and do you take this covenant as binding on you?" They said, "We are resolved." And He said, "Then bear witness, for I am witness with you;
81But they who turns back after this, these are the miscreants."
82Seek they other than Allah´s religion? When to Him surrenders whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and unto Him shall they return!
83Say, "We believe in Allah, and what has been revealed to you , and what was revealed to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and what was given to Moses, and Jesus, and the prophets from their Lord, - we make no distinction between any of them, - and unto Him have we surrendered.
84Whoever craves a religion other than the Surrender (Islam), it shall surely not be accepted from him, and he shall be a loser in the Hereafter."
85How shall Allah guide people who have disbelieved after believing and bearing witness that the Apostle is true, and after there come to them manifest signs? Allah guides not the unjust folk.
86As for such their reward is that on them is the curse of Allah, and of the angels, and of all mankind (collectively);
87They shall dwell therein - the torment shall not be lightened from them, nor shall they have respite;
88Save those who repent after that, and do right (or make amends), for verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
89Verily, those who disbelieve after believing, and then increase in disbelief, their repentance shall not be accepted; these are those who are astray.
90Verily, those who disbelieve (or reject faith) and die in disbelief, there shall not be accepted from any one of them the earth-full of gold, though he should give it as a ransom. For them is grievous woe, and no helpers have they.
91You cannot attain to righteousness until you spend freely of what you love. But what you spend, of that Allah is aware.
92All food was lawful to the children of Israel save what Israel made unlawful to itself before the Torah was revealed. Say, "Bring the Torah and recite it, if you speak the truth."
93But whoever invents against Allah a lie, after that, they are, indeed, the wrong-doers.
94Say, "Allah speaks the truth, then follow the faith of Abraham, a "Hanif" (an upright or righteous man), who was not of the idolaters."
95Verily, the first House founded for men was surely that at Bekkah (Mecca), a blessed place and a guidance to the worlds.
96Therein are manifest signs - Abraham´s station, and whoever enters it is safe. It is a duty to Allah for man to make the pilgrimage unto the House, for whoever can find his way there (or can afford it). But whoever disbelieves - Allah is Independent (not needful) of all creatures (or worlds).
97Say, "O people of the Book! Why do you disbelieve in Allah´s revelations, when Allah is witness of what you do?"
98Say, "O people of the Book! Why do you turn from the way of Allah him who believes, craving to make it crooked, when you are yourselves witnesses (of Allah´s covenant)? But Allah is not unmindful of what you do."
99O you who believe! If you obey the sect of those to whom the Book was brought, they will turn you from believers to unbelievers again.
100How can you disbelieve while unto you are recited the revelations of Allah, and among you is His Messenger? But whoever takes tight hold on Allah, he is guided into the Straight Way.
101O you who believe! Observe your duty to (or fear or respect) Allah with the right observance (or with the fear or respect that He deserves), and die not save as those who have surrendered (in a state of Islam).
102Hold fast, all together, to the cable of Allah, and do not separate (divide or part in sects); but remember the favours of Allah towards you, when you were enemies and He made friendship between your heart, and on the morrow you became brothers, by His grace. You were on the edge of an abyss of fire, but He rescued you there from. Thus does Allah show to you His revelations; perchance you may be guided;
103And that there may spring from you a nation who invite to goodness, and bid right conduct, and forbid what is wrong (or indecent); these are the successful.
104Be not like those who parted in sects and disagreed after there came to them manifest signs; for them is mighty woe.
105On the day when faces shall be whitened and faces shall be blackened. As for those whose faces are blackened, - "Did you disbelieve after your faith, then taste the torment for your disbelief.”
106But as for those whose faces are whitened, in Allah´s mercy they shall dwell forever.
107These are the revelations of Allah. We recite them to you in truth, for Allah desires not injustice unto the worlds (or His creatures).
108Allah´s is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and unto Allah do all affairs return.
109You were the best of nations brought forth unto man. You bid what is reasonable, and forbid what is inappropriate (indecent, wrong), believing in Allah. Had the people of the Book believed, it would have been better for them. There are believers among them, though most of them are sinners.
110They shall surely not harm you save a trifle; and if they fight you, they shall show you their backs (flee), then they shall not be helped.
111They are smitten with abasement wherever they be found, save for the rope of Allah and the rope of man (the ties of the covenant); and they draw on themselves wrath from Allah and are smitten with wretchedness; that is because they did disbelieve in Allah´s signs, and killed the prophets wrongfully. That is because they did rebel and transgress.
112They are not all alike. Of the people of the Book there is an upright community, reciting the revelations of Allah throughout the night, falling prostrate (in Surrender).
113They believe in Allah, and in the last day, and bid intelligent (or right) conduct, and forbid what is stupid (or wrong), and vie with one another in good works; these are among the righteous.
114What good they do, surely Allah will not deny its merit, for Allah is Aware of those who fear (or repel) evil.
115Verily, those who disbelieve, their wealth and children are of no service to them against Allah; they are the rightful owners of the Fire, and they shall dwell therein.
116The likeness of what they spend in this life of the world is as the likeness of wind wherein is a cold blast that falls upon the harvest of a people who have wronged themselves and destroys it. It is not Allah who wrongs them, but it is themselves they wrong.
117O you who believe! Take not for intimates others than your own folk, who would not fail to ruin you; they love to obstruct you. Hatred is shown by their mouths; but what their breasts conceal is greater still. We have made manifest to you Our revelations, did you but understand.
118Verily, it is you who love them, but they love not you; and you believe in the whole of the Scripture. But when they meet you they say, "We believe;" and when they go aside they bite their fingertips at you through rage. Say, "Die in your rage, for Allah does know what is in your heart."
119If good luck touches you it is bad for them, but if bad luck befalls you they rejoice therein; yet if you are patient and fear, their tricks shall not harm you. Lo, Allah is surrounding what they do.
120When you did set forth early from your household to settle for the believers the positions for battle, Allah was Hearer and Knower.
121When two companies of you almost fell away in cowardice but Allah was their Guardian (or Protecting Friend), for on Allah surely do believers put their trust.
122Allah gave you victory at Badr when you were in a contemptible force; so do your duty to Allah in thankfulness.
123When you did say unto the believers, "Is it not enough for you that your Lord supports you with three thousand of the angels sent down from on high?
124Yea, if you persevere and avoid evil, and the enemy attacks you suddenly, your Lord will assist you with five thousand of His angels with force.
125Allah ordained this only as glad tidings to comfort your heart withal, for victory comes but from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise -
126That He may cut off some of the faithless, or overwhelm them that they may retire frustrated (from their purpose).
127It (the concern, responsibility or decision) is not for you whether He turns towards them again or punish them; for, verily, they are evil-doers.
128To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and in the earth. He forgives whom He will, and punishes whom He will. Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
129O you who believe! Devour not usury doubling and redoubling, but do your duty to Allah that you may be successful.
130Avoid the fire which is prepared for the faithless,
131And obey Allah and His Messenger, that you may get mercy.
132And vie with one another for pardon from your Lord, and for Paradise, the breadth of which is as the heaven and the earth, prepared for those who fear (or avoid) evil.
133Those who give charity, both in prosperity and in adversity, for those who control their rage, and those who are forgiving towards mankind. Allah loves the good.
134Those who when they do an evil, or wrong themselves, remember Allah, and ask forgiveness for their sins - and who forgives sins save Allah alone? - And do not knowingly repeat the wrong they did.
135The reward for such is forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens beneath which rivers flow, dwelling therein for ever - an excellent reward for those who strive.
136Systems have passed away before your time. Do travel in the earth, and see what was the consequence of those who denied (the prophets or Allah’s guidance).
137This is an explanation unto men, and a guidance and a warning unto those who fear evil.
138Do not give way nor grieve, for you shall overcome them if you but be faithful.
139If a wound touches you, a similar wound has touched the others: these are only the vicissitudes of varying fortune which we bring in turn to mankind that Allah may know those who it is that believe, and may choose from you witnesses, for Allah loves not the unjust.
140And that Allah may prove those who believe, and blot out the disbelievers.
141Did you think that you can enter Paradise without Allah testing those of you who fight (or strive) hard, and remain steadfast?
142Verily, you used to long for death before you met it! Now you see it (and flinch)!
143Mohammed is but a Messenger, messengers (the like of whom) have passed away before his time. What if he die or is killed, will you retreat upon your heels? He who retreats does no harm to Allah at all; but Allah will recompense the thankful.
144It is not for any soul to die, save by Allah´s permission, written down for an appointed time; but he who wishes for the reward of this world We will give him of it, and he who wishes for the reward of the Hereafter We will give him of it, and We will recompense the grateful.
145How many prophets, with them large numbers of devoted men, fought (in the cause of Allah)! They did not lose heart at what befell them in Allah´s way, nor did they weaken, nor did they demean themselves - Allah loves the steadfast.
146And their word was only to say, "Lord, forgive us our sins and wasted efforts; and make firm our footing, and help us against the faithless folk!"
147So Allah gave them the reward of this world, and also good reward in the Hereafter. Allah does love those whose deeds are good.
148O you who believe! If you obey those who disbelieve, they will turn you back upon your heels, and you will retreat as losers.
149Nay, Allah is your Protector; He is the best of helpers.
150We will throw dread into the heart of those who disbelieve, for that they associate partners unto Allah, for which He has revealed no authority; but their resort is fire, and evil is the resort of the wrong-doers.
151Allah has truly kept His promise, when you routed them by His permission, until you showed cowardice, and wrangled, and rebelled, after He had shown you what you loved (booty). Amongst you are those who love this world, and amongst you are those who love the Hereafter. Therefore He made you flee from them to try you; but now He has pardoned you, for Allah is Lord of grace unto believers.
152And when you climbed (the hill) and looked not round upon any one, although the Messenger was calling you from your rear. Therefore did Allah reward you with trouble on trouble that you should not grieve after what you had missed, nor for what befell you, for Allah is well aware of what you do.
153Then, after grief, He sent down upon you security, as drowsiness crept over one company of you, while another company became anxious about themselves, wrongly suspicious of Allah, with the suspicion of ignorance, and saying, "Have we any part (or chance) in this affair?" Say, "Verily, the affair is Allah´s." They conceal in themselves what they will not show to you, and say, "If we had any part (or chance) in this affair we should not be killed here." Say, "Even if you were in your houses, surely those, against whom slaughter was written down, would have gone forth to fight even to where they are lying now; that Allah may try what is in your breasts and prove what is in your heart. Allah is Aware of what is hidden in men´s breasts."
154Verily, those of you who turned your backs on that day when the two armies met, it was but Satan who made them slip because of something they had earned. But Allah has now pardoned them; verily, Allah is Forgiving and Clement.
155O you who believe! Be not like those who disbelieve, and say unto their brethren who went about in the earth, or are fighting in the field, "Had they but been with us, they would not have died or been killed." That Allah might make it a cause for sighs (regrets) in their heart. It is Allah that gives life and death; and Allah is Seer of what you do.
156And if, indeed, you be killed in Allah´s way or die therein, surely forgiveness from Allah and mercy is better than what you gather.
157And if you die or be killed it is to Allah that you shall be assembled.
158It was by the mercy of Allah that you did deal gently with them (O Muhammad), for had you been rough and fierce of heart they would have dispersed from around you. But pardon them, and ask forgiveness for them, and consult with them on the conduct of affair. As when you have resolved, then put your trust in Allah; verily, Allah loves those who trust (Him).
159If Allah help you, there is none that can overcome you; but if He withdraws his help, who is there that can help you? Upon Allah then let believers rely.
160It is not for the Prophet to deceive; and he who deceives shall bring his deceit with him on the Day of Resurrection. Then shall each soul be paid what it has earned, and they shall not be wronged.
161Is he who follows the pleasure of Allah, like him who has drawn on himself anger from Allah, whose resort is the Fire? An evil journey´s end!
162There are degrees with Allah, and Allah sees what you do.
163Allah was surely very gracious to the believers, when He sent amongst them a Messenger from among themselves (or of their own), who recite to them His revelations, and causes them to grow (or be purified), and teaches them the Scripture and wisdom, although they surely were before his time in manifest error.
164What! When a small disaster befalls you, though you have smitten them with twice as much, do you say, "How is this?" Say, "It is from yourselves. Verily, Allah has Power over all things."
165And what befell you the day when the two armies met, it was by Allah´s permission; that He might know the true believers,
166And He might know those who are hypocrites; for it was said to them, "Come, fight in Allah´s way," or "Repel (the foe)" But they said, "If we knew how to fight we would surely follow you." They were that day far nearer unto faithlessness than they were to faith, saying with their mouths what is not in their heart. But Allah does know best what they hide.
167Those who said of their brethren, whilst they themselves stayed at home, "Had they been guided by us they would not have been killed." Say (unto them), "Then repel from yourselves death, if you are truthful."
168Think not those who are slain in the way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are living; with their Lord they have sustenance;
169Rejoicing in what Allah has brought them of His Bounty, glad for those who have not reached them yet, those left behind; there is no fear for them, and they shall not grieve;
170They rejoice at the favour from Allah and grace, and that Allah wastes not the wages of the believers.
171Whoever answered to the call of Allah and of His Prophet after sorrow had befallen them, for those, if they do good and fear evil, there is a great reward.
172Those unto whom men said, "Verily, men have gathered against you, therefore, fear them," but it only increased their faith, and they say, "Allah is enough for us. He is the Most Excellent Disposer of affairs."
173Then they returned with the favour and grace from Allah; no evil touched them; for they followed the pleasure of Allah, and Allah is Lord of infinite Bounty.
174It is only Satan who frightens his friends. Fear them not, but fear Me, if you be true believers.
175Let not their conduct grieve you, those who vie with each other in disbelief. Verily, they cannot hurt Allah at all. Allah wills not to give them a portion in the Hereafter; but for them is an awful doom.
176Verily, those who purchase disbelief for faith, they do not hurt Allah at all, and for them is grievous woe.
177Let not those who disbelieve imagine that the respite they have is good for themselves. We only let them have their rein that they may increase in sin. And for them is shameful woe.
178Allah will not leave the faithful in your present state until He separates the vile from the good. And Allah will not inform you of the unseen, but Allah chooses of His Apostles whom He pleases. So believe you in Allah and His Messenger; and if you believe and do right, for you is measureless reward.
179And let not those who hoard what Allah has given them of His Bounty think that it is best for them; nay, it is worse for them. What they hoard will be a collar round their necks on the Day of Resurrection. Allah´s is the heritage of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is informed of what you do.
180Verily Allah heard the speech of those who said, "Verily, Allah is poor and we are rich." We will write down what they said, and how they killed the prophets undeservedly and say, "Taste you the torment of burning;"
181This shall they suffer for what their hands have sent on before: - for verily, Allah is no oppressor to His servants,
182Who say, "Verily, Allah has covenanted with us that we should not believe in a Messenger until he brings us a sacrifice which fire devours." Say, "There have come to you Messengers before me with manifest signs, and with the very thing you talk about; why then did you kill them, if you speak the truth?
183And if they deny you, even so did they deny Messengers before you, who came with manifest signs, and with the Psalms, and with the illuminating Scriptures.
184Every soul must taste of death; and you shall only be paid what you have earned on the Day of Resurrection. But he who is forced away from the Fire and brought into Paradise is indeed triumphant; but the life of this world is but a possession of illusion.
185You shall surely be tried in your wealth, and in your persons, and you shall surely hear much wrong from those who have had the Scripture before you, and from the idolaters. But if you be patient and fear evil, verily, that is the determining heart of affairs.
186When Allah took the covenant from those who have received the Scripture, (and said), "You shall of a surety manifest it unto men, and not hide it", they cast it behind their backs, and bought therewith a little gain, but evil is what they buy therewith.
187Think not that those who rejoice in what they have given, and love to be praised for what they have not done, - think not that they are in safety from woe - for them is painful woe!
188Allah´s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is Mighty over all things.
189Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the succession of night and day, are signs for those who possess understanding;
190Such as remember Allah standing and sitting or reclining, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth, (and say) "O Lord! Thou hast not created this in vain. Glory be to Thee; preserve us from the torment of the fire!
191"Our Lord! Verily, whomsoever Thou hast made to enter the fire, him, indeed, Thou hast disgraced; and for the wrongdoers there are no helpers.
192"Our Lord! Verily, we heard a crier calling to the faith, ´Believe you in your Lord,´ and we did believe. Lord! Therefore, forgive us our sins and remit from us our offences, and let us die the death of the righteous.
193"Our Lord! Bring us what Thou hast promised us by Thy Messengers, and disgrace us not upon the Day of Resurrection; for, verily, Thou dost not break Thy promises!"
194And the Lord shall answer them, "I waste not the works of a worker amongst you, be it male or female, - you proceed one from the other. So those who fled, and were turned out of their houses, and were harmed in My cause, and who fought and were killed, verily, I will remit their offences, and I will make them enter into gardens beneath which rivers flow - A reward from Allah." With Allah are the best of rewards.
195Let not the vicissitudes of the faithless deceive you.
196It is but a brief comfort, and then their resort is Hell; an evil couch shall it be.
197But those who keep their duty to their Lord, for them are gardens beneath which rivers flow, and they shall dwell therein for ever - a welcoming gift from Allah. That which Allah has is best for the righteous.
198Verily, of the people of the Book are some who do believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to you, and what was revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allah. They purchase not a small gain for the revelations of Allah. These shall have their reward with their Lord; verily, Allah is quick at reckoning. O you who believe! Endure and vie with one another in endurance, and be on the alert, and fear Allah, in order that you may succeed.
199O mankind! Be careful of your duty to your Lord, who created you from one soul, and created there from its mate, and scattered from the twain a multitude of men and women. Be careful of your duty towards Allah, in whose name you claim rights of one another, and the wombs that bore you; verily, Allah is Watcher over you.
200And give unto the orphans their property, and give them not the vile in exchange for the good, and devour not their property into your own property; verily, that would be a great sin.
Chapter 4 (Sura 4)
1But if you fear that you cannot do justice by orphans, then marry women who seem good to you, two, three, or four; and if you fear that you cannot be equitable to them, then only one, or what your right hands possess (captives, slaves). This is more likely to keep you from injustice.
2And give women their dowries freely; and if they of their own will remit any of it, then accept and enjoy it with good cheer.
3But give not unto the weak-minded the property which Allah has entrusted to you to maintain; but feed and clothe them from it, and speak words of kindness and justice to them.
4Prove orphans until they reach a marriageable age, then, if you perceive in them good judgment, hand over to them their property, and do not consume it wastefully and in haste lest they grow up. And the guardian who is rich, let him abstain from remuneration; but he who is poor, let him have what is just and reasonable. And when you deliver to the orphans their property, then have witnesses in their presence. Allah sufficient in taking account.
5Men should have a portion of what their parents and kindred leave, and women should have a portion of what their parents and kindred leave, whether it be little or much, a determinate (legal) portion.
6If at the time of division, other relatives, orphans or the poor are present, then bestow on them out of it, and speak to them in words of reason and kindness.
7And let those disposing of the property have the same fear as they would have had they left behind offsprings of their own. Let them fear Allah, and speak appropriately (with consideration).
8Verily, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly, only devour fire into their bellies, and they shall broil in flames.
9Allah instructs you concerning your children; for a male the like of the portion of two females, and if there be more than two women, then let them have two-thirds of the inheritance; and if there be but one, then let her have a half. And as to the parents, to each of them a sixth of what he leaves, if he has a son; but if he have no son, and his parents inherit, then let his mother have a third, and if he have brethren, let his mother have a sixth after any legacy he bequeaths or debt has been paid. Your parents or your children, you know not which of them is nearest to you in usefulness. This is an ordinance from Allah; verily, Allah is Knower and Wise!
10And you shall have half of what your wives leave, if they have no child; but if they have a child, then you shall have a fourth of what they leave, after payment of any bequests or debts. And they shall have a fourth of what you leave, if you have no child; but if you have a child, then let them have an eighth of what you leave, after payment of any bequest or debts. And if the man or the woman have a distant heir who is neither parent nor child, and he or she have a brother or sister, then let each of these two have a sixth; but if they are more than two, let them share in a third after payment of any bequest or debts, without prejudice. This is a commandment from Allah, and Allah is Knower and Forbearing!
11These are the limits of Allah, and whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger He will make him enter into gardens beneath which rivers flow, and they shall dwell therein for ever; that is the great success.
12But whoever rebels against Allah and His Messenger, and transgresses His bounds, He will make him enter into fire, and dwell therein for ever; and for him is shameful woe.
13As for those of your women who commit adultery, call witnesses four in number from among yourselves; and if these bear witness, then keep the women in houses until death release them, or Allah shall make for them a new way. (See 24:2-10)
14And if two of you commit it, then punish them both; but if they repent and amend, leave them alone, verily, Allah is easily Relenting, Merciful.
15Allah is only bound to forgive those who do evil through ignorance and then repent. Surely, these are the ones to whom Allah is relenting. Allah is Knower Wise.
16His forgiveness is not for those who do evil until death approaches and then he says, "Now I repent", nor yet for those who die faithless. For such We have prepared a grievous woe.
17O you who believe! It is not lawful for you to inherit women against their will; nor to restrain them so that you may take away part of what you gave them, unless they commit flagrant lewdness; but associate with them with kindness and equity, for if you dislike them, it may be that you dislike something wherein Allah has put much good for you.
18But if you wish to exchange one wife for another, and have given one of them a dower (money, gold), then take nothing back from it. What! Would you take it by slander and manifest wrong?
19How can you take it when one of you has gone in unto the other, and they have taken from you a solemn contract?
20And do not marry women your fathers married - except what has already happened - for it is an abominable and hateful practice, and an evil way.
21Unlawful for you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your paternal aunts and maternal aunts, and your brother´s daughters, and your sister´s daughters, and your foster mothers, and your foster sisters, and your wive´s mothers, and your step daughters who are your wards, born of your wives to whom you have gone in - but if you have not gone in unto them, then it is no crime in you - and the lawful spouses of your sons of your own loins, and that you have two sisters together - except what has already happened. Verily, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful;
22And all married women (are forbidden unto you), save such as your right hands possess (captives of war) - It is a decree of Allah for you. But lawful for you are all beyond these. So seek them with your wealth in honest marriage and not lust. But such of them from whom you seek comfort, give them their portions as a duty; and there is no crime in what you do by mutual agreement after the duty has been done. Verily, Allah is ever Knower and Wise.
23But whoever of you cannot marry free women who believe, then marry from what your right hands possess, believing maids; Allah knows best about your faith. You arise one from the other, so marry them with the permission of their people, and give them their portions in kindness and equity, they being chaste and not lecherous, and not of loose conduct. But when they are married, if they commit fornication, then inflict upon them half the penalty for free women; that is for whomsoever of you fears wrong; but that you should have patience is better for you, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
24Allah wishes to explain to you and to guide you into the ordinances of those who were before you, and would turn towards you in mercy, for Allah is Knowing, Wise.
25Allah wishes to turn towards you in mercy, but those who follow their own lusts (desires, prejudices, addictions, superstitions) wish that you should go far astray!
26Allah wishes to make the burden light for you, for man was created weak.
27O you who believe! Squander not your property amongst yourselves vainly, but use it in trade by mutual consent. And do not destroy yourselves (or kill one another); verily, Allah is ever Merciful unto you.
28But whoever does that maliciously and unjustly, we will broil him with Fire; for that is easy with Allah.
29If you avoid great sins from which you are forbidden, We will remit (or expel) your lesser offences (or all evil in you) and make you enter a noble gate.
30And do not covet that by which Allah has preferred one of you over another. The men shall have what they earn, and the women what they earn; but instead (of envy) ask Allah for His Bounty, verily, Allah is All-Knowing.
31To every one have we appointed sharers (heirs, kinfolk, partners) to property left by parents and relatives. And to those with whom you have joined right hands (made pledges, contracts, marriages), give them also their portion. For, verily, Allah is Witness over all things.
32Men are qawwam (have charge of, are protectors, maintainers) of women in that Allah hath made them superior in strength (or advantages), and in that they expend of their wealth (in support of women). So virtuous women are devoted (or obedient), careful (in their husband´s) absence, as Allah has cared for them. But those whose perverseness you fear, admonish them (first) and (then) remove them from your bedchambers, and (lastly) chastise them lightly (or punish by showing disapproval, withdrawing affection, separating) ; but if they obey you, then do not seek a way against them; verily, Allah is Exalted and Great.
33And if you fear a breach between the two (husband and wife), then appoint an arbiter from his people and an arbiter from her people. If they wish for reconciliation, Allah will arrange between them; verily, Allah is Knower and Aware.
34And serve Allah; associate nothing with Him; show kindness to parents, and to kindred, and orphans, and the needy, and to the neighbour who is a kin, and the neighbour who is a stranger, and the fellow traveller, and the wayfarer, and those whom your right hands possess (slaves). Verily, Allah loves not him who is proud and boastful;
35Who hoard their wealth and bid men to (or promote) avarice, and who hide what Allah has given them of His Bounty. We have prepared for the disbelievers a shameful woe.
36And for those who expend their wealth in alms for appearance sake before men, and who believe not in Allah nor in the last day. Whoever takes Satan for his mate, an evil mate has he.
37What harm would it do them if they believed in Allah and in the Last Day, and expended in alms of what Allah has provided them? But Allah has full Knowledge about them.
38Verily, Allah would not wrong by the weight of an atom; and if it´s a good work, He will double it and bring from Himself a mighty reward.
39What if We bring from every nation a witness, and bring you as a witness against these!
40On the day when those who disbelieve and rebel against the Messenger would wish that they were levelled with the earth, but they cannot hide the facts from Allah.
41O you who believe! Approach not prayer while you are drunk (or mentally dull), until you know (can understand) what you are saying; nor yet while polluted - unless you are on a journey - until you have washed yourselves. But if you are sick, or on a journey, or one of you come from the toilet, or if you have touched a woman, and you cannot find water, then use clean sand (or earth) and wipe your faces and your hands therewith. Verily, Allah is Benign and Forgiving.
42Do you not see those who have been given a portion of the Book? They buy error, and they wish that you may stray from the way!
43But Allah knows best who your enemies are, and Allah suffices as a Patron (or protecting friend), and sufficient is Allah as a Helper.
44And some Jews change words from their context, and say, "We hear but we disobey"; and "We listen without hearing," and "Ra´hina ("Attend to us")" distorting it with their tongues (to mean "Take us to pasture") and slandering religion. But if only they had said, "We hear and we obey", and "We do hear" and "Do attend to us", it would have been better for them and more upright; but Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, for they will not believe, except a few.
45O you who have been given the Book! Believe in what We have revealed, confirming what you had before; ere we deface your faces and turn them into hinder parts, or curse you as we cursed the Sabbath-breakers. The command of Allah´s is always done.
46Verily, Allah pardons not associating anything with Him, but He pardons anything short of that, to whomsoever He pleases; but associating anything with Allah is to devise a mighty sin indeed.
47Do you not see those who pride themselves for sanctity? Nay, Allah sanctifies whom He will, and they shall not be wronged a straw.
48Behold, how they devise lies against Allah, and that is manifest sin enough.
49Do you not see those to whom a portion of the Book has been given? They believe in Gibt and Taghut (Idols and False Deities, vain things, sorcery, superstition), and they say of those who disbelieve, "These are better guided in the way than those who believe."
50These are those whom Allah has cursed, and whom Allah has cursed no helper shall he find.
51Shall they have a portion of the kingdom? Why, even then they would not give to men a jot.
52Do they envy man for what Allah has given of His grace? We have given to the House of Abraham the Scripture and Wisdom, and we have given them a mighty kingdom.
53And of them are some who believe therein, and of them are some who turn from it, but Hell is flaming enough for them.
54Verily, those who disbelieve in Our signs, We will broil them with Fire; whenever their skins are well done, then We will change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the torment. Verily, Allah is Mighty and Wise.
55But those who believe and do right, We will make them enter gardens beneath which rivers flow, and they shall dwell therein for ever. For them therein are pure companions; We will admit into a shades, cool and deep.
56Verily, Allah bids you repay your trusts to their owners, and when you judge between men to judge with justice. Verily, excellent is what He admonishes you; verily, for Allah is both Hearer and Seer.
57O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those in authority amongst you; and if you dispute (quarrel or argue) about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you (in truth) believe in Allah and the Last Day; that is better and fairer in the end.
58Do you not see those who pretend that they believe in what has been revealed to them, and what was revealed before you; they wish to refer their judgment to Taghut (the Evil One, or False Deities and authorities), but they were bidden to reject him. But Satan wishes to lead them into a remote error.
59And when it is said to them, "Come round to what Allah has sent down and unto the Messenger," you see the hypocrites turning from you in aversion.
60How then when there befalls them a misfortune through their own actions? Then will they come to you, and swear by Allah, "We meant naught but good and concord (harmony, reconciliation)."
61These people - Allah knows the secrets of their heart. Turn you away from them and admonish them, and speak to them words to reach their souls (or about their souls).
62We have never sent a messenger save that he should be obeyed by the permission of Allah; and if they, when they have wronged themselves, come to you and ask pardon of Allah, and the Messenger asks pardon for them, then they will find Allah easily Forgiving, Compassionate.
63But no! By your Lord! They will not believe, until they have made you judge of what they differ on; then they will not find in themselves any hindrance to what you have decreed, and they will fully surrender.
64But had we prescribed for them, "Sacrifice your lives, or leave your homes" they would not have done it, save only a few of them. But had they done what they were told, then it would have been better for them, and more strengthening.
65And then We would surely have brought them from Our Presence a mighty reward,
66And We would have guided them into the Straight Way.
67Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, these are in the company of those unto whom Allah has shown favour, of the prophets and saints and martyrs and the righteous; - the fairest company are they.
68Such is the Bounty of Allah, and Allah suffices as Knower.
69O you who believe! Take your precautions and go forth in groups or all together.
70Verily, there are some who tarry behind, and, if a mischance befalls you, they say, "Allah has been gracious to us, since we are not martyrs with them."
71But if a fortune from Allah befalls you, they would surely say - as though there were no friendship between you and them - "O would that I had been with you, then I would have achieved a great success!"
72Let those then fight in Allah´s way who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter; and whoever fights in Allah´s way, then, be he killed or be he victorious, We will give him a mighty reward.
73What ails you that you do not fight in Allah´s way, and for the weak (oppressed) men, women and children, who cry, "Lord, rescue us from this town of oppressive people, and raise for us from Thee a Patron (or protecting friend), and raise for us from Thee a help?"
74Those who believe fight in the way of Allah; and those who disbelieve fight in the way of Taghut (The Evil One); fight you then against the friends (supporters, protectors, patrons) of Satan, verily, Satan´s strategies are feeble indeed.
75Do you not see those to whom it is said, "Restrain your hands, but be steadfast in prayer and give alms (do charity);" and when it is prescribed for them to fight then, behold, a section of them fear men, with the fear justly due to Allah, or with a still stronger fear, and they say, "Our Lord! Why have you ordered us to fight. Could you not let us abide till our appointed time?" Say, "The enjoyment of this world is but slight (or short), and the Hereafter is better for him who does right. But they shall not be wronged a straw."
76"Wherever you be, death will overtake you, though you were in lofty towers." And if a good thing befalls them, they say, "This is from Allah," but if a bad thing, they say, "This is from you (Muhammad)." Say (unto them), "It is all from Allah." What ails these people? They can hardly understand an event.
77Whatever befalls you of good (O man) it is from Allah; and whatever befalls you of evil it is from your own soul. We have sent you to (instruct) mankind as a Messenger, and Allah suffices for a witness.
78Whoever obeys the Messenger he has obeyed Allah; and he who turns away - We have not sent you as a warder over them.
79They say, "Obedience!” But when they sally forth from you, a company of them ponder (meditate, plan, brood) by night over something other than that which you have said; but Allah writes down that over which they ponder. Turn then from them and rely on Allah, for Allah suffices as Trustee.
80Do they not meditate on the Quran? If it were from other than Allah they would find in it many a discrepancy (inconsistencies, contradictions).
81And when there comes to them a matter of security or fear they broadcast it; but if they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority amongst them, then those of them who can think would know it; but were it not for Allah´s grace upon you and His mercy you would have followed Satan, save a few.
82Fight, then, in the way of Allah; impose nothing on anyone else but on thyself (or you are responsible only for thyself), and urge on (or rouse, encourage) the believers. Perchance Allah will restrain the violence of those who disbelieve, for Allah is Mightier, severer in punishment.
83Whoever intercedes (recommends, promotes, encourages) well in a good cause shall have the reward there from; but he who intercedes (recommends, promotes, encourages) with a bad intercession shall have the like thereof, for Allah oversees all things.
84And when you are greeted with a good (courteous, friendly, beneficial) salutation, salute with a better one, or return it; verily, Allah takes account of all things.
85Allah! There is no god but He! He will surely assemble you on the Day (of Judgment or Resurrection), about which there is no doubt; Whose word is truer than Allah´s?
86What ails you that you have become two parties regarding the hypocrites, when Allah hath cast them back for what they earned? Do you wish to guide those whom Allah hath led astray? Whoever Allah hath led astray you shall surely find for him no path.
87They desire that you disbelieve as they disbelieve, that you might be alike; take you not friends from among them until they too flee in Allah´s way; but if they return to enmity, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them, and take from them neither patron nor help.
88Save those who join (or take refuge among) a people betwixt whom and you is an alliance, or those who come to you because their heart forbid them from fighting you or fighting their own people. But had Allah pleased He could have given them power over you, and they would surely have fought you. So if they withdraw from you and do not fight you, and offer you peace, then Allah allows you no way against them.
89Thee will find others who seek for security from you, and security from their own people; whenever they obtain it, they are tempted back to hostility: but if they retire not from you, nor offer you (guaranteed) peace, nor restrain their hands, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them (be decisive); over these We have given you manifest warrant.
90It is not for a believer to kill a believer save by mistake; and whoever kills a believer by mistake then let him free a believing slave and compensation must be paid to his people, unless they remit it as charity. But if he be from a tribe hostile to you and yet a believer, then let him free a believing slave. And if he comes from a people betwixt whom and you there is an alliance, then let the compensation be paid to his folk and let him also free a believing slave. But he who cannot find the means, then let him fast for two consecutive months - a penance this from Allah, for Allah is Knower, Wise.
91And whoever kills a believer purposely, his reward is hell for ever. Allah will be wrath with him, and curse him, and prepare for him a mighty woe.
92O you who believe! When you go forth in the way of Allah be discriminate, and do not say to him who offers you a salutation, "You art no believer," craving after the goods of this world´s life (wishing to exploit him), for with Allah are abundant spoils! Even so were you before until Allah was gracious to you. Therefore, be you discriminate; verily, Allah is well Informed of what you do.
93Not alike are those of the believers who sit at home, except those have a disability, and those who strive in Allah´s way with their wealth and their lives. Allah hath preferred those who strive with their wealth and their lives to those who sit still, by many degrees. To each hath Allah promised good, but Allah hath bestowed on those who strive a greater reward than those who sit still,
94Degrees of rank from Him, and pardon and mercy, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
95Verily, the angels when they take the souls of those who had wronged themselves, they say, "What state were you in?" They say, "We were but weak (and oppressed) in the earth;" They say, "Was not Allah´s earth wide enough for you to flee (migrate) away?" These are those whose resort is hell, an evil journey´s end!
96Save for the weak (oppressed) men, and women, and children, who had no means, stratagem or guidance;
97These it may be Allah will pardon, for Allah is Clement and Forgiving.
98Whoever flees (migrates) in the way of Allah shall find in the earth many a spacious refuge; and he who goes forth from his house, fleeing unto Allah and His prophet, and then death catches him up - his reward becomes incumbent on Allah, and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
99And when you travel about in the earth, it is no crime to you that you shorten your prayer for fear that unbelievers will set upon you. Verily, the unbelievers are your obvious foes.
100When you (Muhammad) are amongst them, and stand up to pray with them, then let a party of them stand up with you, and let them take their arms; and when they have finished their prostration (adoration, prayers), let them go to the rear, and let another party who have not yet prayed, come forward and pray with you; and let them take their precautions and their arms. The unbelievers wish that you were careless of your arms and your baggage, that they might turn upon you with a single rush. And it is no crime for you that you lay down your arms if you be annoyed with rain or be sick; but take your precautions. Verily, Allah has prepared for the unbelievers a humiliating punishment.
101But when you have fulfiled your prayer, remember Allah standing and sitting and lying; and when you are in safety then be steadfast in prayer; verily, fixed times of prayer have been prescribed for the believers.
102And slacken not in pursuit of the enemy; if you suffer they shall surely suffer too, even as you suffer; and you hope from Allah what they cannot hope for! And Allah is Knower, Wise.
103Verily, We have revealed to you the Book in truth that you may judge between men by what Allah has shown you; so plead not for (or be used as an advocate by) the treacherous;
104But seek Allah´s pardon: Verily, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
105And contend (argue) not for those who defraud themselves; for Allah loves not him who is a fraudulent sinner.
106They hide themselves from men; but they cannot hide themselves from Allah, for He is in their midst while they brood at night (in darkness or in secret) in words (thoughts, concepts, attitudes) that please Him not; but Allah encompasses all they do!
107Here are ye, wrangling for them about this world´s life: - but who shall wrangle with Allah for them on the Day of Judgment, or who shall be their defender?
108Yet whoever does evil and wrongs his own soul, and then asks pardon of Allah, shall find Allah Forgiving and Merciful;
109Whoever commits (or reaps, earns the wages or consequences of) a wrong (sin, crime), he only commits it against his own soul, for Allah is Knowing, Wise.
110And whoever commits a fault or a wrong and throws it on the innocent, he has burdened himself with a falsehood and a manifest crime (sin).
111Were it not for Allah´s grace upon you, and His mercy, a party of them would have tried to lead you astray; but they only lead themselves astray; they shall not hurt you at all: for Allah hath sent down upon you the Book and the Wisdom, and taught you what you did not know. Mighty was the Grace of Allah on you.
112There is no good in much of their secret conferences; save in his who bids almsgiving, or kindness, or reconciliation between men; and whoever does this, craving the good pleasure of Allah, we will give to him a mighty reward.
113But he who severs himself from the prophet after the guidance has been made manifest to him, and follows other than the way of the believers, We will turn on him as he hath turned (appointing for him the path to which he himself has turned); and we will make him reach hell, and a bad journeys end shall it be.
114Verily, Allah forgives not associating anything with Him, but He pardons anything short of that, to whomsoever He will; but whoever associates aught with Allah, he hath strayed far into error.
115Verily, they (Pagans) call on females deities instead of Him; but they call only on Satan, the rebellious.
116Allah cursed him. For he said, "I will take from Thy servants a portion due to me,
117And surely I will lead them astray; and I will stir up vain desires within them; and I will order them and they shall surely crop the ears of cattle (superstitious practices); and I will order them and they shall surely alter (or corrupt) Allah´s creation." But he who takes the devil for his patron instead of Allah, he loses with a manifest loss.
118He promises them, and stirs up vain desires within them; but the devil promises only to deceive.
119These (Satan´s dupes), their resort is hell; they shall not find an escape there from!
120But those who believe, and do what is right, We will make them enter into gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever - It is Allah´s promise in truth; and whose word is truer than Allah´s?-
121Not in accordance with your vain desires, nor the vain desires of the people of the Book. He who does evil shall be recompensed therewith, and shall not find for him beside Allah a patron, or a help.
122But he who does good works, be it male or female, and believes, they shall enter into Paradise, and they shall not be wronged a jot.
123Who has a better religion than he who surrenders himself to Allah, and does good, and follows the faith of Abraham, the upright? Allah took Abraham as a friend.
124And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth, and Allah encompasses all things.
125They will ask you for a decision (or instructions) about women; say, "Allah decides for you about them, and so do the Scriptures recited to you (remember them) about female orphans to whom you do not give what is prescribed for them though you are not averse to marrying them; and about the weak (neglected, oppressed and deprived) children; and that you deal fairly with orphans. Whatever good you do, verily, Allah is ever Aware of it."
126And if a woman fears from her husband perverseness or aversion (ill-treatment or desertion), it is no crime in them both that they should make terms of amicable settlement, for peace (agreement) is best. But souls are prone to avarice; if you do good (act kindly) and fear Allah (and keep from evil by practicing self-control), Allah is Well-Aware of what you do.
127It may be that you will not be able to act equitably to your wives, even though you ardently desire to. But do not turn away from her, leaving her in suspense. If you come to a friendly understanding and avoid evil, then Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
128But if they must separate, Allah can provide (make both independent) out of His abundance; for Allah is All-embracing, All-Knowing.
129To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth! We have charged those who have been given the Book before you, and you too, that you fear (respect and do your duty to) Allah. But if you disbelieve, verily, to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth, and Allah is Absolute (free of all wants) and Worthy of all Praise!
130Yea, unto Allah belong all things in the heavens and on the earth! And Allah suffices as Defender.
131If He will He can destroy you, O mankind! and can create another race (or community, nation); Allah is able to do all that.
132He who wishes for a reward in this world, (know that) with Allah is the reward of this world and also of the Hereafter, and Allah is both Hearer and Seer.
133O you who believe! Be you steadfast in justice, witnesses for Allah, though it is against yourselves, or your parents, or your kindred, be it rich or poor, for Allah is nearer both than either. Follow not, then, lusts (prejudices, superstitions, passions), so as to act unjustly (or with bias); but if you swerve or turn aside, Allah is well Aware of what you do.
134O you who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messengers, and the Book (Scripture) which He hath revealed to His Messenger, and the Book (Scripture) which He sent down before you; for whoever disbelieves in Allah, and His angels, and His Messenger, and the last day, has strayed far into error.
135Verily, those who believe and then disbelieve, and then again believe and then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them in the Way.
136Give to the hypocrites the glad tidings that for them is grievous penalty.
137Yea, to those who take the disbelievers for their patron rather than believers. Do they crave honour from them? Verily, all honour is with Allah!
138He hath revealed this to you in the Book, that when you hear the signs of Allah rejected and mocked, then sit you not down with them until they turn to another topic, for verily, then you would be like them. Verily, Allah will gather the hypocrites and disbelievers into hell together.
139Those who lie in wait for you, and if the victory be your s from Allah, say, "Were we not with you?" and if the unbelievers have a chance of success, they say, "Did we not gain an advantage over you, and defend you from the believers?" But Allah shall judge between you on the Day of Resurrection; for Allah will not give the faithless a way against the faithful.
140Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but He deceives them; and when they rise up to pray, they rise up lazily to be seen of men, and little do they remember Allah;
141Wavering (in distraction) between this and that, (belonging) neither to these nor yet to those! But whomsoever Allah causes to go astray you shall not find for him a Way.
142O you who believe! Take not disbelievers for friends rather than believers; do you wish to give Allah a proof (or warrant) against you?
143Verily, the hypocrites are in the lowest depths of hell-fire, and you will not find for them a help.
144Save those who repent, and do right, and take tight hold on Allah, and are sincere in religion for (or purify religion for) Allah; these are with the believers, and Allah will give to the believers mighty reward.
145Why should Allah punish you, if you are grateful and believe? For Allah is Responsive and Aware.
146Allah loves not publicity of evil speech, unless one has been wronged; for Allah is Hearer and Knower.
147If you do good openly or in secret, or forgive evil, verily, Allah is Forgiving and Powerful!
148Verily, those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers and desire to make a distinction between Allah and His messengers, and say, "We believe in some and disbelieve in others," and desire to take a midway course between the two,
149These are the disbelievers, and We have prepared for disbelievers shameful woe!
150But those who believe in Allah and His messengers, and who do not make a distinction between any one of them, to these Allah will give their wages, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful!
151The people of the Book will ask you to bring down for them a book from heaven; but they asked Moses a greater thing than that, for they said, "Show us Allah openly;" but the thunderbolt caught them in their injustice. Then they chose the calf, after what had come to them of manifest signs; but We pardoned that, and gave Moses evident authority.
152And We held over them the mountain (Sinai) for their covenant, and said to them, "Enter you the door prostrate (in humility, worship or adoration);" and We said to them, "Transgress not on the Sabbath day", and We took from them a firm covenant.
153But then because they broke their covenant, and for their disbelief in Allah´s revelations, and for their killing the prophets undeservedly, and for their saying in defiance, "Our heart are uncircumcised, (Our heart are sufficient wrappings or forskins for Allah´s Words)" - nay, Allah hath stamped on them their disbelief, so that only a few believe -
154And because of their disbelief, and because of their utterance of a mighty calumny against Mary;
155And because of their boastful saying, "Verily, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah," - but they killed him not, nor did they crucify him, but it was obscured for them (or it appeared so to them). And verily, those who differ about him are in doubt concerning him; they have no knowledge thereof, but only follow a conjecture. Certainly, they slew him not!
156Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; for Allah is ever Mighty and Wise!
157And there shall not be one of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death; and on the Day of Judgment he shall be a witness against them.
158And because of the iniquity (or injustice) of the Jews, We have forbidden them the good things which We had made lawful for them, and for their much obstructing the way of Allah,
159And for their taking usury when We had forbidden it, and for their vain devouring of the wealth of people by false pretences, We have prepared for those of them who disbelieve a grievous woe.
160But those amongst them who are firm in knowledge, and the faithful who believe in what is revealed to you , and what was revealed before you, and especially the steadfast in prayer, the givers of alms, the believers in Allah and the Last Day, unto these We will give a mighty reward.
161Verily, We have inspired you (Muhammad) as We inspired Noah and the prophets after him, and as We inspired Abraham, and Ishmael, and Jacob, and the tribes, and Jesus, and Job, and Jonas, and Aaron, and Solomon; and to David did We give the Psalms.
162Of some messengers We have already told you; and of other messengers We have not told you; But Allah spoke directly to Moses;
163Messengers giving glad tidings and warning, that men should have no argument against Allah, after the coming of messengers, for Allah is Mighty, Wise!
164But Allah bears witness to what He has revealed to you: He revealed it from His own knowledge, and the angels bear witness too; though Allah is witness enough.
165Verily, those who disbelieve and obstruct the way of Allah have strayed in wide error.
166Verily, those who disbelieve and do wrong (are unjust), Allah will not pardon them, nor will He guide them on the Way
167Save the way to hell, to dwell therein forever; that is easy enough to Allah!
168O you people! The Messenger has come to you with truth from your Lord: believe, then, in him, for it is better for you. But if you disbelieve, then (know) that to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth, and Allah is Knower, Wise
169O you people of the Book! Do not commit excesses in your religion, nor say against Allah anything save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, was but the messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Mary and a Spirit from Him; believe then in Allah and His messengers, and say not "Three." Desist! it is better for you. Allah is only one Allah, Glory be to Him, too Exalted is He that He should beget a Son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth, and Allah suffices as Defender.
170The Messiah does surely not disdain to be a servant of Allah, nor do the angels who are nigh to Him; and whoever disdains His service and is too proud, He will gather them altogether to Himself.
171But as for those who believe and do what is right, He will pay their due reward and will give increase to them from His Bounty. But as for those who are disdainful and arrogant, He will punish them with a grievous woe,
172Nor will they find, other than Allah, a patron or help.
173O you people! Convincing Proof has come to you from your Lord, for We have sent down to you manifest light.
174Then those who believe in Allah, and take tight hold of Him, He will admit them into His mercy and Grace; and He will guide them to Himself by a Straight Way.
175They ask you for a legal pronouncement; say, "Allah gives you a decision concerning remote kinship." If a man dies and have no child, but have a sister, let her have half of what he leaves; and had she died, he would be her heir, if she have no son. But if there be two sisters, let them both have two thirds of what he leaves; and if there be brethren, both men and women, let the male have like the portion of two females. Allah makes this manifest to you lest you err; for Allah is Knower of all things.
176O you who believe! Fulfil all your undertakings (and obligations). Lawful for you are beasts, save what is here announced. Forbidden you is the chase while you are on pilgrimage. Verily, Allah ordains according to His Will and Plan.
Chapter 5 (Sura 5)
1O you who believe! Profane not the Symbols of Allah (things connected with the pilgrimage), nor the sacred month (of pilgrimage), nor the sacrificial offering, nor the garlands (decorating these animals), nor those who sojourn at the sacred house (Kaaba), craving the grace and pleasure of their Lord. But when you are clear of the sacred precincts and the pilgrim´s garb then you may hunt again. And let not hatred against the people who once turned you from the Sacred Mosque tempt you to transgress; but help one another unto righteousness and pious duty. Help not one another unto sin and enmity; but fear (respect and keep your duty to) Allah. Verily, Allah is severe in punishment.
2Forbidden to you (for food) is that which dies of itself, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that which is devoted to other than Allah, and that which has died by strangling, or by violence, or by a fall, or by goring, and which has been eaten by wild animals - except what you slaughter correctly - and what is sacrificed to idols. And (forbidden) is the dividing (raffling) of carcasses by arrows (i.e. by games of chance). This is an abomination. This day are the disbelievers in despair of harming your religion; fear them not, but fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion, and completed My favour unto you, and have chosen for you as religion Al-Islam. But he who is forced by hunger, not inclined wilfully to sin, verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
3They will ask you what is lawful for them? Say, "Lawful for you are all good things. And what you have trained hunting animals to catch, in the manner directed by Allah; - so eat of what they catch for you, but mention the name of Allah over it, and fear Allah, for verily, Allah is swift in taking account."
4This day all things good and pure are made lawful for you. The food of those to whom the Book has been given is lawful for you, and your food is lawful for them; and chaste women of those who believe, and chaste women of those to whom the Book has been given before you - when you have given them their marriage portions and live with them chastely, not in fornication, nor taking them as secret concubines (or paramours). But whoever denies the faith, of a truth his work is vain, and he shall be among the losers in the Hereafter.
5O you who believe! When you rise up to prayer wash your faces, and your hands as far as the elbows, and wipe your heads, and your feet down to the ankles. And if you are polluted, then purify yourselves (bathe). But if you are sick, or on a journey, or if you come from the toilet, or if you have touched women and cannot find water, then take from high ground (clean) sand or earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith. Allah does not wish to make a burden for you; but He wishes to purify you and to fulfil his favour upon you; that you may give thanks.
6Remember the favour of Allah to you and His covenant which He made with you, when you said, "We hear and we obey;" and fear (respect and keep your duty to) Allah. Verily, Allah knows well the secrets in your breasts.
7O you who believe! Stand steadfast as witnesses for Allah with justice; and let not hatred of (or towards) a people tempt you to injustice. Act with equity, that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah; for Allah is Aware of what you do.
8Allah has promised to those who believe and work righteousness, that for them is forgiveness and a mighty reward.
9But those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs, these are the fellows of hell.
10O you who believe! Remember Allah´s favour towards you, when a people intended to stretch their hands against you, but He withheld their hands from you. Keep your duty to Allah, and in Allah let believers trust.
11Allah did in the past make a covenant with the children of Israel, and raised up among them twelve chiefs; and Allah said, "Verily, I am with you, if you be steadfast in prayer, and give alms, and believe in My Messengers, and assist them, and lend to Allah a goodly loan; then will I remit from you your offences and make you enter gardens beneath which rivers flow: and whoever disbelieves after that, he hath erred from the Even Way (The Path of Rectitude)."
12And because they broke their covenant, We cursed them, and placed hardness in their heart. They perverted the words from their contexts, and forgot a portion of what they were admonished. you will not cease to find treachery from all, save a few of them; but pardon them and bear with them (tolerate or ignore their perversity); verily, Allah loves the kind.
13And of those who say, "Verily we are Christians," We have (also) taken a covenant; but they have forgotten a goodly portion of the message; wherefore have We excited amongst them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection, when Allah will inform them of what they have done.
14O you people of the Book! Now has Our Messenger come to you to expound unto you much of what you used to hide in the Book, and forgiving (or abolishing) much. Now has come unto you light from Allah, and a perspicuous Book -
15Allah guides thereby those who seek His pleasure, to the way of peace, and leads them out of darkness into light by His decree, and guides them unto a Straight Way.
16They, indeed, have disbelieved who say, "Verily, Allah is the Messiah the son of Mary." Say, "Who can do anything against Allah, if He wished to destroy the Messiah, the son of Mary, and his mother, and those who are on earth altogether?" Allah´s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between the two; He creates what He will, for Allah has power over all things!
17But the Jews and the Christians say, "We are the sons of Allah and His beloved." Say, "Why then does He punish you for your sins? Nay, you are mortals, men whom He has created! He pardons whom He pleases, and punishes whom He pleases; for to Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and what is between the two, and unto Him is the journeying."
18O people of the Book! Now Our Messenger has come to you to make things plain, after an interval in the succession of Messengers, lest you say, "There came not to us a herald of glad tidings nor a Warner." But now there has come to you a herald of glad tidings and a Warner. Allah has power over all things!
19Remember when Moses said to his people, "O my people! Remember the favour of Allah towards you when He made amongst you prophets, and made for you kings, and brought you what was never given to anyone else in the world.
20"O my people! Enter the Holy Land which Allah has ordained for you; and be not thrust back upon your hinder parts, for surely you retreat losers."
21They said, "O Moses! Verily, therein are giants; and we will surely not enter therein until they go out from thence; when they depart, then will we enter."
22Then said two of those who were God-fearing - Allah had been gracious to them both - "Enter you upon them by the gate, for once you have entered it, verily, you shall be victorious; so put your trust in Allah if you be, indeed, believers."
23They said, "O Moses! We shall never enter it so long as they are therein; so, go you and your Lord and fight you two; we will sit down here."
24Said he, "My Lord, verily, I can control only myself and my brother; therefore, part (distinguish) us from this rebellious people."
25He (the Lord) said, "Then, verily, this land is forbidden them for forty years; in bewilderment shall they wander about in the earth; so grieve not yourself for these sinful people."
26Recite to them the true tale of the two sons of Adam; truly when they offered an offering and it was accepted from one of them, and not from the other. Said the latter, "I will surely kill you." Said the former, "Surely, Allah only accepts from those who fear (are righteous).
27"If you do stretch forth your hand to kill me, I will not stretch forth mine to kill you; for, verily, I fear Allah the Lord of the Worlds.
28"Verily, I would rather that you draw upon yourself my sin and yours, and become of the fellows of the Fire, for that is the reward of the evil-doer (or unjust)."
29But the other´s soul compelled him to slay his brother, and so he slew him, and became one of the losers.
30Then Allah sent a crow to scratch in the earth and show him how he might hide his brother´s naked corpse. He said, "Alas, for me! Am I too helpless to become like this crow and hide my brother´s naked corpse?" and in the morning he was of those who did repent.
31For this cause have We prescribed to the children of Israel that whoever kills a soul, unless it be for murder or for mischief (or corruption) in the land, it would be as though he had killed all mankind; but whoever saves the life of one, it would be as though he had saved mankind. Our Messenger came to them in the past with manifest signs, afterwards, verily, many of them commit excesses in the earth.
32The reward of those who make war against Allah and His Messenger, and strive after corruption (or disruption) in the earth, is only that they shall be slaughtered or crucified, or their hands and feet cut off on alternate sides, or that they shall be banished from the land. That is a disgrace for them in this world, and in the Hereafter is mighty woe;
33Save for those who repent before you overpower them. For know that Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
34O you who believe! Fear (be dutiful to) Allah and crave the means to approach Him, and strive in His way in order that you may succeed (or prosper).
35Verily, those who disbelieve, even though they had all that is in the earth, and the like thereof with it, to offer as a ransom from the punishment of the Day of Resurrection, it would not be accepted from them; but for them is grievous woe.
36They may wish to go forth from the Fire, but they shall not go forth there from. For them is lasting woe.
37The thief, man or woman, cut off their hands (or ability to do evil or means of livelihood). It is the reward of their own deeds, an exemplary punishment from Allah (or one making an example). Allah is Mighty, Wise.
38But whoever repents after his wrongdoing (injustice) and makes amends, verily, Allah will relent towards him, for, verily, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
39Do you not know that Allah, His alone is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He punishes whom He pleases, and forgives whom He pleases, for Allah has power over all things?
40O you Messenger! Let not those grieve you who vie with each other in disbelief, be they of those who say with their mouths "We believe," but their heart are faithless; or of those among Jews, listeners to a lie, who listen to other people, but not to you. They pervert the words from their context and say, "If this is what you are given, take it; but if you are not given it, then beware!". But he whom Allah wishes to try, you have no authority with Allah for him. These are those whose heart Allah wishes not to purify. For them in this world is disgrace, and for them in the Hereafter is mighty woe.
41They are listeners to falsehood, eaters of unlawful things! But if they come to you, then judge between them or ignore them. If you turn aside from them they shall not harm you at all, but if you judge, then judge between them with justice, for verily, Allah loves the just.
42But why should they make you their judge, when they have their own Law, wherein is Allah´s judgment? Yet they turn back even after that, for they do not really believe.
43Verily, it was We who have revealed the Torah in which there is guidance and light; the prophets who had surrendered did judge the Jews thereby, as did the Rabbis (masters) and doctors of Law. To them was entrusted the Book of Allah to judge by, and they were witnesses to it. Fear not men, but fear Me, and sell not My Signs (or revelations) for a miserable price. Whoever will not judge by what Allah has revealed, these are the disbelievers.
44We have prescribed for you therein "a life for a life, and an eye for an eye, and a nose for a nose, and an ear for an ear, and a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds equal retaliation;" But whoever remits it, it is an expiation for him. Whoever judges not by what Allah has revealed, these are the wrong-doers (the unjust).
45And We followed up the footsteps of these (prophets) with Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which was before him, and We bestowed upon him the Gospel, wherein is guidance and light, verifying what was before it of the Torah (Hebrew Scripture), a guidance and an admonition unto those who fear (or ward off evil).
46Then let the people of the gospel judge by that which is revealed therein, for whoever will not judge by what Allah has revealed, these are the evil doers.
47And unto you (Muhammad) have We revealed the Book in truth, verifying what was before it, and preserving it. Judge then between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their lusts (prejudices, fantasies), turning away from what is given to you of the truth. For each of you have We appointed a Law and a traced out Path. Had Allah pleased He would have made you one nation, but that He may try you by that which He has given you. Therefore, vie with one another in virtue. Unto Allah will you all return, and He will then inform you concerning that wherein you dispute.
48Wherefore judge you between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their lusts (prejudices, fantasies, superstitions); but beware lest they mislead you from part of what Allah has revealed to you ; and if they turn back, then know that Allah wishes to smite them for some sins of theirs. Verily, many men are rebellious (evil doers).
49Is it the judgment of the Time of Ignorance (i.e. before the Revelation) for which they crave? But who is better than Allah as judge for people who are certain?
50O you who believe! Take not the Jews and Christians for your friends (or patrons): they are friends (or patrons) to each other. Whoever amongst you takes them for friend (or patron), verily, he is of them, and, verily, Allah guides not an unjust people.
51You will see those in whose heart is a disease runs about among them, saying, "We fear lest a reversal befall us." It may be that Allah will give you victory, or a commandment from Himself, and they may awake repenting of their secret thoughts.
52Then those who believe say, "Are these they who swore by Allah with their strongest oath that they were surely with you?"- Their works have failed and they shall wake up ruined.
53O you who believe! Whoever of you turns away from his religion, Allah will bring (instead) a people whom He loves and who love Him, humble to believers, stern to unbelievers, striving in the way of Allah, fearing not the blame (or reproach) of any blamer (or critic). That is Allah´s Grace! He gives it unto whom He pleases, for Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
54Only Allah is your friend, and His Messenger and those who believe, who are steadfast in prayer and give alms, bowing down (in prayer).
55Whoever takes as friend Allah and His Messenger and those who believe - verily, the Fellowship of Allah will be victorious!
56O you who believe! Take not for friends and patrons those who take your religion for a jest or a sport, from either amongst those who have been given the Book before or the disbelievers; but fear Allah if you have true faith.
57Nor those who, when you call to prayer, take it for a jest and a sport; that is because they are a people without understanding.
58Say, "O people of the Book! Do you disapprove of us for no other reason but that we believe in Allah, and the revelations that have come to us, and what was revealed before, and that most of you are rebellious (and disobedient)?"
59Say, "Shall I declare unto you something much worse than this for retribution from Allah?" It is those whomsoever Allah has cursed and been wroth with - and he has made of them (as) apes and swine - and who worship Taghut (idols), they are in a worse plight and are more erring from the Even Path.
60When they come to you they say, "We believe;" but they entered with unbelief, and they went out the same way, and Allah knows best what they did hide.
61Thee will see many of them vying in sin and enmity, and in devouring unlawful things, - evil is it that they have done.
62Why do not their rabbis and their doctors forbid them from speaking sin and eating unlawful things - verily, evil is what they have performed.
63The Jews say, "Allah´s hand is fettered" (incapable or ungenerous), but it is their hands that are fettered and they are cursed for what they say. Nay! His hands are outspread, He spends how He pleases! And that which has been sent down to you from your Lord will surely increase many of them in their rebellion and disbelief, for We have cast amongst them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection. Whenever they light a fire for war, Allah puts it out; they strive for corruption in the earth, but Allah loves not the corrupters.
64But if only the people of the Book would believe and fear (avoid evil), We would remit their offences, and We would make them enter into Gardens of Delight.
65And if they had been steadfast in the Torah and the Gospel, and what has been sent down to them from their Lord, they would surely have nourishment from above them and below them. Amongst them are a people who are moderate, but many of them are of evil conduct.
66O Messenger! Make known what has been revealed to you from your Lord. If you do it not then you have not conveyed His message, and Allah will not protect you from (mischief making) men for Allah guides not people who disbelieve.
67Say, "O people of the Book! You have no ground to stand on till you stand fast by the Torah and the Gospel, and what is revealed to you from your Lord." But what has been revealed to you from your Lord will of a surety increase many of them in rebellion and disbelief. Vex not thyself then for a people who disbelieve.
68Verily, those who believe and those who are Jews, and the Sabaeans, and the Christians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, and does what is right, they shall not fear, nor shall they grieve.
69We took a covenant in the past from the children of Israel, and We sent to them Messengers; every time there came to them a messenger with what their souls loved not, some of them they did call liars and some of them they slew.
70And they thought that no harm would come to them; but they were blind and deaf! And then Allah turned (in mercy) again towards them: and even then many amongst them were wilfully blind and deaf! Allah is Seer of what they did.
71They surely disbelieve who say, "Verily, Allah is the Messiah the son of Mary;" but the Messiah himself said, "O children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." (JohnVerily, he who associates anything with Allah, Allah hath forbidden him Paradise, and his resort is the Fire, and the unjust shall have none to help them.
72They disbelieve who say, "Verily, Allah is the third of three;" for there is no God but one, and if they do not desist from what they say, there shall touch those who disbelieve amongst them grievous woe.
73Will they not turn again towards Allah and ask pardon of Him? For Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
74The Messiah, the son of Mary, is only a Messenger: Messengers like him have passed away before him; and his mother was a saintly woman. And they both used to eat food. See how We clearly explain to them the revelations, yet see how they turn aside!
75Say, "Will you serve, other than Allah, that which can neither hurt you nor profit you?" Allah it is Who is both Hearer and Knower.
76Say, "O people of the Book! Exceed not in your religion other than the Truth, and follow not the lusts (prejudices, fantasies, superstitions) of a people who have erred in the past, and who lead many astray, and who go astray from the Even Path."
77Those of the children of Israel who went astray were cursed by the tongue of David and of Jesus, the son of Mary; that is because they rebelled and did transgress;
78They would not restrain each other from the wickedness they did; verily, evil is that which they used to do.
79Thee will see many of them taking those who disbelieve for their friends. Surely, evil is that which their souls have sent before them, for Allah´s wrath is on them, and in the torment shall they dwell.
80But had they believed in Allah and the Prophet, and what was revealed to him, they would not have taken these for friends. But many of them are evildoers.
81Thee will surely find that the strongest in enmity against those who believe are the Jews and the idolaters (Pagans); and you will find the nearest in love to those who believe to be those who say, "We are Christians". That is because there are amongst them men devoted to learning (or priests) and men who have renounced the world (or monks), and because they are not proud.
82And when they hear what has been revealed to the Messenger, you will see their eyes overflow with tears at what they recognize as Truth; and they will say, "O our Lord! We believe, so record us amongst the witnesses.
83Why should we not believe in Allah and the Truth that is given to us, nor desire that our Lord should make us enter the company of the righteous?"
84Therefore has Allah rewarded them, for what they said, with Gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever; that is the reward of those who do good.
85But those who disbelieve and say Our revelations are lies, they are the fellows of hell.
86O you who believe! Forbid not the good things which Allah has made lawful for you, nor transgress (or commit excess); verily, Allah loves not the transgressors.
87But eat of what Allah has provided you, lawful and good things; and fear (do your duty to) Allah, in Whom you believe.
88Allah will not take you to task for the unintentional (or futile) word in your oaths (or promises), but He will take you task for oaths you swear in earnest. The expiation thereof is to feed ten poor men with the average food you feed your families with, or to clothe them, or to free a slave; but he who has not the means, then let him fast three days. That is the expiation of your oaths, when you have sworn; but keep your oaths. Thus does Allah explain to you His revelations that you may be grateful.
89O you who believe! Verily, strong drinks (intoxicants, fermented or alcoholic drinks), and el maisar (gambling, trying to get something for nothing), and statues (idols), and divining arrows (superstitions and games of chance)) are only an abomination of Satan´s work; avoid them then that per chance (or possibly) you may succeed (or prosper).
90Satan only desires to place enmity and hatred between you by wine and maisar, and to turn you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer; will you not, then, desist.
91Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and beware, for if you turn back then know that the duty of Our Messenger is only to deliver the message clearly?
92There is no crime in those who believe and do right, for having tasted forbidden food, when they fear (guard themselves from evil) and believe. So fear (do your duty to) Allah, and believe, and do what is right; and again fear (do your duty), and believe; and again fear (do your duty), and do good; for Allah loves those who do good.
93O you who believe! Allah will try you with something of the game (by hunting) that your hands and your lances take, that Allah may know who fears Him in secret; and whoever transgresses after that, for him is grievous woe.
94O you who believe! Kill not game while you are on pilgrimage. But he amongst you who kills it purposely, he shall compensate the equivalent of that which he has killed, in domestic animals - of which two just persons amongst you shall judge - an offering brought to the Kaaba; or as an expiation, the feeding of the poor, or an equivalent thereof in fasting; that he may taste the evil result of his deed. Allah pardons bygones; but whoever repeats, Allah will take vengeance on him, for Allah is Mighty and Lord of Retribution.
95Lawful for you is the game of the sea, and to eat thereof; a provision for you and for seafarers; but forbidden you is the game of the land while you are on pilgrimage; so fear Allah to whom you shall be gathered.
96Allah has made the Kaaba, the Sacred House, to be a standard (or an Asylum of Security) for men, and also the Sacred Month, and the Offering (sacrifices) and its Garland (which mark them); this is so that you may know that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and that Allah is Knower of all things.
97Know that Allah is severe in punishment, but that Allah is also Forgiving, Merciful.
98The Messenger has only the duty to proclaim the message, but Allah knows what you show and what you hide.
99Say, "The evil shall not be deemed equal with the good, although much of evil attracts you." Fear (do your duty to) Allah then, O you who have understanding that you may succeed (or prosper).
100O you who believe! Ask not questions about things which if they are shown to you would trouble you; but if you ask about them when the Quran is being revealed, they shall be made plain to you. Allah pardons this, for Allah is Forgiving and Clement.
101People before you have asked such questions, yet on the morrow they disbelieved therein (or lost their faith).
102And Allah has not instituted (superstitions like those of) Bahirah or Saibah, nor Wazilah nor Hami, (classes of cattle revered and liberated in honour of idols) but those who disbelieve invent a lie against Allah, for most of them have no sense.
103And when it is said to them, "Come round to what Allah has revealed unto His Apostle," they say, "Enough for us is that wherein we found our fathers." What! Even though their fathers had no knowledge whatever and no guidance?
104O you who believe! You have charge of (or guardianship of) your own souls; he who errs can do you no hurt if you are rightly guided. Unto Allah will you all return, and He will declare to you the truth of that which you did.
105O you who believe! Let there be a witnesses among you when any of you is on the point of death at the time he makes his will - two equitable persons from amongst your family or two others from some other folk, in case you are journeying away in the land, and the calamity of death befall you. If you doubt them, then shut them both up after prayer, and they shall both swear by Allah, "We will not sell our testimony for a price (or take a bribe), even for a relative, nor will we hide Allah´s testimony. If we do then verily, we shall be among the sinners."
106But if it later found that they too have deserved the imputation of sin, then let two others stand up in their place with those who think them deserving of the imputation, the nearest two in kin, and they shall both swear by Allah, "Indeed, our testimony is truer than the testimony of those other two, and we have not transgressed, for then we should surely be of the unjust."
107Thus is it more likely that they will bear true testimony according to its purport; else must they fear lest an oath be given to rebut their own oath. So let them be mindful of their duty to Allah and listen, for Allah guides not the people who do evil.
108On the day when Allah will assemble the Messengers and say, "What was your response from mankind.” they will say, "We have no knowledge; verily, Thou art He who knows in full the hidden."
109Then Allah will say, "O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My favours towards you and towards your mother, when I aided you with the Holy Ghost, so that you did speak to men in childhood and in maturity. Behold, I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and behold, you did create of clay, as it were, the likeness of a bird, by My power, and did blow thereon, and it became a bird by My power; and you did heal the blind from birth, and the lepers by My permission; and when you did bring forth the dead by My permission; and behold, I did restrain the children of Israel from (violence to) you , when you did come to them with manifest signs, and yet those who disbelieved amongst them said, ´This is naught but obvious magic.´
110"And when I inspired the Disciples that they should believe in Me and in My Messenger, they said, ´We believe; do you bear witness that we have Surrendered. (become Muslims)´"
111When the Disciples said, "O Jesus, son of Mary! Is your Lord able to send down to us a table spread with food from heaven?” he said, "Fear Allah, if you be true believers."
112And they said, "We desire to eat there from that our heart may be at rest, and that we may know that what you have told us is the truth, and that we may be thereby amongst the witnesses."
113Said Jesus the son of Mary, "O Allah, our Lord! Send down to us a table spread with food from heaven, to be a feast for us, for the first of us and for the last of us, and a sign from Thee. Give us sustenance, for Thou art the best of Providers."
114Allah said, "Verily, I will send it down to you; but whoever disbelieves amongst you after that, verily, I will punish him with a penalty such as I have not inflicted on any one in all the worlds."
115And when Allah said, "O Jesus, son of Mary! Was it you who did say to men, take me and my mother for two gods, beside Allah?" He said, “Glory be to Thee! What could have ailed me that I should have uttered what I had no right to? If I had said it, Thou wouldst have known it; Thou knowest what is in my mind, but I know not what is in Thy mind. Verily, Thou, only Thou art the Knower of the hidden.
116"I never told them save that which Thou didst command me (John7:16), ´Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord,´ and I was a witness of them so long as I was amongst them (see John17:6); but when Thou didst take me away to Thyself Thou wert the Watcher over them, for Thou art Witness over all.
117"If Thou punish them, then lo! They are Thy slaves; and if Thou forgive them (lo! They are the slaves also) Lo! Thou alone are the Mighty and the Wise."
118Allah said, "This is the day when their truthfulness shall profit the truthful, for them are Gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they dwell in security for ever. Allah is well pleased with them, and they well pleased with Him; that is the great triumph (happiness, fulfilment, achievement, success)."
119Unto Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens, and the earth, and all that is therein, and He has Power to do all things.
120Praise belongs to Allah who created the heavens and the earth, and hath brought into being the darkness and the light. Yet do those who disbelieve ascribe partners to Him.
Chapter 6 (Sura 6)
1He it is who created you from clay; then He decreed a term - a term fixed with Him. And yet still you doubt.
2He is Allah in the heavens and the earth. He knows your secret (or hidden) conduct and your public (or manifest) ones, and He knows what you earn.
3There came to them none of revelations of their Lord, but they turned away.
4 6:5.And now they reject the truth that has come to them, but soon shall come to them a message (They shall learn the truth) about that at which they mocked.
5Do not they see how many a generation We have destroyed before them, whom We had established more firmly than you, and sent them abundant rain from heaven, and made the rivers flow beneath them? Yet We destroyed them for their sins, and raised up other generations after them.
6Had We sent down to you a book on paper, and they had touched it with their hands, still those who disbelieve would have said, "This is naught but obvious magic."
7They say, "Why has not an angel been sent down to him?" But if We had sent down an angel, the affair would have been decided at once, and then they would have had no respite.
8And had We appointed an angel, We would have had to send him in the form of a man too (that he may speak to men) and this would have made perplexing for them that which they deem perplexing now.
9There have been Messengers before you who were mocked at, but that at which they mocked surrounded (mocked, turned the tables on) the mockers.
10Say, "Travel in the land and see the nature of the consequences for the rejecters (for those who called them liars)."
11Say, "Whose is that which is in the heavens and the earth?" Say, "Allah´s. He has imposed (prescribed) mercy on himself." He will surely gather you together on the Day (of Resurrection and Judgment), of which there is no doubt. But those who ruin their own souls will not believe.
12His is whatsoever dwells in the night or in the day, He is Hearer and Knower.
13Say, "Shall I take as a patron other than Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth? He feeds but is not fed." Say, "I am bidden to be the first of those who Surrender;" and it was said to me, "Be not you of the idolaters."
14Say, "I fear, if I rebel against my Lord, the retribution of an Awful Day."
15From whomsoever it is averted on that day, Allah hath truly had mercy on him; and that is obvious triumph (salvation, success, happiness, fulfilment).
16And if Allah touch you with harm (affliction, ill fortune), there is none can remove it but He; and if He touch you with good, He has Power over all things.
17He is Omnipotent (sovereign) over His servants, He is the Wise, the Aware!
18Say, "What is the strongest evidence (testimony, witness)?" Say, "Allah is witness between you and me. This Quran was inspired in me to warn you and those it reaches. Can you really bear witness that there are other gods besides Allah?" Say, "I bear no such witness." Say, "He is but one Allah, and I am innocent of that which you associate (with Him)."
19Those to whom We have brought the Book know this (revelation) as they know their own sons - those who ruin their souls do not believe.
20Who is more unjust than he who forges against Allah a lie, or denies His revelations? Verily, the unjust shall not prosper.
21On the day when We shall gather them all together, then shall We say to those who have associated others with Ourself, "Where now are those associates whom you did invent?"
22Then they will have no excuse but to say, "By Allah our Lord, we did not associate gods with Allah!"
23See how they lie against themselves, and how what they did invent deserts them!
24And among them are some who listen unto you, but We have placed a veil upon their heart lest they should understand it, and in their ears is deafness; and though they saw each sign they would not believe therein, to the point that when they come to you to argue with you, the unbelievers say, "These are but old folks´ tales."
25They forbid it and they avoid it; but they destroy none but their own souls, though they perceive not.
26But could you but see when they are set over the Fire and say, "Would that we were sent back! We would not then deny our Lord´s revelations, but we would be of the believers?"
27Nay! Now is shown clearly to them what they did hide before; and were they to be sent back, they would return to that which they were forbidden, for they are liars.
28They say "There is naught but this life of ours in the world and we shall not be raised again."
29But could you see when they are set before their Lord, He says, "Is not this the real?" They will say, "Yea, by our Lord!" He will say, "Then taste the penalty because you did disbelieve!"
30Losers, indeed, are they who disbelieved in meeting Allah, until, when the hour comes suddenly upon them, they say, "Alas for us, that we were neglectful!" They shall bear their burdens on their backs; evil is what they bear.
31Naught is the life of this world but a game (or pastime) and a sport (or amusement). Surely, better by far is the abode of the Hereafter for those who fear (and do their duty). Will you not understand?
32Full well We know that that which they say grieves you; but in truth they deny not you, but the unjust flout the revelations of Allah.
33Indeed, Messengers have been called liars before you; but they were patient under denial and persecution until Our help came to them; for there is none to alter the words of Allah. Already has there come to you the story of those He sent in the past.
34And if their aversion be hard for you, and if you can, seek for a shaft down into the earth, or a ladder up into the sky, to bring them a sign - if Allah pleased He could have brought them all to guidance - be you not then of the ignorant.
35Only those can accept who hear. As for the dead, Allah will raise them up, then unto Him shall they return.
36They say, "Why has not a sign been sent down from his Lord" Say, "Verily, Allah has power to send down a sign, but most of them do not understand."
37There is not a beast upon the earth nor a bird that flies with both its wings, but is a people like to you; We have omitted nothing from the Book. Then to their Lord shall they be gathered.
38Those who rejected Our signs are deaf and dumb, in darkness! Whom He pleases does Allah sends astray, and whom He pleases He places on the Straight Way.
39Say, "Can you see yourselves! If there should come Allah´s punishment, or there should come to you the Hour, would you call on other than Allah, (answer that) truthfully?"
40Nay, it is on Him that you would call, and He will remove that because of which you call upon Him, if He will; and you forget that which you did associate with Him.
41Ere this We sent unto nations before you, and We sent them distress and adversity that per chance (or possibly) they might humble themselves.
42If only, when Our violence falls upon them, they had been humble, but their heart was hard, and Satan made seemly to them all that they used to do.
43And when they forgot what they were reminded of, We opened for them the gates of all things, until when they rejoiced at what they had, We caught them up suddenly (or unawares, unexpectedly), and Lo! They were plunged into despair.
44And the uttermost part of the people who did wrong were cut off. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds!
45Say, "Think you! If Allah should remove your hearing and your sight, and should set a seal upon your heart, who is god but Allah to restore it to you?" See how We expound the revelations unto them! Yet still they turn away.
46Say, "Think! If Allah´s punishment should come to you unawares or openly (expectedly), would any perish save the people who do wrong?"
47We do not send our messengers save as heralds of glad tidings and of warning, and whoever believes and acts aright, there is no fear for them, and they shall not be grieved.
48But those who deny Our signs, torment shall afflict them, because they used to disobey.
49Say (O Muhammad), "I do not say unto you that mine are the treasuries of Allah, nor that I know the unseen, and I do not say unto you, I am an angel. I follow only that which is inspired in me." Say, "Is the blind man equal to him who sees? Will ye, then not reflect?
50Admonish therewith those who fear that they shall be gathered unto their Lord; there is no patron for them but Him, and no intercessor, that per chance (or possibly) they may fear (avoid evil).
51Repel not those who call upon their Lord in the morning and in the evening, seeking His Countenance (Face, Presence); they are not accountable to you in anything, and you are not accountable to them in anything. Repel them and you will be of the unjust.
52Thus did We try some of them by (or in comparison with) others, that they may say, "Are these those unto whom Allah has been gracious amongst us?" Does not Allah know those who give thanks?
53And when those who believe in Our revelations come to you, say, "Peace be on you! Allah hath prescribed for Himself mercy; verily, he among you who does evil in ignorance, and then repents and does right, verily, He is Forgiving and Merciful."
54Thus do We expound Our revelations, that the way of the sinners may be made plain.
55Say, "I am forbidden to worship those you call upon anything beside Allah." Say, "I will not follow your lusts (desires, prejudices, fantasies), for then would I err and not be of the rightly guided."
56Say, "I rely on a manifestation (proofs) from my Lord, which you deny. I have not with me that for which you are impatient. The decision is a matter for Allah alone, He declares the Truth and He is the best of Judges."
57Say, "If I had that for which you are impatient, then the matter between you and me would have been settled immediately. But Allah is best aware of the wrong-doers."
58With Him are the keys (and treasures) of the unseen. None knows them save He; He knows what is in the land and in the sea; and there falls not a leaf save that He knows it; nor a grain in the darkness of the earth, nor aught that is moist, nor aught that is dry, but it is inscribed in a clear Record.
59He it is who gathers you to Himself at night, and knows what you have committed in the day; then He raises you up again, that your appointed time may be fulfiled; in the end unto Him is your return, and then will He inform you of the truth of what you have done.
60He is omnipotent over His servants; He sets guardians over you until, when death comes to any one of you, Our messengers receive him and they never fail their duty.
61Then are they returned to Allah, their true and just Sovereign. Is not His the judgment (or rule)? But He is the most swift at reckoning.
62Say, "Who rescues you from the darkness of the land and of the sea?" You call upon Him in humility and in secret, saying "Indeed, if He would rescue us from this, we will surely be of the thankful."
63Say, "Allah rescues from the darkness, and from every affliction, yet you associate others with Him."
64Say, "He is able to send calamities on you from above you and from beneath your feet, and to confuse you with dissenting sects, and to make you taste the violence of each other." See how We explain the Signs, in various ways that per chance (or possibly) they may understand.
65Your people called it a lie, and yet it is the truth. Say, "I have not been put in charge over you.
66For every Announcement (Message, prophecy) there is a set term, and you will soon come to know it."
67When you see those who plunge deeply into vain discussion of Our Signs (revelations), turn away from them until they discuss another topic. It may be that Satan makes you forget, but sit not, after you have remembered, with the congregation of the faithless (or unjust or wrong-doers).
68Those who fear (or avoid evil, the righteous) are not accountable for them at all, but remind them (or give them the Reminder, i.e. the teachings of the Quran) that per chance (or possibly) they may learn to fear (Allah).
69Leave alone (forsake, abandon) those who have taken their religion for a play (pastime) and a sport (jest, amusement), whom the life of the world has deceived, and remind them hereby lest a soul be destroyed by what it has earned. It has, beside Allah, no patron or intercessor; and though it should offer every compensation (or ransom) it will not be accepted. Those are they who perish by their own deserts. For them is (the similitude of) a drink of boiling water, and grievous woe because they persisted in their disbelief.
70Say, "Shall we call, instead of unto Allah, unto that which neither profits us nor harms us, and be thrown back upon our heels after Allah has guided us - like him whom Satan hath led away infatuated and bewildered in the earth, who has companions who call him to misguidance, saying, ´Come to us? ´" Say, "Verily, Allah´s guidance is true Guidance, and we are bidden to surrender unto the Lord of the Worlds.
71"And to be steadfast in prayer and to fear Him (avoiding evil), for He it is to whom we shall be gathered."
72He it is Who has created the heavens and the earth in truth; and on the day when He says, "BE”, it is.
73His word is Truth; and His is the Kingdom on the day when the trumpets shall be blown, the Knower of the unseen and of the evident; He is the Wise and Aware.
74Lo! Abraham said to his father Azar, "Do you take idols for gods? Verily, I see you and your people in obvious error."
75Thus did We show Abraham the kingdom of heaven and of the earth, that he should be of those who possess certainty.
76And when the night overshadowed him he saw a star and said, "This is my Lord;" but when it set he said, "I love not those that set."
77And when he saw the moon beginning to rise he said, "This is my Lord;" but when it set he said, "If Allah my Lord guides me not I shall surely be of the people who err."
78And when he saw the sun beginning to rise he said, "This is my Lord, this is the greatest of all;" But when it set he said, "O my people! Verily, I am clear of what you associate with Allah;
79Verily, I have turned my face to Him who originated the heaven and the earth, as a ´Hanif´ (as one who is by nature upright), and I am not of the idolaters."
80And his people disputed with him. He said, "Do you dispute with me concerning Allah, when He has guided me? But I fear not what you associate with Him; unless my Lord should wish it (nothing can happen). My Lord does comprehend all things in His knowledge. Will you not then remember (or understand or be admonished)?
81How should I fear that which you associate with Him, when you yourselves fear not to associate with Allah that for which you have no warrant (proof or power to do)? Which then of us two parties is worthier of certainty (of belief), tell me if you know?"
82It is those who believe and confuse not their faith with wrong, they are those who shall have security, and they are the rightly guided.
83These are our arguments which We gave to Abraham against his people. We raise whom We will by degrees of wisdom. Verily, your Lord is wise and Aware.
84And We gave to him Isaac and Jacob, each did We guide - And before him We guided Noah - and among his seed, David and Solomon and Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron, - for thus do We reward those who do good.
85And Zachariah and John and Jesus and Elias, all righteous ones;
86And Ishmael and Elisha and Jonas and Lot, each one have We preferred above all creatures,
87With some of their forefathers and their offsprings and their brethren; We have chosen them and guided them into the Straight Way.
88Such is the Guidance of Allah wherewith He guides those whom He will of His servants; and if they associate (for worship) anything with Him, their works would have been in vain.
89It is to these We gave the Book and the Judgment and Prophethood. But if they disbelieve therein, then, indeed, We shall entrust it to a people who will not disbelieve. (See Matthew 8:11-12, Galatians 3:7-16)
90It is these that Allah hath guided, and by their guidance be you led. Say (O Muhammad), "I ask of you no fee for it. Lo! It is naught save a reminder to the worlds."
91They estimate not the power of Allah by its true measure (or worth) when they say, "Allah has never revealed anything to a mortal." Say, "Who revealed the Book wherewith Moses came, a light and a guidance unto men? You put it on papers which you show, though you hide much; and you are taught by it that which you knew not, neither you nor your fathers." Say, "Allah," then leave them in their play (vain disputation).
92This is the Book which We have revealed, bringing blessing and confirming those which came before it, and to warn the Mother of Cities (Mecca) and those around her. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe therein, and they are steadfast in their worship.
93Who is more wicked than he who devises against Allah a lie, or says, "I am inspired," when he has received none at all? And who says, "I can reveal the like of what Allah has revealed"? But did you see when the unjust are in the floods of death, and the angels stretch forth their hands, saying, "Yield up your souls; this day shall you be recompensed with the torment of disgrace, for that you did say against Allah what was not true, and were too proud to hear His signs.
94And you come now alone as We created you at first, and you have left behind you that which We granted you; and We see not with you your intercessors whom you pretended were your partners amongst you; so between you have all ties been cut asunder; and that which you fancied has deserted you."
95Verily, Allah it is who splits the grain and the date-stone (for sprouting); He brings forth the living from the dead, and it is He who brings the dead from the living. Such is Allah! How then can you be deluded?
96He it is who cleaves out the morning, and makes night a repose, and the sun and the moon two reckonings (of Time). That is the decree of the Mighty, the Wise!
97He it is who made for you stars that you might be guided thereby in the darkness of the land and of the sea. Now have We detailed the signs unto a people who have knowledge.
98He it is who made you spring from one soul, and gave you a settlement and a depository (or a temporary and a permanent residence). Now have We detailed the signs unto a people who have discerning.
99He it is who sends down rain from the heavens; and We bring forth therewith growths of all kinds; and We bring forth there from green crops, from which We bring forth grain in full ear; and the palm, from its sheathes come clusters of dates within reach; and gardens of grapes and olives and pomegranates, alike and unlike; - behold its fruit when it fruits and ripens! Verily, in that you have a sign for the people who believe.
100Yet they made the Jinn equal with Allah, though He did create them! And they ascribed to Him sons and daughters, though they have no knowledge; Glory and all Praise be to Him! Exalted is He above what they attribute to Him!
101The Originator of the heavens and the earth! How can He have a son, when He has no female companion, and when He has created everything, and He is Aware of all things?
102That is Allah - your Lord! There is no Allah but He, the Creator of all things; so worship Him, for He takes care of all things!
103Vision comprehends Him not, but He comprehends all vision, for He is the Subtle, the Aware.
104Now has insight (or proof) come unto you from your Lord, and he who sees therewith it is for his own good; but he who is blind thereto, it is against his own soul. And I am not your keeper.
105Thus do We expound Our Signs in various ways, that they may say, "You have studied," and that We may make clear to those who have knowledge.
106Follow what is inspired in you from your Lord; there is no god but He, and shun the idolaters.
107But had Allah pleased, they would not have associated aught with Him. We have not made you a keeper over them, nor are you for them a warder (or responsible for them).
108Revile (or abuse) not those who call on other than Allah, for then they may abuse Allah openly in their ignorance. Thus We make seemly to every nation their deeds. But unto their Lord is their return, and He will inform them of the truth of what they used to do.
109They swore by Allah with their strongest oaths, that if there come to them a Sign they will indeed believe therein. Say, ´Signs are only in Allah´s hands - but understand that even when one has come, they will not believe (or understanding is in Allah´s hand)."
110We confound their heart and their eyesight, even as they believed not at first, We will leave them, in their rebellion, blindly wandering on.
111And had We sent down unto them angels, or the dead had spoken to them, or We had gathered together the hosts before their very eyes, they would not have believed unless Allah so willed - but most of them are ignorant.
112So have We appointed for every Prophet an enemy - devils of men and Jinns; who inspire each other with seductive, deceptive speech which leads astray; but had your Lord willed they would not have done so. So leave them with what they do devise.
113And let the heart of those who believe not in the Hereafter listen to it; and let them be well pleased with it; and let them gain what they can gain!
114Shall I seek for Judge other than Allah, when it is He who has sent down to you this Book in detail? Those to whom We gave the Book know that it is sent down from your Lord, in truth. So, be not you of those who doubt.
115The words of your Lord are perfected (or fulfiled) in truth and justice. There is none to change His words, for He is Hearer and Knower.
116But if you follow most of those who are in the land, they will lead you astray from the Way of Allah. They follow naught but opinion (conjecture or suspicion) and they only guess.
117Your Lord, He knows best who errs from His path, and He knows best the rightly guided.
118Consume then of that over which Allah´s name has been pronounced, if you believe in His signs (or revelations).
119Why should you not eat from that over which Allah´s name has been pronounced, when He has detailed unto you what is unlawful for you, unless you are compelled (or under necessity). But, verily, many are lead astray (or will lead you astray) by their lusts (or fancies, prejudices) through ignorance. Verily, your Lord knows best the transgressors.
120Forsake the outer and inner (and the open and secret) sin, verily, those who earn sin shall be recompensed for what they have earned.
121But consume not of that over which the name of Allah has not been pronounced, for, verily, it is an abomination. Verily, the devils inspire their friends to dispute with you. But if you obey them, then you will be, indeed, idolaters.
122Is he who was dead and We have quickened (given him life) him, and made for him a light, wherein walks amongst men, like him whose likeness is one walking in utter darkness whence he cannot emerge? Thus is their conduct made seemly to the disbelievers.
123And thus have We placed great ones (leaders) in every town, its wicked ones, that they may plot therein. But they do but plot against themselves, though they perceive not.
124And when there comes to them a Sign, they say, "We will not believe until we receive something like the Messenger received." Allah knows best where to put His Message. There shall befall these wicked ones, humiliation in Allah´s eyes, and grievous torment for their scheming.
125Whomever Allah wishes to guide, He expands His breast unto the Surrender (Islam); but whomever He wishes to lead astray, He tightens and constricts his breast as though he were climbing steeply into heaven. Thus does Allah set dishonour on those who do not believe.
126This is the way of your Lord, a Straight Way. We have detailed the revelations unto a mindful people.
127For them is an abode of peace with their Lord. He will be their patron because of what they used to do.
128One day He shall gather them all together, (and say) "O assembly of Jinns! You have taken much toll of (seduced, exploited) mankind." And their clients from among mankind shall say, "Our Lord! Much advantage had we one from another, but now, alas, we have reached the end of the term which you did appoint for us." He will say, "The Fire is your home, dwell therein for ever, except as Allah wills." Verily, your Lord is Wise and Aware.
129Thus do We make some of the wrongdoers patrons of one another, because of what they earn.
130O assembly of jinn and men! Did there not come to you Messengers of your own (or from amongst you), relating to you Our Signs, and warning you of the meeting of this Day? They will say, "We bear witness against ourselves." The life of this world deceived them, and they bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers.
131That is because your Lord would never destroy a township arbitrarily, while their people are unaware (of what is wrong).
132There are ranks (levels, degrees) according to their deeds; and your Lord is not unaware of that which they do.
133your Lord is Absolute, Merciful; if He pleases He can remove you and can cause what He will to succeed you, even as He raised you up from the seed of other people.
134Verily, what you are promised will surely come to pass, nor can you frustrate it.
135Say (O Muhammad), "O my people! Work according to your power, verily, I, too, am working; and soon shall you come to know whose is the happy outcome in the Hereafter!" Certainly, the unjust shall not prosper.
136They set apart a portion for Allah, from that which He raises in abundance, of tilth and of cattle, and they say, according to their fancies "This is for Allah and this is for (His) partner." But the share of their "partners" reaches not to Allah, and that which was for Allah reaches their "partner". Evil is their judgment.
137Even so, have their "partners" made seemly to many of the Pagans (idolaters), the killing of their children, leading them to their own destruction, and to the obscuration for them of their religion. If Allah willed they would not have done so. But leave them alone and their inventions.
138And they say, " Such and such cattle and crops are inviolable; none shall taste thereof, save such as we please." - So they say - "And there are cattle whose backs are forbidden to burden (or yoke), and cattle over whom Allah´s name is not pronounced (at slaughter)" - inventions against Him! He shall reward them for their inventions.
139And they say, "What is in the wombs of these cattle is reserved for men and unlawful for our women, but if it be still born, then all may have shares in it." He will reward them for their superstitious attributions; verily, He is Wise and Aware.
140Losers are they who slay their children, from folly, without knowledge, and who forbid what Allah has bestowed upon them, inventing lies against Allah. They have, indeed erred and heeded not guidance.
141He it is who brought forth gardens with trailing and untrailing vines, and the palms and corn land, with various food, and olives, and pomegranates, alike and unlike. Eat from the fruit thereof whenever it fruits, and bring the dues thereof on the harvest day, and be not wasters (greedy or extravagant). Verily, He loves not the wasters.
142And cattle (He produces) some to carry burdens and some to eat. Eat of what Allah has bestowed upon you, and follow not the footsteps of Satan; verily, he is to you an open foe.
143Eight pairs - of sheep two, and of goats two; say, "Hath He forbidden the two males, or the two females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Inform me with knowledge if you tell the truth."
144And of camels two, and cows two; say, "Are the two males unlawful, or the two females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Were you witnesses when Allah ordained this for you? - Then who is more unjust than he who devises a lie against Allah, to lead men astray without knowledge? Verily, Allah guides not the unjust people."
145Say, "I cannot find, in what I am inspired with, anything unlawful for the eater to eat thereof, except it be carrion, or shed blood, or the flesh of swine - for that is foul - or an abomination that is consecrated to other than Allah. But he who is forced, not wilfully nor transgressing - then, verily, your Lord is Forgiving and Merciful."
146To those who were Jews did We prohibit everything that hath a solid (undivided) hoof; and of oxen and sheep did We prohibit to them the fat, save what the backs of both do bear, or their entrails, or what is mixed with bone; this in recompense for their rebellion, for, verily, We are true.
147And if they give you the lie, say, "your Lord is of all-embracing Mercy, but His Wrath shall never be withdrawn from the guilty."
148Those who associate partners with Allah will say, "Had Allah pleased, we would not associated partners (with Him), nor our fathers; nor should we have forbidden aught." Thus did they give the lie to those who came before them, until they tasted of Our wrath! Say, "Have you any knowledge (proving this)? If so, bring it forth to us: you only follow opinion, and you do but guess (conjecture, speculate)."
149Say, "Allah´s is the final (searching, conclusive, decisive) argument; and had He pleased He would have guided you all."
150Say, "Bring forward your witnesses to prove that Allah has forbidden these!" But if they do bring such witnesses, bear you not witness with them; nor follow the vain desires of those who say Our Signs (revelations) are lies, and those who believe not in the Hereafter, or those who for their Lord make equals.
151Say, "Come! I will recite what your Lord has made a sacred duty for you - that you may ascribe no partner unto Him; that you do good to your parents; and that you slay not your children because of poverty, for We will provide for you and them; and that you draw not nigh to lewd sins, either apparent or concealed; and kill not the life, which Allah hath made sacred save in the course of justice; this is what Allah commands you, per chance (or possibly) you may understand." (See the Ten Commandments in Exodus, Chapter 20 and Deuteronomy, Chapter 5.)
152And draw not nigh unto the property of the orphan, except to improve it, until he reaches full age; and give weight and measure with justice - We place not a greater burden on the soul than he can bear - and when you speak (or give your word), then speak justly (or do it justice), even if it be against a near relative; and fulfil the covenant with Allah. This He commands you that per chance (or possibly) you may be mindful.
153Verily, this is My Straight Way; so follow it. Follow not other ways, lest you part yourselves from His way. This is what He has ordained for you, per chance (or possibly) you may fear (and avoid evil)!
154Moreover, We gave Moses the Book, completing for him who would do right, and an explanation and a guidance and a mercy, that per chance (or possibly) they might believe in the meeting with their Lord.
155And this is the Book which We have revealed as a blessing; so follow it and fear (be righteous) that per chance (or possibly) you may obtain mercy.
156Lest you say, "The Book (Scripture) was only sent down to two sects before us; verily, we care naught for (or are unaware of) what they read."
157Or, lest you should say, "Had we had a Book (Scripture) revealed to us we should surely have been more guided than they;" But now there is come to them a manifest sign from their Lord, and a guidance and a mercy; who then is more unjust (does greater wrong) than he who denies the Signs (revelations) of Allah, and turns away from them? We will reward those who turn from our Signs with a severe punishment because of their turning.
158Do they wait, expecting that the angels should come for them, or that your Lord (Himself) should come, or that one of the Signs of your Lord should come? On the day when the Sign does come, its faith shall profit no soul which did not believe before, nor earned, by its faith, from good works. Say, "Wait you expectant, we wait expectant too."
159Verily, those who divided their religion and became sectarians, you have no concern with them. Their affair is in the hands of Allah, He will then inform them of that which they used to do.
160He who brings a good work shall receive tenfold the like thereof, but he who brings a bad work shall be recompensed only with the like thereof, for they shall not be wronged.
161Say, "As for me, my Lord has guided me unto the Straight Way, a right religion, the faith of Abraham, the upright, for he was not of the idolaters."
162Say, "Verily, my worship and my sacrifice, and my living and my dying belong to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
163He has no partner. This I am commanded, and I am foremost of those who surrender (unto Him)"
164Say, "Shall I crave for other than Allah for Lord, when He is Lord of all?" But each soul earns only on its own account, nor does any laden soul bear the burden of another. Then unto your Lord is your return, and He will inform you concerning that wherein you differ.
165He it is who made you Vicegerents (Agents, Successors, Inheritors) of the earth, and raised some of you above others in degree (or rank, virtue, power, wealth, ability etc.), to try you by that which he has given you; Verily, your Lord is swift to punish, but, verily, He is Forgiving and Merciful.
Chapter 7 (Sura 7)
1ALIF LAM MIM SAD.
2 7:2.This is a Book revealed to you (O Muhammad) - so let there be no heaviness in your breast, that you may warn the erring thereby, and remind the believers.
3Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord, and follow not beside Him other patrons; little is it that you remember (of admonition).
4Yet how many a town have We destroyed, and Our wrath came upon it by night, or while they slept at noon;
5 7:5.And their cry, when Our wrath came upon them, was only to say, "Verily, we were unjust (wrongdoers)!"
6But We will certainly question those to whom the Message was sent and those by whom We sent it.
7Then We will narrate to them with knowledge, for We were never absent.
8The balance on that day is true, and those whose scales are heavy, they are the successful;
9But those whose scales are light, they it is who lose their souls, for that they did act unjustly by Our Signs (revelations, creatures).
10We have given you power (authority) in the earth, and provided for you therein the means of self-fulfilment (livelihood, opportunities, resources, faculties); little thanks give ye.
11It is We who created you, and then gave you Form (shape), then We said unto the angels, "Prostrate yourselves before Adam (do him obeisance)," and they fell prostrate, except Iblis, who was not of those who make prostration (or have humility).
12He (Allah) said, "What hinders you from prostration when I command you?" He (Iblis) said, "I am better than he; you have created me from Fire, and him you have created out of Clay."
13Said He, "Then get you down from this (situation); what ails you that you should be arrogant here? Go forth! Verily, you are of the meanest (the degraded)."
14He (Iblis) said, "Respite me until the day when they shall be raised."
15He (Allah) said, "Verily, you are of those given respite."
16He (Iblis) said, "For that Thou hast led me into error, I will lie in wait for them (ambush them) in Thy Straight Way;
17Then I will surely come to them, from before them and from behind them; and most of them you shall not find thankful."
18He said, "Go forth here from, despised, expelled. Whoever follows you, I will surely fill hell with you all."
19"But, O Adam, dwell you and your wife in Paradise and eat from whence you will, but draw not nigh unto this Tree or you will be of the unjust (transgressors)."
20Then Satan whispered to them (planted suggestions in their minds) to display to them what was kept back from them of their shame (they felt shame or guilt for the first time), and he said, "your Lord has only forbidden you this tree lest you should become angels, or should become of the immortals."
21And he swore to them both, "Verily, I am unto you a sincere adviser;"
22And so he beguiled them by deceit. And when the twain had tasted of the Tree, their shame was manifested unto them, and they began to sew upon themselves the leaves of the Garden (to hide their shame, nakedness. rebelliousness or sinfulness) And their Lord called unto them, "Did I not forbid you that tree, and say to you, that verily, Satan is to you an open foe?"
23They said, "O our Lord! We have wronged our own souls - and if you do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we shall surely be of those who are lost!"
24He said, "Go you down, each one of you an enemy to the other. In the earth will be your abode, and a provision for a season."
25He said, "Therein shall you live and therein shall you die, from it shall you be brought forth at last."
26O children of Adam! We have revealed to you garments wherewith to cover your shame, and adornments (ornaments, embellishments, enhancements); but the garment of righteousness (restraint from evil), that is best. That is one of the Signs of Allah, per chance (or possibly) you may remember.
27O children of Adam! Let not Satan infatuate you as he drove your parents out of Paradise, stripping from them their garments, and exposing for them their shame; verily, he watches you, he and his tribe, from whence you cannot see them. Verily, We have made the devils patrons of those without Faith.
28And when they commit an abomination (shameful things) they say, "We found our fathers at this, and Allah bade us do it." Say, " Nay, Allah bids you not to do abominations (shameful things); do you say against Allah that which you know not?"
29Say, "My Lord commands only justice: - set your faces steadfastly at every place of worship and call upon Him, making religion (or your way of life) pure for Him only. As He brought you forth in the beginning, so shall you return unto Him.
30A section is led by His guidance, while error has just hold on another, for, verily, they did take the devils for their patrons instead of Allah, and deemed that they were guided."
31O children of Adam! Take your adornments (clothes, grooming, manners, etiquette etc.) to every place of worship and eat and drink, but do not be extravagant (wasteful), for He loves not the extravagant (wasteful).
32Say, "Who has prohibited the beautiful adornments (gifts) of Allah which He brought forth for His servants, and the good things He has provided?" Say, "On the Day (of Resurrection and Judgment) they shall only be for those who believed when they were in the life of this world." Thus do We detail the Signs (revelations) unto a people who have understanding.
33Say, "My Lord has only forbidden abominable (shameful) deeds, the apparent and the concealed, and sin (errors), and greed for that which is not right (trespasses against truth and reason), and associating with Allah that for (or to) which He has given no authority (or power), and saying about Allah that of which you have no knowledge."
34Every nation (or community) has its appointed term, and when their appointed term is completed they cannot delay it an hour, nor can they advance it.
35O children of Adam! Verily, there will come to you Messengers from amongst you, narrating unto you My Signs; then whoever fears Allah (refrains from evil) and does what is right (makes amends), there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.
36But those who reject Our Signs, and who are arrogant, these are the Fellows of the Fire, they shall dwell therein.
37Who is more unjust than he who devises a lie against Allah, and scorns His Signs (or revelations)? For such, their portion of the Book (of Destiny) shall reach them, until, when Our Messengers come to take their souls away, and say, "Where is now what you used to rely upon instead of Allah?" They reply, "They have departed from us." And they shall bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers (rejecters of truth).
38He will say, "Enter you the Fire amongst the nations (communities) who have passed away before you - both of jinn and men." Whenever a nation (community) enters therein, it curses its sister (nation, community); until, when they have followed each other into the Fire, the last of them will say about the first, "O our Lord! These it was who led us astray, give them a double penalty of the Fire!" He will say, "Double for each of you!" But this you do not understand.
39Then the first will say to the last, "You have no preference (advantage) over us (or were no better than us), so taste you the penalty for that which you have earned!"
40Verily, those who deny and scorn Our Signs in arrogance, for these the doors of heaven shall not be opened, nor shall they enter into the Garden, until a camel can pass through the eye of a needle. Such is Our reward for the guilty. (Compare with MatthewMark 10:25)
41For them is Hell, as a couch below them and coverings above them! Thus do We reward the unjust!
42But those who believe and do what is right - We will not oblige a soul with more than it´s capacity - they are the companions of the Garden; they shall dwell therein.
43We will strip away what rancour (ill feeling) is in their breasts. There shall flow beneath them Rivers, and they shall say, "Praise belongs to Allah who guided us to this! For we should not have been led aright had not Allah guided us! Verily, the Messenger of our Lord did come to us with truth!" And they shall hear the cry, "Behold, the Garden which you have as an inheritance for that which you used to do!"
44And the Companions of the Garden will call out to the Companions of the Fire, "We have now found that what our Lord promised us is true; have you also found that what your Lord promised you is true?" They will say, "Yea!" And a crier from amongst them will cry out, "The curse of Allah is on the unjust,
45"Who turn (or hinder) from the way of Allah and crave to make it crooked, and disbelieved in the Last Day (or the Hereafter)."
46And betwixt the two (Hell and Paradise) there is a veil, and on the Heights are men (exalted or able men) who know each by their marks; and they greet the companions of the Garden, "Peace be upon you!" They enter it not though they hope (or desire, or are assured) to do so.
47But when their sight is turned towards the Companions of the Fire, they say, "Our Lord! Place us not with the unjust people."
48And the Companions of the Height will call out to the men whom they know by their marks, and say, "Of what profit to you were your hoarding (of wealth), and what you were so arrogant about."
49Behold, are these others not those of whom you swore, that Allah would not extend mercy? But it is said to them "Enter you Paradise; there is no fear for you, nor shall you be grieved."
50But the Companions of the Fire cry out to the Companions of the Garden, "Pour out upon us water, or something of what Allah has provided you with (for sustenance, benefit or comfort)." They will say, "Allah has forbidden them both to those who rejected Him;
51Such who took their religion for an amusement, sport and a pastime; who were beguiled by the life of the world." This day have We forget them as they forgot the meeting of this Day, and because they did deny Our Signs!
52Now We have brought them a Book explaining it with knowledge, a guidance and a mercy to a people who believe.
53Do they just wait now for its fulfilment (or interpretation)? On the day when its fulfilment shall come, those who forgot it before will say, "Indeed, there did come to us the Messenger of our Lord in truth. Have we no intercessors now to intercede for us? Or, could we return, we would behave otherwise than we did in the past." But they have lost their souls, and that which they devised has strayed away from them.
54Verily, your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days; then mounted He the Throne (of Authority and Power). He covers night with the day - it pursues it incessantly- and the sun and the moon and the stars are subject to His command. Aye! - His is the Creation and the Commandment - Blessed be Allah the Lord of the Worlds!
55Call on your Lord humbly and secretly, verily, He loves not the aggressors (the arrogant, the transgressors).
56Work not confusion (chaos, mischief or evil) in the earth after it has been rightly ordered, and call upon Him with fear and hope (longing and earnestness); for, verily, the mercy of Allah is nigh unto those who do well.
57He it is who sends forth the winds like tidings heralding His mercy; until when they lift the heavy cloud which We drive to a dead land, and send down thereon water, and, thereby, bring forth every kind of fruit; - Thus do We bring forth the dead; per chance (or possibly) you may remember.
58And the good land brings forth its vegetation by the permission of its Lord; and that which is vile brings forth naught but sparsity (bad with little good). Thus do We expound Our signs for a people who are grateful.
59We did send Noah unto his people, and he said, "O my people I serve Allah; you have no God but Him; verily, I fear for you the torment of the mighty (awful) Day."
60Said the chiefs of his people, "Verily, we do surely see you in obvious error."
61Said he, "O my people! There is no error in me; but I am a Messenger from the Lord of the Worlds.
62I convey to you the messages of my Lord, and I give you sincere advice; and I know from Allah what you know not.
63Marvel you that there should come unto you a Reminder from your Lord by a man from amongst you, to warn you, that you may fear evil, and that per chance (or possibly) you may receive mercy?"
64But they called him a liar, and We rescued him and those who were with him in the ark; and We drowned those who denied Our Signs. Verily, they were a blind people.
65And unto the people of Ad (we sent) their brother Hud, who said, "O my people! Serve Allah; you have no God save Him; What! Will you not then fear evil?"
66The chiefs of his people, who disbelieved, said, "Verily, we see you in folly, and, verily, we certainly think you are of the liars."
67He said, "O my people! There is no folly in me; but I am a Messenger from the Lord of the Worlds;
68I convey to you the messages of your Lord; and, verily, I am to you a faithful adviser.
69Marvel you then that there comes to you a Reminder from your Lord by a man from amongst you, to warn you? Remember when He made you vicegerents (or inheritors) after Noah´s people, and gave you growth of stature (prosperity, honour, excellence). Remember, then, the bounties of your Lord, that per chance (or possibly) you may be successful!"
70They said, "Have you come to us that we may serve Allah alone, and forsake what our fathers used to worship? Then bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are truthful!"
71He said, "Already have fallen upon you from your Lord terror and wrath; do you wrangle with me about names, which you and your fathers have named yourselves, for which Allah sent down no warrant. Then wait expectant, lo! I, too, am of those waiting with you.
72But We rescued him and those with him, by Our Mercy, and We cut off the roots of those who rejected Our signs and did not believe."
73Unto the people of Thamud We sent Salih, one of their own brethren. He said, "O my people! Serve (or worship) Allah; you have no God but Him. There has come to you a manifest Sign from your Lord. This is Allah´s she-camel, a sign (or test) unto you; so leave her to feed in Allah´s land, and touch her not with evil, or there will overtake you grievous woe.
74And remember how he made you vicegerents (agents, inheritors) after Ad and established you in the earth so that you took for yourselves castles on its plains and hewed out mountains into houses. So remember the bounties of Allah, and waste not the land, despoiling it."
75The chiefs from amongst his people, those who were inflated with pride, said to those whom they despised, those amongst them who believed, "Know you that Salih is sent from his Lord?" They said, "We do believe in that with which he is sent."
76The arrogant scornfully said, "Verily, we disbelieve in what you believe."
77Then they did hamstring the she-camel, and rebelled against the commandment of their Lord and said, "O Salih! Bring upon us what you did threaten us with, if you are of those who are sent."
78Then the earthquake seized them, and in the morning they lay prone in their dwellings.
79And Salih turned away from them and said, "O my people! I did deliver unto you the message of my Lord, and I gave you good advice; but you love not sincere advisers."
80And (remember) Lot, when he said to his people, "Do you approach an abomination which no creature ever did before you?
81"Verily, you approach men with lust instead of women. Nay, you are a people who far exceed the bounds."
82But his people´s answer was only to say, "Turn them out of your communities. Verily, they are a people who strive to purity."
83But We saved him and his people, except his wife, who was of those who lagged behind;
84And We rained down upon them a shower (of brimstone); - see then the nature of the consequences for sinners!
85And unto Median did We send their brother Shu´eyb (Jethro?), who said, "O my people! Serve Allah; you have no God save Him. There has come to you a manifest Sign from your Lord. So give good weight and full measure, and be not niggardly of your good works (or of the gifts you have received) to mankind, and do not evil in the earth after it has been rightly ordered. That is better for you if you are believers.
86"And lurk not in every path, threatening (and corrupting) and hindering from the path of Allah those who believe in Him, craving to make it crooked. Remember when you were few (small or weak) and He multiplied (increased, strengthened) you; and see what was the end of the corrupters!
87"And if there be a party of you who believe in what I am sent with, and a party who believe not, then wait patiently until Allah judges between us, for He is the best of Judges."
88The chieftains of his people, inflated with arrogance said, "We will of a surety turn you out, O Shu´heyb, and those who believe with you, from our communities, unless you return unto our faith." Said he, "What! Even if we be averse to it?"
89"We shall have devised a lie against Allah if we return unto your faith, after Allah has saved us from it; and what should ail us that we should return thereto, unless that Allah our Lord should please? Our Lord is All-comprehending in His knowledge. In Allah do we place our trust. Our Lord! Decide with truth between us and our people, for you are the best of those who decides.
90But the chiefs of those who disbelieved amongst his people said, "If you follow Shu´eyb, verily, you shall be the losers;"
91So the earthquake seized them, and in the morning they lay prone in their dwellings.
92Those who denied Shu´eyb, became as though they had not dwelt there! - Those who had denied Shu´eyb, they were the losers!
93And he turned away from them and said, "O my people! I delivered unto you the messages of my Lord, and I gave you good advice; how should I be vexed for a people who disbelieve?"
94We have not sent unto a community any prophet but We inflicted the people thereof with tribulation (suffering, distress) and adversity, that per chance (or possibly) they might humble themselves.
95And then did We exchanged good for evil (suffering for prosperity), until they grew (in strength and prosperity) and said, "Our fathers, too, were touched by both suffering and joy." Then We overtook them suddenly ere they realized their peril.
96Had the people of the town but believed and feared, We would have opened up for them blessings from the heavens and from the earth; but they said it was a lie, so We overcame them for that which they had earned.
97Were, then, the people of these cities secure that Our Wrath would not come on them by night, while they slept?
98Were the people of these cities secure that Our Wrath would not come on them in the morning whilst they played carefree?
99Were they secure from the Plan of Allah? None deems himself secure from the Plan of Allah except a people that are doomed to perish.
100Is it not a guidance (lesson) shown to those who inherit the earth after its (former) people, that, did We please, We would smite them in their sins, and would set a stamp upon their heart that they should not hear?
101Such were these cities. We do relate to you their stories. There came to them Our Messengers with manifest Signs; but they would not believe because of what they had rejected before. Thus does Allah seal up their heart of those who disbelieve.
102Nor did We find most of them true to their covenant; but We did find most of them workers of abomination.
103Then We raised up after them Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his chiefs; but they dealt unjustly with them. So see what was the consequence for these evildoers (corrupters, mischief-makers)!
104Moses said, "O Pharaoh! Verily, I am a messenger from the Lord of the Worlds.
105One, for whom it is not right to speak against Allah aught but the truth. I have come to you with a manifest sign from my Lord. Send, then, the children of Israel with me."
106Said he (Pharaoh), "If you have come with a Sign, then bring it, if you are truthful."
107Then he (Moses) threw his rod down, and lo! It was a manifest serpent;
108And he drew out his hand, and lo! It was white to the beholders.
109Said the chiefs of Pharaoh´s people, "Verily, this is surely a knowing (expert) magician;
110He desires to turn you out of your land. What is it, then, your advise?
111They said, "Delay him and his brother, and send summoners into the cities;
112To bring unto you every knowing (expert) magician."
113And the magician came to Pharaoh and said, "Is there, indeed, a reward for us if we are victors?
114He answered, "Yea! And you shall be of those who are brought nigh unto me (given high posts, ranks or honour)."
115They said, "O Moses! Will you cast down (your rod) or shall we be (first) to throw?"
116Said he, "Throw first". And when they threw down their rods, they bewitched (hypnotized) the people´s eyes, and struck terror into them, for they did a mighty magic.
117But We inspired Moses (saying), "Throw down your rod." and it swallowed up their lying show.
118And the truth stood fast, and vain was that which they had done.
119Thus were they vanquished there, and turned back humiliated!
120And the magicians threw themselves down in prostration.
121Said they, "We believe in the Lord of the Worlds,
122The Lord of Moses and Aaron."
123Said Pharaoh, "Do you believe in him ere I give you permission? This is a plot which you have devised in the land, to drive its people hence. But soon shall you know (the consequences)!
124I will cut off your hands and your feet from opposite sides, then I will crucify you every one!"
125They said, "Verily, we return unto our Lord!
126Do you take vengeance on us because we believe in the signs of our Lord, when they come to us. Our Lord! Pour out upon us patience and constancy, and take us to Thyself as men who have surrendered (become Muslims)."
127And the chiefs of Pharaoh´s people said, "(O King) Will you leave Moses and his people to do mischief in the land, and to flout you and your gods?" Said he, "We will have their sons slain and their women we will spare, for, verily, we have power over them."
128Moses said unto his people, "Seek help from Allah and have endurance. Verily, the earth is Allah´s! He gives it for an inheritance to whom He pleases of His servants, and the future is for those who fear (keep their duty and are righteous)."
129They said, "We suffered before you did come to us, and also since you have come to us." Said he, "It may be that your Lord will destroy your foe, and will make you vicegerents (inheritors, successors) in the earth, that He may see how you behave."
130We punished Pharaoh´s people with the years (of drought) and scarcity of fruit or crops), that per chance (or possibly) they might remember.
131But whenever good (times) came to them they said, "This is due to our effort." And if evil befell them, they ascribed it to the evil influences of Moses and those with him. Surely, the evil influence is only in the hands of Allah. But most of them know not.
132And they said, "Whatever Sign you bring to enchant us, we will not put faith in you.”
133So We sent upon them the flood and the locusts and the vermin and the frogs and the blood, - a succession of clear Signs. But they were inflated with arrogance, a guilty people.
134And when there fell upon them the plague, they said, "O Moses! Call upon your Lord for us, as He has covenanted with you. Verily, if you do remove the plague from us, we will put our trust in you; and we will assuredly let the children of Israel go with you."
135But when We removed the penalty from them, according to an appointed term which they had to fulfil, lo! then they broke their promise.
136But We took retribution from them, and We drowned them in the sea because they rejected Our Signs, and were careless thereof.
137And We gave unto a people, despised and weak, an inheritance, lands in both east and west, lands which We had blessed. And the good promise of your Lord was fulfiled on the children of Israel, because they were patient and constant. And We utterly destroyed all the works which Pharaoh and his people had done and that which they had devised.
138And We passed the children of Israel safely across the sea. They came upon a people devoted to their idols, and said, "O Moses! Make for us a god as the gods they have." Said he, "Verily, you are ignorant people.
139"Verily, these people- destroyed shall be their way, and vain is that which they are doing."
140He said, "Shall I seek for you a god other than Allah, when He has preferred you above all creatures?"
141And (remember) when We saved you from Pharaoh´s people who wrought you evil woe, slaying your sons, and sparing your women. In that was a mighty trial from your Lord.
142And We appointed for Moses thirty nights (of solitude), and added ten (more), and he completed the time appointed by his Lord for forty nights. And Moses said unto his brother Aaron, "Act for me amongst my people, and do what is right, and follow not the path of the evildoers."
143And when Moses came to Our appointment, and his Lord spoke unto him, he said, "O my Lord! Show me Thyself, that I may look on Thee!" Allah said, "Thou canst not see Me; but look upon the mountain. If it remains steady in its place, you have seen Me;" But when his Lord appeared unto the mountain He made it dust, and Moses fell down in a swoon! And when he woke he said, "Glory unto Thee! I turn repentant unto Thee, and I am the foremost of those who believe."
144He said, "O Moses! Verily, I have chosen you over the people with My messages and My words. Take then what I have brought you, and be of the thankful."
145And We wrote for him upon Tablets, admonitions, commanding and explaining everything, and said, "Hold fast to them, and bid your people take the best course, made clear therein. I will show you the abode of those who work abominations.
146I will turn from My revelations those who wrongfully magnify themselves with pride in the earth; and though they see every Sign, they shall not believe therein, and if they see the path of rectitude they shall not take it for their path; but if they see the path of error they shall choose it for their path - that is because they deny Our revelations and have ignored them."
147But those who deny Our revelations (or Signs) and the meeting of the Hereafter, in vain are their works. Shall they be rewarded save for that which they have done?
148And the people of Moses, after he had left them, chose (for worship) an image of a lowing calf (or one that seemed to low) made out of their ornaments. Did they not see that it could not speak to them or guide them in the path? They chose it and became wrongdoers (or unjust, unreasonable, irrational, superstitious people).
149But when they bit their hands (in realization and fear) and saw that they had gone astray, they said, "Verily, if our Lord have not compassion on us and forgive us we shall surely be of those who are lost!"
150And when Moses returned unto his people angry and grieved, he said, "Evil is it that which you have done after I had gone! Would you hasten on the judgment of your Lord?". And he threw down the tablets and seized his brother by the (hair on his) head, dragging him towards him. But he (Aaron) protested, saying, "O son of my mother! Verily, the people deemed me weak (or of no account) and well nigh killed me. Make not mine enemies rejoice about me (my humiliation), and count me not with the unjust (evildoing, irrational) people.
151Moses prayed, "O Lord! Forgive my brother and me and let us enter into Thy mercy; for Thou art the most merciful of the merciful.
152Verily, those who have taken to themselves a calf, there shall reach them wrath from their Lord, and abasement in the life of this world; for thus do we reward those who forge a lie.
153But those who have done bad works, and then turn again after them and believe - verily, your Lord, thereafter, is Forgiving and Merciful."
154And when Moses´ wrath calmed down he took up the Tables, in the inscription of which was guidance and mercy for those who fear their Lord.
155And Moses chose from his people seventy men for Our appointment; and when the earthquake took them he prayed, "O my Lord! Had you willed, you could have destroyed both them and me before this. Will Thou destroy us for what the fools amongst us have done? This is naught but Thy trial, wherewith Thou dost lead astray whom Thou pleases and guides whom Thou please; Thou art our patron! Forgive us and have mercy on us, for Thou art the best of those who forgive!
156And ordain for us good in this world, and in the Hereafter too; verily, we are guided unto Thee." He said, "With My punishment, I fall on whom I will; but My mercy embraces everything; and I will ordain it for those who do right, and practice charity regularly, and those who believe in our Signs.
157Those who follow the Messenger - the unlettered Prophet - whom they find mentioned in their own Law and Gospel. (Deuteronomy18 and Johnbidding them what is just (reasonable) and forbidding them what is wrong (evil, unreasonable, stupid); and making lawful for them what is good (pure), and making unlawful evil (impure) things. He releases them from their heavy burdens and yokes which were upon them. So it is those who believe in him and honour and help him and follow the Light which has been sent down with him - it is they who are the successful (or shall prosper)."
158Say, "O you people! Verily, I am the Messenger of Allah unto you all, of Him whose is the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth, there is no God but He! He gives life and death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered (or not learned, unsophisticated) prophet, - who believes in Allah and in His Words - then follow him that per chance (or possibly) you may be guided."
159Amongst the people of Moses is a section who guide with truth, and thereby act justly.
160And We divided them into twelve tribes, nation; and We inspired Moses, when his people asked him for water, saying, "Strike the rock with your staff!" and there gushed forth from it twelve springs, so that each tribe knew their drinking place. And We overshadowed them with the cloud; and sent down upon them the manna and the quails, saying, "Eat of the good things We have provided you with!"- They did not wrong Us but it was themselves they were wont to wrong.
161And when it was said unto them, "Dwell in this city and eat there from (enjoy its facilities) as you will, and say "Repentance" and enter the gate prostrate (in humility); so will We forgive you your sins; We will increase (the portion or reward of) those who do right."
162But those amongst them who did wrong changed the words given them for another saying; and We sent upon them a wrath from heaven for that they were unjust (or transgressed).
163Ask them, too, about the city which stood by the sea, how they broke the Sabbath; how on the Sabbath day the fish came straight up to them; but on the days when they kept not the Sabbath, they came not to them. Thus did We try them for the evil that they wrought.
164And when a community from amongst them said, "Why do you warn a people whom Allah would destroy, or punish with severe torment?" they said, "In order to do our duty to our Lord, that per chance (or possibly) they may fear (evil)."
165But when they forgot what they had been reminded of, We saved those who forbade evil, and We overtook those who did wrong with grievous punishment because they transgressed.
166But when they rebelled against what they were forbidden, We said to them, "Become you as apes, despised and spurned!"
167And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed that He would surely raise against them till the Day of Resurrection, those who would lay on them grievous torment. Verily, your Lord is quick in retribution, but verily, He is also Forgiving, Merciful.
168We broke them up into sections in the earth. Among them are some who are righteous, and among them are those who are the opposite. We have tried them with good things and with bad things, that per chance (or possibly) they may return (to Us).
169But after them a generation succeeded them who inherited the Book (Scriptures)! They chose the vanities of this lower world, saying, "Everything will be forgiven us." But if similar vanities came to them again they would seize them too! Was there not taken from them a covenant by the Book, that they should not ascribe to Allah anything but the truth? Yet they study what is therein! But the abode of the Hereafter is better for those who fear - do you not then understand?
170But those who hold fast by the Book and are steadfast in prayer - verily, We will not waste the wages of those who do right.
171And when We shook the mountain over them, as though it were a covering, and they thought it would fall upon them, We said, "Take you what We have given you with firmness, and remember what is therein; per chance (or possibly) you may fear Allah."
172And when your Lord drew forth from the children of Adam, out of their loins, their seed (or descendants), and made them testify about themselves, "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yea! We do bear witness" - lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection, "Verily, of this we were unaware."
173Or say, "Verily, our fathers associated others with Allah before us, and we were but their seed after them. Will you then destroy us for the futile deeds of the doers of futility (or vanities)?"
174Thus do We explain the Signs that per chance (or possibly) they may return (or turn to Us).
175Read to them the declaration of him to whom We brought our Signs, and who stepped away there from, and Satan followed him, and he became one of those who lead (tempt or are tempted to go) astray.
176Had We pleased We would have exalted him thereby (with Our Signs), but he clung to the earth and followed his own lust, and his likeness was as the likeness of a dog, whom if you should attack he hangs out his tongue, or if you should leave him, hangs out his tongue too. Such is the likeness of the people who say our Signs (revelations) are lies. Tell them then these tales - per chance (or possibly) they may reflect.
177Evil is the likeness of a people who deny Our revelations (or Signs) and wrong their own souls.
178He whom Allah leads, he indeed is led aright, while he whom Allah sends astray, they are indeed losers.
179We have created for hell many of the Jinn and of Mankind; they have heart and they discern not therewith; they have eyes and they see not therewith; they have ears and they hear not therewith; they are like cattle, nay, more misguided, for they are heedless (or care not).
180But Allah belong the most beautiful names; call on Him then thereby, and leave those who pervert (profane or blaspheme against) His names. They shall be rewarded for that which they have done.
181And of those whom We have created is a people who are guided with the truth and establish justice therewith.
182But they who deny Our revelations We will bring them down by degrees from whence they know not.
183I give them rein, for verily, my scheme is effective.
184Do they not then reflect that their companion is not possessed? He is but a perspicuous Warner!
185Do they not behold the kingdoms of the heavens and of the earth, and what things Allah has created, and (see that), it may well be that their term is already drawing to its end? In what after this then will they believe?
186He whom Allah leads astray there is no guide for him! He leaves them blindly wandering in their rebellion.
187They will ask you about the (final) Hour, for what time it is fixed? - Say, "The knowledge thereof is only with my Lord; none shall manifest it at its time but He. Heavy is its burden in the heavens and the earth. It will come to you suddenly and unawares." They question you as though you were informed of it (or eagerly searching for it). Say," Knowledge thereof is with Allah only, but most people know not."
188Say, "For myself I have no power to benefit, nor power to harm, save what Allah will. Had I knowledge of the Unseen I should surely have multiplied all that is good, and no adversity would touch me; I am but a Warner and a herald of good tidings unto a people who have faith."
189He it is who created you from a single soul, and made there from its mate to dwell with her (in comfort and love); and when he covered her she bore a light burden, and went about therewith (unnoticed); but when it grew heavy they cried unto Allah, their Lord, saying, "Surely if you give us a well-formed child, we shall be forever thankful."
190But when He gave them both a well-formed child, they joined partners with Him with respect to that which He had given them. But Allah is exalted above that which they associate with Him.
191Will they associate with Him those who cannot create aught, but are themselves created,
192And have no power to help them, nor can even help themselves?
193But if you call them unto guidance they follow you not. It is all the same to them if you call them or if you hold your tongue.
194Those whom you call on other than Allah are servants like yourselves. Call on them then, and let them answer you, if you are truthful.
195Have they feet to walk with? Or have they hands to hold with? Or have they eyes to see with? Or have they ears to hear with? Say, Call upon your (supposed) partners (of Allah); then plot against me, and spare me not.
196"Verily, my patron (or protecting friend) is Allah, who reveals the Book, and He is the Friend of the righteous.
197But those whom you call on beside Him have no power to help you, nor can they help themselves."
198But if you call them unto the guidance, they hear not. You will see them looking at you, yet they see not.
199Hold to forgiveness, and command what is kind, and shun the ignorant.
200And if an incitement from the devil wound you, then seek refuge in Allah: verily, He is Hearer and Knower.
201Verily, those who fear Allah, if a temptation (suggestion, whisper) from the devil touches (assaults, troubles) them, they do but remember (or mention) Him, and lo! They see (realise).
202And their brethren he shall increase in error, then they shall not desist.
203If you bring them not a verse (of revelation) they say, "Have you not yet made choice of one? Say, "I only follow what is inspired in me by my Lord. These are lights (perceptions, insights) from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy to a people who have faith."
204And when the Quran is read, then listen thereto with attention, and keep silence, that per chance (or possibly) you may obtain mercy.
205And remember your Lord within yourself humbly and with awe, below your breath, in the morning and in the evening; and be not of those who are neglectful (or unheedful).
206Verily, they who are with your Lord are not too big with pride (arrogant) for His service, but they praise and bow before Him in adoration.
Chapter 8 (Sura 8)
1They will ask you about the spoils of war. Say, "The spoils belong to Allah and the Messenger, so fear (keep your duty to) Allah and keep straight the relationship amongst yourselves; obey Allah and the Messenger if you do believe."
2Verily, the believers are those who, when Allah´s name is mentioned, their heart sinks with awe; and when His Signs (revelations) are recited to them they increase them in faith; and in their Lord do they trust.
3Who are steadfast in worship, and spend of what We have bestowed upon them;
4These are in truth believers. For them are degrees of honour with their Lord, and forgiveness, and a generous provision.
5Even as your Lord caused you to go forth from your house with the Truth, a sect of the believers were averse to it.
6They disputed with you about the Truth after it was made plain, as though they were being driven on to visible death.
7And when Allah promised you that one of the two troops (the army or the caravan) should be your s, and you yearned to have the unarmed one (the caravan). Allah wished to justify Truth by His words, and to cut off the root of the unbelievers.
8That He might cause Truth to triumph and make Falsehood vain, despite the aversion of the guilty.
9Remember when you asked for succour from your Lord, and He answered you, "I will assist you with a thousand angels, in many ranks."
10Allah made it glad tidings only to reassure your heart therewith, for victory comes only from Allah! Verily, Allah is Mighty and Wise.
11Remember when drowsiness covered you as a reassurance from Him, and He sent down upon you rain from heaven to purify you, to remove from you the plague of Satan, and to make strong your heart and firm your footsteps.
12Remember when your Lord inspired the angels, saying, "Verily, I am with you; make you firm, then, those who believe; I will cast dread into the heart of the unbelievers; strike off their necks, and strike off their finger tip."
13This is because they opposed Allah and His Messenger; for he who goes into opposition against Allah and His Messenger, verily, Allah is strict in punishment.
14Thus (it will be said) "There, taste the punishment, for disbelievers is the torment of the Fire.
15O you who believe! When you meet the disbelievers in hostile swarms, turn not to them your backs;
16For he who turns his back that day, save as a stratagem of war, or to retreat to his own troop, brings down upon himself the wrath of Allah, and his resort is Hell, an evil refuge.
17It is not you who slew them, but it was Allah who slew them; nor was it you who threw (the dust to blind the enemy), but Allah who threw it to test the believers by goodly test from Himself; verily, Allah is Hearer, Knower.
18That and also because Allah weakens the stratagem of the disbelievers.
19(O unbelievers!) If you sought a judgment, a decision has now come to you. But if you desist, it will be better for you; but if you return to the attack, We, too will return. And your troop shall avail you nothing, however great in number it be, since Allah is with the believers!
20O you who believe! Obey Allah and His Messenger, and turn not from Him when you hear him speak.
21Be not like those who say, "We hear," and yet they hear not.
22Verily, the worst of beasts in the sight of Allah are the deaf, the dumb who understand not.
23Had Allah known any good in them, He would have made them hear; but had He made them hear, they would have turned away, averse.
24O you who believe! Respond unto Allah and His Messenger when He calls you to that which quickens you; and know that Allah comes in between a man and his own heart; and that He it is unto Whom you shall be gathered.
25And fear temptation (or trial, chastisement, oppression, discord, chaos) which falls not exclusively on those of you who have done wrong; but know that Allah is severe in punishment.
26Remember when you were few in number and weak in the land, fearing lest people should despoil and snatch you away; then He sheltered you and strengthened you with His aid, and provided you with good things, that per chance (or possibly) you may give thanks.
27O you who believe! Be not treacherous to Allah and His Messenger; nor knowingly betray your trusts (obligations, duties, responsibilities in respect of wealth, property, confidences, knowledge, talents, time, opportunities, circumstances, power, social position, prestige etc. bestowed by other people, the community or by Allah.)
28Know that your wealth and your children are but a test, and that with Allah is the highest wage.
29O you who believe! If you fear (does your duty to) Allah He will give you discrimination (or a Criterion) and will rid you of your evil thoughts and deeds, and will forgive you; for Allah is Lord of Infinite Bounty.
30And when those who disbelieved plotted against you to detain you in bonds, or slay you, or drive you forth - they plotted, but Allah also plotted, for Allah is best of Plotters.
31But when Our verses were recited to them they said, "We have already heard. If We pleased We could speak like this; verily, this is nothing but tales of ancient folk."
32When they said, "O Allah! If this be indeed truth from Thee, then rain down upon us stones from heaven or bring us grievous doom!"
33But Allah would not torment them while you were amongst them; nor will He punish them while they seek forgiveness.
34But what plea have they that Allah should not punish them when they turn folk away from the Sacred Mosque (The Kaaba), though they are not its fitting guardians? Its fitting guardians are only the righteous (those who keep their duty to Allah), but most of them know not.
35Their prayer at the House was naught but whistling and hand clapping! Therefore, (it is said to them) Taste of the doom because you disbelieved!
36Verily, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to turn folk away from the path of Allah; but they shall spend it, and then it shall become sighing (regret) for them, and then they shall be overcome. Those who disbelieve shall be gathered into hell!
37That Allah may separate the vile from the good, and may stack the vile on top of each others, and heap them together in hell! Such are the losers!
38Tell those who disbelieve, that if they desist they will be forgiven what is past; but if they return (to evil ways) then the example of men of former days has already gone before them.
39Fight them then until there be no more oppression, and that religion may be wholly Allah´s. But if they desist, then Allah is Seer of what they do.
40But if they turn their backs, then know that Allah is your patron, the Supreme Patron, the Supreme Helper.
41And know that whenever you seize anything as a spoil of war, to Allah belongs a fifth thereof, and to His Apostle, and to kindred and orphans, and the needy and the wayfarer; if you believe in Allah and what We have revealed unto Our servants on the Day of Discrimination (Testing or Decision between right and wrong), the day when the two armies met (the battle of Badr). And Allah has Power over all things.
42When you were on the near side of the valley, and they were on the far side, and the camel caravan was below you, had you made an appointment then to meet, you would have failed to keep it. But it was otherwise, so that Allah might accomplish a thing that must be done (or was already decreed); that he who was to perish might perish on clear proof (either as a forewarning or to some other manifest purpose or cause); and that he who was to survive might survive on clear proof. Verily, Allah is Hearer, Knower.
43Allah showed them unto you (Muhammad) in your dream as few in number. But had He shown them to you as many, you (Muslims) would have been timid (afraid), and you would have quarrelled about the matter. But Allah saved you from this. Verily, He knows well the secret of men´s heart!
44And when He showed them to you (Muslims), when you encountered them, as few in your eyes; and made you seem weak (or contemptible) in their eyes, it was that Allah might accomplish a thing that must be done (or was fore-ordained); for unto Allah do all things return!
45O you who believe! When you encounter a force, then stand firm and remember Allah much, that you may be successful (or may prosper)!
46And obey Allah and His Messenger, and dispute not with one another, lest you falter (or lose heart) and your strength (or powers or luck) depart, but be steadfast (patient and persevering), for verily, Allah is with the steadfast.
47And be not like those who went forth from their homes with insolence, and for appearance sake before men, and to turn away people from the way of Allah, for Allah surrounds all things.
48And when Satan made their works appear seemly to them, and said, "There is none amongst mankind to conquer you to-day, for, verily, I am near you." But when the two armies came in sight of each other, he turned upon his heels (took flight) and said, "Verily, I am clear of you! Verily, I see what you see not! Verily, I fear Allah, for Allah is strict (or severe) in punishment!"
49And when the hypocrites and those in whose heart is a disease said, "Their religion hath beguiled (hypnotized or deluded) these men." But he who puts his trust in Allah, verily, Allah is Mighty and Wise.
50If you could see how the angels take away the souls of those who disbelieve, smiting them on their faces and hinder parts, saying, "Taste you the torment of burning!
51This is for what your hands have sent on before you; and know that Allah is no tyrant to his servants."
52Their deeds are like those of Pharaoh´s people and those before them! They rejected the Signs (revelations) of Allah, and Allah overtook them in their sins. Verily, Allah is strong and severe in punishment.
53That is because Allah is not one to change the favour He has bestowed on a people, until they first change what they have in themselves (in their own souls), and because Allah is Hearer and Knower.
54Their way is like those of Pharaoh´s people and those before them! They denied Our Signs (or revelations), and We destroyed them in their sins, and drowned Pharaoh´s people. All were evildoers.
55Verily, the worst of beasts in Allah´s eyes are those who are ungrateful and will not believe;
56Those with whom if you make a treaty, they break their treaty at each opportunity, for they fear not (or keep not their duty to) Allah;
57Should you come to war with them, then deal with them so as to strike fear into those who come after them (as an example), that per chance (or possibly) they may remember.
58And should you ever fear treachery from any people, then throw back to them their treaty in like manner (or in fairness); verily, Allah loves not the treacherous.
59Let not those who disbelieve deem that they can outstrip (believers or Allah´s purpose); verily, they cannot frustrate them (or escape).
60Prepare you against them what strength of forces and horses you have to the utmost of your power, that thereby you may dismay the enemies of Allah, and your enemies, and others beside them whom you know not. You do not know them, but Allah knows them! Whatever you spend in the Way of Allah, it will be repaid you in full; and you shall not be wronged.
61But if they incline to peace, incline you to it also, and trust in Allah; verily, He is Hearer and Knower.
62But if they wish to betray (or deceive) you, then, verily, Allah is sufficient for you! He it is who supports you with His help and with the believers.
63And attunes (or reconciles) their heart! If you had spent all that is in the earth you could not have attuned their heart, but Allah reconciled them, verily, He is Mighty and Wise!
64O you Prophet! Sufficient unto you is Allah, and unto those of the believers who follow you!
65O you Prophet! Urge on the believers to fight. If there be of you twenty steadfast men, they shall overcome two hundred; if there be of you a hundred, they shall overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they are a people without understanding (or discernment).
66Now has Allah made light your burden, for He knows that there is a weakness in you: but if there be amongst you but a steadfast hundred, they will vanquish two hundred; and if there be of you a thousand, they will vanquish two thousand, by the permission of Allah. Allah is with the steadfast.
67It has not been for any Prophet to take captives until he hath subdued the land! You desire the lure of this world, but Allah desires the Hereafter, for Allah is Mighty, Wise!
68Were it not for an ordinance from Allah that had gone before, there would have touched you a mighty punishment for that which you took (prisoners for ransom),
69Eat (enjoy, utilize) of what spoils you have taken, what is lawful and good; and fear Allah, verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
70O you Prophet! Say to such of the captives as are in your hands, "If Allah knows of any good in your heart, He will give you better than that which is taken from you, and will forgive you; for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful."
71But if they desire to betray you - they have betrayed Allah before! - but He hath given you power over them; for Allah is Knower, Wise!
72Verily, those who believe and have fled into exile (left their homes), and fought strenuously with their wealth and lives in the cause of Allah, and those who have given them refuge and help, these shall be kin (or friends and protectors) to each other. But those who believe, but have not fled into exile (left their homes); you have no duty to their claims of kindred, until they flee as well. But if they seek your aid in religion, then it is your duty to help them, except against a people between whom and you there is an alliance; for Allah is Seer of what you do.
73And those who disbelieve, some of them are kin (or protectors) of one another - unless you act the same there will be confusion (or oppression) in the land, and great corruption (or mischief).
74Those who believe and have left their homes and striven strenuously in the cause of Allah, and those who have given them a refuge and a help, these are the believers. For them is forgiveness and generous provision.
75Those who accept faith later and leave their homes and strive strenuously with you, these are of you. But blood relations are nearer to one another in the Book of Allah (also called the Eternal Decree, the Preserved Tablet or it can be called the Universal Plan or Blue Print). Verily, Allah is Knower of all things.
Chapter 9 (Sura 9)
1An immunity from Allah and His Messenger to those idolaters with whom you have made a treaty (or alliance).
2Travel freely in the land for four months, but know that you cannot make Allah helpless, and that Allah will confound (or humiliate) the disbelievers.
3And a proclamation from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the Greater Pilgrimage, that Allah is free of obligations to the idolaters, as is His Messenger! If then you repent it is better for you; but if you turn your backs, then know that you cannot make Allah helpless (frustrate His plan). Give tidings of a grievous doom to those who disbelieve.
4Except to those of the idolaters with whom you have made a treaty, and who then have not failed you, and have not supported any one against you. Fulfil for them then your treaty until its full term. Verily, Allah loves those who fear (the righteous, those who keep their duty to Him).
5 9:5 But when the sacred months are past, then fight and slay the idolaters (those who plot against you) wherever you may find them; and seize them, and besiege them, and ambush them in every manner; but if they repent, and are steadfast in prayer, and practice charity, then let them go their way; for verily, Allah is oft Forgiving and Merciful.
6And if any one of the idolaters ask you for protection (or asylum), then aid him, in order that he may hear the word of Allah; then let him reach his place of safety. That is because they are a folk who know not.
7How can there be for the idolaters a treaty with Allah and with His Messenger, save those with whom you have made a treaty at the Sacred Mosque! Then while they stand by you, stand you by them; verily, Allah loves the righteous (those who fear evil).
8How (can there be any treaty)! - for if they prevail against you, they respect neither ties of blood nor of agreements. They please you with their mouths while their heart refuse; and most of them work abomination (or are wicked and rebellious).
9They barter Allah´s signs (or revelations) for a little price and they turn folk away from His way; verily, evil is that which they are wont to do.
10They will not observe towards a believer ties of kindred nor ties of honour (or covenants); these are the transgressors.
11But if they repent and establish regular prayer and practice regular charity, then they are your brethren in religion. We detail Our revelations unto a people that have knowledge.
12But if they break faith with you after their treaty, and assail (taunt or attack) your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief - verily, they have no faith - in order that they may desist.
13Will you not fight a people who broke their solemn pledges, and intended to expel the Messenger and attacked you first? What! Fear you them? Allah is more deserving that you should fear Him if you be believers.
14Fight them! Allah will chastise them by your hands, and disgrace them, and give you victory against them, and He will heal the breasts of a people who believe.
15And He will remove rage from their heart; for Allah relents unto whomsoever He will. Allah is Knower, Wise!
16Did you suppose that you would be left in peace, when Allah has not yet determined (tested) those of you who will strive, and who take none other than Allah and His Messenger, and the believers for protectors and friends? But Allah is well aware of what you do.
17It is not for idolaters to tend the mosques of Allah, while bearing witness against the infidelity of their own souls; for such their works are vain, and in the Fire shall they dwell.
18Only he shall tend the mosques of Allah who believes in Allah and the Last Day, and is steadfast in prayer, and practices regular charity, and fears none but Allah. Only these can be expected to be among those who are rightly guided.
19Have you supposed that giving drink to the pilgrims and tending the Sacred Mosque are equal to believing in Allah and in the Last Day, and striving in the way of Allah? They are not equal in the sight of Allah, and Allah guides not a wrongdoing people.
20Those who believe and who have left their homes (migrated) and striven with their wealth and with their lives in the way of Allah, are highest in rank in the sight of Allah. These are the triumphant.
21Their Lord gives them glad tidings of mercy from Himself, and goodwill; and Gardens shall they have with enduring pleasure (or joy),
22There they shall abide forever. Verily, Allah, with Him is mighty reward.
23O you who believe! Choose not your fathers, nor your brothers for patrons if they love disbelief rather than faith; for whoever amongst you takes them for patrons these are the wrong-doers.
24Say, "If your fathers, and your sons, and your brethren, and your wives, and your clansmen, and the wealth which you have gained, and the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings which you love, if all these are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striving in His way: then wait awhile, until Allah brings His command to pass. Allah guides not wrong-doing (rebellious) people."
25Allah has helped you in many fields, and on the day of Huneyn (where a Muslim army was ambushed) when you were pleased with your great numbers; but it availed you not at all, and the land grew too narrow for you where it had been broad; and you turned your backs retreating;
26Then Allah sent down His shechina (inner calm, peace, tranquillity, security reassurance) upon His Messenger and upon the believers; and sent down hosts which you could not see, and punished those who disbelieved; for that is the reward of the disbelievers.
27Then Allah turns after that to whom He will, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful!
28O you who believe! It is only the idolaters who are unclean; they shall not then approach the Sacred Mosque after this year. But if you fear poverty (from the loss of trade with them) then (know that) Allah will enrich you from His grace if He will; verily, Allah is Knower, Wise.
29Fight those from amongst those to whom the Book has been brought, but who believe not in Allah and in the Last Day, and who forbid not what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden, and who do not practice the Religion of Truth, until they are brought low and pay the Jizya (tribute, compensation, tax) readily.
30The Jews say Ezra is the son of Allah; and the Christians say that Christ is the son of Allah; that is what they say with their mouths, imitating the sayings of those who disbelieved before. Allah (Himself) fights against them! How perverse are they!
31They take for lords rather than Allah their rabbis and their monks, and the Messiah the son of Mary; but they were bidden to worship only one Allah. There is no God but He. Be He glorified above all that they join with Him! (See Deuteronomy 5:7 and John6, 12)
32They desire to put out the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah disdains all but that He should perfect His light, however averse to this the disbelievers may be!
33He it is who sent His Messenger with guidance and the Religion of Truth, to make it prevail over every other religion, however averse to this the disbelievers may be!
34O you who believe! Verily, many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian) monks devour the wealth of mankind openly, and turn away folk from the way of Allah; but those who store up gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah, unto them give tidings of grievous doom!
35On the day when it shall be heated in the fire of hell, and their brows and their sides and their backs shall be branded therewith. "This is what you stored up for yourselves, taste then what you used to store."
36Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months in Allah´s Book, ordained on the day when He created the heavens and the earth. Of these four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves in them. But fight the idolaters one and all, as (or when) they fight you one and all, and know that Allah is with those who fear (restrain themselves).
37Verily, postponement (of the sacred months) is but an addition of disbelief to lead astray therewith those who disbelieve. They make it lawful one year, but they make it unlawful in another, that they may make up the number of months which Allah has made sacred, to allow that which Allah has prohibited. Seemly to them are their evil works, but Allah guides not a misbelieving people.
38O you who believe! What ailed you when you were told to march forth in Allah´s way, that you were bowed down to the ground with heaviness? Were you content with the life of this world instead of the Hereafter? But the comforts of the life of this world is but a little compared to the Hereafter.
39Unless you march forth He will afflict you with grievous doom, and will choose instead of you a people different from you! You cannot harm Him at all, for Allah has Power to do all things.
40If you do not help him (Muhammad), Allah will. (Remember) Allah did help him when those who disbelieved drove him forth, along with another (Abu Bakr). When the two were in the cave, he said to his comrade, "Fear not, verily, Allah is with us." (We are not merely two, He is the powerful third) Then Allah sent down His shechina (peace, reassurance) upon him, and aided him with hosts you could not see, and humbled the word of those who disbelieved, and exalted the word of Allah. Allah is Mighty and Wise.
41March you then, lightly or heavily equipped, and strive with your wealth and persons in the cause of Allah. That is best for you if you did but know!
42Had there been an immediate gain, and an easy journey, they would have followed you; but the distance was too far for them; yet they will swear by Allah, "If we could, we would have gone forth with you." They destroy their own souls, but Allah knows that they lie!
43Allah forgives you (O Muhammad); why did you give them leave (to stay) until it was made manifest to you who spoke the truth, and you did know the liars?
44Those who believe in Allah and in the Last Day ask no leave of you from striving with their wealth and their lives; but Allah knows those who fear (do their duty).
45It is only those who believe not in Allah and in the Last Day who beg leave from you, and those whose heart have doubts, and in their doubt do waver.
46Had they wished to go forth, they would certainly have prepared some equipment; but Allah was averse from their being sent forth, and held them back, and they were told "Sit you with the inactive (sedentary or passive)."
47Had they gone forth with you they would have made you naught but more trouble, and they would have hurried about amongst you creating a sedition; and amongst you are some who would have listened to them; but Allah knows those who are evil-workers.
48They used to crave sedition before and upset your affairs, until the Truth came, and Allah´s decree was made manifest, much to their aversion (disgust, consternation).
49Of them are some who say, "Grant me exemption, and draw me not into trial (or temptation (of the beauty of the enemy women))" Have they not fallen into the trial already, but Hell surrounds the disbelievers.
50If good befall you it also afflicts (or grieves) them; but if a calamity befall you they say, "We took precautions." and they turn away well pleased (or rejoicing).
51Say, "Naught befalls us save what Allah has written down for us; He is our Patron. In Allah let believers trust!"
52Say, "Can you expect for us aught but one of the two best things (martyrdom or victory)? We too expect that Allah will afflict on you with doom from Himself or by our hands. Wait then, and verily, we are waiting with you!"
53Say, "Spend (for the Cause), willingly or unwillingly, it shall not be accepted from you; for verily, you are a people who are rebellious and wicked."
54But naught hinders their contributions from being accepted save that they disbelieve in Allah and His Messenger, and perform not prayer save lazily (unmindfully), and spend not in charity save reluctantly.
55Let not their wealth nor their children please you. Allah only wishes to punish them therewith in the life of this world, and that their souls may pass away while still they disbelieve.
56They swear by Allah that, in truth, they are of you; but they are not of you, and they are a people who do stand aside in fear.
57Could they but have found a refuge, or some caves, or a hiding place in which to creep, thither would they have rushed (jamaha = hastened with uncontrollable urgency, madly, obstinately).
58Of them are some who defame you, with respect to (the distribution of) charity; though if they are given a part thereof, they are content; and if they are not given a part thereof, then are they enraged.
59Would that they were content with what Allah and His Messenger had brought them, and would say, "Allah is sufficient for us! Allah will bring us of His Bounty, and so will His Messenger; verily, in Allah is our hope (or desire)."
60Alms are only for the poor and needy, and those who work for them, and those whose heart are to be reconciled (to be converted to Islam), and those in captivity, and those in debt, and those who are on Allah´s path, and for the wayfarer. This is an ordinance from Allah, for Allah is Knower, Wise.
61And of them are some who are at the ears of the prophet (they molest him), and say, "He is all ears (he listens to every one´s plea)." Say, "He is an ear (or Hearer) of what is good for you, who believes in Allah, has faith in (or is true) to believers, and is a mercy unto such of you as truly believe." But those who molest the Messenger of Allah, for them is grievous woe!
62They swear by Allah to please you (Muslims); but Allah and His Messenger are more worthy for them to please (or it is more fitting to please them or they have more right to it) if they be believers.
63Know they not that whoever sets himself against Allah and His Messenger, for him is the Fire of Hell, to dwell therein? That is the mighty shame!
64The hypocrites fear lest there be revealed against them a verse, exposing what is in their heart. Say, "Mock ye! Verily, Allah is disclosing what you fear!"
65But if you should ask them, they will say, "We did but talk and jest." Say, "Was it at Allah and His revelations, and His Messenger, that you mocked?"
66Make no excuse! You have disbelieved after your (confession of) faith; if We forgive one party of you, We will punish another party because they were guilty.
67The hypocrites, men and women, are of each other (influence, and agree with, each other, are tied together), bidding what is wrong and forbidding what is right, and they clench their hands (in anger to withhold charity, assistance, or power in the cause of Allah). They forget Allah, so He has forgotten (ignored) them! Verily, the hypocrites are the doers of abomination (rebellious and perverse).
68Allah has promised unto the hypocrites, men and women, and unto the disbelievers, hell-fire to dwell therein. It is enough for them! Allah shall curse them, and theirs shall be an enduring woe.
69You are like those who were before you. They were stronger than you and more abundant in wealth and children. They enjoyed their portion awhile, and you will enjoy your portion awhile just as they enjoyed their portion before you. And you indulge in idle chatter as they indulged in idle chatter. Such are they whose works are vain in this world and the Hereafter. Such are the losers.
70Did there not come to them the story of those who were before them? Of the people of Noah and A´ad and Thamud, and of the people of Abraham, and the people of Midian? And of their overthrown cities? Their messengers came to them with manifest signs; for Allah surely wrongs them not, but it was themselves that they wronged.
71And the believers, men and women, are patrons one of the others; they bid what is right, and forbid what is wrong, and are steadfast in worship, and give in charity, and they obey Allah and His Messenger. On these will Allah have mercy; verily, Allah is Mighty, Wise!
72Allah has promised to believers, men and women, Gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein; and goodly places in the Gardens of Bliss (Eden), But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure (or acceptance) of Allah. That is the Supreme Triumph!
73O you Prophet! Strive strenuously against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern against them; for their ultimate resort is hell, an evil destination indeed.
74They swear by Allah they did not speak wrong, but they did speak the word of disbelief (blasphemy); and they disbelieved after their Surrender (embracing Islam). And they plotted what they could not attain; and they only sought revenge after Allah through His Messenger had enriched them with His Grace. If they repent again it will be better for them; but if they turn their backs, Allah will afflict them with mighty woe in this world and in the Hereafter, nor shall they have upon the earth a friend or protector.
75And of them are some who make a treaty with Allah, saying, "If He give us of His bounty, we will give alms and become of the righteous."
76But when He gave them of His grace they hoarded it, and turned away, averse.
77So He caused hypocrisy to pursue them in their heart unto the day when they shall meet Him, for they did break their promises to Allah and because they lied.
78Do they not know that Allah knows their secrets and their whisperings, and that Allah knows the Unseen?
79Those who defame such of the believers as willingly give their alms, and such as can find nothing to give but their exertions and who mock at them - Allah Himself mocks them. Theirs is a grievous woe!
80Ask forgiveness for them or ask not forgiveness for them; if they should ask forgiveness for them seventy times, yet would not Allah forgive them; that is because they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger, and Allah guides not a people who work abomination.
81Those who were left behind rejoiced in staying behind the Messenger of Allah, and were averse to striving with their wealth and their persons in the way of Allah, and said, "March not forth in the heat." Say, "The fire of hell is hotter still, if you could but discern!"
82Let them then laugh a little, they will weep much, as a recompense for that which they have earned!
83But if Allah brings you back (from a campaign) to a party of them, and they ask you then for permission to come out with you, say, "You shall by no means ever come out with me, nor shall you ever fight a foe with me! Verily, you were content to sit at home the first time, sit you then now with the useless."
84Pray not ever for any one of them who dies, and stand not by his grave; verily, they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died workers of perverse rebellion.
85Let not their wealth and their children please you. Allah only wishes to punish them therewith in this world, and that their souls may pass away while they disbelieve.
86Whenever a verse is sent down to them, saying "Believe you in Allah, and strive along with His Messenger," the men of wealth will ask you for leave to stay at home and say, "Let us be amongst those who stay behind."
87They are content to be with those who are useless, and a seal is set upon their heart that they understand not.
88But the Messenger and those who believe with him strive with their wealth and with their lives. Such are they who shall have good things. Such are they who are successful (or prosper).
89Allah has prepared for them Gardens beneath which river flow, to dwell therein; that is the supreme triumph.
90There were among the desert Arabs some who had excuses and came to claim exemption, and those who lied to Allah and His Messenger sat at home inactive. There shall befall those of them who disbelieved, a mighty woe.
91For the weak, and the sick, and those who cannot find wherewith to spend in alms, no blame is there for them, so long as they be sincere towards Allah and His Messenger. There is no blame against those who do good; for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
92Nor against those to whom, when they came to you that you should provide mount for them, you did say, "I cannot find whereon to mount you." They turned their backs while their eyes poured forth with tears, for grief that they could not find the means to spend.
93There is blame only against those who ask you for leave to stay at home while they are rich; content to be with the useless. Allah has sealed their heart so that they know not.
94They make excuses to you when you return to them. Say, "Make no excuse, we believe you not; Allah has informed us concerning you. Allah sees your works and so does His Messenger. Then shall you be brought back unto Him who knows the invisible (hidden) as well as the visible (open), and He shall inform you of the truth of that which you used to do.
95They will swear by Allah unto you when you have returned to them, that you may leave them alone. Let them be, for verily, they are polluted (unclean), and their resort is hell, a recompense for that which they have earned!
96They will swear unto you that you may accept them; but if you accept them, Allah, verily accepts not a people who work abomination.
97The wandering Arabs of the desert are keener in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely to be ignorant of the limits that Allah has revealed unto His Messenger. Allah is Knower and Wise.
98And of the wandering Arabs of the desert are some who take what they spend (in the cause of Allah) to be a loss (or a fine, punishment), and they wait for a turn of fortune against you; but the turn of evil fortune shall be against them. Allah is Hearer and Knower.
99And of the wandering Arabs of the desert are some who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and who take what they spends to be a means of bringing them nearer to Allah and obtaining the Messenger´s prayers. Verily it is an acceptable offering for them. Allah will bring them into His mercy. Verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
100As for the Foremost in the way, the first of the Muhajirin (those who migrated into exile from Mecca to Medina), and the Ansar (those in Medina who helped them), and those who followed them in their kindness, Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him; He has prepared for them Gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever; that is the Supreme Triumph.
101And of those of the wandering Arabs of the desert who are round about you, some are hypocrites, and some of the people of Medina persist in hypocrisy; you do not know them. We know them, and We will chastise them twice; then shall they be sent off into mighty woe.
102And there are others who have acknowledged their sins. They have mixed a righteous action with another that was evil. It may be that Allah will relent towards them. Verily, Allah is Relenting and Merciful.
103Take alms from their wealth, so that you may purify them and make them grow thereby; and pray for them; verily, your prayer is a source of security for them. Allah is Hearer and Knower.
104Know they not that Allah is He who accepts repentance from His servants and takes the alms; and that Allah is He who is easily Relenting and Merciful.
105And say, "Act! Allah will see your action, and so will His Messenger and the believers, and you will be brought back to Him who knows the seen and the unseen (or the visible and invisible), and He shall inform you of that which you used to do.
106And there are others who are in hopes of Allah´s decree; whether He will punish them, or whether He will forgive them. Allah is Knower, Wise.
107And there are those who have chosen a place of worship (or mosque) for mischief and infidelity, in order to cause dissent amongst the believers, and for an outpost for those who made war against Allah and His Messenger in the past; they surely swear, "We only wished for what was good;" but Allah bears witness that they are liars.
108Never stand up (to pray) therein. The place of worship (or mosque) founded on piety (or duty to Allah) from the first day, is more worthy that you should stand (to pray) therein, wherein are men who love to purify themselves. Allah does love those who purify.
109Is he who has laid his foundation upon the fear of (duty to) Allah and of His good pleasure better, or he who has laid his foundation upon a crumbling undermined sand cliff, which crumbles away with him into the fire of hell? Allah guides not a people who do wrong.
110The building which they have built will not cease to be a source of doubt in their heart until their heart are cut asunder; but Allah is Knowing, Wise.
111Verily, Allah hath bought of the believers their lives and their wealth, because the Garden will be theirs; they shall fight in the way of Allah, and they shall slay and be slain, a promised binding on Him in Truth, in the Torah and the Gospel and the Quran; and who is more faithful to His covenant than Allah? Rejoice then in the covenant which you have made with Him, for that is the supreme triumph.
112Triumphant are those who repent, those who serve Him, those who praise, those who fast, those who bow down, those who fall down prostrate (in awe or surrender), those who bid what is right and forbid what is wrong, and those who keep the limits (ordained) of Allah - glad tidings to those who believe.
113It is not for the prophet and those who believe to ask forgiveness for the idolaters, even though they are their kindred, after it has been made manifest to them that they are the fellows of hell.
114Nor was Abraham´s asking pardon for his father aught else but through a promise he had promised him; but when it was made manifest to him that he was an enemy to Allah, he cleansed himself of him (dissociated himself); verily, Abraham was soft of heart, forbearing.
115Nor will Allah lead astray a people after He has guided them until that is made clear to them that which they have to fear (avoid). Verily, Allah is aware of all things.
116Verily, Allah, To Him belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth! He quickens and He slays. And you have beside Allah no protecting friend or helper.
117Allah has now turned in mercy towards the Prophet and to the Muhajirin (those who migrated with him into exile), and towards the Ansar (helpers) who followed him in the hour of difficulty. After the heart of a party of them had well-nigh swerved aside, then He turned unto them in mercy. Verily, to them He is full of compassion and mercy.
118And also unto the three who were left behind. When the earth, vast as it is, seemed too small for them, and their souls were constricted for them until they perceived that there was no refuge for them from Allah save towards Him (they felt imprisoned in their guilt and remorse). Then He turned again towards them that they might also repent. Verily, Allah, He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
119O you who believe! Fear (do your duty to) Allah and be with those who are True (in word, thought, motivation and deed).
120It was not fitting for the people of Medina and for those around them of the wandering Arabs of the desert, to stay behind the Messenger of Allah and prefer their lives to his. That is because neither thirst, nor toil, nor heat, nor hunger befell them on Allah´s way, nor do their acts anger the disbelievers, or they receive injury from the enemy, but a good deed is recorded for them. Verily, Allah wastes not the wages of those who do good.
121Nor do they spend in alms a small or great amount, nor do they cross a valley, but it is recorded for them, that Allah may repay them with better than that which they have done.
122The believers should not march forth altogether. If a section from every troop remain behind, then they could devote themselves to gaining sound knowledge of their religion and teach their people when they return to them, that per chance (or possibly) they may beware of evil.
123O you who believe! Fight those disbelievers who are near to you, and let them find in you sternness; and know that Allah is with those who fear (do their duty).
124And whenever a verse is sent down, there are some of them who say (sarcastically), "Which of you has thus increased in faith?" But as for those who believe, it does increase their faith, and they shall rejoice.
125But as for those in whose heart is a disease, it only adds wickedness to their wickedness, and they die disbelievers.
126Do they not see that they are tried once or twice in every year? Yet they do not turn in repentance, nor do they heed.
127And whenever a surah (verse) is sent down, some of them look at the others, (as if to say), "Does any one see you?" (i.e. furtively to make sure their guilt is not observed) Then they turn away! Allah has turned their heart, for that they are a people who discern not.
128There has come to you a Messenger from amongst yourselves; hard for him to bear is it that you should perish (from iniquity); full of concern for you, for believers full of compassion, merciful.
129But if they turn their backs, then say, "Allah is sufficient for me! There is no Allah but He! In Him do I trust. He is Lord of the Supreme Throne."
Chapter 10 (Sura 10)
1ALIF LAM RA.
2These are the Ayats (signs or verses) of the Book of Wisdom (or Wise Scripture)!
3Is it a wonder for mankind that We inspired a man from amongst themselves, saying "Warn you mankind; and give glad tidings to those who believe, that for them there are lofty ranks with their Lord?" The disbelievers say, "Verily, this is an obvious sorcerer!"
4Verily, your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six Days (or Periods, Ages, Cycles); then He established (or ascended) Himself firmly on the Throne (of Authority), to govern (direct, regulate) all things; there is no intercessor, except after His permission. This is Allah, your Lord! Therefore, worship (serve) Him. Will you not remind (or praise in thought and action, remember, remain aware)?
5Unto Him is your return, all of you. It is the promise of Allah in truth. Verily, He produces creation, then He reproduces it, that He may recompense with justice those who believe and do what is right; but those who disbelieve, for them is a drink of boiling water, and grievous woe, for that they did disbelieve.
6He it is who made the sun a glorious brightness (splendour), and the moon for a light, and decreed for it measured stages, that you may know the number of the years and the reckoning. Allah created not all this but in truth. He details the signs (or revelations) unto a people who understand.
7Verily, in the alternation of night and day, and in all that Allah has created in the heavens and the earth, are signs unto a people who fear Him (are in awe or ward off evil).
8Verily, those who expect not for the meeting with Us, and are content with the life of this world, and are comforted (or secure) therein, and those who are neglectful of our Signs (or revelations),
9Their resort is the Fire because of that which they have earned!
10Verily, those who believe and act righteously, their Lord guides them by their faith; beneath them shall rivers flow in the Gardens of Delight.
11Their cry therein shall be, "Glory be to Thee, O Allah!" and their salutation therein shall be, "Peace!" and the end of their cry shall be, "Praise be to Allah, the Lord (Cherisher and Sustainer) of the Worlds!"
12And if Allah should hasten for men the evil they earn, as they would fain hasten on the good, their respite would surely have expired. But We suffer those who look not for (or expect not) the meeting with Us to wander blindly on in their rebellion.
13When misfortune touches man, he calls Us, whether reclining, sitting or standing; but when We have removed from him his distress, he passes on as though he had not called on Us because of the misfortune that touched him. Thus unto the extravagant is made seemly that which they have done.
14We have already destroyed generations before you when they did wrong, and there came to them their Messengers with manifest signs, but they would not believe. Thus do We reward the guilty people.
15Then We made you Vicegerents (or their successors) in the earth after them, that We may see how you will act.
16But when Our evident Signs (revelations) are recited to them, those who expect not the meeting with Us say, "Bring a Lecture (Quran) other than this; or change it." Say, "It is not for me to, change it of my own accord; I do not follow aught but what I am inspired with. Verily, I fear, if I rebel against my Lord, the retribution of an awful Day!"
17Say, "Had Allah willed, I should not have recited it to you, nor would He have made it known to you. I dwelt amongst you a lifetime before it came to me; have you not then any sense?"
18Who does greater wrong than he who forges a lie concerning Allah, or denies His revelations? Verily, the guilty are never successful.
19They worship beside Allah what can neither harm them nor profit them, and they say, "These are our intercessors with Allah!" Say, "Will you inform Allah of something that He knows not in the heavens or the earth?" Praised be He, and exalted be He, above all that they associate with Him!
20Mankind were but one nation once, then they disagreed; and had it not been for a Word (decree) from your Lord which had already gone out, their differences would have been settled between them already.
21They say, "If only a sign had been sent down upon him from his Lord?" Say, "The unseen belongs only to Allah; but wait you for a while. Verily, I, too, am waiting with you!"
22When We have let men taste of mercy after some adversity which has afflicted them, behold! They use a plot against Our revelations! Say, "Allah is quicker at plotting. Verily, Our Messengers (angels) write down that which you plot."
23He it is who makes you travel in the land and sea, until when you are in the ships, and these carry them afloat with a favourable wind, and they rejoice therein, there comes to them a violent wind, and there comes to them a wave from every side, and they deem that they are overwhelmed, then they call on Allah, sincere in religion towards Him, praying, "If you deliver us from this, we will truly be of the thankful."
24But when He has delivered them, behold! They are rebellious in the earth unjustly; - O mankind! Your rebelliousness is only against yourselves. You have but a brief provision in the life of this world, then unto Us is your return, and We will inform you of that which you used to do.
25Verily, the likeness of the life of this world is like water which We send down from the sky, and the plants of the earth, from which men and cattle eat, are mingled therewith, until when the earth puts on its ornament and is adorned, and her people think that they are her masters, Our commandment comes to it by night or day, and We make it as it were mown down corn, as though it had not flourished yesterday. Thus do We detail the signs unto a people who reflect.
26Allah calls unto the abode of peace, and guides whom He will into the Straight Way (i.e. True Religion or The Surrender, Islam).
27To those who do what is good, (is granted) goodness and increase! Neither does darkness nor abasement cover their faces! Such are Companions of the Garden (Paradise); they will dwell therein.
28But, as for those who have earned ill, the reward of evil is the like thereof; abasement (ignominy) shall cover them - They shall have none to protect them against Allah - as though their faces were veiled with the deep darkness of the night. Such are the Companions of the Fire, and they shall dwell therein.
29And on the day when We gather them all together, then We will say to those who associated other gods (with Us), "To your places, you and your associates!" and We will separate them; and their associates will say, "It was not us you worshipped"
30"But Allah is witness enough between us and you, that we were unaware of your worship."
31There shall every soul experience what it did (or has sent on) before; and they shall be returned unto Allah, their rightful Lord, and that which they used to invent shall fail them.
32Say, "Who provides you from the heaven and the earth? Who has power over hearing and sight? And who brings forth the living from the dead, and brings forth the dead from the living? And who governs all affairs (or regulates, directs the course of events)?" And they will say, "Allah." Then say, "Do you not then fear (be pious or dutiful)?"
33Such, then, is Allah, your true Lord! What is there after the truth but error? How then can you turn away?
34Thus is the Word of your Lord justified against those who commit abomination (or rebel) - verily, they believe not.
35Say, "Is there any of your associates who can originate a creation and then reproduce it?" Say, "Allah produces creation, then reproduces it. How then are you misled (deluded)?"
36Say, "Is there any of your associates who guides unto the truth?" Say, "Allah guides unto the truth." Is then He who guides unto the truth more worthy to be followed, or he that guides not except he is himself guided? What ails you then, how judge you?
37But most of them follow naught but conjecture (suspicion, fancy, guesswork, speculation); verily, conjecture can by no means take the place of (or avail against) truth. Verily, Allah is Aware of what they do.
38This Quran could not have been devised by any beside (or in opposition to) Allah; but it is a confirmation (or verification) of that which came before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book (Scriptures, or that which was decreed for mankind) - there is no doubt therein - from the Lord of the Worlds.
39Do they say, "He hath devised it"? Say then, "Bring a surah (chapter) like it, and call, if you can, on other than Allah, if you are truthful!"
40Yet they call that a lie the knowledge of which they cannot compass, even before its Taawil (interpretation, elucidation, explanation, fulfilment, effects) has reached them. Thus did those before them make charges of falsehood. But see what was the consequence for the unjust!
41Of them are some who believe therein; and of them are some who do not believe therein; but your Lord is best aware of the corrupters.
42But if they deny you, say, "I have my work, and you have your work; you are innocent of what I work, and I am innocent of what you work."
43There are some of them who listen to you. But can you make the deaf to hear, when they have no understanding (or sense)?
44And of them are some who look at you. But can you guide the blind, though they cannot see?
45Verily, Allah wrongs not man in aught, but men do wrong themselves.
46And on the day when We will gather them together, it will be as though they had not stayed save an hour of the day. They shall know each other. Lost will be those who denied the meeting with Allah, and were not guided!
47Whether We show you something of that which We promised them, or whether We will take you to Ourself, still unto Us is their return; and Allah is also a witness to what they do.
48To every people was sent a Messenger; and when their Messenger comes to them (on the Day of Judgment), it will be judged between them fairly, and they will not be wronged.
49But they say, "When will this promise come to pass, if you tell the truth?"
50Say, "I have no power to harm or profit myself (or I have no power myself to harm or profit), save what Allah wills. Every nation has its appointed time; when their appointed time comes to them they cannot delay it for an hour or hasten it."
51Say, "Have you considered, when His punishment comes to you, by night or day, which portion thereof will the sinners wish to hasten?
52And when it has fallen on you, will you believe in it. What! Believe now, when you wished to hasten it through unbelief.
53Then shall it be said to those who have done wrong, "Taste you the torment of Eternity! Are you recompensed except for that which you have earned? "
54They will ask you to inform them whether it be true. Say, "Yea, by my Lord! Verily, it is the truth, nor can you escape."
55Every soul that has done wrong, if it had whatever is in the earth, would seek to ransom itself therewith. They will utter their repentance when they see the torment; but it shall be decided between them with justice, nor shall they be wronged.
56Is it not the case that to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth? Is it not the case that the promise of Allah is certainly true? But most of them understand not.
57Is it He Who gives life and He Who takes it, and unto Him shall you all be returned?
58O mankind! There has come to you a direction (guidance, exhortation) from your Lord, and a healing for the disease in your breasts, and a guidance and a mercy for believers.
59Say, "In the grace of Allah and in His mercy let them rejoice!" It is better than that (wealth) which they hoard.
60Say, "See you what Allah has sent down to you for sustenance? Yet you have made some unlawful and some lawful. Say, "Has Allah permitted you, or do you invent lies concerning Allah?
61What will those who invent lies concerning Allah think on the Day of Resurrection? Verily, Allah is truly Bountiful towards mankind, but most of them give no thanks!
62Thee (Muhammad) are not occupied with any business, nor recite you a lecture from this Scripture, and you (mankind) perform no act, but We are Witness when you are engaged therein: nor does the weight of an atom escape your Lord in the earth or in heaven; nor is there less or greater than that, but it is written in the Perspicuous Book.
63Behold! Verily, the friends of Allah are those on whom fear comes not, nor shall they grieve?
64They who believe and who fear (do their duty to Allah)
65For them are good tidings in the life of this world, and in the Hereafter - There is no changing the words of Allah! - That is the Supreme Triumph!
66Let not their speech grieve you; verily, power belongs wholly to Allah. He is the Hearer and Knower.
67Lo! Is it not unto Allah that belongs whoever is in the heavens and whoever is in the earth? What then do they follow who call on associates other than Allah? Verily, they follow nothing but fantasy, and verily, they do naught but lie (or guess).
68He it is who made for you the night, that you might rest therein, and the day to see therein; in that, verily, are signs unto a people who heed.
69They say, "Allah has taken to Himself a son." Glorified be He! He is Self-sufficient! His is whatever is in the heavens, and whatever is in the earth. You have no warrant for this! Do you say about Allah, that which you know not?
70Say, "Verily, those who invent a lie concerning Allah will not succeed."
71A brief provision in this world, then unto Us is their return! Then will We make them taste a dreadful doom because they disbelieved.
72Recite to them the story of Noah, when he said to his people, "O my people! If my stay with you and my reminding you of the signs of Allah, be offensive to you, yet in Allah do I put my trust. So decide on your course of action, you and your associates; nor let your agreement be in the dark (dubious or secret); then decide respecting me, and do not delay.
73But if you turn your backs, (remember) I asked you not for wages; my wages are only due from Allah, and I am bidden to be of those who Surrender (i.e. accept Islam)"
74But they called him a liar; and We saved him, and those with him, in the ark; and We made them Vicegerents (successors, agents, inheritors), and drowned those who had denied Our revelations. See then the nature of the consequences for those who had been warned!
75Then We raised up after him messengers unto their people, and they also came to them with manifest signs; but they would not believe in what they had called a lie before. Thus do We set a stamp upon the heart of the transgressors.
76Then after them We sent Moses and Aaron unto Pharaoh and his chiefs with Our Signs; but they were too inflated with pride, and were a guilty people.
77And when the truth came to them from Us they said, "This is mere magic."
78Moses said, "Speak you thus about the Truth when it comes to you? Is this magic? But magicians thrive not."
79They said, "Have you come to turn us away from the faith in which we found our fathers, that there may be for you twain grandeur in the land? We will not believe you."
80And Pharaoh said, "Bring me every expert sorcerer;"
81And when the sorcerers came, Moses said to them, "Cast the spells you have to cast."
82And when they had cast, Moses said, "What you have brought is certainly sorcery. Verily, Allah will make it vain; Verily, Allah upholds not the work of mischief makers."
83But Allah verifies (or proves and establishes) the Truth by His Words, however much the guilty are averse.
84But none believed in Moses, save a section of his own people, through fear of Pharaoh and his chiefs, lest he should afflict them. Verily, Pharaoh was a tyrant in the land, and verily, he was wanton.
85And Moses said, "O my people! If you did believe in Allah, then on Him rely, if you have, indeed, surrendered (unto Him - become Muslims)."
86They said, "In Allah do we put our trust. O our Lord! Make us not a cause of fitnat (trial, temptation, punishment, oppression, discord, conflict), for a people who oppress.
87But deliver us by Thy mercy from the people who disbelieve!"
88And We inspired Moses and his brother thus, "Establish, you twain, houses for your people in Egypt; and make you your houses a qiblah (the centre of worship); and be you steadfast in prayer, and give Glad Tidings to those who believe."
89Moses said, "O our Lord! Verily, Thou hast brought to Pharaoh and his chiefs ornaments and wealth in the life of this world; Our Lord! They lead men astray from Thy way thereby! Our Lord! Confound their wealth (make it loathsome or turn it into a source of repulsion) and harden their heart that they may not believe until they see the grievous doom."
90He said, "Your prayer is answered; be upright then (follow the Straight Way), you two, and follow not the path of those who have no knowledge (the ignorant)."
91And We brought the Children of Israel across the sea; and Pharaoh and his hosts pursued them with spite and hostility until when drowning overtook him, he exclaimed, "I believe that there is no Allah but He in whom the children of Israel believe, and I am of those who surrender (unto Him, become Muslim)!"
92"What! Now! But a little while before were you in rebellion, and were of those who do evil;
93"But this day shall We save you in your body, that you may be a Sign to those who come after you; but verily, many of mankind are heedless of Our Signs!"
94And We established the Children of Israel in a secure abode, and We provided them with good things; and they disagreed not until knowledge had come unto them. Verily, your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that whereon they dispute.
95And if you are in doubt of that which We have revealed unto you, ask those who read the Book before you; verily, the truth has come to you from your Lord. So be not you of those who doubt.
96And be not of those who reject the Signs of Allah, for then you will be of the losers.
97Verily, those against whom the word of your Lord has been pronounced will not believe,
98Even though there come to them every sign, until they see the grievous doom.
99If only there were a community that had believed and profited from its faith. But none did except the people of Jonah. When they believed We removed from them the Torment of Disgrace in this world, and We gave them provision for a while.
100But had your Lord willed, all who are in the earth would have believed together. Would you force men to become believers?
101It is not for any soul to believe save by the permission of Allah; He sets uncleanness on those who have no sense.
102Say, "Behold what is in the heavens and in the earth! But Signs and Warners avail not a people who do not believe."
103What expect they but the like of the days of those who passed away before them? Say, "Wait you then! Verily, I, too, will wait with you."
104Then will We save Our Messengers and those who believe, as is fitting to Us, in like manner as before.
105Say, "O mankind! If you are in doubt concerning my religion, (know that) I will not worship those you worship other than Allah; but I worship Allah, who takes you to Himself, and I have been commanded to be of the believers!"
106And, set your purpose resolutely for religion as a "Hanif" (a man upright by nature); and be not of the idolaters;
107And call not besides Allah on what can neither profit you nor harm you; for if you do, verily, you are then of the wrong-doers (or unjust)."
108And should Allah touch you with harm, there is none to remove it save He; and if He wish you well, there is none to repel His grace; He makes it fall on whom He will of His servants; for He is Forgiving and Merciful.
109Say, "O mankind! There has come to you the Truth from your Lord, and he who is guided by it, his guidance is only for his own soul; and he who errs, errs only against it; and I am not a warder over you."
Chapter 11 (Sura 11)
1Follow what is inspired in you, and be patient until Allah judges, for He is the best of judges.
2ALIF LAM RA. This is a Book whose signs (verses) are perfected (confirmed, fundamental and well-established) and then expounded (explained in detail), from the Wise One, the Aware:
3(Saying,) " Serve (or worship) none other than Allah. Verily, I am unto you from Him a Warner and a herald of Glad Tidings.
4"Seek pardon from your Lord, then turn to Him repentant. He will cause you to enjoy a good provision until an appointed time. He gives of His Bounty (or Grace) to every one deserving it. But if you turn your backs, I fear for you the retribution of an Awful Day.
5"Unto Allah is your return, and He has power over all things."
6Do they not, verily, fold up their breasts, that they may hide (their thoughts) from Him? But when they cover themselves with their garments, does He not know what they conceal and what they display? Verily, He knows the nature of men´s heart.
7There is no creature that walks upon the earth but its provision is from Allah. He knows its permanent settlement and its temporary resting-place. All is in the Perspicuous Book (or in a Clear Record).
8He it is who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and His Throne (or authority, control) was (first) upon the Water that He might try you, which of you is best in conduct. But should you say, "You will be raised up after death," those who disbelieve will surely say, "This is naught but obvious magic."
9And if We delay from them the doom to a stated time, they will surely say, "What hinders it?" Verily, on the day it comes to them there is no averting it from them and that which they mocked shall close in on them.
10And if We make man taste of mercy from Us and then strip it off from him, verily, he is despairing, ungrateful;
11And if We make him taste of comfort after distress has touched him, he will surely say, "All evils have departed from me." Verily, then he is exultant and boastful.
12Save those who are patient and do right; these, for them is pardon and a mighty reward.
13Perchance you forsake part of what is revealed to you, and your breast is straitened thereby, lest they should say, "Why is not a treasure sent down to him? Or why did not an angel come with him?". But you are only a Warner. It is Allah who is in charge of all things.
14Or they say, "He hath invented it." Say, "Bring ten surahs (chapters) like it, invented; and call upon all whom you can beside Allah, if you are truthful."
15"And if they (false gods, Muses) do not answer, then know that it is revealed by the knowledge of Allah, and that there is no God but He. Do you then Surrender (unto Allah and accept Islam)?
16Whoever shall desire the life of this world and its pomp (or ornaments), We will pay them their works therein, and they shall not be cheated.
17These are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter save the Fire; and vain is that they made therein, and fruitless what they were doing!
18Is he (like them) who relies upon a manifest Sign from his Lord and a witness from Him recites it, and of which the book of Moses came as a model and a mercy before it? These believe in it; and whoever of the tribes disbelieves in it, the Fire is his promised destination. So be not you in doubt about it. Verily, it is truth from your Lord, though most men believe not.
19Who is more unjust than he who invents a lie concerning Allah? Such shall be brought before their Lord, and the witnesses shall say, "These it is who lied about their Lord." Now the curse of Allah is upon the wrongdoers
20Who turn men away from the path of Allah, and crave to make it crooked, and disbelieve in the Hereafter.
21Such will not escape in the earth, nor have they patrons other than Allah. Doubled for them is the torment. They could not bear to hear, nor did they see.
22These it is who have lost their souls, and that which they used to devise has failed them.
23No doubt in the Hereafter these are the greatest losers.
24Verily, those who believe and do what is right, and humble themselves before their Lord, they are the Fellows of the Garden; they shall dwell therein.
25The similitude of the two parties is as the blind and the deaf (on the one hand), and the seeing and the hearing (on the other); are they equal in similitude? Will you not then take heed?
26We did send Noah unto his people, saying, "Verily, I am to you a plain Warner;
27That you should not worship any save Allah. Verily, I fear for you the torment of the grievous Day."
28But the chiefs of those who disbelieved amongst his people said, "We only see in you a mortal like ourselves; nor do we see that any follow you except the most abject (or meanest, most ignorant or most deficient) amongst us by a rash (or immature) judgment; nor do we see that you have any merit above us; nay more, we think you are liars!"
29Noah said, "O my people! Bethink you, if I rely upon a manifest Sign from my Lord, and there come to me mercy from Him, and you are blind to it (or it has been made obscure to you); can we compel you to accept it while you are averse to it?
30"O my people! I do not ask you for wealth in return for it; my hire (or wage, reward) is only from Allah. Nor will I repulse (drive away) those who believe. Verily, they shall meet their Lord. But I see you as a people who are ignorant.
31"O my people! Who will help me against Allah, were I to repel them? Do you not then reflect?
32"I say not unto you that I have the treasures of Allah; nor do I know the unseen; nor do I say: verily, I am an angel; nor do I say of those whom your eyes despise: Allah will never give them any good - Allah knows best what is in their souls, verily, I should then be of the wrong-doers (unjust)."
33They said, "O Noah! You have wrangled with us, and have multiplied disputation among us. Now bring upon us what you have threatened us with, if you are of the truthful."
34Said he, "Allah will only bring it on you when He pleases, nor can you make Him helpless (frustrate Him);
35Nor will my advice profit you were I minded to advise you, if Allah wills to keep you astray. He is your Lord, and unto Him shall you return."
36Do they say, "He has invented it?" Say, "If I have devised it, then on me be my crime, but I am clear (innocent) of all that you commit."
37And Noah was inspired (in these words), "None shall surely believe amongst your people but those who have believed already; take it not then ill that which they do.
38And make the Ark under Our eyes (supervision, purposes), and at Our inspiration (instructions); and plead not with Me for those who have done wrong. Verily, they shall be drowned."
39So he made the Ark; and every time the chiefs of his people passed by him they mocked at him. Said he, "If you mock at us, verily, we shall mock at you even as you are mocking,
40And you shall surely soon know who it is to whom the punishment that confounds and shames shall come, and upon whom shall fall the lasting doom."
41Then when Our commandment came to pass, and the geysers gushed forth water, We said, "Load therein two of every kind, a pair (male and female), and your family, save him on whom the sentence has already been passed, and those who believe." But there were but few who believed with him.
42And he said, "Ride you therein. In the name of Allah is its course, and its mooring. Verily, my Lord is Forgiving and Merciful."
43And it sailed with them amid waves like mountains; and Noah cried to his son who had gone aside (stood aloof or separated himself), "O my boy! Ride with us and be not with the disbelievers."
44The son replied, "I will betake me to some mountain that shall save me from the water (I will find another solution)." Said Noah, "There is none this day that can save from the command of Allah, except for him on whom He may have mercy." And the wave came between them, and he was amongst the drowned.
45And it was said, "O earth! Swallow down your water! And, O heaven! Withhold you rain!" And the water abated; and the matter was decided, and the Ark settled on Mount Judi, and the word went forth, "Removed are the evildoing people!"
46And Noah called unto his Lord saying, "My Lord, verily, my son is of my family (people), and, surely Thy promise is true, and Thou art the most just of judges."
47He said, "O Noah! He is not of your family (people); verily, because his conduct is unrighteous. Therefore ask Me not for that of which you have no knowledge. Verily, I give you counsel lest you should be among the ignorant."
48He said, "My Lord, verily, I seek refuge in Thee (from wrong) lest I ask Thee that whereof I have no knowledge. Unless Thou dost forgive me and have mercy on me, I shall be of those who are lost."
49The word came, "O Noah! Descend (from the Ark) in peace from Us, and blessings upon you and upon some of the communities who will descend from you; but other communities We shall grant enjoyment for a time and then there shall touch, them, from Us grievous woe."
50These are some of the stories of the Unseen that We reveal unto you. You did not know them before this, you and your people. So persevere patiently; verily, the sequel is for those who fear (are righteous).
51And unto the tribe of A´ad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said, "O my people! Serve Allah; you have no God but Him. You do but invent lies (superstitions, fantasies, self-deception).
52"O my people! I do not ask you for hire (wages, rewards) in return (for the message); Lo, my hire is only from Him who created me: have you then no sense (or understanding)?
53"O my people! Ask pardon of your Lord; then turn to Him in repentance; He will send the skies (rain, spiritual, social and material bounties) down on you in torrents; and He will add strength to your strength: turn not away, guilty."
54They said, "O Hud! You have not come to us with a manifest sign (or clear proof); nor will we leave our gods at your word; nor will we believe in you.
55We say nothing but that, perhaps, some of our gods have possessed you with madness." Said he, "Verily, I call Allah to witness, and do you bear witness too, that I am free from ascribing to (or associating with) Him,
56"Other gods as partners. Plot then against me together (as much as you like), and give me no respite.
57Verily, I trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord. There is no beast that walks but He grasps it by its forelock (has complete power over it). Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Way!
58"But if you turn your backs, then I have conveyed to you that wherewith I was sent to you; and my Lord will replace you with another people. You cannot harm (frustrate) Him at all; verily, my Lord is Guardian over all things!"
59And when Our commandment came We saved Hud, and those who believed with him, by mercy from Us; We saved them from a harsh torment.
60Such were (the tribe of) A´ad. They denied the signs of their Lord, and rebelled against His Messengers, and followed the bidding of every headstrong tyrant.
61They were followed in this world by a curse, and on the Day of Resurrection. Behold! A´ad disbelieved in their Lord! Aye! Removed were A´ad the people of Hud!
62And unto Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih. Said he, "O my people! Serve Allah; you have no God but Him. He it is that produced you from the earth, and made you live therein! So ask pardon of Him; then turn to Him in repentance. Verily, my Lord is Nigh, Responsive!"
63They said, "O Salih! You were, before this, amongst us one we hoped in. Do you forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? Verily, we are in grave doubt as to that to which you call us."
64He said, "O my people! Bethink you, if I stand upon a manifest sign (clear proof) from my Lord, and there come from Him mercy, who will help me against Allah if I rebel against Him? You will add to me naught but perdition.
65"O my people! This she-camel of Allah is a test (symbol, token) for you; leave her, then, to feed in Allah´s earth, and touch her not with harm, lest a near torment seize you."
66But they did hamstring her, and he said, "Enjoy yourselves in your houses for three days; this is the promise that shall not be belied."
67And when Our commandment came to pass, We saved Salih, and those who believed with him, by Our mercy, from the ignominy of that day. Verily, your Lord He is Powerful and Mighty.
68And a mighty noise caught those who had done wrong; and on the morrow they were lying corpses in their houses,
69As though they had never dwelt therein. Behold, Thamud indeed disbelieved in their Lord. Aye! Removed were the Thamud!
70Our messengers came unto Abraham with Glad Tidings. They said, "Peace!" He answered, "Peace be it!" and did not delay to bring the roasted calf.
71But when he saw that their hands reached not to it, he felt mistrust, and conceived a fear of them. They said, "Fear not. Verily, we are sent unto the people of Lot."
72And his wife was standing by, laughing; and We gave her the glad tidings of Isaac, and of Jacob after Isaac.
73Said she, "Alas for me! Shall I bear a son when I am an old woman, and this husband of mine an old man? Verily, this is a strange thing!"
74They said, "Do you wonder at the commandment of Allah? The Mercy of Allah and His blessings upon you, O you people of the house! Verily, He is worthy of all Praise, worthy of all Glory."
75And when his terror left Abraham, and the glad tidings reached him, he pleaded with Us on behalf of the people of Lot.
76Verily, Abraham was relenting (tolerant), compassionate, and Allah-relying,
77(It was said,) "O Abraham! Forsake this (pleading). Verily, the commandment of your Lord has gone forth, and verily, there comes to them a torment that cannot be repelled."
78And when Our messengers (angels) came to Lot, he was grieved for them (the people), and his arm was powerless to aid them. He said, "This is a distressful day!"
79And his people came unto him, rushing, for they were long used to committing abomination (homosexuality). He said, "O my people! Here are my daughters (or young women), they are purer for you. Fear Allah, and do not disgrace me through my guests. Is there not among you one right-minded man?"
80They said, "You know that we have no need of your daughters; verily, you well know what we want!"
81He said, "Would that I had strength to resist you or could betake myself of some powerful support!"
82(The messengers) said, "O Lot! Verily, we are the messengers of your Lord. They shall certainly not reach you; now travel with your people in the darkness of the night, and let none of you look round. But your wife (will do so), and there shall befall her what befalls them. Verily, their appointment is for the morning! And is not the morning nigh?"
83And when Our commandment came, We overthrew (their town), making their high parts into low parts (turned them upside down). And We rained down upon them stones and baked clay one after another,
84Marked with fire from your Lord, and these are never far from the wrongdoers!
85And unto Midian (we sent) their brother Shu´eyb. He said, "O my people! Serve Allah; you have no God but Him, and give not short measure and weight. Verily, I see you well off; but, verily, I fear for you the torments of an encompassing Day.
86"O my people! Give measure and weight fairly, and defraud not men of their due; and wreak not wrong in the earth, corrupting it.
87"That which Allah leaves for you is better for you if you be believers. But I am not a guardian (or keeper) over you."
88They said, "O Shu´eyb! Do your prayers bid you that we should forsake what our fathers served, or that we should not do as we please with our own property? You are, forsooth, the clement and straight-forward one (or simpleton)!"
89He said, "O my people! Bethink you, if I stand upon a manifest sign (clear proof) from my Lord, and He provides me from Himself with a goodly provision, how can I concede aught to you. I desire not to do behind your backs that which I forbid you. I desire naught but to reform you so far as I am able. Nor comes my grace through any one but Allah. On Him do I rely, and unto Him I turn.
90"O my people! Let not a breach with me cause you to so sin that there befall you the like of that which befell the people of Noah, or the people of Hud, or the people of Salih, nor are the people of Lot far off from you!
91"So ask pardon from your Lord, then turn to Him repentant; verily, my Lord is Merciful, Loving!"
92They said, "O Shu´eyb! We do not understand much of what you say, and we see that you are weak (powerless) amongst us; and were it not for your family we would stone you, nor could you have power over us."
93He said, "O my people! Are my family more esteemed by you than Allah? Or have you taken Him as something to cast behind your backs? Verily, my Lord, surrounds all you do.
94"O my people! Act according to your power; verily, I too will act, and you soon will know on whom comes a doom that will abase them, and him who is a liar. Watch then; verily, I am watching with you."
95And when Our commandment came, We saved Shu´eyb, and those who believed with him, by Our Mercy; and the great noise seized those who had done wrong, and on the morrow they were found prostrate in their houses
96As though they had not dwelt therein. Behold! Removed was Midian! As was removed Thamud!"
97And We sent Moses with our signs (revelations) and with obvious (clear) power
98Unto Pharaoh and his chiefs; but they followed the command of Pharaoh, and the command of Pharaoh was no right (or true, straight) guidance.
99He shall approach his people on the Day of Resurrection, and take them to the Fire (as cattle are led to the watering-place) - ah, a woeful watering-place is that wither they are led!
100A curse follows them in this world and on the Day of Resurrection - ah, woeful is the gift that will be given them!
101That is one of the stories of the communities that We recite to you - Some of them are standing now and some already mown down!
102We did not wrong them, but they wronged themselves. Their gods on whom they called instead of Allah availed them naught when once the command of your Lord had come; they add to them naught save ruin!
103Even thus is your Lord´s grasp when He overtakes the communities that have done wrong; verily, His grasp is grievous, strong.
104Verily, in this is a sign to him who fears the torment of the Hereafter - that is a Day unto which mankind shall be gathered, and that is a Day of Witness (a Day pointed to by events, a Day when testimony is given about the deeds of men, a Day which will be seen by all, a Day when the consequences of action come home.)
105We will delay it not, save unto an appointed time, already numbered.
106The Day when it comes, no soul shall speak save by His permission, and some shall be wretched and some glad.
107And as for those who are wretched, they will be in the Fire; sighing and wailing will be their lot,
108Abiding therein for so long as the heavens and the earth endure; save for what your Lord wills. Verily, your Lord is Accomplisher of what He wills (or plans).
109And as for those who are glad, they will be in the Garden, abiding therein so long as the heavens and the earth endure; save what your Lord wills, a gift unfailing!
110Be not then in doubt concerning what these men serve (or worship); they only serve as their fathers served before; and We will give them their portion undiminished.
111When We gave Moses the Book before, they disagreed (or disputed) concerning it. Had it not been for a Word that had already gone forth from your Lord, the matter would have been decided between them; but, verily, they are still in hesitating doubt concerning it.
112But, verily, every one will your Lord surely recompense for their works; verily, He is well Informed of what they do!
113So stand you firm in the Straight Path, as you are commanded - you and those who turn unto Allah with you, and transgress you not. Verily, He is Seer of what you do.
114Lean not unto those who do wrong, lest the Fire touches you, for you have no patrons but Allah; nor shall you be helped!
115And be you steadfast in prayer at the two ends of the day, and the (three) watches of the night. Verily, good things annul evil things. This is a reminder for the mindful.
116And be you patient, for Allah wastes not the wages of those who do good.
117If only there had been, among the generations before you, men endowed with a remnant of virtue (balance, sobriety, righteousness, good sense) forbidding (warning, preventing) men from corruption in the earth, as did the few whom We saved from them. But the evildoers followed that by which they made (or were made) sapless (they enjoyed, drained and became drained), and were guilty.
118In truth your Lord did not destroy the communities unjustly while they were doing right. (Or for a few or minor wrong-doings, or while there were few wrong-doers, or while they had the potentiality to mend).
119Had your Lord pleased, He could have made men one nation; but they will not cease to dispute
120Save those on whom your Lord has had mercy. For this did He create them. And the Word of your Lord is fulfiled, "Verily, I will surely fill hell with Jinns and Mankind altogether."
121And all that We relate to you of the stories of the Messengers in order that thereby We might make firm your heart. And herein has the truth come to you, an admonition and a reminder to the believers.
122Say to those who believe not, "Act according to your power, verily, we are acting too!
123And wait ye, verily, we are waiting too!"
Chapter 12 (Sura 12)
1Allah´s are the unseen things of the heavens and of the earth; and unto Him do all affairs return. So serve (worship) Him and put your trust in Him; for your Lord is not heedless of what you do.
2ALIF LAM RA. These are the verses (or symbols) of the Perspicuous (or clarifying) Book.
3Verily, We have revealed it as a Lecture (a Quran) in Arabic; per chance (or possibly) you may understand.
4We tell you the best (the most beautiful, appealing, enlightening) of narratives in that We inspired in you this Quran, though you were before it among the heedless.
5When Joseph said to his father, "O my father! Verily, I saw (in my dream) eleven stars, and the sun, and the moon - I saw them prostrating themselves unto me!"
6He said, "O my boy! Tell not your vision to your brethren, for they will plot against you. Verily, Satan is to man an open foe."
7Thus your Lord will prefer you, and teach you the interpretation of events, and fulfil His favour upon you, and upon the family of Jacob, as He fulfiled it upon your two forefathers, Abraham and Isaac, before you. Verily, your Lord is Knowing, Wise!
8In Joseph and his brethren were signs to those who inquire (or seek Truth).
9When they said, "Surely, Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than we are, though we are many. Verily, our father is in obvious aberration (wandering in mind).
10"Slay Joseph, or cast him out to some (far or unknown) land; that your father´s face (favour) may be free for you, and you may afterwards be a righteous folk."
11One from amongst them said, "Slay not Joseph, but, if you must act, throw him into the bottom of a pit; some caravan of travellers may pick him up."
12Said they, "O our father! What ails you that you will not trust us with Joseph seeing we are unto him sincere (well wishers)?
13Send him with us to-morrow to revel and to play, and, verily, we will take good care of him."
14Said he, "Verily, it grieves me that you should take him with you, for I fear lest the wolf devour him while you take no heed."
15Said they, "Why, if the wolf should devour him while we are so (strong) a band, verily, then we should ourselves have perished first."
16And when they had gone off with him and agreed to put him in the depths of a pit, We inspired him, "Thou shall surely remind them of this affair of theirs when they know you not."
17And they came to their father in the evening weeping.
18And they said, "O our father! Verily, we went forth to race and left Joseph by our things, and the wolf devoured him, but you will not believe us though we speak the truth."
19And they brought his shirt with false blood upon it. Said he, "Nay, but your souls have beguiled you into some deed; but patience is more fitting for me. And Allah alone is He whose aid is to be sought against that which you describe."
20And a caravan of travellers came and sent their water-drawer. He let down his bucket into the pit. Said he, "What good luck! Here is a youth." So they concealed him, as a treasure, and Allah was Aware of what they did.
21And they sold him for a mean price, a few dirham counted out- in such low estimation did they hold him.
22And the man from Egypt who had bought him said to his wife, "Make his stay with us honourable; it may be he will be of use to us, or we may adopt him as a son." Thus did We establish Joseph in the land that We might teach him the interpretation of ahadith (events, traditions, sayings, dreams etc.). Allah has full power and control over His (or Joseph´s) affairs; but most of mankind know not.
23And when he had reached maturity We gave him judgment (or wisdom or power) and knowledge, for thus do We reward those who do good and right.
24And she, in whose house he was, desired to seduce him for his person (or body, or away from his true self); and she locked the doors and said, "Come you (to me)!" Said he, "I seek refuge in Allah (Allah forbid)! Verily, he (your husband) is my lord who has made my stay here agreeable (treated me well). Verily, wrong-doers (ultimately) never prosper."
25And she desired (lusted after) him, and he would have desired her, had it not been that he saw the argument (or evidence) of his Lord; thus did We ordain that We might turn away evil and lewdness from him; for verily, he was one of our servants, sincere and purified.
26And they raced to the door and she rent his shirt from behind; and they met her lord (husband) at the door. Said she, "What else is the recompense for him who wishes evil for your family, but prison or a grievous doom?"
27Said he (Joseph), "She it was who sought to seduce me for my person (or from my true self)." And one from among her family saw this and bore witness thus "If his shirt be rent from in front, then she speaks the truth and he is of the liars;
28"But if his shirt be rent from behind, then she lies and he is of the truthful."
29And when he saw his shirt rent from behind he (her husband) said, "This is one of the guiles (or tricks) of you women; verily, your tricks are great!
30"O Joseph! Turn aside from this (pass it over). And do you, woman, ask pardon for your fault; for truly, you are of the sinful."
31And some women in the city said, "The wife of the King´s Minister seeks to seduce her slave for his person; truly, he has infatuated (smitten) her with lust: verily, we see her in manifest error."
32And when she heard of their malicious talk, she sent for them, and prepared for them a banquet, and gave each of them a knife; and she said (to Joseph), "Come forth to them!" And when they saw him they exalted (admired) him and cut their hands exclaiming, "Allah preserve us! No mortal is this! This is none but a noble angel."
33Said she, "There before you is he about whom you blamed me. I did seek to seduce him for his person, but he did save himself firmly, guiltless. But now if he does not what I bid him he shall surely be cast into prison and shall surely be among those brought low."
34Said he, "O My Lord! Prison is dearer to me than what they call on me to do; and unless you turn from me their wiles I shall incline unto them and shall be among the foolish."
35And his Lord answered him and turned from him their wiles; verily, He is Hearer, Knower.
36Then it appeared good to them, even after they had seen the signs (of his innocence), to imprison him for a time.
37And two young men went to prison with him. Said one of them, "Verily, I dreamt that I was pressing wine." And the other said, "Verily, I dreamt that I was bearing on my head loaves from which the birds did eat." "Tell us" (they said) "the interpretation thereof; for verily, we see that you are of those who are wise and do good."
38He said, "I shall tell you both of its interpretation before your daily meal is brought to you. That is (some) of what my Lord has taught me; verily, I have forsaken the faith of a people who believe not in Allah, and disbelieve in the Hereafter.
39And I have followed the faith of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob. It never was for us to associate aught as partners with Allah. This is of the Bounty (or Grace) from Allah upon us and upon mankind: but most men give not thanks.
40O you two fellow-prisoners! Are manifold lords better, or Allah, the One, the Almighty?
41What you worship beside Him are naught but names which you have named, you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. Judgment rests with Allah only, who commands you to worship none but Him. That is the right religion, but most men know not.
42O you two fellow-prisoners! As for one of you, he shall pour out wine for his lord to drink: and as for the other, he shall be crucified, and the birds shall eat from his head. Thus is the matter decreed whereof you did inquire."
43And he said to him of the two whom he knew would escape, "Remember me with your Lord!" But Satan made him forget to mention him to his lord, so he (Joseph) lingered in prison for a few more years.
44And the king said, "Verily, I saw in a dream seven fat kine which seven lean kine devoured; and seven green ears of corn and (seven) others dry. O you chiefs! Explain to me my vision, if dreams you can interpret!"
45Said they, "Confused dreams! And naught know we of the interpretation of such dreams."
46Then he of the twain who had escaped, remembered after a while, and said, "Verily, I will inform you of the interpretation thereof, so send me forth."
47(When he came to Joseph, he said) "Joseph! O you truthful one! Explain to us the seven fat kine which seven lean ones devoured; and the seven green ears of corn and others dry that I may return to the people, per chance (or possibly) they then may know!"
48He said, "You shall sow for seven years, as is your wont; but what you reap, leave it in the ear, except a little whereof you eat.
49Then there shall come after that seven severe years which shall devour what you have put by before for them, save a little which you shall preserve.
50Then there will come after that a year in which the people shall have abundant rain and in which they shall press (wine and oil).
51Then the king (after he had been told) said, "Bring him (Joseph) unto me." And when the messenger came unto him, Joseph said, "Return to your Lord, and ask him, what is the state of mind of the women who cut their hands? Verily, my lord knows their guile."
52He (the king sent for the women and) said, "What happened when you sought to seduce Joseph?" They said, "Allah preserve us! We know no evil of him." Said the wife of the Minister, "Now is the truth exposed! It was I who sought to seduce him. Truly, he is of the truthful."
53(The wife said) "This, I asked that he (my lord) might know that I did not betray him in his absence, and that Allah guides not the guile of the betrayers.
54"Yet I do not absolve myself, for the human soul is prone to evil, save that on which my Lord has mercy; verily, my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful."
55And the king said, "Bring him (Joseph) to me. I will give him a special position with myself." And when he had spoken with him he said, "Verily, to-day you are with us in a well established place of trust."
56He said, "Place me over the store-house of the land; verily, I will be an expert custodian. (one who is skilled and knows what is required.)"
57Thus did We establish Joseph in the land that he might possess (settle or control) what part (in the manner, time and place) he pleases. We reach with Our mercy whom We will. We waste not the wages of those who do right.
58Surely the reward of the Hereafter is better for those who believe and fears (ward off evil or are constant in righteousness).
59And his brethren came to Joseph, and they presented themselves unto him and he knew them, but they recognised him not.
60And when he had given them their provisions he said, "Bring me your brother that you have from your father (but different mothers). Do you not see that I give good measure, and that I am the best of hosts?
61"But if you bring him not to me, no measure shall you have with me, nor shall you come nigh me."
62They said, "We will beg him from our father, and we will surely do it."
63Then he said to his servants, "Put their merchandise (they brought in payment) back into their packs, so that they may discover it only when they have returned to their family; per chance (or possibly) they may return."
64And when they returned to their father, they said, "O our father! A measure is withheld from us; so send with us our brother that we may obtain the measure, and, verily, we will guard him well."
65He said, "Shall I entrust you with him with results other than when I entrusted you with his brother before him? But Allah is the best of keepers, and He is the Most Merciful of the merciful."
66And when they opened their packs they found their merchandise restored to them. Said they, "O our father! What more can we crave? Here are our goods restored to us. We shall get provisions for our folk, and we shall guard our brother, and shall have an additional camel load of provisions. This is but a small measure (compared to what we can obtain or to the Egyptian Store-house)."
67He said, "I will by no means send him with you until you give me a solemn oath - In the name of Allah that you will surely bring him back to me, unless you are yourselves besieged (made powerless)." So when they had sworn their oaths he said, "Allah is in charge (witness, judge and guardian) over what we say."
68And he said further, "O my sons! Enter not by one gate, but enter by several gates. Not that I can avail you aught against Allah. Lo! Judgment (decision, command) rests only with Allah. In Him do I put my trust, and on Him do the trusting rely."
69And when they had entered as their father bade them, it availed them nothing against (the plan of) Allah. It fulfiled but a want in Jacob´s soul; for, verily, he was possessed of knowledge that We had taught him; but most of mankind know not.
70And when they entered into the presence of Joseph, he took his brother to stay with him, and said, "Verily, I, even I, am your brother, so sorrow not for their doings (past, present and future)."
71And when he had given them their provisions, he placed the drinking cup in his brother´s pack; then a crier shouted out, "O you in the caravan! Verily, you are thieves!"
72They said, turning to them, "What is it that you miss?"
73Said they, "We miss the goblet of the king, and whoever brings it shall have a camel-load, and I will be bound by it (the promise)."
74They said, "By Allah! You knew we came not to do evil in the land, and that we were not thieves."
75They said, "And what shall be the penalty thereof if you prove to be liars?"
76They said, "The recompense thereof is he in whose pack it is found - he shall be the recompense (atonement) thereof (as a bondsman); thus do we recompense the unjust."
77And he began (searching) their sacks before the sacks of his brother; then he drew it forth from his brother´s sack. Thus did We devise a stratagem for Joseph. He could not take his brother by the king´s law unless Allah willed. We raise by degrees of mercy whom We will, and over every possessor of knowledge is one who knows more (or One All-knowing).
78They said, "If he has stolen, a brother of his has stolen before him." But Joseph kept it secret in his soul and disclosed it not to them, but said within himself, "You are in a worse situation (than you think), and Allah knows best the truth about what you allege."
79They said, "O exalted one (ruler, minister)! Verily, he has a father, aged and venerable (who will grieve). Take then one of us instead of him; verily, we can see that you are of those who do good."
80Said he, "I seek refuge in Allah from taking any save him with whom we found our property; verily, we should then be certainly unjust."
81And when they despaired of (moving) him they retired to consult privately. Said the eldest of them, "Remember you not how your father took an oath from you. In the name of Allah? And how before this you failed in your duty with Joseph? I will surely not quit the land until my father give me leave, or Allah judge for me, for He is the Best of Judges.
82"Return you to your father and say, ´O our father! Verily, your son has committed theft, and we bore testimony to naught but what we knew. We could not guard against the unseen (the unforeseen, the unknown or the hidden)"
83"Ask then in the city where we were, and of the caravan in which we travelled there, for, verily, we tell the truth."
84He (their father when had heard this) said, "Nay, your souls have beguiled (tempted, diverted, deceived) you to something (that serves you). But patience is fitter for me. It may be that Allah will bring them all to me. Verily, He is Knower, Wise."
85And he turned away from them and said, "Alas great is my grief for Joseph!" and his eyes grew white with the sorrow he repressed.
86They said, "By Allah! You will not cease to remember Joseph till your health is ruined or you are of those who perish!"
87Said he, "I complain of (or expose) my distress and anguish only to Allah, for I know from Allah that which you know not.
88"O my sons! Go and inquire concerning Joseph and his brother, and despair not of Allah´s comfort (soothing mercy); for, verily, none despairs of the Mercy of Allah save a faithless people."
89And when they returned into his (Joseph´s) presence they said, "O exalted one! Misfortune has touched both us, and our families, and we have brought scanty capital. So give us full measure and treat it as charity; verily, Allah rewards the charitable."
90He said, "Do you know what you did with Joseph and his brother in your ignorance?"
91They said, "Are you then indeed Joseph?" He said, "I am Joseph, and this is my brother; Allah has been gracious towards us. Verily, whoever fears Allah (repulses evil or is righteous) and is patient (endures) - verily, Allah wastes not the hire of those who do right (or good)."
92They said, "By Allah! Allah has chosen (or preferred) you over us; and we indeed were guilty."
93He said, "No reproach against you this day! Allah will pardon you, for He is the most Merciful of the merciful.
94Take this my shirt, and lay it over the face of my father, he will become able to see; and come to me with all your family."
95And when the caravan left (Egypt), their father said, "Verily, I smell the presence of Joseph; nay, think me not a dotard."
96Those around him said, "By Allah! You are in your old meandering mind."
97And when the herald of glad tidings (Judah) came he threw it on his face, and he was restored to clear sight (became a seer). Said he, "Did I not tell you that I know from Allah that of which you know not?
98They said, "O our father! Ask pardon for us of our sins; verily, we were sinners!"
99He said, "I will ask pardon for you from my Lord; verily, He is the Forgiving, Merciful."
100And when they came before Joseph, he took his parents to stay with him, and said, "Enter you into Egypt, in safety if it please Allah."
101And he raised his parents upon the throne (of dignity), and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said, "O my sire! This is the fulfilment of my vision of old; my Lord has made it come true, and He has shown me kindness in bringing me forth out of prison, and bringing you from the desert, after Satan had made a breach between me and my brethren. Verily, my Lord is kind to whomsoever He will; verily, He is the Knower, the Wise.
102"O my Lord! Thou hast given me some dominion (power, sovereignty), and have taught me something of the interpretation of dreams and events (and sayings, stories etc.); O Thou Originator of the heavens and the earth! Thou art my patron (protector, provider and guide) in this world and the next; make me to die (or take my soul) as one who has Surrendered unto Thee (as a Muslim), and unite me with the righteous!"
103That is one of the stories of the unseen that We inspire in you (Muhammad). You were not with them when they agreed in their affair when they were scheming.
104And though you ardently desires it, most of mankind will not believe (or have faith).
105You do not ask them a fee for it; it is naught else but a reminder unto the creatures.
106How many a sign is there in the heavens and the earth which they pass by with face averted!
107And most of them believe not in Allah without associating partners with Him.
108Think they themselves secure, then, from overwhelming punishment coming on them from Allah, or from the Hour coming upon them suddenly while they are unaware?
109Say, "This is my Way; I call now unto Allah with sure knowledge (or clear proof), I and those who follow me - Glory be to Allah - for I am not of the idolaters."
110We never sent before you any, save men whom We inspired, from among the people of the townships (or communities). Have they not journeyed in the earth and beheld the consequences for those who were before them? Verily, the abode of Hereafter is surely better for those who believe; have they then no sense?
111Until when the Messenger despaired and they thought that they were proved liars, then came Our help unto them, and whoever We pleased was saved; but Our wrath is not averted from the guilty.
Chapter 13 (Sura 13)
1In their histories, surely, there are lessons for people endowed with understanding. It is not an invented tale, but a confirmation of the scriptures before it, and a detailed explanation of everything, and a guide and a mercy to a people who believe.
2ALIF LAM MIM RA. These are the signs (or verses) of the Book; that which is sent down to you from your Lord is the truth; but most people believe not.
3Allah it is who has raised the heavens without supporting columns that you can see; then He established Himself firmly on the throne (of authority and control), and subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law or service). Each one runs on its course for an appointed time. He regulates affairs, (or details the signs or revelations), that per chance (or possibly) you may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord.
4And He it is who has stretched out the earth and placed therein firm mountains and flowing rivers, and of every fruit has He placed therein in pairs. He makes the night cover the day. Lo! Herein are signs unto a people who reflect.
5And on the earth are diverse but neighbouring tracts, gardens of vines and ploughed fields of corn, and palms growing together (from one root) alike or not; they are watered with the same water, yet We distinguish one over the other as food; verily, in these are signs unto a people who have sense (or understanding.)
6And if you should wonder (at their lack of faith), wondrous are their words, "When we have become dust (or are actually dust), shall we then be created anew?" These are they who disbelieve in their Lord, and these are they with fetters (yokes of servitude to superstition) round their necks, and these are the fellows of the Fire; they shall dwell therein.
7They ask you to hasten on the evil rather than the good; yet examples come to pass before them: but your Lord is rich in forgiveness unto mankind despite their wrongdoing; but, verily, your Lord is also strict in punishment.
8Those who disbelieve say, "Why is no special Sign sent down upon him from his Lord." But you are only a Warner, and for every people a guide.
9Allah knows what each female (womb) bears, by how much the wombs fall short of or exceed (in time or number); for everything with Him is measured (calculated or in proportion).
10He is the Knower of the Invisible (or unseen or hidden) and the Visible (or obvious or apparent); He is the Great, the Most High (or the Most Exalted).
11Alike among you is he who keeps secret his speech and he who broadcasts it; and he who hides by night and he who stalks abroad by day.
12Each of them has a succession (of angels) before him and behind him, to keep guard over him at the command of Allah; verily, Allah changes not the condition of a people until they change that which is in their heart (or in their souls or change it for themselves). And when Allah wishes misfortune for a people there is no averting it, nor have they a protector beside Him.
13He it is who shows you the lightning, a fear and hope; and He brings up the clouds heavy (with quickening, life-giving, fertilizing) rain.
14And the thunder hymns His praise, and the angels too for awe of Him; and He sends the thunderclap and smites therewith whom He will while they dispute about Allah; but He is strong and All-mighty.
15True prayer is only a call to Allah; and those who call on others besides Him shall not be answered at all, except as one who stretches out his hand to the water that it may reach his mouth, but it reaches it not! The call of the disbelievers is futile.
16And unto Allah do prostrate whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening.
17Say, "Who is Lord (and Sustainer) of the heavens and the earth?" Say, "Allah" Say, "Do ye, then, take beside Allah patrons who have no control over benefit or harm to themselves?" Say, "Shall the blind and the seeing be held equal? Or shall the darkness and the light be held equal? Or have they made partners with Allah who can create as He creates, so that the creations seem similar to them?" Say, "Allah is the creator of all things, and He is the One, the Almighty."
18He sends down from the sky water, and the channels flow according to their measure, and the torrent bears away the foam that mounts to the surface. Even so from that which they heat in the fire (metal ore etc.), craving to make ornaments or utensils, comes a scum like that. Thus does Allah show (by similitudes and parables) the truth and the falsehood (or vanity) - as for the scum it is thrown off, and as for what profits man it stays on the earth. Thus does Allah coin Similitudes (or parables)!
19For those who respond to their Lord are all good things; but those who respond not to Him, had they all that is in the earth, and as much more, in vain would they offer it for ransom; for these there is a terrible reckoning, and their resort is hell - what a bed of misery it will be!
20Is he who knows that what is revealed unto you from your Lord is the Truth like him who is blind? But only men of understanding heed.
21Those who fulfil the Covenant of Allah and break not the pact,
22And those who join (attain) what Allah has commanded to be joined (attained), and dread their Lord and fear the woeful reckoning;
23And those who patiently persevere, craving their Lord´s Countenance, and are steadfast in prayer, and spend, secretly and openly, in charity from what We have bestowed upon them, and overcome evil with good - these shall have the sequel of the final (heavenly) Home -
24Gardens of perpetual bliss, into which they shall enter with the righteous amongst their fathers and their wives and their seed; and the angels shall enter unto them from every gate: -
25(With the salutation) "Peace be upon you! For that you persevered in patience; and excellent is the sequel of final home."
26And those who break the Covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and who sever what Allah hath commanded to be joined, and who do mischief in the earth - upon these is the curse of Allah, and for them is an ill abode.
27Allah expands his bounty freely to whomsoever He will, or He restricts its measure; and they rejoice in the life of this world, but the life of this world is naught but a temporary comfort compared with the Hereafter.
28Those who disbelieve say, "Unless a sign is sent down upon him from his Lord....". Say, "Truly, Allah leads whom He will astray, but guides unto Him those who turn in repentance.
29"Those who believe and whose heart have rest in Zikr (remembering or mention) of Allah. Verily, in Zikr (remembering or mention) of Allah do hearts find rest (comfort, satisfaction, fulfilment).
30Those who believe and do what is right; Joy is for them and an excellent journey´s end."
31Thus have We sent you to a nation before which other nations have passed away, to recite unto them that which We have inspired in you, while they are disbelievers in the Beneficent. Say, "He is my Lord; there is no God but He; On Him do I rely, and unto Him do I turn."
32And if there were a Quran by which the mountains were moved, or by which the earth was torn asunder, or the dead made to speak (this would be the one, but what would be the point) - Nay, Allah´s is the whole command! Did not those who believe know that if Allah had pleased He would have guided all mankind? As for those who disbelieve calamity (disaster) does not cease to overtake them for what they do, or it dwells close by their homes until Allah´s promise comes to pass. Verily, Allah fails not in His promise.
33Is He who stands over every soul, aware of what it has earned (like others)? And yet they join partners with Allah! Say, "Name (describe) them; can you inform Him of what He does not know in the earth? Or is it for their name´s sake only (that you call upon them) (Is it merely a way of speaking)? Nay, but their stratagem is made seemly to those who disbelieve, and they turn folks from the path of Allah! But whomsoever Allah does lead astray, no guide has he."
34For them is torment in the life of this world; but surely the torment of the Hereafter is more wretched still, nor have they against Allah a defender.
35A similitude of the Garden which is promised unto those who fear Allah, beneath it rivers flow, its food is enduring, and likewise its shade (shelter, security)! That is the reward of those who fear (keep their duty); but the reward of disbelievers is the Fire!
36And those to whom We brought the Book rejoice in that which We have sent down to you; but among the clans (sects, parties, sections) are some who deny a part thereof. Say, "I am only bidden to serve Allah and not to associate partners with Him; Unto Him do I call and unto Him is my return."
37Thus have We revealed it, a decisive judgment in Arabic, but had you followed their lusts (prejudices, fantasies, superstitions), after the knowledge that has come to you, then truly, would you have against Allah no protecting friend nor defender.
38And verily, We sent Messengers before you, and We appointed for them wives and offsprings; and it was not given to any Messenger that he should bring a sign save by Allah´s permission. For every period there is a Book revealed (or Law decreed or Decree established).
39Allah blots out what He will, or He establishes (what He wills); and with Him is the Mother of the Book (or Source of Ordinances).
40Whether We will let you see a part of what We have promised them, or take you to Ourself (before this), your duty is only to deliver the message, Ours is the reckoning.
41See they not how We visit the land and reduce its borders (through conquest)? Allah judges (or commands), and there is none to reverse His judgment (or command), and He is swift at reckoning!
42And those who were before them plotted; but all plotting is Allah´s! He knows what every soul earns; and the disbelievers shall come to know who comes Home in the end.
43And those who disbelieve say, "You ar no Messenger!" Say, "Allah is witness enough between me and you; and so is he who has the knowledge of the Book (any revealed Scripture)!"
Chapter 14 (Sura 14)
1ALIF LAM MIM. A book which We have revealed unto you , to bring men forth from darkness into light, - by permission of their Lord - unto the Way of the Almighty, the Praiseworthy.
2Allah is He unto Whom belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Alas for the disbelievers, for a terrible doom;
3Those who love the life of this world better than the Hereafter, and turn folks from the path of Allah, and crave to make it crooked; these are far astray.
4We never sent a Messenger save with the language of his people, that he might clarify the message to them. Then Allah leads whom He will astray, and guides whom He will; and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
5We did send Moses with our signs, saying, "Bring forth your people from the darkness into the light, and remind them of the Days of Allah!" Verily, in that are signs to every patient, grateful one.
6Remember when Moses said to his people, "Remember the favours of Allah towards you, when He saved you from Pharaoh´s people, who afflicted you with dreadful torment, slaughtering your sons and letting your women live;" in that was a great trial for you from your Lord.
7When your Lord proclaimed, "If you give thanks I will surely give you increase; but if you are thankless, verily, my torment is severe!"
8And Moses said, "If you are thankless, you and all on the earth, then - verily, Allah is self-sufficient and Praiseworthy."
9Has not the history come to you of those who were before you, of the people of Noah, and A´ad, and Thamud, and those who came after them? None knows them save Allah. Their Messengers came unto them with manifest signs; but they thrust their hands into their mouths and said, "Verily, we disbelieve in that with which you are sent, and we are in grave doubt concerning that to which you call us!"
10Their Messengers said, "Is there doubt about Allah, the originator of the heavens and the earth? He calls you to pardon you for your sins, and to reprieve you unto an appointed term." They said, "You are but mortals like ourselves; you wish to turn us from what our fathers used to serve. Bring us, then, clear authority!"
11Their Messengers said unto them, "We are only mortals like yourselves; but Allah gives grace unto whomsoever He will of His servants, and it is not for us to bring you an authority, save by His permission. In Allah let believers rely!"
12What ails us that we should not put our trust in Allah when He has guided us in our paths? We will surely endure the hurt you do us. In Allah let the trusting put their trust.
13And those who disbelieved said to their Messengers, "We will drive you forth from our land; or else you shall return to our faith!" Then their Lord inspired them, saying "We will surely destroy the unjust;
14And We will make you to dwell in the land after them. That is for him who fears (keeps in mind) My Time (of Judgment or Majesty) and fears (keeps in mind) My punishment (or threat)."
15Then they sought to force a decision (to settle the matter in their favour); and disappointed was every rebel tyrant!
16Behind such a one is hell, and he is given to drink boiling fetid liquid (unwholesome products of disease like pus).
17Which he sips but cannot swallow; and death comes upon him from every side, and yet he can not die; and before him is unrelenting woe!
18This is the likeness (parable, similitude) of those who disbelieve in their Lord - their works are as ashes whereon the wind blows fiercely on a stormy day. They have no control of aught that they have earned - That is the extreme failure (or far straying).
19Do not you see that Allah created the heavens and the earth in Truth? If He please He can remove you (take you off) and bring (replace you with) a new creation;
20That is for Allah no great matter.
21They will all come forth unto their Lord; and the despised (or weak) say to those who were scornful (or inflated with pride), "We were but followers of your s, can you now avail us aught against Allah´s torment?" They say, "If Allah had guided us we would have guided you. It is now the same for us whether we rage or whether we are penitent, we have no escape."
22And Satan says, when the affair is decided, "Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth; I, too, promised and failed you. I had no authority over you, except to call you, and you did hearken unto me; then blame me not, but blame yourselves; I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I disbelieved before in your associating me as partner with Allah (or rebelled against Allah with whom you associated me as partner); verily, for wrong-doers there must be grievous woe!"
23But those who believe and do right will enter Gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever by the permission of their Lord; their salutation therein is "Peace! (tranquillity, security, harmony)"
24Do you not see how Allah strikes out a parable? A goodly Saying is like a goodly tree whose root is set firm, and whose branches reach into the heavens;
25It gives its fruit at every season by the permission of its Lord - Allah strikes out parables for men that per chance (or possibly) they may reflect (or be mindful).
26And the similitude of a bad saying is as a bad tree, which is felled from above the earth, possessing no stability.
27Allah answers (confirms, establishes) those who believe with the firm (sure) word in the life of this world and in the Hereafter; but Allah leads the wrong-doers astray; for Allah does what He will.
28Do not you see those who have exchanged Allah´s favours for disbelief, and have led their people to the House of Perdition?
29Into Hell? They shall broil therein - an ill resting-place!
30And they made peers for Allah, to lead men astray from His path. Say, "Enjoy yourselves, for, verily, your destination is the Fire."
31Say to my servants who believe, that they be steadfast in prayer and expend in charity of what We have bestowed upon them, in secret and in public, before there comes the Day when there shall be no bargaining (buying and selling, barter) and no befriending.
32Allah it is who created the heavens and the earth; and sent down water from the sky, and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you; and subjected to you the ships, to float therein upon the sea at His bidding; and made of service for you the rivers;
33And makes the sun and the moon constant in their course, to be of service to you; and made of service for you the night and the day;
34And He gives you of everything you asked of Him: and if you try to number Allah´s favours, you cannot count them; - verily, man is persistently unjust and ungrateful.
35And when Abraham said, "My Lord, make this land safe, and turn me and my sons away from serving idols!
36"My Lord, verily, they have led many men astray; but he who follows me, verily, he is of me; but he who rebels against me - still you are Forgiving, Merciful!
37"O our Lord! Verily, I have settled some of my seed (posterity) in a valley without corn (uncultivable), near Thy Sacred House (the valley of Mecca). O our Lord! That they may establish proper worship, so make the heart of men yearn towards them, and provide them with fruits in order that they may give thanks.
38"O my Lord! Verily, Thou knowest what we hide and what we proclaim; for naught is hid from Allah in the earth or in the heavens.
39Praise be to Allah Who hath bestowed on me in my old age, Ishmael and Isaac! - Verily, my Lord is Hearer of Prayer.
40"O my Lord! Make me steadfast in proper worship and of my seed likewise! O our Lord! And accept my prayer!
41"O our Lord! Cover us with Thy Forgiveness, me and my parents and all believers on the Day when the reckoning is established."
42So think not Allah careless of what the unjust do; He only respites them until the day on which all eyes shall stare in horror!
43Running on, necks outstretched, heads uplifted, their gaze returned to them, and their heart void;
44And warn mankind of the Day when the Wrath shall reach them: then those who have done wrong shall say, "O our Lord! Respite us for a short term longer, and we will respond to Thy call, and follow the Messengers!" - "What! Did you not used to swear before that you should suffer no decline?"
45"And you dwelt in the dwellings of those who had wronged their own souls; and it was made plain to you how We dealt with them; and We struck out many parables for you."
46But they plotted mighty stratagems, but their stratagem were within Allah´s sight, although their stratagem were mountain-shaking.
47So think not that Allah fails in his promise to His Messengers. Verily, Allah is Mighty, the Lord of Retribution.
48On the day when the earth shall be changed for another earth, and the heavens too; and all shall come forth unto Allah, the One, the Almighty.
49You shall see the guilty on that day bound together in chains;
50With garments of pitch, and fire covering their faces;
51That Allah may reward each soul according to what it has earned. Verily, Allah is swift at reckoning!
52This is a clear message to be delivered to mankind that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that only He is Allah, the One, and that men of understanding may take heed.
Chapter 15 (Sura 15)
1ALIF LAM RA. Those are the ayats (signs or verses) of Revelation and of a clear Reading (Quran) (or that clarifies).
2Many a time will those who disbelieve wish they had surrendered (obeyed or been Muslims).
3Leave them to eat and enjoy the good things of life and let hope beguile them, but they shall come to know!
4We never did destroy a community but there was a fixed term decreed for it.
5No nation can hasten on its appointed time, nor put it off.
6But they say, "O you to whom the Reminder (the Quran) has been sent down! Verily, you are possessed.
7"Why do you not bring us the angels if you do tell the truth?"
8We sent not down the angels save as a Fact (for a just or right cause, effect or reason); but then (if We did) they would have no respite.
9Verily, We have revealed (sent down) the Reminder, and, verily, We are its Guardian.
10We, verily, sent Messengers before you among the sects of men in past ages.
11But there never came a messenger to them but they did mock him.
12Even so do We let it traverse the heart of the guilty.
13They will not believe therein, though the example of those of past times is before them.
14But had We opened to them a Gate of Heaven and they had continued to ascend through it,
15They would only say, "Our eye-sight is only intoxicated; nay, we have been bewitched by sorcery (or hypnotized)!"
16And We have placed in the sky the Signs of the Zodiac (or mansions or constellations of stars), and have made them beautiful to the beholders;
17And We have guarded them from every accursed (rejected, pelted) devil (or evil spirit);
18But any that steal a hearing, there follows him a bright flaming fire (or shooting star).
19And the earth have We spread out and placed on it firm mountains, and have caused to grow upon it of everything in balanced measure.
20And We have made for you means of livelihood therein, and for those for whom you provide not (or for whom you are not responsible).
21Nor is there aught but the treasuries (storehouses) of it are with Us, and We do not send it down save in a noted quantity (ascertainable measure).
22And We send forth the impregnating (fertilizing, invigorating, fecundating) winds, and We send down water from the sky, and We give it to you to drink. It is not you who hold the store thereof.
23And We, verily, We quicken and kill; and We are of all things the Inheritor.
24And We already know the foremost of you, and We know the laggards.
25And, verily, it is your Lord who will gather you; verily, He is Wise, Aware.
26And We did create man from potter´s (or sound emitting) clay of black mud wrought into form.
27And the jinn We created before of smokeless fire (or scorched wind).
28When your Lord said to the angels, "Verily, I am creating a mortal from (sound-emitting) clay of black mud wrought into shape;
29So when I have fashioned it, and breathed into it of My Spirit, then fall you down before him, prostrating yourselves before him (in obeisance)."
30So the angels fell prostrate in obeisance, all of them together,
31Save Iblis, who refused to be among the prostrate.
32He said, "O Iblis! What ails you that you are not among the prostrate?"
33Said he, "Why should I prostrate myself before a mortal whom you have created from potter´s (sound emitting) clay of black mud wrought into form."
34He said, "Then get you forth from hence, for verily, you are an outcast (rejected, accursed, pelted).
35"And, verily, the curse shall be upon you until the Day of Judgment."
36Said he, "O my Lord! Reprieve me until the day when they shall be raised."
37He said, "Then, verily, you are of the reprieved
38Until the Day of the Appointed Time."
39He said, "O my Lord! Because you have put me in the wrong I will surely make wrong seemly for them on earth, and I will put them all in the wrong;
40"Save such of your servants as are sincere and purified."
41Said He, "This is a Straight Way which leads to Me (or is incumbent upon Me).
42Verily, over My servants you have no authority, save such of the misguided (or rebellious) as follow you.
43And, verily, hell is promised to them all.
44It has seven gates (entrances); to each gate (entrance) is assigned a certain class (or portion)."
45Verily, those who fear Allah shall dwell amidst gardens and springs:
46(It will be said to them) "Enter you therein in peace and safety!"
47And We will strip off whatever ill-feeling is in their breasts; as brethren they rest on couches face to face.
48No toil shall touch them therein, nor shall they be expelled there from.
49Inform my servants that I am the Forgiving, the Merciful;
50And that My doom is a grievous doom.
51And inform them concerning Abraham´s guests,
52When they came unto him and said, "Peace!", he said, "Verily, we are afraid of you."
53They said, "Be not afraid! Verily, we bring you glad tidings of a boy possessing wisdom."
54He said, "Do you bring me this glad tidings when old age has overtaken me? Of what then do you bring good tidings!"
55They said, "We bring you glad tidings in truth, then be not of those who despair!"
56He said, "Who would despair of the mercy of his Lord save those who err?"
57He said, "What then is your business, O you messengers?"
58They said, "Verily, we are sent unto a people deeply in guilt;
59"Save only the household (family or adherents) of Lot, all of them we are certainly charged to save,
60"Except his wife, of whom we have ascertained that she shall be of those who stay behind."
61And when the messengers came unto the adherents of Lot,
62He said, "Verily, you are a people whom I recognize not (or of uncommon appearance)."
63They said, "Yea, we have come to you to accomplish that whereof they keep disputing.
64"And we bring you the truth (or the inevitable), and, verily, we are truth-tellers!
65"Travel then with your household in the deep darkness of the night, and follow you their rear; and let not any one of you turn round to look back; but go on to where you are commanded."
66And We made plain for him the decree that the uttermost one of these people should be cut off on the morrow.
67Then the people of the city came, glad at the tidings (of the arrival of the young men).
68Said Lot, "Verily, these are my guests, therefore disgrace me not;
69"But fear Allah, and put me not to shame."
70They said, "Have we not forbidden you to speak for all in the world?"
71He said, "Here are my daughters, if do it you must."-
72By your life (O Muhammad)! In their frenzy of intoxication (passion) they went blindly (distractedly) to and fro.
73And the mighty blast caught them at dawn.
74And We turned their cities upside down, and rained down on them brimstones hard as baked clay.
75Behold! In this is a sign to those who by tokens understand (or can read the signs).
76And, verily, the cities were on a high road that still remains.
77Verily, in this is a sign for those who believe.
78And the companions of the Wood (Midian), too, were unjust;
79And We took vengeance on them, and, verily, they were both on an open highway, plain to see.
80And the companions of Al-Hijr (the Rocky Tract) also rejected the messengers.
81And We brought them Our revelations, but they did turn away there from.
82And they used to hew out dwellings from the mountain to dwell in safety.
83But the mighty blast seized them in the morning;
84And that which they counted as gain availed them naught.
85We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them both, save with truth. And, verily, the Hour is surely coming; then do you forgive with a gracious forgiveness.
86Verily, your Lord He is the Master Creator, the All-knowing.
87We have already given you the Seven Oft-Repeated (the verses of the first chapter of the Quran), and the mighty Quran.
88Let not your eyes strain after what We have allowed certain classes among them to enjoy, nor grieve for them; but lower your wing (in tenderness) to the believers,
89And say, "Verily, I, even I, am a plain Warner."
90Such as We sent down for those who make divisions,
91Those who break the Quran into separate parts.
92Them, by your Lord! We shall question, one and all,
93About what they used to do.
94Therefore, proclaim what you are commanded, and withdraw from the idolaters.
95Verily, We are enough defence for you against the scoffers.
96Who place other gods along with Allah; but they at length shall come to know!
97And well know We that your breast was at times oppressed by what they say.
98But hymn the praises of your Lord, and be you of those who make prostrations (or obeisance).
99And serve your Lord until there comes unto you the Hour that is certain (death).
Chapter 16 (Sura 16)
1The Command of Allah will inevitably come to pass; seek not then to hasten it. Glorified and Exalted is He above all that which they join with Him.
2He sends down the angels with the Spirit at His command upon whom He will of His servants, saying, "Give warning that there is no God but Me; therefore, fear (do your duty to) Me."
3He created the heavens and the earth with truth! Exalted is He above all that which they join with Him!
4He created man from a drop (of sperm); and yet, behold, he is an open opponent!
5The cattle too have We created for you; in them is warmth (clothing) and profit (benefits, uses) and from them do you eat.
6In them there is beauty for you when you drive them home to rest, and when you drive them forth to pasture.
7And they bear your heavy burdens to lands which you could not otherwise reach, except with souls distressed; - verily, your Lord is Kind and Merciful.
8And horses too, and mules, and asses, for you to ride upon and for an ornament. He has creates also that which you know not.
9(Unto or For Allah) is the direction of the Straight Way; from it some turn aside (or are not straight): but had He pleased He would have led you all straight.
10He it is who sends down water from the sky, whence you have drink, and whence the trees grow whereby you feed your flocks.
11He makes the corn to grow, and the olives, and the palms, and the grapes, and all kinds of other fruit; - verily, herein is indeed a sign for a people who reflect.
12And He subjected to you the night and the day, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars are subjected to His command. Verily, in these are signs to a people who have sense (sensibility or wisdom).
13And what He has produced for you in the earth varying in hue (colours and qualities), verily, in that is a sign for a people who are mindful (aware. remembering, grateful).
14He it is who has subjected the sea, that you may eat fresh flesh there from; and you bring forth from it ornaments which you wear,- and you may see the ships cleaving through it, and that you may search after His Bounty, and per chance (or possibly) you may give thanks.
15And He has cast firm mountains on the earth lest it shake with you; and rivers and roads; per chance (or possibly) you may be guided.
16And landmarks; and by the stars too are they guided.
17Is He who creates like him who creates not? Will you then not remember (be mindful, aware)?
18But if you would number the favours of Allah, you cannot count them. Verily, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
19Allah knows what you keep secret (or hidden), and what you disclose (or proclaim).
20And those on whom you call beside Allah cannot create anything, for they are themselves created,
21Dead, not living, nor can they know when they shall be raised.
22Your God is one God, and those who believe not in the Hereafter their heart are given to denial, and they are inflated with pride!
23Without a doubt Allah knows what you keep secret and what you disclose. Verily, He loves not those inflated with pride.
24And when it is said to them, "What is it that your Lord has revealed (sent down)?" they say, "Old folks´ tales!"
25Let them bear the burden of their sins in full on the Day of Resurrection, and also some of the burdens of those whom they led astray without knowledge. Alas! How grievous is the burden they shall bear!
26Those who were before them plotted, but Allah struck at the foundations of their building, and the roof fell on them from above, and the torment came to them, from whence they could not perceive.
27Then on the Day of Resurrection He will put them to shame, and say, "Where are My associates about whom you were divided into parties?" Those endowed with knowledge will say, "Verily, to-day disgrace, and evil cover the disbelievers,
28"Those whom the angels take away while they are wronging their own souls." Then will they offer peace and surrender, saying "We have done no evil (knowingly)." (The reply will be) "Nay! Surely Allah knows what you used to do.
29"So enter you the doors of hell, to dwell therein; ill, indeed, is the resort of the arrogant."
30And it will be said to those who fear Allah (the righteous), "What is it that your Lord has revealed (sent down)?" They will say, "All that is good." For those who do good, there is good in this world; but certainly the abode of the Hereafter is better; and surely excellent is the abode of the righteous (or those who fear).
31Gardens of Eternity which they shall enter, beneath which rivers flow; therein shall they have what they please; - thus does Allah reward those who fear Him (or repel evil).
32To those whom the angels take away in a goodly state (those who die righteous) they shall say, "Peace be upon you! Enter you into the Garden (Paradise) for that which you have done."
33Do they expect other than that the angels should come to take them away, or that your Lord´s command should come to pass? Even so did those before them; Allah did not wrong them; but it was themselves they wronged.
34So that the evil which they had done smote them, and that which they mocked surrounded (imprisoned, restricted, hemmed them in).
35And the idolaters (those who associated others with Allah) said, "Had Allah pleased we had not served aught beside Him, neither we nor our fathers; nor had we forbidden aught without His permission". Even so did those before them. Are the messengers charged to do anything but to deliver their message clearly?
36Verily, We have sent to every nation a Messenger, proclaiming, "Serve you Allah, and avoid Taghut (false gods)." And amongst them are some whom Allah has guided, and amongst them are some for whom error has become established. So travel through the earth, and behold what was the end of those who denied them.
37If you are eager for their guidance, verily, Allah guides not those who go astray (or mislead), nor have they any helpers.
38They swear by their strongest oath, "Allah will not raise up him who dies."- Nay! But it is a promise binding on Him in truth. But most know not.
39(It is) To explain to them that which they disputed about, and that those who disbelieved may know that they are liars.
40We only say unto a thing We intend, the Word, "BE," and it is.
41But those who fled their homes for Allah´s sake, after they were wronged (oppressed), We will surely establish them in this world with good things; but truly the reward of the Hereafter is greater, if you did but know,
42Those who are patient, and put their trust (or reliance) upon their Lord,
43And We have not sent before you any but men, whom We inspired - Ask you those who possess the Reminder (or the Message), if you know not yourselves,
44With Manifest (clear) Signs and with Books of Prophecy; and We have sent down the Reminder to you too, that you may explain to men clearly what has been sent down to them, and that they may reflect.
45Are those, who devise evil plots, secure that Allah will not cause the earth to swallow them up, or that His Wrath will not seize them from whence they cannot perceive.
46Or that He may not call them to account in the midst of their going to and fro, without the possibility of frustrating Him?
47Or that He should seize them with a gradual wasting? Verily, your Lord is indeed Kind, Merciful.
48Do they not look at Allah´s creations, even among (inanimate things) - how their shadows turn to the right or the left, in prostration (obeisance or submission) to Allah and they are humble (or shrinking)?
49And unto Allah does prostration (obeisance) whatever is in the heavens and in the earth, whether living creature or angel; nor are they arrogant (inflated with pride).
50They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.
51And Allah says, "Take not two gods; He is only one God; then fear Me, and Me alone."
52To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and in the earth, and to Him is duty (obedience) due unceasingly (or religion is for Him fundamentally and forever). Will you then fear other than Allah?
53And whatever favours you enjoy, they are from Allah; then, whenever distress touches you, unto Him you turn for succour.
54Yet, when He removes the distress from you, lo! A party of you join partners with their Lord.
55That they may deny that which We have given them. Then enjoy life while you may, for at length you shall come to know the truth.
56And they set aside a portion of what We have bestowed upon them for what they know not. By Allah! You shall certainly be questioned concerning that which you have devised.
57They assign for Allah daughters - Glory be to Him - and for themselves they desire them not (or desire sons).
58When any one of them receives tidings of a female child, his face is over clouded and black, and he is filled with inner wrath.
59He skulks away from the people, for the evil tidings he has heard; - is he to keep it with its disgrace, or to bury it in the dust? - Ah! How evil is their judgment (or choice)!
60For those who believe not in the Hereafter is there is an evil similitude: but Allah´s is the Sublime Similitude; for He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
61If Allah were to punish men for their wrong-doing He would not leave upon the earth a single living creature; but He reprieves them until an appointed time; and when their time comes they cannot put it off an hour, nor can they advance it.
62They assign to Allah what they abhor themselves; and their tongues expound the lie that all good is to be theirs." Without a doubt theirs is the Fire, for, verily, they shall be abandoned therein.
63By Allah! We verily sent messengers unto the nations before you, but Satan made their works fair-seeming unto them. So he is their patron this day, and for them is grievous doom!
64We have revealed the Book unto you only that you may explain unto them that wherein they differ, and as a guidance and a mercy to a people who have faith.
65And Allah sends down water from the sky, and quickens therewith the earth after its death; verily, in that is a sign to a people who can hear.
66Verily, you have in cattle a lesson; We give you to drink from that which is in their belly, betwixt excretions and blood, pure milk, agreeable for drinkers.
67And of the fruit of the palms and the grapes you derive drinks and goodly nourishment; verily, in that is a sign to a people who have sense!
68And your Lord inspired the bee, "Take to habitations in the mountains and in the trees, and in the habitations of men.
69"Then eat from every fruit, and walk in the beaten paths of your Lord". There comes forth from her body a draught varying in hue, in which is a healing for mankind. Verily, herein are, indeed, signs unto a people who reflect.
70Allah created you; then He will take you to Himself; but amongst you are some whom He will thrust into the most decrepit stage of life, so that he may not know aught that once he knew. Verily, Allah is Knower, Powerful.
71And Allah has bestowed his gifts of provisions more freely on some of you over others; but those who have been preferred will not restore their provision to those whom their right hands possess that they may share equally therein: - is it Allah´s favours they deny?
72And Allah has made for you mates of your own nature, and has made for you from them sons and daughters and grandchildren; and has provided you with sustenance of the best things; - is it, then in vanity that they believe, while for Allah´s favour they are ungrateful?
73And they serve beside Allah what cannot control for them any provision from the heavens or the earth, nor have they any power.
74Do not then coin similitudes for Allah! Verily, Allah knows, but you know not.
75Allah coins a similitude (or parable); (On the one hand) a slave owned by another, having control over nothing, and (on the other hand) one on whom We have bestowed a goodly favours from Us, and who spends there from freely secretly and openly - shall they be held equal? Praise be to Allah, but most of them understand not.
76And Allah coins another similitude (parable): two men, one of them dumb, able to do nothing, a burden to his lord; wherever he directs him he brings no success; is he to be held equal with him who bids what is just and who is on the Straight Way?
77To Allah belongs the Mystery of the heavens and the earth. And the Decision of the Hour (of Judgment) is but as the twinkling of an eye, or even quicker. Verily, Allah has power over all things.
78Allah brings you forth out of the wombs of your mothers knowing naught; and He gives you hearing, and sight, and heart, that you may give thanks.
79Do they not see the birds subservient in the vault of the sky? None holds them in but Allah: verily, in that is a sign unto a people who believe.
80Allah made for you habitations, homes of repose; and made for you, of the skins of cattle, dwellings (tents), that you may find them light on the day you move your quarters and the day when you abide; and from their wool and from their fur, and from their hair come furnishings and chattels for a season.
81And Allah has made for you, out what He has created, shade; and has made for you shelters in the mountains; and He has made for you garments to protect you from the heat, and coats of mail to keep you from each other´s violence: - thus does He fulfil His favours towards you, per chance (or possibly) you yet may surrender to His Will (i.e. in Islam).
82But if they turn their backs, your duty is only to convey the Clear Message.
83They recognize the favours of Allah, and then they deny them, for most men are ungrateful.
84On the Day We shall raise from all peoples a witness; then shall no excuse be accepted from disbelievers, and they shall receive no favours (or be allowed to make amends).
85And when those who did wrong see the Penalty, it will not be mitigated, nor will they receive respite.
86And when those who join partners with Allah behold those partners, they will say, "Our Lord! These are your partners on whom we used to invoke beside Thee." And they shall throw back the words at them, "Verily, you are liars!"
87And they shall proffer unto Allah surrender that day; and all that which they had devised shall stray away from them.
88Those who disbelieve and turn folks from the path of Allah, We will add doom to their doom, for that they worked corruption.
89And on the day when We will raise up in every nation a witness against them from among themselves, and We will bring you (Muhammad) as a witness against these (your people or the other witnesses); for We have revealed (sent down) to you a Book (Scripture) expounding all things clearly, and a guidance, and a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have Surrendered unto Allah (Muslims).
90Verily, Allah commands justice, the doing of good (kindness, benevolence), and liberality to kindred, and He forbids all shameful deeds (lewdness, abomination, perversity) and wickedness (wrong, injustice, oppression, rebellion); He exhorts you that per chance (or possibly) you may be mindful.
91Fulfil the Covenant of Allah when you have entered into it, and break not your oaths after confirming them, for you thereby make Allah your surety; verily, Allah knows what you do.
92And be not like her who unravels her yarn, fraying it out after she hath spun it close, by taking your oaths for mutual intrigue, because one nation is more numerous than another; Allah only tries you therewith, but He will make manifest to you on the Day of Judgment that whereon you disagree.
93But had Allah pleased He would have made you one nation; but He leads astray whom He will, and guides whom He will; - but you shall be questioned as to that which you used to do.
94Take not therefore your oaths for mutual deceit, lest a foot slip after being planted firmly, and you taste of evil in that you turned folks off the path of Allah, and your s should be a mighty doom.
95And sell not the Covenant of Allah for a little price; Verily, with Allah alone is that which is better for you, if you did but know.
96What you have is spent (wastes away), but what Allah has endures; and verily, We will recompense the patient (steadfast) in proportion to the best of what they used to do.
97Whoever acts aright, male or female, and is a believer, We will quicken with a goodly life; and We will recompense them in proportion to the best of what they used to do.
98When you do read the Quran ask refuge with Allah from Satan the outcast (the rejected or pelted one).
99Verily, he has no power over those who believe and who upon their Lord rely (trust).
100His power is only over those who take him for a patron, and over the idolaters.
101And whenever We change one revelation for another - Allah knows best what He reveals (sends down) - They say, "You are but inventing!"- Nay, most of them know not.
102Say, "The Holy Spirit brought it down from your Lord in truth, that it may confirm (the faith of) those who believe, and for a guidance and glad tidings to those who have Surrendered unto Allah (Muslims)."
103We know well that they say, "It is only some mortal who teaches him." But the tongue of him they point to (Muhammad) is outlandish, while this (Quran) is Arabic, pure and clear.
104Verily, those who believe not in Allah´s signs, Allah will not guide them, and for them is grievous woe.
105Only they are the inventors who believe not in Allah´s signs; and these, they are the liars.
106Whoever disbelieves in Allah after having believed - unless it be one who is forced and whose heart is still content in the faith - but whoever expands his breast to (easing) disbelieve - on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs is a mighty doom.
107That is because they preferred the love of the life of this world to the Hereafter, and because Allah guides not unbelieving people.
108These are they whose heart, and hearing, and sight, Allah has sealed, and these, they are the heedless.
109Assuredly, in the Hereafter they will be the losers.
110Then, verily, your Lord - to those who fled after they had been tried, and then fought strenuously and were patient, - verily, your Lord after that will be Forgiving and Merciful.
111On the Day when every soul will come to plead for itself, every soul shall be paid what it has earned, and they shall not be wronged.
112Allah coins a similitude (parable): a city which was safe and content, its provision came to it in plenty from every place, and then it denied (was ungrateful for) Allah´s favours, and Allah made it feel the garb of dearth and fear, because of that which the used to do.
113And there came to them a messenger from amongst themselves, but they called him a liar, so the torment seized them, while yet they were unjust.
114Eat, then, from what Allah has provided you, things lawful and good, and give thanks for the favours of Allah, if it be Him you serve.
115He has only forbidden you carrion, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that which is devoted to other than Allah; but he who is driven thereto (forced by necessity), neither craving nor transgressing due limits, then verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
116And say not of what your own tongues pronounce, the lie "This is lawful, and this is unlawful," inventing against Allah a lie; verily, those who invent against Allah a lie shall not prosper.
117A brief enjoyment for them - then a grievous woe!
118For those who are Jews We have forbidden what We have already narrated to you. We wronged them not, but they were wont to wrong themselves.
119Then, verily, your Lord - for those who do evil in ignorance and afterwards repent and amend - verily, your Lord is indeed Forgiving and Merciful.
120Verily, Abraham was indeed, a model, devoutly obedient to Allah, by nature upright, and he was not of the idolaters:
121Thankful for His favours; He chose him and He guided him unto the Straight Way.
122And We gave him in this world good things; and, verily, in the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
123Then We inspired you (Muhammad) saying, "Follow the religion of Abraham, as one by nature upright. He was not of the idolaters."
124The Sabbath was only made (strict) for those who dispute thereon; but, verily, your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Judgment concerning that whereon they do dispute.
125Call unto the way of your Lord with wisdom and goodly exhortation, and reason with them in the best (kindest, most gracious, elegant, persuasive) way; verily, your Lord He knows best who has erred from His way, and He is best aware of those who receive guidance.
126But if you punish (or catch them out), punish (or catch them out) only with the like of that with which you were afflicted; but if you endure patiently, verily it is better for the patient.
127Endure you patiently. Your endurance is only by the help of Allah. Grieve not about them; and be not distressed because of that which they devise.
128Verily, Allah is with those who fear (do their duty to) Him, and with those who do good.
Chapter 17 (Sura 17)
1Glorified be He Who carried His servant on a journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Remote Mosque, the neighbourhood of which We have blessed, to show him of Our Signs. Verily, He is the Hearer and the Seer.
2And We gave Moses the Book (Scripture) and made it a guidance to the Children of Israel, saying: "Take you no guardian besides Me."
3(They were) The seed of those We carried with Noah (in the ark). Verily, he was a thankful servant!
4And We clearly warned the Children of Israel in the Book, "You shall verily do evil in the earth twice, and you shall become great tyrants (or elated with pride)."
5And when the first of the two came, We sent against you Our servants given to great violence. They entered the inner most parts of your homes; and it was a fulfiled warning.
6Then We rallied you once more against them, and aided you with resources and sons, and made you a numerous band.
7If you do well, you do well to your own souls; and if you do evil, you do it against your own souls. And when the second warning came, We permitted your enemies to disfigure your faces and to enter your Temple as they had entered it the first time, and to destroy all that fell into their hands."
8It may be that your Lord will yet have mercy on you. But if you revert to wrongdoing We will revert to punishment, and We have made Hell a prison for the faithless.
9Verily, this Quran does guide to the Straight Way, and gives glad tidings to the believers who do work righteousness, that for them is a great reward.
10And that for those who believe not in the Hereafter, We have prepared a mighty doom.
11Man prays for evil as (or when) he prays for good (or he makes his prayer evil or prays for evil when it should be for good); for man was ever hasty (or impatient or superficial).
12We made the night and the day two signs; and We make dark the sign of the night and make the sign of the day sight-giving, that you may seek the bounty of your Lord, and that you may calculate the years and the reckoning; and We have expounded everything in detail.
13And every man´s augury (fate) have We fastened on his own neck; and We will bring forth for him on the Day of Judgment a book offered to him wide open.
14(It will be said to him) "Read your book. Your soul suffices as reckoner against you this day."
15He who accepts guidance (or does right), accepts it only for his own soul: and he who errs, errs only against it; nor shall one burdened soul bear the burden of another. Nor would We punish until we had sent a Messenger (with warnings).
16And when We desire to destroy a people We send commands to the opulent ones thereof who yet work abomination therein; and then due sentence is pronounced; and We destroyed it utterly.
17How many generations have We destroyed after Noah. Your Lord is sufficient as Knower and Beholder of the sins of his servant.
18Whoever is desirous of this life that soon passes away, We will hasten on for him therein what We please for whom We please. Then We will make hell for him to broil in - despised and outcast (or condemned, disgraced and rejected).
19But whoever desires the Hereafter, and strives for it with the necessary effort, for such, their striving shall find favour.
20To each do We supply, both these and those (the just and the unjust), from the bounty of your Lord; for the bounty of your Lord are not restricted.
21See how We have preferred some of them over others, and verily, the Hereafter will be greater in degree and greater in preference.
22Set not up with Allah other gods, or you will sit despised and forsaken.
23Your Lord has decreed that you serve none other than Him; and that you show kindness to parents. If one or both of them reach old age with you, say not unto them, "Fie!", nor repulse them, but speak to them graciously and kindly.
24And lower to them the wing of humility out of compassion, and say, "O Lord! Have compassion on them both for they did take care of me when I was little!"
25Your Lord is best aware of what is in your souls. If you be righteous, lo! He was ever Forgiving unto those who turn back penitent.
26And give your kinsman his due and the needy and the son of the road (wayfarer); and squander (waste) not your wealth in wantonness.
27Lo! The squanderers were ever brothers of the devil; and the devil is ever ungrateful to his Lord.
28But if you do turn away from them to seek after mercy from your Lord, which you hope for, then speak to them in easy words (kindly and reasonably).
29Let not your hand be fettered to your neck (i.e. selfish and tight fisted), nor yet spread it out quite open, lest you should have to sit down blamed and destitute.
30Verily, your Lord spreads out provision to whomsoever He will or He restricts it. Verily, He is ever Knower and Seer of his servants.
31And slay not your children for fear of poverty; We will provide for them and for you. Beware! For to slay them is ever a Great Sin.
32And draw not near to adultery (and fornication); verily, it is ever an abomination, and evil is the way thereof (it opens the way to other evils).
33And slay not the soul that Allah has forbidden you (or made sacred), except for just cause; for he who is slain unjustly We have given authority to his heirs (or kin), yet let him not commit excess in slaying; verily, he will be helped.
34And draw not near to the wealth of the orphan, save to improve it, until he reaches the age of puberty, and fulfil your covenants (or agreements, contracts etc.). Verily, every covenant will be inquired into (on the Day of Judgment).
35And give full measure when you measure out, and weigh with a right balance; that is better and fairer in the final determination.
36And follow (or pursue) not that of which you have no knowledge; verily, the hearing, the sight, and the heart, of all of these it shall be asked (to give an account).
37And walk not on the earth proudly (insolently); verily, you can not rend the earth asunder, nor can you stretch to the height of the mountains.
38All this evil is abhorrent in the sight of your Lord.
39These are among the things of wisdom which your Lord has inspired you with. Take not then with Allah other gods (objects of worship), lest you should be thrown into Hell reproached and outcast (rejected).
40What! Has your Lord preferred for you sons, and taken for Himself daughters from among the angels? Truly, you are uttering a dreadful saying.
41Now have We explained in various ways in this Quran in order that they may receive admonition, but it only increases them in naught but aversion (or flight from truth).
42Say, "Were there with Him other gods, as you say, then would they seek a way against (or to) the Lord of the Throne."
43Glory to Him! High is He, far exalted above all they say.
44The seven heavens and the earth, and all that is therein praises Him (declares His Glory), and there is naught but hymns (celebrates, expresses) His praise: but you understand not their praise. Verily, He is Clement and Forgiving.
45And when you read the Quran We place between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter an invisible veil (or hidden barrier).
46And We place covers upon their heart, lest they should understand it, and deafness in their ears. And when you do mention your Lord alone in the Quran they turn their backs in aversion.
47We know best what they listen for when they give ear to you; and when they whisper apart (or meet in secret or private discussions or conferences) when the wrong-doers say, "You only follow a man bewitched."
48Behold, what similitudes they strike out for you, but they err (or have gone astray), and cannot find the way.
49They say, "What! When we have become bones and dust are we to be raised up a new creature?"
50Say, "Be you stones, or iron,
51"Or a created thing which, in your mind, is greater (or harder to reproduce) yet you shall be raised" Then they shall say, "Who is to restore us?" Say, "He who originated you at first;" Then they will wag their heads and say, "When will that be?” Say, "It may, perhaps, be soon."
52The day when He shall call on you and you shall answer with praise to Him, they will think that they have tarried but a little while.
53And tell My servants to speak only that which is best (kindly, reasonably, truthfully, beautifully, usefully to enemy, friend and relative). Truly, Satan does sow dissension (or ill will) among them, for Satan is ever unto man an open foe.
54Your Lord is best aware; if He please He will have mercy upon you, or if He please He will punish you. We have not sent you to take charge of them.
55And your Lord is best aware of all who are in the heavens and the earth. We preferred (or bestowed on) some of the prophets more (and different gifts) than on others, and to David did We give the Psalms.
56Say, "Call on those other than Allah whom you assume to be gods." But they have no power to remove distress from you, nor to change it.
57Those on whom they call, themselves seek for a means of approaching to their Lord, to see which of them is nearest: and they hope for His mercy and they fear His doom; verily, the doom of your Lord is to be shunned.
58There is no community but We will destroy it before the Day of Judgment, or punish it with dire penalty. That is inscribed in the Eternal Book.
59Naught hindered us from sending you with signs, save that those of yore denied them; so We gave Thamud the visible she-camel, but they treated her wrongfully (or ignorantly) and We send not (or any one with) signs save to warn.
60And when We said to you, "Verily, your Lord encompasses mankind!" and We granted the Vision which We showed you only as a trial unto men - and also the Cursed Tree (mentioned) in the Quran (See 44:43-49, 37:62-65); for We put warning (or fright) into them, but it only increase them in gross rebellion.
61And when We said to the angels, "Bow down before Adam;" and they bowed, save Iblis, who said, "Am I to bow before one whom Thou hast created out of clay (rigid and inert))?"
62Said he, "Do you see this one whom Thou hast honoured above me? Verily, if Thou should reprieve me until the Day of Resurrection (or Judgment), I will of a surety utterly destroy his seed except a few."
63He (Allah) said, "Be gone and whoever of them follows you. Verily, hell is your recompense, an ample recompense.
64"Entice away whomever of them you can with your voice; and urge your horse and your foot against them; and share with them in their wealth and their children; and make them promises. But Satan promises them naught but deceit.
65"Verily, over My servants, you have no authority, and your Lord is guardian enough over them!"
66It is your Lord who drives the ships for you upon the sea that you may seek of His bounty. Verily, He is ever Merciful towards you.
67And when distress touches you in the sea, all those whom you call on fail you, except Him, but when He has brought you safe to shore, you turn away; for man is ever ungrateful.
68Are ye, then sure (do you feel secure) that He will not cause a slope of the land to swallow you, or set upon you a heavy sand-storm, and then you will find no protector?
69Or are you sure that He will not send you back therein another time, and send against you a violent wind, and drown you for your thanklessness, and then you will find no helper against Us therein.
70But We have been gracious to the children of Adam, and We have borne them by land and sea, and have provided them with good things, and have preferred them over many that We have created.
71On the Day when We will summon all men by their record (or leaders or scriptures); and he whose book (of records) is given in his right hand shall read it (with joy), nor shall they be wronged a straw.
72But he who in this life is blind shall be blind in the Hereafter, and err farther from the way.
73They strove hard to beguile you from what We inspired you with, that you should invent against Us something else, and then they would have taken you for a friend;
74And had it not been that We made you firm, you would have almost inclined towards them a little (made concessions, compromises).
75Then would We have made you taste of punishment of both of life and death, and you would not have found a helper against Us.
76And they wished to scare you away from the land, to drive you forth there from; but then they would not have stayed after you except a little while.
77(This is) The way of those of Our prophets whom We have sent before you; and you shall find no change in Our way.
78Be you steadfast in prayer from the declining of the sun until the dark of the night, and the recital of the Quran at dawn; verily, the recital of the dawn is especially witnessed (or effective).
79And for some part of the night, watch you therein as an extra service (or for spiritual profit). It may be that your Lord will raise you to a praised (or glorious) station.
80And say, "O my Lord! Make my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and make my exit be likewise by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thee an authority to aid me."
81And say, "Truth has come, and falsehood has vanished! Verily, falsehood is ever bound to vanish."
82And We will send down of the Quran that which is a healing and a mercy to the believers, though it only increases the wrong-doers in ruin.
83And when We favour man he turns away and is averse, but when evil touches him he is in despair.
84Say, "Every one acts after his own manner, but your Lord is best aware of who is most guided on the way."
85They will ask you about the Spirit. Say, "The Spirit is (or comes) by the command of my Lord, and you are given but a little knowledge (or control) thereof."
86If We had wished We would have taken away that with which We have inspired you; then you would have found no guardian against us,
87Unless by a mercy from your Lord, verily, His grace towards you is great.
88Say, "If mankind and jinn united together to bring the like of this Quran, they could not produce its like, though they should help each other."
89We have displayed for mankind in this Quran all kinds of similitudes; but most of mankind refuse anything but disbelief.
90And they say, "We will by no means believe in you, until you cause to gush forth for us a fountain from the earth;
91Or there be made for you a garden of palms and grapes, and rivers come gushing out amidst them;
92Or you make the sky to fall down upon us in pieces, as you have warned; or you bring us Allah and the angels before us face to face;
93Or there be made for you a house of gold; or you climb up into the heaven; and even then We will not believe in your climbing there, until you send down on us a book that we may read!" Say, "Glory to my Lord! Am I aught but a mortal, a Messenger?"
94Naught prevents men from believing when the guidance came to them, save their saying, "Has Allah sent a mortal for a messenger?"
95Say, "Had there been on the earth settled angels walking about, then We would surely have sent them an angel as a messenger."
96Say, "Allah is sufficient witness between me and you; verily, He is Knower, Seer of His servants."
97He whom Allah guides, he is indeed guided; and he whom Allah leads astray, you shall never find patrons for them beside Him; and We will assemble them on the Day of Resurrection upon their faces, blind, and dumb, and deaf; their resort is Hell; whenever it grows dull We will increase the flame for them.
98That is their reward for that they disbelieved in Our revelations, and said, "What! When we are bones and dust, shall we then be raised up a new creation?"
99Could they not see that Allah who created the heavens and the earth is able to create the like of them, and to set for them an appointed time; there is no doubt therein? Yet the wrong-doers refuse to accept it, save ungratefully!
100Say, "If you did control the treasuries of the mercy of my Lord, then you would hold them back for fear of spending; for man is ever niggardly!"
101And We did bring Moses nine manifest signs; but ask the children of Israel how he came to them, and Pharaoh said to him, "Verily, I think, O Moses! You are bewitched."
102He said, "In truth you know well that none sent down these signs save the Lord of the heavens and the earth as proofs; and, verily, O Pharaoh! I think you are doomed to ruin."
103And he desired to drive them out of the land; but We drowned him and those with him, one and all.
104And after him We said to the children of Israel, "Dwell you secure in the land (of promise)"; but when the promise of the Hereafter (or the second warning) comes to pass, We will bring you back as a crowd gathered out of various nations.
105With truth have We sent it (the Quran) down, and with truth has it descended; and We have not sent you as ought but a herald of glad tidings and a Warner.
106And it is a Quran which We have divided, that you may read it to mankind at intervals, and We have revealed it by successive revelations."
107Say, "Believe you therein, or believe not; verily, those who were given the knowledge before it, when it is read to them fall down prostrate upon their faces, adoring,
108Saying, "Glory to our Lord! Verily, the promise of our Lord is ever fulfiled"
109They fall down upon their faces weeping, and it increases their humility.
110Say, "Call unto Allah, or call on Rahman (the Beneficent), unto whichever you call it is the same; for His are the most beautiful names." And do not say your prayers loud-voiced, nor yet silently, but seek a way between these.
111And say, "Praise belongs to Allah, who has not taken to Himself a son, and He has no partner in the Sovereignty (or Dominion), nor needs He a patron to protect Him from such abasement (or from humiliation)." And magnify Him for His greatness and glory.
Chapter 18 (Sura 18)
1Praise be to Allah, who sent down to His servant the Book, and allowed no crookedness therein,
2(He made it) Straight, to give warning of stern punishment from Him; and to give the glad tidings to the believers, who do what is right, that for them is a goodly reward,
3Wherein they shall abide forever.
4And to give warning to those who say, "Allah has begotten a son."
5That they have no knowledge thereof, nor had their fathers. Dreadful is the word that comes forth from their mouths. Verily, they speak naught but a lie.
6Yet it may be that you (Muhammad) will torment your soul with grief (or fret thyself to death) if they believe not in this new revelation.
7Verily, We have placed all that which is on the earth as an ornament thereof, that We may try them, which of them is best in conduct.
8But, verily, We shall make all that which is thereon a barren mound.
9Have you considered that the Fellows of the Cave and of the Inscription are a wonder amongst Our Signs?
10When the youths fled for refuge to the cave and said, "Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Thee, and dispose of our affair rightly (or lead us to conduct ourselves rightly)."
11And We struck their ears (with deafness) in the cave for a number of years.
12Then We raised them up again, that We might know which of the two parties could best calculate the time of their tarrying.
13We narrate to you their story in truth. Verily, they were youths who believed in their Lord, and We added to their guidance,
14And We strengthened their heart, when they stood up and said, "Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, never will we call upon any god beside Him, for then we should have said an extravagant thing.
15"These people of ours have taken to other gods beside Him. Though they do not bring any manifest authority for them. And who is more unjust than he who invents against Allah falsehoods?
16"So when you have gone apart from them and what they serve other than Allah, then resort you to the cave. Our Lord will unfold His mercy to you, and will dispose for you your affair advantageously."
17And you might have seen the sun, when it rose, decline from their cave towards the right hand, and when it set leave them on the left hand, while they were in the spacious part thereof. That is one of the Signs of Allah. Whom Allah guides he is guided indeed, and whom He leads astray you shall surely find for him no patron to the Right Way.
18You would have deemed them waking though they were asleep, as We turned them towards the right and towards the left; and their dog spreading out his fore-paws on the threshold.
19Had you come suddenly upon them you would surely have turned and fled away from them, and would surely have been filled by them with terror.
20Thus did We raise them up that they might question each other. A speaker from amongst them said, "How long have you tarried?" They said, "We have tarried perhaps a day or part of a day." Others said, "Allah knows best how long you have been here. Now send one of you with this money of your s to the city, and let him look for the best food, and let him bring it to you that you may satisfy your hunger. And let him behave with subtlety (unobtrusively or with care and courtesy) and let no one perceive you (or let no one know about you).
21"For should they perceive you, they would stone you, or would force you back again unto their faith, and you would never prosper (or succeed)."
22Thus did We make their people acquainted with their story, that they might know that Allah´s promise is true; and that the Hour, there is no doubt concerning it. When they (the people of the city) disputed amongst themselves concerning their affair, and said, "Build a building over them, their Lord knows best about them;" and those who prevailed in this affair said, "We will surely build a place of worship over them."
23Some say, "They were three, and the fourth of them was their dog:" and some say, "Five, and the sixth of them was their dog:" guessing at the unseen: and some say, "Seven, and the eighth of them was their dog." Say, "My Lord knows best the number of them; none knows them but a few. Enter not, therefore, into disputation concerning the matter, except what is clear, and consult not any one of them to pronounce concerning them.
24And never say of anything, "Verily, I am going to do that to-morrow,"
25Except (by adding) "If Allah please;" and remember your Lord when you have forgotten, and say, "It may be that my Lord will guide me to what is nearer than this to the right way."
26So they stayed in their cave three hundred years and (some add) nine more.
27Say, "Allah knows best how long they stayed. His are the unseen things of the heavens and the earth. How clear of Sight is He, and how keen of Hearing!" They have no patron beside Him, nor does He let any one share in His Sovereignty (or Command or Judgment or Government).
28So, recite that which has been revealed (or inspired) unto you of the Book from your Lord. There is no changing (or none can change) His words; nor shall you ever find a refuge beside Him.
29Restrain thyself with those who call upon their Lord morning and evening, desiring His countenance (or nearness and intimacy), and let not your eyes be turned from them, desiring the adornment (and pomp) of the life of this world; and obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance, and who follows his own lusts (prejudices, fantasies, superstitions), and whose affair has been abandoned.
30But say, "The truth is from your Lord, so let him who will, believe; and let him who will, disbelieve." Verily, We have prepared for the evildoers a Fire, sheets of which shall encompass them; and if they cry for help, they shall be helped with water like molten lead which roasts their faces - how dreadful a drink and how ill a couch!
31Verily, those who believe and act righteously - verily, We suffer not the reward of him whose work is goodly to be wasted.
32For such are gardens of Eden; beneath them rivers flow; they shall be adorned therein with bracelets of gold, and shall wear green robes of finest silk, and of gold brocade; reclining therein on thrones - blessed is the reward, and goodly the couch!
33Strike out for them a Similitude: Two men, unto one of whom We have assigned two gardens of grapes, and surrounded them both with date-palms, and put corn-fields (or tilled fields) between the two.
34Each of the two gardens brought forth its fruit and withheld naught thereof. And We caused a river to gush forth therein.
35And he had abundant fruit, and he said unto his neighbour (or companion) in the course of mutual discussion (or argument), "I am much wealthier than you, and mightier in men (with more honour and power)."
36And he went in unto his garden, having thus wronged himself: said he, "I do not think that all this will ever perish.
37And I think not that the Hour (of Judgment) will ever come; and even if I be sent back unto my Lord, I shall surely find something even better in exchange."
38His neighbour, while he disputed with him, exclaimed, "Disbelieve you in Him who created you from dust, and then from a drop, then fashioned you into a man?
39But He is Allah, my Lord; and I associate no partner with my Lord.
40"Why could you not have said when you did enter into your garden, ´As Allah pleases! (Or It is Allah´s will or Allah´s will always comes to pass). There is no power save in Allah!´. Though you see me as less than you in wealth and children;
41"It may be that my Lord will give me something better than your garden, and will send upon it a bolt from heaven, and it shall be but bare slippery mud on the morrow.
42"Or some morning the water thereof will be deeply sunk in the earth so that you can not get thereat."
43And his fruits were beset (with ruin). Then began he to wring his hands for all that he had spent thereon, for now it had crumbled down to its foundations. And he said, "Would that I had ascribed no partner with my Lord!"
44And he had no troop of men to help him against Allah, nor could he save himself.
45In such a case the patronage is Allah´s alone, the True; He is best at rewarding and best for consequences (or success).
46Strike out for them, also, a similitude of the life of this world; like water, which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth absorbs it; but on the morrow (or soon) it is dried up, and the winds scatter it; for Allah is powerful over all things.
47Wealth and children are an ornament of the life of this world; but good works which endure are better with your Lord, for recompense, and better for hope.
48And (think about) the Day when We will remove the mountains, and you shall see the whole earth emerging (or laid level); and We will gather them all, leaving out none.
49Then shall they be presented to your Lord in ranks - Now have you come to Us (bare) as We created you at first! Aye, but you thought that We would never fulfil Our appointment (with you)!
50And the Book (of Deeds) shall be placed, and you shall see the sinners in fear of what is recorded therein; and they will say, "Alas, for us! What a Book is this, it leaves out neither small nor great things, without numbering them?" And they shall find present all what they have done; and your Lord will wrong no one.
51And (remember) when We said to the angels, "Fall prostrate in obeisance before Adam," they fell prostrate in obeisance, save only Iblis, who was of the Jinn, and who revolted against the command of his Lord. What! Will you then take him and his seed as patrons, rather than Me, when they are enemies unto you? Calamitous for the wrong-doers is the exchange,"
52I made them not witnesses of the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor of the creation of themselves, nor did I take for My helpers those who lead astray.
53(Be mindful) Of the day when He shall say, "Call you upon My pretend partners" and they shall call on them, but they shall not answer them; and We will set the vale of perdition between them;
54And the guilty shall see the Fire, and shall know that they are about to fall therein, and shall find no escape there from.
55Verily, We have displayed in this Quran for men all kinds of similitudes (parables); but man is ever contentious.
56Naught prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, or from asking pardon of their Lord, except the coming on them of the judgment of the people of olden days, or the coming of the doom before their own eyes.
57We sent not prophets save as heralds of glad tidings and as Warners; but those who disbelieve wrangle with vain speech to make void the truth therewith; and they take My revelations and warnings as a jest.
58Who is more unjust than he who, being reminded of the revelations of his Lord, turns away there from, and forgets what his hands have sent forward? Verily, We have placed veils upon their heart lest they should understand, and deafness in their ears! And if you should call them to the guidance, they can never be guided.
59But your Lord is Forgiving, endowed with Mercy; were He to punish them for what they have earned He would have hastened for them the doom. Nay rather, they have their appointed term from which they have no escape.
60Such were the populations; We destroyed them when they were unjust (iniquitous); and for their destruction We set an appointed time.
61And when Moses said to his servant, "I will not cease until I reach the confluence of the two seas, though I go on for years."
62But when they reached the confluence of the two they forgot their Fish, and it took its way in the sea with a free course.
63And when they had gone further, he said to his servant, "Bring us our breakfast, for we have suffered much fatigue on this journey."
64Said he, "What think you? When we resorted to the rock, then, verily, I forgot the fish, but it was only Satan, who made me forget it, and I forgot to tell you; and it took its way in the sea in a marvellous way."
65Moses said, "This is what we were searching for." So they retraced their steps again.
66Then they found a servant of Ours, to whom We had given mercy from Ourselves, and had taught him knowledge from Our Presence.
67Said Moses to him, "May I follow you, so that you may teach me of the (Higher) Truth which you have been taught?"
68Said he, "Verily, you can never bear it.
69How can you be patient about what you can compass no knowledge (you cannot understand)?"
70He said, "Allah willing, you will find me patient; nor will I rebel against your bidding."
71He said, "Well then, if you follow me, ask me not about anything until I myself begin to mention it."
72So they set out until when they were in the boat, he made a hole therein and scuttled it. (Moses) Said, "Have you made a hole therein to drown the people therein? You have done a dreadful thing."
73Said he, "Did I not tell you, truly, you can never bear with me?"
74Moses said (pleaded), "Rebuke me not for forgetting, and be not hard on me."
75So they set out until they met a boy, and he killed him. Moses said, "What! Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed no one? Verily, you have done a foul (evil) deed."
76He answered, "Did I not tell you, truly, you can not bear with me?"
77Said Moses, "If ever I ask you about anything after this, keep me not in your company. Now have you received a promise from me."
78So they set out until when they came to the people of a city; and they asked the people thereof for food; but they refused to entertain them. And they found therein a wall which was about to fall into ruins, and he repaired it. Said Moses, "Had you pleased you could certainly have had payment for this."
79Said he, "This is the parting between me and you. I will give you the interpretation of that with which you could not bear with me.
80As for the boat, it belonged to poor people, who toiled on the sea (or river), and I wished to damage it, for behind it was a king who seized on every boat by force.
81And as for the youth, his parents were believers, and we feared lest he should oppress them with rebellion and disbelief.
82So we desired that their Lord would give them in exchange a better one than him in purity, and nearer in filial affection.
83And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan youths in the city, and beneath it was a treasure belonging to them both, and their father was a righteous man, and their Lord desired that they should reach maturity, and then take out their treasure as a mercy from their Lord; and I did it not on my own command. That is the interpretation of that which you could not bear."
84And they will ask you about Zul´qarneyn (The Two-horned one, perhaps an ancient Persian Emperor). Say, "I will recite to you a remembrance of him.
85Verily, We established him firmly in the land, and We gave him a way to everything;
86And he followed a way,
87Until when he reached the setting of the sun (furthest West), he found it setting in a black muddy spring and he found thereat a people. We said, "O Zul´qarneyn! You have authority either to torment these people, or treat them kindly."
88Said he, "As for him who does wrong, I will punish him, then shall he be sent back to his Lord, and He will punish him with an unheard-of torment;
89But as for him who believes and acts aright, for him is an excellent reward, and we will give him our easy command."
90Then he followed another way,
91Until when he reached the rising of the sun (furthest East), he found it rising upon a people to whom We had given no shelter there from.
92He left them as they were. And We comprehended fully the forces before him.
93Then he followed still another way,
94Until when he reached the point between the two mountains, he found below them a people who could scarcely under-stand speech.
95They said, "O Zul´qarneyn! Verily, Yagug and Magug (Gog and Magog) are doing great evil in the land. Shall we then pay you tribute, that you set between us and them a barrier?"
96He said, "The power my Lord hath established me in is better than tribute; help me, therefore, with strength (labour), and I will set a barrier between you and them.
97"Bring me blocks of iron. When they had filled up the space between the two mountain-sides, he said, "Blow (with your bellows)". When he had made it red with fire, he said, "Bring me, that I may pour over it, molten lead."
98Thus were they made powerless to scale it, and to tunnel through it.
99Said he, "This is a mercy from my Lord; but when the promise of my Lord comes to pass, He will make it as dust, for the promise of my Lord is true."
100And on that Day We shall leave them to surge like waves over one another; and the trumpet will be blown, and We will gather them all together.
101And We will set forth Hell on that day before the disbelievers,
102Whose eyes were veiled from My Remembrance, and who were unable to hear.
103What! Did those who disbelieve reckon that they could take My servants for patrons beside Me? Verily, We have prepared Hell for the disbelievers for their entertainment!
104Say, "Shall we inform you of those who lose most by their works?
105Those who erred in their endeavours in the life of this world, and who thought they were acquiring good by their deeds."
106They are those who disbelieve in the signs of their Lord and in their meeting Him; vain are their works; and We will not give them any weight on the Day of Judgment.
107That is their reward - Hell! Because that they disbelieved and took My revelations and My Messengers as a jest.
108Verily, those who believe and act righteously, for them are Gardens of Paradise
109Wherein they shall dwell, and they shall crave no change there from.
110Say, "Were the oceans ink for the Words of my Lord, the ocean would surely fail before the Words of my Lord fail; aye, though We brought as much ink again!
Chapter 19 (Sura 19)
1Say, "I am only a mortal like yourselves; I am inspired that your God is only one God. Then let him who hopes to meet his Lord work righteous acts, and join none with Him in the service of his Lord."
2KAF HA YA AIN SAD.
3A mention of your Lord´s mercy to His servant Zachariah,
4When he called on his Lord in secret.
5Praying, "My Lord! Verily, my bones are weak, and my head shines with grey hair; but I never was unfortunate in my prayers to Thee, my Lord!
6But I fear my kinsfolk after me, since my wife is barren; then grant me from Thy presence a successor,
7To be my heir (or true representative) and the heir (or true representative) of the family of Jacob, and make him, my Lord, one with whom you are well-pleased."
8(The answer came), "O Zachariah! Verily, We give you glad tidings of a son, whose name shall be John. None by that name have We distinguished before."
9Said he, "My Lord! How can I have a son, when my wife is barren, and I have become decrepit through old age?"
10He said, "Thus it will be. Your Lord says, ´It is easy for Me, for I created you at first when yet you were nothing.´"
11Said he, "O my Lord! Give me a sign." He said, "Your sign is that you shall not speak to any man for three nights, though you are sound."
12Then he went forth unto his people from the chamber, and he made signs to them, "Glorify your Lord at break of day and fall of night."
13(And it was said to his son) " O John! Hold fast the Book", and We gave him Wisdom even as a boy,
14And compassion from Our Presence, and purity; and he was devout (pious, righteous),
15And kind to his parents, and was not arrogant and rebellious.
16So peace upon him the day he was born, and the day he died, and the day he shall be raised up to life again.
17And mention Mary in the Book; when she retired from her family into an eastern chamber.
18And she took a veil (to screen herself) from them; and We sent unto her Our Angel (or spirit); and he assumed for her the semblance of a perfect man.
19Said she, "Verily, I take refuge in the Merciful One from you, if you are god-fearing."
20Said he, "I am only a messenger of your Lord to bestow on you a pure son."
21Said she, "How can I have a boy when no mortal has touched me, and when I am no harlot?"
22He said, "Thus says your Lord, ´It is easy for Me! And We will make him a revelation unto mankind, and a mercy from Us; for it is a thing ordained (or decreed)."
23So she conceived him, and she retired with him into a remote place.
24And the labour pains came upon her at the trunk of a palm tree, and she said, "O that I had died before this, and become a thing of naught, forgotten!"
25Then one called to her from beneath her "Grieve not, for your Lord has placed a stream beneath your feet,
26And shake towards you the trunk of the palm tree, it will drop upon you fresh ripe dates;
27So eat, and drink, and be consoled; and if you should see any mortal say, "Verily, I have vowed to the Beneficent One a fast, and I will not speak to-day to any mortal."
28Then she brought him (her son) to her people, carrying it. Said they, "O Mary! You have done an amazing (abominable) thing!
29"O sister of Aaron! Your father was not a bad man, nor was your mother a harlot!"
30Then she pointed to him, and they said, "How are we to speak with one who is a baby in the cradle?"
31He (the baby) said, "Verily, I am a servant of Allah; He has brought me the Book (revelation), and He has made me a prophet,
32"And He has made me blessed wherever I am; and He has required of me prayer and charity as long as I live,
33And has made me kind towards my mother, and not arrogant (tyrannical) and miserable;
34And peace upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised up alive."
35Such was Jesus, the son of Mary. This is the statement of truth concerning which they doubt (or dispute).
36It befits not the Majesty of Allah that he should beget a son. Glory be to Him! When He decrees a matter He only says to it, "BE," and it is.
37And, lo! Allah is my Lord and your Lord (see John 20:17), so worship Him; this is the Straight Way.
38And the sects among them disagree, but woe to those who disbelieve from the meeting of the mighty Day.
39How plainly will they see and hear on the day when they shall come to Us; but today the evildoers are in manifest error!
40And warn them of the Day of Sighs (Anguish, Regret, Distress) when the matter is determined. Now they are heedless, and believe not.
41Verily, We will inherit the earth and all who are upon it, and unto Us shall they return!
42And mention Abraham in the Book; verily, he was a saint (a man of truth, a true witness), a prophet.
43When he said to his father, "O my sire! Why do you worship what can neither hear nor see nor avail you aught?
44"O my Sire! Verily, to me has come knowledge which has not come to you; so follow me, and I will guide you to a Straight and Level Way.
45"O my Sire! Serve not Satan; verily, Satan is ever a rebel against the Beneficent One.
46"O my Sire! Verily, I fear that there may afflict you punishment from the Beneficent One, and that you may be a comrade (or client) of Satan."
47Said he, "What! Do you reject (or hate) my gods, O Abraham? Verily, if you do not desist I will certainly stone you; but get you gone from me for a long time!"
48Said he, "Peace be upon you! I will ask forgiveness for you from my Lord. Verily, He is to me most gracious.
49"I will part from you and what you call on beside Allah, and will pray unto my Lord. It may be that in my prayer unto my Lord, I shall not be unblest."
50And when he had parted from them and what they served beside Allah, We granted him Isaac and Jacob, and each of them We made a prophet.
51And We bestowed on them of Our Mercy, and We granted them lofty honour on (or from) the tongue of truth.
52And mention Moses in the Book; verily, he was chosen, and was a Messenger, a prophet.
53We called him from the right side of the Mount (Sinai); and We made him draw nigh unto Us to commune with him,
54And We granted him out of Our Mercy, his brother Aaron also a prophet.
55And mention Ishmael in the Book; verily, he was true to his promise, and was a messenger and a prophet.
56He used to enjoin on his people prayers and charity, and was most acceptable (sacrifice) in the sight of his Lord.
57And mention, in the Book, Idris (Enoch?); verily, he was a saint and a prophet;
58And We raised him to a lofty place.
59These are those to whom Allah has been gracious, of the prophets of the seed of Adam, and of those whom We carried with Noah, and of the seed of Abraham and Israel, and of those We guided and elected. When the revelations of the Beneficent were recited unto them, they fall down adoring and weeping.
60But there succeeded after them a later generation who have ruined worship and have followed lusts (prejudices, fantasies, greed, self-interest, superstition), but they shall at length face deception (or failure, destruction),
61Save such as repent and believe and act right; for these shall enter the Garden and shall not be wronged in aught,
62Gardens of Eden, which the Beneficent has promised to His servants in the Unseen; verily, His promise ever comes to pass!
63They shall hear no empty (vain) talk therein, but only Peace; and there they shall have their provision morning and evening;
64Such is the Garden which We will give for an inheritance to those of our servants who are devout.
65(The angels say), "We descend not save at the command of your Lord; His is what is before us, and what is behind us, and what is between these; for your Lord is never forgetful -
66"The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and of what is between the two; so serve (worship) Him and persevere in His service. Do you know of any worthy of His Name?
67Man will say, "What! When I have died shall I then come forth alive?"
68But then does not man remember that We created him before when he was naught?
69And by your Lord! We will, without doubt, gather them together, and the devils (or evil ones) too; then will We surely bring them forth on their knees round about Hell.
70Then shall We certainly drag, out from every sect, whichever of them has been most obstinately rebellious against the Beneficent.
71And surely We are best aware of those who are most deserving to be broiled therein.
72There is not one of you who will not go down to it (the Fire), that is a fixed Decree of your Lord.
73Then We will save those who fear Us; but We will leave the evildoers therein on their knees.
74And when Our clear revelations are recited to them, those who disbelieve say to those who believe, "Which of the two parties (your s or mine) is best placed and in the best company?"
75And how many generations before them have We destroyed who were better off in property and outward appearance?
76Say, "Whoever is in error, the Beneficent will extend to him until they see what they are threatened with, whether it be the torment in this world or whether it be the Hour (of Doom in the Hereafter), then they shall know who is worse placed and weakest in forces!"
77And those who seek guidance, Allah will increase their guidance. And enduring good works are best with your Lord for a reward, and best for restoration (or eventual returns).
78Have you seen him who disbelieves in Our signs, and says, "I shall surely be given wealth and children?"
79Has he become acquainted with the Unseen, or has he made a pact with the Beneficent?
80Not so! We will write down what he says, and We will extend for him a span of torment,
81And We will make him inherit that whereof he spoke, and he shall come to Us alone.
82They take other gods besides Allah to be their source of power.
83Not so! They shall deny their worship of them, and shall become their opponents!
84Do you not see that We have sent the devils against the disbelievers, to confound them with confusion.
85So be not you hasty with them. Verily, We do but number them a sum (of days).
86On the Day when We will gather the righteous unto the Beneficent, honoured as a goodly company,
87We will drive the guilty into hell, like thirsty herds to water.
88They shall have no power of intercession, save him who has taken a covenant with his Lord.
89They say, "The Beneficent has taken to Himself a son."
90Assuredly, you have brought a monstrous thing!
91Whereby the heavens are almost torn asunder, and the earth is riven, and the mountains fall in ruin.
92That you attribute to the Beneficent a son,
93When it is not becoming to the majesty of the Beneficent that he take to Himself a son.
94There is none in the heavens or the earth but comes to the Beneficent as a servant.
95Verily, He knows them and numbers them exactly.
96And each one of them come unto Him on the Day of Resurrection, alone
97Verily, those who believe and act aright, on them the Beneficent bestows love.
98We have made the Scripture easy on your tongue, only that you may thereby give glad tidings unto those who ward of evil, and warn thereby a contentious people.
Chapter 20 (Sura 20)
1How many a generation before them have We destroyed? Can you find any one of them, or hear a whisper of them?
2TA HA.
3We have not sent down this Quran to you that you should be distressed;
4But only as a reminder to him who fears (or is in awe of Allah or fears doing wrong),
5Descending (as a revelation) from Him who created the earth and the high heavens,
6The most Beneficent is firmly settled on the Throne (of Authority).
7To Him belongs what is in the heavens, and what is in the earth, and all that which is between the two, and all that which is beneath the ground!
8And if you pronounce the words loudly (or publicly), yet, verily, he knows the secret and the even more hidden.
9Allah! There is no God but He! To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names.
10Has the story of Moses come to you?
11Behold, he saw a fire: and said to his folk, "Tarry ye; verily, I perceive a fire far off. Perhaps I may bring you there from a brand, or may find some guidance (news, information) by the fire."
12And when he came to it he was addressed, "O Moses!
13Verily, I am your Lord, so take off your sandals; verily, you are in the holy valley Tuwa,
14And I have chosen you. So listen to what is inspired in you;
15"Verily, I am Allah; there is no God but Me! So serve Me, and be steadfast in prayer to remember Me.
16"Verily, the hour is coming, but I will to keep it hidden (but make it known), that every soul may be recompensed for its efforts.
17"Let not then him who believes not therein and follows his lusts (prejudices, fantasies, superstitions) ever turn you away there from, lest you be ruined.
18"What is that in your right hand, O Moses?"
19Said he, "It is my staff on which I lean, and wherewith I beat down leaves for my flocks, and for which I have other uses."
20Allah said, "Throw it down, O Moses!"
21And he threw it down, and behold! It was a snake, moving (alive).
22He said, "Take hold of it and fear not; We will restore it to its former state.
23"But press your hand to your side, it shall come forth white without harm, as another sign.
24To show you of Our greater signs.
25"Go unto Pharaoh. Verily, he is outrageous (he has transgressed beyond bounds)"
26Said he, "My Lord! Expand for me my breast (relieve my mind from tension);
27"And ease my task for me;
28And loosen the knot from my tongue,
29"That they may understand my saying.
30"Appoint for me a minister from my people,
31"Aaron, my brother;
32"Gird up my loins through him,
33"And let him share my task,
34"That we may glorify Thee much,
35"And much remember Thee.
36"Verily, Thou art He who is ever Seeing of us!"
37He said, "You are granted your request, O Moses.
38"And We have already shown favours unto you at another time.
39"When We inspired your mother with the message,
40"´Put him into the ark, and put it into the river. The river shall cast him on the shore, and an enemy of Mine and of his shall take him.´ And on you have I cast love from Me, that you may be trained according to My will.
41When your sister walked on and said, "Shall I guide you to one who will nurse him? And We restored you to your mother, that her eye might be cheered and that she should not grieve. And you did slay a man and We saved you from the resulting trouble, and We tried you with various trials. And you did tarry for years amongst the people of Midian; then you did come hither as ordained, O Moses.
42"And I have prepared you for Myself.
43"Go, you and your brother, with my Signs (revelations), and be not remiss in remembering Me.
44"Go you both to Pharaoh. Verily, he is outrageous (transgresses beyond bounds).
45And speak to him a gentle speech, that per chance (or possibly) he may be mindful or fear."
46They two said, "Our Lord! Verily, we fear that he may be beforehand with us (hasty in arrogance before we can accomplish our mission), or that he may be outrageous (transgressing all bounds or tyrannous)."
47He said, "Fear not. Verily, I am with you twain, Hearing and Seeing.
48"So go you to him and say, ´Verily, we are the messengers of your Lord; Let the children of Israel go with us, and torment them not. We bring you a sign from your Lord, and peace will be upon him who follows the right guidance.
49"´Verily, it has been revealed unto us that the torment will surely come upon him who denies us and turns away.´"
50Pharaoh said, "And who is your Lord, O Moses?"
51He said, "Our Lord is He who gave everything its form, nature and existence, then guided it right."
52Said he (Pharaoh), "And what of the former generations?"
53He said, "The knowledge of them is with my Lord in a Book (or Record); my Lord neither errs nor forgets.
54"Who made for you the earth a bed; and has traced for you paths therein; and has sent down from the sky water." We have brought forth thereby divers classes of vegetation.
55Eat and pasture your cattle there from. Verily, in this are signs to those endowed with intelligence (minds or understanding).
56From it have We created you and into it will We return you, and from it will We bring you forth again."
57We did show him Our signs, all of them, but he called them lies and refused.
58Said he, "Have you come to us, to turn us out of our land with your magic, O Moses?
59"Then we will bring you magic like it; and we will make between us and you an appointment which we shall not fail to keep - neither we nor you - at a fair place (convenient to both or one where both have an equal chance)."
60Moses said, "Let your appointment be for the day of the festival, and let the people assemble when the sun is high (noon)."
61Then Pharaoh gathered his strength (being disconcerted), and returned (having formed a plot).
62Said Moses to him, "Woe to you! Forge you not against Allah a lie; lest He destroy you by punishment. The forger must ever suffer disappointment (or failure)."
63And they argued the matter among themselves, but they kept their counsel secret.
64Said they, "These two are certainly two expert magicians, who wish to turn you out of (authority in) the land by their magic, and to remove your most cherished (or exemplary) traditions (doctrines, institutions).
65Collect, therefore, your tricks (or lay your plans), and then form a row (or battle line); for he who has the upper-hand this day will be successful indeed."
66Said they, "O Moses! Either you must throw first, or let us throw first."
67He said, "Nay, you throw first!" And lo! Their ropes and their staves appeared to move along.
68And Moses felt a secret fear within his soul.
69Said We, "Fear not! You shall have the upper hand.
70"Throw what is in your right hand; and it shall devour what they have made. Verily, that which they have made is but a magician´s trick; and no magician shall prosper whatever skill he has."
71And then the magicians were cast down in prostration (obeisance), saying, "We believe in the Lord of Aaron and of Moses!"
72Said he (Pharaoh), "Do you believe in Him before I give you leave? Verily, he is your master who taught you magic! Therefore will I surely cut off your hands and feet on alternate sides, and I will surely crucify you on the trunks of palm trees; and you shall surely know which of us can give the keenest of torment and the more lasting."
73Said they, "We will never prefer you to what has come to us as Manifest Signs, and to Him who originated us. Decree then whatever you desire to decree; for you can only decree about the life of this world!
74Verily, we believe in our Lord. May He pardon us our sins, and the magic you have forced us to use; and Allah is better and more lasting!"
75Verily, he who comes to his Lord guilty, verily, for him is hell; he shall therein neither die nor live.
76But he who comes to Him a believer who has done right, for them are the highest ranks,
77Gardens of Eden beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever. That is the reward for him who grows (or purifies himself).
78And We inspired Moses, saying, "Journey by night with my servants, and strike out for them a dry road in the sea. Fear not pursuit, nor be afraid!"
79Then Pharaoh followed them with his armies, and the sea overwhelmed them and covered them up completely.
80Pharaoh had led his people astray instead of guiding them right.
81O Children of Israel! We delivered you from your enemy; and We made a covenant with you on the side of the mount; and We sent down upon you the manna and the quails.
82Saying, "Eat of the good things We have provided you with, but do not commit excesses therein, lest My wrath justly descend upon you; for on whomsoever My wrath descends they perish indeed.
83"Yet am I also He who forgives unto him who repents and believes and does right, and then is guided.
84"But what has hastened you on away from your people, O Moses?"
85Moses said, "They are here close behind, and I hastened to Thee, my Lord, to please Thee."
86Said He, "Verily, We have tested your people in your absence, and As-Samiri has led them astray."
87And Moses returned to his people, wrathful, grieving! Said he, "O my people! Did not your Lord make you a goodly promise? Has the time seemed too long for you, or do you desire that wrath should descend on you from your Lord, and so you have broken your promise to me?"
88They said, "We have not broken our promise to you of our own accord. But we were made to carry the load of the ornaments of the people, and we hurled them (into the fire). That was what As-Samiri bid us.
89Then he brought forth for the people (out of the fire) a corporeal (a statue of a) calf. It seemed to low, and they said, "This is your god and the god of Moses, but he has forgotten!"
90What! Do they not see that it does not answer them in speech, and cannot control for them harm or profit?
91Aaron had already, before this, said to them, "O my people! You are only being tried (or seduced) thereby; and, verily, your Lord is the Beneficent, so follow me and obey my bidding."
92They said, "We will not cease to pay devotion to it until Moses return to us."
93Said he (Moses), "O Aaron! What prevented you, when you did see them go astray,
94From following me? Have you then rebelled against my bidding?
95Said he, "O son of my mother! Seize me not by my beard, or my head! Verily, I feared lest you should say, ´You have made a division amongst the children of Israel, and have not waited for my word.´"
96(Moses) said, "What was your design, O Samiri?"
97Said he, "I beheld what they beheld not, and I grasped a handful of dust from the footprint of the messenger and cast it; for thus my soul induced me."
98Said he, "Then get you gone; verily, it shall be yours in life to say, "Touch me not!" and, verily, for you there is a tryst which you shall surely never break. But look at your god to which you were just now a devout worshipper. We will surely burn it, and scatter it in pieces over the sea.
99"Your God is only Allah besides Whom there is no other God. He embraces all things in His knowledge."
100Thus do We narrate to you the history of what has gone before, and We have brought you from Our Presence a reminder.
101Whoever turns there from, verily, he shall bear a great burden on the Day of Resurrection.
102Abiding under it, an evil burden to bear on the Day of Resurrection.
103On the day when the Trumpet shall be blown, and We will gather the guilty on that day white-eyed (with terror).
104They shall whisper to each other, "You have only tarried ten days."
105We know best what they say, when their leaders, best in conduct say, "You have only tarried a day."
106They will ask you about the mountains; say, "My Lord will break them into scattered dust,
107"And He will leave them a level plain,
108"Wherein you will see no curve or ruggedness (crookedness or unevenness)."
109On that day they shall follow the Caller who deceives not; and the voices shall be hushed before the Beneficent, and you shall hear naught but a shuffling (or tramp of marching feet).
110On that day shall no intercession be of any avail, save from such as the Beneficent permits, and who is acceptable to Him.
111He knows what is before them and what is behind them, but they comprehend not His knowledge.
112All faces shall be humbled before the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal; Hopeless will be indeed the man that carries iniquity on his back.
113But he who does righteous acts and has faith, he shall fear neither wrong nor diminution.
114Thus have We revealed it in an Arabic Lecture (Quran); and have displayed in it certain threats, that per chance (or possibly) they may fear evil, or it may cause them to take heed.
115Exalted then be Allah, the King, the Truth (or the True King)! Hasten not the Quran before its inspiration is completed for you; but say, "O Lord! increase me in knowledge."
116We did make a covenant with Adam of yore, but he forgot it, and We found no firm purpose in him.
117And when We said to the angels, "Prostrate yourselves before Adam," they prostrated themselves, save Iblis, who refused.
118And We said, "O Adam! Verily, this is a foe to you and to your wife; never then let him drive you twain forth from the garden or you will be wretched.
119Verily, you have not to be hungry there, nor naked.
120And, verily, you shall not thirst therein, nor suffer from the sun´s heat!"
121But Satan whispered to him, saying. "O Adam! shall I guide you to the Tree of Immortality, and a kingdom that wastes not away?"
122And they ate there from, and their shame became apparent to them; and they began to stitch upon themselves some leaves of the garden; and Adam rebelled against his Lord, and went astray.
123Then his Lord chose him, and relented towards him, and guided him.
124Said he, "Go down, you twain, there from altogether, some of you foes to the other. And if there should come to you from Me a guidance; then whoever follows My guidance shall neither err nor come to grief.
125But he who turns away from Remembrance of Me, verily, for him shall be a narrow life; and I shall bring him blind to the assembly on the Day of Resurrection."
126He shall say, "My Lord! Wherefore have you gathered me blind when I used to see?"
127He shall say, "Our revelations came to you, and you did forget them; In like manner are you forgotten this Day!"
128Thus do We recompense him who is extravagant and believes not in the revelations of his Lord; and the doom of the hereafter is keener and more lasting!
129Is it not guidance for them to know how many generations We have destroyed before them, amidst whose dwelling-places they walk? Verily, in that are signs to men of thought (or intelligence).
130But for the decree already passed from your Lord, and a term already fixed, the judgment would have come to them now.
131Therefore, bear patiently with what they say, and celebrate the praises of your Lord ere the rising of the sun, and ere its setting, and glorify Him at times in the night and at the two ends of the day, that you may find acceptance.
132And do not strain after what We have provided a few of them - the splendours of the life of this world, through which We test them; but the provision of your Lord is better and more lasting.
133Bid your people worship, and persevere in it; We do not ask you to provide, it is We Who will provide for you. But the sequel is for righteousness.
134They say, "Unless he brings us a sign from his Lord.....". What! Has there not come to them the proof of what was in the former scriptures?
135But had We destroyed them with doom before it, they would have said, "If only Thou had sent to us a messenger, that we might follow Thy signs before we were abased and put to shame."
Chapter 21 (Sura 21)
1Say, "Each one has to wait, so wait you also! But in the end you shall know who it is that is on the straight and level path, and who it is that is guided right."
2Their reckoning draws nigh to men, yet in heedlessness they turn aside.
3No new reminder comes to them from their Lord, but they listen to it as in (or while they play (or as a jest),
4Their heart trifling with it (or pre-occupied elsewhere). And those who do wrong discourse secretly, saying, "Is this man aught but a mortal like yourselves? Will you succumb to magic with open eyes?"
5Say, "My Lord knows what is said in the heavens and the earth, He is Hearer and Knower."
6"Nay!" they say, "Muddled dreams; nay! He has forged it; nay! He is a poet; but let him bring us a sign as those of yore were sent."
7Of those before them not one of the communities which We destroyed believed, how will these believe?
8Nor did We send before them any but men whom We inspired? Ask you the people of the Scriptures if you do not know.
9Nor did We give them bodies that ate no food, nor were they immortal.
10Yet We made Our promise to them good, and We saved them and whom We pleased; but We destroyed those who committed excesses.
11Now have We sent down to you a Book in which is a reminder for you; have you then no sense?
12How many a community that had done wrong have We shattered, and raised up after it another people!
13And when they perceived Our Might, behold, they tried to flee from it.
14"Flee not away, but return to what you delighted in, and to your dwellings, that you may be questioned."
15Said they, "O woe is us! Verily, we were wrong-doers."
16And that ceased not to be their cry until We made them like mown down fields, extinct (or as smouldering ashes).
17We did not create the heaven and the earth and what is between the two in play.
18Had We wished to find a pastime, We could have found it in (or nearer) Our Presence, if We would do such a thing.
19Nay, We hurl the True against the False and it does break its head, and lo! It vanishes. But woe to you for what you attribute (to Allah).
20Unto Him belongs whoever is in the heavens and the earth, and those who dwell in His Presence are not too proud to serve Him, nor do they weary.
21They glorify Him by night and day without intermission.
22Or have they chosen gods from the earth who can raise the dead?
23Were there in both (heaven and earth) gods beside Allah, both would surely have been disordered. Glorified is Allah, the Lord of the Throne, above all they ascribe unto Him.
24He can not be questioned concerning what He does, but They shall be questioned.
25Have they chosen gods beside Him? Say, "Bring your proofs. This is the reminder (Message) of those who are with me (Muhammad), and of those who were before me." Nay, most of them know not the truth, so they turn away.
26We have not sent any messenger before you, but We inspired him that, "There is no god but Me, so serve you Me."
27And they say, "The Beneficent has taken a son; glorified be He! Nay, but they are honoured servants;
28They speak not until He speaks; and they act by His command (John30).
29He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they can not intercede except for him whom He accepts; and they shrink through awe of Him.
30And whoever of them should say, "Verily, I am God instead of (or besides) Him," such a one We recompense with hell; thus do We repay the wrong-doers.
31Do not those who disbelieve see that the heavens and the earth were of one piece, and We parted them; and We made every living thing from water. Will they then not believe?
32And We placed on the earth firm mountains lest it should move with them, and He made therein open roads for paths, per chance (or possibly) they may be guided.
33And We made the heaven a guarded canopy; yet from our signs they turn aside!
34He it is who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, they float each in their orbit.
35We appointed immortality for no mortal before you. What! If you die, will they live on forever?
36Every soul must taste of death. We will test you with evil and with good, as a trial; and unto Us will you be returned.
37And when those who disbelieve see you, they only take you for a jest, saying, "Is this he who mentions your gods?" Yet they blaspheme at the mention of the Beneficent.
38Man is made of haste. I will show you My signs; but do not ask Me to hasten.
39And they say, "When will this threat (come to pass), if you tell the truth?"
40If those who disbelieve but knew the time when they will not be able to ward off the Fire from their faces and from their backs, and they will not be helped!
41Nay, it shall come on them unawares, and shall dumbfound them, and they shall not be able to repel it, nor shall they be reprieved.
42Prophets before you have been mocked at, but that whereat they jested encompassed those who mocked.
43Say, "Who guards you by night and by day from the Beneficent?" Nay, but they turn away from the mention of their Lord.
44Have they gods to defend them against Us? These cannot help themselves, nor can they be defended against Us.
45Nay, but We have granted enjoyment to these men and to their fathers until the period grew long for them. Do they not see that We come to the land and shorten its borders? Shall they then prevail?
46Say, "I only warn you by inspiration;" but the deaf hear not the call when they are warned.
47But if a breath of the Wrath of your Lord touches them, they will surely say, "O, woe is us! Verily, we were wrong-doers!"
48We will place a just balance on the Day of Resurrection, and no soul shall be wronged in anything. Even though it is the weight of a grain of mustard seed, We will bring it; for We are sufficient as a reckoner.
49In the past We did give to Moses and Aaron the Criterion (or Discrimination), and a Light and a Reminder to those who fear (evil);
50Those who fear their Lord in secret (in thought), and who dread the Hour (of Judgment).
51This is a blessed Reminder which We have sent down (or revealed), will you then reject it?
52And We gave Abraham of old his Rectitude of conduct (or proper course, as distinct from Faith); for We were aware of him (his faith).
53When he said to his father and to his people, "What are these images to which you pay devotion?"
54Said they, "We found our fathers worshipping them."
55Said he, "Verily, both you and your fathers have been in obvious error."
56They said, "Do you come to us with the truth, or are you but of those who jest?"
57He said, "Nay, but your Lord is Lord of the heavens and the earth, which He originated (created from nothing); and I am of those who testify unto this;
58And, by Allah! I have a plan for your idols after you have gone and turned your backs!"
59So he broke them in pieces, all except their largest, that they might have recourse to it.
60Said they, "Who has done this to our gods? Surely, he is of the evil-doers!"
61Others said, "We heard a youth mention them, he is called Abraham."
62Said they, "Then bring him before the eyes of the people, that they may bear witness."
63Said they, "Was it you who did this to our gods, O Abraham?"
64Said he, "Nay, it was this largest of the idols. But ask them, if they can speak."
65Then they turned to themselves and said, "Surely, you are the ones in the wrong."
66Then were they confounded with shame and said, "You knew well that these cannot speak."
67Said he, "Will you then worship, beside Allah, that which cannot profit you at all, nor harm you?
68"Fie upon you, and what you serve beside Allah! Have you then no sense?"
69They cried, "Burn him, and stand by your gods, if you are going to do anything."
70We said, "O fire! Be you cool and a safety for Abraham!"
71They desired to set a snare for him, but We made them the losers.
72And We brought him and Lot safely to the land (Aram or Syria) which We have blessed for all nations (or peoples),
73And We bestowed upon him Isaac, and as an additional gift (a grandson), Jacob and each of them We made righteous.
74And We made them Leaders to guide men by Our command, and We sent inspiration to them to do good works, and to be steadfast in prayer, and to practice charity; and they were constant in their service of Us alone.
75And Lot, to him We gave judgment and knowledge, and We delivered him safely from the community which practiced abominations; truly, they were a people given to evil lewdness.
76And We brought him into Our Mercy; verily, he was of the righteous.
77And Noah, of old times, when he called We answered him and saved him and his people from the great affliction,
78And We helped him against the people who said Our signs were lies; verily, they were a bad people, therefore did We drown them all.
79And David and Solomon, when they gave judgment concerning the field, when some people´s sheep had strayed therein at night; and We were witness to their judgment;
80And We gave Solomon right understanding of matters (or cases). To each of them We gave judgment and knowledge; and it was by Our power that the hills and the birds celebrate Our praises with David. It was We who did it.
81And We taught him the art of making coats of mail for you, to shield you from each other´s violence; are you then grateful?
82And to Solomon We subjected the violent wind, to flow tamely at his bidding to the land which We have blessed - for We are aware of all things.
83And some devils (evil ones), who dived for him, and did other works beside, it was We who kept guard over them.
84And Job, when he cried to his Lord, saying, "Lo! Adversity has touched me, but you are the most Merciful of the merciful ones."
85And We answered him, and removed from him the distress that was upon him; and We restored to him his people, and doubled their number as a mercy from Us, and as a remembrance to those who serve Us.
86And (remember) Ishmael, and Idris (Enoch?), and Zul-Kifl (Ezekiel?), all men of constancy and patient:
87And We admitted them into Our Mercy; verily, they were among the righteous.
88And remember Zun-nun (the man of the Whale, Jonah), when he went away in wrath and thought that We had no power over him; but he cried out in the darkness, "There is no God but Thou, celebrated be Thy praise! Verily, I was of the wrong!"
89And We answered him, and saved him from the distress. Thus do We deliver those who have faith.
90And (remember) Zachariah, when he cried unto his Lord, "O Lord! Leave me not without off-spring, though you are the best of inheritors."
91And We answered him, and bestowed upon him Yahya (John); and We made his wife right for him (cured her barrenness). Verily, they used to vie with one another in good works, and they called unto Us with longing and awe, and were humble (or submissive) before Us.
92And (remember) her who guarded her chastity, and We breathed into her of Our Spirit, and We made her and her son a sign unto the worlds (or all peoples, or all creatures).
93Verily, this your religion (or brotherhood) is a single religion (brotherhood); and I am your Lord, so serve Me.
94But they cut up their affairs (religion, politics etc. into fragments) amongst themselves, yet they all shall return unto Us;
95And he who acts right and he who is a believer (or has faith), there is no denial of his efforts, for, verily, We record it for him.
96There is a ban upon any community which We have destroyed that they shall not return,
97Until Yagug and Magug (Gog and Magog, Lawless tribes or Lawlessness itself) are let loose (through every barrier), and they hasten out of every mound (rock, nook and cranny).
98And the True Promise draws nigh, and lo! They are staring, wide-eyed are those who disbelieve, saying, "O, woe is us! We were heedless of this, aye, we were wrong-doers!"
99Verily, ye, and what you serve beside Allah, shall be the fuel of hell. Thereto shall you go down!
100Had these been gods, they would not have come hither, but all shall dwell therein.
101For them therein is groaning, and they shall not be heard.
102Verily, those for whom the Good from Us has gone before, they will be removed far there from;
103They shall not hear the slightest sound of Hell, and they will dwell in what their souls desire.
104The Great Terror shall not grieve them; but the angels shall greet them, saying, "This is your day, the one which you were promised!"
105The Day when We will roll up the heavens as a recorder rolls up the scroll. As We produced it at its first creation, We shall repeat it - a promise binding upon Us; verily, We shall do it.
106And already have We written in the Psalms after the Reminder (the Message of Moses) that "My righteous servants shall inherit the earth."
107Verily, in this is a plain statement for a people who serve Me.
108We have sent you not, but as a mercy to the worlds.
109Say, "I am only inspired that your God is one God; will ye, then, surrender unto Him (become Muslims)?"
110But if they turn their backs, then say, "I have proclaimed the message to you all alike, though I know not if what you are promised be near or far."
111"Verily, He knows what is spoken openly, and that which you hide.
112"I know not but that this may be a trial for you, and provision for a season."
Chapter 22 (Sura 22)
1Say, "O My Lord! Judge you with truth! Our Lord is the Beneficent Whose aid is to be sought against the blasphemies you utter."
2O mankind! Fear your Lord. Verily, the convulsions of the Hour (of Judgment) will be a thing terrible.
3On the day you shall see it, every suckling woman shall be scared away from that to which she gave suck; and every pregnant woman shall drop her load unformed; and you shall see men in drunken riot, though not drunk: but dreadful will be the wrath of Allah.
4And yet amongst men are such who wrangles about Allah without knowledge, and follows every rebellious devil;
5Against whom it is written down that whoever turns to him for friendship, verily, He will lead him astray, and will guide him towards the penalty of the blaze!
6O Mankind! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, consider that We created you from earth, then from a seed, then from a clot, then from a little lump of flesh, shaped or shapeless, that We may explain to you. And We make what We please to remain in the womb for an appointed time; then We bring you forth as babes; then give you growth that you reach your age of full strength; and some of you are called to die early; and some of you are kept back till the most decrepit age, so that he no longer knows aught of the knowledge he had. And you see the earth parched, and when We send down water on it, it stirs and swells, and brings forth growth of every beautiful pair.
7That is because Allah, He is the Truth. Lo! He quickens the dead, and lo! He is Able to do all things.
8And because the Hour will come; there is no doubt thereof; and because Allah will raise those who are in the graves.
9And yet amongst men are those who wrangles about Allah without knowledge, without guidance, and without a Book of Enlightenment;
10Turning his neck from the way of Allah; for him is disgrace in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection We will make him taste the doom of burning.
11This is for what your two hands have sent before you, and in this Allah is not an oppressor unto His servants.
12And amongst men are those who serve Allah wavering on a brink; so that if there befall him good, he is comforted; but if there befall him a trial, he falls away. He loses both this world and the Hereafter - that is an obvious loss.
13He calls, besides Allah, on what can neither harm him nor profit him - that is a wide error.
14He calls on him whose harm is nearer than his benefit - verily, an evil patron and an evil comrade.
15Verily, Allah makes those who believe and do aright enter into Gardens beneath which rivers flow; verily, Allah does what He intends.
16He who thinks that Allah will not help him (Muhammad) in this world or in the Hereafter, let him stretch a rope to the ceiling (or heaven) and put an end to himself; and then let him see if his plan will remove that which enrages him.
17Thus have We sent down Manifest Signs; for, verily, Allah guides whom He will.
18Verily, those who believe this Revelation, and those who are Jews, and the Sabaeans, and the Christians, and the Magians, and those who join other gods with Allah, verily, Allah will decide between them on the Day of Resurrection; verily, Allah is witness over all things.
19Do you not see that unto Allah bow down in worship (or submit in service and adoration) whoever is in the heavens and whoever is in the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and the beasts, and many among mankind, though there are many unto whom the doom is justly due? Whomsoever Allah abases there is none to honour him; verily, Allah does what He will.
20These twain are two opponents who dispute about their Lord. But those who disbelieve, garments (or coverings) of fire will be cut out for them, and on their heads boiling water will be poured down,
21Whereby that which is in their bellies and their skins shall be scalded.
22And for them are hooks of iron.
23Whenever they desire to come forth there from through pain, they will be sent back into it: and (it is said unto them) "Taste you the penalty of the burning!"
24Verily, Allah will make those who believe and do right enter into Gardens beneath which rivers flow; they shall be bedecked therein with bracelets of gold and with pearls, and their garments therein shall be of silk,
25For they are guided to goodly speech, and they shall be guided to the path of Him who is worthy of all praise (the All-laudable or Glorious One).
26Verily, those who disbelieve and bar men from Allah´s path and from the Sacred Place of Worship, which We have appointed for all mankind alike, the dweller therein and the stranger - and he who desires therein profanity or injustice, We will make him taste a grievous woe.
27And when We prepared the site (in Mecca) for Abraham as the place of the Holy House, saying, "Associate naught with Me, but cleanse My House for those who make the rounds, for those who stand to pray, for those who bow, and for those too who prostrate themselves.
28"And proclaim amongst men the Pilgrimage; they will come to you on foot and on every kind of camel, lean from journeys through distant mountain and deep ravines,
29That they may witness things of benefit for them, and that they may mention the name of Allah for (or on) appointed days over the cattle Allah has provided them with (for sacrifice), then eat thereof and feed the distressed ones in want.
30Then let them make an end of their self-neglect, and let them pay their vows and go around the ancient House.
31That do. And whoever magnifies the sacred things of Allah it is better for him with his Lord. Cattle are lawful for you, except that which has been recited to you. So shun the abomination of idols, and shun lying speech.
32Turning unto Allah only, not associating aught with Him; for he who associates aught with Allah, it is as though he had fallen from heaven, and the birds snatch him up, or the wind blows him away into a far distant place.
33That is his State. And he who honours the Symbols of Allah (and sacrificial animals), they come (or ought to come) from the piety of heart.
34Therein have you benefits for an appointed term. In the end the place for sacrificing them is near the Ancient House (Mina near the Kaaba).
35To every nation have We appointed rites, that they may mention the name of Allah over the sustenance He has provided them from animals fit for food; and your God is one God; to Him then surrender, and give glad tidings to the humble,
36To those whose heart, when Allah is mentioned, are filled with awe, and to those who endure patiently all that befalls them, and to those who are steadfast in prayer and who spend of what We have given them.
37The camels! We have appointed them for you as one of the symbols of Allah. Therein have you much good; so mention the name of Allah over them as they stand in a row, and when they are down (dead after slaughter) eat of them, and feed the easily contented (the poor that beg not) and him who begs with humility. Thus have We subjected them to you; per chance (or possibly), you may give thanks.
38Their meat will never reach to Allah, nor yet their blood, but the piety from you will reach Him. Thus hath He subjected them to you that you may magnify Allah for guiding you: and give you glad tidings to those who do right.
39Verily, Allah will defend those who are true; verily, Allah loves not any treacherous ingrate (or traitor and ingrate).
40Permission is given to those who fight because they have been wronged, and, indeed, Allah has power to give them victory;
41Those who have been driven from their homes unjustly only because they said, "Our Lord is Allah;" - for were it not for Allah repelling some men by means of others, cloisters and churches and synagogues and mosques, wherein the name of Allah is mentioned much, would assuredly have been destroyed. But Allah will surely help him who helps Him - verily, Allah is Powerful, Almighty -
42Those who, if We establish them in the land, are steadfast in prayer, and give regular charity, and bid what is right, and forbid what is wrong - with Allah rests the end (final outcome) of affairs.
43But if they call you liar, even so did the people of Noah, and the tribes of A´ad and Thamud, they denied (My messengers) before you.
44And the people of Abraham, and the people of Lot,
45And the dweller of Midian; and Moses was called a liar too: but I indulged the disbelievers a long while, and then I seized them, and how terrible was My rejection!
46And how many a city (community) have We destroyed while it was guilty (did wrong), and it tumbled down on its roof, lying ruined to this day, and how many a deserted well and lofty palace!
47Have they not travelled through the land? And have they not heart wherewith to feel (understand), and ears wherewith to hear? For, indeed, it is not their eyes that are blind, but it is the hearts which are within their breasts that grow blind.
48They will bid you to hasten on the torment, but Allah will never fail in his promise; for, verily, a day with your Lord is as a thousand years of what you number.
49And to how many a city have I given full range while it yet did wrong! Then I seized it, and unto Me was the return.
50Say, "O mankind! I am naught but a plain Warner to you,
51"And to those who believe and do right, for them is forgiveness and a generous provision;
52But those who strive to discredit Our signs, they are rightful owners of the Fire."
53We have not sent before you any messenger or prophet, but that when he formed a desire (or recited the message), Satan introduced not something (evil or vain) into it; but Allah annuls what Satan proposes; then does Allah confirm (establish) His Signs (revelations) and Allah is Knower, Wise.
54That He may make that which Satan introduces a trial unto those in whose heart is a disease, and those whose heart are hardened - verily, the wrongdoers are in a wide schism -
55And that those who have been given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord, and may believe therein, and that their heart may surrender humbly unto Him. Verily, Allah surely will guide those who believe into the Straight Way.
56But those who disbelieve will not cease to be in doubt thereof until the Hour (of Judgment) comes on them suddenly, or there comes on them the torment of the Day of Disaster.
57The dominion (or sovereignty) on that day shall be Allah´s, He shall judge between them; and those who believe and do aright shall be in Gardens of Delight,
58But those who disbelieve and deny Our revelation, for them is a shameful doom.
59And those who flee their homes in the cause of Allah, and then are slain or die, Allah will surely provide them with a goodly provision; for, verily, Allah is the best of providers.
60Assuredly, He shall make them enter by an entrance that they will love. For, verily, Allah is Knower, Most-forbearing.
61That is so. Whoever retaliates with the like of what He has been made to suffer, and shall then be wronged again, Allah shall surely succour him; verily, Allah blots out sins and is constantly Forgiving.
62That is because Allah causes the night to pass into day, and causes the day to pass into night, and because Allah is Hearer, Seer.
63That is because Allah, He is the Truth (or Reality), and that whereon they call instead of Him is the False, and because Allah, He is the High, the Great.
64See you not how Allah sends down water from the sky, and on the morrow the earth is green? Verily, Allah is Subtile, Aware.
65Unto Him belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth; verily, Allah is the Absolute, the Owner of all Praise.
66Have you not seen that Allah has subjected for you all that is in the earth, and the ship that runs on in the sea at His bidding, and He holds back the sky from falling on the earth save at His bidding? Verily, Allah to mankind is Gracious, Merciful.
67He it is who quickens you, then makes you die, then will He quicken you again; verily, man is indeed ungrateful.
68Unto every nation have We given sacred rites which they are to perform; so let them not then dispute about the matter, but summon you unto your Lord; verily, you (Muhammad) indeed follow right guidance.
69But if they wrangle with you, say, "Allah best knows what you do.
70"Allah shall judge between you on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein you differ.
71"Did you not know that Allah knows what is in the heavens and the earth? Verily, it is in a Record; verily, it is easy for Allah."
72And they serve beside Allah that for which He has sent down (revealed) no warrant, and that whereof they have no knowledge. For wrongdoers there is no helper.
73When Our clear revelations are read to them, you may recognize disdain in the faces of those who disbelieve; they well-nigh attack those who recite Our revelations to them. Say, "Shall I inform you of something worse than that for you? The Fire which Allah has promised to those who disbelieve; an evil journey end!"
74O mankind! A similitude is coined for you, so pay heed to it. Verily, those on whom you call beside Allah could never create a fly even if they combine together to do it. And if the fly should snatch something from them they could not rescue it from it. So weak are both the seeker and the sought.
75They do not value Allah at His true value; verily, Allah is Powerful, Mighty.
76Allah chooses from the angels messengers, and also from mankind; verily, Allah is Hearer and Seer.
77He knows what is before them and what is behind them; and unto Allah all things return.
78O you who believe! Bow down and prostrate yourselves (in obeisance), and serve your Lord, and do good, that per chance (or possibly) you may prosper;
Chapter 23 (Sura 23)
1And strive in the cause of Allah, with the effort which is His due. He has chosen you, and has not laid upon you any hardship (or hindrance) in religion - the faith of your father Abraham. He has named you Muslims of old and in this (Scripture), that the Messenger may be a witness against you, and that you may be witnesses against mankind. So establish regular (and correct) prayer, give regular (and correct) charity, and hold fast to Allah; He is your Protecting Friend; a blessed Patron and blessed Helper.
2Successful indeed are the believers (or the believers will eventually win)
3Who in their prayers are humble,
4And who shun vain talk,
5And who are constantly active in charitable works.
6And who abstain from sexual immodesty (or guard their modesty or chastity or sexual purity).
7Except for with those joined with them in marriage or the captive whom their right hand possesses, for then, verily, they are free from blame.
8But whoever craves aught beyond that, they are the transgressors
9And those who faithfully observe their trusts and covenants,
10And who guard well (pay heed to) their prayers:
11These will be the heirs,
12Who shall inherit Paradise; they shall dwell therein.
13We have created man from an extract of clay;
14Then We made him a drop (sperm) in a safe depository (the womb);
15Then We made the drop into a clot, and We made the clot into a lump (foetus); then We made the lump into bone, and We clothed the bone with flesh; then We produced from it another creature. Blessed be Allah, the best of Creators.
16Then shall you after that surely die;
17Then, lo! On the Day of Resurrection shall you surely be raised.
18And We have created above you seven paths; and We are never heedless of creation.
19And We send down from the heaven water by measure, and We make it rest in the earth; but, verily, We are able to withdraw it.
20Then We produce for you thereby gardens of date-palms and grapes wherein you have much fruits, and whereof you eat.
21And a tree growing out of Mount Sinai (Olives) which produces oil, and a relish for eaters.
22And, verily, you have a lesson in the cattle; We give you to drink of what is in their bodies; and you have therein many uses, and of them you eat,
23And on them and on ships you are carried.
24We sent Noah unto his people, and he said, "O my people! Serve Allah, you have no God but Him; do you then not fear (evil)?"
25Said the chiefs of those who disbelieved among his people, "This is nothing but a mortal like yourselves who wishes to make himself superior to you. Had Allah pleased He could surely have sent angels. We have not heard of this from our forefathers.
26"He is nothing but a man possessed; so watch him for a while."
27Said he, "My Lord! Help me, for they deny me."
28And We inspired him, saying "Make the ark under Our eyes and Our inspiration; and when the oven (of Allah´s wrath) boils over (or the fountains or springs of the earth are about to gush forth), conduct into it of every kind two spouses, and your household, except them against whom the Word has already gone forth. And plead not on behalf of those who do wrong, verily, they will be drowned.
29"But when you are settled, you and those with you in the ark, say, "Praise belongs to Allah, Who saved us from the unjust people."
30"And say, ´My Lord! Cause me to land on a blessed landing place, for you are the best of all who bring to land.´"
31Verily, in this is a sign, and, verily, We are ever trying them (mankind).
32Then We raised up after them another generation;
33And We sent amongst them a messenger of their own (or from among them), saying, "Serve Allah, you have no God but He; will you then not fear (evil)?"
34Said the chiefs of the people who disbelieved, and denied the meeting in the Hereafter, and to whom We gave enjoyment in the life of this world, "This is only a mortal like yourselves, who eats of what you eat, and drinks of what you drink;
35"If you obey a mortal like yourselves, verily, you will then be surely losers.
36"Does he promise you that when you are dead, and have become dust and bones, that then you will be brought forth?
37"Be gone, be gone, with that which you are promised (or it is far-fetched).
38"There is only our life in this world. We die and we live, and we shall not be raised again.
39"He is only a man who invents a lie about Allah. And we believe him not."
40Said he, "My Lord! Help me, for they deny me."
41He said, "Within a little while they will surely be sorry!"
42Then the blast seized them rightfully; and We made them as rubbish borne by a torrent (of Time); so, away with the wrong-doing people!
43Then after them We brought forth other generations.
44No nation (or people) can hasten its appointed term, nor delay it.
45Then We sent Our messengers one after another. Whenever its messenger came unto any nation they denied him; so We caused them to follow one another (to disaster); and We made them bywords. Away then with a people who believe not!
46Then We sent Moses and his brother Aaron with Our signs, and with plain authority
47To Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they were inflated with pride, and were a despotic people.
48And they said, "Shall we believe two mortals like ourselves, and whose people are servile unto us?"
49So they accused them of lying, and became of those who perished.
50And We verily gave Moses the Book, that per chance (or possibly) they might be guided.
51And We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign; and We gave them both shelter on high, a place of security and springs.
52O you messengers! Eat of the good things and do right; verily, I am aware of what you do.
53And, verily, this your religion (or brotherhood) is one religion (or brotherhood), and I am your Lord; so keep your duty unto Me.
54But they (mankind) have broken their religion (or affair) between them into sects, each sect rejoicing in its own tenets.
55So leave them in their confused error (or ignorance) for a time.
56Think they that in the wealth and children, wherewith We provide them
57We hasten unto them with good things? Nay, but they perceive not.
58Verily, those who walk in awe of their Lord,
59And those who believe in the revelations of their Lord,
60And those who ascribe not partners unto their Lord
61And those who give what they give with heart afraid because they are about to return unto their Lord,
62These race to good things, and they shall be the first in the race.
63But We will not oblige a soul beyond its capacity; for with us is a Record that utters the truth, and they shall not be wronged.
64Nay, their heart are in ignorance of this, and they do deeds beside this which they continue to do,
65Until, when We catch the affluent ones amongst them with the punishment, then lo! They cry in supplication.
66Supplicate not this day! Assuredly, you will not be helped by (or against) Us.
67My revelations were recited to you, but you turned back upon your heels,
68In arrogant scorn thereof, raving vain nonsensical tales by night.
69Have they not pondered over the words, or has something new come unto them which came not to their forefathers?
70Or know they not their messenger that they thus deny him?
71Or do they say, "He is possessed"? Nay, but he came to them with the Truth, and most of them are haters of Truth.
72But if the truth were to conform to their desires, verily, the heavens and the earth and whoever is therein would be corrupted. Nay, We brought them their Reminder (The Quran), but from their Reminder they now turn away.
73Or do you ask them for a tribute? But the bounty of your Lord is better, for He is the best of those who provide.
74And, verily, you do call them to the Straight Way;
75But, verily, those who believe not in the Hereafter, they are indeed astray from that Way.
76But if We had mercy on them, and relieved their distress, they still would persist in their rebellion, blindly wandering on.
77And We caught them with the punishment, but they humble not themselves before their Lord, nor do they pray,
78Until, when We open for them the gate of extreme torment, then lo! They are plunged into despair.
79He it is who produced for you hearing and sight, and heart (or feelings, understanding, mind). Little thanks give you.
80And He it is Who has sown you broadcast in the earth, and unto Him shall you be gathered.
81And He it is Who gives you life and death; and His is the alternation of the night and the day; have you then no sense?
82Nay, but they say the like of that which those of yore did say.
83They said, "What! When we have become earth and bones, are we then going to be raised again?
84"We were already promised this, we and our forefathers. Lo! this is naught but old folks´ tales!"
85Say, "Whose is the earth and those who are therein, if you have knowledge?"
86They will say, "Allah´s." Say, "Will you then not remember?"
87Say, "Who is Lord of the seven heavens, and Lord of the Mighty Throne?"
88They will say, "Allah." Say, "Will you then not keep your duty unto Him?"
89Say, "In whose hand is the dominion over all things; He succours (or protects) but is not succoured (or needs no protection or against whom there is no protection), if you did but know?"
90They will say, "Allah´s". Say, "How then can you be so deluded?"
91Nay, We have brought them the Truth, but, verily, they are Liars!
92Allah never took a son, nor was there ever any God with Him; else would each God have assuredly gone off with (or championed, controlled) that which he had created, and some would assuredly have exalted themselves over (or overcome) others. Glorified be Allah above all that they attribute (to Him)!
93Knower of the invisible and the visible, exalted be He above what they associate with Him!
94Say, "My Lord! if you should show me what they are promised,
95My Lord! Then place me not amongst the wrong-doing people."
96And verily We are able to show you that which We have promised them.
97Repel evil by that which is best. We are best Aware of that which they allege.
98And say, "My Lord! I seek refuge in Thee from the suggestions of the devils;
99And I seek refuge in Thee from their presence!"
100Until when death comes to any one of them he says, "My Lord! Send me back,
101That I may do right in that which I have left behind." Nay! It is but a mere word he speaks; behind them is a barrier until the Day they shall be raised.
102And when the trumpet shall be blown, and there shall be no kinship between them on that day, nor will they ask about each other then!
103And those whose scales are heavy (with good deeds), they are the successful.
104But those whose scales are light, these are they who lose their souls, in hell will they abide.
105The fire shall scorch their faces, and they shall curl their lips (in gloom) therein.
106(It will be said) "Were not My revelations recited to you? And did you not treat them as falsehoods?"
107They will say, "Our Lord our misfortune overcame us, and we became a people astray.
108"Our Lord! Take us out of this, and if we return to evil, then shall we be unjust indeed."
109He will say, "Be gone into it, and speak you not to Me."
110"Verily, there was a sect of My servants who used to pray, "Our Lord! We believe, so forgive us, and have mercy upon us, for Thou art the best of the merciful ones."
111"But you took them for a jest (treated them with ridicule) until you forgot My reminder and did laugh at them.
112"Verily, I have rewarded them this day that they were steadfast; verily, they are indeed triumphant, blissful now.
113He will say, "How long a number of years did you tarry on earth?"
114They will say, "We tarried but a day or part of a day, but ask those who keep count."
115He will say, "You have only tarried a little, if you but knew.
116"Did you then think that We created you for jest (or sport, without purpose), and that you would not be returned to Us?"
117But exalted be Allah, the True King; there is no God but He, the Lord of the Noble Throne (or Throne of Honour)!
118He who calls unto any other God along with Allah has no proof thereof; verily, his account is only with his Lord; verily, the disbelievers shall not be successful.
Chapter 24 (Sura 24)
1And say, "Lord, Forgive and have mercy, for you are the best of the merciful ones!"
2This is a chapter which We have revealed and ordained. In it We have revealed manifest signs in order that you may take heed.
3The man and the woman guilty of adultery (fornication, whoring), scourge each of them with a hundred stripes, and let not compassion for them withhold you from obedience to Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day; and let a party of the believers witness their punishment.
4Let no adulterer marry any but an adulteress or an idolatress (or unbeliever), nor let any but such a man or an idolater (or unbeliever) marry such a woman. All this is forbidden to believers.
5And those who launch a charge (accusations, imputations) on chaste women, but bring not four witnesses, scourge them with eighty stripes, and never afterwards accept their testimony, for these are, indeed, evil-doers (workers of abomination),
6Except such as repent after that and make amends, for, verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
7And those who cast charges (accusations, imputations) against their wives and have no witnesses except themselves, then the testimony of one of them shall be to testify four times that, by Allah, he is of those who speak the truth;
8And a fifth, to invoke the curse of Allah on him if he be of those who lie.
9And it shall avert the punishment from her if she bears testimony four times that, by Allah, he is of those who lie;
10And the fifth that the wrath of Allah shall be on her if he be of those who speak the truth.
11And were it not for the grace of Allah upon you and His mercy unto you, and that Allah is Relenting, Wise (he would have been ruined).
12Verily, those who spread the slander are a gang among you. Deem it not as an evil for you. Nay, it is good for you. Every man of them shall have what he has earned of sin; and he among them who had the greater share (took the lead), for him is an awful doom.
13Why did not, when you heard it, the believers, men and women, think good of their own folk, and say, "This is an obvious lie?"
14Why did they not bring four witnesses to it? But since they did not bring witnesses, then verily they stand forth as liars in the sight of Allah.
15And but for the grace of Allah upon you, and His mercy in this world and the Hereafter, an awful doom would have seized you, for that which you glibly and hastily spread abroad.
16Behold, you received it with your tongues, and spoke with your mouths what you had no knowledge of, and deemed it a light thing, while it was most grave in the sight of Allah.
17And why, when you heard it, did you not say, "It is not for us to speak of this? Glory be to Thee, O Allah, this is an awful slander!"
18Allah admonishes you that you return not to the like of it ever, if you be believers;
19And He expounds to you His revelations, for Allah is Knower, Wise.
20Verily, those who love to see slander (or scandal) broadcast amongst the believers, for them is grievous woe in this world and the Hereafter; Allah knows, but you know not.
21And but for the grace of Allah upon you, and His mercy, and that Allah is kind and compassionate....
22O you who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Satan, for he who follows the footsteps of Satan, verily, he bids you filth (the shameful) and wrong. Had it not been for the grace of Allah upon you and His mercy unto you, not one of you would have grown pure; but Allah causes whom He will to grow (or become purified), for Allah is Hearer, Knower.
23And let not those amongst you who have plenty (dignity and ease and ample means) swear that they will not give aught to their kinsman and the needy and those who are fugitives from their homes in the cause of Allah, but let them forgive and show indulgence. Do you not yearn that Allah should forgive you? Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
24Verily, those who slander (cast aspersions) on virtuous (or chaste) women who have been careless (indiscreet) but believing, shall be cursed in this world and the Hereafter; theirs will be an awful doom
25On the day when their tongues and hands and feet shall testify against them as to what they used to do,
26On that day Allah will pay them their just due; and they shall know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth.
27Vile (impure) women are for vile (impure) men, and vile men for vile women. Good women are for good men, and good men for good women, such are innocent of what people they say; for them is forgiveness and a noble provision.
28O you who believe! Enter not into houses which are not your own, until you have asked permission (announced your presence) and saluted (invoked peace on) the people thereof. That is better for you; per chance (or possibly) you may be mindful.
29And if you find no one therein, then enter not until permission is given you, and if it be said unto you, "Go away." then go away, for it is purer for you; Allah knows what you do.
30It is no crime against you that you enter uninhabited houses, wherein is comfort for you; but Allah knows what you proclaim and what you hide.
31Say to the believing men that they cast down their looks and guard their modesty; that is purer for them; verily, Allah is well aware of what they do.
32And say to the believing women that they cast down their looks and guard their modesty, and display not their ornaments, except those which are obvious from the outside; and let them pull their veils over their bosoms and not display their ornaments (and beauty) save to their husbands and fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or their sons, or the sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or their brothers´ sons, or their sisters´ sons, or their women, or what their right hands possess (slaves), or their male attendants who are incapable (eunuchs or old men), or to children who do not note women´s nakedness; and that they beat not with their feet to draw attention to their hidden ornaments; but turn you all to Allah, O you believers, in order that you may succeed (or prosper or attain bliss).
33And marry the single amongst you, and the righteous among your slaves and your handmaidens. If they be poor, Allah will enrich them of His grace, for Allah encompasses all and knows all.
34And let those who cannot find a match keep chaste until Allah gives them means from His grace. And if any of your slaves asks for a Deed in writing (an agreement to purchase their freedom), write it for them if you know any good in them; yea, give them something yourselves from out of the wealth Allah has given you. But force not your slave girls to prostitution when they desire chastity, in order to make a gain in goods of this world. But if any one compels them, then, after they are compelled, verily, Allah will be to them (the slave girls) Forgiving, Merciful.
35Now have We sent down to you clear revelations, and the example of those who have passed away before you, and as an admonition to those who fear (avoid) evil.
36Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; The similitude of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, and the lamp is in a glass, the glass is as though it were a brilliant star; it is lit from a blessed tree, an olive neither of the east nor of the west, the oil of which would well-nigh glow of itself though no fire touched it; light upon light! Allah guides whom He will to His Light; and Allah strikes out parables for men, and Allah knows all things.
37(This lamp is found, or the light is lit) In the houses which Allah has permitted to be exalted and that His name shall be remembered (or mentioned) therein. His praises are celebrated therein mornings and evenings.
38By men whom neither merchandise nor selling (commerce) divert from the remembrance of Allah and steadfastness in prayer and charity, who are in awe of the day when heart and eyes shall be transformed,
39That Allah may reward them for the best of that which they have done, and give them increase of His bounty; for Allah gives blessings without stint to whom He will.
40But those who disbelieve, their works are like the mirage in a desert, the thirsty suppose it to be water till when he comes to it he finds nothing, but he finds, instead, Allah is with him; and He will pay him his account, for Allah is quick to take account.
41Or like darkness on a deep sea. There covers it a wave above which is another wave, above which is a cloud, layers of darkness upon darkness; when he puts out his hand he can scarcely see it; for him to whom Allah has given no light, he has no light.
42Have you not seen that Allah, He it is whom praise all who are in the heavens and the earth, and the birds in their flight? Each one knows its worship and its praise, and Allah is aware of what they do?
43And unto Allah belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and unto Allah is the journeying.
44Have you not seen how Allah drives the clouds gently, and then gathers them together, then heaps them up (or layers them)? Then you may see the rain coming forth from their midst; and He sends down from the sky mountainous masses wherein is hail; He smites therewith whom He pleases, and averts it from whom He pleases; the flashing of His lightning well-nigh blinds the sight.
45Allah alternates the night and the day. Verily, in all these things is a lesson to those endowed with vision.
46And Allah created every beast from water, and of them are some that creep upon their bellies, and some that walk upon two legs, and some walk upon four. Allah creates what He wills; verily, Allah has power over all things.
47We have, indeed, sent down revelations which make things (hidden) manifest, and Allah guides whom He pleases unto the Straight Way.
48They say, "We believe in Allah and in the Messenger, and we obey." But after that some of them turn their backs; they are not really believers.
49And when they appeal to Allah and His Messenger to judge between them, lo! A section of them is averse.
50But had the right been on their side they would have come unto Him willingly enough.
51Is there in their heart a disease, or do they doubt, or do they fear lest Allah and His Messenger should deal unjustly by them?- Nay, it is they who do wrong (or are unjust).
52The speech of the believers, when they appeal unto Allah and His Messenger to judge between them, is only to say, "We hear and we obey;" and such are the successful.
53He who obeys Allah and His Messenger and fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, such indeed are the victorious.
54They swear by Allah with their most solemn oath that had you ordered them they would surely go forth. Say, "Swear not; obedience is more reasonable; verily, Allah is Informed of what you do."
55Say, "Obey Allah and obey the Messenger; but if you turn away then it is for him to do only that wherewith he has been charged, and for you to do only that wherewith you have been charged. If you obey him, you are rightly guided. But the Messenger has no other charge but to convey the message plainly."
56Allah promises those of you who believe and do right that He will give them the succession (or make them inheritors to the present rulers), in the earth even as He gave the succession to those before them; and that He will surely establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them, and to give them, after their fear, safety in exchange. They shall serve Me, they shall not associate partners with Me: but those who disbelieve henceforth, they are the rebellious miscreants.
57Establish regular worship and regularly pay the Zakah (the poor-tax) and obey the Messenger, in order that you may obtain mercy.
58Think not that those who disbelieve can frustrate (the plan of Allah) on earth; their resort is the Fire, and it is indeed an ill destination.
59O you who believe! Let those whom your right hands possess (slaves), and the children amongst you who have not reached puberty, ask leave of you on three occasions (before coming into your presence) - before the prayer of dawn, and when you put off your clothes because of the heat at noon, and after the evening prayer - three occasions of privacy (or undress) for you. It is no sin on either you or them at other times, to go about attending to each other (without express permission). Thus does Allah explain to you His revelations, for Allah is Knower, Wise.
60And when your children reach puberty let them ask leave as those before them asked leave. Thus does Allah explain to you His revelations, for Allah is Knower, Wise.
61And women past childbearing, who have no hope of marriage, it is no crime for them if they discard their outer garments in such a way as not to display their adornments. But to refrain is better for them, for Allah is Hearer, Knower.
62There is no blame upon the blind, nor blame upon the lame, nor blame upon the sick nor on yourselves if you eat from your houses, or the houses of your fathers, or the houses of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or the houses of your paternal uncles, or the houses of your paternal aunts, or the houses of your maternal uncles, or the houses of your maternal aunts, or those whereof you possess the keys, or of your friend. There is no crime upon you that you eat all together or separately. But when you enter houses, then greet each other with a salutation from Allah, blessed and pure. Thus does Allah explain to you His revelations in order that you may understand.
63Only those are believers who believe in Allah and His Messenger, and when they are with him (the Messenger) upon some common business, go not away until they have asked leave of him. Verily, those who ask your leave they it is who believe in Allah and His Messenger. So, if they ask your leave for any of their own concerns, then give leave to whomever you will of them, and ask for them forgiveness of Allah; verily, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
64Make not the calling (or summons) of the Messenger among you like your calling (or summons) one to the other. Allah knows those of you who steal away, hiding themselves. And let those who conspire to evade his orders beware lest grief or painful punishment befall them.
Chapter 25 (Sura 25)
1Verily, to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. He knows their condition, and the Day when they shall be returned unto Him so that He may inform them of what they did. Allah is Knower of all things.
2Blessed is He Who has revealed unto His servants the Discrimination (or Criterion) that it may be an admonition to all peoples.
3He unto Whom belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, He has chosen no son nor has He any partner in the sovereignty. He has created everything, and then given it its measure (proportions).
4Yet they take beside Him other gods who create not aught, but are themselves created, and cannot control harm or profit for themselves, and can control neither death, nor life, nor resurrection.
5And those who disbelieve say, "This is nothing but a lie which he has invented, and another people hath helped him with it;" But, in truth, it is they who have wrought an injustice and a falsehood.
6And they say, "Old folks´ tales, which he has written down while they are dictated to him morning and evening."
7Say, "He Who knows the secret of the heavens and the earth, He has revealed it; verily, He is ever Forgiving, Merciful!"
8And they say, "What ails this messenger that he eats food and walks in the markets? Why is not an angel sent down unto him, to be a Warner with him....
9Or a treasure thrown down unto him, or why has he not a garden to eat from....?" And the unjust say, "You only follow a man bewitched (or obsessed)."
10See how they coin similitudes for you, so that they are all astray and cannot find a way!
11Blessed is He Who, if He will, can make for you better than all that - Gardens beneath which rivers flow - and can make for you castles (mansions, palaces).
12Nay, but they deny the coming of the Hour, and for those who deny the Hour We have prepared a blaze:
13When it sees them from a far place, they shall hear its raging and roaring;
14And when they are thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they shall pray for destruction there.
15Pray not that day for one destruction, but pray for many destructions!
16Say, "Is that better or the Garden of Eternity (Immortality) which is promised unto those who fear (ward off evil), which is ever a reward and a goal?
17Therein abiding, they shall have all that they desire. It is for your Lord a promise that must be fulfiled.
18And on the day when He will gather them and that which they served beside Allah, He will say, "Was it you who misled these my servants or did they themselves wander from the way?"
19They will say, "Be you glorified! It was not befitting for us to take any patrons besides Thee; but Thou didst give them and their fathers ease until they forgot the Reminder and became a lost people!"
20And thus have they proved you liars for what you say, and you cannot avert or obtain help. And he among you who does wrong, We will make him taste great torment.
21We have not sent before you any messengers, but lo! They ate food and walked in the markets; but We have made some of you a test for others: will you be steadfast? your Lord is ever Seer.
22And those who look not for a meeting with Us say, "Why are angels not sent down to us, or we do not see our Lord?" Assuredly they have an arrogant conceit of themselves and excessive is their insolence.
23On the day when they behold the angels, there will be no good tidings for the guilty; and the angels will say, "There is a forbidden barrier for you."
24And We will turn on to the works which they have done, and make them like dust scattered.
25The companions of the Garden on that day shall be in a better abiding-place and a better noonday rest.
26The day the heavens shall be cleft asunder with the clouds, and the angels shall be sent down, descending in ranks.
27The true kingdom (sovereignty, dominion) on that day shall belong to the Beneficent, and it shall be a hard day for the disbelievers.
28And the day when the wrongdoers shall bite his hands and say, "O, would that I had chosen the way with the Messenger.
29"O, woe is me! Would that I had not taken such a one for a friend.
30"He verily led me astray from the Reminder after it had reached me. Satan is ever a deserter of men."
31And the Messenger says, "My Lord! Verily, my own people have made this Quran of no account."
32Thus have We made for every prophet an opponent from among the guilty; but your Lord is sufficient as good guide and helper.
33Those who disbelieve said, "Why is not the Quran sent down to him all at once (in one piece)?" It is revealed as it is so that We may strengthen your heart therewith, and We have rehearsed it to you gradually, in well-arranged stages.
34And they bring you no similitude but We reveal the truth and the best interpretation thereof (or a better argument).
35They who shall be gathered upon their faces into hell, such are worse in plight and further from the path.
36And We did give to Moses the Book, and placed with him his brother, Aaron, as a minister (or Priest);
37And We said, "Go you together to the people who have denied Our revelations. Then We destroyed them with utter destruction."
38And the people of Noah, when they denied the messenger, We drowned them, and made them a sign for mankind. We prepared for the wrongdoers a grievous woe.
39And (the tribes of) A´ad and Thamud and the people of Ar´Rass, and many generations between them.
40For each of them We set forth parables and examples, and each one have We utterly ruined.
41Indeed, they have come past the cities which were rained on with an evil rain; have they not seen them? Nay, but they fear not the Resurrection (or hope not for resurrection).
42And when they see you (Muhammad) they only took you for a jest, "Is this he whom Allah has sent as a Messenger?
43"He well-nigh leads us astray from our gods, had we not been constant to them." But they shall know, when they see the torment, who errs most from the path.
44Have you considered him who takes for his god his own lusts (prejudices, fantasies, superstitions)? Would you then be guardian over him?
45Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are but like the cattle, nay, they are further astray in the path.
46Have you not seen how your Lord spreads the shadow? Had He willed He could have made it still - We make the sun its guide,
47Then We contract it towards Us with a gradual contraction in easy stages.
48And He it is who made the night a covering for you; and sleep for repose, and made the day a resurrection.
49And He it is who sent the winds as glad tidings heralding His mercy; and We send down purifying water from the sky.
50That We may quicken therewith the dead land, and slake the thirst of the things We have created - beasts and men in great numbers.
51And verily, We have repeated it (the lesson) in various ways among them that they may remember; but most of mankind begrudge aught save ingratitude.
52But, had We pleased, We could have raised a Warner in every village (or population centre).
53So obey not the disbelievers, but strive against them herewith (with the Quran) with great endeavour.
54He it is who has set free the two bodies of water (rivers and seas), one palatable and sweet, and the other salty and bitter, and has set a barrier between them, forbidding passage.
55And He it is who has created man from water, and has appointed for him kindred by blood and kindred by marriage for your Lord is ever Powerful.
56Yet they worship beside Allah what can neither profit them nor harm them; but the disbeliever is ever a partisan of evil against his Lord.
57We have only sent you to give glad tidings and as a Warner.
58Say, "I ask you for no reward for this, save that whoever will may choose a way unto his Lord."
59And rely you upon the Living One who dies not; and celebrate His praise; He is sufficient as Knower about the faults of His servants.
60He who created the heavens and the earth, and what is between them, in six days, and then mounted the Throne; the Beneficent! Ask any one who is aware concerning Him.
61And when it is said unto them, "Adore you the Beneficent", they say, "What is the Beneficent? Shall we adore what you do order us?" And it only increases their aversion.
62Blessed be He who placed in the heavens mansions (constellations) of stars, and has placed therein a great lamp and an illuminating moon!
63And He it is who made the night and the day alternating, for him who desires to remember or who desires thankfulness.
64And the faithful servants of the Beneficent are those who walk upon the earth modestly, and when the ignorant (or foolish) address them, answer, "Peace!"
65And those who pass the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing;
66And those who say, "Our Lord! Avert from us the doom of hell; verily, its wrath is indeed a grievous affliction.
67"Verily, indeed an evil abode and state."
68And those who when they spend are neither extravagant nor miserly, but who always take their stand between the two;
69And those who call not upon another god with Allah; nor take the life which Allah has forbidden save in justice; nor commit adultery (or fornication) - for he who does that shall pay the penalty;
70The penalty will be doubled for him on the Day of Judgment, and he will abide therein despised forever,
71Save he who repents and believes and does righteous work; for such Allah will change their evil deeds to good deeds. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
72And he who repents and does good, verily, he has turned to Allah with true conversion.
73And those who will not witness vanity (frivolous, foolish, ignorant, futile and useless things, falsehood); and when they pass by vain (frivolous, foolish, futile, ignorant, false) discourse, pass by with dignity;
74And those who when they are reminded of the revelations of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind thereat;
75And those who say, "Our Lord! Grant us comfort and cheer from our wives and offspring, and make us models for all those who ward off evil (or to lead the righteous)."
76These shall be rewarded with a high place for that they were steadfast: and they will meet therein with welcome and peace,
77Abiding therein for ever; a happy abode and state!
Chapter 26 (Sura 26)
1Say (to the rejecters), "My Lord is not concerned (or uneased) because of you if you call not on Him (in prayer); but you have denied (Him or the Truth), therefore will there be judgment."
2TA SIN MIM.
3 26:2.These are the verses of the Book that clarifies (illuminates);
4It may be that you are tormenting your soul that they will not be believers.
5If We will, We can send down upon them from heaven a sign which would bend their necks in humility.
6But there comes not to them a fresh Reminder from the Beneficent that they did not turn away from.
7They have indeed rejected the message, but soon enough will come to them the truth of that at which they mocked.
8Have they not looked to the earth, how We caused to grow therein of every noble kind?
9Verily, in that is indeed a sign; but most of them are not believers.
10Lo! Your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
11And when your Lord called Moses, saying, "Go to the iniquitous people,
12To the people of Pharaoh. Will they not fear (Allah or doing evil)?"
13Said he, "My Lord! Verily, I fear that they will call me liar;
14"And my breast will be straitened, and my tongue is not fluent; so send then unto Aaron (or send them Aaron),
15"For they have a crime against me. And I fear that they may kill me."
16Said He, "Not so; but go, both, with Our signs; verily, We are with you listening.
17"And go to Pharaoh and say, ´Verily, we bear a message from the Lord of the Worlds
18"(saying) Send you with us the children of Israel.´"
19And he said, "Did we not cherish you as a child amongst us? And did you not dwell amongst us for many years of your life?
20"And you did do a deed which you know you did do (he slew an Egyptian), and you are of the ungrateful!"
21Moses said, "I did commit this, and I was of those who erred.
22"And I fled from you when I feared you. But my Lord granted me better judgment, and made me one of His messengers;
23"And this is the favour you have reproached me with, that you have enslaved the children of Israel!"
24Said Pharaoh, "Who is the Lord of the Worlds? "
25Said he, "The Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between the two, if you want certainty."
26Said he (Pharaoh) to those about him, "Do you not hear?"
27Moses said, "(He is) your Lord and the Lord of your fathers from the beginning."
28Said he (Pharaoh), "Verily, the messenger who is sent to you is surely mad!"
29Moses said, "(He is) The Lord of the East and of the West, and of all that is between the two, if you did but understand."
30Said he (Pharaoh), "If you do take a god besides me I will surely place you among the prisoners."
31Moses said, "What, if I come to you with something obvious (to the senses)?"
32Said he, "Bring it, if you are of those who tell the truth."
33And he threw down his rod, and, behold, it was an obvious serpent!
34And he plucked out his hand, and, behold, it was white to the spectators!
35He (Pharaoh) said to the chiefs around him, "Verily, this is a knowing (expert) magician (sorcerer, wizard).
36"He desires to turn you out of your land. What is it then you counsel (advise, suggest)"
37They said, "Put him off a while, him and his brother, and send into the cities
38"To collect and bring to you every knowing (expert) magician."
39And the magicians assembled at the appointed time on a well-known day (a festival day),
40And it was said to the people, "Are you assembling?"
41(They said), "Aye, so that we may follow the magicians if they win."
42And when the sorcerers came they said unto Pharaoh, "Will we have a sure reward if we win?"
43He said, "Yes; and, verily, you shall then be of those who are brought nigh to me (or to my throne in affection and rank)."
44And Moses said to them, "Throw down what you have to throw."
45So they threw down their ropes and their rods and said, "By Pharaoh´s might, verily, it is we who shall be the winners."
46And Moses threw down his rod, and, lo, it swallowed up what they had falsely devised!
47And the magicians threw themselves down, in obeisance.
48Saying, "We believe in the Lord of the Worlds,
49"The Lord of Moses and Aaron."
50Said Pharaoh, "Do you believe in Him ere I give you permission? Surely, he is your leader (in a conspiracy) who has taught you sorcery. But soon you shall know. I will surely cut off your hands and your feet from opposite sides, and I will crucify you all together!"
51They said, "No matter! Verily, unto our Lord do we (or "will we" or "in any case") return!
52"Verily, we ardently hope that our Lord will forgive us our sins, for we are the foremost of believers!"
53And We inspired Moses, saying, "Journey by night with my servants; verily, you are pursued."
54And Pharaoh sent into the cities summoners,
55(Who said) "Verily, these are a small company.
56"And, verily, they are offenders against us;
57"But we are a multitude and wary.
58(") So we (or We) expelled them out of gardens and springs,
59(") And treasures, and noble positions.(")
60Thus it was, but We made the children of Israel inheritors of these things.
61And they pursued them at dawn;
62And when the two hosts saw each other, the companions of Moses said, "Verily, we are overtaken!"
63Said he, "Not so; verily, my Lord is with me. He will guide me."
64And We inspired Moses, saying, "Strike the sea with your rod." And it was cleft asunder, and each part was like a mighty mountain.
65And then We brought the others thither.
66And We saved Moses and those with him, every one;
67We drowned the others.
68Lo! Herein is indeed a sign: but most of them are not believers.
69And, verily, your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
70And recite unto them the story of Abraham;
71When he said to his father and his people, "What do you worship?"
72They said, "We worship idols, and we are devoted to them."
73He said, "Can they hear you when you call?
74"Or benefit you, or harm you?"
75They said, "No; but we found our fathers doing thus."
76He said, "Have you considered that which you worship (or serve),
77"You and your forefathers?
78"Verily, they are foes unto me, save only the Lord of the Worlds,
79"Who created me and does guide me,
80"And who feeds me food and waters me.
81"And when I am sick He heals me;
82"He who causes me to die, and then gives me life again,
83"And who, I ardently hope, will forgive me my sins on the Day of Judgment.
84"My Lord, grant me wisdom (or judgment), and let me join the righteous;
85"And give me a good report amongst the later generations;
86"And place me among the heirs of the Garden of Delight,
87"And forgive my father. Verily, he is of those who err;
88"And disgrace me not on the Day when they are raised;
89"The Day when wealth shall profit not, nor sons,
90"But only he who comes to Allah with a whole (sound) heart.
91"And the Garden will be brought near to the righteous;
92"And Hell shall be brought forth plainly to those who go astray,
93"And it will be said unto them, ´Where is all that you used to worship
94"Beside Allah? Can they help you, or help themselves?´
95"Then they shall be hurled therein, they and the seducers,
96"And the hosts of Iblis all together!
97"They shall say, while they quarrel therein,
98"´By Allah! In truth, we were in manifest error,
99"´When we made you equal to the Lord of the Worlds!
100"´It was only the guilty who led us astray.
101"´But now we have no intercessors
102"´And no loving friend.
103"´Oh, that we had another turn on earth, that we might be of the believers.´"
104Verily, in this is indeed a sign, yet most of them are not believers!
105And, verily, your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
106The people of Noah denied the messengers.
107When their brother Noah said to them, "Will you not fear (Allah and avoid evil)?
108"Verily, I am a faithful messenger to you;
109"So keep your duty to Allah, and obey me.
110"I ask you for it no wages; my wage is only the concern of the Lord of the Worlds.
111"So fear Allah and obey me."
112They said, "Shall we believe in you, when the meanest follow you?”
113He said, "What knowledge have I of what they were doing;
114"Their account is only with my Lord, if you but understood.
115"And I am not here to drive away the believers,
116"I am only a plain Warner."
117They said, "Verily, if you desist not, O Noah! you shall surely be of those who are stoned!"
118Said he, "My Lord! Verily, my own people reject me.
119"Judge you between us openly, and deliver me and those of the believers who are with me."
120So We saved him and those with him in the laden ark,
121Then We drowned the rest;
122Verily, in this indeed is a sign, yet most of them are not believers;
123And, verily, your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
124And (the people of) A´ad denied the messengers;
125When their brother Hud said to them, "Will you not fear?
126"Verily, I am to you a faithful messenger;
127"So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
128"I ask of you no fee for it; my wage is only the concern of the Lord of the Worlds.
129"Do you build on every height a monument of vain delight?
130"And build you fine strong buildings that per chance (or possibly) you may be immortal?
131"And when you seize by force, assault you like tyrants?
132"Rather fear Allah and obey me;
133And keep your duty to Him who has bestowed on you freely all that you know.
134And has aided you with cattle and sons
135And gardens and springs.
136Verily, I fear for you the retribution of an awful day!"
137They said, "It is the same to us if you admonish or are not of those who admonish;
138"This is nothing but the fable of men of old,
139"For we are not the ones to be doomed (or tormented)."
140And they denied him; therefore, We destroyed them. Verily, in this is a sign, but most of them are not believers.
141And, verily, your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
142(The tribe of) Thamud denied the messengers;
143When their brother Salih said to them, "Will you not fear?
144"Verily, I am to you a faithful messenger;
145"So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
146"I ask not of you any wages; my wage is the concern only of the Lord of the Worlds.
147"Shall you be left here secure in that which is before us
148"In gardens and springs,
149"And tilled fields and heavily sheathed palms
150"Though you hew out dwellings in the mountain skillfully?
151"But keep your duty to Allah and obey me;
152"And obey not the bidding of the extravagant (profligate, wasters),
153"Who spread corruption in the earth and mend not their ways."
154They said, "You art only of the bewitched;
155"You art but mortal like us; so bring us a sign, if you are truthful."
156He said, "Behold this she-camel (a test of faith). She has the right to drink, and you have a right to drink, each on an appointed day;
157"Touch her not with evil, lest there seize you the retribution of an awful day."
158But they hamstrung her, and on the morrow they repented;
159So the retribution seized them; verily, in this is a sign; but most of them are not believers:
160And verily, your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
161The people of Lot denied the messengers;
162When their brother Lot said to them, "Will you not fear (Allah or evil)?
163"Verily, I am to you a faithful messenger;
164"So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
165"I ask you not for it any wages; my wage is only the concern of the Lord of the Worlds.
166"Do you approach the males of all creatures of the world,
167"And leave the mates your Lord has created for you? Nay, but you are people who transgress."
168They said, "Surely, if you do not desist, O Lot! you shall be of those who are expelled!"
169Said he, "I am, in truth, of those who hate your conduct;
170"My Lord! Save me and my people from what they do."
171So We saved him and his people, every one,
172Except an old woman (Lot´s wife) amongst those who lingered behind.
173Then We destroyed the others.
174We rained down upon them a shower (of brimstone); and dreadful was the rain for those who had been warned.
175Verily, in this is a sign; yet most of them are not believers.
176And, verily, your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful,
177The Dwellers of the Grove (Midianites) denied the messengers;
178Shu´eyb said unto them, "Will you not fear?
179"Verily, I am to you a faithful messenger,
180"So do your duty to Allah and obey me.
181"I ask not of you for it any wages; my wage is only the concern of the Lord of the Worlds.
182"Give full measure, and be not of those who diminish (give less than due);
183"And weigh with a true balance,
184"And wrong (or cheat) not mankind of their goods; and waste not the land, despoiling it;
185"And keep your duty unto Him who created you and the generations of the past!"
186Said they, "You art only of the bewitched;
187"And you are only a mortal like ourselves; and, verily, we think that you are surely of the liars;
188"So make portions of the heaven fall down upon us, if you are of the truthful!"
189Said he, "My Lord knows best what you do!"
190But they rejected him, so the torment of the day of gloom (Ashes from a volcanic eruption?) seized them. Lo! It was the retribution of an awful day.
191Verily, in this is a sign; but most of them are not believers.
192 26:191.Verily, your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.
193And, verily, it is a revelation from the Lord of the Worlds,
194Which the Faithful Spirit of Truth (Gabriel) has brought down
195Upon your heart, that you may be one of the Warners;
196In plain Arabic language,
197And, verily, it is also in the scriptures of the past!
198 26:197.Is it not a sign for them that the learned men of the children of Israel recognize it?
199Had We sent it down to any one of any other nation but the Arabs,
200And he had read it unto them, they would not have believed therein.
201 26:200.Thus have We made for it a way into the heart of the guilty;
202But they will not believe therein until they see the painful doom.
203And it shall come to them suddenly when they perceive not.
204They will say, "Shall we be reprieved?"
205What! Do they wish to hasten on Our penalty?
206What think you? If We let them enjoy life for years,
207And then there comes to them that which they are promised,
208That which they had to enjoy will avail them not.
209But We destroy not any population but it had its Warners
210For reminder, for We are never unjust.
211No devils (or evil ones) brought down this revelation (the Quran);
212It is not fit work for them; nor is it in their power to do so.
213Verily, they are banished from listening;
214Therefore, call not upon gods other than Allah, lest you be of the doomed.
215But warn your people who are near of kin.
216And lower your wing (in kindness and protection as the hen does over its chicks) to those of the believers who follow you;
217But if they rebel against you, say, "Verily, I am innocent of what you do,"
218And put your trust (rely) upon the Mighty, the Merciful,
219Who sees you when you do stand up (to pray),
220And your postures (or movements) among those who prostrate themselves (in obeisance).
221Verily, He, only He, is the Hearer, the Knower.
222Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend?
223They descend upon every wicked liar,
224And impart what they have heard; but most of them are liars.
225As for poets, those follow them who are astray.
226Have you not seen how they wander confused in every valley (or by way)?
227And that they say that which they do not do?
Chapter 27 (Sura 27)
1Save those who believe and do good works, and remember Allah much, and defend themselves after they are wronged. Those who do wrong will come to know with what a turn they shall be turned.
2TA SIN. These are the verses of the Quran, a book that clarifies;
3A guidance and glad tidings to the believers,
4Who establish regular worship and give regular charity and are sure of the Hereafter.
5Lo!, As for those who believe not in the Hereafter, We have made for them their works fair-seeming, and they shall wander blindly on.
6These are they who shall have grievous torment, and theirs in the Hereafter shall be the greatest loss.
7Verily, you receive this Quran from the presence of the Wise, the All-knowing One.
8(Remember) When Moses said to his people, "Verily, I perceive a fire, I will bring you there from news; or I will bring you a burning brand that you may be warmed."
9 27:8 But when he reached it he was called, with the words, "Blessed is He Who is in the Fire, and He Who is round about it! And glorified be Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!
10"O Moses! Verily, I am Allah, the Mighty, the Wise;
11"Throw down your staff!" But when he saw it writhing as though it was a snake, he turned fleeing, and looked not back. (But it was said to him) "O Moses! Fear not; verily, the messengers fear not in My presence.
12Save only those who have done wrong and then substitute good for evil; and, verily, I am Forgiving, Merciful!
13"Put your hand in they bosom, it shall come forth white without stain (or hurt); one of nine signs to Pharaoh and his people; verily, they are a rebellious, transgressing people."
14But when Our signs came to them visibly (that should have opened their eyes), they said, "This is obvious sorcery!"
15And they denied them, though their souls acknowledged them, for spite and arrogance; but behold the nature of the consequences for the evildoers (transgressors)!
16And We gave David and Solomon knowledge; and they both said, "Praise belongs to Allah, Who hath favoured us over many of His believing servants."
17And Solomon was David´s heir. He said, "O you people! We have been taught the language of birds, and we have been given abundance; verily, this is manifest grace!"
18And assembled for Solomon were his hosts of the Jinn and of mankind, and birds, and they were marshalled in battle order;
19Until, when they came upon the Valley of the Ants, an ant said, "O you ants! Enter your dwellings, that Solomon and his hosts crush you not unperceiving (unknowing)."
20And he (Solomon) smiled, laughing at her speech, and said, "O Lord! Excite (cause) me to be thankful for Thy favour, wherewith Thou hast favoured me and my parents, and to do righteousness which may please Thee; and include me by Thy Grace amongst Thy righteous servants!"
21And he reviewed the birds, and said, "How is it that I see not the hoopoe (perhaps used as a spy, messenger or observer or symbolizing one)? Is he then amongst the absent?
22I will surely punish him with a severe penalty; or I will slay him unless he brings me clear authority (or reason for his absence)."
23But he was not long in coming, and said, "I have compassed (covered territory or found out) what you compassed (covered or understood) not; for I come unto you from Sheba with sure information:
24"Verily, I found a woman ruling over them, and she was given abundance of all things, and she had a mighty throne;
25"And I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allah, for Satan had made their works fair-seeming to them, and turned them away from the Way (of Truth), so that they are not guided right.
26"So they will not worship Allah, Who brings forth the secrets in the heavens and the earth, and knows what they hide and what they manifest.
27"Allah, there is no God but He, the Lord of the Mighty Throne!"
28Said he (Solomon), "We will see whether you have told the truth, or whether you are of those who lie.
29"Go with this my letter and throw it before them, then turn away from them, and see what answer they return."
30Said she (the Queen of Sheba after she had received the letter), "O you chiefs! Verily, a noble letter has been thrown before me.
31"It is from Solomon, and, verily, it is as follows, ´In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
32"Exalt not yourself against me, but come to me as those who Surrender (unto Allah i.e. as a Muslim)"
33She said, "You chiefs! Pronounce for me in my affair (or advise me). I never decide an affair until you testify for me."
34They said, "We are endowed with strength, and endowed with martial prowess; but the command is yours, so consider what you will command."
35She said, "Verily, kings when they enter a city, despoil it, and demean the mighty ones of its people; thus they will do.
36"But, verily, I am going to send to them a gift, and will wait to see with what answer the messengers return."
37And when the envoy came to Solomon, he (Solomon) said, "Do you offer me wealth, when what Allah has given me is better than what He has given to you? Nay, it is you (not I) who rejoice (exult) in your gifts.
38"Return unto them, for we will surely come to them with hosts which they cannot resist; and we will surely drive them out thence with shame and they will be humbled."
39Said he, "O you chiefs! Which of you will bring me her throne before they come unto me surrendering?"
40Said an Ifrit (a powerful and cunning demon) of the Jinn, "I will bring it you before you can rise up from your chair of council, for I am strong for such work, and trustworthy."
41He who had the knowledge of the Book said, "I will bring it to you before your glance can turn." And when he saw it set down beside him, he (Solomon) said, "This is of my Lord´s grace that He may try me whether I give thanks or am ungrateful. Whoever gives thanks, gives thanks for the good of his own soul; but he who is ungrateful - truly, my Lord is rich (independent, free of all needs) and Bountiful."
42Said he, "Disguise for her throne; let us see whether she is guided, or whether she is of those who receive no guidance."
43And when she came it was said unto her, "Is this your throne?" She said, "It was just like this (it could be the one)." and Solomon said, "We were given knowledge before her, and we had Surrendered (to Allah).
44"But that which she worshipped beside Allah diverted her; for she came of people who had no faith."
45And it was said to her, "Enter the court." And when she saw it, she thought it was a pool, and she bared her legs (tucked up her skirt to go into it). Said he, "Verily, it is a court paved with glass!" Said she, "My Lord! Verily, I have wronged my soul, but I do now Surrender ( i.e. in Islam) with Solomon to the Lord of the Worlds!"
46And We sent unto Thamud their brother Salih, saying "Serve Allah;" but behold! they became two parties quarrelling!
47Said he, "O my people! Why do you hasten on evil rather than good? Why do you not ask forgiveness of Allah that you may obtain mercy."
48They said, "We auger evil of you and those who are with you. Said he, "Your augury is in Allah´s hands; nay, but you are a people who are being tested."
49And there were in the city nine persons who despoiled the land and reformed not.
50Said they, "Swear to each other by Allah that we will surely fall on him and his people by night; then we will surely say unto his family, ´We witnessed not the destruction of his household; and we are truth tellers!´"
51And they plotted a plot, and We plotted a plot while they perceive not.
52Behold, what was the nature of the consequences of their plotting, for lo! We destroyed them and their people, everyone.
53Thus are their houses in utter ruin, for that they did wrong; verily, in that is a sign to people who have knowledge.
54But We saved those who believed and who did fear (or avoid evil).
55And Lot when he said to his people, "Do you commit abomination knowingly?
56Must you needs lust after men instead of women? Nay! You are a senseless people."
57But the answer of his people was only to say, "Drive out Lot´s family from your city, for they are a folk who would keep pure."
58But We saved him and his family except his wife; her We destined to be of those who lingered behind;
59And We rained down upon them a shower, and dreadful is the rain for those who have been warned.
60Say, "Praise belongs to Allah; and peace be upon His servants whom He has chosen! Is Allah best, or what they associate as partners with Him?"
61He who created the heavens and the earth; and sends down upon you water from the sky wherewith We cause to grow beautiful orchards, whose trees it has never been yours to grow; is there a God besides Him? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe equals with Him!
62He who made the earth a fixed abode, and placed rivers in its folds; and placed upon it firm mountains; and placed a barrier between the two waters; is there any God besides Allah? Nay, but most of them know not!
63He who answers the distressed when he calls upon Him and removes the evil; and has made you Vicegerents (or Successors) in the earth; is there a God besides Allah? Little do they reflect.
64He who guides you in the darkness of the land and of the sea; and He who sends winds as heralds of His mercy; is there a God besides Allah? High exalted be Allah above what they associate with Him!
65He who began the creation and then reproduces it; and who provides for you from the heaven and the earth; is there any God besides Allah? Bring your proofs if you are truthful!
66Say, "None in the heavens or the earth knows the unseen save only Allah; and they perceive not when they shall be raised!"
67Nay, but does their knowledge reach to the Hereafter? Nay, but they are in doubt concerning it. Nay, but they are blind thereto.
68And those who disbelieved say, "What! When we have become dust and (or like) our fathers, shall we indeed be brought forth?
69"We were promised this, we and our fathers before us, this is nothing but ancient fables."
70Say, "Travel in the land and see the nature of the sequel for the guilty!
71And grieve not you for them, and be not in distress because of what they plot."
72They say, "When shall this promise be if you do tell the truth?"
73Say; "It may be that a part of what you would hasten is pressing close behind you!
74But, verily, your Lord is full of grace to mankind, but most of them will not be thankful;
75Verily, your Lord knows what their breasts conceal and what they manifest;
76And there is no secret thing in the heaven or the earth, save that it is in a Clear Record.
77Verily, this Quran relates to the people of Israel most of that whereon they do dispute;
78And, lo! It is a guidance and a mercy to the believers.
79Verily, your Lord decides between them by His Wisdom (or Judgment), for He is the Mighty, the Wise.
80Rely you then upon Allah, for you stand on obvious Truth.
81Verily, you can not make the dead to hear, nor can you make the deaf to hear the call when they turn to flee;
82Nor can you guide the blind out of their error. You can make none to hear, save those who believe Our revelations and have Surrendered.
83And when the word is fulfiled against them We will bring forth a beast out of the earth (gross materialism?) that shall speak to (or wound) them, because mankind had not faith in Our revelations.
84And the Day when We will gather from every nation a troop of those who denied our revelations, and they shall be marshalled;
85Until, when they come before their Lord, He will say, "Did you deny my revelations when you had compassed no knowledge thereof? Or what is it that you were doing?"
86And the Word shall be fulfiled concerning them because they did wrong, and they will not be able to speak.
87Did they not see that how We have made the night for them to rest in, and the day to see by? Verily, in that are signs to people who believe.
88And the Day when the trumpet shall be blown and all who are in the heavens and the earth shall be startled in fear (or horrified), save whom Allah wills. And all shall come unto Him, humbled.
89And you see the mountains (things seemingly firm and reliable) which you do deem firm, drifting away like the passing of the clouds - the work of Allah who orders all things. Verily, He is well aware of what you do!
90He who brings a good deed shall have better than its worth; and from the alarm of that day they shall be safe:
91But those who bring an evil deed shall be thrown down upon their faces in the Fire. Shall you be rewarded save for what you did?
92(Say) I (Muhammad) am commanded to serve the Lord of this land (Mecca) which He has made sacred, and unto Whom belong all things. And I am commanded to be of those who Surrender (unto Him),
93And to recite the Quran; And he who is guided right, is guided right only for his own soul; and as for him who goes astray - say unto him, "I am only of those who warn!"
Chapter 28 (Sura 28)
1And say, "Praise be to Allah, Who will show you His signs so that you shall recognize them; for your Lord is not heedless of what you do!"
2TA SIN MIM.
3 28:2.These are the verses of the Book (Scripture) that clarifies.
4We narrate unto you something from the history of Moses and Pharaoh with truth unto a people who believe.
5Verily, Pharaoh exalted himself in the land and divided the people thereof into sects (and casts); one section of them he oppressed, slaughtering their sons and sparing their women. Verily, he was of those who work corruption.
6And We wished to be gracious to those who were weakened by oppression in the earth, and to make them models, and to make them the inheritors;
7And to establish them firmly in the earth; and to show Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts that which they feared from them.
8And We inspired the mother of Moses, saying, "Suckle him; and when you are afraid for him then float him into the river, and fear not and grieve not; verily, We shall restore him to you, and make him of one of Our Messengers."
9And Pharaoh´s family picked him up that he might become for them a foe and a grief; for verily, Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts were ever sinners.
10And Pharaoh´s wife said, "He is a joy to my eyes, and to yours. Kill him not; it may be that he will profit us, or that we may take him for a son;" for they perceived not.
11And the heart of the mother of Moses became void (empty) on the morrow; she well nigh disclosed him, had We not strengthened her heart that she might be of the believers.
12And she said to his (Moses´) sister, "Follow him up." And she (his sister) watched him from afar (or as a stranger), and they perceive not.
13And We made unlawful (or unacceptable) for him the wet-nurses. And she (his sister) said, "Shall I guide you to the people of a house who will bring him up for you, and who will be sincere and devoted?"
14So We restored him to his mother that her eye might be cheered, and that she might not grieve, and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true. But most of them understand not.
15And when he reached maturity and was firmly established, We gave him Wisdom and Knowledge; for thus do We reward those who do good.
16And he entered into the city at a time when the people thereof were heedless, and he found therein two men fighting; the one of his own sect and the other of his enemies. And he who was of his sect asked his aid against him who was of his enemies. So Moses smote him with his fist and made an end of him. Said he, "This is of the work of Satan, for verily, he is an enemy that manifestly misleads."
17He said, "My Lord! Verily, I have wronged my soul, but forgive me." So He forgave him; verily He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
18He said, "My Lord! For that you have been gracious to me, I will never more be a supporter of the guilty."
19And on the morrow he was in the city, fearing, vigilant. And behold, he whom he had helped the day before, cried again to him for help. Moses said unto him, "Verily, you are obviously quarrelsome (a hothead).
20And when he would have attacked him who was the enemy to them both, he said, "O Moses! Would (or desire) you to slay me as you did slay a person yesterday? You would be (or are or desire to be) only a tyrant in the earth; and you would not be (or are not or desires not to be) of the reformers."
21And a man came from the remote parts of the city running. He said, "O Moses! Verily, the chiefs are deliberating concerning you to slay you; therefore go forth; verily, I am to you a sincere adviser!"
22So he went forth there from, fearing, vigilant. Said he, "Lord, save me from the unjust people!"
23And when he turned his face towards Midian, he said, "It may be that my Lord will guide me to a smooth and straight path!"
24And when he came unto the water of Midian he found thereat a group of people watering their flocks. And he found apart from them two women keeping back their flocks. Said he, "What is the matter with you?" They said, "We cannot water our flocks until the herdsmen have finished; for our father is a very old man."
25So he watered their flock for them; then he turned aside into the shade and said, "My Lord! Verily, I stand in need of what good Thou sends down to me."
26And one of the two women came to him walking shyly; said she, "Verily, my father calls you, to reward you with a payment for that you did water our flocks for us." And when he came to him and related to him his whole story, he said, "Fear not, you are safe here from the unjust people."
27One of the two women said, "O my father! Hire him; verily, the best of those whom you can hire is the strong and faithful."
28Said he, "Verily, I desire to marry you to one of these daughters of mine, on condition that you do serve me for hire eight years; and if you shall fulfil ten it is of your own accord; for I desire not to make it hard for you. Allah willing, you will find me of the righteous."
29Said he, "That is settled between you and me. Whichever of the two terms I fulfil, there will be no ill-will (or injustice) against (or in) me, for Allah is surety over (witness of or approves of) what we say."
30And when Moses had fulfiled the appointed time, and was travelling with his people, he perceived in the mountain a fire and said to his family, "Tarry you here; verily, I have perceived a fire; I hope to bring you tidings thence, or a brand of fire that you may warm yourselves."
31And when he came to it he was called by a voice, from the right side of the valley, in the blessed field, out of a tree, "O Moses! Verily, I am Allah the Lord of the Worlds;
32So throw down your rod." And when he saw it writhing as though it were a snake, he turned away and fled and did not turn. "O Moses! Approach and fear not, verily, you are amongst the secure."
33Thrust your hand into your bosom, it shall come out white, without hurt; and then fold again your wing, that you do now stretch out through dread (i.e. guard your heart from fear); for these are two signs from your Lord to Pharaoh and his chiefs. Verily, they are a people who are rebellious and wicked."
34Said he, "My Lord! Verily, I have killed a person amongst them, and I fear that they will kill me:
35"My brother Aaron, he is more eloquent of tongue than I; send him then with me to verify (confirm, support) me. Verily, I fear that they will deny me."
36He said, "We will strengthen your arm with your brother; and We give you both authority (or power), and they shall not reach (touch) you for Our signs (they will make you triumphant). You two and those who follow you shall gain the upper hand."
37And when Moses came to them with Our manifest signs, they said, "This is naught but invented magic; we have not heard of this amongst our forefathers."
38Moses said, "My Lord is best aware of who comes with guidance from Him, and whose end shall be the best. Verily, the unjust shall not be successful."
39And Pharaoh said, "O you chiefs! I know of no God for you except me; then set me a Fire, O Haman! To bake some clay and make for me a tower, so that I may mount up to the God of Moses; for, verily, I think he is of those who lie!"
40And he became inflated with pride, he and his armies in the land, without justification; and thought that they would not be returned to Us.
41And We overtook him and his army, and We flung them into the sea; behold, then, what was the end of the unjust!
42But We made them models (examples or leaders) calling (or leading) to the fire; and on the Day of Resurrection they shall not be helped.
43And We followed them up in this world with a curse; and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be among the abhorred!
44And We gave Moses the Book, after that We had destroyed the former generations, to give insight to mankind, and a guidance and a mercy; per chance (or possibly), they may reflect.
45You (Muhammad) were not upon the Western side when We expounded unto Moses his mission, nor were you of the witnesses (of those events)
46But We raised up other generations, and long were the ages that passed over them; but you were not a dweller among the people of Midian, reciting to them Our signs; but We kept sending our Messengers.
47Nor were you by the side of the mountain when We called; yet are you sent as a mercy from your Lord, that you may warn a people to whom no Warner has come before you that per chance (or possibly) they may be give heed.
48Otherwise, if a disaster should befall them for what their hands have sent before, they should say, "Our Lord! Why did Thou not send to us a messenger that we might have followed Thy revelations and been of the believers?"
49But when the truth comes to them from Us they say, "Why are not signs given to him the like of what Moses was given." Did they not disbelieve in what Moses was given before? They say, "Two works of sorcery back up each other (The Torah and the Quran)." And they say, "Verily, we do disbelieve in both."
50Say, "Bring, then, a book from Allah which shall be a better guide than both that I may follow it, if you are truthful."
51And if they cannot answer you, then know that they follow their own lusts (prejudices, fantasies, superstitions); and who is more in error than he who follows his own lust without guidance from Allah? Verily, Allah guides not a wrong doing people.
52And We caused the Word to reach them, per chance (or possibly) they may be mindful.
53Those to whom We gave the Book before it (the Quran), they believe therein;
54And when it is recited to them they say, "We believe in it. It is the Truth from Our Lord. Verily, we were, even before it came, of those who Surrender (or were Muslim)."
55These shall be given their reward twice over, because they were steadfast, and repelled evil with good, and spend of what We have bestowed upon them.
56And when they hear vain talk, they turn away from it and say, "We have our works, and you have your works. Peace be upon you! We do not seek the ignorant."
57Verily, you can not guide whom you do like, but Allah guides whom He wills; for He knows best who are to be guided.
58And they say, "If we follow the Guidance we shall be snatched away from the land." Have We not established for them a safe sanctuary, to which are imported the fruits of all things as a provision from Us? But most of them know not.
59How many a community have We destroyed that exulted in its means of subsistence? Yonder are their dwellings which have not been inhabited after them, except for a while. And We, even We, are the inheritors.
60But your Lord would never destroy a community until He has sent to its centre a messenger to recite to them Our signs; nor would We destroy populations unless their people practiced iniquity.
61Whatever thing you may be given, it is a provision for the life of this world and the adornment thereof; but that which Allah has is better and more enduring. Have you then no sense?
62Is He to whom We have promised a goodly promise, which he shall meet with, like him to whom We have given the enjoyment in the life of this world, and who on the Day of Resurrection shall be of the arraigned (brought up to deserve punishment )?
63And on the Day when He will call them and say, "Where are My partners which you imagined?"
64And those concerning whom the Word will have come true shall say, "Our Lord! These are those whom we have seduced away; we seduced them as we were seduced ourselves: but we declare our innocence before Thee - they did not worship us."
65And it will be said, "Call upon your pretend partners; and they will call upon them, but they will not answer them, and they shall see the Doom. Ah, would that they had been guided right!
66And on the Day when He shall call unto them and say, "What was it you answered the messengers?"
67And history shall be obscure to them on that day, nor shall they ask each other.
68But, as for him who repents and believes and does right, it may be that he will be among the successful.
69For your Lord brings to pass what He pleases and chooses; they have never the choice! Glorified be Allah and exalted above all they associate with Him!
70Your Lord knows what they conceal in their breasts and what they manifest.
71He is Allah; there is no God but He; to Him belongs all praise, in the first place (or state) and the last; and His is the command; and unto Him shall you return!
72Have you considered, if Allah were to make for you the night endless until the Day of Resurrection, who is the god, but Allah, to bring you light? Will you not then hear?
73Say, "Have you considered, if Allah were to make for you the day endless until the Day of Judgment, who is the god, except Allah, to bring you the night to rest therein? Can you not then see?"
74But of His mercy He has made for you the night and the day, that you may rest therein, and crave of His grace, per chance (or possibly) you may give thanks.
75And the day when He shall call them and say, "Where are my partners whom you did pretend were such?"
76And We will pluck from every nation a witness; and We will say, "Bring your proof and know that the truth belongs to Allah". And that which they had devised shall stray away from them.
77Qarun (Korah) was of the people of Moses, but he behaved insolently (oppressed them); and We gave him so much treasure that the keys thereof would have been a burden on men endowed with strength. When his people said to him, "Exult not; verily, Allah loves not those who exult in riches,
78"But seek the abode of the Hereafter through what Allah has given you, and forget not your portion in this world, and do good as Allah has done good to you; and seek not corruption in the earth; verily, Allah loves not corrupters."
79Said he, "I have only been given it because of the knowledge which I possess." Knew he not that Allah had destroyed before him many generations of those who were mightier than he in strength and greater in following? But the guilty are not asked immediately concerning their sins.
80And he went out amongst the people in his pomp. Those who desired the life of this world said, "O would that we had the like of what Qarun has been given! Verily, he is lord of mighty fortune!"
81But those who had been given knowledge said, "Woe to you! The reward of Allah is better for him who believes and does right; but none shall obtain it except the steadfast.
82So We caused the earth to open up and swallow him with his house; and he had no troop to help him against Allah, nor was he of those who could save themselves."
83And on the morrow those who had yearned for his place the day before said, "Ah! Allah enlarges provision to whom He pleases of His servants, or He restricts it for whom He will. Had not Allah been gracious unto us, the earth would have cleft open and swallowed us also. Ah! The unbelievers never prosper."
84That Home of the Hereafter, We assign it unto those who seek not arrogant oppression in the earth, nor yet corruption, and the end is for the righteous.
85He who brings a good deed shall have better than it; and he who brings an evil deed - those who do evil deeds shall only be rewarded for that which they have done.
86Verily, He who hath ordained the Quran for you will surely bring you back to the Place of Return (Mecca or Home in Heaven). Say, "My Lord knows best who brings guidance, and who is in error manifest.
87You had no hope that the Book (Scripture) would be inspired in you, but it is a mercy from your Lord! Be not, therefore, a helper of those who disbelieve,
88And let them not divert you from the revelations of Allah after they have been sent down to you; but call mankind unto your Lord and be not of the idolaters.
Chapter 29 (Sura 29)
1And call not upon any other God along with Allah; there is no God but He. Everything is perishable (or will perish), except His countenance. His is the command, and unto Him shall you return!
2ALIF LAM MIM.
3Do men imagine that they will be left alone because they say, "We believe," and not be tested?
4We did try those who were before you, and Allah will surely know those who are sincere, and He will surely know those who feign.
5Do those who do evil reckon that they can outstrip Us? Evil is it that which they judge.
6He who looks forward to the meeting with Allah, - verily, the appointed time is surely nigh, and He is the Hearer and Knower.
7And he who strives, strives only for his own soul; for verily, Allah is altogether Independent of (His) creatures (or the worlds).
8Those who believe and do right, We will surely blot out all evil from (or in) them; and reward them according to the best of their deeds (or with better than their deeds).
9We have enjoined on man kindness to parents; but if they strive to make you join with Me that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not. Unto Me is your return, and I will inform you of that which you did.
10But those who believe and do right, We will surely make them enter amongst the righteous.
11And there are those among men who say, "We believe in Allah!" but when they suffer for the sake of Allah, they mistake the persecution of men for the punishment of Allah; but if help come from your Lord they will say, "Verily, we were with you!" Is not Allah best aware of what is in the breasts of His creatures?
12Allah surely knows those who believe, and surely knows the hypocrites.
13And those who disbelieved said to those who believed, "Follow our way (religion), we will bear your sins. But they cannot bear aught of their sins; verily, they are liars!
14But they shall surely bear their own burdens, and other burdens besides their own; and they shall surely be questioned on the Day of Resurrection concerning what they devised.
15And We sent Noah to his people, and he dwelt among them for a thousand save fifty years; and the deluge engulfed them while they persisted in evil-doing.
16But We saved him and the company of the ark, and made it a sign unto the worlds (all peoples or creatures).
17And Abraham, when he said to his people, "Serve Allah and fear Him, that is better for you if you did but know.
18"You serve instead of Allah only idols and you only invent a lie; verily, those whom you serve beside Allah own (control) no provision for you. So seek your provision from Allah, and serve Him, and give thanks to Him; unto Him shall you return.
19But if you deny this, then know that nations before you have denied it. The messenger has only to convey the message plainly."
20See they not how Allah produces creation, and then reproduces it? Verily, for Allah it is easy.
21Say, "Travel you in the earth, and behold how Allah originated creation; so will He produce a later creation. Verily, Allah has power over all things."
22"He punishes whom He will, and bestows mercy on whom He will; and towards Him are you turned.
23"You cannot make Him powerless (escape Him) in the earth, nor in the heavens; nor have you beside Allah a friend or a helper.
24"And those who disbelieve in the revelations of Allah and in their meeting with Him, these shall despair of My mercy; and for these is grievous woe."
25But the answer of his people was only to say, "Kill him" or "Burn him!" But Allah saved him from the fire; verily, in that are signs unto a people who have faith.
26He said, "Verily, you take beside Allah idols, through mutual friendship in the life of this world; but on the Day of Judgment you shall deny each other, and shall curse each other, and your resort shall be the fire, and you shall have none to help."
27And Lot believed him and said, "Verily, I flee unto (or for the sake of) my Lord! Verily, He, only He, is the Mighty, the Wise."
28And We granted Abraham Isaac and Jacob; and We placed in his seed the Prophethood and the Scriptures; and We gave him his reward in this world; and, verily, in the Hereafter he shall be among the righteous."
29And Lot! (Remember) When he said to his people, "Verily, you commit an abomination such as no creature did before you.
30"Do you approach men? And cut off the highway? And practice wickedness in your assemblies?" But his people gave no answer but this, "Bring us the Wrath of Allah, if you speak the truth."
31Said he, "My Lord! Help me against a people who do evil!"
32And when Our messengers came to Abraham with the glad tidings, they said, "We are about to destroy the people of these cities. Verily, the people thereof are evil-doers."
33Said he, "Verily, in it is Lot." They said, "We are best aware of who is therein; we shall of a surety save him and his people, except his wife, who is of those who lag behind."
34And when Our messengers came to Lot, he was troubled on account of them, and felt powerless to protect them. But they said, "Fear not, neither grieve; we are about to save you and your people, except your wife, who is of those who lag behind.
35"Verily, we are about to send down upon the people of this city a horror from heaven, for that they are evil-livers."
36And, verily, of that We have left a manifest sign unto a people who have sense.
37And unto Midian We sent their brother Shu´eyb, and he said, "My people, serve Allah, and fear the Last Day; and do not evil, making mischief in the land, (despoiling it)."
38But they denied him; and the convulsion seized them, and on the morrow they lay prostrate in their dwellings.
39And A´ad and Thamud! But their fate is plain to you from their ruined habitations. Satan made their deeds fair seeming unto them, and turned them from the Way, gifted with intelligence and skill though they were.
40And Korah, Pharaoh and Haman! Moses did come to them with clear signs, but they were inflated with pride in the earth. Yet they could not outstrip Us!
41And each of them We seized in his sin; and of them were some against whom We sent a sandstorm; and some were caught by a mighty Blast; and some We caused the earth to swallow; and some We drowned. It was not Allah who injured (or oppressed, wronged) them, but it was themselves (or their own souls) they injured (oppressed, wronged).
42The similitude of those who choose other patrons than Allah, is as the likeness of a spider, that takes to himself a house; and, lo! The frailest of all houses is the spider´s house, if they but knew!
43Verily, Allah knows whatever thing they call upon beside Him; for He is the Mighty, the Wise.
44As for these similitudes (parables), We have coined for mankind, but none will understand them, save the wise.
45Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth. Verily, in this is a sign for those have faith.
46Recite what has been inspired in you of the Book; and establish worship. Verily, worship preserves from shameful deeds and iniquity, but surely the remembrance (or mention) of Allah is more important; and Allah knows what you do.
47And argue not with the people of the Book, unless with better means; except with those who have done wrong amongst them and say, "We believe in what is sent down to us, and what has been sent down to you; our God and your God is One, and unto Him we Surrender (as Muslims)."
48Thus did We send down to you the Book; and those unto whom We gave the Book (Scriptures) before will believe therein, and of these (Pagan Arabs) also there are some who believe therein. None reject Our revelations save disbelievers.
49You (Muhammad) could not recite before this any Book (or Scripture), nor write it with your right hand, for then, indeed, might those who deal (or talk) in vanities (trivialities, falsehoods, irrelevancies) have doubted.
50Nay, but it is a clear revelation in the heart of those who are endowed with knowledge, and none deny Our revelations save the wrongdoers (or unjust).
51And still they say, "Why have not signs been sent down upon him from his Lord." Say, "Verily, signs are with Allah only, and I am but a plain Warner."
52Is it not enough for them that We have sent down to you the Book which you do recite to them? Verily, in that is a mercy and a reminder to a people who believe.
53Say, "Allah is sufficient witness between me and you. He knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth; and those who believe in vanities (falsehoods, frivolities) and disbelieve in Allah, they it is who are the losers."
54They will wish you to hasten on the doom (punishment); but were it not that a term had been appointed, the doom would have come upon them ere now. And verily it will come upon them suddenly when they perceive not.
55They ask you to hurry on the doom, but, verily, hell encompasses the disbelievers!
56On the Day when the Doom (or Wrath) shall overwhelm them from above them and from beneath their feet, and He will say, "Taste that which you have done."
57O my servants who believe! Verily, My earth is spacious enough; therefore serve Me only.
58Every soul must taste of death, then unto Us shall you return.
59Those who believe and act right, We will surely house them in lofty (or upper) chambers of the Garden beneath which rivers flow; to dwell therein secure (or for ever) - an excellent reward for the toilers (workers of good),
60Those who persevere and put their trust in (or rely on) their Lord!
61How many a beast cannot carry its own provision! Allah provides for it and for you; He is the Hearer, the Knower.
62And if you should ask them, "Who created the heavens and the earth, and subjected the sun and the moon?" they will surely say, "Allah!" how then can they turn away?
63Allah extends provision to whomsoever He will of His servants, or restricts it; verily, Allah is aware of all things.
64And if you should ask them, "Who causes water to come down from the sky and revives therewith the earth after its death?" they will surely say, "Allah!" Say, "And praise be to Allah!" But most of them have no sense.
65This life of the world is nothing but a pastime and game (or a sport and a play); but, verily, the abode of the Hereafter, that is life, if they did but knew!
66And when they ride in the ship they call upon Allah, making their religion seem sincere to Him; but when He delivers them safely to the shore, behold, they associate others with Him;
67Disdaining ungratefully Our gifts; and that they may have some worldly enjoyment: but soon they shall come to know.
68Have they not seen that We have made a Safe Sanctuary whilst people are being snatched away around them? Is it then that they believe in falsehood, and disbelieve the bounty of Allah?
69But who is more unjust than he who devises against Allah a lie, or rejects the truth when it comes to him? Is there not in hell a home for the disbelievers?
Chapter 30 (Sura 30)
1But those who strive in Our cause, We will surely guide them into Our Way, for, verily, Allah is with those who do right.
2Alif Lam Mim.
3The Romans are vanquished,
4In a near land, and they, after being vanquished, shall be victorious,
5Within a few years. - Allah´s is the command before and after; and on that day the believers shall rejoice,
6With the help of Allah; He helps whom He pleases; and He is the Mighty, the Merciful.
7It is Allah´s promise! Allah will not fail His promise, but most of mankind know not.
8They know only the outward (appearance) in the life of this world, but of the Hereafter they are heedless.
9Do they not reflect within themselves: Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and what is between them but with Truth, and for an appointed term (or destined end)? But truly most of the people are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord.
10Have they not travelled in the earth and seen how was the end of those before them? They were stronger than these were in power and prowess, and they dug up the earth, and built on it in greater abundance than these have built. There came to them their messengers with clear arguments; Surely Allah dealt not with them unjustly, but they dealt unjustly with their own souls.
11Then evil was the end of those who did evil, because they rejected the revelations of Allah and used to mock them.
12Allah originates creation, then reproduces it, then to Him will you be returned.
13In the Day when the Hour shall come the guilty shall be in despair.
14And they shall not have any intercessors from among their gods they have joined with Allah, and they shall be deniers of their associate-gods.
15In the Day when the Hour shall come, at that Day they shall be separated.
16Then as to those who believed and did good works, they shall be made happy in a Garden.
17And as to those who disbelieved and rejected Our revelations and the meeting of the Hereafter, these shall be brought to the chastisement.
18Therefore glory be to Allah when you enter the night and when you enter morning.
19Unto Him belongs praise in the heavens and the earth, and at the sun´s decline and in the midday.
20He brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the dead from the living, and He revives the earth after its death, and even so shall you be brought forth.
21And one of His signs is this, that He created you from dust, then lo! You are mortals, scattered widely.
22And one of His signs is this that He created mates for you from yourselves that you may find rest in them, and He put between you love and compassion; herein, indeed, are signs for a people who reflect.
23And one of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your tongues and colours; herein, indeed are signs for the learned (men who have knowledge).
24And one of His signs is your sleeping by night and your seeking of His Bounty (livelihood, benefits and treasures) by day; herein, indeed, are signs for a people who heed (pay attention, are aware or conscious).
25And one of His signs is this, that He shows you the lightning for fear and for hope, and sends down water from the clouds thereby quickens the earth after its death; herein, indeed, are signs for a people who understand.
26And one of His signs is this that the heaven and the earth subsist by His command, then when He calls you with a single call, lo! From out of the earth, you emerge.
27And His is whoever is in the heavens and the earth; all are obedient to Him.
28And He it is Who originates the creation, then reproduces it, and it is easy for Him; and His is the Sublime Similitude (or the most exalted attributes) in the heavens and the earth, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
29He sets forth to you a similitude (parable) relating to yourselves (and your own experience): Have you among those whom your right hands possess (slaves) partners in what We have given you for sustenance, to share as equals; do you fear them as you fear each other? Thus do We make the revelation clear for a people who understand.
30Nay! Those who are unjust follow their low desires without any knowledge; so who can guide him whom Allah causes to err? And they shall have no helpers.
31Then set your purpose for religion as a man upright by nature - the nature made by Allah in which He has made men; there is no altering (the laws of) Allah´s creation; that is the right religion, but most people do not know -
32Turning to Him only, and be careful of your duty to Him and keep up prayer and be not of those who ascribe partners to Him (polytheists),
33Of those who split their religion and became schismatic, every sect rejoicing in its own tenets.
34And when harm afflicts men, they call upon their Lord, turning to Him, then when He makes them taste of mercy from Him, lo! Some of them begin to associate (others) with their Lord,
35So as to be ungrateful for what We have given them; (unto such it is said) "Enjoy yourselves for a while, for you shall soon come to know (the truth)".
36Or, have We sent down upon them an authority so that it speaks of that which they associate with Him?
37And when We make people taste of mercy they rejoice in it, and if an evil befall them for what their hands have already wrought, lo! They are in despair.
38Do they not see that Allah makes ample provision for whom He pleases, or restricts it? Herein, indeed, are signs for a people who believe.
39Then give to the near of kin his due, and to the needy and the wayfarer; this is best for those who desire Allah´s countenance (presence, pleasure), and these it is who are successful.
40And whatever you lay out as usury, so that it may increase in the property of men, it has no increase with Allah; but that which you give in charity, desiring Allah´s countenance (presence, pleasure) has increase manifold.
41Allah is He Who created you, then gave you sustenance, then He causes you to die, then brings you to life. Is there any of your associate-gods who does aught of it? Glory be to Him, and exalted be He above what they associate (with Him).
42Corruption has appeared in the land and the sea on account of what the hands of men have wrought, that He may make them taste a part of that which they have done, so that they may return.
43Say: Travel in the land, then see how was the end of those before you; most of them were idolaters.
44So set your purpose resolutely to the right religion, before there come from Allah the day which cannot be averted (or is inevitable). On that day they will be sundered.
45Whoever disbelieves, must bear the consequences for his disbelief, and whoever does good makes provision for his own soul,
46That He may reward those who believe and do good out of His Bounty; surely He loves not the disbelievers.
47And one of His signs is this, that He sends forth the winds bearing good news, and that He may make you taste of His mercy, and that the ships may run by His command, and that you may seek of His favour, and that you may be grateful.
48Verily We sent before you messengers to their own people. They came to them with clear arguments. Then We gave the punishment to those who were guilty; and helping believers is ever incumbent on Us.
49Allah is he Who sends forth the winds so they raise a cloud, then He spreads it forth in the sky as He pleases, and He breaks it up so that you see the rain coming forth from within it; then when He causes it to fall upon whom He pleases of His servants, lo! They rejoice;
50Though they were before this, even before it was sent down upon them, in sure despair.
51Look then at the signs of Allah´s mercy, how He gives life to the earth after its death; most surely He will raise the dead to life; and He has power over all things.
52And if We send a wind and they see it to yellow (scorch the crop), they would after that certainly continue in their disbelief.
53For surely you can not make the dead to hear and you can not make the deaf to hear the call when they have turned away (or their backs to flee).
54Nor can you lead away the blind out of their error. you can not make to hear any but those who believe in Our revelations so that they Surrender (in Islam).
55Allah is He Who created you from a state of weakness then He gave strength after weakness, then ordained weakness and grey hair after strength. He creates what He will, and He is the Knower, the Mighty.
56And on the day when the Hour shall come, the guilty shall swear that they did not tarry but an hour - thus are they ever deceived.
57And those who are given knowledge and faith will say, "Certainly (indeed, in truth) you tarried according to the ordinance of Allah till the Day of Resurrection, so this is the Day of Resurrection, but you were not aware."
58But on that day their excuse shall not profit those who were unjust, nor shall they be allowed to make amends.
59Verily, We have set forth for men every kind of similitude (parable, example) in this Quran; and, indeed, if you should bring them a miracle, those who disbelieve would certainly say: You are naught but false claimants.
60Thus does Allah set a seal on the heart of those who know not.
Chapter 31 (Sura 31)
1Therefore be patient; surely the promise of Allah is true and let not those who have no certainty of faith shake your firmness.
2ALIF LAM MIM.
3These are the verses (revelations) of the Wise Book,
4A guidance and a mercy to those who do good,
5Those who establish regular prayer and give charity, and who are sure of the Hereafter;
6These are in true guidance from their Lord, and these are the Successful.
7But amongst men are those who purchase (pay for) idle tales without knowledge (or meaning), to lead astray men from the path of Allah, and to make a jest of it; for them is shameful woe!
8And when Our signs are recited to such a one, he turns away in arrogance as though he heard them not, as if there was deafness in both his ears. Announce to him a grievous penalty.
9Verily, those who believe and do right, for them are Gardens of Bliss,
10Wherein they will abide; it is a promise of Allah in truth, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
11He created the heavens without supports that you can see, and He placed upon the earth firm mountains lest it should shake with you; and He dispersed therein all kinds of beasts; and We send down from the heavens water, and We caused plants of every noble kind to grow therein.
12This is the Creation of Allah; show me that which others beside Him have created. Nay, the unjust are in obvious error.
13Verily, We did give unto Luqman wisdom, saying, "Thank Allah; for he who thanks Allah is only thankful for his own soul; and he who is ungrateful - verily, Allah is Absolute (Independent, Self-sufficient), Owner of all praise."
14And (remember) when Luqman said to his son while admonishing him, "O my boy! Associate none with Allah, for, verily, such association is a mighty wrong."-
15For We have commended his parents to men - his mother bore him with travail upon travail; and it took two years to wean him - "Be thankful to Me and to your parents; for unto Me is the journeying.
16"But if they strive with you to make you ascribe unto Me partners of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not. Consort with them in the world with kindness, and follow the way of him who turns repentant unto Me. Then unto Me is your return, and I will inform you of that which you used to do.
17(Said Luqman) "O my dear son! Verily, if there were the weight of a grain of mustard seed and it were hidden in the rock, or in the heaven, or in the earth, Allah would bring it forth. Verily, Allah is Subtle, Aware.
18"O my dear son! Establish worship, and enjoin what is just and forbid iniquity; be patient (constant) whatever befalls you, verily, that is of the steadfast heart of affairs.
19"And twist not your cheek in scorn towards folk, nor walk haughtily (or insolently) in the land; verily, Allah loves not any arrogant boaster:
20"But be modest in your bearing and subdue your voice; lo! The harshest of all voices is the voice of the ass."
21Have you not seen that Allah has subjected to you what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and has poured down upon you His favours, outwardly and inwardly? But amongst men are those who wrangle about Allah, without knowledge, and without guidance, and without an illuminating book (Scriptures that gives light and enlightens).
22And when it is said to them, "Follow what Allah has sent down;" they say, "Nay! We will follow wherein we found our fathers." - What! Even if Satan calls them to the torment of the blaze?
23But he who Surrenders his purpose unto Allah (i.e. becomes a Muslim), and does good, he has grasped the firm handle; with Allah rests the issue of all affairs.
24But he who disbelieves, let not his disbelief grieve you; to Us is their return, and We will inform them of what they did; for, verily, Allah is aware of what is in the heart of men.
25We will let them enjoy themselves a little; then We will force them to the unrelenting doom.
26And if you should ask them who created the heavens and the earth, they will surely say, "Allah." Say, "Praise be to Allah!" but most of them know not.
27Unto Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth; verily, Allah, He is the Absolute, the Owner of praise.
28And were the trees that are in the earth pens, and the sea ink with seven more seas to swell it, the Words of Allah would not be exhausted; verily, Allah is Mighty, Wise.
29Your creation and your rising again are but as that of a single soul; verily, Allah is Hearer, Seer.
30Have you not seen that Allah joins the night to the day, and joins the day to the night, and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running unto an appointed time? And that Allah is well informed of what you do?
31That is because Allah, He is Truth (or the only Reality), and because what you call on beside Him is the False, and because Allah, He is the Sublime, the Great.
32Do you not see that the ship rides on in the sea by the favour of Allah, that He may show you of His wonders? Verily, in that are signs to every grateful heart.
33And when a wave like a shadow covers them, they call on Allah, being sincere in their religion; and when He saves them to the shore, then amongst them are some who halt between two opinions. But none denies Our signs save every perfidious disbeliever.
34O mankind! Fear (keep your duty to) your Lord and dread the Day when the parent shall not be able to avail the child in aught, nor shall the child avail aught for its parent. Lo! the promise of Allah is true! Say, "Let not the life of this world beguile you; nor let not the Chief Deceiver beguile you concerning Allah.
Chapter 32 (Sura 32)
1Verily, Allah, with Him is the knowledge of the Hour; He sends down the rain; and He knows that which is in the wombs. No soul knows what it is that it shall earn to-morrow; and no soul knows in what land it will die. Verily, Allah is Knower, Aware.
2 32:1 Alif Lam Mim.
3The revelation of the Book, wherein there is no doubt, is from the Lord of the Worlds.
4Or do they say, "He (Muhammad) has invented it? Nay! It is the truth from your Lord that you may warn a people to whom no Warner has come before you, that they may follow the right direction.
5Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six Days (periods), and He mounted the Throne (of authority); you have not besides Him any guardian or any intercessor, will you not then remember?
6He directs the ordinance (regulates all affairs) from the heaven to the earth; then shall it ascend to Him in a Day the measure of which is a thousand years of what you count.
7This is the Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Mighty the Merciful,
8Who made good everything that He has created, and He began the creation of man from dust.
9Then He made his progeny of an extract, of a fluid held in low esteem.
10Then He fashioned him and breathed into him of His spirit, and made for you the faculties of hearing, and sight and heart; little is it that you give thanks.
11And they say: What! When we have become lost in the earth, shall we then certainly be a new creation? Nay! They are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord.
12Say: The angel of death who is given charge of you shall cause you to die, then to your Lord you shall be returned.
13And could you but see when the guilty shall hang down their heads before their Lord: (saying) "Our Lord! We have seen and we have heard, therefore send us back, we will work righteousness; surely (now) we are certain."
14And if We had pleased We would certainly have given to every soul its guidance, but the word (which had gone forth about evil-doers) from Me was just this: "I will certainly fill hell with the jinn and men together."
15So taste (the evil of your deeds), because you neglected the meeting of this day of yours; surely We forsake you; and taste the abiding chastisement for what you used to do.
16Only they believe in Our revelations who, when they are reminded of them, fall down prostrate (in obeisance) and celebrate the praise of their Lord, and they are not proud.
17Their sides draw away from their beds, they call upon their Lord in fear and in hope, and they spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them.
18No soul knows what is hidden for them of that which will refresh the eyes (give them joy); a reward for what they did.
19Is he then who is a believer like him who is an evil-liver (transgressor)? They are not alike (equal).
20As for those who believe and do good, the Gardens are their homes - a hospitable welcome for what they did.
21And as for those who transgress, their abode is the Fire; whenever they desire to go forth from it they shall be brought back into it, and it will be said to them, "Taste the chastisement of the fire which you called a lie."
22And most certainly We will make them taste of the Lesser (or Nearer) Chastisement (i.e. in this life) before the Greater Chastisement (in the Hereafter) that per chance (or possibly) they may turn.
23And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of the revelations of his Lord, then he turns away from them? Surely We will requite the guilty.
24And certainly We gave the Book to Moses, so be not in doubt concerning the receiving of it, and We made it a guide for the children of Israel.
25And We made of them Imams (religious or spiritual leaders) to guide by Our command when they were patient, and they were certain of Our revelations.
26Surely your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ.
27Does it not point out to them the right way, how many of the generations, in whose abodes they go about, did We destroy before them? Most surely there are signs in this; will they not then hear?
28Do they not see that We drive the water to a land having no herbage, then We bring forth thereby crops of which their cattle and they themselves eat; will they not then see?
29And they ask: "When will this judgment take place, if you are truthful?"
30Say: "On the Day of Judgment the faith of those who (now) disbelieve will not profit them, nor will they be reprieved."
Chapter 33 (Sura 33)
1Therefore turn away from them and wait: surely they too are waiting.
2O Prophet! Be careful of (your duty to) Allah and do not comply with the wishes of the disbelievers and the hypocrites; surely Allah is Knower, Wise;
3And follow that which is inspired (revealed) to you from your Lord; surely Allah is Aware of what you do;
4And rely on (or trust in) Allah; and Allah is sufficient for a Protector.
5Allah has not made for any man two heart within him; nor has He made your wives, whose backs you liken to the backs of your mothers (whom you have divorced) as your mothers, nor has He made those whom you assert to be your sons your real sons; these are the words of your mouths; and Allah speaks the truth and He guides to the (straight) way.
6Proclaim their real relationship to their fathers; this is more equitable with Allah; but if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brethren in faith and your friends; and there is no blame on you concerning that in which you make mistakes, but only in that which your heart do purposely, and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
7The Prophet is closer to (has a greater claim on) the faithful than they have on themselves, and his wives are (as) their mothers; and the possessors of (genetic) relationship have the better claim in the ordinance of Allah to inheritance, one with respect to another, than other believers, and Muhajir (those who fled from Mecca), except that you do some good to your friends; this is written in the Book
8And when We made a covenant with the prophets and with you (Muhammad), and with Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, son of Mary, We made with them a strong (solemn) covenant,
9That He may question the Custodians of Truth about the truth (or the Loyal about loyalty), and He has prepared for the unfaithful a painful doom.
10O you who believe! Call to mind the favour of Allah to you when there came down upon you hosts, so We sent against them a strong wind and hosts that you saw not, and Allah is Seer what you do.
11When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes turned dull, and the heart rose up to the throats, and you began to think vain thoughts of Allah.
12There the believers were sorely tried and they were shaken with severe shaking.
13And when the hypocrites and those in whose heart was a disease began to say, "Allah and His Apostle did not promise us nothing but delusion."
14And when a party of them said, "O people of Yathrib! there is no place to stand for you (here), therefore go back"; and a party of them asked permission of the Prophet, saying. "Surely our houses are exposed"; and they were not exposed; they only desired to flee.
15And if the enemy had entered upon them from the outlying parts of it, and they had been exhorted to treachery, they would certainly have done it, and they would have hesitated but little.
16And certainly they had made a covenant with Allah before, that they would not turn their backs; and Allah´s covenant shall be answered for.
17Say, "Flight shall not avail you if you flee from death or slaughter, and then you dwell in comfort but a little."
18Say, " Who is it that can withhold you from Allah if He intends to do you harm, or He intends to show you mercy? And they will not find for themselves besides Allah any friend or helper."
19Allah knows indeed those among you who hinder others and those who say to their brethren, "Come to us"; and they come not to the fight but a little,
20Being niggardly in their help to you; but when fear comes, you will see them looking to you, their eyes rolling like one swooning unto death; but when the fear is gone they smite you with sharp tongues, being covetous of the goods (spoils of war). These have not believed. Therefore Allah has made their deeds ineffective (vain, fruitless); and this is easy for Allah.
21They think the confederates (enemy clans) have not gone, and if the confederates should come (again) they would fain be in the deserts with the wandering Arabs (Bedouins) asking for news about you, and if they were among you they would not fight save a little.
22Verily, you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent example for him who hopes in Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much.
23And when the believers saw the Confederates, they said, "This is what Allah and His Apostle promised us, and Allah and His Apostle spoke the truth"; and it only increased them in faith and surrender (or obedience).
24Of the believers are men who are true to the covenant which they made with Allah: so of them is he who accomplished his vow, and of them is he who yet waits, and they have not changed in the least.
25That Allah may reward the truthful for their truth, and punish the hypocrites if He please or relent towards them (mercifully); surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
26And Allah turned back the disbelievers in their rage; they did not obtain any advantage, and Allah sufficed the believers in their fight. Allah is Strong, Mighty.
27And He brought down those of the People of the Book (Jews) who supported them, from their fortresses and He cast panic into their heart; some you killed and some you took captive.
28And He made you heirs to their land and their dwellings and their property, and to a land which you have not yet trodden, and Allah has power over all things.
29O Prophet! Say to your wives, "If you desire this world´s life and its adornment, then come, I will give you a provision and allow you to depart in a goodly manner.
30"And if you desire Allah and His Messenger and the abode of the Hereafter, then surely Allah has prepared for the doers of good among you a mighty reward."
31O wives of the prophet! Whoever of you commits an open indecency, the punishment shall be increased to her doubly; and this is easy to Allah.
32And whoever of you is obedient to Allah and His Messenger and does good, We will give to her a double reward, and We have prepared for her an honourable sustenance.
33O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women; If you will be on your guard, then be not soft in your speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease yearn for you; and utter goodly (just, polite) speech.
34And stay in your houses and do not display your finery like the displaying of the ignorance of yore; and keep up prayer, and pay the poor-rate, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah only desires to keep away uncleanness from you, O people of the Household and to purify you with a thorough purifying.
35And keep in mind what is recited in your houses of the revelations of Allah and the wisdom. Verily, Allah is Subtile, Aware.
36Verily, men who surrender and the women who surrender, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obeying men and the obeying women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women and the humble men and the humble women, and the charitable men and the charitable women, and the fasting men and the fasting women, and the men who guard their modesty and the women who guard (their modesty), and the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember - Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a mighty reward.
37And it behoves not a believing man and a believing woman that they should have any choice in their matter when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter; and whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he surely goes astray in manifest error.
38And when you said to him to whom Allah had shown favour and to whom you had shown a favour, "Keep your wife to yourself and be careful of (your duty to) Allah"; and you concealed in your soul what Allah would bring to light, and you feared men, whereas Allah had a greater right that you should fear Him. But when Zaid had accomplished the necessary formalities (of divorce) from her, We gave her to you (Muhammad) as a wife, so that there should be no difficulty for the believers in respect of the wives of their adopted sons, when they have accomplished the formalities of divorce from them. The commands of Allah shall be performed (fulfiled).
39There is no harm in the Prophet doing that which Allah has ordained for him; such has been the course of Allah with respect to those who have gone before; and the command of Allah is a decree that is made absolute:
40Those who deliver the messages of Allah and fear Him, and do not fear any one but Allah; and Allah is sufficient to take account.
41Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Last of the prophets; and Allah is Aware of all things.
42O you who believe! Remember Allah, remembering frequently,
43And glorify Him morning and evening.
44He it is Who sends His blessings on you, and so do His angels, that He may bring you forth out of utter darkness into the light; and He is Merciful to the believers.
45Their salutation on the day that they meet Him shall be, "Peace", and He has prepared for them an honourable reward.
46O Prophet! Surely We have sent you as a witness, and as a bearer of good news and as a Warner,
47And as one inviting to Allah by His permission, and as a light-giving Lamp.
48And give to the believers the good news that they shall have a great bounty from Allah.
49And incline not to the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Disregard their annoying talk, and rely on Allah; and Allah is sufficient as a Trustee.
50O you who believe! When you marry the believing women, and then divorce them before you touch them, then you have in their case no term (of waiting) to reckon; so make some provision for them and send them forth in a goodly manner.
51O Prophet! Surely We have made lawful to you your wives whom you have given their dowries, and those whom your right hand possesses out of those whom Allah has given to you as prisoners of war, and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts, and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who fled with you; and a believing woman if she gave herself to the Prophet, if the Prophet desired to marry her especially for you, not for the rest of believers; We know what We have ordained for them concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess in order that no blame may attach to you; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
52You may put off whom you please of them, and you may take to you whom you please, and whom you desire of those whom you had separated provisionally; no blame attaches to you; this is most proper, so that their eyes may be cool and they may not grieve, and that they should be pleased, all of them with what you give them, and Allah knows what is in your heart; and Allah is Knowing, Forbearing.
53It is not lawful to you to marry more women afterwards, nor that you should change them for other wives, though their beauty be pleasing to you, except what your right hand possesses and Allah is Watchful over all things.
54O you who believe! Enter not the dwellings of the Prophet for a meal without waiting for the proper time, unless permission is given to you. But if you are invited, enter, and when the meal is ended, then disperse. Linger not for vain conversation; surely this gives the Prophet trouble, but he forbears from you, and Allah does not forbear from the truth. And when you ask of them (the wives) anything, ask of them from behind a curtain; this is purer for your heart and for their heart; and it does not behove you that you should cause annoyance to the Messenger of Allah, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him. Verily, this is grievous in the sight of Allah.
55If you do a thing openly or do it in secret, then surely Allah is Aware of all things.
56There is no blame on them in respect of their fathers, nor their brothers, nor their brothers´ sons, nor their sisters´ sons nor their own women, nor of what their right hands possess; and be careful of your duty to Allah; surely Allah is a witness of all things.
57Surely Allah and His angels bless the Prophet; O you who believe! Call for Divine blessings on him and salute him with a becoming salutation.
58Surely, those who speak evil things of Allah and His Messenger, Allah has cursed them in this world and the Hereafter, and He has prepared for them a humiliating chastisement.
59And those who speak evil things of the believing men and the believing women undeservedly, they are guilty indeed of a false accusation and a manifest sin.
60O Prophet! Say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers that they let down upon them their over-garments (cloaks); this will be more proper, that they may be known, and not be molested; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
61If the hypocrites and those in whose heart is a disease and the agitators in the city do not desist, We shall most certainly set you over them, then they shall not be your neighbours in it but for a little while;
62Cursed: wherever they are found they shall be seized and slain without mercy.
63(Such has been) the course of Allah with respect to those who have gone before; and you shall not find any change in the course of Allah.
64Men ask you about the hour; say, “The knowledge of it is only with Allah, and what will make you understand?” - The Hour may be nigh.
65Surely Allah has cursed the disbelievers and has prepared for them a blazing Fire,
66Wherein they will abide forever (or a long time); they shall find no protecting friend or helper.
67On the day when their faces shall be turned back into the fire, they shall say, "O would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger!"
68And they shall say, "O our Lord! Surely we obeyed our leaders and our great men, so they led us astray from the path;
69"O our Lord! Give them a double punishment and curse them with a great curse."
70O you who believe! Be not like those who spoke evil things of Moses, but Allah cleared him of what they said, and he was worthy of regard with Allah.
71O you who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allah and speak straight to the point.
72He will put your deeds into a right state (correctly adjust, harmonise, make whole) for you, and forgive you your faults; and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, he indeed achieves a mighty success.
73Verily, We offered the trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they refused to undertake it, being afraid of it; but man undertook it. Lo! He has proved a tyrant and a fool.
Chapter 34 (Sura 34)
1So Allah will chastise the hypocritical men and the hypocritical women and the idolatrous men and the idolatrous women, and Allah will turn to (forgive and help) the believing men and women, and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
2All praise is due to Allah, unto Whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and His is the praise in the Hereafter; and He is the Wise, the Aware.
3He knows that which goes down into the earth and that which comes out of it, and that which comes down from the heaven and that which goes up to it; and He is the Merciful, the Forgiving.
4And those who disbelieve say, "The hour shall not come upon us." Say, "Yea! By my Lord, the Knower of the Unseen, it shall certainly come upon you; not the weight of an atom becomes absent from Him, in the heavens or in the earth, and neither less than that nor greater, but all is in a Clear Record.
5"That He may reward those who believe and do good; these it is for whom is forgiveness and a most generous sustenance."
6And those who strive hard in opposing Our revelations, these it is for whom is a painful and humiliating chastisement.
7And those to whom knowledge has been given see that which has been revealed unto you from your Lord, that it is the truth, and it guides into the path of the Mighty, the Owner of Praise.
8And those who disbelieve say, "Shall we point out to you a man who informs you that when you have disintegrated into dust and become scattered, even then you shall be created anew?
9"He has forged a lie against Allah or there is madness in him. "Nay! Those who do not believe in the Hereafter are in torment and in great error.
10Do they not then consider what is before them and what is behind them of the heaven and the earth? If We will We can make them disappear in the land or bring down upon them a portion from the heaven; most surely in this is a sign for every servant who turns to Allah repentant.
11And certainly We gave David grace from Us, saying, "O mountains! Echo his psalms of praise with him, and you birds also; and We made the iron pliant unto him,
12Saying, "Make ample (coats of mail), and measure (balance well) the links, and do right; surely I am Seer of what you do.
13And We made the wind (subservient) unto Solomon, which made a month´s journey in the morning and a month´s journey in the evening, and We made a fountain of molten copper to flow out for him, and of the Jinn (foreigners or ingenious skilled workers?) there were those who worked before him by the command of his Lord; and whoever turned aside from Our command from among them, We made him taste of the punishment of flaming Fire.
14They made for him what he pleased of temples and images, and bowls (large) as watering-troughs and cooking-pots that will not move from their place; give thanks, O family of David! Few of My servants are grateful!
15But when We decreed death for him, naught showed them his death but a creature of the earth that ate away his staff; and when he fell down, the Jinn came to know plainly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have continued in abasing toil.
16Certainly there was a sign for Sheba in their abode; two gardens on the right and the left; (as if to say) "Eat of the provisions of your Lord and give thanks to Him - a good land and an Indulgent Lord!"
17But they turned away, so We sent upon them a flood from Dams, and We converted their two gardens into two gardens yielding bitter fruit and tamarisk and a few lote-trees.
18We requited them with this because they were ungrateful; do We ever punish any but the ungrateful?
19And We set between them and the towns which We had blessed, other towns to be easily seen (in prominent positions), and for the journey between then We appointed proportional stages, (saying) "Travel through them secure by nights and days."
20And they said, "O our Lord! Make the spaces longer between our journeys.". They were unjust to themselves (wronged themselves) so We made them as stories (by words, legends) and dispersed them with an utter scattering; most surely there are signs in this for every patient, grateful one.
21And certainly Satan found true his calculations concerning them, so they follow him, except a party of the believers.
22And he has no authority over them, but that We may distinguish him who believes in the Hereafter from him who is in doubt concerning it; and your Lord is the Watcher (Preserver) of all things.
23Say, "Call upon those whom you assert (or set up) besides Allah; they do not control the weight of an atom in the heavens or in the earth nor have they any partnership in either, nor has He among them any one to help Him.
24"And intercession will not avail at all with Him save of him whom He permits. Until when fear shall be removed from their heart, they shall say, ´What is it that your Lord said?´ They shall say, ´The truth.´ And He is the Most High, the Most Great."
25Say, "Who gives you the sustenance from the heavens and the earth?" Say, "It is Allah. And most surely we or you are on a right way or in manifest error!"
26Say, "You will not be questioned as to what we are guilty of, nor shall we be questioned as to what you do."
27Say, "Our Lord will gather us together, then will He judge between us with the truth; and He is the greatest Judge, the All-knowing."
28Say, "Show me those whom you have joined with Him as partners; by no means (can you do it). Nay! He is Allah, the Mighty, the Wise."
29And We have not sent you (Muhammad) but to all mankind (or as a Universal Messenger) as a bearer of good news and as a Warner, but most men know not.
30And they say, "When will this promise be (fulfiled) if you are truthful?"
31Say, "You have the appointment of a Day which you cannot hold back for an hour, nor can you bring it forward."
32And those who disbelieve say, "By no means will we believe in this Quran, nor in that which is before it "Could you but see when the unjust shall be made to stand before their Lord, casting blame one another! Those who were reckoned weak (or despised) shall say to those who were proud, "Had it not been for you we would certainly have been believers.”
33Those who were proud shall say to those who were deemed weak (or despised), "Did we turn you away from the guidance after it had come to you? Nay, you (yourselves) were guilty."
34And those who were deemed weak (despised) shall say to those who were proud, "Nay, it was your scheming night and day when you told us to disbelieve in Allah and to set up rivals with Him." And they shall declare repentance when they see the penalty; and We will put shackles on the necks of those who disbelieved; they shall only be requited for what they did.
35And We never sent a Warner to a town but those who led lives in ease in it said, "We are surely disbelievers in what you are sent with.
36And they say, "We have more wealth and children, and we shall not be punished."
37Say, "Surely my Lord amplifies the means of subsistence for whom He pleases and restricts it (for whom He pleases), but most men know not."
38It is not your wealth nor your children which bring you near Us in station, but whoever believes and does good, these it is for whom is a double reward for what they do, and they shall be secure in the highest places.
39And as for those who strive in opposing Our revelations, they shall be brought to the chastisement.
40Say, "Surely my Lord amplifies the means of subsistence for whom He pleases of His servants and restricts them (for whom He wills). And whatever you spend, He replaces it, and He is the best of Providers.
41And on the Day when He will gather them all together, then will He say to the angels, "Did these people worship you?"
42They shall say, "Glory be to Thee! Thou art our Guardian, not they; nay! they worshipped the Jinn; most of them were believers in them."
43So on that day one of you shall not control profit or harm for another, and We will say to those who were unjust, "Taste the chastisement of the Fire which you denied."
44And when Our clear communications are recited to them, they say, "This is naught but a man who desires to turn you away from that which your fathers worshipped." And they say, "This is naught but a lie that is forged." And those who disbelieve say of the truth when it comes to them, "This is only clear enchantment (magic)."
45And We have not given them (Arabs) any Books (Scripture) which they read, nor did We send to them before you a Warner.
46And those before them rejected the truth, and these have not yet attained a tenth of what We gave them, yet they rejected My messenger, how terrible, then, was My rejection (abhorrence of them)!
47Say, "I exhort you only to one thing that you awake for Allah´s sake (or stand up before Allah) in twos or singly, then ponder: there is no madness in your companion (or comrade, fellow-citizen); he is only a Warner to you before a severe doom.
48Say, "I ask no reward for myself (Or whatever reward I have asked of you, is yours or is only for yourselves); my reward is only with Allah, and He is a witness of all things."
49Say, "Surely my Lord utters the truth (or castes the truth (over His servants)), He is the Knower of the unseen (or hidden)."
50Say, "The truth has come, and the falsehood shall vanish and shall not return (or falsehood neither creates nor restores)."
51Say, " If I err, I err only against my own soul, and if I follow a right direction, it is because of what my Lord reveals to me; surely He is Hearing, Nigh.
52Could you but see when they are terrified with no escape and are seized upon from near at hand.
53And they shall say, "We believe in it (now)." But how can they reach faith from a position so far away from it?
54(Seeing) they disbelieved in it before. And they aim at the unseen from afar off (with far out conjectures)
Chapter 35 (Sura 35)
1And a barrier shall be placed between them and that which they desire, as was done with the likes of them before: surely they are in hopeless (disquieting, distressing) doubt.
2All praise is due to Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Maker of the angels, messengers flying on wings, two, and three, and four (pairs); He increases in creation what He pleases; surely Allah has power over all things.
3Whatever Allah grants to men of His mercy, there is none to withhold it, and what He withholds there is none to send it forth after that, and He is the Mighty, the Wise
4O men! Call to mind the favour of Allah on you; is there any creator besides Allah who gives you sustenance from the heaven and the earth? There is no God but He; whither are you then turned?
5And if they call you a liar, truly messengers before you were called liars, and to Allah are all affairs returned.
6O men! Surely the promise of Allah is true, therefore let not the life of this world deceive you, and let not the arch deceiver deceive you respecting Allah.
7Surely Satan is your enemy, so take him for an enemy; he only invites his party to be inmates of the flaming Fire.
8 35:7 As for those who disbelieve, they shall have a severe punishment, and as for those who believe and do good, they shall have forgiveness and a great reward.
9What! Is he whose evil deed is made fair-seeming to him so that he considers it good (other than Satan´s dupe)? Now surely Allah sends astray whom He will and guides aright whom He will, so let not your soul waste away in grief (expire in sighing) for them; surely Allah is Aware of what they do.
10And Allah is He Who sends the winds so they raise a cloud, then We drive it on to a dead country, and therewith We give life to the earth after its death; even so is the Resurrection.
11Whoever desires power (or honour), then to Allah belongs the power (or honour) wholly. Unto Him do ascend good words, and good deeds does He exalt; and as for those who plan evil deeds, they shall have a severe chastisement; and their plans shall fail.
12And Allah created you of dust, then of the life-germ, then He made you pairs; and no female bears, nor does she bring forth, except with His knowledge; and no one whose life is lengthened has his life lengthened, nor is aught diminished of one´s life, but it is all recorded in a Book; surely this is easy for Allah.
13And the two seas are not alike: the one fresh, sweet, pleasant to drink; and the other salt, that burns by its saltiness; yet from each of them you eat fresh flesh and bring forth ornaments which you wear; and you see the ships cleave through it that you may seek of His bounty and that you maybe grateful.
14He causes the night to enter in upon the day, and He causes the day to enter in upon the night, and He has made subservient the sun and the moon; each one follows its course to an appointed time; this is Allah, your Lord, His is the kingdom; and those whom you call upon besides Him do not control as much as a spot on a date stone.
15If you call on them they shall not hear your call, and even if they could hear they shall not answer you; and on the Day of Resurrection they will deny your associating them (with Allah); and none can inform you like the One Who is Aware.
16O men! You are they who are poor (stand in need of Allah), and Allah is He Who is the Self-sufficient (Absolute), the Owner of Praise.
17If He will, He can remove you, and bring, instead a new creation.
18And this is not hard for Allah.
19And no burdened soul can bear the burden of another and if one weighed down by burden should cry (for help) to another, not aught of it shall be lifted, even though he be near of kin. You warn only those who fear their Lord in secret and keep up prayer; and whoever purifies himself, he purifies himself only for (the good of) his own soul; and to Allah is the journeying.
20And the blind and the seeing are not alike
21Nor the darkness and the light,
22Nor the shade and the heat,
23Neither are the living and the dead alike. Surely Allah makes whom He pleases hear, and you cannot make those hear who are in the graves.
24You (Muhammad) are naught but a Warner.
25Surely We have sent you (Muhammad) with the truth as a bearer of good news and a Warner; and there is not a people but a Warner has gone among them.
26And if they call you a liar, so did, indeed, those before them (call their messengers a liar); their Messengers had come to them with clear arguments, and with scriptures, and with the illuminating book.
27Then did I punish those who disbelieved, so how intense was My disapproval?
28Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the cloud, then We bring forth therewith fruits of various colours; and in the mountains are streaks, white and red, of various hues and (others) intensely black?
29And of men and beasts and cattle are likewise of various hues (or species). Only those of His servants who are possessed of knowledge fear Allah alone; surely Allah is Mighty, Forgiving.
30Surely they who recite the Book of Allah and keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them secretly and openly, hope for a gain which will not perish.
31That He may pay them back fully their rewards and give them more out of His grace: surely He is Forgiving, Responsive (or Appreciative).
32And that which We have revealed to you of the Book, that is the Truth, confirming (verifying) that which was revealed before it; verily, Allah is Aware, Seer of His servants.
33Then We gave the Book for an inheritance to those whom We chose from among Our servants; but of them is he who makes his soul to suffer a loss, and of them is he who takes a middle course, and of them is he who is foremost in deeds of goodness by Allah´s permission; this is the great excellence.
34Gardens of Eternity, they shall enter; they shall be made to wear therein bracelets of gold and pearls, and their dress therein shall be silk.
35And they shall say: (All) praise is due to Allah, Who has made grief to depart from us; most surely our Lord is Forgiving, Bountiful.
36Who has settled (established) us in Mansions of Eternity by His grace; toil touches us not therein, nor can fatigue afflict us.
37And as for those who disbelieve, for them is the Fire of hell; it shall not finish them entirely so that they die, nor shall the chastisement thereof be lightened to them: even thus do We recompense every ungrateful one.
38And they shall cry therein for succour, "O our Lord! Take us out, we will do good deeds, not the wrong which we used to do." Did We not preserve you alive long enough for him who reflected to reflect? And (also) Warners came to you; therefore taste (the flavour of your deeds), because for the unjust, there is no helper.
39Verily, Allah is the Knower of what is unseen in the heavens and the earth; surely He is Aware of what is in the heart.
40He it is Who made you regents (inheritors and vicegerents) in the land; therefore whoever disbelieves, his disbelief is against himself; and their disbelief does not increase the disbelievers with their Lord in anything but hatred; and their disbelief does not increase the disbelievers in anything but loss.
41Say, "Have you considered the associates which you call upon besides Allah? Show me what part of the earth they have created, or have they any share in the heavens; or, have We given them a book so that they follow a clear argument thereof? Nay, the unjust promise one to another only to deceive.
42Surely Allah sustains the heavens and the earth lest they fail (deviate, collapse); and if they should fail, there is none who can uphold them after Him; surely He is the Forbearing, the Forgiving.
43And they swore by Allah with the strongest of their oaths that if there came to them a Warner they would be better guided than any other nations; but when a Warner came to them, it increased them in nothing but aversion,
44(Shown in their) behaving arrogantly in the land and in evil planning; and the evil plans beset none save the authors of it. Then should they wait for anything except the way of the former people? You will not find any alteration in the treatment of Allah; and you will not find any power to change the treatment of Allah.
45Have they not travelled in the land and seen how was the end of those before them while they were stronger than these in power? And Allah is not such that any thing in the heavens or in the earth should escape Him; surely He is Knowing, Powerful.
Chapter 36 (Sura 36)
1And were Allah to punish men for what they deserve, He would not leave any creature on the surface of the earth, but He reprieves them till an appointed term; so when their doom shall come, then surely Allah is Seer of His servants.
2Ya Seen.
3I swear by the Quran full of wisdom
4Most surely you are one of the Messengers
5On a Straight Way.
6A revelation of the Mighty, the Merciful.
7That you may warn a people whose fathers were not warned, and so they are heedless.
8Already has the word proved true of most of them, for they do not believe.
9Surely We have placed chains on their necks, and these reach up to their chins, so they are stiff-necked.
10And We have made before them a barrier and a barrier behind them, then We have covered them over so that they see not.
11And it is alike to them whether you warn them or warn them not: they believe not.
12You can only warn him who follows the Reminder (the Quran) and fears the Beneficent Allah in secret; so announce to him forgiveness and an honourable reward.
13Surely We give life to the dead, and We write down what they have sent before and their footprints, and We have recorded everything in a Clear Record.
14And set out to them a similitude: The ´Companions of the City´, when the messengers came to it.
15When We sent to them two, they rejected both of them, then We strengthened (them) with a third, and they said, "Surely we are messengers to you."
16They said, "You are naught but mortals like ourselves, nor has the Beneficent Allah revealed anything; you only lie."
17They said, "Our Lord knows that we are most surely messengers to you.
18"And nothing devolves on us but a clear deliverance (of the message)."
19They said, "Surely we augur (fear) evil from you; if you do not desist, we will certainly stone you, and there shall certainly afflict you a painful chastisement from us."
20They said, "Your evil omen (expectation, foreboding) is with yourselves. What! Is it because you are reminded? Nay, you are a people that transgress all bounds."
21And from the remote part of the city there came a man running, he said, "O my people! Follow the messengers;
22"Follow him who does not ask you for reward, and who are the followers of the right course;
23"And what reason have I that I should not serve Him Who brought me into existence? And to Him you shall be brought back;
24"What! Shall I take besides Him gods whose intercession, if the Beneficent Allah should desire to afflict me with harm, shall not avail me aught, nor shall they be able to deliver me?
25"Then truly I shall manifest (clear, obvious) error:
26"Verily, I believe in your Lord, therefore hear me."
27It was said (unto him), "Enter the garden." He said, "O would that my people knew
28"Of that on account of which my Lord has forgiven me and made me of the honoured ones!"
29And We sent not down upon his people after him any hosts from heaven, nor do We need to send.
30It was naught but a single Shout, and lo! They were still and silenced (extinct).
31Alas for the servants! There comes not to them a messenger but they mock at him.
32Do they not consider how many of the generations have We destroyed before them, because they do not turn to them (the messengers) (or which return not unto the people)?
33And all of them shall surely be brought before Us.
34And a sign to them is the dead earth: We give life to it and bring forth from it grain so they eat of it.
35And We make therein orchards of palms and grapevines and We make springs to flow forth in it, that they may eat of the fruit thereof, and their hands did not make it; will they not then be grateful?
36Glory be to Him Who created pairs of all things, of what the earth grows, and of their kind and of what they know not.
37And a sign to them is the night: We draw forth from it the day, then lo! They are in the dark;
38And the sun runs on to a term appointed for it; that is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knowing.
39And as for the moon, We have ordained for it stages till it becomes again as an old dry palm leaf.
40Neither is it allowable to the sun that it should overtake the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day; and all float on in their own orbits.
41And a sign to them is that We bear their offspring in the laden vessels (or their race in an ark through the flood).
42And We have created for them the like of it, in which they ride.
43And if We please, We can drown them, then there shall be no helper for them, nor shall they be rescued.
44Unless by mercy from Us and for enjoyment for a time.
45And when it is said to them, "Guard against what is before you and what is behind you, that per chance (or possibly) you may find mercy.... (they are heedless)
46And there comes not to them a sign from among the signs of their Lord but they turn away from it.
47And when it is said to them, "Spend of that which Allah has given you", those who disbelieve say to those who believe, "Shall we feed him whom, if Allah please, He could feed? You are in naught but clear error."
48And they say, "When will this threat come to pass, if you are truthful?"
49They wait not for aught but a single Shout (or Blast) which will surprise them while they yet dispute with one another.
50So they shall not be able to make a bequest, nor shall they return to their families.
51And the trumpet shall be blown, when lo! From their graves they shall hasten on to their Lord.
52They shall say, "O woe to us! Who has raised us up from our sleeping-place? This is what the Beneficent Allah promised and the messengers told the truth."
53It will be naught but a single Shout (or Blast), when lo! They shall all be brought before Us;
54So this day no soul shall be dealt with unjustly in the least; and you shall not be rewarded aught but that which you did.
55Surely the Companions of the Garden shall on that day be in happy occupation.
56They and their wives (companions) shall be in shades, reclining on thrones of dignity.
57They shall have fruits therein, and they shall have whatever they desire.
58"Peace" - a word from a Merciful Lord.
59"And get you hence this Day, O guilty ones!"
60"Did I not charge you, O children of Adam! That you should not serve Satan? Verily, he is your open enemy,
61"And that you should serve only Me; this is the Straight Way."
62"And he certainly led astray a multitude of people from among you. What! Could you not then understand?
63"This is the hell of which you were oft warned.
64"Enter into it this day because you persisted in disbelief."
65On that Day We will set a seal upon their mouths, and their hands shall speak to Us, and their feet shall bear witness of what they earned.
66And if We please We would certainly put out their eyes, then they would run about groping for the way, but how should they see?
67And if We please We would surely transform them in their place, then they would not be able to go on, nor will they return (after error).
68And whomsoever We cause to live long, We reduce him to an abject state in constitution; do they not then understand?
69And We have not taught him poetry, nor is it meet for him; it is nothing but a reminder and a plain (clarifying) Quran,
70That it may warn him who would have life, and that the word may prove true against the disbelievers.
71Do they not see that We have created cattle for them, out of what Our hands have wrought, so they are their masters?
72And We have subjected them to them, so some of them they have to ride upon, and some of them they have for food.
73And therein they have advantages and drinks; will they not then be grateful?
74And they have taken gods besides Allah that they may be helped.
75But they shall not be able to assist them, and they shall be a host brought up before them.
76Therefore let not their speech grieve you; surely We know what they do in secret and what they do openly.
77Does not man see that We have created him from a small seed? Then lo! He is an open disputant.
78And he strikes out a likeness for Us and forgets his own creation. Says he, "Who will give life to the bones when they have decomposed?"
79Say, "He will give life to them Who brought them into existence in the first place, and He is Knower of all (modes of) creation -
80"He Who has made for you the fire from the green tree, so that with it you kindle (your own fire).
81Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth able to create the like of them? Yea! And He is the Creator (of all), the Knower.
82His command, when He intends anything, is only to say to it, " Be", and it is.
83Therefore glory be to Him in Whose hand is the kingdom of all things, and to Him you shall be brought back.
Chapter 37 (Sura 37)
1I swear by those who draw themselves out in ranks.
2Then those who drive away (evil or the wicked) with reproof (or strength),
3Then those who recite (proclaim), with mindfulness,
4"Verily, verily your God is One:
5"The Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, and Lord of the Easts (i.e. all the sun´s rising point)."
6Surely We have adorned the nearest heaven with an adornment, the stars,
7And (there is) a safeguard against every rebellious Satan.
8They cannot listen to the exalted assembly and they are thrown at from every side,
9Being driven off, and for them is a perpetual chastisement,
10Except him who snatches a fragment by stealth, then there follows him a brightly shining flame.
11Then ask them whether they are stronger in creation or those (others) whom We have created. Surely We created them of plastic (malleable) clay.
12Nay! You wonder while they mock,
13And when they are reminded, they mind (heed) not,
14And when they see a sign they incite one another to scoff,
15And they say, "This is nothing but clear magic.
16"What! When we are dead and have become dust and bones, shall we then certainly be raised,
17"Or our fathers of past times (ancestors)?"
18Say, "Aye! And you shall be abject (humiliated)."
19So it shall only be a single Shout, when lo! They shall see.
20And they shall say, "O woe to us! This is the Day of Judgment."
21(A voice will say,) "This is the Day of the Judgment which you called a lie.
22"Gather together those who were unjust and their associates, and what they used to worship
23"Besides Allah, then lead them to the way to hell.
24"And stop them, for they must be questioned:
25"What ails you that you do not help each other?"
26Nay! On that day they shall be submissive.
27And some of them shall advance towards others, questioning each other.
28They shall say, "Surely you used to come to us from the right hand side."
29They shall say, "Nay, you (yourselves) were not believers;
30"And we had no authority over you, but you were a wayward people;
31"So the sentence of our Lord has come to pass against us: we shall surely taste (punishment);
32"We led you astray, for we were ourselves erring."
33So they shall on that day be sharers in the chastisement one with another.
34Surely thus do We deal with the guilty.
35Surely they used to behave arrogantly when it was said to them, "There is no God but Allah."
36And said, "What! Shall we indeed give up our gods for the sake of a mad poet?"
37Nay, he has come with the truth and verified the (messages of) the Messengers sent before him.
38Most surely you will taste the painful punishment.
39And you shall not be punished except for what you did.
40Save the servants of Allah, the purified ones.
41For them is a determined sustenance,
42Fruits, and they shall be highly honoured,
43In Gardens of Felicity,
44On Thrones (of Dignity), facing each other.
45A bowl shall be made to go round them from water running out of clear springs,
46Crystal-white, delicious to those who drink.
47There shall be no distress in it, nor shall they be exhausted therewith.
48And with them shall be those of modest gaze with large beautiful eyes;
49As if they were delicate eggs carefully protected.
50Then shall some of them turn to others, questioning each other.
51A speaker from among them shall say, "Surely I had a comrade on earth,
52"Who said, ´What! are you indeed of those who bear witness to (the truth)?
53"´What! When we are dead and have become dust and bones, shall we then, indeed, be brought to judgment?´"
54(A voice) Will say, "Will you look down?"
55Then he looked down and saw him in the midst of hell.
56He shall say (to the sceptic), "By Allah! You had almost caused me to perish;
57"And had it not been for the grace of my Lord, I would certainly have been among those brought there.
58"Is it then true that we shall not die,
59"Except our previous death? And that we shall not be chastised?"
60Most surely this is the supreme achievement.
61For the like of this then let the workers work.
62Is this better as an entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum (having bitter fruit)?
63Surely We have made it to be a trial to the unjust.
64Surely it is a tree that grows in the bottom of hell;
65Its produce is as it were the heads of the serpents (or devils).
66Then verily, they shall eat of it and fill (their) bellies with it.
67Then afterwards they shall drink a mixture prepared in boiling water.
68Then most surely their return shall be to hell.
69Certainly, they found their fathers going astray,
70So in their footsteps they hasten on.
71And certainly most of the ancients went astray before them,
72And certainly We sent among them Warners.
73Then see what was the end of those who were warned,
74Except the servants of Allah, the purified ones.
75And Noah did certainly call upon Us, and the most gracious of Hearer of prayer are We.
76And We delivered him and his followers from the mighty distress.
77And We made his offspring the survivors.
78And We perpetuated to him praise among the later generations,
79(This blessing) "Peace and salutation to Noah among the nations".
80Thus do We surely reward the doers of good.
81Surely he was of Our believing servants.
82Then did We drown the others
83And most surely Abraham followed his way.
84When he came to his Lord with a whole (sound, pure) heart,
85When he said to his father and his people, " What is it that you worship?"
86"Is it lies - gods besides Allah - that you desire?
87"What is then your idea about the Lord of the Worlds?"
88Then he looked at the stars, looking up once,
89Then he said, "Verily, I am sick (at heart of your worshipping these)."
90So they turned their backs and went away.
91Then he turned to their gods secretly and said, "What! Do you not eat?
92"What is the matter with you that you do not speak?"
93Then he attacked them, smiting them with his right hand.
94So they (people) advanced towards him, hastening.
95Said he, "Worship you what you yourselves carve out,
96"When Allah has created you and what you make?"
97They said, "Build for him a furnace, then cast him into the burning fire."
98And they designed a plot against him, but We brought them low.
99And he said, "Surely I flee to my lord; He will guide me.
100"My Lord! Grant me those who do good deeds."
101So We gave him the good news of a gentle son.
102And when his son was old enough to work with him, he said, "O my son! Surely I have seen in a dream that I should sacrifice you; consider then what do you think." He said. "O my father! Do what you are commanded; if Allah wills, you will find me of the patient (constant) ones.
103So when they had both Surrendered (unto Allah in Islam) and he threw him down upon his face,
104And We called out to him saying, "O Abraham!
105You have indeed fulfiled the vision; surely thus do We reward the doers of good:
106Most surely this is a manifest trial.
107And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice.
108And We perpetuated to him among the later generations,
109(This blessing) "Peace be on Abraham".
110Thus do We reward the doers of good.
111Surely he was one of Our believing servants.
112And We gave him the good news of Isaac, a prophet among the righteous.
113And We showered Our blessings on him and on Isaac; and of their offspring are some who do good, and also some who are clearly unjust to their own souls.
114And certainly We conferred a favour on Moses and Aaron.
115And We delivered them both and their people from the mighty distress.
116And We helped them, so they became the victors.
117And We gave them both the Book that clarifies.
118And We guided them both on the Straight Way.
119And We perpetuated to them among the later generations,
120(This blessing) "Peace be on Moses and Aaron".
121Even thus do We reward the doers of good.
122Surely they were both of Our believing servants.
123And Elias was most surely one of those sent.
124When he said to his people, "Do you not guard (against evil)?
125"What! Do you call upon Baal and forsake the best of Creators,
126"Allah, your Lord and the Lord of your fathers of past times (ancestors)?"
127But they called him a liar, therefore they shall most surely be brought forth (to the doom).
128But not the servants of Allah, the purified ones.
129And We perpetuated to him among the later generations,
130(This blessing) "Peace be on Elias".
131Even thus do We reward the doers of good.
132Surely he was one of Our believing servants.
133And Lot was most surely one of those sent.
134When We delivered him and his followers, everyone
135Except an old woman who was amongst those who lingered behind.
136Then We destroyed the others.
137And most surely you pass by their (ruins) in the morning,
138And at night; do you not then understand?
139And Jonah was most surely of those sent.
140When he ran away to a ship completely laden,
141Then he drew lots, but was of those rejected.
142And the fish swallowed him while he was blameworthy,
143But had it not been that he was of those who glorify (Us),
144He would certainly have tarried in its belly to the day when they are raised.
145Then We cast him on to the desert shore while he was sick.
146And We caused a gourd plant to grow above him.
147And We sent him to a hundred thousand folk or more.
148And they believed; therefore, We gave them provision for a time.
149Now ask them (O Muhammad) has your Lord daughters while they have sons?
150Or did We create the angels females while they were witnesses?
151Verily, it is of their own lies that they say,
152"Allah has begotten"; and most surely they are liars.
153Has He chosen daughters in preference to sons?
154What ails you, how is it that you judge?
155Will you not then reflect?
156Or have you a clear authority?
157Then bring your book (writ, record), if you are truthful.
158And they assert a relationship between Him and the Jinn; and certainly the Jinn do know that they shall surely be brought forth;
159Glory be to Allah from all that they attribute (unto Him);
160But not so the servants of Allah, the purified ones.
161So surely you and what you worship,
162Cannot lead into temptation anyone against Him,
163Save him who will go to hell.
164(The angels or those who are ranged in ranks say,) "And there is none of us but has an assigned place,
165"Verily, we, even we, are they who draw out in ranks,
166"Verily, we, even we, are they who declare the glory (of Allah)."
167And there are those who used to say,
168"Had we a reminder from those of yore,
169"We would certainly have been the single-minded servants of Allah.
170But (now that it is come) they disbelieve in it; but they will come to know.
171And certainly Our word has already gone forth before this unto Our servants sent
172That most surely they shall be helped
173And most surely Our host alone shall be the victorious ones.
174Therefore, turn away from them till a time,
175And watch, for they will soon come to see.
176What! Would they then hasten Our chastisement?
177But when it descends on them, evil will then be the morning for those who have been warned.
178And turn away from them for a time
179And watch, for they will soon come to see.
180Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Majesty, above all that which they attribute (unto Him).
181And peace be unto those who are sent.
182And all praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
Chapter 38 (Sura 38)
1Sad. (I swear) By the Quran, full of Zikr (remembrance in reverence and praising Allah, admonition, reciting, teaching, giving the message).
2Nay! But those who disbelieve are in self-exaltation (pride) and separatism (schism).
3How many generations did We destroy before them, then they cried when there was no longer time to escape.
4And they marvel that there has come to them a Warner from among themselves, and the disbelievers say: "This is an enchanter, a liar".
5What! Makes he a single God out of the many gods? A strange thing is this, to be sure!
6And the leaders among them go about exhorting, "Go and remain constant to your gods; for this is most surely a thing designed against you.
7"We never heard of this in the former faith; this is nothing but an invention.
8"Has the reminder been revealed to him alone from among us?" Nay! They are in doubt as to My reminder. Nay! They have not yet tasted My chastisement!
9Or is it that they have the treasures of the mercy of your Lord, the Mighty, the Bestower?
10Or is it that theirs is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them? Then let them ascend by ropes
11But there they shall be put to flight, even as a confederated host.
12The people of Noah before them denied the messengers and so did the people of A´ad, and Pharaoh, the Lord of Stakes (of stability).
13And the people of Thamud and the people of Lot and the Companions of the Woods; these were the factions.
14There was none of them but denied the messengers, therefore, just was My retribution.
15These wait aught but a single Shout, which brooks no delay.
16And they say, "Our Lord! Hasten on to us our portion before the Day of Reckoning."
17Bear patiently what they say, and remember Our servant David, the possessor of power; surely he was frequent in turning (to Allah).
18Surely We made the mountains sing the glory (of Allah) in unison with him at nightfall and sunrise,
19And the birds gathered together; all joined in singing with him.
20And We strengthened his kingdom and We gave him wisdom and a clear judgment.
21And has there come to you the story of the Disputants (litigants), when they made an entry into the private chamber by ascending over the walls?
22When they entered in upon David and he was frightened by them, they said, "Fear not; we are two litigants, of whom one has acted wrongfully towards the other, therefore decide between us with justice, and do not act unjustly, and guide us to the right (fair, even) way.
23"Lo! This is my brother; he has ninety-nine ewes and I have but one; but he said, ´Give to me´, and he has prevailed against me in discourse."
24He said, "Surely he has been unjust to you in demanding your ewe (to add) to his own ewes. Lo! Many partners act wrongfully towards one another, except those who believe and do good, and very few are they." And David was sure that We had tried him. So he sought the protection of his Lord and he fell down bowing and turned in repentance (to Him).
25Therefore, We rectified for him this lapse, and most surely he had nearness to Us and an excellent journey´s end (return).
26"O David! Surely We have made you a Vicegerent in the land; so judge between men with justice and follow not desire, lest it should lead you astray from the path of Allah. Lo! Those who go astray from the path of Allah, they shall surely have a severe punishment because they forgot the Day of Reckoning."
27And We create not the heaven and the earth and that which is between them in vain; that is the opinion of those who disbelieve; then woe to those who disbelieve because of the Fire.
28Shall We treat those who believe and do good like the mischief-makers in the earth? Or shall We make those who guard (against evil) like the wicked?
29(It is) a Book We have revealed to you abounding in good that they may ponder over its verses, and that those endowed with understanding may reflect.
30And We bestowed on David, Solomon, a most excellent servant! Surely he was frequent in turning (to Allah).
31Lo! There were brought to him. in the evening, horses still when standing, swift when running.
32And he said, "Surely I have preferred the good things (of the world) over (or because of) the remembrance of my Lord." - until they were taken out of sight behind a veil (or the sun was hidden behind the veil of night).
33(Then he said,) "Bring them back to me"; and he began to slash (or stroke) their legs and necks.
34And certainly We tried Solomon, and We put on his throne a mere (soulless) body; then did he repent.
35He said, "My Lord! Do you forgive me and grant me a kingdom which (may be) suits not anyone after me; for you are the Bestower of Bounties.
36Then We made the wind subservient to him; it made his command to run gently wherever he desired,
37And the devils (the unruly), every builder and diver,
38And others fettered in chains.
39(Saying,) "These are Our Bounties (gift), therefore give freely or withhold, without reckoning."
40And most surely he had a nearness to Us and an excellent journey´s end (return).
41And remember Our servant Job, when he called upon his Lord saying, "The devil has afflicted me with distress and torment."
42(It was said unto him) "Strike with your foot; here is a cool, refreshing washing-place and a drink."
43And We gave him back his people and doubled their number, as a mercy from Us, and as a reminder to those possessed of understanding.
44And (It was said,) "Take in your hand a green branch (or grass) and beat her (his rebellious wife gently) with it (rather than with cruelty), and break not your oath. Surely We found him patient; a most excellent servant! Surely he was frequent in turning (to Allah).
45And remember Our servants Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, men of power and vision.
46Surely, We purified them with a pure thought, the remembrance of the Home of the Hereafter.
47And most surely they were, in Our sight, of the company of the elect, the excellent.
48And remember Ishmael and Elisha and Zul-Kifl - all were of the Company of the Good (or Chosen).
49This is a reminder; and most surely there is an excellent destination for those who guard (against evil),
50The Gardens of Eternity, whose doors are opened for them.
51Wherein reclining, they call for many fruits and cool drink therein.
52And with them shall be those restrained (modest) eyes, companions equal in age.
53This is what you are promised for the Day of Reckoning.
54Verily, this in truth is Our provision which will never fail;
55This (shall be so for the righteous). And lo! There is an evil destination for the transgressors;
56Hell; they will burn in it, an evil resting-place.
57This (shall be so); then shall they taste it, boiling and intensely cold.
58And other (punishment) of similar kind in pairs (of the two extremes).
59Here is an army plunging in without consideration along with you; no welcome for them; surely they shall burn in the Fire.
60They shall say, "Nay! Thee too! No welcome for you: it is you who have brought this upon us; evil is this resting-place."
61They shall say, "Our Lord! Whoever prepared it first for us, add you to him a double chastisement in the Fire."
62And they shall say, "What ails us that we do not see men whom we used to count among the wicked?
63"Was it that we took them wrongly in scorn, or have our eyes missed them?
64Verily, this is the truth - the mutual wrangling of the inmates of the fire.
65Say, "I am only a Warner, and there is no God but Allah, the One, the Absolute (or Supreme and Irresistible):
66"The Lord of the heavens and the earth and that which is between them, the Mighty Enforcer, the most Forgiving.
67Say, "It is a message of great importance,
68"From which you are turning away:
69"1 had no knowledge of the Exalted Chiefs (in heaven) when they discussed (affairs):
70"Naught is revealed to me save this, that I am a plain Warner."
71Behold, your Lord said to the angels; Surely I am going to create a mortal from dust (or clay):
72So when I have fashioned him in due proportions and breathed into him of My spirit, then fall down making obeisance unto him.
73And the angels did obeisance, all of them,
74But not Iblis: he was too proud and became one of the disbelievers.
75He said, "O Iblis! What prevented you from doing obeisance to him whom I created with My two hands? Are you too proud or are you of the Exalted Ones?"
76He said, "I am better than he; Thou hast created me of Fire, and him Thou did create of dust (or clay)."
77He said, "Then get you hence, for lo! you are outcast:
78"And surely My curse is on you till the Day of Judgment."
79He said, "My Lord! then reprieve me till the day that they are raised."
80He said, "Surely you are of the reprieved ones,
81"Until the Day of the time appointed."
82He said, "Then by Thy Might I will surely beguile (tempt them to evil), every one,
83"Except Thy single-minded servants from among them, the purified ones."
84He said, "The Truth Is, and the Truth I speak:
85"That I will most certainly fill hell with you and with those among them who follow you, every one."
86Say (O Muhammad unto mankind), "I do not ask you for any reward for it; nor am I of the impostors:
87"Lo! It (the Quran) is nothing but a reminder for all peoples (nations);
88"And you will, in time, come to know the truth thereof."
Chapter 39 (Sura 39)
1The revelation of this Book is from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.
2Surely We have revealed to you the Book with the truth, therefore serve Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience (or making religion pure for Him only).
3Now, surely, sincere obedience (or pure religion) is due to Allah alone and those who take guardians besides Him, say, "We serve them only that they may bring us nearer to Allah". Surely Allah will judge between them in that in which they differ; surely Allah does not guide him aright who is a liar, ungrateful.
4If Allah desire to take a son to Himself, He will surely choose those He pleases from what He has created. Glory be to Him: He is Allah, the One, the Absolute.
5He has created the heavens and the earth with Truth; He makes the night cover the day and makes the day overtake the night, and He has made the sun and the moon subservient; each one runs on to an assigned term; now surely is He not the Mighty, the great Forgiver?
6He has created you from a single being, then made its mate of the same (kind), and He has made for you eight of the cattle in pairs. He creates you in the wombs of your mothers, a creation after a creation, in triple darkness; that is Allah your Lord, His is the kingdom; there is no God but He; whence are you then turned away?
7If you are ungrateful, then surely Allah is Independent (or self-sufficient) above all need of you; though He does not like ungratefulness in His servants; and if you are grateful, He is pleased with you; and no bearer of burden shall bear the burden of another; in the end to your Lord is your return, then will He inform you of the truth of what you did; surely He is Aware of what is in the breasts (or heart of men).
8And when distress afflicts a man he calls upon his Lord turning to Him frequently; then when He makes him possess a favour from Him, he forgets that for which he called upon Him before, and sets up rivals to Allah that he may cause (men) to stray off His path. Say: Enjoy yourself in your ungratefulness a little, surely you are of the inmates of the Fire.
9What! Is he who is obedient during hours of the night, prostrating himself and standing, takes heed of the Hereafter and hopes for the mercy of his Lord (like one who does not)! Say: Are those who know and those who do not know alike? But only the men of understanding are mindful.
10Say, "O my servants who believe! Be careful of (your duty to) your Lord; for those who do good in this world there is good, and Allah´s earth is spacious; only the patient will be paid a reward without measure."
11Say, "I am commanded that I should worship (serve) Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience (or making religion pure for Him only).
12And I am commanded that I shall be the foremost of those who Surrender (in Islam)."
13Say, "I would, if I disobey my Lord, indeed fear the chastisement of a grievous Day."
14Say, "Allah (it is Whom) I serve, being sincere to Him in my exclusive devotion:
15"Serve you what you like besides Him." Say, "The losers surely are those who shall have lost their own souls and their people on the Day of Resurrection; now surely that is the real (or manifest) loss."
16They shall have coverings (layers) of fire above them and coverings (layers) beneath them; with this, Allah appals His servants, so be careful of (your duty to) Me, O My servants!
17And as for those who put away false gods, lest they should worship them and turn to Allah, they shall have good news. Therefore give good news to My servants,
18Those who listen to the Word (or advice) then follow the best (meaning) of it; those are they whom Allah has guided, and those it is who are the men of understanding.
19What! Is he against whom the sentence of chastisement is justly due (equal to one who avoids evil): What! Can you save him who is in the Fire?
20But those who are careful of (their duty to) their Lord, they shall have high places, above them are built higher places, beneath which rivers flow - (this is) the promise of Allah: Allah will not fail in (His) promise.
21Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the cloud, then makes it go along in the earth in springs, then brings forth therewith herbage of various colours, then it withers so that you see it becoming yellow, then He makes it dry up and crumble? Most surely there is a reminder in this for the men of understanding.
22What! Is he whose heart Allah has opened to the Surrender (Islam) so that he is in a light from his Lord (like him who is hard-hearted)? Nay, woe to those whose heart are hard against the remembrance of Allah; those are in clear error.
23Allah has revealed the best of announcements (messages), a Scripture self-consistent in its various parts, repeating, whereat do shudder (or thrill) the skins of those who fear their Lord, so that their skins and their heart soften (or become pliant) to the remembrance of Allah. Such is Allah´s guidance, wherewith He guides whom He wills; and as for him whom Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide.
24Is then he who has to face the awful doom on the Day of Resurrection (as he who does right)? And it will be said to the unjust, "Taste what you earned."
25Those before them (also) denied (the prophets or the revelation, the message), therefore there came to them the chastisement from whence they perceived not.
26So Allah made them taste disgrace (or humiliation) in the life of this world, and certainly the punishment of the Hereafter is greater; did they but know!
27And certainly We have set forth to men in this Quran similitudes of every sort that they may reflect.
28A Lecture (Quran) in Arabic, without any crookedness, that they may guard (against evil).
29Allah sets forth a similitude: There is a slave who belongs to several partners, differing (or quarrelling) with one another, and there is another slave wholly owned by one man. Are the two alike in condition? (All) praise is due to Allah. Nay! most of them do not know.
30Surely you shall die and they too shall surely die.
31Then lo! On the Day of Resurrection your disputes will be settled before your Lord.
32Who is then more unjust than he who utters a lie against Allah and he who gives the lie to the truth when it comes to him; is there not in hell an abode for the disbelievers?
33And he who brings the truth and he who accepts it as the truth, these are they that guard (against evil).
34They shall have with their Lord what they please; that is the reward of the doers of good;
35So that Allah will do away with the worst of what they did and give them their reward for the best of what they do.
36Is not Allah sufficient for His servant? And they seek to frighten you with those besides Him; and whomsoever Allah sends astray, there is no guide for him.
37And whom Allah guides, there is none that can lead him astray; is not Allah Mighty, the Lord of Retribution?
38And should you ask them, "Who created the heavens and the earth?", they would most certainly say, "Allah". Say, "Have you then considered that what you call upon besides Allah, would they, if Allah desire to afflict me with harm, be the removers of His harm, or, if Allah desire to show me mercy, would they be the withholders of His mercy?" Say, "Allah is sufficient for me; on Him do the trusting put their trust."
39Say: O my people! Work in your manner (or work as and how you can), surely I too am working. But soon you will come to know
40Who it is to whom there shall come a punishment which will disgrace him and to whom will be due an enduring punishment.
41Verily, We have revealed to you the Book with the truth for the sake of mankind; so whoever follows the right way, it is for the good of his own soul and whoever errs, he errs only to its injury; and you are not a custodian over them.
42Allah takes the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep; then He withholds those on whom He has passed the decree of death and sends the others back till an appointed term; most surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.
43Or have they taken intercessors besides Allah? Say, "What! Even though they did not ever have control over anything, nor do they understand.
44Say, "To Allah belongs all intercession; His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, then to Him you shall be brought back."
45And when Allah, the One and Only, is mentioned, the heart of those who do not believe in the Hereafter shrink, and when those besides Him are mentioned, lo! They are joyful.
46Say, "O Allah! Originator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the unseen and the seen! Only Thou judgest between Thy servants as to that wherein they differ."
47And had those who are unjust all that is in the earth and the like of it with it, they would certainly offer it as ransom (to be saved) from the pain of the punishment on the Day of Resurrection; and what they never thought of shall become plain to them from Allah.
48And the evil (consequences) of what they wrought shall become plain to them, and the very thing they mocked at shall beset them.
49Now when harm afflicts a man he calls upon Us; then, when We give him a favour from Us, he says, "I have been given it only by means of knowledge." Nay, it is a trial, but most of them know not.
50Those before them did indeed say this, but what they earned availed them not.
51But there befell them the evil (consequences) of what they earned; and those who are unjust from among this generation, there shall also befall them the evil (consequences) of what they earn, and they shall not escape.
52Do they not know that Allah enlarges the means of subsistence to whom He wills, and He restricts; most surely there are signs in this for a people who believe.
53Say, "O my servants! Who have acted extravagantly (transgressed) against their own souls, do not despair of the mercy of Allah; surely Allah forgives all faults; surely He is the Forgiving the Merciful.
54And return to your Lord time after time and submit to Him before there come unto you the punishment when you cannot be helped.
55And follow the best of that which has been revealed to you from your Lord before the punishment comes suddenly while you do not even perceive;
56Lest a soul should say, "O woe to me! For what I fell short of my duty to Allah, and I was indeed among the scoffers!"
57Or should say, "Had Allah guided me, I would certainly have been of those who are dutiful!"
58Or should say when it sees the punishment, "O, if I only had another chance that I might be among the righteous!"
59(But the answer will be,) "Nay! For My revelations came to you, but you rejected them, and were haughty and you were among the unbelievers."
60And on the Day of Resurrection you shall see those who lied against Allah; their faces shall be blackened. Is there not in hell an abode for the haughty?
61And Allah shall deliver those who guard (against evil) with their achievement; evil shall not touch them, nor shall they grieve.
62Allah is the Creator of all things and He is the Guardian and Disposer of all things.
63His are the keys of the heavens and the earth; and those who disbelieve in the revelations of Allah, these it is that are the losers.
64Say, "What! Do you then bid me serve others than Allah, O you ignorant (or stupid) ones?"
65And certainly, it has been revealed to you and to those before you, "Surely if you ascribe partners (with Allah), your work would certainly come to naught and you would certainly be of the losers."
66Nay! But serve Allah alone and be of the thankful.
67And they have not honoured Allah with the honour that is due to Him; and the whole earth shall be in His grip on the Day of Resurrection and the heavens rolled up in His right hand; Glorified is He, and High Exalted above all that they ascribe as partners (unto Him).
68And the trumpet shall be blown, and all those that are in the heavens and all those that are in the earth shall swoon away (or become unconscious), except such as Allah wills; then it shall be blown again, then lo! They shall stand up waiting.
69And the earth shall beam with the light of its Lord, and the Book (Record) shall be laid open, and the prophets and the witnesses shall be brought up, and judgment shall be given between them with justice, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
70And every soul shall be paid back full for what it has done, and He knows best what they do.
71And those who disbelieve shall be driven to hell in companies; until, when they come to it, its doors shall be opened, and the keepers of it shall say to them, "Did not there come to you messengers of your own, reciting to you the revelations (or communications) of your Lord and warning you of the meeting of this your Day?" They shall say, "Yea, verily. But the sentence of punishment is fulfiled against the unbelievers."
72It shall be said, "Enter the gates of hell to abide therein; so evil is the abode of the haughty."
73And those who are careful of (their duty to) their Lord shall be conveyed to the Garden in companies; until when they come to it, and its doors are opened, the keepers of it shall say to them, "Peace be on you, you have done well; therefore enter in to abide therein."
74And they shall say, "All praise is due to Allah, Who has made good to us His promise, and He has given us this land as a heritage; we may dwell in the Garden where we please; so goodly is the reward of the workers.
75And you shall see the angels going round about the throne glorifying the praise of their Lord; and judgment shall be given between them with justice, and it shall be said, "All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds."
Chapter 40 (Sura 40)
1Ha Mim. (Two Arabic letters)
2The revelation of this Book is from Allah, the Mighty, the Knower,
3The Forgiver of the faults and the Acceptor of repentance, Severe in punishment, Who has a Long Reach; there is no God but He; to Him is the journeying (the Final Goal).
4None dispute concerning the revelations (or Signs) of Allah but those who disbelieve, therefore, let not their strutting in the cities deceive you.
5The people of Noah and the parties after them rejected (Prophets) before them, and every nation purposed against their Messengers to destroy him, and they disputed by means of falsehoods that they might thereby render null the truth, therefore I destroyed them; how terrible was then My retribution!
6And thus did the word of your Lord prove true against those who disbelieved that they are the inmates of the Fire.
7Those who bear the Throne and those around Him celebrate the praise of their Lord and believe in Him and ask protection for those who believe, saying, "Our Lord! Thou embracest all things (have a Long Reach) in mercy and knowledge, therefore grant protection to those who turn to Thee and follow Thy way, and save them from the punishment of Hell:
8"Our Lord! And make them enter the Gardens of Eternity which Thou hast promised to them and the righteous among their fathers and their wives and their offspring. Surely Thou art the Mighty, the Wise.
9"And keep them from evil deeds, and whom Thou keepest from evil deeds this day, Thou hast indeed taken into Thine mercy, and that is the supreme triumph.
10Surely those who disbelieve shall be addressed, "Verily, Allah´s abhorrence is more terrible than your abhorrence one to another, when you were called unto the faith and you refused."
11They shall say, "Our Lord! Twice didst Thou makest us die, and twice hast Thou givestn us life, so we do confess our faults; is there then a way to get out?"
12(The reply is,) "This is because when Allah alone was called upon, you disbelieved, and when associates were given to Him, you believed; but the Command belongs only to Allah, the Sublime, the Majestic.
13He it is Who shows you His signs and sends down for you sustenance from heaven. None pays heed but he who turns (to Him).
14Therefore call upon Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience (or making Religion pure for Him), however much the unbelievers are averse:
15The Exalter of Ranks (or Exalted above all Ranks and degrees), Lord of the Throne (of Power and Authority): He casts (or sends) the Spirit by His command upon whom He wills of His servants, that he may warn (men) of the Day of Meeting.
16The Day when they shall come forth, nothing concerning them being hidden from Allah, to whom belongs the kingdom this day? To Allah, the One, the Almighty (or the Irresistible).
17This day every soul shall be rewarded for what it has earned; no injustice (shall be done) this day; Lo! Allah is swift in reckoning.
18And warn them of the day that draws near, when heart shall rise up to the throats to choke them; the wrongdoers shall have no compassionate friend nor any intercessor who will be heard.
19He knows the stealthy looks and that which the breasts conceal.
20Allah judges with truth; but those whom they call upon besides Him cannot judge aught; surely Allah is the Hearer, the Seer.
21Have they not travelled in the earth and seen the nature of the consequences for those who disbelieved before them? Mightier than these were they in strength, and in the traces they made in the earth. Yet Allah destroyed them for their sins; and they had no defender against Allah.
22That was because there came to them their messengers with clear arguments, but they rejected (them), therefore Allah destroyed them; surely He is Strong, Severe in retribution.
23And verily We sent Moses with Our revelations (message, communications) and a clear authority,
24To Pharaoh and Haman and Korah, but they said, "A lying sorcerer."
25So when he brought to them the truth from Us, they said, "Slay the sons of those who believe with him and keep their women alive." But the plots of unbelievers come to nothing but errors (and delusions).
26And Pharaoh said, "Leave me to slay Moses and let him call upon his Lord; surely I fear that he will change your religion or that he will make mischief to appear in the land."
27And Moses said, "Surely I take refuge with my Lord and your Lord from every arrogant scorner who does not believe in the Day of Reckoning.
28And a believing man of Pharaoh´s people who hid his faith said, "What! Will you slay a man because he says, ´My Lord is Allah, and indeed he has brought to you clear arguments from your Lord? And if he be a liar, on him will be (the consequences of) his lie, and if he be truthful, there will befall you some of that of which he warns you; surely Allah does not guide him who is a transgressing liar:
29"´O my people! Yours is the kingdom this day, being masters in the land, but who will help us against the wrath of Allah if it come to us? ´ Pharaoh said, "I do not show you aught but that which I see myself, and I do not make you follow any but the right way.
30And he who believed said, “O my people! Surely I fear for you the like of what befell the parties of old.
31"A plight the like of what befell the people of Noah and A´ad and Thamud and those after them, and Allah wills no injustice for His servants;
32"And, O my people! I fear for you the Day of Summoning,
33"The day on which you will turn back retreating; there shall be no saviour (or defender) for you from Allah, and whomsoever Allah causes to err, there is no guide for him:
34And verily Joseph came to you before with clear arguments, yet you ceased not to be in doubt as to what he brought; until when he died, you said, ´Allah will never raise a messenger after him.´ Thus does Allah cause him to err who is extravagant, a doubter,
35Those who dispute concerning the revelation (signs or communications) of Allah without any authority that He has given them; greatly hated is it by Allah and by those who believe. Thus does Allah set a seal over the heart of every proud, haughty one.
36And Pharaoh said, "O Haman! Build for me a tower that I may attain the ways and means,
37The ways and means of access to the heavens that I might look upon the God of Moses, and I surely think him to be a liar. And thus the evil of his deed was made fair-seeming unto Pharaoh, and he was debarred from the Way. The plot of Pharaoh was not to end in aught but destruction.
38And he who believed said, "O my people! Follow me; I will guide you to the Right Way;
39"O my people! This life of the world is only a passing enjoyment, and surely the Hereafter is the enduring home;
40"Whoever does an evil, he shall be recompensed with the like of it, and whoever does good, whether male or female, and is a believer, these shall enter the Garden, in which they shall be given sustenance without measure.
41"And, O my people! How (strange) is it that I call you to salvation and you call me to the fire?
42"You call on me that I should disbelieve in (or blaspheme against) Allah and associate with Him that of which I have no knowledge, and I call you to the Mighty, the most Forgiving;
43"Assuredly that to which you call me to has no claim to be called to in this world, nor in the Hereafter, and that our return is to Allah, and the extravagant (or transgressors, those who go beyond the limits) will be inmates of the Fire;
44"And you will remember what I say unto you, and I entrust my cause to Allah. Verily, Allah is Seer of his servants."
45So Allah protected him from the evil of what they planned, and the most evil punishment overtook Pharaoh´s people:
46The Fire, they shall be brought before it morning and evening and on the Day when the Hour (of Judgment) shall come to pass, (it will be said,) "Make Pharaoh´s people enter the severest penalty.
47And when they shall contend one with another in the Fire, then the weak shall say to those who were proud, "Surely we were your followers; will you then avert from us a portion of the fire?"
48Those who were proud shall say, "Surely we are all in it: surely Allah has judged between His servants."
49And those who are in the fire shall say to the keepers of Hell, "Call upon your Lord that He may lighten to us one day of this punishment."
50They shall say, "Did not your messengers come to you with clear arguments?” They shall say, "Yea." They shall say, "Then pray." But the prayer of those without faith is only futile (wandering in) error.
51Most surely We help Our messengers, and those who believe, in the life of this world and on the Day when the witnesses arise,
52The day on which their excuse shall not benefit the unjust, and for them is a curse and for them is the abode of misery.
53And certainly We gave Moses the guidance, and We caused the children of Israel to inherit the Book,
54A guidance and a reminder to the men of understanding.
55Therefore, be patient; surely the promise of Allah is true; and ask protection for your fault and sing the praise of your Lord in the evening and the morning.
56Surely those who dispute about the revelations (signs, communications) of Allah without any authority that has come to them, there is naught in their breasts but (a desire) to become great which they shall never attain. Therefore, seek refuge in Allah, surely He, only He is the Hearer, the Seer.
57Certainly the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of the men, but most of mankind know not.
58And the blind and the seeing are not alike, nor those who believe and do good and the evildoer; little is it that you reflect.
59Most surely the hour is coming, there is no doubt therein, but most people believe not.
60And your Lord has said, "Call upon Me, I will answer you; surely those who are too proud for My service shall soon enter Hell abased."
61Allah is He Who made for you the night that you may rest therein and the day to see; most surely Allah is Gracious to men, but most men do not give thanks.
62That is Allah, your Lord, the Creator of everything; there is no God but He; How then are you perverted (turned or deluded)?
63Thus were turned away those who denied the Signs (revelations, communications) of Allah.
64Allah is He Who made the earth a resting-place for you and the heaven a canopy, and He formed you, then made goodly your forms, and He provided you with goodly things; that is Allah, your Lord; blessed then is Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
65He is the Living One. There is no God but He, therefore call on (pray to) Him, being sincere to Him in obedience (or making Religion pure for Him or Surrendering to Him in Islam); All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
66Say, "I am forbidden to serve those whom you call upon besides Allah when clear arguments have come to me from my Lord, and I am commanded that I should Surrender (in Islam) to the Lord of the Worlds.
67He it is Who created you from dust, then from a small germ-cell, then from a clot, then He brings you forth as a child, then that you may attain your maturity, then that you may be old - though some of you are caused to die before - and that you may reach an appointed term, and that you may understand.
68He it is Who gives life and brings death, so when He decrees an affair, He only says to it, "Be", and it is.
69Have you not seen those who dispute with respect to the Signs (or revelations) of Allah: how are they turned away?
70Those who reject the Book and that with which We have sent Our Messenger; but they shall soon come to know,
71When the fetters and the chains shall be on their necks; they shall be dragged
72Into boiling water, then in the Fire shall they be burned;
73Then shall it be said to them, "Where is that which you used to set up (for worship)
74Besides Allah?" They shall say, "They have failed us. Nay, we used not to pray to anything before." Thus does Allah confound the unbelievers.
75(It is said,) "That is because you exulted in the earth unjustly and because you behaved insolently."
76Enter the gates of hell to abide therein, evil then is the abode of the scornful (arrogant).
77So be patient (O Muhammad), verily the promise of Allah is true. Whether We let you see part of what We promise them, or whether We cause you to die, to Us shall they be returned.
78And certainly We sent messengers before you: there are some of them that We have mentioned to you and there are others whom We have not mentioned to you; and it was not meet for a messenger that he should bring a sign except with Allah´s permission, but when the command of Allah came, judgment was given with truth, and those who treated (it) as a lie (or followed vanities) were lost.
79Allah is He Who made the cattle for you that you may ride on some of them, and some of them you eat.
80And there are many benefits for you in them, and that you may attain through them a want which is in your breasts, and are borne upon them as upon the ships.
81And He shows you His signs: which then of Allah´s signs will you deny?
82Have they not then journeyed in the land and seen how was the end of those before them? They were more numerous than these and greater in strength and in the traces they made in the earth, but what they earned availed them not.
83Then when their messengers came to them with clear arguments, they exulted in what they had with them of knowledge, and there beset them that which they used to mock.
84But when they saw Our punishment, they said, "We believe in Allah alone and we deny what we used to associate with Him."
85But their belief could not avail them when they had seen Our punishment; this is Allah´s law, which has indeed held true for His servants, and then the disbelievers perished (or were ruined).
Chapter 41 (Sura 41)
1Ha Mim!
2A revelation from the Beneficent, the Merciful.
3A Book (Scripture) whereof the verses are expounded, an Arabic Quran (Lecture) for a people who understand;
4Giving good news and a warning, but most of them turn aside so they hear not.
5And they say, "Our heart are under veils from that to which you call us, and there is a deafness in our ears, and a screen hangs between us and you. So do you (as you will), we too are doing (what we will)."
6Say (O Muhammad), "I am only a mortal like you; it is revealed to me that your God is one Allah, therefore follow the right way to Him and ask His forgiveness". And woe unto the idolaters (those who join gods with Allah);
7Those who give not regular charity and who deny the Hereafter.
8Those who believe and do good, they shall surely have a reward unfailing.
9Say, "What! Do you indeed disbelieve in Him Who created the earth in two Days (periods), and do you set up rivals with Him? He (none else) is the Lord of the Worlds.
10And He made in it firm mountains rising above its surface, and He blessed the earth and measured therein the sustenance for all things in four Days (periods), alike (or in accordance with their needs) for all seekers.
11He directed Himself to the heaven when it was smoke (or gas), so He said unto it and unto the earth, "Come you together (or both), willingly or unwillingly." They both said, " We come in willing obedience."
12So He ordained them seven heavens in two periods, and revealed in every heaven its affairs (duties and functions); and We adorned the lower heaven with brilliant stars and made it inviolable (guarded); that is the decree of the Mighty, the Knower.
13But if they turn aside, then say: "I have warned you of a scourge like the scourge of A´ad and Thamud."
14When their messengers came to them from before them and from behind them, saying, "Serve nothing but Allah", they said, "If our Lord had pleased He would certainly have sent down angels, so we are surely unbelievers in that with which you are sent."
15Then as to A´ad, they were unjustly arrogant in the land, and they said, "Who is mightier in strength than we?" Did they not see that Allah Who created them was mightier than they in strength? But they denied Our Signs!
16So We sent on them a furious wind in disastrous days, that We may make them taste the torment of abasement in the life of the world. But verily, the chastisement of the Hereafter is much more shameful, and they shall not be helped.
17And as to Thamud, We showed them the right way, but they chose blindness (of heart) above guidance, so there overtook them the stunning (like a bolt of lightening) punishment of humiliation for what they earned.
18And We delivered those who believed and did their duty to Allah.
19And on the day that the enemies of Allah shall be gathered into the fire, they will be marched in ranks,
20Until when they come to it, their ears and their eyes and their skins shall bear witness against them as to what they did.
21And they shall say to their skins, "Why have you borne witness against us?" They shall say, "Allah Who gives speech to all things has given us speech, and He Who created you at first, unto Him you are returning.
22"And you did not hide yourselves lest your ears and your eyes and your skins should bear witness against you, but you thought that Allah did not know most of what you did.
23"And that it was your own thought which you entertained about your Lord that have brought you to ruin (or destruction, perdition), so you find yourselves this day among the lost.
24Then though they are resigned, still the fire is their abode, and if they ask for favour, yet are they not of those unto whom favour can be shown.
25And We have appointed for them comrades (in the world) who made fair-seeming to them what is before them and what is behind them (in their future and their past). And the sentence concerning the nations of jinn and men that have passed away before them is proved true against them; for verily they are the losers.
26And those who disbelieve say, "Do not listen to this Quran and do make a noise in the midst of its reading that you may overcome it."
27Therefore, We will certainly make those who disbelieve taste a severe punishment, and We will certainly requite them for the evil deeds they used to do.
28That is the reward of the enemies of Allah - the Fire. Therein is their eternal home; the payment for denying Our signs.
29And those who disbelieve will say, "Our Lord! Show us those who led us astray from among the jinn and men that we may trample them under our feet so that they may be of the lowest."
30As for those who say, "Our Lord is Allah", then continue steadfast in righteousness, the angels descend upon them, saying, "Fear not, nor be grieved, and receive good news of the Garden which you were promised.
31"We are your guardians in the life of this world and in the Hereafter, and you shall have therein what your souls desire and you shall have therein all you ask for:
32"A provision from the Forgiving, the Merciful."
33And who speaks better than he who calls to Allah while he himself does good, and says, "I am of those who Surrender (in Islam)"?
34And not alike are the good and the evil. Repel evil with what is best, when lo! He between whom and you was enmity would be as if he were an intimate friend.
35And none are granted this power but those who possess patience and self-restraint, and none are granted it but the owners of great happiness.
36And if a whisper (incitement or interference) of the Satan should cause you mischief, then seek refuge in Allah; surely He is the Hearer, the Knower.
37And among His signs are the night and the day and the sun and the moon. Make not obeisance to the sun nor to the moon; but make obeisance to Allah Who created them, if Him it is that you serve.
38But if they are too proud, yet those who are with your Lord glorify Him night and the day, and tire not.
39And among His signs is this, that you see the earth barren and desolate, but when We send down on it the rain, it stirs to life and swells into growth: verily He Who gives it life is the Quickener of the dead; surely He has power over all things.
40Surely they who distort Our revelations are not hidden from Us. What! Is he, then, who is cast into the Fire better, or he who comes secure on the Day of Resurrection? Do what you like, surely He is Seer of what you do.
41Surely those who disbelieve in the Reminder when it comes to them (are losers, for most surely it is a Book of exalted power.
42Falsehood shall not come to it from before it nor from behind it, a revelation from the Wise, the Owner of Praise.
43Naught is said unto you (O Muhammad) but what was said unto the messengers before you; surely your Lord is the Lord of Forgiveness and the Lord of dire Retribution.
44And if We had made it a Lecture (Quran) in a foreign tongue, they would certainly have said, "Why have not its verses been explained clearly? What! A foreign (tongue) and an Arab (messenger)!" Say, "It is to those who believe, a guidance and a healing; and as for those who disbelieve, there is a deafness in their ears and it is blindness (obscurity) to them; these shall be called to from afar.
45And certainly We gave the Book to Moses, but dispute arose therein. Had not a word already gone forth from your Lord, judgment would certainly have been given ere now between them (the disputers); and lo! They are in hopeless doubt about it.
46Whoever does good, it is for the good his own soul, and whoever does wrong, it is against it; and your Lord is not in the least unjust (or tyrannical) to His servants.
47To Him is referred the knowledge of the Hour (of Judgment), and no fruits comes forth from their coverings, nor does a female bear or give birth, but with His knowledge. And on the Day when He shall call unto them, "Where are (those whom you called) My associates?" They shall say, "We declare to Thee, none of us is a witness."
48And away from them shall go what they called upon before, and they shall know for certain that there is no escape for them.
49Man is never tired of praying for good, and if evil touch him, then he is despairing, hopeless.
50And verily, if We make him taste mercy from Us after distress that has touched him, he would say, "This is of me, and I do not think the Hour will come to pass, and if I am sent back to my Lord, I shall have with Him sure good." But We will most certainly inform the disbelievers of all that which they did, and We will most certainly make them taste of hard chastisement.
51And when We show favour to man, he turns aside and withdraws himself; and when evil touches him, he makes lengthy supplications.
52Say, "Bethink you: if it is from Allah and you reject it, who is in greater error than he who is in open feud (or schism or opposition)?
53We will soon show them Our signs on the horizons (in the Universe) and within themselves (or their own souls), until it become manifest unto them that it is the truth. Is not your Lord sufficient , since He is Witness over all things?
54What! Are they still in doubt about the meeting with their Lord? What! Does He not encompass (surround and penetrate) all things?
Chapter 42 (Sura 42)
1Ha Mim. (Two mystical letters in Arabic)
2Ain Sin Qaf. (Three more mystical letters)
3Thus does Allah, the Mighty, the Wise, reveal to you, as to those before you.
4To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth, and He is the Most High, the Most Great (or the Sublime, the Tremendous).
5The heavens may almost be rent asunder from above them (by His Glory) while the angels sing the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on earth; verily Allah is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
6And as for those who take guardians besides Him, Allah watches over them, and you are not in charge over them.
7And thus have We revealed to you an Arabic Lecture (Quran), that you may warn the Mother City (Mecca) and those around it, and that you may give warning of the Day of Gathering wherein is no doubt; when some will be in the Garden and some in the burning Fire.
8And if Allah had willed He would surely have made them a single community, but He makes whom He wills enter into His mercy, and the unjust it is that shall have no guardian or helper.
9Or have they taken guardians besides Him? But Allah, He is the Guardian, and He gives life to the dead, and He has power over all things.
10And in whatever thing you disagree, the judgment thereof is in the hands of Allah; such is Allah, my Lord, on Him do I trust and to Him do I turn.
11The Originator of the heavens and the earth, He made pairs for you from among yourselves, and pairs of the cattle too, multiplying you thereby. There is no thing like unto Him; and He is the Hearer, the Seer.
12His are the treasures of the heavens and the earth; He expands or restricts the means of subsistence for whom He wills; verily, He is Aware of all things.
13He has ordained for you the religion which He enjoined upon Noah and that which We have revealed to you (Muhammad) and that which We enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus, saying, "Establish religion (obedience) and be not divided therein. Dreadful for the disbelievers is that to which you calls them; Allah chooses for Himself whom He will, and guides to Himself him who turns to Him.
14And they did not become divided until after knowledge had come to them out of rivalry among themselves; and had not a Word already gone forth from your Lord for an appointed term, certainly judgment would have been given between them; and those who