Quran translation in english language translated by faridul haque

Chapter 1 (Sura 1)
1All praise is to Allah, the Lord Of The Creation.
2The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
3Owner of the Day of Recompense
4You alone we worship and from You alone we seek help (and may we always).
5Guide us on the Straight Path.
6The path of those whom You have favoured -
7Not the path of those who earned Your anger - nor of those who are astray.
Chapter 2 (Sura 2)
1Alif-Laam-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic language; Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2This is the exalted Book (the Qur’an), in which there is no place for doubt; a guidance for the pious.
3Those who believe without seeing (the hidden), and keep the (obligatory) prayer established, and spend in Our cause from what We have bestowed upon them.
4And who believe in this (Qur’an) which has been sent down upon you, O beloved Prophet, (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) and what was sent down before you; and are certain of the Hereafter.
5It is they who are on guidance from their Lord; and they are the successful.
6As for those whose fate is disbelief, whether you warn them or do not warn them - it is all one for them; they will not believe. (Because their hearts are sealed - see next verse).
7Allah has sealed their hearts and their ears, and on their eyes is a covering; and for them is a terrible punishment.
8And among the people are some * that say, "We believe in Allah and the Last Day **" whereas they are not believers! (* The hypocrites ** the Day of Resurrection)
9They wish to deceive Allah and the believers; and in fact they deceive none except themselves and they do not have any understanding.
10In their hearts is a disease, so Allah has increased their disease; and for them is a painful punishment, because of their lies.
11And when it is said to them, “Do not cause turmoil in the earth”, they say, “We are only peacemakers!”
12Pay heed! It is they who are mischievous, but they do not have sense.
13And when it is said to them, "Believe as the others believe", they say, "Shall we believe as the foolish believe?" It is they who are the fools, but they do not know.
14And when they meet with the believers, they say, "We believe"; and when they are alone with their devils, they say, "We are undoubtedly with you, we were just mocking!"
15Allah (befitting His Majesty) mocks them, leaving them to wander blindly in their rebellion.
16These are the people who purchased error in exchange of guidance - so their bargain did not profit them, and they did not know how to trade.
17Their example is like that of one who kindled a fire; and when it lit up all that was around it, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness, unable to see anything.
18Deaf, dumb and blind; and they are not to return.
19Or like a rainstorm from the sky, in which are darkness, thunder and lightning; they thrust their fingers in their ears due to the thunderclaps, fearing death; and Allah has the disbelievers encompassed.
20It seems the lightning may snatch away their sight from them; whenever it flashes they walk in it, and when it darkens they stand still; if Allah willed, He could take away their hearing and their sight; indeed Allah is Able to do all things.
21O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who has created you and those before you, in the hope of attaining piety.
22The One Who has appointed the earth a base for you, and the sky a canopy - and caused water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you; and do not knowingly set up rivals to Allah!
23And if you are in any doubt concerning what We have sent down upon Our distinguished bondman (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), bring forth a single surah (chapter) equal to it; and call upon all your supporters, other than Allah, if you are truthful.
24And if you are unable to bring forth (one chapter) - and We declare that you can never bring one - then fear the fire (of hell), the fuel of which is men and stones; kept ready for the disbelievers.
25And give glad tidings to those who believe and do good deeds; that for them are Gardens beneath which rivers flow; when they are provided with a fruit of the Gardens, they will say, "This is the same food as what was given to us before" whereas it is in resemblance; and in the Gardens are pure spouses for them; and they shall abide in it forever.
26Indeed Allah does not, for the sake of explanation, shy to illustrate an example of anything, whether it is of a gnat or something further (inferior) than it; so the believers know it is the Truth from their Lord; as for the disbelievers, they say, "What does Allah intend by such an example?" He misleads many thereby, and He guides many thereby; and with it He misleads only those who are rebellious.
27Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it - and sever what Allah has ordered to join, and who cause turmoil (evil / religious chaos) in the earth; it is they who are the losers.
28What has made you disbelieve in Allah? Whereas you were dead and He gave you life; then He will give you death, then bring you to life again, and then it is to Him you will return!
29It is He Who created for you all that is in the earth; then He inclined towards the heaven, therefore fashioning it as proper seven heavens; and He knows everything.
30And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels, "I am about to place My Caliph in the earth"; they said, "Will You place (as a caliph) one who will spread turmoil in it and shed blood? Whereas we glorify You with praise and proclaim Your Sanctity"; He said, "I know what you do not."
31And Allah the Supreme taught Adam all the names (of things), then presented them to the angels, saying, "Tell Me the names of these, if you are truthful."
32They said, "Purity is to You! We do not have any knowledge except what You have taught us! Indeed You only are the All Knowing, the Wise."
33He said "O Adam! Inform them the names"; and when Adam had informed them their names, He said, "Did I not tell you that I know all the secrets of the heavens and the earth? And I know all what you disclose and all what you hide?"
34And (remember) when We ordered the angels to prostrate before Adam, so they all prostrated, except Iblis (Satan - devil); he refused and was proud - and became a disbeliever.
35And We said, "O Adam! You and your wife dwell in this Garden, and eat freely from it wherever you please - but do not approach this tree for you will become of those who transgress."
36So the devil destabilised them in it and removed them from where they were - and We said, "Go down, one of you is an enemy to the other; and for a fixed time you shall stay on earth and feed in it."
37Then Adam learnt from his Lord certain words (of revelation), therefore Allah accepted his repentance; indeed He only is the Most Acceptor of Repentance, the Most Merciful.
38We said, “Go down from Paradise , all of you; then if some guidance comes to you from Me - so whoever follows My guidance, for such is neither fear nor any grief.”
39And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs, are the people of fire (hell); they will remain in it forever.
40O Descendants of Israel (Jacob)! Remember My favour which I bestowed upon you, and fulfil your covenant towards Me, I shall fulfil My covenant towards you; and fear Me alone.
41And accept faith in what I have sent down (the Qur’an), which confirms what is with you (the Torah / Bible), and do not be the first to disbelieve in it - and do not exchange My verses for an abject price - and fear Me alone.
42And do not mix the truth with falsehood, nor purposely conceal the truth.
43And keep the (obligatory) prayer established, and pay the charity, and bow your heads with those who bow (in prayer).
44What! You enjoin righteousness upon people while you forget (to practise it) yourselves, whereas you read the Book? Do you not have sense?
45And seek help in patience and prayer; and truly it is hard except for those who prostrate before Me with sincerity.
46Who know that they have to meet their Lord, and that it is to Him they are to return.
47O Descendants of Israel! Remember the favour of Mine, which I bestowed upon you and gave you superiority over others of your time. (by sending the Noble Messengers to your nation)
48And fear the Day (of Resurrection) when no soul will be exchanged for another, nor will any intercession be accepted for the disbelievers, nor will they be set free in lieu of compensation nor will they be helped.
49(And remember) When We rescued you from Firaun’s people, for they were inflicting you with a dreadful torment, slaying your sons and sparing your daughters; that was a tremendous trial from your Lord (or a great reward).
50And when We split the sea for you thereby rescuing you, and drowned the Firaun´s people in front of your eyes.
51And when We made a commitment with Moosa (Moses) for forty nights - then behind him you started worshipping the calf, and you were unjust.
52Then after that We pardoned you so that you may be grateful.
53And when We gave Moosa the Book (Taurat / Torah) and the criterion to judge right from wrong, so that you may attain guidance.
54And when Moosa said to his people, "O my people! You have wronged yourselves by taking the calf,* therefore turn in repentance to your Creator, therefore kill each other; this is better for you before your Creator"; He therefore accepted your repentance; indeed He only is the Most Acceptor of Repentance, the Most Merciful. (* as your deity for worship)
55And when you said "O Moosa! We will not believe you till we clearly see Allah"; so the thunder seized you while you were watching.
56Then We brought you back to life after your death, so that you may be grateful.
57And We made the clouds a canopy for you and sent down Manna and Salwa (birds) on you; "Eat of the pure things We have provided you"; they did not wrong Us in the least, but indeed they wronged themselves.
58And when We said, “Enter this town and eat freely from what is in it, and enter the gate whilst prostrating, and say, ‘May our sins be forgiven’ - We will forgive you your sins; and We will soon increase the reward for the righteous.”
59But the unjust changed the word that had been ordered for another one, so We sent down a punishment on them from the skies, the recompense of their disobedience.
60And when Moosa asked for water for his people, We said, "Strike this rock with your staff"; thereupon twelve springs gushed forth from it; each group recognised its drinking-place; "Eat and drink from what Allah has provided, and do not roam about the earth making turmoil in it."
61And when you said, "O Moosa! We shall never put up with only one kind of food, so call upon your Lord to produce for us what the earth grows - some herbs, cucumbers, corn, lentils and onions"; he said, "What! You wish to exchange the better for something inferior? Therefore settle down in Egypt or any city, where you will get what you demand"; and disgrace and misery were destined for them; and they returned towards Allah’s wrath; that was because they disbelieved in Allah’s signs and wrongfully martyred the Prophets; that was for their disobedience and transgression.
62Indeed the believers (the Muslims) and those among the Jews, the Christians, and the Sabeans who sincerely accept faith in Allah and the Last Day * and do good deeds - their reward is with their Lord; and there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve. (* i.e. convert to Islam)
63And when We made a covenant with you and raised the Mount above you; "Accept and hold fast to what We give you, and remember what is in it, so that you may attain piety."
64Then after that, you turned away; and were it not for the munificence of Allah and His mercy, you would be among the losers.
65And you certainly know of those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of Sabth (Sabbath - Saturday) - We therefore said to them, "Become apes, despised!"
66So We made this incident (of that town) a warning to the surrounding towns (others of their time) and to succeeding generations, and a lesson for the pious.
67And (remember) when Moosa said to his people, "Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow"; they said, "Are you making fun of us?" He answered, "Allah forbid that I should be of the ignorant!"
68They said, "Pray to your Lord that He may describe the cow"; said Moosa, "He says that it is a cow neither old nor very young but between the two conditions; so do what you are commanded."
69They said, "Pray to your Lord that He may reveal its colour to us"; answered Moosa, "Indeed He says it is a yellow cow, of bright colour, pleasing to the beholders."
70They said, "Pray to your Lord that He may clearly describe the cow to us, we are really in a doubt as to which cow it is; and if Allah wills, we will attain guidance."
71Said Moosa, "He says, ‘She is a cow not made to work, neither ploughing the soil nor watering the fields; flawless and spotless’; they said, "You have now conveyed the proper fact"; so they sacrificed it, but seemed not to be sacrificing it (with sincerity).
72And (remember) when you slew a man and were therefore accusing each other concerning it; and Allah wanted to expose what you were hiding.
73We therefore said, "Strike the dead man with a part of the sacrificed cow"; this is how Allah will bring the dead to life, and shows you His signs so that you may understand!
74Then after it, your hearts hardened - so they are like rocks, or even harder; for there are some rocks that rivers gush forth from them; and some that water flows from them when they split asunder; and there are rocks that fall down for the fear of Allah; and Allah is not unaware of your deeds.
75So O Muslims, do you wish for the Jews to accept faith in you whereas a group of them used to listen to the Words of Allah, and then after having understood it, purposely changed it?
76And when they meet the believers, they say, "We believe"; but when they are in isolation with one another they say, "You clarify to the believers from what Allah has disclosed to you, so that they may evidence it against you before your Lord? So have you no sense?"
77Do they not know that Allah knows all whatever they hide and whatever they disclose?
78And among them are the unlearned that do not know anything of the Book except to recite something therefrom or parts of their own fabrications; they are in absolute illusion.
79Therefore woe is to those who write the Book with their hands; and they then claim, "This is from Allah" in order to gain an abject (worldly) price for it; therefore woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for what they earn with it.
80And they said, "The fire will not touch us except for a certain number of days"; say, "Have you taken a covenant from Allah - then Allah will certainly not break His covenant - or do you say something concerning Allah what you do not know?"
81Yes, why not? * The one who earns evil and his sin surrounds him; he is from the people of fire (hell); they will remain in it forever. (You will remain in the fire forever).
82And those who believe and do good deeds - they are the People of Paradise; they will abide in it forever.
83And (remember) when We took a covenant from the Descendants of Israel that, "Do not worship anyone except Allah; and be good to parents, relatives, orphans and the needy, and speak kindly to people and keep the prayer established and pay the charity"; thereafter you retracted, except some of you; and you are those who turn away.
84And when We took a covenant from you that, "Do not shed the blood of your own people nor turn out your own people from your colonies"; you then acknowledged it and you are witnesses.
85Then it is you who began slaying each other and you drive out a group of your people from their homeland - providing support against them (to their opponents) through sin and injustice; and if they come to you as captives you redeem them, whereas their expulsion itself is forbidden to you; so do you believe in some of Allah’s commands and disbelieve in some? So what is the reward of those who do so, except disgrace in this world? And on the Day of Resurrection they will be assigned to the most grievous punishment; and Allah is not unaware of your deeds.
86These are the people who bought the worldly life in exchange of the Hereafter - so their punishment will not be lightened, nor will they be helped.
87And indeed We gave Moosa (Moses) the Book and subsequent to him, sent Noble Messengers one after another - and We gave Eisa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear proofs and supported him with the Holy Spirit; so when a Noble Messenger from Allah comes to you bringing what you yourselves do not desire, you grow arrogant; so you disbelieve in a group of the Prophets and another group of Prophets you slay!
88And the Jews said, "Our hearts are covered"; in fact Allah has cursed them because of their disbelief, so only a few of them accept faith.
89And when the Book from Allah (the Holy Qur´an) came to them, which confirms the Book in their possession (the Taurat / Torah) - and before that they used to seek victory through the medium of this very Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) over the disbelievers; so when the one whom they fully recognised (the Holy Prophet) came to them, they turned disbelievers - therefore Allah’s curse is upon the disbelievers.
90How abject is the price for which they exchange their lives that they should disbelieve in what Allah has sent down, jealous that Allah should reveal of His grace to whomever He wills of His bondmen! So they deserved wrath upon wrath; and for the disbelievers is a disgraceful punishment.
91And when it is said to them, "Believe in what Allah has sent down", they say, "We believe in what was sent down to us, and disbelieve in the rest" - whereas it is the Truth confirming what they possess! Say (to them, O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "Why did you then martyr the earlier Prophets, if you believed in your Book?"
92And indeed Moosa came to you with clear signs, and after it you worshipped the calf - and you were unjust.
93And remember when We made a covenant with you and raised the Mount Tur (Sinai) above you; "Accept and hold fast to what We give you, and listen"; they said, "We hear and we disobey"; and the calf was still embedded in their hearts because of their disbelief; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "What an evil command is what your faith orders you, if you are believers!"
94Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "If the abode of the Hereafter in the sight of Allah is for you alone and none else, then long for death if you are truthful!"
95And they will never long for it, because of the evil deeds they have done in the past; and Allah knows the unjust, very well.
96And you will surely find them the greediest among mankind for life; and (likewise) among the polytheists (idolaters); each one of them yearns to live a thousand years; and the grant of such age will not distance him from the punishment; and Allah is seeing their misdeeds.
97Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "Whoever is an enemy to Jibreel (Gabriel)" - for it is he who has brought down this Qur´an to your heart by Allah’s command, confirming the Books before it, and a guidance and glad tidings to Muslims. -
98"Whoever is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His Noble Messengers, and Jibreel and Mikaeel (Michael) -, then (know that), Allah is an enemy of the disbelievers."
99We have indeed sent down to you clear signs; and none will disbelieve in them except the sinners.
100And is it that whenever they make a covenant, only a group of them throws it aside? In fact, most of them do not have faith.
101And when a Noble Messenger from Allah came to them, confirming the Book(s) which they possessed, a group of those who have received the Book(s) flung the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they were totally unaware!
102And they followed what the devils used to read during the rule of Sulaiman (Solomon - peace and blessings be upon him); and Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the devils disbelieved - they teach people magic; and that which was sent down to the two angels, Harut and Marut in Babylon; and the two (angels) never taught a thing to anyone until they used to say, “We are only a trial, therefore do not lose your faith” and they used to learn from them that by which they cause division between man and his wife; and they cannot harm anyone by it except by Allah’s command; and they learn what will harm them, not benefit them; and surely they know that whoever bargains for this will not have a share in the Hereafter; and for what an abject thing they have sold themselves; if only they knew!
103And had they believed and been pious, then the recompense from Allah is extremely good; if only they knew!
104O People who Believe, do not say (to the Prophet Mohammed- peace and blessings be upon him), "Raena (Be considerate towards us)" but say, "Unzurna (Look mercifully upon us)", and listen attentively from the start; and for the disbelievers is a painful punishment. (To disrespect the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – is blasphemy.)
105Those who disbelieve - the People given the Book(s) or the polytheists - do not wish that any good be sent down upon you from your Lord; and Allah chooses whomever He wills by His Mercy; and Allah is the Most Munificent.
106When We abrogate a verse or cause it to be forgotten, We will bring one better than it or one similar; do you not know that Allah is Able to do all things?
107Do you not know that for Allah only is the kingship of the heavens and the earth? And except Allah, you have neither a protector nor any supporter?
108Do you wish to ask your Noble Messenger a question similar to what Moosa was asked before? And whoever chooses disbelief instead of faith has gone astray from the Right Path.
109Many among People given the Book(s) wished to turn you to disbelief after you had accepted faith; out of hearts’ envy, after the truth has become very clear to them; so leave them and be tolerant, until Allah brings His command; indeed Allah is Able to do all things.
110And keep the prayer established, and pay the charity; and whatever good you send ahead for yourselves, you will find it with Allah; indeed Allah is seeing your deeds.
111And the People given the Book(s) said, "None will enter Paradise unless he is a Jew or a Christian"; these are their own imaginations; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "Bring your proof, if you are truthful."
112Yes, why not? Whoever submits his face for the sake of Allah, and is virtuous, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.
113And the Jews said, "The Christians are nothing" - and the Christians said, "The Jews are nothing" whereas they both read the Book; and the ignorant spoke similarly; so Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection, concerning the matter in which they dispute.
114And who is more unjust than one who prevents the name of Allah being mentioned in the mosques, and strives for their ruin? It did not befit them to enter the mosques except in fear; for them is disgrace in this world, and a terrible punishment in the Hereafter.
115And the East and the West, all belong to Allah - so whichever direction you face, there is Allah’s Entity (Allah’s Mercy is directed towards you); indeed Allah is the All Capable, (His powers and reach are limitless), the All Knowing.
116And they said, "Allah has taken an offspring for Himself" - Purity is to Him! In fact, all that is in the heavens and the earth, is His dominion; all are submissive to Him.
117The Originator of the heavens and the earth - and when He commands a thing, He only says to it, "Be", and it thereupon happens.
118And the ignorant people said, “Why does not Allah speak to us, or some sign come to us?” Those before them had also spoken in the same way as they speak; their hearts (and of those before them) are all alike; undoubtedly, We have made the signs clear for the people who have faith.
119Undoubtedly, We have sent you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) with the truth, giving glad tidings and conveying warning, and you will not be questioned about the people of hell.
120And never will the Jews or the Christians be pleased with you, until you follow their religion; say, "The guidance of Allah only is the (true) guidance"; and were you (the followers of this Prophet) to follow their desires after the knowledge has come to you, you would then not have a protector or aide against Allah.
121Those to whom We have given the Book, read it in the manner it should be read; it is they who believe in it; and those who deny it - it is they who are the losers.
122O Descendants of Israel! Remember the favour of Mine which I bestowed upon you and made you superior to all others of your time. (By sending Noble Messengers among you).
123And fear the day when no soul will be exchanged for another, nor will they be set free in lieu of compensation, nor will any intercession benefit the disbelievers, nor will they be helped.
124And (remember) when Ibrahim’s (Abraham’s) Lord tested him in some matters and he fulfilled them; He said, "I am going to appoint you as a leader for mankind"; invoked Ibrahim, "And of my offspring"; He said, "My covenant does not include the unjust (wrong-doers)."
125And remember when We made this House (at Mecca) a recourse for mankind and a sanctuary; and take the place where Ibrahim stood, as your place of prayer; and We imposed a duty upon Ibrahim and Ismail (Ishmael), to fully purify My house for those who go around it, and those who stay in it (for worship), and those who bow down and prostrate themselves.
126And (remember) when Ibrahim prayed, "My Lord! Make this city a place of security and bestow upon its people various fruits as providence - for those among them who believe in Allah and the Last Day (of Resurrection)"; He answered, "And whoever disbelieves, I shall provide him also some subsistence and then compel him towards the punishment of fire (hell); and that is a wretched place to return."
127And (remember) when Ibrahim was raising the foundations of the House, along with Ismail; (saying), "Our Lord! Accept it from us; indeed You only are the All Hearing, the All Knowing."
128"Our Lord! And make us submissive towards you and from our offspring a nation obedient to You - and show us the ways of our worship, and incline towards us with Your mercy; indeed You only are the Most Acceptor of Repentance, the Most Merciful."
129"Our Lord! And send towards them a Noble Messenger, from amongst them, to recite to them Your verses, and to instruct them in Your Book and sound wisdom*, and to fully purify them; indeed You only are the Almighty, the Wise." (The traditions of the Holy Prophet – sunnah and hadith – are called wisdom.)
130And who will renounce the religion of Ibrahim except him who is a fool at heart? We indeed chose him (Ibrahim) in this world; and indeed in the Hereafter he is among those worthy of being closest to Us.
131When his Lord said to him, "Submit", he said, "I have submitted to the Lord Of The Creation."
132And Ibrahim willed the same religion upon his sons, and also did Yaqub (Jacob); (saying), "O my sons - indeed Allah has chosen this religion for you; therefore do not die except as Muslims (those who submit to Him)."
133In fact, some of you yourselves were present when death approached Yaqub and when he said to his sons, "What will you worship after me?" They said, "We shall worship Him Who is your God, and is the God of your fathers, Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq (Isaac) - the One God; and to Him we have submitted ourselves."
134These were a nation who have passed away; for them is what they earned, and yours is what you earn; and you will not be questioned about their deeds.
135And the People given the Book(s) said, "Become Jews or Christians - you will attain the right path"; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "No - rather we take the religion of Ibrahim, who was far removed from all falsehood; and was not of the polytheists."
136Say, "We believe in Allah and what is sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim, and Ismael, and Ishaq, and Yaqub, and to their offspring, and what was bestowed upon Moosa and Eisa (Jesus), and what was bestowed upon other Prophets - from their Lord; we do not make any distinction, in belief, between any of them; and to Allah we have submitted ourselves."
137And if they believe in the same way you have believed, they have attained guidance; and if they turn away, they are clearly being stubborn; so Allah will soon suffice you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) against them; and He only is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
138"We have taken the colour (religion) of Allah; and whose colour (religion) is better than that of Allah? And only Him do we worship."
139Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "What! You dispute with us concerning Allah, whereas He is our Lord and also yours? Our deeds are with us and with you are your deeds; and only to Him do we sincerely belong."
140"In fact you claim that Ibrahim, and Ismail, and Ishaq, and Yaqub, and their offspring were Jews or Christians"; say, "Do you know better, or does Allah?"; and who is more unjust than one who has the testimony from Allah and he hides it? And Allah is not unaware of your deeds.
141They were a group that has passed away; for them is what they earned, and for you is what you earn; and you will not be questioned about their deeds.
142So now the foolish people will say, "What has turned the Muslims away from the qiblah (prayer direction) which they formerly observed?"; proclaim, "To Allah only belong the East and the West; He guides whomever He wills upon the Straight Path."
143And so it is that We have made you the best nation* for you are witnesses** against mankind, and the Noble Messenger is your guardian and your witness; and (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) We had appointed the qiblah which you formerly observed only to see (test) who follows the Noble Messenger, and who turns away; and it was indeed hard except for those whom Allah guided; and it does not befit Allah’s Majesty to waste your faith! Indeed Allah is Most Compassionate, Most Merciful towards mankind. (The best Ummah is that of Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him. **The Holy Prophet is a witness from Allah.)
144We observe you turning your face, several times towards heaven (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); so We will definitely make you turn (for prayer) towards a qiblah which pleases you; therefore now turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque (in Mecca); and O Muslims, wherever you may be, turn your faces (for prayer) towards it only; and those who have received the Book surely know that this is the truth from their Lord; and Allah is not unaware of their deeds. (Allah seeks to please the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.)
145And even if you were to bring all the signs to the People given the Book(s), they would not follow your qiblah; nor should you follow their qiblah; nor do they follow each others qiblah; and were you (the followers of this Prophet) to follow their desires after having received knowledge, you would then surely be unjust.
146Those to whom We gave the Book(s) recognise the Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) as men (or they) recognise their own sons; and undoubtedly a group among them purposely conceals the truth.
147This is the Truth from your Lord, therefore (O those who listen) beware - do not be in doubt.
148And each one has a direction towards which he inclines, therefore strive to surpass others in good deeds; Allah will bring you all together, wherever you may be; indeed Allah may do as He wills.
149And wherever you come from, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque; and indeed it is the truth from your Lord; and Allah is not unaware of your deeds.
150And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) wherever you come from, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque; and wherever you may be, O Muslims, turn your faces towards it only, so that people may not have an argument against you - except those among them who do injustice; therefore do not fear them, and fear Me; and this is in order that I complete My favour upon you and that you may attain guidance. -
151The way We have sent to you a Noble Messenger from among you, who recites to you Our verses and purifies you, and teaches you the Book and sound wisdom*, and teaches you what you did not know. (The traditions / sayings of the Holy Prophet - peace and blessings be upon him).
152Therefore remember Me, I will cause you to be spoken of and acknowledge My rights, and do not be ungrateful.
153O People who Believe! Seek help from patience and prayer; indeed Allah is with those who patiently endure.
154And do not utter regarding those who are slain in Allah´s cause as "dead"; in fact they are alive, but it is you who are unaware.
155And We will surely test you with some fear and hunger, and with paucity of wealth and lives and crops; and give glad tidings to those who patiently endure. -
156Those who say when calamity befalls them, "Indeed we belong to Allah and indeed it is to Him we are to return."
157These are the people upon whom are the blessings from their Lord, and mercy; and it is they who are on guidance.
158Undoubtedly Safa and Marwah * are among the symbols of Allah; so there is no sin on him, for whoever performs the Hajj (pilgrimage) of this House (of Allah) or the Umrah (lesser pilgrimage), to go back and forth between them; and whoever does good of his own accord, then (know that) indeed Allah is Most Appreciative (rewards virtue), the All Knowing. (These are 2 hillocks near the Holy Ka’aba)
159Indeed those who hide the clear proofs and the guidance which We sent down, after We made it clear to mankind in the Book - upon them is the curse of Allah and the curse of those who curse.
160Except those who repent and do reform and disclose (the truth) - so I will accept their repentance; and I only am the Most Acceptor of Repentance, the Most Merciful.
161Indeed upon those who disbelieved, and died as disbelievers, is the curse of Allah and of the angels and of men combined.
162They will remain in it forever; neither will the punishment be lightened for them, nor will they be given respite.
163Your God is One God; there is no God except Him - the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
164Indeed in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the continuous alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail the seas carrying what is of use to men, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky thereby reviving the dead earth and dispersing all kinds of beasts in it, and the movement of the winds, and the obedient clouds between heaven and earth - certainly in all these are signs for the intelligent.
165And some people create for themselves Gods (objects of worship) other than Allah, with devotion (love) equal to the devotion of Allah; and the believers do not love anybody with love equal to the love of Allah; and what will be their state, when the punishment will be before the eyes of the unjust (disbelievers)? For all power belongs wholly to Allah, and because Allah’s punishment is very severe.
166(The day) when the leaders will be disgusted with their followers - and they shall see their punishment, and all their links will be cut off.
167And the followers will say, "If we were to return (to earth), we would break off from them like they have broken off from us"; this is how Allah will show them their deeds as despair for them; and they will never come out from the fire (hell).
168O mankind! Eat from what is lawful and clean in the earth; and do not follow the footsteps of the devil; undoubtedly he is your open enemy.
169For he will only instruct you towards the evil and the shameful, and that you fabricate matters concerning Allah, what you do not know.
170And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has sent down”, they say, “On the contrary, we shall follow what we found our forefathers upon”; What! Even if their forefathers had no intelligence, or guidance?!
171And the example of the disbelievers is similar to one who calls upon one that hears nothing except screaming and yelling; deaf, dumb, blind - so they do not have sense.
172O People who Believe! Eat of the good things We have provided you, and be grateful to Allah if it is only Him you worship.
173He has forbidden for you only the carrion, and blood, and flesh of swine, and the animal that has been slaughtered while proclaiming the name of anyone other than Allah; so there is no sin on him who is compelled and does not eat out of desire, nor eats more than what is necessary; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
174Those who hide the Book sent down by Allah and exchange it for an abject price - they only fill their bellies with fire and Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection nor will He purify them; and for them is a painful punishment.
175They are the people who purchased error in exchange of guidance, and torment in exchange of pardon; so how much can they bear the fire?
176This is because Allah has sent down the Book with the truth; and indeed those who caused disagreement in the Book are, surely, disputants in the extreme.
177Basic virtue is not just to turn faces to the East and the West, but true righteousness is that one must believe in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Book and the Prophets; and out of love for Allah, to give treasured wealth to relatives and to the orphans and the needy and the traveller, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free; and to keep the prayer established and to pay the charity; and those who fulfil their obligations when they make an agreement; and the patient during times of calamity, in hardships and during holy war; it is they who have proved true to their word; it is they who are the pious.
178O People who Believe! Retribution is made obligatory for you in the matter of those killed unjustly; a freeman for a freeman, and a slave for a slave, and a female for a female; and for him who is partly forgiven by his brother, seek compensation with courtesy and make payment in proper manner; this is a relief and a mercy upon you, from your Lord; so after this, a painful punishment is for whoever exceeds the limits.
179And there is life for you in retribution, O men of understanding, so that you may avoid.
180It is ordained for you that when death approaches one of you, and he leaves behind wealth, he must bequeath it to parents and near relatives in accordance with tradition; this is a duty upon the pious.
181So whoever changes the will after he has heard it - its sin is only upon those who change it; indeed Allah is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
182Then if one fears that the will maker (the deceased) has done injustice or sin, and he makes a reconciliation between the parties, there shall be no sin upon him; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
183O People who Believe! Fasting is made compulsory for you, like it was ordained for those before you, so that you may attain piety.
184For a certain number of days only; so whoever is sick among you, or on a journey, the same number in other days; and those who do not have the strength for it must give a redemption by feeding a needy person; so whoever increases the good of his own accord, it is better for him; and fasting is better for you, if only you realise.
185The month of Ramadan in which was sent down the Qur’an - the guidance for mankind, the direction and the clear criteria (to judge between right and wrong); so whoever among you witnesses this month, must fast for the (whole) month; and whoever is sick or on a journey, may fast the same number in other days; Allah desires ease for you and does not desire hardship for you - so that you complete the count (of fasts), and glorify Allah’s greatness for having guided you, and so that you may be grateful.
186And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), when My bondmen question you concerning Me, then surely I am close; I answer the prayer of the supplicant when he calls on Me, so they must obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may attain guidance.
187Going to your wives during the nights of the fast is made lawful for you; they are coverings for you and you are coverings for them; Allah knows that you were deceiving yourselves (in this respect), so He accepted your penance and forgave you; so cohabit with them and seek what Allah has destined for you - and eat and drink until the white thread becomes distinct to you from the black thread at dawn - then complete the fast till nightfall; and do not touch women while staying in seclusion for worship in the mosques; these are the limits imposed by Allah, so do not go near them; this is how Allah explains His verses to mankind so that they may attain piety.
188And do not unjustly devour the property of each other, nor take their cases to judges in order that you may wrongfully devour a portion of other peoples’ property on purpose.
189They ask you, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), regarding the crescents; say, "They are indicators of time for mankind and for Hajj (the pilgrimage)"; and it is not a virtue at all that you enter the houses by demolishing their back portions, but in reality virtue is piety; and enter the houses using their gates - and keep fearing Allah, hoping that you achieve success.
190And fight in Allah´s cause against those who fight you and do not exceed the limits; and Allah does not like the transgressors.
191And slay the disbelievers wherever you find them, and drive them out from where they drove you out, and the turmoil they cause is worse than slaying; and do not fight them near the Sacred Mosque until they fight you there; so if they fight you, slay them; this is the punishment of the disbelievers.
192Then if they desist, then indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
193And fight them until no mischief remains, and only Allah is worshipped; then if they desist, do not harm them, except the unjust.
194The sacred month for the sacred month, and respect in lieu of respect; harm the one who harms you, to the extent as he did - and keep fearing Allah, and know well that Allah is with the pious.
195And spend your wealth in Allah´s cause, and do not fall into ruin with your own hands; and be virtuous; undoubtedly the righteous are the beloved of Allah.
196And perform Hajj (greater pilgrimage) and Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) for Allah; and if you are prevented, send sacrifice whatever is available; and do not shave your heads until the sacrifice reaches its destination; so whoever among you is sick or has an ailment in the head, must pay a compensation by fasting or charity or sacrifice; then when you are in peace - and whoever takes the advantage of combining the Hajj and Umrah, it is compulsory for him to sacrifice whatever is available; and whoever cannot afford it, must fast for three days while on the pilgrimage, and seven when you have returned to your homes; these are ten in all; this decree is for him who is not a resident of Mecca; and keep fearing Allah and know well that Allah’s punishment is severe.
197The Hajj is during the well-known months; and for one who intends to perform the Hajj in it - neither is there to be mention of cohabitation in the presence of women, nor any sin, nor a fight with anyone till the completion of Hajj; and whatever good you do, Allah knows it; and take provision along with you for the best provision is piety; and keep fearing Me, O men of understanding!
198It is no sin for you that you seek the bounty of your Lord; so when you return from Arafat, remember Allah near the Sacred Symbol (Mash’ar al Haram) - and remember Him in the manner He has guided you; and indeed, before this, you were of the astray.
199Then, O people of Quraish, you too must return from the place where the people return from, and ask forgiveness from Allah; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
200So when you have completed your Hajj rites, remember Allah as you used to remember your forefathers, in fact more than that; and among the people are some that say, "Our Lord! Give us in this world" - and he does not have a portion in the Hereafter.
201And among them are some that say, "Our Lord! Give us good in the world and good in the Hereafter, and save us from the punishment of fire!"
202For such is a portion from what they have earned; and Allah is Swift At Taking Account.
203And remember Allah in the counted days; so whoever hastens by departing in two days, there is no sin on him; and whoever stays on, there is no sin for him - for the pious; and keep fearing Allah, and know well that it is to Him you will be raised.
204And among men is one whose conversation may please you in the life of this world, and he brings Allah as witness to what is in his heart, whereas he is the biggest quarreller!
205And when he turns away, he creates turmoil in the earth and destroys crops and lives; and Allah is not pleased with turmoil.
206And when it is said to him, "Fear Allah", he becomes more resolute in committing sin - therefore hell is sufficient for such; and that is indeed, a very wretched resting place.
207And among men is one who sells himself to seek the pleasure of Allah; and Allah is Most Compassionate towards the bondmen.
208O People who Believe! Enter Islam in full - and do not follow the footsteps of the devil; indeed he is your open enemy.
209And if you renege, even after the clear commands have come to you, then know well that Allah is Almighty, Wise.
210What are they waiting for, except that Allah’s punishment should come through stretched clouds and the angels descend and the matter be finished? And all matters are directed only towards Allah.
211Ask the Descendants of Israel how many clear signs We gave them; and whoever alters Allah’s favour which came to him, then indeed Allah’s punishment is severe.
212The life of this world is made to appear beautiful in the sight of the disbelievers, and they make fun of the believers; and the pious will be above them on the Day of Resurrection; and Allah may give to whomever He wills, without account.
213Mankind was on one religion; so Allah sent Prophets giving glad tidings and warnings - and with them sent down the true Book to judge between mankind on their differences; and only those to whom it was given created disputes regarding the Book, after clear commands had come to them, due to hostility of one another; so Allah, by His command, made the truth clear to the believers, concerning their disputes; and Allah may guide whomever He wills to the Straight Path.
214Are you under the illusion that you will enter Paradise whereas the suffering, which came to those before you, has not yet come to you? Hardship and adversity befell them and they were shaken, to the extent that the Noble Messenger and the believers along with him said, "When will the help of Allah come?"; pay heed! Allah’s help is surely near.
215They ask you what they should spend; say, "Whatever you spend for good, is for parents and near relatives and orphans and the needy and the traveller"; and whatever good you do, indeed Allah knows it.
216Fighting in Allah´s cause is ordained for you, whereas it is disliked by you; and it is possible that you hate a thing which is better for you; and it is possible that you like a thing which is bad for you; and Allah knows, and you do not know.
217They ask you the decree regarding fighting in the sacred month; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Fighting in it is a great sin; and to prevent from the way of Allah, and not to believe in Him and to prevent (people) from the Sacred Mosque and to expel its residents - these are greater sins before Allah"; and the turmoil they cause is worse than killing; and they will keep fighting you till they turn you away from your religion, if they can; and whoever among you turns renegade and dies as a disbeliever, then their deeds are wasted in this world and in the Hereafter; and they are the people of hell; they will remain in it forever.
218Those who believed, and those who migrated for the sake of Allah, and fought in Allah´s cause - they are hopeful of gaining Allah’s mercy; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
219They ask you the decree regarding wine (intoxicants) and gambling; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "In both is great sin, and some worldly benefit for men - but their sin is greater than their benefit"; and they ask you what they should spend; say, "That which remains spare (surplus)"; this is how Allah explains His verses to you, so that you may think.
220Before you execute your deeds of this world and of the Hereafter; and they ask you the decree regarding orphans; say, "To do good towards them is better; and if you combine your expenses with theirs, they are your brothers"; and Allah knows very well the one who spoils from him who improves; and if Allah willed, He could have put you in hardship; and Allah is Almighty, Wise.
221And do not marry polytheist women until they become Muslims; for undoubtedly a Muslim bondwoman is better than a polytheist woman, although you may like her; and do not give your women in marriage to polytheist men until they accept faith; for undoubtedly a Muslim slave is better than a polytheist, although you may like him; they invite you towards the fire; and Allah invites towards Paradise and forgiveness by His command; and explains His verses to mankind so that they may accept guidance.
222And they ask you the decree concerning menstruation; say, "It is an impurity, so stay away from women at such times, and do not cohabit with them until they have cleansed themselves; so when they have cleansed themselves, cohabit with them the way Allah has determined for you"; indeed Allah loves those who repent profusely, and loves those who keep clean.
223Your women are a tillage for you; so come into your tillage as you will; and first perform the deeds that benefit you; and keep fearing Allah, and know well that you have to meet Him; and (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) give glad tidings to the Muslims.
224And do not make Allah a target of your oaths, by pledging against being virtuous and pious, and against making peace among mankind; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
225Allah does not take you to task for oaths which are made unintentionally but He does take you to task for deeds which your hearts have done; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
226Those who swear not to touch their wives have four months’ time; so if they turn back during this period, indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
227And if they firmly decide to divorce them, Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
228And divorced women shall restrain themselves for three menstrual periods; and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and the Last Day; and their husbands have the right to take them back, during this time, if they desire reconciliation; and the women also have rights similar to those of men over them, in accordance with Islamic law - and men have superiority over them; and Allah is Almighty, Wise.
229This type of divorce is up to twice; the woman must then be retained on good terms or released with kindness; and it is not lawful for you to take back from women a part of what you have given them except when both fear that they may not be able to stay within the limits established by Allah; so if you fear that they may not be able to observe the limits of Allah, then it is no sin on them if the woman pays to get her release; these are the limits set by Allah, so do not exceed them; and those who transgress Allah’s limits are the unjust.
230Then if he divorces her the third time, she will not be lawful to him until she has stayed with another husband; then if the other husband divorces her, it is no sin for these two to reunite if they consider that they can keep the limits of Allah established; these are the limits set by Allah which He explains for people of intellect.
231And when you have divorced women, and their term reaches its end, either retain them on good terms within this period or release them with kindness; and do not retain them in order to hurt them, hence transgressing the limits; and he who does so harms only himself; and do not make the signs of Allah the objects of ridicule; and remember Allah’s favour that is bestowed upon you and that He has sent down to you the Book and wisdom, for your guidance; and keep fearing Allah and know well that Allah knows everything. (The traditions of the Holy Prophet – sunnah and hadith – are called wisdom.)
232And when you have divorced women and they complete their waiting period - then O guardians of such women, do not prevent them from marrying their husbands if they agree between themselves in accordance with Islamic law; this lesson is for those among People who Believe in Allah and the Last Day; this is purer for you, and cleaner; and Allah knows and you do not know.
233And mothers shall breast-feed their children for two full years - for those who wish to complete the term of milk feeding; and the father of the child must provide for food and clothing of the mother in accordance with custom; no one will be burdened except with what he can bear; a mother should not be harmed because of her child, nor he to whom the child is born be harmed because of his child (or a mother should not harm the child nor he to whom the child is born should harm the child); and the same is incumbent on the guardian in place of the father; then if the parents desire to wean the child by mutual consent and consultation, it is no sin for them; and if you wish to give your children out to a (milk feeding) nurse, it is no sin for you, provided you pay to them what is agreed, with kindness; and keep fearing Allah, and know well that Allah is seeing what you do.
234And those among you who die leaving wives behind them, then such widows shall restrain themselves for four months and ten days; so when their term is completed, O guardians of such women, there is no sin on you in what the women may decide for themselves in accordance with Islamic law; and Allah is Well Aware of what you do.
235And there is no sin on you if you propose marriage to women while they are hidden from your view, or hide it in your hearts; Allah knows that you will now remember them, but do not make secret pacts with women except by decent words recognised by Islamic law; and do not consummate the marriage until the written command reaches its completion; know well that Allah knows what is in your hearts, therefore fear Him; and know well that Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
236There is no sin upon you if you divorce women while you have not touched them or appointed their bridal money; and give them some provision; the rich according to their means, and the poor according to their means; a fair provision according to custom; this is a duty upon the virtuous.
237If you divorce them before you have touched them and have appointed the bridal money, then payment of half of what is agreed is ordained unless the women forgo some of it, or he in whose hand is the marriage tie, pays more; and O men, your paying more is closer to piety; and do not forget the favours to each other; indeed Allah is seeing what you do.
238Guard all your prayers, and the middle prayer; and stand with reverence before Allah.
239And if you are in fear, pray while on foot or while riding, as you can; when you are in peace remember Allah the way He has taught you, which you did not know.
240And those among you who die leaving wives behind them - they should bequeath for their wives a complete provision for one full year without turning them out; so if they go out themselves, there is no sin on you regarding what they do of themselves in a reasonable manner; and Allah is Almighty, Wise.
241And for divorced women also, is a complete provision in reasonable manner; this is a duty upon the pious.
242This is how Allah explains His verses to you so that you may understand.
243Did you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) not see those who left their homes, whereas they numbered in thousands, fearing death? So Allah said to them, "Die"; He then brought them back to life; indeed Allah is Most Munificent towards mankind, but most men are ungrateful.
244And fight in Allah´s cause and know well that Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
245Is there someone who will lend an excellent loan to Allah, so that He may increase it for him several times over? And Allah restricts and eases (the sustenance) - and it is to Him that you will return.
246Did you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) not see a group of the Descendants of Israel, after Moosa? When they said to one of their Prophets (Shamueel - Samuel), "Appoint a king for us so that we may fight in Allah’s way"? He said, "Do you think you would refrain from fighting if it is made obligatory for you?" They said, "What is the matter with us that we should not fight in Allah’s cause, whereas we have been driven away from our homeland and our children?" So when fighting was ordained for them, they all turned away, except a few; and Allah is Well Aware of the unjust.
247And their Prophet said to them, "Indeed Allah has sent Talut (Saul) as your king"; they said, "Why should he have kingship over us whereas we deserve the kingship more than he, and nor has he been given enough wealth?" He said, "Indeed Allah has chosen him above you, and has bestowed him with vast knowledge and physique"; and Allah may bestow His kingdom on whomever He wills; and Allah is Most Capable, All Knowing.
248And their Prophet said to them, "Indeed the sign of his kingdom will be the coming of a (wooden) box to you, in which from your Lord is the contentment of hearts and containing some souvenirs (remnants) left behind by the honourable Moosa and the honourable Haroon (Aaron), borne by the angels; indeed in it is a great sign* for you if you are believers." (The remnants of pious persons are blessed by Allah.)
249So when Talut left the city along with the armies, he said, "Allah will surely test you with a river; so whoever drinks its water is not mine - and whoever does not drink is mine - except him who takes it in the hollow of his hand"; so they all drank it, except a few of them; thereafter when Talut and the believers with him had crossed the river, they said, "We do not have power this day to face Jalut (Goliath) and his armies"; those who were certain of meeting Allah said, "Many a times has a smaller group overcome a bigger group by Allah’s command; and Allah is with the steadfast."
250And when they confronted Jalut and his armies they invoked, "Our Lord! Pour (bestow abundantly) on us patience (fortitude), and keep our feet steady, and help us against the disbelieving people."
251So they routed them by the command of Allah; and Dawud (David) slew Jalut, and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him all whatever He willed; and if Allah does not ward off some men by others, the earth will be destroyed, but Allah is Most Munificent towards the entire creation.
252These are the verses of Allah, which We recite to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) with truth; and undoubtedly you are one of the Noble Messengers.
253These are the Noble Messengers, to whom We gave excellence over each other; of them are some with whom Allah spoke, and some whom He exalted high above all others; and We gave Eisa (Jesus), the son of Maryam, clear signs and We aided him with the Holy Spirit; and if Allah willed, those after them would not have fought each other after the clear evidences had come to them, but they differed - some remained on faith and some turned disbelievers; and had Allah willed, they would not have fought each other; but Allah may do as He wills.
254O People who Believe! Spend in Allah´s cause, from what We have provided you, before the advent of a day in which there is no trade, and for the disbelievers neither any friendship nor intercession; and the disbelievers themselves are the unjust.
255Allah - there is no God except Him; He is Alive (eternally, on His own) and the Upholder (keeps others established); He never feels drowsy nor does He sleep; to Him only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; who is he that can intercede* with Him except by His command? He knows what is in front of them and what is behind them; and they do not achieve anything of His knowledge except what He wills; His Throne (of Sovereignty) encompasses the heavens and the earth; and it is not difficult for Him to guard them; and He is the Supreme, the Greatest. (This Verse is popularly known as Ayat Al-Kursi. It has a special status and reciting it carries great reward. *Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – will be the first one to be granted the permission to intercede, others will follow.)
256There is no compulsion at all in religion; undoubtedly the right path has become very distinct from error; and whoever rejects faith in the devil (false deities) and believes in Allah has grasped a very firm handhold; it will never loosen; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
257Allah is the Guardian of the Muslims - He removes them from realms of darkness towards light; and the supporters of disbelievers are the devils - they remove them from light towards the realms of darkness; it is they who are the people of fire; they will remain in it forever.
258Did you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) not see him who argued with Ibrahim (Abraham) concerning his Lord, as Allah had given him the kingdom? When Ibrahim said, "My Lord is He Who gives life and causes death", he answered, "I give life and cause death"; Ibrahim said, "So indeed it is Allah Who brings the sun from the East - you bring it from the West!" - the disbeliever was therefore baffled; and Allah does not guide the unjust.
259Or like him * who passed by a dwelling and it had fallen flat on its roofs; he said, "How will Allah bring it to life, after its death?"; so Allah kept him dead for a hundred years, then brought him back to life; He said, "How long have you stayed here?"; he replied, "I may have stayed for a day or little less"; He said, "In fact, you have spent a hundred years - so look at your food and drink which do not even smell stale; and look at your donkey whose bones even are not intact - in order that We may make you a sign for mankind - and look at the bones how We assemble them and then cover them with flesh"; so when the matter became clear to him, he said, "I know well that Allah is Able to do all things." (Prophet Uzair - peace be upon him.)
260And when Ibrahim said, "My Lord! Show me how You will give life to the dead"; He said, "Are you not certain (of it)?" Ibrahim said, "Surely yes, why not? But because I wish to put my heart at ease"; He said, "Therefore take four birds (as pets) and cause them to become familiar to you, then place a part of each of them on separate hills, then call them - they will come running towards you; and know well that Allah is Almighty, Wise." (Prophet Ibrahim called the dead birds and they did come running towards him.)
261The example of those who spend their wealth in Allah’s way is similar to that of a grain which has sprouted seven stalks and in each stalk are a hundred grains; and Allah may increase it still more than this, for whomever He wills; and Allah is Most Capable, All Knowing.
262Those who spend their wealth in Allah’s way and thereafter do not express favour nor cause injury (hurt the recipient’s feelings), their reward is with their Lord; there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.
263Speaking kind words and pardoning are better than charity followed by injury; and Allah is the Independent, Most Forbearing.
264O People who Believe! Do not invalidate your charity by expressing favour and causing injury - like one who spends his wealth for people to see, and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day; his example is similar to that of a rock covered with dust and hard rain fell on it, leaving it as a bare rock; they shall get no control over (or benefit from) anything they have earned; and Allah does not guide the disbelievers.
265And the example of those who spend their wealth in order to seek Allah’s pleasure and to make their hearts steadfast, is similar to that of a garden on a height - hard rain fell on it, so bringing forth its fruit twofold; so if hard rain does not reach it, the dew is enough; and Allah is seeing your deeds.
266Would any of you like that he may own a garden of dates and grapes, with rivers flowing beneath it - in it are all kinds of fruits for him - and he reaches old age and has young children; therefore a windstorm containing fire came to the garden, burning it? This is how Allah explains His verses to you, so that you may give thought.
267O People who Believe! Spend a part of your lawful earnings, and part of what We have produced from the earth for you - and do not (purposely) choose upon the flawed to give from it (in charity) whereas you would not accept it yourselves except with your eyes closed towards it; and know well that Allah is Independent, Most Praised.
268The devil scares you of poverty and bids you to the shameful; and Allah promises you forgiveness from Him, and munificence; and Allah is Most Capable, All Knowing.
269Allah bestows wisdom on whomever He wills; and whoever receives wisdom has received abundant goodness; but none heed advice except men of understanding.
270And whatever you spend or pledge to do, Allah is aware of it; and the unjust do not have supporters.
271If you give charity openly, what an excellent deed it is! And if you secretly give it to the poor, it is the best for you; and it will redeem some of your sins; and Allah is Aware of your deeds.
272It is not your duty (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) to make them accept guidance - but Allah guides whomever He wills; and whatever good thing you spend is beneficial for yourselves; and it is not right for you to spend except to seek Allah’s pleasure; and whatever you spend will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged. -
273(Spend) For the poor who are restricted while in Allah´s cause, who cannot travel in the land (for earning) - the unwise think they are wealthy because of their restraint; you will recognise them by their faces; they do not seek from people in order to avoid grovelling; and Allah knows whatever you spend in charity.
274Those who spend their wealth by night and day, secretly and openly - their reward is with their Lord; and there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.
275Those who devour usury will not stand up on the Day of Judgement, except like the one whom an evil jinn has deranged by his touch; that is because they said, "Trade is also like usury!"; whereas Allah has made trading lawful and forbidden usury; for one to whom the guidance has come from his Lord, and he refrained therefrom, is lawful what he has taken in the past; and his affair is with Allah; and whoever continues earning it henceforth, is of the people of fire; they will remain in it for ages.
276Allah destroys usury and increases charity; and Allah does not like any ungrateful, excessive sinner.
277Indeed those who believed and did good deeds and kept the prayer established and paid the charity - their reward is with their Lord; and there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.
278O People who Believe! Fear Allah and forego the remaining usury, if you are Muslims.
279And if you do not, then be certain of a war with Allah and His Noble Messenger; and if you repent, take back your principal amount; neither you cause harm to someone, nor you be harmed.
280And if the debtor is in difficulty, give him respite till the time of ease; and your foregoing the entire debt from him is still better for you, if only you realise.
281And fear the day in which you will be returned to Allah; and every soul will be paid back in full what it had earned, and they will not be wronged.
282O People who Believe! If you make an agreement for debt for a specified time, write it down; and appoint a scribe to write it for you with accuracy; and the scribe must not refuse to write in the manner Allah has taught him, so he must write; and the liable person (debtor ) should dictate it to him and fear Allah, Who is his Lord, and not hide anything of the truth; but if the debtor is of poor reasoning, or weak, or unable to dictate, then his guardian must dictate with justice; and appoint two witnesses from your men; then if two men are not available, one man and two women from those you would prefer to be witnesses, so that if one of them forgets, the other can remind her; and the witnesses must not refuse when called upon to testify; do not feel burdened to write it, whether the transaction is small or big - write it for up to its term’s end; this is closer to justice before Allah and will be a strong evidence and more convenient to dispel doubts amongst yourselves - except when it is an instant trade in which exchange is carried out immediately, there is no sin on you if it is not written down; and take witnesses whenever you perform trade; and neither the scribe nor the witnesses be caused any harm (or they cause any harm); and if you do, it would be an offence on your part; and fear Allah; and Allah teaches you; and Allah knows everything.
283And if you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then a mortgage (deposit) must be handed over; and if one of you trusts the other, the one who is trusted may return the mortgage entrusted to him and fear Allah, his Lord; and do not hide testimony; and if one hides it, his heart is sinful from within; and Allah knows what you do.
284To Allah only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and whether you disclose what is in your hearts or hide it, Allah will take account of it from you; so He will forgive whomever He wills and punish whomever He wills; and Allah is Able to do all things.
285The Noble Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him by his Lord, and so do the believers; all have accepted faith in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Noble Messengers; saying, "We do not make any distinction, in believing, between any of His Noble Messengers"; and they said, "We hear, and we obey; Your forgiveness be granted, O our Lord, and towards You is our return."
286Allah does not burden anyone, except with something within its capacity; beneficial for it is the virtue it earned, and harmful for it is the evil it earned; "Our Lord! Do not seize us if we forget or are mistaken; our Lord! And do not place on us a heavy burden (responsibility) as You did on those before us; our Lord! And do not impose on us a burden, for which we do not have the strength; and pardon us - and forgive us - and have mercy on us - You are our Master, therefore help us against the disbelievers."
Chapter 3 (Sura 3)
1Alif-Laam-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic language; Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2Allah - none is worthy of worship, except Him, He is Alive (eternally, on His own) and the Upholder (keeps others established).
3He has sent down to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) this true Book (the Holy Qur’an), confirming the Books before it, and He sent down the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Bible). -
4Before this, a guidance to mankind; and sent down the Judgement (Criterion to judge between right and wrong); indeed for those who disbelieved in the verses of Allah, is a severe punishment; and Allah is the Almighty, the Avenger (of the wrong).
5Indeed nothing is hidden from Allah, neither in the earth nor in the heavens.
6It is He Who fashions (moulds) you in your mothers’ wombs as He wills; none is worthy of worship except Him, the Almighty (the Most Honourable), the Wise.
7It is He Who has sent down to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) this Book (the Qur’an) containing the verses that have a clear meaning - they are the core of the Book - and other verses the meanings of which are indistinct; those in whose hearts is deviation pursue the verses having indistinct meanings, in order to cause turmoil and seeking its (wrongful) interpretation; and only Allah knows its proper interpretation; and those having sound knowledge say, “We believe in it, all of it is from our Lord”; and none accept guidance except the men of understanding.
8“Our Lord! Do not deviate our hearts after You have guided us, and bestow mercy on us from Yourself; indeed You only are the Great Bestower.”
9“Our Lord! Indeed You will gather all mankind for a Day about which there is no doubt"; indeed Allah’s promise does not change.
10Indeed for those who disbelieve, neither their wealth nor their offspring will help to save them in the least from Allah; and it is they who are fuel for the fire.
11Like the way of Firaun’s people, and those before them; they denied Our signs; so Allah seized them because of their sins; and Allah’s punishment is severe.
12Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) to the disbelievers, “Very soon you shall be overcome and driven towards hell; and that is a wretched resting-place.”
13Indeed there was a sign for you in the two groups that clashed; one army fighting in Allah´s cause, against the other of disbelievers, whom they (the Muslims) saw with their eyes, as twice their own number; and Allah strengthens with His help whomever He wills; indeed in this is a lesson for the intelligent, to be learnt by observing.
14Beautified is for mankind the love of these desires - women, and sons, and heaps of gold and piled up silver, and branded horses, and cattle and fields; this is the wealth of the life of this world; and it is Allah, with Whom is the excellent abode.
15Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Shall I inform you of something better than that? For the pious, with their Lord, are Gardens beneath which rivers flow - they will abide in it forever - and pure wives, and Allah’s pleasure”; and Allah sees the bondmen.
16Those who say, “Our Lord! we have accepted faith, so forgive us our sins and save us from the punishment of fire.”
17The steadfast, and the truthful, and the reverent, and who spend in Allah´s cause, and who seek forgiveness in the last hours of the night (before dawn).
18Allah has given witness that there is none worthy of worship (God) except Him - and the angels and the scholars also give witness, established with justice (with truth) - there is no God except Him, the Almighty, the Wise.
19Indeed the only true religion in the sight of Allah is Islam; those who had received the Books differed only after the knowledge came to them, due to their hearts’ envy; and whoever disbelieves in the signs of Allah, then Allah is Swift At Taking Account.
20Then if they argue with you, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) say, “I have submitted my face (self) to Allah and likewise have my followers”; and say to the People given the Book(s) and the illiterate, “Have you submitted (accepted Islam)?” If they submit, they have attained the right path - and if they turn away (reject), then your duty is only to convey this command; and Allah is seeing the bondmen.
21Those who disbelieve in the signs of Allah, and wrongfully martyr the Prophets, and slay people who enjoin justice - so give them the glad tidings of a painful punishment.
22They are those whose deeds are wasted in this world and in the Hereafter; and they do not have any aides.
23Did you not see them who have received a part of the Book - when called towards the Book of Allah for judging between them, a group of them opposes it and turns away?
24They dared to do this because they say, “The fire will definitely not touch us except for a certain number of days”; and they are deceived in their religion by the lies they fabricated.
25So what will be (their state) when We bring all of them together for the Day (of Resurrection) about which there is no doubt; and every soul will be paid back in full for what it has earned, and they will not be wronged.
26Invoke (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “O Allah! Owner Of The Kingdom - You bestow the kingdom on whomever You will, and You take back the kingdom from whomever You will; and You give honour to whomever You will, and You humiliate whomever You will; only in Your hand lies all goodness; indeed, You are Able to do all things.”
27“You cause part of the night to pass into the day, and You cause part of the day to pass into the night; and You bring forth the living from the dead, and You bring forth the dead from the living; and You give to whomever You will, without account.”
28The Muslims must not befriend the disbelievers, in preference over the Muslims; whoever does that has no connection whatsoever with Allah, except if you fear them; Allah warns you of His wrath; and towards Allah only is the return.
29Say, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Whether you hide or reveal whatever is in your hearts, Allah knows it all; and He knows all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and Allah has control over all things.”
30On the Day when every soul will be confronted with all the good that it has done; and all the evil that it has done - it will wish that perhaps there would have been a great distance between itself and the punishment; and Allah warns you of His punishment; and Allah is Most Compassionate towards His bondmen.
31Proclaim, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “O mankind! If you love Allah, follow me - Allah will love you and forgive you your sins”; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
32Proclaim, “Obey Allah and the Noble Messenger”; so if they turn away - then Allah is not pleased with the disbelievers.
33Indeed Allah chose Adam, and Nooh, and the Family of Ibrahim, and the Family of Imran over the creation.
34They are the descendants one of another; and Allah is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
35(Remember) When the wife of Imran said, “My Lord! I pledge to you what is in my womb - that it shall be dedicated purely in Your service, so accept it from me; indeed You only are the All Hearing, the All Knowing.”
36So when she gave birth to it, she said, “My Lord! I have indeed given birth to a girl!” And Allah well knows what she gave birth to; and the boy she had prayed for is not like this girl; “And I have named her Maryam and I give her and her offspring in Your protection, against Satan the outcast.”
37So her Lord fully accepted her (Maryam), and gave her an excellent development; and gave her in Zakaria’s guardianship; whenever Zakaria visited her at her place of prayer, he found new food with her; he said, “O Maryam! From where did this come to you?” She answered, “It is from Allah; indeed Allah gives to whomever He wills, without account.” (Miracles occur through the friends of Allah.)
38It is here that Zakaria prayed to his Lord; he said, “My Lord! Give me from Yourself a righteous child; indeed You only are the Listener Of Prayer.”
39And the angels called out to him while he was standing, offering prayer at his place of worship, “Indeed Allah gives you glad tidings of Yahya (John), who will confirm a Word (or sign) from Allah, - a leader, always refraining from women, a Prophet from one of Our devoted ones.”
40He said, “My Lord! How can I have a son when old age has reached me and my wife is barren?” He said, “This is how Allah brings about, whatever He wills.”
41He said, “My Lord! Determine a sign for me”; He said, “The sign is that you shall not be able to speak to mankind for three days except by signs; and remember your Lord profusely, and proclaim His Purity before sunset and at dawn.”
42And when the angels said, “O Maryam! Indeed Allah has chosen you and purified you, and has this day, chosen you among all the women of the world.”
43“O Maryam! Stand in reverence before your Lord, prostrate yourself and bow along with those who bow.”
44These are tidings of the hidden, which We secretly reveal to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); and you were not present with them when they threw their pens to draw lots, to know who should be the guardian of Maryam; nor were you present with them when they were quarrelling. (Yet you know of these things - this is a proof of your being a Prophet.)
45And remember when the angels said, “O Maryam! Allah gives you glad tidings of a Word from Him, whose name is the Messiah, Eisa the son of Maryam - he will be honourable in this world and in the Hereafter, and among the close ones (to Allah).”
46“He will speak to people while he is in the cradle and in his adulthood, and will be of the devoted ones.”
47She said, “My Lord! How can I bear a child when no man has ever touched me?” He said, “This is how Allah creates whatever He wills; when He wills a thing, He only says to it, ‘Be’ - and it happens immediately.”
48“And Allah will teach him the Book and wisdom, and the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Bible).”
49“And he will be a Noble Messenger towards the Descendants of Israel saying, ‘I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, for I mould a birdlike sculpture from clay for you, and I blow into it and it instantly becomes a (living) bird, by Allah’s command; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I revive the dead, by Allah’s command; and I tell you what you eat and what you store in your houses; undoubtedly in these (miracles) is a great sign for you, if you are believers.’ (Several miracles bestowed to Prophet Eisa are mentioned here.)
50‘And I come confirming the Taurat (Torah) - the Book before me - and to make lawful for you some of the things which were forbidden to you, and I have come to you with a sign from your Lord - therefore fear Allah and obey me.’
51‘Undoubtedly Allah is the Lord of all - mine and yours - so worship Him only; this is the Straight Path.’ ”
52So when Eisa sensed their disbelief he said, “Who will be my aides towards (in the cause of) Allah?” The disciples said, “We are the aides of Allah’s religion; we believe in Allah, and you bear witness that we are Muslims.”
53“Our Lord! We have believed in what You have sent down and we follow the Noble Messenger, therefore record us among the witnesses of the truth.”
54And the disbelievers conspired (to kill Eisa ), and Allah covertly planned to destroy them; and Allah is the best of secret planners.
55Remember when Allah said, “O Eisa! I will keep you alive till your full age, and raise you towards Me, and cleanse you of the disbelievers and give your followers dominance over the disbelievers until the Day of Resurrection; then you will all return to Me, so I shall judge between you concerning the matter in which you dispute.”
56“So I shall mete a severe punishment to those who disbelieve, in this world and in the Hereafter; and they will not have any supporters.”
57“And for those who believed and did good deeds, Allah will give them their full reward; and Allah does not like the unjust.”
58These are some verses that We recite to you, and advice full of wisdom.
59The example of Eisa with Allah is like that of Adam; He created him (Adam) from clay and then said to him, “Be” - and it thereupon happens!
60O listener! (followers of this Prophet) This is the Truth from your Lord, so never be of those who doubt.
61Therefore say to those who dispute with you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) concerning Eisa after the knowledge has come to you, “Come! Let us summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves - then pray humbly, thereby casting the curse of Allah upon the liars!” (The Christians did not accept this challenge.)
62This undoubtedly is the true narrative; there is none worthy of worship except Allah; and Allah is the Almighty, the Wise.
63So if they turn away, then indeed Allah knows those who cause turmoil.
64Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “O People given the Book(s)! Come towards a word which is common between us and you, that we shall worship no one except Allah, and that we shall not ascribe any partner to Him, and that none of us shall take one another as lords besides Allah”; then if they do not accept say, “Be witness that (only) we are Muslims.”
65O People given the Book(s)! Why do you argue about Ibrahim, whereas the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Bible) were not sent down until after him? So do you not have sense?
66Listen! This was what you argued about - of which you have some knowledge - why do you then argue about the matter you do not have any knowledge of? And Allah knows whereas you do not know.
67Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian; but he was a Muslim, free from all falsehood; and was not of the polytheists.
68Undoubtedly among all mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim are those who followed him, and this Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) and the believers; and Allah is the Guardian of the believers.
69A group among the People given the Book(s) desire that if only they could lead you astray; and they only make themselves astray, and they do not have sense.
70O People given the Book(s)! Why do you disbelieve in the signs of Allah, whereas you yourselves are witnesses?
71O People given the Book(s)! Why do you mix the truth with falsehood and conceal the truth, whereas you know?
72And a group among the People given the Book(s) said, “Believe in what has been sent down to the believers in the morning and deny it by evening - perhaps they (the Muslims) may turn back (disbelieve).”
73“And do not believe in anyone except him who follows your religion”; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Only Allah’s guidance is the true guidance” - (so why not believe in it) if someone has been given similar to what was given to you, or if someone may be able to evidence it against you before your Lord; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Undoubtedly the munificence lies only in Allah’s hand; He may bestow upon whomever He wills; and Allah is Most Capable, All Knowing.”
74“He chooses by His mercy, whomever He wills; and Allah is the Owner of Great Munificence.”
75Among the People given the Book(s) is one who, if you trust him with a heap of treasure, will return it to you; and among them is one who, if you trust him with (just) one coin, will not return it to you unless you constantly stand over him (keep demanding); that is because they say, “We are not obliged in any way, in the case of illiterates”; and they purposely fabricate lies against Allah.
76Yes, why not? Whoever fulfilled his pledge and practised piety - and indeed Allah loves the pious.
77Those who accept abject prices in exchange of Allah’s covenant and their oaths, do not have a portion in the Hereafter - Allah will neither speak to them nor look towards them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them; and for them is a painful punishment.
78And amongst them are some who distort (change words of) the Book with their tongues, so that you may think that this also is in the Book whereas it is not in the Book; and they say, “This is from Allah” whereas it is not from Allah; and they fabricate lies against Allah, whereas they know.
79It is not for any human to whom Allah has given the Book and wisdom and Prophethood, that he should afterwards say to the people, “Leave (the worship of) Allah and be my worshippers” - but he will surely say, “Be sincere worshippers of Allah, because you teach the Book and you preach from it.”
80And nor will he command you to appoint the angels and the Prophets as Gods; would he (a Prophet) command you to disbelieve after you have become Muslims?
81And remember when Allah took a covenant from the Prophets; “If I give you the Book and knowledge and the (promised) Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) comes to you, confirming the Books you possess, you shall positively, definitely believe in him and you shall positively, definitely help him”; He said, “Do you agree, and accept My binding responsibility in this matter?” They all answered, “We agree”; He said, “Then bear witness amongst yourselves, and I Myself am a witness with you.”
82So those who turn away after this - it is they who are the sinners.
83So do they desire a religion other than the religion of Allah, whereas to Him has submitted whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or grudgingly, and it is to Him they will return?
84Say, “We believe in Allah and what is sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim, and Ismael, and Ishaq, and Yaqub (Jacob) and their sons, and what came to Moosa and Eisa and the Prophets, from their Lord; we do not make any distinction, in belief, between any of them, and to Him we have submitted ourselves.”
85And if one seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him; and he is among the losers in the Hereafter.
86Why should Allah will guidance for the people who disbelieved, after their having accepted faith and bearing witness that the Noble Messenger is a true one, and after clear signs had come to them? And Allah does not guide the unjust.
87The recompense of such is that on them is the curse of Allah and of the angels and of men combined.
88Remaining in it forever; their punishment will not be lightened, nor will they get any respite.
89Except those who repented thereafter and reformed themselves; then indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
90Indeed those who disbelieve after having accepted faith, and advance further in their disbelief - their repentance will never be accepted; and it is they who are the astray.
91Those who disbelieved and died as disbelievers - an earth full of gold will never be accepted from any one of them, even if he offers it, for his freedom; for them is a painful punishment and they do not have any aides.
92You can never attain virtue until you spend in Allah´s cause the things you love; and Allah is Aware of whatever you spend.
93All food was lawful for the Descendants of Israel (Jacob), except what Israel forbade for himself, before the Taurat (Torah) was sent down; say, “Bring the Taurat and read it, if you are truthful.”
94So henceforth whoever fabricates lies against Allah - it is they who are the unjust.
95Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Allah is truthful; so follow the religion of Ibrahim, who was free from all falsehood; and he was not of the polytheists.”
96Indeed the first house that was appointed as a place of worship for mankind, is the one at Mecca (the Holy Ka’aba), blessed and a guidance to the whole world;
97In it are clear signs - the place where Ibrahim stood (is one of them); and whoever enters it shall be safe; and performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) of this house, for the sake of Allah, is a duty upon mankind, for those who can reach it; and whoever disbelieves - then Allah is Independent (Unwanting) of the entire creation!
98Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “O People given the Book(s)! Why do you not believe in the verses (or signs) of Allah, whereas your deeds are being witnessed by Allah?”
99Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “O People given the Book(s)! Why do you prevent those who have accepted faith from the way of Allah, seeking to cause deviation in it, whereas you yourselves are witnesses to it? And Allah is not unaware of your deeds!”
100O People who Believe! If you obey some of People given the Book(s), they will definitely turn you into disbelievers after your having accepted faith.
101And how can you disbelieve? Allah’s verses are recited to you and His Noble Messenger is present among you! And whoever takes the support of Allah is indeed guided to the right path.
102O People who Believe! Fear Allah in the manner He should rightfully be feared, and do not die except as Muslims.
103And hold fast to the rope of Allah, all of you together, and do not be divided; and remember Allah’s favour on you, that when there was enmity between you, He created affection between your hearts, so due to His grace you became like brothers to each other; and you were on the edge of a pit of fire (hell), so He saved you from it; this is how Allah explains His verses to you, so that you may be guided.
104And there should be a group among you that invites to goodness, and enjoins good deeds and forbids immorality; it is they who are the successful.
105And do not be like those who became divided and disputed after the clear signs had come to them; and for them is a terrible punishment.
106On the Day (of Resurrection) when some faces will be shining and some faces black; so, (to) those whose faces are blackened, “What! You disbelieved after you had accepted faith! Therefore now taste the punishment, the result of your disbelief.”
107And those whose faces will be shining, are in the mercy of Allah; they will abide in it forever.
108These are the verses of Allah, which We recite to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), with truth; and Allah does not wish any injustice to the creation.
109And to Allah only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and towards Allah only is the return of all matters.
110You are the best among all the nations that were raised among mankind - you enjoin good deeds and forbid immorality and you believe in Allah; and if the People given the Book(s) believed it would be better for them; some of them are believers (Muslims) and most of them are disbelievers. (The best Ummah is that of Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him.)
111They cannot harm you except cause some trouble; and if they fight against you, they will turn their backs on you; then they will not be helped.
112Disgrace has been destined for them - wherever they are they shall not find peace, except by a rope from Allah and a rope from men - and they have deserved the wrath of Allah, and misery is destined for them; that is because they used to disbelieve in the signs of Allah, and unjustly martyr the Prophets; that was for their disobedience and transgression.
113All of them are not alike; among the People given the Book(s) are some who are firm on the truth - they recite the verses of Allah in the night hours and prostrate (before Him).
114They accept faith in Allah and the Last Day, and enjoin good deeds and forbid immorality, and hasten to perform good deeds; and they are the righteous.
115And they will not be denied the reward of whatever good they do; and Allah knows the pious.
116Indeed those who disbelieve - neither their wealth nor their offspring will help save them in the least, from Allah; and they are the people of fire; remaining in it forever.
117The example of what they spend in this worldly life is similar to the freezing cold wind which struck the fields of a nation who wronged themselves, and destroyed it completely; and Allah did not oppress them, but it is they who wronged themselves.
118O People who Believe! Do not share your secrets with others - they do all they can to ruin you; they desire the maximum harm for you; enmity has been revealed from their speech, and what they hide in their breasts is greater; we have explained the signs clearly to you, if you have intelligence.
119Listen! It is you who love them and they do not love you, whereas the fact is that you believe in all the Books; when they meet you they say, “We believe”; and when they are alone they chew their fingers at you with rage; say, “Die in your frenzy!” Allah knows well what lies within the hearts.
120If some good reaches you, they feel unhappy; and if misfortune befalls you, they will rejoice; and if you remain steadfast and pious, their evil scheme will not harm you in the least; undoubtedly all what they do is encompassed by Allah.
121And remember O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) when you came forth from your house in the morning, appointing the believers on positions of battle; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
122When two groups among you almost decided to show cowardice - and Allah is their Protector; and in Allah only should the believers trust.
123Allah indeed aided you at Badr when you had no means; so fear Allah - so that you may be thankful.
124When you O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) said to the believers, “Is it not sufficient for you that your Lord may support you by sending down three thousand angels?”
125Yes, why not? If you patiently endure and remain pious, and the disbelievers attack you suddenly, your Lord will send down five thousand marked angels to help you.
126And Allah did not bestow this victory except for your happiness, and only that your hearts may attain peace with it; and there is no help except from Allah, the Almighty, the Wise.
127So He may cut off a part of the disbelievers, or disgrace them so that they return unsuccessful.
128This matter is not for you to decide - whether He guides them to repent or punishes them, for they are the unjust.
129And to Allah only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; He may forgive whomever He wills, and punish whomever He wills; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
130O People who Believe! Do not devour usury doubling and quadrupling it; and fear Allah, hoping that you achieve success.
131And save yourselves from the fire which is prepared for disbelievers.
132And obey Allah and the Noble Messenger, hoping that you gain mercy. (Obeying the Prophet is in fact obeying Allah.)
133And rush towards forgiveness from your Lord, and towards a Paradise that can hold all the heavens and the earth in its width - prepared for the pious.
134Those who spend in Allah’s cause, in happiness and in grief, and who control their anger and are forgiving towards mankind; and the righteous are the beloved of Allah.
135And those who, when they commit an immoral act or wrong themselves, remember Allah and seek forgiveness of their sins - and who forgives sins except Allah? And those who do not purposely become stubborn regarding what they did.
136For such the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens beneath which rivers flow - abiding in it forever; what an excellent reward for the performers (of good deeds)!
137Some traditions have been tried before you - therefore travel in the land and see what sort of fate befell those who denied.
138This is an explanation for mankind, a guidance and an advice to the pious.
139And do not be negligent nor grieve - it is you who will be victorious if you are believers.
140If you have been struck by some misfortune, so they (the disbelievers) too have been struck earlier with the same misfortune; these are the days in which We have allotted turns to people; and so that Allah may make known the believers and may bestow martyrdom to some of you; and Allah does not befriend the unjust.
141And so that Allah may purify * the believers, and destroy the disbelievers. (* Forgive them their sins, if any.)
142What! You assume that you will enter Paradise while Allah has not yet tested your warriors, nor yet tested the steadfast?
143And you used to wish for death before you met it; so now you see it before your eyes.
144And Mohammed (peace and blessings be upon him) is purely * a Noble Messenger; there have been Noble Messengers before him; so if he departs or is martyred, will you turn back on your heels? So whoever turns back on his heels does not cause any harm to Allah; and Allah will soon reward the thankful. (* Neither God nor an angel, but a human being with the highest spiritual status.)
145And no soul can die except by Allah’s command - a time has been appointed for each; whoever desires the rewards of this world, We bestow upon him from it; and whoever desires the reward of the Hereafter, We bestow upon him from it; and We shall soon reward the thankful.
146And many Prophets have fought in Allah’s cause - and many devoted men were with them; so neither did they lose heart due to the calamities that befell them in Allah´s cause, nor did they weaken and nor were they subdued; and the steadfast are the beloved of Allah.
147And they never said anything except that they invoked, “Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and the excesses committed during our efforts, and keep our feet steady, and bestow us help over the disbelievers.”
148So Allah gave them the reward of this world and the best of rewards in the Hereafter; and Allah loves the righteous.
149O People who Believe! If you obey the disbelievers, they will make you turn back on your heels, so you will then turn back as losers.
150In fact, Allah is your Master; and He is the Best Supporter.
151Soon We shall cast awe in the hearts of disbelievers because they have appointed partners to Allah, for which He has not sent any proof; their destination is hell; and what a wretched abode for the unjust!
152And indeed Allah has proved true His promise to you, when you used to slay the disbelievers by His command; until the time you people lost courage and disputed about the order and disobeyed after Allah had shown you what pleases you; some of you desired the world, and some of you desired the Hereafter; thereafter He turned you away from them in order to test you; and undoubtedly He has forgiven you; and Allah is Most Munificent towards the Muslims.
153When you were leaving, unconcerned without turning to look back at anyone, and from another group Our Noble Messenger was calling you (to fight); so He gave you sorrow in lieu of sorrow, and then forgave you so that you do not grieve over what has been lost or over the calamity that befell you; and Allah is Well Aware of what you do.
154Then after grief, He sent down a peaceful slumber (calm), which engulfed a group among you - and another party kept fearing for their own lives, thinking wrongfully of Allah - like the thoughts of ignorance; they say, “Do we have any authority in this matter?” Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “All authority lies only with Allah”; they hide in their hearts what they do not reveal to you; they say, “Had we any control, we would not have been slain here”; say, “Even if you had been in your houses, those destined to be slain would have come forth to their places of slaying; and in order that Allah may test what is in your breasts and reveal whatever is in your hearts”; and Allah knows well what lies within the hearts.
155Indeed those of you who turned back on the day when the two armies met - for it was the devil who caused them to waver, because of some of their deeds; and undoubtedly Allah has forgiven them; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
156O People who Believe! Do not be like the disbelievers who said regarding their brothers who went on a journey or on holy war, “If they had been here with us they would not have died or been killed” - so that Allah may make it as despair in their hearts; and Allah gives life and causes death; and Allah is seeing your deeds.
157And if you are killed in Allah’s way or die, then the pardon from Allah and mercy are better than all what they hoard.
158And whether you are killed or you die, towards Allah you will be gathered.
159So what a great mercy it is from Allah that you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), are lenient towards them; and if you had been stern and hardhearted (unsympathetic) they would have certainly been uneasy in your company; so forgive them and intercede for them and consult with them in the conduct of affairs; and when you decide upon something, rely upon Allah; indeed Allah loves those who trust (Him).
160If Allah supports you, no one can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there who can then help you? And in Allah only should the Muslims trust.
161And it is unimaginable that any Prophet would hide something; and whoever hides it, will bring what he hid with him on the Day of Resurrection; then every soul will be paid in full for whatever they earned; and they will not be wronged.
162So is one who follows the will of Allah equal to one who has incurred the wrath from Allah and whose home is the fire? And what a wretched place to return!
163They are in different ranks before Allah; and Allah sees their deeds.
164Allah has indeed bestowed a great favour upon the Muslims, in that He sent to them a Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) from among them, who recites to them His verses, and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and wisdom; and before it, they were definitely in open error. (The Holy Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is one of Allah’s greatest favours to mankind.)
165So will you say when disaster strikes you, though you had struck them with twice as much, “Where has this come from?” Say (to them, O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “It has come from yourselves”; indeed Allah is Able to do all things.
166And the calamity that struck you on the day the two armies met, was by Allah’s command - and in order that He may make known the believers.
167And in order to expose them who turned hypocrites; and it was said to them, “Come, fight in Allah´s cause, or repel the enemy”; they answered, “If we knew how to fight, we would certainly have been with you”; and on that day they were nearer to open disbelief than to professed faith; they utter with their mouths what is not in their hearts; and Allah knows well what they hide. -
168Those who spoke regarding their brothers while they themselves stayed back at home, “Had they listened to us, they would not have been slain”; say (to them, O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Then avert your own death, if you are truthful!”
169And do not ever assume that those who are slain in Allah´s cause, are dead; in fact they are alive with their Lord, receiving sustenance. (Death does not mean extinction, it is the passing of the soul from this world to another. In case of virtuous believers, their bodies do not rot after death and they remain “alive”, in the manner Allah has ordained for them.)
170Happy over what Allah has bestowed upon them from His grace, and rejoicing for those who will succeed them, and have not yet joined them; for on them is no fear nor any grief.
171They rejoice because of the favours from Allah and (His) munificence, and because Allah does not waste the reward of the believers.
172Those who responded to the call of Allah and His Noble Messenger after they had been grieved; for the virtuous and the pious among them is a great reward.
173Those to whom the people said, “The people have gathered against you, therefore fear them”, so their faith was further increased; and they said, “Allah is Sufficient for us - and what an excellent (reliable) Trustee (of affairs) is He!”
174So they returned with the favour and munificence from Allah, in that no harm reached them; they followed what pleased Allah; and Allah is Extremely Munificent.
175It is the devil who threatens with his friends; so do not fear them and fear Me, if you have faith.
176And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) do not grieve for those who rush towards disbelief; they cannot cause any harm to Allah; and Allah does not will to assign them any portion in the Hereafter; and for them is a terrible punishment.
177Those who have purchased disbelief in exchange of faith cannot cause any harm to Allah; and for them is a painful punishment.
178And never must the disbelievers be under the illusion that the respite We give them is any good for them; We give them respite only for them to further advance in their sins; and for them is a disgraceful punishment.
179Allah will not leave you, O People who Believe (the Muslims) in your present state, till He separates the evil from the good; and it does not befit Allah’s Majesty to give you, the common men, knowledge of the hidden, but Allah does chose from His Noble Messengers whomever He wills; so believe in Allah and His Noble Messengers; and if you believe and practice piety, for you is a great reward. (Allah gave the knowledge of the hidden to the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.)
180And never must those who act miserly upon what Allah has bestowed upon them of His grace, think that it is good for them; in fact it is harmful for them; soon what they had withheld will be collars round their necks on the Day of Resurrection; and Allah only is the Inheritor (Owner) of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is Well Aware of what you do.
181Undoubtedly Allah heard them who said, “Allah is needy, and we are the wealthy”; We shall keep recorded their saying and their wrongfully martyring of the Prophets; and We shall say, “Taste the punishment of the fire!”
182“This is the recompense of what your hands have sent ahead and Allah does not oppress the bondmen.”
183Those who say, “Allah has agreed with us that we should not believe in any Noble Messenger until he comes with the command to offer a sacrifice, which a fire (from heaven) shall devour”; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Many Noble Messengers did come to you before me, with clear signs and with this command which you state - why did you then martyr them, if you are truthful?”
184So O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) if they are denying you, Noble Messengers who came before you had also been denied, who had come with clear signs and Scriptures and the clear Book.
185Every soul must taste death; and only on the Day of Resurrection will you be fully recompensed; so the one who is saved from the fire and is admitted into Paradise - he is undoubtedly successful; and the life of this world is just counterfeit wealth.
186You will surely be tried in respect of your property and lives, and you will surely hear much wrong from those who were given the Book before you, and from the polytheists; and if you remain steadfast and remain pious, it is then an act of great courage.
187And remember when Allah took a covenant from the People given the Book(s) that, “You shall definitely preach it to the people and not hide it”; so they flung it behind their backs and gained an abject price for it; so what a wretched bargain it is!
188Do not ever think of those who rejoice for their deeds and wish to be praised without doing (good deeds) - do not ever think that they are safe from the punishment; and for them is a painful punishment.
189And for Allah only is the kingship of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is Able to do all things.
190Undoubtedly in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of night and day are signs for the intelligent.
191Those who remember Allah while standing, and sitting, and reclining on their sides, and ponder about the creation of the heavens and the earth; “O our Lord! You have not created this without purpose; Purity is to You, therefore save us from the punishment of fire.”
192“O our Lord! You have indeed given disgrace to whomever You put in the fire (of hell); and the unjust do not have any supporters.”
193“O our Lord! We have heard a proclaimer calling towards faith, (saying) ‘Believe in your Lord’ so we have accepted faith; Our Lord! Therefore forgive us our sins, and wipe out our evil deeds, and make us die among the virtuous.”
194“O our Lord! And give us what You have promised us through Your Noble Messengers, and do not humiliate us on the Day of Resurrection; indeed You do not break the promise.”
195So their Lord accepted their prayer, for I do not waste the efforts of any (righteous) worker, male or female; you are all one among yourselves; so those who migrated and were driven out from their homes and were harassed in My cause, and fought, and were slain - I will certainly wipe out all their sins and will certainly admit them into Gardens beneath which rivers flow; a reward from Allah; and only with Allah is the best reward.
196O listener (followers of this Prophet)! Do not ever be deceived by the disbelievers’ free movements in the cities.
197It is a brief usage; their home is hell; and what an evil resting-place!
198But for those who fear their Lord are Gardens beneath which rivers flow - abiding in it for ever - the hospitality from their Lord; and that which is with Allah, is the best for the righteous.
199And undoubtedly there are some among the People given the Book(s), who accept faith in Allah and what is sent down to you and what was sent down to them - their hearts are submitted humbly before Allah - they do not exchange the verses of Allah for an abject price; they are those whose reward is with their Lord; indeed Allah is Swift At Taking Account.
200O People who Believe! Endure and surpass your enemies in endurance, and guard the frontiers of the Islamic nation; and keep fearing Allah, hoping that you may succeed.
Chapter 4 (Sura 4)
1O mankind! Fear your Lord Who created you from a single soul and from it created its spouse and from them both has spread the multitude of men and women; fear Allah in Whose name you claim (your rights from one another) and be mindful of your blood relations; indeed Allah is always seeing you.
2And give the orphans their wealth and do not exchange the pure for the foul; and do not devour (or use up) their wealth, mixing it with your own; this is indeed a great sin.
3And if you fear that you will not be just towards orphan girls, marry the women whom you like - two at a time, or three or four; then if you fear that you cannot keep two women equally then marry only one or the bondwomen you own; this is closer to your not doing injustice.
4And give the women their bridal money willingly; then if they willingly give you a part of it, eat (use) it with joy and fruition.
5And do not give the foolish their wealth which is in your custody - those for whom Allah has put you in charge to maintain (look after) - and feed and clothe them from it, and speak kindly to them.
6And test the orphans till they are fit to get married (reach full age); then if you find them of proper judgement, hand over their wealth to them; and do not devour it by spending excessively and hastily, fearing that they will grow up; and whoever is not in need must abstain; and whoever is needy may use from it in a reasonable measure; and when you hand over their wealth to them, get witnesses over them; and Allah is Sufficient to take account.
7For men is a share from what the parents and near relatives leave behind, and for women is a share from what the parents and near relatives leave behind, whether the wealth (inheritance) is small or large; the share is a fixed one.
8And if relatives and orphans and the needy are present at the time of disbursement, give them something from it and speak to them with kindness.
9And those people must fear, who if they die leaving behind them young children would be afraid for them; so they must fear Allah and speak with fairness.
10Indeed those who unjustly devour the wealth of orphans only fill their bellies with fire; and soon they will go into a blazing pit.
11Allah commands you concerning your children; the son’s share is equal to that of two daughters; and if there are only daughters, for them is two-thirds of the inheritance, even if they are more than two; and if there is only one daughter, for her is half; and to each of the deceased’s parents a sixth of the inheritance, if he has children; and if the deceased has no children but leaves behind parents, then one third for the mother; and if he has several brothers and sisters, a sixth for the mother, after any will he may have made and payment of debt; your fathers and your sons - you do not know which of them will be more useful to you; this is the share fixed by Allah; indeed Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
12And from what your wives leave, half is for you if they do not have any child; or if they have a child for you is a fourth of what they leave, after any will they may have made or debt to be paid; and to the women is a fourth of what you leave behind, if you do not have any child; or if you have a child then an eighth of what you leave behind, after any will you may have made, or debt to be paid; and if a deceased does not leave behind a mother, father or children but has a brother or a sister through a common mother, then to each of them a sixth; and if they (brothers and sisters) are more than two, then they shall all share in a third, after any will that may have been made or debt to be paid, in which the deceased has not caused a loss (to the heirs); this is the decree of Allah; and Allah is All Knowing, Most Forbearing.
13These are the limits of Allah; and whoever obeys Allah and His Noble Messenger - Allah will admit him into Gardens beneath which rivers flow - abiding in it forever; and this is the great success.
14And whoever disobeys Allah and His Noble Messenger and crosses all His limits - Allah will put him in the fire (of hell), in which he will remain forever; and for him is a disgraceful punishment.
15And take testimony from four chosen men amongst you, against the women among you who commit adultery; and if they testify, confine those women in the houses until death takes them away or Allah creates a solution for them.
16And punish them both, the man and the woman, whoever are guilty of it (adultery); then if they repent and become pious, leave them; indeed Allah is the Most Acceptor Of Repentance, Most Merciful.
17Undoubtedly the repentance which Allah has by His grace made obligatory upon Himself to accept, is only the repentance of those who commit sin in folly and then soon repent - towards them does Allah incline in mercy; and Allah is the All Knowing, the Wise.
18And that repentance is not of those who constantly commit sins, and when death approaches one of them, he says, "I repent now", nor of those who die as disbelievers; for them, We have kept prepared a painful punishment.
19O People who Believe! It is not lawful for you to forcibly become the women’s heirs; and do not restrain women with the intention of taking away a part of bridal money you gave them, unless they openly commit the shameful; and deal kindly with them; and if you do not like them, so it is possible that you dislike a thing in which Allah has placed abundant good.
20And if you wish to change one wife for another and you have given her heaps of treasure, do not take back anything from it; will you take it back by slander and open sin?
21And how will you take it back whereas you have become unveiled before each other, and they have taken a strong pledge from you?
22And do not marry the women who were wedded to your fathers (and grand fathers), except what has already passed; that is indeed an act of shame and great wrong; and an evil way.
23Forbidden for you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your father’s sisters, and your mother’s sisters, and your brothers’ daughters and your sisters’ daughters, and your foster-mothers (who breast-fed you), and their daughters (your foster-sisters), and your wives’ mothers (mothers-in-law), and your wives’ daughters who are under your protection - born of the women with whom you have cohabited; and if you have not cohabited with them, then it is no sin for you to marry their daughters; and (forbidden are) the wives of your own sons (and foster-sons and grandsons) and the keeping of two sisters together in marriage, except what has already passed; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
24And all married women are forbidden for you except the wives of disbelievers who come into your possession as bondwomen; this is Allah’s decree for you; and other than these, all women are lawful for you so that you seek them in exchange of your wealth in proper wedlock, not adultery; therefore give the women you wish to marry, their appointed bridal money; and after the appointment (of bridal money) there is no sin on you if you come to a mutual agreement; indeed Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
25And whoever among you does not have in marriage free, believing women due to poverty, should marry from the believing bondwomen you own; and Allah knows well your faith; you are from one another; therefore marry them with the permission of their masters, and give them their bridal money according to custom, they becoming (faithful) wives, not committing mischief or secretly making friends; so when they are married and commit the shameful, for them is half the punishment prescribed for free women; this is for one among you who fears falling into adultery; and to practice patience is better for you; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
26Allah wills to explain His commands to you and show you the ways of those before you, and to incline towards you with His mercy; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
27And Allah wills to incline towards you with His mercy; and those who pursue their own pleasures wish that you be far separated from the Straight Path.
28Allah wills to lessen your burden; and man was created weak.
29O People who Believe! Do not unjustly devour the property of each other, except through trade by mutual agreement; and do not kill one another; indeed Allah is Most Merciful upon you.
30And whoever does that through injustice and oppression, We shall soon put him in the fire; and this is easy for Allah.
31If you keep avoiding the cardinal sins that are forbidden to you, We will forgive you your other (lesser) sins and admit you into a noble place.
32And do not long for things by which Allah has given superiority to some of you over others; for men is the share of what they earn; and for women the share from what they earn; and seek from Allah His munificence; indeed Allah knows everything.
33And for all, We have appointed heirs - from whatever the parents and near relatives leave behind; and to those with whom you have made an agreement, give them their dues; indeed all things are present before Allah.
34Men are in charge of women, as Allah has made one of them superior to the other, and because men spend their wealth for the women; so virtuous women are the reverent ones, guarding behind their husbands the way Allah has decreed guarding; and the women from whom you fear disobedience, (at first) advise them and (then) do not cohabit with them, and (lastly) beat them; then if they obey you, do not seek to do injustice to them; indeed Allah is Supreme, Great.
35And if you fear a dispute between husband and wife, send an arbitrator from the man’s family and an arbitrator from the woman’s family; if these two wish conciliation, Allah will unite them; indeed Allah is All Knowing, Well Aware.
36And worship Allah and do not ascribe any partner to Him, and be good to parents, and to relatives, and orphans, and the needy, and the related neighbour and the unrelated neighbour, and the close companion and the traveller; and your bondwomen; indeed Allah does not like any boastful, proud person. -
37Those who are misers and preach miserliness to others, and hide what Allah has bestowed upon them from His munificence; and We have kept ready a disgraceful punishment for the disbelievers.
38And those who spend their wealth in order for people to see, and do not accept faith in Allah nor the Last Day; and whoever has Satan (the devil) as a companion - so what an evil companion is he!
39And what would they lose, if they had believed in Allah and the Last Day and spent from what Allah has bestowed upon them? And Allah knows them very well.
40Allah does not commit even the least injustice; and if there is a good deed, He doubles it and gives from Himself a great reward.
41So how will it be when We bring a witness from each nation (religion), and We bring you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) as a witness and a watcher over them? (The Holy Prophet is a witness from Allah.)
42On that day, those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Noble Messenger will wish that they be buried and the ground levelled above them; and they will not be able to hide anything from Allah.
43O People who Believe! Do not approach the prayer when you are intoxicated until you have the sense to understand what you say, nor in the state of impurity until you have bathed except while travelling; and if you are ill or on a journey or one of you returns from answering the call of nature or you have cohabited with women, and you do not find water, then cleanse (yourself) with clean soil - therefore stroke your faces and your hands with it; indeed Allah is Most Pardoning, Oft Forgiving.
44Did you not see those who received a portion of the Book, that they purchase error and wish that you too go astray from the right path?
45Allah well knows your enemies; Allah is Sufficient as a Guardian, and Allah is Sufficient as a Supporter.
46Some of the Jews interchange the words from their places and say, “We hear and disobey” - and they say “Hear- may you not be able to hear” - and they say “Raena (Be considerate towards us)” distorting it with their tongues and in order to slander religion; had they said, “We hear and we obey” and “Kindly listen to us, O dear Prophet,” and “Look mercifully upon us, O dear Prophet”, it would have been much better for them and more just - but Allah has cursed them for their disbelief; so they do not believe except a little.
47O People given the Book(s)! Believe in what We have sent down confirming the Book which you possess, before We transform some faces so turning them towards their backs, or curse them like We had cursed the people of Sabth; and (know that) the Allah’s command is always carried out!
48Undoubtedly Allah does not forgive (the sin of ) of disbelieving in Him and forgives anything lower than it to whomever He wills; and whoever ascribes partners to Allah has invented a tremendous sin.
49Did you not see those who proclaim their piety (cleanliness of deeds)? In fact Allah purifies whomever He wills, and no injustice, even equal to the hair upon a date seed will be done to them.
50See how they fabricate lies against Allah! And this is a sufficient manifest sin.
51Did you not see those who received a portion of the Book, that they believe in idols and the devil, and say regarding the disbelievers that they are more rightly guided than the Muslims?
52It is they whom Allah has cursed; and for those whom Allah has cursed, you (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) will never find any supporter.
53Do they have some share in the kingship?- if it were, they would not give to mankind even a single sesame.
54Or do they envy people due to what Allah has given them from His grace? In that case, We bestowed the Book and the wisdom upon the family of Ibrahim (Abraham), and We gave them a great kingdom.
55So some of them believed in it and some of them turned away from it; and sufficient is hell, a blazing fire!
56We shall soon put those who disbelieve in Our signs into the fire; whenever their skins are cooked (fully burnt) We shall change them for new skins so they may taste the punishment (again and again); indeed Allah is Almighty, Wise.
57And those who believed and did good deeds, We shall soon admit them into Gardens beneath which rivers flow - abiding in it forever; in it for them are pure wives - and We shall admit them into places of plentiful shade.
58Indeed Allah commands you to hand over whatever you hold in trust, to their owners - and that whenever you judge between people, judge with fairness; undoubtedly Allah gives you an excellent advice; indeed Allah is All Hearing, All Seeing.
59O People who Believe! Obey Allah and the Noble Messenger and those amongst you who are in authority; so if there is a dispute amongst you concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Noble Messenger (for judgement) if you believe in Allah and the Last Day; this is better and has the best outcome.
60Did you not see those whose claim is that they believe in what has been sent down on you and what was sent down before you, and they then wish to make the devil their judge, whereas they were ordered to completely reject him? And the devil wishes to mislead them far astray.
61And when they are told, "Come towards the Book sent down by Allah and to the Noble Messenger," you will see that the hypocrites turn their faces away from you.
62What will be their state, if some calamity befalls them as a result of what their own hands have sent before them - and then they come to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), swearing by Allah that, "Our goal was only to do good and create harmony"?
63The secrets of their hearts are well known to Allah; so avoid them and explain to them, and speak to them clearly in their affairs.
64And We did not send any Noble Messenger except that he be obeyed by Allah’s command; and if they, when they have wronged their own souls, come humbly to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) and seek forgiveness from Allah, and the Noble Messenger intercedes for them, they will certainly find Allah as the Most Acceptor Of Repentance, the Most Merciful.
65So O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), by oath of your Lord, they will not be Muslims until they appoint you a judge for the disputes between them - and then whatever you have decided, they should not find opposition to it within their hearts, and they must accept it wholeheartedly.
66And had We decreed for them to slay themselves or to leave their homes and families, only a few of them would have done it; and if they did what they are advised to, it would be good for them, and would have strengthened faith.
67And were it so, We would bestow upon them a great reward from Ourselves.
68And would certainly guide them to the Straight Path.
69And whoever obeys Allah and His Noble Messenger, will be with those upon whom Allah has bestowed grace - that is, the Prophets and the truthful and the martyrs and the virtuous; and what excellent companions they are!
70This is Allah’s munificence; and Allah is Sufficient, the All Knowing.
71O People who Believe! Be cautious, then advance towards the enemy in small numbers or all together.
72Indeed among you is one who will certainly loiter behind; then if some disaster were to befall you, he would say, "It was Allah’s grace upon me that I was not present with them!"
73And were you to receive Allah’s munificence (a bounty), he would surely say - as if there had been no friendship between you and him - "Alas - if only I had been with them, I would have achieved a great success!"
74So those who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter, must fight in Allah´s cause; and We shall bestow a great reward upon whoever fights in Allah´s cause, whether he is martyred or is victorious.
75And what is the matter with you, that you should not fight in Allah’s cause and for the feeble men, and women, and children, who invoke, "Our Lord! Liberate us from this town, the people of which are unjust; and give us a protector from Yourself; and give us a supporter from Yourself." (Allah has created many supporters for the believers.)
76The believers fight for Allah’s cause; and the disbelievers fight for the devil’s cause - so fight against the friends of the devil; undoubtedly the devil’s conspiracy is weak.
77Did you not see those to whom it was said, "Restrain your hands, keep the prayer established and pay the charity"; but when fighting was ordained for them, some of them started fearing people, the way they feared Allah - or even greater! And they said, "Our Lord! Why have You ordained fighting for us? If only You would have let us live some more!" Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "The usage of this world is meagre; and the Hereafter is better for the pious; and you will not be wronged even (the weight of) a single thread."
78Death will come to you wherever you may be, even if you were in strong fortresses; if some good reaches them they say, "This is from Allah"; and if any misfortune reaches them, they say, "This is from you"; say, "Everything is from Allah"; what is wrong with these people, that they do not seem to understand anything?
79Whatever good reaches you, O listeners, is from Allah, and whatever ill reaches you is from yourselves; and We have sent you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) as a Noble Messenger towards all mankind; and Allah is Sufficient, as a Witness.
80Whoever obeys the Noble Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah; and for those who turn away - We have not sent you as their saviour.
81And they say, "We have obeyed"; and when they go away from you, a group of them spend the night conspiring against what they had said; and Allah records what they conspired by night; therefore O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) avoid them and rely upon Allah; and Allah is Sufficient as a Trustee (of affairs).
82So do they not ponder about the Qur’an? And had it been from anyone besides Allah, they would certainly find much contradiction in it.
83And when any news of safety or fear comes to them, they speak of it publicly; and had they referred it to the Noble Messenger and to those among them having authority, those among them who are able to infer would certainly learn the truth of the matter from them; and were it not for Allah’s munificence upon you, and His mercy, all of you would have certainly followed Satan - except a few.
84Therefore O dear Prophet, fight in Allah´s cause; you will not be burdened except for yourself, and urge the believers (to fight); it is likely that Allah will curb the strength of the disbelievers; and Allah´s strike is most stinging and His punishment the most severe.
85Whoever makes a noble intercession will have a share of it, and whoever makes an evil intercession will have a share of it; and Allah is Able to do all things.
86And when you are greeted with some words, greet back with words better than it or with the same; indeed Allah will take account of everything.
87Allah! There is none worthy of worship except Him; He will surely gather you all on the Day of Resurrection in which there is no doubt; and whose Words are more true than those of Allah? (Allah does not lie.)
88So what is the matter with you that you got divided into two groups concerning the hypocrites, whereas Allah has inverted them because of their misdeeds? Do you wish to guide one whom Allah has sent astray? And for one whom Allah sends astray, you will not find a way.
89They wish that you too should turn disbelievers the way they did, so that you all may become equal - so do not befriend any of them until they forsake their homes and families in Allah’s cause; then if they turn back, seize them and kill them wherever you find them; and do not take any of them as a friend nor as a supporter.
90Except those who are related to the people between whom and you is a treaty, or who come to you with their hearts no longer having the will to fight you or to fight their own people; had Allah willed, He would certainly have given them power over you so that they would have surely fought you; then if they avoid you and do not wage war against you and make an offer of peace - then Allah has not kept for you a way against them.
91You will now find others who desire that they should be safe from you and also safe from their own people; whenever their people turn them towards war, they fall headlong into it; so if they do not avoid (confronting) you nor submit an offer of peace nor restrain their hands, seize them and kill them wherever you find them; and they are the ones against whom We have given you clear authority.
92It is not rightful for a Muslim to kill another Muslim, unless it occurs by mistake; and the one who mistakenly kills a Muslim must set free a Muslim slave and pay blood-money to the family of the slain, except if they forego it; and if the victim is of a people who are hostile to you, and the killer is a Muslim, then only the setting free of a Muslim slave (is obligatory); and if the victim is from a people between whom and you there is a treaty, then blood-money must be paid to his family and the setting free of a Muslim slave; therefore one who has no means must fast for two consecutive months; this is his penance before Allah; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
93And whoever slays a Muslim on purpose, his reward will be hell - to remain in it for ages - and Allah has wreaked wrath upon him and has cursed him and kept prepared a terrible punishment for him.
94O People who Believe! When you go forth to fight in holy war, make a proper study, and do not say to the one who greets you, "You are not a Muslim," - you seek the means of this worldly life; so with Allah are the bounties in plenty; you too were like this before, then Allah bestowed His favour on you, therefore you must make a proper study; indeed Allah knows whatever you do.
95The Muslims who stay back from holy war without proper excuse, are not equal to the Muslims who fight in Allah´s cause with their wealth and lives; Allah has bestowed higher ranks to the warriors who strive with their wealth and lives, than those who stay back; and Allah has promised good to all; and Allah has favoured the warriors upon those who stay back, with a great reward.
96Ranks (of honour) from Him, and forgiveness, and mercy; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
97The angels ask the people whose souls they remove while they were wronging themselves, "What were you engaged in?" They reply, "We were powerless in the land"; the angels say, "Was Allah’s earth not spacious enough for you to have migrated in it?" The destination for such is hell; and a very wretched place to return.
98Except those who were forcibly subdued among men, and the women and children, unable to devise a plan and unaware of the way.
99So for such, it is likely that Allah will pardon them; and Allah is Most Pardoning, Oft Forgiving.
100Whoever migrates for Allah´s cause will find much shelter and abundant capacity in the earth; and whoever leaves his home, migrating towards Allah and His Noble Messenger, and death seizes him, his reward then lies entrusted with Allah; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
101And when you travel in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail some of your obligatory prayers; if you fear that disbelievers may cause you harm; undoubtedly the disbelievers are open enemies to you.
102And when you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) are among them and lead them in prayer, only a group of them should be with you, and they must keep their weapons with them; so when they have performed their prostrations they should move away behind you; and the other group that had not prayed, must come and offer prayers in your leadership, keeping their guard and weapons with them; the disbelievers wish that you neglect your arms and your means so they may overpower you with a single attack; it is no sin for you to lay aside your arms due to rain or if you are sick; and keep your guard; undoubtedly Allah has kept prepared a disgraceful punishment for the disbelievers.
103So when you have offered your prayers remember Allah while standing, sitting and reclining; and when you feel secure, offer prayers in the usual manner; indeed prayers are a time bound obligatory duty upon the Muslims.
104Do not relax in pursuit of the disbelievers; if you are suffering, they also suffer as you do; and you expect from Allah what they do not; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
105We have indeed sent down the true Book towards you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), so that you may judge between men, in the way Allah may show you; and do not plead on behalf of the treacherous.
106And seek forgiveness from Allah; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
107And do not plead on behalf of those who deceive themselves; indeed Allah does not like any treacherous, excessive sinner.
108They hide from men and do not hide from Allah, whereas Allah is with them when they plan in their hearts that which displeases Him; and Allah has their deeds encompassed.
109Pay heed! It is you people who argued on their behalf in the life of this world; so who will fight on their behalf with Allah on the Day of Resurrection, or who will be their pleader?
110And whoever does evil or wrongs his own soul and then seeks forgiveness from Allah, will find Allah Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
111And whoever earns sin, his earnings will only be against himself; and Allah is the Knowing, Wise.
112And whoever commits a mistake or a sin, then blames it on someone innocent has indeed burdened himself with infamy and a manifest crime.
113And O dear Prophet, were it not for Allah’s munificence and His mercy upon you, a group among them would have wished to deceive you; and they only mislead themselves and will not harm you at all; and Allah has sent down upon you the Book and wisdom, and taught you all what you did not know*; and upon you is Allah’s great munificence. (Allah gave the knowledge of the hidden to the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.)
114Most of their discussions do not contain any good, except of the one who enjoins charity or goodness or peace-making among people; whoever does that to seek the pleasure of Allah - We shall soon give him a great reward.
115And whoever opposes the Noble Messenger after the right path has been made clear to him, and follows a way other than that of the Muslims, We shall leave him as he is, and put him in hell; and what a wretched place to return!
116Allah does not forgive (the greatest sin) that partners be ascribed with Him - and He forgives all that is below (lesser sins) it, to whomever He wills; and whoever ascribes partners with Allah has indeed wandered far astray.
117The polytheists do not worship Allah, except some females; and they do not worship anyone except the rebellious Satan.
118The one whom Allah has cursed; and the devil said, "I swear, I will certainly take an appointed portion of Your bondmen," -
119"And I will surely lead them astray, and I will certainly arouse desires in them, and I will definitely order them so they will pierce animals’ ears, and I will definitely order them so they will alter Allah’s creation"; and whoever chooses the devil for a friend instead of Allah, has indeed suffered a manifest loss.
120The devil promises them and arouses desires in them; and the devil does not give them promises except of deceit.
121The destination for such is hell; they will not find any refuge from it.
122And those who believed and did good deeds - We shall soon admit them into Gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding in them for ever and ever; a true promise from Allah; and whose Words are more true than those of Allah? (Allah does not lie.)
123The affair does not rest on your thoughts, nor the cravings of the People given the Book(s); whoever does wrong will get the recompense of it - and will not find, other than Allah, any friend or any supporter.
124And whoever does some good deeds, be it a man or woman, and is a Muslim, will be admitted to Paradise and they will not be wronged even to the extent of one sesame.
125And whose religion is better than one who submits his self to Allah and is virtuous and follows the religion of Ibrahim, who was far removed from all falsehood? And Allah made Ibrahim His close friend.
126And to Allah only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and Allah has control over all things.
127And they ask you the decree concerning women; say, “Allah gives you a decree concerning them - and what is recited to you from the Qur’an concerning orphan girls, that you are not giving them which is ordained for them, and you are avoiding marrying them - and concerning the weak children, and that you must firmly establish justice in dealing with the orphans’ rights; and whatever good deeds you do, then Allah is Well Aware of it.”
128And if a woman fears ill treatment from her husband or disinterest, so it is no sin for them if they reach an agreement of peace between themselves; and peace is better; and the heart is trapped in greed; and if you do good and practice piety, then Allah is Well Aware of it.
129And you will never be able to deal equally between women however much you may desire - therefore do not be totally inclined towards one leaving the other in uncertainty; and if you do good and practice piety, then (know that) Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
130And if the two separate, Allah will make each one independent of the other, with His Capability; and Allah is Most Capable, Wise.
131And to Allah only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and indeed We have commanded those who received the Books before you, and commanded you, that keep fearing Allah; and if you disbelieve, undoubtedly to Allah only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and Allah is Independent, Worthy Of All Praise.
132And to Allah only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and Allah is Sufficient as a Trustee (of affairs).
133O people! He can remove you and bring others, if He wills; and Allah is Able to do that.
134Whoever desires the reward of this world, then with Allah only lie both - the rewards of this world and of the Hereafter; and Allah is All Hearing, All Seeing.
135O People who Believe! Be firm in establishing justice, giving witness for Allah, even if it is harmful to yourselves or parents or relatives; whether the one you testify against is wealthy or poor, for in any case Allah has the greater right over it; then do not follow your wishes for you may stray from the truth; and if you distort testimony or turn away, then Allah is Well Aware of your deeds.
136O People who Believe! Have faith in Allah and His Noble Messenger and the Book He has sent down upon this Noble Messenger of His, and the Book He sent down before; and whoever does not accept faith in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Noble Messengers and the Last Day, has undoubtedly wandered far astray.
137Indeed those who believe, then disbelieve and then again believe, then again disbelieve, and go further in their disbelief - Allah will never forgive them, nor ever guide them to the path.
138Give glad tidings to the hypocrites, that for them is a painful punishment.
139Those who leave the Muslims to befriend the disbelievers; do they seek honour from them? Then (know that) undoubtedly all honour is for Allah.
140And indeed Allah has sent down to you in the Book that whenever you hear the signs of Allah being rejected or being made fun of, do not sit with those people, until they engage in some other conversation; or you too are like them; undoubtedly Allah will gather the hypocrites and the disbelievers, all together, into hell.
141Those who keep watching your circumstances; so if a victory comes to you from Allah, they say, "Were we not with you?"; and if victory is for disbelievers, they say, "Did we not have control over you, and protect you from the Muslims?" Allah will judge between you all on the Day of Resurrection; and Allah will not provide the disbelievers any way over the Muslims.
142Undoubtedly the hypocrites, in their fancy, seek to deceive Allah whereas He will extinguish them while making them oblivious; and when they stand up for prayer, they do it unwillingly and for others to see, and they do not remember Allah except a little.
143Fluctuating in the middle; neither here (in faith) nor there (in disbelief); and for one whom Allah sends astray, you will not find a way.
144O People who Believe! Do not befriend disbelievers in place of Muslims; do you wish to give Allah a clear proof against you?
145Undoubtedly the hypocrites are in the deepest segment of hell; and you will never find any supporter for them.
146Except those who repented and reformed themselves and held fast to Allah’s rope and made their religion sincerely only for Allah - so they are with the Muslims; and Allah will soon bestow upon the believers a great reward.
147And what will Allah gain by punishing you, if you acknowledge the truth and accept faith? And Allah is Most Appreciative, All Knowing.
148Allah does not like disclosure of evil matters except by the oppressed; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
149If you do any good openly or in secret, or pardon someone’s evil - then indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Able.
150Those who disbelieve in Allah and His Noble Messengers, and seek to cause division between Allah and His Noble Messengers, and say, "We believe in some and disbelieve in others," and wish to choose a way between faith and disbelief; -
151These are the real disbelievers; and for the disbelievers We have kept prepared a disgraceful punishment.
152And those who believe in Allah and all His Noble Messengers and do not make any distinction in belief between any of them - Allah will soon give them their reward; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
153O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) the People given the Book(s) ask you, to cause a Book to be sent down on them from heaven - so they had asked something even greater from Moosa, for they said, "Show Allah to us, clearly" - so the thunder seized them on account of their sins; then they chose the calf (for worship) after clear signs had come to them, then We forgave this; and We bestowed Moosa with a clear dominance.
154We then raised the mount (Sinai) above them to take a covenant from them and decreed them that, “Enter the gate while prostrating” and decreed them that, “Do not cross the limits of the Sabbath,” and We took from them a firm covenant.
155So Allah cursed them because of their constantly breaking their covenant - and they disbelieved in the signs of Allah, and they used to wrongfully martyr the Prophets, and because they said, "Our hearts are covered"; in fact Allah has set a seal upon their hearts due to their disbelief, so that they do not accept faith, except a few.
156And because they disbelieved and slandered Maryam with a tremendous accusation.
157And because they said, "We have killed the Messiah, Eisa the son of Maryam, the Messenger of Allah"; they did not slay him nor did they crucify him, but a look-alike was created for them; and those who disagree concerning it are in doubt about it; they know nothing of it, except the following of assumptions; and without doubt, they did not kill him.
158In fact Allah raised him towards Himself; and Allah is Almighty, Wise.
159There is not one of the People given the Book(s), who will not believe in him (Eisa ) before his Eisa´s death; and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them.
160So due to the great injustices committed by the Jews, We forbade them some of the good things which were earlier lawful for them, and because they prevented many people from Allah’s way.
161And because they used to take usury whereas they were forbidden from it, and they used to wrongfully devour people’s wealth; and for the disbelievers among them, We have kept prepared a painful punishment.
162But those among them who are firm in knowledge and who have faith, believe in what is sent down upon you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), and what was sent down before you, and those who keep the prayer established and those who pay the charity, and those who believe in Allah and the Last Day; to such, We shall soon bestow a great reward.
163Indeed We sent a divine revelation to you (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessing be upon him) as We did send divine revelations to Nooh (Noah) and the Prophets after him; and We sent divine revelations to Ibrahim (Abraham) and Ismael (Ishmael) and Ishaq (Isaac) and Yaqub (Jacob) and their offspring, and Eisa (Jesus) and Ayyub (Job) and Yunus (Jonah) and Haroon (Aaron) and Sulaiman (Solomon), and We bestowed the Zaboor (the Holy Book) upon Dawud (David).
164And to the Noble Messengers whom We have mentioned to you before, and to the Noble Messengers We have not mentioned to you; and Allah really did speak to Moosa.
165Noble Messengers giving glad tidings and declaring warnings, in order that people may not have any argument against Allah, after the (advent of) Noble Messengers; and Allah is Almighty, Wise.
166But Allah is the Witness of what He has sent down upon you - He has sent it down by His knowledge; and the angels are witnesses; and sufficient is Allah’s testimony.
167Indeed those who disbelieved and prevented (others) from the way of Allah, have undoubtedly wandered far astray.
168Indeed those who disbelieved and crossed the limits - Allah will never forgive them, nor guide them to a way.
169Except the path of hell, in which they will remain for ever and ever; and that is easy for Allah.
170O mankind! This Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) has come to you with the truth from your Lord, so accept faith for your own good; and if you disbelieve, then undoubtedly to Allah only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and in the earth; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
171O People given the Book(s)! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor say anything concerning Allah, but the truth; the Messiah, Eisa the son of Maryam, is purely a Noble Messenger of Allah, and His Word; which He sent towards Maryam, and a Spirit from Him; so believe in Allah and His Noble Messengers; and do not say "Three"; desist, for your own good; undoubtedly Allah is the only One God; Purity is to Him from begetting a child; to Him only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and Allah is a Sufficient Trustee (of affairs).
172The Messiah does not at all hate being a bondman of Allah, and nor do the close angels; and whoever hates worshipping Him and is conceited - so very soon He will gather them all towards Him.
173Then to those who believed and did good deeds, He will pay their wages in full and by His munificence, give them more; and to those who hated (worshipping Him) and were proud, He will inflict a painful punishment; and they will not find for themselves, other than Allah, any supporter nor any aide.
174O mankind! Indeed the clear proof from your Lord has come to you, and We have sent down to you a bright light. (The Holy Prophet is a Clear Proof from Allah.)
175So those who believed in Allah and held fast to His rope - He will admit them into His mercy and munificence, and will guide on the Straight Path towards Himself.
176O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), they ask you for a decree; say, "Allah decrees you concerning the solitary person (without parents or children); if a man dies childless and has a sister, for her is half the inheritance; and the man is his sister’s heir if the sister dies childless; and if there are two sisters, for them is two-thirds of the inheritance; so if there are brothers and sisters, both men and women, the male’s share is equal to that of two females; and Allah explains clearly to you, so that you do not go astray; and Allah knows all things."
Chapter 5 (Sura 5)
1O People who Believe! Fulfil your words (agreements); the mute animals are made lawful for you (to eat) except what will be declared to you after this, but do not assume hunting as lawful when you are on the pilgrimage; indeed Allah commands whatever He wills.
2O People who Believe! Do not make lawful the symbols of Allah nor the sacred months nor the sacrificial animals sent to the Sacred Territory (around Mecca) nor the animals marked with garlands, nor the lives and wealth of those travelling towards the Sacred House (Ka’abah) seeking the munificence and pleasure of their Lord; and when you have completed the pilgrimage, you may hunt; and let not the enmity of the people who had stopped you from going to the Sacred Mosque tempt you to do injustice; and help one another in righteousness and piety - and do not help one another in sin and injustice - and keep fearing Allah; indeed Allah’s punishment is severe.
3Forbidden for you are carrion, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that which has been slaughtered while proclaiming the name of any other than Allah, and one killed by strangling, and one killed with blunt weapons, and one which died by falling, and that which was gored by the horns of some animal, and one eaten by a wild beast, except those whom you slaughter; and (also forbidden is) that which is slaughtered at the altar (of idols) and that which is distributed by the throwing of arrows (as an omen); this is an act of sin; this day, the disbelievers are in despair concerning your religion, so do not fear them and fear Me; this day have I perfected your religion for you * and completed My favour upon you, and have chosen Islam as your religion; so whoever is forced by intense hunger and thirst and does not incline towards sin, then indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful. (* Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is the Last Prophet.)
4They ask you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) what is made lawful for them; say, “Pure things are made lawful for you, and the beasts (and birds) of prey which you have trained and use for hunting, (and) you teach them what Allah has taught you; so eat what they kill and leave for you, and mention Allah’s name upon it - and keep fearing Allah; indeed Allah is Swift At Taking Account.”
5This day the pure things are made lawful for you; and the food of the People given the Book(s) is lawful for you - and your food is lawful for them - and likewise are the virtuous Muslim women and the virtuous women from the people who received the Book(s) before you when you give them their bridal money - marrying them, not committing adultery nor as mistresses; and whoever turns a disbeliever after being a Muslim, all his deeds are wasted and he will be among the losers in the Hereafter.
6O People who Believe! When you wish to stand up for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and pass wet palms over your heads and wash your feet up to the ankles; and if you need a bath, clean yourselves thoroughly; and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you returns from answering the call of nature, or you have cohabited with women, and you do not find water, then cleanse (yourself) with clean soil - therefore stroke your soiled palms over your faces and your hands with it; Allah does not will to place you in hardship, but He wills to fully purify you and complete His favour upon you, so that you may be grateful.
7And remember Allah’s favour upon you and the covenant He took from you when you said, “We hear and we obey” - and fear Allah; indeed Allah knows what lies within the hearts.
8O People who Believe! Firmly establish the commands of Allah, giving testimony with justice - and do not let the enmity of anyone tempt you not to do justice; be just; that is nearer to piety - and fear Allah; indeed Allah is Well Aware of your deeds.
9It is Allah’s promise to those who believe and are righteous, that for them will be forgiveness and a great reward.
10And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs - it is they who are the people of hell.
11O People who Believe! Remember Allah’s favour upon you, when a people wished to extend their hands against you, so He restrained their hands from you; and keep fearing Allah; and Muslims must rely only upon Allah.
12Undoubtedly Allah made a covenant with the Descendants of Israel, and We appointed twelve chiefs among them; and Allah said, “Indeed I am with you; surely, if you establish the prayer and pay the charity, and believe in My Noble Messengers and respect* them, and lend an excellent loan to Allah, I will surely forgive your sins, and I will surely admit you into Gardens beneath which rivers flow; then after this, if any of you disbelieves, he has certainly gone astray from the Straight Path." (To honour the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – is part of faith. To disrespect him is blasphemy.)
13So We cursed them because of them constantly breaking their covenant, and hardened their hearts; they shift the Words of Allah from their places, and have forgotten a large portion of the advices that were given to them; and you will constantly learn of deceits from them, except a few; so forgive them and excuse them; indeed Allah loves the virtuous.
14And We made a covenant with those who proclaimed, “We are Christians” - they then forgot a large portion of the advices given to them; We have therefore instilled enmity and hatred between them till the Day of Resurrection; and Allah will soon inform them of what they were doing.
15O People given the Book(s)! Indeed this Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) of Ours has come to you, revealing to you a lot of the things which you had hidden in the Book, and forgiving a lot of them; indeed towards you has come a light * from Allah, and a clear Book. (* The Holy Prophet is a light from Allah).
16With it, Allah guides whoever obeys the will of Allah to the paths of peace, and takes them out of darkness towards light by His command, and guides them to the Straight Path.
17They have indeed become disbelievers who say, “Messiah, the son of Maryam is certainly Allah”; say, “Who can then do anything against Allah, if He wills to destroy the Messiah, the son of Maryam, and his mother and everyone on earth?” And for Allah only is the kingship of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them; He creates whatever He wills; and Allah is Able to do all things.
18The Jews and the Christians said, “We are the sons of Allah and His beloved ones”; say, “Why does He then punish you for your sins? In fact you are human beings, part of His creation; He forgives whomever He wills, and punishes whomever He wills; and for Allah only is the kingship of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them - and towards Him is the return.”
19O People given the Book(s)! Indeed this Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) of Ours has come to you, revealing to you Our commands, after the Noble Messengers had stopped arriving for ages, for you might claim, “Never did any Harbinger of Glad Tidings or Herald of Warning come to us” - so this Harbinger of Glad Tidings and Herald of Warning has come to you; and Allah is Able to do all things.
20And when Moosa said to his people, “O my people! Remember Allah’s favour upon you, that He created Prophets among you, and made you kings, and has now given you what He has not given to any one else in this world.”
21“O my people! Enter the holy land which Allah has decreed for you and do not turn back, for you will turn back as losers.”
22They said, “O Moosa! In it lives a very strong nation - and we shall never enter it, until they have gone away from there; so when they have gone away from there, we will enter it.”
23So two men who were among those who feared Allah and whom Allah had favoured said, “Enter upon them by force, through the gate; if you enter the gate, victory will be yours; and depend only upon Allah, if you have faith.”
24They said, “O Moosa! We will never enter it whilst they are there, so you and your Lord go and fight - we shall remain seated here.”
25Said Moosa, “My Lord! I have no control except over myself and my brother, so keep us separated from the disobedient nation.” (Do not count us among them).
26Said Allah, “The (holy) land is therefore forbidden for them for forty years; they will wander in the earth; so do not grieve for these disobedient people.”
27And recite to them the true tale of the two sons of Adam; when both of them offered a sacrifice each - hence the sacrifice of one was accepted and not accepted from the other; he (the other) said, “I swear I will kill you”; he answered, “Allah accepts only from the pious.”
28“Indeed, if you do extend your hand against me to kill me, I will not extend my hand against you to kill you; I fear Allah, the Lord Of The Creation.”
29“I only desire that you alone should bear my sin and your own sin - hence you become of the people of hell; and that is the proper punishment of the unjust.”
30So his soul incited him to kill his brother - he therefore killed him, and was therefore ruined.
31So Allah sent a crow scratching the ground, to show him how to hide his brother’s corpse; he said, “Woe to me! I was not even capable enough to be like this crow, so I would hide my brother’s corpse”; and he turned remorseful.
32For this reason; We decreed for the Descendants of Israel that whoever kills a human being except in lieu of killing or causing turmoil in the earth, so it shall be as if he had killed all mankind; and whoever saves the life of one person, is as if he had saved the life of all mankind; and undoubtedly Our Noble Messengers came to them with clear proofs - then after this indeed many of them are oppressors in the earth.
33The only reward of those who make war upon Allah and His Noble Messenger and cause turmoil in the land is that they be all be killed or crucified, or their hands and feet cut off from alternate sides, or they be banished far away from the land; this is their degradation in the world, and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment.
34Except those who repent before you apprehend them; so know well that Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
35O People who Believe! Fear Allah, and seek the means towards Him, and strive in His cause, in the hope of attaining success.
36Indeed if the disbelievers owned all that is in the earth and a similar one in addition to it, and they offered it as a ransom to save themselves from the punishment of the Day of Resurrection, it would not be accepted from them; and for them is a painful punishment.
37They will wish to come out of hell, and will not come out of it - and for them is an unending punishment.
38And cut off the hands of those men or women who are thieves - a recompense of their deeds, a punishment from Allah; and Allah is Almighty, Wise.
39So if one repents after his wrongdoing and reforms himself, Allah will incline towards him with His mercy; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
40Do you not know that to Allah only belongs the kingship of the heavens and the earth? He punishes whomever He wills, and forgives whomever He wills; and Allah is Able to do all things.
41O Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him)! Do not let yourself be aggrieved by the people who rush towards disbelief - those who say with their mouths, “We believe” but whose hearts are not Muslims; and some Jews; they listen a great deal to falsehood, and to other people who do not come to you; shifting Allah’s Words from their correct places; and say, “If this command is given to you, obey it, but if this is not given to you, then refrain”; and the one whom Allah wills to send astray, you will never be able to help him in the least against Allah; they are those whose hearts Allah did not will to cleanse; for them is disgrace in this world, and for them is a great punishment in the Hereafter.
42The excessively eager listeners of falsehood, extreme devourers of the forbidden; so if they come humbly to you (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), judge between them or shun them; and if you turn away from them they cannot harm you at all; and if you do judge between them, judge with fairness; indeed Allah loves the equitable.
43And why should they wish to be judged by you, when they have the Taurat with them, in which exist the commands of Allah and yet they turn away from it? And they will not accept faith.
44Undoubtedly We sent down the Taurat, in which is guidance and light; the Jews were commanded according to it by Our obedient Prophets, and the rabbis and the religious jurists for they were commanded to protect Allah’s Book, and were witnesses to it; so do not fear men, and fear Me, and do not exchange My verses for an abject price; and whoever does not judge according to what is sent down by Allah - it is they who are disbelievers.
45And in the Taurat, We made it obligatory upon them that, “A life (is the retribution) for a life, and an eye for an eye, and a nose for a nose, and an ear for an ear, and a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is a retribution”; then whoever willingly agrees to retribution, it shall redeem him of his sin; and whoever does not judge according to what is sent down by Allah - it is they who are the unjust.
46And We brought Eisa the son of Maryam, following the footsteps of those Prophets, confirming the Taurat which preceded him - and We bestowed upon him the Injeel (Bible) in which is guidance and light, and confirms the Taurat which preceded it, and a guidance and an advice to the pious.
47And the People of Injeel must judge by what Allah has sent down in it; and whoever does not judge according to what is sent down by Allah - it is they who are the sinners.
48And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) We have sent down the true Book upon you, confirming the Books preceding it, and a protector and witness over them - therefore judge between them according to what is sent down by Allah, and O listener, do not follow their desires, abandoning the truth which has come to you; We have appointed for you all, a separate (religious) law and a way; and had Allah willed He could have made you one nation, but the purpose (His will) is to test you by what He has given you, therefore seek to surpass one another in good deeds; towards Allah only you will all return, so He will inform you concerning the matter in which you disputed.
49And therefore, O Muslims, judge between them according to what is sent down by Allah, and do not follow their desires, and be cautious of them so that they may not divert you from some commands which have been sent down to you; then if they turn away, know that Allah’s will is to punish them for some of their sins; and indeed many men are disobedient.
50So do they wish a judgement of ignorance? And whose judgement is better than that of Allah, for the people who are certain?
51O People who Believe! Do not make the Jews and the Christians your friends; they are friends of one another; and whoever among you befriends them, is one of them; indeed Allah does not guide the unjust.
52You will now see those in whose hearts is a disease, that they rush towards the Jews and the Christians, saying, “We fear that a misfortune will possibly befall us”; so it is likely that Allah may soon bring victory, or a command from Himself, so they will remain regretting what they had hidden in their hearts.
53And the believers say, “Are these the ones who swore by Allah most vehemently in their oaths, that they are with you?” All their deeds are destroyed, so they are ruined.
54O People who Believe! Whoever among you reneges from his religion, so Allah will soon bring a people who are His beloved ones and Allah is their beloved, lenient with the Muslims and stern towards disbelievers - they will strive in Allah’s cause, and not fear the criticism of any accuser; this is Allah’s munificence, He may give to whomever He wills; and Allah is the Most Capable, the All Knowing.
55You do not have any friends except Allah and His Noble Messenger and the believers who establish the prayer and pay the charity, and are bowed down before Allah.
56And whoever takes Allah and His Noble Messenger and the Muslims as friends - so undoubtedly only the party of Allah is victorious.
57O People who Believe! Those who have made your religion a mockery and a sport, and those who received the Book before you, and the disbelievers - do not befriend any of them; and keep fearing Allah, if you have faith.
58And when you call to prayer, they mock and make fun of it; this is because they are people without any sense.
59Say, “O People given the Book(s)! What do you dislike in us - except that we believe in Allah and what is sent down to us and what was sent down before, and because most of you are disobedient?”
60Say, “Shall I tell you of those who are in a worse position than this, in Allah’s sight? It is those whom Allah has cursed and has wreaked His wrath upon and turned some of them into apes and swine, and worshippers of the devil; theirs is a worse destination and they have wandered further astray from the Straight Path.”
61And when they come to you, they say, “We are Muslims” whereas they were disbelievers when they came in, and disbelievers when they went out; and Allah knows very well, what they hide.
62And you will see many of them rushing towards sin and oppression, and to devour the forbidden; undoubtedly what they do is extremely evil.
63Why do not their priests and monks forbid them from speaking evil and devouring the forbidden? Undoubtedly what they do is extremely evil.
64And the Jews said, “Allah’s hand* is tied"; may their hands be tied - and they are accursed for saying so! In fact, both His hands * are free, He bestows upon whomever He wills; and O dear Prophet, this Book which has been sent down upon you from your Lord will cause many of them to advance in their rebellion and disbelief; and We have instilled enmity and hatred between them till the Day of Resurrection; whenever they ignite the flame of war, Allah extinguishes it, and they strive to create chaos in the land; and Allah does not love the mischievous. (* This is a metaphor used to express Allah’s power).
65If the People given the Book(s) had accepted faith and been pious, We would have certainly redeemed them of their sins and would have certainly taken them into serene Gardens.
66And had they kept the Taurat and the Injeel established, and what was sent down towards them from their Lord, they would have received sustenance from above and from beneath their feet; among them is a group who is fair; but most of them commit extremely evil deeds.
67O Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him)! Convey all what has been sent down upon you from your Lord; and if you do not, then you have not conveyed any of His messages; and Allah will protect you from the people; indeed Allah does not guide the disbelievers.
68Say, “O People given the Book(s)! You are nothing until you establish the Taurat and the Injeel, and what was sent down towards you from your Lord”; and this Book which has been sent down upon you from your Lord will cause many of them to advance in their rebellion and disbelief; so do not at all grieve for the disbelievers.
69Indeed those who call themselves Muslims - and similarly among the Jews, and the Sabeans, and the Christians * - whoever sincerely accepts faith in Allah and the Last Day, and does good deeds - so there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve. (Whoever among them converts to Islam).
70We made a covenant with the Descendants of Israel and sent Noble Messengers towards them; whenever a Noble Messenger came to them with whatever was not according to their own desires, they denied some of them and some they slew.
71And they assumed that there will be no punishment, so they turned blind and deaf - then Allah accepted their penance, then again many of them turned blind and deaf; and Allah is seeing their deeds.
72They are certainly disbelievers who say, “Allah is actually the Messiah, the son of Maryam”; whereas the Messiah had said, “O Descendants of Israel, worship Allah Who is my Lord and (also) your Lord”; undoubtedly whoever ascribes partners with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him; his destination is hell; and the unjust do not have any supporters.
73They are certainly disbelievers who say, “Indeed Allah is the third of the three Gods”; whereas there is no God except the One God; and if they do not desist from their speech, undoubtedly a painful punishment will reach those among them who die as disbelievers.
74So why do they not incline towards Allah and seek His forgiveness? And Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
75The Messiah, the son of Maryam, is purely a Noble Messenger; many Noble Messengers have passed before him; and his mother is a truthful woman; they both used to eat food; see how We make the signs clear for them, and see how they turn away!
76Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “What! You worship, other than Allah, that which is neither the controller of your losses nor of your benefits? And Allah only is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.”
77Say, “O People given the Book(s)! Do not wrongfully commit injustice in your religion, and do not follow the people who earlier went astray, and led many others astray, and wandered away from the Straight Path.”
78Those among the Descendants of Israel who turned disbelievers were cursed by the tongue of Dawud, and of Eisa the son of Maryam; it was because of their disobedience and their rebellion.
79They did not restrain one another from the evil they used to do; undoubtedly they used to commit extremely evil deeds.
80You will see that many of them make friends with the disbelievers; what an evil thing they had sent ahead for themselves, for Allah’s wrath came upon them and they will remain in the punishment, forever.
81Had they believed in Allah and this Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) and what is sent down upon him, they would not befriend the disbelievers, but most of them are disobedient.
82You will certainly find the Jews and the polytheists as the greatest enemies of the Muslims; and you will find the closest in friendship to the Muslims those who said, “We are Christians”; that is because scholars and monks are among them, and they are not proud.
83And when they listen to what has been sent down to the Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), you observe their eyes overflowing with tears because they have recognised the truth; they say, “Our Lord, we have accepted faith - therefore record us among the witnesses of the truth.”
84“And what is the matter with us, that we should not believe in Allah and this truth which has come to us? And we hope that our Lord will admit us along with the righteous.”
85So because of their saying, Allah bestowed them with Gardens beneath which rivers flow, in which they will abide forever; and this is the reward of the virtuous.
86And those who disbelieved and denied Our signs, are the people of hell.
87O People who Believe! Do not forbid the pure things, which Allah has made lawful for you, and do not cross the limits; indeed Allah dislikes the transgressors.
88Eat of the sustenance which Allah has given you, the lawful and the pure - and fear Allah in Whom you believe.
89Allah does not take you to task for oaths which are made unintentionally but He does take you to task for oaths which you ratify; so the redemption of such oaths is to provide food to ten needy persons equal to the average of what you feed your family, or to clothe them, or to free one slave; and for one who has no means, is the fasting for three days; this is the redemption of your oaths when you have sworn; and fulfil your oaths; this is how Allah explains His verses to you, so that you may be thankful.
90O People who Believe! Wine (all intoxicants), and gambling, and idols, and the darts are impure - the works of Satan, therefore keep avoiding them so that you may succeed.
91The devil only seeks to instil hatred and enmity between you with wine and gambling, and to prevent you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer; so have you desisted?
92And obey Allah and obey the Noble Messenger, and be cautious; then if you turn away, so know that the duty of Our Noble Messenger is only to plainly convey the message.
93Upon those who accepted faith and did good deeds, there shall be no sin for whatever they have consumed in the past, provided they fear and continue to believe and do good deeds, then again fear and continue to believe, and then again fear and remain virtuous; and Allah loves the virtuous.
94O People who Believe! Allah will surely test you with some prey that is within reach of your hands and your spears, so that Allah may make known those who fear Him without seeing; so henceforth, a painful punishment is for anyone who transgresses.
95O People who Believe! Do not kill prey while you are on the pilgrimage; and whoever among you kills it intentionally, so its recompense is that he shall give a similar domestic animal (for sacrifice), two honest men among you rendering the command, the sacrifice being brought to the Ka’abah - or he gives as redemption, food for some needy persons, or fasts for the same number of days, so that he may taste the consequences of his deed; Allah has forgiven what has passed; and henceforth whoever does it, Allah will take recompense from him; and Allah is Almighty, Avenger.
96It is lawful for you to hunt from the sea and to eat therefrom, for your benefit and that of the travellers; and hunting on land is forbidden for you while you are on the pilgrimage; and fear Allah, towards Whom you will arise.
97Allah has made the Ka’abah, the respected house, a cause for peoples survival, and the Sacred Month, and the sacrifices in the holy land, and the garlanded animals; this is so that you may be convinced that Allah knows all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth, and that Allah is the All Knowing.
98Know well that Allah’s punishment is severe, and that Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
99There is no duty upon the Noble Messenger except to convey the command; and Allah knows all what you disclose and all what you hide.
100Say, “The impure (evil) and the pure (good) are not equal, even though the abundance of the impure may attract you; therefore keep fearing Allah, O men of intellect, so that you may succeed.”
101O People who Believe! Do not ask about matters which, if disclosed to you, would be disliked by you; and if you ask about them while the Qur’an is being sent down, they will be disclosed to you; Allah has forgiven these; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
102A nation before you asked about such matters and then disbelieved in them.
103Allah has not appointed (commanded to sacrifice) the camel with ears sliced (Bahira) or the she-camel (Saibah) or the she-goat (Wasilah) or the breeding camel (Hami), but the disbelievers fabricate lies against Allah; and most of them do not have any sense at all.
104And when it is said to them, “Come towards what Allah has sent down and towards the Noble Messenger”, they say, “Sufficient for us is what we found our forefathers upon”; even if their forefathers did not have knowledge nor had guidance?
105O People who Believe! Fear for your own souls; he who has strayed cannot harm you in the least if you are on guidance; towards Allah only you will all return - He will then inform you of what you used to do.
106O People who Believe! The witnesses between you when death approaches any one of you, at the time of making a will, should be two reliable men from among you, or two from another tribe in case you are travelling in the land and the event of death approaches you; engage them after the prayers, and if you doubt, they must swear by Allah that, “We shall not exchange our oaths for any price even if he is a near relative, nor will we hide the testimony of Allah - if we do, then surely we are of the sinners.”
107Then if it is later known that both of them committed sin, two others may take their place, from those who were caused the most harm by the false testimony, and they must swear by Allah that, “Our testimony is more accurate than the testimony of these two, and we have not exceeded the limits - if we do, then surely we shall be of the unjust.”
108This is more suitable than their bearing testimony as they wish or fear that some oaths may be made void, after their taking oath; so fear Allah and heed the commands; and Allah does not guide the disobedient.
109On the day when Allah will gather all the Noble Messengers, and then say, “What response did you get?” They will submit, “We do not have any knowledge; indeed it is only You, Who knows all the hidden.”
110When Allah will say, “O Eisa, the son of Maryam! Remember My favour upon you and your mother; when I supported you with the Holy Spirit; you were speaking to people from the cradle and in maturity; and when I taught you the Book and wisdom and the Taurat and the Injeel; and when you used to mould a birdlike sculpture from clay, by My command, and blow into it - so it (the living bird) used to fly by My command, and you used to cure him who was born blind and cure the leper, by My command; and when you used to raise up the dead, by My command; and when I restrained the Descendants of Israel against you when you came to them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers among them said, ‘This is nothing but clear magic’.”
111“And when I inspired into the hearts of the disciples that, ‘Believe in Me and in My Noble Messenger’; they said, ‘We accept faith, and be witness that we are Muslims.’ ”
112When the disciples said, “O Eisa, the son of Maryam! Will your Lord send down a table spread (with food) for us from heaven?” He said, “Fear Allah, if you are believers.”
113They said, “We wish to eat from it and so that our hearts be convinced and to see that you have spoken the truth to us, and that we may be witnesses upon it.”
114Eisa, the son of Maryam, said, “O Allah, O our Lord! Send down to us a table spread from heaven, so that it may become a day of celebration for us – for our former and latter people - and a sign from You; and give us sustenance - and You are the Best Provider Of Sustenance.”
115Said Allah, “Indeed I shall send it down to you; so thereafter whoever disbelieves amongst you - I will surely mete out to him a punishment with which I shall not punish anyone else in the whole world.”
116And when Allah will say, “O Eisa, the son of Maryam! Did you say to the people, ‘Appoint me and my mother as two Gods, besides Allah’?” He will submit, “Purity is to You! It is not proper for me to say something for which I do not have a right; if I have said it, then surely You know it; You know what lies in my heart, and I do not know what is in Your knowledge; indeed You only know all the hidden.”
117“I have not told them except what You commanded me, that ‘Worship Allah, Who is my Lord and is also your Lord’; I was aware of them till I was among them; and when You raised me, only You watched over them; and all things are present before You.”
118“If you punish them, then indeed they are Your slaves; and if you forgive them, then indeed You only are the Almighty, the Wise.”
119Proclaimed Allah, “This is a day on which the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness; for them are Gardens beneath which rivers flow, in which they will abide for ever and ever; Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Allah; this is the greatest success.”
120To Allah only belongs the kingship of the heavens and the earth and all that is in them: and He is Able to do all things.
Chapter 6 (Sura 6)
1All praise is to Allah, Who has created the heavens and the earth, and has created darkness and light; yet the disbelievers appoint equals (false deities) to their Lord!
2It is He Who has created you from clay, and then decreed a term for you; and it is a fixed promise before Him, yet you still doubt!
3And He is Allah (the God) of the heavens and in the earth; He knows all, your secrets and your disclosures, and He knows your deeds.
4And never does a sign come to them from among the signs of Allah, except that they * turn away from it. (* The disbelievers)
5So indeed they denied the truth * when it came to them; so now the tidings of the thing they used to mock at, will come to them. (Prophet Mohammed -peace and blessings be upon him, or the Holy Qur’an).
6Do they not see how many civilisations We destroyed before them, whom We had established more firmly in the earth than We have established you, and We sent on them abundant rain from the sky, and made the rivers flow beneath them? So we destroyed them because of their sins, and created another civilisation after them.
7And had We sent down to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) something written on paper so that they could feel it with their hands, even then the disbelievers would have said, “This is nothing but clear magic.”
8And they said, “Why has not an angel been sent down to him?” And had We sent down an angel, then the matter would have been finished, and they would not get any respite.
9And had we appointed an angel as a Prophet, We would still have made him as a man and would keep them in the same doubt, as they are now in.
10And certainly, O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) the Noble Messengers before you have also been mocked at, so those who laughed at them were themselves ruined by their own mocking.
11Proclaim, “Travel in the land, and see what sort of fate befell those who denied.”
12Say, “To Whom does all whatever is in the heavens and the earth, belong?” Proclaim, “To Allah”; He has made mercy obligatory upon His grace; undoubtedly, He will surely gather you all together on the Day of Resurrection in which there is no doubt; those who put their souls to ruin, do not accept faith.
13And to Him only belongs all whatever exists in the night and in the day; and He only is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
14Say, “Shall I choose as a supporter someone other than Allah, Who is the Originator of the heavens and the earth and Who feeds and does not need to eat?” Say, “I have been ordered to be the first to submit myself (to Him), and O people, do not be of the polytheists.”
15Say, “If I disobey my Lord, I then fear the punishment of the Great Day (of Resurrection).”
16Indeed Allah’s mercy has been upon him, from whom the punishment has been averted on that Day; and this is the clear success.
17And if Allah afflicts you with some misfortune, then there is none who can remove it, except Him; and if He sends you some good fortune, then (know that) He is Able to do all things.
18He is the Omnipotent over His bondmen; and He is the Wise, the Aware.
19Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Whose testimony is the greatest?” Say, “Allah is the Witness between me and you; and this Qur’an has been sent down upon me, so I may warn you with it and whomever it may reach; so do you bear witness that there are other Gods along with Allah?” Say, “I do not bear witness to it”; Say, “He is the only One God and I do not have any relation with whatever you ascribe as partners (to Him).”
20The people to whom We gave the Book(s) recognise this Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) as they recognise their own sons; those who put their own souls to ruin, do not accept faith.
21And who is more unjust than one who fabricates lies against Allah or denies His signs? Undoubtedly, the unjust will never succeed.
22And on the day when We will resurrect everyone together, then say to the polytheists, “Where are those partners (your false deities) whom you professed?”
23Then they had no fabrication except that they said, “By Allah, our Lord, we were never polytheists!”
24Observe how they lied against themselves, and how they lost the things they fabricated!
25And among them is one who listens to you; and We have put covers upon their hearts so they may not understand it, and deafness in their ears; and (even) if they see all the signs, they will not believe in them; to the extent that when they come to you to debate with you, the disbelievers say, “This is nothing but stories of former people.”
26And they stop (others) from it and run away from it; and they ruin none except themselves, and they do not have sense.
27And if you see them when they will be placed above hell, they will say, “Alas, if only we might be sent back and not deny the signs of our Lord, and become Muslims!”
28In fact it has become clear to them what they used to hide before; and were they to be sent back, they would commit the same which they were forbidden to, and undoubtedly they are liars.
29And they said, “There is no other life except our life of this world, and we are not to be raised.”
30And if you see when they are placed before their Lord, He will say, “Is this not real (the truth)? They will say, “Yes - why not, by our Lord!” He will say, “So now taste the punishment - the recompense of your disbelief.”
31Those who denied their meeting with Allah, have indeed failed; to the extent that when the Last Day suddenly came upon them they said, “Woe to us that we failed to believe in it” - and they carry their burdens on their backs; what an evil burden they carry!
32The life of this world is nothing except a pastime and sport; and undoubtedly the abode of the Hereafter is better for the pious; so do you not have sense?
33We know well that their statement grieves you - so they do not deny you (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) but in fact the unjust deny the signs of Allah.
34And indeed Noble Messengers have been denied before you, so they patiently bore the denial and torture till Our help reached them; and there is none to alter the decisions of Allah; and the news of the Noble Messengers have already reached you.
35And if their turning away has grieved you, then if you can, seek a tunnel into the earth or a ladder into the sky to bring a sign for them; and if Allah willed, He could have brought them all together upon guidance, so O listener (followers of this Prophet) do not ever be of the ignorant.
36It is only those who hear (with sincere hearts) that accept faith; and Allah will raise these people dead of heart, then towards Him they will be herded.
37And they said, “Why has no sign been sent down upon him from his Lord?” Say, “Indeed Allah is Able to send down a sign”, but most of them are totally ignorant.
38And there is not an animal moving in the earth nor a bird flying on its wings, but they are a nation like you; We have left out nothing in this Book - then towards their Lord they will be raised.
39And those who deny Our signs are deaf and dumb in realms of darkness; Allah may send astray whomever He wills; and may place on the Straight Path whomever He wills.
40Say, “What is your opinion - if the punishment of Allah comes upon you or the Hour arrives, will you call upon anyone (deity) besides Allah; if you are truthful?”
41“In fact you will only call upon Him, and if He wills, He may remove that because of which you prayed to Him, and you will forget the partners (you ascribe to Him).”
42And We have indeed sent Noble Messengers towards the nations that were before you - We therefore seized them with hardship and adversity so that, in some way, they may humbly plead.
43So why did they not humbly plead when Our punishment came to them? But their hearts were hardened and the devil made all their deeds appear good to them!
44So when they forgot the advices made to them, We opened the gates of all things for them; to the extent that when they were rejoicing for what they had received, We seized them suddenly, hence they remained dejected.
45The origins of the unjust people were therefore cut off; and all praise is to Allah, Lord Of The Creation.
46Say, “What is your opinion - if Allah were to take away your hearing and your sight and seal your hearts, then is there a God besides Allah who could restore it for you?” Observe how We explain the verses to them, yet they turn away!
47Say, “What is your opinion - if the punishment of Allah were to come upon you suddenly or openly (with forewarning), who would be destroyed except the disbelieving people?”
48And We did not send Noble Messengers except as Heralds of glad tidings and warnings; so upon those who accept faith and reform themselves, shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.
49And those who deny Our signs - the punishment will afflict them for their disobedience.
50Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “I do not say to you that I possess the treasures of Allah, nor do I say that I gain knowledge of the hidden on my own, nor do I say to you that I am an angel; I only follow what is divinely revealed to me”; say, “Will the blind and the sighted ever be equal? So do you not think?”
51And with this Qur’an warn those who fear, that they will be raised towards their Lord in a state when, except Allah, there will be no protector for them nor an intercessor, so that they may be pious.
52And do not repel those who call upon their Lord in the morning and evening, seeking His pleasure; you are not responsible for their account nor are they responsible for your account - then your repelling them would be far from justice.
53And similarly We have made some as a trial for others - that the wealthy disbelievers upon seeing the needy Muslims say, “Are these whom Allah has favoured among us?” Does not Allah recognise those who are thankful?
54And when those who believe in Our signs come humbly in your presence, say to them, “Peace be upon you - your Lord has prescribed mercy for Himself by His grace - that whoever among you commits a sin by folly and thereafter repents and reforms (himself), then indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
55And this is how We explain Our verses clearly and so that the way of the criminals become well exposed.
56Say, “I have been forbidden to worship those whom you worship other than Allah”; say, “I do not follow your desires - if it were, I would then go astray and not be on the right path.”
57Say, “I am on the clear proof from my Lord, whereas you deny Him; I do not have what you are impatient for; there is no command except that of Allah; He states the truth and He is the Best of Judges."
58Say, “If I had the thing for which you are impatient, then the matter between me and you would have already been decided”; and Allah is Well Aware of the unjust.
59And it is He Who has the keys of the hidden - only He knows them; and He knows all that is in the land and the sea; and no leaf falls but He knows it - and there is not a grain in the darkness of the earth, nor anything wet or dry, which is not recorded in a clear Book.
60And it is He Who removes your souls at night (while asleep) and knows whatever you commit by day; then He raises you again during the day, to complete the term appointed (for you); then it is to Him that you are to return - He will then inform you of what you used to do.
61And He is Omnipotent over His bondmen and sends guardians over you; to the extent that when death comes to one of you, Our angels remove his soul, and they do not err.
62They (the souls) are then returned towards their True Lord - Allah; pay heed! Only His is the command; and He is the Swiftest At Taking Account.
63Say, “Who rescues you from the calamities of the land and the sea - Whom you call upon crying loudly and in whispers that, ‘If we are saved from this we will surely be grateful’?”
64Say, “Allah delivers you from these and from all distresses - yet you ascribe partners to Him!”
65Say, “He is Able to send punishment upon you from above you or from beneath your feet, or to cause you to fight each other by dividing you into different groups, and make you taste the harshness of one another”; observe how We explain the verses so that they may understand.
66And your people (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) denied it whereas this is undoubtedly the truth; say, “I am not responsible for you.”
67All matters have a fixed time and soon you will come to know.
68And O listener (followers of this Prophet) when you see those who argue in Our verses, turn away from them until they engage in another topic; and if the devil causes you to forget, then do not sit with the unjust after remembering.
69And the pious are not accountable for them in the least, apart from the giving of advice so that they may avoid.
70And forsake those who have made their religion a mockery and play, and whom the worldly life has deceived - and advise them with this Qur’an so that a soul may not be seized for what it earns; other than Allah it will not have a protector nor an intercessor; and if it offers every recompense in exchange for itself, it will not be accepted from it; these are the ones who are seized for their own deeds; for them is boiling water to drink and a painful punishment, as a recompense of their disbelief. (The disbelievers will not have any intercessors.)
71Say, “Shall we worship, other than Allah, that which neither benefits us nor harms us, and (therefore) be turned back after Allah has guided us, like one whom the devils have led astray in the earth - bewildered?; his companions call him to the path (saying), ‘Come here’”; say, “Indeed only the guidance of Allah is (the true) guidance; and we are commanded to submit to the Lord Of The Creation.”
72“And to keep the (obligatory) prayer established and to fear Him; and it is to Him that you are to be raised.”
73And it is He Who perfectly created the heavens and the earth; and when He will say “Be” on the Day (of Resurrection) to all the extinct things, it will happen immediately; His Word is true; and it will be His kingship on the day when the Trumpet is blown; All Knowing of all the hidden and the revealed; and He only is the Wise, the Aware.
74And remember when Ibrahim said to his father (paternal uncle) Azar, “What! You appoint idols as Gods? Indeed I find you and your people in open error.” (Prophet Ibrahim was rightly guided since birth).
75And likewise We showed Ibrahim the entire kingdom of the heavens and the earth and so that he be of those who believe as eyewitnesses.
76So when the night became dark upon him he saw a star; he said (to Azar / the people), “(You portray that) this is my Lord?”; then when it set he said, “I do not like the things that set.”
77Then when he saw the moon shining, he said, “(You proclaim that) this is my Lord?”; then when it set, he said, “If my Lord had not guided me *, I too would be one of these astray people.” (* Prophet Ibrahim was rightly guided before this event).
78Then when he saw the sun shining brightly, he said, “(You say that) this is my Lord? This is the biggest of them all!”; then when it set he said, “O people! I do not have any relation with the whatever you ascribe as partners (to Him).”
79“I have directed my attention towards Him Who has created the heavens and the earth, am devoted solely to Him, and am not of the polytheists.”
80And his people argued with him; he said, “What! You dispute with me concerning Allah? So He has guided me; and I do not have any fear of whatever you ascribe as partners, except what my Lord wills (to happen); my Lord’s knowledge encompasses all things; so will you not accept advice?”
81“And how should I fear whatever you ascribe as partners, whilst you do not fear that you have ascribed partners to Allah - for which He has not sent down on you any proof? So which of the two groups has more right to refuge, if you know?”
82Those who believed and did not mix it with injustice (disbelief), the refuge is only for them, and only they are on guidance.
83And this is Our argument, which We gave Ibrahim against his people; We raise to high ranks whomever We will; indeed your Lord is Wise, All Knowing.
84And We bestowed upon him Ishaq (Isaac) and Yaqub (Jacob); We guided all of them; and We guided Nooh before them and of his descendants, Dawud and Sulaiman and Ayyub and Yusuf and Moosa and Haroon; and this is the way We reward the virtuous.
85And (We guided) Zakaria and Yahya (John) and Eisa and Elias; all these are worthy of Our proximity.
86And Ismael (Ishmael) and Yasa’a (Elisha) and Yunus (Jonah) and Lut (Lot); and to each one during their times, We gave excellence over all others.
87And some of their ancestors and their descendants and their brothers; and We chose them and guided them to the Straight Path.
88This is the guidance of Allah, which He may give to whomever He wills among His bondmen; and had they ascribed partners (to Allah), their deeds would have been wasted.
89These are the ones whom We gave the Book and the wisdom and the Prophethood; so if these people do not believe in it, We have then kept ready for it a nation who do not reject (the truth).
90These are the ones whom Allah guided, so follow their guidance; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “I do not ask from you any fee for the Qur’an; it is nothing but an advice to the entire world.”
91And they (the Jews) did not realise (or appreciate) the importance of Allah as was required when they said, “Allah has not sent down anything upon any human being”; say, “Who has sent down the Book which Moosa brought, a light and guidance for mankind, which you have divided into different papers, some which you show and hide most of them? And (by which) you are taught what you did not know nor did your forefathers?” Say, “Allah” - then leave them playing in their indecency.
92And this is the blessed Book which We have sent down, confirming the Books preceding it, and in order that you may warn the leader of all villages and all those around it in the entire world; and those who believe in the Hereafter accept faith in this Book, and guard their prayers.
93Who is more unjust than one who fabricates lies against Allah or says, “I have received divine inspiration”, whereas he has not been inspired at all - and one who says, “I will now reveal something similar to what Allah has sent down”? And if you see when the unjust are in the throes of death and the angels are with their hands outstretched; (saying) “Surrender your souls; this day you shall be given a disgraceful punishment - the recompense of your fabricating lies against Allah, and your scorning His signs.”
94“And indeed you (the disbelievers) have now come to Us alone as We had created you at first, and you have left behind you all the wealth and riches We had bestowed upon you; and We do not see your intercessors along with you, whom you claimed to possess a share in you; indeed the link between yourselves is cut off, and you have lost all what you contended.”
95Indeed it is Allah Who splits the grain and the seed; it is He Who brings forth living from the dead, and it is He Who brings forth dead from the living; such is Allah; so where are you reverting?
96It is He Who breaks dawn (by splitting the dark); and He has made the night a calmness, and the sun and the moon a count (for time); this is the command set by the Almighty, the All Knowing.
97And it is He Who has created the stars for you, so that you may find your way by them in the darkness of the land and the sea; indeed We have explained Our verses in detail for the people of knowledge.
98And it is He Who has created you from a single soul - then you have to stop over * in one place and stay entrusted ** in another; indeed We have explained Our verses in detail for people of understanding. (* This earth. ** The grave.)
99And it is He Who sends down water from the sky; so with it We produced all things that grow; hence We produce from it vegetation from which We bring forth grains in clusters; and from the pollen of dates, dense bunches - and gardens of grapes and olives and pomegranates, similar in some ways and unlike in some; look at its fruit when it bears yield, and its ripening; indeed in it are signs for the people who believe.
100And out of sheer ignorance they have ascribed jinns as partners of Allah, whereas it is He Who created them, and they have invented sons and daughters for Him! Purity and Supremacy is to Him, from all what they ascribe.
101The Originator of the heavens and the earth; how can He possibly have a child when, in fact, He does not have a spouse? And He has created all things; and He knows everything.
102Such is Allah, your Lord; and none is worthy of worship except Him; the Creator of all things - therefore worship Him; and He is the Trustee over all things.
103Eyes do not encompass Him - and all eyes are within His domain *; He is the Most Subtle, the Fully Aware. (* Control / knowledge)
104“Enlightening proofs came to you from your Lord; so whoever observes, it is for his own good; and whoever is blind, it is for his own harm; and I am not a guardian over you.”
105And this is how We explain Our verses in different ways that they (the disbelievers) may say to you, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “You have studied” - and to make it clear for the people of knowledge.
106Follow what is divinely revealed to you from your Lord; there is none worthy of worship except Him; and turn away from the polytheists.
107And if Allah willed, they would not ascribe (any partner to Him); We have not made you as a guardian over them; and you are not responsible for them.
108Do not abuse those whom they worship besides Allah lest they become disrespectful towards Allah’s Majesty, through injustice and ignorance; likewise, in the eyes of every nation, We have made their deeds appear good - then towards their Lord they have to return and He will inform them of what they used to do.
109And they swore by Allah vehemently in their oaths that if any sign came to them, they will certainly believe in it; say, “The signs are with Allah, and what do you people know that if they came to them, they will not believe.”
110And We revert their hearts and their eyes - the way they had not believed the first time – and We leave them to keep wandering blindly in their rebellion.
111And had We sent down the angels towards them, and had the dead spoken to them, and had We raised all things in front of them, they would still not have believed unless Allah willed - but most of them are totally ignorant.
112And similarly We have appointed enemies for every Prophet - devils from men and jinns - one inspires the other with fabrications to deceive; and had your Lord willed they would not do so, therefore leave them with their fabrications.
113And in order that the hearts of those who do not believe in the Hereafter may lean towards it and that they may like it, and earn the sins which they are to earn.
114“So shall I seek the command other than that of Allah, whereas it is He Who has sent down the detailed Book towards you?” And those whom We gave the Book know that this is the truth sent down from your Lord, so O listener, (followers of this Prophet) do not ever be of those who doubt.
115And the Word of your Lord is complete in truth and justice; there is none to change His Words; He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
116And O listener, (followers of the Prophet) most of the people on earth are such that were you to obey them, they would mislead you from Allah’s way; they follow only assumptions and they only make guesses.
117Your Lord well knows who has strayed from His way; and He well knows the people on guidance.
118So eat from that over which Allah’s name has been mentioned, if you believe in His signs.
119And what is the matter with you that you should not eat from that over which Allah’s name has been mentioned whereas He has explained in detail to you all what is forbidden to you except when you are forced (by circumstances) towards it? And indeed many lead astray by their own desires, out of ignorance; indeed your Lord well knows the transgressors.
120And give up the open and hidden sins; those who earn sins will soon receive the punishment of their earnings.
121And do not eat that on which Allah’s name has not been mentioned, and indeed that is disobedience; and undoubtedly the devils inspire in the hearts of their friends to fight with you; and if you obey them, you are then polytheists.
122And will the one who was dead and so We raised him to life and set for him a light with which he walks among the people, ever be like the one who is in realms of darkness never to emerge from them? Similarly, the deeds of disbelievers are made to appear good to them.
123And similarly, We have made in every town leaders among its criminals that they may conspire in it; and they do not conspire except against themselves and they do not have perception.
124And when a sign comes to them, they say, “We will not believe until we are given the same which Allah’s Noble Messengers were given”; Allah knows best where to place His message (Prophethood); soon the guilty will be afflicted with disgrace before Allah and a severe punishment due to their scheming.
125And whomever Allah wills to guide, He opens his bosom for Islam; and whomever He wills to send astray, He makes his bosom narrow and firmly bound as if he were being forced by someone to climb the skies; this is how Allah places the punishment on those who do not believe.
126And this is the Straight Path of your Lord; We have explained in detail Our verses for the people who accept advice.
127For them is the abode of peace with their Lord and He is their Master - the result of their deeds.
128And the Day when He will raise them all and will proclaim, “O you group of jinns, you have enticed a lot of men”; and their human friends will submit, “Our Lord, some of us have benefited from one another and have reached the appointed term which You had set for us”; He will say, “Your home is hell - remain in it for ever, except whomever Allah wills”; O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), indeed your Lord is the Wise, the All Knowing.
129And similarly We empower some of the oppressors over others - the recompense of their deeds.
130“O you groups of jinns and men! Did not the Noble Messengers amongst you come to you reciting My verses and warning you of confronting this day?” They will say, “We testify against ourselves” - and the worldly life deceived them and they will testify against themselves that they were disbelievers.
131This is because your Lord does not unjustly destroy townships for their people may be unaware.
132And for everyone are ranks from what they do; and your Lord is not unaware of their deeds.
133And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), your Lord is the Perfect (Not needing anything), the Merciful; O people! If He wills, He can remove you and bring others in your stead - the way He created you from the descendants of others.
134Indeed the thing which you are promised will definitely come to pass, and you cannot escape.
135Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “O my people! Keep on with your works * in your positions, I am doing mine; soon you will come to know for whom is the abode of the Hereafter; undoubtedly the unjust are never successful.” (* This is said as a challenge.)
136And among the crops and animals that Allah has created, they assigned (only) a portion to Him and therefore said “This is for Allah” - in their opinion - “and this is for our partners (false deities)”; so the portion for their partners does not reach Allah; and the portion for Allah reaches their partners; what an evil judgement they impose!
137And similarly, their partners (the devils) have made the killing of their children seem righteous in the sight of many of the polytheists, in order to ruin them and make their religion blurred to them; and if Allah willed they would not do so, therefore leave them alone with their fabrications.
138And they said, “These cattle and crops are forbidden; only those whom we wish can eat them” - in their opinion - and some cattle are those which they have forbidden riding upon, and some cattle over which they do not mention the name of Allah while slaughtering - all this is fabricating lies against Allah; He will soon repay them for their fabrications.
139And they said, “The animals in the bellies of such cattle are purely for our males and forbidden to our women; and if the animal is stillborn, they all have a share of it”; soon Allah will repay them for their utterances; indeed He is Wise, All Knowing.
140Indeed ruined are those who slay their children out of senseless ignorance and forbid the sustenance which Allah has bestowed upon them, in order to fabricate lies against Allah; they have undoubtedly gone astray and not attained the path.
141It is He Who produces gardens spread on the ground and above, and the date-palm, and crops of various flavours, and the olive and the pomegranate, similar in some respects and unlike in others; eat from its fruit when it bears yield, and pay the due (obligatory charity) from it on the day it is harvested; and do not be wasteful; indeed the wasteful are not liked by Allah.
142And from the cattle, some for burdens, some spread on the earth; eat of the sustenance which Allah has bestowed upon you, and do not follow the footsteps of the devil; undoubtedly he is your open enemy.
143“Eight males and females; one pair of sheep and one of goats”; say, “Has He forbidden the two males or the two females, or what the two females carry in their wombs? Answer with some knowledge, if you are truthful.”
144“And a pair of camels and a pair of oxen”; say, “Has He forbidden the two males or the two females, or what the two females carry in their wombs? Were you present when Allah commanded this to you?” So who is more unjust than one who fabricates a lie against Allah in order to lead mankind astray with his ignorance? Indeed Allah does not guide the unjust.
145Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “I do not find in what is sent down to me any eatable prohibited to a consumer, except if it is carrion, or blood flowing from blood vessels, or the flesh of swine - for that is indeed foul, or the sin causing animal over which the name of any other than Allah is taken at the time of slaughtering; so for one compelled by circumstances, neither himself desiring nor eating more than necessary, indeed your Lord is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
146And for the Jews We forbade all animals with claws; and forbade them the fat of oxen and sheep except which is on their backs or joined to their intestines or to the bone; We awarded this to them for their rebellion; and indeed, surely, We are truthful.
147Then if they deny you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) say, “Your Lord has boundless mercy; and His wrath is never withdrawn from the culprits.”
148The polytheists will now say, “Had Allah willed, we would not have ascribed partners (to Him) nor would have our forefathers, nor would we have forbidden anything”; similarly those before them had denied, till the time they tasted Our punishment; say, “Do you have any knowledge so you can offer it to us? You follow only assumptions and only make guesses.”
149Say, “Then only Allah’s argument is the complete one; so had He willed, He would have guided you all.”
150Say, “Bring your witnesses who can testify that Allah has forbidden this”; then if they do testify, O listener (followers of this Prophet) do not bear witness along with them and do not follow the desires of those who deny Our signs, and of those who do not believe in the Hereafter and who ascribed equals to their Lord.
151Say, “Come - so that I may recite to you what your Lord has forbidden for you that ‘Do not ascribe any partner to Him and be good to parents; and do not kill your children because of poverty; We shall provide sustenance for all - you and them; and do not approach lewd things, the open among them or concealed; and do not unjustly kill any life which Allah has made sacred; this is the command to you, so that you may have sense.’
152‘And do not approach the wealth of an orphan except in the best manner, till he reaches his adulthood; and measure and weigh in full, with justice; We do not burden any soul except within its capacity; and always speak fairly, although it may be concerning your relative; and be faithful only to Allah’s covenant; this is commanded to you, so that you may accept advice.’ ”
153“And that, ‘This is My Straight Path, so follow it; and do not follow other ways for they will sever you from His way; this is commanded to you, so that you may attain piety.’ ”
154Then We gave the Book to Moosa, to complete the favour on one who is virtuous, and an explanation of all things, a guidance and a mercy, so they may believe in meeting their Lord.
155And this (the Qur’an) is the blessed Book which We have sent down; so follow it and be pious, so there may be mercy upon you.
156For you (the disbelievers) may say, “The Book was sent down only to two groups (Jews and Christians) before us; and we were totally unaware of what they read and taught.”
157Or may say that, “If the Book had been sent down to us, we would have been more upon guidance than them”; so the clear proof and guidance and mercy has come to you, from your Lord; so who is more unjust than one who denies the signs of Allah, and turns away from them? We shall soon punish those who turn away from Our signs with a great punishment, the recompense of their turning away.
158What are they waiting for - except that the angels come to them, or the punishment from your Lord, or one of the signs of your Lord? On the day when the (foretold) sign of your Lord comes, not a single soul who had not earlier accepted faith nor earned any good from its faith, will benefit from accepting faith; say, “Wait - we too are waiting.”
159You (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) have no concern with those who divided their religion and became several groups; their case is only with Allah - He will then inform them of what they used to do.
160For one who brings one good deed, are ten like it; and one who brings an ill-deed will not be repaid but with one like it, and they will not be wronged.
161Say, “Indeed my Lord has guided me to the Straight Path; the right religion, (of) the community of Ibrahim who was free from all falsehood; and was not a polytheist.”
162Say, “Undoubtedly my prayers and my sacrifices, and my living and my dying are all for Allah, the Lord Of The Creation.”
163“He has no partner; this is what I have been commanded, and I am the first Muslim.”
164Say, “Shall I seek a Lord other than Allah, whereas He is Lord of all things?” And whatever a soul earns is itself responsible for it; and no load bearing soul will bear anyone else’s load; then towards your Lord you have to return and He will inform you about the matters you differed.
165And it is He who made you caliphs (viceroys) in the earth and ranked some of you high above others, in order that He may test you with what He has bestowed upon you; indeed it does not take time for your Lord to mete out punishment; and indeed, surely, He is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Chapter 7 (Sura 7)
1Alif-Laam-Meem-Saad. (Alphabets of the Arabic language; Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), a Book has been sent down upon you, therefore may not your heart be disinclined towards it, so that you may give warning with it, and as an advice for the Muslims.
3O mankind, follow what has been sent down to you from your Lord, and do not follow other administrators, abandoning this (the Holy Qur’an); very little do you understand.
4And many a township did We destroy - so Our punishment came to them at night or while they were sleeping at noon.
5Therefore they uttered nothing when Our punishment came to them, except that they said, "Indeed we were the unjust."
6So undoubtedly We shall question those to whom Our Noble Messengers went, and indeed We shall question the Noble Messengers.
7So indeed We shall inform them with Our knowledge and We were not absent.
8And on that Day, the weighing will truly be done; so those whose scales prove heavy are the successful.
9And those whose scales are light are the people who put themselves to ruin - the recompense of the injustice they used to do to Our signs.
10And indeed We established you in the earth and in it created for you the means of livelihood; very little thanks do you offer!
11And indeed We created you, then designed you and then ordered the angels, “Prostrate before Adam”; so they all prostrated, except Iblis (Satan); he did not become of those who prostrate.
12Said Allah, "What prevented you, that you did not prostrate when I commanded you?" Answered Iblis, "I am better than him; You created me from fire whereas You created him from clay."
13Said Allah, "Therefore go down from here - it does not befit you to stay here and be proud - exit, you are of the degraded."
14He said, "Give me respite till the day when people will be resurrected."
15Said Allah, "You are given respite."
16He said, "Hence I swear by the fact that You sent me astray, I will certainly lay in wait for them on Your Straight Path."
17"Then I will certainly approach them - from their front and from behind them and from their right and from their left; and You will find most of them not thankful."
18He said, "Exit from here, rejected, outcast; indeed whoever among them follows your bidding, I will fill hell with all of you."
19And said, "O Adam! You and your wife dwell in Paradise - therefore eat from it from wherever you wish, and do not approach this tree for you will become of those who transgress."
20Then Satan created apprehensions in their hearts in order to disclose to them matters of their shame which were hidden from them, and said, "Your Lord has forbidden you from this tree, for you may become angels or immortals."
21And he swore to them, "Indeed I am a well-wisher for both of you."
22So he brought them down with deception; and when they tasted from that tree, their shame became manifest to them and they began attaching the leaves of Paradise on themselves; and their Lord said to them, "Did I not forbid you from that tree, and tell you that Satan is an open enemy to you?"
23They both submitted, "Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves; so if You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, then surely, we are of the losers."
24He said, "Go down, one of you is a foe unto the other; and for a fixed time you shall stay on earth and feed in it."
25He said, “You shall live there and there shall you die, and from there only you will be raised.”
26O Descendants of Adam! We have sent down to you a garment to conceal your shame, and another garment for your elegance; and the garment of piety - that is the best; this is among the signs of Allah, so that they may remember.
27O Descendants of Adam, beware! Do not let Satan put you in trial the way he removed your parents from Paradise and had their garments removed so that their shame become visible to them; indeed he and his tribe see you from where you do not see them; indeed We have made the devils the friends of those who do not believe.
28And when they commit any shameful act they say, "We found our forefathers on it and Allah has commanded it to us"; say, "Indeed Allah does not ordain shamelessness; what! You attribute things to Allah, which you do not know?"
29Say, "My Lord has ordained justice; and set your attention straight every time you offer pray and worship Him, as only His devoted worshippers; the way He brought you into being, in the same manner will you return."
30He has guided one group, and one group’s error has been proved; instead of Allah, they have chosen the devil as their friend and they assume that they are on guidance!
31O Descendants of Adam! Adorn yourself when you go to the mosque, and eat and drink, and do not cross limits; indeed He does not like the transgressors.
32Say, "Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah which He has brought forth for His bondmen, and the good food?" Say, "That is for the believers in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection it will be for them only"; this is how We explain Our verses in detail for people of knowledge.
33Say, "My Lord has forbidden the indecencies, the apparent among them and the hidden, and sin and wrongful excesses, and forbidden that you ascribe partners with Allah for which He has not sent down any proof, and forbidden that you say things concerning Allah of which you do not have knowledge."
34And every group has a promise; so when its promise comes, it cannot be postponed for a moment or brought forward.
35O Descendants of Adam! If Noble Messengers from among you come to you narrating My verses - so whoever practices piety and reforms - upon him shall be no fear nor shall he grieve.
36And those who denied Our signs and were conceited towards them, are the people of hell-fire; they will remain in it forever.
37So who is more unjust than one who fabricated a lie against Allah or denied His signs? Their written fate will reach them; until when Our sent angels come to remove their souls, hence they say to them, "Where are they whom you used to worship besides Allah?" They say, "We have lost them" and they testify against themselves that they were disbelievers.
38Allah says to them, "Join the groups of jinns and mankind who have entered hell before you"; when a group enters, it curses the other; until when they have all gone in, the latter groups will say regarding the former, "Our Lord! It is these who led us astray, so give them double the punishment of the fire"; He will say, "For each one is double - but you do not know."
39And the preceding groups will say to the latter, "So you too were no better than us, therefore taste the punishment for what you have done!"
40Indeed those who denied Our signs and were conceited towards them - the gates of the heavens will not be opened for them nor will they enter Paradise until the camel goes through the needle’s eye *; and this is the sort of reward We give the guilty. (* Which will never happen.)
41Their beds and their coverings - both are fire; and this is the sort of reward We give the unjust.
42And those who accepted faith and performed good deeds according to their capacity - We do not burden any one, except within its capacity - are the people of Paradise; they shall abide in it forever.
43And We have removed resentment from their hearts - rivers will flow beneath them; and (while entering Paradise) they will say, "All praise is to Allah, Who guided us to this; we would not have attained the right path if Allah had not guided us; indeed the Noble Messengers of our Lord brought the truth"; and it is proclaimed, "You have received this Paradise as an inheritance for what you used to do."
44And the people of Paradise said to the people of hell, "We have surely received what our Lord had truly promised us - so have you also received what your Lord had truly promised?" They said, "Yes"; and an announcer between them proclaimed, "The curse of Allah is upon the unjust." -
45"Those who prevent from the path of Allah and wish to distort it; and who disbelieve in the Hereafter."
46Between Paradise and Hell is a veil; and on the Heights will be some men who will recognise them all by their foreheads; and they call to the people of Paradise, "Peace be upon you"; they have not entered Paradise and they yearn for it.
47And when their eyes turn towards the people of hell, they will say, "Our Lord! Do not put us along with the unjust."
48And the men on the Heights will call to some men whom they recognise by their foreheads, and say, "What benefit did your derive from your populace and from what you prided in?"
49"Are these the people (Muslims) regarding whom you swore that Allah would not have mercy on them at all? Whereas to the Muslims it has been said ‘Enter Paradise; you shall have no fear nor any grief.’ "
50And the people of hell will cry out to the people of Paradise, "Provide us some benefit from your water or from the food Allah has provided you"; they will say, "Indeed Allah has forbidden both to the disbelievers."
51People who made their religion a sport and pastime, and whom the worldly life deceived; so this day We will disregard them, the way they had neglected their confronting of this day, and the way they used to deny Our signs.
52And indeed We brought to them a Book, which We have explained in detail with a great knowledge - a guidance and a mercy for people who believe.
53What do they await, except for the result foretold by that Book to appear? The day when the result foretold by it occurs, those who had previously forgotten it from the beginning (the disbelievers) will exclaim, "Indeed the Noble Messengers of our Lord had brought the truth! Do we have any intercessors who may intercede for us? Or can we be returned (to earth), so we may do contrary to what we have done before?" Indeed they have put themselves into ruin, and have lost the things they fabricated.
54Indeed your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then in the manner befitting His Majesty, ascended the Throne (of control); He covers the night with the day, which hastily follows it, and made the sun and the moon and the stars subservient to His command; pay heed! Only He has the power to create and command; Most Auspicious (Propitious) is Allah, the Lord Of The Creation.
55Pray to your Lord crying humbly, and softly; indeed He does not love the transgressors.
56And do not spread turmoil in the earth after its reform, and pray to Him with fear and hope; indeed Allah’s mercy is close to the virtuous.
57And it is He Who sends the winds giving glad tidings, ahead of His mercy; until when they come bearing heavy clouds, We drove it towards a city devoid of vegetation, and then rained water upon it, then produced fruits of various kinds from it; this is how We will bring forth the dead, so that you may heed advice.
58And from the good land comes forth its vegetation by the command of Allah; and from the infertile land, nothing comes forth except a little with difficulty; this is how We explain Our signs in different ways, for people who are thankful.
59Indeed We sent Nooh to his people - he therefore said, "O my people! Worship Allah - you do not have any God except Him; indeed I fear for you the punishment of the Great Day (of Resurrection)."
60The leaders of his people said, "Indeed we see you in open error."
61He said, "O my people! There is no straying in me - I am in fact a Noble Messenger from the Lord Of The Creation."
62"Conveying to you the messages of my Lord and wishing good for you, and I know from Allah what you do not know."
63"And are you surprised that an advice came to you from your Lord through a man amongst you, so that he may warn you and that you may fear, and so that there be mercy upon you?"
64In response they denied him, so We rescued him and those with him in the ship, and We drowned those who denied Our signs; indeed they were a blind group.
65And We sent Hud to the people of Aad from their own community; he said, "O my people! Worship Allah - you do not have any God except Him; so do you not fear?"
66The disbelieving leaders of his people said, "Indeed we consider you foolish and think you are a liar."
67He said, "O my people! I do not have any concern with foolishness and I am in fact a Noble Messenger from the Lord Of The Creation."
68"I convey to you the messages of my Lord and am your trustworthy well-wisher."
69"And are you surprised that an advice came to you from your Lord through a man amongst you, so that he may warn you? Remember when He made you the successors of Nooh’s people, and enlarged your bodies; therefore remember Allah’s favours, so that you may attain good."
70They said, "Have you come to us in order that we worship only Allah, and abandon those whom our ancestors worshipped?! So bring upon us what you promise us, if you are truthful."
71He said, "Indeed the punishment and the wrath of your Lord have fallen upon you; what! You needlessly dispute with me regarding the names you and your ancestors have fabricated? Allah has not sent down any proof concerning them; therefore wait - I too await with you."
72We therefore rescued him and those with him by a great mercy from Us, and We cut off the lineage of those who denied Our signs - and they were not believers.
73And We sent Saleh to the tribe of Thamud, from their own community; he said, "O my people! Worship Allah - you do not have any God except Him; indeed a clear proof has come to you from your Lord; this is Allah’s she-camel - a sign for you - so leave her free to feed in Allah’s earth, and do not touch her with evil intentions for a painful punishment will seize you."
74"And remember when He made you successors of A’ad and gave you a region in the earth, so you now build palaces in the soft plains and carve houses in rocks; therefore remember Allah’s favours and do not roam the earth spreading turmoil."
75The proud leaders of his people (mockingly) said to the weak Muslims, "Do you know that Saleh is (really) the Noble Messenger of his Lord?" They said, "We believe in whatever he has been sent with."
76The proud ones said, "We deny what you have believed in."
77So they hamstrung the she-camel and rebelled against the command of their Lord and said, "O Saleh! Bring upon us what you promise us, if you are a Noble Messenger."
78Therefore the earthquake seized them, so at morning they remained lying flattened in their homes.
79Saleh therefore turned away from them and said, "O my people! Indeed I did deliver my Lord’s message to you and wished you good, but you do not want well-wishers." (The people in the graves can hear the speech of those who are on earth.)
80And We sent Lut - when he said to his people, "What! You commit the shameful acts which no one in the creation has ever done before you?"
81"You lustfully go towards men, instead of women! In fact, you have transgressed the limits."
82And his people had no answer except to say, "Turn them out of your dwellings; these are people who wish purity!"
83And We rescued him and his family, except his wife - she became of those who stayed behind.
84And We rained a shower (of stones) upon them; therefore see what sort of fate befell the culprits!
85And We sent Shuaib to Madyan from their community; he said, "O my people! Worship Allah - you do not have any God except Him; indeed a clear proof has come to you from your Lord, so measure and weigh in full and do not give the people their goods diminished, and do not spread turmoil in the earth after it is organised; this is for your good, if you believe."
86"And do not be seated on every road in order to scare the travellers, and to prevent from Allah’s path the people who believe in Him, wishing to distort it; and remember when you were few and He increased your numbers; and see what sort of fate befell the mischievous!"
87"And if a group among you believes in what I have been sent with, and another group does not believe, then wait until Allah judges between us; and Allah’s judgement is the best of all."
88The proud leaders of his people said, "O Shuaib, we swear we will banish you and the Muslims who are with you, from our town or you must return to our religion"; he said, "Even though we detest it?"
89"We shall then have fabricated a lie against Allah if we return to your religion after Allah has rescued us from it; and it is not for any of us Muslims to return to your religion except if Allah, Who is our Lord, wills; the knowledge of our Lord encompasses all things; in Allah only we have trusted; our Lord! Decide with justice between us and our people - and Yours is the best decision."
90And the disbelieving leaders of his people said, "If you obey Shuaib, you will indeed be in a loss."
91Therefore the earthquake seized them - so at morning they remained lying flattened in their homes.
92As if those who denied Shoaib had never lived in those homes; those who denied Shoaib, were themselves ruined.
93So Shoaib turned away from them saying, "O my people! Indeed I did deliver my Lord’s message to you and gave you sound advice; so why should I grieve for the disbelievers?" (The people in the graves can hear the speech of those who are on earth.)
94And never did We send any Prophet to a dwelling but We seized its people with hardship and adversity so that they may become humble.
95Then We changed the misfortune into prosperity to the extent that they became numerous and said, "Indeed grief and comfort did reach our ancestors" - so We seized them suddenly in their neglect.
96And had the people of the dwellings believed and been pious, We would have surely opened for them the blessings from the sky and from the earth, but in fact they denied, and We therefore seized them on account of their deeds.
97Do the people of the dwellings not fear that Our wrath may come upon them at night while they are asleep?
98Or do the people of the dwellings not fear that Our wrath may come upon them during the day, while they are playing?
99Are they oblivious to Allah’s secret plan? So none is unafraid of Allah’s secret plan except the people of ruin!
100Or did not those who inherited the land after its owners, get enough guidance that if We will, We can afflict them with calamity for their sins? And We set seals upon their hearts so they do not hear.
101These are the dwellings - the affairs of which We relate to you (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); and indeed their (respective) Noble Messengers came to them with clear proofs; so they were not able to believe in what they had denied before; this is how Allah sets seals upon the hearts of disbelievers.
102And We found most of them not true to their words; and indeed We found most of them disobedient.
103Then after them, We sent Moosa with our signs to Firaun and his court members, but they did injustice to those signs; therefore see what sort of fate befell the mischievous!
104And Moosa said, "O Firaun! Indeed I am a Noble Messenger from the Lord Of The Creation."
105"It is obligatory for me not to speak concerning Allah except the truth; I have come to you all with a clear sign from your Lord, therefore let the Descendants of Israel go with me."
106Said Firaun, "If you have come with a sign, then present it if you are truthful!"
107Therefore Moosa put down his staff - it immediately turned into a visible python.
108And putting his hand in his bosom, withdrew it - so it shone brightly before the beholders.
109Said the chieftains of Firaun’s people, "He is really an expert magician."
110"He wishes to expel you all from your kingdom; so what do you advise?"
111They said, "Stop him and his brother, and send announcers to the cities to gather people."
112"To bring all the expert magicians to you."
113And the magicians came to Firaun, and said, "Will we get some reward if we are victorious?"
114He said, "Yes, and you will then become close to me."
115They said, "O Moosa! You may throw first - or shall we be the first to throw?"
116He said, "You throw"; when they threw, they cast a magic spell upon the people’s eyes and terrified them, and they brought a great magic.
117And We inspired Moosa that, "Put forth your staff"; it immediately began swallowing up their fabrications.
118So the truth was proved and their works were disproved.
119They were therefore defeated here and they turned back humiliated.
120And the magicians were obliged to fall prostrate.
121They said, "We have accepted faith in the Lord Of The Creation."
122"The Lord of Moosa and Haroon."
123Said Firaun, "You have accepted faith in Him before I gave you permission! This is indeed a grand conspiracy you have plotted in the city, in order to expel its people from it; so now you will come to know!"
124"I swear I will cut off your hands and your feet from alternate sides and then crucify you all."
125They said, "We shall return to our Lord."
126"And what did you dislike in us, except that we believed in the signs of our Lord when they came to us? Our Lord! Pour (bestow abundantly) patience on us, and bestow us death as Muslims."
127The chieftains of Firaun’s people said, "Are you releasing Moosa and his people to cause turmoil in the land, and for Moosa to abandon you and your appointed deities?" He said, "We shall now slay their sons and spare their women; and indeed we have power over them."
128Moosa said to his people, "Seek the help of Allah and patiently endure; indeed the Owner of the earth is Allah - He appoints as its successor whomever He wills; and the final triumph is for the pious."
129They said, "We have been oppressed before you came to us, and after you have come to us"; he said, "It is likely that your Lord may destroy your enemy and in his place make you the rulers of the earth, and then see what deeds you perform."
130And indeed We seized the people of Firaun with a famine of several years and with reduction of fruits, so that they may follow advice.
131So when good would reach them they would say, "This is for us"; and when misfortune reached them, they would infer it as ill omens of Moosa and his companions; pay heed! The misfortune of their ill luck lies with Allah, but most of them are unaware.
132And said, "You may come with any sign to us, in order to cast a magic spell on us - yet by no means are we going to believe in you."
133We therefore sent against them the flood and the locusts and the vermin (or insects) and the frogs and the blood - separate signs; in response they were proud and were a guilty people.
134And whenever the punishment came upon them they said, "O Moosa! Pray to your Lord for us, by means of His covenant which you have; indeed if you lift the punishment from us we will surely accept faith in you and let the Descendants of Israel go with you."
135Consequently whenever We lifted the punishment from them for a term which they must reach, they used to then turn away.
136We therefore took revenge from them; so We drowned them in the sea for they used to deny Our signs and were ignoring them.
137And We made the people who were oppressed, the inheritors of the eastern and western parts of the land in which We placed blessings; and the good promise of your Lord was fulfilled for the Descendants of Israel - the reward of their patience; and We destroyed whatever Firaun and his people built and whatever they had contrived.
138And We transported the Descendants of Israel across the sea - so they came across a people who used to squat in seclusion in front of their idols; they said, "O Moosa! Make a God for us, the way they have so many Gods!" He said, "You are indeed an ignorant people."
139"The condition they are in is, in fact, one of destruction - and all what they do is utter falsehood."
140He said, "Shall I seek for you a God other than Allah, whereas He has given you superiority above the entire world?" (By sending His message towards you).
141And remember when We rescued you from Firaun’s people who were afflicting you with a dreadful torment; slaughtering your sons and sparing your daughters; and in it was a great favour from your Lord.
142And We agreed with Moosa a covenant for thirty nights (of solitude) and completed it by adding ten to them, so the covenant of His Lord amounted to forty nights in full; and Moosa said to his brother Haroon, "Be my deputy over my people and make reform and do not allow the ways of the mischievous to enter."
143And when Moosa presented himself upon Our promise, and his Lord spoke to him, he said, "My Lord! Show me Your Self, so that I may see You"; He said, "You will never be able to see Me, but look towards the mountain - if it stays in its place, then you shall soon see Me"; so when his Lord directed His light on the mountain, He blew it into bits and Moosa fell down unconscious; then upon regaining consciousness he said, "Purity is to You! I incline towards You, and I am the first Muslim."
144Said Allah, "O Moosa! I have chosen you from mankind by (bestowing) My messages and by My speech; so accept what I have bestowed upon you and be among the thankful."
145And We wrote for him on the tablets, the advice for all things and the details of all things; and commanded "Accept it firmly and command your people to choose its good advices; soon I shall show you people the destination of the disobedient."
146"And I shall turn away from My signs the people who unjustly wish to be admired in the earth; and if they see all the signs, they would not believe them; and if they see the path of guidance, they would not prefer to tread it; and if they see the way of error, they would present themselves to tread it; that is because they denied Our signs and turned unaware (or pretended not to know)."
147And those who denied Our signs and the confronting of the Hereafter - all their deeds are wasted; what recompense will they get, except what they used to do?
148And behind Moosa, his people moulded a calf from their ornaments - a lifeless body making sounds like a cow; did they not see that it neither speaks to them nor guides them in any way? They chose it (for worship), and were unjust.
149And when they repented and realised that they had gone astray, they said, "If our Lord does not have mercy on us and forgive us, we are ruined."
150And when Moosa returned to his people, angry and upset, he said, "What an evil way you have handled affairs on my behalf, behind me; did you hasten upon the command of your Lord?" And he cast down the stone tablets, and catching hold of his brothers hair, began pulling him towards him; said Haroon said, "O the son of my mother! The people thought I was weak and would have probably killed me; so do not make my enemies laugh at me and do not identify me with the unjust."
151He submitted, "My Lord! Forgive me and my brother and admit us into Your mercy; and You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy."
152Indeed those who took the calf - the punishment from their Lord, and humiliation will reach them in the life of this world; and this is the way We reward those who fabricate lies.
153And those who performed misdeeds and then repented and accepted faith - so after that, your Lord is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
154And when the anger of Moosa abated, he picked up the stone tablets; and in their texts are guidance and mercy for those who fear their Lord.
155And Moosa chose seventy men from his people for Our promise; therefore when the earthquake seized them, he submitted, "My Lord! If You had willed You could have destroyed them and me, even earlier! Will You destroy us for the deeds which the ignorant among us did? That is not but Your testing us; with it You send astray whomever You will and guide whomever You will; You are our Master, so forgive us and have mercy on us, and You are the Best of the Forgiving."
156"And destine good for us in this world and in the Hereafter - We have indeed inclined towards You"; He said, "I give My punishment to whomever I will; and My mercy encompasses all things; so I shall soon destine favours for those who fear and pay the charity, and they believe in Our signs."
157"Those who will obey this Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), the Herald of the Hidden who is untutored * (except by Allah), whom they will find mentioned in the Taurat and the Injeel with them; he will command them to do good and forbid them from wrong, and he will make lawful for them the good clean things and prohibit the foul for them, and he will unburden the loads and the neck chains which were upon them; so those who believe in him, and revere** him, and help him, and follow the light which came down with him - it is they who have succeeded." (*The Holy Prophet was taught by Allah Himself - see Surah 55 Al-Rahman. **To honour the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – is part of faith. To disrespect him is blasphemy.)
158Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "O people! Indeed I am, towards you all, the Noble Messenger of Allah - for Whom (Allah) only is the kingship of the heavens and the earth; there is none worthy of worship, except Him - giving life and giving death; therefore believe in Allah and His Noble Messenger, the Prophet who is untutored (except by Allah), who believes in Allah and His Words, and obey him (the Prophet) to attain guidance." (Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is the Prophet towards all mankind.)
159And among the people of Moosa is a group that shows the true path, and establishes justice with it.
160And We divided them into twelve tribes, as separate groups; and when his people asked him for water, We revealed to Moosa, "Strike the rock with your staff"; so twelve springs gushed forth from it; each group recognised its drinking-place; and We made the clouds a canopy over them and sent down the Manna and the Salwa (birds) on them; "Eat of the good things we have provided you"; and they did not wrong Us in the least, but they used to wrong themselves.
161And remember when they were commanded, "Reside in this township and eat whatever you wish in it, and say ‘Sins are forgiven’ and enter the gate prostrating - We will forgive you your sins; We shall soon bestow more upon the virtuous."
162So the unjust among them changed the words, contrary to what they had been commanded - consequently We sent down upon them a punishment from the sky - the recompense of their injustice.
163And ask them (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) of the township that was by the sea; when they used to exceed in the matter of the Sabbath - when their fish used to come swimming atop the water in front of them on the day of Sabbath and not come on the days it was not Sabbath; this is how We used to test them, due to their disobedience.
164And when a group among them said, "Why do you preach to a people whom Allah is going to destroy or mete out a severe punishment?" They said, "To have an excuse before your Lord, and that perhaps they may fear."
165And when they forgot the advices they had been given, We rescued those who forbade evil, and seized the unjust with a dreadful punishment - the recompense of their disobedience.
166Consequently when they rebelled against the command to refrain, We said to them, "Be apes, despised!"
167And remember when your Lord announced the command that till the Day of Resurrection I will certainly send such oppressors against them, who will inflict them with a dreadful punishment; indeed your Lord is swift in meting out punishment; and indeed He is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
168And We divided them in the earth as separate groups; some of them are righteous and some are the other type; and We tested them with good (favours) and evil things (adversities) so that they may return.
169And after them in their place, came those unworthy successors who inherited the Books - they accept the goods of this world (as bribes) and say, "We shall soon be forgiven"; and if similar goods come to them again, they would accept it; was not the covenant taken from them in the Book, that they must not relate anything to Allah except the truth, and they have studied it? And indeed the abode of the Hereafter is better for the pious; so do you not have sense?
170And those who hold fast to the Book, and kept the prayer established; and We do not waste the wages of the righteous.
171And when We raised the Mount (Sinai) above them as if it were a canopy, and they thought that it would fall upon them; "Accept firmly what We have given you, and remember what is in it, so that you may become pious."
172And remember when your Lord brought forth the generations from the backs of the Descendants of Adam, and made them their own witness; "Am I not your Lord?"; they all said, "Yes surely You are, why not? We testify"; for you may say on the Day of Resurrection that, "We were unaware of this."
173Or you may say, "It is our ancestors who first ascribed partners (to Allah) and we were (their) children after them; so will You destroy us on account of the deeds of the followers of falsehood?"
174And this is how We explain the verses in different ways, and so that they may return.
175And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) recite to them the case of the one to whom We gave Our revelations, and in response he departed from them completely - so Satan went after him - he therefore became of the astray.
176And had We willed We could have raised him because of the revelations, but he clung to the earth and followed his own desires; his condition therefore is like that of a dog; if you attack him he hangs out his tongue and if you leave him he hangs out his tongue; this is the state of the people who denied Our signs; therefore preach, so that they may give thought.
177What an evil example is of those who denied Our signs and used to wrong only their own souls.
178Whomever Allah guides - only he is on the right path; and whomever He sends astray - it is they who are the losers.
179And indeed We have created many jinns and men for hell; they have hearts in which their is no understanding; and the eyes they do not see with; and the ears they do not hear with; they are like cattle - in fact more astray; it is they who are the neglectful.
180And for Allah only are the best names, so invoke Him by them; and abandon those who depart from the truth regarding His names; they will soon receive the reward of their deeds.
181And from Our creation is a group that shows the truth and establishes justice with it.
182And those who denied Our signs - We shall soon steadily lead them towards the punishment, from the place they will not know.
183And I will give them respite; indeed My secret plan is extremely solid.
184Do they not ponder that their companion is far removed from insanity? In fact he is clearly a Herald of Warning.
185Have they not pondered deeply regarding the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and whatever things Allah created? And that possibly their promise (of death) may have come near? So after this *, in what will they believe? (*Advent of the Last Prophet and the Holy Qur’an.)
186For one whom Allah sends astray, there is none to guide him; and He leaves them to wander in their rebellion.
187They ask you about the Resurrection, as to when it is destined; say, "Indeed its knowledge is with my Lord; only He will manifest it at its time; it is proving cumbersome in the heavens and the earth; it will not come to you except suddenly"; they question you as if you have researched it deeply; say, "Indeed its knowledge is with Allah only but most people do not know."
188Say, "I have no autonomy to benefit or hurt myself, except what Allah wills; and were I to procure knowledge of the hidden on my own, it would be that I had accumulated a lot of good; and no misfortune would touch me; I am purely a Herald of Warning and Glad Tidings to the people who believe."
189It is He Who created you from a single soul, and from him made its mate for him to gain comfort with her; so when the male covered her, she was burdened lightly in her womb, and she therefore moved easily carrying it; and when she felt the burden heavy, they both cried to their Lord Allah, "Indeed You may give to us a child as You will, so we will surely be thankful."
190So when He bestowed them a normal child, they ascribed partners (to Him) in respect of what He had bestowed upon them; therefore Supreme is Allah, above all that they ascribe as partners.
191Do they (the disbelievers) ascribe (false deities) that which do not create anything, but are themselves created?
192And cannot provide any help to them, nor do they help themselves?
193And if you call the disbelievers to guidance, they do not follow you; it is the same for you, whether you invite them or remain silent.
194Indeed those whom you (the disbelievers) worship besides Allah are slaves like you - so call them and they may answer you, if you are truthful!
195Do they have feet to walk with? Or have they hands to hold with? Or have they eyes to see with? Or have they ears to hear with? Say, "Call upon your ascribed partners and conspire against me, and do not give me respite."
196"Indeed my Protector is Allah Who has sent down the Book; and He befriends the righteous."
197"And those whom you worship besides Him cannot help you nor do they help themselves."
198And if you call them to guidance they do not listen; and you (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) observe them looking towards you, whereas they do not perceive anything.
199And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) adopt forgiveness, and enjoin virtue, and turn away from the ignorant.
200And O listener! If the devil provokes you, seek the refuge of Allah; indeed He is All Hearing, All Knowing.
201Indeed those who fear get alerted whenever a temptation from the devil troubles them, and they perceive immediately.
202And the devils pull those who their brothers into error, and then do not make any relaxation.
203And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) when you do not bring to them a verse, they say, "Why did you not fabricate it?" Say, "I follow only what is divinely revealed to me from my Lord"; this (the Holy Qur’an) is an enlightenment from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy for the Muslims.
204And when the Qur’an is recited, listen to it attentively and keep silent, so that you receive mercy.
205And remember your Lord within your hearts humbly and with fear, and softly with your tongues, morning and evening, and do not be of the neglectful.
206Indeed those who are with your Lord are not conceited towards worshipping Him, and they proclaim His Purity and it is to Him they prostrate. (Command of Prostration # 1)
Chapter 8 (Sura 8)
1They ask you O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) concerning the war booty; say, "Allah and the Noble Messenger are the owners of the war booty; so fear Allah and maintain friendship among yourselves; and obey Allah and His Noble Messenger, if you have faith."
2Only they are the believers whose hearts fear when Allah is remembered, and their faith advances when His verses are recited to them, and who trust only in their Lord.
3Those who keep the prayer established and spend in Our cause from what We have bestowed upon them.
4These are the true Muslims; for them are ranks before their Lord, and forgiveness and an honourable sustenance.
5The way your Lord caused you, O dear Prophet to come forth from your home with the truth; and indeed a group of Muslims were unhappy about it.
6Disputing with you regarding the truth after it had been made clear, as if they were being herded towards a visible death.
7And remember when Allah promised you that one of the two groups (of enemies) is for you, and you wished to get the one that posed no danger, and Allah willed to prove the truth with His Words, and to cut the origins of the disbelievers.
8In order that He may prove the truth and disprove falsehood, even if the criminals get annoyed.
9When you (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) were seeking the help of your Lord, so He answered your prayers that, "I will help you with a row of thousands of angels."
10And Allah did this just for your happiness and for your hearts to gain contentment; and help does not come except from Allah; indeed Allah is Almighty, Wise.
11When He made the slumber overcome you, so it was as a peacefulness from Him, and sent down water from the sky upon you to purify you with it, and to remove the impurity of Satan from you, and to give your hearts fortitude and firmly establish your feet with it.
12And when O dear Prophet, your Lord was inspiring the angels that, "I am with you - so make the believers stand firm; I will soon instil fear into the hearts of the disbelievers, so strike above the disbelievers’ necks and hit their each and every bone joint."
13This is because they opposed Allah and His Noble Messenger; and whoever opposes Allah and His Noble Messenger - then indeed Allah’s punishment is severe.
14Therefore taste this for now, and along with it for the disbelievers is the punishment of fire.
15O People who Believe! When you confront a large army of disbelievers in battle, do not turn your backs to them.
16And on that day whoever turns his back to them, except for a battle strategy or to join one’s own company, has then turned towards Allah’s wrath, and his destination is hell; and what an evil place of return!
17So you did not slay them, but in fact Allah slew them; and O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) you did not throw (the sand) when you did throw, but in fact Allah threw; and in order to bestow an excellent reward upon the Muslims; indeed Allah is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
18Therefore take this, and (know that) Allah will weaken the scheme of the disbelievers.
19O disbelievers! If you seek a judgement, then this judgement has come to you; and if you desist, it is better for you; and if you return to mischief, We will punish you again; and your populace will not benefit you, however large it may be - and besides this, Allah is with the Muslims.
20O People who Believe! Obey Allah and His Noble Messenger, and do not turn away from him after you have heard him speak.
21And do not be like those who said, "We have heard", whereas they do not hear.
22Indeed the worst beasts in the sight of Allah are those (people) who are deaf, dumb - who do not have any sense.
23And had Allah found any goodness in them, He would have made them hear; and had He made them hear they would, in the end, have turned away and gone back.
24O People who Believe! Present yourselves upon the command of Allah and His Noble Messenger, when the Noble Messenger calls you towards the matter that will bestow you life; and know that the command of Allah becomes a barrier between a man and his heart’s intentions, and that you will all be raised towards Him.
25And fear the turmoil which will certainly not fall only upon a few selected unjust people among you; and know that Allah’s punishment is severe.
26And remember when you were only a few and meek in the land, and feared that men may snatch you away - He therefore gave you refuge and strengthened you with His help, and gave you good things as sustenance, so that you may be thankful.
27O People who Believe! Do not betray Allah and His Noble Messenger, nor purposely defraud your trusts.
28And know that your wealth and your children are a test, and that with Allah is an immense reward.
29O People who Believe! If you fear Allah, He will bestow upon you (the criterion) that with which you will separate the truth from falsehood, and He will unburden your misdeeds and forgive you; and Allah is the Extremely Munificent.
30And remember O dear Prophet when the disbelievers were scheming against you to either imprison you, or to kill you or to banish you; and they were scheming, and Allah was making His secret plan; and Allah’s secret plan is the best.
31And when Our verses are recited to them they say, "Yes, we have heard - if we wanted we could also say something like this - these are nothing but stories of former people!"
32And when they said, "O Allah! If this (the Qur’an) is really the truth from You, then shower upon us a rain of stones from the sky, or bring upon us some painful punishment."
33And it is not for Allah to punish them while you O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) are amongst them; and Allah will not punish them as long as they are seeking forgiveness. (Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is a mercy unto mankind.)
34And what is with them that Allah should not punish them, whereas in fact they prevent from the Sacred Mosque and they are not worthy (of being the custodians) of it; only the pious are its befitting custodians, but most of them do not have knowledge.
35And their prayer near the Kaa’bah is nothing except whistling and clapping; "So now taste the punishment - the result of your disbelief."
36Indeed the disbelievers spend their wealth in order to prevent people from the way of Allah; so they will spend it now, and then regret over it, then they will be defeated; and the disbelievers will be gathered towards hell.
37In order that Allah may separate the filthy from the pure, and placing the filthy atop one another, make a heap and throw them into hell; it is they who are the losers.
38Say to the disbelievers that if they desist, what has passed will be forgiven to them; and if they do the same, the tradition of former people has already passed.
39And fight them until no mischief remains and the entire religion is only for Allah; then if they desist, Allah sees all what they do.
40And if they turn away, then know that Allah is your Master; so what an Excellent Master and what an Excellent Supporter!
41And know that whatever you take as war booty, a fifth of that belongs to Allah and His Noble Messenger, and to relatives, and orphans, and the needy, and the traveller - if you have accepted faith in Allah and what We sent down to Our bondman on the decisive day - the day when two armies had met; and Allah is Able to do all things.
42When you were on the near bank and the disbelievers on the far bank, and the caravan below you; and had you made an agreement between one another, you would have failed to reach on the appointed time - but this is in order that Allah may complete a thing that must be done - that he who dies may die by a clear proof and he who lives may live by a clear proof; and indeed Allah is surely, All Hearing, All Knowing.
43When O dear Prophet, Allah used to show the disbelievers in your dream as only a few *; and O Muslims, had He shown them to you as many, you would have certainly lost courage and disputed over the affair, but Allah rescued (you); indeed He knows what lies within the hearts. (* They numbered more but their actual strength was equal to only a few.)
44And when at the time of fighting He made the disbelievers seem few to you, and you as few in their sight, in order for Allah to conclude the matter that must be done; and towards Allah is the return of all matters.
45O People who Believe! When you meet an army, hold firm and remember Allah profusely, in order that you succeed.
46And obey Allah and His Noble Messenger, and do not dispute with one another for you will lose courage again and your strength will be lost, and patiently endure; indeed Allah is with those who patiently endure.
47And do not be like those who came out from their houses proudly, and to be seen by men, and they prevent people from Allah’s way; and all their actions are within Allah’s control.
48And when Satan made their deeds seem good in their sight and said, "This day no one can overpower you, and you are under my protection"; so when the two armies came face to face, he scrambled back and said, "I am unconcerned with you - I can see what is not visible to you - I fear Allah"; and Allah’s punishment is severe.
49When the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease were saying, "These Muslims are proud of their religion"; and whoever trusts Allah, then indeed Allah is Almighty, Wise.
50And if you see the angels when they are removing the souls of the disbelievers, hitting them on their faces and their backs; "Taste more of the punishment of the fire!" (Punishment in the grave is proven by this verse.)
51"This is the recompense of what your own hands have sent ahead, and Allah does not oppress His bondmen."
52Like the ways of Firaun’s people, and those before them; they disbelieved in the signs of Allah - therefore Allah seized them on account of their sins; indeed Allah is Most Powerful, Severe in Punishing.
53This is because Allah does not change the favour He has bestowed upon any people until they first change themselves, and indeed Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
54Like the ways of Firaun’s people and those before them; they denied the signs of Allah - We therefore destroyed them on account of their sins and We drowned the people of Firaun; and they all were unjust.
55Indeed the worst beasts in the sight of Allah are the people who disbelieve and do not accept faith.
56Those with whom you made a treaty, then they break their agreement each time and do not fear.
57So if you find them in battle, kill them in a manner which makes those behind them scamper back, in the hope that they may learn a lesson.
58And if you apprehend treachery from a nation, then throw back their treaty towards them in reciprocity; indeed Allah does not like the treacherous.
59And never may the disbelievers pride that they have escaped; indeed they can never defeat.
60And keep ready for them the maximum of forces you can and the maximum number of horses you can keep tethered, in order to instil awe in the hearts of those who are the enemies of Allah and who are your enemies, and in the hearts of some others whom you do not know; Allah knows them; and whatever you spend in Allah´s cause will be repaid to you in full and you will never be in a loss.
61And if they incline towards peace, you too lean towards it, and trust Allah; indeed He only is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
62And if they wish to deceive you, then indeed Allah is Sufficient for you; it is He Who has given you strength, with His help and with the Muslims.
63And has created harmony among their hearts; if you had spent all that is in the earth you could not have created harmony among their hearts, but Allah has created harmony among them; indeed He only is Almighty, Wise.
64O Herald of the Hidden! Allah is Sufficient for you and for all these Muslims who follow you.
65O Herald of the Hidden! Urge the believers to fight; if there are twenty persevering men among you, they shall overcome two hundred; and if there are a hundred among you, they shall overcome a thousand disbelievers because the disbelievers are a people who do not have sense.
66So now Allah has made an ease upon you and He knows that you are weak; so if there are a hundred persevering men among you, they shall overcome two hundred; and if there are a thousand among you, they shall overcome two thousand by the command of Allah; and Allah is with those who patiently endure.
67It does not befit any Prophet to capture the disbelievers alive until he has profusely shed their blood in the land; you people desire the wealth of this world; and Allah wills the Hereafter, and Allah is Almighty, Wise.
68Had Allah not pre-destined a matter then, O Muslims, a terrible punishment would have come upon you due to the ransom you took from the disbelievers.
69Therefore benefit from the booty you have received, lawful and good; and keep fearing Allah; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
70O Herald of the Hidden! Say to the captives whom you possess, “If Allah finds any goodness in your hearts, He will give you better than what has been taken away from you, and will forgive you; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
71And if they wish to deceive you, they have already been disloyal to Allah, because of which He has given these disbelievers in your control; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
72Indeed those who accepted faith and left their homes and belongings for Allah, and fought with their wealth and their lives in Allah´s cause, and those who gave shelter and provided help, are the heirs of one another; and those who believed but did not leave their homes - you have no right in their estates until they migrate; and if they seek help from you in the matter of religion then it is your duty to provide help, except against the people between whom and you is a treaty; and Allah sees your deeds.
73And the disbelievers are the heirs of one another - if you do not do so, there will be turmoil in the land and a great chaos.
74And those who believed and migrated and fought in Allah´s cause, and those who gave shelter and provided help - it is they who are the true believers; for them is pardon, and an honourable sustenance.
75And those who afterwards believed and migrated and fought along with you - they too are from among you; and family members (blood relations) are nearer to one another in the Book of Allah; indeed Allah knows everything.
Chapter 9 (Sura 9)
1Severance of ties is proclaimed by Allah and on behalf of His Noble Messenger, towards the polytheists with whom you had a treaty.
2Travel freely in the land for four months, and bear in mind that you cannot escape from Allah, and that Allah will humiliate the disbelievers.
3And proclaim from Allah and His Noble Messenger to all men on the day of the Great Pilgrimage (Haj) that Allah is disgusted with the polytheists, and so is His Noble Messenger; so if you repent it is better for you; but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape from Allah; and give the disbelievers the glad tidings of a painful punishment.
4Other than those polytheists with whom you had a treaty, and they have not diminished anything from your treaty nor supported anyone against you - therefore fulfil their treaty up to the appointed term; indeed Allah befriends the pious.
5Then when the sacred months have passed, slay the polytheists wherever you find them, and catch them and make them captive, and wait in ambush for them at every place; then if they repent and keep the prayer established and pay the charity, leave their way free; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
6And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), if a polytheist seeks your protection, give him protection so that he may hear the Word of Allah, and then transport him to his place of safety; this is because they are an unwise people.
7How can there be a treaty with Allah and with His Noble Messenger for the polytheists, except for those with whom you made a treaty near the Sacred Mosque? So as long as they remain firm on the treaty for you, you too remain firm for them; indeed Allah is pleased with the pious.
8Therefore how - when they are such that if they gain control over you, they would not have regard for any relations nor for any treaty? They please you with their mouths whereas their hearts contain rejection; and most of them are disobedient.
9They exchanged the verses of Allah for an abject price, therefore prevented from His way; indeed what they do is extremely evil.
10In respect of the Muslims, they do not keep regard for any relations nor any pacts; it is they who are the rebels.
11Then if they repent and keep the prayer established and pay the charity, they are your brothers in religion; and we explain Our verses in detail for the people of knowledge.
12And if they break their promises after making a treaty and malign your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief - indeed their promises are nothing - in the hope that they may desist.
13Will you not fight the people who broke their promises, and intended to expel the Noble Messenger whereas they had started it? Do you fear them? So Allah has more right that you should fear Him, if you have faith.
14So fight them - Allah will punish them at your hands, and He will disgrace them and assist you over them, and He will soothe the hearts of the believers.
15And He will remove the anxiety of their hearts; and Allah may accept the repentance of whomever He wills; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
16Are you under the illusion that you would be left just like this, whereas Allah has not yet made known those of you who will fight and not confide their secrets with anyone except Allah and His Noble Messenger and the Muslims? And Allah is Well Aware of your deeds.
17It does not befit the polytheists to assemble in Allah’s mosques after themselves bearing witness of their disbelief; in fact all their deeds are wasted; and they will remain in the fire forever.
18Only those enliven the mosques of Allah who believe in Allah and the Last Day and establish prayer and pay the obligatory charity and fear none except Allah - so it is likely that they will be among the people of guidance.
19So have they taken the quenching of the pilgrims’ thirst and servicing of the Sacred Mosque as equal (in merit) to him who accepted faith in Allah and the Last Day, and fought in Allah’s way? They are not equal before Allah; and Allah does not guide the unjust.
20Those who accepted faith, and left their homes and fought with their wealth and their lives in Allah’s way have a greater rank before Allah; and it is they who have succeeded.
21Their Lord gives them the glad tidings of His mercy and His pleasure, and the Gardens in which are everlasting favours for them.
22They will abide in it for ever and ever; indeed with Allah is the great reward.
23O People who Believe! Do not consider your fathers and your brothers as your friends if they prefer disbelief over faith; and whoever among you befriends them - then it is he who is the unjust.
24Say, "If your fathers, and your sons, and your brothers, and your wives, and your tribe, and your acquired wealth, and the trade in which you fear a loss, and the houses of your liking - if all these are dearer to you than Allah and His Noble Messenger and fighting in His way, then wait until Allah brings about His command; and Allah does not guide the sinful."
25Indeed Allah helped you on many occasions - and on the day of Huneyn - when you prided in your multitude, so it did not benefit you at all, and the earth despite being vast became restricted for you - then you turned back and returned.
26Then Allah sent down His calm upon His Noble Messenger and upon the Muslims, and sent down armies you did not see, and punished the disbelievers; and such is the reward of the deniers.
27Then afterwards Allah will give repentance to whomever He wills; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
28O People who Believe! The polytheists are utterly filthy *; so after this year do not let them come near the Sacred Mosque; and if you fear poverty **, then Allah will soon make you wealthy with His grace, if He wills; indeed Allah is All Knowing, Wise. (* Filthy in body and soul. **Due to loss of trade.)
29Fight against the People given the Book(s) who do not accept faith in Allah and the Last Day, and who do not treat as forbidden what is forbidden by Allah and by His Noble Messenger, and who do not follow the true religion, until they pay the tariff with their own hands with humiliation.
30And the Jews said, "Uzair is the son of Allah", and the Christians said "The Messiah is the son of Allah"; they utter this from their own mouths; they speak like the former disbelievers; may Allah kill them; where are they reverting!
31They have taken their rabbis and their monks as Gods besides Allah and (also) Messiah the son of Maryam; and they were not commanded except to worship only One God - Allah; none is worthy of worship except Him; Purity is to Him from all that they ascribe as partners (to Him).
32They wish to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will not agree except that He will perfect His light, even if the disbelievers get annoyed.
33It is He Who has sent His Noble Messenger with guidance and the true religion, in order to prevail over all other religions - even if the polytheists get annoyed.
34O People who Believe! Indeed many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian) monks unjustly devour people´s wealth and prevent from Allah’s way; and those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah’s way - so them give the glad tidings of a painful punishment.
35The day when it will be heated in the fire of hell, and their foreheads and their sides and their backs will be branded with them; "Here is what you hoarded for yourselves; so now taste the joy of your hoarding!"
36Indeed the number of months before Allah is twelve - in the Book of Allah - since the day He created the heavens and the earth, of which four are sacred; this the straight religion; so do not wrong yourselves in those months; and constantly fight against the polytheists as they constantly fight against you; and know well that Allah is with the pious.
37Their postponing of the months is nothing but furtherance in disbelief - the disbelievers are misled by it - they decree it lawful in one year and regard it forbidden in another year, in order to equate to the number of the months which Allah has made sacred, and to make lawful what Allah has forbidden; their evil deeds seem good in their sight; and Allah does not guide the disbelievers.
38O People who Believe! What is the matter with you, that when it is said to you, "Migrate in Allah´s cause", you sit on the ground with heaviness? Have you preferred this worldly life over the Hereafter? And the wealth of the life of this world, in comparison with the Hereafter, is but only a little.
39If you do not migrate, He will afflict you with a painful punishment and bring other people in your stead and you will not be able to harm Him in the least; and Allah is Able to do all things.
40If you do not help him (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), Allah has helped him - when he had to go forth due to the mischief of the disbelievers, just as two men * - when they were in the cave, when he was saying to his companion "Do not grieve; indeed Allah is with us"; then Allah caused His calm to descend upon him and helped him with armies you did not see, and disgraced the word of the disbelievers; and Allah’s Word is supreme; and Allah is the Almighty, the Wise. (* The Holy Prophet migrated only with S. Abu Bakr (who later became the first caliph) as his sole companion.)
41Migrate - whether willingly or with a heavy heart and fight in Allah´s cause with your wealth and your lives; this is better for you, if you realise.
42Had there been some wealth near at hand or a short journey, they would have certainly accompanied you, but the difficult path became very distant for them; and they will now swear by Allah that "Had we been able, we would have surely accompanied you"; they destroy their own souls; and Allah knows that undoubtedly, they are indeed liars.
43May Allah forgive you *; why did you permit them ** until the truthful ones had been manifested to you and the liars been exposed? (* This is an expression of love for the Holy Prophet - peace and blessings be upon him. ** The hypocrites had been permitted to stay back from the holy war.)
44And those who believe in Allah and the Last Day will not seek exemption from you for not fighting with their wealth and their lives; and Allah well knows the pious.
45Only those ask for such an exemption from you who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day, and whose hearts are in doubt - so they waver in their doubts.
46And if going forth were acceptable to them, they would have made preparations for it, but Allah Himself disliked their getting up (to fight) so He filled them with laze and it was said "Continue sitting with those who remain seated."
47If they had gone forth among you, you would then not gain any increase from them except trouble, and seeking to cause turmoil they would run rumours among you; and their spies are among you; and Allah well knows the unjust.
48Indeed they had sought to cause turmoil at the outset, and O dear Prophet the scheme turned otherwise * for you, so much so that the truth came and the command of Allah appeared, and they disliked it. (* In your favour.)
49And among them is one who requests you that, "Grant me exemption (from fighting) and do not put me to test"; pay heed! They have indeed fallen into trial; and indeed hell surrounds the disbelievers.
50If good befalls you they dislike it; and were some calamity to befall you, they would say, “We had resolved our matters in advance”, and would turn away rejoicing.
51Say, O dear Prophet "Nothing shall befall us except what Allah has destined for us; He is our Master; and the Muslims must rely only on Allah."
52Say, "What do you wait for to happen to us, except one of the two good things?* And for you, we look forward to Allah afflicting you with a punishment from Himself or by our hands; so wait - we too await with you." (*Death in Allah’s way or victory.)
53Say, "Spend willingly or with a heavy heart, it will never be accepted from you; indeed you are a disobedient people."
54And their spending was not stopped being accepted, except because they disbelieved in Allah and His Noble Messenger, and they come to prayer with heavy hearts, and they do not spend except unwillingly.
55So let not their riches or their children surprise you; Allah only intends to punish them in the life of this world with these things and that they die only as disbelievers.
56And they (the hypocrites) swear by Allah that they are from among you (Muslims); and they are not from among you - however those people are afraid.
57If they find some refuge, or caves, or a place to hide, they will break the bonds and return there.
58And among them is one who slanders you regarding the distribution of charity; so if they receive some of it they would be happy - and if not, thereupon they get displeased!
59How excellent it would be, if they were pleased with what Allah and His Noble Messenger had given them and said, "Allah suffices us; Allah will now give us by His munificence, and (so will) Allah’s Noble Messenger - and towards Allah only are we inclined."
60The obligatory charity * is only for the destitute and the really needy, and those who collect it, and for those in whose hearts the love of Islam needs to be instilled **, and to free slaves, and to debtors, and in Allah´s cause ***, and to the traveller; this is decreed by Allah; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise. (* This applies only to Zakat.** The new convert to Islam.*** To the fighter having no provisions for holy war.)
61And among them (the hypocrites) are those who trouble* the Herald of the Hidden (the Prophet) and say, "He is only ears**"; say "He is a listener for your good, he believes in Allah and believes in what the Muslims say, and is a mercy for the Muslims among you"; and for those who trouble the Noble Messenger of Allah, is a painful punishment. (*To disrespect / trouble the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – is blasphemy. **He believes whatever he is told.)
62They swear by Allah in your presence in order to please you; whereas Allah - and His Noble Messenger - had more right that they should have pleased Him if they had faith.
63Do they not know that for one who opposes Allah and His Noble Messenger, is the fire of hell, to remain in it forever? This is the greatest humiliation.
64The hypocrites fear for a chapter being revealed regarding them, which may disclose what is hidden in their hearts; say, “Keep mocking; Allah will certainly disclose what you fear.”
65And if you ask them, they will say, "We were just having fun and pastime"; say, "What! You mock at Allah and His verses and His Noble Messenger?"
66"Do not feign excuses, you have turned disbelievers after becoming Muslims"; if We forgive some of you *, We shall punish others because they were guilty. (* One who kept quiet and later repented.)
67The hypocrite men and women are all the same; enjoining wrong and forbidding right, and being tight-fisted *; they have forgotten Allah, so Allah has forsaken them; indeed the hypocrites - it is they who are really disobedient. (* Not spending in Allah´s cause)
68Allah has promised the hypocrite men and hypocrite women and the disbelievers, the fire of hell in which they will remain forever; that is sufficient for them; and Allah’s curse is upon them; and for them is a never ending punishment.
69Like those who were before you - they were mightier than you in strength, and had more wealth and children than you; so they spent their portion - you spent your portion just as those before you spent their portion and you fell into shame (sin) like they had fallen into shame; their deeds have been wasted in the world and in the Hereafter; it is they who are the losers.
70Did not the news of those before them reach them - the people of Nooh, and the A’ad, and the Thamud - the people of Ibrahim, the people of Madyan and the dwellings that were overturned? Their Noble Messengers had brought clear proofs to them; so it did not befit Allah’s Majesty to oppress them, but in fact they wronged themselves.
71And the Muslim men and Muslim women are the friends of one another; enjoining right and forbidding wrong, and keeping the prayer established and paying the obligatory charity, obeying Allah and His Noble Messenger; these are upon whom Allah will soon have mercy; indeed Allah is the Almighty, the Wise.
72Allah has promised the Muslim men and Muslim women, Gardens beneath which rivers flow - they will abide in it forever - and pure dwellings in Gardens of everlasting stay; and the greatest (reward) is Allah’s pleasure; this is the supreme success.
73O Herald of the Hidden! Fight against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern with them; and their destination hell; and what an evil place to return!
74And they swear by Allah that they did not say it; whereas indeed they had certainly uttered the words of disbelief, and after having entered Islam turned disbelievers and had wished for what they did not get; and what annoyed them except that Allah, and His Noble Messenger, made them prosperous with His grace? So if they repent, it is better for them; and if they turn away, Allah will afflict them with a painful punishment - in this world and the Hereafter; and they will have neither a protector nor any supporter in the entire earth.
75And among them are those who made a covenant with Allah that, "If He gives us by His munificence, we will surely give charity and surely become righteous."
76Therefore when Allah gave them by His munificence, they hoarded it and turning their faces, went back.* (* Reneged on their promise).
77So following this, Allah put hypocrisy in their hearts until the day when they will meet Him - the result of their breaching the promise made to Allah, and because they lied.
78Do they not know that Allah knows their secrets and the schemes they whisper, and that Allah is the All Knowing of all the hidden?
79Those who find fault in the Muslims who give the charity wholeheartedly and in those who gain nothing except from their own toil - so they mock at them; Allah will punish them for their mocking; and for them is a painful punishment.
80Whether you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) ask forgiveness for them * or not ask forgiveness for them; even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will not forgive them; that is because they disbelieved in Allah and His Noble Messenger, and Allah does not guide the sinful. (* for the hypocrites.)
81Those who were left behind rejoiced that behind the Noble Messenger of Allah they had remained seated, and they were unwilling to fight in Allah´s cause with their lives or their wealth, and said "Do not venture out in the heat"; say, "The fire of hell is the hottest"; if only they understood!
82So they should laugh a little and weep much; the reward of what they used to earn.
83Then if Allah takes you back to a group of them and they seek permission from you to go out to fight, say to them, "You shall never go out with me nor ever fight with me against any enemy; you were happy to remain seated for the first time, therefore remain seated with those who stay behind."
84And never offer funeral prayers for any of them * who dies, nor stand by his grave **; indeed they disbelieved in Allah and His Noble Messenger, and they died as sinners. (* It is forbidden to offer funeral prayers for the hypocrites. ** To ask forgiveness for them).
85And do not be surprised at their wealth or their children; Allah only wills to torment them with it in this world, and that they pass away upon disbelief.
86And when a chapter is sent down that "Accept faith in Allah and fight along with His Noble Messenger", the men of means among them seek exemption from you and say, "Leave us, for us to be with those who sit."
87They preferred to be with the women who stay behind, and their hearts have been sealed, so they do not understand.
88But the Noble Messenger and those who accepted faith with him, fought with their wealth and lives; and for them only are the virtues (rewards); and it is they who have achieved the goal.
89Allah has kept ready for them Gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding in it forever; this is the greatest success.
90And came the ignorant * who make excuses seeking exemption, and those who lied to Allah and His Noble Messenger remained seated; a painful punishment will soon reach the disbelievers among them. (* of faith)
91There is no reproach upon the old nor upon the sick nor upon those who do not have the means to spend, provided they remain faithful to Allah and His Noble Messenger; and there is no way of reproach against the virtuous; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
92Nor against those who humbly present themselves before you in order that you provide them a mount, and receive an answer from you that "I do not have any beast to carry you" - and so they turn back with eyes overflowing with tears, due to the sorrow that they could not find the means to spend.
93The way (of reproach) is only against those who seek exemption from you although they are rich; they preferred to be with the women who stay behind - and Allah has sealed their hearts, so they do not know anything.
94They will make excuses to you when you return to them; say, "Do not make excuses - we shall never believe you - Allah has given us your tidings; and Allah and His Noble Messenger will now see your deeds, and then you will return to Him Who knows everything, the hidden and the visible - He will inform you of all what you used to do."
95They will now swear by Allah before you, when you return to them, in order that you do not pay attention to them; so do not bother about them; they are indeed filthy; and their destination is hell; the reward of what they used to earn.
96They swear before you that you may be pleased with them; so if you become pleased with them, then indeed Allah will never be pleased with the sinful.
97The ignorant are more severe in disbelief and hypocrisy, and deserve to remain ignorant of the commands which Allah has revealed to His Noble Messenger; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
98And some of the ignorant are those who when spending in Allah´s cause consider it a ransom, and await the coming of the cycles (of misfortunes) upon you; upon them only is the evil cycle of misfortune; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
99And some villagers are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and consider the spending as the means of obtaining proximity to Allah and obtaining the prayers of the Noble Messenger; pay heed! Yes indeed it is the means of proximity for them; Allah will soon admit them into His mercy; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
100And leading everyone, the first are the Muhajirs * and the Ansar **, and those who followed them with virtue - Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has kept ready for them Gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in it for ever and ever; this is the greatest success. (* The immigrants. **Those who helped the immigrants.)
101And some of the illiterates around you are hypocrites; and some of the people of Medinah; hypocrisy has become ingrained in them; you do not know them *; We know them; We shall soon punish them twice ** - they will then be consigned towards the terrible punishment.*** (*Until now or as well as We do. ** In life and in the grave *** of hell.)
102And there are others who have acknowledged their sins and mixed a good deed with another that was bad; it is likely that Allah will accept their repentance; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
103O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) take the obligatory charity from their wealth, by which you may cleanse them and make them pure, and pray in their favour; indeed your prayer is the contentment of their hearts; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
104Do they not know that Allah only accepts repentance of His bondmen and He takes the charity * and that Allah only is the Most Acceptor of Repentance, the Most Merciful? (* into His control.)
105And say "Keep on with your works - Allah will now see your deeds, and so will His Noble Messenger and the Muslims; and soon you will return to the One Who knows everything - the hidden and the visible - so He will inform you of what you used to do."
106And some are kept waiting for Allah’s command - He may punish them or accept their repentance; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
107And those (hypocrites) who built a mosque to cause harm, and due to disbelief, and in order to cause divisions among the Muslims, and to await the one who is at the outset an opponent of Allah and His Noble Messenger; and they will surely swear that "We wished only good"; and Allah is witness that they are indeed liars.
108Never stand (for worship) in that mosque *; indeed the mosque ** that has been founded on piety from the very first day deserves that you should stand in it; in it are the people who wish to thoroughly cleanse themselves; and Allah loves the clean. (*The mosque built by the hypocrites. ** The mosque at Quba, built by the Holy Prophet and his companions. The merit of praying 2 Raka’ Nawafil in it is equal to the reward of an Umrah.)
109So is one who established his foundation upon the fear of Allah and upon His pleasure better, or the one who laid his foundation upon the brink of a falling precipice, so it fell along with him into the fire of hell? And Allah does not guide the unjust.
110The building which they erected will constantly keep disturbing their hearts unless their hearts are torn to pieces; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
111Indeed Allah has purchased from the Muslims their lives and their wealth in exchange of Paradise for them; fighting in Allah´s cause, slaying and being slain; a true promise incumbent upon His mercy, (mentioned) in the Taurat and the Injeel and the Qur’an; who fulfils His promise better than Allah? Therefore rejoice upon your deal that you have made with Him; and this is the great success.
112Those who repent, those who worship, those who praise, those who fast, those who bow, those who prostrate, those who show right and forbid wrong and those who keep the limits of Allah in sight; and give glad tidings to the Muslims.
113It does not befit the Prophet and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of polytheists even if they may be their relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are the people of hell.
114And the seeking of forgiveness for his father (paternal uncle) by Ibrahim was only because of a promise he had made to him; then when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, Ibrahim broke off ties with him; indeed Ibrahim is surely very soft-hearted, most forbearing.
115And it does not befit Allah’s Majesty to send a nation astray after He has guided them until He has made clear to them what they should avoid; indeed Allah knows everything.
116Indeed for Allah only is the kingship of the heavens and the earth; He gives life and He gives death; and other than Allah, you have neither a Protector nor any Supporter.
117Indeed Allah’s mercy inclined towards the Herald of the Hidden, and the Muhajirs and the Ansar who stood by him in the time of hardship, after it was likely that the hearts of a group among them would turn away - He then inclined towards them with mercy; indeed He is Most Compassionate, Most Merciful upon them.
118And also upon the three who were kept in waiting; when the earth, vast as it is, was restricted for them, and they became weary of their own lives and became certain that there is no refuge from Allah except with Him; He then accepted their repentance in order that they remain repentant; indeed Allah is the Most Acceptor of Repentance, the Most Merciful.
119O People who Believe! Fear Allah, and be with the truthful.
120It did not befit the people of Medinah and the people of the villages around them, to stay behind the Noble Messenger of Allah, nor to consider their own lives dearer than his life; that is because the thirst or the pain or the hunger that afflicts them in Allah´s cause, and the step they tread on a place that angers the disbelievers, and whatever harm they cause the enemy - a good deed is recorded for them in lieu of all of these; indeed Allah does not waste the wages of the virtuous.
121And whatever they spend, small or great, or any valley they cross - it is all recorded for them, so that Allah may reward them for their best deeds.
122And it is not possible for the Muslims that all of them go out; so it should be that a party from each group go forth in order to gain knowledge in religion, and upon returning warn their people in the hope that they may avoid.
123O People who Believe - fight the disbelievers who are near to you, and let them find severity in you, and know well that Allah is with the pious.
124And whenever a chapter is sent down, some of them say, "Whose faith among you has this promoted?" So it has promoted the faith of the believers and they are rejoicing!
125And for those in whose hearts is a disease, it has added filth to their filth, and they died as disbelievers.
126Do they not observe that they are tested once or twice every year? Yet they do not repent, nor do they heed advice!
127And whenever a chapter is sent down, one of them looks at the other; "Is there someone watching you?" - and then they turn away; Allah has inverted their hearts because they are a people who do not understand.
128Indeed there has come to you a Noble Messenger from among you - your falling into hardship aggrieves him, most concerned for your well being, for the Muslims most compassionate, most merciful.
129Then if they turn away, say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "Allah suffices me; there is no worship except for Him; only Him have I trusted, and He is the Lord Of The Great Throne."
Chapter 10 (Sura 10)
1Alif-Lam-Ra *; these are verses of the Book of wisdom. (*alphabets of the Arabic language; Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2Are people amazed that We have sent to a man among them, the divine revelation that "Warn the people and convey glad tidings to the believers that for them with their Lord is the place * of truth"? The disbelievers say, "Indeed he is an open magician." (* Positions of honour on the Day of Resurrection or in heaven.)
3Indeed your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then as befits His Majesty, established Himself upon the Throne * - He plans all matters; there is no intercessor except after His permission;* such is Allah, your Lord - therefore worship Him; so do you not ponder? (* Of Control over everything. ** Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessings be upon him) will be the first to be granted permission to intercede.)
4Towards Him only you all are to return; the promise of Allah; indeed He creates for the first time and then after its extinction creates it again, in order to give those who believe and do good deeds, the reward of justice; and for the disbelievers, boiling water to drink and a painful punishment - the recompense of their disbelief.
5It is He Who created the sun radiating and the moon shining and appointed positions for it, for you to know the number of the years, and the account; Allah has not created it except with the truth; He explains the verses in detail for the people of knowledge.
6Indeed in the alternation of the day and night, and all that Allah has created in the heavens and the earth, are signs for people who are pious.
7Indeed those who do not expect to meet Us and have preferred the worldly life and are content with it, and those who neglect Our signs, -
8Their destination is hell - the recompense of their deeds.
9Indeed those who accepted faith and did good deeds, their Lord will guide them due to their faith; rivers will flow beneath them in the Gardens of favours.
10Their prayers in it will be, "Purity is to You, O Allah" and their greetings in it will be, "Peace"; and the conclusion of their prayers is, "All praise is to Allah, the Lord Of The Creation."
11Were Allah to send misfortune to the people as quickly as they hasten for the good *, their appointed term would have been finished; so We leave those who do not expect to meet Us, to wander in their rebellion. (* The way they wish the good to reach them quickly.)
12And when some hardship reaches man he prays to Us, while reclining and sitting and standing; and when We remove his hardship, he goes away as if he had never prayed to Us because of any hardship; this is how the deeds of the transgressors are made seeming good to them.
13And indeed We destroyed several generations before you when they crossed the limits - and their respective Noble Messengers came to them with clear proofs, but they were not such as would believe; this is how We reward the guilty.
14Then We appointed you as caliphs in the earth after them, in order that We might see what deeds you perform.
15And when Our clear verses are recited to them, the people who do not expect to meet Us say, "Bring a Qur’an other than this one, or change it"; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "I do not have the right to change it on my own; I only follow what is divinely revealed to me; if I were to disobey my Lord *, then I fear the punishment of the Great Day (of Resurrection). (* Which is impossible.)
16Say, "Had Allah willed I would not have recited it to you nor would He have made it known to you; so before this * I have spent an age among you; so do you not have sense?" (* Before Allah’s command to recite the Qur’an to you.)
17So who is more unjust than one who fabricates a lie concerning Allah and denies His signs? Indeed the guilty shall never prosper.
18And they worship the thing other than Allah, which neither harms them nor benefits them *, and they say, "These are our intercessors ** before Allah"; say, "What! You inform Allah of something which in His knowledge does not exist in the heavens or in the earth?" Purity and Supremacy are to Him, above their association. (* Some things like the sun, stars, trees are useful but they too are created by Allah. Their worship will not benefit - in fact it is harmful ** Only the virtuous will be granted permission by Allah to intercede.)
19Mankind were only one nation * and then they differed, and had it not been for a promise ** from your Lord, the matters in which they differed would have been decided here itself. (* On one proper faith. ** The account on the Last Day.)
20And they say, "Why is not a sign sent down upon him from his Lord?" Proclaim, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "The hidden is only for Allah, therefore wait; I too am waiting with you."
21And when We give mankind the taste of mercy after some hardship which had afflicted them, they immediately start conspiring against Our signs; proclaim, "The secret plan of Allah is the fastest"; indeed Our angels record your scheming.
22It is He Who transports you over the land and the sea; to the extent that when you are in ships - and the ships sail with them with a favourable breeze and they rejoice at it - a gust of strong wind reaches them and waves come to them from every side and they realise that they are surrounded, - thereupon they pray to Allah as His sincere bondmen that, "If You rescue us from this, we will surely be thankful."
23Then when He rescues them, they start wrongfully committing oppression in the earth; O mankind! Your oppression is only a torment against yourselves; derive the benefit until you live in this world; you have then to return to Us and thereupon We shall show you your misdeeds.
24The example of the life of this world is similar to the water which We sent down from the sky, so due to it the earth’s vegetation grew in abundance - that which men and cattle eat; to the extent that when the earth has taken on her ornaments and is well beautified, and her owners thought that it is within their control, Our command came to it at night or at day - so We made it harvested as if it had not existed yesterday; this is how We explain the verses for the people who ponder.
25And Allah calls to the abode of peace, and guides whomever He wills on the Straight Path.
26For the people of virtue, is goodness and more than that; and neither will the blackness nor disgrace come upon their faces; it is they who are the people of Paradise; they will abide in it forever.
27And (for) those who earned evil *, the recompense of evil is equal to it - and disgrace will come upon them; they will have no one to save them from Allah; as if their faces are covered with pieces of the dark night; it is they who are the people of the fire; they will remain in it forever. (* The disbelievers.)
28And on the day when We raise all of them together, then say to the polytheists, "Stay in your place - you and your partners (false deities)"; so We shall separate them from the believers, and their partners will say to them, "When did you ever worship us!?"
29"Therefore Allah suffices as a Witness between us and you, that we were not even aware that you worshipped us!"
30Here will every soul come to know what it has sent ahead, and they will be returned to Allah - their true Master, and they will lose all that they used to fabricate.
31Say, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "Who provides you sustenance from the sky and the earth? Or Who is the Owner of the ears and the eyes? And Who brings forth the living from the dead and Who brings forth the dead from the living? And Who plans all matters?" So they will now say, "Allah"; therefore say, "Then why do you not fear?"
32So such is Allah, your True Lord; therefore what remains after the truth, except error? So where are you reverting?
33This is how the Word of your Lord is proved concerning the sinful, so they will not believe.
34Say, "Is there any one among your partners (false deities) that can create for the first time and then after its extinction, create it again?" Proclaim, "Allah creates for the first time and then after its extinction, creates it again - so where are you reverting?"
35Say, "Is there any among your partners that shows the right path?" Say, "Allah shows the right path; so who should be obeyed - the One Who shows the right path, or one who does not even find the right path unless he is guided? So what has happened to you? What sort of a judgement you impose!"
36And most of them do not follow anything except assumptions; indeed assumption does not serve the least purpose (in place) of the truth; indeed Allah knows their deeds.
37And this noble Qur’an is not such that anyone can invent it, without Allah revealing it - but it surely is a confirmation of the Books preceding it and is an explanation of all that is written on the (preserved) tablet - there is no doubt in it - it is from the Lord Of The Creation.
38What! They dare say that "He has fabricated it"? Say, "Then bring one chapter like it and, other than Allah, call everyone you can if you are truthful."
39On the contrary, they denied the thing the knowledge of which they could not master, whereas they have not yet seen its outcome; similarly those before them had denied, therefore see what sort of fate befell the unjust!
40And among them is one who accepts faith in it, and among them is one who does not accept faith in it; and your Lord well knows the mischievous.
41And if they deny you, say, "For me are my deeds, and for you are your deeds; you have no concern with what I do, and I have no relation with what you do."
42And among them are some who listen to you; so will you make the deaf hear even if they do not have any sense?
43And among them is one who gazes at you; so will you guide the blind * even if they cannot perceive? (* Deaf or blind to guidance.)
44Indeed Allah does not oppress men at all, but they do wrong themselves.
45And on the day when He will raise all of them together, as if they had never stayed on earth except for a moment during the day, they will recognise one another; for completely ruined are those who denied the meeting with Allah and were not on guidance.
46And whether We show you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) part of what We promise them or whether We call you towards Us before it - in any case they have to return to Us - then Allah is the Witness of their deeds.
47And in every nation was a Noble Messenger (from Allah); so when their Noble Messenger came to them, they were judged with fairness, and they were not wronged.
48And they say, "When will this promise come, if you are truthful?"
49Say, “I have no autonomy to benefit or hurt myself, except what Allah wills *; for every nation is a fixed promise; when their promise comes, they cannot postpone it or can they advance it one moment. (* To empower me.)
50Say, "What is your opinion - if His punishment comes upon you at night or during the day, so what is there in it for which the guilty are being hasty?"
51"So will you believe it only when it has occurred? What! You believe in it now, whereas you were impatient * for it before? (* Eagerly demanding for it to occur.)
52Then the unjust will be told, "Taste the punishment forever; and you will be repaid only what you used to earn."
53And they ask you "Is it a reality *?" Say, "Yes, by oath of my Lord, indeed surely it is a reality, and you will not be able to escape." (* The punishment of the hereafter.)
54And if each unjust soul owned everything that is in the earth, it would have certainly given it in order to redeem itself; and they secretly felt repentant when they saw the punishment; and it has been judged between them with fairness and they will not be wronged.
55Pay heed! Indeed everything that is in the heavens and the earth belongs only to Allah; pay heed! Indeed Allah’s promise is true, but most of them do not know.
56And He gives life and gives death, and towards Him you will return.
57O mankind! The advice has come to you from your Lord and a cure for the hearts - and guidance and mercy for believers.
58Say, “Upon Allah’s munificence and upon His mercy - upon these should the people rejoice”; that is better than all their wealth and possessions.
59Say, "What is your opinion - (regarding) the sustenance that Allah has sent down for you? So you have, on your own, deemed lawful and unlawful in it!"; say, "Has Allah given you permission for it, or do you fabricate a lie against Allah?"
60And what do they, who fabricate lies against Allah, assume will be their state on the Day of Resurrection? Indeed Allah is Most Munificent upon mankind, but most people are not thankful.
61And whatever work you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) are engaged in and recite a part of the Qur’an from Him, and whatever you people do, We are Witness upon you from the time you begin it; and there is nothing in the earth or in the heaven worth the weight of the smallest particle hidden from your Lord, nor anything smaller or greater than it, which is not recorded in a clear Book.
62Pay heed! Indeed upon the friends of Allah is neither any fear, nor any grief. (The friends of Allah are the best in the creation.)
63Those who have accepted faith and practice piety.
64There are good tidings for them in the life of this world and in the Hereafter; the Words of Allah cannot change; this is the supreme success.
65And do not grieve at their speech (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); indeed all honour is for Allah and He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
66Indeed all those in the heavens and all those in the earth are in Allah’s control; and what do those who pray to the partners instead of Allah, follow? They do not follow anything except assumption, and they only make guesses.
67It is He Who created the night for you so that you may gain rest in it and the day giving sight; indeed in this are signs for the people who heed.
68They said, "Allah has created a son for Himself"- Purity is to Him! He is the Perfect (Unwanting, free of needs); to Him only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; "You do not have any proof of this; do you say a thing concerning Allah which you do not know?"
69Say, "Indeed those who fabricate lies against Allah will never succeed."
70Enjoying a little in the earth, they have then to return to Us - We will then make them taste a severe punishment, the recompense of their disbelief.
71Read to them the story of Nooh; when he told his people, "O my people - if my standing here and reminding you of Allah’s signs have been intolerable for you - so I have trusted only Allah - then work jointly and strengthen your work along with your false deities, leaving no doubt regarding your work - then do whatever you can to me, and do not give me respite."
72"Then if you turn away, I do not ask any fee from you; my reward is only upon Allah, and I am commanded to be of the Muslims."
73In response they denied him, so We rescued him and those with him in the ship, and made them caliphs, and We drowned those who denied Our signs; therefore see what sort of fate befell those who had been warned!
74Then after him, We sent other Noble Messengers to their respective people - so they came to them with clear proofs - so they were not such as to believe in what they had denied before; this is how We set seals upon the hearts of rebels.
75Then after them, We sent Moosa and Haroon along with Our signs, to Firaun and his court members, so they were proud and were a guilty people.
76So when the truth came to them from Us, they said, "Indeed this is a clear magic."
77Said Moosa, "What! You speak in this manner regarding the truth when it has come to you? Is this magic? And magicians never succeed."
78They said, "Have you two come to us to revert us from what we found our fathers upon, and that the leadership in the land may only be for you two? And we shall never believe in you both."
79And Firaun said, "Bring every expert magician to me."
80So when the magicians came, Moosa said to them, "Cast whatever you intend to cast."
81Therefore when they had cast, Moosa said, "This what you have brought, is magic; Allah will now make it void; indeed Allah does not make the works of the mischievous successful."
82"And Allah will prove the truth by His Words, even if the guilty get annoyed."
83So none accepted faith in Moosa, except a few descendants of his people, fearing Firaun and his court members, that they would force them to revert; and indeed Firaun was a rebel in the land; and indeed he crossed the limits.
84And Moosa said, "O my people! If you have accepted faith in Allah, then you should rely only upon Him, if you are Muslims."
85They said, "We have relied only upon Allah; Our Lord! Do not make us a test * for the unjust people." (* By giving them power over us.)
86"And with Your mercy, rescue us from the disbelievers."
87And We sent the divine revelation to Moosa and his brother that, "Build houses for your people in Egypt and make your houses as places of worship, and keep the prayer established, and give glad tidings to the Muslims."
88And Moosa prayed, "Our Lord! You have given Firaun and his chiefs adornment and wealth in the life of this world, our Lord, that they may lead astray from Your path; our Lord! Destroy their riches and harden their hearts so that they may not accept faith until they witness the painful punishment."
89He said, "The prayer of you two is accepted, therefore remain firm, and do not follow the way of the unwise."
90And We transported the Descendants of Israel across the sea, therefore Firaun and his army pursued them with rebellion and injustice; until when the drowning overcame him he cried, "I accept faith that there is no True God except the One in Whom the Descendants of Israel believe, and I am a Muslim."
91"What! Now?* Whereas you were disobedient from the start and you were mischievous!" (This was said to Firaun. * Accepting faith at the time of death is of no use.)
92"This day We shall salvage your body so that you may be a sign for those after you; and indeed most people are neglectful of Our signs."
93And indeed We provided the Descendants of Israel a place of honour, and bestowed good sustenance to them; and they did not fall into dispute except after the knowledge had come to them; indeed your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning the matters in which they used to differ.
94And if you, O listener, have any doubt in what We have sent down towards you, then question those who have read the Book before you; undoubtedly, towards you has come the truth from your Lord, therefore do not be of those who doubt.
95And never be of those who denied the signs of Allah, for you will then be of the losers.
96Indeed those for whom the Word of your Lord has proved true, will not believe.
97Even if every sign comes to them, until they witness the painful punishment.
98So if only had there been one dwelling * that believed and its belief would have benefited it - except the nation of Yunus (Jonah)! When they accepted faith, We removed the disgraceful punishment in the life of this world from them, and let them enjoy for a while. (* That was destroyed after being warned.)
99And if your Lord willed, all those who are in the earth - everyone of them - would have accepted faith; so will you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) force the people until they become Muslims?
100And no soul can accept faith except by the command of Allah; and He sets the punishment upon those who do not have sense.
101Proclaim, "Observe what is in the heavens and the earth"; and the signs and the Noble Messengers do not benefit the people who are not destined to believe.
102So what are they waiting for, except the days similar to the days of those who passed away before them? Say, "Then wait! I too am waiting with you."
103Then We shall save Our Noble Messengers and the believers - this is it; it is incumbent upon Our mercy to save the Muslims.
104Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "O people! If you are in doubt concerning my religion, then (know that) I will never worship those whom you worship instead of Allah - but I worship Allah Who will give you death; and I am commanded to be of the believers."
105"And that ‘Set your face straight * for religion, apart from all others; and never be of those who ascribe partners (to Allah)’." (* Your intention sincerely for religion.)
106"And other than Allah, do not worship that which cannot benefit you nor cause you harm; then if you do so, you would be of the unjust." (* Some things like the sun, stars, trees are useful but they too are created by Allah. Their worship will not benefit - in fact it is harmful.)
107"And if Allah afflicts you with some suffering, there is none who can remove it except Him; and if He wills good for you, there is none who can repel His munificence; He bestows it upon whomever He wills from among His bondmen; He is the Oft Forgiving, the Most Merciful." (* Help, cure, monetary aid etc., whatever benefit derived from any source, reaches us because Allah has given the source this power and is actually through the grace and mercy of Allah.)
108Say, "O people! The truth * has come to you from your Lord; so whoever came to guidance, has come to guidance for his own benefit; and whoever strayed, has strayed for his own harm; and I am not a trustee over you." (* Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him, or Islam or the Qur’an.)
109And (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) follow what is divinely revealed to you, and have patience till Allah gives His command; and He is the Best of Rulers.
Chapter 11 (Sura 11)
1Alif-Lam-Ra*; "This is a Book, the verses of which are full of wisdom - then explained in detail - from the Wise, the Well Aware." (* Alphabets of the Arabic language; Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2"That do not worship anyone except Allah; indeed I am for you a Herald of Warning and Glad Tidings, from Him."
3"And ask forgiveness from your Lord and incline towards Him in repentance, He will provide you excellent sustenance until the appointed time and will bestow superiority to every one who excels; and if you turn away, I then fear the punishment of the Great Day upon you."
4"To Allah only you have to return, and He is Able to do all things."
5Pay heed! They fold up their breasts in order to conceal from Allah; pay heed! Even when they fully cover themselves up with their clothes, Allah knows all that what hide and all what they disclose; indeed He knows what is in the hearts.
6And there is none that walks upon the earth whose sustenance does not depend on the mercy of Allah - He knows where it shall stay and where it shall be deposited; everything is in a clearly explaining Book.
7And it is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six days - and His Throne was upon the water - so that He might test you, as to who among you have the best deeds *; and if you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) say, "Indeed you will be raised again after death", the disbelievers will surely say, "This is nothing but clear magic." (* The creation of all things is in order to test mankind.)
8And if We postpone the punishment upon them for a specified time, they will surely say, "What holds it back?" Pay heed! On the day when it comes upon them, it will not be averted from them, and the very punishment they mocked at will encompass them.
9And if We bestow man the enjoyment of some mercy from Us and later withdraw it from him; surely he is most despairing, ungrateful.
10And if We bestow upon him the enjoyment of a favour after a misfortune that had befallen him, he will surely say, "The evils have gone away from me"; indeed he is jubilant, boastful.
11Except those who patiently endured and did good deeds; for them is forgiveness, and a great reward.
12So will you forsake part of what is divinely revealed to you and be disheartened because they say, "Why has not a treasure been sent down along with him?", or "An angel should have come with him"? You are purely a Herald of Warning *; and Allah is the Guardian over all things. (* Therefore do not grieve over their sayings.)
13What! They dare say that "He has fabricated it"? Say "Therefore bring ten fabricated chapters like these, and call on everyone you can other than Allah, if you are truthful."
14So O Muslims, if they are unable to reply to this challenge of yours, then know well that it is sent down only with the knowledge of Allah; and that except Him, there is no real God; so will you now accept?
15Whoever desires the life of this world and its comforts, We shall give them the full reward for their deeds in it, and not make any reduction in it.
16These are the ones for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter except the fire; and all that they did there has gone to waste and all their deeds are destroyed.
17So is the one who is upon the clear proof * from his Lord, and comes a witness upon it from Allah, and before it the Book of Moosa, a leader and a mercy; they accept faith in it; and whoever denies it from all the groups, then the fire is promised for him; so O listener, do not have any doubt concerning it; indeed it is the truth from your Lord; but most people do not believe. (* The Jews who accepted faith in the Qur’an.)
18And who is more unjust than the one who fabricates a lie against Allah? They will be presented before their Lord, and the witnesses * will say, "These are they who lied concerning their Lord; the curse of Allah be upon the unjust!" (* The Prophets and angels.)
19Those who prevent from the way of Allah and wish deviation in it; and it is they who disbelieve in the Hereafter.
20They will not be able to escape in the earth, nor do they have any protecting friends apart from Allah; they will have punishment upon punishment; they were unable to hear, nor used to see. (* Hear or see the truth.)
21It is they who put their souls into ruin, and they lost all that they used to fabricate.
22They will be, unnecessarily, the greatest losers in the Hereafter.
23Indeed those who believed and performed good deeds and directed themselves towards their Lord - they are the people of Paradise; they will abide in it forever.
24The example of the two groups is like one being blind and deaf, and the other seeing and hearing; are they equal in condition? So do you not ponder?
25And indeed We sent Nooh to his people that, "Indeed I am for you a clear Herald of Warning."
26"That you must worship none except Allah; indeed I fear the punishment of the calamitous day upon you."
27The chiefs of his people, who were disbelievers, said, "We see that you are just a mortal like us, and we do not see anyone following you except the most lowly among us, without insight; and we do not find any merit in you above us - in fact, we consider you liars."
28He said, "O my people! What is your opinion - if I am on a clear proof from my Lord and He has bestowed mercy upon me from Him, so you remained blind towards it; shall we force it upon you although you dislike it?"
29"And O my people! I do not ask any wealth from you for it; my reward is only upon Allah, and I am not going to repel the Muslims; indeed they will meet their Lord, but I find you people completely ignorant."
30"And O my people! Who would rescue me from Allah if I repel them? So do you not think?"
31"And I do not say to you, ‘I have the treasures of Allah’ nor that ‘I gain knowledge of the hidden’, nor do I say that, ‘I am an angel’ nor do I say to those whom your sights consider lowly, that Allah will never give them any good; Allah well knows what is in their hearts; if I do so, I would then be of the unjust."
32They said, "O Nooh, you have disputed with us and disputed in the extreme, therefore bring upon us what you promise us, if you are truthful."
33He said, "Allah will surely bring that upon you if He wills, and you will not be able to escape."
34"And my advice will not benefit you if I wish you good, when Allah wills to keep you astray; He is your Lord and to Him you will return."
35What! They dare say that, "He has fabricated it"? Say, "If I may have fabricated it, then my sin is upon me, and I am unconcerned with your sins."
36And it was divinely revealed to Nooh that "None of your people will become Muslims, except those who have already accepted faith - therefore do not grieve at what they do."
37"And build the ship in front of Us, and by Our command, and do not speak to Me regarding the unjust; they will surely be drowned."
38And Nooh builds the ship; and whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they used to laugh at him; he said, "If you laugh at us, then a time will come when we will laugh at you just as you laugh."
39"So now you will come to know - upon whom comes the punishment that disgraces him, and upon whom descends the punishment that continues forever."
40To the extent that when Our command came and the oven overflowed, We said, "Board into the ship a couple - male and female - from every kind, and your family members, except those upon whom the Word has been passed *, and all other Muslims"; and only a few Muslims were with him. (* Whose fate has been sealed.)
41And he said, "Board it - upon Allah’s name is its movement and its stopping; indeed my Lord is surely Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful."
42And the same carries them amid waves like mountains; and Nooh called out to his son whereas he was standing apart, "O my son! Embark along with us *, and do not be with the disbelievers." (* As a Muslim.)
43He said, "I shall take the refuge of a mountain - it will save me from the water"; said Nooh, "Today there is none who can rescue from the punishment of Allah, except upon whom He has mercy"; and the wave came in between them, so he remained amongst the drowning.
44And it was commanded, "O earth, swallow your water and, O sky, stop" - and the water was dried up and the matter was completed - and the ship stopped upon the mount Al-Judi and it was said, "Away with the unjust nation!"
45And Nooh prayed to his Lord - submitted he, "My Lord! Indeed my son is also of my family, and surely Your promise is true and You are the Greatest Ruler of all."
46He said, "O Nooh, he is not of your family; his deeds are most improper; therefore do not ask Me a thing of which you do not have knowledge; I advise you not to be unwise."
47He submitted, "My Lord! I seek your refuge from asking you the thing of which I do not have knowledge; and if You do not forgive me and do not have mercy on me, I would then be a loser."
48It was said, "O Nooh! Alight from the ship along with peace from Us and the blessings that are upon you and upon some groups that are with you; and some groups are those whom We shall let enjoy this world and then a painful punishment from Us will reach them."
49These are the tidings of the hidden, which We reveal to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); you did not know them nor did your people, before this; therefore patiently endure; indeed the excellent fate is for the pious.
50And towards the people of A’ad, their fellow man Hud; he said, "O my people! Worship Allah - there is no other True God except Him; you are purely fabricators."
51"O my people! I do not ask any fee from you for it; my reward is only upon Him Who has created me; so do you not have sense?"
52"And O my people! Seek forgiveness from your Lord, then incline towards Him in repentance - He will send abundant rain from the sky upon you and will give you much more strength than you have - and do not turn away committing crimes!"
53They said, "O Hud! You have not come to us with any proof and we will not forsake our deities upon your saying, nor will we believe you."
54"We only say that you have been severely struck by one of our deities"; he said, "I make Allah a witness, and you all bear witness that I have no relation with whatever you ascribe (as partners to Allah)"-
55"Besides Him - therefore all of you scheme against me and do not give me respite."
56"I rely upon Allah, Who is my Lord and your Lord; there is not a creature that walks, whose forelock is not in His control; indeed my Lord can be found on the Straight Path."
57"Then if you turn away, I have conveyed to you what I was sent with towards you; and my Lord will bring others in your stead; and you will not be able to cause Him any harm; indeed my Lord is a Guardian over all things."
58And when Our command came, We rescued Hud and the Muslims who were with him, by Our mercy; and We saved them from a severe punishment.
59And these are the A’ad - they denied the signs of their Lord and disobeyed His Noble Messengers and followed the commands of every stubborn disobedient.
60And a curse followed them in the world, and on the Day of Resurrection; pay heed! Indeed A’ad disbelieved in their Lord; away with A’ad, the people of Hud!
61And to the Thamud tribe, We sent their fellow man Saleh; he said, "O my people! Worship Allah, there is no other True God except Him; He created you from the earth and established you in it, so seek forgiveness from Him and incline towards Him in repentance; indeed my Lord is Close, Acceptor of Prayer."
62They said, "O Saleh! You seemed very promising among us, before this - What! You forbid us from worshipping the deities of our forefathers? And indeed we have fallen into a deeply intriguing doubt concerning what you call us to."
63He said, "O my people! What is your opinion - if I am on clear proof from my Lord and He has bestowed upon me mercy from Him, so who will rescue me from Allah if I disobey Him? So you will not increase anything for me, except loss!"
64"And O my people! This is the she-camel of Allah - a sign for you - so let her graze in Allah’s earth, and do not touch her with an evil intention for an imminent punishment will reach you."
65In response they hamstrung her, he therefore said, "Enjoy a further three days in your homes; this is a promise that will not be untrue."
66Therefore when Our command came, We rescued Saleh and the Muslims who were with him by Our mercy, and from the disgrace of that day; indeed your Lord is the Strong, the Almighty.
67And the terrible scream seized the unjust - so at morning they remained lying flattened in their homes.
68As if they had never lived here; indeed the tribe of Thamud disbelieved in their Lord; away with the Thamud!
69And indeed Our angels came to Ibrahim with glad tidings - they said, "Peace"; he answered, "Peace" and without delay brought a roasted calf.
70And when he saw their hands not reaching towards it, he thought they were pretending and inwardly started fearing them; they said, "Do not be afraid - we are sent to the people of Lut."
71And his wife was standing by and she started laughing *, so We gave her glad tidings regarding Ishaq, and following Ishaq, regarding Yaqub.** (* She was glad that the disbelieving people of Lut would be destroyed. ** The birth of these two.)
72She said, "Oh woe to me - will I bear a child whereas I am an old woman, and this my husband, is an old man? This is something really extraordinary."
73The angels said, "Do you wonder at the command of Allah? Allah’s mercy and His blessings be upon you, O people of this house; indeed He only is Most Praiseworthy, Most Honourable."
74And when Ibrahim’s fear abated and the glad tidings reached him, he argued with Us regarding the people of Lut.
75Indeed Ibrahim is most forbearing, very soft hearted, penitent.
76"O Ibrahim, turn away from this; indeed your Lord’s command has come; and indeed a punishment will come upon them, which will not be averted."
77And when Our angels came to Lut, he was distressed for them and was disheartened due to them, and said, "This is a day of great hardship."
78And his people came running towards him; and they were in the habit of committing evil deeds; he said, "O my people! These women of the tribe are my daughters * - they are purer for you - therefore fear Allah and do not disgrace me in the midst of my guests; is there not even a single righteous man among you?" (* The wives of those people.)
79They said, "You know that we have no right to the daughters of your tribe; and you obviously know what we desire."
80He said, "If only I had the strength against you or were able to get the refuge of some strong support!"
81The angels said, "O Lut! We are the sent ones of your Lord - they cannot get to you, therefore during the night take your entire household with you - and not one of you may turn around and see - except your wife *; she too will be afflicted with the same as they will be; indeed their promise is at morn; is not the morning imminent?" (* She was a disbeliever and sided with the culprits.)
82So when Our command came, We turned that township upside down and showered it continuously with stones of fired clay.
83That are marked, in the custody your Lord; and those stones are not at all far from the unjust!
84And to Madyan their fellow man Shuaib; he said, "O my people! Worship Allah - there is no other True God except Him; and do not make reductions in measure and weight - indeed I see you prosperous, and I fear the punishment of the Besieging Day (of Resurrection) upon you."
85"O my people! Measure and weigh in full with justice, and do not give the people their goods diminished, and do not roam about in the earth causing turmoil."
86"That which remains from Allah’s bestowal is better for you, if you believe; and I am not at all a guardian over you."
87They said, "O Shuaib! Does your prayer command you that we forsake the deities of our forefathers or that we may not do as we wish with our own property? Yes indeed - only you are very intelligent, most righteous *." (* They mocked at him with sarcasm.)
88He said, "O my people! What is your opinion - if I am on a clear proof from my Lord and He has bestowed me with an excellent sustenance from Him (shall I ignore all this?); and the matter I forbid you to do, I do not wish that I myself act against it; I only intend to make improvements as far possible; my guidance is only from Allah; I rely only upon Him and towards Him only do I incline."
89"And O my people! May not your opposition to me occasion the coming upon you of the thing similar to what befell the people of Nooh or the people of Hud or the people of Saleh; and the people of Lut are not at all far from you!"
90"Ask forgiveness from your Lord and then incline towards Him in repentance; indeed my Lord is Most Merciful, Most Affectionate."
91They said, "O Shuaib! We do not understand most of what you say, and indeed we perceive you weak among us; were it not for your relatives, we would have stoned you; and in our sight, you have no respect at all."
92He said, "O my people! Is the pressure upon you from my relatives, worth more than Allah? And you put Him * behind your backs; indeed whatever you do is all within my Lords’ control." (* His command / my preaching.)
93"And O my people! Keep on with your works in your positions, I am doing mine; very soon you will come to know - upon whom comes the punishment that will disgrace him, and who is the liar; and wait - I too am waiting with you."
94And when Our command came, We rescued Shuaib and the Muslims who were with him by Our mercy; and the terrible scream seized the unjust - so at morning they remained lying flattened in their homes.
95As if they had never lived there; away with the Madyan, just as the Thamud were removed afar!
96And indeed We sent Moosa with Our revelations and a clear domination.
97Towards Firaun and his court members, thereupon they followed the commands of Firaun; and the work of Firaun was not proper.
98He will lead his people on the Day of Resurrection, therefore landing them into hell; and what a wretched place to land into!
99And a curse followed them in the world, and on the Day of Resurrection; what a wretched gift is what they received.
100These are the tidings of the townships, which We relate to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) - some of them still stand and some are cut off.
101And We did not oppress them at all, but it is they who wronged themselves - therefore their deities, whom they worshipped other than Allah, did not in the least benefit them when your Lord’s command came; and due to them, they increased nothing but ruin.
102And similar is the seizure of your Lord when He seizes the townships upon their injustice; indeed His seizure is painful, severe.
103Indeed in this is a sign for one who fears the punishment of the Hereafter; this is the day on which everyone will be gathered, and this is the Day of Attendance.
104And We do not postpone it except for a fixed term.
105When that day comes, no one will speak without His permission; so among them are the ill-fated and the fortunate.
106So those who are ill-fated, are in the fire - they will bray like donkeys in it.
107Remaining in it as long as the heavens and the earth remain, except as much as your Lord willed *; indeed your Lord may do whatever, whenever, He wills. (* Remaining forever even after the heavens and the earth are destroyed.)
108So those who are fortunate are in Paradise - abiding in it as long as the heavens and the earth remain, except as much as your Lord willed; this is the everlasting favour.
109So O listener (followers of this Prophet), do not fall into doubt by what these disbelievers worship; they only worship just as their forefathers worshipped before; and indeed we shall pay them their due in full, undiminished.
110And indeed We gave Moosa the Book, hence there was discord regarding it; and were it not for a Word that had been previously passed from your Lord, the matter would have immediately been decided regarding them; and indeed they are in an intriguing doubt concerning it.
111And indeed to each and every one, your Lord will fully repay his deeds; He is Informed of their deeds.
112Therefore remain firm the way you are commanded to, and those who have turned along with you, and O people - do not rebel; indeed He is seeing your deeds.
113And do not incline towards the unjust, for the fire will touch you - and you do not have any supporter other than Allah - then you will not be helped.
114And keep the prayer established at the two ends of the day and in some parts of the night; indeed good deeds wipe out the evil deeds; this is an advice to those who heed it.
115And have patience, for Allah does not waste the wages of the righteous.
116So why were not there some people, from the generations before you, who had some goodness remaining in them in order to prevent (others) from causing turmoil in the earth? Except a few among them - the very ones whom We had rescued; and the unjust remained pursuing what they were given, and they were guilty.
117And your Lord is not such as to destroy townships without reason, while their people are righteous.
118And had your Lord willed, He would have made mankind one nation - and they will always keep differing.
119Except those upon whom your Lord had mercy; and this is why He created them; and the Word of your Lord has been concluded that, "Indeed I will, surely, fill hell with jinns and men combined."
120And We relate to you all the accounts of Noble Messengers, in order to steady your heart with it; and in this the truth has come to you, and for the Muslims a preaching and advice.
121And say to the disbelievers, "Keep on with your works in your places; we are carrying out ours ."
122"And wait - we too are waiting."
123"And for Allah only are the hidden of the heavens and of the earth, and towards Him only is the return of all matters - therefore worship Him and trust Him; and your Lord is not unaware of what you do."
Chapter 12 (Sura 12)
1Alif-Lam-Ra *; these are verses of the clear Book. (* Alphabets of the Arabic language; Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2Indeed We have sent down an Arabic Qur’an, so that you may perceive.
3We relate to you the best narrative because We have sent the divine revelation of this Qur’an, to you; although surely you were unaware before this.
4Remember when Yusuf (Joseph) said to his father, "O my father! I saw eleven stars and the sun and the moon - I saw them prostrating to me."
5He said, "O my child! Do not relate your dream to your brothers, for they will hatch a plot against you; indeed Satan is an open enemy towards mankind."
6"And this is how your Lord will choose you and teach you how to interpret events, and will perfect His favours upon you and upon the family of Yaqub, the way He perfected it upon both your forefathers, Ibrahim and Ishaq; indeed your Lord is All Knowing, Wise."
7Indeed in Yusuf and his brothers are signs * for those who enquire **. (* Of the truthfulness of Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him. ** The Jews who enquired about their story.)
8When they said, "Indeed Yusuf and his brother * are dearer to our father than we are, and we are one group; undoubtedly our father is, clearly, deeply engrossed in love." (* Of the same mother.)
9"Kill Yusuf or throw him somewhere in the land, so that your father’s attention may be directed only towards you, and then after it you may again become righteous!"
10A speaker among them said, "Do not kill Yusuf - and drop him into a dark well so that some traveller may come and take him away, if you have to."
11They said, "O our father! What is the matter with you that you do not trust us with Yusuf, although we are in fact his well-wishers?"
12"Send him with us tomorrow so that he may eat some fruits and play, and indeed we are his protectors."
13He said, "I will indeed be saddened by your taking him away, and I fear that the wolf may devour him, whilst you are unaware of him." (* Prophet Yaqub knew of what was about to happen.)
14They said, "If the wolf devours him, whereas we are a group, then surely we are useless!"
15So when they took him away - and all of them agreed that they should drop him in the dark well; and We sent the divine revelation to him, “You will surely tell them of their deed at a time when they will not know.”
16And at nightfall they came to their father, weeping.
17Saying, "O our father! We went far ahead while racing, and left Yusuf near our resources - therefore the wolf devoured him; and you will not believe us although we may be truthful."
18And they brought his shirt stained with faked blood; he said, "On the contrary - your hearts have fabricated an excuse for you; therefore patience is better; and from Allah only I seek help against the matters that you relate."
19And there came a caravan - so they sent their water-drawer, he therefore lowered his pail; he said, "What good luck, this is a boy!"; and they hid him as a treasure; and Allah knows what they do.
20And the brothers sold him for an improper price, a limited number of coins; and they had no interest in him.
21And the Egyptian who purchased him said to his wife, "Keep him honourably - we may derive some benefit due to him or we may adopt him as our son"; and this is how we established Yusuf in the land, and that We might teach him how to interpret events; and Allah is Dominant upon His works, but most men do not know.
22And when he matured to his full strength, We bestowed him wisdom and knowledge; and this is how We reward the virtuous.
23And the woman in whose house he was, allured him not to restrain himself and she closed all the doors - and said, "Come! It is you I address!"; he said, "(I seek) The refuge of Allah - indeed the governor is my master - he treats me well; undoubtedly the unjust never prosper."
24And indeed the woman desired him; and he too would have desired her were he not to witness the sign of his Lord *; this is what We did, to turn away evil and lewdness from him; indeed He is one of Our chosen bondmen. (* Allah saved him and he never desired this immorality.)
25And they both raced towards the door, and the woman tore his shirt from behind, and they both found her husband at the door; she said, "What is the punishment of the one who sought evil with your wife, other than prison or a painful torture?"
26Said Yusuf, "It was she who lured me, that I may not guard myself" - and a witness from her own household testified; "If his shirt is torn from the front, then the woman is truthful and he has spoken incorrectly."
27"And if his shirt is torn from behind, then the woman is a liar and he is truthful."
28So when the governor saw his shirt torn from behind, he said, "Indeed this is a deception of women; undoubtedly the deception of women is very great."
29"O Yusuf! Disregard this - and O woman! Seek forgiveness for your sin; indeed you are of the mistaken."
30And some women of the city said, "The governor’s wife is seducing her young slave; indeed his love has taken root in her heart; and we find her clearly lost."
31And when she heard of their secret talk, she sent for them and prepared cushioned mattresses for them and gave a knife to each one of them and said to Yusuf, "Come out before them!" When the women saw him they praised him and cut their hands, and said, "Purity is to Allah - this is no human being; this is not but an honourable angel!"
32She said, "This is he on whose account you used to insult me; and indeed I tried to entice him, so he safeguarded himself; and indeed if he does not do what I tell him to, he will surely be imprisoned, and will surely be humiliated."
33He said, "O my Lord! Prison is dearer to me than the deed they invite me to; and if You do not repel their deceit away from me, I may incline towards them and be unwise."
34So his Lord heard his prayer and repelled the women’s deceit away from him; indeed He only is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
35Then after having seeing all the signs, they all decided that he should be imprisoned for some time.
36And two young men went to prison along with him; one of them said, "I dreamt that I am pressing wine"; the other said, "I dreamt that I am carrying some bread upon my head from which birds were eating"; "Tell us their interpretation; indeed we see that you are virtuous."
37Said Yusuf, "The food which you get will not reach you, but I will tell you the interpretation of this before it comes to you; this is one of the sciences my Lord has taught me; indeed I did not accept the religion of the people who do not believe in Allah and are deniers of the Hereafter."
38"And I have chosen the religion of my forefathers, Ibrahim and Ishaq and Yaqub; it is not rightful for us to ascribe anything as a partner to Allah; this is a grace of Allah upon us and upon mankind, but most men are not thankful."
39"O both my fellow-prisoners! Are various lords better, or One Allah, the Dominant above all?"
40"You do not worship anything besides Him, but which are merely names coined by you and your forefathers - Allah has not sent down any proof regarding them; there is no command but that of Allah; He has commanded that you do not worship anyone except Him; this is the proper religion, but most people do not know."
41"O my two fellow-prisoners! One of you will give his lord (the king) wine to drink; regarding the other, he will be crucified, therefore birds will eat from his head; the command has been given concerning the matter you had enquired about."
42And of the two, Yusuf said to the one whom he sensed would be released, "Remember me, in the company of your lord"; so Satan caused him to forget to mention Yusuf to his lord, he therefore stayed in prison for several years more.
43And the king said, "I saw in a dream seven healthy cows whom seven lean cows were eating, and seven green ears of corn and seven others dry; O court-members! Explain my dream, if you can interpret dreams."
44They answered, "These are confused dreams - and we do not know the interpretation of dreams."
45And of the two the one who was released said - and after a long time he had remembered - "I will tell you its interpretation, therefore send me forth."
46"O Yusuf! O truthful one! Explain for us the seven healthy cows which seven lean cows were eating and the seven green ears of corn and seven others dry, so I may return to the people, possibly they may come to know."
47He said, "You will cultivate for seven years continuously; so leave all that you harvest in the ear, except a little which you eat."
48"Then after that will come seven hard years which will devour all that you had stored for them, except a little which you may save."
49"Then after that will come a year when the people will be given rain and in which they will extract juices."
50And the king said, "Bring him to me"; so when the bearer came to him, Yusuf said, "Return to your lord and ask him what is the status of the women who had cut their hands; indeed my Lord knows their deception."
51The king said, "O women! What was your role when you tried to entice Yusuf?" They answered, "Purity is to Allah - we did not find any immorality in him"; said the wife of the governor, "Now the truth is out; it was I who tried to entice him, and indeed he is truthful."
52Said Yusuf, "I did this so that the governor may realise that I did not betray him behind his back, and Allah does not let the deceit of betrayers be successful."
53"And I do not portray my soul as innocent; undoubtedly the soul excessively commands towards evil, except upon whom my Lord has mercy; indeed my Lord is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful."
54And the king said, "Bring him to me so that I may choose him especially for myself"; and when he had talked to him he said, "Indeed you are today, before us, the honourable, the trusted."
55Said Yusuf, "Appoint me over the treasures of the earth; indeed I am a protector, knowledgeable."
56And this is how We gave Yusuf the control over that land; to stay in it wherever he pleased; We may convey Our mercy to whomever We will, and We do not waste the wages of the righteous.
57And undoubtedly the reward of the Hereafter is better, for those who accept faith and remain pious.
58And Yusuf’s brothers came and presented themselves before him, so he recognised them whereas they remained unaware of him.
59And when he provided them with their provisions he said, "Bring your step-brother to me; do you not see that I measure in full and that I am the best host?"
60"And if you do not bring him to me, there shall be no measure (provisions) for you with me and do not ever come near me."
61They said, "We will seek him from his father - this we must surely do."
62He said to his slaves, "Place their means back into their sacks, perhaps they may recognise it when they return to their homes, perhaps they may come again."
63So when they returned to their father, they said, "O our father! The provisions have been denied to us, therefore send our brother with us so that we may bring the provisions, and we will surely protect him."
64He said, "Shall I trust you regarding him the same way I had trusted you earlier regarding his brother? Therefore Allah is the Best Protector; and He is More Merciful than all those who show mercy."
65And when they opened their belongings they found that their means had been returned to them; they said, "O our father! What more can we ask for? Here are our means returned to us; we may get the provision for our homes and guard our brother, and get a camel-load extra; giving all these is insignificant for the king."
66He said, "I shall never send him with you until you give me an oath upon Allah that you will bring him back to me, unless you are surrounded"; and (recall) when they gave him their oath that "Allah’s guarantee is upon what we say." (* He knew that Bin Yamin would be restrained.)
67And he said, "O my sons! Do not enter all by one gate - and enter by different gates; I cannot save you against Allah; there is no command but that of Allah; upon Him do I rely; and all those who trust, must rely only upon Him."
68And when they entered from the place where their father had commanded them to; that would not at all have saved them against Allah - except that it was Yaqub’s secret wish, which he fulfilled; and indeed he is a possessor of knowledge, due to Our teaching, but most people do not know.
69And when they entered in the company Yusuf, he seated his brother close to him and said, "Be assured, I really am your brother - therefore do not grieve for what they do."
70And when he had provided them their provision, he put the drinking-cup in his brother’s bag, and then an announcer cried, "O people of the caravan! You are indeed thieves!"
71They answered and turned towards them, "What is it you cannot find?"
72They said, "We cannot find the king’s cup, and for him who brings it is a camel-load, and I am its guarantor."
73They said, "By Allah, you know very well that we did not come here to cause turmoil in the land, and nor are we thieves!"
74They said, "And what shall be the punishment for it, if you are liars?"
75They said, "The punishment for it is that he in whose bag it shall be found, shall himself become a slave for it; this is how we punish the unjust."
76So he first searched their bags before his brother’s bag, then removed it from his brother’s bag; this was the plan We had taught Yusuf; he had no right to take his brother by the king’s law, except if Allah wills; We may raise in ranks whomever We will; and above every possessor of knowledge is another scholar.
77They said, "If he steals, then indeed his brother has stolen before"; so Yusuf kept this in his heart and did not reveal it to them; he replied within himself, "In fact, you are in a worse position; and Allah well knows the matters you fabricate."
78They said, "O governor! He has a very aged father, so take one of us in his stead; indeed we witness your favours."
79He said, "The refuge of Allah from that we should take anyone except him with whom our property was found - we would then surely be unjust."
80So when they did not anticipate anything from him, they went away and started consulting each other; their eldest brother said, "Do you not know that your father has taken from you an oath upon Allah, and before this, how you had failed in respect of Yusuf? Therefore I will not move from here until my father permits or Allah commands me; and His is the best command."
81"Return to your father and then submit, ‘O our father! Indeed your son has stolen; we were witness only to what we know and we were not guardians of the unseen.’
82‘And ask the township in which we were, and the caravan in which we came; and indeed we are truthful.’ "
83Said Yaqub, "Your souls have fabricated an excuse for you; therefore patience is excellent; it is likely that Allah will bring all * of them to me; undoubtedly only He is the All Knowing, the Wise." (* All three including Yusuf.)
84And he turned away from them and said, "Alas - the separation from Yusuf!" and his eyes turned white with sorrow, he therefore kept suppressing his anger.
85They said, "By Allah, you will keep remembering Yusuf till your health fails you or you lose your life."
86He said, "I complain of my worry and grief only to Allah, and I know the great traits of Allah which you do not know."
87"O my sons, go and search for Yusuf and his brother, and do not lose hope in the mercy of Allah; indeed none lose hope in the mercy of Allah except the disbelieving people."
88Then when they reached in the company of Yusuf they said, "O governor! Calamity has struck us and our household, and we have brought goods of little value, so give us the full measure and be generous to us; undoubtedly Allah rewards the generous."
89He said, "Are you aware of what you did to Yusuf and his brother when you were unwise?"
90They said, "Are you, in truth you, really Yusuf?" He said, "I am Yusuf and this is my brother; indeed Allah has bestowed favour upon us; undoubtedly whoever practices piety and patience - so Allah does not waste the wages of the righteous."
91They said, "By Allah, undoubtedly Allah has given you superiority over us, and we were indeed guilty."
92He said, "There is no reproach on you, this day! May Allah forgive you - and He is the Utmost Merciful, of all those who show mercy."
93"Take along this shirt of mine and lay it on my father’s face, his vision will be restored; and bring your entire household to me." (Prophet Yusuf knew that this would miracle would occur.)
94When the caravan left Egypt, their father said *, "Indeed I sense the fragrance of Yusuf, if you do not call me senile." (* Prophet Yaqub said this in Palestine, to other members of his family. He could discern the fragrance of Prophet Yusuf’s shirt from far away.)
95They said, "By Allah, you are still deeply engrossed in the same old love of yours."
96Then when the bearer of glad tidings came, he laid the shirt on his face, he therefore immediately regained his eyesight*; he said, "Was I not telling you? I know the great traits of Allah which you do not know!" (This was a miracle that took place by applying Prophet Yusuf’s shirt.)
97They said, "O our father! Seek forgiveness for our sins, for we were indeed guilty."
98He said, "I shall soon seek forgiveness for you from my Lord; indeed He only is the Oft Forgiving, the Most Merciful."
99So when they all reached in Yusuf’s company, he kept his parents close to him, and said, "Enter Egypt, if Allah wills, in safety."
100And he seated his parents on the throne, and they all prostrated before him; and Yusuf said, "O my father! This is the interpretation of my former dream; my Lord has made it true; and indeed He has bestowed favour upon me, when He brought me out of prison and brought you all from the village, after Satan had created a resentment between me and my brothers; indeed my Lord may make easy whatever He wills; undoubtedly He is the All Knowing, the Wise."
101"O my Lord! you have given me a kingdom * and have taught me how to interpret some events; O Creator of the heavens and the earth - you are my Supporter in the world and in the Hereafter; cause me to die as a Muslim, and unite me with those who deserve Your proximity." (* Prophethood and the rule over Egypt. Prophet Yusuf said this prayer while his death approached him.)
102These are some tidings of the Hidden which We divinely reveal to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); and you were not with them when they set their task and when they were scheming.
103And however much you long for, most men will not accept faith.
104You do not ask them any fee in return for it; this is not but an advice to the entire world.
105And how many signs exist in the heavens and the earth, over which most people pass and remain unaware of them!
106And most of them are such that they do not believe in Allah except while ascribing partners (to Him)!
107Do they remain complacent over Allah’s punishment coming and surrounding them, or the Last Day coming suddenly upon them whilst they are unaware?
108Proclaim, "This is my path - I call towards Allah; I, and whoever follows me, are upon perception; and Purity is to Allah - and I am not of the polytheists."
109And all the Noble Messengers We sent before you, were exclusively men - towards whom We sent the divine revelations, and were dwellers of townships; so have not these people travelled in the land and seen what sort of fate befell those before them? And undoubtedly the abode of the Hereafter is better for the pious; so do you not have sense?
110To the extent that when the Noble Messengers lost hope from the visible means, and the people thought that they had spoken wrongly, Our help came to them - therefore whoever We willed was saved; and Our punishment is never averted from the guilty.
111Indeed in their tidings is enlightenment for the men of understanding; this (the Qur’an) is not some made up story but a confirmation of the Books before it, and a detailed explanation of all things, and a guidance and a mercy for the Muslims.
Chapter 13 (Sura 13)
1Alif-Lam-Meem-Ra *; these are verses of the Book; and that which has been sent down upon you from your Lord is true, but most men do not believe. (* Alphabets of the Arabic language - Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2It is Allah Who raised up the heavens without columns for you to observe, then (in the manner befitting His Majesty) established Himself upon the Throne (of control), then subjected the sun and the moon; each one runs for up to an appointed term; Allah plans the works and explain the signs in detail, so that you may believe in meeting with your Lord.
3And it is He Who spread out the earth and made mountains as anchors and rivers in it; and in it made all kinds of fruits in pairs - He covers the night with the day; indeed in this are signs for people who ponder.
4And in the earth are various regions, and are close to each other - and gardens of grapes and fields, and date-palms, growing from a single branch and separately, all being given one water; and in fruits, We make some better than others in eating; indeed in this are signs for people of intellect.
5And if you are amazed, then indeed the amazement is at their saying that, "Will we, after having turned to dust, be created anew?" They are those who have disbelieved in their Lord; and they are those who will have shackles around their necks; and they are the people of hell; remaining in it forever.
6And they urge you to hasten the punishment before the mercy, whereas the punishments of those before them have concluded; and indeed your Lord gives the people a sort of pardon * despite their injustice; and indeed the punishment of your Lord is severe. (* By delaying their punishment despite their disbelief.)
7The disbelievers say, "Why is not a sign sent down upon him from his Lord?" You are purely a Herald of Warning, and a guide for all nations.
8Allah knows all what is inside the womb of every female, and every increase and decrease of the wombs; and all things are with Him by a set measure.
9The All Knowing of all things hidden and visible, the Great, the Supreme.
10Equal * are the one among you who speaks softly and one who speaks aloud, and one who is hidden during the night and one who walks during the daytime. (* For Allah.)
11For man are angels of alternating duties, in front and behind him, who guard him by Allah’s command; indeed Allah does not change His favour upon any nation until they change their own condition; and when Allah wills misfortune for a nation, it cannot be repelled; and they do not have any supporter besides Him.
12It is He Who shows you the lightning, for fear and for hope, and raises the heavy clouds.
13And the thunder proclaims His purity with praise, and the angels out of fear of Him; and He sends the bolt of lightning - it therefore strikes upon whom He wills, whilst they are disputing concerning Allah; and severe is His seizure.
14Only the prayer to Him is truthful; and whomever they pray to besides Him, do not hear them at all, but like one who has his hands outstretched towards water that it may come into his mouth, and it will never come; and every prayer of the disbelievers remains wandering.
15And to Allah only prostrate all those who are in the heavens and in the earth, willingly or helplessly - and their shadows - every morning and evening. (Command of prostration # 2).
16Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?" Proclaim, "Allah"; Say, "So have you appointed such as supporters besides Him, who can neither benefit nor harm themselves?"; say, "Will the blind and the sighted ever be equal? Or will the realms of darkness and the light ever be equal?" Have they appointed such as partners to Allah who created something like Allah did? Therefore their creation and His creation seemed alike to them? Proclaim, "Allah is the Creator of all things, and He Alone is the Dominant over all."
17He sent down water from the sky, so valleys flowed according to their measure, therefore the water flow brought forth the froth swollen upon it; and upon which they ignite the fire, to make ornaments and tools, from that too rises a similar froth; Allah illustrates that this is the example of the truth and the falsehood; the froth then bursts and disappears; and that which is of use to people, remains in the earth; this is how Allah illustrates the examples.
18For those who obeyed the command of Allah is goodness and if those who did not obey Him owned all that is in the earth and in addition a similar one like it, they would give it to redeem their souls; it is they who will have a wretched account, and their destination is hell; and what a wretched resting place!
19So will he, who knows that what is sent down upon you from your Lord is the truth, ever be equal to him who is blind? Only the men of understanding heed advice.
20Those who fulfil the pact of Allah, and do not renege on the covenant.
21Those who unite what Allah has commanded to be united, and fear their Lord, and apprehend the evil of the account.
22Those who were patient in order to gain their Lord’s pleasure and kept the prayer established and spent in Our cause part of what We bestowed upon them, secretly and openly, and repel evil by responding with goodness - for them is the gain of the final abode.
23The everlasting Gardens of Eden which they will enter, and the deserving among their forefathers and their wives and their descendants - the angels will enter upon them from every gate.
24(Saying), "Peace be upon you, the recompense of your patience - so what an excellent gain is the final abode!"
25And those who break the pact of Allah after its ratification, and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and spread turmoil in the earth - their share is only the curse and their destiny is the wretched abode.
26Allah eases and restricts the sustenance for whomever He wills; and the disbelievers rejoiced upon the life of this world; and the life of this world, as compared with the Hereafter, is just a brief utilisation.
27And the disbelievers said, "Why was not a sign sent down upon him from his Lord?" Proclaim, "Indeed Allah sends astray whomever He wills, and guides towards Himself the one who comes towards Him."
28"Those who accepted faith and whose hearts gain solace from the remembrance of Allah; pay heed! Only in the remembrance of Allah is the solace of hearts!"
29"Those who accepted faith and did good deeds - for them is joy and an excellent outcome."
30Similarly We sent you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) towards the nation, before whom other nations have passed away, for you to recite to them the divine revelations We sent down to you, whereas they are denying the Most Gracious; proclaim, "He is my Lord - there is no worship except for Him; I rely only upon Him and only towards Him is my return."
31And were such a Qur’an to come that would cause the mountains to move, or the earth to split asunder, or the dead to speak, even then these disbelievers would not believe; in fact, all matters are only at Allah’s discretion; so have not the Muslims despaired in that, had Allah willed, He would have guided all mankind? Disasters shall continue to strike the disbelievers on account of their deeds, or descend near their homes until Allah’s promise comes; indeed Allah does not break the promise.
32And indeed the Noble Messengers before you were also mocked - I therefore gave the mockers respite for some days and then seized them; so how (dreadful) was My punishment!
33So is He who keeps a watch over the deeds of every soul (equal to their appointed partners)? And (yet) they ascribe partners to Allah! Proclaim, "Just name them - or is it that you inform Him of something which in His knowledge does not exist in the earth - or is it just superficial talk?" In fact, their deceit seems good to the disbelievers and are prevented from the path; and whomever Allah sends astray, so there is none to guide him.
34They will be punished in the life of this world, and indeed the punishment of the Hereafter is the most severe; and there is none to save them from Allah.
35A description of the Paradise which is promised to the pious; rivers flow beneath it; its fruits are unending, and its shade; this is the reward of those who fear; and the fate of the disbelievers is fire.
36And those to whom We gave the Book * rejoice at what is divinely revealed to you **; and of those groups are some who deny parts of it; proclaim, "I am commanded only that I worship Allah and not ascribe any partner to Him; towards Him do I call, and towards Him only I have to return." (* Scholars among the Jews and Christians who accepted faith. ** The Holy Qur’an.)
37And similarly We have revealed this as a command in Arabic; and O listener (follower of this Prophet), if you follow their desires after the knowledge having come to you, then you will have neither a supporter nor any saviour against Allah.
38And indeed We sent Noble Messengers before you, and made wives and children for them; and it is not the task of any Noble Messenger to bring a sign except by Allah’s command; and all promises have a time prescribed.
39Allah erases and confirms whatever He wills; and only with Him is the real script.
40And whether We show you a promise that is given to them, or call you to Us before it - so in any case, upon you is just the conveyance *, and for Us is the taking of the account. (* Of the message.)
41Do they not perceive that We are reducing their dwellings from all directions? And Allah gives the command - there is none that can postpone His command; and He spends no time in taking account.
42And indeed those before them had plotted; therefore Allah Himself is the Master of all strategies; He knows all what every soul earns; and soon will the disbelievers realise for whom is the final abode.
43The disbelievers say, "You are not a (Noble) Messenger (of Allah)"; proclaim, "Allah is a Sufficient Witness between me and you, and (so is) he who has knowledge of the Book."
Chapter 14 (Sura 14)
1Alif-Lam-Ra; it is a Book which We have sent down upon you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) so that you may bring forth people from the realms of darkness into light - by the command of their Lord, towards the path of the Most Honourable, the Most Praiseworthy.
2Allah - because all that is in the heavens and in the earth belongs only to Him; and woe is for the disbelievers through a severe punishment.
3To whom the worldly life is dearer than the Hereafter, and who prevent from the way of Allah and wish deviations in it; they are in extreme error.
4And We sent every Noble Messenger with the same language as his people *, so that he may clearly explain to them; then Allah sends astray whomever He wills, and He guides whomever He wills; and He only is the Most Honourable, the Wise. (* Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him - was taught all the languages as he is sent towards all.)
5And indeed We sent Moosa along with Our signs that, "Bring your people from the realms of darkness into light - and remind them of the days of Allah *; indeed in them are signs for every greatly enduring, grateful person." (* When various favours were bestowed - in order to give thanks and be patient.)
6And when Moosa said to his people, "Remember Allah’s favour upon you when He rescued you from the people of Firaun who were inflicting you with a dreadful torment, and were slaying your sons and sparing your daughters; and in it occurred a great favour of your Lord."* (* On the 10th day of Moharram - therefore the Jews used to fast on that day as thanksgiving.)
7And remember when your Lord proclaimed, "If you give thanks, I will give you more, and if you are ungrateful then (know that) My punishment is severe."
8And Moosa said, "If you and all who are in the earth turn disbelievers, then indeed Allah is definitely Independent (Unwanting), Most Praiseworthy."
9Did not the tidings of those before you reach you? The people of Nooh, and the A’ad and the Thamud, and those after them? Only Allah knows them; their Noble Messengers came to them with clear proofs, they therefore raised their hands towards their own mouths, and said, "We disbelieve in what you have been sent with, and we are in a deeply intriguing doubt regarding the path you call us to."
10Their Noble Messengers said, "What! You doubt concerning Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth? He calls you that He may forgive some of your sins and until the time of death give you a life free from punishment"; they said, "You are just human beings like us; you wish to prevent us from what our forefathers used to worship - therefore now bring some clear proof to us."
11Their Noble Messengers said to them, "We are indeed human beings like you, but Allah bestows favour upon whomever He wills, among His bondmen *; it is not our task to bring any proof to you except by the command of Allah; and only upon Allah must the Muslims rely." (* Therefore Prophets and other men are not equal in status.)
12"And what is the matter with us that we should not rely on Allah? He has in fact shown us our ways; and we will surely be patient upon the troubles you cause us; and those who trust must rely only upon Allah."
13And the disbelievers said to their Noble Messengers, "We will surely expel you from our land, unless you accept our religion"; so their Lord sent them the divine revelation that, "Indeed We will destroy these unjust people."
14"And indeed We will establish you in the land after them; this is for him who fears to stand before Me and fears the commands of punishment declared by Me."
15And they sought a decision, and every stubborn rebel was destroyed.
16Hell went after him, and he will be made to drink liquid pus *. (* Discharged from the wounds of other people in hell.)
17He will sip it with difficulty but be unable to swallow, and death will approach him from every side and he will not die; and a severe punishment is after him.
18The state of those who disbelieve in their Lord is that their deeds are like ashes which the strong wind blew away on a stormy day; they got nothing from all that they earned; this is the extreme error.
19Have you not seen that Allah has created the heavens and the earth with true purpose? If He wills, He can remove you all and bring a new creation.
20And this is not at all difficult for Allah.
21They will all publicly come in the presence of Allah - then those who were weak will say to those who were the leaders, "We were your followers - is it possible for you to avert some of Allah’s punishment from us?" They will answer, "If Allah had guided us, we would have guided you; it is the same for us, whether we panic or patiently endure - we have no place of refuge." (* This conversation will take place between the disbelievers and their leaders.)
22And Satan will say when the matter has been decided, "Indeed Allah had given you a true promise - and the promise I gave you, I made it untrue to you; and I had no control over you except that I called you and you obeyed me; so do not accuse me, blame only yourselves; neither can I help you, nor can you help me; I have no concern with your ascribing me as a partner (to Allah); indeed for the unjust is a painful punishment."
23And those who believed and did good deeds will be admitted into Gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding in it forever, by the command of their Lord; their greeting in it is "Peace".
24Did you not see how Allah illustrated the example of a sacred saying? Like a sacred tree, which has firm roots and branches reaching into heaven.
25Bearing fruit at all times by the command of its Lord; and Allah illustrates examples for people so that they may understand.
26And the example of a bad saying is like a filthy tree, which is cut off above the ground, therefore not having stability.
27Allah keeps the believers firm upon the truth in the life of this world and in the Hereafter; and Allah sends the unjust astray; and Allah may do whatever He wills.
28Did you not see those who exchanged the grace of Allah for ungratefulness and led their people down to the home of destruction?
29Which is hell; they will enter it; and what a wretched place of stay!
30And they ascribed equals to Allah to mislead from His way; say, "Enjoy a while, for your end will be the fire."
31Say to the bondmen of Mine who believe, that they must keep the prayer established and spend in Our way from what We have given them, secretly and publicly, before the advent of a day in which there will be no trade nor friendship.
32It is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth, and sent down water from the sky, therefore producing some fruits for you to eat; and subjected the ships for you, that they may sail upon the sea by His command; and subjected the rivers for you.
33And subjected the sun and the moon for you, which are constantly moving; and has subjected the night and the day for you.
34And He gave you much of what you seek; and if you enumerate the favours of Allah, you will never be able to count them; indeed man is very unjust, most ungrateful.
35And remember when Ibrahim prayed, "O my Lord! Make this town (Mecca) a safe one, and safeguard me and my sons from worshipping idols."
36"O my Lord! The idols have led many people astray; so whoever followed me, is indeed mine; and whoever disobeyed me - then indeed You are Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful."
37"O our Lord! I have settled some of my descendants in a valley having no cultivation, near Your Sacred House - O our Lord! So that they may keep the prayer established, therefore incline some hearts of men towards them, and provide them fruits to eat - perhaps they may be thankful."
38"O our Lord! You know what we hide and what we disclose; and nothing is hidden from Allah, neither in the earth nor in the heavens."
39"All praise is to Allah Who gave me Ismail and Ishaq, in my old age; indeed my Lord is the Listener of Prayer."
40"O my Lord! Maintain me as one who establishes prayer, and some of my descendants; O our Lord! and accept my prayer."
41"O our Lord! And forgive me, and my parents, and all the Muslims on the day when the account will be established."
42And do not ever assume that Allah is unaware of what the unjust do; He does not give them respite but for a day in which the eyes will become fixed, staring.
43They shall come out running in bewilderment, with their heads raised, their gaze not returning to them; and their hearts will not have any calm.
44And warn the people of a day when the punishment will come upon them, therefore the unjust will say, "O our Lord! Give us respite for a little while - for us to obey Your call and follow the Noble Messengers"; (It will be said) "So had you not sworn before that, ‘We have not to move to any place else from the earth’?"
45"And you dwelt in the houses of those who had wronged themselves and it became very clear to you how We had dealt with them, and We illustrated several examples for you."
46And indeed they carried out their scheme, and their scheming is within Allah’s control; and their scheme was not such that could move these mountains *. (* The revelations / signs of Allah.)
47So do not ever assume that Allah will not fulfil His promise to His Noble Messengers; indeed Allah is the Dominant, the Avenger.
48On the day when the earth will be changed to other than this earth, and the heavens - and they will all come forth standing before Allah, the One, the Dominant above all.
49And on that day you will see the guilty linked together in chains.
50Their cloaks will be of pitch and fire will cover their faces.
51In order that Allah may repay each soul what it had earned; indeed Allah spends no time in judging the account.
52This is the message to be conveyed to all mankind - and in order to warn them with it, and for them to know that He is the only One God, and for men of understanding to heed advice.
Chapter 15 (Sura 15)
1Alif-Lam-Ra; these are verses of the Book and the bright Qur’an.
2The disbelievers will ardently wish that if only they had been Muslims! ( At the time of death / in their graves / on the Day of Resurrection.)
3Leave them to eat and enjoy, and for aspiration to involve them in play - so they will shortly come to know.
4And every dwelling that We destroyed, had a known decree for it.
5No group may advance its appointed promise nor postpone it.
6And they said, "O you upon whom the Qur’an has been sent, you are indeed insane."
7"Why do you not bring angels to us, if you are truthful?"
8We do not send down angels without reason, and if the angels descend they would not get any respite!
9Indeed We have sent down the Qur’an, and indeed We Ourselves surely are its Guardians. (This is one of the miracles of the Qur’an - no one has been able to change even one letter of its text, despite every effort. It has remained in its original form since the 6th Century (A.D) and will remain so forever. Other Holy Books such as the Torah and the Bible have lost their originality.)
10And indeed We sent Noble Messengers before you, to the former nations.
11And never does a Noble Messenger come to them, but they mock at him.
12This is how We make the mocking * enter the hearts of the guilty. (* The acts of disbelief.)
13They do not believe in him, and the tradition of earlier nations has passed.
14And if We open for them a gate in the heavens, to ascend it through the day -
15Even then they would say, "Our sights have been hypnotised - in fact, a magic spell has been cast upon us."
16And indeed We created towers in the skies, and beautified it for the beholders.
17And We have kept it guarded from every outcast devil.
18Except one who comes to eavesdrop - therefore a bright flame goes after him.
19And We spread out the earth, and placed mountains as anchors in it, and in it grew all things by a proper measure.
20And created livelihoods for you in it, and created those for whom you do not provide the sustenance.
21And there is not a thing the treasure * of which is not with Us; and We do not send it down except by a known measure. (* The power to create it.)
22And We sent the winds that relieve the clouds’ burden, therefore caused water to descend from the sky, then give it to you to drink; and you are not at all its treasurers.
23And indeed it is We Who give life and it is We Who cause death, and We are the Inheritors.
24And indeed We know those among you who came forward and indeed We know those among you who remained behind.
25Indeed your Lord only will raise them all on the Day of Resurrection; indeed only He is Wise, All Knowing.
26Indeed We created man from sounding clay made out of black smelly mud.
27And created the jinn before him, from smokeless fire.
28And recall when your Lord said to the angels, "I will create man from sounding clay made out of black smelly mud."
29"Therefore when I have properly fashioned him and breathed into him a chosen noble soul from Myself, fall down before him in prostration."
30Therefore all the angels, each and every one of them, fell prostrate.
31Except Iblis (Satan); he refused to be among those who prostrated.
32Said Allah, "O Iblis! What happened to you that you stayed apart from those who prostrated?"
33He answered, "It does not befit me to prostrate myself to a human whom You have created from sounding clay made out of black smelly mud."
34Said Allah, "Therefore exit from Paradise, for you are an outcast."
35"And indeed you are accursed till the Day of Judgement."
36He said, "My Lord! Grant me respite till the day when they will all be raised."
37Said Allah, "You are of those given respite."
38"Till the Day of a well-known time."
39He said, "My Lord! I swear by the fact that You sent me astray, I shall distract them in the earth, and I shall lead all of them astray."
40"Except those among them who are Your chosen bondmen."
41Said Allah, "This path * leads straight towards Me." (* The path of the chosen bondmen.)
42"Indeed you do not have any power over My bondmen, except those wanderers who follow you." ( The devil is unsuccessful in tempting Allah’s chosen bondmen to commit sin.)
43And indeed hell is the promise for all of them.
44It has seven gates; for each gate is a portion assigned from them.
45Indeed the pious are amidst Gardens and springs.
46“Enter them with peace, in safety.”
47And We have removed any resentments which were in their breasts - they are brothers, sitting face to face on thrones.
48Neither any hardship is to reach them in it, nor are they to be expelled from it.
49Inform My bondmen that undoubtedly, I surely am the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.
50And that indeed the punishment of Mine is a painful punishment.
51And inform them of Ibrahim’s guests.
52When the angels came to him and said, "Peace"; he said, "We feel afraid of you."
53They said, "Do not fear - we convey to you the glad tidings of a knowledgeable boy."
54He said, "Do you convey to me the glad tidings upon old age reaching me? So upon what do you convey glad tidings?" (* Prophet Ibrahim said this out of surprise.)
55They said, "We have given you true tidings, therefore do not lose hope."
56He said, "Who is it that despairs from the mercy of his Lord, except those who are astray?"
57He said, "And what is your next task, O the sent angels?"
58They said, "We have been sent towards a guilty nation."
59"Except the family of Lut; we shall rescue all of them."
60"Except his wife - we have decided that she is of those who will stay behind."
61And when the sent angels came to the house of Lut.
62He said, "You are an unfamiliar people."
63They said, "In fact we have brought to you the matter which these people doubted."
64"And we have brought to you a true command, and indeed we are truthful."
65"Therefore journey with your household while a portion of the night remains, and you tread behind them - and none of you may turn around and see, and proceed directly to the place you are commanded to."
66And We informed him the decision of this command, that at morning the root of the disbelievers would be cut off.
67And the people of the city came rejoicing. (* To the house of Prophet Lut.)
68He said, "These are my guests - do not dishonour me."
69"And fear Allah and do not disgrace me."
70They said, "Had we not forbidden you from meddling in the affairs of anyone?"
71He said, "These women of our tribe are my daughters, if you have to."
72By your life O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) - they are indeed straying in their intoxication.
73Therefore the scream overcame them at sunrise.
74And We turned the township upside down and rained upon them stones of heated clay.
75Indeed in this are signs for people who perceive.
76And indeed that township is upon a road still in use.
77Indeed in this are signs for the believers.
78And indeed the Dwellers of the Woods were unjust.
79We therefore took revenge from them; and indeed both these townships are situated on an open road.
80And the people of the Hijr (rocks) denied the Noble Messengers.
81And We gave them Our signs, and they remained averse to them.
82And they used to carve dwellings in the hills, without fear.
83So the scream overcame them at morning.
84Therefore their earnings did not in the least benefit them.
85And We have not created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, except with the Truth; and indeed the Last Day will come, therefore (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), forbear graciously.
86Indeed your Lord only is the Great Creator, the All Knowing.
87And indeed We have given you seven verses that are repeated, and the great Qur’an.
88Do not direct your eyes towards the things We have given to some of their couples to enjoy, and do not at all grieve because of them, and take the Muslims within the folds of your mercy.
89And proclaim, "Indeed I, yes I, am the clear Herald of Warning."
90(Of a punishment) Like the one We sent down upon the dividers.
91Those who broke the Word of Allah into several parts. ( Those who broke the Torah / Bible or changed its text - or those who called the Qur’an a fabrication / poetry.)
92Therefore, by your Lord, We shall question every one of them.
93About all what they used to do.
94Therefore publicly announce what you are commanded, and turn away from the polytheists.
95Indeed We suffice you against these mockers.
96Those who ascribe another God along with Allah; so they will soon come to know.
97And indeed We know that you are disheartened by their speech.
98Therefore proclaim the Purity of your Lord with praise, and be of those who prostrate.
99And keep worshipping your Lord, till death * comes to you. (* The certainty.)
Chapter 16 (Sura 16)
1The command of Allah is arriving soon, therefore do not seek to hasten it; Purity and Supremacy are to Him, above all the partners (they ascribe).
2He sends down the angels with the soul of faith - the divine revelations - towards those among His bondmen He wills that, "There is no worship except for Me, therefore fear Me."
3He created the heavens and the earth with the truth; Supreme is He above their ascribing of partners (to Him).
4He created man from a drop of fluid, yet he is an open quarreller!
5And He created cattle; in them are warm clothing and uses for you, and you eat from them.
6And in them is your elegance, when you bring them home at evening, and when you leave them to graze.
7And they transport your loads to a town where you could not reach except utterly exhausted; indeed your Lord is Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.
8And horses, and mules, and donkeys so that you may ride them, and for adornment; and He will create what you do not know *. (* All modern means of transport - by air, sea, land and even in space - evidence this.)
9And the middle path rightly leads to Allah - any other path is wayward; and had He willed He would have brought all of you upon guidance.
10It is He Who sent down water from the sky - you drink from it, and from it are trees you use as pasture.
11With this water He produces for you crops, and olives, and dates, and grapes, and all kinds of fruit; indeed in this is a sign for people who ponder.
12And He subjected the night and the day for you - and the sun and the moon; and the stars are subjected to His command; indeed in this are signs for people of intellect.
13And the things He has created for you in the earth, of numerous colours; indeed in this is a sign for people who remember.
14And it is He Who subjected the sea for you, so you eat fresh meat from it, and extract ornaments from it which you wear; and you see ships ploughing through it and in order that you may seek His munificence and that you may give thanks.
15And He placed mountains as anchors in the earth so that it may not shake along with you, and streams and roads for you to find course.
16And landmarks; and they are guided by the star.
17So will He Who creates ever be like one who does not create? So do you not heed advice?
18And if you enumerate the favours of Allah, you will never be able to count them; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
19And Allah knows what you conceal and what you disclose.
20And those whom they worship other than Allah, do not create anything but are themselves created.
21They are dead, not alive; and they do not know when will the people be raised.
22Your God is One God; so those who do not believe in the Hereafter - their hearts deny and they are proud.
23Certainly Allah knows what they hide and what they disclose; indeed He does not like the proud.
24And when it is said to them, "What has your Lord sent down?", they say, "The tales of former people."
25In order to bear their full burdens on the Day of Resurrection, and some burdens of those whom they mislead with their ignorance; pay heed! What an evil burden they bear!
26Indeed those before them had plotted, so Allah seized the foundations of their building, therefore the roof fell down upon them from a height, and the punishment came upon them from a place they did not know.
27Then on the Day of Resurrection He will disgrace them and proclaim, "Where are My partners, concerning whom you disputed"; the people of knowledge will say, "All disgrace and evil is upon the disbelievers this day."
28Those whose souls the angels remove whilst they were wronging themselves; so now they will plead "We never used to do any wrong"; "Yes you did, why not? Indeed Allah well knows what you used to do."
29"So now enter the gates of hell, remaining in it for ever"; so what an evil destination for the arrogant!
30And it was said to the pious, "What has your Lord sent down?" They said, "Goodness"; for those who did good in this world is goodness, and the final home is the best; and indeed what an excellent final home for the pious.
31Everlasting Gardens of Eden which they will enter, beneath which rivers flow - in it they will get whatever they wish; this is how Allah rewards the pious.
32Those whose souls the angels remove in a state of purity, saying, "Peace be upon you - enter Paradise, the reward of your deeds."
33So what are they waiting for, except that the angels come upon them or that your Lord’s punishment comes? Those before them did exactly this; and Allah did not oppress them at all, but it is they who used to wrong themselves.
34So the evils of their deeds struck them, and what they used to mock at surrounded them.
35And the polytheists said, "Had Allah willed, we would not have worshipped anything besides Him - neither we nor our forefathers - and nor would we have forbidden anything, whilst being disassociated with Him"; those before them did exactly this; so what is (incumbent) upon the Noble Messengers, except to plainly convey (the message)?
36And indeed We sent to every nation a Noble Messenger (proclaiming) that "Worship Allah and beware of the devil"; therefore Allah guided some of them, and error proved true upon some of them; therefore travel in the land and see what sort of fate befell the deniers!
37If you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) desire for their guidance, then indeed Allah does not guide one whom He misleads, and they do not have any aides.
38And they swore by Allah most vehemently in their oaths that, "Allah will not raise up the dead"; yes He will, why not? A true promise obligatory upon Him, but most men do not know.
39In order that He may make clear to them the matter in which they differed, and the disbelievers may realise that they were liars.
40And Our command for anything to occur, when We will it, is that We only say to it, "Be" - and it thereupon happens.
41And to those who migrated in Allah´s cause after being oppressed, We shall indeed give them a good place in the world, and indeed the reward of the Hereafter is extremely great; if only the people knew!
42Those who patiently endured and who rely only upon Allah.
43And We did not send before you except men, towards whom We sent divine revelations - so O people, ask the people of knowledge if you do not know. (* All the Prophets were men.)
44Along with clear proofs and writings; and We have sent down this Remembrance towards you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) so that you may explain to mankind what has been revealed towards them, and that they may ponder.
45So do they who conspire evils, not fear that Allah may bury them in the earth, or that the punishment may come to them from a place they do not know?
46Or that He may seize them while they move here and there, for they cannot escape?
47Or that He may seize them whilst constantly ruining them? For indeed your Lord is Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.
48And have they not observed that the shadows of the things Allah has created incline to the right and to the left, in prostration to Allah, and that they are servile?
49And to Allah only prostrates whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever moves in the earth, and the angels - and they are not proud.
50They bear upon themselves the fear of their Lord, and do only what they are commanded. (Command of prostration # 3)
51And Allah has proclaimed, "Do not ascribe two Gods; indeed He is the only One God; therefore fear Me alone."
52And to Him only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and in the earth, and obeying Him only is obligatory; so will you fear anyone other than Allah?
53And whatever blessings you have, are all from Allah - then whenever misfortune reaches you, towards Him only do you seek refuge.
54And then, when He averts the misfortune from you, a group among you starts ascribing partners to their Lord!
55In order to deny the favours We have given them; so enjoy a little; for you will soon come to know.
56And for things unknown, they assign a portion of the sustenance We have given them; by Allah - you will certainly be questioned regarding all that you used to fabricate.
57And they assign daughters to Allah - Purity is to Him! - and assign for themselves what they wish.
58And when one among of them receives the glad tidings of a daughter, his face turns black for the day, and he remains seething.
59Hiding from the people because of the evil of the tidings; "Will he keep her with disgrace, or bury her beneath the earth?"; pay heed! Very evil is the judgement they impose!
60Those who do not believe in the Hereafter, for them only is the evil state; and the Majesty of Allah is Supreme; and He only is the Most Honourable, the Wise.
61Were Allah to seize people on account of their injustices, He would not have left anyone walking on the earth, but He gives them respite up to an appointed promise; then when their promise comes they cannot go back one moment nor come forward.
62And they assign to Allah that which is abhorred by themselves, and their tongues speak the lies that goodness is for them; so it occurred that for them is the fire, and they have crossed the limits.
63By Allah, We indeed sent Noble Messengers to several nations before you, but Satan made their misdeeds appear good to them - so he only is their companion this day, and for them is a punishment, most painful.
64And We did not send down this Book towards you except for you to clearly explain to them the matters in which they may differ, and a guidance and a mercy for the believers.
65And Allah sent down water from the sky and with it revived the earth after its death; indeed in this is a sign for people who keep ears *. (* That listen to the truth.)
66And indeed in cattle is a lesson for you; We provide you drink from what is in their bellies - pure milk from between the excretion and the blood, palatable for the drinkers.
67And from the fruits of date and grapes, for you make juices and good nourishment from them; indeed in this is a sign for people of intellect.
68And your Lord inspired the bee that, "Build homes in hills, and in trees, and in rooftops."
69"Then eat from all kinds of fruits, and tread the ways of your Lord which are soft and easy for you"; from their bellies comes a drink of various colours, in which is health for mankind; indeed in this is a sign for people who ponder.
70And Allah created you, and will then remove your souls; and among you is one who is sent back to the most lowly age, so knowing nothing after having had knowledge; indeed Allah knows everything, is Able to do all things.
71And Allah has made some among you superior above others in livelihood; so those to whom the superiority is given, will not return their livelihood to their slaves, so they may all become equal in this respect; so do they deny the favours of Allah?
72And Allah has created for you wives of your own breed, and has given you from your wives, sons and grandsons, and has provided sustenance for you from good things; so do they believe in falsehood and deny the favours of Allah?
73And they worship such besides Allah, who do not have power to provide them any sustenance from the heavens or the earth, nor can they do anything.
74Therefore do not ascribe equals to Allah; indeed Allah knows whereas you do not know.
75Allah has illustrated an example - there is a slave, himself the property of another, not owning anything - and another one upon whom We have bestowed a good livelihood from Us, he therefore spends from it, secretly and publicly; will they be equal? All praise is to Allah; in fact, most of them do not know.
76And Allah has illustrated an example - two men - one of them dumb, unable to do anything, and he is a burden on his master - wherever his master sends him, he brings back no good; will he be equal to one who gives the command of justice and is on the Straight Path?
77And for Allah only are the hidden things of the heavens and the earth, and the matter of Resurrection is not but like the batting of an eyelid - in fact closer than this; indeed Allah is Able to do all things.
78And Allah brought you forth from your mothers’ wombs, whilst you did not know anything * - and gave you ears and eyes and hearts, for you to be grateful. (* Prophet Mohammed and Prophet Jesus, among others, are exceptions to this rule - peace and blessings be upon them.)
79Have they not seen the birds, subservient in the open skies? No one holds them up except Allah; indeed in this are signs for the people who believe.
80And Allah has given you houses for staying, and made some houses from the hides of animals, which are easy for you on your day of travel and on the day of stopover - and from their wool, and fur, and hair, some household items and utilities for a while.
81And Allah has provided you shade with the things He has created, and created for you refuge in the hills, and created some clothing for you to protect you from the heat, and some clothing to protect you during conflict; this is how He completes His favour upon you, so that you may obey.
82Then if they turn away, O dear Prophet, (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) upon you is nothing but to clearly convey (the message).
83They recognise the favour * of Allah and then deny it, and most of them are disbelievers. (* Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him - and / or all the favours of Allah.)
84And the day when We will raise up a witness from every nation - then there will be no leave for the disbelievers, nor will they be appeased.
85And when the unjust will see the punishment, from that time on it will not be lightened for them, nor will they get respite.
86And when the polytheists will see their ascribed partners, they will say, "Our Lord! These are our partners whom we used to worship besides You"; so they will strike back at them with the saying, "You are indeed liars!"
87And on that day they will fall humbly before Allah, and they will lose all that they used to fabricate.
88Those who disbelieved and prevented from the way of Allah - We added punishment upon the punishment - the recompense of their mischief.
89And the day when We will raise from every group, a witness from among them, in order to testify against them and will bring you O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) as a witness upon them all; and We have sent down this Qur’an upon you which is a clear explanation of all things, and a guidance and a mercy and glad tidings to the Muslims.
90Indeed Allah decrees the commands of justice and kindness, and of giving to relatives, and forbids from the shameful and evil and rebellion; He advises you so that you may pay heed.
91And fulfil the covenant of Allah when you have made the promise, and do not break your oaths after ratifying them, and you have made Allah a Guarantor over you; indeed Allah knows your deeds.
92And do not be like the woman broke her thread into bits after she had manufactured it; you make your oaths a phoney excuse between yourselves lest one nation may not be more than the other; Allah just tries you with it; and He will surely clarify for you on the Day of Resurrection, the matters in which you differed.
93Had Allah willed He would have made you all one nation, but He sends astray whomever He wills and guides whomever He wills; and you will certainly be questioned regarding your deeds.
94And do not make your oaths phoney excuses between yourselves, so that a foot may not slip after being steadfast and you may taste evil because you were preventing from Allah’s way; and lest you be severely punished.
95And do not exchange the covenant of Allah to procure an abject price; that which is with Allah is better for you, if you know.
96What you have will perish, and that which is with Allah will remain forever; and indeed We shall pay the patiently enduring a recompense which befits the best of their deeds.
97Whoever does good deeds - whether a male or female - and is a Muslim, We shall sustain him an excellent life, and shall certainly pay them a recompense which befits the best of their deeds.
98And when you recite the Qur’an, seek the refuge of Allah from Satan the outcast.
99Indeed he has no power over the believers and who rely only upon their Lord.
100Satan’s power is only over those who make friendship with him and ascribe him as a partner (in worship).
101And when We replace a verse * by another - and Allah well knows what He sends down - the disbelievers say, "You are just fabricating"; in fact most of them do not know. (* The command of one verse by another.)
102Proclaim, "The Holy Spirit * has rightly brought it down from your Lord, to make the believers steadfast, and a guidance and glad tidings for the Muslims." (* Angel Jibreel - peace and blessings be upon him.)
103And indeed We know that they say, "This Qur’an is being taught by some other man"; the one they refer to speaks a foreign language, whereas this is clear Arabic!
104Those who disbelieve in the signs of Allah - Allah does not guide them, and for them is a punishment, most painful.
105Only those who do not believe in Allah’s signs attribute lies and fabrications; and they themselves are liars.
106The one who disbelieves in Allah after accepting faith - except him who is forced to and whose heart is still firmly upon faith - but whoever is wholeheartedly a disbeliever, upon them is the wrath of Allah; and for them is a great punishment.
107This is because the worldly life was dearer to them than the Hereafter; and because Allah does not guide such disbelieving people.
108These are the ones whose hearts, ears, and eyes Allah has sealed; and they are the neglectful.
109So it occurred that they are the losers in the Hereafter.
110Then indeed your Lord - for those who migrated after they had been oppressed, and then fought and remained patient - indeed your Lord is then, surely, Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
111The day when every soul will come quarrelling against itself, and every soul will be fully repaid for what it did, and they will not be wronged.
112And Allah has illustrated an example of a township - which dwelt in peace and security, its provisions coming in abundance from every side - in response the township started being ungrateful of Allah’s favours, therefore Allah made it taste the punishment by covering it with a cloak of starvation and fear, on account of their deeds.
113And indeed a Noble Messenger came to them from among them - in response they denied him, and therefore the punishment seized them, and they were unjust.
114Therefore eat the lawful and good sustenance Allah has provided you, and be grateful for the blessings of your Lord, if you worship Him.
115Only these are forbidden for you - the carrion, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that which has been slaughtered while proclaiming the name of any other besides Allah; so one who is compelled and does not eat out of desire, nor more than what is necessary, then indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
116And do not say - the lie which your tongues speak - "This is lawful, and this is forbidden" in order to fabricate a lie against Allah; indeed those who fabricate lies against Allah will never prosper.
117A little enjoyment - and for them is a punishment, most painful.
118And especially for the Jews We forbade which We related to you earlier; and We did not oppress them, but it is they who wronged themselves.
119Then indeed your Lord - for those who unwittingly commit evil and then repent and reform themselves - indeed your Lord is then, surely, Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
120Indeed Ibrahim was a leader, obedient to Allah, and detached from all; and he was not a polytheist.
121Grateful for His blessings; Allah chose him and guided him to the Straight Path.
122And We gave him goodness in this world; and indeed in the Hereafter he is worthy of proximity.
123And then We sent you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) the divine revelation that, "Follow the religion of Ibrahim, who was free from all falsehood; and was not a polytheist."
124The Sabbath was made obligatory only upon those who differed in it; and indeed your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning the matter in which they differed.
125Call towards the path of your Lord with sound planning and good advice, and debate with them in the best possible way; indeed your Lord well knows him who has strayed from His path, and He well knows the guided.
126And if you mete out punishment, then punish similarly as you were afflicted; and if you patiently endure, then indeed patience is better for the patiently enduring.
127And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) patiently endure - and your patience is only due to the guidance of Allah - and do not grieve for them, and do not be disheartened by their deceits.
128Indeed Allah is with the pious and the virtuous.
Chapter 17 (Sura 17)
1Purity is to Him Who took His bondman in a part of the night from the Sacred Mosque to the Aqsa Mosque around which We have placed blessings, in order that We may show him Our great signs; indeed he is the listener, the beholder. (This verse refers to the physical journey of Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him - to Al Aqsa Mosque and from there to the heavens and beyond. The entire journey back to Mecca was completed within a small part of the night.)
2And We gave Moosa the Book, and made it a guidance for the Descendants of Israel that, "Do not appoint anyone as a Trustee besides Me."
3The descendants of those whom We boarded along with Nooh; he was indeed a grateful bondman.
4And We decreed for the Descendants of Israel in the Book that, "You will indeed create great turmoil in the earth twice, and you will surely become very proud."
5So when the first of those promises came, We sent upon you Our extremely militant bondmen - they therefore entered the cities pursuing you; and this was a promise that had to be fulfilled.
6We then reversed your attack upon them, and aided you with wealth and sons and increased your numbers.
7If you do good deeds, you will for your own good - and if you commit evil, it is for yourself; therefore when the second of those promises came - so the enemy maim your faces, and enter the mosque as they had entered it the first time, and destroy until they ruin all they could capture.
8It is likely that your Lord may have mercy on you; and if you repeat the mischief, We will repeat the punishment; and We have made hell a prison for the disbelievers.
9Indeed this Qur’an guides to the most Straight Path, and gives glad tidings to the believers who do good deeds, that for them is a great reward.
10And those who do not believe in the Hereafter - We have kept prepared for them a punishment, most painful.
11And man prays for evil like the way he seeks goodness; and man is very hasty.
12And We created the night and the day as two signs - We therefore kept the sign of the night indistinct, and the sign of the day visible - so that you may seek the munificence of your Lord, and know the calculation of the years, and the accounting; and We have explained all things in detail, distinctively.
13And We have attached the destiny of every man to his neck; and We shall bring forth a register for him on the Day of Resurrection, which he will find open.
14It will be said, "Read your ledger; this day you are sufficient to take your own account."
15Whoever came to guidance, has come for his own good; and whoever went astray, has strayed for his own ruin; and no burdened soul will bear another’s burden; and We never punish until We have sent a Noble Messenger.
16And when We will to destroy a township We send the commands to its prosperous people, thereupon they do not obey them, and so the Word is proved upon it - We therefore destroy and ruin it.
17And many a generation We did destroy after Nooh! And Allah is Sufficient, Aware of the sins of His bondmen, the Beholder.
18Whoever desires this fleeting one, We may give him quickly - whatever We will, to whomever We will; and then assign hell for him; for him to enter it condemned, pushed around.
19And whoever desires the Hereafter and strives for it accordingly, and is a believer - so only their effort has borne fruit.
20We provide help to all - to these and to those, by the bestowal of your Lord; and there is no constraint on the bestowal of your Lord.
21Observe how We have given superiority to some over others; and indeed the Hereafter is the greatest in rank and the highest in excellence.
22O listener, do not set up another God with Allah, for you will then remain seated condemned, helpless.
23And your Lord has ordained that you do not worship anyone except Him, and treat your parents with kindness; if either of them or both reach old age in your presence, do not say "Uff"* to them and do not rebuff them, and speak to them with the utmost respect. (* Any expression of disgust.)
24And lower your wing humbly for them, with mercy, and pray, "My Lord! Have mercy on them both, the way they nursed me when I was young."
25Your Lord is Well Aware of what is in your hearts; if you are worthy, then indeed He is Oft Forgiving for those who repent.
26And give the relatives their rights, and to the needy, and to the traveller; and do not waste needlessly.
27Indeed those who needlessly waste are brothers of the devils; and the devil is very ungrateful to his Lord.
28And if you turn away from these *, expecting the mercy of your Lord, for which you hope, then speak to them an easy word. (* The companions of the Holy Prophet, who sought his assistance.)
29And do not keep your hand tied to your neck nor open it completely, lest you remain seated - reproached, weary.
30Indeed your Lord eases the livelihood and restricts it, for whomever He wills; He Well Knows, Beholds His bondmen.
31And do not kill your children, fearing poverty; We shall provide sustenance to them as well as to you; indeed killing them is a great mistake.
32And do not approach adultery - it is indeed a shameful deed; and a very evil way.
33And do not wrongfully kill any living being which Allah has forbidden; and for whoever is slain wrongfully, We have given the authority to his heir, so he should not cross limits in slaying; he will surely be helped.
34And do not approach the wealth of the orphan except in the best possible way, till he reaches adulthood; and fulfil the promise; indeed the promise will be asked about.
35And correctly measure when you measure, and weigh correctly with the scales; this is better, and has a better outcome.
36And do not pursue the matter you do not have the knowledge of; indeed the ear, and the eye, and the heart - each of these will be questioned.
37And do not walk haughtily on the earth; you can never split the earth, nor be as high as the hills.
38Of all this related before, the evil among it is disliked by your Lord.
39This is part of the divine revelations of wisdom that your Lord has sent down to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); and O listener, do not set up another God with Allah, for you will then be thrown into hell - rebuked, rebuffed.
40Has your Lord chosen sons for you, and created daughters for Himself from among the angels? Indeed you utter a profound word!
41And We have explained in this Qur’an in various ways, for them to understand; and it increases nothing except their hatred towards it.
42Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "If there were other Gods besides Him" - as they utter - "then they would have certainly found a way towards * the Owner of the Throne!". (* To fight against Him.)
43Purity and Supremacy are to Him from what they utter, a Great Supremacy!
44The seven heavens and the earth and all those in them say His Purity; and there is not a thing that does not proclaim His purity with praise, but you do not understand their proclamation of purity; indeed He is Most Forbearing, Oft Forgiving.
45And when you read the Qur’an O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings upon him), We created an invisible barrier between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter.
46And We placed covers upon their hearts so they may not understand it, and deafness in their ears; and when you mention your Only Lord in the Qur’an, they flee turning their backs in hatred.
47We know well why they listen when they lend ears to you, and when they discuss among themselves, when the unjust say, "You have not followed except a man who is under a magic spell."
48See the kind of examples they invent for you! They therefore strayed, so cannot find a path.
49And they say, "When we have become bones and decomposed, will we really be raised up anew?"
50Proclaim, "Become stones or iron."
51"Or some other creation which you deem great"; so they will now say, "Who will create us again?"; proclaim, "He Who created you for the first time"; so now they will mockingly shake their heads at you, and question, "When is this going to occur?"; say, "It could perhaps be soon."
52"The day when He will call you and you will come praising Him, thinking you have stayed only a little."
53And tell My bondmen to speak that which is the best; undoubtedly Satan sows discord among them; indeed Satan is man’s open enemy.
54Your Lord knows you well; if He wills He may have mercy upon you, or if He wills, He may punish you; and We have not sent you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) as a guardian over them.
55And your Lord knows well all those who are in the heavens and the earth; and indeed among the Prophets We gave excellence to some above others, and We gave the Zaboor to Dawud.
56Proclaim, "Call upon those whom you assume besides Allah - so they do not have any power to relieve the misfortune from you nor to avert it."
57The devoted bondmen whom these disbelievers worship, themselves seek the means of proximity from their Lord, that who among them is the closest (to his Lord), and hope for His mercy and fear His punishment; indeed the punishment of your Lord is to be feared.
58And there is no such dwelling but which We shall destroy before the Day of Resurrection, or punish it severely; this is written in the Book.
59And We remained constrained from sending such signs, because the former people denied them; and We gave the Thamud the she-camel for enlightenment, so they oppressed it; and We do not send such signs except to warn.
60And when We proclaimed to you, "Indeed all mankind is within the control of your Lord"; and We did not create the spectacle * which We showed you except to try mankind, and the Tree ** which is cursed in the Qur’an; and We warn them - so nothing increases for them except extreme rebellion. (* The Ascent of the Holy Prophet to the heavens and beyond, which the disbelievers denied as just a dream. ** The Zakkum tree which will grow in hell and be the food for its inhabitants.)
61And recall when We ordered the angels that, "Prostrate before Adam" - so they all prostrated except Iblis; he said, "Shall I prostrate before one whom You have created from clay?"
62He said, "Behold this * - the one whom You have honoured above me - if You give me respite till the Day of Resurrection, I will surely crush his descendants, except a few." (* Prophet Adam - peace be upon him.)
63He said, "Be gone - therefore whoever among them follows you - so hell is the recompense for you all, a sufficient punishment."
64"And mislead those whom you can among them with your voice, and raise an army against them with your cavalry and infantry, and be their partner in wealth and children, and give them promises"; and Satan does not promise them except with deception.
65"Indeed My bondmen * - you do not have any power over them"; and your Lord is Sufficient as a Trustee. (* The chosen virtuous bondmen.)
66Your Lord is He Who sails the ship upon the seas for you, so that you may seek His munificence; indeed He is Most Merciful upon you.
67And when calamity strikes you upon the sea, all those whom you worship are lost, except Him; then when He rescues you towards land, you turn away; and man is extremely ungrateful.
68Are you unafraid that He may bury an edge of the same land along with you, or send a shower of stones upon you, and you find no supporter for yourselves?
69Or are you unafraid that He may again take you back to the sea, then send against you a ship-breaking gust of wind, therefore drowning you because of your disbelief - then you may not find for yourself anyone to come after Us for this?
70Indeed We have honoured the Descendants of Adam and transported them over land and sea, and gave them good things as sustenance, and made them better than most of Our creation.
71On the day when We shall summon every group along with its leader; so whoever is given his register in his right hand - these will read their accounts and their rights will not be suppressed even a thread. (* They will be given the full reward.)
72Whoever is blind * in this life will be blind in the Hereafter, and even more astray. (* Blind to the truth - disbelieving.)
73And it was close that they were about to mislead you somewhat from the divine revelation We sent to you, for you to attribute something else * to Us; and if it were **, they would have accepted you as a friend. (* Other than the divine revelation. ** Which is impossible.)
74And had We not kept you steadfast, possibly you might have inclined to them just a little.
75And if it were *, We would then have made you taste a double life and a double death - you would then not find any supporter against Us. (* Which is impossible.)
76And indeed it was close that they frighten you in the land for them to oust you from it - and if it were, they would not have stayed after you, but a little.
77The tradition of the Noble Messengers We sent before you - and you will not find Our rules changing.
78Keep the prayer established, from the declining of the sun until darkness of the night, and the Qur’an at dawn; indeed the angels witness the reading of the Qur’an at dawn.
79And forego sleep * in some part of the night - an increase for you **; it is likely your Lord will set you on a place where everyone will praise you ***. (* For worship. ** Obligatory only upon the Holy Prophet. *** On the Day of Resurrection.)
80And pray, "My Lord! Admit me with the truth and take me out with the truth *, and give me from Yourself a helpful dominance **." (* Wherever I come or go ** Through spread of Islam.)
81And proclaim, "The Truth has arrived and falsehood has vanished; indeed falsehood had to vanish." (* With the arrival of the Last Prophet - Mohammed peace and blessings be upon him)
82And We send down in the Qur’an that which is a cure for the Muslims, and a mercy - and it increases only ruin for the unjust.
83And when We bestow favours upon man, he turns away and goes far away towards himself; and when evil touches him he despairs.
84Proclaim, "Each one works according to his own pattern; and your Lord well knows him who is more upon guidance."
85They ask you concerning the soul; proclaim "The soul is an entity by the command of my Lord, and you have not received knowledge except a little."
86And if We willed We could have taken away the revelations which We have sent to you - you would then not find anyone who could advocate for you before Us for this.
87Except the mercy of your Lord; indeed His munificence upon you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) is extremely great.
88Proclaim, "If all mankind and jinns agree to bring an equivalent to the Qur’an, they will not be able to bring its equal - even if they were to help each other."
89And indeed We have illustrated all kinds of examples in the Qur’an for mankind - so most men did not accept, except to be ungrateful.
90And they said, "We will not accept faith in you, until you cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us."
91"Or you have a garden of date-palms and grapes, and you make gushing rivers to flow in it."
92"Or you cause the sky to fall upon us in pieces like you said - or bring Allah and the angels as Witness."
93"Or you have a house of gold, or you ascend up into heaven; and even then we shall not believe in your ascent unless you send down a book upon us, which we may read"; say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "Purity is to my Lord - who am I except a human, sent by Allah?" (* These can be done, only when Allah commands.)
94And what prevented people from believing when the guidance came to them, except their saying that, "What! Allah has sent a human as a Noble Messenger?"?
95Proclaim, "If there were angels walking peacefully on the earth, We would send down only an angel from heaven, as a Noble Messenger towards them."
96Proclaim, "Allah is Sufficient as Witness between me and you all; indeed He is Well Aware of, the Beholder of His bondmen."
97And only he whom Allah guides, is upon guidance; and whomever He sends astray - you will therefore not find for them any supporters besides Him; and We shall raise them by their faces on the Day of Resurrection - blind, dumb and deaf; their destination is hell; whenever it is about to extinguish, We will inflame it more for them.
98This is their reward because they disbelieved in Our signs and said, "When we are bones and decomposed, will we really be created again and raised up again?"
99Do they not see that Allah Who has created the heavens and the earth is Able to create people similar to them, and has set a term for them in which there is no doubt? So the unjust do not accept without being ungrateful.
100Proclaim, "If you owned the treasures of the mercy of my Lord, you would hoard them too for fear that they may get spent; and man is a big miser."
101And indeed We gave Moosa nine clear signs, therefore ask the Descendants of Israel when he came to them - in response Firaun said, "O Moosa - I think you are under a magic spell."
102He said, "You certainly know that these have not been sent down except by the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the eye-openers * for the hearts; and I think that you, O Firaun, will surely be ruined." (* The signs which enlighten the hearts.)
103He therefore wished to expel them from the earth, so We drowned him and his companions, all together.
104And after him, We said to the Descendants of Israel, "Reside in this land - then when the promise of the Hereafter comes, We will bring you all huddled together."
105And We sent down the Qur’an with the truth, and it has come down only for the truth; and We did not send you except as a Herald of glad tidings and warnings.
106And We sent down the Qur’an in parts, that you may gradually recite it to the people, and We sent it down slowly in stages.
107Proclaim, "Whether you accept faith in it or not"; indeed those who received knowledge before the Qur’an came, fall down prostrate on their faces when it is recited to them.
108And they say, "Purity is to our Lord - indeed the promise of our Lord had to come true."
109And they fall down on their faces weeping, and this Qur’an increases their humility. (Command of prostration # 4).
110Proclaim, "Pray calling (Him) Allah or calling (Him) the Most Gracious; whichever name you call with - they are all His magnificent names; and do not offer your prayers very loudly or very softly, and seek a way between them."
111And say, "All praise is to Allah, Who has not chosen a son for Himself, and none is His partner in kingship, and none is His supporter due to weakness, and say ‘Allah is Great’ to proclaim His greatness."
Chapter 18 (Sura 18)
1All praise is to Allah Who sent down the Book upon His bondman, and has not kept any deviation in it.
2A just Book, to warn of Allah’s severe punishment, and to give glad tidings to the believers who do good deeds, that for them is an excellent reward.
3In which they will abide forever.
4And to warn those who say, “Allah has chosen a child.”
5They do not have any knowledge of it - nor did their forefathers; profound is the word that comes out of their mouths; they only speak a lie.
6Possibly you may risk your life by grieving (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) for them if they do not believe in this narration.
7We have indeed placed all that is on the earth as its adornment in order that We may test them, who among them has the best deeds.
8And indeed We shall one day make all that is on it a barren plain.
9Did you know that the People of the Cave and People close to the Woods, were Our exceptional signs?
10When the young men took refuge in the Cave - then said, “Our Lord! Give us mercy from Yourself, and arrange guidance for us in our affair.”
11We then thumped upon their ears in the Cave for a number of years. (* Put them to sleep.)
12We then awakened them to see which of the two groups more accurately tells the period they had stayed.
13We shall narrate their account to you accurately; they were young men who believed in their Lord, and We increased the guidance for them.
14And We made their hearts steadfast when they stood up and said, "Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth - we shall not worship any other deity except Him - if it were, we have then said something excessive."
15"These - the people of ours - have set up Gods besides Allah; why do they not bring a clear proof regarding them? And who is more unjust than one who fabricates a lie against Allah?"
16"And when you have disassociated yourself from them and all what they worship besides Allah - so take refuge in the Cave - your Lord will spread His mercy for you and arrange ease for you in your affairs."
17And O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) you will see the sun that when it rises it shifts away to the right of their cave, and when it sets it shifts away to their left, and they are in the open ground of that cave; this is from among the signs of Allah; whomever Allah guides - only he is therefore guided; and whomever He sends astray - you will never find for him a friend who guides.
18And you may think they are awake, whereas they are asleep; and We turn them over to the right and the left - and their dog is on the threshold of the cave, with its paws outstretched; O listener, were you to look at them closely, you would turn back running away from them, and be filled with their dread.
19And similarly We awakened them so that they may enquire about each other; a speaker among them said, "How long have you stayed here?" Some among them said, "We have stayed a day or part of a day"; the others said, "Your Lord well knows how long you have stayed; therefore send one of you to the city with this silver coin - he may then check which food available there is purer, in order to bring some of it for you to eat - and he must be courteous and not inform anyone about you."
20"Indeed if they come to know about you, they will stone you or turn you back to their religion - and if so, you will never prosper."
21And this is how We made them known for people to know that the promise of Allah is true and that there is no doubt concerning the Last Day; when the people began disputing among themselves regarding them, they said, "Construct a building over their cave"; their Lord well knows them; those who dominated in this matter said, "We promise we will build a mosque over them."
22So the people will now say, "They are three, their dog is the fourth"; and some will say, "They are five, their dog is the sixth" - just blind guesses; and some will say, "They are seven, and their dog is the eighth"; proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), "My Lord well knows their number - no one knows them except a few"; therefore do not debate concerning them except what has occurred, and do not ask any of the People of the Book(s) anything concerning them.
23And never say about anything that, "I will do this tomorrow."
24Except "If Allah wills"; and remember your Lord when you forget, and say, "It is likely that my Lord will guide me to a more accurate way of virtue than this."
25And they stayed in their Cave for three hundred years * and nine more *. (* 300 according to the Solar calendar and 309 according to the Lunar calendar.)
26Say, "Allah well knows how long they stayed; for Him only are the hidden of the heavens and the earth; how well He sees and hears! They do not have any supporter besides Him; and He does not associate anyone in His command."
27And recite the Book of your Lord which has been divinely revealed to you; there is none who can change His Words; and you will never find a refuge besides Him.
28And restrain yourself along with those who pray to their Lord morning and evening, seeking His pleasure; and may not your sight fall on anything besides them; would you desire the adornment of the life of this world? And do not follow him whose heart We have made neglectful of Our remembrance – the one who has followed his own desires and his matter has crossed the limits.
29And proclaim, “The Truth is from your Lord”; so whoever wills may accept faith, and whoever wills may disbelieve - We have indeed prepared for the disbelievers a fire the walls of which will surround them; if they plead for water, their plea will be answered with water like molten metal which shall scald their faces; what an evil drink it is; and what an evil destination is hell!
30Indeed those who believed and did good deeds - We do not waste the reward of those whose deeds are good.
31For them are everlasting Gardens of Eden, beneath which rivers flow - in it they will be given bracelets of gold to adorn, and shall wear green clothes made of fine silk and gold embroidery, reclining upon thrones in it; what an excellent reward; and what an excellent abode is Paradise!
32And relate to them the account of the two men - to one We gave two gardens of grapes, and covered them with date-palms and kept farms between them.
33Both the gardens gave yields and gave no shortfall in it - and We made a river to flow between the two.
34And he had fruit; he therefore said to his companion - and he used to debate with him - "I exceed you in wealth, and am more powerful in respect of men."
35He went into his garden and wronging himself said, "I do not think that this will ever perish."
36"I do not think that the Last Day will ever be established - and even if I return to my Lord I will surely find a haven better than this garden."
37His companion debating with him answered, "What! You disbelieve in Him Who has created you from dust, then from a drop of liquid, and then created you as a complete man?"
38"But I just say that only Allah is my Lord, and I do not ascribe anyone as a partner to my Lord."
39“And why was it not that you would have said when you entered your garden, ‘Whatever Allah wills - we do not have any strength except with the help of Allah’ - if you had observed me lesser than you in wealth and children?”
40"So it is likely that my Lord will give me a garden better than yours, and send bolts of lightning from the skies on your garden - it therefore turns into a barren plain."
41"Or its water may sink into the earth, so you may never be able to find it."
42And his fruits were surrounded - he therefore remained helplessly wringing his hands upon all that he had spent on it - and it lay fallen on its canopy - and he says, "If only I had not ascribed any partner to my Lord!"
43And he had no group to help him against Allah, nor was he capable of taking revenge.
44Here brought to light is that the authority is only for Allah, the True; the reward He bestows is the best, and believing in Him has the best outcome.
45And relate to them the example of the life of this world - like water which We sent down from the sky, therefore vegetation of the earth grew forth in abundance with it to become dry hay which the winds scatter; and Allah is the Controller of all things.
46Wealth and sons are ornaments of the life of this world; and good deeds that last - their reward is better before your Lord, and are better in respect of hope.
47And the Day when We move the hills and you see the earth flattened plain, and We shall raise all of them together - so not leaving out any one of them.
48And everyone shall be presented before your Lord in rows; "Indeed you have come to Us exactly as We had created you for the first time - in fact you thought that We shall never appoint a promised time for you!"
49And the Book shall be placed - and you will see the guilty dreading what is written in it and saying, "Woe to us - what sort of a Book is this that it has not left out any small sin nor a great one, which it has not included!" And they found all that they did confronting them; and your Lord does not wrong any one.
50And recall when We commanded the angels that, "Prostrate before Adam" - so they all prostrated, except Iblis; he was of the jinn, he therefore rebelled against his Lord’s command; "What! You choose him and his offspring as your friends instead of Me, whereas they are your enemies?" And what an evil alternative did the unjust get.
51Neither did I make them witness the creations of the heavens and the earth, nor witness their own creation; nor does it befit My Majesty to choose misleaders as aides.
52And the Day when He will proclaim, "Call those partners of Mine whom you had assumed" - so they will call out to them - they will not answer them, and We shall create a field of destruction between them.
53And when the guilty see hell, they will be certain of falling into it, and will find no place to escape from it.
54And We have indeed illustrated all kinds of examples for mankind in this Qur’an; and man is the most quarrelsome of all.
55And what prevented men from accepting faith when guidance came to them, and from asking forgiveness from their Lord except that the tradition of the former nations come upon them or that they confront various kinds of punishments?
56And We do not send the Noble Messengers except as Heralds of glad tidings and warnings; and the disbelievers debate by means of falsehood to drive away the Truth with it, and they took My signs and warnings they were given, as a mockery!
57And who is more unjust than one who, when reminded of the signs of his Lord, turns away from them and forgets what his hands have sent forward? We have put covers on their hearts so as not to understand the Qur’an, and deafness in their ears; and even if you call them to guidance, they will never attain the right path.
58And your Lord is the Oft Forgiver, the Merciful; if He seized them for their deeds, He would soon send the punishment upon them; but for them is an appointed time from which they will not find any refuge.
59And these towns - We destroyed them when they committed injustice, and We had set an appointed time for their destruction.
60And recall when Moosa said to his assistant, “I will not give up until I reach the place where the two seas meet or until I have progressed for ages.”
61And when they reached the place where the two seas meet, they forgot about their fish, and it took its way into the sea, making a tunnel. (The dead fish came alive and went into the water.)
62So when they had gone beyond that place, Moosa said to his assistant, “Bring our breakfast - we have indeed faced great exertion in this journey of ours.”
63He said, “Just imagine - when we had taken shelter near the rock, so indeed I forgot the fish; and none but Satan caused me to forget to mention it; and the fish took its way into the sea - its amazing!”
64Said Moosa, "This is exactly what we wanted"; so they came back retracing their steps.
65So they found a bondman * from amongst Our (chosen) bondmen, to whom We had given mercy from Us, and had bestowed the inspired knowledge from Ourselves. (* Hazrat Khidr - peace be upon him.)
66Moosa said to him, "May I stay with you upon the condition that you will teach me the righteousness that you have been taught?"
67He said, "You will never be able to patiently stay with me."
68"And how will you bear something which your knowledge does not encompass?"
69Said Moosa, "Allah willing, you will soon find me patient and I will not do anything against your instructions."
70He said, "Therefore if you stay with me, do not ask me about anything until I myself mention it to you."
71So they both set out; until when they had boarded the boat, the chosen bondman ruptured the boat; said Moosa, "Did you make a hole in the boat in order to drown its passengers? You have indeed done an evil thing."
72He said, "Did I not say that you will never be able to patiently stay with me?"
73Said Moosa, "Do not apprehend me upon my forgetting, and do not impose difficulty on me in my task."
74So they set out again; until when they met a boy, the chosen bondman slew him - Moosa said, "Did you slay an innocent soul not in retribution for another? You have indeed done an extremely evil thing."
75He said, "Did I not tell you that you will never be able to patiently stay with me?"
76Said Moosa, "If I ask you anything after this, do not stay with me; indeed your condition from me is fulfilled."
77So they both set out again; until they came to the people of a dwelling – they asked its people for food - they refused to invite them – then in the village they both found a wall about to collapse, and the chosen bondman straightened it; said Moosa, "If you wished, you could have taken some wages for it!"
78He said, "This is the parting between you and me; I shall now tell you the interpretation of the matters you could not patiently bear."
79"In respect of the boat - it belonged to the poor people who worked on the river, so I wished to flaw it - and behind them was a king who would capture every sound ship."
80"And in respect of the boy - his parents were Muslims and we feared that he may incite them to rebellion and disbelief."
81"So we wished that their Lord may bestow them a child - better, purer and nearer to mercy."
82"And in respect of the wall - it belonged to two orphan boys of the city, and beneath it was their treasure, and their father was a virtuous man; therefore your Lord willed that they should reach their maturity and remove their treasure; by the mercy of your Lord; and I have not done this at my own command; this is the interpretation of the matters you could not patiently bear." (* Hazrat Khidr was given the knowledge of the hidden - as in all three explanations he gave).
83And they ask you regarding Zul-Qarnain; say, "I shall recite his story to you."
84Indeed We gave him authority in the land and bestowed him the means of everything.
85He therefore pursued a purpose.
86To the extent that when he reached the setting-place of the sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring, and found a nation there; We said, "O Zul-Qarnain – either punish them or choose kindness for them."
87He submitted, "Regarding one who has done injustice, we shall soon punish him – he will then be brought back to his Lord, Who will punish him severely."
88"And regarding one who believed and did good deeds – so his reward is goodness; and we shall soon give him an easy command."
89He again pursued a purpose.
90To the extent that when he reached the rising-place of the sun, he found it rising upon a nation for which We had not kept any shelter from it.
91So it is; and Our knowledge encompasses all that he possessed.
92He again pursued a purpose.
93Until, when he came between two mountains, he found before them a nation that did not appear to understand any speech.
94They said, "O Zul-Qarnain - indeed Yajuj and Majuj * are spreading chaos in the land – so shall we assign for you a consideration upon the condition that you set up a wall between us and them?" (* Gog and Magog.)
95He said, "That which my Lord has given me control over is better, therefore help me with strength - I shall set up a barrier between you and them."
96"Give me sheets of iron"; until when he had raised the wall equal to the edge of the two mountains, he said, "Blow"; to the extent that he made it ablaze - he said, "Bring me molten copper to pour upon it."
97Therefore Yajuj and Majuj were neither able to surmount it, nor could they pierce it.
98He said, "This is the mercy of my Lord; then when the promise of my Lord arrives, He will blow it to bits; and my Lord’s promise is true."
99And on that day We shall release them in groups surging like waves one after another, and the Trumpet will be blown – so We shall gather them all together. (* Gog and Magog will come out during the time of Eisa (Jesus - when he comes back to earth) and cause great destruction in the land.)
100And We shall bring hell in front of the disbelievers.
101The ones whose eyes were covered from My remembrance, and who could not bear to hear Truth.
102Do the disbelievers assume that they will be able to choose My bondmen as supporters other than Me? Indeed We have prepared hell to welcome the disbelievers.
103Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), "Shall we inform you whose are the most failed works?"
104"Of those whose efforts are lost in (pursuit of) the life of this world, and they think that they are doing good deeds."
105The people who disbelieved in the signs of their Lord and in the meeting with Him, therefore all their deeds are in vain –We shall therefore not establish any weighing for them on the Day of Resurrection.
106This is their reward – hell - because they disbelieved, and made a mockery of My verses and My Noble Messengers.
107Indeed those who believed and did good deeds – their welcome are the Gardens of Paradise.
108They will abide in it for ever, never wanting to shift from it.
109Proclaim, "If the sea became ink for the Words of my Lord, the sea would indeed be used up and the Words of my Lord would never - even if we bring another like it for help."
110Proclaim, "Physically I am a human * like you - my Lord sends divine revelations to me - that your God is only One God; so whoever expects to the meet his Lord must perform good deeds and not ascribe anyone as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (* Human but not equal to you, in fact the greatest in spiritual status.)
Chapter 19 (Sura 19)
1Kaf-Ha-Ya-A’in-Sad. (* Alphabets of the Arabic language - Allah and to whomever He reveals know their precise meanings.)
2This is the remembrance of the mercy of your Lord upon His bondman Zakaria.
3When he softly prayed to his Lord.
4He submitted, "O my Lord - my bones have become weak and old age shines forth from my head, and O my Lord, I have never been disappointed in my prayer to you."
5"And I fear my relatives after me and my wife is barren therefore bestow upon me from Yourself one who will take up my work."
6"He being my successor and the heir of the Descendants of Yaqub (Jacob); and my Lord, make him a cherished * one." (* Make him a Prophet among the Descendants of Israel.)
7"O Zakaria! We give you the glad tidings of a son whose name is Yahya (John) - before him, We have not created anyone of this name."
8He submitted, "My Lord - how can I have a son whereas my wife is barren and I have reached infirmity due to old age?"
9He (the angel) said, "So it is; your Lord says, ‘This is easy for Me - in fact I created you before this, at a time when you did not exist.’ "
10He said, "My Lord, give me a sign"; He said, "Your token is that you will not speak to people for three nights, although in proper health."
11He therefore emerged upon his people from the mosque, and told them through gestures, "Keep proclaiming the Purity (of your Lord) morning and evening."
12"O Yahya - hold the Book firmly"; and We gave him Prophethood in his infancy. (Prophet Yahya was only 2 years old at that time.)
13And compassion from Ourselves, and chastity; and he was extremely pious.
14And was good to his parents and not forceful, nor disobedient.
15And peace is upon him the day he was born, and the day he will taste death, and the day he will be raised alive.
16And remember Maryam in the Book; when she went away from her family to a place towards east.
17So there she screened herself from them; We therefore sent Our Spirit towards her - he appeared before her in the form of a healthy man. (Angel Jibreel – peace be upon him.)
18She said, "I seek the refuge of the Most Gracious from you - if you fear God."
19He said, "I am indeed one sent by your Lord; so that I may give you a chaste son."
20She said, "How can I bear a son? No man has ever touched me, nor am I of poor conduct!"
21He said, "So it is; your Lord has said, ‘This is easy for Me’; and in order that We make him a sign for mankind and a Mercy from Us; and this matter has been decreed."
22So she conceived him, and she went away with him to a far place.
23Then the pangs of childbirth brought her to the base of the palm-tree; she said, "Oh, if only had I died before this and had become forgotten, unremembered."
24(The angel) Therefore he called her from below her, “Do not grieve - your Lord has made a river flow below you.”
25"And shake the trunk of the palm-tree towards you - ripe fresh dates will fall upon you." (This was a miracle - the date palm was dry and it was winter season.)
26"Therefore eat and drink and appease your eyes; so if you meet any person then say, ‘I have pledged a fast (of silence) to the Most Gracious - I will therefore not speak to any person today.’ "
27So carrying him in her arms, she brought him to her people; they said, "O Maryam, you have indeed committed a great evil!"
28"O sister of Haroon, neither was your father an evil man nor was your mother of poor conduct!"
29Thereupon she pointed towards the child; they said, "How can we speak to an infant who is in the cradle?"
30The child proclaimed, "I am Allah’s bondman; He has given me the Book and made me a Herald of the Hidden (a Prophet)."
31"And He has made me blessed wherever I be; and ordained upon me prayer and charity, as long as I live."
32"And has made me good to my mother and not made me forceful, ill-fated."
33"And peace is upon me the day I was born, and on the day I shall taste death, and on the day I will be raised alive."
34This is Eisa (Jesus), the son of Maryam; a true statement, in which they doubt.
35It does not befit Allah to appoint someone as His son - Purity is to Him! When He ordains a matter, He just commands it, "Be" - and it thereupon happens.
36And said Eisa, "Indeed Allah is my Lord and your Lord - therefore worship Him; this is the Straight Path."
37Then groups among them differed; so ruin is for the disbelievers from the witnessing of a Great Day.
38Much will they listen and much will they see, on the Day when they come to Us, but today the unjust are in open error.
39And warn them of the Day of Regret when the matter will have been decided; and they are in neglect, and they do not accept faith.
40Indeed We shall inherit the earth and all that is on it, and only towards Us will they return.
41And remember Ibrahim in the Book; he was very truthful, a Herald of the Hidden (a Prophet).
42When he said to his father, * "O my father - why do you worship one which neither hears nor sees, and cannot benefit you in any way?" (* His uncle Azar.)
43"O my father, indeed a knowledge has come to me which did not come to you - therefore follow me, I will show you the Straight Path."
44"O my father, do not be a bondman of the devil; indeed the devil is disobedient towards the Most Gracious."
45"O my father, I fear that a punishment from the Most Gracious may reach you, so you would become a companion of the devil."
46He said, "What! You turn away from my Gods, O Ibrahim? If you do not desist, I will certainly stone you, and keep no relation with me for a long while."
47He said, “Stop it - peace be upon you; I shall seek forgiveness for you from my Lord; indeed He is very kind to me.”
48"And I shall remain separated from you and all that you worship other than Allah and shall worship my Lord; possibly, by worshipping my Lord, I will not be amongst the unfortunate.”
49So when he had separated from them and what they worshipped other than Allah, We bestowed him Ishaq and Yaqub; and We made each of them a Herald of the Hidden.
50And We gave them Our mercy, and assigned for them a true and high repute.
51And remember Moosa in the Book; he was indeed a chosen one, and he was a Noble Messenger, a Herald of the Hidden.
52We called him from the right side of the mountain Tur, and brought him close to reveal Our secret.
53And with Our mercy We bestowed upon him his brother Haroon, a Prophet.
54And remember Ismail in the Book; he was indeed true to his promise and was a Noble Messenger, a Prophet.
55He used to command his people to offer prayer and give charity, and was liked by his Lord.
56And remember Idrees in the Book; he was indeed very truthful, a Prophet.
57And We lifted him to a high position. (Living with soul & body in heaven, after his death.)
58It is these upon whom Allah has bestowed favour among the Prophets, from the descendants of Adam; and from those whom We boarded along with Nooh; and from the descendants of Ibrahim and Israel; and from those whom We guided and chose; when the verses of the Most Gracious were recited to them, they fell down, prostrating and weeping. (* Command of Prostration # 5.)
59And after them came the unworthy successors who squandered prayer and pursued their own desires, so they will soon encounter the forest of Gai in hell.
60Except those who repented and accepted faith and did good deeds - so these will enter heaven, and they will not be deprived * in the least. (* Of their due reward.)
61Everlasting Gardens of Eden, which the Most Gracious has promised to His bondmen in the unseen; indeed His promise will come.
62They will not hear any lewd talk in it, but only Peace; and in it for them is sustenance, every morning and evening.
63It is the Paradise that We will bequeath to those among Our bondmen who remain pious.
64(Said Angel Jibreel to Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon them) "And we angels do not come down except by the command of your Lord; to Him only belongs all that is ahead of us and all that is behind us and all that is between them; and your Lord is not forgetful."
65Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them - therefore worship Him and be firm in His worship; do you know any other of the same name as His?
66And says man, "When I am dead, will I soon be brought forth alive?"
67Does not man remember that We created him before this, and he was non existent?
68So by your Lord, We shall assemble them and the devils - all of them - and bring them around hell, fallen on their knees.
69We shall then pick out from every group the one who was most arrogant towards the Most Gracious.
70Moreover, We well know those who most deserve to be burned in hell.
71And there is none among you who shall not pass over hell; this is an obligatory affair, binding upon your Lord. (Allah will make everyone pass over the back of hell - on a thin bridge.)
72We shall then rescue the pious - and leave the unjust in it, fallen on their knees.
73And when Our clear verses are recited to them, the disbelievers say to the Muslims, "Which group has a better home, and a better alliance?"
74And many a generation We did destroy before them, who exceeded them in wealth and pomp!
75Proclaim, "For one in error - so the Most Gracious may give him respite; to the extent that when they see the thing which they are promised - either the punishment or the Last Day; so then they will come to know for whom is the evil rank and whose army is weak."
76And Allah will increase the guidance for those who have received guidance; and good deeds that remain have the best reward before your Lord, and the best outcome.
77So have you seen him who denied Our signs and says, "I shall certainly be given wealth and children?"
78Has he seen the Hidden, or has he made a pact with the Most Gracious?
79Never; We shall now record what he says and give him a prolonged punishment.
80And it is We only Who shall inherit what he says (belongs to him), and he will come to Us, alone.
81And they have chosen Gods besides Allah, so that they may provide them strength!
82Never; soon they will deny ever worshipping them, and will turn into their opponents.
83Did you not see that We sent devils upon the disbelievers, so they excite them abundantly?
84So do not be impatient for them (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); We are only completing their number. * (* The number of days left for them or their evil deeds.)
85On the day when We shall assemble the righteous towards the Most Gracious, as guests.
86And drive the guilty towards hell, thirsty.
87People do not own the right to intercede, except those * who have made a covenant with the Most Gracious. (* The Holy Prophets and virtuous people will be given the permission to intercede. Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him - will be the first to intercede.)
88And the disbelievers said, "The Most Gracious has chosen an offspring."
89You have indeed brought an extremely grave speech!
90The heavens are close to being torn apart by it, and the earth being split asunder, and the mountains succumbing and falling down.
91Due to their ascribing of an offspring to the Most Gracious.
92And it does not befit the Most Gracious to choose an offspring!
93All those who are in the heavens and the earth will come to the Most Gracious as His bondmen.
94He knows their number and has counted each one of them.
95And each one of them will come before Him on the Day of Resurrection, alone.
96Indeed those who believed and did good deeds - the Most Gracious will appoint love for them. (In the hearts of other believers.)
97We have therefore made this Qur’an easy upon your tongue, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) for you to announce glad tidings with it to those who fear, and warn those who are quarrelsome.
98And many a generation We did destroy before them; do you see any one of them or hear their faintest sound?
Chapter 20 (Sura 20)
1Ta-Ha.* (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) (Alphabets of the Arabic language - Allah and to whomever He reveals know their precise meanings.)
2We have not sent down this Qur’an upon you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) for you to fall into hardship! (Either because he used to pray at length during the night or because he was distressed due to the disbelievers not accepting faith.)
3Except as a reminder for one who fears.
4Sent down by One Who created the earth and the lofty heavens.
5The Most Gracious Who, befitting His Majesty, took to the Throne (of control).
6To Him only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth, and all whatever is between them, and all whatever is beneath this wet soil.
7And if you speak aloud - so He surely knows the secret and that which is more concealed.
8Allah - there is no worship except for Him; His only are the best names.
9And did the news of Moosa reach you?
10When he saw a fire and said to his wife, "Wait - I have seen a fire - perhaps I may bring you an ember from it or find a way upon the fire."
11So when he came near the fire, it was announced, "O Moosa!"
12"Indeed I am your Lord, therefore take off your shoes; indeed you are in the holy valley of Tuwa!"
13"And I have chosen you, therefore listen carefully to what is divinely revealed to you."
14"Indeed it is Me, Allah - there is no God except I - therefore worship Me and keep the prayer established for My remembrance."
15"The Last Day will surely come - it was close that I hide it from all - in order that every soul may get the reward of its effort." (He revealed it to His Prophets, so that people may fear and get ready. The exact time is not revealed to the people.)
16"Therefore never let one, who does not accept faith in it and follows his own desires, prevent you from accepting this, so then you become ruined."
17"And what is this in your right hand, O Moosa?"
18He said, "This is my staff; I support myself on it, and I knock down leaves for my sheep with it, and there are other uses for me in it."
19He said, "Put it down, O Moosa!
20So Moosa put it down - thereupon it became a fast moving serpent.
21He said, "Pick it up and do not fear; We shall restore it to its former state."
22"And put your hand inside your armpit - it will come out shining white, not due to any illness - one more sign."
23"In order that We may show you Our great signs."
24"Go to Firaun, he has rebelled."
25Said Moosa, "My Lord, open up my breast for me."
26"And make my task easy for me."
27"And untie the knot of my tongue."
28"In order that they may understand my speech."
29"And appoint for me a viceroy from among my family."
30"That is Haroon, my brother."
31"Back me up with him."
32"And make him a partner in my task."
33"In order that we may profusely proclaim Your Purity."
34"And profusely remember You."
35"Indeed You see us."
36He said, "O Moosa, you have been granted your prayer."
37"And indeed We had bestowed upon you a favour one more time."
38"When We inspired in your mother’s heart whatever was to be inspired."
39"That, ‘Put him into a chest and cast it into the river, so the river shall deposit it on to a shore - therefore one who is an enemy to Me and you, shall pick him up’; and I bestowed upon you love from Myself; and for you to be brought up in My sight."
40"When your sister went, then said, ‘Shall I show you the people who may nurse him?’ And We brought you back to your mother in order to soothe her eyes and that she may not grieve; and you killed a man, so We freed you from sorrow, and tested you to the maximum; you therefore stayed for several years among the people of Madyan; then you came (here) at an appointed time, O Moosa."
41"And I created you especially for Myself."
42"You and your brother, both go with My signs, and do not slacken in My remembrance."
43"Both of you go to Firaun; he has indeed rebelled."
44"And speak to him courteously, that perhaps he may ponder or have some fear."
45They both submitted, "Our Lord - indeed we fear that he may oppress us or deal mischievously."
46He said, "Do not fear - I am with you, All Hearing and All Seeing."
47"Therefore go to him and say, ‘We are the sent ones of your Lord, therefore let the Descendants of Israel go with us, and do not trouble them; we have indeed brought to you a sign from your Lord; and peace be upon him who follows the guidance.’
48‘It has indeed been revealed to us that the punishment is upon the one who denies and turns away.’ "
49Said Firaun, "So who is the Lord of you both, O Moosa?"
50He said, "Our Lord is One Who gave everything its proper shape, then showed the path."
51Said Firaun, "What is the state of the former generations?"
52He said, "Their knowledge is with my Lord, (recorded) in a Book; my Lord neither strays nor forgets."
53The One Who has made the earth a bed for you and kept operative roads for you in it and sent down water from the sky; so with it We produced different pairs of vegetation.
54Eat, and graze your cattle; indeed in this are signs for people of intellect.
55From the earth We have created you, and to it We shall return you, and from it We shall raise you again.
56And indeed We showed him all Our signs - so he denied them and did not accept.
57He said, "Have you come to us in order to expel us from our land by your magic, O Moosa?"
58"So we will also produce before you a similar magic, therefore set up an agreed time between us and you, from which neither we nor you shall turn away, at a level place."
59Said Moosa, "Your meeting is the day of the festival, and that the people be assembled at late morning."
60So Firaun went away and gathered his schemes,* then came. (* 72000 magicians and their materials.)
61Moosa said to them, "Ruin is to you - do not fabricate a lie against Allah, that He may destroy you by a punishment; and indeed one who fabricates lies has failed."
62So they differed with one another in their task, and secretly conferred.
63They said, "Undoubtedly these two are magicians for sure, who wish to expel you from your land by the strength of their magic, and destroy your exemplary religion!"
64"Therefore strengthen your scheme, and come forth in rows; indeed whoever dominates this day has succeeded."
65They said, "O Moosa, either you throw first - or shall we throw first?"
66He said, "Rather, you may throw"; thereupon their cords and their staves, by the strength of their magic, appeared to him as if they were (serpents) moving fast.
67And Moosa sensed fear in his heart.
68We said, "Do not fear - it is you who is dominant."
69"And cast down which is in your right hand - it will devour all that they have fabricated; what they have made is only a magician’s deceit; and a magician is never successful, wherever he comes."
70Therefore all the magicians were thrown down prostrate - they said, "We accept faith in the One Who is the Lord of Haroon and Moosa."
71Said Firaun, "You accepted faith in him before I permitted you! He is indeed your leader who taught you magic; I therefore swear, I will cut off your hands and your legs from alternate sides, and crucify you on the trunks of palm-trees, and you will surely come to know among us two, whose punishment is more severe and more lasting."
72They said, "We shall never prefer you above the clear proofs that have come to us from the One Who has created us - therefore carry out what you want to; only in the life of this world will you be able to!"
73"Indeed we have accepted faith in our Lord, so that He may forgive us our sins and the magic which you forced us to perform; and Allah is Better, and the Most Lasting."
74Indeed the one who comes guilty to his Lord - so undoubtedly for him is hell; neither dying nor living in it.
75And the one who presents himself as a believer before Him, having done good deeds - so for them are the high ranks.
76Everlasting Gardens of Eden beneath which rivers flow, abiding in them for ever; and this is the reward of one who became pure.
77And We divinely inspired Moosa that, "Journey with My bondmen in a part of the night and strike a dry path in the sea for them, you shall have no fear of Firaun getting to you, nor any danger."
78So Firaun went after them with his army - therefore the sea enveloped them, the way it did.
79And Firaun led his people astray, and did not guide them.
80O Descendants of Israel, indeed We rescued you from your enemy, and We made a covenant with you on the right side of Mount Tur, and sent down Manna and Salwa upon you.
81"Eat the good clean things We have provided you, and do not exceed the limits in respect of it causing My wrath to descend upon you; and indeed the one on whom My wrath descended, has fallen."
82And indeed I am Most Oft Forgiving for him who repented and accepted faith and did good deeds, and then remained upon guidance.
83“And why did you come in haste ahead of your people, O Moosa?”
84He submitted, "They are here, just behind me - and O my Lord, I hastened towards You, in order to please You."
85He said, "We have therefore tried your people after you came, and Samri has led them astray."
86So Moosa turned back to his people, angry and grieving; he said, "O my people, had not your Lord given you a good promise? Did a long time pass away for you, or did you wish that your Lord’s wrath come upon you, therefore you broke your promise with me?"
87They said, "We did not renege on our promise to you on our own will, but we were made to carry the burdens of ornaments of the people, so we cast them - and similarly did Samri cast."
88He therefore made a calf for them - a lifeless body, making sounds like a cow - so they said, "This is your God and the God of Moosa; whereas Moosa has forgotten."
89So do they not see that it does not answer to any of their speech? And has no power to cause them any harm or benefit?
90And undoubtedly Haroon had told them before it that, "O my people - you have needlessly fallen into trial because of this; and indeed your Lord is the Most Gracious, therefore follow me and obey my command."
91They said, "We will continue to squat * before it, till Moosa returns to us." (* Continue worshipping it.)
92Said Moosa, "O Haroon - what prevented you when you saw them going astray?"
93"That you did not come after me? So did you disobey my order?"
94He said, "O son of my mother, do not clutch my beard nor the hair on my head; I feared that you may say, ‘You have caused a division among the Descendants of Israel and did not wait for my advice.’ "
95Said Moosa, "And what is your explanation, O Samri?"
96He said, "I witnessed what the people did not witness – I therefore took a handful from the tracks * of the angel, then threw it ** - and this is what seemed pleasing to my soul." (* The marks left behind by the mount of Angel Jibreel. ** Into the mouth of the calf.)
97Said Moosa, "Therefore go away, for in this life your punishment is that you exclaim ‘Do not touch!’* And indeed for you is a time appointed, which you cannot break; and look at your deity, in front of which you remained squatting the whole day; we swear we will surely burn it and, smashing it into bits, discharge it into the river." (* He was cursed with a disease.)
98"Your God is only Allah - other than for Whom there is no worship; His knowledge encompasses all things."
99This is how We relate the former tidings to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); and We have given you a Remembrance * from Ourselves. (*The Holy Qur’an.)
100Whoever turns away from it, will bear a burden on the Day of Resurrection.
101They will remain in it forever - what an evil burden it will be for them on the Day of Resurrection!
102On the day when the Trumpet is blown and We shall assemble the guilty on that day, blue -eyed.
103Whispering secretly among themselves, "You have not stayed on earth but for ten days."
104We know well what they will utter, whereas the wisest among them will say, "You have stayed just for a day."
105They ask you regarding the mountains; proclaim, "My Lord will blow them into bits and scatter them."
106"Therefore leaving the earth just as an empty plain."
107"In which you shall neither see ups nor downs."
108On that day they will run after a caller, there will be no deviation in it; and voices shall become hushed before the Most Gracious, so you will not hear except a faint sound.
109On that day no one’s intercession shall benefit except his to whom the Most Gracious has given permission and whose word He has liked. (The Holy Prophets and virtuous people will be given the permission to intercede. Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him - will be the first to intercede.)
110He knows all that is before them and all that is behind them, whereas their knowledge cannot encompass it.
111And all faces shall bow before the Living, the All Sustaining; and the one who bore the burden of injustice, has failed.
112And the one who does some good deeds, and is a Muslim - he shall have no fear of injustice, nor suffer any loss.
113And this is how We revealed it as an Arabic Qur’an, and in different ways gave promises of punishment, that they may fear or it may create some pondering in their hearts.
114Therefore Supreme is Allah, the True King; and do not hasten in the Qur’an (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) until its divine revelation has been completed to you; and pray, "My Lord, bestow me more knowledge."
115And indeed before this We made a covenant with Adam, so he forgot, and We did not find its intention (in him).
116And when We commanded the angels, "Prostrate before Adam" - so they all prostrated, except Iblis; he refused.
117We therefore said, "O Adam, he is your and your wife’s enemy, so may he not get you both out from heaven, so you then fall into hardship."
118"Indeed for you in heaven is that you may never be hungry nor be unclothed."
119"And that you never feel thirsty nor hot sunshine hurt you."
120So the devil incited him, saying, "O Adam, shall I show you the tree of immortality and a kingdom that does not erode?"
121So they both ate from it - thereupon their shame became manifest to them, and they started applying on themselves the leaves of heaven; and Adam lapsed in obeying his Lord, so did not reach his goal. (Of achieving immortality)
122Then his Lord chose him, and inclined towards him with His mercy, and guided him.
123He said, "Both of you go down from heaven, one of you is an enemy to the other; then if the guidance from Me comes to you - then whoever follows My guidance, will not go astray nor be ill-fated."
124"And the one who turned away from My remembrance - for him is a confined existence, and We shall raise him blind on the Day of Resurrection."
125He will say, "O my Lord, why have You raised me blind, whereas I was sighted?"
126He will say, "Similarly did Our signs come to you but you forgot them; and in the same way, nobody will heed you today."
127And this is how We reward him who transgresses and does not accept faith in the signs of his Lord; and indeed the punishment of the Hereafter is the most severe and more lasting.
128So did they not gain guidance from (knowing) how many generations We have destroyed before them, among whose dwellings they walk? Indeed in it are signs for men of intellect.
129And had not a command of your Lord been passed, then the punishment would have gripped them - and had a term not been appointed.
130Therefore (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), patiently forbear upon their speech, and praising your Lord proclaim His Purity, before the sun rises and before it sets; and proclaim His Purity at some times of the night and at the two ends of the day, in the hope that you be pleased. (*With the great reward from your Lord)
131And O listener, do not extend your eyes towards what We have given to disbelieving couples to enjoy - the bloom of the worldly life - so that We may test them with it; and the sustenance of your Lord is the best, and more lasting.
132And command your household to establish prayer, and yourself be steadfast in it; We do not ask any sustenance from you; We will provide you sustenance; and the excellent result is for piety.
133And the disbelievers said, "Why does he not bring to us a sign from his Lord?"; did not the explanation of what is in the former Books, come to them?
134And had We destroyed them with some punishment before the advent of a Noble Messenger, they would have certainly said, "Our Lord, why did You not send a Noble Messenger to us, so we would have followed Your signs, before being humiliated and disgraced?"
135Proclaim, "Each one is waiting; so you too wait; very soon you will come to know who are the people of the right path, and who has attained guidance."
Chapter 21 (Sura 21)
1The people’s reckoning is near, whereas they are in neglect, turned away!
2Whenever a new advice comes to them from their Lord, they do not listen to it except while playing.
3Their hearts are involved in play; and the unjust secretly conferred, "What is he, except another a human like you?! So do you follow magic although you have perceived?"
4And the Prophet said, "My Lord knows all that is spoken in the heavens and in the earth; and He only is the All Hearing, the All Knowing."
5Rather they said, "These are confused dreams, but in fact he has fabricated it - but in fact he is a poet; so he must bring us some sign, like those who were sent before."
6There is not a township before them which did not believe which We have not destroyed; so will they believe?
7And We did not send (Prophets) before you except men, to whom We sent divine revelations - therefore, O people, ask the people of knowledge if you do not know.
8And We did not create them without bodies so they would not eat food - nor that they abide on earth forever.
9We then fulfilled the promise to them, therefore rescued them and whomever We willed, and destroyed the transgressors.
10We have indeed sent down towards you a Book, in which is your repute; so do you not have sense?
11And many a township did We destroy, for they were unjust, and We created other nations after them.
12And when they tasted Our punishment, they immediately started fleeing from it.
13The angels said to them, "Do not flee and return to the comforts that were given to you and to your homes, perhaps you will be questioned."
14They cried, "Woe to us, we were indeed unjust!"
15So they kept saying this until We made them cut off, extinguished.
16And We have not created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, unnecessarily.
17If We willed to choose a pastime, We could have chosen it from Ourselves - if We wanted to.
18But in fact We hurl the truth upon falsehood, so it scatters its brains - thereupon it vanishes; and for you is ruin due to the matters you fabricate.
19And to Him only belong all those who are in the heavens and in the earth; and those with Him are not conceited towards worshipping Him, nor do they tire.
20They say His Purity night and day, and do not slacken.
21Have they appointed from the earth, Gods that create something?
22If other than Allah, there were Gods * in the heavens and the earth, they would be destroyed; therefore Purity is to Allah, Owner of the Throne, from the matters that they fabricate. (* Which is not possible. ** The heavens and the earth.)
23He is not questioned whatever He does, whereas they will all be questioned.
24Or have they set up other Gods besides Allah? Say, "Bring your proof; this is the remembrance of those with me and those before me"; but in fact most of them do not know the Truth, so they turn away.
25And We did not send any Noble Messenger before you, but We divinely revealed to him that, "There is no God except I (Allah), therefore worship Me alone."
26And they said, “The Most Gracious has chosen a son” - Purity is to Him! In fact they are honourable bondmen.
27They do not speak before He has, and they act only at His command.
28He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they do not intercede except for him whom He likes, and they fear with awe of Him. (The Holy Prophets and virtuous people will be given the permission to intercede. Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him - will be the first to intercede.)
29And the one among them who says, "I am a God beside Allah" - We shall reward him with hell; this is how We punish the unjust.
30Did not the disbelievers observe that the heavens and the earth were together, so We parted them, and we made every living thing from water? So will they not accept faith?
31And We have placed mountains as anchors in the earth so that it may not shake with them; and We kept wide roads in it, so that they may find guidance.
32And We have made the sky a roof, protected; and they turn away from its signs.
33And it is He Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon; each one floats in an orbit.
34And before you, We did not appoint on earth a never-ending life for any human; will they, if you depart, become immortal?
35Every living being must taste death; and We test you with harm and with good - a trial; and to Us only you have to return.
36And when the disbelievers see you, they do not appoint you except as an object of mockery; "Is he the one who speaks ill of your Gods?"; whereas they deny the remembrance of the Most Gracious Himself!
37Man has been created hasty; very soon I shall show you My signs, do not be impatient.
38And they say, "When will this promise occur, if you are truthful?
39If only the disbelievers realised the time when they will not be able to stop the fire from their faces and from their backs - and nor are they to be helped.
40In fact it will suddenly come upon them, therefore shocking them, and they will not be able to repel it nor will they be given respite.
41And indeed the Noble Messengers before you were mocked at, but their mockery ruined the mockers themselves.
42Proclaim, "Who guards you night and day from the Most Gracious?" In fact they have turned away from the remembrance of their Lord.
43Do they have some Gods who protect them from Us? Neither can they save themselves nor save their friends from Us.
44But in fact We have given these (disbelievers) and their fathers a benefit to the extent that life became long for them; so do they not see that We are reducing the land from its borders? So will these be victorious?
45Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) "I warn you only with the divine revelation; and the deaf do not hear the call when warned."
46And if a whiff of your Lord’s punishment were to touch them, they would certainly say, "Woe to us - we were indeed unjust!"
47And We shall set up the scales of justice on the Day of Resurrection - therefore no soul will be wronged in the least; and if a thing is equal to a grain of mustard seed, We will bring it; and We are Sufficient to (take) account.
48And indeed We gave Moosa and Haroon the Judgement * and a light and an advice for the pious. (* The Holy Book Taurat.)
49Those who fear their Lord without seeing and who apprehend the Last Day.
50This is a blessed remembrance, sent down by Us; so do you deny it?
51And indeed We bestowed Ibrahim with guidance from the beginning, and We were Aware of him.
52When he said to his father and his people, "What are these idols before whom you squat (worshipping)?"
53They said, "We found our forefathers worshipping them."
54He said, "Indeed you all - you and your forefathers - were in open error."
55They said, "Have you brought the Truth to us, or are you just making fun?"
56He said, "In fact, your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the One Who created them; and I am of those who testify to it."
57"And, by oath of Allah, I shall seek to harm your idols after you have gone away and turned your backs."
58He shattered them all, except the biggest among them, that perhaps they may question it.
59They said, "Who has done this to our Gods? He is indeed cruel!"
60Some among them said, "We heard a youth speak ill of them - the one called Ibrahim."
61They said, "Therefore bring him in front of the people, perhaps they may testify."
62They said, "Did you do this to our Gods, O Ibrahim?"
63Said he, "Rather, their chief may have done it; so question them, if they can speak."
64So they turned towards their own selves and (inwardly) said, "Indeed you yourselves are unjust."
65Again they were inverted upon their heads; saying, "You know well that these do not speak."
66He said, "What! You worship, instead of Allah, one that neither benefits you nor harms you?"
67"Disgrace be upon you and all the idols whom you worship instead of Allah; so do you not have sense?"
68They said, "Burn him and help your Gods, if you want to."
69We said, "O fire, become cool and peaceful upon Ibrahim."
70And they wished to cause him harm, so We made them the greatest of losers.
71And We rescued him and Lut towards the land which We have blessed for the entire world.
72And We bestowed him Ishaq, and Yaqub the grandson; and We made all of them worthy of Our proximity.
73And We made them leaders who guide by Our command, and We sent them the divine revelation to do good deeds and to keep the prayer established and to give charity; and they used to worship Us.
74And We gave Lut the kingdom and knowledge, and We rescued him from the township that committed vile deeds; indeed those evil people were disobedient.
75And We admitted him into Our mercy; indeed he is among those who deserve Our proximity.
76And before this when Nooh called Us - We therefore heard his prayer and rescued him and his household from the great calamity.
77And We helped him against the people who denied Our signs; indeed they were evil people, We therefore drowned them all.
78And remember Dawud and Sulaiman, when they were deciding the dispute of a field, when some people’s sheep had strayed into it at night; and We were Present at the time of their deciding.
79And We explained the case to Sulaiman; and to both We gave the kingdom and knowledge; and subjected the hills to proclaim the Purity along with Dawud, and (also subjected) the birds; and these were Our works.
80And We taught him to make a garment for you, to protect you from your hurt; so will you be thankful?
81And We subjected the fast wind for Sulaiman, which moved by his command towards the land in which We have placed blessings; and We know everything.
82And among the devils, were those who dived (in water) for him and did works other than this; and We had kept them restrained.
83And remember Ayyub (Job), when he called his Lord that, "Hardship has afflicted me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who have mercy."
84We therefore heard his prayer and removed the adversity that had afflicted him, and We gave him his family and in addition bestowed along with them a similar number, by mercy from Ourselves - and an advice for the people who worship.
85And remember Ismail, and Idrees, and Zul-Kifl; they were all patiently enduring.
86And We admitted them into Our mercy; indeed they are among those who deserve Our proximity.
87And remember Zun-Noon, * when he left in anger, assuming that We would not restrict him - he therefore called out in the realms of darkness, saying, "There is no God except You, Purity is to You; I have indeed committed a lapse." (* Prophet Yunus - peace and blessings upon him)
88We therefore heard his prayer and rescued him from grief; and similarly We shall rescue the Muslims.
89And remember Zakaria, when he prayed to his Lord, "O my Lord - do not leave me alone, and You are the Best Inheritor.
90We therefore heard his prayer; and bestowed him Yahya, and cured his wife for him; indeed they used to hasten to perform good deeds, and pray to Us with hope and fear; and used to weep before Us.
91And remember the woman who maintained her chastity, We therefore breathed Our Spirit into her and made her and her son a sign for the entire world.
92Indeed this religion of yours, is one religion; and I am your Lord, therefore worship Me.
93And others have shattered their works into pieces among themselves; all have to return to Us.
94So whoever does some good deeds, and is a believer, then his efforts will not be ignored; and We are recording it.
95And it is forbidden for any township which We have destroyed, that they may return. (Once the disbelievers face death, their return to earth is impossible.)
96Till the time when Yajuj and Majuj are released, and they will be flowing down from every height.
97And the True Promise has come near - thereupon the eyes of the disbelievers will become fixed, staring wide; saying "Woe to us - we were in neglect of this, but in fact we were unjust."
98"Indeed you * and all that you worship ** besides Allah, are the fuel of hell; in it you must go." (* All disbelievers ** Idols and disbelievers who claimed to be Gods. The Prophets like Eisa and Uzair who were worshipped are exempt from this, and so are Maryam, and trees and animals etc.)
99"Had these been Gods they would not go into hell; and they have to remain in it."
100They will bray in it and not be able to hear anything in it.
101Indeed those to whom Our promise of goodness has been made, have been kept far away from hell.
102And they will not hear its faintest sound; and they will forever abide in whatever their hearts desire.
103The greatest fear will not aggrieve them, and the angels will welcome them; saying "This is your day, which you were promised."
104The day when We shall roll up the heavens as the recording angel rolls up the register of deeds; We shall make him similar to Our making him the first time; this is a promise upon Us; We certainly have to do it.
105And indeed We wrote, after the reminder in the Zaboor that, "My virtuous bondmen will inherit the earth."
106This Qur’an is sufficient for people who are devout.
107And We did not send you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) except as a mercy for the entire world. (Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is the Prophet towards all mankind.)
108Proclaim, "It is divinely revealed to me that your God is the only One God - Allah; do you therefore become Muslims?"
109Then if they turn away, proclaim, "I have proclaimed a war against you on equal terms; and what do I know whether the promise which is given to you, is close or far?"
110"Indeed Allah knows whatever is said, and knows all what you conceal."
111"And what do I know - it may be a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a time."
112And the Prophet submitted, "My Lord - render the true judgement"; "And only the help of Our Lord, the Most Gracious, is sought against all what you fabricate."
Chapter 22 (Sura 22)
1O people, fear your Lord; indeed the earthquake of the Last Day is a tremendous thing.
2On the day when you will witness it, every nursing mother will forget her nurseling and every pregnant one will discharge her burden, and you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) will see people as if they are drunk, whereas they will not be intoxicated, but the fact is that Allah’s punishment is very severe.
3And among people are some who argue concerning Allah without knowing, and blindly follow every rebellious devil.
4(The devil) Upon whom is decreed that whoever befriends him, he will certainly mislead him and show him the path to hell.
5O people, if you doubt your revival on the Day of Resurrection, then ponder that We created you from dust, then from a drop of liquid, then from a clot, then from a piece of flesh formed and without form, so that We show you Our signs for you; and We keep whomever We want inside the mothers’ wombs up to an appointed time, then extract you as infants, then in order that you reach your puberty; and among you is one who dies earlier, and among you is one put to the most abject age, so after having knowledge, knows nothing; and you see the earth desolate, then when We sent down water upon it, it freshened up and developed and produced beautiful pairs of all kinds.
6This is because Allah only is True and because He will revive the dead, and because He is Able to do all things.
7And because the Last Day will come, there is no doubt in it - and because Allah will revive those who are in the graves.
8And there is one who argues concerning Allah without having knowledge nor any proof nor a clear text.
9With his neck turned away from the truth, in order to deceive from the way of Allah; for him is disgrace in this world and on the Day of Resurrection We shall make him taste the punishment of fire.
10"This is the recompense of what your hands have sent ahead, and Allah does not oppress His bondmen."
11And there are some men who worship Allah whilst upon an edge; then if some good occurs to them, they are content; and if some trial comes, they turn way upon their faces; a loss of this world and the Hereafter; and this is the complete loss.
12They worship such, beside Allah, which neither harms them nor benefits them; this only is the extreme error.
13They worship one from whom harm is expected more than the benefit; indeed what an evil master and indeed what an evil friend!
14Indeed Allah will admit those who believed and did good deeds, into Gardens beneath which rivers flow; indeed Allah does whatever He wills.
15Therefore whoever assumes that Allah will not assist His Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) in this world and the Hereafter, should extend a rope upwards and hang himself, and then see whether his scheme has taken away what he envies.
16And so it is, that We sent down this Qur’an - clear verses - and that Allah guides whomever He wills.
17Indeed the Muslims, and the Jews, and the Sabeans, and the Christians and the fire worshippers and the polytheists - indeed Allah will decide between all of them on the Day of Resurrection; indeed Allah witnesses all things.
18Did you not see that for Allah prostrate those who are in the heavens and in the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the hills, and the trees, and the beasts, and many among mankind; and there are many upon whom the punishment has been decreed; and he whom Allah disgraces - there is none to give him honour; indeed Allah may do whatever He wills. (Command of Prostration # 6)
19These are the two groups who fought concerning their Lord; so those who disbelieved – garments of fire have been fashioned for them; and boiling water will be poured onto their heads.
20With which will melt what is in their bellies, and their skins.
21And for them are rods of iron.
22Whenever they wish to come out of it due to suffocation, they will be returned to it again and it will be commanded, "Taste the punishment of fire!"
23Indeed Allah will admit those who believed and did good deeds into Gardens beneath which rivers flow - in it they will be made to wear armlets of gold, and pearls, and in it their garment is silk.
24And they were guided to sacred speech; and they were shown the path of the Most Praiseworthy.
25Indeed those who have disbelieved and prevent from the way of Allah and from this Sacred Mosque, which We have appointed for all mankind – its resident and the foreigner have the same rights in it; and whoever wrongfully intends injustice in it - We shall make him taste a painful punishment.
26And remember when We showed Ibrahim the right place of the Sacred House (mosque) and commanded that, "Do not ascribe anything as a partner to Me, and keep My House clean for those who encircle it and those who stay in it (for worship) and those who bow and prostrate."
27"And publicly announce the pilgrimage to all people – they will come to you, on foot and on every lean she-camel, coming from every far distant journey." (The announcement by Prophet Ibrahim reached each and every soul.)
28In order that they may gain their benefit, and mention the name of Allah on the appointed days as He has bestowed the sustenance to them – the inarticulate animals; therefore eat from them yourself and feed the distressed destitute.
29They must then remove their dirt and fulfil their pledges and go around the Free House.
30So it is; and whoever reveres the sacred things of Allah – that is then a goodness for him in the sight of his Lord; the inarticulate animals are lawful to you except those the forbidding of which is recited to you, therefore shun the filth of idols, and avoid false speech.
31Devoting yourself to Allah, not ascribing any partner to Him; and whoever ascribes partners to Allah is as if he has fallen from the sky and the birds snatch him or the wind blows him away to a far-off place.
32So it is; and whoever reveres the symbols of Allah – this is then part of the piety of the hearts.
33In the cattle are benefits for you up to a fixed time and then they are to be brought to the Free House.
34And for every nation We have appointed a sacrifice, that they may mention the name of Allah over the inarticulate animal which He has provided them; so (remember) your God is One God, therefore submit only to Him; and give glad tidings (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) to the humble.
35Those whose hearts fear when Allah is mentioned, and those who patiently endure whatever befalls them, and those who keep the prayer established, and who spend part of what We have provided to them.
36And the large sacrificial animals – the camels and the cows - We have made them among the symbols of Allah, there is goodness for you in them; therefore mention the name of Allah over them with their one leg tied and standing on three feet; then when their flanks have fallen, eat from it yourself and feed the one who patiently awaits, and the beggar; this is how We have given them in your control, so that you be grateful.
37Never does their flesh nor their blood reach Allah, but your piety successfully reaches Him; this is how We have given them in your control so that you may speak His Greatness for guiding you; and O dear Prophet (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) give glad tidings to the virtuous.
38Indeed Allah repels the afflictions of the Muslims; indeed Allah does not like any extremely disloyal ingrate.
39Permission is granted to those against whom the disbelievers wage war, as they are being wronged; and indeed Allah is Able to assist them.
40Those who were unjustly expelled from their homes just because they said, "Allah is Our Lord"; and had Allah not repelled some men by means of other men, the abbeys, churches, synagogues and mosques - in which the name of Allah is profusely mentioned - would definitely be demolished; and indeed Allah will assist the one who helps His religion; indeed surely Allah is Almighty, Dominant.
41The people who, if We give them control in the land, would keep the prayer established and pay charity and enjoin virtue and forbid from evil; and for Allah only is the result of all works.
42If they belie you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), then indeed the people of Nooh, and the tribes of A’ad and Thamud have belied before them.
43And (so did) the people of Ibrahim and the people of Lut.
44And the people of Madyan; and Moosa was belied, so I gave the disbelievers respite and then seized them, so how (dreadful) was My punishment!
45And many a township did We destroy, for they were oppressors – so they now lie flat on their roofs, and many a well lying useless and many a palace in ruins.
46So have they not travelled in the land, to have hearts with which to understand and ears to hear with? So it is not the eyes that are blind, but it is the hearts in the bosoms, that are blind.
47And they ask you for the punishment – they are impatient – and Allah will not make His promise untrue; and indeed a single day before Allah is like a thousand years in your calculation.
48And to many a township did I give respite although they were oppressors; then I seized them; and towards Me is the return.
49Proclaim, "O mankind, I am for you only a clear Herald of Warning."
50So those who believed and did good deeds, for them are forgiveness, and an excellent sustenance.
51And those who strive in Our signs with the intention of disputing, are the people of fire.
52And all the Noble Messengers or Prophets whom We sent before you – it occurred with all of them – that whenever they recited (the message) Satan included a bit (from his own speech) in their recitation to the people; so Allah obliterates what Satan includes and then Allah fortifies His verses; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
53So that He may make what the devil includes a trial for those in whose hearts is a disease, and those whose hearts are hardened; indeed the unjust are extremely quarrelsome.
54And so that the people given the knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord, in order that they may accept faith in it, therefore their hearts may humble before Him; and indeed Allah will guide the believers on the Straight Path.
55And the disbelievers will always be in doubt of it, to the extent that the Last Day will suddenly come upon them, or will come upon them the punishment of a day the result of which is not at all good for them.
56For Allah only is the kingship on that day; He will judge between them; so those who believed and did good deeds are in Gardens of content.
57And those who disbelieved and denied Our signs - for them will be a disgraceful punishment.
58And those who left their homes and belongings in Allah´s cause and were then killed or died - Allah will therefore indeed provide for them an excellent sustenance; and indeed the sustenance bestowed by Allah is the best.
59He will certainly admit them to a place they will love; and indeed Allah is All Knowing, Most Forbearing.
60So it is; and whoever retaliates similarly to the affliction he was made to suffer, and then he is wronged again – so Allah will definitely assist him; indeed Allah is Oft Pardoning, Oft Forgiving.
61This is because Allah inserts the night into a part of the day and inserts the day into a part of the night, and because Allah is All Hearing, All Seeing.
62This is because Allah only is the Truth, and what they worship other than Him, is itself falsehood, and because Allah only is the Supreme, the Great.
63Did you not see that Allah sent down water from the sky, so the earth became green at morn? Indeed Allah is Pure, Aware.
64To Him only belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; and indeed Allah only is the Perfect (Not Needing Anything), the Most Praiseworthy.
65Did you not see that Allah has given in your control all that is in the earth - and the ship that moves upon the sea by His command? And He restricts the heavens that it may not fall on to the earth except by His command; indeed Allah is Most Compassionate, Most Merciful upon mankind.
66And it is He Who gave you life, then will cause you to die, and will then revive you; indeed man is very ungrateful.
67For each nation We have made the rules of worship for them to follow - so never should they quarrel with you in this matter – and call them towards your Lord; indeed you are upon the Straight Path.
68And if they quarrel with you, say, "Allah well knows your evil deeds."
69Allah will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection concerning what you dispute.
70Did you not realise that Allah knows all that is in the heavens and in the earth? Indeed all this is in a Book; indeed this is easy for Allah.
71And they worship those instead of Allah regarding whom He has not sent down any proof, and those regarding whom they themselves do not have any knowledge; and there are no supporters for the unjust.
72And when Our clear verses are recited to them, you will see traces of anger in the faces of the disbelievers; possibly they may attack those who recite Our verses to them; say, "Shall I show you what is worse than your current state? That is the fire! Allah has promised it to the disbelievers; and what a wretched place to return!"
73O people, an example is being illustrated therefore listen to it attentively; "Those whom you worship besides Allah can never create a fly even if they all come together for it; and if a fly took away something from them, they cannot retrieve that from it; how weak are the seeker and the sought!"
74They did not realise the importance of Allah as was His right; indeed Allah is Almighty, Dominant.
75Allah chooses the Noble Messengers from the angels, and from men; indeed Allah is All Hearing, All Seeing.
76He knows all that is before them and all that is behind them; and towards Allah is the return of all matters.
77O People who Believe, bow and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord, and do good deeds in the hope of attaining salvation.
78And fight in Allah´s cause as is the true manner of fighting; He has preferred you and has not kept any hardship upon you in religion; the religion of your father Ibrahim; Allah has named you Muslims – in the previous Books and in this Qur’an, so that the Noble Messenger be your guardian and witness, and you be witness against other people; therefore keep the prayer established and give charity, and hold fast to the rope of Allah; He is your Master; so what an excellent Master and what an excellent Supporter!
Chapter 23 (Sura 23)
1Successful indeed are the believers.
2Those who humbly cry in their prayers.
3And who do not incline towards indecent matters.
4And who pay the (obligatory) charity.
5And who guard their private organs.
6Except from their wives or the legal bondwomen that they possess, for then there is no blame upon them.
7So whoever desires more than these two - they are crossing the limits.
8And those who keep proper regard for their trusts and their pledges.
9And who guard their prayers.
10They are the inheritors.
11Those who will get the inheritance of Paradise; they will abide in it forever.
12Indeed We created man from a chosen soil.
13Then made him a drop of fluid in a secure shelter.
14We then turned the drop of fluid into a clot of blood, then the clot into a small lump of flesh, then the lump into bones, then covered the bones with flesh; then developed it in a different mould; therefore Most Auspicious is Allah, the Best Creator.
15Then after that, certainly all of you are to die.
16Then you will all be raised on the Day of Resurrection.
17And indeed We have created seven paths above you; and We are not unmindful of the creation.
18And We sent down water from the sky in proper measure, then stored it in the earth; and indeed We are Able to take it away!
19So with it We produced gardens of date-palms and grapes for you, in which is abundant fruit for you and you eat therefrom.
20And created the tree that comes forth from Mount Sinai - that grows containing oil and curry for the eaters.
21And indeed in the cattle is a lesson for you; We give you to drink what is in their bellies, and there are many benefits for you in them, and in them is your food.
22And you are carried on them and on the ship.
23And indeed We sent Nooh towards his people - he therefore said, "O my people! Worship Allah, you do not have any other God except Him; so do you not fear?"
24So the disbelieving chieftains of his people said, "He is just a human like you, he wishes to become your leader; and had Allah willed, He would have sent down angels; We did not hear this in the case of our forefathers."
25"He is not but a man insane, therefore wait for some time."
26Submitted Nooh, "My Lord! Help me as they deny me."
27So We sent him the divine revelation that, "Make the ship in front of Our sight, and by Our command – then when Our command comes and the oven overflows, embark in it two of every couple, and from your household except those upon whom the Word has been decreed; and do not speak to Me in respect of these unjust people; they will surely be drowned."
28"And when you and those with you have safely boarded the ship say, ‘All praise is to Allah Who has rescued us from the unjust.’ "
29And pray, "My Lord! Cause me to alight at a blessed place – and You are the Best of all who bring to settle."
30Indeed, surely in this are signs and indeed surely, We were examining.
31Then after them, We created another generation.
32So We sent among them a Noble Messenger from among them (saying), "Worship Allah, you do not have any other God except Him; so do you not fear?"
33And said the leaders of his people, who disbelieved and denied the confronting of the Hereafter - and We had given them comfort in the worldly life – that, "He is nothing but a human like you, he eats from what you eat and drinks from what you drink."
34"If you were to obey a human like yourselves, then surely you are losers!"
35"Does he promise you that when you die and turn into dust and bones, you will be raised again?"
36"How remote, (really) how remote is the promise you are given!"
37"There is nothing except our life of this world, we die and we live, and we are not to be raised."
38"He is just a man who has fabricated a lie against Allah, and we are not going to believe him."
39He said, "My Lord! Help me as they deny me."
40Said Allah, "They will soon wake up at morn, regretting."
41So the true Scream seized them - We therefore made them like rotten hay; so away with the unjust people!
42Then after them, We created other generations.
43No nation can go before its term ends nor stay back.
44We then sent our Noble Messengers, one after another; whenever a nation’s Noble Messenger came to it they denied him, We therefore united the succeeding with the old, and made them history; so far removed be the people who do not believe!
45We then sent Moosa and his brother Haroon, with Our signs and a clear proof.
46Towards Firaun and his court members – in response they were haughty, and they were in dominance.
47They therefore said, "Shall we believe in two humans like ourselves, whereas their nation is servile to us?"
48So they denied them – therefore became of those who were destroyed.
49And indeed We gave Moosa the Book, that they may attain guidance.
50And We made the son of Maryam (Prophet Eisa) and his mother a sign, and We gave them shelter on a height, a place to stay and visible springs.
51"O Noble Messengers, eat good clean things, and do good deeds; I know all that you do."
52"And indeed this religion of yours is one religion only and I am your Lord, therefore fear Me."
53But their nations broke their tasks into pieces; every group happy with what it has.
54So leave them in their intoxication till a time.
55Do they assume that the wealth and sons which We provide them -
56Are quickly giving them goodness? In fact, they do not know.
57Indeed those who are overwhelmed due to the fear of their Lord -
58And those who believe in the signs of their Lord -
59And those who do not ascribe any partner to their Lord -
60And those who give what they give and their hearts fear for they have to return to their Lord.
61These people hasten to perform goodness, and it is they who shall reach it first.
62And We do not burden any soul beyond its capacity, and with Us is a Book * that speaks the truth, and they will not be wronged. (* The preserved tablet or the record of one’s deeds.)
63On the contrary, their hearts are in neglect of this and their works are different than those of the believers, the works that they are doing.
64To the extent that when We seized the wealthy among them with punishment, they immediately began imploring.
65"Do not implore this day; you will not be helped by Us."
66"My verses were recited to you, so you used to turn back on your heels."
67"Priding yourself in serving the Sacred Mosque; at night you utter indecent stories in it, while discarding the truth."
68Have they not pondered the matter, or did that come to them, which did not come to their forefathers?
69Or is it that they did not recognise their Noble Messenger, therefore they consider him alien?
70Or they say, "He is afflicted by a demon"; in fact he brought the Truth to them, and most of them dislike the Truth.
71And had the Truth followed their desires, then indeed the heavens and the earth and all those who are in them would be destroyed; in fact We brought to them a thing in which lay their repute, so they are turned away from their own repute.
72Do you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) ask any fee from them? So the reward of your Lord is the best; and He is the Best Provider of Sustenance.
73And indeed you call them to the Straight Path.
74And indeed those who do not believe in the Hereafter are deviated from the Straight Path.
75And if We have mercy upon them and remove the calamity which has befallen them, they would still stubbornly persist, wandering in their rebellion.
76And indeed We grasped them with punishment, so neither did they submit themselves to their Lord, nor do they cry humbly.
77To the extent that when We opened the gate of a severe punishment for them, they thereupon lie despairingly in it.
78And it is He Who has created ears and eyes and hearts for you; very little is the right you acknowledge.
79And it is He Who has spread you in the earth, and towards Him you are to be raised.
80And it is He Who gives life and causes death, and for Him are the alternations of night and day; so do you not have sense?
81On the contrary, they said the same as what the former people used to say.
82They say, "Will we, when we die and turn into dust and bones, be raised again?"
83"Indeed this promise was given to us and before us to our forefathers – this is nothing but stories of earlier people."
84Say O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), "To Whom does the earth and all that is in it belong to, if you know?"
85Thereupon they will say, "To Allah"; proclaim, "Therefore why do you not ponder?"
86Say, "Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and the Lord of the Tremendous Throne?"
87Thereupon they will say, "Such greatness is only that of Allah"; say, "So why do you not fear?"
88Say, "In Whose hand is the control over all things, and He provides refuge, and none can provide refuge against Him, if you know?"
89Thereupon they will say, "Such greatness is only that of Allah"; say, "Then by what magic are you deceived?"
90In fact We brought the Truth to them, and indeed they are liars.
91Allah has not chosen any child, nor any other God along with Him – were it so, each God would have taken away its creation, and each one would certainly wish superiority over the other; Purity is to Allah above all the matters they fabricate.
92The All Knowing, of every hidden and the visible – so Supremacy is to Him over their ascribing of partners (to Him).
93Pray, "My Lord! If You show me the promise they are given,"
94"Therefore my Lord, do not group me with the unjust."
95And indeed We are Able to show you the promise they are given.
96Repel evil with the best deeds; We well know the matters that they fabricate.
97And submit, "My Lord! I seek Your refuge from the instigation of the devils."
98"And my Lord, (I seek) Your refuge from their coming to me."
99Until, when death comes to one* of them, he says, "O my Lord, send me back!" (The disbelievers)
100"Perhaps I may do some good deeds in what I have left behind"; this is just a word that he utters from his mouth; and confronting them is a barrier until the day in which they will be raised.
101So when the Trumpet is blown - so there will neither be any relationship among them * that day, nor will they ask about one another. (The disbelievers)
102Therefore the ones whose scales prove heavy - they are the successful.
103And the ones whose scales prove light – it is they who put their lives into ruin, remaining in hell forever.
104The fire shall scorch their faces, and they will remain dejected in it.
105"Were not My verses recited to you, so you used to deny them?"
106They will say, "Our Lord! Our ill-fate overcame us, and we were the astray people."
107"Our Lord, remove us from hell – then if we do the same, we are the unjust."
108Allah will say, "Remain rebuked in it, and do not speak to Me."
109"Indeed there was a group among My bondmen who said, ´Our Lord! We have accepted faith, therefore forgive us and have mercy on us, and You are the Best Among The Merciful.´ "
110"So you took them for a mockery until your mocking at them made you forget My remembrance, and you used to laugh at them!"
111"Indeed this day I have rewarded them for their endurance, so that it is they who are the successful."
112He will say, "How long did you stay on earth, counting by the number of years?
113They will say, "We stayed a day or part of a day, so ask those who keep count."
114He will say, "You stayed but only a little, if you knew."
115So do you think that We have created you needlessly, and that you do not have to return to Us?
116So Most Supreme is Allah, the True King; there is no God except Him; Lord of the Throne of Honour.
117And the one who worships any other God along with Allah – of which he does not have any proof – his account is with his Lord; indeed there is no salvation for the disbelievers.
118And (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) say, "My Lord! Forgive and have mercy, and You are the Best of all the Merciful.
Chapter 24 (Sura 24)
1This is a chapter which We have sent down and decreed its commands, and in which We have sent down clear verses, in order that you may ponder.
2The adulteress and the adulterer - punish each one of them with a hundred lashes; and may you not have pity on them in the religion to Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day; and a group of believers must witness their punishment.
3The adulterer shall not marry except an adulteress or a polytheist woman, and none shall marry an adulteress except an adulterer or a polytheist; and this is forbidden for the believers.
4And those who accuse chaste women and do not bring four witnesses to testify - punish them with eighty lashes and do not ever accept their testimony; and it is they who are the wicked.
5Except those who repent after this and reform themselves; so indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
6And those who accuse their wives and do not have witnesses except their own statements – for such the testimony is that he bear the testimony four times by the name of Allah that he is truthful.
7And the fifth time, that the curse of Allah be upon him if he is a liar.
8And the punishment shall be averted from the woman if she bears the testimony four times by the name of Allah, that the man is a liar.
9And the fifth time, that the wrath of Allah be upon her if the man is truthful.
10And were it not for Allah’s munificence and His mercy upon you and that Allah is the Acceptor of Repentance, the Wise – He would then have unveiled you.
11Indeed those who have brought this great accusation are a group from among you; do not consider it bad for you; on the contrary, it is good for you; for each man among them is the sin that he has earned; and for the one among them who played the greatest part in it – for him is a terrible punishment.
12Why was it not that the believing men and women, when you heard it, thought good of their own people, and had said, "This is a clear accusation"?
13Why did they not bring four witnesses upon it? Since they did not bring witnesses, they themselves are liars before Allah.
14And were it not for Allah’s munificence and His mercy upon you in the world and in the Hereafter, a terrible punishment would have reached you for the discussions you fell into.
15When you rumoured with your tongues after hearing such matters, and uttered with your mouths about which you had no knowledge, and you considered it light; and that, in the sight of Allah, is very great.
16And why was it not that, when you heard it, you would have said, "It does not befit us to speak regarding this; Purity is to You, O Allah – this is a great accusation."
17Allah advises you never to speak like this again, if you have faith.
18And Allah clearly explains the verses for you; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
19Indeed those who wish that slander should spread among the Muslims – for them is a painful punishment in this world and in the Hereafter; and Allah knows, and you do not know.
20And were it not for Allah’s munificence and His mercy upon you, and that Allah is Forgiving, Most Merciful - you would have tasted its outcome.
21O People who Believe! Do not follow the footsteps of the devil; and whoever follows the footsteps of the devil – so he will only bid the indecent and the evil; and were it not for Allah’s munificence and His mercy upon you, none of you would ever become pure – but Allah purifies whomever He wills; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
22And may not those who possess superiority (in wealth) among you and possess capacity, swear not to give to the relatives and to the needy, and to immigrants in Allah´s cause; and they should forgive and forbear; do you not like that Allah may forgive you? And Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
23Indeed those who accuse the innocent virtuous, believing women – upon them is a curse in this world and in the Hereafter; and for them is a terrible punishment.
24On the day when their tongues and their hands and their feet will testify against them, regarding what they used to do.
25On that day Allah will give them their true punishment, and they will know that Allah only is the Clear Truth.
26Vile women for vile men, and vile men for vile women; and virtuous women for virtuous men, and virtuous men for virtuous women; such are innocent of what these people say; for them are forgiveness, and an honourable sustenance.
27O People who Believe! Do not enter the houses except your own until you obtain permission and have conveyed peace upon its inhabitants; this is better for you, in order that you may ponder.
28And if you do not find anyone in them, even then do not enter without the permission of their owners; and if it is said to you, "Go away" then go away – this is much purer for you; and Allah knows your deeds.
29There is no sin upon you to enter houses not made especially for someone’s habitation, and you have permission for its use; and Allah knows what you disclose and what you hide.
30Command the Muslim men to keep their gaze low and to protect their private organs; that is much purer for them; indeed Allah is Aware of their deeds.
31And command the Muslim women to keep their gaze low and to protect their chastity, and not to reveal their adornment except what is apparent, and to keep the cover wrapped over their bosoms; and not to reveal their adornment except to their own husbands or fathers or husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons, or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or sisters’ sons, or women of their religion, or the bondwomen they possess, or male servants provided they do not have manliness, or such children who do not know of women’s nakedness, and not to stamp their feet on the ground in order that their hidden adornment be known; and O Muslims, all of you turn in repentance together towards Allah, in the hope of attaining success. (It is incumbent upon women to cover themselves properly.)
32And enjoin in marriage those among you who are not married, and your deserving slaves and bondwomen; if they are poor, Allah will make them wealthy by His munificence; and Allah is Most Capable, All Knowing.
33And those who do not have the means to get married must keep chaste till Allah provides them the resources by His munificence; and the bondwomen in your possession who, in order to earn something, seek a letter of freedom from you – then write it for them if you consider some goodness in them; and help them in their cause with Allah’s wealth which He has bestowed upon you; and do not force your bondwomen into the dirty profession, while they wish to save themselves, in order to earn some riches of the worldly life; and if one forces them then indeed Allah, upon their remaining compelled, is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
34And indeed We have sent down towards you clear verses, and some account of those who preceded you, and advice for the pious.
35Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth; the example of His light is like a niche in which is a lamp; the lamp is in a glass; the glass is as if it were a star shining like a pearl, kindled by the blessed olive tree, neither of the east nor of the west – it is close that the oil itself get ablaze although the fire does not touch it; light upon light; Allah guides towards His light whomever He wills; and Allah illustrates examples for mankind; and Allah knows everything. (The Holy Prophet is a light from Allah)
36In the houses (mosques) which Allah has commanded to erect and in which His name is taken – praising Allah in them at morn and evening,
37(Are) Those men, whom neither any bargain nor any trade distracts from the Remembrance of Allah and from establishing the prayer and from paying the charity – they fear the day when the hearts and the eyes will be overturned.
38In order that Allah may reward them for their best deeds and by His munificence, bestow upon them an increased reward; and Allah gives sustenance to whomever He wills, without account.
39And those who disbelieved - their deeds are like a mirage in the wasteland, so the thirsty may believe it to be water; to the extent that when he came close to it, he found it is nothing and found Allah close to him, so He filled his account; and Allah is Swift At Taking Account.
40Or like realms of darkness on a deep sea, which is covered by a wave, the wave covered by another wave, and above it is a cloud; layers of darkness upon darkness; if he removes his hand it does not seem visible; and the one to whom Allah does not provide light – there is no light for him anywhere.
41Have you not seen that all those who are in the heavens and the earth praise Allah, and the birds with their wings spread (also praise Him)? Each one has learnt its prayers and its words of praise; and Allah knows their deeds.
42And for Allah only is the kingship of the heavens and the earth; and towards Allah is the return.
43Have you not seen that Allah slowly transports the clouds, then gathers them together, then heaps them together, so you see the rain coming forth from between them? And from the sky He sends down hail from the mountains of ice, then sends them upon whomever He wills, and averts them from whomever He wills; it is close that the flash of its lightning take away the eyesight.
44Allah alternates the day and the night; indeed in this is a lesson for those who can perceive.
45And Allah created every animal on earth, from water; so among them is a kind that moves upon its belly; and among them is a kind that moves upon two legs; and among them a kind that moves upon four legs; Allah creates whatever He wills; indeed Allah is Able to do all things.
46And We indeed sent down clear verses; and Allah may guide whomever He wills to the Straight Path.
47And they say, "We have accepted faith in Allah and His Noble Messenger, and we obey"; then after that a group among them turns away; and they are not Muslims.
48And when called towards Allah and His Noble Messenger in order that the Noble Messenger may judge between them, thereupon a group among them turns away.
49And if the judgement is in their favour, they come towards it willingly.
50Are their hearts diseased, or do they have doubts, or do they fear that Allah and His Noble Messenger will oppress them? In fact they themselves are the unjust.
51The saying of the Muslims when they are called towards Allah and His Noble Messenger in order that the Noble Messenger judge between them is that they submit, "We hear and we obey"; and it is they who have attained the goal.
52And whoever obeys the command of Allah and His Noble Messenger, and fears Allah, and practices piety - so it is they who are the successful.
53And they swore by Allah most vehemently in their oaths that if you order them, they will go forth to holy war; say, "Do not swear; obedience according to the law is required; indeed Allah knows what you do."
54Proclaim, "Obey Allah and obey the Noble Messenger; so if you turn away, then the Noble Messenger is bound only for what is obligatory upon him, and upon you is the duty placed upon you"; and if you obey the Noble Messenger, you will attain guidance; and the Noble Messenger is not liable except to plainly convey.
55Allah has promised those among you who believe and do good deeds, that He will certainly give them the Caliphate in the earth the way He gave to those before them; and that He will certainly establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them, and will turn their prior fear into peace; they must worship Me and not ascribe anything as a partner to Me; and whoever is ungrateful after this – it is they who are the disobedient.
56And keep the prayer established and pay the obligatory charity and obey the Noble Messenger, in the hope of attaining mercy.
57Do not ever think that the disbelievers can escape from Our control in the land; and their destination is the fire; and indeed what a wretched outcome!
58O People who Believe! The slaves you possess and those among you who have not attained adulthood, must seek your permission on three occasions; before the dawn prayer, and when you remove your garments in the afternoon, and after the night prayer; these three times are of privacy for you; other than these three times, it is no sin for you or for them; moving about around you and among each other; and this is how Allah explains the verses for you; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
59And when the boys among you reach adulthood, then they too must seek permission like those before them had sought; this is how Allah explains His verses for you; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
60And the old women residing in houses who do not have the desire of marriage - it is no sin upon them if they discard their upper coverings provided they do not display their adornment; and avoiding even this is better for them; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
61There is no restriction upon the blind nor any restraint upon the lame nor any constraint upon the sick nor on any among you if you eat from your houses, or the houses of your fathers, or the houses of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or the houses of your fathers’ brothers, or the houses of your fathers’ sisters, or the houses of your mothers’ brothers, or the houses of your mothers’ sisters, or from the houses you are entrusted the keys of, or from the house of a friend – there is no blame upon you if you eat together or apart; therefore when you enter the houses, say greetings to your people – the excellent prayer at the time of meeting, from Allah, blessed and pure; this is how Allah explains the verses to you in order that you may understand.
62The believers are only those who accept faith in Allah and His Noble Messenger and when they are present with the Noble Messenger upon being gathered for some task, do not go away until they have taken his permission; indeed those who seek your permission, are those who believe in Allah and His Noble Messenger; so if they seek your permission for some affair of theirs, give the permission to whomever you wish among them, and seek Allah’s forgiveness for them; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
63Do not presume among yourselves the calling of the Noble Messenger equal to your calling one another; Allah knows those among you who sneak away by some pretext; so those who go against the orders of the Noble Messenger must fear that a calamity may strike them or a painful punishment befall them. (To honour the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – is part of faith. To disrespect him is blasphemy.)
64Pay heed! Indeed to Allah only belong whatsoever is in the heavens and in the earth; He knows the condition you are in; and on the Day when they are returned to Him, He will then inform them of whatever they did; and Allah knows all things.
Chapter 25 (Sura 25)
1Most Auspicious is He Who has sent down the Furqan (the Criterion – the Holy Qur’an) upon His chosen bondman for him to be a Herald of Warning to the entire world. (Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is the Prophet towards all mankind.)
2The One to Whom belongs the kingship of the heavens and of the earth, and has not chosen a child, and has no partner in His kingship, and He has created everything and kept it in proper measure.
3And people have appointed other Gods besides Him, those who do not create anything but are themselves created, and those who do not have the power to harm or benefit themselves, and who do not have any authority over death or life nor over resurrection.
4And the disbelievers said, “This is nothing but a slur he has fabricated and others have helped him upon it”; so indeed the disbelievers have stooped to injustice and lie.
5And they said, “These are stories of the former people, which he has written down, so they are read to him morning and evening.”
6Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “It is sent down by Him Who knows all the secrets of the heavens and the earth; indeed He Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful."
7And they said, “What is the matter with this (Noble) Messenger, that he eats food and walks in the markets? Why was not an angel sent down along with him, to give warning along with him?”
8“Or that he should have obtained a hidden treasure, or should have had a garden from which to eat”; and the unjust said, “You do not follow but a man under a magic spell.”
9O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) see how they invent examples for you - they have therefore gone astray, unable find a road.
10Most Auspicious is He Who, if He wills, may make it much better for you - Gardens beneath which rivers flow, and may create high palaces for you.
11In fact they deny the Last Day; and We have kept prepared a blazing fire for those who deny the Last Day.
12When it will see them from afar, they will hear its raging and roaring.
13And when they are thrown into a narrow place in it, bound in chains, they will pray for death in it.
14It will be said “Do not pray this day for one death – and pray for many deaths.”
15Say, “Is this better or the Everlasting Gardens which are promised to those who fear? That is their reward and their outcome.”
16“In it for them is all that they may desire, abiding in it for ever; a promise incumbent upon your Lord, that is prayed for.”
17And on the day when He will assemble them and all what they worship instead of Allah - then will say to those deities, “Did you mislead my bondmen or did they themselves forget the path?”
18They will submit, “Purity is to You - it was not rightful for us to appoint any Master besides You; but You gave them and their forefathers usage to the extent that they forgot Your Remembrance; and they were indeed the people who destroy themselves.”
19“So the deities have belied what you state - so now you can neither avert the punishment nor help yourself; and whoever among you is unjust, We shall make him taste a terrible punishment.”
20And all the Noble Messengers We sent before you were like this – eating food and walking in the markets; and We have made some of you a test for others; so will you, O people, patiently endure? And O dear Prophet, your Lord is All Seeing.
21And those who do not expect to meet Us said, “Why were the angels not sent down to us or we been able to see our Lord?” Indeed they thought too highly of themselves and they turned extremely rebellious.
22The day when they will see the angels - that day will not be of any happiness for the guilty - and they will cry, “O God, erect a barrier between us and them!”
23And We turned all the deeds they had performed into scattered floating specks of dust.
24And for the People of the Garden on that day is a better destination and account, and a better place of afternoon rest.
25And the day when the sky will be split asunder with clouds and the angels will be sent down in full.
26The true kingship on that day belongs to the Most Gracious; and that is hard for the disbelievers.
27And the day when the unjust will gnaw his hands, saying, “Alas, if only I had chosen a way along with the (Noble) Messenger (of Allah)!”
28“Woe to me – alas, if only I had not taken that one for a friend.”
29“He indeed led me astray from the advice that had come to me”; and Satan deserts man, leaving him unaided.
30And the Noble Messenger submitted, “O my Lord - indeed my people took this Qur’an as worthy of being abandoned.”
31And this is how We had appointed guilty people as enemies to every Prophet; and Allah is Sufficient, to guide and to aid.
32And the disbelievers say, “Why was the Qur’an not sent down to him all at once?” This is how We sent it in stages, in order to strengthen your heart with it and We read it slowly, in stages.
33And they will never bring you an example, but We shall bring you a true narration and better than it.
34Those who will be dragged on their faces towards hell – theirs is the worst destination and they are the most astray.
35And indeed We gave Moosa the Book and appointed with him his brother Haroon as a deputy.
36We therefore said, “Go, both of you, to the people who have denied Our signs”; then ruining the people, We destroyed them completely.
37And the people of Nooh - when they denied the Noble Messengers, We drowned them and made them a sign for mankind; and We have kept prepared a painful punishment for the unjust.
38And the tribes of A’ad and the Thamud, and the people of the Wells, and many a generation between them.
39And We illustrated examples to each one of them; and ruining them, annihilated them all.
40And indeed they have visited the township upon which had rained a harmful rain; so were they not seeing it? In fact, they never expected to be raised again.
41And when they see you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) they take you but as a mockery, “Is this the one whom Allah sent as a (Noble) Messenger?”
42“Possibly he would have misled us away from our Gods had we not been firm upon them”; soon they will know, when they see the punishment, who was astray from the path.
43Did you see the one who chose his own desires as his God? So will you accept the responsibility of guarding him?
44Or do you think that most of them hear or understand something? They are not but like the cattle – in fact more astray from the path than them!
45O dear Prophet, did you not see your Lord, how He spread the shade? And if He willed, He could have made it still; then We made the sun a proof upon it.
46We then gradually withdraw it towards Us.
47And it is He Who made the night a veil for you, and the sleep a rest, and made the day for getting up.
48And it is He Who sent the winds giving glad tidings before His mercy; and We sent down purifying water from the sky.
49In order that We may revive a dead city with it, and give it to the many beasts and men that We have created, to drink.
50And indeed We kept cycles of water among them that they may remember; so most men did not accept, except to be ungrateful.
51If We willed, We could have sent a Herald of Warning to every village.
52So do not listen to the disbelievers and, with this Qur’an, fight a great war against them.
53And it is He Who caused the two joint seas to flow- one is palatable, very sweet, and the other is salty, very bitter; and kept a veil between them and a preventing barrier.
54And it is He Who created man from water, then appointed relatives and in-laws for him; and your Lord is All Able.
55And they worship such, other than Allah, which neither benefit nor hurt them; and the disbeliever helps the devil instead of his Lord.
56And We have not sent you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) except as a Herald of glad tidings and warnings.
57Proclaim, “I do not ask any fee from you for this, except that whoever wills may take the way to his Lord.”
58And trust the Living One Who will never die, and praising Him proclaim His Purity; and He is Sufficient upon the sins of His bondmen, All Aware.
59The One Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days, then befitting His Majesty, established Himself upon the Throne (of control); the Most Gracious – therefore ask the one who knows, concerning Him!
60And when it is said to them, “Prostrate to the Most Gracious” - they say, “And what is the Most Gracious? Shall we prostrate to whatever you command us?” And this command only increases the hatred in them. (Command of Prostration # 7)
61Most Auspicious is He Who created lofty towers in the sky and placed a lamp in it, and the luminous moon.
62And it is He Who created the alternation of the night and day for one who wishes to remember or intends to give thanks.
63And the bondmen of the Most Gracious who walk upon the earth humbly, and when the ignorant address them they answer, “Peace”. (Good –bye)
64And who spend the night prostrating and standing, for their Lord.
65And who submit, “Our Lord - avert the punishment of hell from us; indeed its punishment is a permanent neck-shackle.”
66Indeed it is a most wretched abode.
67And those who, when spending, neither exceed the limits nor act miserly, and stay in moderation between the two.
68And those who do not worship any other deity along with Allah, and do not unjustly kill any living thing which Allah has forbidden, nor commit adultery; and whoever does this will receive punishment.
69The punishment shall be increased for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will remain in it forever, with humiliation.
70Except one who repents and accepts faith and does good deeds – so Allah will turn their evil deeds into virtues; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
71And whoever repents and does good deeds – so he has inclined towards Allah with repentance as was required.
72And those who do not give false testimony, and when they pass near some indecency, they pass by it saving their honour.
73And those who, when they are reminded of the signs of their Lord, do not fall deaf and blind upon them.
74And who submit, “Our Lord, soothe our eyes with our wives and our children, and make us leaders of the pious.”
75They will be rewarded the highest position in heaven, the recompense of their patience, and they will be welcomed with honour and greetings of peace.
76They shall abide in it forever; what an excellent abode and place of stay.
77Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) “You have no value before My Lord if you do not worship Him; so you have denied – therefore the punishment that remains, will occur.”
Chapter 26 (Sura 26)
1Ta-Seen-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic language – Allah, and to whomever he reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2These are verses of the clear Book.
3Possibly you may risk your life (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) by grieving, because they did not believe.
4If We will, We can send down on them a sign from the sky so that their leaders would remain bowed before it.
5And never does a new advice come to them from the Most Gracious, but they turn away from it.
6Indeed they have denied, so now soon coming upon them are the tidings of what they used to scoff at.
7Have they not seen the earth, that how many honourable pairs We have created in it?
8Indeed in this is a sign; and most of them will not accept faith.
9And indeed your Lord – indeed only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
10And (remember) when your Lord said to Moosa, “Go to the unjust people.”
11“The nation of Firaun; will they not fear?”
12He said, “My Lord, I fear that they will deny me.”
13“I feel hesitant, and my tongue does not speak fast, therefore make Haroon also a Noble Messenger.”
14“And they have an accusation against me, so I fear that they may kill me.”
15He said, “Not like this (any more); both of you go with Our signs, We are with you, All Hearing.”
16“Therefore approach Firaun then proclaim, ‘We both are Noble Messengers of the Lord Of The Creation.’
17‘That you let the Descendants of Israel go with us.’ ”
18Said Firaun, “Did we do not raise you amongst us, as a child? And you spent many years of your life among us!”
19“And you committed the deed of yours that you committed, and you were ungrateful.”
20Said Moosa, “I did that at a time when I was unaware of the consequences.” (In anger)
21“I therefore went away from you as I feared you – so my Lord commanded me and appointed me as one of the Noble Messengers.”
22“And is this some great reward for which you express favour upon me – that you have enslaved the Descendants of Israel?”
23Said Firaun, “And what is the Lord Of The Creation?
24Said Moosa, “Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them; if you believe.”
25Said Firaun to those around him, “Are you not listening with attention?”
26Said Moosa, “Your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers preceding you.”
27Said Firaun, “This (Noble) Messenger of yours, who has been sent towards you, has no intelligence!”
28He said, “The Lord of the East and the West and all that is between them; if you have sense.”
29Said Firaun, “If you ascribe any one else as a God other than me, I will surely imprison you.”
30Said Moosa, “Even if I bring to you something clear?”
31Said Firaun, “Then bring it, if you are of the truthful.”
32So Moosa put down his staff and it became a visible serpent.
33And he drew forth his hand, thereupon it shone bright before the beholders.
34Said Firaun to the court members around him, “He is indeed an expert magician.”
35“He wishes to expel you out of your land by his magic; so what is your advice?”
36They said, “Stop him and his brother, and send gatherers to the cities.”
37“To bring to you every expert great magician.”
38So the magicians were gathered at a set time on a day appointed.
39And it was said to the people, “Have you (also) gathered?”
40The people said, “Perhaps we may follow the magicians if they are victorious.”
41So when the magicians came, they said to Firaun, “Will we get some reward if we are victorious?”
42He said, “Yes, and you will then become close to me.”
43Moosa said to them, “Cast whatever you intend to cast.”
44So they threw down their ropes and their staves and exclaimed, “By the honour of Firaun, indeed victory is ours!”
45Therefore Moosa put forth his staff – so it immediately began swallowing all their fabrications.
46The magicians therefore fell down prostrate.
47They said, “We have accepted faith in the Lord Of The Creation.”
48“The Lord of Moosa and Haroon.”
49Said Firaun, “You accepted faith in him before I permitted you! He is indeed your leader who taught you magic; so now you will come to know; I swear, I will certainly cut off your hands and your feet from alternate sides, and crucify all of you.”
50They said, “No harm (in it), we will return to our Lord.”
51“We hope that our Lord will forgive us our mistakes, as we are the first to believe.”
52And We sent the divine revelation to Moosa that, “Journey along with My bondmen within the night, for you will be pursued.”
53So Firaun sent gatherers into the cities.
54They announced “These people are a small group.”
55“And indeed they have angered all of us.”
56“And indeed we are an alert army.”
57We therefore got them out from the gardens and water springs.
58And from treasures and nice houses.
59So it was; and We made the Descendants of Israel its inheritors.
60So the Firaun’s people followed them at sunrise.
61And when the two groups saw each other, those with Moosa said, “They have caught us.”
62Said Moosa, “Never! Indeed my Lord is with me, He will now show me the way.”
63So We sent the divine revelation to Moosa that, “Strike the sea with your staff”; thereupon the sea parted; so each part was like a huge mountain.
64And We brought the others close to that place.
65And We saved Moosa and all those with him.
66Then drowned the others.
67Indeed in this is surely a sign, and most of them were not Muslims.
68And indeed your Lord - only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
69And recite to them the news of Ibrahim.
70When he said to his father and his people, “What do you worship?”
71They said, “We worship idols, and we keep squatting in seclusion before them.”
72He said, “Do they hear you when you call?”
73“Or do they benefit you or harm you?”
74They said, “In fact we found our forefathers doing likewise.”
75He said, “Do you see these – (the idols) whom you worship?”
76“You and your forefathers preceding you.”
77“They are all my enemies, except the Lord Of The Creation.”
78“The One Who created me, so He will guide me.”
79“And the One Who feeds me and gives me to drink.”
80“And when I fall ill, so it is He Who heals me.”
81“And He will give me death, then resurrect me.”
82“And the One Who, upon Whom I pin my hopes, will forgive me my mistakes on the Day of Judgement.”
83“My Lord, bestow me the command and join me with those who deserve your proximity.”
84“And give me proper fame among the succeeding generations.”
85“And make me among the inheritors of the Gardens of serenity.”
86“And forgive my father * – he is indeed astray.” (His paternal uncle)
87“And do not disgrace me on the day when everyone will be raised.”
88“The day when neither wealth will benefit nor will sons.”
89“Except he who presented himself before Allah, with a sound* heart.” (Intact or unblemished.)
90And Paradise will be brought close for the pious.
91And hell will be revealed for the astray.
92And it will be said to them, “Where are those whom you used to worship?”
93“Instead of Allah? Will they help you or retaliate?”
94So they and all the astray were flung into hell.
95And all the armies of Iblis. (Satan)
96And they will say, and they will be quarrelling in it:
97“By oath of Allah , we were indeed in open error.”
98“When we considered you equal to the Lord Of The Creation.”
99“And none misled us but the guilty.”
100“So now we do not have any intercessors.” (The believers shall have intercessors, the disbelievers none).
101“Nor a caring friend.”
102“So if only were we to go back, in order to become Muslims!”
103Indeed in this is a sign; and most of them were not believers.
104And indeed your Lord - only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
105The people of Nooh denied the Noble Messengers.
106When their fellowman Nooh said to them, “Do you not fear?”
107“I am indeed a trustworthy Noble Messenger of Allah to you.”
108“Therefore fear Allah, and obey me.”
109“And I do not ask from you any fee for it; my reward is only upon the Lord Of The Creation.”
110“Therefore fear Allah, and obey me.”
111They said, “Shall we believe in you, whereas the abject people are with you?”
112He said, “What do I know what their deeds are?”
113“Indeed their account is only upon my Lord, if you perceive.”
114“And I will not repel the Muslims.”
115“I am not but clearly a Herald of Warning.”
116They said, “O Nooh, if you do not desist you will surely be stoned.”
117He said, “My Lord, my people have denied me.”
118“Therefore make a decisive judgement between me and them, and rescue me and the believers along with me.”
119So We saved him and those with him in a laden ship.
120Then after it, We drowned the rest.
121Indeed in this is a sign; and most of them were not believers.
122And indeed your Lord, only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
123(The tribe of) A’ad denied the Noble Messengers.
124When their fellowman Hud said to them, “Do you not fear?”
125“I am indeed a trustworthy Noble Messenger of Allah to you.”
126“Therefore fear Allah and obey me.”
127“And I do not ask from you any fee for it; my reward is only upon the Lord Of The Creation.”
128“What! You build a structure on every height, to laugh at the passers-by?”
129“And prefer strong palaces, that perhaps you may live for ever?”
130“And when you apprehend someone, you seize him mercilessly?”
131“Therefore fear Allah, and obey me.”
132“Fear Him Who has aided you with the things you know.”
133“He aided you with cattle and sons.”
134“And with gardens and water-springs.”
135“Indeed I fear upon you the punishment of a Great Day.”
136They said, “It is the same for us, whether you advise us or not be of the preachers.”
137“This is nothing but the tradition of former people.”
138“And we will not be punished.”
139In response they denied him - We therefore destroyed them; indeed in this is a sign; and most of them were not believers.
140And indeed your Lord - only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
141The Thamud tribe denied the Noble Messengers.
142When their fellowman Saleh said to them, “Do you not fear?”
143“I am indeed a trustworthy Noble Messenger of Allah to you.”
144“Therefore fear Allah and obey me.”
145“And I do not ask from you any fee for it; my reward is only upon the Lord Of The Creation.”
146“Will you be left peacefully in these favours over here?”
147“In gardens and water springs?”
148“And fields and palm-trees, with delicate tendrils?”
149“And you carve out dwellings in the mountains, with skill?”
150“Therefore fear Allah and obey me.”
151“And do not follow those who exceed the limits.”
152“Those who spread turmoil in the earth, and do no reform.”
153They said, “You are under a magic spell.”
154“You are just a human like us; therefore bring some sign if you are truthful.”
155He said, “This is the she-camel – one day shall be her turn to drink, and on the other appointed day, shall be your turn.”
156“And do not touch her with evil intentions for the punishment of the Great Day will seize you.”
157So they hamstrung her, and in the morning could only regret.
158The punishment therefore seized them; indeed in this is a sign; and most of them were not believers.
159And indeed your Lord - only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
160The people of Lut denied the Noble Messengers.
161When their fellowman Lut said to them, “Do you not fear?”
162“I am indeed a trustworthy Noble Messenger of Allah to you.”
163“Therefore fear Allah and obey me.”
164“And I do not ask from you any fee for it; my reward is only upon the Lord Of The Creation.”
165“What! Among all the creatures, you commit the immoral acts with men?”
166“And leave the wives your Lord has created for you? In fact you are people who exceed the limits.”
167They said, “O Lut, if you do not desist, you will be expelled.”
168He said, “I am disgusted with your works.”
169“My Lord, rescue me and my family from their deeds.”
170We therefore rescued him and his entire family.
171Except one old woman, who stayed behind.
172We then destroyed the others.
173And We showered a rain upon them; so what a wretched rain for those who were warned!
174Indeed in this is a sign; and most of them were not Muslims.
175And indeed your Lord - only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
176The People of the Woods denied the Noble Messengers.
177When Shuaib said to all of them, “Do you not fear?”
178“I am indeed a trustworthy Noble Messenger of Allah to you.”
179“Therefore fear Allah and obey me.”
180“And I do not ask from you any fee for it; my reward is only upon the Lord Of The Creation.”
181“Measure in full, and do not be of those who reduce.”
182“And weigh with a proper balance.”
183“And do not give the people their goods diminished, and do not roam the earth causing turmoil.”
184“And fear Him Who created you and the earlier creations.”
185They said, “You are under a magic spell.”
186“You are just a human like us, and indeed we consider you a liar.”
187“Therefore cause a part of the sky to fall upon us, if you are of the truthful.”
188He said, “My Lord is Well Aware of what you do.”
189In response they denied him – therefore the punishment of the day of the tent * seized them; that was indeed a punishment of a Great Day. (The clouds formed a tent and rained fire upon them).
190Indeed in this is a sign; and most of them were not Muslims.
191And indeed your Lord - only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
192And indeed this Qur’an has been sent down by the Lord Of The Creation.
193The Trustworthy Spirit brought it down. (Angel Jibreel – peace be upon him.)
194Upon your heart, for you to convey warning.
195In plain Arabic language.
196And indeed it is mentioned in the earlier Books.
197And was this not a sign for them, that the scholars of the Descendants of Israel may recognise this Prophet?
198And had We sent it down upon a person other than an Arab,
199In order that he read it to them, even then they would not have believed in it.
200This is how We have made (the habit of) denying embedded in the hearts of the guilty.
201They will not believe in it to the extent that they see the painful punishment.
202So it will come upon them suddenly, whilst they will be unaware.
203They will therefore say, “Will we get some respite?”
204So do they wish to hasten Our punishment?
205Therefore observe, that if We give them some comforts for some years, -
206And then the promise that is given to them, does come upon them-
207So of what benefit will be the comforts that they were using?
208And never did We destroy a township which did not have Heralds of warning, -
209To advise; and We never oppress.
210And this Qur’an was not brought down by the devils.
211They are unworthy of it, nor can they do it.
212Indeed they have been banished from the place of hearing.
213Therefore do not worship another deity along with Allah, for you will be punished.
214And O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), warn your closest relatives.
215And spread your wing of mercy for the believers following you.
216So if they do not obey you, then say, “Indeed I am unconcerned with what you do.”
217And rely upon (Allah) the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
218Who watches you when you stand up.
219And watches your movements among those who prostrate in prayer.
220Indeed only He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
221Shall I inform you upon whom do the devils descend?
222They descend on every great accuser, extreme sinner. (The magicians)
223The devils convey upon them what they heard, but most of them are liars.
224And the astray follow the poets.
225Did you not see that they keep wandering in every valley?
226And they speak what they do not do?
227Except those who believed and did good deeds, and profusely remembered Allah, and took revenge after they had been wronged *; and soon the unjust will come to know upon which side they will be overturned **. (* The Muslim poets who praise Allah and the Prophet. ** The disbelievers will be punished.)
Chapter 27 (Sura 27)
1Ta-Seen*; these are verses of the Qur’an and the clear Book. (Alphabets of the Arabic language – Allah, and to whomever he reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2A guidance and glad tidings for the believers.
3Those who keep the prayer established and pay the charity and are certain of the Hereafter.
4Those who do not believe in the Hereafter - We have made their deeds seem good to them, so they are astray.
5It is they for whom is the worst punishment, and they will be the greatest losers in the Hereafter.
6And indeed you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), are taught the Qur’an from the Wise, the All Knowing.
7(Remember) when Moosa said to his wife, “I have sighted a fire; I will soon bring its news to you, or bring for you an ember from it so that you may warm yourselves.”
8So when he reached it, it was proclaimed, “Blessed is he who is in the location of the fire (Moosa) and those who are close to it (the angels); and Purity is to Allah, the Lord Of The Creation.”
9“O Moosa, I am indeed, in truth, Allah the Almighty, the Wise.”
10“And put down your staff”; so when he saw it writhing like a serpent, he turned moving away without looking back; We said, “O Moosa, do not fear; indeed the Noble Messengers do not fear in My presence.”
11“Except the one * who does injustice and then after evil changes it for virtue – then indeed I am Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Other than the Prophets.)
12“And put your hand inside your armpit - it will come out shining white, not due to any illness; a sign among the nine signs towards Firaun and his people; they are indeed a lawless nation.”
13Then when Our enlightening signs came to them, they said, “This is clear magic.”
14And they denied them - whereas in their hearts they were certain of them - due to injustice and pride; therefore see what sort of fate befell the mischievous!
15And We indeed bestowed great knowledge to Dawud and Sulaiman; and they both said, “All praise is to Allah, Who bestowed us superiority over many of His believing bondmen.”
16And Sulaiman became Dawud’s heir; and he said, “O people, we have indeed been taught the language of birds, and have been given from all things; this surely is a manifest favour.”
17And assembled together for Sulaiman were his armies of jinns and men, and of birds – so they had to be restricted.
18Until when they came to the valley of the ants, a she ant exclaimed, “O ants, enter your houses – may not Sulaiman and his armies crush you, unknowingly.”
19He therefore smiled beamingly at her speech*, and submitted, “My Lord, bestow me guidance so that I thank you for the favour which You bestowed upon me and my parents, and so that I may perform the good deeds which please You, and by Your mercy include me among Your bondmen who are worthy of Your proximity.” (Prophet Sulaiman heard the voice of the she ant from far away.)
20And he surveyed the birds – he therefore said, “What is to me that I do not see the Hudhud (hoopoe), or is he really absent?”
21“I will indeed punish him severely or slay him, or he must bring to me some clear evidence.”
22So Hudhud did not stay absent for long, and presenting himself submitted, “I have witnessed a matter that your majesty has not seen, and I have brought definite information to you from the city of Saba.”
23“I have seen a woman who rules over them, and she has been given from all things, and she has a mighty throne.”
24“I found her and her nation prostrating before the sun instead of Allah, and Satan has made their deeds seem good to them thereby preventing them from the Straight Path - so they do not attain guidance.”
25“Why do they not prostrate to Allah, Who brings forth the things hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows all what you hide and all what you disclose?”
26“Allah - there is no True God except Him, the Owner of the Great Throne.” (Command of Prostration # 8)
27Said Sulaiman, “We shall now see whether you spoke the truth or are among the liars.”
28“Go with this letter of mine and drop it upon them - then move aside from them and see what they answer in return.”
29The woman said, “O chieftains, indeed a noble letter has been dropped upon me.”
30“Indeed it is from Sulaiman, and it is (begins) with ‘Allah - in the name of - the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.’ ”
31“That ‘Do not wish eminence above me, and present yourselves humbly to me, with submission.’ ”
32She said, “O chieftains, advise me in this matter of mine; I do not give a final decision until you are present with me.”
33They said, “We possess great strength and are great warriors, and the decision is yours, therefore consider what you will command.”
34She said, “Indeed the kings, when they enter a township, destroy it and disgrace its honourable people; and this is what they do.”
35“And I shall send a present to them, then see what reply the envoys bring.”
36So when the envoy came to Sulaiman, he said, “Are you helping me with wealth? What Allah has bestowed upon me is better than what He has given you; rather it is you who are delighted at your gift.”
37“Go back to them – so we shall indeed come upon them with an army they cannot fight, and degrading them shall certainly drive them out from that city, so they will be humiliated.”
38Said Sulaiman, “O court members, which one of you can bring me her throne before they come humbled in my presence?”
39An extremely evil jinn said, “I will bring it in your presence before you disperse the assembly; and I am indeed strong and trustworthy upon it.”
40Said one who had knowledge of the Book, “I will bring it in your majesty’s presence before you bat your eyelid”; then when he saw it set in his presence*, Sulaiman said, “This is of the favours of my Lord; so that He may test me whether I give thanks or am ungrateful; and whoever gives thanks only gives thanks for his own good; and whoever is ungrateful – then indeed my Lord is the Independent (Not Needing Anything), the Owner Of All Praise.” (A miracle which occurred through one of Allah’s friends.)
41Said Sulaiman, “Disguise her throne in front of her so that we may see whether she finds the way * or becomes of those who remain unknowing.” (*Recognises her throne.)
42Then when she came, it was said to her, “Is your throne like this? She said, “As if this is it! And we came to know about this incident beforehand and submit (to you).”
43And the thing she used to worship instead of Allah prevented her; she was indeed from the disbelieving people.
44It was said to her, “Enter the hall”; and when she saw it she thought it was a pool and bared her shins *; said Sulaiman, “This is only is a smooth hall, affixed with glass”; she said, “My Lord, I have indeed wronged myself, and I now submit myself along with Sulaiman to Allah, the Lord Of The Creation.” (* In order to cross it)
45And indeed We sent to the Thamud, their fellowman Saleh that, “Worship Allah”, thereupon they became two parties quarrelling.
46He said, “O my people, why do you hasten upon the evil before the good? Why do you not seek forgiveness from Allah? Perhaps there may be mercy upon you.”
47They said, “We consider you an evil omen, and your companions”; he said, “Your evil omen is with Allah - in fact you people have fallen into trial.”
48And there were nine persons in the city who used to cause turmoil in the land and did not wish reform.
49Swearing by Allah they said to one another, “We will indeed attack him and his family at night, and then say to his heir, ‘We were not present at the time of slaying of this household, and indeed we are truthful.’ ”
50So they devised a scheme, and We made our secret plan, and they remained neglectful.
51Therefore see what was the result of their scheming - We destroyed them and their entire nation.
52So these are their houses fallen flat, the recompense of their injustice; indeed in this is a sign for people who know.
53And We rescued those who accepted faith and used to fear.
54And (remember) Lut when he said to his people, “What! You stoop to the shameful whereas you can see?”
55“What! You lustfully go towards men, leaving the women?! In fact, you are an ignorant people.”
56Therefore the answer of his people was nothing except that they said, “Expel the family of Lut from your township; these people wish purity!”
57We therefore rescued him and his family, except his wife; We had decreed that she is of those who will remain behind.
58And We showered a rain upon them; so what a wretched rain for those who were warned!
59Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “All praise is to Allah, and peace upon His chosen bondmen; is Allah better or what you ascribe as His partners?”
60Or He Who created the heavens and the earth, and sent down water from the sky for you; so We grew delightful gardens with it; you had no strength to grow its trees; is there a God along with Allah?! In fact they are those who shun the right path.
61Or He Who made the earth for habitation, and placed rivers within it, and created mountains as anchors for it, and kept a barrier between the two seas? Is there a God along with Allah?! In fact, most of them are ignorant.
62Or He Who answers the prayer of the helpless when he invokes Him and removes the evil, and makes you inheritors of the earth? Is there a God along with Allah?! Very little do they ponder!
63Or He Who shows you the path in the darkness of the land and the sea, and He Who sends the winds before His mercy, heralding glad tidings? Is there a God along with Allah?! Supremacy is to Allah above all that they ascribe as partners!
64Or He Who initiates the creation, then will create it again, and He Who provides you sustenance from the skies and the earth? Is there a God along with Allah?! Proclaim, “Bring your proof, if you are truthful!”
65Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “None in the heavens and the earth know the hidden by themselves, except Allah; and they do not know when they will be raised.”
66Has their knowledge advanced so much as to know the Hereafter? On the contrary, they are in doubt concerning it; in fact they are blind towards it.
67And the disbelievers said, “Will we, when we and our forefathers have turned into dust, be removed again?”
68“Indeed this promise was given to us, and before us to our forefathers - this is nothing but stories of former people.”
69“Proclaim, (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Travel in the land and see what sort of fate befell the guilty.”
70And do not grieve upon them, nor be distressed because of their scheming.
71And they say, “When will this promise come, if you are truthful?”
72Say, “It could be that a part of what you are impatient for, is (already) after you.”
73Indeed your Lord is Most Munificent upon mankind, but most men do not give thanks.
74And indeed your Lord knows what is hidden in their bosoms, and what they disclose.
75And all the hidden secrets of the heavens and the earth are (written) in a clear Book. (The Preserved Tablet)
76Indeed this Qur’an narrates to the Descendants of Israel most of the matters in which they differ.
77And indeed it is a guidance and a mercy for the Muslims.
78Indeed your Lord judges between them with His command; and He is the Almighty, the All Knowing.
79Therefore rely on Allah; you are indeed upon the clear Truth.
80Indeed the dead * do not listen to your call nor do the deaf * listen to your call, when they flee turning back. (The dead and deaf implies the disbelievers.)
81And you will not guide the blind out of their error; and none listen to you except those who accept faith in Our signs, and they are Muslims.
82And when the Word (promise) appears upon them, We shall bring forth for them a beast from the earth to speak to them - because the people were not accepting faith in Our signs. (This beast will rise from the earth, when the Last Day draws near.)
83And the Day when We will raise from every nation an army that denies Our signs – so the former groups will be held back for the latter to join them.
84Until when they all come together, He will say, “Did you deny My signs whereas your knowledge had not reached it, or what were the deeds you were doing?”
85And the Word has appeared upon them because of their injustice, so now they do not speak.
86Did they not see that We created the night for them to rest in, and created the day providing sight? Indeed in this are signs for the people who have faith.
87And the Day when the Trumpet is blown – so all those who are in the heavens and the earth will be terrified, except whomever Allah wills; and everyone has come to Him, in submission.
88And you will see the mountains presuming them fixed whereas they will be moving like the clouds; this is Allah’s making, Who created all things with wisdom; indeed He is Informed of what you do.
89Whoever brings a good deed – for him is a reward better than it; and they will be safe from the terror on that Day.
90And whoever brings evil – so their faces will be dipped into the fire; what reward will you get, except what you did?
91“I (Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) have been commanded to worship the Lord of this city, Who has deemed it sacred, and everything belongs to Him; and I have been commanded to be among the obedient.”
92“And to recite the Qur’an”; so whoever attained the right path, has attained it for his own good; and whoever goes astray – so say, “Indeed I am only a Herald of Warning.”
93And proclaim, “All praise is to Allah – He will soon show you His signs so you will recognise them”; and (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) your Lord is not unaware of what you, O people, do.”
Chapter 28 (Sura 28)
1Ta-Seen-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic language - Allah and to whomever he reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2These are verses of the clear Book.
3We shall narrate to you the true tidings of Moosa and Firaun, for the people who have faith.
4Indeed Firaun had achieved dominance in the earth and made its people subservient to him – seeing a group among them weak, he used to kill their sons and spare their women; he was indeed very mischievous.
5And We willed to favour those who were weak in the earth, and to make them leaders and to make them the inheritors (of the land and wealth of Firaun’s people).
6And to give them control in the land, and to show Firaun and Haman and their armies what they fear from them.
7And We inspired the mother of Moosa that, “Suckle him; then when you fear for him, cast him into the river and do not fear nor grieve; We shall indeed return him back to you and make him one of the Noble Messengers.”
8So the family of Firaun picked him up, in order that he become their enemy and a sorrow upon them; indeed Firaun and Haman and their armies were guilty.
9And Firaun’s wife said, “This child is the comfort of my eyes and yours *; do not kill him; perhaps he may benefit us, or we may adopt him as our son” - and they were unaware. (Had Firaun also said the same, Allah would have granted him faith.)
10And in the morning, the heart of Moosa’s mother became impatient; and she would have almost certainly given away his secret had We not strengthened her heart, so that she may have faith in Our promise.
11And she said to his sister, “Go after him” - she therefore observed him from far, and they were not aware.
12And We had already forbidden suckle-nurses for him, so she said, “Shall I show you a household that will nurse this child of yours, and they are his well-wishers?”
13So We returned him to his mother in order to soothe her eyes and not grieve, and to know that Allah’s promise is true – but most people do not know.
14And when he reached his maturity and full strength, We gave him wisdom and knowledge; and this is how We reward the virtuous.
15And he entered the city when its inhabitants were sleeping unaware in the afternoon - he therefore found two men fighting; one was from Moosa’s group, and the other from among his enemies; so the one who was of Moosa’s group pleaded to Moosa for help against him who was of his enemies - therefore Moosa punched him thereby finishing him; he said, “This act was from the devil *; indeed he is an open enemy, a misleader.” (* The act of oppressing the man from Bani Israel).
16He said, “My Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul * therefore forgive me” – He therefore forgave him; indeed only He is the Oft Forgiving, the Most Merciful. (* By getting angry.)
17He said, “My Lord! The way You have bestowed favour upon me, so never will I be a supporter of the guilty.”
18So he was in the city at morning fearing, waiting to see what happens – thereupon he sighted the one who had appealed to him the day before, crying out to him for help; Moosa said to him, “Indeed you are clearly astray.”
19So when Moosa wished to apprehend the man who was an enemy to them both, he said, “O Moosa! Do you wish to kill me the way you killed a man yesterday? You only wish to become a strict ruler in the land, and not to make reform.”
20And a man came running from the outer part of the city; he said, “O Moosa! Indeed the court members are considering killing you, therefore go away - I surely am your well-wisher.”
21So he left the city in fear, waiting to see what happens; he said, “My Lord! Rescue me from the unjust people.”
22And when he turned his attention towards Madyan he said, “It is likely that my Lord will show me the right path.”
23And when he came to the water of Madyan he found a group of men, watering their animals; and away from them he found two women restraining their animals; he said, “What is the matter with you?” They said, “We do not water our animals till all the shepherds water and take away their animals; and our father is very old.”
24Therefore Moosa watered their animals for them, and then turned towards the shade and said, “My Lord! I am in need of the sustenance you may send down for me.”
25So one of the two women approached him, walking shyly; she said, “My father is calling you, in order to give you wages because you watered our animals for us”; when Moosa came to him and had told him the story, he said, “Do not fear, you are safe from the unjust people.”
26One of the two women said, “O my father! Employ him – indeed a strong and trustworthy employee is better.”
27He said, “I wish to give you one of these two daughters of mine in marriage, the bridal money being that you work for me for eight years; then if you complete ten years, it will be from you; and I do not wish to put you in hardship; Allah willing, you will probably find me of the righteous.”
28Said Moosa, “This is agreed between me and you; there shall be no claim upon me if I fulfil any of these two terms; and Allah is the Trustee upon this word of ours.”
29So when Moosa completed his term and was travelling with his wife, he saw a fire in the direction of the Mount (Sinai); he said to his wife “Stay here - I have sighted a fire in the direction of the mount – perhaps I may bring you some news from it, or an ember so that you may warm yourselves.”
30And when he reached the fire, he was called out to from the right side of the valley in the blessed field, from the tree, “O Moosa! Indeed I am truly Allah, the Lord Of The Creation.”
31“Put down your staff”; so when Moosa saw it writhing like a serpent, he turned moving away without looking back; “O Moosa! Come forth and do not fear; indeed you are in peace.”
32“Put your hand inside your armpit - it will come out shining white, not due to any illness; and put your hand on your chest to remove the fear – so these are two proofs from your Lord to Firaun and his court members; indeed they are a lawless people.”
33He submitted, “My Lord! I killed a soul among them and I fear they will kill me.”
34“And my brother Haroon – he is more eloquent than I am in speech, therefore in order to help me, appoint him as a Noble Messenger so that he confirms me; I fear that they will deny me.”
35He said, “We will soon strengthen your arm with your brother, and give you both dominance, so they will not be able to harm you; due to Our signs; you both, and those who will follow you, will be victorious.”
36Therefore when Moosa came to them with Our clear signs they said, “This is nothing but invented magic, and we never heard anything like this among our forefathers.”
37And said Moosa, “My Lord well knows him who has brought guidance from Him, and for whom will be the abode the Hereafter; indeed the unjust never attain success.”
38And Firaun said, “O court members! I do not know of any other God for you, except myself; therefore, O Haman, build a lofty palace for me by baking concrete in order that I may sneak a look at the God of Moosa - and according to me, he is indeed a liar.”
39And he and his soldiers wrongfully sought greatness in the land, and assumed they would never be brought back to Us.
40We therefore seized him and his armies, and hurled them into the sea; therefore see what sort of fate befell the unjust!
41And We made them leaders of the people of hell, inviting towards the fire; and they will not be helped on the Day of Resurrection.
42And We set a curse after them in this world; and evil is for them on the Day of Resurrection.
43And We indeed gave Moosa the Book after We had destroyed the former generations, having enlightenment for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy, for them to accept advice.
44And you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) were not on the western side of the Mount when We sent the command of Prophethood to Moosa, and you were not present. (Yet you narrate the account very clearly to the Jews and Christians.)
45However, We created generations and ages passed by upon them; and nor were you dwelling with the people of Madyan reciting Our verses to them – however it is We Who made the Noble Messengers.
46And nor were you beside the Mount when We proclaimed – however it is a mercy from your Lord* so that you may warn a nation towards whom no Herald of Warning came before you, in the hope of their heeding advice. (*That He has bestowed knowledge of the hidden to you)
47Otherwise, if some disaster befell them because of what their own hands have sent forward they would say, “Our Lord! Why did you not send a Noble Messenger towards us, so we may have followed Your signs and accepted faith?”
48So when the Truth * from Us came to them, they said, “Why has he not been given what was given to Moosa?” Had they not disbelieved in what was earlier given to Moosa? They said, “They are two magicians, who support each other”; and said, “We disbelieve in both of them.” (* Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him).
49Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Therefore bring a Book from Allah which is better guiding than these two - I will follow it - if you are truthful.”
50So if they do not accept your challenge, then know that they only follow their desires; and who is more astray than one who follows his desires away from the guidance of Allah? Indeed Allah does not guide the unjust.
51And We indeed sent down the Word continuously for them, so that they may ponder.
52Those to whom We gave the Book before it, accept faith in it. (Some scholars among Jews / Christians).
53And when these verses are recited to them, they say, “We accept faith in it - indeed it is the Truth from our Lord – and indeed we had surrendered even before this.”
54They will be given double the reward, the recompense of their patience – and they repel evil with good, and spend part of what We have provided them.
55And when they hear indecent speech, they ignore it and say, “For us are our deeds and for you are your deeds; peace be to you (good bye); we are not interested in the ignorant.”
56Indeed it is not such that you can guide whomever you love, but Allah guides whomever He wills; and He well knows the people upon guidance.
57And they say, “If we follow the guidance along with you, people would snatch us away from our land”; did We not establish them in a safe Sacred Land, towards which are brought fruits of all kinds – the sustenance from Us? But most of them do not know.
58And how many towns did We destroy which had stooped to self indulgence! So here lie their dwellings, uninhabited after them except a little; and only We are the Inheritors.
59And never does your Lord destroy towns until He sends a Noble Messenger to their principal town, reciting Our verses to them; and We never destroy towns unless its people are unjust.
60And whatever you have been given, is a usage in the life of this world and its adornment; and that which is with Allah is better and more lasting; so do you not have sense?
61So is he whom We have given a good promise - he will therefore get it - equal to him whom We gave the usage of the life of this world to enjoy, and who will then be brought captive on the Day of Resurrection?
62On the day when He will call to them – He will therefore proclaim, “Where are those partners of Mine, whom you had assumed?”
63Those against whom the Word will have proved true will say, “Our Lord! These are they whom we led astray; we led them astray the way we ourselves went astray; we are unconcerned with them and we incline towards You - they never worshipped us!”
64And it will be said to them, “Call unto your ascribed partners” – so they will call unto them and they will not listen to them, and they will behold the punishment; if only they had obtained guidance!
65And on the Day when He will call to them and proclaim, “What answer did you give to the Noble Messengers?”
66So on that Day the tidings will be blinded * for them, therefore they will not ask one another. (* They will forget at that moment).
67So whoever repented and accepted faith and did good deeds, so it is likely that he will be among the successful.
68And your Lord creates whatever He wills, and chooses; they do not have any power to choose; Purity and Supremacy are to Allah above their ascribing partners (to Him).
69And your Lord knows what is hidden in their breasts, and what they disclose.
70And He is Allah - there is no God except Him; only His is the praise in this world and in the Hereafter; and only His is the command, and it is towards Him that you will be returned.
71Proclaim, “What is your opinion - if Allah makes it night continuously for you till the Day of Resurrection then, other than Allah, who is the God who could bring you light? So do you not heed?”
72Say, “What is your opinion - if Allah makes it day continuously for you till the Day of Resurrection then, other than Allah, who is the God who could bring you night for you to rest during it? So do you not perceive?”
73And with His mercy He made the night and day for you, so that you may rest during the night and seek His munificence during the day, and for you to be thankful.
74On the day when He will call to them – He will therefore proclaim, “Where are those partners of Mine, whom you had assumed?”
75And We shall proclaim taking out a witness from each group, “Bring your proof” – so they will realise that the Truth (Right) is for Allah, and they will lose all that they had fabricated.
76Indeed Qaroon was from the people of Moosa - he then oppressed them; and We gave him so many treasures that their keys were a heavy burden for a strong group; when his people said to him, “Do not show off - indeed Allah does not like the boastful.”
77“And seek the abode of the Hereafter with the wealth that Allah has given you, and do not forget your part in this world, and do favours (to others) the way Allah has favoured you, and do not seek to cause turmoil in the earth; indeed Allah does not like the mischievous.”
78He said, “I got this only due to a knowledge I have”; and does he not know that before him Allah destroyed the generations who were stronger than him and more in number? And there is no questioning of the guilty regarding their sins.
79He therefore came before his people in his pomp; said those who desired the worldly life, “If only we were to get what Qaroon has been given - he is indeed very fortunate.”
80And said those who were given the knowledge, “Woe to you - the reward of Allah is better for one who accepts faith and does good deeds; and only those who are patient will receive it.”
81We therefore buried him and his house into the earth; so he had no group to help save him from Allah; nor could he take revenge.
82And those who had the day before desired his status, said in the morning, “It is strange - Allah expands the sustenance for whomever He wills among His bondmen, and restricts it; if Allah had not been gracious to us He would have buried us too; strangely, the disbelievers do not prosper.”
83This abode of the Hereafter - We make it for those who do not wish greatness in the land nor turmoil; and the Hereafter is only for the pious.
84Whoever brings virtue, for him is better than it; and whoever brings evil – so those who commit evil will not be repaid except to the extent of their deeds.
85Indeed He Who has ordained the Qur’an upon you, will surely bring you back to where you wish; proclaim, “My Lord well knows him who came with guidance, and him who is in open error.”
86And you held no expectations of the Book being sent down upon you, except that it is a mercy from your Lord - therefore never support the disbelievers. (You did not crave for it but trusted in the mercy of your Lord).
87And never may they prevent you from the verses of Allah after they have been sent down upon you, and call towards your Lord, and never be among those who ascribe partners (to Him).
88And do not worship any other God along with Allah; there is no God except Him; all things are destructible except His Entity; only His is the command, and it is towards Him that you will be returned.
Chapter 29 (Sura 29)
1Alif-Lam-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic language – Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2Do men fancy that they will be left just upon their declaring, “We believe”, and they will not be tested?
3We indeed tested those before them – so Allah will surely test the truthful, and will surely test the liars.
4Or do they who commit evil deeds imagine that they can escape from Us? What an evil judgement they impose!
5Whoever expects to meet Allah – then indeed the time appointed by Allah will come; and He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
6And whoever strives in Allah´s cause, strives only for his own benefit; indeed Allah is Independent of the entire creation.
7And those who accepted faith and did good deeds - We will indeed relieve their sins and reward them for the best of their deeds.
8And upon man We ordained kindness towards parents; and if they strive to make you ascribe a partner with Me, about which you do not have any knowledge, then do not obey them; towards Me only is your return and I will tell you what you used to do.
9And those who accepted faith and did good deeds - We shall indeed include them among the virtuous.
10And some people say, “We believe in Allah” – so if they are afflicted with some adversity in Allah’s way, they consider the chaos created by men as the punishment from Allah; and if the help comes from your Lord, they will surely say, “Indeed we were with you”; does not Allah well know what is in the hearts of the entire creation?
11And indeed Allah will make known the believers, and indeed He will expose the hypocrites.
12And the disbelievers said to the Muslims, “Follow our path and we will bear your sins”; whereas they will not bear anything from their sins; they are indeed liars.
13And they will surely bear their own burdens and some other burdens along with their own; and they will undoubtedly be questioned on the Day of Resurrection concerning what they had fabricated.
14And indeed We sent Nooh to his people - he therefore stayed with them for a thousand years, less fifty; so the flood seized them, and they were unjust.
15And We rescued him and the people aboard the ship, and made the ship a sign for the entire world.
16And (remember) Ibrahim – when he said to his people, “Worship Allah and fear Him; that is better for you, if you knew!”
17“You worship only idols instead of Allah, and only forge a clear lie; indeed those whom you worship instead of Allah do not control your sustenance – therefore seek your sustenance from Allah, and worship Him, and be grateful to Him; it is towards Him that you will be returned.”
18“And if you deny, then many nations have denied before you; and the Noble Messenger is not responsible except to plainly convey (the message).”
19Have they not seen how Allah initiates the creation, then will create it again? Indeed that is easy for Allah.
20Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Travel in the land and see how He creates for the first time, then Allah brings forth the next development; indeed Allah is Able to do all things.”
21He punishes whomever He wills and has mercy upon whomever He wills; and towards Him only you are to return.
22Neither can you escape (from His control) in the earth nor in the sky; and for you, other than Allah, there is neither a friend nor a supporter.
23And those who did not believe in My signs and in meeting Me, are those who have no hope of My mercy, and for them is a painful punishment.
24So his people could not answer him except to say, “Kill him or burn him” – so Allah rescued him from the fire; indeed in this are signs for people who believe.
25And Ibrahim said, “You have chosen only idols instead of Allah, with whom your friendship is only in the life of this world; then on the Day of Resurrection you will deny and curse each other; and the destination for all of you is hell, and you do not have supporters.”
26So Lut believed in him; and Ibrahim said, “I migrate towards my Lord; indeed only He is the Almighty, the Wise.”
27And We bestowed Ishaq and Yaqub to him, and kept the Prophethood and the Book among his descendants, and We gave him his reward in the world; and in the Hereafter he is indeed among those who deserve Our proximity.
28And We rescued Lut when he said to his people, “You indeed commit the shameful; such that no one in the creation has ever done before you.”
29“What! You commit the immoral with males, and cut off the roads; and you speak evilly in your gatherings?” So his people had no answer except to say, “Bring the punishment of Allah upon us if you are truthful!”
30He submitted, “My Lord! Help me against these mischievous people.”
31And when Our sent angels came with glad tidings to Ibrahim, they said, “We will surely destroy the people of that town; indeed its inhabitants are unjust.”
32He said, "Lut is in it!”; they said, “We know very well who all are there; we shall rescue him and his family, except his wife; she is of those who will stay behind.”
33And when Our sent angels came to Lut, he was unhappy at their arrival and was depressed – and they said, “Do not fear or grieve; we will surely rescue you and your family, except your wife, who is of those who will stay behind.”
34“We will indeed cause a punishment from the sky to descend upon the inhabitants of this town – the recompense of their disobedience.”
35And We have undoubtedly kept a part of it as a clear sign for people of intellect.
36And We sent towards Madyan, their fellowman Shuaib – he therefore said, “O my people! Worship Allah, and anticipate the Last Day, and do not roam the earth spreading turmoil.”
37In response they denied him – thereupon the earthquake seized them – so at morning they remained lying flattened in their homes.
38And We destroyed the A’ad and the Thamud, and you already know their dwellings; Satan made their deeds appear good to them and prevented them from the path, whereas they could perceive.
39And (We destroyed) Qaroon, Firaun and Haman; and indeed Moosa came to them with clear signs, so they were arrogant in the land, and they could never escape from Our control.
40So We caught each one upon his sin; so among them is one upon whom We sent a shower of stones; and among them is one who was seized by the Scream; and among them is one whom We buried in the earth, and among them is one whom We drowned; it did not befit Allah’s Majesty to oppress them, but they were wronging themselves.
41The example of those who choose masters other than Allah is like that of the spider; it makes the web its house; and indeed the weakest house of all is that of the spider; if only they knew.
42Allah knows what they worship instead of Him; He is the Almighty, the Wise.
43And We illustrate these examples for mankind; and none except the knowledgeable understand them.
44Allah created the heavens and the earth with the truth; indeed in this is a sign for the Muslims.
45O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), recite from the Book which has been sent down to you, and establish the prayer; indeed the prayer stops from indecency and evil; and indeed the remembrance of Allah is the greatest; and Allah knows all what you do.
46And O Muslims, do not argue with the People given the Book(s) except in the best manner – except (with) those among them who oppress, and say, “We believe in what has been sent down towards us and what has been sent towards you – and ours and your God is One, and we have submitted ourselves to Him.”
47And this is how We sent down the Book to you O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him); so those to whom We gave the Book believe in it; and some of these (polytheists) accept faith in it; and none except the disbelievers reject Our signs.
48And you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) were not reading any Book before it, nor writing with your right hand – if it were, the people of falsehood would surely have doubted.
49In fact they are clear verses in the hearts of those who have been given knowledge; and none deny Our verses except the unjust.
50And they said, “Why did not signs come down to him from his Lord?” Say, “Signs are only with Allah; and I am purely a Herald of plain warning.”
51Is it not enough for them that We have sent down the Book upon you, which is read to them? Indeed in it are mercy and advice for the Muslims.
52Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Allah is Sufficient as a Witness between me and you; He knows all what is in the heavens and in the earth; and those who accepted faith in falsehood and denied faith in Allah – it is they who are the losers.”
53And they urge you to hasten the punishment; and if a time had not been fixed, the punishment would have certainly come upon them; and it will indeed come upon them suddenly whilst they are unaware.
54They urge you to hasten the punishment; and indeed hell has encompassed the disbelievers.
55The day when the punishment will envelop them from above them and from below their feet, and He will say, “Taste the flavour of your deeds!”
56O My bondmen who believe! Indeed My earth is spacious – therefore worship Me alone.
57Every soul must taste death; then it is to Us that you will return.
58And those who believed and did good deeds – indeed We will, surely, place them on high positions in Paradise beneath which rivers flow, abiding in it for ever; what an excellent reward of the performers!
59Those who patiently endured and who rely only upon their Lord.
60And many creatures walk upon the earth that do not carry their own sustenance; Allah provides the sustenance to them and to you; and only He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
61And if you ask them, “Who created the heavens and the earth, and subjected the sun and the moon?”, they will surely say, “Allah”; so where are they reverting?
62Allah eases the sustenance for whomever He wills among His bondmen, and restricts it for whomever He wills; indeed Allah knows all things.
63And if you ask them, “Who sent down the water from the sky, and with it revived the earth after its death?”, they will surely say, “Allah”; proclaim, “All praise is to Allah”; in fact most of them do not have any sense.
64And this worldly life is nothing but pastime and game; indeed the abode of the Hereafter - that is indeed the true life; if only they knew.
65And when they board the ships they pray to Allah, believing purely in Him; so when He delivers them safely to land, they immediately begin ascribing partners (to Him)!
66In order to be ungrateful for Our favours; and to use the comforts; therefore they will soon come to know.
67Did they not observe that We have created a refuge in the Sacred Land, and people around them are snatched away? So do they believe in falsehood and are ungrateful for the favours of Allah?
68And who is more unjust than one who fabricates lies against Allah, or denies the truth * when it comes to him? Is there not a place in hell for disbelievers? (* The Holy Prophet and / or the Holy Qur’an).
69And those who strove in Our way - We shall surely show them Our paths; and indeed Allah is with the virtuous.
Chapter 30 (Sura 30)
1Alif-Laam-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic language – Allah, and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2The Romans have been defeated.
3In the nearby land, and after their defeat they will soon be victorious.
4Within a few (up to nine) years time; only for Allah is the command, before and after; and the believers will rejoice on that day.
5With the help of Allah; He helps whomever He wills; and only He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
6The promise of Allah; Allah does not renege on His promise, but most people do not know.
7They know only the visible worldly life; and are totally neglectful of the Hereafter.
8Have they not inwardly pondered – that Allah has not created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, except with truth and a fixed term? And indeed many people deny the meeting with their Lord.
9And did they not travel in the land to see what sort of fate befell those before them? They were stronger than them, and they cultivated the land and inhabited it more than them, and their Noble Messengers came to them with clear proofs; so it did not befit Allah’s Majesty to oppress them, but it was they who used to wrong themselves.
10Then the fate of those who committed evil to the extreme was that they denied the signs of Allah and used to mock at them.
11Allah initiates the creation, then will create it again - then it is to Him that you will return.
12And on the Last Day– when it is established, the guilty * will lose all hope. (* The disbelievers.)
13And the partners they ascribed will not be their intercessors - and they will deny their partners.
14And on the Last Day – that day they will all separate.
15So those who believed and did good deeds – they will be hosted in the Garden.
16And those who disbelieved, and denied Our signs and confronting the Hereafter – they will be hauled into the punishment.
17So proclaim the Purity of Allah when you witness the night and the morning.
18And only His is the praise in the heavens and the earth - and before the day ends and at noon.
19He brings forth the living from the dead, and brings forth the dead from the living, and He revives the earth after its death; and this how you will be raised.
20And among His signs is that He created you from dust, and therefore you are human beings spread in the earth.
21And among His signs is that He created spouses for you from yourselves for you to gain rest from them, and kept love and mercy between yourselves; indeed in this are signs for the people who ponder.
22And among His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the differences in your languages and colours; indeed in this are signs for people who know.
23And among His signs is your sleeping during the night and day, and your seeking His munificence; indeed in this are signs for people who heed.
24And among His signs is that He shows you the lightning, instilling fear and hope, and sends down water from the sky, so revives the earth after its death; indeed in this are signs for people of intellect.
25And among His signs is that the heavens and the earth remain established by His command; then when He calls you - from the earth – you will thereupon emerge.
26And to Him only belong all those who are in the heavens and the earth; all are submissive to Him.
27And it is He Who initiates the creation, and will then create it again - and this, according to you, should be easier for Him! And for Him only is the Supreme Majesty in the heavens and the earth; and only He is the Almighty, the Wise.
28He illustrates an example for you from your own selves; do you have for yourselves, among the bondmen you possess, partners in the sustenance We have bestowed upon you, thereby you become equal in respect of it - you fearing them the way you fear each other? This is how We illustrate detailed signs for the people of intellect.
29Rather the unjust followed their own desires, without knowledge; so who can guide one whom Allah has sent astray? And they do not have supporters.
30Therefore set your attention for obeying Allah, devoted solely to Him; the foundation set by Allah, upon which He created man; do not change what Allah has created; this is the proper religion - but most people do not know.
31Inclining towards Him - and fear Him, and keep the prayer established, and never be of the polytheists.
32Those who broke their religion into several parts and became different groups; every group is happy with what it has.
33And when some affliction reaches men, they pray to their Lord inclining towards Him – and when He gives them a taste of His mercy, thereupon a group among them begins setting up partners to their Lord!
34In order to be ungrateful for Our bestowal; “Therefore enjoy”; you will soon come to know.
35Or have We sent down to them any proof, which therefore tells them of My partners?
36And when We give people the taste of mercy they rejoice at it; and if an ill fortune reaches them because of what their hands have sent ahead - thereupon they lose hope!
37And did they not see that Allah eases the sustenance for whomever He wills and restricts it for whomever He wills? Indeed in this are signs for people who believe.
38Therefore give the relative his right, and to the needy, and to the traveller; this is better for those who seek the pleasure of Allah; and it is they who are the successful.
39And that which you give upon usury, in order that it may increase the creditors’ property, will not increase before Allah; and the charity you give seeking the pleasure of Allah – only that will increase manifold.
40It is Allah Who created you and then provided you sustenance, then will cause you to die, and will then give you life again; is there any among your ascribed partners that can do any of these things? Purity and Supremacy are to Him, above their ascribing of partners (to Him)!
41Chaos appears in the land and the sea because of the evil deeds which people’s hands have earned, in order to make them taste the flavour of some of their misdeeds – in order that they may come back.
42Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), “Travel in the land, and see what sort of fate befell the former people; and most of them were polytheists.”
43Therefore set your attention for worshipping, before the day from Allah which cannot be averted - on that day people will be split, separated.
44Whoever disbelieves, then the calamity of his disbelief is only on him; and those who do good deeds, are preparing for themselves.
45In order to reward those who believed and did good deeds, by His munificence; indeed He does not like the disbelievers.
46And among His signs is that He sends winds heralding glad tidings, to make you taste His mercy, and so that the ships may sail by His command, and so that you may seek His munificence, and for you to give thanks.
47And indeed We sent several Noble Messengers before you, to their nations – so they came to them with clear signs - We therefore took revenge from the guilty; and it is incumbent upon Our mercy, to help the Muslims.
48It is Allah Who sends the winds raising the clouds - therefore spreads them in the sky as He wills and shatters them – so you see the rain dropping from inside it; so when He delivers it upon whomever He wills among His bondmen, thereupon they rejoice.
49Although they had lost hope before it was sent down upon them.
50Therefore observe the result of Allah’s mercy, how He revives the earth after its death; He will indeed resurrect the dead; and He is Able to do all things.
51And if We send a wind and they see their fields yellow because of it, then indeed they would become ungrateful after it.
52For you do not make the dead hear nor make the deaf hear the call when they flee, turning back. (The disbelievers are referred to as dead and deaf.)
53Nor do you guide the blind out of their error; you only make those hear who believe in Our signs, so they have submitted. (The disbelievers are referred to as blind.)
54It is Allah Who created you weak, then after weakness gave you strength, then after strength gave you weakness and old age; He creates whatever He wills; and only He is the All Knowing, the Able.
55And on the day when the Last Day is established, the guilty will swear that they did not stay except for an hour; this is how they keep straying.
56And said those who received knowledge and faith, “You have indeed stayed in the decree of Allah until the Day of Restoration; so this is the Day of Restoration, but you did not know.”
57So on that day the unjust will not benefit from their excuses, nor will anyone ask them for compensation.
58And indeed We have illustrated all kinds of examples in this Qur’an for mankind; and indeed if you bring a sign to them, the disbelievers will say, “You are upon nothing but falsehood.”
59This is how Allah sets seal upon the hearts of the ignorant.
60Therefore patiently endure, indeed the promise of Allah is true; and may not those who do not have faith make you impatient.
Chapter 31 (Sura 31)
1Alif-Lam-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic language – Allah, and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2These are verses of the wise Book.
3Guidance and mercy for the righteous.
4Those who keep the prayer established and pay the charity and accept faith in the Hereafter.
5It is they who are on guidance from their Lord, and only they are the successful.
6And some people buy words of play, in order to mislead from Allah’s path, without knowledge; and to make it an article of mockery; for them is a disgraceful punishment.
7And when Our verses are recited to him he haughtily turns away as if he did not hear them - as if there is deafness in his ears; so give him the glad tidings of a painful punishment.
8Indeed those who believed and did good deeds – for them are Gardens of serenity.
9In which they will abide; it is a true promise of Allah; and only He is the Almighty, the Wise.
10He created the heavens without any supports visible to you, and cast mountains as anchors into the earth so that it may not shake with you, and spread all kinds of beasts in it; and We sent down water from the sky so thereby grew all kinds of refined pairs in it.
11Allah has created this – therefore show me what has been created by those other than Him; in fact the unjust are in open error.
12And indeed We bestowed wisdom to Luqman (saying) that, “Be grateful to Allah”; and whoever is grateful, is grateful for his own good; and whoever is ungrateful – then indeed Allah is the Absolute, the Most Praiseworthy.
13And remember when Luqman said to his son, and he used to advise him, “O my son! Never ascribe anything as a partner to Allah; indeed ascribing partners to Him is a tremendous injustice.”
14And We ordained upon man concerning his parents; his mother bore him enduring weakness upon weakness, and his suckling is up to two years – therefore be thankful to Me and to your parents; finally towards Me is the return.
15And if they force you, that you ascribe a partner to Me a thing concerning which you do not have knowledge – so do not obey them and support them well in the world; and follow the path of one who has inclined towards Me; then towards Me only is your return, and I shall tell you what you used to do.
16“O my son! If the evil deed is equal to the weight of a mustard-seed, and even if it is in a rock, or in the heavens, or wherever in the earth, Allah will bring it forth; indeed Allah knows all the minutest things, the All Aware.”
17“O my son! Keep the prayer established, and enjoin goodness and forbid from evil, and be patient upon the calamity that befalls you; indeed these are acts of great courage.”
18“And do not contort your cheek while talking to anyone, nor boastfully walk upon the earth; indeed Allah does not like any boastful, haughty person.”
19“And walk moderately and soften your voice; indeed the worst voice is the voice of the donkey.”
20Did you not see that Allah has made all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth, subservient for you and bestowed His favours upon you in full, both visible and hidden? And some men argue regarding Allah, with neither knowledge, nor guidance, nor a clear Book!
21And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has sent down”, they say, “On the contrary, we shall only follow that upon which we found our forefathers”; even if the devil was calling them to the punishment of hell?
22Whoever submits his face to Allah and is righteous – so he has indeed grasped the firm knot; and towards Allah only is the culmination of all things.
23And whoever disbelieves – then do not be aggrieved by his disbelief (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him); they have to return to Us, and We will inform them what they were doing; indeed Allah knows what lies within the hearts.
24We shall give them some usage, then making them helpless take them towards a severe punishment.
25And if you ask them, “Who created the heavens and the earth?” - they will surely answer, “Allah”; proclaim, “All Praise is to Allah”; in fact most of them do not know.
26To Allah only belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and in the earth; indeed Allah only is the Absolute, the Most Praiseworthy.
27And if all the trees in the earth were pens, and the seas were its ink, with seven more seas to back it up - the Words of Allah will not finish; indeed Allah is Almighty, Wise.
28Creating you all and raising you from the dead are like that of one soul *; indeed Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing. (He can create you slowly or all at once).
29O listener, did you not see that Allah brings the night in a part of the day and brings the day in a part of the night, and that He has subjected the sun and the moon - each one runs for its fixed term - and that Allah is Well Aware of your deeds?
30This is because only Allah is the Truth, and all that they worship besides Him are falsehood, and because only Allah is the Supreme, the Great.
31Did you not see that the ship sails on the sea by Allah’s grace, so that He may show you some of His signs? Indeed in this are signs for every greatly enduring, grateful person.
32And if a wave comes upon them like mountains, they pray to Allah believing purely in Him; then when He brings them safely to land, some of them remain upon justice; and none will deny Our signs except an extremely unfaithful, ungrateful person.
33O mankind! Fear your Lord, and fear the Day in which no father will benefit his child; nor will any good child be of any benefit to the father; indeed Allah’s promise is true; so never may the worldly life deceive you; and never may the great cheat deceive you in respect of Allah’s commands.
34Indeed Allah has the knowledge of the Last Day! And He sends down the rain; and He knows all what is in the mothers’ wombs; and no soul knows what it will earn tomorrow; and no soul knows the place where it will die; indeed Allah is the All Knowing, the Informer. (He may reveal the knowledge to whomever He wills.)
Chapter 32 (Sura 32)
1Alif-Lam-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic language – Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2The revelation of the Book is, without doubt, from the Lord Of The Creation.
3What! They dare say that, “He has fabricated it”? In fact it is the Truth from your Lord, in order that you warn a nation towards whom no Herald of Warning came before you, in the hope of their attaining guidance.
4It is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth, and all what is between them, in six days, then (befitting His Majesty) established Himself over the Throne (of control); leaving Allah, there is neither a friend nor an intercessor for you; so do you not ponder?
5He plans (all) the job(s) from the heaven to the earth - then it will return to Him on the Day which amounts to a thousand years in your count.
6This is the All Knowing - of all the hidden and the visible, the Most Honourable, the Most Merciful.
7The One Who created all things excellent, and Who initiated the creation of man from clay.
8Then kept his posterity with a part of an abject fluid.
9Then made him proper and blew into him a spirit from Him, and bestowed ears and eyes and hearts to you; very little thanks do you offer!
10And they said, “When we have mingled into the earth, will we be created again?”; in fact they disbelieve in the meeting with their Lord.
11Proclaim, “The angel of death, who is appointed over you, causes you to die and then towards your Lord you will return.”
12And if you see when the guilty will hang their heads before their Lord; “Our Lord! We have seen and heard, therefore send us back in order that we do good deeds - we are now convinced!”
13And had We willed We would have given every soul its guidance, but My Word is decreed that I will certainly fill hell with these jinns and men, combined.
14“Therefore taste the recompense of your forgetting the confronting of this day of yours; We have abandoned you – now taste the everlasting punishment, the recompense of your deeds!”
15Only those believe in Our signs who, when they are reminded of them, fall down in prostration and proclaim the Purity of their Lord while praising Him, and are not conceited. (Command of prostration # 9).
16Their sides stay detached from their beds and they pray to their Lord with fear and hope - and they spend from what We have bestowed upon them.
17So no soul knows the comfort of the eyes that is kept hidden for them *; the reward of their deeds. ( * Paradise)
18So will the believer ever be equal to the one who is lawless? They are not equal!
19Those who accepted faith and did good deeds – for them are the Gardens of (everlasting) stay; a welcome in return for what they did.
20And those who are lawless - their destination is the fire; whenever they wish to come out of it, they will be returned into it, and it will be said to them, “Taste the punishment of the fire you used to deny!”
21And We shall indeed make them taste the smaller punishment before the greater punishment, so that they may return.
22And who is more unjust than one who is preached to from the verses his Lord, then he turns away from them? We will indeed take revenge from the guilty.
23And indeed We bestowed the Book to Moosa, therefore have no doubt in its acquisition, and made it a guidance for the Descendants of Israel.
24And We made some leaders among them, guiding by Our command, when they had persevered; and they used to accept faith in Our signs.
25Indeed your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning the matters in which they used to differ.
26And did they not obtain guidance by the fact that We did destroy many generations before them, so now they walk in their houses? Indeed in this are signs; so do they not heed?
27And do they not see that We send the water to the barren land and produce crops with it, so their animals and they themselves eat from it? So do they not perceive?
28And they say, “When will this decision take place, if you are truthful?”
29Proclaim, “On the Day of Decision *, the disbelievers will not benefit from their accepting faith, nor will they get respite.” (* Of death or of resurrection)
30Therefore turn away from them and wait – indeed they too have to wait.
Chapter 33 (Sura 33)
1O Herald of the Hidden (the Prophet), continue to fear Allah and never listen to the disbelievers and the hypocrites; indeed Allah is All Knowing, Wise.
2And keep following what is sent down to you from your Lord; O people! Indeed Allah is seeing your deeds.
3And trust Allah; and Allah is Sufficient as a Trustee.
4Allah has not kept two hearts in the body of any man; nor has He made them your mothers those wives of yours, whom you declare to be your mothers; nor has He made them your sons, whom you have adopted; this is the statement of your mouths; and Allah proclaims the truth and it is He Who shows the path.
5Call them with their fathers’ names – this is more suitable in the sight of Allah; and if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in the faith, (and your cousins as humans) and your friends; and there is no sin upon you for what you did unknowingly in the past – however it is a sin what you do with your heart’s intention; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
6The Prophet is closer to the Muslims than their own lives, and his wives are their mothers; and the relatives are closer to each other in the Book of Allah, than other Muslims and immigrants, except that you may be kind towards your friends; this is written in the Book.
7And remember O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) when We took a covenant from the Prophets - and from you - and from Nooh, and Ibrahim, and Moosa, and Eisa the son of Maryam; and We took a firm covenant from them.
8So that He may question the truthful regarding their truth; and He has kept prepared a painful punishment for the disbelievers.
9O People who believe! Remember the favour of Allah upon you when some armies came against you, so We sent against them a windstorm and the armies you could not see; and Allah sees your deeds.
10When the disbelievers came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes became fixed in stare and the hearts came up to the throats, and you were imagining matters regarding Allah.
11That proved be the testing ground for the Muslims, and they were subjected to a severe shake.
12And when the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, began saying, “Allah and His Noble Messenger have not given us a promise except one of deceit.”
13And when a group among said, “O people of Medinah! This is no place of stay for you, therefore go back to your homes”; and a group among them sought exemption from the Prophet by saying, “Our homes are unprotected” whereas their homes were not unprotected; they willed nothing except to flee.
14And if the armies had come upon them from the outskirts of Medinah and demanded disbelief from them, they would certainly have given them their demand and would not have hesitated in it except a little.
15And indeed before this they had agreed with Allah that they would not turn their backs; and the covenant of Allah will be questioned about.
16Proclaim, “Fleeing will never benefit you if you flee from death or killing, and even then you will not be given the usage of this world except a little.”
17Say, “Who is he who can avert the command of Allah from you, if He wills harm for you or wills to have mercy upon you?” And other than Allah, they will not find any friend or supporter.
18Indeed Allah knows those among you who prevent others from the holy war, and those who say to their brothers, “Come towards us”; and they do not come to fight, except a few.
19They reduce the help towards you; so when a fearful time comes, you will observe them looking at you with eyes rolling like one enveloped by death; then when the time of fear is over, they begin slandering you with sharp tongues in their greed for the war booty; they have not accepted faith, therefore Allah has nullified their deeds; and this is easy for Allah.
20They assume that the armies of the disbelievers have not gone away; and were the armies to come again, their wish would be to go out to the villages seeking information about you; and were they to stay among you even then they would not fight, except a few.
21Indeed following the Noble Messenger of Allah is better for you – for one who is confident of Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.
22And when the Muslims saw the armies, they said, “This is what Allah and His Noble Messenger promised us, and Allah and His Noble Messenger have spoken the truth”; and it did not increase anything for them but faith and acceptance of Allah’s will.
23Among the Muslims are the men who have proved true what they had covenanted with Allah; so among them is one who has already fulfilled his vow, and among them is one still waiting; and they have not changed a bit.
24In order that Allah may reward the truthful for their truthfulness, and punish the hypocrites if He wills, or give them repentance; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
25And Allah turned back the disbelievers in their hearts’ jealousy, gaining no good; and Allah sufficed the Muslims in their fight; and Allah is Almighty, Most Honourable.
26And He brought down from their forts, the People given the Book(s) who had supported them, and instilled awe into their hearts - you slay a group among them and another group you make captive.
27And He bequeathed you their lands and their houses and their wealth, and land that you have not yet set foot upon; and Allah is Able to do all things.
28O Herald of the Hidden! Say to your wives, “If you desire the worldly life and its adornment – therefore come, I shall give you wealth and a befitting release!”
29“And if you desire Allah and His Noble Messenger and the abode of the Hereafter - then indeed Allah has kept prepared an immense reward for the virtuous among you.”
30O the wives of the Prophet! If any among you dares to commit an act contrary to decency, for her will be double the punishment of others; and this is easy for Allah.
31And whoever among you remains obedient towards Allah and His Noble Messenger and does good deeds - We shall give her double the reward of others, and have kept prepared for her an honourable sustenance.
32O the wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women - if you really fear Allah, do not speak softly lest the one in whose heart is a disease have any inclination, and speak fairly.
33And remain in your houses and do not unveil yourselves like the unveiling prevalent in the times of ignorance, and keep the prayer established, and pay the charity, and obey Allah and His Noble Messenger; Allah only wills to remove all impurity from you, O the People of the Household, and by cleansing you make you utterly pure. (*The Holy Prophet’s household.)
34And remember what is recited in your houses, from Allah’s verses and wisdom *; indeed Allah knows the minutest things, is All Aware. (The Holy Qur’an and the sayings- hadith - of the Holy Prophet.)
35Indeed the Muslim men and Muslim women, and the believing men and the believing women, and the men who obey and the women who obey, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women, and the humble men and the humble women, and charitable men and the charitable women, and the fasting men and the fasting women, and the men who guard their chastity and the women who guard their chastity, and the men who profusely remember Allah and the women who profusely remember Allah – for all of them, Allah has kept prepared forgiveness and an immense reward.
36And no Muslim man or woman has any right in the affair, when Allah and His Noble Messenger have decreed a command regarding it; and whoever does not obey the command of Allah and His Noble Messenger, has indeed clearly gone very astray.
37And O dear Prophet, remember when you said to him upon whom Allah has bestowed favour and you had bestowed favour, “Keep your wife with you, and fear Allah”, and you kept in your heart what Allah willed to make known, and you feared criticism from the people; and Allah has more right that you should fear Him; so when Zaid became unconcerned with her, We gave her to you in marriage, so that there may be no sin upon believers in respect of the wives of their adopted sons when they have become unconcerned with them; and the command of Allah must be carried out.
38There is no blame upon the Prophet regarding the matter that Allah has decreed for him; it has been Allah’s tradition in those who passed before; and the command of Allah is a certain destiny.
39Those who deliver the messages of Allah and fear Him, and do not fear anyone except Allah; and Allah is Sufficient to take account.
40Mohammed (peace and blessings be upon him) is not the father of any man among you – but he is the Noble Messenger of Allah and the Last of the Prophets *; and Allah knows all things. (* Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is the Last Prophet. There can be no new Prophet after him).
41O People who Believe! Remember Allah profusely.
42And proclaim His Purity, morning and evening.
43It is He Who sends blessings upon you *, and so do His angels, so that He may bring you out from darkness into light; and He is Most Merciful upon the Muslims. (* Upon the companions of the Holy Prophet).
44For them the salutation upon their meeting * is “Peace”; and an honourable reward is kept prepared for them. (* Upon death / while entering Paradise / meeting with Allah).
45O Herald of the Hidden! We have indeed sent you as an observing present witness and a Herald of glad tidings and warning.
46And as a caller towards Allah, by His command, and as a sun that enlightens. (The Holy Prophet is a light from Allah.)
47And give glad tidings to the believers that for them is Allah’s extreme munificence.
48And do not please the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and overlook the pain they cause and rely upon Allah; and Allah suffices as a Trustee.
49O People who Believe! If you marry Muslim women and divorce them without having touched them, so for you there is no waiting period for the women, which you may count; therefore give them some benefit and release them with a proper release.
50O Herald of the Hidden! We have indeed made lawful for you the wives to whom you have paid their bridal money, and the bondwomen you possess whom Allah gave you as war booty, and the daughters of your paternal uncles, and the daughters of your paternal aunts, and the daughters of your maternal uncles, and the daughters of your maternal aunts, those who migrated with you; and the believing woman if she gifts her life to the Prophet, if the Prophet desires to take her in marriage; this is exclusively for you, not for your followers; We indeed know what We have enjoined upon the Muslims concerning their wives and the bondwomen they possess – this exclusivity for you is so that you may not have constraints; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
51Put back in the order whom you wish among them and give your proximity to whomever you wish; and if you incline towards one whom you had set aside, there is no sin upon you in it; this command is closer to their eyes remaining soothed and not grieving, and all of them remaining happy with whatever you give them; and Allah knows what is in the hearts of you all; and Allah is All Knowing, Most Forbearing.
52Other women are not permitted for you after these, nor that you change them for other wives even if their beauty pleases you except the bondwomen whom you possess; and Allah is the Guardian over all things.
53O People who Believe! Do not enter the houses of the Prophet without permission, as when called for a meal but not to linger around waiting for it – and if you are invited then certainly present yourself and when you have eaten, disperse – not staying around delighting in conversation; indeed that was causing harassment to the Prophet, and he was having regard for you; and Allah does not shy in proclaiming the truth; and when you ask the wives of the Prophet for anything to use, ask for it from behind a curtain; this is purer for your hearts and for their hearts; and you have no right to trouble the Noble Messenger of Allah, nor ever marry any of his wives after him; indeed that is a very severe matter in the sight of Allah. (To honour the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – is part of faith. To disrespect him is blasphemy.)
54Whether you disclose a thing or keep it hidden – then indeed Allah knows all things.
55There is no sin upon your wives in (dealing with) their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons or women of their own religion, or their bondwomen; and O women, keep fearing Allah; indeed all things are present in front of Allah.
56Indeed Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet; O People who Believe! Send blessings and abundant salutations upon him. (Everlasting peace and unlimited blessings be upon the Holy Prophet Mohammed.)
57Indeed those who trouble Allah and His Noble Messenger – upon them is Allah’s curse in the world and in the Hereafter, and Allah has kept prepared a disgraceful punishment for them. (To disrespect / trouble the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – is blasphemy.)
58And those who unnecessarily harass Muslim men and women, have burdened themselves with slander and open sin.
59O Prophet! Command your wives and your daughters and the women of the Muslims to cover their faces with a part of their cloaks; this is closer to their being recognised and not being harassed; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful. (It is incumbent upon women to cover themselves properly.)
60If the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, and the rumour mongers in Medinah do not desist, We shall then surely impel you against them, so then they will not remain your neighbours in Medinah except for a few days.
61Accursed – to be caught wherever found and to be slain thoroughly.
62The tradition of Allah prevalent among those who passed away before; and you will never find the traditions of Allah changing.
63People ask you regarding the Last Day; proclaim, “Its knowledge is only with Allah; and what do you know, the Last Day may really be near!”
64Allah has indeed cursed the disbelievers, and has kept prepared for them a blazing fire.
65In which they will remain forever; in it they will find neither a protector nor any supporter.
66On the day when their faces will be overturned being roasted inside the fire, they will say, “Alas – if only we had obeyed Allah and obeyed His Noble Messenger!”
67And they will say, “Our Lord! We followed our chiefs and our elders – so they misled us from the path!”
68“Our Lord! Give them double the punishment of the fire and send upon them a mighty curse!”
69O People who Believe! Do not be like the people who troubled Moosa – so Allah freed him from the allegations they had uttered; and Moosa is honourable in the sight of Allah.
70O People who Believe! Fear Allah, and speak rightly.
71He will rectify your deeds for you and forgive you your sins; and whoever obeys Allah and His Noble Messenger, has indeed achieved a great success.
72We indeed offered the trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they refused it and were afraid of it - and man accepted it; indeed he is one who puts himself into hardship, is extremely unwise.
73In order that Allah may punish the hypocrite men, and the hypocrite women, and the polytheist men, and the polytheist women – and accept the repentance of believing men and believing women; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Chapter 34 (Sura 34)
1All praise is to Allah – to Him only belongs all whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth – and His is the praise in the Hereafter; and He is the Wise, the All Aware.
2He knows all that goes into the earth and all that comes out of it, and all that descends from the skies and all that ascends into it; and only He is the Most Merciful, the Oft Forgiving.
3And the disbelievers said, “The Last Day will never come upon us”; proclaim, “Surely yes, why not? By oath of my Lord, it will surely come upon you - the All Knowing of the hidden; nothing is hidden from Him - equal to an atom or less than it or greater - in the heavens or in the earth, but it is in a clear Book.”
4So that He may reward those who believed and did good deeds; it is these for whom is forgiveness, and an honourable sustenance.
5And those who strove in Our signs in order to defeat – for them is a punishment from the severe painful punishments.
6And those who received the knowledge know that what is sent down upon you from your Lord is the truth, and it shows the path of the Most Honourable, the Most Praiseworthy.
7And the disbelievers said, “Shall we show you a man who will tell you that ‘When you have disintegrated into the smallest pieces, you are to be created again’?”
8“Has he fabricated a lie against Allah, or is he insane?” Rather those who disbelieve in the Hereafter are in the punishment and extreme error.
9So did they not see what is before them and what is behind them in the sky and the earth? If We will, We can bury them into the earth or cause a part of the sky to fall on them; indeed in this is a sign for every repentant bondman.
10And indeed We gave Dawud the utmost excellence from Us; “O the hills and birds, repent towards Allah along with him”; and We made iron soft for him.
11"Make large coats of armour and keep proper measure while making; and all of you perform good deeds; I am indeed seeing your deeds.”
12And We gave the wind in Sulaiman’s control – its morning journey equal to a month’s course and the evening journey equal to a month’s course; and We sprung a stream of molten copper for him; and from the jinns, who worked before him by the command of his Lord; and those among them who turned away from Our command - We shall make them taste the punishment of the blazing fire.
13They made for him whatever he wished - synagogues and statues, basins like ponds, and large pots built into the ground; “Be thankful, O the people of Dawud!” And few among My bondmen are grateful.
14So when We sent the command of death towards him, no one revealed his death to the jinns except the termite of the earth which ate his staff; and when he came to the ground, the truth about the jinns was exposed - if they had known the hidden, they would not have remained in the disgraceful toil.
15Indeed for (the tribe of) Saba was a sign in their dwelling-place - two gardens on the right and the left; “Eat the sustenance provided by your Lord and be grateful to Him”; a pure land and an Oft Forgiving Lord!
16In response they turned away - We therefore sent upon them a tremendous flood, and in exchange of their two gardens gave them two gardens bearing bitter fruit, and tamarisk, and some berries.
17We gave them this reward – the recompense of their ingratitude; and whom do We punish, except the ungrateful?
18And We had made several towns upon the road between them and the towns which We had blessed – and kept them according to the length of the journey; “Travel safely in them, by night and by day.”
19So they said, “Our Lord! Make the stage between our journeys longer” and they wronged themselves – We therefore turned them into fables and scattered them completely with adversity; indeed in this are signs for every greatly enduring, most grateful person.
20And indeed Iblis made his assumptions regarding them seem true, so they all followed him except the group of Muslims.
21And Satan had no control over them at all, except that We willed to reveal as to who believes in the Hereafter and who is in doubt of it; and your Lord is a Guardian over all things.
22Proclaim, “Call those whom you assume (as Gods) besides Allah”; they do not own anything equal even to an atom either in the heavens or in the earth, nor do they have any share in them, nor is any one among them an aide to Allah.
23And intercession does not benefit before Him, except for one whom He permits; to the extent that when the fear is removed from their hearts by giving permission, they say to each other, “How splendidly has your Lord spoken!” They say, “All that He has proclaimed is the Truth; and He is the Supreme, the Great.”
24Proclaim, “Who provides you sustenance from the sky and the earth?” Proclaim, “Allah - and indeed either we or you are upon guidance, or in open error.”
25Proclaim, “You will not be questioned regarding the sins you assume we have committed, nor will we be questioned regarding your misdeeds.”
26Say, “Our Lord will bring us all together, and then judge truthfully between us; and He is the Best Judge, the All Knowing.”
27Say, “(Dare you) Show me those whom you have matched with Him – never! Rather only He is Allah, the Most Honourable, the Wise.”
28And O dear Prophet, We have not sent you except with a Prophethood that covers the entire mankind, heralding glad tidings and warnings, but most people do not know. (Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is the Prophet towards all mankind.)
29And they say, “When will this promise come, if you are truthful?
30Proclaim “For you is the promise of a Day which you cannot postpone by one moment nor can you advance it.”
31And the disbelievers said, “We shall never believe in this Qur’an nor in the Books that were before it”; and if only you see, when the unjust will be brought before their Lord; they will hurl allegations on one another; those who were subdued will say to those who were conceited, “If it were not for you, we would have certainly accepted faith.”
32Those who were conceited will say to those who were subdued, “Did we stop you from the guidance after it came to you? In fact you yourselves were guilty!”
33Those who were subdued will say to those who were conceited, “Rather it was your deceit during night and day, for you commanded us to deny Allah and to set up equals to Him”; and inwardly they began regretting when they saw the punishment; and We placed shackles around the necks of the disbelievers; what recompense will they get except what they used to do?
34And whenever We sent a Herald of Warning to any town, its wealthy people said, “We disbelieve in what you have been sent with.”
35And they said, “We are greater in wealth and children; we will not be punished!”
36Proclaim “Indeed my Lord eases the sustenance for whomever He wills and restricts it for whomever He wills, but most people do not know.”
37And your wealth and your children are not capable of bringing you near to Us, but one who believes and did good deeds (is brought close); for them is double the reward – the recompense of their deeds and they are in high positions, in peace.
38And those who strive in Our signs in order to defeat, will be brought into the punishment.
39Say, “Indeed my Lord eases the sustenance for whomever He wills among His bondmen, and restricts it for whomever He wills; and whatever you spend in Allah´s cause, He will restore it; and He is the Best Sustainer.”
40And on the day when He will raise them all, and then say to the angels, “Did they worship you?”
41They will say, “Purity is to you – only you are our Supporter, not they; in fact they worshipped the jinns; most of them believed only in them.”
42So this day you will not have the power to benefit or hurt one another; and We shall say to the unjust, “Taste the punishment of the fire which you used to deny!”
43And if Our clear verses are recited to them, they say, “He is nothing but a man who wishes to turn you away from the deities of your forefathers!”; and they say, “This is nothing but a fabricated lie”; and said the disbelievers regarding the truth when it reached them, “This is nothing but obvious magic.”
44And We did not give them any Books which they may read, nor did We send to them any Herald of Warning before you.
45And those before them had denied - and these have not reached even a tenth of what We had given them – so they denied My Noble Messengers; so how did My rejection turn out?
46Proclaim, “I advise you just one thing; that stand up for Allah´s sake, in twos and ones, and then think”; there is not a trace of insanity in this companion of yours; he is not but a Herald of Warning for you, before the advent of a severe punishment!
47Say, “Whatever fee I might have asked from you upon this, is yours; my reward is only upon Allah; and He is Witness over all things.”
48Proclaim, “Indeed my Lord sends down the truth; the All Knowing of all the hidden.”
49Proclaim, “The truth has come, and falsehood dare not commence nor return.”
50Proclaim, “If I stray, I stray only for my own harm; and if I attain guidance, it is because of what my Lord has sent down to me; indeed He is All Hearing, Close.”
51And if only you see, when they will be forced into a terror from which they will be unable to escape, and are seized from a place nearby. (Wherever they go, they are never far).
52And they will say, “We accept faith in it”; and how can they attain it from so far away? (After they have crossed the limit of life allotted to them.)
53For they had disbelieved in it before; and they hurl allegations without seeing, from far away.
54And a barrier is set between them and what they desire *, as was done for their earlier groups; indeed they are in a doubt that deceives. (To accept faith or return to earth)
Chapter 35 (Sura 35)
1All praise is to Allah, the Maker of the heavens and the earth, Who assigns angels as messengers – who have pairs of two, three, four wings; He increases in creation whatever He wills; indeed Allah is Able to do all things.
2No one can withhold the mercy which Allah opens to mankind; and whatever He withholds – so after it, none can release it; and only He is the Most Honourable, the Wise.
3O people! Remember the favour of Allah upon you; is there a Creator other than Allah who can provide you sustenance from the sky and the earth? There is no God except Him; so where are you reverting?
4And if they deny you, many Noble Messengers were denied before you; and towards Allah only is the return of all matters.
5O people! Allah’s promise is indeed true; therefore do not ever let the worldly life deceive you; nor ever let the great cheat deceive you in respect of Allah’s commands.
6Indeed Satan is your enemy, therefore you too take him as an enemy; he only calls his group so that they become the people of hell!
7For the disbelievers is a severe punishment; and for those who accepted faith and did good deeds is forgiveness, and an immense reward.
8So will one whose misdeeds are made seeming good to him - so he deems them good - be ever equal to the one who is upon guidance? Therefore indeed Allah sends astray whomever He wills, and guides whomever He wills; so may not your life be lost in despairing after them; Allah knows their deeds very well.
9And it is Allah Who sent the winds - so they raise clouds and We then direct it towards a dead city – so with it We revive the earth after its death; and this is how the resurrection will be.
10Whoever desires honour – therefore all honour belongs to Allah! * Towards Him only ascends the pure good speech, and He raises high the pious deed; and for those who conspire evil is a severe punishment; and their own conspiracy will be destroyed. (It is Allah Who bestows honour, to whomever He wills.)
11And Allah created you from clay, then a drop of liquid, then made you as couples; and no female conceives or gives birth except with His knowledge; and every aged being that is given the age, and every one whose life is kept short – all this is in a Book; indeed this is easy for Allah.
12And the two seas are not alike; this is sweet, very sweet and palatable – and this is salty, bitter; and from each you eat fresh meat and extract the ornament which you wear; and you see the ship cleaving through it, so that you may seek His munificence, and in some way become grateful.
13He brings the night in a part of the day and He brings the day in a part of the night; and He has subjected the sun and moon; each one runs to its fixed term; such is Allah, your Lord – only His is the kingship; and those whom you worship instead of Him do not own even the husk of a date-seed.
14If you call them, they do not hear your call; and supposedly if they heard it, they cannot fulfil your needs; and on the Day of Resurrection they will deny your ascribed partnership; and none will inform you like Him Who informs.
15O people! You are dependant on Allah; and Allah only is the Independent (Absolute, Not Needing Anything), the Most Praiseworthy.
16If He wills, He can take you away and bring other creatures.
17And this not at all difficult for Allah.
18And no burdened soul will carry another soul’s burden; and if a burdened soul calls another to share the burden, no one will carry any part of it, even if he is a close relative; O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), your warning only benefits those who fear their Lord without seeing and who keep the prayer established; and whoever cleansed himself, has cleansed for his own benefit; and towards Allah only is the return.
19And the blind and the sighted are not equal!
20And neither are darkness and brightness!
21And neither are the shadow and the hot sunshine!
22And not equal are the living and the dead! Indeed Allah causes them to listen *, whomever He wills; and you cannot make those who are in the graves ** listen. (* Listen to guidance **The disbelievers are referred to as dead, whose fates are sealed.)
23You are purely a Herald of Warning.
24And O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), We have indeed sent you with the Truth, giving glad tidings and heralding warnings; and there was a Herald of Warning in every group.
25And if these disbelievers deny you, those before them had also denied; their Noble Messengers came to them with clear proofs and scriptures and the bright Book.
26Then I seized the disbelievers; so how did My rejection turn out?
27Have you not seen that it is Allah Who causes the water to descend from the sky? So with it We have grown various colourful fruits; and among the mountains are tracks white and red, of different hues, and others dark black.
28And similarly the colours of men and beasts and cattle, are different; among the bondmen of Allah, only the people of knowledge fear Him; indeed Allah is the Most Honourable, Oft Forgiving.
29Indeed those who read the Book of Allah, and keep the prayer established, and spend from what We have bestowed upon them in secret and publicly, are hopeful of a trade in which there is never a loss.
30In order that He may reward them with goodness in full, and further increase it with His munificence; indeed He is Oft Forgiving, Most Appreciative.
31And the Book which We have divinely revealed to you – that is the Truth, confirming the Books which were before it; indeed Allah is Aware of His bondmen, All Seeing.
32We then made Our chosen bondmen the inheritors of the Book; so among them is one who wrongs himself; and among them is one who stays on the middle course; and among them is one who, by the command of Allah, surpassed others in good deeds; this is the great favour!
33They shall enter the Gardens of everlasting stay (Eden) – in which they shall be given to adorn armlets of gold and pearls; and their garment in it is silk.
34And they will say; “All praise is to Allah Who has put away our grief; indeed Our Lord is Oft Forgiving, Most Appreciative.”
35“The One Who has, by His munificence, established us in a place of serenity; in which no hardship shall ever reach us nor any fatigue affect us.”
36And for those who disbelieved is the fire of hell; neither does their final seizure come that they may die, nor is its punishment lightened for them; this is how We punish every extremely ungrateful person.
37And they shall be screaming in it; “Our Lord! Extricate us, so that we may do good deeds, the opposite of what we used to do”; (It will be said to them) “And did We not give you an age long enough, in which anyone who wants to understand would have understood? And the Herald of Warning did come to you; therefore now taste it – for the unjust do not have any supporter.”
38Indeed Allah is All Knowing – of all the hidden things in the heavens and in the earth; indeed He knows what lies within the hearts.
39It is He Who has made you the successors of your predecessors in the earth; so whoever disbelieves – (the harm of) his disbelief falls only on him; and for the disbelievers, their disbelief increases nothing in their Lord’s sight except disgust; and for the disbelievers, their disbelief increases nothing for them except ruin.
40Proclaim, “Just show me your partners (false deities) whom you worship other than Allah; show me which part of the earth have they created - or do they have any share in the heavens?” Or have We given them some Book, so they are on its clear proofs? In fact the unjust do not give promises to each other, except of deceit.
41Indeed Allah restrains the heavens and the earth from convulsing; and were they to convulse, who could stop them except Allah? Indeed He is Most Forbearing, Oft Forgiving.
42And they swore by Allah most vehemently in their oaths, that if a Herald of Warning came to them, they would be more upon guidance than any other group; then when a Herald of Warning did come to them, he increased nothing in them except hatred.
43Priding themselves in the earth and scheming evil; and the evil scheming falls only upon those who scheme it; so what are they waiting for, except the tradition of the earlier nations? So you will never find the traditions of Allah changing; and you will never find Allah’s law being avoided.
44And did they not travel in the land in order to see what sort of fate befell those who were before them, whereas they exceeded them in strength? And Allah is not such that anything in the heavens or in the earth can break away from His control; indeed He is All Knowing, Able.
45If Allah were to seize people upon their deeds, He would leave no creature walking on the surface of the earth, but He gives them respite till a fixed term; and when their term comes – so indeed Allah is observing all His bondmen!
Chapter 36 (Sura 36)
1Yaa-Seen (Alphabets of Arabic language - Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2By oath of the wise Qur’an.
3You (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) are indeed one of the Noble Messengers.
4On the Straight Path.
5(The Qur’an is) Sent down by the Almighty, the Most Merciful.
6So that you may warn these people whose ancestors were not warned, they are therefore unaware.
7Undoubtedly, it (their disbelief) has proved true for most of them, so they will not believe.
8We have indeed put shackles around their necks reaching up to the chins, so they remain facing upwards.
9And We have set a wall before them and a wall behind them, and covered the top - so they are unable to see anything.
10And it is the same for them, whether you warn them or do not warn them - they will not believe.
11You warn only him who follows the advice and fears the Most Gracious without seeing; therefore give him glad tidings of forgiveness and an honourable reward.
12We will surely bring the dead to life and We record what they send ahead and the signs they will leave behind; and We have accounted all things in a clear Book.
13And relate to them the signs of the people of the city - when two emissaries came to them.
14When We had sent two towards them and they denied them both, so We fortified them with a third, and they all said, “Indeed we have been sent to you.”
15They said, “You are nothing but mortals like us; the Most Gracious has not sent down anything - you are nothing but liars.”
16They answered, “Our Lord knows that surely, without doubt, we have been sent towards you.”
17“And our duty is nothing but to plainly convey (the message).”
18They (the people of the city) said, “We think you are ominous; indeed, if you do not desist, we shall surely stone you to death, and you will surely face a grievous torture at our hands.”
19They said, “Your evil omens are with you! What! You get annoyed for being advised? In fact you are a people who transgress the limits!”
20And from the outermost part of the city came a man running; he said, “O my people! Obey those who have been sent.”
21“Obey those who do not ask any fee from you, and they are on guidance.”
22“And what is the matter with me that I should not worship Him Who created me, whereas it is towards Him that you are to return?”
23“What! Shall I appoint Gods other than Allah? So that if the Most Gracious should wish me any harm, their intercession would be of no use to me, nor would they be able to save me?”
24“Undoubtedly, I am then in open error.”
25“Indeed I have believed in your Lord, so heed me.”
26It was said to him, “Enter Paradise”; he said, “If only my people knew!”
27“The manner in which my Lord has pardoned me and made me of the honoured ones!”
28And after him, We did not send down any army from heaven against his people, nor did We intend to send down an army.
29It was just one scream, and with it they were extinguished.
30And it was said, “Woe to those bondmen - whenever a Noble Messenger comes to them, they mock at him!”
31Have they not seen how many generations We destroyed before them, which will not return to them?
32And without exception, all of them will be brought forth before Us.
33And a sign for them is the dead earth; We gave it life and We produced from it grain, so they eat from it.
34And We have placed in it gardens of dates and grapes, and We have made springs of water in it.
35So that they may eat from its fruits, whereas they are not manufactured by their hands! So will they not be grateful?
36Purity is to Him Who created all pairs, from what the earth grows, and of themselves, and from the things they do not know.
37And a sign for them is the night; We strip the day out of it, thereupon they are in darkness.
38And the sun runs its course for its final destination; this is a command of the Almighty, the All Knowing.
39And We have appointed positions for the moon till it returns like an old branch of the date palm.
40It is not for the sun to catch up with the moon, nor does the night surpass the day; and each one of them floats in its orbit.
41And a sign for them is that We lodged them in a laden ship, while they were in their forefathers backs.
42And We have created for them similar ships, in which they now ride.
43And if We will, We can drown them, so there would be no help in their distress, nor would they be saved.
44Unless by mercy from Us, and as a comfort for a while.
45And when it is said to them, “Beware of what is before you and what is behind you, in the hope of your gaining mercy”, they turn away!
46And whenever a sign comes to them from the signs of their Lord, they always turn away from it!
47And when it is said to them, “Spend in Allah’s cause, from what Allah has provided you”, the disbelievers say regarding the believers, “Shall we feed these, whom if Allah willed, would have fed? You are not but in open error!”
48And they say, “When will this promise be fulfilled, if you are truthful?”
49They await just one scream, which will overcome them while they are involved in worldly disputes.
50Therefore neither able to make a will, nor returning to their homes.
51And the Trumpet will be blown - so they will come forth from the graves, running towards their Lord.
52Saying, “O our misfortune! Who has raised us from our sleep? This is what the Most Gracious had promised, and the Noble Messengers had spoken the truth!”
53It is just one scream, and every one of them will be brought together before Us!
54So this day no soul will be wronged in the least; and you will not be compensated except for your deeds.
55Indeed this day the dwellers of Paradise are in comfort, with blissful hearts.
56They and their wives are in shades, reclining on thrones.
57In it (paradise) are fruits for them and whatever they ask for.
58Upon them will be “Peace” - a Word from their Merciful Lord!
59“And be separated (from others) this day, O you criminals!”
60“O Descendants of Adam! Did I not take a covenant from you that you shall not worship the devil? Undoubtedly, he is your open enemy.”
61“And that you shall worship Me? This is the Straight Path.”
62“And he has indeed led a large number of you astray; so did you not have sense?”
63“This is hell, which you were promised.”
64“Enter it this day - the recompense of your disbelief.”
65This day We will set a seal on their mouths, and their hands will speak out to Us and their feet will bear witness to their deeds.
66And had We willed, We could have quenched their eyes so they would rush towards the path, unable to see a thing.
67And had We willed, We could have disfigured their faces while they were in their homes, therefore unable to go forward or turn back.
68And whomever We bring to an old age, We reverse him in creation; so do they not understand?
69And We have not taught him (Prophet Mohammed- peace and blessings be upon him) to recite poetry, nor does it befit him; it is nothing but an advice and the bright Qur’an.
70To warn the living *, and to prove the Word against disbelievers. (Only the believers are deemed alive in Allah’s sight.)
71Did they not see that We have created animals for them from Our handiwork, so they are their owners?
72And have subjected the animals for them, so they ride some animals and eat some?
73And for them in the animals are numerous different benefits and drinks; so will they not be grateful?
74And they have appointed Gods other than Allah, that perhaps they may be helped!
75They (the appointed Gods) cannot help them; and they and their armies will come (to Us), as captives.
76Therefore (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) do not grieve because of what they (the disbelievers) say; indeed We know what they conceal and what they disclose.
77And did not man see that We have created him from a drop of semen? Yet he is an open quarreller!
78And he invents an example for Us, while forgetting his own creation, saying, “Who is such that can revive the bones when they have completely rotted away?”
79Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “They will be revived by the One Who created them the first time; and He is the All Knowing of every creation.”
80“The One Who has created for you fire from the green tree, so you kindle from it.”
81And is it not possible for the One Who created the heavens and the earth to create the likes of them? It is surely possible, why not? And He is the Great Creator, the All Knowing of everything.
82And His only task when He intends a thing is to command it, “Be” - and it thereupon happens!
83Therefore Purity is to Him in Whose Hand * is the control over all things and it is towards Him that you will be returned. (Used as a metaphor to mean Power)
Chapter 37 (Sura 37)
1By oath of those who establish proper ranks.
2And by oath of those who herd with a stern warning.
3And by oath of the groups that read the Qur’an.
4Indeed your God is surely only One.
5Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them - and the Lord of the sun’s rising points.
6We have indeed adorned the lowest heaven with stars as ornaments.
7And to protect it from every rebellious devil.
8They cannot listen to the speech of those on higher elevations and they are targeted from every side.
9To make them flee, and for them is a never-ending punishment.
10Except one who sometimes steals a part, so a blazing flame goes after him.
11Therefore ask them (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “Are they a stronger creation, or are other things of our creation, (the angels, the heavens etc.)?” We have indeed created them from sticky clay.
12Rather you are surprised, whereas they keep mocking.
13And they do not understand, when explained to.
14And whenever they see a sign, they mock at it.
15And they say, “This is nothing but clear magic.”
16“When we are dead and have turned into dust and bones, will we certainly be raised again?”
17“And also our forefathers?”
18Proclaim, “Yes, and with disgrace.”
19So that is just a single jolt, thereupon they will begin staring.
20And will say, “O our misfortune!” It will be said to them, “This is the Day of Justice.”
21“This is the Day of Judgement, which you used to deny!”
22“Gather all the unjust persons and their spouses, and all that they used to worship!” -
23“Instead of Allah - and herd them to the path leading to hell.”
24“And stop them - they are to be questioned.”
25“What is the matter with you, that you do not help one another?”
26In fact this day they have all surrendered.
27And some of them inclined towards others, mutually questioning.
28They said, “It is you who used to come to us from our right, in order to sway.”
29They will answer, “You yourselves did not have faith!”
30“And we did not have any control over you; but in fact you yourselves were rebellious.”
31“So the Word of our Lord has proved true upon us; we will surely have to taste (the punishment).”
32“We therefore led you astray, for we ourselves were astray!”
33So this day they all are partners in the punishment.
34This is how We deal with the guilty.
35Indeed, when it was said to them, “There is no God except Allah”, they were haughty.
36And they used to say, “Shall we forsake our Gods upon the sayings of a mad poet?”
37In fact he has brought the Truth, and testified for the Noble Messengers!
38“You surely have to taste the painful punishment.”
39“And you will not be compensated except for your deeds.”
40Except the chosen bondmen of Allah.
41For them is the sustenance known to Us.
42Fruits; and they will be honoured.
43In Gardens of peace.
44Facing one another on thrones.
45Cups of wine will be presented to them in rounds, from a spring flowing in front of them.
46White, delicious for the drinkers.
47Neither does it intoxicate, nor give a headache.
48And with them are those who do not set gaze upon men except their husbands, the maidens with gorgeous eyes.
49As if they were eggs, safely hidden.
50So one among them turns to the other, questioning. -
51The speaker among them said, “I had a companion.” -
52“Who used to tell me, ‘Do you believe it is true?’ -
53‘That when we are dead and have turned into dust and bones, that we will either be rewarded or punished?’ ”
54He said (to others on the thrones), “Will you take a glimpse (into hell) below?”
55He therefore looked down and saw him amidst the blazing fire.
56He said, “By Allah, you had nearly ruined me!”
57“And were it not for the munificence of my Lord, I too would have been seized and brought forth (captive)!”
58“So are we never to die?” (The people of Paradise will ask the angels, with delight, after the announcement of everlasting life.)
59“Except our earlier death, and nor will we be punished?”
60“This is, most certainly, the supreme success.”
61For such a reward should the workers perform.
62So is this welcome better, or the tree of Zaqqum?
63We have indeed made that a punishment for the unjust.
64Indeed it is a tree that sprouts from the base of hell.
65Its fruit like the heads of demons.
66So indeed they will eat from it, and fill their bellies with it.
67Then after it, indeed for them is the drink of boiling hot water.
68Then surely their return is towards hell.
69They had indeed found their forefathers astray.
70So they hastily follow their footsteps!
71And indeed before them, most of the former people went astray.
72And indeed We had sent Heralds of warnings among them.
73Therefore see what sort of fate befell those who were warned!
74Except the chosen bondmen of Allah.
75And indeed Nooh prayed to Us – so what an excellent Acceptor of Prayer We are!
76And We rescued him and his household from the great calamity.
77And We preserved his descendants.
78And We kept his praise among the latter generations.
79Peace be upon Nooh, among the entire people.
80This is how We reward the virtuous.
81He is indeed one of Our high ranking, firmly believing bondmen.
82We then drowned the others.
83And indeed Ibrahim is from his (Nooh’s) group.
84When he came to his Lord, with a sound heart. (Free from falsehood).
85When he said to his father (paternal uncle) and his people, “What do you worship?”
86“What! You desire, through fabrication, Gods other than Allah?”
87“So what do you assume regarding the Lord Of The Creation?” (That He will not punish you?)
88He then shot a glance at the stars.
89He then said, “I feel sick (of you)!”
90And they turned their backs on him and went away. (The pagans thought he would transmit the disease).
91He then sneaked upon their deities and said, “Do you not eat?”
92“What is the matter with you, that you do not say anything?”
93He then began striking them with his right hand, unseen by the people.
94So the disbelievers came running towards him.
95He said, “What! You worship what you yourselves have sculpted?”
96“Whereas Allah has created you and your actions?”
97They said, “Construct a building (furnace) for him, and then cast him in the blazing fire!”
98So they tried to execute their evil scheme upon him – We therefore degraded them. (Allah saved him, by commanding the fire to turn cool).
99And he said, “Indeed I shall go to my Lord Who will guide me.”
100“My Lord! Give me a meritorious child.”
101We therefore gave him the glad tidings of an intelligent son.
102And when he became capable of working with him, Ibrahim said, “O my son, I dreamt that I am sacrificing you - therefore now consider what is your opinion”; he said, “O my father! Do what you are commanded! Allah willing, you will soon find me patiently enduring!”
103Then (remember) when they both submitted to Allah’s command, and Ibrahim lay his son facing downwards. (The knife did not hurt Ismail)
104And We called out to him, “O Ibrahim!”
105“You have indeed made the dream come true”; and this is how We reward the virtuous.
106Indeed this was a clear test.
107And We rescued him in exchange of a great sacrifice. (The sacrifice of Ibrahim and Ismail – peace be upon them – is commemorated every year on 10,11 and 12 Zil Haj).
108And We kept his praise among the latter generations.
109Peace be upon Ibrahim!
110This is how We reward the virtuous.
111He is indeed one of Our high ranking, firmly believing bondmen.
112And We gave him the glad tidings of Ishaq, a Herald of the Hidden, from among those who deserve Our proximity.
113And We sent blessings upon him and Ishaq; and among their descendants - some who do good deeds, and some who clearly wrong themselves.
114And We indeed did a great favour to Moosa and Haroon.
115And rescued them and their people from the great calamity.
116And We helped them, so they were victorious.
117And We bestowed the clear Book to both of them.
118And guided them to the Straight Path.
119And We kept their praise among the latter generations.
120Peace be upon Moosa and Haroon!
121This is how We reward the virtuous.
122Indeed they are two of Our high ranking, firmly believing bondmen.
123And indeed Ilyas is one of the Noble Messengers.
124When he said to his people, “Do you not fear?”
125“What! You worship Baal (an idol) and leave the Best Creator?” -
126“Allah, Who is, your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers?”
127In response they denied him, so they will surely be brought forth as captives.
128Except the chosen bondmen of Allah.
129And We kept his praise among the latter generations.
130Peace be upon Ilyas!
131This is how We reward the virtuous.
132He is indeed one of Our high ranking, firmly believing bondmen.
133And indeed Lut is one of the Noble Messengers.
134When We rescued him and his entire household.
135Except an old woman, who became of those who stayed behind.
136We then destroyed the others.
137And indeed you pass over them in the morning. -
138And during the night; so do you not have sense?
139And indeed Yunus is one of the Noble Messengers.
140When he left towards the laden ship.
141Then lots were drawn and he became of those who were pushed into the sea.
142The fish then swallowed him and he blamed himself. (For not waiting for Allah’s command.)
143And were he not one of those who praise. -
144He would have remained in its belly till the day when all will be raised.
145We then put him ashore on a plain, and he was sick.
146And We grew a tree of gourd (as a shelter) above him.
147And We sent him towards a hundred thousand people, in fact more.
148So they accepted faith - We therefore gave them usage for a while.
149Therefore ask them (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), whether the daughters are for your Lord and the sons for them!
150Or that have We created the angels as females, while they were present?
151Pay heed! It is their slander that they say. –
152That “Allah has offspring”; and indeed, surely, they are liars.
153“Has he chosen daughters instead of sons?”
154“What is the matter with you? What sort of a judgement you impose!”
155“So do you not ponder?”
156“Or do you have some clear proof?”
157“Then bring forth your Book, if you are truthful!”
158And they have appointed a relationship between Him and the jinns; and indeed the jinns surely know that they will be brought forth.
159Purity is to Allah from the matters they fabricate.
160Except the chosen bondmen of Allah.
161Therefore you and all what you worship. (The disbelievers and their deities.)
162You cannot make anyone rebel against Him.
163Except the one who will go into the blazing fire.
164And the angels say, “Each one of us has an appointed known position.”
165“And indeed we, with our wings spread, await the command.”
166“And indeed we are those who say His purity.”
167And indeed the disbelievers used to say, -
168“If we had some advice from the earlier generations,” -
169“We would certainly be the chosen bondmen of Allah.”
170They therefore denied it, so they will soon come to know.
171And indeed Our Word has already gone forth for Our bondmen who were sent.
172That undoubtedly, only they will be helped.
173And surely, only Our army will be victorious.
174Therefore turn away from them for some time.
175And watch them, for they will soon see.
176So are they being impatient for Our punishment?
177So when it does descend in their courtyards – so what an evil morning it will be for those who were warned!
178And turn away from them for some time.
179And wait, for they will soon see.
180Purity is to your Lord, the Lord of Honour, from all what they say.
181And peace is upon the Noble Messengers.
182And all praise is to Allah, the Lord Of The Creation.
Chapter 38 (Sura 38)
1Saad* - By oath of the renowned Qur’an, (Alphabet of the Arabic language; Allah and to whomever He reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2In fact, the disbelievers are in false pride and opposition.
3Many a generation We did destroy before them – thereupon they cried out whereas it is not the time to escape!
4And they were surprised that a Herald of Warning came to them from among themselves; and the disbelievers said, “He is a magician, a great liar!”
5“Has he made all the Gods into One God? This is really something very strange!”
6And their leaders went about, “Leave him and cling steadfastly to your Gods! Indeed he has a hidden objective in this!”
7“We never heard of this even in Christianity, the latest religion; this is clearly a newly fabricated matter.”
8“Is the Qur’an which is sent to him, among us?” In fact they are in a doubt concerning My Book; in fact, they have not yet tasted My punishment.
9Or do they hold the treasures of the mercy of your Lord, the Almighty, the Great Bestower?
10Is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, for them? So would they not just ascend using ropes?
11This is just one of the disgraced armies, that will be routed there and then.
12Before them, the people of Nooh had denied, and the tribe of A’ad, and Firaun who used to crucify.
13And the tribe of Thamud, and the people of Lut, and the People of the Woods; these are the groups.
14None of them was such that it did not deny the Noble Messengers, therefore My punishment became inevitable.
15They await just one Scream, which no one can avert.
16And they said, “Our Lord! Give us our share quickly, before the Day of Reckoning.”
17Have patience upon what they say, and remember Our bondman Dawud, the one blessed with favours; he is indeed most inclined (towards His Lord).
18Indeed We subjected the hills to say the praise with him, at night and at morn.
19And birds gathered together; they were all obedient to him.
20And We strengthened his kingdom and gave him wisdom and just speech.
21And did the news of the two disputants reach you? When they scaled over the wall into Dawud’s mosque.
22When they entered upon David, so he feared them - they said, “Do not fear! We are two disputants, one of whom has wronged the other, therefore judge fairly between us and do not judge unjustly - and show us the right way.”
23“This is my brother; he has ninety nine ewes and I have one ewe; and he now says ‘Give that one also to me’ - and he is very demanding in speech.”
24Said Dawud, “He is indeed being unjust to you in that he demands to add your ewe to his ewes; and indeed most partners wrong one another, except those who believe and do good deeds - and they are very few!” Thereupon Dawud realised that We had tested him, so he sought forgiveness from his Lord, and fell prostrate and inclined (towards his Lord). (Command of Prostration # 10)
25We therefore forgave him this; and indeed for him in Our presence are, surely, proximity and an excellent abode.
26“O Dawud! We have indeed appointed you as a Viceroy in the earth, therefore judge between mankind with the truth, and do not follow desire for it will lead you astray from Allah’s path; indeed for those who stray away from Allah’s path is a severe punishment, because they forgot the Day of Reckoning.”
27And We have not created the heaven and the earth and all that is between them without purpose; this is what the disbelievers assume; therefore ruin is for the disbelievers, by the fire.
28Shall We make those who believe and do good deeds equal to those who spread turmoil in the earth? Or shall We equate the pious with the disobedient?
29This is a Book which We have sent down upon you, a blessed Book, for them to ponder upon its verses, and for men of intellect to accept advice.
30And We bestowed Sulaiman to Dawud; what an excellent bondman! He is indeed most inclined.
31When fast footed steeds were presented to him at evening.
32Therefore Sulaiman said, “I cherish the love of these horses *, out of remembrance of my Lord”; he then ordered them to be raced until they vanished in a curtain out of sight. (To be used in holy war.)
33He then ordered, “Bring them back to me”; and he began caressing their shins and necks.
34And We indeed tested Sulaiman, and placed a dead body on his throne – he therefore inclined towards His Lord.
35He said, “My Lord! Forgive me and bestow upon me a kingdom, which shall not befit anyone after me; indeed only You are the Great Bestower.”
36We therefore gave the wind under his control, moving steadily by his command wherever he wished.
37And made the demons subservient to him, all builders and divers.
38And other demons bound in chains.
39“This is Our bestowal - you may therefore bestow favours or withhold them – you will not be questioned.”
40And indeed for him in Our presence are, surely, proximity and an excellent abode.
41And remember Our bondman Ayyub (Job); when he cried out * to his Lord, “The devil has struck me with hardship and pain.” (After seven years of patience.)
42We said to him, “Strike the earth with your foot; this cool spring is for bathing and drinking.” (A spring of gushed forth when he struck the earth – this was a miracle.)
43And We bestowed his household to him and one more similar to it – as a mercy from Us, and as a remembrance for the people of intellect.
44And We said, “Take a broom in your hand and strike her with it, and do not break your vow”; We indeed found him patiently enduring; what an excellent bondman! He is indeed most inclined.
45And remember Our bondmen Ibrahim, and Ishaq, and Yaqub – the men of power and knowledge.
46We indeed gave them distinction with a genuine affair – the remembrance of the (everlasting) abode.
47And in Our sight, they are indeed the chosen ones, the beloved.
48And remember Ismail and Yasa’a (Elisha) and Zul-Kifl; and they are all excellent.
49This is an advice; and indeed for the pious is an excellent abode.
50Everlasting Gardens - all its gates are open for them.
51Reclining on pillows, in it they ask for fruits and drinks in plenty.
52And with them are the pure spouses, who do not set gaze upon men except their husbands, of single age.
53This is the promise being given to you, for the Day of Reckoning.
54Indeed this is Our sustenance, which will never end.
55This is for the virtuous; and indeed for the rebellious is a wretched destination.
56Hell; which they shall enter; what an evil resting-place!
57This is for the criminals – so that they may taste it - boiling hot water and pus.
58And similar other punishments in pairs.
59“Here is another group that was with you, falling along with you”; they will answer, “Do not give them plenty of open space; they surely have to enter the fire – let them also be confined!”
60The followers will say, “In fact, for you! May you not get open space! It is you who brought this calamity upon us!” So what a wretched destination.
61They say, “Our Lord! Whoever has brought this calamity upon us - double the punishment of the fire for him!”
62And they say, “What is the matter with us that we do not see the men whom we thought were evil?”
63“Did we mock at them or did our eyes turn away from them?”
64Indeed this is really true – the people of the hell quarrelling among themselves.
65Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), “I am purely a Herald of Warning - and there is no God except Allah, the One, the All Dominant.”
66“Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them - the Almighty, the Oft Forgiving.”
67Say, “That is a great tidings.”
68“You are neglectful of it!”
69“What did I know of the heavenly world, when the angels had disputed.”
70“I receive only the divine revelations, that I am purely a clear Herald of Warning.”
71(Remember) When your Lord said to the angels, “I will create a human from clay.” -
72“So when I have perfected him and breathed into him a spirit from Myself, (you all) fall down before him in prostration.”
73So all the angels prostrated, every one, without exception.
74Except Iblis; he was proud and was, from the beginning, a disbeliever.
75Said Allah, “O Iblis! What prevented you from prostrating before one whom I have created with My hands*? Have you become proud or were you haughty from the beginning?” (Used as a metaphor).
76Said Iblis, “I am better than him; You made me from fire, and You have created him from clay!”
77He said, “Therefore exit from heaven, for you have been outcast.” (To disrespect the Prophets – peace and blessings be upon them – is blasphemy.)
78“And indeed My curse is upon you till the Day of Judgement.”
79He said, “My Lord! Therefore give me respite till the day when all will be raised.”
80Said Allah, “You are therefore among those given respite.”
81“Until the time of the known day.”
82He said, “Therefore, by oath of Your honour, I will surely mislead all of them.”
83“Except Your chosen bondmen among them.”
84Said Allah, “So this is the truth; and I speak only the truth.” -
85“That I will fill hell with you and with those among them who follow you, all together.”
86Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) “I do not ask any fee from you for the Qur’an, and I am not a fabricator.”
87“It is not but an advice for the entire world.”
88“And you will come to know of its tidings, after a while.”
Chapter 39 (Sura 39)
1The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Most Honourable, the Wise.
2We have indeed divinely revealed the Book to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) with the truth, therefore worship Allah, as His sincere bondman.
3Pay heed! Worship is for Allah only; and those who have taken others as their supporters beside Him say; “We worship * them only so that they get us closer to Allah”; Allah will surely judge between them regarding the matter in which they dispute; indeed Allah does not guide one who is a big liar, extremely ungrateful. (*The pagans regarded their idols as smaller Gods and worshipped them. So did the Christians. This does not apply to Muslims who only respect their elders, and ask for their blessings.)
4Were Allah to create a son * for Himself, He would have chosen any one from His creation! Purity is to Him! He is Allah, the One, the All Dominant. (*Which is impossible.)
5It is He Who created the heavens and the earth with the truth; He envelops the night over day and envelops the day over night, and He has subjected the sun and the moon; each one runs for its appointed term; pay heed! He only is the Most Honourable, the Oft Forgiving.
6It is He Who created you from a single being, and then from the same being created its spouse, and sent down for you eight pairs of animals; He creates you in your mothers’ wombs, from one sort to another, in a triple darkness; such is Allah, your Lord – for Him only is the kingship; there is no God except Him; so where are you being turned away?
7If you become ungrateful, then (know that) indeed Allah is Independent of you; and He does not like the ungratefulness of His bondmen; and if you give thanks, He is pleased with it for you; and no burdened soul will bear another soul’s burden; you have then to return towards your Lord – He will therefore inform you of what you used to do; undoubtedly, He knows what lies within the hearts.
8And when some hardship strikes man, he prays to his Lord, inclined only towards Him – then when Allah grants him a favour from Himself, he forgets why he had prayed to Him earlier, and sets up equals to Allah in order to mislead from Allah’s way; proclaim, “Revel in your disbelief for some days; you are indeed of the people of the fire.”
9Will he, whose night hours pass in obedience while prostrating and standing, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord, ever be equal to the disobedient? Proclaim, “Are the knowledgeable and the ignorant equal?” It is only the men of intellect who heed advice.
10Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “O my slaves who have accepted faith! Fear your Lord; for those who do good deeds in this world, is goodness (in return); and Allah’s earth is spacious; it is the steadfast who will be paid their full reward, without account.”
11Say, “I am commanded that I must worship Allah as His sincere bondman.” (And so must you too.)
12“And I am commanded that I be the first to submit.”
13Say, “Were I to disobey my Lord, I too would fear the punishment of the great Day (of Resurrection).”
14Proclaim, “I worship only Allah, as His sincere bondman.”
15“Therefore you can worship what you want besides Him!” Say, “The worst losers are those who will lose themselves and their household on the Day of Resurrection; pay heed! This is the plain loss!”
16Above them are mountains of fire and beneath them are mountains of fire; Allah scares His bondmen with this; “O My bondmen! Fear Me!”
17And those who stayed away from the worship of idols, and inclined towards Allah – for them are glad tidings; therefore give glad tidings to My bondmen. -
18Those who heed attentively and follow the best from it; it is these whom Allah has guided, and it is these who have intelligence.
19So will the one upon whom the Word of punishment has proved true, ever be equal to those who are forgiven? So will you guide and save the one who deserves the fire? (Because the hearts of some disbelievers are sealed).
20But for those who fear their Lord, are the high chambers with more high chambers built above them – rivers flowing beneath them; a promise of Allah; Allah does not renege on His promise.
21Did you not see that it is Allah Who sent down water from the sky, and then with it made springs in the earth, and then with it produces crops of various colours, and then it dries up and you see it has become yellow, and He then fragments them into small pieces; indeed in this is a reminder for people of intellect.
22So will he whose bosom Allah has opened up for Islam - he is therefore upon a light from his Lord - ever be equal to one who is stone hearted? Therefore ruin is for those whose hearts are hardened towards the remembrance of Allah; they are in open error.
23Allah has sent down the best of Books (the Holy Qur’an), which is consistent throughout, the one with paired statements; the hairs on the skins of those who fear their Lord, stand on end with it; then their skins and their hearts soften, inclined towards the remembrance of Allah; this is the guidance of Allah, He may guide whomever He wills with it; and whomever Allah sends astray, there is no guide for him.
24So will he who will not have a shield except his own face against the wretched punishment on the Day of Resurrection, ever be equal to one who is forgiven? And it will be said to the unjust, “Taste what you have earned!”
25Those before them had denied, therefore the punishment came to them from a place they did not know.
26So Allah made them taste humiliation in the life of this world; and indeed the punishment of the Hereafter is the greatest; if only they knew!
27And We have indeed illustrated examples of all kinds in this Qur’an, so that they may ponder.
28The Qur’an in Arabic, having no deviation at all, so that they may be pious.
29Allah illustrates an example - “A man having several wicked masters as partners, and another man belonging wholly to just one master; are the two equal in comparison?” All praise is to Allah; in fact, most among them do not know.
30Indeed you (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) will taste death, and they (the disbelievers) too will die.
31Then you will dispute before your Lord on the Day of Resurrection.
32So who is more unjust than one who fabricates a lie against Allah, and denies the truth when it comes to him? Is not the destination of disbelievers in hell?
33And those who brought this truth and those who testify for it – these are the pious.
34For them is whatever they wish, before their Lord; this is the reward of the virtuous.
35So that Allah may relieve them of their worst deeds, and reward them for the best deeds they had done.
36Is not Allah Sufficient for His slave? And they threaten you with others beside Him! And whomever Allah sends astray – there is no guide for him.
37And no one can mislead whomever Allah guides; is not Allah the Most Honourable, the Avenger?
38And if you ask them, “Who has created the heavens and the earth?”, they will surely say, “Allah”; say, “What is your opinion regarding those whom you worship other than Allah – if Allah wills to cause me some hardship, so will they avert the hardship sent by Him? Or if He wills to have mercy upon me, so will they restrain His mercy?” Proclaim, “Allah is Sufficient for me; the people who trust must rely only upon Him.”
39Proclaim, “O my people! Keep on with your works in your positions, I am doing mine; so you will soon come to know.” -
40“To whom will come a punishment that will disgrace, and upon whom descends the punishment that never ends.”
41We have indeed sent down this Book to you with the truth, in order to guide mankind; so whoever attains guidance has attained it is for his own good, and whoever strays, has strayed for his own harm; and you are not at all responsible for them.
42It is Allah Who gives death * to living beings at the time of their demise, and to those who do not die, during their sleep; so He restrains the soul on which the decree of death has been passed, and leaves the other till the appointed term; indeed in this are signs for people who reflect. (*Death is of 2 types – passing to the next world, and sleeping.)
43What! Have they chosen intercessors against Allah? Proclaim, “What! Even if they do not own anything nor have any intelligence?”
44Proclaim, “To Allah only * belongs all the intercession! For Him only is the kingship of the heavens and the earth; and then it is towards you have to return.” (*Allah does not intercede – He gives the permission to intercede with Him, to whomever He wills.)
45And when Allah the One God is mentioned, the hearts of those who do not believe in the Hereafter get constricted; and when others (false deities) besides Him are mentioned, they rejoice!
46Invoke (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), “O Allah! The Creator of the heavens and the earth, the All Knowing of all the hidden and the open, You will judge between Your bondmen, regarding the matters in which they differed.”
47And if the unjust owned all that is in the earth, and another one in addition to it, they would surely give it in exchange for freedom from the wretched punishment on the Day of Resurrection; and a matter which they had never imagined, appeared to them from their Lord.
48And the evils they earned appeared to them, and the thing they used to mock at descended upon them.
49So when some hardship reaches man, he prays to Us; then later when We bestow a favour upon him, he says, “I obtained this only because of some knowledge”; in fact it is a test, but most of them do not have any knowledge.
50Those before them also said the same, so their earnings did not benefit them at all.
51Therefore the evils of their earnings befell them; and those who are unjust among them - soon the evils of the earnings will befall them, and they cannot escape.
52Do they not know that Allah eases the sustenance for whomever He wills, and restricts it? Indeed in this are signs for the People who Believe.
53Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), “O my * slaves, who have wronged themselves, do not lose hope in Allah’s mercy; indeed Allah forgives all sins; indeed He only is the Oft Forgiving, the Most Merciful.” (All Muslims are truly the slaves of Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him.)
54“And incline towards your Lord and submit to Him, before the punishment comes you and then you may not be helped.”
55“And follow this, the best among all, which has been sent down towards you from your Lord, before the punishment comes suddenly upon you whilst you are unaware.”
56So that no soul may say, “Alas! The failures that I committed regarding Allah - and indeed I used to mock!”
57Or (so that no soul) may say, “If Allah had shown me the right path, I would then be among the pious!”
58Or (so that no soul) may say when it beholds the punishment, “If only I may be sent back, so that I may do good deeds!”
59It will be said to him, “Surely yes, why not?* My signs did come to you, so you denied them and you were haughty and you were a disbeliever.” (They will be mocked at.)
60And you will see on the Day of Resurrection the fabricators of lies against Allah, with their faces blackened; is not the destination of the haughty in hell?
61And Allah will rescue the pious, to their place of salvation; neither will the punishment touch them, nor shall they grieve.
62Allah is Creator of all things; and He only is the Controller of all things.
63For Him only are the keys of the heavens and the earth; and those who denied the signs of Allah – it is they who are the losers.
64Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) “So do you instruct me to worship (deities) other than Allah? You ignorant fools!”
65And it was indeed revealed to you and to those before you; that, “O listener! If you ascribe a partner to Allah, all your deeds will go to waste and you will surely be a loser.”
66But rather worship only Allah, and be among the thankful!
67And they did not realise the importance of Allah as was His right; and on the Day of Resurrection, He will compress the lands and the heavens will be rolled up by His power; Purity and Supremacy are to Him, from all what they ascribe as partners.
68And the Trumpet will be blown, so everyone in the heavens and everyone in the earth will fall unconscious, except whomever * Allah wills; it will then be blown again, thereupon they will get up staring! (*Prophet Moosa and / or some angels).
69And the earth will shine bright by the light of its Lord, and the Book will be established, and the Prophets and this Noble Prophet and the witnesses upon them from this nation will be brought, and it will be judged between them with the truth, and they will not be wronged.
70And every soul will be repaid for its deeds in full, and He knows very well what they used to do.
71And the disbelievers will be herded towards hell in groups; to the extent that when they reach it, its gates will be opened, and its guards will say to them, “Did not the Noble Messengers come to you from amongst you, who used to recite to you the verses of your Lord and warn you of confronting this Day?” They will say, “Yes indeed, why not?” But the Word of punishment proved true upon the disbelievers.
72It will be said, “Enter the gates of hell to remain in it forever”; so what a wretched destination for the haughty!
73And the mounts of those who feared their Lord will be led towards Paradise, in groups; to the extent that when they reach it, its gates will be opened and its guards will say to them, “Peace be upon you! You have done well! Therefore enter Paradise, to abide in it forever.”
74And they will say, “All praise is to Allah, Who has made His promise to us come true, and has bequeathed us this land, to stay in Paradise wherever we wish!” So what an excellent reward for the performers!
75And you will see the angels gathered around the Throne, saying the Purity of their Lord, with praise; and a true judgement will be delivered between the people, and it will be said, “All praise is to Allah, the Lord Of The Creation!”
Chapter 40 (Sura 40)
1Ha-Meem. (Alphabets of the Arabic Language - Allah, and to whomever he reveals, know their precise meanings.)
2The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Most Honourable, the All Knowing.
3The Forgiver of sin, and the Most Acceptor of Repentance, the Severe in Punishing, the Greatly Rewarding; there is no God except Him; towards Him only is the return.
4None except the disbelievers dispute the signs of Allah, therefore do not let their free movements in the land deceive you.
5Before them, the people of Nooh and the groups after them had denied; and every nation intended to apprehend its Noble Messenger, and they fought along with falsehood to avert the truth, so I seized them; so how did My punishment turn out?
6And this is how the Word of your Lord has proved true upon the disbelievers that they are people of the hell.
7Those * who bear the Throne, and those who are around it, say the Purity of their Lord while praising Him, and they believe in Him and seek forgiveness for the believers; “O Our Lord! Your mercy and knowledge encompass all things, therefore forgive those who repented and followed Your path, and save them from the punishment of hell.” (* The angels.)
8“O Our Lord! And admit them into the Gardens of everlasting stay which you have promised them, and those who are virtuous among their forefathers and their wives and their offspring; indeed You only are the Most Honourable, the Wise.”
9“And save them from the evil consequences of sins; and whomever You save from the evil consequences of sins on that Day - so You have indeed had mercy upon him; and this only is the greatest success.”
10The disbelievers will indeed be called out to - “Indeed Allah’s disgust with you is greater than your own abhorrence of yourselves, whereas you used to deny when you were called towards the faith!”
11They will say, “O Our Lord! Twice You have given us death and twice You have given us life * - we now confess to our sins - so is there a way out of the fire?” (From nothingness to life in this world, to death and then Resurrection.)
12“This has occurred because when Allah the One was prayed to, you used to disbelieve; and when a partner was ascribed with Him, you used to believe; so the command is only for Allah, the Supreme, the Great.”
13It is He Who shows you His signs, and sends down sustenance from the sky for you; and none accept guidance except those who incline (towards Him).
14Therefore worship Allah, as His sincere bondmen even if the disbelievers get annoyed.
15Bestower of High Ranks, Owner of the Throne; it is He Who instils the spirit of faith into the one He wills among His bondmen, in order that he may warn of the Day of Meeting. -
16A day when they will be fully exposed; nothing from their affairs will be hidden from Allah; “For whom is the kingship this day? For Allah, the One, the All Dominant.”
17This day each soul will be repaid for what it has earned; no one will be wronged this day; indeed Allah is Swift At Taking Account.
18And warn them of the day of impending calamity, when hearts will rise up to the throats filled with grief; and the disbelievers will have neither any friend nor any intercessor who will be obeyed. (Intercession will be accepted only for the Muslims, not for the disbelievers)
19Allah well knows the covert glance and all what lies hidden in the hearts.
20And Allah renders the true judgement; and those whom they worship instead of Him do not judge at all; indeed Allah only, is the All Hearing, the All Seeing.
21So did they not travel in the land in order to see what sort of fate befell those before them? Their strength and the signs they left behind in the earth, exceeded them - so Allah seized them on account of their sins, and they had no one to save them from Allah.
22This occurred because their Noble Messengers came to them with clear signs, thereupon they used to disbelieve, so Allah seized them; indeed Allah is All Powerful, Severe in Punishment.
23And indeed We sent Moosa with Our signs and a clear proof.
24Towards Firaun and Haman and Qaroon – in response they said, “(He is) a magician, a big liar!”
25So when he brought the truth from Our presence to them, they said, “Kill the sons of those who believe in him, and keep their women alive”; and the evil scheme of the disbelievers only keeps wandering astray.
26And said Firaun, “Allow me to kill Moosa and let him pray to his Lord; I fear that he will change your religion or cause chaos in the land!”
27Said Moosa, “I seek the re